Rank Charts for Civil War Navies
United States Navy (A)
1861-July 31, 1862

HATS & HAT BANDS - SHOULDER STRAPS - CUFFS - PETTY OFFICERS

Hat Devices & Hat Bands

Sea Officers

Flag Officer

1-1/2" gold braid

Captain

1-1/2" gold braid

Commander

1-1/4" gold braid

Lieutenant
(as commander)

1" gold braid

Lieutenant
(as executive officer)

1" gold braid
Lieutenant
1" gold braid
Master

1" gold braid

Passed Midshipman

(no braid)

Midshipman

(no braid)

Boatswain

 

(1-1/4" gold stripes)
Gunner

(1-1/4" gold stripes)

Master's Mate
(warrant)

(1-1/2" gold stripes)

Master's Mate
(enlisted

(no braid)

Medical Officers

Surgeon of the Fleet, Surgeon of 12 years service

1-1/4" gold braid
Surgeon

1" gold braid
Passed Assistant Surgeon
(no braid)
Assistant Surgeon
(no braid)

Pay Officers

Paymaster of 12 years service
1-1/4" gold braid
Paymaster
1" gold braid
Assistant Paymaster
1" gold braid

Civil Officers 

Chaplain

(no braid)

Professor of Mathematics
(no braid)
Commodore's Secretary
(no braid)
Clerk

(no braid)

Engineering Officers

Chief Engineer of 12 years service

1-1/4" gold braid
Chief Engineers of less than 12 years service

1" gold braid
1st Assistant Engineer
(no braid)
2nd Assistant Engineer
(no braid)
3rd Assistant Engineer
(no braid)

Shoulder Straps

Sea Officers

Flag Officer
Captain
Commander
Lieutenant
(as commander)
Lieutenant
(as executive officer)
Lieutenant
Master
Passed Midshipman
Midshipman (none)
Boatswain (none)
Gunner (none)
Master's Mate
(warrant)
(none)
Master's Mate
(enlisted
(none)

Medical Officers

Surgeon of the Fleet, Surgeon of 12 years service
Surgeon
Passed Assistant Surgeon
Assistant Surgeon

Pay Officers

Paymaster of 12 years service
Paymaster
Assistant Paymaster

Civil Officers 

Chaplain (none)
Professor of Mathematics (none)
Commodore's Secretary (none)
Clerk (none)

Engineering Officers

Chief Engineer of 12 years service
Chief Engineers of less than 12 years service
1st Assistant Engineer
2nd Assistant Engineer
3rd Assistant Engineer

(none)

Cuffs

Sea Officers

Flag
Officer
Captain Commander Lieutenant
(as Cmdr)
Lieutenant
(as Exec)
Lieutenant Master
 
Passed
Midshipman
Midshipman Boatswain Gunner Master's
Mate (w)
Master's
Mate (e)

Medical Officers

Pay Officers

Fleet Surgeon,
12 yrs
Surgeon,
<12 yrs
Passed Assistant Surgeon Assistant Surgeon Paymaster,
12 yrs
Paymaster Assistant Paymaster

Engineering Officers

Civil Officers

Chief Engineer, 12 years Chief Engineer,
<12 yrs
1st
Assistant Engineer
2nd Assistant Engineer 3rd
Assistant Engineer
Chaplain Math Prof., Secretary, Clerk

Petty Officers

Petty Officers' Cuff Insigniae

Boatswain’s Mate, Gunner’s Mate, Carpenter’s Mate, Master at Arms, Ship’s Steward, Cook Quartermaster, Quarter-Gunner, Captain of the Forecastle, Captains of the Tops, Captain of the Afterguard, Armorer, Cooper, Ship’s Corporal, Captain of the Hold

 

USN
A
USN
B
USN
C
USN
D
USN
E
CSN
(all)
USMC
(all)
CSMC
(all)
1861-
7/13/62
8/1/1862-
5/23/63
5/24/64-
1/28/64
1/29/64-
1/14/65
1/15/65-
12/1/66
1861 Regs
1864 Adds
   

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