APRIL 14, 1861
NEW YORK HERALD
Fort Sumter has fallen! Major Anderson and
his comrades, after a gallant struggle of some forty hours' duration, in
which he sustained a heavy and continuous fire from the batteries of the
secessionists, that not only greatly damaged the fort, but also set on
fire the wooden structures within it, struck his flag and surrendered to
the revolutionists. It is stated positively however that none of the
officers of the garrison were wounded; neither were any of the
Carolinians killed. Five of the garrison of Fort Sumter were wounded.
The fleet off the harbor took no part in the conflict. Major Anderson
and his men were conveyed to Morris Island, and subsequently Major
Anderson proceeded to Charleston, where he is the guest of General
ORGANIZATION OF ARMIES
NORTH AND SOUTH
Students of modern history will recollect that
during the great wars in which the Christian Powers have been engaged in the
last century, the commanders on either side have managed so as to remove the
scene of practical operations either to the high seas or to some point
remote from the centers of trade and industry. Making war now-a-days is an
expensive operation, and some must be free to work in order to supply the
material for those who fight. The war upon which we have just entered will
be, in all probability, chiefly a naval combat, and in that point of view
the North has the advantage in men, munitions and ships. The navy of the
United States, such as it is, belongs to the North. The army and marine
corps are, we presume, loyal to the federal government. The States will
proceed immediately to arm and equip a very large volunteer force, no less
than one hundred thousand men being needed for the defence of Washington. In
the South there is no lack of fighting material. The army of the Confederate
States is as well officered, but not so well equipped, as that of the
federal government. The South has no navy worth mentioning, and must provide
for one. Likewise, an army must be equipped for actual duty in the
field--not guard mounting and lounging in garrison. The cost of all this
will be enormous. To maintain our army and navy in time of peace requires a
yearly expenditure of nearly twenty-five millions of dollars. To maintain
two war fleets and two war armies will cost as much as two hundred million
dollars. There is no poison without its antidote, so this very war, which is
so deplorable and so entirely absurd and unnecessary, will enrich thousands
of mechanics and traders who build and fit out ships or furnish army and
navy supplies. All branches of trade which bear directly upon the specialty
above referred to will be immensely stimulated, and, as a natural
consequence, business of all kinds will be brisk. So long as the scene of
military and naval operations is in the South, New York city will be a
central point from which the troops and ships of the federal government will
be fitted out and despatched.
And as there is no danger that
martial law will be proclaimed in the commercial metropolis, just at
present the war in the South will be beneficial, pecuniarily, to the
APPREHENSIONS OF AN ATTACK
Now that war is fairly begun in South
Carolina, Mr. Lincoln and his Cabinet are alarmed about the danger of an
assault upon Washington, as Mr. Walker, the Secretary of War at Montgomery,
is reported to have said that the Southern confederacy would be in
possession of the Capitol before the 1st of May, and as President Davis has
called for twenty-five thousand men, whose destination is supposed to be
Washington. The requisition for troops made by Mr. Lincoln on the Governor
of Pennsylvania shows his fears have been roused.
As yet there has been but little damage done
at Charleston, almost as little loss of life as in a battle in Mexico or
Peru. But before the war is ended many lives will be sacrificed, and blood
will flow as copiously as it did in the civil wars in England. The bloody
scene will be chiefly in and around Washington. That will be the debatable
ground, for possession of the seat of government; and while President Davis
will send an army to drive President Lincoln out of it, the latter will call
upon the North for help. Virginia will probably secede immediately, without
waiting to go through forms, and will unite her arms with those of the
Confederate States. Other border slave states will probably mingle in the
strife on the same side. Lincoln, in distress, will summon to his aid the
militia of Ohio, New York, Illinois, and other republican States of the
Northwest, as he has already called on the State troops of Pennsylvania.
The fighting, therefore, will be of the most
terrible description--close, and hand to hand, with rifle and musket and
sword and bayonet; not with cannon, at long range, by which "nobody is
hurt." Both armies will be of the same race, will have equal pluck, and
contend not only with their ordinary fierceness, but with the additional
fury which consanguinity ever lends to the battles of brothers.
PUBLIC MEETING TO
FROWN DOWN CIVIL WAR
The leading merchants, traders, and
professional men of the city of New York intend to hold a private
preliminary meeting tomorrow, preparatory to a grand mass meeting, to
be held in the Park some day during this week, to declare in favor of peace
and against civil war and coercion. This will probably be one of the
greatest meetings ever held in this city, and its effect on the government
at Washington and the government at Montgomery is expected to be very
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APRIL 15, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
PARTICULARS OF THE SURRENDER
CHARLESTON, April 13--Hostilities have for
the present ceased and victory belongs to South Carolina. With the
display of a flag of truce from the ramparts of Fort Sumter at half-past
one o'clock the firing ceased, and an unconditional surrender was made.
The South Carolinians had no idea that the fight would end so soon.
After Major Anderson's flag staff was shot away, Col. Wigfall, one of
Gen. Beauregard's aids, went to Fort Sumter with a white flag to
offer assistance in extinguishing the flames. He approached the burning
fortress from Morris Island, while the firing was raging on all sides,
and effected a landing at Fort Sumter. He approached a port hole
and was met by Major Anderson. The latter said he had displayed a white
flag, but the firing from the South Carolina batteries was kept up
nevertheless. Col. Wigfall replied that Major Anderson must haul down
the American flag; that no parley would be granted and that "surrender
or fight" was the word.
The American Flag Hauled Down
Major Anderson then hauled down the
American flag and displayed only a flag of truce. All firing instantly
Two other officers of Gen. Beauregard's
staff, with ex-Senator Chesnut and ex-Governor Manning, came over in a
boat and stipulated with Major Anderson that his surrender should be
unconditional for the present, subject to the terms of Gen. Beauregard.
Major Anderson was allowed to remain with his men in actual possession
of the fort, while Messrs. Chesnut and Manning came over to the city,
accompanied with a member of the Palmetto Guards bearing the colors of
his company. They were met by hundreds of citizens, and as they marched
up the streets to the General's quarters, the crowd was swelled to
thousands. Shouts rent the air and the wildest joy was manifested.
Why Maj. Anderson Surrendered
The writer of this accompanied the
officers of Gen. Beauregard on a visit to Fort Sumter. . . They went
down in a steamer with carried three fire engines for the purpose of
extinguishing the flames. The fire had however been previously
extinguished by the exertions of Anderson and his men. The visitors
reported that Major Anderson surrendered because his quarters and
barracks were destroyed and he had no hope of reinforcements.
The fleet laid idly by during thirty-six
hours and either could not or would not help him. Besides his own men
were prostrated from over exertion. There were but five hurt, four
badly, and one thought mortally, but the rest were worn out.
WHERE WE GET OUR NEWS
It is necessary for our readers to bear in
mind as they read the exciting intelligence we have from Charleston,
that all our news cones from one side, and that teh side opposed o the
government. There are no witnesses of the conflict except the
beleaguered garrison, who can make no reports; and the assailants who
will report only what they choose. Besides which the telegraph is under
close surveillance, and is not open to any news which it is not thought
for the interest of secession to have transmitted.
GALLANT RHODE ISLAND
Governor Sprague of Rhode Island, with a
true sense of what is due to his duty as a patriotic citizen and to his
official oath, tenders the aid of that State for the support of his
government. Gov. Sprague is not a republican, but he has made the most
emphatic endorsements of our opponents to his entire nationality. He
forgets party, however, . . . and hastens to place his noble little
State in the front rank of defence, with her more powerful sister
Pennsylvania. Republican defeat in Rhode Island can be forgotten when
the State shows such a gallant spirit as this:
[From the Providence Evening Press, April
Rhode Island Prompt and True! Gov.
Sprague this morning telegraphed to the President, offering for the
defence of the national capital the Providence Marine Artillery, and one
thousand infantry, commanded by the Governor in person. Rhode Island and
her Governor are worthy of each other, and of the principles which they
are prompt to support, in the field as well as in the counsel.
MISCELLANEOUS NEWS ITEMS
The President received a letter on Thursday
from St. Louis directed to "Old Abe or any other man." On one side was the
confederacy flag, on the other the seal and flag of the United States, with
the words "played out." Inside was a five dollar note on the Union Bank of
South Carolina, "to help pay the expenses of reinforcing Fort Sumter." This
letter caused much merriment at the White House.
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APRIL 16, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
THE FEELING OF THE COUNTRY
Dover, N.H., April 15--A large and
enthusiastic meeting of our citizens was held at the City Hall this
evening. Eloquent addresses were made by Senator Hale, Hon. Joseph H.
Smith, and others. The feeling, without regard to political parties, is
that the Government should be fully sustained.
Lawrence, Mass., April 15--It would
be impossible to give even a faint idea of the excited state of the
public mind here. A public meeting held at the City Hall this evening,
was attended by not less than 3000 citizens, and the greatest enthusiasm
was manifested. Our two military companies are both at their armories,
making final preparations to respond with full ranks to the order of
their commander tomorrow morning. Wherever in the company a vacant
uniform is found, quite a spirited contest ensues to fill the vacancy,
and even premiums have been offered for places already filled. There is
but one voice here, and that is for the enforcement of the laws at all
hazards, and an entire willingness to lend full aid either in men or
Providence, R.I., April 15--The
Directors of the Bank of Commerce have informed Governor Sprague that
they are ready to advance a loan of $30,000 to the State for aiding in
the outfit of troops. Large offers from private citizens have also been
made to Gov. Sprague for a similar purpose. The Globe Bank this morning
tendered to the State a loan of $50,000. The stars and stripes float
from the Custom House and from the municipal flag-staff. The Seniors of
Brown University will raise the American flag on the College this
Utica, N.Y., April 15--Two
companies of volunteers have been formed in this place and one in an
adjoining village. The Citizens' corps have voted to offer their
services to the government. The Emmet Guard also hold themselves in
Taunton, Mass., April 15--The Stars
and Stripes were displayed from the Gazette office today, and the
feeling among our citizens in favor of the efficient support of the
government is universal.
Pittsburgh, Penn., April 14--The
war news created an intense excitement here. Business is almost
suspended. Several companies have volunteered to sustain the integrity
of the Union. An immense meeting was held in the City Hall tonight,
without regard to party. Resolutions of the strongest character were
adopted. The meeting adjourned with three cheers for the Union, the
Constitution and the enforcement of the laws.
Baltimore, April 15--The Union
feeling is strong this morning. The Minute men organization, twenty-five
hundred strong, who have been drilling since election as a military
organization, threw out the stars and stripes this morning from their
headquarters with the motto, "The Union and the Constitution!"
reengagement of Mr. Charles Dillon was hailed with pleasure by the numerous
friends of this original and accomplished actor. The Museum was well filled
last evening at the presentation of "Belphegor, the Mountebank," a drama
which Mr. Dillon's characteristic acting makes doubly attractive. This
engagement is limited to two weeks, and, as we hope to see other plays
brought out in which Mr. Dillon excels, an early opportunity should be taken
to witness "Belphegor."
Fear of Seizure--There
are several vessels now in the harbor loaded with ice and other
merchandise, bound to Southern ports, and some of them are ready to
sail, but their masters hesitate to start fearing that they will be
liable to seizure by the Confederate States. It is probable that their
voyages will be abandoned.
a meeting of the Fourth Battalion of Rifles, held last evening,
Brigadier-General Bullock presiding, Captain Samuel Leonard, of Co. A,
was elected Major. Captain Leonard thanked the officers for the
compliment extended to him, and announced that under the present state
of things, he should waive the time allowed by law, and should accept
the office at once. The officers present were all in full uniform, and
much spirit was manifested.
evening the Fifth Regiment of Infantry, Col. Samuel Lawrence, went
through a battalion drill in Fitchburg Hall. . . Each company turned out
about twenty men, and went through the drill in a highly satisfactory
manner, in the presence of a large number of spectators.
Jackson Club held a meeting last evening, Jonathan Nason in the chair.
Strong union speeches in support of the administration were made by the
chairman, Perkins Cleveland, J. W. Mahan and others. A series of Union
resolves were offered, and referred to a special committee of three, who
will report upon them at an adjourned meeting.
grocery store of Wm. H. Maloney, Main street, Charlestown, was robbed of
a small amount of property on Sunday night. Arrests of suspected
parties have been made.
A Class Cradle--It
has been a custom of long standing at Harvard College that each class
should make an appropriation before graduating for a cradle, to be
presented to the first child born to any member of the class. Mr. Hixon
has just finished a handsome piece of furniture for the Class of
Fifty-eight, which will be on exhibition for a week at his store on
Washington street. The successful claimant is an infant son of Thatcher
Magoun, Jr., of Medford.
APRIL 17, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
THE VOICE OF THE PRESS
[From the Baltimore
Patriot, April 15]
All party and political
distinctions must be effaced. All such petty matters fade out before the
great question as twinkling stars fade out before the rising sun. There
can be but two sets of men among us--those who are for the Union,
and those who are against it. We shall now learn who are the
government of the United States and who are for the government of the
"Confederate States"--who are for the maintenance of that Union which
Washington founded, defended and left as a sacred legacy to his
countrymen; and we shall know who are for breaking it up, and succumbing
to the tyranny of a political party in armed rebellion against the laws
of the land.
[From The Bath Times]
The day has gone by when
the name of a political party should have any charm. No longer should
paltry party issues have a moment's weight. Our national edifice is on
fire--set on fire by base incendiaries--and it is no time to quibble
about the peculiar quality of the combustible materials which have been
used in kindling the flames. Mightier questions claim our attention. We
should know only our country--its rights and its dangers; our flag and
the principles of which it stands as the glorious emblem. Disregarding
all party affiliations, all past issues, all questions of who has done
most right or who has committed most wrong, we point to the present
position of President Lincoln, at the present critical juncture, and we
do it with a swelling heart, and from the depths of that heart thank
him, for the firmness with which he proposes to vindicate his
country's integrity and honor. God grant him wisdom and all needful aid.
The prayers of all good people be with him; and pained be the hand and
motionless the tongue that shall attempt to embarrass his efforts so
long as he shall firmly, and with discretion and prudence, continue to
uphold the honor of our flag.
[From The Montreal
The death blow to slavery
on this continent was struck at Charlestown, South Carolina, at daybreak
on Friday, by its own most devoted advocates and friends. The rebel
secessionists have finally mustered courage to open their stolen
Batteries upon Fort Sumter. Thus this main city of the Palmetto State
will ever be memorable in the history of the once United States of
America. It was here that the old democratic party, that has so long
ruled the republic, was wrecked, and parted forever. It was here that
the present disunion movement was first inaugurated. It is here that we
now hear the first tocsin sounded of an intestine war, that is likely to
prove most fearfully destructive in its effects, but eventually most
beneficial to the human family.
MOVEMENTS IN NEW YORK
Affairs were comparatively
quiet at the military and naval stations Monday. On Governor's Island
the new Commandant began his initiatory work, reviewed the garrison,
inspected its quarters, overhauled the armaments, and made himself
familiar with everything on the island. Fort Columbus, Castle William,
and the South side battery are in a most efficient state for the chances
of war. The soldiers lounge leisurely about when not employed in
cleaning muskets, mending uniforms and other clothes, arranging
knapsacks, polishing belts, or doing the active part of inactive
At the Navy Yard there was
no lack of vigor in preparing the men-of-war. Steam was applied to the
Wabash, and her engines are found to work admirably. Another
trial or two will be made before the Chief Engineer considers them
properly proved. The other departments of the vessel are rapidly going
ahead. The masts are alongside, about to be hoisted in. The battery is
in active preparation, and the hull is nearly complete. The Savannah
will not be long in dock, if work continues on her as it does at
present. Caulkers, carpenters and laborers in crowds swarm around her,
and there is an impression that she will be ready for sea in less than
three weeks. There is little more to be done on the Perry.
Beautifying her will soon be complete. Her battery, rigging, woodwork,
and all are in perfect trim. The force of workmen employed in the yard
cannot be much less than 900 and the monthly disbursements probably
average $40,000. Commodore Breese is now in full command. Commodore
Stringham, the newly appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Home Fleet,
arrived on Saturday night, having been to Boston to direct the
preliminary preparations of his flag-ship, the Minnesota.
Commodore Stringham lives with his family, in Brooklyn, and will make
that city his headquarters until the ship mentioned is quite ready for
The Steamer South
Carolina--The steamer South
Carolina arrived here yesterday from Norfolk, having given up the voyage
to Charleston. Her passengers were left at Norfolk. The steamer will join
her sister Massachusetts in the dock until business offers to some
peaceful port again.
Fire in Chelsea--A
tenement house on a place leading from Mathew street, Chelsea, was burned on
Monday night. The fire communicated with another block of six houses, one of
which was burned out and the others drenched with water and otherwise
injured by efforts to arrest the flames. Twenty-two families were rendered
temporarily homeless. The loss us about $3000, and is probably covered by
APRIL 18, 1861
THE PITTSFIELD SUN
THE MASSACHUSETTS TROOPS
The two regiments of
Massachusetts Troops called for by the president for the defence of
Washington will be sent immediately. Each regiment will be composed of
ten companies, with colonel, lieutenant colonel and major, and each
company will have a captain, lieutenant, ensign and sixty-four privates.
Senator Wilson having informed the Secretary of War that the
Massachusetts troops were ready for service, Gov. Andrew has been
notified to send forward the twenty companies, by companies, as soon as
possible, to be mustered in at Washington--the regimental officers to
follow and consolidate their commands there. The state authorities are
engaged in preparing the outfits for the troops. There are overcoats,
caps, knapsacks, &c., for 2000 men, recently manufactured. The State has
3500 of the new army rifles, and 2000 more will soon be received from
the Springfield Armory. It has plenty of brass field pieces, and four
rifled cannon are now being manufactured for the state. There is an
abundance of powder, balls, &c.
There is not even a
pretence that the Federal Government has done with undoubting reliance on the
omnipotence of Justice, and emerge at length, however tried and tested,
unwavering in its loyalty to Freedom and the Rights of Man!
AN EXPLANATION WANTED
How remarkable it is that throughout all the
slave States, profound quietness prevails among the negro population. The
whites in many places are highly excited, forming military organizations and
otherwise engaged in all the "pomp and circumstance" of war; but the blacks
ply their hoes as faithfully as ever, in apparent peace and contentment.
Nowhere from all that broad domain, comes even a lisp of trouble among these
patient, submissive creatures. This to the Abolitionist must be very
strange, and very disheartening. For it had been predicted that the slaves
would seize upon the first favoring circumstance to rise in bloody revolt;
and as if to give the semblance of truth to these evil surmisings, the
leading Republican sheet of this city (which is gaining a wide notoriety for
its suppositious correspondence,) published letters ostensibly from slave
States, filled with alarming accounts of insurrections, but which proved to
be without foundation in fact. Thus it appears that, so far as reliance was
placed upon demonstrations of rebellion as evidence of the heinousness of
the slave system, the anti-slavery men of the North are thus far utterly
confounded in their calculations. Even direct instigation by such men as
John Brown, the martyr of Harper's Ferry, availed nothing for their cause.
Perhaps at some future day they may come to the conclusion that their
crusade against the institutions of the South--and the Union, too, it has
proved--has not been prompted by a "zeal according to knowledge."
The Bangor Union says:
"We now have had uninterrupted sleighing since
the 26th of November, a period of 126 days. It is still good in the country,
and by no means entirely gone in this city. Central street still boasts of a
good three feet of ice and snow. Other streets, however, more exposed
to the sun, are quite bare, and wheels are used nearly as much as runners."
NO MORE TERRITORIES TO BE ORGANIZED
There remains now not one foot of unorganized
Territory in the Republic. The organization during the last session of
Congress, of the three new Territories, to wit: Colorado, Nevada and
Dacotah, has wiped out all the unorganized territory. These overspread the
entire Territorial realm. The whole number of Territories in the United
States is seven.
A young Miss having been invited to a Military
ball inquired with great simplicity, if all the ladies were expected to
The Jackson Club, of Boston,
held a meeting on Monday evening, for the purpose of discussion of the state
of the country. A number of gentlemen expressed their views, and among them,
Sergeant O'Neil. We give his remarks, as reported for the Post:
Sergeant O'Neil was received
with great applause. He was a friend of the South, and would not hesitate to
say that he sympathized with the South. And he would fight for the South
were it not for one thing--that he was to fight against the flag which he
had sworn to live and die for, and which he would say, without egotism, he
had carried through fire and smoke. The present controversy was forced upon
the South by the present Administration. The South was not so much to blame
as many would have us to believe. There would be no civil war in America,
and the Republican Party would not be in the ascendant had not the
Representatives of the South withdrawn from Congress. Another error which
the South committed was the firing of the first gun. They should have waited
till doomsday, and let the Republican President fire the first gun, and then
the speaker would have been still more in sympathy with the South. Another
error was the ignoring by the South of the Democratic party at the North. He
had not a very high opinion of Massachusetts when she shows such alacrity in
the present war. When the war with Mexico broke out, and the wrongs
committed by a foreign power were to be redressed, Massachusetts wished the
soldiers bloody graves, but now is willing to send her sons to fight their
brethren in the South who stood by them in the Revolution. But as strong a
friend as he was to the South, the flag of the country was his flag, and it
should never be trailed in the dust where he was. The speaker closed with
the hope that the war would be one of short duration.
HOW TO TEACH
The North British Review has
the following sensible remarks on this subject--"It cannot be too strongly
insisted upon, that in education, the process of self-development should be
encouraged to the greatest extent possible. Children should be led to make
their own inferences. They should be told as little as
possible, and induced to discover as much as possible. They
should be in the way of solving their own questions. To tell a child
this, and to show it that, is not to teach it how to observe,
but to make it a mere recipient of another's observations; a proceeding
which tends to weaken, rather than strengthen its powers of
self-instruction; which deprives it of the pleasures that result from
successful study; which prevents this all-attractive knowledge under the
aspect of formal tuition; which generates that indifference and even disgust
with which its lessons are not infrequently regarded. On the other hand, to
pursue the natural course, is simply to guide the intellect to its
appropriate food; to join with the intellectual appetites their natural
adjuncts; to induce by the union of all these an intensity of attention
which insures perceptions alike vivid and complete; and to habituate the
mind from the very beginning to that practice of self-help that must
A PAIR OF REAL NOVELTIES
AND ONE WITHOUT A MATE
1st. "The Paper Neck Tie"
This tie is made entirely of
paper, in 100 different styles, and in perfect imitation of silk and other
fabrics. The price is so low that a gentleman may wear a NEW TIE EVERY DAY,
and yet not be chargeable with extravagance!
2nd. The Relief Tie
This is doubtless the most
perfect silk Tie ever invented, and is just what the name implies: a perfect
"Relief" from all further trouble in tying bows.
Lace Edge Tie
An exquisitely beautiful articles--it has only
to be seen to be admired!
SMITH & BROUWER, 36 Warren Street, N.Y.
APRIL 19, 1861
THE WAR SPIRIT
The capture of Fort Sumter
by the Southern traitors has electrified the entire North, obliterated
all party distinctions, and brought to the support of the Government men
and money to any extent required by the dread emergency. The Confederate
States are equally determined and active, and the most sanguinary
conflicts may be expected. Probably, in a few days, a bloody assault
will be made upon the Capitol at Washington, whither troops are hurrying
in from all directions for its protection--Massachusetts volunteers
being numerously represented in response to a call upon Gov. Andrew by
President Lincoln. Boston has presented a very martial aspect.
REPLY OF THE PRESIDENT
TO THE VIRGINIA COMMISSIONERS
Gentlemen--As a Committee
of the Virginia Convention, now in session, you present me a preamble
and resolution, as follows:
"Whereas, in the opinion
of this Convention, the uncertainty which prevails in the public mind as
to the policy which the Federal Executive intends to pursue towards the
seceded States, is extremely injurious to the industrial and commercial
interests of the country, tends to keep up an excitement which is
unfavorable to the adjustment of the pending difficulties, and threatens
a disturbance of the public peace--therefore,
"Resolved, That a
Committee of three delegates be appointed to wait on the President of
the United States, to communicate to this Convention the policy which
the Federal Executive intends to pursue in regard to the Confederate
I answer, I have to say
that having at the beginning of my official term expressed my intended
policy as plainly as I was able, it is with deep regret and
mortification I now learn there is great and injurious uncertainty in
the public mind as to what that policy is, and what course I intend to
Not having as yet occasion
to change, it is my purpose to pursue the course marked out in the
inaugural address. I commend a careful consideration of the whole
document as the best expression I can give to my purposes. As I then and
therein said, I now repeat, the power confided to me will be used to
hold, occupy and possess property and places belonging to the
Government, and to collect the duties and imports, but beyond what is
necessary for these objects there will be no invasion, no using of force
against or among the people anywhere.
By the words, property and
places belonging to the Government, I chiefly allude to the military
posts and property which were in possession of the Government when it
came into my hands, but if, as now appears to be true, in pursuit of a
purpose to drive the U.S. authorities from their places, an unprovoked
assault has been made upon Fort Sumter, I shall hold myself at liberty
to repossess it, and, if I can, like places which have been seized
before the Government was devolved upon me, and in any event I shall to
the best of my ability repel force with force.
In case it proves true that Fort Sumter
has been assaulted, as is reported, I shall perhaps cause the U.S. mails
to be withdrawn from all the States which claim to have seceded,
believing that actual war against the government justifies and possibly
I scarcely need say that I
consider the military posts and property situated within the States
which claim to have seceded, as yet belonging to the U.S. Government, as
much as before the supposed secession. Whatever else I may do for the
purpose, I shall not attempt to collect the duties and revenues by any
armed invasion of any part of the country; not meaning by this, however,
that I may not land a force deemed necessary to relieve a Fort upon the
border of the country. From the fact that I have quoted a part of the
inaugural address, it must not be inferred that I repudiate any other
part--the whole of which I reaffirm, except so far as what I now say of
the mails may be regarded as a modification.
NATIONAL WOMAN'S RIGHTS
The Eleventh National Woman's
Rights Convention will be held in Cooper's Institute, New York, Thursday,
May 9th, morning and afternoon, at 10 and half-past 7 o'clock. Admission to
morning session free--evening session 25 cents. Wendell Phillips, Elizabeth
Cady Stanton, Ernestine L. Rose, Rev. Antoinette Brown Blackwell, Aaron M.
Powell and others will address this Convention.
If, in the language of
Emerson, "men are what their mothers made them," the vigor and virtue of a
nation must depend on the character of its women.
If we would build up a free
Republic, on a firm, enduring foundation, we must have a higher, nobler type
of womanhood than advancing civilization has yet produced.
If we would have a wise and
just government, that shall stand the test of ages, we must secure equal
political power to the women of the nation.
We invite all those who are
interested in the education and elevation of Woman, to aid us with their
presence and their counsels.
In behalf of the National
Woman's Rights Committee,
R. CADY STANTON, President
Susan B. Anthony, Secretary
By a young man, 22 years
of age, a situation as book-keeper, Secretary, or Amanuensis.
Understands book-keeping both by double and single entry, is a good
penman, correct in figures, and can furnish good references as to
character and ability. Would prefer to work for an Abolitionist or a
Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
Seven Years concealed in Slavery; narrated
by herself, with an introduction by Lydia Maria Child, and a Letter by
Amy Post. A handsome book of 306 pages, just issued, which is receiving
highly commendatory notices from the press. Price, $1.00. Orders for
mailing must include sixteen cents in postage stamps.
APRIL 20, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
THE SIXTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT
ATTACKED IN BALTIMORE!
Baltimore, April 19--There is a
terrible scene here. The Baltimore track is torn up. The troops
attempted to march through, but were attacked by a mob with bricks and
stones, and fired upon. They returned the fire.
The troops bore a white flag as they
marched up Pratt street, but were greeted with showers of paving-stones.
The Mayor went ahead with the police. There was an immense crowd, and
the streets were blocked. The soldiers finally turned and fired on the
At the Washington depot an immense crowd
assembled. The rioters attacked the troops at the depot. Several of the
latter were wounded, some fatally.
Martial law has been proclaimed, and the
military are rushing to their armories. Parties threaten to destroy
Pratt street bridge.
The stores are closing. The military are
Afternoon--A town meeting was
called at 4 o'clock. It is said that 12 lives were lost and several
mortally wounded. Parties were roaming the streets, armed with guns and
pistols. Stores closed and business suspended. Everybody in a state of
dread. A party of the mob rushed into the telegraph office and cut the
wires with a hatchet, but they have since been repaired.
R. W. Davis, of this city, was shot dead
near the Camden Station.
It is reported that the Philadelphians are
now at the outer depot. The President of the road ordered the train
back, at the urgent request of the Mayor and Governor. They are already
John McCann, P. Griffin, and G. Needham,
three citizens, are mortally wounded.
The Killed and Wounded
As far as ascertained, only two
Massachusetts soldiers were killed. They belonged to Company C (probably
Washington Light Infantry of Boston). Their bodies are now at the police
station. At the same station are the following wounded: Sergeant Ames,
of the Lowell City Guards, wounded on the head slightly; private Coburn,
of the same place, shot in the head, not seriously; private Michael
Green, of Lawrence, wounded on the head with stones; H. W. Danforth,
company C, 6th regiment (Lowell Mechanic Phalanx) slightly wounded.
As far as known seven citizens were
killed, including Mr. Davis (before mentioned) and James Clark. A
half-dozen or so are seriously wounded, but believed not fatally.
Comparative quiet now prevails. The
military are under arms. The police are out in full force.
The mass meeting was very large. It was
addressed by the Mayor. The Governor was present.
MISCELLANEOUS NEWS ITEMS
Jeff. Davis Marching on the Capital!
Evening Post learns from a reliable source
that Jeff. Davis, at the head of the Confederate army, is within 24
hours march of Washington.
Fort Pickens Secure
A dispatch from Wilmington, Delaware, to
the Tribune, states that a merchant captain direct from Pensacola gives
information that Fort Pickens now contains 800 men, and seven vessels
lying outside. A large number of Southern troops arrived on Saturday.
There are still many Union men in Florida.
THE FEELING OF THE COUNTRY
April 19--The people in both Saco and Biddeford have had flag raisings
today, and the booming of cannon and unbounded enthusiasm. In the
evening, and immense crowd gathered about the Biddeford Herald, and
demanded a disunion flag, which was flying from the building in the
morning. It was given up and torn into shreds. The office was then
compelled to display the stars and stripes. The crowd then marched to
the Maine Democrat office, and called for the hoisting of the American
flag, which was done. The crowd then dispersed with rousing cheers for
our country and its flag.
Augusta, Ga., April 19--A Rhode
Islander, an old citizen, is here organizing a company ready to march in
ten days, at his own expense. It will consist of 80 men.
Erie, Pa., April 19--Over $7000 has
been subscribed to the volunteer fund. Recruiting is rapidly going on.
All the military companies here have volunteered. Fifteen persons were
killed on the "Buchanan farm." No eastern names among them.
Pittsburgh, Pa., April 19--The war
feeling is increasing. New companies are forming. Seventeen hundred
volunteers from Ohio arrived this evening en route for Washington.
Governor Dennison has telegraphed for them to remain here until further
orders, in consequence of a rumored attack on Cincinnati by the
A FLYING MACHINE*
To the editors of the Boston Daily
It appears that a young, energetic man, a resident of this place during
the past year, has been engaged in perfecting a flying machine. He has
kept it to himself as much as possible, but it appears that it has
leaked out, and I have received information from very reliable sources,
that a government officer is at present here trying to make arrangements
with him to serve the government with the machine. I have seen a
scientific man who saw Mr. Crowell, the Inventor, and held some
conversation with him concerning the machine and he says that he can see
nothing to prevent it travelling through the air with safety at the rate
of 150 miles per hour. He thinks it would be of invaluable service in
supplying forts with men and ammunition.
J.B.S., West Dennis, April 19.
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