MAY 5, 1861
THE DAILY TRUE DELTA (LA)
WHAT THE SOUTH MAY EXPECT
The sentiment which pervades the abolition
press generally is most ferocious towards the south. The total
extermination of the "rebels" and "traitors" is now the cry. Among the
most bloodthirsty of the journals referred to is the Courier and
Enquirer of New York, in proof of which assertion we make the
annexed extracts from its issue of the 23d:
"The game is now fairly opened, and it
must be played out with a bold and unflinching hand. And instead of
seventy-five thousand volunteers, the government must call forth at
least two hundred thousand. With these occupy such places as are
deemed important; and then establish a cordon of posts from Washington
to the Mississippi, composed of from five to thirty thousand men each,
with power to concentrate a large and overwhelming force at any point
where circumstances may render it necessary. Let this cordon of posts be
along the borders of the secession states; and let no man pass north or
south except with a military pass. The coast is already blockaded; and
that blockade to be respected by the European powers, and efficient for
the purpose of conquest, must be strictly enforced. Not a vessel must
pass in or out of the ports of the rebel states, and no supplies of any
kind, be permitted to reach them by water. In like manner, not a barrel
of flour, a pound of beef, or a bushel of grain, or stores, or
provisions, or clothing or munitions of war of any kind or description,
must be permitted to reach the rebels from the north by land or water.
They must be shut up, penned in, and starved into submission to the
government. And to accomplish this, will not take sixty days. In every
slave state, with the possible exception of South Carolina, the Union
men are in a majority, but oppressed and trodden under foot by the
rebels. Do this, and in less than six weeks, the Union men everywhere
will be in possession of the government of the slave states; and then
they will beg to be taken back into the Union.
"In the meantime, let the levees on the
Mississippi be at once prostrated in a hundred places, while the water
is high, and let the traitors and rebels living in the lower Mississippi
be drowned out just as we would drown out rats infesting the hull of a
ship. Nor is this all. Let the negroes in the border states understand
that all moral obligation on the part of the north to sustain the
peculiar institution has ceased; and let the traitors thus be taught at
once the price of rebellion and its legitimate fruits.
"What we desire to see at once, is a call
for an additional one hundred and fifty thousand volunteers from the
free states, and the establishment of a land blockade of the strictest
kind, extending from the Atlantic to the Mississippi--accompanied by the
flooding of the country bordering on the lower Mississippi. Do this, and
the inevitable consequences of such a state of affairs--the extinction
of slavery in the border states--will soon bring the rebels to their
In its issue of the 25th, the Courier
urges the calling out by the administration of two hundred thousand
troops, and adds:
"There are two ways of putting down the
present rebellion and saving the Union. The one is to all from
seventy-five to a hundred thousand troops into the field, and consume
two or three years in scientifically terminating the war at a
fearful loss of life, an enormous cost in money, besides destroying the
business of the country pending the war; which, in itself, would amount
to untold hundreds of millions of dollars. The other and the wiser, and
the cheaper mode, is to call out a quarter of million of volunteers, and
double the number if necessary, and bring the whole matter to a close in
a few months. . . once accomplished, business would at once resume its
natural channels, and we should again be a happy, united, and prosperous
Canada and the U.S. Difficulties
Toronto, May 3--The
Leader, the government organ, fears that Canada may become involved
in the U.S. difficulties, and advocates an armed neutrality, and
suggests that the Canadian government represent to the imperial
authorities the expediency of sending six or eight regiments of the line
for the protection of the frontier.
Fifteen English War Ships
We find the annexed in the official paper
at Montgomery: "It is said by those who seem to be well informed, that
Lord Lyons has sent to England for fifteen war vessels, he not liking
the manner in which Old Abe desires to blockade the ports of the
southern seceded states."
The Right Man in the Right Place
Col. Robert Lee, now major-general of the
Virginia forces, is one of whom Gen. Scott said that it were better for
every officer in the army, including himself (Scott), to die than Robert
Lee--such is his military genius--more particularly in engineering.
Boston Armed Vessels to Visit the South
A movement is being made in Boston to arm
and equip the unemployed vessels of that port to cruise in the Florida
channel and the Gulf of Mexico to protect northern commerce from the
"buccaneers of the southern Confederacy." The first move in this
direction ahs been taken by one Robert B. Forbes.
A pretty severe prize fight came off at
the Fair grounds, near St. Louis, a few days since. The principals were
Thos. Morris and Jo. Shemer. They fought 147 rounds in two hours and
thirty-five minutes. Morris failed to come to time on the 148th round.
Both were badly punished--Morris being severely injured. He was knocked
down eight times. There was quite a large crowd of spectators present to
witness the battle.
Washington, April 30--An occurrence
took place about one o'clock yesterday evening that created great
excitement at the navy-yard and in the city generally. It is said that a
corporal of one of the volunteer companies, named Murphy, took a file of
men into the house of a man named Boyd, whom he charged with being a
disunionist, and that the party ruthlessly shot him dead in his
bed-room. Other accounts give a different version, and say that he was
shot only after firing upon a party who went to arrest him.
A Safe Business
The Savannah Republican says:
"Happening in at the Merchants' and Planters' Bank yesterday, we saw a
small box just arrived by express, all the way from Liverpool. Upon
inquiry, we ascertained its contents to consist of £220 in British
sovereigns, the same being the proceeds of twelve bags of cotton sent
over by the bank for the accommodation of a planter of this state. This
is doing the thing without the intervention of bills of exchange drawn
on somebody who may break before they arrive. Thus, it will be seen,
that those who hold cotton have the material for making gold."
The Boston Herald says that 100
young men here left that city for the south within a few days, as
recruits for the army of the Confederated States.
MAY 6, 1861
LOWELL DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS
THE LATEST NEWS
Gen. Scott forwarded dispatches to Gen. Butler Saturday, at Annapolis,
placing the Massachusetts 6th Regiment and other troops at his command,
and giving him three days to take possession of the relay House at the
junction of the Baltimore & Ohio and Baltimore & Washington railroads, 9
miles from Baltimore and 30 from Washington. Gen. Butler responded that
he would hold religious services there yesterday. The 6th Massachusetts
Regiment went up early in the morning. This movement is made to
coordinate with the Pennsylvania troops now advancing upon Baltimore,
upon the other side.
There was a report yesterday that the Pennsylvania troops had actually
passed through Baltimore, unmolested.
Gen. Harney has taken a bold stand against the secessionists. He
implores his fellow-citizens of Missouri not to be seduced and become
the instruments of the mad ambition of designing men.
Governor Andrew has notified the secretary of the navy of the purchase
of the steamships Massachusetts and South Carolina,
and asks authority to commission commanders, if not employed by the
government. They will be used to protect Massachusetts commerce from
Jeff. Davis's pirates.
A Baltimore dispatch dated yesterday announces the arrival at the Relay
House, nine miles from Baltimore, of the 52nd regiment of New York and
the Massachusetts 8th regiment.
They took possession of the telegraph wires, planted 8 howitzers on the
viaduct, and invested the entire neighborhood. They have encamped on the
grounds on the west side of the Patapsco river. This point is the
junction of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad with the Washington branch,
and gives command of the road to and from the west.
It is stated that the Constitution has been ordered to the mouth
of the Patapsco to blockade Baltimore.
In an address to his people the other
evening, Mr. Beecher said that he went heart and soul into this war, he
never felt less bitterness towards the south than now--never more sorrow
for them. The last thing he wished to see was a servile insurrection. He
prayed to God to avert it, and trusted that slavery might be blotted out
peacefully. And he especially deprecated all mobs at the north. he had
seen the teeth of a mob set towards him, and it always looked to him
like a brindled wolf. When it looked the other way, it was not a bit
WAR ITEMS AND MOVEMENTS
Gen. Butler was in Washington on Saturday
and addressed each of the Massachusetts regiments. Perley reports that
in conversation with some Baltimoreans he said Massachusetts troops
would be in Baltimore shortly, as friends or otherwise, as it happens
that city may dictate.
Mayor Wentworth, of Chicago, telegraphed
the governor-general of Canada, a few days ago, desiring to purchase
arms, and received a reply that Canada would sell none, but would lend
Ex-President Fillmore has been elected
captain of the "Home Guards" of Buffalo, composed o f the retired
commissioned officers of the state militia.
Fourteen companies from the border
counties of Kentucky have tendered their services to the secretary of
war through Col. T. V. Guthrie. Ten were accepted, with orders to encamp
on the Ohio side of the river.
The Unionists in the pan-handle section of
Virginia have enrolled 2600 men for the government, who will fight the
tyrants of the "tide wide" to the last.
The Northern troops going through Maryland
are utterly amazed at the God-forsaken look of that state. It is because
they were never in a slave state before. It is just the same way down to
Texas, the villages look as if the cholera and the small-pox united had
passed through the day previous, taking off all the well white people
and leaving behind a few plague-struck negroes, with the seeds of the
fatal disease in their systems.
LOWELL INSTITUTION FOR SAVINGS
From the sixty-ninth annual statement of
this institution, it appears that 953 accounts have been opened within
the past year, depositing with the other depositors $333,727.65; and
1478 accounts have been closed, withdrawing, together with partial
payments on accounts not closed, $369,178.45--showing a decrease of 525
in the number of accounts and of $35,540.79 in the amount deposited. The
whole amount now on deposit is $1,191,095.18, and the sixty-ninth
dividend, declared May 4, 1861, is $21,837.34.
The Great Crisis Has at Last Come
And "how to meet it" is the all absorbing question of the day. Just go
to JUDKINS', 3 John street, and get one of the immortal Helper's Books,
it will tell you all about it. A few more left. Call and get one.
BUZZELL & MASSECK are selling off their stock at exceeding low prices,
that they may be ready when called for to fight for their country.
Please call at 29 Central str.
MAY 7, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
General Scott's Allegiance
General Scott today, for the third time,
voluntarily took the oath of allegiance to the Constitution and laws of
the United States. His staff followed his example.
Warlike Proclamation of Gov. Letcher
Gov. Letcher has published a communication
saying that, the sovereignty of the Commonwealth of Virginia having been
denied, her territorial rights assailed, her soli threatened with
invasion by the authorities at Washington, and every artifice employed
which could inflame he people of the Northern States, it therefore
becomes the solemn duty of every citizen in Virginia to prepare for the
impending conflict to this end, and for these purposes, and with the
determination to repel invasion. Gov. Letcher authorizes the Commanding
General of the military forces to call out and cause to be mustered into
service from time to time as public exigencies may require, such
additional volunteers as he may deem necessary.
Proclamation Closing Drinking-houses--
Continued Alarm at Alexandria
The proclamation of the Mayor requiring
drinking establishments to be closed at half-past nine last night was by
the advice of military authorities, at the suggestion of Senator Wilson.
Much alarm has existed at Alexandria for
the past few days, owing to reports that the Federal government
contemplated taking early possession. Many persons have fled. The
Virginia militia proceeded to the Culpepper Court House.
The 1st and 2d New Jersey Regiments
arrived here early this morning.
General Scott has published another card,
begging correspondents to spare him, as he has no office within gift,
and no power to accept individual volunteers nor corps of volunteers;
that he has no time to read applications for autographs, and cannot
acknowledge one letter in fifty.
Serious Election Riot in Newfoundland
Pictou, N.S., May 6--There were
savage election riots in Newfoundland last week. Our telegraph line has
been taken possession of by the mob, so that we can get no particulars.
Two citizens were killed and thirteen wounded. Several districts where
rioting prevailed have been disfranchised by the Governor. So far as
known the conservatives were successful.
Evacuation of Fort Washita, Indian
Fort Smith, Ark., May 6--Intelligence
from Fort Washita of the 1st instant states that the 600 troops at that
post were preparing to evacuate on Thursday last, and the fort was to be
turned over to Governor Harris of the Chickasaw nation. Capt. Sturgis.
from Fort Smith, arrived at Fort Washita on the 1st, and the troops at
Fort Cobb were to join them and march on Fort Leavenworth.
Important Government Movements
Annapolis, May 5, via Baltimore--The
Star of the South, convoyed by the Harriet Lane, touched
here this morning, and left for Washington with the 28th N.Y. Regiment.
Two suspicious craft are fitting out in
Baltimore. They will be overhauled in the bay.
The 5th N.Y. Regiment is guarding the
railroad, and detachments of the 6th and 8th Regiments are up the Severn
River. They have suffered severely from a cold rain since Friday.
The revenue-cutter Toucey, with 60
regulars, and the Thomas Sparks, with 14 men and 5 companies of the 13th
N.Y. Regiment and 6 pieces of artillery, went down the bay yesterday on
special service, doubtless to retake the lightboat and cruise for
De Granville and Cosmor, arrested as
spies, are still in the guard house. The former will probably be
released. The latter confessed opening dispatches, and his case is under
advisement by the War Department.
A large number of transports are being
It is believed that a large force will be
in Baltimore by Thursday, and that aggressive operations may soon be
expected in the direction of Richmond.
Heavy turf breastworks have been erected
outside of the arsenal, pierced for four cannon.
The legislature is in secret session.
Enthusiastic Union Meeting in Annapolis
At an enthusiastic Union meeting here last
night it was resolved to sustain the government. Ex-Collector Mason of
Baltimore offered some secession resolves, which were hissed and groaned
The London News makes the assertion
that "not only will no more wooden line-of-battle-ships be laid down in
English dockyards, but the construction of those which are in progress,
ten in number, will be discontinued."
Mustache and Whiskers Raised
by Bellingham's unguent. Sold only by the Agent,
J. RUSSELL SPALDING, 27 Tremont street, opposite the Museum. Prices $1
or $1 18 by mail.
Every Volunteer and Soldier
about leaving for the seat of war will receive a bottle of the Pocket
Remedy for Diarrhea, Dysentery, Cholera, &c., free by calling at J.
RUSSELL SPALDING, 27 Tremont street, opposite the Museum, Boston, Mass.
For change of food, water and climate you should be prepared. This will
cure or at least check the above diseases until you can call your
MAY 8, 1861
SPRINGFIELD DAILY REPUBLICAN
No forward movement of federal troops into
the rebel states is yet announced. But the southern Relay House is
rapidly being strengthened by Gen. Butler, as a preliminary to punishing
Baltimore; and that great strategic point in the Mississippi Valley,
Cairo, Ill., is being most securely fortified and manned. The
secretiveness of the administration in reference to its military plans
is good for the Union but troublesome to news-gatherers.
THREE YEARS OR FOR THE WAR
All who have enlisted, or who are thinking
of enlisting--all towns that are equipping companies or voting extra
pay--all women who are making uniforms, should bear in mind that the
government wants no more volunteers for a short time, for three months,
as those who have gone on to Washington were enlisted for. It takes no
more recruits for less than three years, or during the war, if it be
less than that time. All who have volunteered, companies or men, under
other expectations, and are not ready to see the thing through, should
withdraw at once, and make way for the plenty that are ready and willing
for the full service. No bounty should be given, no equipments
furnished, no uniforms made for companies, not yet actually gone, that
do not enlist for the full term now required. We shall need all our
money, all our charities for the latter class, and they should not be
wasted in preparing the others, who will not be accepted into the
government service. The Ulster county regiment of New York, that came
down to the city, eager for service, and went home again disappointed,
had the privilege of enlisting for three years' term; but they were
mostly of a class of men that thought they could not leave their homes
and businesses for so long a time, and the government could take them on
no other footing.
FORT PICKENS AND PENSACOLA
A gentleman from Washington, direct from
Pensacola, whose statements are credited, says that there are about
eight thousand rebel troops outside the fort, and that they are in a
very bad condition. Their provisions are giving out, and the warm
weather is making many ill, while the general impression, so far as he
could learn, was that an attack upon the fort would soon be abandoned,
on the pretense that teh troops would be wanted further north. Evidences
of various attempts to bribe Lieut. Slemmer's men, before the fort
was reinforced, are published. A letter from the rebel camp, addressed
to one of his sergeants, said: "What a jackass you are. I again renew my
offer of a position, with a lieutenant's commission, and all your pay
two-fold that is due you from the federal government. Also to Flynn. If
you will help us along to save bloodshed, I can offer any private in the
company $500, and any non-commissioned officer $1000, together with a
guarantee of future promotion as high, or higher, as he now stands.
Every man who will take upon themselves to give us the fort without
bloodshed, and save the lives of your garrison, will be well paid--all
back pay, $500 for the privates, $1000 for the non-commissioned
officers, and a commission in the confederate army. This I offer by
authority. I would not offer it otherwise. You, as a friend, I believe
will trust me. We must and will have the fort, but 'tis not worth one
drop of blood; but if it cost 5000 lives, we must and will have it. Fill
it full of federal troops if you will, yet we must and will have it.
Don't be a dam'd fool. When and where can I see you?"
PROSPECT OF A BRUSH AT CAIRO
The western people are excited with the
prospect of an attack on Cairo, Ill., by rebel forces. Tennessee troops
threaten it. A letter from Springfield, Ill., of the 24th, says: "Quite
a sensation is produced by a report which has gained considerable
credence, to the effect that the guns which have been landed at
Columbus, Ky., twenty miles below Cairo, are of much heavier calibre
than anything we have there. So that if these guns are placed opposite
Cairo, at Bird's Point, they will drive our troops out of the Egyptian
city in spite of all they can do. I need not say how thoroughly such a
result would arouse the passions of war. The tempest which has lately
swept over the land would be but a summer zephyr beside the terrible
hurricane we should then see. Many person her fully believe that Cairo
will be taken by the rebel troops within two weeks. There will be hard
fighting before this happens."
The Louisville Journal has
undoubted information of preparations for an attack on Cairo from
Tennessee and Kentucky, and says: "There is no question whatever in our
minds, and we think there can be no question in any mind, not only that
a plan is on foot for an attack of the combined Tennessee and Kentucky
troops upon the United States army, but that this plan is just as well
known to Gov. Magoffin as to the officers who are to attempt its
execution. We do not charge that the governor favors the project, or is
promoting it, but he assuredly knows all about it." A show of open
hostility by the Tennesseans and Kentuckians might be a good thing, as
provisions and supplies now go to Louisville in large quantities,
destined for the rebels, who have deposited large sums with the
Louisville merchants for the purchase of provisions, and heavily laden
trains are daily leaving Memphis for the South. These supplies would be
cut off on the occurrence of active hostilities by these allies of the
The Davis Machine to be Moved to
A dispatch from Montgomery states there is
considerable talk there of an adjournment of the confederate congress to
Richmond, and indeed of the entire government, which has not anchored itself
so firmly that it cannot be moved at short notice. The first battalion of an
Alabama regiment started from Montgomery for Richmond on the 30th ultimo.
All the proceedings of the confederate congress of matters of any interest
or importance are in secret session.
Dr. Eaton's Infantile Cordial for
is no narcotic to lull to sleep and perhaps death your suffering
precious ones--but is a reliable and certain remedy for the ills of
infantile life. It will soften the gums, reduce inflammation, and
relieve all pain, and so greatly facilitate the process at the period of
teething. It works like a charm, giving healthy sleep at night to the
little sufferer, and grateful rest to the wearied mother. It does not
constipate the bowels, because it contains NO MORPHINE or opiate of any
kind, and fact we are fully warranted in stating cannot be said of any
other preparation for infantile complaints at this time before the
public, but is a quick and never-failing remedy for Diarrhea,
Dysentery, and Summer Complaint. Also, for Wind
Colic, Griping in the Stomach, or Acidity, and
being a very powerful anti-spasmodic, mothers should always have it by
them in cases of Convulsions, especially when they propose giving
their children any of the old fashioned narcotics of the day,
exceedingly liable to bring on these fits. Be warned and use none but
Dr. Eaton's Infantile Cordial, as this only can you rely on. Sold by
Geo. B. Reynolds, Springfield.
MAY 9, 1861
THE PITTSFIELD SUN
What of the Slaves?
It is reported that Governor Sprague has
returned to their owner, Hon. George W. Hughes, of Washington, three slaves
that followed the Rhode Island Regiment some ten miles, hoping to escape. We
also have a report from Fort Monroe that they are very much annoyed by
fugitive slaves seeking refuge there, but in all cases they are returned.
This action and the proposition of Gen. Butler to suppress a negro
insurrection, may seem monstrous to some harum-scarum zealots, who regard
this as an opportunity to perfect what John Brown filed to accomplish; but
if there is one duty we can owe the South now, or that we do owe the world
and each other, it is to show that our sole and only object is the
maintenance of the constitutional government, and that we will not war upon
any local institutions that do not stand in hostility to the Government, and
least of all will we turn barbarians and incite slaves to the murder of
women and children. To do that would sink us to a level with the Sepoys of
India or the maddened butchering hordes of Syria. No--none of this.
"Very Kind of You, Ladies."
Washington Chronicle--The Massachusetts "boys"
acknowledge themselves under obligations to the ladies of Washington, for
kind attentions; though while their offers of assistance are appreciated,
aid is really not required.
A deputation of ladies waited upon the
officers of the Massachusetts regiments at the Capitol, and proposed to do
their sewing. "Thank you; it is very kind of you ladies, but, as we have
five tailors in our ranks, they do all our sewing." "Cannot we make you
bread?" "No, ladies, we have a baker in our ranks, and have erected an oven
in the basement. Will you walk down and see it?" The ladies were shown a
very efficient oven, and some of the finest bread ever baked. The ladies
retired, assured by the officers that their kind offers were appreciated,
though not required.
The Massachusetts men are nearly all
mechanics, and their numbers embrace artisans in almost every department of
mechanical skill. Already they have been required, on the route to
Washington, to put up and run steam engines, lay railways, build bridges,
man and navigate ships, and pilot steamers.
A number of Ladies of Pittsfield have been
engaged in making needle books, to be furnished with a quantity of needles,
pins, thread, buttons, and other articles suitable for the repair of
garments, for the use of the Allen Guard and other troops called into
During the War of 1812 with Gt. Britain, and
the War with Mexico, and for a long period in the history of this country,
the drums manufactured by the late Abner Stevens, of this town, have been
unsurpassed for excellence. A son of the deceased, Angelo D. Stevens,
continues the manufacture, and is now filling an order from a New York house
for $1000 worth of drums, to be completed at the earliest moment
practicable. Mr. S. intends to sustain the high reputation which his father
enjoyed for the manufacture of superior drums.
In view of all their declarations, there is no
room to doubt that the design of the secessionists was, and is, to invade
Washington and capture the President and his Cabinet. The Charleston
Courier of a late date says, Mr. Lincoln "must now look to
Washington, not to Fort Sumter." There is reason to hope, however, that they
will not be able to carry out this design, that Washington, thanks to the
loyal hearts of the north, is now secured against any attacks which the
rebels and traitors may make upon it. The number of troops thee is about
25,000. The Capitol and the Treasury are most effectually barricaded with
barrels of cement, flour, and the cast iron plates intended for the
completion of the great dome of the Capitol. Martial law has been proclaimed
over the Capitol. Sixteen thousand barrels of flour are stored in the
crypts, together with thousands of barrels of bacon, hogsheads of molasses,
and tierces of rice.
John B. Gough in Pittsfield
Mr. J. B. Gough will deliver his Lecture upon
the "Lights and Shadows of London Life," at the First Congregational Church,
on Saturday evening next, May 11. Previous to the Lecture, our soul-stirring
National Airs will be performed on the Organ, and Prof. Feder, assisted by
accomplished amateurs, will sing the "Star Spangled banner." Doors open at
7. Lecture to commence at 8 o'clock. Tickets, 25 cents, can be obtained at
the News Rooms two days previous to the Lecture. To say nothing about the
Lecture, which of course is the great attraction, it is worth the price of
admission to hear the "Star Spangled Banner!" sung by Prof. Feder, who has
no superior in this locality.
It is said that Mr. Gough devotes the profits
of his Lecture to the Union cause.
For the accommodation of persons desirous of
hearing the Lecture, the Western Railroad will run an extra train from
Hinsdale, leaving at 6 p.m., and returning at the close of the exercise.
A special messenger sails in the next European
steamer to purchase $500,000 worth of arms for New York State.
At the Deaf and Dumb Asylum at Hartford, Ct.,
all the females who can sew are employed in making clothing for the
Armstrong's 12-pounder rifle guns cost £112 6s
8d. A large number of rifled cannon are ordered for this country.
Father Waldo, nearly 100 years old, preached a
war sermon n Syracuse on Sunday week.
Hon. Charles Francis Adams, U.S. Minister to
England, and Hon. Cassius M. Clay, U.S. Minister to Russia, with their
families, sailed in the Cunard steamer Niagara, from Boston to
Liverpool, on the 1st instant.
MAY 10, 1861
New York Century--Mr. Charles Jared
Ingersoll of Philadelphia, invites the living ex-Presidents--Van Buren,
Tyler, Fillmore, Pierce and Buchanan--to become arbitrators to settle
the differences of the North and South. Mr. Ingersoll shows an unusual
degree of imbecility. Every one has long known that the class of
politicians to which he belongs have never understood the North, but we
never supposed them to be so profoundly ignorant of the South. The man
who would chase such a foolish fantasy at such a moment as this, reminds
us of Pickwick at the military review, running after his hat in a high
wind, with a bayonet charge behind, and another one before.
This Mr. Ingersoll is the identical
gentleman who has frequently said in public that if he had lived in the
times of the American Revolution, he would have been a tory! What a
negotiator for such times these!
H. W. BEECHER AND HIS CHURCH
Anti-Slavery Standard--One hundred
and twenty-five members of Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, have
enlisted--among them, Mr. Beecher's oldest son and the betrothed of his
eldest daughter. A member of the church has engaged to furnish every one
going from the church with revolvers, up to the number of 200. The
church will make ample provision for the outfit of its members. In the
church parlors, every day, from nine to one o'clock, the ladies of the
congregation meet for the purpose of making up articles necessary for
A letter from Nashville, Tenn., states
that nearly all the preachers in the city have volunteered. Dr. Summers,
Dr. McIntyre, Dr. Huston, and Rev. Mr. Reed, have all joined volunteer
companies. Rev. Jesse B. Ferguson is a member of a cavalry company in
Rev. Mr. Wheelwright, of the Methodist
Episcopal Church South, has tendered his services to Governor Letcher,
and they have been accepted. He now appears in uniform, and ready to
shoulder his musket. He was educated at the Virginia Military Institute.
One hundred and thirty clergymen in the
State of Maine have signified their readiness to receive appointments to
chaplaincies in the army.
A PATRIOTIC MOTHER
Henry B. Stanton, of Seneca Falls, now in
New York, has received a letter from his wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Cady
Stanton, Seneca Falls, stating that their two older sons had joined the
army, and that she regretted that the next three were too young for
service. Mrs. Stanton is daughter of Judge Daniel Cady, and
grand-daughter of Colonel Livingston, who figured in the war of the
SEIZURE OF VESSELS IN MOBILE BAY
The Mobile Tribune says: "At about ten
o'clock, on the night of the 24th, a party took and seized the Belle
of the Bay, a new and beautiful brig, which arrived a few days
since, laden with ice from Boston. She now lies at the wharf, with the
Southern Confederate flag at her mainmast. Another party took charge of
the Daniel Townsend, which is from New York, with an assorted
cargo, but hails from New Jersey."
The Confederate pirates have taken another
prize. They have captured and carried into Wilmington, N.C., the U.S.
steamer Uncle Ben, and imprisoned her officers and crew as spies.
The Uncle Ben was chartered by the Government from a firm in New
York, for service at Fort Sumter.
A BALTIMORE ROUGH'S OPINION OF THE
We learn from an authentic source, that
after the gallant Sixth had fought their way through the streets of
Baltimore, and were seated in the cars, one of the rioters as heard to
say: "It's no use, we can't do anything with those fellows!" "Why not?"
was asked. "Because, (with an oath and pointing to the cars,) there
goes Bunker Hill!"
An Irishman in Memphis, for expressing his
determination to fight for Lincoln, was thrashed on the spot, and then
taken before the Recorder, who sentenced him to the chain-gang for
THE PRICE OF BUNTING
Little or none of this material is
manufactured in this country, and we are almost entirely dependent upon
the English for the article. The market here is cleared of it, and
orders have gone out by the last steamer which will sweep the English
market. The New York Evening Post says the demand for flags has
raised the price of bunting from four dollars and seventy-five cents a
piece to twenty-eight dollars, and book muslin, usually worth six to ten
cents, now brings three dollars a yard!
The Cleveland Herald says that a
lady from Mobile has just arrived, bringing with her a paper containing
an address made by Jeff. Davis to his army, on his leaving Montgomery
for the North last week, in which he represented that they were going to
march against the half-starved and scurrilous mob of the North, and
pledged himself to be back in sixty days with the scalp of Lincoln!
It is stated by the correspondent of the
Tribune that while Capt. Pray's company of regulars were on board
a transport at Annapolis, a man rushed on with a jug of whiskey, and
gave it to the captain. His manner excited suspicion, and a chemical
analysis discovered a large deposit of arsenic.
A Northern merchant just from the South
says that he can "convey no idea of the intensity of war feeling, nor
the energy of preparation in the States which I have traversed.
The preparations which I have witnessed on my way hither in the Northern
States seem languid in comparison."
John Brown, Jr. There is no truth
in the statement that this individual is concentrating colored men for
the purpose of making an attack on Virginia, and his present visit to
Boston is on business connected with the Haytien Bureau of Emigration,
of which he is an agent.
REGIMENT OF FREE COLORED MEN
The New Orleans True Delta, of the
30th ultimo, has the following item:
"Governor Moore, we have heard, has
authorized the organization of a regiment of free colored men. We have
always relied upon the free colored men who were born in New
Orleans--the descendants of those who fought at Chalmette. And we expect
that, when the regiment is fully organized, and if the mean, false,
dastardly Black Republicans of the North endeavor to make a hostile
approach to New Orleans, our free colored regiment will help to teach
then, by a bloody lesson, too, that they know their true from their
false friends. We heard it said that Felix Labatut, Esq., an old,
esteemed, and wealthy citizen, would be requested to become Colonel of
Salem Observer--The Southern
leaders have enlisted free negroes and slaves in their rebellion, though
we expect they don't trust them far out of sight with arms in their
hands. But this is a luxury which the North also can indulge in, and in
this behalf we notice that the colored men of Boston have enrolled
themselves for military service, and formed a company of 125, under the
name of the Home Guard. Isn't it about time to strike the word "white"
out of the militia law?
THE CONTENTED SLAVES
A gentleman who has just returned from a
journey through Louisiana says, that in the up-river parishes of that
State, a general fear is entertained by the farmers and planters of a
rising of the slaves. Almost every plantation is doubly guarded;
everywhere the slaves are watched with the utmost vigilance. Planters
refuse to let any of their white employees enlist, but arm them, and
keep them as a private guard. One planter, the owner of 300
negroes, expressing his fears, said, "Damn the negroes, they know more
about politics than most of the white men. They know everything that
In the interior of South Carolina fears of
slave insurrections are exciting much alarm. Men sleep with guns at
their bedsides; and women refuse to be left alone on the plantations. In
one neighborhood, forty miles from Charleston, it is certain that an
attempt at insurrection was put down ten days ago, and seven negroes
MAY 11, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
From Harrisburg: Passage through
Refused to Free Armed Blacks
Harrisburg, Pa., May 10--An
application from private parties in the Eastern States to Governor
Curtin to allow free armed blacks to pass through the State met with an
Negro Insurrection in Kentucky
Rising Sun, Ind., May 10--The
telegraph operator at Patriot, Ind., telegraphs that he has been called
upon to aid in quelling a negro insurrection which broke out last night
in Owen and Gallatin counties, Kentucky. Great fears are felt as it is
supposed the negroes are led by two or three citizens of Kentucky. The
people are gathering all their forces to put down the insurrection and
runners have been sent to Indiana for assistance. Capt. Wills, who has a
company here for our own State service, has telegraphed that he will
come to their assistance. The telegraph line is down between Patriot and
Vevay. It is thought it has been cut by the rebels to prevent news of
the insurrection being transmitted.
Scarcity of Provisions at the South--
Condition of the Rebel Troops
Private advice from Charleston state that
butter is selling at 75¢, and that there is no ham or bacon in the
market. Cattle are suffering fro want of hay.
Private advices from North Carolina state
that Southern troops are better armed with knives, revolvers and dirks
than Northern troops, and they feel confident of success, anticipating
that the first encounter will be at Harper's Ferry. There were about
4000 troops at Richmond who had not been paid. Flour at Richmond was $10
per barrel, and pork $50 per barrel. The people are very poor, and the
banks broken. Business was prostrated and no money to be had. Virginia
and North Carolina bonds were worth 20¢ on the dollar.
From Pensacola and Key West
New York, May 10--The steamer
Illinois has arrived. She left Fort Pickens on the evening of the
2d, and Key West on the morning of the 6th. The Powhatan,
Brooklyn, Sabine, Supply, Wyandotte, and
Water Witch were off Fort Pickens. The Mohawk left on the 1st for
the coast of Texas. Schooner Etza, of New Haven, arrived on the
27th ultimo. A partial blockade exists at Pensacola. No munitions of war
are allowed to enter. Fort Pickens was prepared to repel any attack. The
rebels have a new battery at Deer point. They have also commenced
unroofing the buildings of the Navy Yard, preparatory to an attack.
Their forces are rumored to be 6000 men.
All was quiet at Key West. The St. Louis
and Crusader were there; also the schooner Wanderer, which ran out from
under the guns of Moro Castle during the night, and would leave soon,
having obtained her papers.
Liquor Rations for our Army
Temperance is now reckoned as much a
virtue in the soldier as in the civilian, and is as healthful a
necessity in the life of the one as in that of the other. These rations
were formerly supposed to be a military necessity, but it was when
ardent spirits were supposed to strengthen and support the system. The
advancement of civilization and intelligence have taught that spirituous
liquors, of the purest qualities, do not strengthen the system--do not
resist enrich the blood--but rather disorder and weaken the body--dilute
and impoverish the blood. Some would recommend their use by soldiers,
supposing that they were necessary to stimulate the courage, or banish
fear, during action. If so, they should only be used to effect the
subject, then. But the effects of such stimulants incite fear, as often
as they do courage, in men. They rather disorder the nervous action,
unsteady the aim, and frequently incapacitate man for action, or
retreat, when necessary.
The intelligence of our people should
prevent the introduction of these noxious rations into the camps of our
patriotic soldiers. We do not want the camps to become a school of
intemperance, we prefer to have our young men return as temperate as
they have gone forth in defence of our constitution, laws, and the
country's flag. If they become demoralized and intemperate in this
campaign, the survivors will return to contaminate their fellows in
society, at large. Let our soldiers compose a cold water army--though
the southern army be composed of whisky drinkers. It would be better to
supply the soldiers with mental rations--with mental food--with such
books as may delight and improve them.
The only true and reliable incitements to
courage and the discharge of duty, in the hour of peril, are
intelligence, character, pride and patriotism. These the sinful habits
of intemperance may expel.
men of character as well as patriotism
have gone to meet the rebels, and may they return such again into
THE COTTON CROP
In the opinion of those who have most
carefully examined the subject, it is no thought probable that the
cotton crop this year can exceed three-fourths, perhaps one-half of the
usual yield for a good year. Many of the planter in the beginning laid
down with corn, some of their fields usually devoted to the great
staple; and others who had less foresight are now ploughing up the
fields already planted with cotton in order to sow corn; while in some
cases the corn is sowed between the hills of cotton.
A Mean Set of Rebels
New York, May 10--The captain and
pilot of the steam tug Uncle Ben have arrived here. They were
kept in prison at Wilmington eleven days. The tug remains in possession
of the rebels as the meanest set of fellows he ever saw. They were
preparing to give the Northerners a warm reception.
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