JUNE 16, 1861
THE DAILY TRUE DELTA
GEORGIA INVADED BY THE ENEMY
LANDING OF ABOLITION TROOPS--GREAT
EXCITEMENT IN SAVANNAH
Savannah papers of the 12th, to hand by
last evening's express, confirm the telegraphic report published in our
paper Wednesday afternoon, to the effect that federal troops had been
landed the previous day at Hilton Head. Nothing definite was known
concerning the future movements of the troops, but their landing caused
the most intense excitement in Savannah, and steps were taken to drive
the abolition horde from the soil of Georgia.
From an authority before us, we learn that
Hilton Head island lies north of Savannah, and commands, partially, the
mouth as well as the inland water communication with Charleston.
The annexed particulars of the landing of
the federal troops at Hilton Head we take from the Republican of
Our city was thrown into a perfect ferment
yesterday afternoon, and every man, boy and many of the women, were
ready to take up arms to repel the invaders. The cause may be briefly
explained as follows:
It was known yesterday morning from
information brought by parties from below, that the blockading fleet off
our coast had been suddenly reinforced by from three to five large
vessels. This, however, was considered merely a freak of that particular
arm of the abolition service, as the vessels float about promiscuously,
being here to-day and a perfectly clean coast to-morrow.
About two o'clock, however, matters
assumed a more practical aspect. A messenger arrived by the boat from
Tybee, with intelligence that six boat loads of abolition troops,
supposed to number 200 men, had been landed from the squadron on
Daufuski island, on the Carolina coast, just opposite Tybee. The news
spread over the city in a few minutes, and the greatest excitement
prevailed. The call to arms was sounded to the detachment of military
remaining in the city, and everybody seemed anxious to take part in
circumventing and destroying the invaders. Preparations were immediately
made, guns brought out and boats got ready. Gen. Lawton and staff had
left on the morning's boat for the defences on the coast below the city,
and the preparations were taken in charge by Commodore Tatnall.
At a later hour another messenger arrived,
correcting the first account in two most important particulars. The
landing took place on Hilton Head instead of on Daufuskie, and instead
of a few boat loads, the debarkation had been commenced early in the
morning and kept up through the greater part of the day. Commodore
Tatnall concludes that a very large force has been landed, for a regular
campaign, with the view of taking possession of Broad river and
ultimately the reduction of Charleston by an attack in the rear. This,
however reasonable, is but an inference, as nothing definite can be
known of their object. Perhaps they did not have out of view a diversion
of forces from our forts and batteries below, so as to enable the fleet
to come in and take possession.
Commodore Tatnall went down the river
about five o'clock, with three boats and a considerable force,
consisting of the Chatham Artillery and a number of infantry. We can
only add that matters are in safe hands, and all prudent and practical
steps possible will be taken and without delay.
Under the circumstances, however, it will
probably be some days before the actual force landed and their character
can be ascertained, and proper steps taken to displace them.
From the Mobile Advertiser's
Pensacola correspondence of the 11th we extract the following:
The U.S. sloop-of-war St. Louis
sailed this morning at eight o'clock, in a southerly direction. She had
for two weeks been lying with the Sabine, frigate, in gun range
of the navy-yard. The St. Louis has probably gone to relieve the
Brooklyn or Niagara, according to programme mentioned in a letter from
an officer of the fleet to a New York paper. The little steamers
pursue probably the same course, as they come and go every few days.
Another large transport schooner arrived
yesterday afternoon in the fleet. One came a few days ago, and a pilot
told me this morning he thought she as discharging at Fort Pickens.
There is now only a two weeks' supply of ice at this place. After that
time the boys will have to drink warm water, or get their cooling
from Brownsville or Santa Rosa.
The federalists are saving of their ground
on Santa Rosa island, as on Saturday some half a dozen coffin-like boxes
were transferred from the fort to a steamer which sailed to-day. They
were probably the remains of deceased officers. They'll have to increase
their fleet if they expect to carry off all who will die on that island
between now and dog-days.
They've quit roving up and down the island
in a manner, since the snakes commenced stirring.
Camp Stephens presented quite an animated
appearance yesterday evening. Eight companies of the Fifth Georgia
regiment were on parade, and reviewed by Col. Jackson, the commanding
officer at this post.
Several members of the Pickensville Blues,
a company attached to the Fifth regiment of Alabama volunteers, leave
to-morrow for their regiment now in Virginia. They were left behind in
consequence of sickness.
The Confederacy must be doing a "driving
business" in the post office department, judging from the quantity of
letters mailed at this point and Warrington.
This inexhaustible genius has been
compelled to give up his "readings" in London and leave in search of
health. He says: "For some weeks past I have been much distressed with
neuralgic pains in the face, and have been obliged to forego my social
engagements, I find myself, after all, unfit for a hot lighted room, and
indeed for London, that I am obliged to go away for change to the
The total population of the globe is
estimated by M. Dietrich, director of statistics, at Berlin, to be
1,280,000,000 persons. Mathematicians say that they can calculate the
change in the centre of gravity of the earth, produced by the movement
of a single man from one place to another.
CRY HAVOC AND LET SLIP
THE DOGS OF WAR
Can readily be applied to WILSON'S RAT AND
ROACH DESTROYER. It is so insidious in its form, that an old and
venerable rat, who for years was proof to all the temptations of traps,
fell at last a victim to its malignant effect on "ratine" constitution.
His last words were:
"Oh, Wilson, Wilson, W-i-l-s-o-n!!!--Ugh!"
For sale in New Orleans, wholesale and
J. WRIGHT & CO.
JUNE 17, 1861
THE HARTFORD DAILY COURANT
SEIZURE OF JEFFERSON CITY BY FEDERAL
--FLIGHT OF THE STATE OFFICERS
The capital of Missouri was taken
possession of at two o'clock, Saturday afternoon, on the arrival of the
steamer Satan, by five companies of Colonel Blair's regiment of
Missouri Volunteers, under command of
Lieut. Col. Andrews, and a company of
regular artillery under Capt. Totten, all under the command of Brigadier
General Lyon. The balance of the force remained on board of the J. C.
Swann until further orders.
A company of regulars, under Major Corant,
thoroughly searched the country for contraband articles, and found some
wheels and other parts of artillery carriages.
No violence was offered, but on the
contrary, the boats containing the federal troops were received with
enthusiastic cheers by a large concourse of citizens.
Governor Jackson and the other leading
secessionists left here on the steamer White Cloud at 4 o'clock on the
afternoon of the 13th instant. Much disappointment was manifested by the
troops on finding that the enemy had fled. The officers, however,
expressed no surprise, they having been previously informed of the
The troops under Lieut. Col. Andrew are
now occupying the State House. One or two hours have been searched for
secession flags, but none have been found.
The bridges at Sheridan and Centralia, on
the Northern Missouri railroad, were burnt on Friday night. Two United
States regiments have gone out on the Pacific railroad.
A REBEL BALLOON
A signal balloon was seen at considerable
elevation over and beyond the chain-bridge, on the Leesburg road, on
Saturday night. It was supposed to be sent up by the rebels for the
purpose of communicating intelligence to the secessionists in that
FROM MANASSAS JUNCTION
A lady, relative of a distinguished
gentleman in the United States army, arrived at Washington on Saturday,
from Mississippi. She passed through Manassas Junction Saturday
forenoon. She says that all the troops to be seen at the Junction were
not near so many as she saw in passing through Alexandria--about three
regiments--all the others being upon Arlington Heights and towards
Georgetown. She said she heard nothing about the arrival of troops from
Harper's Ferry, but they talked of attacking Washington with great
freedom, and seemed quite sanguine that the rebels would have no trouble
in capturing the city.
AN ABOLITIONIST HERO
Memphis Avalanche, 7th June--John
Beman, the watchman on the steamer W. M. Morrison, whose arrest was
mentioned in our last, was yesterday hung by the citizens of Mound City.
He was a most uncompromising Abolitionist, and expressed sentiments as
left the indignant citizens no other alternative. He was upward of sixty
years of age; had been employed a long time on the river, and came from
Boston, Mass., where he had said he had friends living.
The Winsted Herald says that the Sharps'
rifle has never been purchased by the United States because "Uncle Sam
fights shy of new fangled machinery," and "prefers the less complicated
arm and the old way." The true reason is, that a certain rascal
named Davis, who was once considered a respectable man, and as such was
appointed Secretary of War for the United States, recommended Congress
to pass a law prohibiting the United States from purchasing certain
patented arms, among which the Sharps' rifle was included. The law was
passed, and while states South have provided themselves with what
Sharps' rifles they could get, the Northern states were left destitute.
The South purchased them, intending to use them in their secession
scheme. The North, having no such scoundrelly object in view, made no
FORTRESS MONROE INVESTED
Fortress Monroe is really invested.
Ingress and egress by sea a few miles in extent up James river are open
to us, but no aggressive movements can be made with safety, without
double our present number of troops and means of transportation.
The camps of Hampton are now confined to a
An exchange of prisoners was to have been
made Friday. Those in the fortress were produced, but Col. Magruder
failed to respond.
Miss Dix arrived at the Fort Friday
morning, with a number of nurses.
The big gun "Union" arrived Friday
morning, and is to be mounted at once. The large rifled cannon brought
by the naval brigade has been mounted at the Rip Raps, only three miles
from Sewall's Point.
Many vessels are in the roads, immense
supplies arriving at the Fortress.
BALLOONING FOR THE ARMY
The Troy Times states that Gen.
Butler has directed Mr. La Mountain, with his balloon and apparatus, to
Fortress Monroe, and promises to use his influence with the War
Department, to have an official position assigned him, if the
experiments succeeded. A reconnoitre over Great Bethel previous to the
late action, would undoubtedly have been of great service.
Elias Hayes was brought before the
police Court, Saturday, charged with breach of the peace in Spring Grove
Cemetery, a few days since. It appeared that Hayes attempted to cut the
grass in certain cemetery lots which were under the care of Mr. Elmer,
who remonstrated. Hayes replied with abusive language, and stated both
his desire and ability to do a little mowing on Mr. Elmer's throat, if
the last named person didn't clear out. Hayes was fined $3 and costs,
from which he appealed and gave bonds.
JUNE 18, 1861
THE CAPTURED REBEL PRIVATEER
The New York Tribune, June 16--The
schooner Savannah, Midshipman McCook commanding, from Charleston,
4 days, has just arrived, having the Stars and Stripes flying over the
secession flag. The schooner was captured by the United States brig
Perry, about 80 miles outside Charleston harbor. She was formerly a
pilot boat at that port, is schooner-rigged, of 54 tons burden, and has
an 18-pounder pivot gun amidships. She had been sent out from Charleston
about 36 hours previous to her capture. During her cruise she had
captured the brig Joseph of Rockland, which was
sent into Georgetown, S. C. The Savannah was brought to
this port by Midshipman McCook and prize crew of United States ship
Minnesota. Her crew, about 30 in number, were put in irons on board
the Minnesota. The Savannah will anchor off the Battery.
Our reporter boarded the Savannah
last evening, and from Isaac Seeds, acting mate, and one of his crew put
on board from the Minnesota, learns some additional particulars.
He was in Charleston at the time she was fitting out, and saw her lying
at anchor off Fort Sumter on the 31st May. She went to sea on Sunday, 3d
June, and the next day fell in with the brig Joseph of
Rockland, Maine, from Cardenas, Cuba, with a cargo of sugar
consigned to Welch & Co., Philadelphia. The Savannah set her
colors so as to deceive the Joseph, and the latter hove to and her
captain went aboard the piratical craft, under the impression that she
was in distress. No sooner had he done so than the captain of the
Savannah said, "Your vessel is taken as prize under the authority of
the Confederate States." Eight men were put aboard the Joseph,
and they were directed to take her and the crew to the nearest port,
which was that of Georgetown, S. C. This occurred about the middle of
the afternoon. Soon after the Savannah and the Joseph
parted company, the brig Perry, a man-of-war, hove in sight, a
little north of the Hole in the Wall; but as her guns were run back, her
port-holes closed, and the vessel otherwise purposely disguised, she was
mistaken for a merchantman, and the pirates, flushed with so inviting a
prospect of plunder before them, full of great expectations, made all
sail for the supposed prize. They had got within a mile of the brig
before they discovered their blunder, when they put about, more anxious
to escape than they had been before to make the seizure. The Perry
at once gave chase, and fired several shots, four of which were returned
by the 18-pounder of the Savannah. Two of the shots from the
Perry went through the foresail of the pilot-boat; the shots of the
Savannah did not take effect. The next occurrence was the surrender
of the pirates, who were taken on board the Perry, and were
subsequently transferred to the Minnesota, lying off Charleston,
where they were put in irons. The Minnesota put a prize crew of
seven upon the Savannah, Midshipman McCook commanding, and they
brought her to New York, anchoring off the Battery about 3 o'clock
FROM FORTRESS MONROE
There was a skirmish at Newport News this
morning. Three companies sent out by Col. Phelps to gather in some
cattle belonging to secessionists, were fired upon by a company of rebel
light horse, and three men wounded. The rebels escaped. The detachment
accomplished its purpose.
A SEVERE CONFLICT, AND NOBODY HURT
The marvellous affair at Fort Sumter seems to have set the fashion of
having desperate engagements in which nobody is killed and hardly
anybody wounded. We have had several "desperate encounters" and "severe
conflicts" within the past few weeks, in which not so many men have been
hurt, as have been killed or maimed in camp by the accidental discharge
of muskets. According to the reports some hundreds of men, with all the
modern improvements in firearms, meet and fight "desperately," and after
all do less injury than if they had engaged in a riot with such weapons
as come to hand in a street fight. Why is it? We have all heard that
modern science was destined to make warfare less bloody, but it has not
been understood that this was to be done by making it harder to kill
men, but quite the reverse.
The anomaly arises from too much attention to the adjectives used in
telegraphic dispatches. Letting the Fort Sumter affair stand as an
unexplained mystery, we have had no "desperate encounter" and no really
"severe conflict." Our men have sometimes come in sight of the enemy and
exchanged shots at long range, and have sometimes won an easy and
bloodless victory at close quarters; but of real fighting none has yet
been seen that in Europe would be thought of for a moment, if we except
the wretched affair at the two Bethels. The army, however, has been
followed at every step by ":sensation" reporters, whose great anxiety is
to have a startling story for the next day's paper; in their hands every
detail is magnified and every adjective is put in the superlative
degree, and every little affair is swelled beyond its real proportions,
until we come to the list of killed and wounded, when the sober fact has
to appear at last. We shall have something to record unhappily very
different from all this, when the real fighting comes at last, unless
Americans have strangely changed.
GOOD TIMES IN NEW ORLEANS
A gentleman in New Orleans gives the
following charming account of affairs in that city. It is difficult to
see how they could be better:
New Orleans, May 18, 1861--I must
write and tell you of the flush times we are enjoying to cheer you up,
as I understand you are all shaking in your boots about seeing our "King
Jeff" in New York with about two million troops. I assure you he has as
many, and all well armed and well drilled, probably much better than
your crack Seventh. In fact, we will put our 208th City Regiment
against them. Every man of our regiment is over eight feet long, and
built in proportion; so stand from under! We have got the best and
longest guns in the world, and at present we are casting guns in New
Orleans at the rate of 00 per day that will carry a 100 pound shot over
twelve miles. Beside all these things, we are very rich. The city
is flooded with gold, so that it is a complete drug in the market. The
banks will only take a little at a time, and we are obliged to use it
for manufacturing purposes, such as ornamenting buggies.
Our privateers have brought us in hundreds
of prizes--our navy is increasing so rapidly that we have scarcely room
for them in the river. Two million bales [of] cotton was shipped from
this port today, leaving nearly six millions now on the levee. In fact
we are just beginning to realize the milk and honey effects of
secession, and I think we can say "the Lord our shepherd is."
JUNE 19, 1861
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT
We have no doubt that Northern men have
suffered from violence in the South, in a great many cases, during the
last two months; but thee is no doubt that four-fifths of the "Southern
outrages" chronicled by the Northern press, are sheer fabrications, made
up "out of whole cloth," to exasperate the North and to excite and keep
up the spirit of bitterness and desire for vengeance which has so long
been the end and aim of abolition demagogues. As a sample of these bogus
outrages we notice the following from the New Haven (Ct.) Palladium:
Mr. Alfred H. Hurlburt, formerly of this
city, where he was employed in Smith's bakery, on York street, went to
Macon, Ga., where he went into business as a mason. After Lincoln's
proclamation he was impressed into the army of the Southern Confederacy,
and sent to Morris Island. From thence he was transferred to Fort
Moultrie, and thence to Pensacola, from which place he escaped one
night, while acting as officer-of-the-day. By walking, swimming rivers,
&c., until he got into more civilized regions, when he took the cars, he
managed to reach home last Tuesday, after some three weeks' travel. He
represents the Southern army as poorly armed, disciplined and clothed.
These particulars we gain from his brother in this city.
That the above was manufactured out of
whole cloth, is apparent from the following reply of the Register
of the same place:
Mr. Alfred H. Hurlburt, the gentleman
alluded to in the above paragraph, called upon us yesterday, highly
incensed at the statement. He desires us to say, that he has not been
"impressed into the Southern army," was not "sent to Morris island," nor
"Fort Moultrie," nor "Pensacola," and consequently did not "escape into
the night, whilst an officer-of-the-day," nor has he "swam rivers," or
done any unusual "walking" in order to reach his home in this city! On
teh4 contrary, when he left Georgia, (where he had been kindly treated,)
he did so of his own free will and accord, and visited several of the
Southern cities, including New Orleans, without being molested, or
interfered with, in the least--and came from the latter place directly
home, as he would under ordinary circumstances. He states, further, that
the above paragraph from the Palladium, was shown his brother before
publication, who replied that he had not seen Mr. Hurlburt since his
return, and had no knowledge of the facts stated.
We notice the appointment of another
"paper general"--Mr. Schenck of Ohio. The Philadelphia Inquirer hopes
that the "terrible lesson" of the affair at Bethel will not be repeated
"through the appointment of mere politicians" to command our brave
soldiers; but we see nothing to justify hope in this particular.
Politicians made the war, and they claim the right to monopolize its
honors and profits.
A WORD FOR PEACE
Resolutions have been introduced into the
Connecticut Legislature, now in session, deprecating civil war, urging
the arrangement of terms of conciliation and peace, and providing that,
"while every preparation for the defence and maintenance of the
Government shall be dame, a cessation, if possible, of any further
hostilities may take place, until Congress shall have time to act in the
premises." The resolutions profess opposition to designs of a
"subjugation" and emancipation, and recommend the call of a National
Convention. They are nearly identical with the resolutions before the
Legislature of Iowa introduced a few days since.
THE STATE TREASURY
The Report of the State Treasurer states
the receipts during the past fiscal year at $177,927.31, including
$45,000 borrowed. The balance on hand at the beginning of the year was
$22,445.62; making $200,371.93 as the amount to be accounted for. Out of
this has been paid $60,782.83 debts and interest, and $24,699.23; making
$110,130.11. The balance, $90,241.82, is about the amount of the actual
expenses of the State Government for the year, if all have been paid.
Nothing is said in the report in regard to
the expenses of the two regiments of troops already fitted out, from
which we infer that the State Treasurer has had nothing to do with that
It is worthy of remark that we have no
official information in regard to the large disbursements "for war
purposes." Gov. Goodwin, under whose direction they were made, simply
said it was impossible for him to tell the amount of them. He ought to
have been able to tell something near the amount, and he could have told
where he got the money. The legislature is to be asked to appropriate a
large sum to cover these expenses, and they should know first how the
money has been spent, as well as the amount. Gov. Andrew of
Massachusetts was able to tell the Legislature about the amount he had
expended for like purposes, and if the business has been properly done
and the accounts properly kept in this State, it is easy for those in
power to give something near the sum expended, and for what, and an
estimate of the amount required to meet present liabilities. And until
this is done, the legislature should not appropriate a dollar to pay
them. What has been honestly and properly expended should be paid, but
not until there are some statements and estimates showing how the money
has been expended.
The ship Nightingale, captured off
the coast of Africa, with 950 Negroes on board, arrived at New York on
Saturday. The Negroes were left in Liberia. The Nightingale was
built min Portsmouth, and was formerly owned in Boston.
JUNE 20, 1861
SPRINGFIELD DAILY REPUBLICAN
THE REBELS REPULSED AT POOLSVILLE, VA.
Reliable accounts from Poolsville state that
at 9 o'clock Tuesday night, Col. Stone was still there and not at Leesburg.
On Tuesday afternoon the enemy attempted
crossing at Goose Creek, having arrived opposite Edward's Ferry with a force
estimated at 8 or 900. They made use of a ferry boat. Col. Stone had ordered
our troops, if any attempt should be made to remove the boat, to open fire
upon it. Lieut. Hasbrouck fired from his 12 pound field howitzer, a
spherical case shot, which burst directly in range and covered the boat with
a shower of bullets and fragments. The effect was excellent. The horse of an
officer jumped overboard. The boat was rapidly drawn back to the shore. The
enemy then formed in line along the crest of the bank, and commenced firing,
but a few well directed spherical case shots sent them flying towards
ALONG THE POTOMAC
A vessel was ordered from the Washington navy
yard, Wednesday, to attend to the rebel batteries erecting at White House
The two companies of the New York 71st
regiment, who went to Port Tobacco, Md., several days ago, have returned to
Washington. They obtained much valuable information. The secession company
which has been drilling weekly in that neighborhood, has gone to the relief
of Aquia Creek. Point Tobacco has evidently been the headquarters for such
The steamer Mount Vernon on Wednesday
received orders to get immediately under weigh for some point down the
river, and she departed amply manned and ammunitioned. The rebels show a
disposition to interfere with the navigation of the Potomac by erecting
batteries on its banks.
PIEDMONT TAKEN BY THE REBELS
The rebel forces from Romney burned the
railroad bridge over New Creek, 20 miles west of Cumberland, early Wednesday
morning, and marched to Piedmont, where they are now. The telegraph wires
east of Piedmont were cut by them. Their force is estimated at 3000. Notice
was given of their approach and many citizens left with their movable
All of the engines belonging to the Baltimore
and Ohio railroad were fired up and sent west from Piedmont to Grafton. The
greatest excitement prevailed. A corps of citizen soldiers, who were
guarding the bridges, are reported to have retired on the approach of the
rebels. The Piedmont operator closed the telegraph office and fled, and we
have no means of ascertaining what damage the rebel inroad caused.
Communication by rail between Cumberland and Grafton is now cut off.
An iceman in New York, prompted by an
excessive spirit of economy, picked up from the street a quantity of ice in
which the corpse of a man had been packed, to preserve it until the day of
the funeral, placed the waste material in his cart, and went his usual
rounds, supplying his customers.
THE FIGHT NEAR INDEPENDENCE, MO.
On the 13th instant, a detachment of federal
troops with a flag of truce visited the camp of the state troops, near
Independence, to ascertain the purpose of Capt. Holloway. During the
conference, Capt. Stanley, who commanded our forces, suspected that
movements were being made with a design to attack him, and ordered his
detachment to retreat. While retreating they were fired on by state troops,
under orders from a private; but the firing was so irregular that they
killed their own commander, Capt. Holloway, and severely wounded J. B.
Clannahan, and several others of their own men.
Capt. Stanley's men did not fire, having
received orders not to do so under any circumstances. Stanely retreated to
Kansas City, and reported the affair, when Capt. Prince, with a strong body
of federal troops, attacked and routed the rebels, capturing 30 horses and
a large lot of baggage.
There are now 2500 federal troops and
volunteers at Kansas City.
One hundred Arkansas rebels, under Ben
McCulloch, have invaded Missouri. They are "a day after the fair."
LATER NEWS FROM MEXICO
Advices from Mexico have been received up to
the 25th ultimo.
Our minister, Mr. Corwin, presented his
credentials and was received by the constitutional government, with all the
honors, on the 21st ult. The English minister, Mr. Nyck, was received on the
25th. Mr. Corwin's prospects for the immediate negotiation of a treaty are
not very bright.
The greatest trouble with the Mexican
government at the present moment is the want of money. The treasury is
bankrupt, and the only resource of the government, the custom house dues, is
absorbed by foreign claimants.
The Mexican Congress has appointed what is
termed a "committee of public health," with extraordinary powers to act
against the reactionists and all others opposed to the public good.
Seņors Zanco, Ramirez and Zaragza resigned
their positions in the cabinet of Juarez. Leon Guzman was appointed minister
of foreign relations, Joaquin Raiz minister of justice, and Zaragoza
retained as minister of war. J. M. Castonas, a very intelligent and
influential man is minister of finance.
A fleet of 12 steamers, which recently left
Bellan, took on board some 5,000 federal troops, probably for Charlestown on
the Kanawha river.
The earliest and most positive movement of
federal troops will doubtless be made from the northwest, our troops moving
through the loyal region of Virginia.
A force of about 1500 rebels are in the
neighborhood of Beverly and Philippe, and an attack is expected from them on
the latter place. The rebels in Western Virginia have been largely
reinforced, and so have the federal troops; therefore grand movements may be
JUNE 21, 1861
PROCLAMATION OF GEN. BEAUREGARD
The Richmond Enquirer contains the
following proclamation from General Beauregard:
Head Quarters, Department of Alexandria
Camp Pickens, June 5, 1861.
A PROCLAMATION, To the People of the
Counties of Loudon, Fairfax, and Prince Williams.
A reckless and unprincipled tyrant has
invaded your soil. Abraham Lincoln, regardless of all moral, legal, and
constitutional restraints, has thrown his Abolition hosts among you, who
are murdering and imprisoning your citizens, confiscating and destroying
your property, and committing other acts of violence and outrage, too
shocking and revolting to humanity to be enumerated. (!!!)
All rules of civilized warfare are
abandoned, and they proclaim by their acts, if not on their banners,
that their war-cry is "Beauty and Booty." All that is dear to man--your
honor and that of your wives and daughters, your fortunes and your
lives, are involved in this momentous contest.
In the name, therefore, of the constituted
authority of the Confederate States--in the sacred cause of
constitutional liberty and self-government, for which we are
contending--in behalf of civilization itself, I, G. T. Beauregard,
Brigadier General of the Confederate States, commanding at Camp Pickens,
Manassas Junction, do make this my proclamation, and invite and enjoin
you by every consideration dear to the hearts of freemen and patriots,
by the name and memory of your revolutionary fathers, and by the purity
and sanctity of your domestic firesides, to rally to the standard of
your State and country; and, by every means in your power, compatible
with honorable warfare, to drive back and expel the invaders from your
I conjure you to be true and loyal to your
country and her legal and constitutional authorities, and especially to
be vigilant of the movements and acts of the enemy, so as to enable you
to give the earliest authentic information at these headquarters, or to
the officers under his command.
I desire to assure you that the utmost
protection in my power will be given to you all.
G. T. Beauregard
N. Y. Tribune--Gen. Beauregard has
issued a characteristic proclamation to the people of Manassas. Like all
the rebel crew, his strong point is lying. He lies about the national
troops, lies about their actions, lies about their motives, and crowns
the whole by charging the monstrous falsehood that their war-cry is
"Beauty and Booty." The fact is, Davis and Beauregard are frightened,
and this style of raving is indulged in to conceal from their dupes
their own despair.
OUR NATIONAL EXPENSES. According to the
verbal statement of General Scott last week, there are now under arms
and in the pay of the government of the United States 230,000 men. To
maintain this army, after its equipment, will require $1,000,000
annually to each regiment, or $220,000,000 a year. The navy will
require, in addition, at least half that sum, so that with the ordinary
expenses of the government, we may safely put down our national expenses
at this time at the rate of $385,000,000, or $1,000,000 a day.
A letter from Fortress Monroe states that
a Massachusetts soldier ran up on top of the entrenchments at Great
Bethel, during the heaviest part of the fight, and took a Sharp's rifle
away from a rebel, and returned safe with his trophy.
EXTRACTS FROM A PRIVATE LETTER
Dear S., I fear your occupation is gone.
These "contraband" articles of war will not need your thoughts and
prayers much longer. I really think, dear S., the world will find out,
before this war is over, which side of Mason and Dixon's line the "pluck
and chivalry" are. It is already convinced that a mine of wealth,
patriotism and valor has long lain hidden at the North, biding its time.
To what a wonderful importance our national flag has suddenly risen!
That which was, in most eyes, an idle, senseless bit of bunting has
suddenly elevated itself above all heads, and dwells in our hearts. From
every church-spire, from every mast-head, from all public buildings,
from mills and school-houses and manufactories, on the palace and the
cottage, on the breast of beauty, on the whip of the driver and the ears
of his horses, streams the "red, white, and blue." My eyes fill with
tears when I see this symbol of national patriotism, and I know now why
we never had a standing army. Why, my dear S., we did not need one. This
great, heroic people, "slow to wraith," forever carried unseen in their
hearts the same feeling which brought tears to my eyes. We, who have
long seen the cloud "no bigger than a man's hand," have been permitted
to see the culminating. Do you not thank Heaven for it? I do.
A gentleman who saw the "Grand Army" pass
into Virginia, says it is rightly named. Judges of such bodies say the "materiel"
of these troops of Northern soldiers cannot be surpassed, if equalled,
in the world. The strength and intelligence of the men are even
surpassed by their aptness. Yankee thrift and ingenuity against Southern
craft and force--who can doubt the result! Each State vies with the
other. The most thoroughly prepared regiments were from Rhode Island,
Connecticut, Michigan, and New Hampshire. The last had matched Morgan
horses to their baggage wagons, every spoke and panel of which were
varnished, every band of metal burnished, every thing which civilization
could suggest for convenience and comfort. And, then, those sixteen New
Hampshire girls for nurses, fresh from the singing-schools and
prayer-meetings of their native hills! I dare say each girl has been
taught Latin and French in the academy of her native village, and
possesses attractions superior to nine-tenths of the daughters of
chivalry. There comes my prejudice again! Well, I cannot help it. From
my early education, the brand of slavery would be sufficient to estrange
me from the South; while every true New England woman must be shocked by
the indolent, shiftless, and, I might say, lawless habits of her less
fortunate Southern staters, contaminated by their intercourse with their
TRACTS FOR OUR ARMY ND NAVY
I have just published a series of Tracts
for the brave men who are fighting our battles--on the use of Tobacco,
Strong Drink, and Profanities--vices which grow luxuriantly in armies
and navies. They are short, sententious in style, and alive with martial
sentiments and patriotic pictures. They will be read. They will prepare
the way for productions of a more religious kind, which fall dead on
soldiers stupefied by strong drink and tobacco smoke.
If gentlemen who make handsome donations
to furnish camps with "religious reading" will send me only the crumbs
which fall from their table, I will supply our camps with Tracts which
will render such reading more effective, by cutting up loathsome vices
which stand in the way of Christ and salvation.
Fitchburg, June 13, 1861.
JUNE 22, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Visitors are admitted to the Navy Yard on
Wednesday and Saturday afternoons. There are a hundred things of
Orders have been received to put the sloop
Vincennes in commission on Monday, and send her to sea on
Tuesday. The vessel is nearly ready. Her commander, master's mate,
surgeon and midshipmen alone have reported.
The Susquehanna will be detained at
least a week longer, by the repairs of her pivot gun carriages, which
were not reported defective until a day or two since. In the meantime
the ship will be painted inside and out, and receive two new bow
anchors, weighing about 7000 lbs. each.
The frigate Santee, Captain Eagle,
sailed from Portsmouth on Thursday afternoon for Fortress Monroe.
The steam frigate Roanoke was
placed in commission at Brooklyn on Thursday. The Roanoke carries
41 guns, and is 3000 tons burthen.
The Colorado, Roanoke,
Wabash, Minnesota, and Niagara--all our first-class
steamers, are in Commission together this day; the first time such a
thing has happened since they were built. They are all blockading.
The frigate Congress, steamers
Pulaski and Seminole were at Montevideo May 5th. All well.
The frigate St. Lawrence is now in
commission at Philadelphia, and about to join the blockade squadron.
The St. Lawrence was built
at Gosport navy yard in 1847. She was last on the Mediterranean station.
She [is] 1726 tons, and carries five hundred men and fifty guns.
ALEXANDRIA QUIET, BUT WATCHFUL--
A PRUDENT REPORTER
Alexandria, June 21--Everything is very
quiet. It is excessively hot. The reports from the outposts on the
Loudon railroad are peaceful, except that a rebel flag can be seen
floating, by the pickets, two miles outside the camp.
The Fairfax, Orange and Manassas roads are
now looked to with more interest, as the rebel pickets are reported to
have approached at times as near as Georges, about 3 miles out. The
danger of your reporter's being removed to Richmond ahead of the army,
prevents a personal visit to inquire into the truth of this rumor.
The Washington Star says Gen.
McDowell has advanced his lines 4 miles towards Fairfax. A rebel rag can
be seen 2 miles from the camp. Both sides have advanced, but there are
no indications of an attack.
ANOTHER BATTLE IN MISSOURI
A battle took place at sunrise on Tuesday
morning, between 800 of the Union Home Guard, under Capt. Cook, near the
town of Cole, and a large party of Secessionists, in which 15 of the
Guards were killed and 20 wounded, many of the latter severely, and 30
prisoners taken. Most of the Guards were in a large barn when the firing
commenced, but immediately sprang to their arms. It is said they killed
40 of the attacking party before being overpowered by superior numbers.
Nearly all finally escaped and are now ready to join our forces to
dispute the passage of the State troops. Capt. Cook reached here this
morning in disguise, and says that not over half of his force was well
armed, and that not over 200 participated in the fight. he hastened
forward to overtake and consult with Capt. Totten. Some of Gov.
Jackson's party went west from here on Wednesday night by railroad,
taking what rolling stock they could and destroying the rest, and
burning Larimee bridge 6 miles from here. Syracuse is now protected by
St. Louis, June 21--The Democrat
has a special dispatch from Syracuse, a place twenty-five miles south of
Booneville, which says an expedition nearly 1000 strong with 4 pieces of
artillery under Capt. Totten of the regulars, left Booneville on
Wednesday night, and reached this place at 10 o'clock yesterday morning.
Governor Jackson, with 500 men, arrived here on Tuesday, and after
impressing the property of both enemies and friends, and being afraid of
pursuit, suddenly left yesterday morning, proceeded southward towards
Warsaw. Our forces have gone forward today, but there is little hope of
overtaking the fleeing party.
Among several letters captured in
Booneveille by Gen. Lyon, were some embracing orders from headquarters
to destroy the bridges on the North Missouri, Hannibal and St. Joseph,
and Pacific railroads, and instructions to different officers and
individuals respecting the organization of the troops, &c. One
enumerated the arms and ammunition seized at Liberty Arsenal some time
FROM FORTRESS MONROE
June 20--Within a few hours there has been
a rumor of a large secession force advancing upon the fortress in the
direction of Yorktown. An important reconnaissance was therefore made
this morning towards Great Bethel, under the direction of Capt. Smith of
the army, with Colonel Weber's German Turner regiment, and a company of
regulars in charge of two pieces of artillery. They left Hampton six
hours ago, and have not been heard from yet. Col. Townsend's regiment
remains at Hampton as a reserve.
Our picket guards near Little Bethel were
yesterday driven in by the rebels.
Two persons came in this morning,
representing that they were deserters from Sewall's Point; but I learn
from Gen. Butler that their statements were so contradictory that he
will be obliged to send them to the guard house as spies.
It is said the rebels are erecting a
strong masked battery opposite the Rip Raps.
Complete returns of the killed and wounded
at Great Bethel have not yet been made out nor never will be. The
carelessness and inefficiency of many of our volunteer officers is
A flag of truce came down to Hampton a few
hours ago to arrange for an exchange of prisoners, of whom we have one
soldier and three civilians taken with arms in their hands.
Ten to twenty citizens come in daily from
the vicinity to take the oath of allegiance.
A flag of truce goes to Norfolk this
evening, to convey several persons returning home from abroad.
A large number of nurses arrived from
A dispatch to the World say that 60
officers of the Prussian army have been granted leave of absence for two
years, adn their services will soon be tendered to the United States
Government for that period.
The contract for supplying the United
States Senate and House of Representatives during the present
presidential term with cutlery and various articles of stationary, has
been awarded o the firm of Hassam Brothers of Boston. They have supplied
the State Legislature with cutlery for the past five years, to the
entire acceptance of the members.