JUNE 23, 1861
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
LETTER FROM NEW MEXICO
The Santa Fe Gazette, of May 25, says:
The long continued drought of this season
foreshadows anything but a bountiful yield for New Mexico at the coming
harvest. Complaints in reference to the want of rain and water reach us
from nearly every section of the territory. In many localities, the
rancheros have not yet been able to plant their crops. What seeds have
been put in the ground give no signs of vegetation except in localities
adjacent to the larger streams where the supply of water for irrigation
seldom or never fails.
In consequence of the exceedingly short
yield of the last two years, corn, beans and flour are at high this
time, selling at almost fabulous prices--prices which place them beyond
the reach of the poor. If there should be, unfortunately, be another
failure this season, our people will have all the sufferings attendant
upon famines to endure, and if liberal assistance be not obtained from
abroad, the condition of thousands will be truly lamentable.
The Gazette publishes the terms of a truce
made by Col. Collins, U.S. Superintendent of Indian Affairs, on the13th
of May, with the chiefs of the hostile Camanches at Alamo Gordo, as
The chiefs of the Camanches met his 13th
day of May, 1861, in council with the United States officers at Alamo
Gordo, do each and all agree to comply with and carry out the following
conditions, and also those comprised in the treaty with the
representatives of the Camanche nation made recently at Fort Wise--form
the sake of peace--and on the condition that a more formal treaty be
made with us by the United States at the end of ninety days, we
having in all respects conformed with the agreement up to that time.
1. We will discontinue all depredations
upon the property and lives of people of the United States, of this
Territory, of Kansas, of Texas, and of all others entitled to the
protection of the Government.
2. We will promptly punish any of our men
who may do injury to the people or property of those entitled to the
protection of the united States, and restore or make compensation for
the same as far as possible.
3. We will leave the settlements, and when
we desire to trade, or talk to the authorities, we will go to Fort
Union, or to such place as shall be designated by the proper
4. We will not permit the mails or trains
to be molested by our people, and will keep our men away from these
We will in all respects act in a friendly
manner towards all the people entitled to the protection of the United
The officers present in council do promise
the chiefs that they will be met by the officers of the United States
Government at the end of ninety days, at some place to be hereafter
designated, for the purpose of making a treaty of peace.
The number of emigrants arrived at New
York from the 1st of January to the 12th instant was 37,960, against
41,131 for the corresponding period of 1860.
It is stated that the U. S. Government has
purchased at Pittsburgh the powerful steam tug W. H. Brown, to be
used for service at Cairo. She is one of the strongest and most
substantial boats on the river, and cost $18,000.
Under this head, among our city items, in
last evening's edition, we mentioned, on erroneous information received,
that Mr. Condon, a butcher of St. Mary's Market, had been arrested by
Gov. Moore for furnishing beef to the war steamer Brooklyn. It
turns out that the statement is entirely false, and that Mr. Condon
never had been suspected, much less arrested on this charge. It gives us
great pleasure to make the correction, and to state that Mr. Condon's
loyalty to the South is above suspicion, he having a brother, a
Lieutenant in the army, who has volunteered for the war.
NEW YORK GOSSIP
New York, June 22--The Post has an article
that good judges say there will be no battle fought for weeks yet.
The Government will soon issue orders
preventing the army and navy from performing service as slave-catchers.
And Johnson has arrived in Washington. He
claims that East Tennessee is intimate with Western Virginia.
Twenty thousand Southerners are said to be
at Fairfax Courthouse.
Congress is to suspend the writ of
habeas corpus at an early day.
THE NAVY TO BE DOUBLED
New York, June 12--It is reported that the
navy of the United States, not being strong enough to perform duty in
the required manner, will be doubled.
NO NEWS FROM MISSOURI
Louisville, June 22--We have no news from
Missouri, the line being interrupted by a heavy thunder storm.
BLOCKADE OF APALACHICOLA
The Columbus (Ga.) Sun, of the 17th
The steamer Jackson, Capt. Fry, arrived
yesterday afternoon morning from Apalachicola. She reports that the
United States steamship Montgomery had arrived off that city, and
had informed the proper authorities that that port was under blockade.
The captain of the Montgomery further informed them that two
other United States war vessels would arrive off that port by Thursday,
when she would depart. It is necessary to have two war vessels off that
point in order to make the blockade effectual--there being two passes
which have to be guarded.
A small, fast-sailing vessel, from Cuba,
was fortunate enough to get in just ahead of the Montgomery. She
was loaded with West India fruit.
The Charleston Courier
mentions, as another effect of the blockade, that the manufacture of
gas-burners will soon be commenced in that city.
The steamship North Star, at
New York from Aspinwall, had upwards of $600,000 in treasure from San
A dispatch from New York says that the
steamships Atlantic and Baltic are to be converted into
JUNE 24, 1861
THE BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
THE PLAN OF THE REBELS
We stated on Saturday that the most
probable theory of the plans of the rebels seemed to be that they would
try to draw our troops beyond their entrenchments into ambuscades. This
idea receives some confirmation and an application on a larger scale,
from the language of the Richmond correspondent of the New Orleans
Delta. That writer is y no means over confident of the success of
his own side, but he points out the disposition of the federal troops,
and then says that the confederate forces have "the inside track," being
at the centre while the united States troops are on the circumference of
the plan of operations. "It will be hard with us," he adds, "if at some
point we do not break up their daring lines."
In such a view of the campaign as this, it
is plainly the policy of the rebels to draw out the federal troops at
some points in our advancing line, so fast as to break the continuity of
their advance. It will be remembered that in more than one case General
Scott is reported to have declined to give the permission asked by
generals of divisions under him, to throw their forces forward for an
attack. Meanwhile, however, his whole line advances, slowly but
POSITION OF KENTUCKY
On and after today, freight over the
Nashville Railroad will be refused unless permitted by the Surveyor of
the port of Louisville.
On Friday two thousand guns were stopped
at Jeffersonville, consigned to Louisville, until satisfactory
assurances were received that they were for Union men.
The Louisville papers of Saturday contain
a letter from General Buckner to Governor Magoffin, giving the
particulars of an agreement made with General McClellan. The agreement
is as follows--The Kentucky authorities will protect the United States
property in the State; will enforce the laws of the United States
according to the interpretations of the United States Courts, and will
enforce all obligations of neutrality as against the southern States.
General McClellan agrees to respect the territory of Kentucky, even
though southern armies occupy it; but in such a case he will call on the
Kentucky authorities to remove the southern forces; and should Kentucky
fail to do this, he claims the same right of occupation as given to the
South; also, that if Kentucky should be unable to remove the southern
forces she will call to her aid the government troops, and if successful
in removing them, then General McClellan agrees to withdraw. If the
Administration adopts a different policy Kentucky is to be given timely
notice of the fact, and if Kentucky changes her determination a like
notice is to be given.
General Buckner had given Governor Harris
of Tennessee, notice of this agreement, and Governor Harris, in reply,
gave the assurance that the territory of Kentucky would be respected
until occupied by the federal troops. General Harris also gave
peremptory orders to the Tennessee officers to this effect.
Owing to the excitement in Columbus,
General Buckner has ordered a detachment of the State Guard into Camp
there for restraining citizens of Kentucky from acts of lawless
AFFRAY IN EAST BOSTON
When the tug-boat R. B. Forbes was
taken into the employment of the Government, the crew was discharged,
but the mate, W. P. Overton, was retained, which caused much
dissatisfaction among the crew. Accordingly three of them went down to
the boat, lying in East Boston, about six o'clock Saturday afternoon,
and were ordered off by the mate. One of them struck the mate in the
face, and Overton went into the cabin for his revolver. The men went
onto the wharf and commenced to throw coal at the mate, when he fired
one charge. The ball took effect in the right arm of a young man named
Adams, causing a severe though not dangerous wound just below the
shoulder. Adams was taken into a house near by, and had the wound
dressed by Dr. Folta. Overton promptly gave himself up to the police.
The Agricultural Society of Illinois,
probably to induce the farmers to turn their ploughshares into swords
and their pruning hooks into spears, have offered twenty prizes for the
best warlike weapons, from the breech-loading rifle cannons down to the
ambulance, to be competed for at their annual exhibition at Chicago in
The Manassas correspondent of the
Charleston Mercury of the 18th instant writes that the people about
the rebel camp are hostile, and that it is dangerous for soldiers to
leave the camp alone. Gentlemen come into camp daily who fear their own
slaves will murder them. The lower class of whites are inciting the
slaves to such a degree that civil war is on the point of inauguration.
Their own people are hostile in their rear, and fearful of the latter
they apply hourly for passports, which Gen. Beauregard grants, provided
that no wagons or horses are taken from the State.
Two Massachusetts men, for sometime
residents of Macon, Ga., and impressed into one of the Georgia companies
in service in the battery at Sewall's point, made their escape on
Thursday morning. They made some important disclosures to General
Butler. The battery consists of five columbiads, fifty-four pieces of
smaller calibre, and three rifled cannon. On the road to Norfolk are two
other batteries, formed by the guns taken from the Gosport Navy Yard.
The force at the point consists of 500 men; at Norfolk 15,000, and at
intermediate points 2000. Howell Cobb, to some of the disaffected troops
from Georgia, pledged his honor that within three months the Confederate
army should occupy Washington and subdue the entire Union forces of the
North. It is the opinion of these two men that the government should
prepare for a long and vigorous war.
Three spans of the Ohio and Michigan
Railroad bridge across the Big Miami river, near Lawrenceburg, were
blown down on Friday evening, by a tornado. The bridge will be rebuilt
at the earliest possible moment. The storm was severe in the city,
blowing down trees, damaging roofs of houses, &c.
JUNE 25, 1861
LOWELL DAILY CITIZEN AND NEWS
FROM THE SOUTH
Boston Traveller has a lengthy detail of facts which it regards as quite
reliable, from a northern gentleman just returned from the extreme
south, where he has been employed in connection with railroads for the
past five years. He was at Pensacola at the time of Davis's visit,
conversed with him about public affairs, and, in his intercourse with
the people before leaving and during his northward journey, had good
opportunities to acquire information of what was passing. This gentleman
had no doubt that there are impressed into the rebel armies many
northerners who are at heart union men. Of the southerners generally all
he can say is that their almost unanimous declaration was that they
would never submit to the domination of the north. At the time of
his talk with Davis, the rebel leader had unbounded confidence in a
division of the north, which would cripple their power, and under such
circumstances he had not a doubt of the ability of the south to maintain
their independence. This was also the opinion of the southern people
generally. At Pensacola, on the eighth of June, all was quiet. The
southern government was making this position a camp for their troops:
that is, they were sending off the well-drilled troops to Virginia, and
supplying their places with new recruits, to be made into good soldiers.
They have long given up the intention of taking Fort Pickens.
At Pensacola there were many planters
occupying the positions of common soldiers. He was at Pensacola when it
was visited by President Davis. As Davis passed along the line, some old
planter, who was acquainted with the commander-in-chief, would call out,
"How are you, Jeff? How do you get along?" The troops at Pensacola, both
federal and rebel, were in a good state of health.
In regard to the important matter of how
large a number of southern troops have been sent to Virginia, this
gentleman claims to speak from knowledge when he says that twenty-one
regiments had passed through Montgomery on the way to Virginia. Above
Montgomery he cannot give the exact numbers, but he has no doubt from
what he has seen and heard that full eighty thousand men have been
forwarded to that state by the south.
As to the efficiency of the men, he is of
opinion that they will not compare in stature with the men of the north;
they are well-equipped, but not well-clothed, and in many cases without
overcoats. They are, as a general thing, pretty well drilled, but fail
in discipline or subordination.
By some oversight they received no food on
the way to Montgomery, and, when they reached that city, they were
perfectly savage, bursting into private dwellings and demanding
something to eat. Their officers found it necessary to shoot five of
them to restore order. Even then they would not continue their journey
north until they had received their money. At the stations above, the
train did not stop, at the particular request of the inhabitants, who
did not wish to have any close acquaintance with such savage soldiers.
The northern men at the south are in a
fearful condition, as they are obliged to take the choice of swearing
allegiance to the confederate government, with a prospect of being
called upon to serve against their relatives, friends and country, or of
leaving, with a doubtful prospect of joining their friends, over a long
and dangerous route.
A MUSS IN PORTLAND
Saturday forenoon some of the Fifth
regiment in camp at Portland made a "flank movement" upon a rum store in
that city, cleaning the place of its contents, not precisely upon the
contraband of war principle, but because one of the regiment had been
drugged at the liquor shop and then robbed of a watch and what ready
cash he had about him. The affair occasioned some stir in Portland, not
on account of the loss of the bad liquor, but because the swift
destruction was without proper authority, the city government believing
that such offences as liquor selling and the like were within their own
jurisdiction. It is urged that neither the mayor or the chief of police
are at all backward in their inclination to abate the liquor
establishments of the city, and that active measures would have been
taken to do what was proper in the case, had complaint been made to
them, with the requisite evidence. In short, the city authorities deem
their dignity and authority as seriously infringed by the squad of
soldiers who, without a quo warranto avenged the outrage upon
their comrade. The upshot of the matter remains to be seen.
TROUBLES AT MILWAUKEE
A serious riot took place in Milwaukee
yesterday, caused by the banks throwing out the notes of a large number
of banks in the state. The mob attacked the banks and destroyed much
property, but were finally driven away by the military, who fired
upon them with buckshot. The rioters met last evening, and listened to
inflammatory speeches. They threatened to attack the jail unless their
friends, who had been arrested, were released.
The extraordinary rumors about Jeff.
Davis' peace overtures lack confirmation, as they lacked probability
when put in circulation. In all his speeches and public papers since
assuming the leadership of the rebellion he has maintained an imperious
if not insolent tone, and it was intimated in his Richmond speech that
the rebuffs he has already met with in attempts to get his government
recognized precluded the idea of taking the initiative in offering terms
of peace. The proclamation of his generals in command at Fairfax was
couched in terms of contempt. And surely the events of the last
fortnight have not changed the aspect of affairs, otherwise than to
intensify the feeling which the contest has naturally evoked. We have
learned by the events of Big Bethel and Vienna that the conspirators
intend to discard all honorable usages of warfare, but even this cannot
be regarded as a change of policy on their part, since their course,
from the first, has been quite on a par with the code of pirates or
marauders. That Davis or any of the leaders have any idea of
coming back into the union on any terms is sheer absurdity. Their all is
staked upon the issue they have opened. Their overtures will be masked
batteries and ambuscades.
Some of the prisoners in the jail at St.
Johnsbury, Vt., attempted to burn themselves a passage out on Thursday,
and set the jail on fire. The jailer leisurely out out the fire and they
are contented to remain a while longer.
JUNE 26, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
THE CONTRABAND QUESTION
The Virginia State Convention has found it
necessary to take some notice of the great amount of "contraband"
property which finds its way within our lines. A Mr. Blow lately offered
a resolution, premising that the officers and troops of the United
States were enticing away slaves, and then proposing to set aside all
debts due from the State on its bonds or otherwise to northern citizens
and corporations, as a fund to indemnify those who should suffer loss by
such interference. This Mr. Blow actually had the assurance to say that
"it was known to the convention that General Butler had seized and
enticed all the slaves he could lay his hands upon." Mr. Blow
should at once be furnished with a copy of General Butler's
correspondence with Governor Andrew. Or better still, he should be
furnished with a pass to Fortress Monroe; he would find then that the
great trouble is, not that slaves are seized, but that masters run away
from their slaves and leave the latter no alternative but to come within
our lines to be taken care of.
Mr. Blow, however, saw in this matter the
seeds of a portentous danger. He evidently has but a poor opinion of the
fidelity of the slave population, for he says that "it is not impossible
to imagine that the time is not far distance when we shall find our own
servants embodied in regiments and marching against us with arms in
their hands." The convention agreed, upon his representation to inquire
into the matter, and extended the inquiry to a plan for indemnity for
loss of property of other descriptions besides slave property.
We must add that it would be exceedingly
interesting to see an exact definition of the line between the powers of
the "sovereignty convention" and a legislature. The Virginia convention
certainly exercises legislative power at will, and in other States, at
any rate, legislatures have acted as conventions with equal freedom. The
confusion will be a puzzle for future historians.
It has been reported from Washington that
Kentucky proposes simply to see whether Congress sustains the war
and rejects Mr. Crittenden's compromise, and that in that case she will
cast in her lot with the South. It is said too that Mr. Crittenden will
lay his alternative distinctly before Congress in his speech offering
The secessionists of Kentucky may have
laid this trap and Mr. Crittenden may have been their first victim, but
we cannot believe that the mass of Kentucky Unionists are ready to take
such a position. They must understand that the insult conveyed by such a
threatening offer would inevitably defeat all hope of its being
accepted, and they have shown very clearly that they fully comprehend
the dangers of secession for a State situated like theirs. We doubt if
Kentucky is yet ready to take such an energetic measure for emancipating
the slaves within her borders.
It is stated that thirty men of the Eighth
Regiment are now barefoot at the Relay House. There is most bitter
complaint among the officers and men of our regiments there as to the
shoes furnished them, both as regards quality and cut. The shoes are too
low to give any support to the ankle or to be easily kept in shape; the
leather is of wretched quality, and a week of rainy weather is enough to
finish a pair of shoes. It is very plain that there has been great
ignorance as to what is wanted for the use of the men in active service,
and it is also probable that there has been some eagerness on the part
of contractors to provide well for themselves that ahs been noted
elsewhere. We have been informed on good authority that some of the
shoes sold for the use of our troops paid to the contractors or to those
of whom the State bought, a profit of fifty per cent.
WHAT TO DO WITH MISSOURI
The flight of Governor Jackson of Missouri
has struck all parties in that State, whether in sympathy with the
government or not, as pusillanimous and disgraceful. Nowhere do we find
his conduct censured more severely than in the St. Louis Republican--a
paper which claims no character for opposition to secession. That paper
charges the Governor with madly provoking a war, which was certain to
lead to ruin, and then running away and leaving his followers in the
The St. Louis Evening News is
debating what it is best to do with the State, since the State
government has abdicated. It was at first disposed to favor a mild
military government by federal authority, but now declares itself in
favor of leaving the matter out to the State convention--a body which
has the reputation of being more loyal to the Union than the State
Fort Pickens cannot now be taken, and Col.
Brown sys that there will not be ten men killed in the fort when the
fight takes place. The whole island, from the fort to the Navy Yard, is
one mass of batteries, comprising guns of the largest calibre. The
Sabine is to have a battery of Columbiads.
A citizen of Warrenton, Va., reports that
the rebels at Manassas Junction are in a frenzy of excitement over the
meditated attack on Washington. They freely assert that they will be
there before Saturday night. He estimates that there are 20,000 at
Manassas and Fairfax Court House, 20,000 on the line from Manassas to
the Potomac, and 20,000 at Aquia Creek and neighborhood.
It is said that a brother-in-law of Jeff.
Davis still holds an $1800 clerkship in the War Department. His son is
in the rebel army, and a correspondence is kept up between them.
JUNE 27, 1861
TELEGRAPHIC GUESSES ABOUT THE WAR
(TAKE YOUR CHOICE)
No advance of federal troops will take place
till after the meeting of Congress.
The president, cabinet, General Scott, and
other military advisers were in consultation Wednesday. The only facts known
are that the Union forces are ready, and a blow will soon be struck.
There is not the slightest intention on the
part of the government to treat with the rebels, from Jeff Davis down to the
meanest. On the contrary, the aroused legions of the North will be poured
down upon them with such vigor, as to leave no doubt that the people and
administration are in earnest.
All reports and speculations about a
disposition on the part of the president, cabinet, or Gen. Scott, or any
body else, to favor compromise or delay, have no foundation in truth.
A conference of military leaders was held
Tuesday at Washington, and it is now thought the program will be changed and
a forward movement will soon take place.
A friend of Senator Crittenden denies that he
will offer a compromise scheme to Congress, or advise Kentucky to secede.
There is no truth whatever in the statement
that Gen. McClellan made a compact with Gen. Buckner not to enter Kentucky,
or in any way hampered the government or himself. Buckner professed his
determination to prevent the entrance of secession troops into Kentucky; and
if he fails to keep his promise, the federal government will take the fellow
The man is yet to be found in Washington, who
has seen or heard of the compromise alleged to have been proposed by Jeff
Davis to the administration.
Somebody at Alexandria reports, and some of
the secessionists believe, that somewhere the federal forces were beaten
recently, with a loss of 13 killed, 20 wounded, and 3 prisoners, by the
Alexandria Riflemen and Black Horse Guards. It is probably a blackguard lie,
as the most diligent inquiry affords no confirmatory evidence.
AFFAIRS IN MISSOURI
The steamer J. C. Swan left the St.
Louis arsenal Wednesday, with a full battalion. Her destination is said to
be Cape Girardeau, to act in concert with Col. Sloan's Illinois regiment
from Cairo, against a rebel base near Cape Girardeau under Gen. Warkies.
Gov. Jackson and 1200 rebel troops are
reported to have been at Pomme de Terre bridge, 11 miles south of Warsaw,
last Sunday morning, moving southward. They had four cannons and 25 baggage
wagons, some of which were stage coaches. Charles Babcock, late agent of the
overland mail company at Warsaw, joined Jackson's force there, and furnished
him with ten full teams belonging to the company. Many horses were drowned
in crossing the Osage river.
THE REBELS SUBSIDING
Information has reached Fort Pickens that 3000
of Bragg's rebel forces had left Pensacola. Provisions were very scarce. All
the heavy guns have been taken by the rebels from Fort McRae, and placed in
water batteries. The steamer Chesapeake arrived at Fort Jefferson and
key West on the 19th. Our garrison at Jefferson is all well, and amply
supplied with provisions and ordnance. The federal troops at Fort Pickens
are also all well and fully supplied with provisions.
OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE SKIRMISH
AT MATTHIAS POINT
Capt. Rowan of the Pawnee reports that
on Monday night he left Aquia Creek with that vessel and the tender James
Gay. He took Captain Woodbury of the engineers and Captain palmer of the
topographical engineers, to make a reconnaissance. At five o'clock Tuesday
morning, Captain Rowan sent forty sailors and marines ashore in two boats,
in charge of Lieutenant Chaplin and Master Blue, all under Captain
Woodbury's command. As the steamer approached, the enemy showed in
considerable numbers; but they scampered over the hills when the ship
directed a few shells at them, and they were kept in check by an occasional
shell, while the expedition completed its work unmolested. Our sailors
captured two horses, saddled and bridled, compelling the riders to fly. One
of our men received a slight wound in the wrist from a revolver shot. During
the reconnaissance the Pawnee threw fifty shell, which kept the enemy
in check, though their reported number was 600 at least, 100 being mounted.
The party that landed saw the enemy's camp and pointed out its direction.
Com. Rowan put his ship in proper position within the shoal, and shelled it,
completely dispersing the rebels and setting fire to something behind the
hill. A Negro man came off to the ship and gave information that 200 of the
enemy were kept constantly on the beach, and the remainder in camp. The
Pawnee was relieved from Aquia Creek for the trip by the Freeborn.
THE SOUTHERN BLOCKADE
The steamer Parkersburg arrived at New
York Wednesday morning, from the mouths of the Mississippi, Pensacola and
Key West. She reports the frigate Sabine, the gunboat Huntsville
and the storeship Release as anchored off Pensacola. The St.
Louis and Sabine were anchored off Santa Rosa June 2d.
The Brooklyn was anchored off Pass
Loutre on the 7th, where ten large vessels were aground. Permission had been
granted by the federal commander to tow ships to sea until June 9th. The
Powhatan was anchored at Southwest Pass on the 9th, and vessels were
allowed to leave until the 15th.
The frigate Mississippi, the steamers
Crusader, Mohawk and R. R. Cuyler, and the
prizes Salover, Sawanee and Wanderer were at Key West
on the 13th.
The schooner Forest King of Fair
Haven has been captured, and a prize crew takes her to New York.
During the cruise of the gun boat Union
off Charleston, she took the ship Amelia, from Liverpool for
Charleston, with a contraband cargo, and sent her to Philadelphia. Three
rebel steamers came out from Charleston, but evinced no disposition to
molest the Union.
A TRAITOROUS ENGINEER
A letter from on board the steam frigate
Colorado, dated at sea, 23d instant, states that after a part of the
engine which supports the reversing shaft broke, on the evening of the 20th,
a careful examination showed that a piece had been sawed out and replaced
with soft iron, and carefully painted over. Further investigation showed
that other parts of her machinery had been similarly tampered with. The same
traitorous engineer had charge of the Colorado that tampered with the
Mississippi's engine at Boston.
WOOD'S ONE HORSE MOWER,
the only machine yet that one horse can work. Call and see them, or what is
better, et one and try it.
JUNE 28, 1861
THE VERMONT CALEDONIAN
NEUTRALITY OF FRANCE
Louis Napoleon has issued a decree
enjoining strict neutrality in the struggle between the Government of
the Union and the rebellious States. In accordance with the naval law,
and the penal maritime code of the Empire the decree declares: That no
privateer will be allowed to enter or stay with prizes in French ports
or roadsteads longer than twenty-four hours excepting in cases of
compulsory delay; That no sale of goods belonging to prizes shall be
allowed in any port of the Empire; That no Frenchman shall take a
commission under either of the two parties to arm vessels of war, or to
accept letters of marque for privateering purposes, or to assist in any
manner whatsoever the equipment or armament of a vessel of war or
privateer of either party; That every Frenchman, whether residing in
France or abroad, is likewise prohibited from enlisting or taking
service either in the land army or on board vessels of war or
privateers; That all persons acting contrary to these prohibitions will
be prosecuted conformably to law. His majesty declares, moreover, that
every Frenchman contravening the present enactments will have no claim
to any protection from the government against any acts or measures,
whatever they may be, which the belligerents might exercise or decree.
We regret the necessity we are under of
recording the fact that five of the members of the St. Albans company
have been discharged for insubordination, and even what might properly
be called mutinous conduct. Their names are William Farrington
(corporal), Leighton S. Day, Clement Mitchell, Peter Tebo, and Oliver
Fortune. The misconduct occurred on Wednesday night of last week. The
offenders were put under arrest, and after a court of enquiry, on
Thursday they were sent to the guard house, and kept until discharged
from the service yesterday. Two or three others who were implicated in a
measure, have returned to duty.
We are happy to be able to say that the
conduct of these men met the marked disapprobation of the rest of the
company, both men and officers. Capt. House, especially, who is not only
an excellent officer, but a gentleman in every sense of the word, feels
quite mortified that any of his command should thus disgrace themselves.
His company is composed of fine appearing, intelligent looking men, and
the bad conduct of a few reckless, or at best, thoughtless individuals,
is no disgrace to them, and they should not so regard it.
AN OLD SOLDIER
Capt. Spaulding of Proctorsville, an old
soldier of the United States Army, who has honorably served his country
in Florida and other parts of the region of Secessia, being detailed by
Gen. Davis to do business here with the Commissary Department, has
consented to act as Drill Master at Camp Baxter, for the time being. We
are told that he commenced with the St. Alban's Company, and at the
close of his first drill, the "boys" were so pleased with him that they
gave him three hearty cheers and a "tiger." That will do for first
acquaintance. The boys generally vote him a "brick."
Owing to the storm of last evening our
usual telegraphic dispatches were not received.
The following description of the commander
of the rebel forces at Fort Pickens, is taken from Dr. Russell's letter
to the London Times, dated May 16:
Suddenly a tall, straight-backed man, in a
blue frock coat, with a star on epaulette strap, a smart kepi, and
trowsers with a god stripe, and large brass spurs, rode past on a
high-stepping, powerful charger, followed by an orderly. "There's
General Bragg," said his aide. The General turned round, reined up, and
I was presented as I sat in my State chariot. The commander of the
Confederate States army at Pensacola is about forty-two years of age, of
a spare and powerful frame, his face is dark, and marked with deep
lines, his mouth large, and squarely set in determined jaws, and his
eyes sagacious, penetrating, and not by any means unkindly, look at you
from beetle brows which run straight across and spring into a thick tuft
of black hair, which is thickest over the nose, where naturally it
usually leaves an intervening space. His hair is dark, and he wears such
regulation whiskers as were the delight of our Generals a few years ago.
His manner is quick and frank, and his smile is very pleasant and
agreeable. The General would not hear of my continuing my journey to his
quarters in a cart, and his orderly brought up an ambulance, drawn by a
smart pair of mules, in which I completed it satisfactorily.
We are requested to return the thanks of
the regiment to the ladies of St. Johnsbury and adjoining towns, who
have generously furnished some shirts and other articles of comfort to
such of the men as were in urgent need of them. Several ladies have also
kindly given instructions to the men in the cooking departments, for
which they wish to express their gratitude.
Washington, June 25--The rebels are
erecting defensive works in the immediate neighborhood of Fairfax Court
House, and are felling trees in order to render the roads impassable to
the federal troops.
The two Connecticut men captured on
Thursday near Fairfax were victims of a rebel confidence game. They
sought their dinner the other day at a house near their outpost, and
made so favorable an impression upon their hosts tat they were invited
also to tea, for the sake of freer enjoyment, but left their arms in the
side room. Before the meal was over, they were waited upon by three
Virginians who suddenly grew so fond that they refused to be parted
altogether, and since that time the Connecticut men have not been seen.
You can have your steel spring Hoop Skirts repaired at short notice. Also,
Umbrellas and Parasols at
J. C. CROSMAN'S
No. 2 Bingham's Building
JUNE 29, 1861
LOWELL DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS
One McQuillan, an emissary from South
Carolina, who has been prowling about New York lately, making
preparations to send arms and equipment South, made his appearance at
the state department yesterday with a passport from a British consul,
which he wished to have endorsed, to enable him to go to Europe. He
found no difficulty in complying with a request to take the oath
of allegiance, and was to call at a later hour. He called, but got a
very different set of papers. He was arrested by order of secretary
Seward, and awaits the further orders of our government.
The most important advices of war
movements to-day are from Baltimore and Matthias Point. It is quite
obvious that Gen. Banks laid his hand on the traitor Kane not a moment
too soon. The energetic preparations for any uprising which the rebels
in that city may be meditating appear to be equally well-timed, and the
loyal people in Baltimore and elsewhere confide in the sagacity and
promptitude of Gen. Banks He seems to be the man for the hour.
The affair of the freeborn furnishes fresh
evidence for the kind of warfare the rebels intend to carry on with the
loyal troops. This morning's papers give some particulars, in addition
to those given in the first dispatch:
According to the statement of the persons
in the expedition, Captain Ward of the Freeborn, obtained from Captain
Rowan of the Pawnee, a reinforcement of about twenty men, which, united
with those from his own vessel, made a force of about thirty of forty in
all, started in cutters for Matthias Point. They took about 250 sandbags
on shore, with which breastworks were soon erected, the proceedings
being under the direction of Lieut. Chapman. While in the act of
retreating to the Freeborn for the purpose of obtaining cannon for the
battery, a force of rebels estimated at 800 to 1200 suddenly emerged
from a thick woods into the federal forces, who made a hasty retreat.
Several swam to the Freeborn.
It is stated that immediately after the
retreat the federal breastworks were occupied by the rebels, and that
information had been communicated by a Negro early in the day, to Dr.
Howe, whose home was burnt on Tuesday, that the rebels were in the
neighborhood, at least a thousand strong.
The Negro had approached the federal party
as a fugitive wit his shirt on a pole as a flag of truce. He has been
brought to Washington, and is quite happy for his escape from the
It is stated that the object of Capt. Ward
in throwing up breastworks was that is boats and crew might be able to
hold the place with the aid of a howitzer battery, covered by the
32-pounders of the freeborn, until his force should be reinforced by the
N. Y. 71st regiment, which he had sent for. It was thought that the
regiment once there could fortify themselves to hold the place against a
force of vastly superior numbers. The Pawnee, however, arrived at the
navy yard with Capt. Ward's corpse before the dispatch reached the 71st.
Over eighty volumes of new books have been
added to this library during the last month, being the largest number in
any one month for a long time. The list includes many new and valuable
works, and quite a number of novels suitable for juvenile reading, by
some of the best authors. Also a few military works, &c.
We have further particulars of the affair
of the Freeborn at Matthias point, on the Potomac, on Thursday
night. Seventy-five men landed from the steamer, threw out their picket
guard, and worked all day erecting batteries. When they were returning
to the steamer at six o'clock, they were fired upon by six hundred rebel
riflemen who were lying in ambush. The fight lasted for half an hour, in
which the steamers Freeborn and Pawnee took part. Capt.
Ward of the Freeborn was killed. Four of the others were
wounded--one mortally. The men retreated in good order. Private
Williams, who bore the flag, was wounded. The staff was shot away, and
fifteen large holes were shot in the flag. Williams waved it defiantly,
and bore it safely from the field. The boats were riddled with bullets.
Two thousand rebels were close at hand. The Freeborn returned to
Aquia Creek, and the Pawnee to the navy-yard in Washington. The
number of rebels killed is not reported.
The rebels of Baltimore continue restive.
Col. Jones' regiment, with two others, has arrived there from the Relay
House. It has been reported that entrenchments have been thrown up at
Rock river, eight miles east of Baltimore. The provost marshal has been
swearing in the police, and there was considerable confusion, but no
riot. All bar-rooms were ordered to be closed.
The New York Herald's Washington
dispatch says the rebels in Baltimore intended by a sudden issue of a
proclamation, announcing the defeat of the federal forces, the capture
of Washington and all public officials, and then by tearing up the
railroads and cutting the telegraph wires, to produce a panic and cause
a general uprising against the government. Large numbers of arms are
secreted in Baltimore. General Banks has discovered a plan to destroy
the railroad between Baltimore and Washington; his course is highly
approved by the government.
The latest information from Baltimore is
that search for arms and munitions was still going on.
A case of valuable pistols and over 800
rifles were found. Twenty-five of the latter are Miniť, an some of them
are supposed to have belonged to Massachusetts soldiers who were
disarmed by the mob on the 9th of April.
Another dispatch says:
About 250 muskets and rifles, instead of
several hundred, and two six-pound and two four-pound guns, half a ton
assorted shot, 400 weight of balls, 800 rifle-ball cartridges were among
the discoveries. They were secreted beneath piles of coal, and some were
under the flooring in a back building of the old city hall, lately
occupied by the marshal. Immense quantities of percussion caps,
estimated at a million, have been found here; also 3100 ball cartridges,
6000 longer Miniť ball cartridges, and various other warlike articles,
including balls for a steam gun. Among the articles found in Kane's
office was a twelve-pound cannon ball, bearing the inscription--"From
Fort Sumter to Marshal Kane."
The United States marshal, having
information that justified the step, issued a writ on Adams, Denmead &
Sons, where the officers found five field-pieces, six, eight and
twelve-pounders, all new and well mounted, with carriages, &c., three
siege-guns, which were manufactured at the instance, it is said, of
Marshal Kane. These arms, it is supposed, were designed originally for
operations against Fort McHenry.
Yesterday several more regiments reached
Baltimore, and more were looked for this morning.
*A seditious tumult; an outbreak.