NOVEMBER 10, 1861
THE TIMES DAILY PICAYUNE (LA)
FEDERAL LOSS 800 IN THE COLUMBUS BATTLE
Another Attack Anticipated on the Kentucky Side of the River
The Appeal's correspondent says Gen. Grant center flag of truce
to Columbus yesterday, asking for an exchange of prisoners, and Gen.
Polk refused, owing to the insulting character of the proposition.
The bearer of the flag acknowledges the loss of 800.
We captured 200 prisoners, and the Federals captured 26 of our
men, who are. The gunboats
of the enemy were badly damaged by our batteries.
Gen. Polk, Pillow and Cheatham participated in the fight.
Another attack is anticipated on the Kentucky side of the river.
Memphis, to-day, resembles Rachael mourning for her children.
Business is generally suspended, and all sympathize with the
wounded, whom we are expecting the to-morrow.
It is impossible to send a list of killed and wounded, as the
Commander at Columbus, it seems, prevents its transmission at present.
I would telegraph the list as early as possible.
Colonel Marks's Regiment suffered but little.
valiant captors and holders of Hatteras do not seem to be enjoying
themselves among the sand banks and sand crabs of that inlet. Here is
what one of them writes to the Indianapolis Journal, from Fort
Clark. They will find things worse there rather than better, before they
get out of it:
two days of gloomy storms, the sun is shining down on us with tropical
heat. There are many peculiarities in this isolated spot. Cut off from
the main land for supplies, and suspicious of the few fishermen that
visit us, we look to the ocean for every new sail that brings us food
and news from home. Our band is playing ‘Our Flag is There,’ and it
is still there on the coast of North Carolina.
sea bounds the view on one side and Pamlico Sound on the other, and, in
connection with the beauties of the spot on which we are encamped, it
brings to mind the hymn,
“Lost on a narrow neck of land,
Betwixt two boundless seas I stand.”
verse need not be finished, for most of us are rapidly becoming
Universalists—believing that we receive our punishments as we go
along. The Dry Tortugas may be held up as a terror to offenders. It has
no terror to us—for we are on the Sandy Tortugas, where sand crabs
reign supreme. When it storms, the fine sand mixes in equal particles
with the rain, and a fleet of horizontal rain and sand fills the eyes,
ears, mouth and food with judicious impartiality. . .
Clark is built of sand piled up, covered with turf to keep it from
blowing away. It mounts ten guns and has a bomb proof. Going along the
beach half a mile to the inlet, you come to Fort Hatteras—a little
more sand, a little more turf, a few more guns. When the tide rises
everything is covered with water; when it falls everything blows away.
So dreary is the spot, that neither will bird sing nor grass grow near
it. The first night we got here we slept in the sand, with no blankets.
For a change we now sleep on a soft plank in a shanty. Men and officers
lie spoon fashion till one side gets sore. At a signal they turn over,
and remain in that posture till the other side is worn out. It is a good
country for health—chills, fever, cramp colic and other luxuries are
plentiful. To-day I saw a tree three feet high—an evidence of the
luxuriance of vegetation. Some of our men had jet black beards in
Indiana, but all are now of a sandy hue. ‘Sandy’ is a pet name in
Charleston Courier, of the 4th, furnishes the following account
of a sea-ranging cruise made by Capt. S. N. Lebby, of that city, who
returned safely to port after having made valuable captures on the high
seas, and doing good service in destroying the property of the enemy:
his smart clipper craft he has moved over a number of degrees of
latitude, who spoke a large number of vessels, many of them under
European flags, and has never failed to make a Yankee come to with a
shot from his iron pocket piece. He
has on several occasions been in dangerous proximity to the enemy at
night. At one time, near the Bahamas, he only escaped by quietly
lowering his sails, the adversary being plainly visible through the
darkness, and supposed to be the Keystone State or Columbia.
A few nights since, off this coast, he was sufficiently near an armed
steamer to distinctly hear the watch on deck sing out "all's
well." One of his prizes had not yet got into a harbor up to our
latest information, but as the parties are skillful and reliable, it is
hoped she will soon arrive.
after leaving port his vessel was chased by an armed steamer, and on
returning home, on Saturday last, soon after daylight and love the wind
was blowing with great violence, he discovered his vessel nearly
surrounded by four blockaders, which immediately made after him.
He made up his mind to beach his vessel rather than have her
captured, informed his crew and prisoners (the latter 19 in number) of
his determination, and instructed all of them to save themselves, if
possible; when he pointed his bark for the breakers, inside of which he
knew there was a harbor, and taking one a tremendous thump and a huge
wave passing clean over her, she passed into a port with a Confederate
batteries will protect her. The
brig B. K. Eaton, of Searsport, Mo., with a cargo of
cement, hay and other merchandise, the property of the Washington
Government, and bound for Tortugas, was fallen in with and destroyed.
The break Tempest and schooner B. G. Harris
were spoken, but being of little value they were allowed to pass.
are glad to be able to state, on the best authority, that it is not the
intention of those in whose hands is placed the power to issue judgment
in any case under the sequestration act, until the Confederate Congress
shall have had an opportunity to revise and, if they shall think proper,
to amend it; and the State Legislature shall have the opportunity of
providing such legislation in the matter as they may think expedient and
hope this announcement, which may be relied upon, will calm down the
apprehensions which have existed to so great an extent, that the
Confederate authorities would enforce immediate action upon debts due to
are, however, advised that an exception to the rule will be made, to
cases which concern trust funds, cash in hand and rents.
new drama, “The Roll of the Drum,” together with a favorite farce,
will be given here again this evening.
performance of the same piece, which is so much entertaining the town,
nightly, is to be repeated to-morrow night, and on Friday night it will
be performed for the benefit of the author, Mr. J. Davis, who has a
principal character in the representation.
NOVEMBER 11, 1861
THE GREAT EXPEDITION
REPORTED CAPTURE OF BEAUFORT
Our Troops Moving Inland
by the Old Point boat say that the Richmond Enquirer of Friday contains
a dispatch, dated “Charleston, Wednesday,” simply announcing that
the Federal troops had landed at two points and were marching inland. It
does not say [at] what points. The officers with the rebel flag of truce
refused to give any information, but the wheelman told a sailor that
Beaufort was in possession of the Federal troops, and that the U. S.
flag was flying from the Court House.
Monroe, Nov. 9—The
ferry boat Commodore Perry arrived this morning from the great
Naval expedition. She lost sight of the fleet Friday evening about 30
miles off Bull’s Bay, the fleet bearing towards Port Royal. The
captain knows nothing about the reported loss of the Union and
another transport. His boat became so disabled that he could proceed no
further, but he had to run towards the coast for safety. The Mayflower
was some distance behind the fleet, with a signal of distress flying,
and the captain of the Commodore Perry lay several hours near
Cape Fear, and finally made Hatteras Inlet. The 20th Indiana
regiment stationed there will return to Old Point.
flag of truce today brings no news about the expedition, but the
wheelman of the rebel steamer said to one of the hands of the Federal
steamer that Beaufort had been taken. An arrival from the fleet is
COMMODORE PERRY’S REPORT
morning with the Mercury and Mayflower entered Hatteras,
leaving at 1 P.M. Passed Cape Lookout same evening, blowing heavily.
Friday morning sighted the fleet to south of Cape Fear, 41 sail, blowing
a gale. Stood for the fleet with a signal of distress; the Mayflower
did the same. No notice was taken, gale so heavy. Made for land, and
parted with fleet and Mayflower at 3 P.M. Seen neither since.
Same evening fell in with one of the new gunboats under close-reefed
canvas, and the R. B. Forbes. The former was disabled and had
been towed by the latter. The R. B. Forbes took the hawser of the
Commodore Perry, which parted in 10 minutes. Stood off for land again.
That night wallowed in the sea, with a stiff gale, nearly abreast of
Bull’s Bay. Saturday morning sighted gunboat Mercury twenty
miles from land, anchored in eleven fathoms of water, sea running heavy.
Left for the land and met a sloop-of-war who offered assistance. Gale
continuing, and being damaged and short of coal, stood in for Cape Fear
River, and anchored that night within two miles of Fort Caswell, which
burnt blue lights and sent up signals. Left before daybreak and saw a
steamer coming down the river. Continued Northward, and Monday made
Hatteras Inlet, where we remained until Friday morning. On Wednesday the
gunboats Pettit, Undewriter, Patapsco, Ellen
and Ceres, went out for the South, but on Thursday morning all
came back on account of stress of weather.
Commodore Perry came the whole distance from Bull’s Bay, within
5 miles of the shore, and neither saw nor heard of wrecks, and her
captain doubts the statement that the Union and another transport
had been lost on the North Carolina coast. He fears, however, that the
other ferry boat is lost.
captain also says that on leaving Hampton Roads the entire squadron
followed the Wabash into the Gulf Stream, and the same evening
encountered a gale from the southwest. The Commodore Perry
stood it as long as possible, and then headed for the land. She lost
sight of the fleet, and made Hatteras Inlet and anchored under lee of
the land with the schooners convoyed by the Vandalia.
gunboat Young Rover has arrived from Cape Fear. She
reports that she found on the 3d inst., the steamer Governor,
Capt. Phillips, with marines on board, in distress. Her smoke stack was
gone, her steam pipe broke, bow stove in, rudder gone, and machinery out
of order. Alongside was the powerful gunboat Isaac Smith.
The Rover rendered every possible assistance. The Isaac Smith
ran down to the Sabine, which the Rover thought would send
assistance enough, and left. The rest of the fleet is supposed to be
have just learned from a flag of truce from Norfolk that our troops
stormed and captured two forts at Beaufort.
steamer Young Rover also reported that the steamer Governor
put her marines on board the Sabine, which proceeded direct to Port
Royal. What became of the Governor was not ascertained.
is now no doubt that the grand naval expedition has been successful in
making a landing at Beaufort, S. C., and that the town is in our hands.
The reticence of the rebels upon the subject is very strong
circumstantial evidence that they have nothing of which to boast, but
that they are unwilling to acknowledge the facts in the case.
There is good evidence that Beaufort, with two forts and its
other defenses, was taken by storm, and that the stars and stripes now
waved over the court-house there. It
is also reported that our troops were marching further inland; perhaps
with a view to cut off the railroad communications between Charleston
and Savannah. The ferry-boat Commodore Perry has returned to
Fortress Monroe, having been compelled to leave the fleet 30 miles this
side of Bull's Bay. Her
captain knows nothing of the loss of the steamer Union, nor of
any transport, and the story of their loss is there for weakened.
Several of the vessels, however, were damaged, among them the
steamer Governor, which transferred her marines to the frigate
Sabine, would took them in the direction of Port Royal.
may now at any minute expect the true account of operations of the
expedition, by special steamer dispatch to Annapolis or some other port,
by Commodore DuPont.
NOVEMBER 12, 1861
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
is Being Done for the Soldiers—The Ladies Committee, which was
organized early last spring, has been constant through the summer, in
the good work of ministering to the comfort of our Maine volunteers; and
though their labors have not been attended with any noisy
demonstrations, they have done and are now doing a vast amount of labor,
for which we know that they will receive a hearty thanks of the soldier
and the soldiers' friends.
addition to the work which is already been reported, the Committee are
packing for transportation, eleven large cases containing the following
articles: 180 blankets, 85 comforters, 51 quilts and bed-spreads, 66
pillows, 64 pillowcases, 72 pairs drawers, shirts and undershirts, 424
pairs hose, 18 dressing and bed downs, 10 dozen combs; 50 towels, 44
sheets, 21 cushions, with a quantity of handkerchiefs, slippers,
mittens, pieces of carpeting, shawls, bundles of cotton, linen in
flannel, books, newspapers, checkerboards, games, jellies and delicacies
for the sick. Ten of the packages are designed for certain
regiments already in the field, and these about to go; and the remaining
one is, we believe, to be forwarded to the Sanitary Commission at
Washington. Besides these, five large packages from the ladies of
Kennebunk, and a barrel from the ladies of Strong, for the eighth
Richmond, are at the rooms of the Committee. The ladies still
desire contributions. The need of articles of the kind specified
above will constantly be felt in some quarter, and it is hoped that
there will be no withholding on the part of the ladies of the State.
But everyone furnishes something, it could be no more than on volume
four soldiers' reading.
would impress upon the ladies of our State who are so actively employed
in this manner, the necessity of system in the forwarding their
contributions. Some of our first regiments, which were raised in
particular localities, received careful attention and were liberally
supplied by the ladies of those localities, but later regiments, made up
from every quarter of the State, have received less attention; and many
of the packages forwarded to them have been delayed, or fallen into
other hands. Dr. Garcelon, the Surgeon General of the State, has, so far
as his other engagements would permit, cooperated with the ladies of the
State in forwarding supplies. His constant correspondence with a
different regiments enables him to know their needs; and would suggest
that the ladies, in making up their contributions should confine
themselves first to our own regiments--the packages to be sent through
him, or in accordance with his knowledge of the needs of each. A
large amount of goods has been sent to the Sanitary Commission; but as
the labors of this body extend over large field, it will be seen that
Parcells sent to them must fail to reach the precise point where they
are intended. Supply first our own man, but do not by any means,
neglect the Sanitary Commission. Theirs is a good object, and
deserves a share of your labor.
Brownlow was called upon, a short time since, by three very responsible
southern gentleman who said they called in to see the most obstinate man
in America and ask the parson why he held for the Union which had
already gone by the board. They were told that if they could
satisfy him that the rebellion was anything more than an attempt to
restore the rule of the corrupt Democratic party, he would go in for
secession. He says he submitted to Buchanan's administration and
that was quite as bad as submitting to Lincoln's administration; and the
means to hold out for four years now, as he held out for four years
Brown--One year ago, a man who expressed either pity or admiration
for John Brown was regarded as little better than a traitor and met with
denunciation on every hand. Now the soldiers of the Republic march
to the music of a song written in his honor. "The Star
Spangled Banner," "America," "Hail Columbia,"
have all given place to " john Brown's knapsack is strapped upon
his back, and his soul is marching on."
people have taken up these lines, and as the Marseilles resounded from
the Gulf of Lyons to Paris, "Glory Hallelujah," resounds from
the Atlantic to the base of the Rocky Mountains; it is the song of the
soldier in camp in on the march. This may be regarded as one of
the signs of the times.
Launched—Our attentive correspondent at Kennebunkport, writes us
that on Friday, the U. S. gunboat Aroostook was launched from the yard
of Messrs. D. & A. Clark. The Aroostoock was built by Capt.
N. L. Thompson and Joseph Titcomb, Esq., and is of the same size, model
and detail of arrangement, as the others of the same class recently
launched at Portland and Bangor.
Heintzelman declines paying especial attention to the catching of
Negroes who succeed in running away from rebel masters; ought he not to
be superseded at once by Gen. Stone, who “covered himself all over
with glory” by the battle of Bull's Bluff, who ordered Col. Baker to
"make a dash at Leesburg" promising to meet him there at
night, with the especial instructions to shoot down any " lawless
deprecators who might leave his ranks," meaning of course, any who
should inflict injury upon the lives or property of the Virginians?
We are afraid, if Gen. Heintzelman is allowed to remain in command he
would eventually do something to hurt the feelings of our "Southern
Brethren." These things ought to be looked after.
of our compositors made us say many of ridiculous things in our article
yesterday entitled "going to Europe," by carelessly neglecting
to make the corrections marked in the proof. This is one of the
annoyances editors are sometimes subject to; we shall endeavour to make
the article a little more coherent for the readers of the weekly.
NOVEMBER 13, 1861
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
is now certain that Gen. Fremont has been removed from his command.
Though public rumor for several weeks previous had indicated such an
event was not improbable, yet its actual occurrence has created no
little surprise and feeling in the public mind. The position of
Gen. Fremont as the candidate of the Republican party so recently as
1856--under whose name, in fact, that party was marshaled and prepared
for its success in 1860--renders his removal by a Republican
Administration very significant. In still more so, considering the
peculiar circumstances of the time of his removal--when in the face of
the enemy preparing for battle, thus rendering it more humiliating to
him and more dangerous to the public interest. Injustice to him,
as well as with the proper regard for the public good, nothing but the
most imperative necessity could justify his removal under such
circumstances. But it has been made, and the disgrace rests on
can well conceived of unpleasant, and painful, even, the considerations
we have preferred to most of entered this action to the President.
We see no reason to suppose that any motive but a regard for what he
believed to be his duty, has governed him in this matter. It
shows, therefore, what must have been his view of the unfitness of Gen.
Fremont for the position, that he believed the public good required his
immediate removal even under the circumstances we have mentioned.
We freely admit the credit due to the President for his courageous
regard to duty and the public interests. And we do so with
pleasure, as there is reason to think that his action has been taken
with reference not merely to considerations confined to the particular
command under the charge of Gen. Fremont, but also to others of policy
affecting the whole country. It is understood that the President's
action has been, in a good degree, based upon the report of Adjutant
General Thomas, who had been directed to make a personal investigation
of the affairs of Gen. Fremont's Department, for his information.
From that report it appears that Gen. Fremont, notwithstanding the
implied rebuke of certain portions of his proclamation relative to
slaves, by the president's letter to him requiring a modification of it,
still persisted in giving it publicity in its original form. And
there are strong reasons for the belief that the removal of Gen. Fremont
was, in great degree, owing to this conduct, and was intended not so
much as a punishment for that act of disobedience, as a condemnation of
the sentiments of the proclamation itself. In this view, we give
the President still greater credit for his action in the matter, as the
wise, courageous and patriotic recognition of what the salvation of the
Union demands in this crisis.
while so believing in declaring, we must express our regret that the
President had not the candor to avow this as the true reason for his
action. We do not think the manner of Fremont's removal is
that all creditable to the President. When he appointed him a
Major General in the U.S. Army over the heads of veteran officers of
proved integrity and competency, and assigned him to the command of one
of the most important departments, his true character was well
to every well informed man in the country. His career and history
were familiar to the President and his constitutional advisers, and they
must have known that he was totally unfit for the position to which they
assigned him. His brief career in Missouri has developed no new
traits of character. His appointment was there for a great public
wrong, which is removal has done little to repair or atone for.
But the circumstances and pretenses of his removal give it the character
of a personal outrage for which there is no excuse. With a view,
doubtless, to justify it to the partizans of Fremont, and to avoid
making an issue with the abolition section of his party by avowing the
true reason for the act, the President has publicly disgraced Fremont by
publishing evidence of his dishonesty, corruption and incompetency.
This piece is cruel and unjust and Fremont, as it was uncalled for on
the part of the Administration. It was the President’s duty to remove
Fremont; he had a perfect right to do it without assigning any reason
for so doing; but he had no right to publish the result of an ex-parte
investigation of his conduct calculated to humiliate and disgrace him,
in order to excuse or justify the act to the minds of any portion of the
from the great Naval Expedition has at last been received. After
encountering a severe blow off Cape Hatteras by which two or three of
the ships were disabled and returned and two lost, the Expedition
reached its destination, which proved to be Port Royal Entrance, between
Charleston, South Carolina, and Savannah, Georgia. Up this
Entrance almost a dozen miles from the Ocean, and on broad river which
enters into it, is this city and port of Beaufort, situated in one of
the richest and most flourishing districts of South Carolina. To
this city the expedition made its way; two forts defending it were
bombarded and silenced, the troops were landed and the city taken, and
at last accounts our forces were marching inland to take possession of
the road running from Charleston to Savannah. This place is about
50 miles from Charleston and 35 from Savannah, both of which cities may
be easing for each from it.
the information you received in regard to this expedition, comes through
rebel authorities; it comes from various sources, Norfolk, Richmond,
Memphis, &c., and the general facts may therefore be relied upon as
correct. It is stated that Beaufort was taken on Tuesday of last
week. There was undoubtedly some pretty warm work, as the fight is
said to have continued for two days, and the rebels that knowledge that
their loss was very large. But our readers will have to wait a few
days for full authentic accounts of this important affair. The
expedition thus far seems to have been eminently successful, and it
cannot be doubted that highly favorable results will follow this great
blow at the heart of the Southern Confederacy, if our present success is
followed up with proper energy and discretion on the part of our
government and military commanders.
NOVEMBER 14, 1861
THE GREAT NAVAL VICTORY
following are the official dispatches to the Navy Department:
Off Hilton Head, Port Royal Harbor,
November 6, 1861
government having determined to seize and occupy one or more important
points upon our southern coast, where our squadrons might find shelter,
possess a depot, and afford protection to loyal citizens, committed to
my discretion the selection from among those places which it thought
available and desirable for these purposes. After mature
deliberations, aided by the professional knowledge and great
intelligence of the Assistant Secretary, Mr. Fox, and upon taking into
consideration the magnitude to which the joint naval and military
expedition had been extended, to which you have called my attention, I
came to the conclusion that the original intentions of the Department,
if carried out, would fall short of the expectations of the country and
of the expectations of the fleet, while Port Royal, I thought, would
meet both in a high degree.
therefore admitted to Gen. Sherman, commanding the military part of the
expedition, the modification of our earliest matured plans, and had the
satisfaction to receive his full concurrence; though he and the
commanders of the brigades very justly laid great stress on the
necessity of getting this frigate into the harbor of Port Royal.
Thursday, the 29th of October, the fleet under my command left Hampton
Roads, and with the army transports numbered 50 vessels. On the
day previous I had dispatched the coal vessels, 25 in number, under
convoy of the Vandalia, Commander Haggerty, to rendezvous off
Savannah, not wishing to give indications of the true point of the
fleet. The weather had been unsettled in Hampton Roads, though it
promised well when we sailed. But off Cape Hatteras the wind blew
hard and some ships got into the breakers, and two struck without
Friday, Nov. 1, the rough weather soon increased into a gale, and we had
to encounter one of great violence from the south east, a portion of
which approach to a hurricane. The fleet was utterly dispersed,
and on Saturday morning one sail only was in sight from the deck of the Wabash.
On the following day the weather moderated, and the steamers and ships
began to reappear. The orders were open except those to be used in
case of separation.
last were furnished to all the men-of-war by myself, and to the
transports by Brig.-Gen. Sherman. As the vessels re-formed,
reports came in of disasters. I expected to hear of many, but when
the severity of the gale and the character of the vessels are
considered, we have only cause for great thankfulness in reference to
Isaac Smith, the most efficient, well armed and vessel for
the class which was purchased, but not intended to encounter such a sea
and wind, had to throw her formidable battery overboard to keep from
foundering, but thus relieved, Lieut. Commanding Nicholson was enabled
to go to the assistance of the chartered steamer Governor, then
in a very dangerous condition, on board of which was our fine battalion
of marines, under Major Reynolds. They were finally rescued by
Captain Ringgold of the frigate Sabine, under difficult
circumstances, soon after which the Governor went down. I believe
that seven of the marines were drowned by their own imprudence.
Lieutenant Commanding Nicholson's conduct in the Isaac Smith,
has met my warm commendations. The Peerless, transport, in
a sinking condition, was met by the Mohican, Commander Godon, and
all the people on board, twenty-six in number, were saved, under very
peculiar circumstances, in which service Lieut. H. W. Miller was very
favorably noticed by his commander.
passing Charleston, I sent in the Seneca, Lieut. Commanding Ammon,
to direct Captain Lardner to join me with the Susquehanna off
Port Royal without delay. On Monday, at 8 o'clock in the morning,
the Wabash got off the bar, with some twenty-five vessels and
company, and many heaving in sight.
Department is aware that all the aids to navigation had been removed,
and the bar lies ten miles seaward, with no features on the shoreline
with sufficient prominence to make any bearings reliable. But to
the skill of Commander Dove and Mr. Boutelle, the able assistance of the
Coast Survey, in charge of the steamer Vixen, the channel was
immediately found, sounded out and buoyed.
3 o'clock I received assurances from Capt. Dove that I could send
forward to lighter transports, those under eighteen feet, with all the
gunboats, which was immediately done. Before dark they were
securely anchored in the roadstead of Port Royal, S. C. The
gunboats almost immediately opened their batteries upon two or three
rebel steamers under Com. Tatnall, instantly chasing him under the
shelter of the batteries.
the morning, Com'r John Rodgers, of the U.S. steamer Flag,
temporarily on board this ship and acting on my staff, accompanied
Brig.-Gen. Wright in the Ottawa, Lieut-Commanding Stevens, and
supported by the Seneca, Lieut. Commanding Nicholson, made a
reconnaissance in shore, which drew the fire of the batteries at Hilton Head
and Port Royal, sufficiently to show that the fortifications were works of
strength and scientifically constructed.
the evening of Monday Capt. Dove and Mr. Boutelle reported water enough for
the Wabash to venture in. The responsibility of hazarding so
noble frigate was not a light one over a prolonged bar over two miles.
There was but one foot of water or two to spare, and the fall and rise of
the tide is such that if she had grounded she would have sustained most
serious injury from straining, if not totally lost. Too much however
was its stake to hesitate, and the result was entirely successful.
the morning of Tuesday the Wabash cross the bar, followed closely by
the frigate Susquehanna--the Atlantic, Vanderbilt and
other transports of deep draft running through that portion of the fleet
already in. The safe passage of this great ship over the bar was
hailed with gratifying cheers from the crowded vessels. We anchored
and immediately commenced preparing the ship for action, but the delay of
planting the buoys, particularly on the Fishing Rip, a dangerous shoal we
had to avoid, rendered the hour late before was possible to leave with the
our anxiety to get the outline of the forts before dark we stood in too near
the shoals, and the ship grounded. By the time she was gotten off it
was too late, in my judgment, to precede, and I made signals for the
squadron to anchor out of gunshot from the enemy.
the wind blows a gale from the southward and westward, and the attack is
have the honor to be, sir,
your obedient servant,
F. Dupont, Flag Office
Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Off Hilton Head, Port Royal Harbor,
November 8, 1861
Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy--
have the honor to inform you that yesterday I attacked the batteries of the
enemy on Bay Point and Hilton Head, and Forts Walker and Beauregard, and
succeeded in silencing them after an engagement of four hours duration, and
driving away the squadron of rebel steamers under Commodore Tatnall.
If the reconnaissance of yesterday may be satisfied with the superiority
Fort Walker and to that I directed my special efforts, engaging in at a
distance of 800, and afterwards at 500 yards. But the plan of attack
brought the squadron sufficiently near Fort Beauregard to receive its fire,
and the ships were frequently fighting the batteries on both sides at the
same time. The action was begun on my part a 26 minutes after 9, and
at 2½ the American ensign was hoisted on the flight staff of Fort Walker,
and this morning at sunrise on that of Fort Beauregard. The defeat of
the enemy terminated in a for rout and confusion. Their quarters and
encampments were abandoned without an attempt to carry away either public or
private property. The ground over which they fled was strewn with the
arms of private soldiers, and the officers retired in too much haste to
submit to the encumbrance of their swords. Landing my marines and the
company of seamen, I took possession of the deserted grounds and held the
forts on Hilton head until the arrival of Gen. Sherman, to whom I had the
honor to transfer their command.
have captured 43 pieces of cannon, most of them of the heaviest caliber, and
of the most improved design. The bearer of these dispatches will have
the honor to carry with him two captured flags, and two small brass
field-pieces, lately belonging to the State of South Carolina, which are
sent home as suitable trophies of the success of the day. . .
have the honor to be,
Flag-officer commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
the bearer of dispatches will also carry with him the first American ensign
raised upon the soil of South Carolina since the rebellion broke out.
NOVEMBER 15, 1861
OF THE WEEK
the lesser movements of the week has been overshadowed in the public
mind, by the various rumors of the successes of the Great Armada in our
Southern waters. At the time of commencing in this review no
official or detailed account has been received of its doings, although
several reports of his successful accomplishment of its object have
reached us, mostly through rebel sources, and therefore reliable as far
as they go.
seems to be no reason to doubt that our troops have taken possession of
Beaufort, S. C., and that the stars and stripes now float over the
principle building of the place. To accomplish this purpose
several forts must first have been silenced. We omit all details,
hoping before we go to press, to receive the official account.
the capture of Beaufort has really been achieved it will be the most
important event of the war to the present time. The harbor is a
splendid one, within easy approach, thus insuring a safe and commodious
rendezvous for our fleet. The town lying almost midway between
Charleston and Savannah, within a few miles of the railroad uniting
these two cities, forms a grand base of offensive operations against
them, and, in fact its possession, supported by the proper force, surely
precedes the capture of the capitals of Georgia and South Carolina. A
most important cotton port would, moreover, by this blow be opened.
then, at a glance, the success the National arms have probably achieved
may be seen. Our great fleet holds a Superior Harbor; a powerful
army is established upon the land; a rendezvous is opened for the
gathering of Union men and contrabands; the strongholds of rebellion are
menaced in the rear; the attention of the rebel army on the Potomac is
distracted; and a most favorable field is gained for Winter operations.
expedition sailed from Cairo and attacked the rebel camp at Belmont, Mo.
It consisted of 3500 Illinois and Ohio troops. They landed on
Thursday morning at Belmont and immediately attacked the 7000 rebels at
that point, driving them back until possession was obtained of their
camp, and there cannon captured, with a large amount of camp property.
The latest dispatches from St. Louis report that it was a complete
success. Two hundred and seventy five rebels were taken prisoners
and all their cannon captured; but, for the want of horses, most of the
guns were left behind. The federal loss is stated at 250, and that
of the rebels is supposed to be much larger. They acknowledge 350
killed, but would not allow Federal officers who went to Columbus with a
flag of truce to visit the place to which they had conveyed their dead.
Belmont has been abandoned by the rebels. . .
from Springfield say that the feeling of depression among the troops is
entirely removed and that Gen. Hunter is rapidly gaining the confidence
of his man. His plans are likely to differ essentially from those
of Gen. Fremont. His views on the contraband question are
understood to be as follows: all Negroes coming into camp will be
retained, and such of them as are proved the property of Union men will
be appraised and receipted for, to be paid when and how Congress may see
fit. . .
Price had fallen back eight miles from Cassville, near the State
line, and was moving South. It was believed to be his policy to
lead our army, not to fight it, simply to keep a large force there so as
to draw troops from the Mississippi Valley. The general belief in
his camp was that St. Louis would soon be in the hands of the rebels
from Columbus, Kentucky.
has been a good deal of trouble about slaves who had escaped into Gen.
Lane’s and other camps, and Gen. Hunter had given the owners
permission to search our camps and reclaim them if they could find them.
from St. Louis state that Major Finney, who left Springfield with Gen.
Fremont, brought away the army chest containing about $300,000, having
failed to pay the troops. The money has been secured, and the Major
arrested and returned to Springfield, under a strong guard.
Thursday, the U.S. gunboat Rescue went up the Rappahannock as far
as Urbanna Creek, off the mouth of which she captured and burned a Rebel
dispatch from Chincoteague Inlet reports that on the 27th ult. the
steamer Louisiana proceeded up the river and burnt three vessels
belonging to the rebels.
of the War--Gen. Butler made a glowing speech at Roxbury a few days
since. He said, "This war ought to be ended before the snow
melts away in the spring. We must never have another summer
campaign. We must prepare it wants to finish before our annual
April Fast--finish it so that our brothers can go home and do their
of Sam Houston--as the announcement of the death of Gen. Houston
comes to us now for two different channels--Nashville and
Galveston--both concurring as to the day on which the event took place,
we incline to the opinion that it is true. It may be a harsh thing
to say, but it is true nevertheless, that if old " San
Jacinto" had died a year ago, his memory would have been cherished
by millions and millions of his countrymen, who will now only think of
him as one who, after having maintained the flag of his country on many
a well fought field, had not the moral courage to stand by that flag
when it most needed his support. --N. Y. Express.
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company of Manchester, has just filled an order
given by the Russian Government for a first class fire steamer.
The machine is completed and is to be forwarded to the city of Amoor,
Siberia, on the Amoor river.
NOVEMBER 16, 1861
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
Three Camp Diseases--Soldiers in camp suffer from three diseases:
diarrhea, rheumatism and fever. The commonest cause of diarrhea is
bad water; it cure, complete rest, and abstinence from every kind of
food accept plain boiled rice. All ordinary cases will yield to
this treatment in 24 hours or less. Rheumatism is usually brought
on, not by getting wet, but by remaining in what clothes. Hard
drinkers are particularly liable to bad attacks. To avoid
rheumatism, keep dry, wear flannel, and keep the digestion sound.
Fevers are generally caught after dark in the open air. A man
going out on night duty should never go hungry, and never stand still
longer than necessary. Good food and active exercise would
generally keep the a man well unless the air is uncommonly deleterious.
To cure a case of not very severe fever, nothing seems so efficacious as
a change of air. It is said that the removal of a patient only a
few miles often works an immediate improvement in his condition.
In scouting along the edge of the swamp at night, there is no danger of
so long as the party keeps on the windward side of it. These
doctrines are laid down in the writings of army surgeons and of
physicians who have given much attention to the subjects discussed, and
are therefore to be trustworthy. --N. Y. Ledger
from the Ranks--There have recently been several promotions from the
ranks, both in the regular and volunteer forces, and it is understood
that the secretary of war has determined to make this a principle here
after, and to see to it that fidelity and courage in the common soldier
has its reward. This is right and proper, and cannot fail to have
the most beneficial influence. It has been and is the practice in
European armies to promote from the ranks as a reward for distinguished
services, and the practice has failed to be established in our own army
because they were so many sons of southern first families demanding the
offices. Henceforth our army is the manage more in accordance with
the theory of our government, and the offices are to be given to the men
who showed the ability to fill them.
will prove a powerful stimulus to our common soldiers. When
gallant conduct gets its proper acknowledgment, and due honor and
reward, the soldier will not only seek to do his duty, but will be
inspired to exploits of high daring. Let it be understood that to
be honorably mentioned in the reports of a commander will ensure prompt
promotion, and we shall hear of more gallon deeds before the war is over
than have yet to distinguish the campaign, which, with a few brilliant
exceptions, has been rather tame in the prevailing style of fighting.
A more adventurous and dashing style of warfare would prove highly
inspiriting to the troops and greatly reassure the popular mind as to
clerks in the treasury department at Washington are now employed in
signing demand treasury notes. Each signs a daily about 8000
notes, making 120,000 notes signed each day. twenty-five ladies
are employed in cutting the notes. Men formerly did this service,
but the ladies performing the work more rapidly and neatly, and being
fully as honest, the men were sent off.
and Fasting--In less than one week the citizens of Massachusetts
will enjoy their annual thanksgiving. A few days before that
anniversary, the people of the rebellious states have a fast, and these
two occasions coming so near together, are good illustrations of the two
sections of the country. The people of the North are prosperous,
and happy, and we shall see set down to the thanksgiving board and
devote ourselves to the demolition of the annual turkey, with the same
feelings of contentment and independence as in former years.
Judging from appearance, no one would know we were engaged in a war
unless the usual question, "is there any war news today,"
should chance to be asked. Not so with the people of the
South. There, there is no thanksgiving but fasting instead, and
the rebels might with propriety add other little mortifications of the
flesh such as putting on sack cloth and sitting in ashes and it would be
no more than the truth if they should cry out at intervals,
is no doubt that the rebels need to fast, but whether it will prove very
efficacious, there may be grave doubts. If a man who could not
swim, should deliberately jump into a deep and rapid river, thinking he
would be saved by calling lustily on the Lord, the probability is he
would be drowned. And so with the rebels; they have got into a
type of place, and appoint a day of fasting and prayer to help them
out. Perhaps they will be greatly benefited by it, but the light
in that direction is not very clear yet. Not that we wish to
ridicule the idea of fast, by any means. We had one but a short
time ago, and it was observed as but few fasts ever have been observed
in this country. But in holy writ we have an intimation that
repentence is quite necessary to absolution, and if are "misguided
southern brethren" wish to regain an easy and happy frame of mind,
some signs of repentence for their misdeeds would have a much better
look than the appointment of a fast, and in all probability would
produce more satisfactory results.
on Slave-Catching by the Army--At the great meeting in behalf of the
North Carolina Union men, in New York, one night last week, George
Bancroft, the historian who presided, said as to the catching and
returning of slaves by the army:
do not understand turning a soldier of the United States into a
constable to keep the peace on the plantations of the secessionists.
It is not the part of a strong man to return them; it is not the part of
a brave man to make himself a police officer of that sort. It is
not the part of a soldier who fights under the flag of the constitution.
It is not worthy of a man of honor. It is not consistent with the
duty of a commanding officer in the service of the people of the United
States. We send the army to the South to maintain the Union, to
restore the validity of the constitution. If any one presents
claims under the constitution, let him began by placing the constitution
in power, by respecting it and upholding it.”
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