NOVEMBER 24, 1861
THE DAILY TRUE DELTA (LA)
SPECIMEN OF YANKEE OUTRAGE
are informed by a gentleman that N. S. Morse, Esq., of the Bridgeport
Farmer, a democratic paper formerly published in Bridgeport,
Connecticut, is in Richmond. This establishment was thrown into the
streets some weeks since I’m excited mob of abolition soldiers and
citizens, headed by the great charlatan, Barnum, and the sewing machine
and needle inventor, Howe. The infamous outrage was committed about
seven o’clock in the evening. Mr. M. was alone in the building at the
time. Knowing that it would
be useless for a single man to undertake to contend against a mob pf
over a thousand, he made his escape through the scuttle to a house,
where he was concealed. After the entire contents of the building had
been destroyed the mob commenced searching for him, and continued until
early the next morning, entering every dwelling where they thought there
was a possibility of finding him; and it one time passing within a few
feet of the place where he was hid. They threatened to hang him, and
would undoubtedly have put their threat into execution if they have
succeeded in finding him. On the Monday following Mr. M. commenced making preparations
to issue his paper again. But he was indicted for treason, and a warrant
was issued for his arrest by Seward. He immediately left Bridgeport, and
was closely pursued and followed from town to town for over two weeks.
At length he escaped into Canada; thence making its way through
the western states into the Southern Confederacy.—Examiner, 19th.
FOR THE SOUTHERN COAST
received at the passport office, Richmond, from a most reliable source,
says the Examiner of the 19th, confirms the accounts
of the enemy fitting out two more expeditions at Annapolis, Maryland.
The trops embarking are to be commanded by Captains Porter and
Gibbons—the former officer was with Major Anderson at Fort Sumter.
New York Herald of the 12th, noticing the success of
the first grand expedition south, says:
is this the only naval expedition against the rebel states. There are
two or three others now being fitted out, which will be equally
successful, and in the course of six weeks or two months one hundred
thousand men will occupy all the important points on the coast; not,
perhaps, to make an advance into the interior just now, but as safe
bases for future operations, and as outlets for the produce of the
southern loyalists and the interchange of northern commodities. With
Fortress Monroe, Hatteras, Beaufort, Pensacola, Key West and the other
places to be seized and occupied, in possession of the Federal army and
navy, the rebels will be surrounded by a cordon of military posts which
will not only completely cut off their external communications, but
threaten so many vital points at the same time that their grand army
will be broken up into fragments and rendered powerless without a blow;
and then the time will have come for a forward movement upon Richmond
and the other capitals of the rebellious states.
AND THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY
the arrival in Richmond on the 18th of Capt. Bulloch,
the Examiner remarks:
James D. Bulloch, who lately successfully ran the blockade while in
command of the splendid steamship Fingal,
has arrived in Richmond. Capt. Bulloch says that the people of England
are nearly all in favor of the Southern Confederacy.
Our cause is advocated by the respectable middle classes, the
nobility and merchants, and a majority of the press of Great Britain.
He thinks there is a likelihood of Lord Palmerston’s proving
indifferent to the questions involved in the seizure by the Yankees, on
the high seas, from a British a vessel, of Messrs. Mason and Slidell.
Lord Palmerston’s indifference (if he evinces any) is doubtless caused
by his being snubbed at Washington while he represented his government
there as its chief diplomatic agent, which he has, it is said, neither
forgotten nor forgiven.
Nov. 22—Fort Pickens opened fire at 9:30 this morning, on the
gunboat Nelms and the transport steamers Time and Cushman.
The two latter were lying at the Central wharf, and the Nelms in
the basin. The Federals fired a number of guns before our batteries
replied. When the ball fairly opened, the excitement was intense. The Nelms
quit the basin under a shower of shot and shell, and proceeded to a spot
opposite the city.
11 o’clock the Nelms arrived at her wharf, and reports that it
is not certain whether the land batteries or Pickens opened the ball.
The Time occupied her old position, and is apparently unhurt. The Colorado,
Niagara, and one gunboat, are bombarding Fort McRae. One of the
Negro crew of the Time has arrived—he reports the Time
within range of the enemy’s guns; also, that the enemy threw a shot
through the hospital, but doing no injury otherwise.
gentleman from Washington reports one or two killed at the navy-yard,
and some buildings injured. Also, the wife of a sergeant-major killed in
dispatch says: “Our guns and batteries are uninjured; firing still
heavy on both sides; the frigates have changed position and are not
discernable from the city.”
report, apparently well authenticated, was circulated at the levee
yesterday, to the effect that the Federal ball-proof gunboat, lately
built at St. Louis, on being launched had sunk so far that the guns
could not be placed upon her. This may occasion some delay in their
operations, and in their proposed land and water attack.
Federal gunboats are congregating at Cairo in large force to receive
their guns—the Maria Dening having reached there with them day
before yesterday. It is believed there is no truth in the report that
the ball-proof gunboat had sunk.
NOVEMBER 25, 1861
LOWELL (MA) DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS
present condition of the army and navy and the seaboard defences of the
country, compared with what they were when the rebellion commenced,
exhibits in a striking manner the vitality and strength of the
government. In April, with an army of some eighteen thousand strong. We
could scarcely count a thousand regulars east of the Mississippi. The
bulk of our troops were on the Pacific coast, in the territories, and on
the borders of Texas; and they were officered by men who, to a great
extent, were already traitors at heart, and ready to join the
conspirators whenever the opportunity presented itself. Of the same
proclivities were most of the officers in charge of our most important
defensive works on the coast, from Norfolk to Galveston. Our naval force
had been scattered to the ends of the earth. We had two or three vessels
of war on the Atlantic Coast, perhaps five or six in the Gulf of Mexico,
and as many more dismantled or in ordinary. Apart from the regular army,
now greatly augmented in numbers, the government has at its disposal not
far from six hundred thousand men, well equipped and furnished with all
the appointments of effective field of duty. The latest statements we
have seen of our naval force warrant the belief that we have in the
commission about two hundred and twenty-five vessels, with eighty on the
stocks, one-half of which will be completed by the first of March. And
in this statement no account is made of the thirty or forty mortar
floats1 now in process of construction on the Mississippi,
and which will accompany he seven new gunboats soon to be sent down that
river. The work of preparation, in every aspect has been immense, and it
has been carried forward by the government and people with a devotion
which gives assurance of success.
War News, since Saturday, is not of great interest. Accounts
from Baltimore represent that Gen. Dix has obtained a firm foothold in
South-eastern Virginia. The capture of three rebel officers and seven
cannon is announced. Preparations were making for county meetings, to
allow the people to renew their allegiance to the federal authority.
arrangement has been made by which the federal prisoners at Richmond are
to be supplied with necessary clothing by the United States
midnight, Friday, the steamer Cambridge went up the James river
as far as Warwick and opened a hot fire on the rebel batteries there.
Between forty and fifty shells were fired and the rebel camp was
has been very great activity at Fortress Monroe the past week.
Preparations are being made for active operations. Gen. Butler has spent
a day or two at Old Point and was at last accounts on his way up to
far during the war, the prisoners on both sides have been generally
humanely treated; but since the conviction of two or three privateersmen
by our courts, the confederates have selected fourteen of our chief men
among the prisoners in their hands as hostages and placed them in cells
with felons’ fare. This will call for retaliatory action on the part
of our government, and it is already rumored that Mason, Slidell,
Faulkner, Gwin, Barron and Benham will be among the first victims of the
OF THE “AMBASSADORS”
federal steamer San Jacinto, having on board Messrs. James
M. Mason, John Slidell, and their secretaries, came up and anchored in
Nantasket Roads, at an early hour yesterday morning. The steam-tug May
Queen took down Capt. McKinn and Marshall Keyes. The tug was
alongside the San Jacinto at ten o’clock. The Advertiser
reports that the prisoners soon appeared at the gang-way, attended by
the secretaries, and shaking hands with two lieutenants of the steamer,
descended to the lesser craft. Mr. Mason, it is added, by great effort,
maintained his usual self-assurance and haughtiness; but Mr. Slidell was
a good deal affected in view of his surroundings. His knees trembled
like unto those of Belshazzar of old, and his lips quivered as he spoke.
The prisoners were safely landed at Fort Warren, and the San Jacinto
steamed up to the city and came to anchor off the navy yard about two
o’clock. No visitors were allowed on board. Capt. Wilkes went on shore
in the evening and took rooms at the Revere House. He receives a public
welcome from the authorities of Boston this afternoon, in Faneuil Hall.
Richmond papers of Wednesday contain some scraps of news from the
confederate army. The small pox, violent fevers and the “black
measles” were alarmingly prevalent among the rebel troops near Bowling
Green, Kentucky, and deaths were occurring daily. A dispatch from
Charleston, dated Nov. 17th, says:
unexpected failure of our shore batteries at Bay Point and Hilton Head
to demolish at least one of the attacking vessels has sadly shaken the
confidence in the efficacy of our guns against the monster frigates and
iron-clad gun-boats which they may have to again encounter; and now so
alarmed are many of the sordid souls that infest all southern cities,
that the effect may already be seen in the lengthening of the freight
trains which leave almost hourly for the interior. In Savannah the panic
is even more general and decided, whole neighborhoods having been
suddenly left deserted by the exodus of the wives and children of those
who are in arms at Fort Pulaski and the batteries on the Savannah
Hint for Clear Starching.—Collars, undersleeves, or
handkerchiefs, of very fine muslin or lace, will not bear much squeezing
or rubbing, when washed. They can be made perfectly white without
either, by the following process: Rinse them carefully through clear
water, then soap them well with white soap, place them in a dish or
saucer, and cover with water; place them in the sun. Let them remain two
or three days, changing the water frequently, and turning them. Once
every day take them out, rinse carefully, soap and place in fresh water.
The operation is a tedious and rather troublesome one, but the finest
embroidery or lace comes out perfectly white, and is not worn at all,
where, in common washing, it would be very apt to tear. When they are
white, rinse and starch in the usual way.
NOVEMBER 26, 1861
ST. ALBANS DAILY MESSENGER (VT)
TO THE MESSENGER
York, Nov. 25.—The Herald’s Washington dispatch says
that some important arrests were made in Maryland by the naval
expedition which went down the lower Potomac a few days ago under the
direction of a government detective and returned to Washington
parties, six in number, proved to have belonged to a secret organization
in St. Mary’s county, for the purpose of conveying men and arms to the
rebels in Virginia.
rebel spy, recently returned from Richmond with a large number of
letters and papers in his possession, was also taken, together with a
quantity of correspondence found in the different post offices in lower
capture has developed the source from which the rebels have been
obtaining Northern papers and other valuable information.
Tribune’s Washington dispatch says the reports of the
Secretaries approach completion.
great interest which the war will give to that of the Secretary of War,
will be heightened by Mr. Cameron’s distinct avowal of his policy of
placing arms in the hands of slaves willing to use them for the cause of
the Union. Mr. Cameron will appeal to Congress and to the Governors of
States to bind the Government to practice the closest economy, and will
sternly require economy and accountability for every subordinate in the
bureaus and the army in the field.
Chase’s report will recommend necessarily a large increase of revenue
duties. It is said that Mr. Chase will fully develop the theory that the
slaves in the rebel States should be employed under wages to raise
cotton, rice, sugar and tobacco for Government account.
soldiers are sending home a large amount of money. Out of four hundred
thousand dollars recently paid to the soldiers at Port Royal,
over two hundred and fifty thousand were
sent at once to their families. The Tammany Regiment sent home eleven
thousand dollars. Mayor Wightman, of Boston, has received and paid over
through the agency of this system of allotment about sixty thousand
Old Soldier of New Hampshire.--Samuel Downing, an old revolutionary
soldier, living at Edinburgh, N.Y., will be one hundred years old on the
30th inst. This anniversary is to be appropriately
celebrated, and as part of the programme the old hero is to fell a tree
with his own hands and a new ax. He served in the revolution three years
and a half, and enlisted at Exeter, N.H.
the 20th there sailed from New London and New Bedford
something new in the way of a blockading fleet. The fleet is composed of
old, but substantial whaling vessels, laden with picked stone. In the
bottom of each ship a hole was bored, into which was fitted a lead pipe
five inches in diameter, with a valve so fixed that, though perfectly
safe even for a long voyage, it can be very quickly removed. It is
calculated that the ship will be filled and sunk to the bottom in twenty
minutes after the removal of this valve. The captains of the ships are
said to be first rate seamen, and well acquainted with our coast.
Charleston Mercury of Oct. 26, has an elaborate article on the
foreign policy of secessiondom. It says that three Commissioners were at
first appointed, to England, France, Russia and Belgium—which was a
mistake, as one man would have done just as well. Now two more are added
and their countries specified, and they are supplied with Secretaries.
The Mercury does not have much confidence in this arrangement,
though it thinks that Messrs. Mason and Slidell have “eminent social
fitness for their posts” and it expects worthy things from them! But
its principal idea is that the recognition of the Southern Confederacy
will come naturally by its exhibition of de facto independence,
and that any attempt to hurry up this recognition by negotiation,
involves the consideration, an inducement, which will implicate future
relations. The article thus seems to confirm the rumors which come from
Europe respecting the tender of some consideration which was to have
been made by Mr. Slidell as the price of recognition.
the English statesman and writer, is said to be completely broken
down in mind and body, by the use of opium, and is nearly imbecile, with
no prospect of recovery.
farmer living about one mile from Guyandotte,2
ascertaining that a Federal soldier had escaped from the recent
massacre, took his gun and went out and shot him. The body was found by
Zeigler’s avengers; on learning all the circumstance, they proceeded
to the scoundrel’s house, surrounded it, and took him out and shot
him. They ordered his family away, they fired the building, and stayed
long enough to see it completely demolished.
NOVEMBER 27, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
who arrived at Baltimore yesterday from Old Point Comfort, say that the
Norfolk Day Book has a dispatch from Richmond to the effect that
an engagement was going on at Pensacola. The paper states that the Niagara
and Colorado engaged Fort McRae, and that their fire was briskly
replied to, and that the vessels were damaged and had to haul off, and
that Fort Pickens was firing on the Navy Yard and barracks.
version of the affair says, on Saturday Fort Pickens opened on the Navy
Yard and barracks. The Colorado and Niagara had
participated, and hauled off very much damaged.
dispatch to the New York Tribune says that Bragg telegraphs that
he is taking the bombardment coolly. The rebels claim to have breached
the walls of Fort Pickens. The Navy Yard was on fire three times and put
out. The village of Warrington was burned by Col. Brown’s fire on the
of the bombardment was known to the rebels in Baltimore, by some
mysterious method of communication, on Monday afternoon. The facts will
of course be very much distorted by the rebels. It will be remembered
that the Wabash was said to have “hauled off very much
damaged” from Port Royal, so we need not give up the Niagara
and Colorado yet. The Niagara is a screw frigate of 4500
tons, and the first vessel of her class in the United States navy. She
was built at Brooklyn, in 1855, from models designed by the late George
Steers. The vessel is propelled by three engines, which can be worked
singly or together, up to 2300 horse power. She carries 500 men,
exclusive of officers. Her armament is the most formidable and effective
of any ship in the navy. It consist of 11-inch guns for throwing shells
weighing 180 pounds, and shot weighing 270 pounds a distance of four
miles. The guns are all on the spar deck, and working on traverse plates
can be discharged from either side of the ship. She is the flag-ship of
the Gulf Squadron, Capt W.W. McKean flag-officer.
steam frigate Colorado is 4300 tons burden, carries 44 guns, 500
sailors, and a marine guard of 50. One of her guns weighs 15,000, and
another 12,000 pounds. She can throw a broadside of 1414 pounds, and her
armament, which cost $81,250, consist of 40 Paixhan broadside guns, two
Dahlgren pivot guns, and two howitzers. She carries 76,000 pounds of
powder, and about 2000 shells, and a full complement of small arms and
ammunition. She is commanded by Captain Theodorus Bailey.
steamer Hatteras, Com’r G.F. Emmons, was at Fort Pickens 19th
inst., and probably took part in the engagement. She is a new vessel,
built at Wilmington, Del., and purchased by the government. She is
furnished with four 32-pounders and one 20-pound rifled cannon.
Marwick, of brig Castilian, at this port, states that on the 21st
inst., in lat. 38 53, lon. 72 40, he saw twelve sail of old whalers, the
roughest looking craft afloat, bound South with a fair wind and going in
fine style. He spoke one of them, and was informed that they were the
“Rat-hole squadron, bound South with sealed orders.”3
Interesting Rebel.—First Lieutenant of Marines, John R. F. Tatnall,
left the coast of Africa in the San Jacinto, but before
the steamer arrived here, he was within the walls of Fort Lafayette.
Yesterday he was conveyed to Fort Warren. He avowed his secession
sentiments very freely while on the coast, and, refusing to do duty on
the passage home, was put ashore at Key West, and sent to New York in
the steamer Rhode Island. Young Tatnall is a son of Capt.
Tatnall, commander and hero (?) of the rebel flotilla at Beaufort, who
evinced a masterly skill in keeping out of the way of our fleet. The
Lieutenant is a native of Connecticut, but a citizen of Georgia, and
entered the service fourteen years ago. He has a fine figure and a
martial bearing, an interesting lisp, and eye-glass and an affected,
“foine wethaw” style of pronunciation, which give him an air of
privateering business has received a check in the capture of the
schooner Beauregard, Capt. Libby, of Charleston, by the U.S.
barque W. G. Anderson, acting volunteer Lieut. William G. Rogers
commander. The Anderson was at Key West on the 21st
inst. Her prize carried one pivot gun and a crew pf 27 men.
schooner Maria Pike, which arrived at New York yesterday,
reports that on the 17th inst., off Double-headed-shot Keys,
an unknown barque was captured by a small Nassau-built privateer. The
barque Edward Everett, from Matanzas for Boston, in
ballast, was in company, but was not molested.
British war steamer Barracouta, 5th inst., reported,
Oct. 27, three degrees south of the Bermudas, boarded privateer Sumter.
The commander informed the British officer who went on board that he had
sent a challenge to the gunboat Crusader to come out and fight
him, but the latter declined. The British officer did not hear of her
making any captures. As the Crusader arrived at New York Sept. 6,
and still there, it is evident that the captain of the Sumter is
fond of telling old stories.
the San Jacinto anchored at Holmes’s Hole,4 on the
morning of the 22d inst., there were about one hundred sail
of vessels detained there by contrary winds. It was immediately
determined by the masters of those vessels to compliment Capt. Wilkes by
hoisting their flags. He was notified of their intention, and answered
by saying that he appreciated the compliment, and would hoist his ensign
in return. In half an hour every vessel in port, with the exception of
two English vessels, were gaily dressed out in flags, presenting a
beautiful appearance as the fleet extended in a line two miles long, by
three-quarters of a mile wide. At one time, from the deck of the San
Jacinto, one hundred and thirteen national ensigns could be seen
flying. A salute of thirteen guns was fired by the Light Artillery
Company of Holmes’s Hole, and another salute of thirteen guns by
private individuals, which was acknowledged by Captain Wilkes dipping
his ensign three times.
NOVEMBER 28, 1861
LATEST WAR NEWS
latest Richmond papers contain a dispatch from New Orleans, dated on the
20th, which shows that the rebels there are in a terrible
state of excitement concerning an apprehended attack on Columbus, Ky.
The doughty Capt. Hollins had gone up the river with his fleet, and had
shortly after telegraphed for the steam ram, heard of in the recent
naval affair at the Belize. We may expect soon to have another bombastic
dispatch from Hollins, for he cannot remain long without performing some
exploit—on paper. A battery of 20 guns was at once to go up the river.
There were said to be 17,000 troops and 70 cannon. A great meeting has
been held at Memphis to enlist sympathy and raise money to repel his
expected attack on the place named.
rebel ambassadors, Mason and Slidell with their Secretaries, are now in
close custody at Fort Warren in Boston Harbor. The last time when Mason
was in Washington he boastfully asserted that the next time he visited
that city it would be in the character of an ambassador. He probably did
not then think of making Fort Warren his headquarters. From some
examination of English authorities on this subject it appears to our
city contemporaries that the act of Com. Wilkes in arresting these
ambassadors is fully justifiable, even in the light of English
Rebel government, probably alarmed at the aspect of affairs, has removed
its archives from Richmond to Nashville, Tennessee, and court will be
held there for the present. The public mind is much disturbed in
Richmond, the people are removing their effects and leaving, and the
remaining prisoners there have been ordered further south, some to
Salisbury, N.C., and the balance to Tuscaloosa, Ala.
Schoolmaster Abroad.—As an evidence of the “general
intelligence” of the House of Representatives, we cite the fact that eight
different members of the Committee on Mileage and Debentures spelled the
word committee in eight different ways. They are as follows:
Addison County Committy; Bennington County Commity;
Caldeonia County Comitie; Essex County Committie; Lamoille
County Comite; Orange County Committe; Washington County Comittee;
Windsor County Comittie. None of these various methods of
spelling the word agrees with either Webster or Worcester, we believe.
The spelling, however, betrays a very commendable degree of originality.
The case, perhaps, is very much like that of the Pennsylvania lawyer,
who when taken to task in court by the opposing counsel, for bad
spelling, retorted that a man must be a d----d fool if he could not
spell a word more than one way. –Bennington Times
Pony Express is discontinued in consequence of the completion of the
Pacific telegraph. While running it brought through about 700 letters
per week. Rates, $1.10 for every half ounce; one dollar going to the
pony and 10 cents to the Government. Some of the letters brought through
cost upwards of $25.
time honored festival will be observed to-day in eleven loyal States of this
now distracted Union. In none of them have the people more occasion for
thankfulness and praise than in our own cherished Commonwealth. The
beautifully expressive language of the Governor’s Proclamation duly sets
forth the numerous occasions for our gratitude to the Giver of all good for
the benefits we have received, and the mercies that have strewn our pathway
as with garlands of flowers. While our people are making ample preparations
for the more outward and physical observance of this interesting occasion,
we are happy to know that very many of the soldiers of Vermont, now dwelling
in tents in a State far distant from their native hills, and within sound of
the enemy’s guns, will receive ample testimonials that they are remembered
in the circles where their seat at the festival board will be vacant. May
their Thanksgiving be joyous.
and Sleighing.—The first snow of the season in this vicinity fell on
Saturday, and a moderate continuation followed through Sunday and
Monday—amounting in all to four or five inches. The merry jingling of
sleigh bells on Monday brought to mind the fact—hardly before realized
thanks to the remarkably mild weather of the Autumn now closing—that
Winter is upon us. We trust that it will be a mild Winter to our patriotic
soldiers, the families they have left behind, and all loyal people, but
terrible as the “Jack-King” in his wrath to rebels and traitors.
Arrangements.—The establishment of a new line between Washington and
New York, the trains for which leave the latter City at 11 o’clock P.M.,
has rendered new arrangements necessary through this section even to [the]
Canada line. The Boston and New York Express, arriving at Springfield an
hour earlier than heretofore, the trains above us start at such hours as to
connect at Bellows Falls at 1:15 instead of 2:25 P.M. This brings the
afternoon trains from the North into Brattleboro at 2:40 instead of 3:30.
This arrangement was agreed to in Philadelphia on the 13th inst.,
and went into effect the next day. The Vermont Central and Valley roads
altered their time table, to correspond on Monday of last week and the
Rutland & Burlington this week.
OF THE “SACRED SOIL”
federal steamers Georgia and Georgiana arrived at Baltimore
Monday morning from Newtown,
Worcester county, Md. A force of 1,000 federal troops were preparing to go
into Virginia. On their way up Pocomoke Creek, a boat was sent ashore with
Gen. Dix’s proclamation, which was read to quite a number of Virginians in
a farm house, who declared it entirely satisfactory, and claimed the
protection of the federal government against the secessionists, who were
forcing them into the rebel ranks against their will. The gunboat Resolute
has been giving them protection through the day, but at night they would go
to seek shelter in the woods.
BARRE GAZETTE (MA)
have already given our readers an account of the successful results of
the great naval expedition at Port Royal, by which a foothold has been
gained by the Government upon the soil of South Carolina, and the
glorious stars and stripes been hoisted in place of the emblem of
secession, which, for several months had floated undisturbed over that
birthplace of disunion. We trust the government will leave nothing
undone which can add to the certainty of holding the position thus
acquired, and making it the base of operations which will send terror to
the heart of the rebellion and cause it soon to lay down its arms and
return its allegiance to the Constitution.
importance of the position thus secured can hardly be over-estimated.
This will appear the more evident when one looks at the map of that
locality, and notes the peculiar situation of the place, with its
excellent harbor, extensive inland water communications, and its
relative position to the railroad connection between Charleston and
Savannah, and other important points.
position of Port Royal is equally admirable, whether considered in a
military, naval or political light. It is between Savannah and
Charleston, and doubtless within a few days the communication between
those important towns will be easily cut off. The network of inland
waters that extends in either direction will enable us, if we choose, to
transport troops on gunboats, either to Savannah or Charleston, without
going within range of the guns of Fort Pulaski at the former place, or
Sumter or Moultrie at the latter. We can thus attack the two largest
towns in South Carolina and Georgia at their weakest point, besides
being able to run up into their country and annoy and frighten them
whenever they make a military demonstration. The Island of Hilton, on
whose northern point stands one of the forts just captured, extends to
Tybee Sound, and is within sight of the light-house of Savannah Harbor,
not thirty miles away. Charleston itself is distant less than sixty
miles. As a naval station, Port Royal is still more important; is, in
fact, indispensable. It would be impossible to maintain the blockade
during the winter months with any degree of effectiveness, without the
possession of a port to which our ships could run incase of a storm, and
a depot of stores, where they could be supplied.
capture of the two forts at Port Royal entrance has effectually exploded
two very often repeated boasts of the rebels—viz: that one South
Carolina soldier is equal in battle to five Yankees, and that the slaves
are ready to fight for their masters. With regard to the boasted bravery
of the South Carolinians we have only to remember how they fled before
the shower of shells and shot from Commodore Dupont’s guns, leaving
behind them the most unmistakable evidences of the haste and trepidation
with which they departed, and of their faith in the adage, “Discretion
is the better part of valor.”
regard to the devotion of the slaves to their masters, it is well known
that so far from defending them, they refused even to escape with
their masters, choosing, rather, to take their chances with the Yankees,
with the hope of escaping from their masters. A correspondent of
the New York Times writes that in just two days after the battle,
he saw eighty fugitive slaves, contraband of war, who had escaped from
their masters and hurried within the Federal lines. This was on the
southern headland of the bay, and on the northern side there are half as
many more. They report that the rest are coming. They declare
that, since March they have been waiting and watching for the Yankees.
And this is in South
is where the blacks are so contented, where they were so attached to
their masters, where we were defied to seduce them away. No attempt has
been made or will be made to entice them, much less to excite an
insurrection, but those who come in will be welcomed, will be clad and
fed and set in work for the National cause. I talked for an hour with
various of them. They were all men or boys—of every age—some had
been house servants, some field hands, most were stupid and stolid in an
extraordinary degree, but they had very definite ideas relative to the
Yankees. Through their jargon, at first nearly unintelligible, I was
able at last to get at those ideas. They said they believed the Yankees
to be friends; that they came in to work, to do whatever they were
bidden; they had expected us, but dared to speak of it to their masters;
they had seen the fight from up the river, and had hurried down as soon
as it was over. They all report that since last March they have been
waiting for us; they all declare that so far as they know, all the
blacks are anxiously waiting for us.
same writer, under a later date, after speaking of the desertion of the
place by the white populations, says—
is, perhaps, quite as important as the desertion of the whites, is the
fact that the Negroes were pillaging vacant houses. The place contains
in the Summer about two thousand inhabitants, but in Winter only five
hundred. It is the resort of some of the wealthiest inhabitants of South
Carolina during the warm weather, and many of the houses are suitable
for persons of fortune and distinction. Into all of these the Negroes
had broken, and were plundering with eagerness. Capt. Ammen immediately
stopped the marauding, and in the few instances in which he found the
blacks armed, took away their weapons. Some half a dozen had firearms.
The Negroes asserted that their masters had endeavored to compel the
blacks to accompany them in their flight, even shooting and killing
several of those who refused. This, however, proved unavailing, for the
speedy approach of the National gunboats encouraged the slaves to
remain. They were coming into the town in large numbers from the
account of the feelings of the blacks, and of the attempt of the South
Carolinians to compel them to accompany their masters has been confirmed
in various quarters, and tallies exactly with what I was told yesterday
by some Negroes whom I saw it Seabrook, a hamlet about 6 miles from
Hilton Head. At that place
some two hundred Negroes had gathered during the day, and continued to
come in until long after I had left at nightfall.
They were men, women and children, and of all ages.
All reported the same story, and hold it without any apparent
conceit. They came from
across Skull Creek, which divides Hilton Island from the main land; many
were from the Pinckney estate, but they came from several plantations,
and agreed that their masters had endeavored to take them along in the
flight that seems to be general in this whole neighborhood.
The Negroes, however, assured me that they refused to fly, and in
several instances the white men shot at them.
I heard of two blacks who were wounded.
The rest were indignant; they declared that all would come in to
the National forces who could get away; and that none would accompany
their masters in list absolutely forced to.
They manifest the greatest elation at their escape, and like
those whom I first questioned, the day after the fight, declared that
the whole black population have long expected the coming of the Yankees,
and were everywhere anxious to hurry to our lines. There was a jubilee last night in the Negro quarters at
Seabrook, dancing and singing around fires that they built, and inside
the captured Fort Walker, a religious meeting was held and thanks
offered to God for their deliverance.
NOVEMBER 30, 1861
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
OLD FLAG FLYING IN ALL BUT TWO STATES.
the national flag now floats over the soil of every seceded state except
Alabama in Arkansas. In
Virginia it floats over one third of the state; in North Carolina, at
Hatteras Inlet; in South Carolina, at Port Royal and 1/half-dozen
neighboring islands; in Georgia, on Tybee Island; in Florida, at Key
West, Santa Rosa Island and other points; in Mississippi, that Ship
Island; in Louisiana, at Chandeleur Island; in Texas, at El Paso; and in
Tennessee, at the Bristol, Elizabethtown, and other points in the
eastern part of the state.
are likely to be saved all vexatious disputes as to what shall be done
with the Negroes. The
rebels are settling the question for us.
If they are met the Negroes to fight against the government, as
there are reports of their doing in various places, there will be no
alternative but to meet them on their own terms.
We cannot afford to have the four millions of northern workers in
arms against us, when a word will bring them to our side.
If it comes to this it will be by the act in choice of the
rebels, and they must take the consequences.
DISASTER AND LOSS OF LIFE.
team are Belle Creole, from Cincinnati for Pittsburg, deeply
laden, and the steamer Fallstone from Kanawha, with a portion of
Col. Lyttleton's command, collided Friday night, 7 miles above
Cincinnati. The Belle
Creole sunk almost immediately, and the concussion knocked eight
or ten soldiers into the river from the Fallstone, and it is
thought that all but one are drowned.
The cargo of the Belle Creole was valued at
$20,000--insured in a Cincinnati office.
OATH OF ALLEGIANCE TAKEN BY CONTRABAND.
the prisoners from Hatteras Inlet reached Fort Columbus, two slaves
belonging to an officer, and brought in with the others, were placed on
the island and no further notice taken of them.
When the prisoners were removed the contrabands still remained,
but insular life not been pleasant and supposing themselves to be held
as prisoners under a supposition of disloyalty, they forwarded a request
to Washington, stating that they were willing to take the oath of
allegiance. The government having no prejudice against color, send an
order to the military authorities on Governor's island to administer the
oath of allegiance and release them.
OF THE REBELS.
Selden, just arrived from Richmond, states that the feeling of anger,
indignation and chagrin, at the arrest of Slidell and Mason was beyond
all description. They had
previously been exulting in the success of the rebel envoys in reaching
Cuba, and they were certain that they would reach Europe without
difficulty. He states that
it is the severest blow which the rebel government has yet received. Mr.
Selden says that, up to the time of his leaving Richmond, two days
since, he had heard nothing of the proposed removal of the rebel capital
to Nashville. Being a
Virginian himself, he was treated with additional indignity and severity
on account of his loyalty, and by none more than his own relatives, who
live in Richmond and vicinity.
people like oysters. The
country boy who goes to a cattle show for the first time, feeling rich
with ten cents in his pocket, thinks he has disposed of the larger part
of his cash to good advantage, by investing in a half bowl of smoking
bivalves, and a millionaire expects oysters of his breakfast table with
as much regularity as hot rolls or coffee.
Oysters can no longer be regarded in the light of the luxury to
most people. They are as much a part of the regular diet as beef or bread,
and anything which should cut off our regular supply of these testaceous
delicacies, would create almost as much consternation as the cattle
murrain, or some wide spread blight in the crops.
People have, for some time passed, had apprehensions that the war
was going to interfere unpleasantly with the oyster supply from the fact
that hitherto a large share of our oysters have come from Virginia
waters, which are no longer accessible to the trade.
But we may dismiss all fears on this subject, for the experience
of the last few months proves that we are independent in this matter,
and that our own oyster beds will prove amply sufficient to supply the
demand. The capacity of the
New Jersey and East river beds has never been fully tested, owing to the
long time dependence on Virginia, but the largest dealers are becoming
convinced that the interest of the trade will be most prominently
secured by the patronage and development of our home fields, and the
trade which has been turned aside from Virginia by the secession
proclivities of that ancient commonwealth, will never go back there.
The oysters from the northern beds have long been considered the
best in the market, so that, according to present indications, we show
not only have our usual supply of bivalvular comforts, but they will
also be a unusually good quality.
people have any idea of the magnitude of the oyster trade, and the value
of this commodity which is consumed a yearly. There are single
individuals in a New York, whose trade in wasters has amounted to more
than half a million of dollars annually, and there are several hundred
dealers in that city who yearly receive a hundred thousand dollars each
in the business. The whole value of the oysters brought to New
York annually, for several years before the rebellion, was from ten to
twenty millions of dollars. The oyster business like all other
branches of trade, suffers some depression from the war, and it is said
by good authorities that the sales this year will not be more than half
as large as a formerly. The supply will be fully up to to, perhaps
exceed the demand, and prices will be quite as low as in past years.
referred to by the Navy as “bombers” because of the large 13” or
15” mortar shell, (e.g., a very big "bomb,") they fired.
Located in what is now
West Virginia, adjacent to Huntington at the confluence of the Ohio and
November 1861. This is the Stone Fleet, bound south to block up the port
Martha’s Vineyard in Massachusetts.
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