DECEMBER 29, 1861
THE DAILY TRUE DELTA (LA)
POWDER MILL BLOWN UP.
twelve o'clock last night one of the state powder mills, that at the old
United States Marine Hospital at Gretna, due up with a report that shook
the whole city to its foundation stones.
pillar of flames shot up to the sky, for an instant illuminating the
whole heavens, and then came the noise and shock--too great, too sudden,
too overpowering to be mistaken for anything about what it really was.
first it was difficult to know, in what direction the explosion had
been, so diffuse were its effects, but as the building became wrapped in
flames its location showed itself, and assured our people that was not
the arsenal, which many had feared.
explosion, at that hour of the night, could not have been the result of
accident. It must have been
the diabolical work of some incarnate fiend.
It behooves the men of New Orleans to look well about them for
traitors in our midst. Let
them be hunted and placed out of the reach of doing mischief.
REAL SINEWS OF WAR.
to arms and ammunition, we believe it is universally conceded that
provisions are the real sinews of war.
Troops may have clothing, muskets of most approved make and
finish, ammunition in a lavish abundance, but if the stomach of the
soldier is unplenished, in vain will all the other appliances to make
him truly efficient be found. Can
the people themselves, then, outside of governmental red-tapeism,
contribute efficiently towards a more equal and speedy distribution of
important descriptions of food, and with great advantage to their armies
and much profit to themselves, locally and generally?
We think they can. Let us examine the matter.
The sugar crop of Louisiana is admittedly large, but its removal
and dissemination, although prices are lower, indeed scarcely one-sixth
the amount of that [which] every other description of human nutriment
now command, is slow and unsatisfactory.
While sugar and molasses are to be had here for a song; and while
no other description of human food is more acceptable, palatable or
nutritious, pound for pound; and while we are all conscious that this
will be the sorest year of trial to us in the important matter of food
for the sustenance of our people, free and bond, no adequate exertions
or co-operation appears to be made or contemplated for the reciprocation
of that which we have in such unusual surplus, for other things and
edible and unedible, processed by our friends in contiguous states to
the eastward of us. The
constant clamor is, that it is impossible to forward sugar and molasses
over the railroads east of Tennessee, because of their occupation for
military purposes; but this we are assured could be easily remedied if
the different railroad companies cordially and patriotically unite in
plans to systematize the transportation business, always, of course,
securing to the government the preference, but depriving its officers of
the arbitrary power of interrupting the operation of the roads at their
discretion--a discretion often, hitherto, very indiscreetly and unwisely
exercised, if not abused. To
do this, committees of conference, composed of merchants, officers of
the railroad companies and other well informed and experienced parties
should be appointed; and by them such arrangements could easily be made
as would ensure to the people of distant Virginia, and other remote
places, at a small advance, the great supporter of life and health, of
which our state is now the processor in abundance.
Experiments with Military Bridges.—A dispatch states that the New
York Fifteenth regiment engineer corps threw a pontoon bridge, 350 feet
long, across the eastern branch of the Potomac, above the navy-yard, a
few days since, and crossed it successfully with men, horses and heavy
wagons. A number of the floats or pontoons were then plied over by the
soldiers, using shovels as paddles. The corps also experimented with the
new flying bridge of ropes, which has been improved so that men can
cross over it with great facility. Many ladies crossed and returned,
without danger, over a ravine four hundred feet wide and fifty feet
War Movements.--The Montreal Advertiser states that the
commander of the forces has proceeded west to take the necessary steps
for placing that portion of the province in a state of defense.
It has been resolved to call out the provincial militia for drill
during the winter, and steps have been taken to erect some
fortifications at weak points, for which purpose the sappers and miners
at Halifax have been ordered to Montreal.
The government steamers will not winter at Quebec, but proceed to
the lakes, so that they can be employed, in case of emergency, before
the opening of the river navigation.
Arms and ammunition are being forwarded from Quebec to the inland
magazines. The erection of new batteries has been commenced near the old
fort at Toronto. Two
batteries will be erected, each to mount six great guns.
Richmond Whig is informed that the water at the salt works in
Smythe county, Va., is abundant for the production of salt enough to
supply the world, and at a cost not exceeding twenty-five or thirty
cents per bushel. This is a
matter of too vital importance to the whole Southern Confederacy to be
neglected, and if private capitalists do not take hold of the matter at
once, the state of Virginia or the Confederate States should give such
encouragement as will ensure the material increase in the production of
salt at that place. By
prompt and vigorous action the capacity of the works may be increased in
a very short time to supply all our wants.
Strike Against a Northern Man.--The following paragraph take from
the Petersburg (Va.) Express, a 17th inst.:
large force of workmen at the Petersburg car and locomotive foundry on
Old street, were on strike for about two hours yesterday morning,
because of the appointment of James Myers, a native of Delaware, as
foreman of the foundry. It
was the opinion of the hands, that as the south is now fighting to be
independent of the north, it is due to southern citizens that the
northern man should not be placed in high position over us.
Matters took such a serious turn at the foundry, that it became
necessary for Mr. Myers to resign or be removed, which was done, and
after some little delay, everything resumed its wonted serenity.
There was no strike for money--nor did money have anything to do
with the disturbance. The
workmen were not satisfied to have a northern superintendent, and openly
expressed their discontent and refused to work under him.
Fire.--The machine shop of the Tallahassee and Pensacola and Georgia
railroads, says be Tallahassee News of the 19th, was discovered to be on
fire about half past nine o'clock yesterday morning, having caught in
the roof, from the smoke-stack. Not
having been prepared with buckets, &c., and there be no persons,
except the operatives, nearer than up-town, before the fire could be
arrested it consumed the entire machine shop, foundry attached, and one
of the large cotton sheds, together with nearly all the tools and
machinery in the machine shop and foundry, and one locomotive (the
Rutgers) which had been divested of its wheels for repairs.
The other locomotives were run out and saved.
The loss must be very great in amount of machinery, &c., and
when we consider that a great portion of it is of that character that
cannot be replaced at this time, the loss is hard to estimate.
Virginia Chemical Works.—A number of gentlemen in Richmond have
formed an association for the purpose of manufacturing such chemical
articles, indispensable at all times, and especially so at present, as
have hitherto been difficult to obtain. The works will be established in
or near Richmond, and will go into operation without unnecessary delay.
DECEMBER 30, 1861
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
settlement of the Trent affair, even before the nature of
England's demand, if any she had made, could be known, takes the people
as much by surprise as did the seizure of the rebel ministers. . .
If we could for the time put out of mind all recollection off
what has happened since the seizure--the speeches of our statesmen, the
comments of the press, the studied opinions of erudite men, fortified by
citations from the books--we should be better prepared to judge
rightfully of the result now reached and of the motives which have
controlled our government in its action.
The seizure of Mason and Slidell, and is officially stated, is
made to appear the individual act of Capt. Wilkes and not the act of our
government; and while the administration award to that officer the most
patriotic motives, they do not sanction a procedure which sets aside the
proper authority of prize courts and at the same time places us in the
unpleasant attitude of ignoring maritime rights for which we have
confess it would look better in history if our government had reached
its conclusion in this case at an earlier date, before the angry growl
of the lion had been heard across the Atlantic.
It would not be strange if captious people abroad should
interpret the action of our authorities, after the capture, has being,
in some sort, an endorsement of the arrest.
The imprisonment of the captives at Fort Warren was, it is
presumed, by order of the secretary of state, acting under the
president's direction. The
reasons now given for their release would have been equally valid
against their imprisonment at all.
The present phase of the matter, at the best, leaves us in an
ungracious, not to say humiliating position.
We have had our chuckle over the capture of two noted rebels; the
captain has been complemented by one house of Congress; he has been
offered the freedom of cities and made the subject of ovations;
numberless speeches have been made in justification of the capture; but
a flaw in the indictment is now discovered in all these things go for
nothing. Mason, Slidell and their scribes are to be delivered up.
After being treated to thanksgiving turkies and Scotch ale by
their Boston sympathizers, they are to be allowed to depart in such
manner is may have been agreed between Mr. Seward and Lord Lyons.
Their rebel character, in other words, is merged in that of
passengers having rights of which they cannot be deprived except in
pursuance of law. The
captain of the Trent is presumed to know nothing of the mission
of these men, nor of the proclamation of neutrality issued by the
that John Bull will be pacified by the terms of Mr. Seward's missive,
this is the end of the quarrel, which but yesterday threatening to
involve us in a foreign war of untold horrors, and, it is not too much
to say, of doubtful issue. The
people would be in a better mood to acquiesce in the upshot of the
affair, if we had any insurance of the pacific intentions of England in
the future. She is restive
under the blockade and if our domestic war is to be prolonged for many
months without decisive results, we shall hear more growls
which it will not be easy for diplomacy to silence.
Training in Our Schools.--At the meeting of the school committee on
Saturday, a very interesting report was presented and read by Dr.
Huntington, chairman of the special committee on physical training.
This system has been in use in all our schools for three months,
under the direction of Mr. Scott, who has been assisted by Mrs. S., and
has been attended by reasonable success.
By the following extract from the report, it is inferred that
some of the teachers do not carry out the wishes of the committee:
exercise the functions of our office through a corps of teachers, not an
independent body of men and women, but the appointees of the committee,
whose manifest duty it is to second and carry out, in good faith, the
wishes of the committee. We should be unwilling to charge upon any
teacher and open or secret design to evade or disregard a service
required of him. If there be reasons satisfactory to his own mind,
to restrain him from carrying out the wishes of the committee, the best
he can do as an honorable man, is to resign his position. Great
respect should ever, on all subjects, be had for the opinions of an
intelligent, experienced teacher, and no committee man should regard it
in derogation of his dignity to be advised by such; nevertheless, all
questions touching the interests of the schools, nearly or remotely,
must come to the final arbitrament of the committee."
Exercises.--It may not be generally known to our young men that
there exists in that this city a gymnasium club, and they have an
excellent and spacious room, fitted up with all the necessary apparatus.
At a meeting of the club last week it was voted to reduce the
terms of admission to three dollars per year or two dollars for six
months, with a chance to use the room and apparatus every day.
In these days, when so much attention is devoted to the physical
training of our children, it is hoped that the young and middle-aged
men--especially those engaged in sedentary occupations--will avail
themselves of the advantages offered by this club.
If a sufficient number can be obtained, a drill-club will be
formed, and all who desire can learn to handle the musket.
Mr. O. E. Cushing, in the savings bank building, Middle street,
has keys for the room, and will be happy to show all who may be desirous
Recitations.--Miss Jenny Kendall, a young lady of this city, will
give an entertainment Mechanics' Hall on Wednesday evening next, in
which she will read Hamlet in an abridged form, and also recite the
comic piece, in which she will sustain five different characters.
Let her be greeted by a full house.
DECEMBER 31, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
the U.S. Senate yesterday, petitions for the abolition of slavery, in
whole or in part, were presented, as usual.
A bill was introduced to acquire a title to the District of
Columbia. In the House,
resolutions calling on the heads of the different departments to furnish
information to the investigating Committee, were passed.
A bill repealing laws creating ports of entry was reported from
the Committee on Ways and Means. The
object of the bill is to avoid an implied recognition of the
Confederacy, by blockading her ports.
Both houses adjourned until Thursday.
official report of the expedition up the Edisto River, is received this
morning. On the 17th inst.,
Com'r Drayton of the Pawnee, accompanied by steamers Seneca
and Vixen, the latter a Coast Survey steamer, commanded by Capt.
Boutelle. Soon after
crossing the bar, they saw the fortifications on Edisto Island, upon
which they fired, but without receiving any answer.
They then landed and found the works deserted.
In the meantime, the Seneca had been sent forward, her
course being stabilized by the burning of cotton sheds and outhouses,
and she approached. At
night some Negroes came on board, and said that a body of 500 soldiers
was encamped at Rockville; and accordingly the next day at daylight
Com'r Drayton went on board the Vixen, taking with him the boats
and the marines from the Pawnee and Seneca.
In consequence of running aground they did not reach the town
until 8 o'clock in the morning. Near the town they found a small sloop laden with cotton and
provisions, of which they took possession.
Upon reconnaissance, they found that the troops had fled from the
camp, leaving everything at the mercy of the Negroes, who had plundered
everything worth plundering. Our
men, however, brought away 40 Sibley tents and 4 common ones, besides
other articles of no particular value.
Going further up the river, they found the Seneca ashore,
and she could not be pulled off until the next morning tide.
A sloop which had met with a similar mishap in trying to escape
from the Seneca, was burned by our boats. At night the expedition
returned to Edisto Island, but went up the river in the morning to get
off the Seneca, which they succeeded in doing.
On the way down, a small cotton sloop was captured, with her
crew. In the meantime, a large number of Negroes had collected on
board the different vessels, who were put on shore at the point.
The Penguin, Lieutenant Budd, was left in charge of the
river. The next morning the
fortifications on South Edisto Island were examined and found to be
deserted, the guns having been carried off.
Our fortifications on Otter Island were being put in a state of
defense. They returned to
North Edisto that night, and in the morning were informed by the Negroes
that the rebels had returned with reinforcements to occupy the camp at
Rockville. As the weather
was too threatening to permit of a satisfactory reconnaissance, the
expedition returned to report progress.
Davis's report of the operations of the stone fleet at Charleston has
been received. It does not
differ materially from the accounts already published.
battle is going on at Paducah, says the Cairo telegraph operator, but he
is not allowed to give particulars.
Legislature of New Mexico has repealed along protecting slavery, almost
Europa passed Cape Race on Sunday afternoon, but there was such a
sea running that it would have been madness to try to reach her in a
boat, although she passed within half a mile of the shore, therefore no
dispatches were conveyed to the steamer.
Flank Turned.--the London Saturday Review, stimulated in part
by what it calls "the dinner in the Riviere House at Boston,"
has much to say about " the insane and furious insolence of Mr.
Seward," and the madness of an unbridled democracy which selects as
judges, "such men as Mr. Justice Bigelow."
is one of the chief compensations for the surrender of the rebel envoys,
that it is destined to defeat exactly such sanguine predictions as those
of the Saturday Review, and show the English public that they are
totally at fault as regards our affairs. In fact, what can be more
uncomfortable than the position of a thoroughgoing "John
Bull," who, having worked himself into such a genuine war fever,
finds himself forced to take the very cool dose administered by Mr.
Seward? That document leaves England before the world very much in the
attitude of a bully in the street, who having taken off his coat and
rolled up his sleeves, finds that the object of his wrath has quietly
walked away without noticing him, to the great glee of the crowd of
the solid compensation for the present is to be found in the fact that
England has been entrapped into a defence of neutral rights which
nothing but blind passion could ever have induced her to walk into. The
trap is now sprung, and she is committed to a complete negative of all
Press on the Surrender
is certainly more for our interest in the long run than for that of
England to have the largest privileges accorded to neutrals. If, by the
present decision of our government, England can be brought to a full
recognition of the doctrines for which we have for half a century
striven to incorporate into the law of nations, not only for our
interests, but those of humanity and civilization at large will be
the problem which has caused such continued and angry discussion for the
last fifty years, can be settled at so easy a rate as the sending off of
Mason and Slidell, both sides will have reason to be thankful to Captain
Wilkes for having reopened the controversy . . . –Portland Advertiser.
matter is now wisely settled, and the damaged goods at Fort Warren are
consigned to the order of Lord Lyons for transshipment to a more
congenial atmosphere.—N.Y. Herald.
Deo—We are not to have a war with England waged by Americans
arrayed on the anti-American side of the maritime search question! Our
government has recognized and acted upon the fact that our true
national honor and our highest national interests alike call for the
restitution of the rebel diplomats taken from a British steamer by force
and without authority.—Providence Press.
doctrines of international law thus enforced—doctrines which this
nation has ever cherished—we shall now hold England to, and when this
rebellion is ended, then the day of reckoning will come.—Worcester
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
Soldier’s Death.—I was buying a newspaper, in front of
Willard’s, to keep me company over breakfast, when the boy who was
giving me change sang out, in ragamuffin blurt, over his shoulder:
“There comes an ambulance, Bob! Another feller dead!” And, as my eye
followed the toss of the varlet’s ragged cap, I saw a squad of eight
or ten soldiers approaching, on the road from Alexandria, with reversed
arms, followed by one of the two-wheeled vehicles which answer for both
litter and hearse, and the polite name of which has now become
universal. The moment after came the sound of the muffled drum, the
single tap marking the prolonged measure of the funeral march, and
slowly and thoughtfully the little phalanx of mourners came along. And
so went the dead soldier past the crowded hotel, on his way to the
cemetery beyond—his feasting and fighting all over—and, of the
hundreds lounging upon that thronged thoroughfare, scarce one lifted his
eye to observe a street spectacle now so common. The nearest approach to
even a passing identification of the dead was the number of his
regiment, painted on the side of the ambulance which bore his body, and
the little newsboy’s “another feller dead!” was probably his whole
epitaph and biography!
repeat, that these regiment-marked funerals—the drum muffled and arms
reversed for but the number of the laid-off knapsack—are, tome, very
touching! I never take a walk in Washington without seeing from two to a
half-dozen of them. Of course, to every one, there is mother who should
be there—a sweetheart who should have had a look at the pale face
before it was covered up forever—perhaps a father or brother, a sister
or friend, whose tears might have kept time to that drum beat. Should
there not be a chronicler, at least, who would make, for these far-away
mourners, some record of the burial—treasure up, perhaps, some hearsay
of the last look or word? Liable, as all soldiering is, to this death
upon unwatched pillows and nameless burial by unsympathizing hands—the
boy most beloved at home, and most reluctantly sent to the wars, being
as liable to it as the most worthless of his comrades—should there not
be some regard paid to the distant heart-followers of their far-away
march—some diary kept, by chaplain or hospital nurse, which could be
consulted, afterward, by the mourners of the un-returning? With the
colors of every regiment might there not be a regularly-provided blank
book for these records of sickness and burial—a place in which should
be preserved, faithfully and sacredly, the trifles on which grief loves
to linger?—N.P. Willis.
New Year opens with some dark portents, naturally calculated to
modify the joyous feelings with which the greetings of the season have
been marked. The thought possesses all minds that before another
twelvemonth the issue of this war will probably have been decided. In
the past, we have laid the ground-work of success. With the smiles of
Providence, wise counsels, steady perseverance and determined action,
the result must be auspicious. But whatever may be in the unrevealed
future, America expects every man to do his duty. Thus only may we hope
for speedy deliverance from our troubles, and thus may we hope to
realize the wish of one and all, of A HAPPY NEW YEAR.
the South.—By the courtesy of a friend we have several numbers of
Richmond and Charleston papers, the first to Dec. 12th, the
latter to the 16th ult. They contain little matter of general
interest. The Charleston Mercury of the 9th is
occupied with details of the great fire which was then raging. With
regard to its origin the Mercury gives a report that it appeared
in three places at the same time, a circumstance, if true, going to show
that the city was fired by design. The same number of the Mercury
contains a proclamation of Governor Pickens. The document opens by
saying, “Our state is invaded and Charleston is threatened by land and
by sea, with large forces.” The governor calls for twelve thousand
volunteers, to serve for a term not less than two months, unless sooner
discharged, and he adds, “unless this call is promptly responded to a
draft will be executed,” &c. A correspondent suggests a project
for destroying the blockade on a plan which certainly has the merit of
intense originality. The project is, to prepare a number of large iron
shells, loaded with one hundred pounds of powder and a due proportion of
destructive missiles; the shells to be the heaviest on one side, and
that side to be fitted with nipples for percussion caps, communicating
with the charge. Then what? Why, “then take these sells up in
balloons, and when at a convenient altitude above the blockading
squadron allow them to descend upon the enemy’s decks.”
The dwelling-house of Lucius Wright, at Rockingham, was burnt on the 21st
ult., only a part of the furniture and provisions being saved. Insured
Ferrisburg, on the 17th ult., a son of Ephron Allen, aged 13
years, arose at five o’clock, a.m., and went to the barn to milk,
carrying a lantern with him. Accidentally upsetting it, the light set
fire to some straw, and three barns, with their whole contents, were
Dillingham of Waterbury, a recent democratic candidate for governor of
Vermont, has taken in charge a contraband, recently the chattel of Lady
Scott, of “secesh” notoriety, and is sending him to school, where
the lad is making good progress.
powder-manufacturing company of Bennington have obtained a second
government contract for 1000 barrels of gunpowder, amounting in value to
$18,000. An article of good report is required.
annual meeting of the Vermont State Agricultural Society will be held at
Bellows Falls on the 3d inst.
rascal and swindler Tifft has been doing a large business along half the
length of the state, say from Thetford to Bellows Falls. He starts a
writing school at “half price for twelve lessons,” collects the pay
in advance on the second evening, and then departs secretly, leaving his
bills unpaid, together with borrowed money in some instances. Bus his
course is nearly run, for the newspapers are exposing him and the
sheriffs are after him.
in Canada.—The news of the release of the rebel ministers was
received in Montreal on Saturday evening. The journals of that city
describe the people as overjoyed. An immense crowd gathered at the
exchange, where the news was read amid loud cheers. The Gazette
has a congratulatory article expressed in handsome terms, and concludes
by saying, “We heartily thank God that our coming annual festival of
New Year brings with it no immediate indications of bloodshed and
confusion during the twelve months which it will inaugurate.”
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
REBEL GUNBOAT SHOWS HER TEETH.
Monroe, Dec. 29, via Baltimore, Dec. 30.—As the steamboat Express,
which runs between Old Point and Newport News, was leaving the latter
place this morning, a rebel tug boat was seen off Sewell’s Point. She
wore a commodore’s blue pennant, which was mistaken at first for a
flag of truce, but on the Express arriving within range, the
rebel boat fired a shot across the bow of the Express, which was
quickly followed by several shells.
greatest consternation prevailed for a short time on board the Express,
which was unarmed, and the schooner Sherwood, employed to bring
water from Newport News, which was in tow, was cut adrift. The Sherwood
was immediately deserted by her crew, consisting of four men, who
escaped by a small boat to Newport News, and the schooner, drifting down
with the tide, was taken possession of by the Rebel gunboat and towed to
Craney Island. Her captain stuck to her and was taken prisoner.
rebel tugboat subsequently made her appearance, a second time, but the Express
had crowded on all steam, and had reported the circumstances to the
flagship. After a long delay, about half a dozen gunboats got started,
and steamed towards the scene and threw a few shells into Sewall’s
Point and Pig Point Batteries, without producing any effect, however, so
far as is known.
it not been for the inexcusable delay in our gunboats getting to the
spot, the rebels might have been intercepted and the schooner saved. The
Sherwood had been lined with zinc and fitted out with a valuable
force pump for a water boat. The loss is estimated at about $2,000. The
schooner belonged to Assistant Quartermaster Noyes.
flag of truce has been sent down to Norfolk this afternoon, but it
brought no news. A note from Gen. Huger to Gen. Wool announces that he
is ready to send 240 prisoners of war down the James river from Richmond
by a flag of truce, whenever they will be received. Gen. Wool will send
a flag of truce on Thursday or Friday next in answer thereto. No list of
those to be released has yet been received by him.
Earthquake in the Camp.—A correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer,
at Camp Leslie, Arlington Heights, Va., writing under date of the 24th
one o’clock we were startled by a
terrific noise, as if a whole regiment of cavalry were charging through
the camp at full speed. The ground trembled and the whole camp was
aroused—Col. Chormann among the first. It proved to be an earthquake--its
usual rumbling sound being aided by the frantic pawing and jumping of
every horse in camp. Many of the horses broke loose, and all were
severely shocked; some of them fell to the ground, and altogether there
was the wildest confusion I have as yet seen in camp life. After the cause
of the commotion was ascertained we turned in again, and most of us were
sound asleep in less than five minutes.”
Mason and Slidell and Messrs. McFarland and Eustis, who have been
surrendered by our Government on the claim of Gt. Britain, sail from
Boston on Wednesday next for England in the regular mail steamer Niagara,
of the Cunard line.
Effect of It.
is but fair to presume that the
advocates of emancipation policy and the arming of the slaves understood
well what the certain consequences would be; and is it not therefore just to
ascertain that they desire those results? What those results may be, is thus
described by the New York Times, a leading and able Republican paper:
Congress should decree the emancipation of the slaves, and incorporate the
blacks of the South with the army that is fighting against the rebellion, we
should probably witness the following events in substantially the following
The annihilation of the Union party and of the Union armies in Missouri,
Kentucky, Western Virginia and Maryland, and the secession of those States
from the Union.
The resignation of a very large proportion of the Union Generals, and the
disbandment of more than half the existing Union armies now in the field,
with the cessation of enlistments, and the impossibility of supplying fresh
The formation of a Peace party in the Northern States which would resist and
defeat the collection of war taxes, paralyze the prosecution of hostilities,
throw everything into turmoil and confusion at home, and secure either the
recognized independence of the South or the reconstruction of the Union, by
giving slavery all the guarantees it has never dreamed of asking.
Constitution now, and the “worship” of it which prevails both with the
Government and the people, averts these disasters and holds the country firm
and steady to the prosecution of the war against the rebellion.”
Louisville (Ky.) Democrat, in publishing the Report of the Secretary
of War in its original atrocious form, pronounces it “the wickedest
document that ever emanated from the pen of man,” and concludes its
comments by saying:
the slaves of the rebels, and the act will do as much harm to the Unionist
as the rebel. It changes, as we have said before, the whole contest from a
sacred cause of religion and patriotism to a John Brown raid. It loses, if
carried into effect, all the border slave States, and, we firmly believe,
some of the conservative border free States. It concludes the war as
effectually as if a hundred battles had been gained by the Southern
Charleston Fire.—Nearly 600 buildings were destroyed by the great fire
in Charleston, S.C. The loss is estimated at from $5,000,000 to $7,000,000.
Hundreds of people were rendered houseless, and great suffering ensues.
at the South.—Col. Peyton, a rebel Commissioner from North Carolina,
who went to Europe in the rebel steamer Nashville, is reported to
have made the following statement: He says that there are now in the Cotton
States 750,000 bales of cotton of the old crop, over 4,000,000 bales of the
new crop, and $50,000,000 worth of tobacco in the naval stores ready for
shipment. If the blockade is raised, all this produce will go to England and
France within three months.
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
in North Carolina.--It is sometimes since we have heard from the
Union men in North Carolina, who have as yet failed to make any
demonstration of their alleged attachment to the Union.
But the Washington correspondent of the New York Journal of
sent you a scrap a few days since, in which I told you there was a
strong Union feeling developing in the central part of North Carolina.
This news was brought by a young man just from there whom I
personally knew. He said
there was a constant expectation that it would break out in a counter
revolution, and from the names mentioned there is every reason to have
confidence that if a sufficient force could be landed at Beaufort and
Wilmington to take those places, and advance upon the railroads leading
from thence into the interior, with a preceding the proclamation that if
North Carolina with lay down her arms she would be received with
fraternal regard and a sufficient force furnished to sustain her from
side attacks, in thirty days she would be back in the Union, and the
weight of the confederacy on either side would break the backbone of the
insurrection--which is most devoutly to be wished."
at the Brooklyn Navy Yard.
workmen at the Brooklyn navy yard, numbering nearly three thousand, have
struck, in consequence of the recent order of the secretary of the navy,
requiring them to work from sunrise to sunset, at the same rate of wages
as has paid outside.
Hill of the firm of Hughes, Fuller & Co., of Philadelphia, has
secured a contract for furnishing the government with $1,000,000 bushels
of corn, at 77 cents per bushel, and 750,000 tons of hay, at $22.50 per
ton. This is one of the
heaviest contracts yet made by the government for forage.
J. Wall, clerk on a North river steamboat, fatally shot Owen Phelan,
during a quarrel in a New York drinking saloon, late Monday night.
Troy university has suspended for a vacation off at least four months,
the question of reopening to be decided by the state of the funds at the
end of that time.
treasure brought from California by steamers in 1860 was $33,499,409;
that brought in 1861 was $34,379,547, showing an increase of $880, 138.
newspaper reporters continue to haunt Gen. Scott, much to the old hero's
annoyance. He could not go
to the Church of the Ascension, in New York, last Sunday, without being
glowered at by the press gang, pencil in hand, two record everything he
said were did, and to make an impertinent "personal" of it for
the morning and journals. If
a man will be great, he must be content to be bored.
in New York and the other large cities is quiet, as it usually is at the
beginning of a new year. People
generally are closing out old matters, and we can, before the commands
new transactions, to see what is to be the condition of our foreign
relations, it also what is to be the established basis of the currency.
to Mason and Slidell.
British steam gunboat Rinaldo left Provincetown at 5 o’clock
Wednesday afternoon, with the rebel commissioners, Mason and Slidell,
and their secretaries on board.
Experience in Battle.--A federal soldiers who was in the battle of
Pikeville, in Kentucky, writes to his friends in Cincinnati this graphic
description of his sensations during the fight:--
now for my share in the battle. I
was riding along somewhat carelessly, when crack! crack! crack! went
their rifles, and down fell our men. Crack! crack! crack! they came.
Off I jumped from my horse, when along came the major and gave me
his horse to hold; but I soon hitched them both to a tree down by the
river and sprung again up the bank, when whiz! went a bullet passed my
face, about three inches from it, and made me draw my head back in a
hurry, I can assure you. I
looked up the hill, but could see no one for the smoke, which was
plenty, so I levelled in the direction of the enemy and fired--loaded
again and fired. I got my
rifle in readiness again. Ah! that ball was pretty close.
Here comes another--buzz--buzz--(you can hear the whiz for fully
a hundred yards as they come)--get out of the way.
But where is it to go to? Whew! that was close.
But, great God! it has gone through a man's shoulder within a few
yards of me! He falls!--some of his comrades pick him up.
a horseman comes past in a hurry. He
is right opposite me--when whiz, crack! a ball strikes his horse in the
foreshoulder. Off tumbles
the man; down falls the horse, stiffened out and dead.
If the bullet had gone through the animal, it would doubtless
have struck me."
comes a dozen or more. How
they whiz as they go past! 'Load and fire!' 'Load and fire!' is the
order--and load and fire it is. My
notice was especially drawn to a very fine-looking man, who stood close
to me, and he truly acting like a hero--loading and firing just as if he
was on parade, when whiz! whiz! comes a bullet. My God! how close.
It almost stunned me! When
I looked towards my soldier, I saw his comrades lifting him up.
He was shot through the breast, and died in less than half an
hour. Oh! the horrors of war! Vengeance
on the heads of those who initiate it!
directed my attention up the hill; a little puff of smoke was dying
away. 'Boys,' says I to the squad of his fellows, 'you see that smoke?
aim for it, any rebel's in its rear." I raised my Enfield and
glanced through its sights, went I for a moment caught sight of a man
through the bushes and smoke there.
Crack went our gun[s], and all was over.
crossed to the place afterward and found the man's body.
He had four out of twelve musket
balls, and one Enfield rifle ball--mine, as mine was the only rifle ball
fired. They all went
through him; either of which would have killed him--mine through his
breast. Thank God! I had
done my duty for the poor fellow who fell beside me." --Evening
of a New Bomb.
trial of the McIntyre Hart repeating bomb, was given Thursday afternoon
at Providence, in presence of Gov. Sprague and staff. Seventy-nine
explosions were obtained from ten of the nine-inch shells, in the
regularity, certainty and terrible efficiency of the projectile, was
fully demonstrated. Gov. Sprague expressed unqualified admiration at the
successful issue of the exhibition.
The next trial will be made in Washington soon.
JANUARY 4, 1862
PORTLAND DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
On What is it Founded?
What is its Strength and its Weakness?
is a curious fact to start with, that the Southern Confederacy is
founded upon the principle that it is a Corporation, based on the rights
of each State as an independent sovereign nation to leave it, at
pleasure. It is a league or
company that each individual member may repudiate whenever the humor
takes him. It is really
worse than the German league or confederation, because its members can
withdraw without the consent of any other member.
holds the Southern Confederation together but the war pressure.
Let peace be made to-day, and to-morrow, South Carolina would
secede, and the next day Georgia and Alabama.
people there firmly believe that the success of the North will be the
abolition of slavery. They
do not believe that the people of the North of all parties are
prosecuting this war to preserve the union, and execute the laws, even
to the return of fugitives from labor; but that "President
Lincoln" is doing it to "destroy their domestic
reverse of their belief is the truth.
A dissolution of the Union would soon certainly be followed by
the abolition of slavery. It
could not be otherwise. Garrison
and his followers saw this from the first; and hence they denounced the
Constitution as "a league with hell and a covenant with
it is now, the slave has to run the gauntlet hundreds of miles on an
"under-ground railroad" to get out of the Union into Canada.
But in case the rebellion should prove a success, and the
independence of the States that are parties to it should be established,
so far as they would be concerned, the Constitution and laws, providing
for the return of fugitives from labor, would be null and void, and have
no effect; and the now border free States would compose a part of a
foreign nation, that would not return one of the escaped, but protect
them in all their resumed natural rights of life and liberty.
To subdue the rebellion is therefore conservative, and to
acknowledge and recognize its success is the abolition of slavery.
About this fact, there is no doubt, and never was.
the revolution broke out in South Carolina, the Senate and House of
Representatives were both conservative, and so was the Supreme Court. The President elect was disposed to enforce the fugitive
slave law; but had it been otherwise, both Houses of Congress and the
Supreme Court would have been against him.
It was plain, therefore, that with the leaders, the
election was not the cause but the occasion of the
rebellion. It was a pretext that had been patiently waited for, since
the days of nullification. And
some of the pioneers in it were candid enough to say so.
the Confederation, besides its looseness--besides being a mere rope of
sand held together by the war pressure--besides being a league of little
independent nations, like the states of ancient Greece held together by
the war pressure from without, is like them in its elements of
dissatisfaction and disruption.
the separation of the two tribes from the ten, until the carrying a way
of the ten tribes into everlasting captivity, the children of Israel,
boss divided, working in almost perpetual war.
The Italian States, the States of Greece, and the little South
American Republics, and the Mexican States are fears specimens of the
internecine wars that would devastate the North and the South, should
the revolution prove a success, in the right of secession be
the South presents a bold front on the Potomac, in Kentucky, Western
Virginia and Missouri; behind this front is nothing but weakness. Its armies and fortifications may be compared to a shop where
all the goods are skillfully prepared on shelves and in shoe cases.
The eye sees all at a glance.
Nothing is left in reserve behind this outward appearance.
A single decisive battle against the South, like Manassas against
the North, would decide this question, and blot out forever the
rebellion, which has nothing to fall back upon.
Not so with the North. A
dozen defeats like Manassas only prolongs the contest.
It does not and cannot decide it.
contest is one that must decide whether we have the Government or
not--whether the Southern leaders shall establish anarchy, or the
Government to preserve liberty and law--the Union and Constitution.
This is its purpose and nothing else.
Toronto Leader is quite satisfied that, in the briefest possible
time, we will be compelled to acknowledge the Confederacy through the
forces of our national bankruptcy. Moreover, it holds that there is no
sympathy with us anywhere but in Russia and Austria, and they cannot
help the degrading poverty which is so soon to overtake and humble us.
appears that there is great apprehension of a Yankee attempt to burn the
Victoria Bridge. The Montreal Herald says that heavy gates are
prepared to close the tube, and a strong picket guard will be stationed
at each entrance. When the gates are hung, they will only be opened to
allow the passage of trains, and immediately closed; and the doors of
all passenger cars will be locked to prevent any person leaving them
while passing through the tube.
are complimented in the following plain fashion:
war for the Union is popular only so long as money can be made out of
it; but northern patriotism will fade into thin air the moment that the
patriots have to pay the cost of the war.”
N.Y. Commercial thinks it is safe to say that Charleston can
never recover from the blows she has received.
Wasted by raging flames within and isolated from the world of
foreign commerce, the war has sealed her condemnation forever.
When South Carolina returns to her reason, a new emporium,
founded on different auspices, will rise fifty miles lower down the
coast. Some site near
Hilton Head will be selected on which to found the commercial metropolis
of the Carolinas. The spot
where treason hatched its pestiferous brood of crimes against the
country and against mankind, will be left to mourn in desolation.
War of 1812 was less than fifty years in the past in 1861—closer then
than we are today to the Second World War—and readers would remember
the actions of the Royal Navy in illegally removing Americans from our
merchant ships and forcing them into service as one of the main reasons
for our entry into that war.
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