JANUARY 19, 1862
THE DAILY TRUE DELTA (LA)
THEORIES OF YANKEE BLOCKADE.
theory of blockade troubles of the Yankees excessively. They have now tried two forms, and the practice under both
has baffled their calculations. They
are evidently hugely afraid that neither will stand the test of the
principles of public law, whenever the nations whose interests are
deeply wounded by the attempts shall have exhausted their patience and
undertake to assert their rights. These
two forms--a proclamation blockade and a blockade by stone
barricade--are in joint operation now.
Federal fleet assert a blockade of all the coasts and ports of the
Confederate States, and exclude where they can, and succeed very
generally in excluding, all foreign vessels from trading with the South. This is the right of blockade, to which foreign nations have
indulgently given their sanction, by allowing it to stand as the act of
a belligerent. But they
have held the Federal authorities to the necessary implications
deducible from this assertion of belligerent rights, that the
Confederates are also belligerents, and entitled to all the rights of
public war. Writhing under
this bitter necessity, the Yankees have attempted to evade the force of
the admission by holding foreign governments to the double and
inconsistent obligation of disputing a blockade because made by the laws
of public war, at the same time that it is denied in words that there is
anything in the conflict the Federal Government is waging more entitled
to the consideration of other governments than any insurrection which
lawful authorities might undertake to suppress within their own
territories. England and
France permitted even this, and continued to allow the blockade to be in
force, as the act of the belligerent, in the face of the repeated public
assertion by the blockading power, that there is no war--only the easy
effort to suppress a "waning" rebellion.
there have been symptoms that foreign indulgence to this crotchety way
of dealing with great interests is coming to its close.
The dispatch of M. Thouvenel on the Trent affair contained some
very significant passages, from which it is to be inferred that France
will not continue to allow the Federal government any further benefit of
the assumption that it can have the right of war without being held to
the duties of war; that it may be a belligerent for the purpose of
harassing and subjugating its enemies, but a non-belligerent for the
purpose of escaping responsibility for the injuries which its gigantic
warlike measures inflict upon the rest of the world.
are further signs, too, that these powers, holding the Northern
Government to the obligations of public war, may, under the provocations
of its developed lawlessness, and faithlessness, and under the continual
and aggravated pressure of its acts upon their interests, look with a
closer scrutiny into the legal character of those acts, and try them by
rules which will condemn them as offenses against the peace, the moral
sense, and the law of the world. There
is immediate danger, therefore--and they feel it at Washington--that the
first Lincoln theory of blockade, is to be exploded by foreign action,
in both its facts; that it will be held to be rigidly a measure of
public war, and, as such, found, or at least pronounced to be, wanting
in traits of public law and respect to the interests of humanity and
civilization, which are indispensable, to entitle it to be respected,
strengthen the weakness of this theory, the Government of Lincoln added
another form of blockade, which is meant to release itself from all the
responsibilities to public law, by destroying the subjects upon which
that law is meant to operate. There
can be no question of neutral commerce when commerce is obliterated.
There can be no dispute about the right to blockade a port, if
the port itself can be made useless to mankind forever.
Moreover, the enormous expensiveness of maintaining fleets to
seal up a whole coast against intercourse with foreign nations can be
profitably spared if, by the exercise of the naked powers of
destructiveness, the land may be made unapproachable, and left desolate.
The fiendish purpose is exultingly avowed by the North, that if
it cannot repossess and control the doomed ports on which this vengeance
is prepared to fall, they shall be lost to mankind forever.
They hold about where they cannot conquer they will utterly
destroy--inflicting, to borrow the words of one of the eulogists of the
devilish scheme directed against the harbors of Charleston and Savannah,
"a silent blight, falling upon them as though out of the
night--deadly, inevitable--and leaving those perfidious cities in a
petrified death in life."
atrocious experiment has begun with the harbor of Charleston.
The stone fleet deposited its barricades, but the winds and
currents came, and bailed the hideous malignity which devised such an
outrage upon the rights all mankind have in the bounty of God, who
created diversities among nations, and laid the foundations of their
common happiness in their mutual intercourse.
But the wickedness of the conception is not less horrible because
it was impotent. The
of the execution only added scorn to the indignation with which the
avowed purpose was greeted abroad.
The English Minister kept within the bounds of official decorum,
when he simply signified that governments would treat such attempts at
evading the legitimate duties of maintaining a blockade, as an
abandonment of the belligerent position.
The effect of this would be to revive at once all the rights of
commerce between England and the Confederate States, which, under her
practices and the accepted international law, as the United States have
expounded it for themselves, would permit her to trade freely under her
own flag, and everything but contraband of war, with ports of which the
Confederate authorities have possession; this, too, without reference to
the question of independence.
hint has marvelously sharpened the wits of the Yankees, and taken some
of the fiery edge off from their malevolent purpose of substituting
stone barricades for armed ships in blockading the South.
It is now found out that Charleston could not be destroyed, and
it is said that the attempt upon Savannah will not be made.
The stone blockade is therefore a blunder, a failure and a
now a third plan is proposed, which may be used as ancillary to, or a
substitute for, the other two.
bill has been introduced into the Federal Congress to seal up the ports
of the South, by law of Congress, against foreign trade, as ports of the
United States, into which no vessel from abroad has the right to enter,
except in pursuance of some law. It
repeals all the laws and parts of laws by which any port in any of the
"rebellious States" was made a port of entry, and prohibits
the entrance or departure therefrom of any vessel, foreign or domestic,
except the public vessels of the Government of the United States.
Any vessel attempting to enter or depart from such port is liable
to be seized, and, with its hold cargo, condemned, and the proceeds
devoted as in case of prize! The
mover of the measure urged it on the ground that the existing blockade
is in danger of being set aside by other nations, as defective, unless
the state of war be conceded, and ineffective if it be; if and that the
United States have no other lawful way to keep out commerce than by
holding the ports to be its own property still, and legislating
foreigners out of them.
project is an imbecile one, but the confessions which it makes are all
minutes. It quails
under an approaching peril.
It is an insane thought that a practical denial of blockade, by
the substitution of a purely municipal injunction--a harmless battery of
words---for the more costly armaments of guns afloat, would weigh for a
moment against the desire and design of foreign nations to trade with
the ports of the South, whenever the blockade is intermitted, or can in
any form of construction, be taken to be abandoned as a belligerent act.
third form of obstruction is even more puerile than the other two.
There are none of these which could stand a moment in law or in
morals before a resolute purpose of the commercial powers of Europe to
try them by the standards which regulate the action of governments which
take charge of the great interests of humanity and civilization.
question recurs--how long will this patience endure? The answer is obvious to our understanding--not a day longer
than that one on which it is made manifest than the huge convulsive
effort which the Northern Giant, in the spasms of dissolution, is now
making to crush the Confederate cause by some signal blow at one of the
points to which his armies are pressing forward does not accomplish its
object. Possibly their patience may not last even so long.
Certain it is, that it will not survive one more Southern victory
on a great field of battle, a victory which we look for, with high
confidence, whenever the armies come together.
Shoes.--These offsprings of necessity are thus highly commended by
the Mobile Register and Advertiser:
learn that the Georgia-made shoes with double maple soles are in very
good demand. Several
planters have been testing their merits, and the result has in all cases
proved favorable. In our
own immediate vicinity, or in what might properly be called "the
Army of Mobile," they have been tried, and the report is so
favorable that only yesterday and additional lot was ordered.
We have no hesitation in saying that they will prove an excellent
marching shoe. Some other
article might suit to better the double-quick movement, but for an
all-day lick they will prove less fatiguing than a more elastic shoe.
Besides, the foot is less liable to heat in them, no matter what
kind of a sock is worn, or even should the soldier find himself without
any. One thing we must say--though that will not diminish their
value among our boys--they'll never do to run away in; indeed, they are
a Southern shoe, and not designed for that kind of service.
JANUARY 20, 1862
SPRINGFIELD DAILY REPUBLICAN (MA)
of the British Army.--The power of Great Britain lies almost
entirely in her navy, while her army is comparatively small and
insignificant; in fact she is the weakest of all the great nations in
military power. In the late war with Russia, when England was an ally of
France, the latter furnished the greater part of the soldiers, and half
of those which England did furnish were raw and inexperienced troops. At
that time, too, England was so situated that she could employ a larger
force than usual in a foreign war. She had nothing to fear from France, her quondam foe, but
then acting in conjuncture with her, and her Indian possessions were
quiet, so that the British force there could be reduced to the smallest
figure. And yet three years
after the war broke out, England and the 72,000 troops in the field, and
could expect to have no more. The
reason for this inferiority of England in military strength is the large
amount of men required to man her gigantic navy, and the large number of
troops required constantly in her colonial possessions.
The navy demands 300,000 men and for its full force, and granting
that an equal land force could be raised, by far the larger part could
not be spared from home and colonial your duty.
derive from these facts the gratifying assurance that in case of a war
with England we have but little to fear from her army.
It would take years for her to concentrate a force of 75,000 men
on this continent, part of which must be located in Canada and the rest
detailed for duty on the coast. Canada
would afford but a poor field for the operation of European troops, with
the short summers and the long cold winters, and the number of troops
England could place there need excite no apprehension.
On the other hand, while the main force in conjunction with
England powerful navy, might do us considerable damage along the coast,
this force would not be large enough to penetrate into the interior, and
could in reality effect nothing towards conquering this country.
The bravery of English soldiers is undisputed.
An English soldier is surpassed by none in the world, and would
prove a formidable adversary. But
the Yankees have some reputation for fighting qualities also, and with
the numbers we could bring into the field, and with the consciousness of
having justice on our side, we should be a match ten times over to any
force England could send against us.
It is a question also, whether England would not need all her
soldiers at home in the event of war with the United States.
India and Ireland are in no way in a contented state, and they
would doubtless take this opportunity to rise and try once more to throw
off the yoke of the oppressor of their liberties.
It requires a large force to keep England's dependencies in
subjection in time of peace, and in the event of a war, it would have to
be so largely increased as to leave but a merely nominal force for
defensive operations. England
doubtless knows her weakness as well as her strength, and if she is
wise, she will not rush into an unprovoked war with the United States.
Rebels Want a Flag.--The rebels are getting disgusted with their
flag, the "stars and bars," which is merely an awkward
burlesque of the beautiful stars and stripes.
The confederate generals in Virginia have got up a new flag, some
of which have been seen about Centreville.
It is a number of stars in the form of a cross on a red ground.
It is intended to represent the constellation of the southern
cross. The Richmond Dispatch
objects that the constellation is not seen in our hemisphere, but that
only makes it a more fitting emblem of a political constellation that
will never exist in this hemisphere, otherwise than in design.
The Dispatch proposes a flag, with a sun in the center, on
a bar or a band of blue, on each side of which there is a stripe of
white and the upper left hand and lower right corners are formed of a
triangle of red. The
Richmond Examiner disposes of this by showing that the blue band
or bar is a bar sinister. This,
in heraldry, signifies bastardy, and something not honestly or directly
obtained. Nothing could be
more fitting. A rebel flag
without the bar sinister would be insignificant.
If the confederacy is not illegitimate it is nothing.
Some of the rebels propose the old French flag, the fleur de
lis of the Bourbons. This
would be most appropriate as the symbol of a race of tyrants. We should recommend to the confederates a combination of
these various devices, or is something more simple and obvious is
required, let the flag be a brown cotton sheeting, with several vertical
black stripes, the whole to represent a cotton bale, with a wooly head
couchant on the center, with handcuffs and a whip pendant.
That would tell the whole story of the republic built on cotton
and slavery--and nothing else.
Rebellion and the Invalids.--The southern rebellion lays an
unpleasant embargo on the social and sanitary visits of northerners to
that milder section of the country during the present wintry season. The deprivation is severely felt in many cases by invalids.
The West Indies are not an agreeable alternative because also of
our national troubles and the active sympathy there with the rebels;
though Nassau is receiving an unusual number of guests this season.
Many families are ameliorating their cold country homes by a
temporary residence is in New York and Philadelphia--there being any
great difference between the temperature even of the former city and our
New England towns, while the latter is a half way point in the climactic
scale between our North and South, and furnishes a temperature most
agreeably softened from this section during all the winter months.
The hotels of these two cities are now experiencing the benefits
of this condition of things in a larger company of visitors than at any
time for many months. Mr. Stevens's Continental House at Philadelphia is
conspicuous in that city for the comforts of a temporary home; in most
respects it is regarded as the best hotel in all the country; and it is
doing much to lift the city out of its provincial character which more
than to any other of our cities so thoroughly attaches itself to
Philadelphia, and to introduce it and its really charming attractions as
a place of residence and visiting to the people of New England.
At New York, such houses as the Brevoort, New York Hotel and
Fifth Avenue our quite full with private families boarding for the
winter or parties of pleasure.
JANUARY 21, 1862
PORTLAND DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
Sweat, of the Senate, has reported a bill from his Committee on Frontier
and Coast defences, authorizing a loan by the State to the United States
Government for the purpose of such defences, and the Senate has ordered
it to be printed. In nothing said respecting it, at the time it was
submitted, and yet reported, have we learned the nature, or the extent
of the proposed loan, which we trust is proportionate to the great
necessities of the State--now the most important and yet most exposed
territory of the Union to any foreign invasion that can be anticipated.
In Congress a fortification bill has passed the House of
Representatives, containing an appropriation of $100,000 for Fort Knox
on Penobscot River, and $100,000 for Hog Island Fort in our harbor,
though $50,000 in each is to be expended in 1862.
if it to be a fact, as we believe it will turn out to be, that the most
effective fortresses yet devised, are to be found in the recently
developed Revolving Iron Fortress invented by Mr. Timby, and a model of
which has been for some days past on exhibition in this city, to the
complete and unqualified approval of every person who has seen it--and
if the actual cost of constructing this Fortress must prove to be a vast
saving of money to the Government and people, over any hitherto
conceived, then we trust that our public authorities at Augusta, and in
Washington, also, will not definitively appropriate vast sums of money
for the specific construction of forts upon the old plan, until they
shall have for thoroughly investigated and determined whether the Timby
Fortress is not one of paramount advantages, both in efficiency and
economy, and if found so apply the means raised, to its construction
everywhere on the coast that can need it.
One thing is certain to be said of this Timby Fortress, which
cannot be said of our old plans of forts--and it is, that both
government and people--every body, we mean, will know when it is
completed and when appropriations for its construction will cease.
It is a structure that can be finished.
All expenditures that have been made upon our yet unfinished
forts, had better be abandoned for economy's sake, rather than have more
money expended upon them, and the Timby Fortress be taken, if it be what
every body declares it to be, comparatively the cheapest and most potent
engine of defensive operations yet known in any part of the world.
hope shortly to be able to acquaint our readers with the character of
Mr. Sweat's reported bill. The
Committee is an able, well constituted body for the advisory of the
broader views which the events of the time foreshadow as needful on the
part of those entrusted with providing for our frontier and coast
in St. Louis.--The citizens of St. Louis have all been classified,
and their names registered in four classes--those who are out and out
for the Union, those who are for it with a reservation, those who are
secessionists, those who keep still and to say nothing.
At each hotel is a deputy, who furnishes passes to
must go directly to the marshal's office, where some of them fled it is
a difficult matter to obtain a pass.
Facts and Rumors.
Ky., Jan. 20.--Gen. Thomas telegraphs to head quarters that Friday
night Zollicoffer team up to his encampment and attacked him, at 6
o'clock Saturday morning near Webb's cross roads in the vicinity of
Somerset. At half past 8
o'clock Saturday P.M., Zollicoffer and Bailey Peyton had been killed and
that the rebels were in full retreat to their entrenchments at Mill
spring, with the federals in full pursuit.
No further particulars respecting losses on either side.
Jan. 20.--John Johnson, a native of New Jersey, who was impressed at
the New Orleans and escaped from Manassas ten days ago, has arrived here
on his way home. He
estimates the rebel force at Manassas at 40,000, at Leesburg 80,000, and
at Ocoquan 15,000. He had
not heard of the Port Royal victory until he got within the Federal
lines. The Federal fight at
Drainesville had a depressing effect upon the rebel army.
Their loss is conceded to be 800 in killed, wounded and missing.
He says the Louisiana regiment to which he was attached, contains
a large number of steamboat man, all anxious to escape.
Louis, Jan. 20.--A passage was made through the ice opposite this
city yesterday, and the ferry boats are running.
Two more days of solid weather will probably break the gorge and
clear the harbor of ice.
Jan. 20.--A gentleman from New Orleans, who arrived here last night,
reports that when he left it there, the citizens were daily expecting
that Fort Pike, commanding the entrance to Lake Ponchartrain, would be a
attack and captured by the Federals from Ship Island.
There were not over 5000 troops in the city, and not exceeding
2000 more could be raised in case of emergency.
There are no batteries on the river above or below the city.
The only defenses against attack from the Gulf are two forts, on
the opposite side of the river towards the mouth.
He thinks the city could be easily captured by a small force.
Startling Statement.--The Chicago Tribune publishes the
following paragraph editorially:
have before us three cartridges brought to us from Annapolis by a
friend. They are a portion
of the ammunition for Enfield rifles served out to Burnside's forces for
the great expedition. To
the eye they are like in appearance, and the slight difference in the
weight could not instantly be detected.
But the difference is that one of the three contains not a
particle of powder. A
prominent officer of the expedition told our informant that this was
about the proportion throughout the entire lot of Enfield
cartridges--one third of them carefully put up without power.
Now here is a case for investigation.
Was it fraud, or treachery, that seeks to palm off upon our brave
troops, on the eve of an expedition, sham cartridges?
Let us have an explanation of this affair, Secretary
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
GREAT BATTLE IN KENTUCKY.
reports of our signal victory in Kentucky are fully confirmed.
We give some further details reported by telegraph yesterday,
Commercial's Louisville dispatches have been received at
headquarters, which announced that the battle took place on Sunday, not
Saturday and that Gen. Thomas continued the pursuit until night.
Our forces followed the rebels, who ran before them in the
wildest confusion, like a flock of frightened sheep, close upon them to
their entrenchments on the north bank of the river.
troops had possession of their entrenchments early this morning.
After reaching the opposite side of the river, the rebels
dispersed in every direction. Two hundred dead and wounded rebels were
picked up on the field.
front of these they laid all night, expecting to storm them in the
morning; but that the aid of their boats and barges the enemy managed to
get across the river before daylight, leaving behind all their
artillery, a munition, horses, tents, eighty wagon loads of
quarter-master's and medical stores--all of which fell into our hands.
was found in a wagon mortally wounded.
Our loss is not known, but must have been considerable.
The Surgeon of the 10th Indiana regiment telegraphs that that
regiment had 70 killed and wounded.
Thomas's division in braces some of the best regiments in this
department. So far as I can
learn the 9th Ohio, 10th Indiana, 2d Minnesota, 18th regulars, 4th and
10th Kentucky were among the engaged.
Tho. Manson's Brigade reinforced Gen. Thomas during a Saturday
night, making a forced march of 25 miles through heavy roads, and
managed to arrive three hours before the fight, in which they took part
in spite of their fatigue.
tenor of all official dispatches shows that the affair resulted in the
most brilliant victory of the war.
No prominent officers on our side were killed.
Schoeff was unable to cut off the retreat of the enemy, owing to the
bluffy nature of the country, and the obstruction of the roads by felled
least one thousand men and boys find employment in digging for clams at
low tide, day or night, on the Mystic river flats, and other places
about Boston. The clam-gatherers may be seen wading in the mud, when the
thermometer is above or below zero, with buckets and spades in hand, to
obtain the mollusks, which they can get without money or price. Some of
the clam-diggers are organized on the mutual plan. They have a depot
where all those who are connected with the “Clam Bank Society,” meet
after they have obtained their buckets full from the flats, and heap the
whole together. They then draw lots, daily, to see who of their number
shall peddle them out to customers and others.
Are Our Soldiers?—The egotistic southerner, who believes
himself so far above his countrymen of the north, and classes the
soldiers of the Union as mudsills and the like, has yet to be
undeceived, and to learn that the best blood, the wealthy as well as the
poor, in fact the first business men of the country, have sacrificed the
personal comforts of home and the society of most valued friends, and
have taken their place in the lower ranks of the army. I could instance
very many of these cases, but one will suffice to illustrate the
patriotism that fills the regiments of the north. When it was proposed
to raise the Twenty-Fifth Massachusetts Regiments, a gentleman from
Worcester (who has been the fifteen or twenty years in an extensive
business, covering hundreds of thousands of dollars yearly) took a
lively interest in raising the first company.
There being considerable competition in the recruiting of
business, it was found somewhat difficult to fill up his company, and
this gentleman having considerable influence, resolved to enlist as a
private, and thus offer an example to his acquaintances.
The result was that the company was raised in numbers from
nineteen men to near one hundred and twenty in less than five days, and
the extra men were transferred to another company.
This individual had an insurance of $10,000 on his life in a New
York insurance company, and he immediately after enlisting, preceded two
New York and paid $500 to the company to secure his policy, and he is to
pay an equal sum each year he is in the service.
He is in General Burnside's division as a private, and draws $13
per month for his services, while his business in Worcester is wholly
without his superintendence. He left a wife and several small children at home, in whom he
is deeply interested, and in leaving them he must have made a great
sacrifice.--Correspondent in the Boston Journal.
immense number of hogs from the West have recently been brought to
Boston, via the Western and Worcester railroads. The large new depot of
the latter road, some 400 feet in length, is nearly full of the
carcasses, and is indeed a sight to behold. Pork must be cheap in New
England this winter.
Confederate fast day has been appointed. Where bacon is 50 or 60 cents a
pound and no money to be had, there seems a danger that soon every day
will be a fast day.
European allies in invading Mexico appear to have united against them
very nearly the whole population. In this they are having precisely the
same experience which the United States had fifteen years ago. They will
find the united Mexican population no insignificant enemy to contend
are now eleven vessels of war at the Charlestown navy yard finishing,
repairing, undergoing alterations, or awaiting stores or orders, and
three on the stocks. Among these are the ship Vermont, the
frigate Macedonian, and the sloop-of-war San Jacinto.
The Ino yet lays in the stream. The sloop-of-war that is building
will be one of the most powerful and beautiful of her class in the navy.
Her model is exquisite.
of our readers who are sufficiently interested in the details of the war
to take a daily paper, have doubtless, like ourselves, become somewhat
surfeited with frequently recurring “important news” that something
was about to happen. For months a “grand advance” has been almost
daily predicted, and for weeks the “grand concentric movement” that
is to encircle and crush out, as with the folds of the anaconda, this
great rebellion, has been foreshadowed in nearly every telegraphic
dispatch. First, it was the Port Royal expedition that was to set the
ball in motion; that failing in any very immediate practical results,
Gen. Butler would initiate the commencement of offensive operations;
when that apparently culminated in the occupation of a defenseless
island and the birth of Gen. Phelps’ Proclamation, all eyes were
directed to look first to the Great Expedition of innumerable gun-boats
and mortar craft that was preparing to run the gauntlet of hostile forts
on both banks of the Mississippi, and to open an unobstructed path to
New Orleans, and second to Gen. Burnside’s Expedition, which would
penetrate rebeldom in the rear and reach its vitals through scarcely
we have looked long and patiently, and as yet in vain. Six months ago
this blessed day (at the time of this writing,) was fought the
unfortunate Battle of Bull Run. Since then what has been done? We have
strengthened our army, increased its discipline and effectiveness,
occupied three or four places along the coast, two only of which were
defended and those with no great skill, got beaten back at Ball’s
Bluff, and drubbed the enemy at Drainesville. Ah! just this moment the
telegraph brings us word that portions of the contending armies have met
at Somerset, Kentucky, and that after a hard day’s fighting our forces
succeeded in putting the rebels to flight and in killing a brace of
have been slow to complain. Even now we do not complain of our army or
its officers. We have no doubt but that they have as loyal men done what
they believed to be their duty in the premises. But who that had
predicted six months since that no considerable battle would be fought
from that day to this, would have been believed? What we do complain of
is this: rumors are daily sent out over the telegraph assuring us of an
immediate advance, of a “grand concentric movement,” that all things
and every body are now ready, and that effective blows will be
immediately struck in all quarters of rebeldom that shall crush out the
spirit and life of the rebellion, when nothing of the sort whatever is
about to happen or is even intended. The people will bear with a number
of such disappointments before uttering their loud complaints, because
they have some appreciation of the difficulties in the way; but it is
not wise to put them off too long, else they will demand that those in
power shall confess their incompetency by resigning the posts whose
duties they are not able to perform, and give place to abler and better
may be that we are “taken in” this time, but it does appear as if there
was a determination on the part of our civil and military authorities that
something effective shall be speedily done to deracinate this most foul
rebellion. There are indications that the powers that be have awakened to a
realizing sense of the importance of raising and equipping armies for some
nobler purpose than those of putting money into the pockets of favorites,
hatching out broods of full fledged officers seemingly for no other object
than to show the world how little of the raw material goes to the making of
a whole tribe of generals. It is seriously hoped that all signs will not now
fail; but that the tidings by mail shall confirm the predictions by
telegraph. If our government is to be maintained, if the business of the
country is not to be irretrievably ruined, if foreign powers are to be kept
at wholesome distance, if the rebellion is ever to be crushed, now is the
time to commence the first and most important lessons. It is of no earthly
use to wrangle about what we will do with Slavery and the Negroes. Those
things can take care of themselves for the present, or at least until we
have obtained jurisdiction over these matters. If we do not succeed in
reducing the rebels to submission we shall have no occasion to interfere
with their domestic institutions, or if thus we do meddle our interference
will be of no service to anybody; if we are successful in the great end for
which our armies have been raised and treasure lavishly expended there will
then be time enough to determine these minor questions of state policy.
the country now demands is hard and effective blows that shall paralyze the
rebels and pave the way for the speedy restoration of the just sway of the
national government. This and nothing short of it will satisfy the just
demands of the people.
from Shakespeare.—An opportunity to do a charitable deed in a most
agreeable way, is offered to the public by the Ladies of the Soldiers’ Aid
Society. Hon. Hampden Cutts of this village has kindly consented to give an
entertainment, to consist of selections from Shakespeare (Henry IV, First
Part,) and although we can only judge from the favor with which this
gentleman’s readings have been received elsewhere, we feel assured that an
agreeable evening is in store for all those who shall be present upon this
occasion. Mr. Francis of the Wesselhoeft Water Cure throws open his saloons
for the use of Mr. Cutts, and thus the proceeds of the entertainment are
secured for the purchase of such articles as are necessary for the further
benevolent operations of our ladies, in behalf of the sick and wounded
soldiers. The readings will occur this (Thursday) evening and an admission
fee of fifteen cents will be charged at the door.
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
is now apparent that all the recent talk about moving down the
Mississippi with 75,000 men was intended to mystify the enemy, while a
thorough reconnoisance was made towards Columbus, and possibly while
arrangements were in progress for giving some support to Buell. A Cairo
correspondent of the Cincinnati Gazette, under date of Jan. 17
take it for granted that the movement down the Mississippi—if it is
really intended that there shall be such a movement—will not begin
till the greater part of the gunboat fleet is ready, and till we shall
have a cooperating land force at least equal to that now concentrated at
to the fleet. A high naval officer made the significant remark, the
other night, that they could go into an engagement with the most of the
vessels, by the last of this week, but they would not be really ready
for at least two weeks more. ‘And,’ he added, ‘we shall probably
be ready then, before the army is.’ Few of the boats have all the
carpenter’s work done yet. Their guns are aboard and mounted, but the
ammunition is not yet all on.
flag-ship Benton, the largest and most relied-on of the whole
fleet, fails to perform satisfactorily, and three weeks may be spent in
certain changes that are talked of. Nothing whatever has been done with
the mortar floats, and guns for them are still lying at the foundries in
Pittsburg. Clearly the fleet isn’t ‘ready’ yet. And besides, tehse
gunboats are looked upon by the naval authorities as only an experiment.
will be a good many trial trips, like that of the Benton the other day,
before some of them will be taken under the powerful batteries at
Columbus. One thing more: crews are essential for a cruise, even on the
Mississippi. There are hardly men enough enlisted yet for half the
gunboats, and recruits come in slowly. It may be that the deficiency is
to be supplied from the seaboard, but the supply has not yet become
to the land force, we have here now only troops enough to hold Cairo,
and the corresponding points opposite on the Kentucky and Missouri
shores, Fort Holt and Bird’s point.”
up the Mississippi.—The Richmond Whig, frantic with
channel of the Mississippi must be obstructed. Flatboats, steamboats,
logs, frame houses, anything which will answer the purpose, must be
anchored of weighted down, so that neither Yankee smartness nor the
mighty current of the river can remove them. This accomplished, their
mighty Mississippi scheme is a ‘bubble.’”
the Mississippi scheme is not a “bubble” before that happens, we may
feel very safe. When modern engineering achieves such a triumph as to
plant in that stream any impediment besides its own snags, sufficient to
prevent boats from descending, “may we be there to see it”—only we
should prefer not to be on the bank near the spot where the channel is
Before Condemning.—It is reported that Secretary Stanton's
intimation that the nominations of officers now in the field are to be
suspended to the 1st of March, "to enabled them to win their spurs
before wearing them," meets with general approbation.
It is highly probable that before that time the senate will learn
to take a rather more just few of some excellent officers, then it now
seems disposed to take. Gallantry
and conduct in the field may efface some prejudices, to which
misrepresentation and narrow views of military duty have given rise.
Discontents before Defeat
From the Memphis Argus, Jan. 2
is in full retreat southward. Price will probably continue in full
retreat, for there are several--indeed no less than three--federal
armies, each as large, better armed and better equipped, converging upon
him. His past victories have been rendered valueless. Federal forces
have been massed in Kentucky too great for a man of Sydney Johnson’s
caliber to venture to attack, and the paralyzing of Price through
the withdrawal of McCulloch has rendered the overrunning of Missouri, to
the Arkansas frontier, an easy task to the federals. We’re forced back
out of Missouri—checkmated in Kentucky. Chase has obtained his money
in Wall street. The blockade is unbreakable by us as yet. In one word
we’re hemmed in. We’ve allowed the moment of victory to pass. We
were so anxious watching the operations of England, that we stand aghast
on turning our eyes homeward again to find ourselves ten times worse off
than we were ere the commencement of Price’s last forward march, and
that accursedly used sensationsim, the arrest of Messrs. Mason and
Slidell. Day follows day, and in lieu of being weakened, we find the
federal armies, at all points, being strengthened; almost every article
of manufacturing and domestic necessity quadrupled in price, and our
money will soon be exceeding scarce for lack of paper and pasteboard
wherewith to make it. We pay fifteen cents apiece for sperm candles, and
we are told we ought to be glad to get them at that. Our twelve months
soldiers’ time will soon be up; and we cannot help asking, as they do
themselves, what have they been permitted or led to do? Indirectly every
mouthful we eat is taxed, or babies wear taxed caps and shoes, our boys
write on taxed paper, our girls wear taxed calicoes, our men do a taxed
business, and hopelessly ride in a taxed hearse to a taxed grave, and
we, forsooth, are hurting “the cause” if we dare to turn from
Messrs. Mason and Slidell to look at the country we were born and bred
in, and, having looked, we are hurting the cause if we dare tell what we
Sumter at Cadiz.--The news of the arrival at Cadiz of this
notorious marauder, first announced on the authority of a telegraphic
dispatch from Mr. Adams, Minister at the Court of St. James, is fully
confirmed by the steamer if City of New York, which passed
Cape Race yesterday. The Sumter
arrived with forty-five Federal prisoners, taken from three merchant
vessels which she had burned--and was permitted to enter the port
against the protest of the United States Consul, on the condition that
the prisoners should be placed under the protection of Spain.
vessels reported burned by the Sumter, were probably captured in
the vicinity of the West India Islands, and are as follows: Ship Vigilant,
652 tons, rating A1½, and built in the fall of 1859, in Bath, where she
was owned by Messrs. E. & A. Sewall; whaling barque Eben Dodge,
221 tons, owned in New Bedford, R. F. Howland, agent; and schooner Arcade,
probably belonging to Searsport, Me. The ship Vigilant sailed
from New York about Nov. 20 for Sombrero, a guano island in the
Caribbean Sea, and was in ballast. It is understood that she was
insured, but without the war risk, which will make her a total loss to
her owners. The barque Eben Dodge sailed from New Bedford
Nov. 25, on a whaling cruise in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, but at
last accounts had taken no oil. The schooner Arcade was bound
from Bangor for St. Croix, and probably had a cargo of lumber.
JANUARY 25, 1862
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
Jan. 24.—The following has been issued by the War Department:
“The Department recognizes as the first of its duties to take measures
for the relief of the brave men who, having imperiled their lives in the
service of the government, are now prisoners and captives. It is
therefore ordered that two commissioners be appointed to visit the city
of Richmond and wherever else prisoners belonging to the army of the
U.S. may be held, and there take such measures as may be needful to
provide for the wants and contribute to the comfort of such prisoners at
the expense of the United States, to such extent as may be permitted by
the authorities under whom such prisoners are held.
M. Stanton, Sec. of War
Rebels Don’t Believe the Truth.—The Norfolk Day Book
publishes the federal account of the defeat of Zollicoffer, and says it
don’t believe a word of it, and tells its readers that it is a Wall
street lie, got up to raise their spirits after the defeat by Jeff.
Thompson at Ironton.
Richmond Dispatch has the following in regard to the federal
accounts of the fight at Somerset, Ky.: “We publish a batch of federal
dispatches, and do not believe that there is a word of truth in them.
The fact is, as the reader will perceive on reading the money article of
the New York Evening Post, that stocks were going down at such a
rapid rate, owing to the failure of the Burnside expedition, and the
licking the federals recently got at the hands of Jeff. Thompson, that
it was necessary to steam up in some way or other to keep down the
rebellion at home, and so they resorted to these dispatches, their
regular plan of operating on the stock market and of keeping their
spirits up. We suspect that Gen. Zollicoffer has given them a licking,
as he commenced the attack according to their own accounts, as contained
in one of their dispatches, and it is not likely that so prudent a
commander as Zollicoffer would have opened the ball on them and then
suffered them to defeat him so easily. The whole yarn is fishy, and
smells strongly of Wall street stock operations.”
Serious Domestic Difficulty.—On Monday, an affair of crime
occurred at the corner of Thirteenth and F streets, in Washington, which
occasioned considerable excitement The wife of a Massachusetts officer,
boarding in the neighborhood, had discovered an amatory correspondence
between her husband and a married lady residing at the scene of
denouement, and watched him entering the house, into which she followed,
but was ejected by her husband and the lady of the house. In her rage
she assailed the house, completely smashing the windows, with bricks and
paving stones, and finally used a ladder, which she found convenient as
a battering ram to beat in the door. Upon being remonstrated with by the
bystanders, she exclaimed, “I am a Massachusetts woman, and I will not
submit to have my husband taken from me by a Louisiana prostitute.”
She was arrested, but immediately released, as no one appeared to make
any charge against her. During the transaction, the husband of the lady
occupant of the premises came home, but could not gain admission to his
Royal Matters.—The second stone fleet, consisting of fourteen
vessels, left Port Royal on the morning of the 20th inst.,
for their destination off Charleston. They are to be sunk in the
entrance to Maffit’s Channel, the passage through which the steamer Isabel
recently went into Charleston, after eluding the vigilance of the steam
frigate Mohican, which was then blockading off that point. Mr.
Geo. H. Bradbury, of the Navy, who sank the first fleet successfully,
has the exclusive direction of this squadron, and when he shall have got
all the vessels into position, it is said there will be no more
complaints of an “ineffectual blockade,” at least off Charleston.
Everything indicates stirring matters soon, and a chance, with apparent
certainty of success, for Gen. Sherman’s command [to be relieved] of
the stigma of inaction which has been cast upon it.
correspondent writes that Yankee energy and ingenuity among the soldiers
are at work to make Hilton Head a model of a northern growing prosperous
city on southern soil. We have a post office established here, and I
understand that the postmaster, Mr. Joseph Sears, is on the point of
establishing a newspaper here, to be called the New South.
of the officers have had their wives or families brought here, or have
sent home for them, and women and children, and people in civilian’s
dress, are numerous about the town. It is looking here more like a city
and less like a camp. It is certain that the chivalry of this hot-headed
State do not take our occupation of this place and the possibility of
our advance so coolly as we do. It is plain that the chivalry is very
much frightened, and would prefer that the Yankees had not accepted the
challenge to come down and meet them on their own soil. It is not
altogether certain that the federal flag may not float proudly over
Charleston a month or two
hence as ever it did of old. Yankee vessels whiten the waters hereabout,
and merchant vessels from the North are quite frequent here.
Tybee Island our troops are at work, ready to defend themselves or
attack the enemy. The rebels in Fort Pulaski occasionally amuse
themselves by firing at our troops, and have, after weeks of exertion,
killed a private in the Forty sixth New York. They have a rifled gun of
heavy caliber, possibly one of the Armstrong guns which they received by
the Fingal, with which they fire very accurately, and which would
be likely to do very disagreeable execution if we should get in its
range. They have also several other rifled guns of English make.
enemy is evidently continually strengthening his forces and defenses
along the coast. There are about eight hundred confederate troops on
Cole’s Island, having a number of batteries with heavy guns stationed
at different places. The principle channel to Charleston, Stono Inlet,
is well guarded by our naval force, and any rebel steamers that happen
along that way meet with warm reception. The troops here are in the best
Rebel Zollicoffer.—Zollicoffer was shot through the heart, at the
head of his staff, by Col. Frye of the 4th Kentucky. It
appears that he lost his way in the bushes and suddenly emerged before
Frye, who was accompanied by some staff officers. The two parties
mistook each other for friends, and approached each other within a few
yards, when, finding their mistake, both parties prepared for a hand to
hand fight. One of Zollicoffer’s aides shot at Col. Frye, but only
brought his horse down. The Colonel at once drew his six-shooter and
brought Zollicoffer from his saddle at the first fire. The rebel staff
deserted their chief’s body, which was taken to Somerset the day after
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