FEBRUARY 16, 1862
THE DAILY TRUE DELTA (LA)
EXCITEMENT AT FLORENCE, ALA.
The Visit of the Federal Gunboats—Citizens Leaving—Three Gunboats
following interesting account of the recent visit of the federal
gunboats to Florence, Ala., and the destruction of property and great
excitement of the populace consequent thereon, we take from the Gazette
of the 12th:
Saturday last, our citizens were thrown into the utmost state of
excitement by the appearance of two Yankee gunboats, which were seen
from an eminent position overlooking the river for many miles down its
nearly straight current. The black, ugly things, wrapped, as they were,
in the habiliments of death and mourning, well represent the principle
upon which this unholy war is waged, for the destruction of Southern
rights and lawful interests.
beautiful steamers, one well laden with valuable freight, had been hotly
chased by these gunboats for hundreds of miles. They had arrived in
safety at our landing, but were placed in a condition that the more
agreeable if not less destructive element of fire could place them in
thirty minutes beyond the reach of the destroying foe. Instantly that
the approach of these black agents of destruction was discovered, the
torch was applied to the combustible material, previously arranged, and
soon one of the most sublime scenes that has ever been witnessed by our
citizens was exhibited. The three steamers were now wrapped in curling
flames, and were useless to the hungry vultures, whose appetites had
been whetted doubly keen by having, for many hours, been in close
pursuit, constantly expecting to grasp in their expanded talons the
fire was then kindled upon the holy altar of patriotism, that found a
hearty response in every heart, except the disappointed pursuers. Soon
the destructive element had done its work, and the burning wrecks were
drifting along by the surging flood. Our landing was made, and the soil
of North Alabama was desecrated by the tread of our invading foe. One of
the warehouses was opened without a key, and such articles as were
supposed to belong to the Confederate States were taken; private
property, we were informed, was respected. A courteous interview took
place between the commander of the expedition and a deputation of our
citizens, in which the citizens of the town were assured that violence
was not intended to person or property of peaceful citizens. We believe
this pledge was kept, and soon after the sable shadows of night were
drawn over this sad spectacle, the cables were loosed, and the demons of
an abused power went steaming down the river. We were honestly told that
we might expect them again. . .
it was certainly known that the gunboats were coming, a good many of our
citizens took moveable
goods and went to the country for safety. Some reported that 10,000
Yankees were in town, some 20,000, and that they were destroying
everything before them. One fellow affirmed that he saw twenty-seven
gunboats land here, on Sunday evening, with his own eyes. That is the
way such rumors get afloat. Suffice it to say, the gunboats lay at our
wharf about three hours and then retired,
since which time we have seen nothing of them, but heard a great deal.
hope the noble example of the masters and owners of the burnt steamers
will be followed by our planters, and rather than a bale of cotton
should fall into the hands of the foe, that they themselves will apply
the torch to the last bale of cotton in the Tennessee Valley.
Becomes of the Soldiers’ Supplies.
Richmond army correspondent writes to the Savannah Republican on the
31st, as follows: On my return to this city, I noticed what appeared to
be a large pile of soldiers’ boxes, at the depot in Wilmington, N.C.
There seemed to be several hundred of them piled under a shed. There
were several volunteers on the train returning from a short visit to
their homes—some of whom were bound to Norfolk, some to Yorktown, and
others to Manassa and Winchester. I overheard enough of their
conversation to learn how it was that so many boxes belonging to
soldiers had been left at Wilmington.
the arrival of the train at Wilmington, which is after midnight, the
soldier who has been working and struggling along the route to get his
box through, is informed that it is impossible for it to go forward
then, but that it will be sent on by the next train—say, the following
day. The box contains such supplies of food and clothing as loving hands
at home have prepared for him. His furlough will soon expire, and his
stock of money is rapidly diminishing. If he remains over in Wilmington,
he must sleep on some friendly door-step, or seek a hotel, where the
charges will be disproportionate to his means. If he goes on, the box
may be lost. What then shall he do? He has allowed himself barely time
to get back to camp before the expiration of his leave of absence; so he
decides like a brave soldier, to continue his journey, and trust to the
railway authorities to forward his luggage. And that is the last he ever
sees of his box.
the late movements of the enemy, says the Memphis Avalanche,
disclose the fact that they have received important information from
spies in our midst. They would never have ventured to Florence, Ala.,
with their gunboats, if they had not known that country to be undefenced
by our soldiers. Let a stricter watch be kept upon suspicious persons,
and let them be summarily dealt with if detected.
from the Cumberland Gap.—An officer who arrived at Nashville on
the 10th, from Cumberland Gap, reports the health of the troops at that
point as excellent. He states that the Lincolnites were reported in
large force at Loudon. Our troops are actively engaged in strengthening
from Tennessee River.—The Memphis Avalanche learns from
passengers arrived there that the Federals are still guarding the
Tennessee river bridge. They have made no movement yet towards Paris.
There is great excitement in Henry county, and the slaveholders are
moving their families and slaves out of the way of danger.
Beauregard.—The Memphis Avalanche of Friday says: “As the
movements of this distinguished leader possess unusual interest at this
time, we may state that he left Bowling Green yesterday, and will arrive
at Columbus Saturday afternoon. His arrival is anxiously looked for by
the patriotic army at Columbus, who ardently desire an opportunity to
meet the foe.”
FEBRUARY 17, 1862
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
Fort Donelson.—The news from this point is glorious and decisive.
The fight began on Thursday, and was kept up with only brief
intermissions through Friday and Saturday. The result, so far as known,
is that we have taken a redoubt commanding the fort, and General Grant
was confident of taking the works yesterday. Flag officer Foote, as
appears by his report, opened fire with only four iron-clad gunboats and
two wooden ones. After an hour-and-a-quarter’s fighting within 400
yards of the fort, the wheel of the St. Louis and the tiller of
the Louisville were shot away, rendering the two boats
unmanageable. The two remaining iron-clad boats were greatly damaged,
the flag-ship (St. Louis) receiving 59 shots, and the
others an average of half that number. Our loss in killed and wounded
upon the fleet was 54. Commodore Foote was slightly wounded, and retired
to Cairo. The mortar-fleet from the latter place for Fort Donelson. The
rebels had three batteries bearing upon the river, the highest (which
the land forces have taken) being 110 feet above the water.
was a report circulating in Boston yesterday of the capture of the fort,
which is confirmed. See dispatch.
special dispatch to St. Louis, from Cairo, dated yesterday afternoon,
Foote reached here at 12 o’clock last night on board the gunboat Conestoga.
He stormed Fort Donelson Friday afternoon with the gunboats St. Louis,
Louisville, Pittsburg, Carondelet, Tyler and
Conestoga. After fighting a little over an hour he withdrew.
Fifty-four were killed and wounded, our gunboat pilots, Riley and
Hinton, of the St. Louis, being among the latter. Commander Foote, while
standing on the pilot house of the St. Louis, his
flag-ship, was slightly wounded. The Tyler and Conestoga
remained out of range of the enemy’s guns.
fire from the enemy’s three batteries is described as very accurate.
The upper one mounted four 18-pounders, and was held in reserve until
our boats got within 400 yards of the fort. Our fire was directed
principally at the water battery. One of the enemy’s guns burst and a
number were dismounted. The enemy could be seen carrying the dead out of
dispatch, dated in rear of the fort, Friday afternoon, says:
night was very severe on our troops, rain having set in which turned to
snow. It is freezing to-day, and old citizens say they rarely have such
cold weather in this latitude. The more I see of the fort the more
convinced I am that it cannot be reduced without a terrible battle. Its
rear seems almost impregnable. The outer works and bastions of the fort
are located on ridges 150 to 250 feet high, covered with dense timber
at Port Royal.—General Sherman has issued an order in relation to
the treatment of contrabands at Port Royal. He proposes that the
government shall take charge of the plantations coming into its hands,
shall raise the cotton, employ and pay the Negroes, keeping the latter
under a strict but kind discipline of overseers. He also proposes that
suitable teachers be provided for the blacks, and that religious
instructions be given.
quarter to 12 o’clock this forenoon, Mr. Brickett, telegraph agent in
this city, received the annexed dispatch from Boston:
Donelson is captured. General Pillow, Floyd, Buckner, and Johnston with
fifteen thousand prisoners, were taken. . .”
Attack Upon Savannah.—A correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer,
writing from Port Royal, Feb. 10th, says:
have been received at this place from the fleet now en route to
attack Savannah. These advices are up to Sunday afternoon at one
o’clock. Not only have the vessels succeeded, as heretofore known, in
cutting off all communication between Fort Pulaski and Savannah, but the
forces have destroyed the water pipes leading to the city, and supplying
it with water. The gunboats, eleven in number, and transports (three),
under command of Gen. Wright, expected to land eight thousand troops
this (Monday) morning. The obstacles encountered by these boats were of
the most trying character. The piles driven into the Savannah river were
of heavy timber, and had been placed with the greatest care. It was a
work of no small labor to cut them off, at a depth of sixteen feet below
the water. This was done, however.
Accident at Newport News.
correspondent of the New York Herald gives quite a lengthy
account of the bursting of the Sawyer gun at Newport News on Thursday,
the 6th inst. It is supposed to have been caused by not “ramming
home” the charge. From the article we learn that James W. Shepard of
this city, who was instantly killed, was merely a spectator, and was
struck by a piece of the bridge, weighing about fifty pounds, that fell
some forty feet from the place of the explosion. When the gun burst, he
commenced running, although warned to stand still by his commander,
Capt. Wilson. Had he remained in the place where he first stood he would
have escaped unhurt. Shepard was a house carpenter by trade, and a great
favorite with all who knew him, and was always willing to oblige any one
to the best of his ability. He had the day before got a furlough made
out by his captain to go home and visit his wife, and only wanted the
general’s signature. The body of Mr. S. was brought to this city on
Saturday, and was buried from No. 21 Suffolk corporation yesterday
afternoon. His head was shockingly mangled, the back part being entirely
gone. The deceased was a member of Co. B of the 29th regiment, Col.
Pierce, commanded by Capt. I. N. Wilson, of Billerica, formerly first
lieutenant of the Richardson Light Infantry. He enlisted with Capt. W.
last August and left in company with several others to fill up the
company on the 26th day of the same month, for Fort Monroe. On the very
day of his enlistment he was married to Miss Agnes H. Coffran, a native
of Scotland, who still resides there.
FEBRUARY 18, 1862
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
Capture of Fort Donelson.
Louis, Feb. 17.—Fort Donelson surrendered at 9 o’clock Sunday
A.M. to the land forces; the gunboats were present at the time. An
immense amount of war materials are among the trophies of victory.
skulked away the night before the surrender.
gunboat Carondelet, Capt. Walke, has arrived at Cairo. A large
number of our wounded have been brought to Paducah and Cairo hospitals.
Feb. 17.—A special dispatch to the Times says that
McClernand’s division, composed of Wallace’s and McArthur’s
brigades suffered terribly. . . Gen. Lewis Wallace2 with the
11th Indiana, 8th Missouri and some Ohio regiments participated.
Taylor’s, Williard’s, McAllister’s, Schwartz’s and Decesse’s
batteries were in the fight from the commencement.
enemy turned our right for half an hour, but our lost ground was more
than regained. Lanman’s brigade of Smith’s division was first in the
lower end of the enemy’s works which were carried by a charge of
bayonets. As nine tenths of the rebels were pitted against our right,
our forces on the right were ready all night to re-commence the attack
on Sunday morning. They were met on their approach by a white flag,
Buckner having sent early in the morning a dispatch to Gen. Grant
surrendering the fort. The works of the fort extended some five miles on
rebels lose 48 field-pieces, 17 heavy guns, 20,000 stand of arms,
besides a large quantity of commissary stores. The rebels are completely
demoralized and have no confidence in their leaders, as they charge
Pillow and Floyd with deserting them.
troops from the moment of investment on Wednesday lay on their arms,
night and day, half the time without provisions, all the time without
tents and a portion in a weary storm of rain and snow.
private message this evening to the Sanitary Commission from Cairo says
that there are 300 killed, 690 wounded and 100 missing at Fort Donelson.
Feb. 17.—To Maj. Gen. McClellan—The Union flag now floats over
Fort Donelson. The Carondelet, Capt. Walker, brings the glorious
intelligence. The fort surrendered at 9 o’clock yesterday (Sunday)
A. Sydney Johnson and Buckner and 15,000 prisoners, and a large amount
of material of war are among the trophies of victory. The loss is heavy
on both sides. Floyd, the thief, stole away during the night previous,
with 5,000 men, and is denounced by the rebels as a traitor.
am happy to inform you that flag officer Foote, though suffering from
his wounded foot, with the noble spirit characteristic of our navy,
notwithstanding his disability, will take up immediately two gunboats,
and with the eight mortar boats which he will overtake, will make an
immediate attack on Clarksville, if the state of the weather will
are now firing a national salute from Fort Cairo, Gen. Grant’s late
post, in honor of the glorious achievement.
Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
line of rebel fortifications is giving way in all directions, and the
Union Flag waves triumphant where but a few days since the rebels
boasted they would welcome “with bloody hands to hospitable graves”
any who might desire to fly the old flag. So many insurrectionists, who,
for no decent pretext, rise against a good government, always fare and
President of the United States, in an official document, now proclaims
that the insurrection has passed its culminating point, and must wane
Forts Henry and Donelson in our possession we command the Tennessee and
Cumberland rivers. Nashville must be ours, as soon as our generals
choose to take it, and Columbus on the Mississippi must ultimately fall.
That gone, the road is open to Memphis and New Orleans. The forces now
in rear of Columbus can readily penetrate to the Mississippi river, and
cut off all supplies from any source to the rebels, now defending
Columbus. However strong may be the natural or artificial defenses of
the place, under such circumstances it must succumb.
Negro colony on North Edisto Island, S.C., numbers 1,000. Lieut. Ammen,
who reports from there Jan. 21st, states that impressed upon
them the necessity of supplying themselves from the neighboring
plantations. Some of the Negroes, in attempting this, have been fired
at. Lieut. Ammen says:
is worthy of note, as indicating the changes in the blacks, that now
they express themselves most anxious to obtain arms. The black man who
has general superintendence of the colony wished to land his forces in
Rockville and drive the soldiers back, expressing the utmost
confidence that with twenty old muskets that they had picked up, many of
them flintlocks, he would be able to effect his object."3
number of gentlemen are about purchasing Bull Mountain, Vermont, with a
view of trying the experiment of domesticating the Moose. The entire
base of the mountain is to be inclosed by a high fence. The object is to
make the Moose serviceable in driving singly or by pairs.
military genius thus far displayed has been on the part of our own
generals. The movements of McClellan, in Western Virginia, McDowell’s
plan of battle at Manassas, Lyon’s march through Missouri, Sigel’s
advance on Rolla, and his retreat through the Western part of the State,
Thomas’ attack on Zollicoffer, and the recent capture of Fort Henry,
all exhibit a degree of military genius which no rebel leader has shown.
Our reverses—with the exception of Ball’s Bluff and Big
Bethel—have been the result of causes beyond the control of the
generals in command. The victory of Manassas, as it appears from
Beauregard’s own report, was no victory to his arms, but the result of
a causeless panic among our own troops—a panic from which no body of
men were ever entirely exempt. Wherever the rebels have been attacked in
the open field they have fled. Wherever they have been met by any
reasonable force, they have either fled or been frustrated. Fort Henry
was reduced in two hours, with a brigade of infantry in reserve; Forts
Beauregard and Walker gave way to a
few hours’ shelling; while Fort Sumter, with its company of
artillerymen, stood the fire of twenty batteries for a day and a night;
and Bragg, with his forts and miles of concentrating fortifications, has
been unable to reduce Fort Pickens.
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
Extravagance at Washington.—A Washington letter in the Springfield
must be done to reduce the expenditures of the government in civil
matters. They are enormous for times like these. I feel ashamed when I
walk through the Capitol buildings and see the extravagance manifested
there. The halls and committee rooms of Congress have been freshly
fitted up with extravagant splendor. Carpets in committee rooms that
might have lasted five years longer, have been torn up to make place for
fresher patterns and purchases. A stop must be put to this criminal
extravagance, or the nation will end up in pecuniary ruin. It is not the
one particular act that is so bad, it is the disposition. Our public men
love extravagance. Somebody makes money, and vast sums, too, out of
these expenditures—if nobody else, the upholsterers and carpet
dealers. An immense debt will soon be weighing us down, and economy will
be absolutely necessary. It is said that John Sherman will come into the
Senate with certain radical propositions for economy in the public
expenditures. One the items, I hear, is a proposition for the reduction
of the salaries of all government employees. This is good, as far as it
goes, but will it include Congressmen’s salaries among the rest? If
not, Senator Sherman, the people will brand your proposition as selfish
and unsatisfactory. Whether Congress will diminish its own pay we shall
see. For one, I will not believe it till I see it done.”
people will see the importance of these suggestions of reform, ere
another twelve months, and Congressmen will wish they had voted them.
More Arrests.—The Secretary of War, in the name of the President,
has issued an order upon the subject of arbitrary arrests of persons
suspected of disloyalty. After detailing the circumstances which are
alleged to justify the numerous arbitrary and illegal arrests, with a
view doubtless to “let down” the President and Seward as easily as
possible, he says that a favorable change in public opinion has
occurred, that the Government is form and stable and the insurrection
declining; and he closes his order as follows:
President, in view of these facts, and anxious to favor a return to the
normal course of the Administration, as far as regards faith and the
public welfare will allow, directs that all political prisoners or State
prisoners now held in military custody be released, on their subscribing
a parole engaging them to render no aid or comfort to enemies in
hostility to the United States.
Secretary of War will, however, in his discretion, except from the
effects of this order any persons detained as spies of the insurgents,
or others whose release at the present moment may be deemed incompatible
with the public safety.
all persons who shall be so released and shall keep their parole, the
President grants an amnesty for any past offence of treason or
disloyalty which they may have committed. Extraordinary arrests will
hereafter be made under the direction of the military authorities
of Soldiers.—A proposition is before Congress to reduce the pay of
soldiers ten per cent. A volunteer from this city in the 5th
Regiment, writes what he declares to be the sentiments of the soldiers
of all grades in the army of the Potomac upon this subject, under date
of the 7th inst., as follows:
is thrown into our faces by some that we did not come out here for mere
pay, but for the purpose of putting down this unholy rebellion. This is
true. If the Government cannot meet its expenses, the army is willing to
go forward in the work of crushing out the traitors; but if she can pay
big salaries to her civil officers, and grant fat contracts to such as
Morgan, and pay them in hard specie, can any one blame the soldier if he
wishes for his thirteen dollars per month and is willing to take it in
Treasury notes? Do we hear those ranting, bombastic members of
Congress--who do nothing but growl about Negroes and plunder the
exchequer--talk about reducing their own salaries? No! they seem to be
of the opinion that the army expenses are the only ones that need to be
curtailed. Let them begin at the Executive Mansion and make a clean
sweep from the President to the clerks; for is it not better for them to
live a little on a reduced scale, when they can be surrounded with all
the comforts of civil life, than to pinch the soldier who is now exposed
to this stormy season and all the rigors of a soldier’s life? Instead
of making provisions whereby to carry on the war, Congress does nothing
but wrangle about emancipation and what sort of doctors to employ in the
army. If the expenses of this war of inactivity cannot be borne, why not
try an aggressive one, just for a change?
is now said that the State of New Hampshire is going to charge the
soldiers with the clothes they were fitted out with, and has already
sent in her bill to the United States for the same. Can this be? Is it
just? I leave it for the people of New Hampshire to decide. His
Excellency Gov. Berry, and the honorable Secretary of State, Mr. Tenney,
made us a brief visit last Sunday, and the Governor made a short speech,
in which he congratulated us on our fine appearance, and extolled us for
the sacrifices we had made in leaving home and friends to come to the
country’s assistance. Can it be that it was his Excellency that sent
our outfit bill to Washington, thereby making us pay for the clothes we
wore away from the State? It does certainly appear so. I would that our
State officers would take pattern after those of Vermont, which State
not only gives to her soldiers their outfit, but pays them seven
dollars per month in addition to the pay they receive from the
United States, making twenty dollars per month, besides a bounty of
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
Review of War News
things being ready, a forward movement has taken place, and the week we
are now called to review, is marked by a series of brilliant Union
victories most inspiriting to our army, and cheering to all friends of
the Union, while forever blotting out any hopes of success the
Confederate were foolish enough to indulge.
closed our last issue with the first news of the success of Gen.
Burnside’s expedition . . , the accounts being from rebel sources. We
to-day give very full and interesting particulars of the brilliant
exploits of this expedition, resulting in the capture of Roanoke Island
and Elizabeth City, together with six forts, some 3000 prisoners, 3000
stand of small arms, 40 cannon, and the destruction of the entire fleet
of the rebels. The loss is much less than first stated, being officially
reported at 35 Federals killed and 200 wounded, while that of the rebels
is still less, our soldiers making the attack at great advantage.
Missouri we have the gratifying intelligence that the rebels have
evacuated Springfield, and that the town is in possession of the Union
forces. Our army under the command of General Curtis, marched from
Lebanon on the 11th inst., and formed in three divisions, the right
under Col. Jeff C. Davis, the left under Gen. Carr, and the center under
command of Gen. Sigel. Six miles from Springfield, on the 12th, a
skirmish took place in which 9 of the rebels were killed, and one of our
men was slightly wounded. At sunset 300 of the enemy attacked our
pickets, but were driven back with a loss of thirty. At 3 o’clock the
next morning our army advanced in line of battle, and at daybreak
entered and took peaceful possession of the town. Price had left at two
o’clock the same morning, leaving over 600 of his sick behind. Large
quantities of forage wagons were also left. He had 12,000 effective
troops, and fifty pieces of artillery. Gen. Curtis followed on and
attacked the fleeing rebels, who, after a brief resistance, again
retreated, leaving the road strewn with their wagons and baggage. One
hundred wagons with stores for Price reached Springfield but a few hours
before he left. Gen. Curtis reports that he has taken more prisoners
than he knows what to do with. “It never rains but it pours.” Among
them are four rebel officers, the notorious Capt. Freeman, Major Barry,
Aide de Camp to Gen. McBride, Capt. Dickinson, Chief Engineer, and Capt.
Donell, Quartermaster. The people in and around Springfield express
unbounded satisfaction at the arrival of our troops, and general
rejoicing is manifested throughout the Southwest at the retreat of the
rebels. This expedition will doubtless end the campaign in Missouri. At
the last accounts Price was at Crane Creek, 29 miles from Springfield,
and our forces 5 miles in the rear, Gen. Curtis pursuing by one route
and Sigel by another.
this good news came that of the evacuation of Bowling Green, Ky., by the
rebels, which has been taken possession of by the Federal forces under
Gen. Mitchell. The rebels on leaving probably divided between Fort
Donelson, Clarkesville and Nashville. Kentucky is now mainly clear of
rebels except at Columbus, which is a doomed city.
Gen. Lander’s division we also have good news, of the opening of the
railroad and telegraph to Hancock, Va. Gen. Lander with 4000 men made a
reconnoisance on the 13th, broke up a rebel nest at Blooming Gap, and
captured 17 commissioned officers, among them colonels,
lieutenant-colonels, captains, &c., took 75 prisoners, killed 13 of
the enemy, and lost 2 men and 6 horses at their first fire.
the crowning news of the week, which has everywhere been received with
enthusiastic demonstrations of delight and joy, is the great victory at Fort
Donelson, won after three days’ severe fighting. On Sunday morning General
Buckner, in command, surrendered his entire force to General Grant, by which
act two rebel Generals—Buckner and Bushrod Johnson of Tennessee—15,000
prisoners, 3000 horses, and a large amount of war material, fell into his
hands. Gen. Pillow and the thief Floyd, stole away during the
previous night, with 5000 of the men, and are denounced by their fellows in
arms as cowards. The numbers engaged on each side are estimated at about
30,000, but the rebels had every advantage except an unworthy cause. Our
loss is set down at 400 killed, 800 wounded. One fourth of our officers
were either killed or wounded. At daylight Sunday morning a
simultaneous assault was to have been made on all sides, but as our soldiers
approached, white flags were everywhere seen, and they were informed of the
surrender—a correspondence having taken place between Buckner and Grant.
Buckner asked for a commission to fix terms of capitulation—Grant told him
to surrender unconditionally or he should move upon him; Buckner very
ungraciously consented, and our soldiers took possession of the whole
establishment. The principal flag has been sent
to Washington as a trophy. The prisoners are being removed to Cairo,
and the wounded to St. Louis and other hospitals.
Foote, (though suffering from a wounded foot) has gone up the Cumberland
some 25 miles further to Clarkesville, where is a strong rebel fort and
force, to give his gun and mortar boats another trial, and we shall soon
hear from them there, and at Nashville. When these two places shall have
succumbed, as they soon will, Tennessee will be pretty essentially cleared
rumor is given that Savannah has surrendered without a gun being fired. We
give this only as a rumor—but with the utmost confidence that we shall
soon be enabled to record as facts the capture of Savannah, and
news from abroad is of the most favorable character, affording increased
evidence of the favorable disposition of England and France towards the
Union, and the determination not to intermeddle in our affairs. A motion was
before Parliament to recognize the Confederacy, which it is assured will be
voted down. Messrs. Slidell and Mason have not received half the attention
in England and France that they did in Boston harbor! The Nashville
had left Southampton and the Tuscarora would follow her in 24 hours.
The Sumter was still at Gibraltar, minus funds. It was reported that
the American Government was anxious to renew the efforts to re-lay the
Atlantic Telegraph, and that Cyrus W. Field would re-visit Europe on this
DUTIES TO THE SLAVE.
or even companies of men pass for little in times like these. A day now
counts for weeks. Events come thronging upon us so thick and fast from
such unexpected sources, that no mind can discern their foreshadowing
results. The persistent and guilty inversion of right principles has by
degrees plunged our country into a struggle most desperate and sadly
solemn; and no man among the wisest can tell how much suffering is yet
in store for us, before we shall be willing to accord to all others such
rights as we rigidly claim for ourselves.
poor unoffending African, and the treatment he has received at the hands
of this nation, lie a the bottom, and are the cause, both remote and
immediate, of all our woes. The many, many years of the unhallowed
connection between the African and Caucasian on this continent, is
yielding up its bitter fruits. War, “grim-visaged” war, with its
dread implements of destruction, is now full upon us—the chosen
arbiter of the great dispute. It would be useless to allege that this
might have been averted by listening to
the voice of reason and conscience. Wise men and foolish had in
vain warned the country of the danger; but, ignorant and unscrupulous
majorities chose to smother conscience for pelf,5 and in
selfish cowardice visit their iniquity “upon the third and fourth
past justly yokes together both North and South as principals in the
great social and political abuse. This we all know when freed from
prejudice. In our purse-pride or egotism we either deny it, or fail to
see any cause or object in the events which we shall sooner or later
have cause to deplore. Unjust as has been the English press towards us,
however much it may side with English conservatism, there is also much
that pictures faithfully what all honest Englishmen see, that here on
this side of the Atlantic is a great nation deserving praise for growth
in all that pertains to material prosperity, and for much that adorns
and ennobles morally and intellectually, but, by its organic law, the
Government and people under it are held to the support, tied up and
committed to a social and political crime unsurpassed in magnitude in
any age or nation; and all this in the sacred name of freedom. They see
us, after many years of schooling under the auspices of a dominant and
unscrupulous political power, pledged to the belief that the
Constitution under which we live is little less worthy our veneration
than the maker of the Universe; while they and we know that when
interpreted away from the influence of this political power in the light
of history and reason, in the stern and ever reliable interest of common
sense, its authors meant it and framed it, that, long before the year of
our Lord eighteen hundred sixty-two, it should be henceforth and forever
purged from the stain of slavery. These honest Englishmen see, and so do
we all of us who have not owl’s eyes in our heads, that from the date
of the first cotton crop to this hour, a mighty, and as wicked as mighty
Slave power, through long years of sleepless activity, has sought the
overthrow of this Constitution, while it has prated to us, and the
greatest among us at the North, of its purity and sacredness.
for this infernal school of politics, its insidious and crafty corrupter
of pulpits and seminaries of learning through these many years of its
intense labor, we should long since have unloosed the shackles of the
slave. The truth is, we are not a free people in the sense of
many of the noble founders of this republic. For considerations of gain
and political power, North and South, by complicity and directly, we
have been cruelly unjust to what we deem our inferiors. And if England,
a monarchy, has been overbearing and cruel to weaker nations, so also
have we, a republic. The form of government or politics is no
indication, in either case, of the presence or absence of justice.
the eyes of the civilized world, this people, two of whom all others
have a right to look for the best examples of good government, honor and
humanity, presents to-day a dark record of the absence of these
essential features. And it
is beginning to be more and more evident, that so unobservant had we
become of the plainest principles of right and honor, that nothing short
of a revolution through which we are now passing could bring us to see
ourselves as we are seen. The first step to extrication from our troubles lies in
seeing and in heartily acknowledging our great injustice to the slave.
If our national sufferings bring us to this point, the day of our
deliverance will soon draw nigh. But
if we artfully dodge this momentous question, and continue to couch the
dodge in phrases so fraught with selfishness as that of "military
necessity," now that Divine Providence seems to open before us this
golden opportunity to perform a long sought act of justice, then, if it
be done in spite of us, with or without our instrumentality, and against
our will, in all time to come we shall deserve only the name and the
brand of cowards.
the country is to be saved, we must in all cases be willing to do ample
justice. Not only must the slave be liberated, but generous as
well as suitable provision must be made, in consonance with his wishes,
too, for his future home. If his freedom is effected by the
violence of war, our dealings with him afterward must be especially
tender. If there is a human being on this continent deserving of
our warmest sympathies, it is this poor, down-trodden brother.
Whether the country is ready for this unquestioned act of justice cannot
be so well discerned through the conflicting political elements.
Net we shall never prosper as a people till this great work can be done,
and done heartily and thoroughly, is most certain. Should it take
place while yet in our power to direct it, than war will cease in our
borders. We shall regain our long-lost self estimation, and the
civilized world will cheerfully welcome us to the circle of the
nations. Then shall the oppressed once more find it, in a dearer
sense than ever, a land of the brave and free.
Blacks Helping Our Soldiers.—We learn from Hatteras that loyal
blacks from North Carolina helped to man the fleet of Flag-Officer
Goldsborough, and to serve the guns which have sunk Lynch’s boats and
compelled the surrender of Roanoke Island. The Navy, although a large
proportion of its highest officers are from the slave States, has not
been in the habit of examining a seaman’s complexion before shipping
him. “Can you fight?” is the only question.—N.Y. Tribune
FEBRUARY 22, 1862
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
WANTS TO COME BACK.
Harris has called the Tennessee Legislature to meet on Monday, for the
purpose, it is affirmed, of having all the unconstitutional acts passed
by them, immediately annulled; and Tennessee officers and citizens
declare that the State will soon be back in the Union.
CELEBRATION IN WASHINGTON SUSPENDED.
Feb. 21.—The following was addressed to the Senate and House, but
Congress had adjourned before it was delivered.—
President of the United States was last evening plunged into affliction
by the death of a beloved child. The heads of Departments, in
consideration of this distressing event, have thought it would be
agreeable to Congress and to the American people, that the official and
private buildings occupied by them should not be illuminated in the
evening of the 22d inst.”
H. Seward, S.P. Chase, E.M. Stanton,
Gideon Welles, Edward Bates, M. Blair
Washington, Feb. 21, 1862.
New York Allotment Commissioners, in explaining to one regiment the
manner in which the allotments are made, said, “Suppose John Simpson
writes to send home ten dollars each month to his wife Jane Simpson; the
government gives him a treasury draft payable to the order of Jane
Simpson, which John sends home to her, and as it is drawn to her order,
no one else can use it; and if it is lost the government will replace
it.” The first person on the roll said he would send home ten dollars
to “Jane Simpson.” The commissioner was surprised that his chance
illustration should have hit the right person the first time, but was
still more surprised when the next dozen avowed their willingness to set
off the same monthly sum to “Jane Simpson,” which mythical personage
came near to being endowed by the regiment with a monthly stipend
exceeding by several thousands that of his Excellency the President of
the United States.
dispatches from Cairo to the St. Louis Republican and Democrat
say that on Tuesday two rebel regiments from Clarksville came to Fort
Donelson and gave themselves up, saying that they had been deceived and
were tired of fighting against the old flag.
is declared that strong objections will be raised by the Tennesseeans
against the Bowling Green force offering battle at Nashville.
Provost-Marshal at Clarksville has sent word to Gen. Grant to come up
and occupy the town at once. (He has done so.) The officers of the
gunboats now lying there represent the Union feeling as very strong. The
people state that they had been made to believe that the Union army was
entirely composed of Germans and Negroes, for abolition purposes; but
now that they see it is not, they are anxious to return to their old
allegiance. Prominent citizens say that a similar feeling will prevail
in the whole State within a week.
the Year Has Done.
feel it not a little interesting to look back and see how far the past
year has brought the nation on its way to union and peace. The following
words were the best which we could find one year ago today, to describe
what was then the condition of the country:
suppose that no more gloomy 22d of February than this has dawned since
the winter at Valley Forge. The time has finally come when the very
Union, which was the result of Washington’s labors, seems in the
opinion of many to be already hopelessly sundered—not merely by the
secession of one-fifth of its members, but by seemingly irreconcilable
divisions among those which remain. The country is not menaced by any
external enemy, nor by any of those calamities which ordinarily cut off
material resources and reduce the prosperous to distress. Such
misfortunes it could bear with a brave heart, but it seems to have
become its own enemy, to be working its own ruin; and few are there who
can suggest the means of defence from an attack so dangerous, and a
calamity so overwhelming as this.”
Evacuated.—It is almost ceased to excite any unusual emotion to
hear that a great rebel position has been evacuated. The entering wedge
at Fort Henry did its work so well, that there is no point at which the
rebels are now secure, or even in a position for defense. Retreat and
abandonment of one place after another is now the regular order of the
is certainly lost for them, and that gone it is not easy to see where
they will bring up. But they must certainly make a stand somewhere,
unless they wish to give the matter up altogether; and wherever this
point is General Grant will probably find them out, and then perhaps at
last we may have a fair fight in the open field to close the war.
having failed to make the requisite appropriations relative to the
World’s Fair, the Committee are unable to proceed, and adjourned
today. Exhibitors, therefore, are thrown upon their own resources.
Senate bill conferring medallions on meritorious soldiers excites much
comment in military circles. The objection is that it omits to similarly
Lincoln is ill today, and exhausted by continued watching at the bedside
of his son Willie.
Charleston Courier of the 15th inst., publishes a long editorial
on the recent reverses to their arms at Roanoke Island and Fort Henry.
It says: “We have sustained heavy losses in munitions of war, our
country has been deprived of the services of several thousands of her
best disciplined and bravest soldiers, and parents and wives weep in the
bitterness of grief over those who will never again bless them with
their smiles. The enemy pushes on, flushed with victory, to win more
triumphs, and to cause other hearts to bleed. We feel these reverses. We
acknowledge them openly.”
Committee on Clothing will be happy to receive at WELLINGTON, GROSS
& CO., 100 Devonshire st., any Cloth or Clothing for the use of the
Contrabands at Port Royal, and will forward them free of expense.
Scotland, Mass’tts, a small village southwest of Bridgewater.
author of “Ben Hur.”
Ammen of the U.S. Navy, which set up and superintended a number of small
refugee camps along the Southern coast. The Navy stationed gunboats
nearby to defend the camps, and quietly armed both the freed slaves and
white Unionists who resided there. Thus refugees of both races remained
in the area of their homes, and were not subjected to the harsh and
unfamiliar weather of a Northern winter—as they were if taken by the
Union Army, whose camps were described as massive, nasty, and poorly
run. Each Navy camp was supervised by a naval officer, and provided a
safe haven for the families of black
men who chose to volunteer for service with the fleet.
fighting went on in Tennessee right until the end of the war.
or wealth, especially when regarded with contempt or acquired by
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