MAY 18, 1862
of Beef.—The Bulletin of yesterday morning, had the
following welcome intelligence: “We are gratified to learn that the
agent of the Committee of Subsistence has succeeded in inducing the
drovers and cattle dealers at New Iberia to transmit their live stock to
this city, if no unforeseen impediment should be presented. Up to that
Monday, 700 head had been sent forward, and it was then expected that
200 would come on daily. When some arrangements are completed, which are
now pending, the amount will be doubled. In fact, it is anticipated that
our market will be fully stocked and rule at low prices. At the
commencement of the past week about 1000 head of cattle were at New
Iberia, awaiting shipment.”
Negro as He Is.—A Northern View.—Col. Gibson, of the 49th
Ohio, recently wrote a letter from Tennessee, which is attracting some
notice. Gibson will be recollected as the Republican successor to
Breslin, as State Treasurer of Ohio, and that under his administration
the great defalcation
was discovered. He writes thus about the condition of the slaves, as
observed by himself:
this region every one owns one or more slaves. Here, as elsewhere, where
I have been, the slaves are well treated and well provided for. They
appear happier and certainly live and dress better than the poor whites
or the free Negro of Ohio or the North. They all supposed we were about
to liberate them. This lie had been trumpeted in the South, and hundreds
of honest people, aside from slaves, believed it. But the Negro here
instinctively dreads the North. They love the South and are devoted to
have witnessed some touching scenes between exiled masters, returned to
their homes, and their faithful slaves. It is strange how few try to
escape or run away. I doubt if twenty have come to the army with which I
have been connected since last September.
the farm houses and in the city the white children and the black play
together like brothers and sisters. It is my deliberate opinion that, in
their present state of ignorance, the slave rather fears than desires
emancipation. They only regard their appetites and comforts. They are
well housed, well dressed and well fed. They appear to want no more.
These facts constitute no excuse for slavery, but I mention them as
intending to show that statesmen had better let the Negro alone at
present, and address themselves to suppressing this great rebellion.”
Provost Court.—Provost Judge Bell yesterday, as usual, disposed of
a number of cases of drunk and disorderly soldiers.
Heatherton, charged with inciting a mob on the arrival of the U.S. naval
officers, while on their way to the Mayor’s office, resulting in the
knocking down and severe beating of Peter Dirkort, was adjudged guilty,
and sentenced to pay a fine
of $300, and give bond in the sum of $10,000 to keep the peace for one
year towards all men, especially Peter Dirkort.
want of genuine religious faith is a great misfortune, but it should
never be punished as a great crime, and it never is, or will be by those
who truly possess it. It is only religious prejudice, mistakenly called
religious faith, that is intolerant.
Result of Eight Censuses.—We copy the following from a late number
of the National Intelligencer:
were favored recently by the Superintendent of the Census with a copy of
a tabular statement, prepared in his bureau, which, from its
comprehensiveness and condensation, deserves a passing notice. The table
compares the aggregate populations of each State and Territory of the
United States every tenth year from 1790 to 1860, inclusive, classing in
separate columns, at each period and in each State, the number of
“whiter,” “free colored,” and “slaves,” and we have all
these aggregates of eight different censuses in a table thirty-six
inches by twelve. We presume that the reader could hardly, of himself,
begin to estimate the amount of human labor that was expended in
travelling and obtaining and recording and reporting the details
compressed into this space of thirty-six inches by twelve, or the weight
in tons of the vast volumes of manuscript returns from which this
compendium has been reduced. Would the reader believe that these masses
of figures, in manuscript, of the eight censuses, would load one hundred
wagons? Yet it is so, incredible as it may appear. What a labor, then,
the reduction of all this to one sheet!
vast amount of wit is to be gathered from tombstones, and mortuary puns
have long been famous. The epitaph of the witty divine, Dr. Thomas
Fuller, is worthy of himself, simply:
is a professional point in the epitaph of the eminent barrister, Sir
lies an honest lawyer—that is Strange.
by what an outrageous quibble has the name of William Button, Esq., been
handed down to immortality. The epitaph is to be seen in a churchyard
sun, moon, stars and ye celestial poles!
Are graves, then, dwindled into Button-holes?
is something quaint and touching in this epitaph of Grimaldi, the
of the best of this briefer kind was proposed by Jerrold, whose wit did
not always wear so courteous a dress. Charles Knight, the Shakespearean
critic, was the subject, and the words:
is added that the injured man recommended the author to use the
inscription as a motto for his own journal.
histrionic epitaphs the best is this on one of Shakespeare’s actors:
a similar vein a with gave a couplet to Mrs. Oldfield, the most
celebrated actress of her day:
we must own in justice to her shade,
The first bad exit Oldfield ever made.
of compliment is here sacrificed to make the point. It is the reverse of
Malcolm’s Eulogy on Cawdor:
in his life
Became him like the leaving of it.
comedian Foote takes his turn, thus:
from his earthly stage, alas! is hurl’d;
Death took him off, who took off all the world.
MAY 19, 1862
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
EVACUATION OF PENSACOLA.
Corinth, May 18.—The Mobile Advertiser contains the
following: “Pensacola, May 10.—At 12 o’clock, last night,
the Pensacola Navy Yard and forts were set on fire and destroyed. When
the enemy discovered it, Fort Pickens opened and continued a fire, which
was kept up during the conflagration. No one at Pensacola was damaged.
All the public property that could not be burned, except the Custom
House, was moved, but all the movable property was saved. The railroad
track toward Montgomery was torn up this morning.
vessels with a flag of truce came up to the city to-day, demanding its
surrender. Major Balbe refused to comply, and said he had no power to
oppose the federals. The officer said he would occupy the city tomorrow,
but the inhabitants need not be alarmed.”
Army of the Potomac
May 17, 10:30 P.M.
combined naval and army expedition under Capt. Murray of the Navy, with
troops and artillery under Maj. Willard and Capt. Ayres of the Army,
went 25 miles up Pamunkey river to-day, and forced the rebels to destroy
two steamers and twenty schooners. The expedition was managed admirably.
We have advanced considerably to-day. Roads are improving.
B. McClellan, Maj. Gen.
House, (Va.), May 18.—To the Associated Press: The advance guard
of our forces on the main road to Richmond by way of Bottom’s Bridge,
drove the enemy across the Chickahominy, at that point, yesterday
morning. When our troops arrived within half a mile of the burned
bridge, they were fired briskly upon by artillery from the opposite
side. No one was injured. At this point our troops will experience
considerable difficulty in crossing, as the country is low and swampy.
the reconnoisance yesterday, the boats that were burned by the rebels,
on the Pamunkey, had been mostly loaded with corn. When they heard of
the advance of our gunboats they commenced putting the corn on board so
as to ensure its destruction. A few shells soon dispersed them when the
gunboats returned to White House.
roads for the past three days have been next to impassible, owing to the
recent rains. A division train was 36 hours making its way five miles
with teams doubled together and many soldiers assisting. The advance of
our army from this point must be necessarily slow. From here it loses
the benefit of river transportation. The bridge between here and the
enemy has been destroyed and every imaginable obstruction placed in the
way of our advance.
Richmond Dispatch of the 12th has an article on the evacuation of
Norfolk and the conduct of the war in general. It says that the points
within reach of the enemy’s fleet being abandoned, powerful forces can
be concentrated on the essential points, and has baffled the enemy in
every attack of vital importance. The same paper makes mention of a
terrible panic in Richmond on the appearance of our gunboats.
being Sunday the army has rested.
Canadian Opinion of Blowing up the Merrimac.—The Toronto Globe
says: “We confess, however, to some surprise at the blowing up of the
Merrimac. We have never overrated the ‘pluck’ of the Southerners,
but in destroying such a vessel without endeavoring at least to injure
their opponents, they manifested a degree of ‘poltroonery’ rarely if
from Charleston and Savannah!
York, May 18.—By the Atlantic from Port Royal we learn that
a Negro pilot named Small brought out from Charleston a small rebel tug
boat, with a number of guns, destined for Fort Ripley, and surrendered
her to our blockading fleet. He is considered the greatest acquisition,
being thoroughly acquainted with all the intricacies of navigation in
Hunter’s proclamation has been published in Charleston, and a Negro
insurrection was imminent.
preparations are making to bombard Savannah. Our gunboats have proceeded
up the river, and our pickets are within four miles of the city. Massive
batteries, mounting Parrott guns, have been erected all around the city.
troops have a portion of the Charleston and Savannah Railroad in their
Negro regiment is being organized by General Hunter, its officers being
appointed from Massachusetts regiments, and the movement meets with
favor, as they are able to perform duties which will relieve our troops.
Suffering for a Fight.
May 16.—Refugees from Corinth report that the officers of the
rebel army complain bitterly of the loss the Southerners sustain by the
delay of Gen. Halleck in making an attack upon them. Beauregard has been
ready for a week. Every day’s delay weakens him. He has all the
re-enforcements he can produce while sickness reigns.
York, May 18.—A special to the Times, on the Corinth road the
17th, says the Memphis papers of the 11th are looking for the great
battle at Corinth with terrible interest. They estimate the national
army at 60,000, and insist that it is greatly demoralized. They say they
do not allow themselves to think of being defeated. Beauregard is still
undoubtedly at Corinth.
May 17.—Eight or ten fugitive slaves have been returned to
is estimated that there were here recently about a thousand slaves,
principally from Prince George’s county, Md. At least forty
slaveholders from that county were at the court to-day, filing petitions
for reclaiming runaways.
some cases as many as 21 are claimed by a single person. Generally the
fugitives for whom writs are issued have been removed beyond the reach
drink with great benefit.
It is nutritious and eminently healthful.
It invigorates while Coffee enervates.
It not only makes good Coffee, but makes it so good as to deceive the
It costs less than half the price of good Java.
Ad it is beyond comparison the most economical article of the time yet
Those who have purchased of us will sustain us in each of the above
Dealers in this city and country will find ready sale for it if they
will place it before their customers.
M. B. McNary & Co.,
Post Office Buildings, Hartford, Conn.
MAY 20, 1862
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
publish the president’s proclamation called forth by the recent action
of General Hunter. The document is very plain and unequivocal,
and will relieve an anxiety on several points in respect to which the
people are in want of information. It seems that the order of General
hunter was as much a surprise to the president as to the rest of
mankind, and it is not strange that he should prefer to have a directing
hand in a matter of such import as that involved in the order of his
subordinate. It will be perceived that while the president in effect
annuls the order of Hunter, as unauthorized by rightful authority, he
reserves to himself, as commander-in-chief, the determination of the
question when and how such power shall be exercised. He renews his
appeal to the people of the slave-holding states to embrace the definite
and solemn proposal offered by the government in its recent action. The
president, in a word, carefully abstains from any disavowal of the power
of emancipation, under military authority, but the drift of his
proclamation is unmistakably against its exercise at the option of
subordinates. This conflictive action will necessarily complicate
matters, but something will be gained, if we can have, at last, some
authoritative and uniform regulations covering the whole ground.
Adventure of a Negro Pilot.—The Port Royal correspondent of the
New York Post gives the following account of the escape of the
pilot Robert Small with the Planter:
has been employed in transferring siege guns from one point to another
around Charleston. He has long been planning this movement. He brought
with him his family and those of his crew, and several valuable siege
guns, including an eight inch rifle. He cleverly got clear on Monday
night of his white captain, shipped his family, and at daylight Tuesday
boldly steered by the forts, giving his usual salute of the steam
whistle; then hoisting the white flag he steered for our squadron and
reached here this morning. It is noteworthy that Gen. Hunter’s order
of emancipation, which was circulated here on Saturday, had reached
Charleston, (its purport, at least,) before he left.
is said that his vessel and guns are worth nearly $30,000, a prize to
the blockading fleet! Will not congress, by unanimous consent, give
these bold fellows the full value of their prize as an encouragement to
others? Robert Small is a sharp-looking, intelligent fellow of medium
size, and apparently about thirty years of age.”
Printer Boy in Battle.—In the battle of Pittsburg Landing, young
Martin Been of Alton, Illinois, scarce eighteen years old, was a
sergeant in the 13th Missouri, having entered the regiment as a private.
On that fatal Sunday the color-bearer was shot down at his side; he
caught up the flag and carried it through the day, and slept that night
with its folds around him. The next morning his captain appointed him a
second lieutenant pro tempore. The first volley killed the first
lieutenant and Martin took his place. Soon after the lieutenant-colonel
fell and the captain of the Martin’s company acted as major, leaving
this young hero to carry the company through the battle, which he did
most gallantly, and escaped unharmed. Young Martin Been was in a
printing office when the war broke out.
Bounty.—The pay-roll for the families of soldiers now being paid
by the treasurer, Mr. Keyes, at the room in the Market house, formerly
occupied as the liquor agency, amounts to $2500, over half of which was
paid yesterday. A new system will be adopted in future, by which one
half will be paid on Mondays and the remainder on Tuesdays, preventing a
large crowd at any one time. The place now being used for an office is
very convenient and easy of access, but it has a very “ancient and
fish-like smell,” which is anything but agreeable.
intelligent correspondent of the Missouri Republican, in writing
concerning the prevailing want in Arkansas, describes the disability
which belongs to the whole south more or less. He says:
great want of the country is schools, churches and free labor. When the
rebellion is over, a new spirit will visit this land. The people are
beginning to see that the great cause of all their troubles has been the
want of general intelligence and education among the people, and, as the
rebellion is likely to remove a portion of the violent and reckless
class from the state, their places will be filled with a better class of
citizens, and there will be greater respect paid to the institutions of
religions and liberty, and greater protection to life and property than
has hitherto been enjoyed. One of the traits of this war must be the
renovation of society in many parts of the south, and the purification
of the public mind from the hurtful prejudices which have heretofore
kept the people in ignorance and cursed the state.
heavy fighting before Williamsburg was in the woods, where the enemy,
before our reserves came up, greatly outnumbered us—one account say
four to one. The Eleventh Massachusetts, Col. Blaisdell, showed
admirable pluck, advancing through ditch and swamp and driving the foe
before them. The following is from the account furnished to the New York
a regiment filed out in front of the advancing Eleventh, bearing a flag
of truce. All firing instantly ceased, and the enemy was allowed to
approach within speaking distance, when the inquiry was made by them,
“What regiment are you?” Without answering the inquiry, the same
requisition was made upon the enemy, who replied, “We’re the Eighth
Alabama!” “And we’re the Eleventh Massachusetts!” was the
rejoinder. “The you’re the d----d sons of ------- we want!” and
the white flag was instantly thrown down and a volley of musketry poured
into them along their whole line, killing and wounding several of our
men. The Eleventh, with renewed impulse, immediately charged upon the
treacherous horde, and sent them flying into the woods, where they were
shot down and bayoneted at our mercy. The Eleventh was soon relieved,
and at 9½ o’clock the cheering and shouting of the men in the rear
told us our artillery were coming up.
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
New Orleans and the Gulf.—The steamer Rhode Island arrived
at Fortress Monroe yesterday with the mails and dates from New Orleans
to the 8th, Southwest the to the 9th, Ship Island to the 10th, Pensacola
to the 11th, Key West to the 14th and Port Royal to the 18th. By this
arrival we have some items of interest, though not very important, from
New Orleans and other points on the Southern coast:
Butler commenced landing on the 1st of May, established his headquarters
at the Custom House, took possession of the City Hall, Mint, &c.,
and compelled the St. Charles hotel, which was closed, to open for the
accommodation of himself and staff. A conference had been held between
Gen. Butler and the authorities of the city with Pierre Soule. The
proclamation was discussed and modified in some particulars, as an act
of humanity to the suffering inhabitants. The boats and railroads were
allowed to bring supplies to the city. Negotiation for Confederate scrip
is forbidden, but other species of currency in circulation are allowed.
The newspapers continue their publication. The Delta was
suppressed for refusing to publish the proclamation, but was
subsequently allowed to go on. Algiers has been occupied by our forces,
and Forts Jackson and St. Phillip garrisoned by our troops from Ship
Island. The Opelousas and Jackson Railroad was taken possession of, and
all the approaches to the city cut off. Gen. Phelps had advanced to
Carrolton, 5 miles up the river, and occupied the place. There was very
little public demonstration of Union feeling in consequence of the
uncertainty in reference to the future. A great want of confidence was
prevailing, but under the firm course of Gen. Butler business is slowly
reviving. The city is gradually becoming quiet, and affairs generally
are perfectly satisfactory.
is stated that porter’s mortar fleet had been off Mobile and in the
bay, and soundings had been made in the channel. On the 7th the fleet
was fired on while engaged in this work by Fort Morgan, but no reply was
made. The fleet afterward returned to Ship Island.
the night of the 9th inst., the enemy evacuated Pensacola, and set fire
to the forts, navy yard, barracks and marine hospital. Gen. Arnold
commenced a bombardment when the destruction of property was begun, with
the hope of saving a portion of the forts and public property. The
steamers Bradford and Neaffie were burnt. Fort McRae, the
hospital and navy yard were destroyed. The barracks were saved, as were
also the foundry and blacksmith shop in the navy yard. The city and
forts had been occupied by Gen. Jones with 3000 troops. Gen. Arnold was
to establish his headquarters in the city on the 12th and occupy the
city with 1200 men.
is nothing of importance from Key West or Port Royal. Some few days ago
the gunboat Wamsutta lost two men in a skirmish in Warsaw Sound.
Small.—The prompt action of the senate, passing without opposition
the bill of Senator Grimes, by which Robert Small and his gallant crew
of loyal South Carolinians are given prize money to the amount of
one-half the vessel and cargo seized by them, deserves all praise.
When the bill was sent to the house, action was postponed for one day by
reason of objections made by some “conservative” whose name is not
announced. Well does a contemporary observe, “If we must still
remember with humiliation that the confederate flag yet waves where our
national colors were first struck, we should be all the more prompt to
recognize the merit that has put into our possession the first trophy
from Fort Sumter.”
Ideas.—It has been a very common fault of the teaching in our
schools, that it has been too formal, too much confined to the language
of the text-books. Teachers have asked the questions from the books, and
pupils have repeated the answers as contained in the book. This may be
well to a certain extent, and yet such course alone constitutes but a
small part of a true recitation.
without ideas are but little worth—but little worth only as the clear
exponents of ideas. A pupil may be able to repeat the words of a grammar
from beginning to end, and yet have no clear and well-defined ideas of
structure or analysis of language. If he has learned mechanically, no
thoughts have been awakened, no valuable impressions have been made.
With a view to testing the understanding of your pupils, and awakening
thoughts, ask many incidental questions, such as are not contained in
the text-book, but such as are pertinent to the subject under
consideration. It is not unfrequently the case that a pupil may perform
certain operations with the text-book, a given model under his eye, and
yet not clearly comprehend the principles involved.
all your teaching, consider that your true duty is to awaken thought, to
encourage investigation, to lead your pupils to examine, to think for
Situation Before Corinth.—A correspondent of the Cincinnati Gazette
writes from Farmington, Miss.:
far Pope had been doing the lively work. Landing at Hamburg and
advancing out to the left of Corinth, he has after a series of sharp
skirmishes, established himself at Farmington, four miles east of
Corinth, and has reconnoitered up to the enemy’s fortifications on
that side. On the centre Buell is advancing rather more slowly. His
divisions are now thrown forward two to four miles from Monterey, and
within six to eight of Corinth. Thomas completes the line of battle to
the right, with (Ohio) Sherman’s division close up on the enemy’s
outposts on the road from Corinth to Purdy. The line of our advance thus
stretches around in a circuit of nearly ten miles. All the time as we
move forward, our front opposes to the enemy an unbroken line of battle,
and at every point, by early dawn each morning, an array of bayonets
stretches from wing to wing of our extended forces. There is no camping
by the enemy now under the light of our own camp-fires; no moving of a
heavy array within a half a mile of our lines without our knowledge.
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
in the Army and Democrats in the Caucus.—Mr. Forney writes in his
Philadelphia Press that while many democrats out of the army
embarrass the administration, abuse the abolitionists and give moral aid
and comfort to the rebels, he finds that the democrats in the army have
come to consider the leaders of the rebellion alike inhuman and
desperate, and are ready for the most severe measures against them, even
to the arming of the Negroes. He says a democratic brigadier remarked to
him, a few days ago: “When I think what they are doing to my poor
soldiers, and to the Union men of the South, who, like some politicians
in the loyal states, think the abolitionists the worst of men, I feel
like waging a war to the knife against every disloyal slaveholder.”
William D. Wilkins of Banks’ division, a democrat, writes to Senator
Howard of Michigan, from Harrisonburg, Va., May 3d:
sent you a few days since the mandate of the so-called confederate court
of Virginia to the Rockingham bank, a measure preliminary to the
confiscation of all the property of loyal citizens that could be
reached. Every loyal citizen in the ‘valley of Virginia,’ through
which our column is now moving, has been stripped of everything the
rebels could carry away. Hundreds of prosperous farms have thus been
laid desolate, hundreds of loyal men stripped of all they had, hundreds
cast into loathsome prisons. When Jackson retired before us from
Winchester, he arrested and took with him over fifty Union men of that
place, whose only offence was loyalty to their country. And these men,
many of them aged, and holding highly respectable positions, were driven
on foot behind his baggage train, through rain and mud, denied shelter
at night, and were often obliged to go all day without a meal. I speak
of what I do know. Lenity to these rebels only makes them believe that
we are afraid of them. They imply from our forbearance that we dare not
punish. Let us make haste to convince them that ‘our eagles bear the
arrows of punishment as well as the shield of protection.’ ”
Richmond by James River.—The repulse of our gunboats, in James
River, in approaching Fort Darling, seven miles below Richmond, only
proves that gunboats cannot accomplish everything, and that they are not
invulnerable against all kinds of assault. The Galena, Monitor,
Naugatuck, &c., made their way successfully up, until they
neared Fort Darling, which was situated on a bluff 200 feet above the
water, commanding the river where it was very narrow, and where the
channel had been recently obstructed by sunken vessels. The heavy guns
are so high above the river, on the nearly perpendicular bank, that the
gunboats could not elevate their guns sufficiently to reach them, while
their immense shot were driven down point blank upon the boats. The
obstructions in the river prevented their running by, and having been
considerably damaged by the guns of the enemy and the bursting of the
great Parrott gun on the Naugatuck, there was no alternative but
retreat. But Commodore Goldsborough has gone up the river, and will
doubtless succeed in reducing the fort, and thus open the way to
Richmond by water. He is accompanied by the steamer Susquehanna,
and the gunboats Dacotah, Maritanza and Wachusett,
and the tug Zouave; the latter mounted with a single gun. The
abandonment by the rebels of all their batteries below Fort Darling,
leaving their ordnance to be picked up by Com. Goldsborough, will enable
that officer to bring his mortar boats, which we suppose he has, with
other vessels, within range of Fort Darling.
Gough’s Lecture.—The lecture by John B. Gough at the Town Hall last
Thursday evening, was what might have been expected from his wide-spread
reputation—powerfully dramatic, amusing, brilliant—alternately moving
his audience to tears and laughter. No orator that we have heard in Keene
has held such power over his audience. The theme was “Here and There in
Britain”—and the lecture was therefore a medley—descriptive of places,
the abodes of the noble and rich, and of the humble working people, with
delineations of character drawn from the ranks of the nobility, gentry, and
the toiling masses. The speaker is a native of England, but has long
residence in the United States, and his trials and sufferings through
poverty, have made him a staunch friend of republican institutions,
and a hater of wrong and oppression, but they have not blinded him to the
real virtues of aristocratic life. The masses of English people, the
intelligent middle classes, Mr. Gough asserts, are friendly to America, and
American institutions, while the aristocracy, the governing classes of
England, hate us most cordially, and always will hate us, so long as we are
free and prosperous. The London Times, the newspaper organ of the
aristocracy, has never been friendly to this country, and has never told the
truth of us, when the truth was adverse to its prejudices. The intelligent
masses of England are friendly to our government in its struggle with the
rebellion, and only the Times newspaper and those it represents, are
in sympathy with the rebellion. The speaker alluded to our struggle for the
Union with thrilling eloquence, and said we had much more cause to fear
disastrous results from Northern sympathy with rebels and fraudulent
contractors, than we had from any foreign intervention. The appreciation of
this truth among the audience was manifested by the enthusiastic applause it
elicited. The English Queen was warmly eulogized for her many virtues.
Modest and unpretending, a strict lover of justice and of her country’s
welfare, she lives deeply in the affections of the English people. She has
purified the atmosphere around the English court, which presents a fine
contrast to the times of George IVth. In dwelling upon English aristocracy,
Mr. Gough had something to say of aristocracy in general, for it existed in
all countries, and in every phase of social life. Under this head he took
occasion to pass a merited rebuke to village snobbery, so common in New
England. Those who failed to hear the lecture lost infinitely more than the
price of admission. It was over two hours long, but the audience could have
listened an hour longer with delight, ad the speaker been able to continue
that length of time.
great international exhibition at London has been opened, and the English
newspapers pronounce it a success. The building itself is not equal to the
Crystal Palace of 1851, but the contents, it is said, far surpass those of
that year. The Queen was not present at the opening, her deceased consort
having had so much to do with the preparations, she could not bear to
witness the opening ceremonies.
The Wounded at
Paducah, Ky.—Great Variety of Wounds—Horrors of the Battle-Field.
following extract (says the Detroit Free Press) is from a private
letter from an army surgeon at Paducah—
Ky., April 17.
not upbraid me for the very hard work I have done, for how is it
possible for a man of my temperament to do other than work, when you
enter a room where a hundred or two of our brave boys lie in pain, in
agony, and in mutilation; and hear them cry out, in the most piteous and
beseeching tones, “Dear Doctor, for heaven’s sake, do help me
next.” Others will say, “I know you do all you can, but if I die,
oh, my poor wife and my little children! What will become of them? Do,
for God’s sake, fix me next.” Then, again, to look into the anxious,
beseeching eye—put your hand upon the feeble pulse, or on the fevered
cheek, or on the cold and already clammy brow, I ask you, where is the
man who has a single particle of love for his race or his country and
countrymen, who will not be nerved up to work, tired and weary as he may
variety of wounds we have are almost as numerous as the wounded
themselves. First look at the head. A cannon ball or portion of shell
has carried away all the skin and scalp from a whole side of the head
and face; a Minié ball has entered the back part of the head, coming
out through the nose or the cheek bone, carrying away all the bony and
fleshy substance of the face, and leaving the most horrid mutilation you
can imagine. Another is shot through the temple, one or both eyes torn
out and lying on the cheek; another with the lower jaw all shot away,
and the poor, dry and fevered tongue swelled as large as a man’s arm.
Again turn down the coarse but bloody woolen blanket from the poor
man’s breast; a bullet has gone through the chest; the bloody serum
and the bubbles of air press or ooze out of each wound at every labored
breath; his lips are blue, his skin is cold, sweat oozes out at every
pore; he, too, with the utmost difficulty, breathes out, “Do help
me.” But all we can say or do is to assure the poor sufferer that his
only relief is in a dose of morphine, and his only rest the grave.
Another has a shoulder or an arm pierced or carried away. If the
shoulder is carried away, wash and dress, cover up, assuage the pain,
and wait the fatal moment; if the arm be only badly shattered, the knife
and the saw soon do their work; the poor fellow is maimed for life,
whether it be short or long. He is laid away as best he can be, to run
his chance. Another is shot through the back, and an entire paralysis of
the whole lower part of the body has ensued. He breathes a few hours or
days at most. Anotehr is shot through the hips, leaving the bones
perfectly bare. He, too, soon goes to his long home, his final and last
resting place. Then again, the variety of wound and mutilation which are
met with in the legs, and number and variety of operations which are
needed and performed, would take volumes, and not letters, to describe.
It is out of my power to give a graphic view of what has come under my
notice and care.
estimate I gave you the other day, of the number of our killed and
wounded, 5,000 killed and 15,000 wounded, is really below the fact. I
have yet been in no battle, but have seen a great deal of its horrors.
Paducah is at the junction of the Tennessee with the Ohio rivers. It is
the first point of any kind of size that is reached from the field of
battle, and is the first point where a general hospital is located. All
the boats first stop here, and all the worst cases are taken off, hence
the great number and variety of our operations.
cut off forty-one limbs in one single night. At first I felt really
nervous; at last I really liked it. So the feelings of poor human nature
can become blunted.
J. Raymond, editor of the N. Y. Times, writing from Yorktown
under date of the 8th inst., says: “I cannot close this without
mentioning one incident which will brand forever in history the
character of the foe with whom we have to deal. Gen. Butterfield was
General of the trenches on Sunday, and in charge of Yorktown after its
troops found scattered about—not at random, but carefully placed so as
to be the most destructive—great numbers of torpedoes, charged
with explosives, and so arranged with wires that on being handled or
stepped on, they would explode. A large tree, around which horsemen
would naturally gather for shelter, was completely surrounded by them.
They were placed in narrow portions of the road—at or near wells, and
wherever individuals were most likely to go. They were found in
carpet-bags, in flour barrels, in corn and coffee sacks, in officer’s
trunks, &c., &c. One was placed just where the telegraph wire,
which had been cut, entered the ground—and exploded as the new
telegraph operator went to take possession, killing him instantly. Seven
or eight of our men have lost their lives already from this cause. The
entrance to the magazines has been so arranged as to make it almost
certain that an explosion will follow any attempt to open them; they
have, therefore, been placed under guard, and have not yet been
disturbed. I saw to-day a statement made by a man named Grover, from
Western New York, who has been in the rebel army from the beginning of
the war, but who was lately taken prisoner, or who surrendered
voluntarily, I do not remember which. He says (under oath) that the
construction and planting of these torpedoes has been the special work
of Brig. Gen, Rains, who goes among the rebel soldiers by the sobriquet
of “Sister Rains,” on account of his devotion to the doctrines of
Free Love and Spiritualism. He asserts that Rains had given a great deal
of time and labor to the preparation of these torpedoes—that he
superintended the “planting” of them himself, and that he had seen
him going about in connection with a man named Gray, with a wagon load
of them to be placed in particular spots. Grover says that he knows
where many of them have been placed, and to-morrow Gen. Andrew Porter,
the Provost-Marshal, intends to send a guard of rebel prisoners under
Grover’s guidance to dig out all these infernal machines at
their own proper risk and peril. No one can complain of a retaliation
such as this, which merely compels the rebels to take the chances of the
assassinations they had planned for our troops.”
MAY 24, 1862
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Generalship which is Sparing of Life.
following is an extract from a letter from the Colonel of a
Massachusetts regiment, dated at the camp on the Pamunkey River, May 11,
we move from here, I cannot say; soon, however, but we need not
anticipate anything to compare with Yorktown, where the works are as
formidable as were those of Sebastopol . . . But, thanks to the science
of General McClellan, a few weeks of labor, with a small sacrifice of
men, made the enemy’s works untenable. His batteries were so placed
that the enemy were reduced and made to fly without loss of life on our
part. How grateful wives, parents and children should be! At least 5000
lives are saved. Honor the commander who gains success without sacrifice
following is from a letter from the same officer dated May 13, 1862—
the country generally ever know or understand the immense amount of life
he (McClellan) has saved? I was prepared to see strong works at
Yorktown, and ready personally to meet the peril of an assault upon
them; but my conception of the defences—nearly one year has been
occupied in their construction—established by Lee and Johnston, was
very imperfect. The works in front of our division, which would have
fallen to us, are very formidable. We—my own regiment—passed over a
marsh covered with eighteen inches of water; a dam and gate
below—under the control of the enemy—could easily have backed up the
water to waist-deep; the approach for a half mile was over a wide, level
plain, swept by batteries of great power. Now we could and would have
carried these works; but at great sacrifice of life. As it is, the enemy
have fallen back fighting—making stands at West point and
Williamsburg, meeting signal defeats on both fields. We have had great
success and small loss.”
Enlistments and the Slavery Question.—We observe that it is hinted
that Governor Andrew is the “New England governor” referred to in a
Washington dispatch yesterday morning, as having refused to raise more
troops until the government adopts a new policy respecting slavery. In
this form the report was so palpably and notoriously false, that we are
not surprised to see that the story has been recast.
now runs that the Governor intimated a doubt whether enlistments would
be prompt, unless such a policy were adopted. We discredit the story,
however, in this or in any form. The official reply made by the Governor
to the President’s call is known to have been prompt, patriotic and
unequivocal; and we take leave to doubt whether in the most confidential
of his unofficial letters the Governor has ever expressed a doubt, as to
the readiness of Massachusetts to respond to any demand made by the
country, whether all of her citizens agree with the precise policy
pursued by the government or not.
Orleans.—Of course no one expects that the press of New Orleans
will admit any shadow of doubt as to the steady rebellious character of
the city. They assert that the people are a unit, that they submit only
to brute force, and make all the other heroic declarations which are
thought suitable on such occasions. But the New Orleans papers note a
reaction from the sullen spirit at first manifested by the citizens.
Even the Delta records a perceptible vivacity and buoyancy of
demeanor, in great contrast with the gloom which at first prevailed. The
Bee says the city is as quiet as in ordinary times, and far more
tranquil than it has been of late, the troops being careful to interfere
with no one, and the city authorities having pledged themselves that the
soldiers shall not be molested or insulted under any circumstances.
Butler, we should infer, has managed with great judgment in dealing with
the people under his control. The Delta calls attention to the
fact that he is neither a Know Nothing nor an abolitionist, and of
course he is not “Picayune Butler” any more. He has consented to the
introduction of a boatload of provisions for the inhabitants of Mobile,
to the opening of the Opelousas railroad and to steam navigation to the
mouth of Red River, for obtaining provisions. The rebels may refuse to
allow this communication, on account of the support which it will give
to our forces; but such a measure will not improve their relations with
the people of the city. On the whole, therefore, we should judge that
General Butler has shown no little shrewdness, and has taken thought for
himself as well as for the populace of New Orleans.
authority of a very different sort, a special correspondent of the New
York Evening Post, declares that progress towards a right
state of feeling is easily seen. The prisoners taken on the river were
released upon taking the oath of allegiance, and a party of one or two
hundred of them cheered loudly for the Union, while a hundred applied
for work in the government service. For the first few days the mob was
boisterous and ready to take liberties and show its defiance. But after
four or five days in the city, the correspondent writes as follows—
5.—I see that, writing two days ago, I gave this people one month to
become strongly Union. I believe I shall have to reduce the time to two
weeks. We are getting on famously. They no longer insult us in the
streets. They begin to enter into conversation with us; make advances of
various kinds; they throng to our reviews . . . In truth, they are a
thoroughly French population, shouting today for a republic, tomorrow
for an empire, and with their whole souls for both.”
is no doubt too sanguine in his predictions, as men as so apt to be; but
the facts which he notes as observed by himself are worthy of attention.
Detroit Tribune of Tuesday evening says: “A fleet of some 75
sail, grain-loaded, bound down from Chicago to Buffalo, passed down
yesterday, the great part of them during the latter part of the day—a
majority of them of the larger class of vessels.”
is the misappropriation of money or funds held by an official.
And terribly long, which
is why it is not included here, as there would be no room for other
Small and his crew are
not being slighted by getting only one-half the value of the ship and
its cargo; this is the same percentage given the crews of U.S. Navy
vessels when capturing a blockade runner. Half the value always went to
the government—which used the money to set up a post-war pension
system for sailors of all races. They even went so far as to make the
system retroactive to include African American sailors who served before
the Emancipation Proclamation.
institutions of a republic,” not “institutions of the Republicans”
(as opposed to the Democrats).
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