JULY 13, 1862
THE MOBILE REGISTER (AL)
New York Tribune learns from Washington that a gentleman of high
social position abroad, speaking of the policy of the Emperor towards
this country and Mexico, writes as follows:
policy of Louis Napoleon is tortuous and mysterious, and is not to be
trusted. He has set himself up as the arbiter of Europe, and his
ambition would lead him to play the same role with America. There are
many signs which authorize the belief that he would like to mediate in
our domestic question, or, failing in that, to intervene. The movements
of his minister, M. Mercier, have been anything but satisfactory, and I
have it from pretty good authority that since his visit to Richmond he
regards the restoration of the Union as impracticable.
has no interest in the American continent of her own, and no question
with Mexico which required the extraordinary course that has recently
been adopted. Consequently, in breaking the terms to which those powers
agreed at London, some special object must be contemplated. It is easy
to understand that with the leverage of Mexico, Louis Napoleon might, if
so disposed, threaten us with an alliance of that country to the Cotton
States, unless we adopted his counsel and accepted terms of separation.
He is quite capable of that or any other policy by which the interest or
glory of his dynasty could be augmented. And you may rely upon it there
is some such object in view.”
Striking Example of Affection.
the past few days many a gallant Alabamian has consecrated the soil of
Virginia with his blood. Two brothers, John and Hueston Greenwood, of
Western Alabama, after passing together the entire campaign in this
State, were forced, a few days ago, to separate forever, and the
circumstances attending the separation were most affecting. Hueston was
taken severely ill, and after vainly attempting to recuperate
sufficiently to rejoin his brother once more, obtained a furlough to go
to his distant home, still extremely ill. He had scarcely done so, ere
his brother fell upon the field of battle, before the city. To obtain
his body was a matter as difficult as it was uncertain, and there was
none but the servant of the fallen hero to go
in search of it. The affectionate slave set out upon the
adventure, visited the battle ground, examined the dead bodies that lay
strewn around, and had almost given up all hopes, when by accident he
came upon a party who were engaged in burying the dead, and, in their
hands, he found the body of his master, just as they were about to lower
it, uncoffined and still reeking with its gore, into the pit they had
opened to receive it. He immediately recognized it, and throwing his
arms around it, begged that they would not put it there, but give it to
him and he would take care of it. The party, affected by the Negro’s
tears and earnestness, gave him the body, and bearing it away to a
secure place, he hastened back to the city, obtained a coffin, returned,
placed the body in it, and came back with it to the city. Here it was
properly disposed for conveyance home. Such instances of fidelity speak
out most eloquently the character of the Southern slave. Having endeared
himself to his master, he first followed him through the tedious journey
of the war, always at his side, every ready to minister to his comfort,
and still true when death came and bore his spirit up to the other
Savannah Floating Battery.—The Georgia, the result of the
contributions of the ladies of Georgia, has been completed and
transferred to the Navy Department, the right of selecting a commander
being reserved to the Commissioners of Construction, who have made
choice of Lieut. J. Pembroke Jones, of Virginia. The Georgia is
an iron-clad battery, with propellers, mounting ten heavy guns, which
have received the names of the cities and counties whence the largest
contribution were received, viz: Augusta, Savannah, Macon, Columbus,
Athens, Griffin, Wilkes, Milledgeville, Thomasville and Sumter.
vessels Captured and Taken into Key West.—A Key West letter in the
New York Journal of Commerce contains a list of 34 prizes
brought into that port during twelve months, to the 14th ult., the total
value of which is stated at $1,110,000. Among these is the Circassian,
valued at $500,000. The following were bound to or from Mobile:
Adeline, from Havana, with coffee; amount of sales, $4,086.87.
Annabelle, from Havana, with coffee; amount of sales, $5,527.66.
Ballgerry, for Havana, with cotton, unsold; value of vessel and
Jane, from Havana; value $3,000.
William Mallory, from Havana; amount of sales, $6,597.88.
Newcastle, for Havana; value $28,000.
Princeton, from Havana; value $10,000.
Swan, for Havana, with cotton, unsold; value $200,000.
Lying.—A dispatch from General McClellan to the War Department,
from Barclay Bar, July 2d, 5:30 P.M., states: “that he had succeeded
in getting his army to that place, on the banks of James river, and
had lost but one gun, which was abandoned because it was broken down;
that, an hour and a half before, his rear wagon train was within a mile
of camp, only one wagon having been abandoned; that he had a severe
battle the day before; that he beat the enemy badly, the men fighting
even better than before; that the men were in good spirits, and that
reinforcements had arrived from Washington.” He fails to give the
Confederates credit for assisting him “in getting g his army to that
North is discussing the policy of widening and deepening the Erie canal,
so that vessels of war can pass to the Great Lakes without obstruction.
While at the subject of internal improvements they had better devise
some way of removing the obstructions to the navigation of the
Mississippi, for in the neighborhood of Vicksburg their most powerful
war vessels invariably “run afoul of a snag” of the most annoying
description and which, it is stated, has already sent two of their ships
to the bottom, damaged many others, and precludes the passage of all.
is estimated by Lincoln’s Chief Auditor of the Treasury that, by the
1st of January next, the debt of the U. States will be $2,420,000,00.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
Bounty to Volunteers in Connecticut Regiments!
at the time of enlistment.
per month to the wife of a married man, or to the youngest child if the
wife is dead.
per month to each child under 14 years of age, not exceeding two.
per year from the State.
in advance, by the State, at the time of entering the service, to those
who enlist before August 20th.
by the United States, in advance, at the time of entering the service.
by the United States, when honorably discharged.
this in addition to regular pay of $13 per month of privates, with
rations, clothing, and arms.
in one year. Should the war close in one year, the pay of the soldier,
if he has wife, will be
$410, and if he has two or more children his pay will be $458. He has,
in addition, his clothes and rations.
soldier without family receives $338, besides clothes and rations.
for One Year.
telegraphic dispatch was received from Washington last night which
stated that an order is about to be issued reducing the term of
enlistment for the additional 300,000 volunteers from three years to one
year. The object of this is to secure a large number of men who would
not enlist for the longer term but would readily do so for the shorter
period. Besides, it is expected that the rebellion will be crushed in
less than a year. This has been done in accordance, for the most part,
with a suggestion from Gov. Curtin of Penn.
Parsons & Stillman can claim the honor of being the first to
manufacture photographic albums in this city. They have just thrown into
the market a large assortment of the various styles, some of which are
entirely new, and will compete favorably with any heretofore issued; the
prices also are very moderate. The lithographing was done by the firm of
Messrs. Bingham & Dodd, who are too well known for the excellence of
their work to need any praise from us. The Albums need only to be seen
to be purchased, and can be had at Geer’s, Brown & Gross’,
Glaizier’s, and all the other stores where they are usually to be
Meeting in Springfield, Mass.
July 13.—Another rousing war meeting was held in this city last
evening. Spirited addresses were made, and $22,000 subscribed by a few
wealthy citizens for enlisting purposes.
July 12.—The rebels have been making mysterious cavalry
demonstrations in front ever since their repulse at Booneville. The
movements are thought by some to be an advance-guard of a force to
attack us; others think it is to cover the flank of Bragg’s command at
Matters.—Recruiting goes on bravely. Lieut. Rankin, 311 Main
street, enlisted 19 men on Saturday; he has 35 in all, and goes to
Rockville to-day to be present at the grand meeting there to-night.
Lieut. Stone, Charter Oak building, enlisted 4 men; he has 15 already
sworn in. Mr. Henry L. Pasco has taken rooms under Allyn Hall, and
though he only opened on Saturday afternoon, he added 8 men to those
already enlisted. Mr. Thos. Rockwood, of the United States Hotel,
enlisted 6; Capt. Webster enlisted 6, and has 58 in all; his company is
for the 14th Regiment. Mr. Philo F. Talcott, at his rooms over Talcott
& Post’s store, is filling up his company rapidly, and now has
some 20 members.
A. Tennent has accepted Mr. Guy R. Phelps’ offer of $10 a month extra
for a substitute. Mr. Tennent is a clerk in the Connecticut Life
Insurance Company, and Mr. Phelps was very much surprised when he
accepted the offer, but has determined to let him go.
is plenty of work at the Adjutant General’s office now. Up to Saturday
noon 145 documents authorizing the holder to recruit men for the service
had been given out.
members of Hook & Ladder Co. volunteered on Saturday, and also a
number of Sack & Bucket’s men, and several more will follow if
they can make arrangements in regard to their families and situations.
hear that one of the partners f a large book-binding firm has made known
his intention of joining some company, and that several of his employees
will go with him.
J. L. Drake advertises for 100
able-bodied men for one of the new regiments. He has opened a recruiting
office at No. 3 Central Row, and now wants the men to come forward and
enroll their names.
G. Ripley, Esq., offers $10 each for 50 more men, to complete the “Bee
Hive Company.” The company is rapidly filling up. Mr. Ives enlisted 14
men in it on Saturday.
Nathaniel Hayden, and employé of Messrs. Pease & Foster, has
commenced raising a company, and has already 17 men, with the promise of
some 25 more to-day. Three of these are clerks of P. & F., who have
generously offered to give them their situations on their return. A
meeting will be held to-night at J. Allen Francis’ rooms over the City
Bank to more fully organize this company.
K. Owen, firm of Owen & Parker, has agreed to pay one of their
clerks $12 per month, and retain his situation for him. The generous
offer was accepted.
P. Hitchcock, for many years a clerk with the Messrs. Brockett, has been
authorized to enlist for John L. Ives, of the Bee Hive Company. Mr.
Hitchcock is a young man of the right kind, and will make a good and
efficient soldier. Come boys, hurry up!
Messrs. Sprague of Baltic have made a most generous and patriotic
proposition to the men in their employ, who have families. They offer to
continue to such, if they will enlist, half their pay during their
absence, and to secure their position to them when they return.
prominent citizen of East Hartford has offered to pay $10 to each person
from that town who enlists, and for a full company he will pay $1,000.
JULY 15, 1862
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER / BOSTON HERALD
of a Bill to Compensate
States that Abolish Slavery
Within Their Limits
July 14.—The following message from the President was delivered to
Citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives: Herewith is a
draft of the bill to compensate any State which may abolish slavery
within its limits, the passage of which substantially as presented I
respectfully and earnestly recommend.
it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, that whenever the President of
the United States shall be satisfied that any State shall have lawfully
abolished slavery within and throughout such State, either immediately
or gradually, it shall be the duty of the President, assisted by the
Secretary of the Treasury, to prepare and deliver to each State an
amount of six per cent interest bearing bonds of the United States equal
to the aggregate value of ___ dollars per head of all the slaves within
such States, as reported by the census of 1860, the whole amount for any
one State to be delivered at once if the abolishment be immediate, or in
equal annual installments; if it be gradual, interest to begin running
on each bond at the time of delivering, and not before.
be It further enacted, that if any State having so received any such
bonds, shall at any time afterwards by law re-introduce or tolerate
slavery within its limits contrary to the act of abolishment upon which
such bonds shall have been received, said bonds so received by said
State shall at once be null and void in whosoever hands they may be, and
such State shall refund to the United States all interest which may have
been paid on such bonds.
Awarded at the Baby Show.—Yesterday Walter Channing Day, aged 3
years and 4 months, received the first premium--$50—as the finest
child on exhibition, without regard to age.
babies under one year, the first premium awarded to Clara H. Peterson;
2d, Frank Lincoln Barham; 3d, Benj. F. Barnum; 4th, Elma C. Barnard;
5th, Emma Ellsworth Abbott; 6th, Charles Alfred Hoyt; 7th, James Brown
Eddy. Diplomas were awarded to all other children under one year of age.
the judges award premiums to children from one to three, and from three
to five years old; also, to twins, triplets, and fat babies. All the
above prize babies will be on exhibition, as well as the child weighing
only one pound seven ounces, which Mr. Barnum exhibits personally with
much domestic grace.
J. C. Marble & Co., whose powder mills at Buckfield were blown up
last spring, had rebuilt the cylinder mill, and put it in operation for
the first time, last week. On Saturday, about noon, the mill was again
blown up. Fortunately, as in each of the other cases, no one was near
enough to be injured.
writer estimates very fairly, it seems, that the cost of collecting our
internal revenue will be $3,829,280, upon an amount assumed to be
$110,000,000. Another great army of hungry officials must be added to
our civil list; and as the number of places is increased the number of
place-seekers will be likewise increased. Thee will be a heavy
reinforcement to that army of loafers who go in periodically, once in
four years, for some position where they can subsist on government
rations and shirk government work. We have recently suggested that the
new offices should be given to worthy soldiers who have been disabled in
the war, and the emoluments graduated to the pay of the army. This would
save us two-thirds of the expense and cut off that crowd of loafers who
are constantly deterred from entering into any productive labor by the
hope of obtaining some time or other the reward of dirty political work.
If the system of collection is once established on an expensive basis it
will remain permanent until the people demand a reform; and a reform of
that sort is never made by the party in power when it can be avoided. A
vast patronage is secured by holding out such emoluments as prizes
before the elections. The administration is already furnished with a
lever in the civil lists, the power of which ahs been demonstrated to
our cost in times past, and every effort to increase its power should be
withstood by the people as an invasion of their rights. Less expensive
machinery for the collection of the taxes was suggested to Congress. Why
was it not accepted? Are we not fighting for our national existence,
placing voluntarily upon our shoulders burdens of terrible magnitude?
Should we not endeavor to economize now if ever? Or shall we take
advantage of the great evils we must endure as excuses for further evils
to strengthen a faction and build up a great corrupt party to sap the
wealth of the country and destroy its reproductive capacity? Let members
of Congress answer while they have the power, or overboard they go at
the next election.
rolls of twenty-five nickel cents go from hand to hand without opening.
Nobody knows where the silver is. The treasurer of the theatre, the
other night, took in over sixty dollars in twenty-five cent rolls. He
was foolish enough to open some of them and found that several of them
contained each a piece of lead pipe nicely enveloped in blue paper. That
ticket setter opens all the rolls now as he takes them, but the saving
hardly pays for the trouble of doing them up again.
new canal which, when completed, will make an inland town of Vicksburg,
is progressing finely. The surface soil if a tough clay, resting on a
stratum of quicksand, varying from three to twelve feet in thickness.
This will be removed, so that the current will act directly upon the
sandy substance, and thus speedily wear through a wide channel. The
ditch will be six feet in width at the bottom, and from eight to fifteen
feet in depth. There are in all about eleven hundred contraband
laborers, who joyfully dig, with mirth and song.
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
Facts and Rumors
York, July 15.—A Fredericksburg letter to the Herald states
that Major Slaughter, who went to Richmond to procure the release of
Gen. Reynolds, has returned perfectly disgusted with affairs at the
rebel headquarters. He was coolly informed that the General could not be
released or seen, and the Secretary of War was equally invisible.
papers have been received here every other day within 30 hours of their
report that the authorities in Richmond have taken possession of almost
every house for hospital purposes and great fear is manifested of an
is stated the new order by the Navy Department allows men to enlist in
the Navy for two or three years according to their choice.
Blackstone, which is ready for New Orleans, has been seized by
Collector Barney with contraband articles on board.
reconnoissance had been made to Surray Village by Gen. Crawford with the
10th Maine Infantry and Vermont Cavalry, accompanied by artillery,
during which they had a skirmish with a squadron of rebel cavalry. One
of the cavalry was killed and one wounded. The rebels skedaddled. While
returning, Lieut. Col. Fillebrown of the 10th was accidentally shot in
the leg, and the 1st sergeant of Co. K was shot dead by the accidental
discharge of a musket.
July 15.—Water has been let into the canal at Vicksburg, but the
anticipations that it would soon cut a channel through are not yet
realized. The work of deepening it three feet has commenced.
guerillas near Memphis are becoming very bold, burning cotton almost
within sight of the city. They disguise themselves as buyers and find
where it is secreted and then come in force and burn it.
Iowa, July 14.—A party of rebels on Sunday night last broke open
several stores in Memphis, Northern Missouri, driving out the Union men
and capturing some of the State troops., and other places. Their
movements are said to indicate offensive operations.
Louis, July 15.—Information from Corinth to Thursday, says that
Gen. Halleck was there, and the various divisions of his army, in
excellent condition and eager for active operations.
has about 40,000 troops at Tupelo, and some 35,ooo more are at Holly
Springs, and other places. Their movements are said to indicate
July 15.—The Bulletin says that Morgan’s band last night
destroyed the long bridge on the Kentucky Central Road between Cynthiana
and Paris. A gentleman residing near Cynthiana says Morgan’s move on
Frankfort and Lexington was a feint, his real objective being to strike
the railroad at Paris, and destroy Townsend viaduct, which it would take
six weeks to reconstruct, then destroy property in Bourbon county, and
retire to Harrisonburg or Mount Sterling. Advices from Lexington last
night to Major Hatch of Cincinnati render part of the above improbable.
There are reports this evening of the railroad track between Lexington
and Frankfort having been torn up to-day by guerillas.
Santa Fe, July 12.—The Santa Fe mail of the 30th ult. has arrived.
All the Texans except one company have left Arizona for home. There was
an engagement yesterday between a company of State militia and
Quantrell’s band near Pleasant Hill. The rebels were finally repulsed
with a loss of six killed and fifteen wounded. Our loss was nine killed
and fifteen wounded. Capt. Kohl, commanding the militia, is reported
wounded. Quantrell’s coat and sabre and a list of all his men were
Up the Ranks.
part of the country is responsive to the demand for more troops—East
and West. Yesterday a vast ad enthusiastic war meeting was held in New
York city, and resolutions passed which received their finishing touches
in Washington. Throughout the Sunrise State the people are bestirring
themselves. Reports favorable to enlistments come to us from all
directions. Yesterday Lewiston voted to pay a bounty of seventy dollars
to as many volunteers as are necessary to make up her quota. Governor
Washburn sends word that the State will pay a bounty of thirty dollars
to all who enlist in the new Regiments, and thirty-five dollars to those
who enlist in the old Regiments. Last night the Portland City Government
voted to pay a bounty of twenty dollars in addition to the bounty
offered by the State. As affairs now stand, they who enlist in Portland
will receive ninety dollars in advance, from all sources, upon being
mustered into the service of the United States. The action of the City
Government will not, we presume, give satisfaction to all. It must be
borne in mind that a much larger proportion than heretofore of men
having families must now enlist, and with them the bounty becomes a
matter of vital importance.
recruiting officers, so far, render favorable reports. We call attention
to their advertisement.
who have money must pay; those who are able-bodied must fight. Thus only
can the rebellion be put down, and the infinite interests of mankind
Louisiana.—The Confederate Government of Louisiana is at this time
located in Opelousas, where Gov. Moore has established the Capitol. I
understand that the creatures about him exhibit the “Government” by
sending out arrests for men suspected of Union sentiments, and by fines
and other means, manage to replenish the State Treasury. Of course, a
thorough reign of terror prevails. All the bridges of the New Orleans
and Opelousas Railroad have been burned by guerilla parties acting under
Gov. Moore, together with all the cotton and sugar that could be found.
So relentless is the war upon King Cotton, indeed, that Gov. Moore, it
is said, has pronounced the planting of a future crop to be treason, and
several persons have been compelled to plow up the now nearly perfectly
matured plant of 1862. All persons who engage in the crop are denounced
as Abolitionists and Lincoln men. Verily, the reign of madness is at its
height.—Correspondent, New York Times.
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
has at last passed a general pension act, giving privates disabled in
this war $8 per month, and line officers from $14 to $17, while
Lieutenant Colonels and all over that rank are to receive $30 per month.
The pension list for the war amounts at the present time to ten millions
per year, and will doubtless be doubled before the end
of the year.
Sick and Wounded at Washington.—The condition of the sick and
wounded soldiers in the hospitals at Washington, and the generous
provision made for them by the Government, are thus described in a
letter to the New York Express:
of the wounds are very slight, but some few of them are bad enough. The
enemy had minié balls as well as ourselves, and of different sizes. I
saw two just taken from one poor fellow’s neck and back as I entered
the Columbia Hospital. Some of these missiles made ghastly and horrid
wounds, and yet patients are doing well. One ball went through the lungs
of a soldier at Williamsburg six weeks since, and the poor fellow is
doing well. Another last week was shot through the face, the ball
entering one cheek and coming out the other, and he, too, will recover.
Some of the shots follow the line of bones without doing more than
grazing them. Others work upward and downward and cross wise—sometimes
remaining in the body and at others passing clean through or slowly
working their way out.
necessity for amputation is not frequent, but limbs are being amputated
on the battle field every hour, and some, to save lives, have had to
lose their limbs here. That you may know how good a provider the
Government is for the sick and wounded, let me add that I saw
distributed, besides tea and coffee, the best of bread and butter, soups
and meats, ale, porter and brandy for the feeble, who were mending, and
for those on the decline, barley, arrow root, farina and all such
delicacies. There are nearly 10,000 disabled persons now thus provided
for in this city and its immediate neighborhood. Congress, last week,
voted $2,000,000 to send them home when too helpless for future service,
besides $5,000,000 for bounties, and at the same time put a liberal
pension bill on its third reading in the Senate.”
is quite a panic in the money market, and speculations are rife. Specie
is exceedingly scarce, made doubly so by hoarding, and in the cities
resort is had to private scrip to meet the exigency. Gold is at a
premium of 17 per cent., and the August issue of Government demand notes
are selling for 107. The Treasury 7 3-10 notes are selling for 103, and
the4 coupons of all bring premiums, as they are payable in gold. Those
who have gold had better sell it, those who have silver has better use
it, and those who have neither may thank their stars if they have plenty
of good paper issues on which to rely. With a plenty of the
latter we should be quite satisfied.
war is making sad havoc among our soldiers, as the “returned,” the
“sick” and the “:wounded” teach us in terrible reality. Of our own
boys, of whom we have heard the present week, Capt. Hapgood and Chas.
Champney have reached Massachusetts, sick; Henry A. Nichols is reported
wounded in the side by a fragment of a shell, and though not severely
wounded, is among the missing; G. W. Parkhurst, wounded at the late battle
of James Island, has arrived at New York.
W. Gould, of Peterborough, who lost an arm at Williamsburg, has returned
home, and Frank E. Howe, of that place, a member of the 2d, is reported
missing, probably a prisoner.
A. Lewis, who enlisted in the 3d regiment from Winchester, was killed at the
recent battle on James Island, near Charleston. He was struck by a shell and
died instantly. He was 20 years of age. His company (Co. I) went into the
battle with fifty men, out of whom eighteen were either killed or wounded.
The captain was killed by the same shot that struck Lewis.
friend at Beaufort, S. C., sent us the following Masonic item, for the truth
of which he vouches:
little circumstance happened at James Island after the battle, that I will
mention, though it may not particularly interest you. Maj. Sissons of
the R. I. 3d was bearer of a flag of truce accompanied by three other
officers, all happening to be masons. The Rebel Officer that came down to
meet them happened to be a mason also. Maj. Sissons remarked, “I suppose
by the tools you carry, I have the honor
of meeting a Craftsman, as well as an enemy in war!” The Rebel
officer replied, “You do, and I am happy to meet you as such, and regret
that circumstances compel us to meet in any other manner than the
former—but such are the fortunes of war.”
they were awaiting answer the Rebel officer sent after some more masons,
they cracked a bottle of wine and drank “to the health of the Craftsmen,
whether in peace or in war.” The Rebel officer remarked, “We take the
N. Y. papers regular, and should we ever find your names down as
prisoners we will remember you—and should your names escape our notice,
please send us your cards.” Maj. S. thanked them for their kindness but
jokingly informed them they were “reckoning prisoners in the wrong
column,” and assured they, that they, when taken, should be dealt
as kindly with as they had promised to do by him and the others.
Having made special arrangements for the sale of Berries the
coming season, I shall be pleased to take all the berries you can pick, at
the highest market cash prices, or 32 cts. per bushel above the cash price
if payable in goods. The goods will be sold at the same price as though you
bought for money.
– H. E. ABBOTT
BARRE GAZETTE (MA)
BOMBARDMENT OF VICKSBURG.
correspondent of the Missouri Republican, with Flag Officer
Davis’s fleet, gives the following particulars of the movement of that
flotilla against Vicksburg, under date of the 2d:
Thursday the mortar vessels, sloops-of-war and gunboats of Flag Officer
Farragut’s fleet arrived below here. Laying before the city now before
us, our officers saw its strength, but resolved nevertheless on an
immediate attack. It was
necessary there should be a co-operating naval force above the town, and
Flag Officer Davis’s fleet had not arrived. Early next morning it was
resolved a portion of the vessels should run by it.
first dawning of day signals were given, and seven vessels started in
the following order: Gunboats Oneida and Wissahickon
leading, sloops-of-war Iroquois and Richmond next,
followed by gunboats Pinola and Sciota; the flagship Hartford
last. Instantly as they came within range the batteries opened. Rife and
round shot whistled among the masts, and often “bulled” the vessels
with rapid and terrible broadsides. Our fleet answered, and
the immense improvements recently made in war vessels’ ordnance
at once became manifest. So accurate was the return fore that every
battery was speedily enveloped in clouds of dust, and the gunners again
and again driven from their posts, only to be forced back by bayonets in
below, the splendid mortar fleet of Commodore Porter had commenced
playing, and a shower of missiles fell into and around the doomed city.
Buildings were shattered, and soldiers and citizens fled hastily away.
The morning air drove down upon stream and city the dense smoke of
conflict, and one of the most, terrible cannonades of the war went on,
each combatant hidden from the others’ view. Three shots went
ploughing through the Richmond’s hull, and two cut her rigging.
A couple were killed and seven wounded; among the latter Howard T.
Moffatt, master’s mate, had his left arm torn off at the elbow. The
same vessel was struck twenty-five times at Fort Jackson. Every vessel
was hit. On board the Hartford one man was killed and two
wounded, and in all twenty-five injured and ten killed.
slowing to deliver more effectually their broadsides, the vessels
shelled every battery and tore up the works with shot, yet, whenever
firing slackened, fresh men from troops behind rushed forward to the
guns. One hour and forty minutes the attack lasted, when our vessels,
finding further efforts useless, passed on and came to anchor above.
Without a landing force nothing could be done.
Van Dorn, with thirteen thousand men, occupies the town. No landing was
possible, and fresh troops constantly took the place of those exhausted.
Some of the up river rams, which had arrived down a day or two
previously, were sent to watch the Yazoo river. Up it the rebel monster
gunboat Arkansas, iron clad, and reported completely finished,
had been taken, for completion, from Memphis, and might at any moment
issue out. And thus matters rested until Sunday.
it wished, Vicksburg could have been leveled to the ground; but such a
course would have proved barren of results. There is every reason to
believe the rebels court that fate, hoping thereby to excite that
already dawning sympathy of virtuous “Johnny.” Vicksburg cannot be
taken by the navy, although it may be destroyed, and we will have to
patiently wait until a land force arrives. Determined that they should
have little rest, Commodore Porter improved the position of his mortar
vessels and at short intervals threw shells.
rebels from their batteries thought our fleet lay at the bend, and that
troops were being landed. It was apparently a tempting opportunity for
“boarding,” throwing overwhelming bodies on the two or three
thousand soldiers that might be opposed to them, and by one grand coup
de main gaining success.
Van Dorn was in ecstasies over the sudden idea, and his evil genius
prompted him to make one of the boldest, and, as it proved, most
successful dashes yet undertaken. Cautiously marching six thousand
troops out from their camps far behind the bluffs, he skirted the woods,
passed unseen below the vessels, on that side of the river, and
cautiously approached his intended victims. Hidden in dense timber, he
deployed his troops with the rare military skill of a veteran, and when
two hundred yards from the river ordered to charge.
an exceeding terrifying yells, the butternut multitude rushed forward,
and so quickly that they were surprised themselves at arriving so soon
upon the open bank, and still more at being greeted by a terrible
discharge of shot. Quicker than the approach was the retreat, and a
headlong flight ensued. Some hundreds were for a few moments seen
struggling waist deep through a swamp, while other regiments were
ordered near to prevent any attack upon the miring warriors.
were captured, but the number killed and wounded is unknown. The
prisoners stated that Van Dorn and Breckenridge were at Vicksburg, and
would endeavor at every cost to hold it. The belonged to regiments, one
of which numbered 200, the other 150 men. Gen. Duncan and three captains
with thirty privates, according to them, were killed during the
that Vicksburg would hold out, Flag Officer Farragut determined to open
the Mississippi in another way, namely, by cutting a canal across the
bend, and leaving Vicksburg far to one side. Instantly the work
commenced. Negroes were gathered from every plantation around, and three
or four hundred of them set to work. The canal is already partly
finished, and in a week will be completed.
the river rising instead of falling there would be but little doubt but
that the work might be brought to a successful issue. As it is, the
probabilities are of its falling. No rebel forces are upon the bank
opposite Vicksburg, and from there it is easy to view the city.
I visited Commodore Porter’s mortar fleet. It is composed of seven
steamers and twenty schooners.
vessels are none of them shot proof, and had it not been for the
following precaution numerous casualties must have happened. Masts and
spars are completely draped with branches, and lying as they do close to
the bank, it is impossible to see them any distance. They seem a part of
the surrounding forests, and hostile shots have to be directed by
New Currency.—A Washington dispatch says the Ways and Means
Committee have agreed to report to the House a bill making postage
stamps a legal currency. This measure was recommended by Secretary
Drafting Bill.—A dispatch to the Herald says:
drafting bill, as passed by the Senate to-day, authorizes the President
to call out the militia of the country for a period of service not
exceeding nine months. It also authorizes the President to accept one
hundred thousand volunteers for one year’s service. The bounties for
the latter will be liberal. All slaves coming inside our military lines
and employed for army purposes, are to be made free forever, loyal
owners to be compensated by the Government. It is regarded as a complete
emancipation act, and will pass the House to-morrow.”
are Wanted, Not Officers.—The Governor and Commander-in-Chief has
just issued an order giving “instructions relative to the new
recruitment,” from which we make the following extract:
is respectfully suggested to municipal authorities that the object of
primary importance is to fill our corps in the field to the maximum
strength. Therefore, they will encourage recruits to enter corps already
in the service in preference to those to those in process of primary
is earnestly desired to discourage the combination with the municipal
recruitments of persons wishing merely to obtain commissions and not
willing to serve in the army of their country otherwise. All corps now
in service are provided with officers. Vacancies which occur among them
are filled, as a general rule, by promotion within the corps. More than
a thousand applications are on the files at these Headquarters, from
persons not in the service, but seeking to enter it as commissioned
officers. It is impossible to satisfy even a small fraction of the
number. What the country needs is men for the ranks. There is no lack of
men willing to be officers.”
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
of Foreign Intervention.
are unable to see any such threatening danger of foreign intervention as
some are agitated by. We do not believe that either France or England
will seriously consider such a measure unless our prospects should
become much darker than they are at present. Undoubtedly the London Times
and other papers in the interest of the southern conspiracy will raise a
tremendous hullabaloo over Gen. McClellan’s retreat and endeavor to
interpret it as a decisive defeat of the government, and as securing the
independence of the South. Passengers from Europe who have just arrived
on the Great Eastern state that they were shown at Cape Race
dispatches about to be sent to Europe, giving the most exaggerated
account of rebel successes in front of Richmond, representing the Union
army as almost annihilated, its stores and artillery captured, and the
federal cause as utterly lost. Unfortunately the accounts given by the
anti-McClellan papers in New York will go to sustain the same view, and
we must expect a new and fierce howl in Europe for the recognition of
the confederacy, if not for immediate intervention to end the war, “in
the interests of humanity.” But the British and French governments
will not act upon rumors or newspaper exaggerations, and they will soon
learn that the real facts in the case and be able to see that our
government is in a better position to succeed now than ever before. At
least they will be able to comprehend that the war cannot last much
longer, but the national cause must either secure swift successes or
give up the contest. They will therefore wait, and with all the more
patience because of the vigor displayed on both sides in the prosecution
of the war. We believe that the whole thing is to be fought through and
decided long before there shall be the slightest danger of interference
from any quarter. And we therefore dismiss all anxiety about the foreign
aspect, however threatening the next accounts may represent it—and
devote ourselves to the work of the war.
view is sustained by the recent letter of Thurlow Weed, declining an
ovation in New York city in recognition of his recent services to the
country abroad. He says we have nothing to fear from Europe if
successful in the prosecution of the war. Fort Donelson, Nashville,
Winchester, New Orleans and Memphis are our strongest arguments against
intervention with governments that determine all questions by military
measurement. Mr. Weed finds among the causes of foreign antipathy
against us as a nation, the sympathy we have always shown with efforts
for the overthrow of monarchs, our alacrity in recognizing the
independence of such nations as struggled successfully, the Morrill
tariff, which is much disliked in England and France, and to a belief in
England that we desire a war with that country. While England, France,
Belgium and Germany seriously feel the loss of cotton, Mr. Weed does not
apprehend, immediately, that these governments will intervene, though
with the two former the subject has been considered. France is even more
impatient than England; not, however, from unfriendliness, but because
the emperor assumes, in the absence of employment, to supply his people
with food. But they must have a better reason than that to justify
intervention, even to their own people. And Lord Palmerston has recently
reiterated for the fourth or fifth time in Parliament, that the British
government has no intention of interfering in any way in American
affairs. Whether it does or not does not matter; the thing to be done,
to secure peace at home and respect abroad, is to put down the rebellion
off hand. Every new volunteer now offered to the country’s service is
worth volumes of discussion and diplomatic correspondence to prevent
from the Ranks.
is a call upon the government to reward the gallantry of the soldiers by
promotions from the ranks. It ought to be done. Justice and sound policy
require it. There has been a largely disproportionate loss of officers
in the recent battles, and their places should be supplied by those who
have demonstrated their courage in the face of the enemy. Some of our
officers showed the white feather in the late battles, according to Gen.
Keyes’ statements; they should be superseded at once by braver men
from their own commands. And in officering the new regiments the
preference should be given to the men who have seen service and proved
their fighting qualities. Nothing so improves the tone of our army as
the spirit of honorable rivalry among the rank and file, and the
certainty that noble deeds will be appreciated and rewarded. The
president and the Senate have already recognized and honored the
services of the generals who led so skillfully and successfully in the
severe battles before Richmond. Let not the services of the men who did
the fighting fail of due reward.
of the brave boys of the 10th and 27th have distinguished themselves,
and won deathless renown. All who have earned honorable promotion cannot
of course receive it, for there are not offices enough to reward them
all, and it may be impossible to do exact justice in the matter, or to
distinguish between so many of equal merit, but the rank and file will
be satisfied if they see men from their number deservedly promoted, and
will be more zealous in future to secure the distinction for themselves.
Promotion from the ranks is the true way to give inspiration to any
army. Napoleon understood this, and more than three-fourths of his
celebrated marshals rose by merit from the ranks. The principle involved
has heretofore been strangely neglected in our republican army, where it
ought to have been the invariable rule. Henceforth we trust it may be
Repudiation Unanimous.—The state of Florida and the city of Mobile
paid their July interest in 1861 at New York. They were the only
exceptions to the rule of repudiation adopted by the rebel authorities;
but this year every state, municipality and corporation under rebel
domination are on the same footing. Virginia defaults $800,000,
Tennessee $850,000, North Carolina $90,000, Georgia $75,000, and
Missouri $750,000. The latter state, though loyal now, was sadly
impoverished by the rebel raids.
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