AUGUST 17, 1862
THE TIMES PICAYUNE
Summer Travel and Watering Places.
at this season of the year a very large proportion of the population,
both of the South and the North, have been on the wing towards, or else
quietly residing at, the thousands of watering places which skirt our
sea lines, or are embowered among the mountains, or beside the lakes and
inland rivers and water falls, from Lake Superior and the St. Lawrence
to the Gulf of Mexico. But a change has come over the spirit of these
pleasant summer dreamings, and the reports we are daily hearing from the
vicinities of all these attractive localities evince a woeful falling
off in the public patronage extended to them. The people of this great
continent are occupied with far other thoughts than those of peace, and
amusement and recreation have given place to the terrible business of
hitherto attractive rural retreats of eh wearied and jaded citizens of
the city have lost their attractiveness; for within hearing of their
usually quiet seclusion the roar of cannon, the roll of the drum, the
measured tread of the sentinel and picket are overpowering and silencing
the dash of the cascade, the rippling of the brook, the sighing of the
summer breezes in the woodlands, and the echoes of
loud laugh that speaks the vacant mind.”
is one of the saddest accompaniments and consequences of this cruel war
that the opportunities hitherto enjoyed of interchanging the amenities
and hospitalities of each have been cut off from the inhabitants of both
sections of this once united and happy country. The sundering of so many
kindred and friendly associations is not the least of the penalties all
and alike are suffering, and they add a keener pang, a sharper sting to
the great sorrow of the time.
all along our widely extended river, lake and gulf coast, the exigency
has closed the usually popular resorts for health and recreation, those
which are more remote from present military operations, are but
slenderly patronized, this season. We see no more long lists of daily
arrivals at the Niagara hotels; the cottages and public houses at that
favorite seaside and public houses at that favorite seaside watering
place, Newport, are almost deserted; Saratoga is correspondingly
desolate; the White Mountains tower lonely and unvisited in their gloomy
grandeur; Old Point Comfort is a bristling garrison, and the region
round about the enchanting mineral springs of Virginia is all one wide
camp or battle field. And they whose mirthful laughter and social
converse made all these pleasant resorts the abode of genial and social
enjoyment are engaged in the active duties of the field, or are hanging
anxiously upon every day’s reports of its terrible scenes and
picture is a sad one, and in contemplating it the thoughtful mind cannot
but be impressed with the hope that the time is not far distant when all
may changed, and peace, with her white wings, may once more brood over
this now distracted land.
Mont Blanc, which has been “below, coming up,"1
for so many days, is now safely in port, with her precious cargo of 650
tons of Fresh Pond ice,2
to Messrs. Warner & Co. It is to be hoped we can now obtain supplies
of these refreshing crystals at somewhat rational prices, and on
New U.S. Stamp Currency.—The Philadelphia United States
Gazette says that the new stamp currency will not be in the shape of
stamps, as had been originally designated. The sticky nature of the
stamps rendered them totally unfit for use as currency, and even without
the mucilage these small bits of paper could not be taken care of
sufficiently to answer for change in daily use. To obviate this
difficulty Postmaster Walborn, of Philadelphia, submitted to the
authorities at Washington a proposition, which has been approved and
acted upon, to print small notes of the denominations desired for
change, the paper and engraving being the same as that of the national
paper currency, but with designs entirely distinct. This is the manner
in which the new currency will make its appearance.
Coast.—We this morning met Lieut. Dryden, of the coast patrol, and
learn from him that the Negroes on the plantations are at present quiet,
all signs of insubordination among them having for the present ceased.
McPherson was arrested last night for having insulted S. P. Brower,
because of his Union sentiments. The insult was given in one of the city
May last, the shop of Mr. J. Edmond, merchant tailor, corner of
Customhouse and Bourbon streets, has been burglariously entered no less
than four times. The first time, $800 worth of goods was stolen, and
more or less on each subsequent visitation. On the last visit, which
happened on Thursday night last, the number of the burglars was three,
and the clerk, who slept in the establishment, heard them, saw one, and
struck him with a brickbat, and could have shot him but that he was not
prepared with weapons.
and Arms.—Jose Berroni was arrested last night on Main street, for
taking up his bed and walking, and for having concealed in said bed a
Kernion, who indulged in indiscreet hurrahs for Jeff. Davis, was
arrested by two members of the 30th Massachusetts Regiment.
Run Over.—A drayman named John Coleman was this morning arrested
on Tchoupitoulas street for running his dray over a boy named Michael
White, eight years of age, thereby dangerously injuring him.
inquest was held this morning on the body of a Negro named Sam, a native
of Virginia, aged 100 years, found dead at 220 St. Peter street.
Verdict: “Died of debility and old age.” Sam belonged to Mr. F.
Rieau. But he remembered well the old revolutionary times in Virginia,
and of his having waited on Gen. Washington once, when he was fifteen
years of age. He also told many tales of the times when Washington was
AUGUSTA CHRONICLE (GA)
obedience to the order of General Mercer, we respectfully
request the planters of Richmond county to have twenty per cent of their
able-bodied Negroes at the Augusta & Savannah Railroad Depot in
Augusta on FRIDAY MORNING, the 22d inst., by seven o’clock, to be
shipped on the 8 o’clock train to Savannah. We also request that
persons having Negroes to send, will meet us at the City Hall in
Augusta, on THURSDAY MORNING, at ten o’clock, previous to sending
their Negroes, and return the number and names of the Negroes sent, that
we may have transportation ready and receipts filled out ready to give
their owners on delivery at the Depot Friday morning.
the planters of Columbia county are respectfully requested to meet us at
Appling, on TUESDAY, the 26th inst., to return the number and names of
their Negroes to be sent, that we may have transportation ready to ship
them from Augusta on FRIDAY MORNING, the 29th inst., and have receipts
filled out ready to give to the owners for the Negroes on delivery at
attention to the above request will hasten the work and save expense.
Our orders are imperative, and we must obey. We are ordered to promptly
report persons refusing aid.
all able bodied free Negroes are requested to come forward and report
themselves, and be ready to go.
Negroes should have one or two days’ rations with them.
CHARLES A. HUDSON,
Exploit of a Private.—We have just received information of
a gallant exploit of a private in Gen. Forrest’s command. Mr. Jeremiah
Warren, a member of Capt. Spiller’s old company of cavalry, now
commanded by Lieut. Havron, while hunting his horse near McMinnville, on
the 4th inst., was suddenly warned by a friend that the Yankees were
thick in the neighborhood, and that three of them were immediately in
advance of him. Our hero being unarmed, borrowed a shot gun from his
informant and quickly advanced alone upon his antagonists. Discovering
two of them, he dashed upon them on foot at [the] double quick,
demanding an instant surrender which, after some show of resistance, was
complied with unconditionally.
instantly disarmed his prisoners, and placing them before him, marched
them along the road until he found the third, who, believing the whole
party to be his friends, was surprised and also captured. Our hero, not
stopping to look for his horse, thought it best to make sure of his
captives, set out at once for Chattanooga, where he arrived safely after
three days’ march, and delivered his prisoners to Gen. Maney, who
highly complimented his coolness and courage. The prisoners belonged to
the 35th Indiana regiment, and are now in the guard-house at
Chattanooga. Warren came up the road a day or two ago in search of his
command. He has not yet found his horse.
lives in Jackson county, Ala., the county that has given Mitchell so
much trouble.—Knoxville Register.
it is Done.—A short time since a planter in one of the
interior counties of this State refused to furnish his quota of Negro
laborers as required by the order of Gen. Mercer. His case was reported
to headquarters, whereupon a squad of soldiers was dispatched to the
planter’s residence, who arrested and conveyed him to Savannah. He was
there consigned to prison, from which he was released upon giving bond
and security that he had repented of his obstinacy and would return home
and send forward immediately the Negroes required. We trust that it will
not be necessary for the military authorities to repeat this operation
anywhere throughout this State. We know that our planters are patriotic
and surely they have intelligence to comprehend the necessities of the
Heroic Incident in New Orleans.
are indebted to high authority for the facts of the following occurrence
in New Orleans, intelligence of which has reached the city yesterday.
Mrs. H. M. Hyams, wife of the Lieutenant Governor of the State, passed
on the street a number of Yankee officers sitting in a doorway as she
went by. One of them arose and followed her a few steps, and arresting
her progress by placing himself in front of her, told her that she had
omitted to bow in passing. She attempted to avoid the ruffian, when he
repeated his remark, and asked her if she had not read Gen. Butler’s
“Order No. 28,” with reference to the treatment of Union offices and
soldiers with respect. Endeavoring to pass the fellow, he threw his arm
around the lady’s waist, [and] pressed his foul lips upon her face. As
the villain released her from his embrace, the Southern lady coolly drew
a pistol and shot him through the body, so that he fell dead at her feet
in the insolent flush of his cowardly triumph over the insulted virtue
of a feeble and unprotected woman.
of the officers immediately arose and, approaching the noble and
courageous lady, took her by the arm ad told her, so that the other
Federals could hear, that she must accompany him before Gen. Butler. He
immediately placed her in a cab and drove away—but not to the
Beast’s quarters. He directed the cab out of the city and through the
line of sentries—and further on still, until beyond the reach of the
tyrant’s outposts. The act of the heroine had made a hero of the
witness. He told her that he considered her act justifiable and noble,
and that in a moment he had determined that she should not be sacrificed
to Butler’s vengeance, and adopted the expedient by which he had
rescued her. He continued to escort her on her journey through the
country until they arrived in the Southern lines at Camp Moore, when he
delivered himself up to Confederate authorities, to be dealt with as a
prisoner or otherwise.
ends this heroic and dramatic incident of the war. Mrs. Hyams has set a
lofty example for Southern women, and the gallant gentleman who
delivered her has shamed its army and the whole North. We trust he has
renounced forever the service of the oppressors, and that a rank
equivalent to his deserts may reward him in ours.—Mobile News.
AUGUST 19, 1862
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Situation as Seen by a Rebel.—The Richmond Dispatch
gives the following view of the present condition of affairs among the
rebels. There is every reason to believe that the accuracy of the
statement equals its candor:
has been six weeks since the last gun was fired in the fight around
Richmond that sent McClellan ‘skedaddling’ to the shelter of his
gunboats at Westover.4 Since then a lethargy as deep as that
which pervaded the army and the country after Manassas seems gradually
settling down upon us. We are, apparently, waiting for the enemy to
recruit his exhausted strength, and to come forth in the cool weather
that will be upon us in the next sixty days. By that time his regiments
will all be filled up, and we shall be assailed by three hundred
thousand additional troops. We shall at least escape the chance of
attacking him before he is ready. We are giving him all the time he can
desire. He can never reproach us with pressing him when he is not
prepared. What the consequences will be it is not worth while to
anticipate. We saw what they were last year. It is fated, it seems, that
we are never to reap the fruits of victory, no matter how decisive.
Manassas was followed by the abandonment of nearly half of Virginia.
Shiloh was followed by the entire loss of the Mississippi and the fall
of New Orleans. What is to follow the victories around Richmond we
cannot imagine. We have not much more to give up, unless we mean to
abandon Virginia altogether.”
of Colored Citizens.—We print this morning a letter from
the Attorney-General of this State as to enrollment of “all male
citizens” of the military age. Mr. Foster holds that this means all
male citizens of the respective States; and as colored men are citizens
of Massachusetts, they are of course included in the draft. It is
probable that municipal officers will not find it easy to resist this
construction of the laws of the State and of the United States, which
now has the support of high legal authority, as well as the endorsement
of the executive.
New York Herald’s Washington correspondent learns the following
relative to the movements of Mason and Slidell to secure a recognition
of the confederacy:
private correspondence from London states that Mr. Slidell has arrived
in that city, and that he already had several interviews with Mr. Mason,
for the purpose of deciding what was the best step to be taken to hasten
the recognition of the Southern confederacy, which seems to have been of
late an object of great indifference on the part of the English cabinet.
After several protracted meetings, it is said that the two rebel
delegates have agreed to address a joint note to all the European
Cabinets, demanding a recognition of the Southern confederacy—not in
the name of an abstract principle of rights, not even in virtue of its
manliness in maintaining its independence, but in the name of their
legally asserted rights, of the rights upon which foreign nations have
acted towards countries situated as the South is at the present time.
The note will state that eighteen months’ struggle, successfully
carried on against the North, constitutes a right of recognition,
superior to that which Belgium and Italy had at the time their
independence was acknowledged by France and England. Taking these facts,
as well as the principles of international law set forth in Vattel and
others, as the basis of their demand, they hope to place France and
England in such a position as to render the refusal of the recognition
of the South almost impossible.”
match of the Boston Club against the St. George of New York is to be
played Thursday and Friday, Aug. 21 and 22, on the grounds of the Boston
Club, Cambridge street, East Cambridge, play to commence at 10 a.m.
The visit of the St. George to the city will be an event of no ordinary
importance, as this Club is considered the first Club in the country, it
being the oldest and wealthiest, and takes rank in play above any
others. The Boston Club have many good players, and this match will be
an interesting one. The Bostons will be happy to meet their friends, and
any who take an interest in out-door sports, and will do all in their
power to make the occasion one of interest to all present. Cars leave
Chardon street every 15 and 30 minutes.
notorious rebel guerilla chief has, by his daring and success, won the
title of the “Morgan of the West.” He is now engaged in a series of
dashing adventures which have struck terror to the hearts of thousands.
He lately impressed a ferry boat to cross a river, and when the job was
completed, told the captain he ought to be d----d thankful his boat was
not burned. He has given our commanders in western Missouri more trouble
than all other guerillas combined. His movements are rapid, and he never
sleeps twice in the same spot. Scouting parties have been sent from
Sedalia, Georgetown and Kansas City many times to catch him, but he
always escapes. A few days ago he was reported encamped near a small
town called Columbus, on the Blackwater river, in Johnston county. Capt.
Peabody, with 140 men, rode all night in hopes of catching him, but the
bird had flown when the camp-ground was reached. This expedition swam
several swollen creeks to shorten the road to the rebel quarters. On the
3d, Major Banzoff left Warrenburgh with a detachment to surprise
Quantrell on the Independence road, but was unsuccessful. On the 4th,
Capt. Fuller, with 100 men, left Sedalia by the Osceola road, and went
as far as Calhoun, in Clinton county, without discovering any guerillas.
News from the Peninsula.—It now appears probable that
General McClellan has safely accomplished a task which had been
pronounced by many to be well nigh impossible—the withdrawal of his
entire army from the James River. The retirement of these forces in the
face of the enemy and from such a position, is a movement which the most
confident might have despaired of accomplishing, and it can have been
only by the most careful preparation that the destruction of the rear
can have been prevented.
concentration of our armies in Virginia, which but a short time ago
seemed hopeless, will now give to the united command a strength which
will enable the government immediately to resume the offensive.
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
President and the Negroes.—On Thursday last, the President
of the United States gave audience to a committee of colored men at the
White House. They were introduced by Rev. J. Mitchell, Commissioner of
Emigration. E. M. Thomas, the chairman, remarked that they were there by
invitation to hear what the Executive had to say to them. Having all
been seated, the President, after a few preliminary observations,
informed them that a sum of money had been appropriated by Congress, and
placed at his disposition for the purpose of aiding the colonization in
some country, of the people, or a portion of them, of African descent,
thereby making it his duty, as it had for a long time been his
inclination, to favor that cause. “And why,” he asked, “should the
people of your race be colonized, and where? Why should they leave this
country? This is perhaps the first question for consideration.” The
President then stated at length the reasons which he considered should
induce the colored population to desire to leave this country, in which
their race is subject to so many disadvantages. “The place I am
thinking about having for a colony,” he continued, “is Central
America. It is nearer us than Liberia, not much more than one-fourth as
far as Liberia, and within seven days run by steamers. Unlike Liberia,
it is on a great line of travel, it is a highway. The country is a very
excellent one for any people, and with great natural resources and
advantages, and especially because of the similarity of climate with
your native land, thus being suited to your physical condition. The
particular place I have in view is to be a great highway from the
Atlantic or Caribbean sea to the Pacific Ocean. And this particular
place has all the advantages of a colony.” The great advantages
offered in that country to a colony of colored people, and the
privileges they would enjoy there, were enlarged upon by the President.
“The practical thing I want to ascertain is whether I can get a number
of able-bodied men, with their wives and children, who are willing to go
when I present evidence of encouragement and protection. Could I get a
number of tolerably intelligent men, with their wives and children, and
cut their own fodder, so to speak. Can I have 50? If I could find 24
able-bodied, with a mixture of women and children—I think I could make
a successful commencement. I want you to let me know whether this can be
done or not.” The chairman of the delegation briefly replied that they
would hold a consultation, and in a short time give an answer. The
President said, “Take your full time—no hurry at all.” The
delegation then withdrew. We have given above the principal points of
the President’s address, not having room for the report at length.
Arkansas Ram.—The Richmond Dispatch of the 9th, says
official dispatches have been received by the Navy Department,
confirming the loss of the Arkansas while on her voyage to
co-operate in the attack upon Baton Rouge. She unluckily grounded when
within five miles of the latter place, and all efforts to get her off
were unavailing. In this helpless position a fleet of gunboats from
below attacked her, and the only alternative to prevent her being
captured was to blow her up.
Scramble.—It is stated that the rush and scramble for
office under the Tax Law exceed even the disgraceful scenes in the same
line witnessed upon the advent of the present administration. There are
nearly applicants enough to fill up the several States’ quota of
troops; and it is said that the distribution of these offices, so as to
best subserve the interests of the “no-party” party, gives the
President and cabinet more trouble than any thing else! It was some time
ago suggested that these offices be given to disabled soldiers as a
slight reward for their services and sufferings in the cause of the
country. But the demands of party overrule those of justice and
patriotism; and so far as appointments have been made, “old party
hacks” have been made the recipients of the Government’s bounty. And
so it will doubtless be with the rest.
what a spectacle is here presented to the world” well exclaims the
Albany Argus. The nation is struggling for existence. The public
exigencies have led to the imposition of a tax more burdensome than ever
before dreamed of in this country and seldom equalled in any nation. An
army of officers have been provided for its assessment and collection.
In the face of the distress of the nation, hungry partisans rush to
Washington, and while our brave soldiers are dying on the battle field
and languishing in hospitals, and reinforcements are being demanded by
Conscription, the Cabinet deliberates on the distribution of these
places as the spoils of partisan warfare! And in the light of these
things, Democrats are lectured on the duty of disregarding party and
abandoning the principles and organization of the old Democracy! Shame!
see reported a dozen cases in Connecticut of men who cut off their
fingers to escape being drafted—one of whom bled to death.
Massachusetts Wife Opposed to an Exchange of Prisoners.—The
New Bedford Mercury is responsible for the following:
the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, one of the gallant boys of the 20th
Massachusetts Regiment was taken prisoner, and confined with many others
at Salisbury, N.C. His name is—say Tom Smith—and he has a wife and
children living not a thousand miles from New Bedford. When it became
pretty certain that there would be a general exchange of prisoners, some
kind friend, desirous of relieving the terrible anxiety of the wife,
called and informed Mrs. Smith that her husband would probably be
exchanged. “Well,” said the lonely woman, “I love Tom, and the
children love Tom, and I don’t want him exchanged. I won’t have a
rebel husband now.” The poor woman thought the exchange was a swap,
and that she was to have another husband. Tom, we are glad to say, has
reached home, to the great delight of Mrs. S., who was afraid that
exchange was robbery.
THE PITTSFIELD SUN
to Go Back.—Yesterday afternoon a well dressed Negro woman,
45 years of age, applied at the U.S. Marshal’s office for a
pass to return back to North Carolina along with her daughter.
This refugee from slavery said herself and daughter not being able to
get along at the North, wished to get down South where they belonged.
The officials said they had no power to help her out of her difficulties
appertaining to her aspirations for freedom, and the applicant left
apparently very disconsolate.—N.Y. Commercial Advertiser.
to Take his Trowsers.—At a recruiting meeting in Western
New York, last week, one of the speakers had been urging the men to sign
the roll, and told the women to hurry them up, when a woman rose in the
meeting and addressed her husband substantially as follows: “Ira, you
know what you said before you came here tonight—that you would enlist.
If you don’t do it, go straight home and take off those breeches, and
let me have them and I will go myself!” This brought down the house
and brought up Ira, who became a volunteer.
Careful of Your Postage Stamps.—In the last number of his United
States Mail, Col. Holbrook says: “We have been surprised how
careless the merchants, professional men and others in large cities are
in custody of postage stamps. In many instances large quantities are
placed in exposed situations, and within reach of any one employed about
the premises. We know that, heretofore, the loss in this way has been,
in many instances, considerable; but now that stamps can be used in lieu
of money for the purchase of anything, the temptation to embezzle them
is doubled, and it will be well for business men to look sharp to their
interests in this respect. They would find it to pay, no doubt, to keep
a daily and weekly stamp account, showing how many are bought and how
many are used. In reference to foreign letters, upon which stamps are
placed by the writers in pre-payment of postage, there can be no doubt
that they are often removed before being dropped in the Post Office and
the letters where pre-payment is optional, sent off unpaid, to the great
prejudice, probably, of the correspondent, who is supposed to be
adopting this course to avoid the postage tax himself. Numerous cases of
this kind have come to light in this and other large cities, and
increased care should be exercised, as the facilities and inducements to
this species of dishonesty are enhanced.”
Dye.—The barbers are complaining that since the order for a
draft of militiamen was promulgated, there has been no demand for hair
dye. Black has ceased to be a favorite color, and the inventor of a grey
dye might soon realize a fortune.—Albany Atlas.
Montreal Gazette states that the Provincial Government are now
engaged in organizing an active volunteer militia force of 30,000 men,
to be paid, armed and clothed; also, that it is their intention, when
this is completed, to endeavor to organize another force of 30,000
volunteers, to be armed and clothed only.
at Richmond.—The Editor of the Lee Gleaner has conversed
with a lady who recently arrived in that town from Richmond. She states the
following as the prices paid for necessaries in the City of Richmond:
$20 bbl., green tea $20 lb., black tea $10 and $12, fresh meat 50 cents lb.,
bacon 75 cents, salt is very scarce, and little to be had at any price,
butter $1.25, eggs $1 a dozen, tallow candles 60 cents lb., starch 50 cents
lb., bar soap $1 lb., soft soap $1 gallon, new potatoes 50 cents a quart, or
$16 a bushel, apples the same, saleratus $1.50 lb., berries 25 cents a
quart, onions 10 cents each, cucumbers $1 a dozen, and tomatoes $2, shad
sold at 75 cents and $1 each. Wearing apparel also ranged at about the same
high prices. Boots $25 pair, ladies gaiters $12, children’s shoes not to
be had at any price; the children of the wealthy are seen about the street
barefooted, attended by colored servants. Cotton cloth is $1 a yard, calico
$1.25, woolen goods, none to be had. The hotels use for coffee half rye and
half coffee, mixed. Board at hotels is $4 and $4.50 a day.”
the Negroes,” says Gov. Yates of Illinois, “and this State will leap
like a flaming giant into the fight!” Now isn’t this rich; and
especially when we remember that Illinois has just voted, almost
unanimously, to exclude Negroes from her borders?—asks the New Haven Register.
the many mean subterfuges resorted to by sneaks to escape the draft, none
are so contemptible ad disgusting, or evince so grovelling a spirit of
cowardice, as that of self-mutilation. Five such cases are recorded as
having occurred in the town of New Fairfield, Ct., and the Danbury Times
gives the names of 4 as Abram Chase, George Pearce, Norris Nickerson and Ira
B. Hodge. The same paper says that in another instance a man by the name of
Hoag of Sherman, so mutilated his right hand by a bush scythe, to get rid of
a draft, that he bled profusely, and finally died. In Oneida County, N.Y., a
few days ago a father and son volunteered in Capt. D. J. Stillman’s
company for the Berdan Sharpshooters. Their names are Fralich. Mrs. Fralich
did not want to part with her son, and he, regretting that he had
volunteered, permitted his mother to chop off two of the fingers of his
right hand with an axe!
Rare Sight.—On Saturday afternoon we observed Maj. Butler
Goodrich, aged 94, raking his hay field, and handling the rake with
remarkable vigor. Such sights are seldom to be seen.
Butler’s taxation of the subscribers to the rebel defence fund in New
Orleans, for the benefit of the poor, works admirably. Up to the evening of
the 9th, $130,000 had been paid in.
interesting correspondence has passed between Gen. Lee of the rebel
forces, and Gen. Halleck, general-in-chief of the Federal armies. It is
too lengthy for our columns. The rebels are getting sensitive as regards
the conduct of the war. They go so far as to dictate our war policy. Hey
desire to be treated as gentlemen, not like traitors—to have their
property paid for, not confiscated; they want their “noble and brave
guerrillas” treated as prisoners of war—not marauders and land
correspondence referred to becomes more interesting as news is received
that every Federal officer taken at the battle of Cedar Mountain has
been confined in dungeons with felons. This is in revenge for the order
of Gen. Pope for foraging upon the enemy, and compelling the inhabitants
of the country through which he passes either to take the oath of
allegiance to our government or go beyond the Union lines. The rebel
government claims that the action of our general in this regard is
“barbarous,” and they demand us to abandon it. They talk about our
barbarous practices upon their “noble guerrillas,” but say nothing
in extenuation of the cold-blooded murder of our wounded and defenseless
Gen. McCook, whom these fiends butchered only the other day. The fact is
our government has played war so long with the rebels that when
it begins to wake up to the importance of making war war, they
find fault, call us barbarous, and attempt to dictate our war policy. It
will be a futile job.
What a Cow Has Done for
the War—A Recruiting Incident.
heard of an incident yesterday, which should make some of our rich men
blush who are subscribing their paltry fives and tens to the recruiting
funds of their several localities. It was this: A few days since,
subscriptions were set on foot in Orleans county. A farmer of moderate
means contributed $50 and a cow. Every one conceded that this was
liberal; but it occurred to a friend
that the cow might be turned to excellent account. Lots were to be cast
for her, and 205 tickets, at $1 each, were distributed and paid for.
This practically brought the farmer’s subscription to $255. But the
cow was destined to do better. The winner put her up at auction, and $30
more were added to the fund—making the aggregate $285. But it was
deemed a pity that a cow so thoroughly patriotic should be sold so
cheap; and the result was that $15 were added to the purchase
money—making the cow’s aggregate contribution to the fund $250,
besides the $50 from her original owner! There are a great many rich
men, all over the country, who will not do half as much for the war as
this cow!—Albany Evening Journal.
an Unsafe Refuge.—The Chicago Journal quotes
provisions from our treaties with England, under which deserters from
our army, fleeing to Canada, can be arrested there. The fact is
“interesting to those who are interested.”
Classification.—A soldier in the army, in writing home, says that
the boys in the field are not pleased with the expression so much in
vogue that a better class of men are enlisting now than ever before, and
thinks it strange that this better-class patriotism should need so much
gold to get it started. The troops are all good. It is not well to make
such invidious distinctions.
Free Press says an able-bodied young man by the name of Horace
Edgerton, from Pawlet, in this State, was detected in an attempt to slip
across the line in woman’s clothes. He reached the point by steamboat,
accompanied by his sister. Suspicion was excited by his movements on the
boat, and a slight examination before marshal Dunn disclosed the
imposture. We think Miss Horace Edgerton of Pawlet has achieved
an immortality of not the most enviable kind.
Captured.—A Mr. Towle, of Albany, was arrested last
Wednesday evening, for numerous treasonable utterances against the
government. He was brought to Irasburgh and placed under keepers. As the
Craftsbury volunteers were passing his house a few days ago, he hurrahed
for Jeff Davis, and said he “hoped they would all get killed in the
first battle.” If it is not unlawful to shoot buzzards, we recommend
that the volunteers make a target of this one.—Irasburgh Standard.
Practice.—Louis Gaborie of Milton, a recruit in the
Chittenden county company of the 10th regiment, deliberately cut off the
first two fingers of his right hand last week in order to avoid going.
Being a left-handed man, the recruiting officer thinks he can still do
good service, and may as well go.—Burlington Times.
government is now having built not less than eighteen shot-proof iron
clad ships, of different sizes, but all formidable. Of these, ten will
be ready by Christmas next, and five will be ready the first, or at the
farthest the middle, of October; so that before the autumn gales begin
to blow we may expect to have afloat a fleet, small, but more than a
match for any ships the rebels can send out; and, we hope, equal to the
reduction of the forts and the capture of the cities of Charleston,
Savannah and Mobile.
last the colored population are ahead of the white in at least one
important thing. They have right of locomotion which white men have not,
and which the proudest officials are bound to respect. Colored men can
go to Canada whenever and as often as they please. White men must stay
at home. They can’t accompany colored folks on a little pleasure
journey over the line. What white coward wouldn’t just now give his
eye teeth to be possessed of the rights of the humblest colored man?
Our Sharpshooters have Done.—We have it from an officer of
Berdan’s regiment of Sharpshooter, who has been in nearly every battle
on the Peninsula, that a minute reckoning has been made of all the
rebels slain by the Sharpshooters thus far, and that the number slain
has already reached three thousand. It has been a rule with these to
make a notch or scratch on some part of their rifles for every rebel
they felt certain they had killed, not reckoning the wounded or any
cases in which there was any uncertainty. And hence the account could
be, and was, made up easily and correctly. All can thus see how
important have been the services of this noted regiment.—Freeman.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
Arrival of the Teutonia.
Three Days Later from Europe.
Garibaldi Marching on Rome.
WAR CRY ROME OR DEATH.
Race, Aug. 22—The steamship Teutonia, from Southampton on
the evening of the 13th inst., passed this point this afternoon, en
route for New York, and her news obtained by the yacht of the Associated
Italian squadron had been ordered to Ancona, to watch the Adriatic
with 5,000 volunteers, was marching in the direction of Patea Pezzia and
San Cataldo. The object appears to be to reach Messina. Palermo was
tranquil. Public opinion favored conciliation. The discussion points out
to foreign powers the danger of a prolonged occupation of Rome by the
manifestations had taken place at La Scala of the Theatre in Milan.
Shouts were raised, “Rome or death.”
Garibaldian volunteers numbered 3,000. Garibaldi commands.
slight encounter took place between the volunteers and the Royal troops.
occupied Rocca and Palunta, and spoke as follows:
present state of affairs cannot continue. I go against the government
because it will not let me go to Rome. I go against France because she
defends the Pope. I will have Rome at any price. Rome or death. If I
succeed, so much the better; if not, I will destroy the Italy which I
have made myself.”
had a conference with Garibaldi and returned to Malta. Garibaldi is at
rumors that England had given support to Garibaldi’s scheme are
is stated that France at the Constantinople conference decided on the
principle that the Turks should continue to occupy the Belgrade Citadel.
is stated that the rebel envoys had demanded a recognition of the
Southern Confederacy, but that England refused to accede to their
demands, while France had not yet given a reply.
Emperor will not deliver an official speech at the reception on the
is believed that the Mexican expeditionary force is very large. The
choicest officers and men
of the Versailles army are under orders. A division of Gunboats for
Mexico were being armed.
is reported that the French had repulsed several attacks in Mexico.
for the U.S. Navy.—We understand from competent authority
that an erroneous opinion prevails respecting the naval service; it is
our complement of seamen is deficient, and that enlistments are not
equal to the demand. The truth is, the supply has answered the wants of
the government, and that shipments are now going on as rapidly as men
can be received and disposed of. At least one thousand per month have
been received on board of the Ohio, the receiving ship at the
Charlestown yard, since the war commenced, and some of these men may be
found among the crews of every war vessel afloat. Our fishermen have
verified the assertion that the New England fishery is the nursery of
the navy by the manner in which they have come forward and offered their
services to the country. And still they come. There is no apprehension,
we are told, of a necessity of a draft for the navy. The blue jackets
are prompt by answering all requirements, and are determined the ship of
State shall never be wrecked for the want of a full and gallant
Men, Women, and Children Massacred!
Paul, Minn., 22.—Reliable
information from Fort Ridgely confirms without doubt all the previous
reports. Mr. Wickoff, the assistant superintendent, on his way to the
upper agency met a messenger 6 miles from Fort Ridgely Monday morning,
announcing an outrage at the Lower Sioux agency, and the murder of
nearly all the whites. Captain Marsh set out immediately with 45 men. At
a ferry opposite the Agency he encountered a large body of warriors, who
opened fire on them, and after a few volleys a large body of ambushed
Indians in the rear fired upon them, killing a number of men. While
retreating across the river the Indians killed the captain, three
sergeants, and four corporals. But 17 reached the fort. On Monday night
the light from burning buildings and grain stacks was seen in all
citizens came into the fort during the night, giving accounts of horrors
too terrible for imagination to conceive.
reports say that the Indians fired the woods in all directions about New
Ulm, and made an indiscriminate massacre of men, women and children.
Ramsey has been appealed to for help, and had ordered the militia to the
scene of barbarity to check and punish the
Indians are reported to have attacked, Tuesday afternoon, 200 strong,
burned several buildings and killed many of the citizens. The people had
gathered together and barricaded the streets. Letters to Gov. Ramsey say
that hundreds are known to be killed, and it is believed thousands.
Monroe, Aug. 21—Williamsburg was evacuated by Union troops at 4
o’clock, yesterday afternoon. The guard was under command of Maj.
Stetson, and constituted five companies of the 5th Penn. Reg. They came
down and joined their regiment. It was reported that Williamsburg was
burned last night, but it needs confirmation. There was a large fire in
that direction from dark till a late hour last night. There had been no
skirmishing between the pickets since the army came down the Peninsula.
Tribune’s Washington dispatches state that President Lincoln
some time since prepared a proclamation of emancipation, in accordance
with the law of Congress, to take effect on the 1st of December next,
should the rebellion continue; that he submitted it to his Cabinet two
or three times, that all the Cabinet were in favor of it except Mr.
Seward and Mr. Blair; these two persistently and resolutely opposed it
on all occasions, and hence it has never seen the light.
response to an inquiry from a citizen of Winsted, relative to the
formation of a regiment of blacks from this State, Gov. Buckingham says:
“It seems to me that the time may yet come when a regiment of colored
men may be profitably employed. But now, if a company of that class
should be introduced into a regiment, or a regiment into a brigade, (the
regiment or brigade being composed of whites,) it would create so much
unpleasant feeling and irritation, that more evil than good would
That is, below (south) of
New Orleans, making its way up from the mouth of the Mississippi River
the seventy-five miles against the current to the city.
This would be ice
harvested over the winter from Fresh Pond in Cambridge, Mass’tts.
See Gavin Wightman’s
excellent book, “The Frozen Water Trade: A True Story,” which
details the development of the ice industry.
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