SEPTEMBER 14, 1862
THE TIMES PICAYUNE
the above heads, the Mobile Evening News, of the 6th inst.,
contains the following dispatches:
Sept 5.—The President has issued a proclamation setting apart
Thursday, the 18th inst., as a day of prayer and thanksgiving to
Almighty God for His great mercies vouchsafed to our people, and more
especially for the triumph of our arms at Richmond and Manassas.
Sept 5.—The Examiner, of the 4th, says Gen. Ewell is doing
well. Pope is wounded in the thigh. Sickles is certainly killed. It is
believed we captured eighty pieces of cannon.
Lynchburg Republican says it is thought our loss in Saturday’s
battle was 10,000, of which 3,000 were killed.
Sept 5.—In the Senate the House bill to authorize the appointment
of additional officers of artillery for ordnance duties, passed with the
amendments. Also the bill to organize the division of the army into army
corps to be commanded by lieutenant generals, to be appointed by the
President, and receive the pay of brigadier generals (?)
the House, the entire session was occupied in the discussion of the bill
extending the provisions of the conscript law to all persons between the
ages of 35 and 45.
Sept 4.—The Provost Marshal at Newmarket writes to-day that the
Yankees evacuated Manchester night before last, burning all their stores
and blowing up the magazine. We hear from the same source that late
Baltimore papers reported the death of McClellan. We have Baltimore
papers of the 1st and 2nd inst. They report the Federal loss in the
battle of Friday to be not less than 8,000 killed and wounded. They
claim a victory. Of Saturday’s fight, the American says the advantage
remained with the rebels. The Sun styles it an utter rout. Their
losses up to Friday night were estimated at 17,000. Gens. Buford, Hatch,
Taylor and Ralpick were killed. Gens. Schenck, Tower, Kearney and Sigel
were severely wounded. Col. Fletcher were killed. Col. Farnsworth was
American has a list of more than 150 officers killed.
report admits a loss of 8,000 on Friday.
American contains an account of the fight at Richmond, Ky., in
which it admits the Federals were defeated, with immense loss, and that
they were driven to Lexington, Ky. General Bull Nelson was severely
McClellan retains command of the Potomac. He was not sent to Pope.
Sept 5.—Reliable information has been received by the Daily
Rebel, that the Yankees are moving all their siege guns from
Nashville northward, by the Gallatin turnpike, the railroad being
destroyed in places. They are probably intended for Bowling Green, where
they may make a stand.
Magruder is indebted to a soldier for the following account of his
exploits with Mexican aguadiente:
the month of October, 1848, after the close of the war with Mexico, Col.
Magruder had been ordered by the General in Chief of the army to proceed
across the plains of Lower California to San Diego. One fine Sunday
morning we proceeded per order. We had gone about one mile from the city
of Mexico, the thermometer being one hundred and twenty-six degrees in
the shade, when the Colonel found his coppers getting dry after a hard
night’s drinking in the city. Observing a clumsy-looking man, named
Ryan, with a well filled canteen of water, as he (Magruder) thought, he
turned to him and commenced the following conversation:
have you got there, sir?”
me have a drink?”
the canteen to his mouth, he took two or three swallows, and turning to
the soldier said:
water, sir; do not waste it.”
must be remembered that this “water” which the Colonel praised so
highly was nothing more than Mexican muscatel, commonly called
aguadiente. We had proceeded but a short distance further when our
gallant Colonel called Ryan for another swig, which he got, when the
following colloquy occurred:
is your name, sir?”
are hereafter Corporal Ryan.”
short distance further, and another swig was called for and received,
the Colonel’s coppers wanting cooling again, saying as he did so:
sir, you are Sergeant Ryan, sir, to be honored and respected
the canteen had held out, and the Colonel had promoted at every drink,
the soldier would have obtained a higher rank before the day’s march
Comet.—The New York Journal of Commerce has the
comet, which is attracting some attention at the present time, was
discovered at the Dudley Observatory, (Albany, New York,) on the evening
of July 18th, as also at Cambridge, by Mr. Tuttle, on the same night.
first discovered the geocentric motion was quite slow, the comet being
at a greater distance from us than the sun, and moving in an orbit
making a very large angle with the elliptic. At that time it appeared as
a nebulae, considerably condensed at the center, the light being intense
enough to be easily seen when the wire of the micrometer were
illuminated by artificial light. From this fact we were at once led to
conclude, that the amount of matter composing this body is considerable,
exceeding the one discovered on the 3d of July, in a very large ratio,
for we estimated the intensity of light of the second, equal to that on
the 3d, when it was distant only nine millions of miles.
the 18th of July it was distant about 135 millions of miles, and was
thus approaching the earth at a rate of two and a half millions of miles
the evening of the 31st the embryo of a tail was distinctly seen by the
aid of the telescope, and as early as the 28th the light was more
concentrated on the side in the direction of its motion, showing that
the tail was already in process of formation. Although the outlines are
not as distinctly marked as in the comet of last year, yet we notice a
gradual change of figure and a greater concentration of light at one
point. On the 6th of August the tail had increased in length and
brilliance, but owing to the strong moonlight it cannot be seen so
readily at the present time.
many theories have been advanced to account for the formation of the
tail, yet we know comparatively little about it. That the source of this
power lies in the sun, we have strong evidence for believing, since it
is usually the most brilliant after the comet has passed its perihelion.
it is now approaching both the earth and sun, and being so favorably
situated for observation, it will, without doubt, attain greater
from the records of past comets and the position of the present, we
surmise it will reach its maximum brilliancy about the 26th August, when
it will be only one-fourth the distance it was on the 18th of July.
Assistant, Dudley Observatory.
Butter.—On the 25th ult. over 3,000 pounds of butter were
sent to Newark, N.J., from Sussex county, and 35,000 pounds to New
York—in all, over nineteen tons. On Tuesday, there were twelve tons.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
correspondent of the Savannah Republican furnished the following:
of Captain Blain’s company, excepting Sam. Brockington and one other,
were either killed or wounded.
Grace’s Company, the McIntosh County Guards, suffered in about the
flag bearer of the 26th Regiment was show down. Sergeant-major Crawly
seized the flag, raised it, and was instantly wounded and had to drop
it. It was then taken up and gallantly borne through the action by
Lieut. Rice, of the Wire Grass Minute Men.1
Lee reports hat the men and officer acted with great coolness ad
Forrest, of the 48th Georgia Regiment, whose field officer were absent
(sick,) was in command of the regiment and was killed.
the other regiments comprising Gen. Lawton’s brigade, excepting the
13th Georgia, which Capt. Lee thinks was not in the fight, suffered as
severely as the 26th. That regiment went into action with
less than 200; lost 40 killed and 113 wounded.
Lawton was conspicuous everywhere, and displayed great gallantry and
coolness in managing his brigade.
regiment was in the fight on Saturday, and Capt. Lee learned from
reliable authority that it was again cut to pieces, as well as the other
regiments comprising the brigade.
Jackson, riding behind his army, was praying aloud, and as soon as his
army got within gun shot of the enemy, he ceased praying and commenced
shouting, cheering and urging on the Georgia boys, and was with them in
North Carolina regiment, having exhausted its ammunition, and thinking
the time had about arrived for them to be relieved by a Louisiana
regiment, stacked arms in a railroad car. The Yankees discovering this,
charged upon them. The North Carolinians stood their ground, and fought
them with rocks until the Louisianans came up and repulsed them.
Lee visited the ground on Monday, and states that the Yankees were lying
ten tone of the Confederates, and that the Federal Surgeon left in
charge of their wounded, stated to him that their loss was ten to our
one, and acknowledged a terrible disaster.
of the Great Battle.
the eloquent correspondent of the Charleston Courier, has a
description of the great fight of the 30th August, which
occupies five or six columns of the Charleston Courier. From it
we clip the following paragraphs:
have said that the troops were all eager, anxious, and in the full
belief that the battle would commence at an early hour in the morning.
The waking of a portion of our batteries into life soon after daylight,
and the frequent cannonading thereafter, the almost incessant
skirmishing in front with its exciting volleys of musketry, all
conspired to produce this impression. It is my own surmise, however,
based upon certain facts which I cannot relate, that it was not the
intention of Gens. Lee or Longstreet to give the enemy battle on that
day, but simply to make a feint attack, and while thus engaged allow
Gen. Jackson to slip out, continue his onward movement on the left and
towards the rear of the Federal column, and thereby secure a position
where say in twenty-four hours, the result of a battle would have been
the capture and demoralization of the entire Federal army. In this,
however, our Generals were disappointed. After waiting until three
o’clock p.m., the enemy himself took the initiative, and marched boldly
to the attack, aiming their blow, as on the previous day, at the line of
do not know whether you would call the act disgraceful or not, but there
is not a dead Yankee in all that broad field who has not been stripped
of his shoes or stockings, had his pockets turned inside out, and in
numerous cases been left as naked as the hour he was born. If you could
see our bare-footed and ragged men, you might think there was even a
virtue in stealing from a defunct enemy. Some of the soldiers, however,
do not scruple at taking every valuable thing they can lay their hands
upon, and rob friend and foe, dead and alive, alike. For all such
cormorants the halter is the only remedy.2
the amusing occurrences of this kind, it is related of a soldier
belonging to the Eighth Alabama Regiment, that he found a Yankee in the
woods, but being separated from his regiment, did not know what to do
with him. While soliloquizing, the officer who gave me the incident rode
by, ad his advice being asked, he told the soldier he had better let the
prisoner go. “Well,” said the Alabamian, “I reckon I will; but
look here Yankee, you can’t leave till you’ve given me some of them
good clothes. Strip! I want your boots and breeches.” The Yankee
protested against any such indignity, and appealed to the officer to
protect him. The Alabamian also plead his cause:
this fellow,” said he, “come down here a robbing of our people, and
he’s stayed so long it’s no more’n right he should pay for his
board. I don’t want him to go round in his bar legs any more’n he
wants to; and I mean to give him my ole clothes.” “A fair exchange
is no robbery,” replied the officer, “and as you have no shoes and a
mighty poor pair of pants, I reckon you had better help yourself.”
“Now, Yankee, you hear what the ‘boss’ says, do yer; off with yer
traps and let’s trade.” The last thing my friend saw, as he rode
away, was the two worthies, in their “bar legs,” stripping for an
is impossible to make a correct calculation of the loss on either side.
I have already said that that of the enemy, from the evidence on the
field, exceeds ours five to one. Riding in a straight line, without
turning to right or left, I counted seven hundred and sixty-two of their
dead. There are probably three times that number. Major Wheeler, of the
5th United States Regulars, who accompanied a flag of truce to our
lines, also visited the field yesterday, and his estimate of the federal
loss is from twelve to fifteen thousand killed and wounded.
Furniture.—The Lynchburg Virginian learns upon
unquestionable authority that during the occupation of the Valley by
General Banks, for a portion of the time he used the house of a wealthy
gentleman named Lewis Washington as his headquarters. Mrs. General Banks
was with her husband, and selected the best of the furniture in the
house, and shipped it north to her home in Massachusetts. Upon his
return, Mr. Washington found his house dismantled and robbed of its
furniture, and inquiry disclosed the fact that the wife of Major General
Banks had sent it off to ornament her Northern home.
SEPTEMBER 16, 1862
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
From the Army in
Sept. 15.—The Star says: “At 9 a.m. today the engagement at General
Burnside’s position had not been renewed.3 He was then in undisputed
possession of the advantageous crest of the mountain, from which he
drove the enemy on the night before. The firing that had begun at
daybreak today was an attack of the enemy upon Franklin’s corps on the
road to Harper’s Ferry. No direct communication was had with that
corps up to 9 o’clock this morning, the telegraph operator at Point of
Rocks being the party reporting that Franklin was heavily engaged this
morning in front of him (the operator).
division or army corps that yesterday morning occupied Hagerstown was
not in yesterday’s action, though it hastily retraced its steps, in
order to be in the fight today . . .
Sumner’s army corps nor Couch’s division were in yesterday’s
action, though both are doubtless supporting Franklin today . . .
army corps of Fitz John Porter passed through Frederick at 11 a.m.
today, and were to have arrived on the battlefield at noon.
rebels in the fight say that Beauregard was expected to join them with
an army corps of 40,000 strong. We have no idea that any such
expectation of things can be realized. Forty thousand efficient rebel
troops were not left behind at Gordonsville, from where they say
Beauregard is bringing them.
position, won from the enemy in yesterday’s fight, commands the only
road from Hagerstown to the position where Franklin is fighting, we
believe. Hence its great importance. To lose the use of it will be most
damaging to the enemy, it is evident.
officer slightly wounded in the battle yesterday, who arrived here late
today, represents that the fight took place 3 or 4 miles from
Middletown, Frederick county, at the foot of the first mountain going
west. The enemy were strongly posted there, but our men with the most
determined courage drove them up the mountain through a strip of wood,
cornfields and open ground. The rebels made occasional stands behind
walls and fences, but were driven thence to the top of the mountain, and
over into the valley when, it being night, our troops were called from
further pursuit. Not one of our men faltered.
fight was fought principally with infantry on our part, it being
impracticable to bring the artillery in full play. Gen. Gibbons,
however, with much toil, succeeded in getting a battery upon the
mountain to the right of the infantry, and did much execution.
captured rebel Lieutenant said it was their intention to mass all their
Pa., Sept. 15.—It is expected that Gen. McClellan will occupy
Hagerstown tonight with a large force.
excitement continues here. Since the late call for the militia of the
State there seems to be no end to the gallant Union army marching to the
defence of the capital of the State. The State is safe from rebel
invasion, but Maryland must, and no doubt will soon be, rid of the
traitorous host now invading a portion of its soil.
portion of the New York and Illinois cavalry made an attack upon
Longstreet’s ammunition train on the road between Hagerstown and
Williamsport, and succeeded in talking 50 wagons together with about 50
prisoners, and brought them into Chambersburg.
deserter came into Chambersburg last night from a Louisiana regiment and
represented Longstreet as moving off, and that the rebels had lost 2 men
for every 1 recruited. A Baltimore company had deserted in a body.
Sept. 15.—The news that reaches here from the front . . . is all
of a gloriously encouraging character. Our troops have been driving the
enemy ever since they left Frederick, and yesterday fought them for 4
hours in a general engagement, defeated them, and sent them flying in
rapid retreat to get out of “my Maryland.”
Attack on Fort Ridgely.
dispatch from Lieut. T. G. Sheehan, commanding the post of Fort Ridgely,
received at Washington, says that on the 20th of August he was attacked
by the Indians, but the superior fire of the artillery under Sergeant
Jones caused the Indians to withdraw. Remnants of once thriving families
were arriving at Fort Ridgely for protection. They were in a miserable
condition. Some had been badly burned in escaping from their dwellings,
which had been fired by the Indians. The people in the immediate
vicinity were flying to the Fort and arming for its defence.
the 22d of August the Indians returned to the attack with a much larger
force, and the stables and buildings around the fort affording
protection to them, were ordered to be destroyed, which was done by the
artillery under Sergeant Jones, assisted by Lieut. Gorman of the
Renville Rangers. Great credit is due them for their gallant conduct.
The fire balls of the Indians fell all over and through the wooden
buildings erected for the officers’ quarters. Still the brave little
band maintained its ground. The Indians then prepared to carry the fort
by storm, but out artillery compelled them to withdraw, after one of the
most determined attacks ever made by Indians on a military post. Our
ammunition failing, the men who were unable to fight, assisted by the
women, worked day and night until a good supply was obtained. All the
buildings except the guard-house and magazine were destroyed. Most of
the mules and oxen were taken away by the Indians, and we are left with
a scanty supply of transportation. Our loss is three killed and thirteen
of a Rebel Vessel.—Admiral Dupont informs the Navy
Department that barque Shepherd Knapp, Lieut. Com’g H. S.
Eytinge, captured on the 4th inst. barque Fanny Lauries, under
English colors, aground in South Edisto Channel. She proved to be of
Quebec, recently from Nassau. N.P., with a cargo of salt, quinine,
wines, and other articles, at present of high value to the rebels. She
had a regular clearance on board for Quebec, but her captain, a French
Canadian, acknowledged that Charleston was intended as his real
destination. Among her letters was one commending the captain to the
good offices of a house in Charleston. A prize crew was put on board,
and the vessel was taken to Port Royal, thence to Philadelphia.
correspondent of the New York Times, writing from Sugar Loaf
Mountain Friday, makes the following statement: “It is well known that
large droves of cattle have been sent from Maryland to Virginia within
three days for Lee’s army. Our own pickets reported the fact, and they
were allowed to proceed without opposition.”
The Business of the Country.
war has not yet more than temporarily affected the most important
business interests of the country. While the tide of evil war has swept
over a few sections of the south with fearful power, and almost
converted some districts into deserts, the people generally throughout
the north have kept on the even tenor of their way, and at the south
there are comparatively few plantations which will suffer in cultivation
on account of the war. Around New Orleans and up the Mississippi river
the plantations have been worked as usual notwithstanding the military
operations in their immediate neighborhood.
is the most important of our industrial interests, and that has not yet
suffered to any considerable extent, certainly not in the northern
states. There has been a great abundance of the products of the earth
this year, crops have come in well and prices have been good. The
necessity of maintaining large armies has placed vast sums of money n
the pockets of our farmers. The necessaries of life are now in demand,
there is money enough in the country to pay for all that is wanted, and
the tillers of the soil are in a fair way of getting their share of any
profits which are to be made from the sustenance of the armies in the
have suffered more. Some branches of manufacturing have been destroyed.
Our cotton mills have been thrown out of employment. But the damage
sustained has not been as great as a superficial survey would lead one
to suppose. Most manufacturing establishments have changed their
business with the change of the times. If there is no market for such
articles or goods as have heretofore been made, they make something else
that is wanted. New demands have sprung up, and a new class of
manufactured articles have found a place in the market. Here in New
England many thousands of those who were formerly at work in the
factories have joined the army, and receive a liberal support for
themselves and their families, so that the amount of actual suffering on
account of any damage which the manufacturing interest may have
sustained, must be very small indeed.
commerce of the country has suffered from non-intercourse of the south
with the north, and the annihilation of cotton exportations. With this
exception the business of our great commercial ports has been about as
thriving as ever. There has been no want of employment to seafaring men
during the past year, who could always find situations on government
vessels if no where else. Hundreds of craft of all kinds have been
bought by the navy department, and owners of sea-going steamboats have
had no reason to complain of hard times.
have been backward in their usual operations. There is plenty of money
in the country, but it is difficult to put in circulation. Money is
proverbially timorous in a time of war. Those who hold it prefer that it
should remain quiet rather than encounter the risks engendered by the
times. On this account there is want
of that progressive state of things we are accustomed to in our
communities. They will not at a time like this launch out into new
enterprises. They will not run the risk. They will enter upon no new
track of labor which involves much outlay without being sure that it
will pay good and sure profits.
business of the country is in a state highly favorable to future
prosperity. Should the war cease within the next six months, there is no
reason why almost every branch f legitimate business should not very
speedily be in a highly prosperous condition. The war has not reached
the vitals of the nation and we believe it never will. Let this
rebellion be crushed and the authority of a beneficent government be
re-established, and there is no obstacle in the way of the highest
success in the fields of labor and enterprise.
Reflux Emigration.—The Cork Constitution states the
number of passengers coming from America by the return steamers touching
at that port has lately been much on the increase. The [Isis?],
which arrived there on Sunday, brought 139; the City of Washington,
on the Wednesday previous, 253; and the City of New York, on the
Wednesday preceding that, 172; the Etna, which arrived on
Wednesday, brought 561, of whom 255 landed there. A great majority of
those coming are young, able-bodied men.
Infatuation.—The wife of John Sickles, a resident of
Wharton township, Fayette county, Pa., in order to prevent her husband
from enlisting, cut off the two front fingers of his right hand with an
axe. It is said he had told her he was determined to enlist, which so
excited her that she resolved at once to render him incompetent to bear
arms, and during the night, while he was in a deep sleep, she drew his
hand to the bed rail and dropped the axe carefully on his fingers,
taking them clean off at the first joint.
coal is said too have gained such favor with the Lords of the Admiralty,
as a substitute for bituminous, that instructions have been given for
supplies to be furnished at New York to British men-of-war arriving from
the Bermudas. The Philadelphia Bulletin congratulates the coal
operators of the Lehigh, Schuylkill and Susquehanna regions upon the
prospect thus opened of a large demand for the product of their mines.
rebel General Lee has issued a proclamation to the people of Maryland,
dated the 8th inst., in which he announces that the purpose of the rebel
army is to liberate the State from the National rule. He is good enough,
however, to assure the people that they can have their choice in the
matter. He says: “It is for you to decide your destiny, freely, and
without restraint. This army will respect your choice, whatever it may
be; and while the Southern people will rejoice to welcome you to your
natural position among them, they will only welcome you when you come of
your own free will.”
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
rebels have re-crossed the Potomac and united their forces in Maryland
to the number of 70,000. A great battle was raging at Sharpsburg, near
the Potomac, northwest of Harper’s Ferry, Tuesday, which was renewed
Wednesday morning. No definite result is known, but stragglers arriving
at Hagerstown report the rebels surrounded.
Ferry, occupied by Col. Miles with a federal force of some 8,000, was
surrendered to the rebels on Monday morning. The rebels commenced the
attack on Friday noon, our forces being posted on Maryland Heights. The
rebels were repulsed with great slaughter several times; but finally
rallying with overwhelming force, and our reinforcements not arriving,
the place was surrendered with 6,000 to 8,000 troops, who were
subsequently paroled. Col. Miles had his right leg shattered, which was
amputated. He had under him 2300 cavalry, who made their escape, cutting
their way through the rebel lines to Greencastle. Our reinforcements
under General Franklin, were within three hours’ march of Harper’s
Ferry when it surrendered.
News from Maryland.
Pa., Sept. 16.—8 p.m. —Dispatches received from Hagerstown say Gen.
McClellan came up with the rear of the rebel army at Sharpsburg, and
that a battle is now in progress.
Pa., Sept. 16.—10 p.m. —A dispatch received at headquarters says that
Jackson recrossed the Potomac, and Gen. McClellan has engaged him with a
tremendous force 10 miles this side of Sharpsburg. The whole rebel army
in Maryland will be annihilated or captured this night.
rebels can be found about Hagerstown, and there are none for two miles
on the other side of the Potomac.
Firing at Williamsport.
Troops to Chambersburg.
artillery firing was heard at Greencastle and Chambersburg, Pa.,
Saturday morning, in the direction of Williamsport. The main body of the
rebels does not appear to have gone to Hagerstown. Gen. Longstreet’s
division, numbering from 20,000 to 30,000 men, is only there apparently
to supply forage and supplies for the advance of the rebel army, which
is at Boonsboro. Our pickets have been driven in to the Pennsylvania
state line. State troops continue to arrive at Harrisburg and leave for
Chambersburg as fast as transportation can be afforded. Gen. Lee is said
to be at Hagerstown.
at Mumfordsville, Ky.
Rebels Beaten with Heavy Loss.
Ky., Sept. 14.—There has been much excitement in this city this
afternoon in consequence of news of a great battle between our forces
and the rebels at Mumfordsville.
Sept. 14.—The rebels under Gen. Duncan attacked our forces at
Green river, near Mumfordsville, about three o’clock this afternoon.
The fight lasted several hours. Our men fought bravely, firing the last
shot. The rebels were repulsed with heavy loss.
rebels sent in a flag of truce asking permission to bury their dead,
which was granted.
Wilder, of the 17th Illinois, commanded the federal forces.
from Europe.—The confederate steamer “290” is
reported having received from the steamer Bahama, off the Western
Isles, iron plates, munitions of war, &c., to enable her to intercept
northern vessels as they approach the coast, and in the absence of any port,
to take and destroy ships and cargoes; she is commanded by Capt. Semmes,
late of the Sumter, and now called the Alabama.
London journals are generally very gloomy. The Post says the North
must either do as England did in 1783, or imitate Russia in the government
Daily News argues that it is absolutely necessary that the
South should be compelled to acknowledge the superiority of the North and
submit to the terms that the North may dictate.
Times and Daily News criticize Mr. Lincoln’s address
to the Negroes relative to emancipation. They pronounce it impracticable.
French government ordered that there be no operations in the interior of
Mexico till the middle of October.
details of the capture of Garibaldi say that he was wounded in the thigh and
foot by a bayonet, his retreat cut off and unconditional surrender
inevitable. His resistance was nevertheless desperate. He has arrived at
Spezzia, and it is reported that his wounds are not serious and are
favorably progressing. It is presumed that he will be tried and sentenced,
but pardoned on account of past services. One rumor says the government
contemplated sending him to America. Popular demonstrations in favor of
Garibaldi had occurred in several places, but were put down. The newspapers
generally think the event must hasten the solution of the Roman question,
and cause the French to withdraw from Rome. The blockade of Sicily is
raised, and the state of siege removed.
Kossuth, says a Scottish newspaper, is in the final stages of consumption,
and before many weeks, probably, the poor Hungarian will pass away, and a
noble country mourn the loss of one of her noblest and most gifted sons.
in Coos [County].—The town of Lancaster has furnished more
three years’ men than are required for both classes of three years and
nine months. But few nine months men are lacking in the county, and probably
no drafting will have to be resorted to. Many towns have done as well as
Lancaster. Last Thursday a full company for the 14th regiment, Col. Wilson,
was organized. Among its men are many of the more substantial farmers and
citizens. Another full company has been raised in the upper part of the
letter from Sandwich informs the Statesman that a young man in that
town was so anxious to avoid being drafted that he put his foot under a load
of hay. It was not so badly crushed as might have been anticipated, and it
is expected that he will speedily recover, now that no drafting is likely to
Capture.—The Memphis Bulletin says that the articles
captured on board the rebel steamer Fair Play included 1200 Enfield
rifles, 4250 English-made muskets, 21 boxes of accoutrements, 65,000 rounds
of cartridges, and 2500 rounds of howitzer ammunition. The above were marked
for General Holmes, General Hindman, and General Van Dorn. It is estimated
that the boat, arms and ammunition captured are worth fully $100,000.
John Langley, of Dover, a machinist employed at the Portsmouth Navy Yard,
received a dispatch stating that his son had been killed in one of the
recent battles, and shortly after received another that his wife had died
suddenly on learning the death of her son.
of Dr. Cutter.—Dr. Calvin Cutter, acting division surgeon
of Reno’s division, recently captured, has been released. He estimates
our casualties at 4,500 killed and wounded. Of these, 2,000 are still on
the battle-field. They are being cared for. Dr. Cutter reproaches chief
medical director Guild, and other rebel officers, in the bitterest
terms, for leaving our poor men three days without food or even water,
and warned them that this unheard of barbarity should be faithfully
reported to our surgeon general. The wounded were left lying where they
fell, surrounded by putrefying corpses, exposed to all inclemencies of
weather, their wounds not even moistened, nor a cup of cold water put to
lips which were swollen and blackened by three days’ fever.
inhumanity of the enemy went so far that they supplied our surgeons with
neither food, stimulants, lint, bandages, nor operating instruments for
thirty-six hours. Dr. Cutter was not even permitted to give his
professional services to the wounded. In one interview with medical
director Guild, he told him that he had had charge of battle-fields
before now, and that he had seen that the Confederate wounded had water,
food, shelter and clothes before he went to sleep. Upon which Guild said
he wanted to hear no more such talk, and closed the conference.4
Rebel Poisoning.—A letter dated Alexandria, Va., Sept. 5th,
from a young soldier on the way to join the 18th Massachusetts regiment,
gives the following warning to beware of rebel women: “On the railroad
between Baltimore and Washington, three members of one of the companies
were poisoned by eating pies and cakes sold by women, and one died in
ten minutes after eating an apple thus poisoned.” Is there no end to
the rebel House of Representatives, Foote, of Tennessee, offered a bill
for retaliatory purposes. It recites that the enemy refuses to treat our
partisan soldiers as prisoners, and have also punished innocent private
citizens for their acts. It provides that an officer who may have
ordered such atrocities be put to death, if captured. An equal number of
prisoners, officers to be preferred, taken from the enemy, to suffer the
fate inflicted on our captured soldiers or citizens.
a bill for the treatment of captives. It provides that any officer or
private captured by our army, who shall have committed any offense
pronounced felonious by the laws of the Confederacy or any State, shall
be delivered up for trial.
a bill to punish Negroes in arms. It provides that the Federal armies
incongruously composed of white and black shall not be held entitled to
the privileges of war. Of such as may be captured, the Negroes shall be
returned to their masters or publicly sold, and their commanders to be
hung or shot as may be more convenient.
a bill to retaliate for seizure of citizens by the enemy. It provides
that the prisoners held by the United States, a number equal to that of
the citizens seized, shall be held as hostages for their safety, and
subjected to like treatment. Any officers, civil or military, concerned
in their service, shall be imprisoned during the war.
the bills were referred to the Military Committee.
Pa., Sept. 17.—A frightful explosion occurred at the U.S. Arsenal
this afternoon, at 2 o’clock. It occurred in the large frame building
known as the laboratory. One hundred and seventy six boys and girls were
employed in the building at the time of the disaster, of whom
seventy-five or eighty were killed. One explosion followed another until
the entire building was destroyed, and those who could not escape in
time were burned up.
scene was most appalling, the dead bodies lying in heaps as they had
fallen. In some places where the heat was most intense, whitened bones
could be seen through the smoke and flames. In other places, large
masses of blackened flesh were visible.
to the present time, 63 bodies have been taken from the ruins.
Ky., Sept. 14.—Further particulars of the Mumfordsville fight have
been received from Mr. Thomas, who arrived from there this evening. He
was present during the battle. The rebels under Gen. Duncan numbered
from 5,000 to 7,000, including cavalry, artillery and infantry.
rebels made the attack from both sides of the river, and boldly advanced
to our breastworks. They were repulsed with fearful loss. The Federal
forces under Col. Wilder numbered about 2,000. At the commencement of
the fight, they were reinforced by Col. Dunham with the 5th Indiana
regiment. The first the rebels knew of his whereabouts was his pouring
in a whole volley, killing many and stampeding the balance.
Federal loss was 8 killed and 27 wounded. The rebel loss was from 500 to
700 killed and wounded. The rebels who brought a flag of truce admit a
loss of 400 killed. Two pieces of artillery were captured from the
Thorpe has been acting for some time as a teacher and superintendent of
the contrabands at Port Royal, in the spirit of true benevolence,
performing his duties in a most acceptable manner. Any articles sent to
his care will be faithfully and judiciously distributed.—[Editor,
of Appleton Oaksmith.—Appleton Oaksmith, who has been
confined in Suffolk jail since December last, and was convicted in June
of fitting out a vessel for the slave trade, made his escape from the
jail Thursday morning, and it is supposed had been gone four hours
before he was missed. His escape was not known until 10 o’clock.
Sheriff Clark offers a reward of $300 for his arrest and return, with
the intimation that the runaway is likely to disguise himself as a woman
or a sailor. A motion for a new trial was pending, to be argued in
Paul, Minnesota, Sept. 18.—Four persons were killed to-day by the
Indians near Mankato while threshing wheat. This was done within a mile
of a company of troops. The Indians took the horses from the threshing
machine, and left before the troops could reach them. These bold
exploits will prevent the farmers from returning to their crops.
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
to be Treated as Banditti.—At the request of Gen. Halleck,
Dr. Lieber of Columbia college, has written an essay on the proper
treatment of guerrillas in war. The following sentences show the
conclusions he reaches, after an elaborate discussion of the subject:
find that self-constituted bands in the South, who destroy the cotton
stored by their own neighbors, are styled in the journals of the North
as well as those of the South, guerrillas; while, in truth they are,
according to the common law—not surely of war only, but that of every
society—simply armed robbers, against whom every person is permitted,
or is in duty bound, to use all the means of defense at his disposal; as
in a late instance, even Gen. Toombs of Georgia declared to a certain
committee of safety of his state, that he would defend the planting and
producing of his cotton; though I must own he did not call the
self-constituted committee guerrillas, but if memory serves me right,
war rebel, as we might term him, this renewer of war within an occupied
territory, has been universally treated with the utmost rigor of the
military law. The war rebel exposes the occupying army to the greatest
danger, and essentially interferes with the mitigation of the severity
of war, which it is one of the noblest objects of the modern law of war
to obtain. Whether the war rebel rises on his own account or whether he
has been secretly called upon by his former government to do so, would
make no difference whatever. The royalists who recently rose in the
mountains of Calabria against the national government of Italy, and in
favor of Francis, who had been their king until within a recent period,
were treated as brigands and shot, unless, indeed, pardoned on
can it be maintained in good faith, or with any respect for sound sense
and judgment, that an individual—an armed prowler—now frequently
called a bushwhacker—shall be entitled to the protection of the law of
war, simply because he says that he has taken up his gun in defense of
his country, or because his government or his chief has issued a
proclamation by which he calls upon the people to infest the bushes and
commit homicides which every civilized nation will consider murders.
They are peculiarly dangerous, because they easily evade pursuit, and by
laying down their arms become insidious enemies; because they can not
otherwise subsist than by rapine, and almost always degenerate into
simple robbers or brigands. The Spanish guerrilla hands against Napoleon
proved a scourge to their own countrymen, and became efficient for their
own cause only in the same degree in which they gradually became
has been stated already that the armed prowler, the so-called
bushwhacker, is a simple assassin, and will thus always be considered by
soldier and citizen; and we have likewise seen that the armed bands that
rise in a district fairly occupied by military force, or in the rear of
an army, are universally considered, if captured, brigands, and not
prisoners of war. They unite the fourfold character of the spy, the
brigand, the assassin and the rebel, and cannot—indeed, it must be
supported, will not expect to—be treated as a fair enemy of the
regular war. They know what a hazardous career they enter upon when they
take up arms, and that, were the case reversed, they would surely not
grant the privilege of regular warfare to persons who should rise in
of a Rebel Spy.—The intercepted letter of a rebel spy in
New York, dated August 28, makes some interesting disclosures:
have no idea of the zeal, eagerness and determination existing here to
exterminate the rebels, utterly and thoroughly to exterminate the South.
Recruiting is going on with immense success and the men are not
I have been two weeks in the North, all eyes and ears, and standing a
very strong chance of being arrested myself, living behind a mask and
acting a part, yet trembling every moment and afraid to speak. The
infatuation of the people is beyond belief. But, dear sir,
a terrible army is ready, and my heart has sunk within me to
witness the tens of thousands flocking to Washington of hale, strong,
hearty men, well equipped and furnished with every requirement. To-day,
by chance, I was on the train with Gen. Corcoran from Philadelphia to
New York, and, by a strange coincidence, he is coming to-night to this
very hotel, which is about to be illuminated. The receptions,
demonstrations and processions exceeded all that has ever been known in
New York, excepting when the Prince of Wales was here. My eyes swam in
tears, and my heart grew sick at what I saw and heard—the reports of
his life in the South, and the extraordinary feeling for him here. Why,
there were alone Irish enough to advance upon Richmond, besides the
companies, regiments of cavalry, infantry, militia, regulars, police,
Zouaves, Germans, all strong, hard-fighting men; and car-loads pass us
wherever we travel. I enclose something for the Courier, but
probably this will do more good if you show it to the editors, and urge
upon them to write some fiery, inflammatory, inspiring articles, to urge
upon the South to exert itself to the utmost. I tremble for fear this
should not arrive in time to be of any use; for in two or three weeks
three hundred thousand men will again be between Richmond and the
Potomac, many new gunboats and powerful cannon. Don’t stop to let them
outreach us. ‘Now or never,’ I fear, is the cry.”
B. Nichols, superintendent of contrabands at Camp Barker, near
Washington, appeals to humane people for clothing for the destitute
Negroes. The government feeds them, but they suffer from lack of
clothing. He says: “Since the military changes in the vicinity of
Manassas, the blacks have taken a perfect stampede, and I understand
that the road from Manassas Junction is lined with contrabands who will
be here in due time. These fugitives have suffered the greatest
privations in reaching this place. Some mothers have carried to children
in their arms and on their shoulders for miles, and for all this I have
never found a single one in whose heart the sparks of freedom burn so
dim that, with all their trials, they would be willing to exchange their
present condition for their former one.”
Wire Grass Minute Men were Co. L and the McIntosh County Guards were Co.
M of the 26th Georgia.
cormorant is a type of seabird noted for its voracious appetite; from
this the word can also be used to describe a greedy person, as here.
“engagement” was the Battle of South Mountain on 14 September 1862.
fairness to Guild, he (and his resources) may well have been stretched
to the breaking point, as, otherwise, history credits him with making
great strides in caring for the wounded on the field of battle, to wit:
“Appointed as an assistant surgeon in the U.S. Army in 1849, Guild
served for a time on Governor's Island in New York harbor; while there,
he conducted pioneering studies of yellow fever and its spread. At the
beginning of the Civil War, the Alabama-born Guild returned to the South
and offered his services to the Confederacy. In the midst of the
fighting during the Seven Days' Battles in the summer of 1862,
Confederate general Robert E. Lee took command of the Army of Northern
Virginia and appointed Guild as that army's chief medical officer. It
was a daunting task, as Guild later explained, being "assigned
suddenly and unexpectedly to the onerous and responsible duties of
medical director of this large army, without instructions of any kind
and without knowledge of the previous orders and assignments of medical
officers of an army already engaged in action." Guild remained in
that position until the army surrendered at Appomattox in 1865. During
his tenure, Guild was frustrated by the lack of medical supplies, but
was also instrumental in improving care on the battlefield, and in
establishing protocols—including the creation of a ‘Sanitary
Camp,’ which quarantined soldiers afflicted with contagious
illnesses—that helped prevent the spread of disease among the
they were not press ganged or forced into the service, which was
referred to as impressment.
Having trouble with a word or phrase?
Email the USNLP . . .