OCTOBER 5, 1862
THE TIMES PICAYUNE
who have never seen the people of the South at their homes away back in
the interior, nestling upon the hill-sides, in the valleys and groves,
know nothing of their real character. A nobler, more single-minded, more
honest, larger-hearted, more generous, more humane and more hospitable
people never had an existence. We do not say that they have no faults,
or that there are no bad individuals among them; for then they would
stand in no need of State prisons, jails, courts and penal laws. They
are human and possess human frailties; but we are quite willing to
compare them, as a whole, with an equal number of citizens or subjects
of equal number of citizens or subjects of any government upon earth.
Those who revile them should go among them and learn whom and what they
abuse. It is usual for stolid fanaticism to charge them with cruelty
towards their slaves—a charge founded upon ignorance, and absurdly
ridiculous upon the face, for it must be manifest to any one who is
capable of thinking upon the subject, and who is not the vassal of his
own prejudices, that the more kindly slaves are treated, the better they
are clothed and fed and taken care of, in return the more profitable
they will be to their masters.
the latter were influenced solely by sordid considerations, therefore,
in the treatment of their servants, it must be evident that they would
have the strongest motives to be humane and just towards them. Their
interests alone would be sufficient to accomplish this result. Is it
reasonable, upon nay known principles of human action, to suppose that
civilized men, out of sheer love of cruelty, would run right in the face
and eyes of their own interests, for
the sake of indulging in it in the treatment of their servants?
Is not this too much for even the credulity of a mawkish fanaticism to
swallow? But it is a fact too well known to be contradicted, that
Southern masters and mistresses are less exacting and rigid in their
demands upon the labors of their slaves, and more indulgent to their
foibles and weaknesses than strangers to their domestic system ever are.
The latter, when they become masters, after a slight acquaintance with
the character and habits of the Negro, rarely make sufficient allowance
for his tardiness and other traits. They require the same amount of
labor of him that they would from white laborers in a cold climate. This
the Southern people never expect and never demand. In reply to all this
it is usual for Abolition cant to point to instances of barbarity which
the Southern papers sometimes narrate, and then it exclaims, with an air
of triumph, that the South herself furnishes the evidence which convicts
her of the charge it brings against her.
is abolition fairness and enlightenment. Apply the same rule to the
North, and what a verdict would be brought in by an impartial and
disinterested jury! Take up her own daily and weekly journals, and what
a picture of morals and humanity, upon the rule which is applied to the
South, do they present as the portrait of the Northern people! What a
record of brutality to children, apprentices and orphans, of
wife-murder, and husband-murder, and child-murder, of fratricide and
parricide, and even of matricide, do they publish! How the poor suffer
in winter from cold and short allowances! How labor the thews and sinews
of multitudes of females through the long nights, when nature cries out
piteously for rest, for sleep, to keep from the door of loved ones the
shadows of the dark figure whose name is—hunger! If rats should devour
the newborn infant of a black woman upon a Southern plantation, as they
did a white infant in a New York
a while ago, how all abolitiondom would ring with shouts of exultation
at this new proof of the horrors of the peculiar institution! Upon the
principle upon which “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” is constructed, a picture
of Northern society might be drawn that would fairly make the flesh
creep. Such a principle so applied would be grossly unjust. It would
imply an elaborate falsehood; but it would be no more unjust and would
not embody a greater falsehood than is implied in the same principle
which is constantly applied to the system of domestic labor existing in
the South, by its crazy assailants.
are sometimes told that though the physical wants of slaves may be well
cared for, their moral well-being is not. There again abolition shows
its ignorance. Go into the country, and thousands upon thousands of well
dressed servants will be found regularly assembling with their masters
and mistresses, as the Sabbath comes round, for divine worship.
Multitudes of them are members of churches, and he who would understand
the real nature of this truly patriarchal institution must see the
servant and his master and mistress all together around the same
communion table. There is scarcely a grove in all the Southern
States which has not been made vocal by the humble and soul felt songs
thus mingling and commingling together in a common volume from master
and servant—an acceptable sacrifice, we cannot doubt, to Him who
judges from the reality and who knows the heart. This will be utterly
incomprehensible to our modern Pharisees, we know, but it is
nevertheless true, as millions of as good men and women as can be found
anywhere beneath the circuit of the sun can testify, not from hearsay,
but from their own positive knowledge.
of Seamen.—Recently in New York sailors were so scarce that
$30 per month was offered in several cases without effect, and vessels
were lying in the harbor loaded and could not sail for want of
seamen—so it is reported.
Federal Army in Light Marching Order.—The Washington
correspondent of the New York Herald, in his letter of the 16th
ult., says: A stringent order has been issued enforcing the absolute
necessity of reducing the baggage trains of troops in the field. Offices
will hereafter be allowed to carry only their ordinary mess chests and a
valise or carpet bag. No trunks or boxes will be permitted in the
baggage trains. Privates are prohibited from carrying carpet bags and
boxes on the regimental wagons. These things are hereafter to be ejected
from the wagons and cars wherever found. A stop is also to be put to the
carrying of sutlers’ goods in regimental and quartermasters’ wagons,
under the guise of quartermasters’ and commissary stores. This, it is
supposed, will reduce the trains by one-third.
by the Confederate Government.—The Richmond Whig
says it has ascertained, from official data furnished by the Treasury
Department, that the expenditures by the Confederate government, from
its commencement to the 1st of August, amount to $347,272,958.85.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
A Salute for Lincoln’s Administration.
New York Independent, which is charged by its contemporaries with
belonging to the league for the displacement of Lincoln, has the
following complimentary notice of the Gorilla:
have no doubt whatever that Mr. Lincoln means well, and tasks himself to
do well for the country. But he is an overmatched man. He can not carry
the Government in his great exigency.
there is a country as well as a President. There is a cause as well as
an Administration. Every prudent man foresees the utter exhaustion of
the country if we have one more such year as the last. Yet, we have the
same Cabinet, the same floating expedients, the same stationary
is notorious that the Generals who control the military affairs of the
army, are pro-slavery in their beliefs and sympathies. One drop of
poison is a match for the health of a whole bodyful of good blood!
South is jubilant. It is the North that desponds. They have leaders who
know how to control difficulties—to coerce unity among heterogeneous
materials. There is will in the chair at Richmond. There is will in the
saddle beyond the Potomac. Oh, that slavery was as poorly served as
determines. Washington reasons. Richmond is inflexible. Washington
vacillates. Richmond knows what it wants to do. Washington wishes that
it knew. Richmond loves slavery and hates liberty. Washington is
somewhat partial to liberty and rather dislikes slavery. Rebellion is
wise and sinful. Government is foolish.
From New Orleans.
October 3d.—A special dispatch to the Mobile Advertiser and
Register, dated at Jackson, Mississippi, the 2d, says that Butler
has issued Order No. 76, requiring all persons in New Orleans, male or
female, eighteen years of age or upwards, who sympathize with the
Confederates, to report themselves by the 1st of October, with
descriptive lists of their property, real and personal. If they renew
their allegiance, they are to be recommended for pardon. If not, they
will be fined and imprisoned and their property confiscated. Policemen
of the city are charged with the duty of seeing that every householder
enrolls his property in their respective districts.
Sample of Life at the North.—The following extract is cut
from the Albany (N.Y.) Argus:
white child, who was bound out to a Negro master by the Philadelphia
Board of Guardians of the Poor, has recently died from horrible
treatment in his apprenticeship, and, his relatives discovering the
whole of the facts, are stirring up public opinion upon the subject.
Guardians should be held personally responsible.
of the War.—The Tallahassee Sentinel says a friend
gives it as his opinion, based not on the ordinary mode of reasoning on
the subject, but on Bible data and scriptural calculation, that the war
will continue three years and 195 days from the time it was inaugurated.
We shall see.
Addition to the redundant currency was discovered in town
Saturday in the shape of what purported to be in the vignette a check
for $11.00, and read as follows, “Agency Bank State of Georgia, will
pay the bearer eleven dollars on demand, (Signed) R. Jameson, for
Cashier, Macon, Sept. 1st, 1862.” It is needless to add that the Bank
knew nothing about these checks and the holders had been swindled. In
this connection we will add by way of exhortation to shinplaster makers,
that it is time to be setting their houses in order. The Legislature
which soon meets will no doubt take stringent measures to abate the
nuisance and we believe every shinplaster concern will soon be smarting
under legal penalties. Now is the time to be redeeming “change
bills,” either in current bank bills, Confederate Treasury notes,
Whiskey, Dry Goods, Salt or Potatoes, as set forth in the several ugly
faces they represent.
List of Killed and Wounded.
the 51st Reg’t Ga Vols., Col. W. M. Slaughter, in the late battles of
Boonsboro’ and Sharsburg.1
McLendon, J. D. Kitchens, John . Dougherty, W. F. Phileman.
L. Ford, R. L. McDonald, A. Alexander, Wm. Barnard.
L. McDonald, D. Smith, C. McCann, J. Allen, H. Gray, G. Gray, R. Bailey,
T. Harrison, J. W. Johnson, mortally, since dead.
Leverett, L. Deal.
H. E, Perkins, slightly in arm.
J. Calhoun, Sergt. T. J. Gurr, E. J. N. Moore, G. M. Parker, W. J.
Parker, T. Howell, W. T. Barfield, Jas. Larrimore, Jas. Kendrick, D. B.
Batton, S. A. Marsh.
G. W. West, Private J. L. Stewart, D. Hutson, J. T. Akridge, H. D. Sapp.
W. Whigham, W. Akridge.
C. West, W. T. West, S. A. Lucky, L. H. Smith, L. P. Sawyer, J. Simpson,
R. Griner, I. Shirah, A. Whittey.
and Missing—W. Ivey, J. Glass, D. Kinney, R. P. Wilkinson, M. Hair.
L. G. Hainsly, Private W. Crawford, D. Jones, M. Bell.
Glover, B. F. Maury, James Thomson.
W. L. King, F. Davis, J. Everett, L. B. Bartlett, Young Harvey, Jno.
Morris, Virgil Rimes, B. J. Rieves, R. Sauls.
E. Whitaker, G. W. Odom, J. J. Bradley, R. A. Beard, D. A. Lang, W.
Lang, J. J. Smith, I. Vinson, R. E. Wright, J. K. Wainwright.
Thomas, D. Thomas, W. Rentz, P. Rentz, J. Touchstone.
G. Rains, W. Ray, J. Mercer, L. J. Collins, W. Crawford, Sergt. J. J.
Mann, D. J. Moore, A. W. Murdock, I. Domingoes, W. J. Craft, J.
Touchstone, W. Peterson.
Touchstone, W. H. Harrell, A. Screws, S. D. Finley, C. W. Hooker, C. C.
McKinney, S. L. Sharp, W. Peterson.
DuBose, J. Stevens.
and Missing—J. Cheshire, J. Lesterley, R. Mixon.
G. Killingsworth, J. Shivers, Corpl. S. McLendon, O. Peterson.
W. L. Burnett, Sergt. J. W. Fulwood, E. Wood, J. F. Mills, W. H.
McElroy, J. Reynolds, J. G. Killingsworth, O. Peterson.
R. Hobbs, left arm amputated at shoulder; S. Means, R. Quick, L. Cook,
H. Cannon, __ Herrin, S. Houston.
A. Spitts, R. T. Gilbert, T. Woods.
most of the foregoing casualties occurred in the Battle at Crampton Gap
on the 14th September. It is supposed that many reported “missing”
may be killed and unfound in the woods, whilst others are prisoners or
straggles. The list was furnished us by Dr. E. V. Munro, Asst. Surgeon
of the Regiment, and collated with much care.
OCTOBER 7, 1862
SHIPPING LIST AND MERCHANTS' TRANSCRIPT (MA)
From the Army in Maryland.
Tax on Silver Plate.—Ever since the Tax Law passed, many a
housewife has distressed herself with the vision of a rough assistant
assessor ransacking her closets, trunks, and bureaus, and turning the
contents of her house upside down, to ascertain the exact amount of
silver plate in her possession. The New York Journal of Commerce
fears of such an intrusion upon the privacy of the home are entirely
groundless. Commissioner Boutwell has given particular instructions for
the polite and decorous enforcement of the tax law; and the assessors
have forbidden their assistants to indulge in any unnecessary or
impertinent inquisitiveness in the performance of their duties.
all inquiries pertaining to the household they will rely upon the
honesty of the citizens, rather than make the law odious by a search of
the premises. People who are fortunate enough to own silver spoons,
teapots, sugar-bowls, cream pitchers, trays and other silver ware, will
be expected to ascertain the weight of them in troy ounces. This can be
most easily and accurately done at some silversmith’s; and his
certificate as to the weight will be accepted by the assessor as
correct. It is only upon the excess of forty ounces, belonging to any
one person, that the tax of three cents per ounce is chargeable.
an encouragement of the family institution, the framers of the law have
exempted those silver mugs, which are the peculiar endowments of
babyhood. In fact, everything which does not come under the head of
silver table ware ‘kept for use’ is exempt. While the law is thus
tolerant of silver ware, it puts a tax of 50 cents per troy ounce on all
gold plate kept for use. People happening to have any of that kind of
property in their houses must have it weighed and certified to. It is
understood, however, that these evidences of weight will only be
required in cases where parties are not already aware of the exact
weight of their silver. In most cases a mere statement will suffice, or
an affidavit, if peculiar circumstances shall seem to require one.”
in Dixie.—The new revenue bill before the rebel Congress
provides for the levying on the 1st of January next, a tax of one-fifth
the value of the products of the land for the preceding year; one-fifth
the value of the increase of horses, asses, cattle, sheep and swine;
one-fifth the products made in feeding the same; and one-fifth the
yearly income of each person. The rebels will pay dearly for their
Important Order.—An army order having a direct and
important bearing upon the comfort and morals of our soldiers was issued
some time since. It is based upon an act of the last Congress, and
provides that, “the Quartermaster Department shall issue, upon the
requisition of the Medical Officer in charge of any hospital or depot of
sick and wounded soldiers, such regulation clothing, necessary to their
health and comfort, as may be requisite to replace that lost by them
from the casualties of war;” it furthermore commands that “such
issue be gratuitous and not charged to the soldier.” Great numbers
of soldiers have been discharged from the hospitals whose clothing was
so ragged that they shunned appearing in the streets, and were not in
decent condition to return to the army. This has been owing to the
neglect of the surgeons, or their ignorance of the order. As thousands
of new troops are now going into the field, pains should be taken by the
press and all interested to make the order known, so that the new
surgeons may understand their duty in the premises, and the soldiers may
be acquainted with their rights and demand them if necessary.
Draft in Connecticut a Partial Failure.—The New Haven Courier
of September 29th, says the draft has been almost a farce, very few
towns having done their duty under it, and those that have failed should
be called upon at once to make up their deficiency. In this vicinity the
most striking instances of neglect or disregard to the law are
Southbury, North Haven, Milford, Guilford and Fairfield.
was melancholy, says the New York Times, to see the 14th Regiment
marching up Broadway without their arms, and to reflect that the fine
weapons with which they had marched down Broadway four months ago had
been given into the hands of the rebels, and have since been used in
slaughtering their own comrades. The rebels, by this Harper’s Ferry
surrender, obtained from ten to twelve thousand first-class muskets,
besides a splendid lot of artillery, as well as munitions of war,
Grenada, Miss., Appeal complains bitterly that one million
dollars worth of slaves have absconded from the counties of Tunica and
Coahoma since the Union troops went there. It says we have violated the
constitution. That is cool enough. If the rebels want the advantages of
the constitution, they had better come back and get them.
Father of the Right Stamp.—Capt. William S. Kenniston, of
Newmarket, N. H., formerly a sea captain, and recently a clerk in one of
our most flourishing mercantile houses, has three sons—all he has—in
the army, and has now enlisted himself. Such patriotism as this deserves
the gratitude of the whole country.
explosion took place at the Arsenal, Columbus, Ky., on the 25th ult., by
which one hundred thousand dollars worth of ammunition was destroyed. No
lives lost. This was a Federal loss. The immense gun factory at Rome,
Ga., was totally destroyed by fire a few weeks since. Loss of machinery
and unfinished guns, $75,000. This is a serious disaster for the rebel
are you going?” said a young gentleman to an elderly one in a white
cravat, whom he overtook a few miles from Little Rock.
am going to Heaven, my son; I have been on the way for more than
good bye, old fellow; if you’ve been travelling towards Heaven there
eighteen years, and got no nearer than Arkansas, I’ll take another
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
Martial Law Proclaimed.
referred to but omitted to publish the following Proclamation last week.
It is well to have it on record, for reference if nothing else, and we
therefore publish it:
By the President of the United States.
it has been necessary to call into service not only volunteers, but also
portions of the militia of the States by draft, in order to suppress the
insurrection existing in the United States, and disloyal persons are not
adequately restrained by the ordinary process of law from hindering this
measure, and from giving aid and comfort in various ways to the
insurrection; now, therefore, be it ordered—
That during the existing rebellion, and as a necessary measure for
suppressing the same, all rebels and insurgents, their aiders and
abettors within the United States, and all persons discouraging
volunteer enlistments, resisting militia drafts, or guilty of any
disloyal practice affording aid and comfort to the rebels against the
authority of the United States, shall be subject to martial law, and
liable to trial and punishment by courts martial or military commission.
That the writ of habeas corpus is suspended in respect to all persons
arrested, or who are now or may hereafter, during the rebellion, be
imprisoned in any fort, camp, arsenal, military prison or other place of
confinement, by any military authority, or by the sentence of any court
martial or military commission.
witness wherefor, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the
United States to be affixed.
at Washington, this 24th day of September, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and of the independence of the
United States the eighty-seventh.
Guillotine Proposed.—At the serenade given in Washington to
Gen. Wadsworth upon his nomination for
Governor of New York, Gov. Blair of Michigan said that in his
opinion, “the best thing we could do would be to import a
guillotine from France and chop off the heads” of those who stand
in the way of the destructive designs of the radical demagogues. These
reckless and blood-thirsty wretches are following in the footsteps of
their prototypes, the Jacobins of France, and it is not surprising that
they call for the bloody machinery used by them. But if they had
profitably read the history of the demons they are so closely imitating,
they would shudder in view of the fate which may await them in following
out the example which they seem to advise. Those in France who first
freely used the bloody invention these infamous demagogues now call for,
became themselves its victims; “the heads that rolled into the
basket,” the Albany Argus says, “were just such as adorn the
shoulders of Blair and his colleagues—dizzy with power, weak in
intellect, voluble in tongue, menacing others and ignorant of their own
would create but little surprise to see this impudent and atrocious
threat carried into execution; the last year has presented events which
were supposed to be quite as improbable and intolerable as would be the
spectacle of the erection of a guillotine at Washington and the daily
execution of those who refuse to approve of the treasonable and
destructive schemes of the abolition crew.
is Supreme?—The President has declared our whole people
subject to martial law. The Constitution, on the other hand, provides as
person can in any case be subjected to law-martial, or to any pains or
penalties, by virtue of that law, except those employed in the army or
navy, and except the militia in actual service, but by authority of the
Legislature.”—Bill of Rights, sec. 34.
question arises which is supreme, the Constitution or the ipse dixit of
Can the President thus set aside and override an important provision of
the Bill of Rights? If so, then constitutions are worthless.
Abe’s Opinion.—After the Chicago Committee had made their
report to the association who sent them to Washington to urge the
President to issue an Emancipation Proclamation, the following
appropriate conclusion to the whole affair transpired:
Page now came forward, being anxious to tell the people what the
President had said to him and Mr. Scripps, on the African
question. One thing he related is worth recording. On pressing the
policy of emancipation upon the President, they received this reply:
“You remember the slave who asked his master, ‘If I should call a
sheep’s tail a leg, how many legs would it have?’ ‘Five.’ ‘No,
only four, for my calling the tail a leg would not make it so.’
Now, gentlemen, if I say to the slaves,
‘You are free,’ they will be no more free than at present.”
Saturday evening, as early as 7 o’clock, while two respectable married
ladies were passing on School Street, one of them was grossly insulted
by a rascal who was easily identified by his personal deformity. Our
streets, of late, have been infested, especially after dark, by a vile
horde of wretches, both male and female, who have been hanging about the
city seeking to prey upon the soldiers. On several occasions, when they
have made their appearance at the camp, they have been summarily dealt
with. It is the duty of the city authorities to see that these wretches
are carefully watched. On Thursday evening, about 10 o’clock, a vile
woman made a violent attack, probably in a fit of drunkenness, upon the
door and windows of Mr. Ingalls’ confectioner’s shop on School
Street, and also upon the door leading to the rooms above, occupied by
the family. Mr. Ingalls was absent from the home, and the females and
children were much alarmed. They called for assistance from some
gentlemen in the vicinity, but the woman had disappeared before she
could be arrested.
large steamer ran the blockade out of Charleston harbor on the night of
the 19th ult.
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
Great Battle at Corinth, Mississippi.
Oct 5th.—Official information has been received here that the
rebels under Van Dorn, Price and Lovell, yesterday attacked our forces
at Corinth, but were repulsed, with great slaughter, and retreated,
leaving their dead and wounded on the field. Our forces are in full
Oct 4th.—Dispatches from Cairo to-night say that a battle has been
raging in the vicinity of Corinth since yesterday morning. At three
o’clock this afternoon, which is the date of the latest report from
Bethel, the cannonading was still heard. The communication is now cut
off at Bethel, consequently we are unable to obtain any particulars.
Bethel is 20 miles this side of Corinth.
Oct 5th.—Glorious news has been received to-day from Corinth. The
rebels are routed and retreating. Their loss is very heavy. Our loss is
also large. Gen. Dodge sent a message here from Columbus to prepare for
a large number of wounded. Price, Van Dorn and Lovell were in command of
the rebels, who numbered 40,000. Our troops are said to have acted
Oct 6.—The following dispatches have been received at headquarters
Jackson, Tenn., Oct. 5, 1862—8 a.m.
the Rebels under Price, Van Dorn and Lovell, were repulsed from their
attack on Corinth with great slaughter. The enemy are in full retreat,
leaving their dead and wounded on the field.
telegraphs that the loss is serious on our side, particularly in
officers, but bears no comparison with that of the enemy.
Hackleman fell while gallantly leading his brigade. General Oglesby is
dangerously wounded. Gen. McPherson, with his command, reached Corinth
yesterday. General Rosecrans pursued the retreating enemy this morning,
and should they attempt to move towards Bolivar, will follow to that
Hurlbut is at the Hatchie river with 5,000 or 6,000 men, and is, no
doubt, with the pursuing column. From 700 to 1,000 prisoners, besides
the wounded, are left in our hands.
Jackson, Tenn., Oct. 5th
Major-General H. W. Halleck:
Ord, who followed Gen. Hurlbut, met the enemy to-day on the south side
of the Hatchie, as I understand from a dispatch, and drove them across
the stream and got possession of the heights with our troops. Gen. Ord
took two batteries and about 200 prisoners.
large portion of Gen. Rosecrans’s forces were at Chevalla. At this
distance everything looks most favorable, and I cannot see how the enemy
are to escape without losing everything except their small arms. I have
strained everything to take into the fight an adequate force, and to get
them to the right place.
of John Morgan.
Oct 4th.—A Portsmouth, Ohio, dispatch, to Gov. Robinson, says John
Morgan, with a thousand rebels, yesterday attacked the carter County Home
Guards, near Olive Hill. After several hours of severe skirmishing, Morgan
was repulsed and several of his men killed. Morgan then retreated toward the
Licking River, burning 35 houses on his way. Last night Morgan returned to
Olive Hill. Meanwhile Col. Seifert went to Portsmouth and brought up 500 of
he 117th Ohio regiment.
on the Central Railroad.—The N. Y. express train, due here at
3:30 yesterday afternoon, met with an extraordinary accident when about four
miles west of Little Falls. The train was under full headway, when the
locomotive encountered a misplaced switch. Wemple, the engineer, instead of
jumping from the engine when he saw the danger, applied a patent Creamer
brake, connecting from the engine with all the cars, which so retarded the
motion of the train as to prevent a general smash up.
engine plunged down the embankment, about six feet in height, a total
wreck—a black mass of ruins. The baggage car wheeled off in the same
direction, turning upside down, one end resting upon the track, the other
into the ditch below. The smoking car shot past the baggage car, turning
over on its side in the opposite direction. The baggage, smoking, and two
passenger cars were beyond the ruins of the locomotive. The track was torn
up, the ties slivered, while the steam was pouring into the cars from the
wrecked locomotive. The passengers rushed out the car doors and windows in
great consternation, and were astounded upon examination of the ruins to
find that not of their number was injured. The fireman was thrown some
distance from the engine into the field, and was found to be seriously hurt.
Every attention was shown to him on the part of the passengers and others,
and when last heard from he was thought to be better.
the brave engineer, to whom all on board owe a debt of gratitude never to be
forgotten, was but slightly injured, and in ten minutes after the accident
was at work putting out the fire in the engine, as though nothing had
less than three hours the employees of the road had engine and cars in
readiness, and all were safely on their way again to Albany. Much credit is
due Conductor Meeker and Superintendent Prest for their energy and
efficiency on the occasion. Secretary Ballard, State Engineer Taylor, Hon.
Sanf’d E. Church, S. S. Fairchild, and other prominent gentlemen were on
the train.—Albany Argus of Tuesday.
rebel gunboat mounting ten guns ran the blockade into Mobile on the 4th
inst., in the face of three U.S. vessels. Commander Geo. H. Preble,
commanding the blockade squadron off that port, has been dismissed from the
naval service for neglect of duty on the premises.
Henry, who has carried the Mail from Pittsfield to Williamstown, via New
Ashford, has sold the route to Mr. Jas. N. Bridges of Williamstown, who
commenced the service on the 1st of October, and now runs his stage from
Williamstown to Pittsfield and back on Mondays and Saturdays of each week,
and also leaves Williamstown on Tuesdays and Thursdays, for Pittsfield, and
Pittsfield for Williamstown on Wednesdays and Fridays.
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Oct. 10, 1 a.m.—The
Washington Star says that at Richmond on Sunday of last week the4
only troops in and around the city were those, few in number, actually
in the fortifications, and a regiment doing provost guard duty in and
around the town. As soon as a train arrives there, every one coming into
Richmond s made to go with a soldier to the Provost Marshal’s office,
and if not well vouched for is rigorously held in custody, and guards
are so posted as to prevent egress from the city at any point without a
Star says there are no troops at Gordonsville, nor indeed
anywhere from Richmond in this direction, until arriving a little this
side of Culpepper Court House, where the 13th Virginia Cavalry only were
last week encamped.
and the Black Flag.—The New York Times’ Washington
Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation has inspired the most lively
terror throughout the South. The rebels do not laugh at the decree, but
quake with apprehension. They express fears that it will be the means of
producing a counter-revolution in the slave States, and the soldiers
desire to return to their homes to protect their families. They believe
the Negroes too be organized in secret associations, and only to be
waiting an auspicious opportunity to rise in insurrection en masse.
They have heard already of the Proclamation, and are becoming very
restive under their yoke. The women and children of the rural districts
are removing to the cities for safety, and consternation seems to be
immediate results of this feeling are measures of great severity toward
the blacks, who are being sent South without reference to their legal
condition. Several have been hung in the vicinity of Jeffersonton, Va.,
charged with conspiracy. The Union white citizens of Winchester, too,
are being sent in considerable numbers to Richmond.
feeling in the army, and among rebels in general, is in favor of
desperate measures, chief of which is the raising of the black flag. In
fact, many of the soldiers refuse to fight longer unless it is done.
private circular has been issued by the rebel Government to proprietors
of newspapers forbidding the publication of the Proclamation.
Rosecrans.—As Bishop Rosecrans (brother of the General) was
at dinner recently, the conversation reverted to the war.
would seem to me, Bishop, that you and your brother, the General, are
engaged in very different callings,” remarked a gentleman.
it appears so,” returned the Bishop. “And yet,” he continued,
“we are both fighting men. While the General is wielding the sword of
the flesh, I trust that I am using the sword of the Spirit. He is
fighting the rebels, and I am fighting the spirits of darkness. There is
this difference in the terms of our service: he is fighting with Price,
while I am fighting without price.”
the arrivals at Washington yesterday was Capt. F. G. Young, direct from
Richmond, having left that city on Tuesday by a flag of truce down the
Young with Major W. C. Barney of New York, was captured on the 21st of
September while on a horseback tour in the vicinity of Bull Run, by the
30th Virginia cavalry, under Col. Chambless, a graduate of West Point.
The prisoner spent four days pleasantly on their way to Richmond, and
were treated kindly and hospitably by their captors and by all whom they
met on the route. The cavalry regiment of Col. Chambless was handsomely
mounted, uniformed, and fully equipped. There appeared to be an
abundance of salt, flour, fresh beef, and shoes among the soldiers. Good
discipline prevailed among the rebel troops. They treated each other
with great kindness and courtesy. No whiskey drinking or card playing
was allowed among them. Much comment is made by the rebel troops as to
the careless manner in which our dead were buried on the plains of
Manassas. All the rebel soldiers denounced Gen. Pope, but speak in most
complimentary terms of Gen. McClellan.
country districts are exhausted of food for man and beast, and in
consequence apprehensions exist of great distress among the people
during the coming winter. Everybody has plenty of paper money of all
descriptions and denominations. The treatment of the Federal prisoners
at the Sibley prison4 has been changed for the better, and those
confined with Captain Young had no cause to complain. He with thirty
others were put in a large cool and pleasant room and were attended by
the maids and servants with marked kindness. Rations were served
regularly and a sutler was constantly present. The morning newspapers
were served at daylight.
Daniel Ulman and Lieut. Col. Brown of New York regiments, and about 700
others, arrived at Annapolis today, having left Richmond on Tuesday
morning. The rebel troops are rapidly receiving their new uniforms,
consisting of dark gray woolen jackets and light blue pants, &c.
They say there is no lack of arms, and that they have more cannon than
can be used. The general impression among them is that the war will not
end until the expiration of President Lincoln’s term of office.
Everybody, however, is sick of hostilities, and the troops desire to
return home. Yet one constantly hears the remark: “You may exterminate
us but you cannot subjugate us.” The new Merrimack is not
dollars a bushel was asked for sweet potatoes. Rye, coffee and sugar
brought $1 a pound each. There was little or no molasses for sale. Tin
drinking cups sold for twenty five cents each, and all other necessaries
Barney is still detained at Libby prison. Capt. Young was released
of Ship Carpenters.—The Boston ship carpenters employed in
repairing vessels have combined, and many are now demanding and
receiving $3 per day. That price is paid at New York an in other places,
and some men have left Boston to obtain the higher wages offered. At the
Navy Yard the best workmen receive $2.50. Some have left to work at
OCTOBER 11, 1862
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
STARTLING NEWS FROM HARRISBURG.
Invasion of Pennsylvania.
Cavalry at Mercersburg and Advancing on Chambersburg.
No Federal Force There
to Oppose Them.
Oct. 10, 7:30 p.m.—Gov. Curtin has received the following dispatch from
Colonel McClure at Chambersburg:
was occupied by Stuart’s rebel cavalry to-day, and they are now
advancing on Chambersburg. They took horses and all other property they
wanted at Mercersburg, offering rebel scrip in pay. So far as
ascertained, they did no injury to the inhabitants. The force is
estimated at 3,000. The rebels are certainly advancing upon
Chambersburg. They have cut the Bedford wire. They are reported as near
St. Thomas, about 7 miles from here. There is no doubt whatever of their
being in Mercersburg. They will certainly give us a call to-night. We
can make no resistance, as it would only exasperate them and cause the
wanton destruction of property and life.
Oct. 10, 8 p.m.—About
15 men on horseback are in town with carbines and a flag of truce. They
want to see the principal men of the town. They have a large force about
one mile from here who will enter in an hour.
battle took place on the 3d inst., in the vicinity of Suffolk, Va., at
Franklin, on the Blackwater river, which appears to be of considerable
importance. The rebels were at least five thousand strong at that point,
and were commanded by General Gustavus W. Smith (ex-street
commissioner). The rebels were pretty badly used by our troops, who were
commanded by Colonel S. P. Spear, of the Eleventh Pennsylvania Cavalry,
having lost fully two hundred killed and wounded, while our loss was
only three in all. The attack was planned by Gen. Dix, to drive back the
advancing pickets of the enemy, and it was intended that the gunboats
should co-operate with the land forces by way of Chowan creek, from
Albemarle Sound; but owing to some mistake they did not participate in
the action. Our forces numbered about two thousand. The object of the
attack was fully attained.
from Florida is interesting. The expedition which has been fitting out
at Port Royal sailed on the 1st instant, and on the 2nd instant a brisk
attack was made on a rebel fort at St. Johns Bluff, up the St. Johns.
After a smart bombardment our land forces advanced upon the fort, when
the rebels ran in confusion, leaving a large quantity of stores in our
hands. The Union flag was hoisted there, and waved proudly over the spot
the rebels had just occupied. The
fort was then destroyed and the guns removed. Preparations were being
made at last accounts to attack another rebel battery on Yellow Bluff,
eight miles further up.
of the most impudent propositions on the part of the rebels, yet put
forth, is the resolution introduced into the rebel Congress to appoint a
committee to address the Pacific States, with the hope of inducing them
to join their forces with the rebel States. California has just sent on
more than a hundred thousand dollars, for the use of the Sanitary
Commission of the Union. Think of asking her to join the rebels! Did
ever brazen impudence go further?
Western Sanitary Commission of St. Louis have received authority, by
telegraph, from the citizens of San Francisco, to draw on New York for
$50,000, being a portion of the funds raised in California for the
support of sick and wounded soldiers, and this donation came very
opportunely. The commission was reduced to a very low ebb for funds, and
yet on Saturday, nearly twenty-two hundred additional sick and wounded
came pouring in upon them from Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi.
information has been received by the government that the savage Sioux
war in the North west is ended. With a force of only five hundred men we
have subdued this fearful outbreak. Fifteen hundred of the Indians have
fallen into our hands, and many of the leading chiefs will be summarily
Items.—During the last quarter ending with September, the
post office department issued to the postmasters, stamps to the value of
$3,116,064, and it is thought that half a million stamps are used as
foreigner has filed his application, with specimens, for a patent for
various uses made of maize shucks. The varieties include yarn, maize
cloth, paper of beautiful qualities, white and colored, from silk to
parchment texture, maize flour, etc.
view of the extraordinary discoveries of gold in several United States
territories, and considering the increased necessities of the
government, Congress will, at the ensuing session, be asked to enact
some measures by which a considerable part of the treasure may, through
miners, be secured for public uses.
further notice, the War Committee will continue to pay an extra bounty
of $125 to each private, non-commissioned officer, or musician, who may
enlist from the town of Hartford, and the same provision for their
families as has heretofore been made for those enlisting in nine months
enlisting in any of the old regiments will also receive the
Government bounty of $102.
bounty will be due and payable when the recruit shall have been mustered
into the United States service.
G. Batterson, Secretary.
Horse Fair.—We learn that the prospect of a good exhibition
of horses is most encouraging, a number of entries were made yesterday
of horses that can perform in the fastest classes; and what is more
gratifying, we are informed that the spirited managers of the Horse
Association have already received from the subscription of members a
larger sum than the entire premium list, and that it is a fixed fact
that the performance will take place and the premiums we advertise will
be paid to each lucky steed
who can win the honors of his class. Colt’s Armory Band has been
engaged, and a good time is coming.
this article is simply a list of casualties, it is included to remind
everyone that the raw numbers of killed and wounded in each battle are
made up of the names of individuals. “Two thousand killed” is an
abstract; if you are the parent, wife or sister of Dennis McLendon of
Co. A, 51st Georgia, it’s a lot more concrete.
pay dearly for your whistle” comes from a story told by Benjamin
Franklin, in which his nephew so set his heart upon a common whistle,
that he paid four times its value to obtain it—yet the instrument
performed no better than any other cheap whistle. In effect, he paid
dearly for something he fancied, but which did not meet his expectation.
dixit, Latin, “He himself said it.” An unsupported statement
that rests solely on the authority of the individual who makes it. (legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/ipse+dixit)
a mistake for Libby Prison.
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