OCTOBER 19, 1862
Talk with a Rebel
Carolina View of Things.
strolling around the Union Refreshment Saloon, a few days since, we
unexpectedly heard a shout from the surrounding throng. “Here come the
rebel prisoners! Here they come!” Finding it much easier to be borne
along with the crowd than to stem a current so irresistible as hundreds
of excited people, down we went to the cars, with their rebellious
burdens, toward the wharf, . . . impelled by a sympathetic curiosity
quite as strong as the most excited and enthusiastic spectators.
Proceeding over blocks, huge pebbles, or rather boulders, railway
tracks, formidable arrays of crinoline, we halted at the car next the
engine. The cars having stopped, the swaying multitude paused, the
rebels thrust their heads through the windows, and, practically, save
the wagging of a few loquacious peanut and lemonade women, there was a
complete “rest” a la militaire.
conspicuous than his fellow prisoners was a young man with a finely
chiseled face; searching, intelligent black eyes, and evenly developed
forehead, leaning carelessly out of the car window, taking a view of the
illuminated Volunteer Refreshment Saloon. Around him and his comrades
were the people. Each looked at the other, prisoner and spectator,
speechlessly, until the Southron asked:
place is that, sir, lighted up?”
replied a citizen, “is the Volunteer Refreshment Saloon, where Union
soldiers are fed on their way to and from the war.”
It is a very comfortable looking establishment.
Yes, it is. Wouldn’t you like to be a Union soldier?”
I would have no objection for about a half hour, sir.
Do you belong to a fighting regiment?
I belong, sir, to a South Carolina regiment!
this point the pressing, pushing and crowding became so violent, from
the anxiety of the people to catch every syllable uttered by the
intelligent young rebel, that, fortunately, we were snugly pushed
against the cars, directly under the rebel, so that we lost not a word.
After a slight pause, another citizen asked the rebel:
are you from?”
I am a native of South Carolina, sir, but I enlisted from Macon,
Georgia, where I was employed as a clerk.
name of South Carolina started an enthusiastic Emeralder from his
repose, who said: “That is the State we are going to sink.”
That may be, sir, but there is not a South Carolinian living who will
not gladly sink with her.
which a sharp but vulgar little boy replied: “Now you are only
I am a prisoner by the mischances of war, for it is one of the
misfortunes of war to become a prisoner, and I hope you will not insult
me. We are entirely at your mercy, and ask only that you treat us like
men. We have been treated well by your soldiers, and though we don’t
expect citizens to act like soldiers do towards each other, yet we do
hope that you will not unprovokedly insult us.
You shouldn’t mind that remark; it was only made by a boy.
Our soldiers always treat your prisoners well, sir.
Not in Richmond.
In Richmond the citizens may have behaved treated the Federal prisoners
badly, but I am sure the soldiers could not do it, for, as far as my
observations extend—and it has been large—the soldiers on both sides
uniformly treat their prisoners kindly.
What division of the rebel army were you in?
I was in Gen. A. P. Hill’s division, sir, and Gen. Jackson’s corps
of the Confederate army.
Then you were in the fight with Pope?
Yes, sir, for nineteen days we were either following the Federal army or
they were following us, so that there was always fighting from the rear
Then you have seen some service?
I have, sir, since the assault on Fort Sumter. After the evacuation of
Fort Moultrie I was there and assisted to make it stronger than it ever
was. I have been constantly on the field since, and including the last
battle of Manassas, where I was taken prisoner by the 107th Pennsylvania
Regiment, I have been in fourteen engagements.
I should think you were pretty tired of war?
Well, sir, I left a comfortable home and entered the Confederate service
from sincerity of conviction. I have put up with privations to which I
have never been accustomed, but I do not complain, sir.
What are you fighting for?
I believe, sir, I have been fighting for the maintenance of a great
principle. I may be wrong, sir, but that conviction has sustained me for
fourteen months before your batteries. We believe that we are right, and
that we will be eventually successful. I can’t exactly define the
nature of the principle for which we are contending. The statesmen of
both sections of our country have not been able to come to a
satisfactory conclusion about it. If they had, we should not have been
What if you are not successful?
Then I don’t care what becomes of me; but I don’t want, then, ever
to see South Carolina again. I am sorry that we Americans are fighting
against each other. I wouldn’t care the least if our enemies were
English, Irish or Dutch.
Why, one half of your soldiers, at least, have been forced into the
That is not true, sir. I went voluntarily; I don’t know anyone who has
gone otherwise. There is one of our men in the car with me who told at
Harrisburg that he was forced into the Confederate service; and I say to
you, in his hearing, that he lies. I have heard your men say the same,
when they were taken prisoners, but I believed it to be all stuff. Any
soldier, who would say such a thing on either side, is unworthy to bear
a musket in any cause; he is a liar and a coward.
We hear that your army have scarcely anything to eat, and have no shoes.
So far as my observation goes, that is not true. When we have been on
long, quick marches, for which some of our generals are famous, we may
have suffered some, being far away from our supplies, but that such was
the regular condition of the Confederate armies, I believe to be false.
conversation between the parties was here broken by the guards,
preparing to conduct the prisoners to the boat for Fort Delaware. We
noted them as best we could as they walked along, and were struck with
the great variety of attire of soldiers of the same regiment. There was
a remarkable identity, however, in their unclean appearance. Not knowing
to the contrary, a stranger might have supposed that they had been on a
campaign to the great African Desert, where water, from its scarcity, is
the traveller’s most precious boon.—Philadelphia Press.
over some old volumes of the Picayune, we found in the issue of
January 6, 1838, the following paragraph:
trip between Philadelphia and Baltimore, by the new railroad line, is
now performed in six hours. The next we shall hear, passengers will be
enabled to go from Washington to New York by daylight.” What was then
a supposition is now an established fact.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
a Duty Imposed by God.
the North Carolina Presbyterian.
and revenge are synonymous—the one derived from the Latin and the
other from the French. Both have a good and a bad sense, and may be
righteous or unjust, lawful or illegal, praiseworthy or execrable. In
their original, proper sense, they are synonymous with retribution,
retributive justice, visiting upon nay one their sins. And in this sense
these acts and the spirit and character which lead to them, are
constantly attributed to God in the Bible. In this sense, also, they
have entered into every constitution of God, made for, and with, men,
both civil and sacred. They are in fact the essence of law, the
foundation of Government, the security of order, peace and equity. They
characterize the moral law. They were prominent in God’s civil law as
announced to Antediluvian nations, (see Gen. 10:6), and in the civil
code of the Jews, and not less in the doctrine concerning civil
Government in the New Testament.
the evil sense of these words as implying rancor, implacability,
wreaking one’s vengeance, harboring vindictive feelings, the rankling
of such feelings in the breast, unforgiving, unrelenting,
merciless—they are criminal, unjust and altogether inhuman or
devilish—whether exhibited by individuals or Governments.
in their original sense they accord with every sentiment of justice and
benevolence in the human mind, and are so essential to national
prosperity and peaceful security of life, liberty and the pursuit of
happiness, that their neglect entails God’s curse as pronounced in
Adam’s day and often subsequently.
Holy Ghost, in revealing God’s end in ordaining civil Government, has
expressly enjoined revenge, retaliation, retribution as primary and
paramount. In Romans, Chap. 18, the higher powers are declared to be
ordained of God, so that “whosoever resisteth the power, resisteth the
ordinance of God and shall receive to themselves condemnation.” “For
rulers are a terror to evil doers.” For he is the minister of God, and
if thou do that which is evil, be afraid, for he that beareth not the
sword in vain, for he is the minister of God, a revenger
to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
is therefore God’s appointed Revenger or Retaliator, to return evil
for evil, upon those that do evil. It is not only authorized, it is
required to do this. It is instituted, and clothed with power—with all
the power which naturally belongs to each individual citizen, and which
is withdrawn from them, and concentrated in it—in order that it may be
exercised by it for their common defence. Crimes committed against any
of its subjects are committed against the Government, and are to be revenged
and retaliated by it. Not to do this is a sin of Government—a criminal
dereliction of duty, and will receive “damnation.” The Government
becomes the guilty “evil doer.” It brings upon itself the guilt of
all the evil it permits to be inflicted unavenged upon its subjects for
whose protection and welfare it alone is clothed with their combined
right and power of self-defence. Such a Government, if permitted by its
people to allow outrages, murders, rapes and wholesale robbery to be
perpetrated unrevenged by retaliation, will bring down judgments
upon the whole country, and encourage the evil doer to greater iniquity.
is true of Government in time of peace, and in references to all
ordinary crimes. But it is emphatically true of it in a time of war. It
alone has power to declare, to conduct, and to determine the character
of war. And it is therefore under solemn responsibility to God to employ
all its resources in protecting its citizens from the barbarous outrages
of an unprincipled and licentious enemy. This is not optional with
Government. It is a paramount duty, limited only by its ability
and opportunity. Failing to revenge and retaliate such barbarities,
Government becomes a partaker and promoter of the inhuman and atrocious
course of the enemy.But Government, as the Apostle Peter (1 Pet., 2:18)
teaches, is also designed by God to be “the ordinances of man,” and
to be instituted and constitutionally limited and directed by a
“free” people in the exercise of their “liberty.” And hence it
becomes the paramount duty of such a people by all constitutional means,
to constrain a timid Government to adopt and vigorously enforce measures
of retaliation against a private or public enemy. And failing to do
this, it brings upon itself increasing and aggravating horrors.
has been the unhappy experiences of this Southern Confederacy during
this fearful war, in consequence of the timid policy pursued by our
Government, and acquiesced in by the people themselves. The land is
polluted, and God dishonored, and justice enfeebled, and our people
disheartened and covered with sackcloth and ashes, and our reckless,
godless enemies encouraged to courses of unparalleled atrocity by an
apparent acquiescence in the justice or necessity of their course.
both Government and people awaken then to a proper consideration of the
divinity commanded duty of retaliation. Let the recent proclamations of
our Government be executed with unflinching severity and impartial
justice. Let them be carried into execution in all our borders, and by
every General. Let the people come up to the help of the Lord against
the mighty, and let them feel that in sustaining the Government in this
policy of righteous retribution they are sustaining an ordinance of God
and may justly expect his sustaining and delivering mercy.
abandonment f its murderous purposes towards our privateers by the
Lincoln despotism in the face of all its proclamations and the
recantations of Butler and Pope, are sufficient proofs that the path of
stern duty is the path of safety, as it is unquestionably that of
dignity and self-respect.
Savannah Republican says that Congress, before it adjourned,
threw the chain flag and the seal, both of them, overboard. We hope so,
and now let them drop the subject. Both are evidently not in their
OCTOBER 21, 1862
SHIPPING LIST AND MERCHANTS' TRANSCRIPT (MA)
Destruction of Whaleships by the Rebels!
our last issue w stated that ship Ocmulgee, of Edgartown, and
four other whalers, names unknown, had been captured off Flores, by the
rebel steamer Alabama. We now have the names of those vessels,
and also of others destroyed by the same steamer. They are as follows:
Ship Benjamin Tucker, of this port, valued with her
outfits at $20,000; bark Ocean Rover, of Mattapoisett,
valued at $36,000; bark Ocean, of Sandwich, valued at $14,000;
bark Osceola, of this port, valued at $17,000; bark Alert,
of New London, valued at $30,000; schooner Altamaha, of Sippican,1
valued at $4,000; schooner Weather Gage, of Provincetown,
value unknown. The crews of the above vessels, and the Ocmulgee,
have probably all been landed at the Western Islands.
refer our readers to the shipping table for tonnage, agents, and amount
of oil of the above whalers.
the foregoing, we have news of the capture and destruction of two more
whaling vessels, viz: Barks Virginia and Elisha Dunbar,
both of this port. . . both were burned. These two vessels were valued
at about $25,000 each. Their crews were put on board the ship Emily
Farnum from New York bound for Liverpool, and subsequently
transferred to the Golden Land, which arrived at New York
following are Capts. Tilton’s and Gifford’s statements:
Tilton says he was overhauled by the Alabama on the morning of
the 17th September in lat. 39° 10’, lon. 34° 20’. The pirate
showed British colors, but when a quarter of a mile from the Virginia,
set the confederate colors and sent an armed boat’s crew aboard. Capt.
Tilton was informed that his vessel was a prize to the Alabama,
and was ordered to take his papers and go on board that steamer. The
pirates then stripped the ship of all valuable articles on board, and at
4 p.m. set
fire to the vessel.
Tilton adds, that on arriving on board the steamer, “I asked the
captain to release me, as I was doing no one any harm.” The answer
was, “You northerners are destroying our property, and New Bedford
people are having war meetings, offering a $200 bounty for volunteers,
and sending out their stone fleets to block up our harbors, and I am
going to retaliate.” Capt. Tilton continues: “I went on the quarter
deck with my son, when they put us in the lee waist with my crew, and
all of us in irons with the exception of two boys, the cook and the
steward. I asked if I was to be put in irons. The reply was that her
purser was put in irons, and his head shaved by us, and that he was
going to retaliate. We were put in the lee waist with an old mattress
and a few blankets to lay on. The steamer was cruising to the west, and
the next day took the Elisha Dunbar, her crew receiving
the same treatment as ourselves. The steamer’s guns being run out the
side, the ports could not be shut, and when the sea was a little rough
or the vessel rolled, the water was continually coming in on both sides
and washing across the deck where we were, so that our feet and clothing
were wet all the time either from the water below or the rain above. We
were obliged to sleep in the place where we were, and often wake up in
the night nearly under water. Our fare consisted of beef, pork, rice,
beans, tea, coffee and bread. Only one of our irons was allowed to be
taken off at a time. We had to wash in salt water. We were kept on deck
all the time, night and day, and a guard placed over us. The steamer
continued to cruise to the northwest and on the 3d of October fell in
with ships Brilliant and Emily Farnum, the former
of which they burnt, and her crew with ourselves were transferred to the
latter ship after signing a parole. On the 6th inst. I was taken on
board the brig Golden Land, of Thomaston, Capt. Smith,
from Jersey for New Orleans, who treated us with great kindness.”
following is Capt. Gifford’s statement: “On the morning of Sept.
18th, in lat. 39° 50’, lon. 35° 2’, with the wind from the
Southwest, and the bark holding east southeast, saw a steamer on our
port quarter standing to the northwest. Soon after we found that she had
altered her course and was steering for the bark. We made all sail to
get out of her reach, and were going 10 knots at the time, but the
steamer was gaining under canvas alone. She soon came up with us and
fired a gun under our stern, with the St. George’s flying at the time.
Our colors were set, when she displayed the Confederate flag. Being near
us, we hove to and a boat with armed officers and a crew came alongside,
and on coming on board stated to me that my vessel was a prize to the
Confederate steamer Alabama, Capt. Semmes.
was then ordered on board the steamer with my papers, and the crew to
follow with a bag of clothing each. On getting aboard, the captain
claimed as a prize and said my vessel would be burnt. Not having any
clothes, he allowed me to return for a small amount of clothing. The
officer on board asked me what I was coming back for, and tried t
prevent me from coming on board. I told him I came after a few clothes,
which I took and returned to the steamer. It blowing very heavy at the
time and very squally, nothing but the chronometer, sextant, charts,
&c., were taken, when the vessel was set fire to and burnt. There
were 65 barrels of sperm oil on deck, taken on the passage, which were
were all put in irons, and received the same treatment that Capt.
Tilton’s officers and crew did. While on board we understood that the
steamer would cruise off the Grand Banks for a few weeks to destroy the
large American ships to and from the Channel ports. They had knowledge
of two ships being loaded with arms for the United States, and were in
hopes of capturing them. They were particularly anxious to fall in with
the ship Dreadnought and destroy her, as she was celebrated for her
speed, and they were confident of their ability to capture or run away
from any vessel in the United States.”
Admiral Blake of Sippican was reported burned by the Alabama,
but she arrived home on Saturday, and Capt. Handy reports that he knew
or heard nothing of this rebel privateer. It is possible that some
others in the above list may yet turn out safe.
Cargo of the Brilliant.—It is stated that the cargo
of ship Brilliant, captured by the pirate Semmes, was chiefly the
property of British subjects, and much of it was so called on the bills
of lading; but as these did not have the Consular certificate attached,
the written statement was deemed of no protection. The cargo of the Emily
Farnum, on the other hand, was a large part of it protected by
certificates under the Consular seal, and this saved the vessel and
says, “In the early ages man lived a life of innocence and
simplicity.” Upon this a critic remarks, “When was this period of
innocence? The first woman went astray. The first man that was born in
the world killed the second. When did the time of simplicity begin?”
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
Norfolk Navy Yard was not, as has been thought, an entirely barren
capture. Four hundred tons of copper, worth 23 cents a pound, have been
brought thence to Washington, 5,000 fathoms of chin, and 50 or 60 fine
water-tanks were also found there. Little but the walls remain.
late London paper deliberately suggests to the South to arm the slaves,
and to turn half a million of them loose upon the North. It insists that
they will fight for their masters, that they are conscious that Mr.
Lincoln is not their friend, and consequently would be disposed to obey
their owners as their only friends. It says that before February next
this horde of armed and excited Negroes can be precipitated upon the
first rifles made by machinery to use the Minié ball, or its
equivalent, were made at Windsor, Vermont and Hartford, Conn., for the
English Government. The machinery and tools for the armory at Enfield,
England, were made at Windsor, Vermont; Hartford, Conn.; and Chicopee,
the famous artist, painted a picture of Niagara Falls the other day in
five hours, for which he received $1500.
one student to another, whom he caught winging a scythe most lustily in
a field of stout grass, “Frank, what makes you work for a living? A
fellow with your talent and ability should not be engaged in hard labor.
I mean to get my living by wits.” “Well, Bill, you can work with
duller tools than I can,” was the reply.
abdication of Queen Victoria is again seriously talked of abroad. The Patrie
says that the discussion of the measure with her German relatives is the
cause of the Queen’s visit to German. The act of abdication—of
course, in favor of the Prince of Wales—will, it is said, take place
next spring, immediately after the marriage of the Prince with the
Princess Alexandra of Denmark.
from St. Petersburg state that Russia celebrated her thousandth birthday
on the 20th of September. There were great rejoicings at St. Petersburg
and Moscow, but the chief festival was held at Novgorod, where the
commemorative monument was uncovered. The Imperial family visited
Novgorod on the occasion, and the Emperor’s journey was marked by
enthusiastic demonstration of the peasantry.
of the best things recently done at the War Department is the organizing
of a corps of distinguished surgeons at the North, whose business will
be to supervise matters after a battle. Indeed, no man should undergo
the destruction of limbs unless it be pronounced a necessity in a
competent quarter. The direction, also from the War Department, to
organize an ambulance corps, may result in greater saving of the lives
of our soldiers.
is estimated that Illinois will produce 20,000 bales of cotton this
year, and the crop is now gathering. The variety grown is the upland,
principally from seed procured from Tennessee. The quality is excellent,
and the quantity per acre, so far as is known, exceeds that of the
cotton growing districts farther South. The uncertainty of procuring
seed in the early part of eh season prevented many from planting; but
the result of this year’s experiment is highly encouraging. Illinois
could grow 500,000 bales profitably.
Britain is a nation of abolitionists. For half a century the abolition
sentiment there has been earnest and aggressive. They have not sought to
disguise it under euphemistic phrases, but have inscribed the naked word
upon their banners. With an air of sanctimonious self-righteousness they
have lectured the Northern States for alleged complicity with the
institution of the South. Nor has the pious grief of Englishmen over the
sins of erring brothers confined itself to simple expressions of reproof
and pity. With true missionary zeal they actively intervened to correct
our views and reform our practices. Popular speakers crossed the ocean
to teach the citizens of the North the elementary principles of
political ethics. They furnished our juvenile libraries with numerous
tracts, elaborately embellished with scenes of slaves bound in chains,
and bowed down under cruel scourgings. English Lords and Ladies extended
lavish hospitality to American champions of the anti-slavery sentiment.
The dictates of religion, the sting of ridicule, and the power of
fashion have been long and unsparingly employed to arouse the
anti-slavery feeling of the North.
a number of Stages revolted with the purpose of establishing a new
government on the distinctive basis of slavery, loyal Americans little
expected that Britons would so far belie past professions as to side
actively with the rebels. At first they looked confidently for the
sympathy of their trans-Atlantic teachers. But instead of cheering words
they got contumely and insult.2
After the first burst of indignation, they ceased to care for the good
opinion of a race, the emptiness of whose philanthropy had so widely
the outbreak of hostilities, England, in all possible ways, has given
aid to the enemy. British ships have introduced into rebeldom the arms
and munitions which alone have rendered a protracted struggle possible.
Under specious professions of neutrality, British harbors have offered
refuge to lawless privateers, suffering them to sally forth unhindered
on errands of destruction. Wherever floats the British flag, the enemies
of the United States find sympathizers ready to supply them with the
most destructive weapons, and send them onward with the heartiest
outfit of the piratical Alabama is the last triumph of insolence
and infamy. A nation professedly at peace, allows her citizens to build
a fleet to destroy the commerce of an offending neighbor. The Government
was repeatedly notified of the character and plans of the Alabama,
and yet the vessel was allowed to sail. The feeble efforts put forth by
the civil authority to restrain her are tantamount to connivance at her
future acts. The British are directly responsible for every ravage
committed by these pirates, for they have furnished the ships, men,
guns, munitions and equipments.
have listened to the teachings of England, and now we are experiencing
her practice. Our embarrassments permit her to carry a high hand without
present peril. But these repeated acts of treachery to past professions,
are not only recorded in High Heaven, but written also in characters of
fire upon the American heart. Let her beware.
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
Jackson (Tenn.) correspondent of the Chicago Times gives the
following description of a new railroad battery which has just been
ironclad railroad battery is constructed upon a platform car thirty feet
long by eight wide. The sides and ends are first constructed of two and
one-half inch oak plank, upon which boiler iron is riveted. The sides
lean inward sufficient to glance a ball upward; one end is
perpendicular, and the other pitched to a sharp angle. The sides are two
and one-half feet high. In the center of the car is the circle upon
which the gun carriage revolves, and the whole arrangements of the gun
are designed with reference to counteracting the recoil at firing.
6-inch James rifle cannon is mounted so as to sweep in every direction,
and it has already been tested with shell and ball sufficient to prove
that all contingencies have been provided for. Others, similar to this
one, but designed to carry heavier guns, are about being constructed.
This one was constructed at the railroad shop here, under the immediate
superintendence of Captain Trecilian, of General Logan’s staff.
also understand it is the purpose to construct bulletproof cars, with
portholes for rifles, to accompany these batteries. Whey they are all
completed, and a set of them placed at the ends of each train, or for
special purposes are placed at each end of an engine, it may be
calculated that attacks on trains or railroad bridges are about over.
President’s Proclamation in North Carolina.
Manchester (N.H.) American of the 14th inst. contains the
gentleman by the name of James M. Smith, a native of the eastern part of
this State, has just arrived in this city, direct from the interior of
North Carolina. He has resided in that section for the last seven years,
and had previously lived eight years in other parts of the South. He
escaped to the federal lines at Newbern. Mr. Smith states that the
proclamation of President Lincoln has produced the greatest
consternation among the large slave holders of that portion of the
State. Indeed, so great is their terror that a large body of them have
united in a petition to the Governor, imploring him to use his influence
with the Confederate Government to secure the return of the troops
belonging to that State, in order that they may be protected from a
slave insurrection, which they believe to be imminent. The Governor had
also been requested to call a convention of the people, to take measures
to bring the State back into the Union, that they might avail themselves
of the offers contained in the proclamation. He says that as soon as it
was known that the proclamation had been issued, measures were taken to
prevent any more of the soldiers raised there by conscription from
leaving the State. He is of the opinion that in a very short time the
proclamation will be known to the slaves in every nook and corner of the
Smith also declares that the more intelligent of the non-slaveholders in
that locality are greatly rejoiced that the emancipation policy has been
adopted by the Federal Government. They believe that the abolition of
slavery will be of immense benefit to them, as it will give dignity and
respectability to labor.”
to Pay the War Debt.
the late meeting of the corporators of the pacific Railroad Company at
Chicago, information was given as to some of its results of a most
extraordinary nature, and particularly as to the auriferous character of a
large section of the country through which the road will pass.3
Without going in to particulars, such as were stated by Governor Evans of
Colorado, chiefly on his own knowledge, we may say that the yield of gold
consequent upon the working of the mines which will be developed by the
actual construction of the road, is supposed to be beyond all calculation.
The mountains to be crossed are full of it. All the government has to do,
then, is to establish a complete system of mining, that is to say, of
leasing the mines and extracting a percentage or royalty from the lessee.
This will, in a few years, not only pay the cost of the road, but go far to
extinguish the war debt.
Would the Negroes do if Free?—The New Orleans correspondent of
the New York Times has the following:
of the most interesting and significant things in this connection is the
fact that a few days ago a ‘delegation of slaves’ belonging to Mannsell
White, one of the oldest and wealthiest planters of the parish of St.
Bernard below the city, called
to see Gen. Shepley, and asked, as citizens, for an audience of the governor
of the state. The request was granted, and these men informed the general
that they came for freedom; they said their fellow servants in other places
were all leaving their masters, and that they wished also to improve their
condition, but that it was not clear to them how was the best way to do so.
They emphatically said, however, that they did not intend to labor much if
they could help it without remuneration, and they concluded their requests
and protests by asking that if they remained peaceably at home they might
have fair wages secured to them for their services. Gen. Sheply treated the
matter with great consideration, and after conferring with Gen. Butler,
permission was granted to these men to make terms with their master, who
consented to have a partner in the transaction, and these men have gone to
work, not as slaves, but as hired men.”
Tough Question and a Lucid Answer.—Question: If your mother’s
mother was my mother’s sister’s aunt, what relation would your great
grandfather’s uncle’s nephew be to my older brother’s first cousin’s
son-in-law? Answer: As your mother’s mother is my elder brother’s first
cousin’s son-in-law, so is my mother’s sister’s aunt to your great
grandmother’s uncle’s nephew. Divide your mother’s mother by my elder
brother’s first cousin’s son-in-law, and multiply my mother’s
sister’s aunt by your great grandmother’s uncle’s nephew, and either
add or subtract—we forget which—and you will have the answer—“in the
Perfidy and Piracy.
are at peace with England and yet our commerce is being destroyed by a
British navy. This indirect style of warfare gives the British great
advantages. Their commerce is safe, and their steamers running the
blockade of the southern ports are unmolested unless caught in the act.
The rebels have no navy, either commercial or warlike, and yet, as
things are going, we shall soon have a great naval contest on our hands.
A whole fleet of iron-plated steamers will soon be afloat, nominally
belonging to the Jeff Davis government, not one of which has ever seen a
southern port, but every one built, equipped, supplied and manned
in English ports—and that not clandestinely and by stealth, but openly
and above board, the English papers freely stating where the vessels are
built, when they launch, and when they sail, and chuckling over the
destruction they are about to inflict upon our commercial vessels. The Alabama,
whose work of destruction is daily reported, was not even bought by the
confederates. It is a free gift to them of 290 British merchants. It has
taken the name of Alabama, and probably has confederate papers,
but it is no less a British pirate craft, designed to prey upon our
commerce. And it is believed that for the other gunboats built and
building in England for the rebels they pay nothing. The English
merchants have so earnestly committed themselves to the success of the
rebellion, and are so deeply interested in it that they are willing to
risk millions in it, hoping for repayment after the confederacy shall
have won its independence.
it was announced in the Liverpool papers that the gunboat “290” was
being built for the rebels
by Laird & Co. of that city, Mr. Adams, our minister, brought the
matter to the notice of the British government; that government sent a
committee to Liverpool to investigate the matter; Laird & Co.
refused to answer questions, and the committee went back to London and
reported that they could learn nothing about the vessel. That ended the
matter so far as the government was concerned; the vessel was completed,
covered with a formidable coat of mail, armed with the best British
cannon, furnished with ample naval and warlike stores, and sailed from
Liverpool without hindrance, as other pirate vessels have done before
her, and as others now building will yet do. Is anybody so weak as to
believe that the British government could not have prevented the sailing
of the pirate craft Alabama? If that government had been honest
in its neutrality, if its ministry were not really acting in the
interest Jeff Davis and doing all they dare to promote his success, it
would have been an easy thing for them to have ascertained for whom
Laird & Co. were building the vessel, or it would have been the
natural and obvious thing for them to have instructed their agents to
watch and detain her until her real character should be determined and
the fullest evidence had been obtained of her legitimate object. The
British government fails to exercise ordinary vigilance in these cases
only because the men constituting that government desire the permanent
division of this Union, and are mean enough to connive at piracy on the
high seas as means to that end.
anything were wanting to deepen our indignation at this meanness and
perfidy of the English it is the fact that the fleet they are furnishing
to the rebels is used only for purposes of absolute destruction. The
pirates of the confederacy can take their prizes into no port; they take
the crews prisoners and burn the vessels and cargoes. It is sheer
destruction of property, and that not of the United States government,
but of private citizens, and this destruction benefits nobody. And this
utterly malignant and barbarous process is the work of British vessels,
furnished and armed by British citizens, and for the most part manned by
British sailors; and yet England puts on a complacent face and protests
is no lack of vigilance among the British officials when a vessel of our
navy enters one of their ports. Not even a ton of coal is allowed to be
bought, so tenderly conscious are the English officials in observing the
nicest neutrality. When the U.S. gunboat Tuscarora was at Dublin,
a short time since, Commander Craven bought a supply of coal, but as
soon as the coal lighter came alongside, a British revenue officer
appeared and told Craven that he could not be allowed to receive the
coal, as it was contrary to the Queen’s proclamation of neutrality,
unless he first obtained special permission from the War Office. Comm.
Craven applied to Earl Russell for the permission, and was refused. And
the very day this act of discourtesy was perpetrated, the Liverpool Post
was boasting of the powerful navy England is furnishing to the rebels,
and using such language as this: “Of one thing, however, we think we
can speak with certainty, and that is, that in the vessels built on the
Mersey, the South will have an advantage over the federals in strength
of build, equipment and invulnerability.”
British outrages ought not to be longer borne in silence. Let our
government demand indemnity for the destruction of private property by
the British pirate ship Alabama, and demand it in a spirit that
will compel attention. Better open war with England than to submit to
injuries like these. If we are to have a British navy actually against
us, let us accept the issue, and out ourselves in a position to strike
back. –Springfield Republican.
Out.—The Vermont Cavalry regiment is far from a serviceable
condition just at present. Much of the other cavalry is in the same
disabled state. The men are exhausted by the great hardships which they
have undergone, and by overwork which they are required to do. A
majority of the horses re dead or disabled. Capt. Erhart’s company
contains only eight mounted men. We have cavalry enough on paper,
but in actual service, or fit for it, too few to catch Stuart.—Burlington
OCTOBER 25, 1862
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
the New Orleans Delta, Oct. 2.
case of some interest was decided yesterday by Judge Kinsman. A free
colored man, named John Montamat, was married to a slave woman, by whom
he had two children, one of which died; the other, a little girl about
eleven years of age, a bright mulatto, quite fair to look upon, still
survives, and was the subject of the present legal proceedings.
Montamat, at the time of his marriage, determined to purchase the
freedom of his wife from her owner, and in furtherance of that object,
had paid $600. In order to secure the freedom of his surviving child, he
sent her to Cincinnati, where she was baptized into the Catholic Church.
Montamat, the father, subsequently became involved in debt in this city,
and mortgaged his daughter as a slave to secure his creditors. The
mortgage was foreclosed in February, 1862, and the child of this father
was sold to a Mr. Salvoie, at sheriff’s sale. In the present case,
Montamat applied for the freedom of his child under the circumstances
above detailed. Able counsel had been retained by both
parties—Christian Roselins for the defendant and Colonel A. P. Field
for Montamat. The Court decided that the girl was entitled to her
freedom, and so ordered.
for Losses.—Great complaint is made of exorbitant claims
made upon the government in western Maryland, for losses incurred
by the residents in the late military movements. The government
is paying liberally, and it is believed by many, is paying some very
unjust demands. A correspondent of the New York World writes that
in one case an efficient officer has found a check for any extortion
that may be attempted:
Norton, chief quartermaster of the Fifth Army Corps, has adopted a good
plan by which much money must be saved to the government. He has
selected a board of three competent officers from among the Pennsylvania
regiments in the corps, who have resided upon or very near the Maryland
border, and who are therefore familiar with the value of products and
property in this vicinity, and the manner of living and farming. To them
is referred every claim for personal investigation, and their report is
made the basis of settlement, whether it agrees with the claim of ‘the
oppressed’ or not.”
Iron.—The extent to which iron is being used for
shipbuilding purposes, especially in the construction of gunboats, gives
much importance to the new invention, by which metal may be protected
from corrosion. The value of iron in naval architecture is greatly
impaired by its extreme sensitiveness to the action of salt water. It
corrodes and destroys with it whatever substance may be in contact. By
the new process it is covered with copper so effectually that a plate or
spike will endure severe abrasion or hammering before the external
surface is penetrated. The copper is actually incorporated with the
substance of the baser metal. This is done by first placing the iron in
acid, to produce a clean surface. It is then immersed in copper, melted
at an intense heat. Thus both metals are amalgamated. We have seen
ship-bolts prepared in this manner which had been flattened at the point
at both sides, without a break in the coating. Several New York
shipbuilders, to whom the subject has been submitted, express themselves
in high terms of commendation, and are already using copper-coated iron.
Seven of them certify, in a published statement, that they were present
when three spikes were removed from the water, after being submerged for
more than nine months, and yet “appeared perfect as when put in, and
stood the test of hammering and straightening to our entire
satisfaction.” J. Simonson, who ordered copper-coated spikes for two
steamships which he is building for Mr. Vanderbilt, says “they are
preferable to copper, as there will be greater strength.” John Englis
is using them in the large boat building for the People’s Line, and
they are being put into the splendid new freight boat, to run on Long
Island Sound. The cost is only one-third the price of pure copper.
telegraph wire, copper-coated, is claimed to be superior to any other,
and the iron plates used in building steamers, gunboats, &c., can be
coated at a moderate expense.—Journal of Commerce.
troubles among the miners in Schuylkill county, Pa., who banded together
to resist the draft, at one time assumed quite a serious character. The
miners threatened to order the government of the State either the
alternative of not drafting or of remaining entirely unsupplied with
coal from that region. Later dispatches say the difficulties have been
adjusted. All is quiet and the men generally are resuming work, which
had been suspended for two or three days.
Memphis dispatch of the 18th inst., says cotton burning still continues
in that vicinity, yet large quantities are daily arriving. Gen. Sherman
proposes to put hostages upon all unarmed steamers running between Cairo
and Helena, to run the same chances as pilots. Something must be done,
as firing s now more frequent than ever. Later dispatches say that Gen.
Sherman an has ordered thirty secesh families to leave Memphis on
account of the recent guerilla outrages on the river.
is reported that an important seizure has just been made at a wharf in
Washington. Thirty tons of lead were about to be shipped to Baltimore,
of which no inconsiderable portion was composed of melted bullets, which
had been sold at grog shops for what soldiers can buy there.
Boutwell has decided that silver plate owned by churches and kept for
communion service is exempt from tax.
men by the thousands are arriving at Harrisburg, Pa., by every train. In
addition to the camps of rendezvous established at Philadelphia,
Pittsburgh and Harrisburg, other camps are to be provided at
Chambersburg, York, Gettysburg, and other points along the border.
Spencer Miller’s Battery from Philadelphia is to be divided into
sections and distributed along the border. These preparations will
prevent a repetition of rebel cavalry raids. The militia will be armed
and equipped at once. In consequence of a deficiency of blankets in the
United States Quartermaster’s Department, drafted men are required to
supply themselves from home.
New Expedition.—It has been supposed that the new military
expedition, of which it was reported that Gen. McClernand would have
command, was destined for Texas. It is now reported, however, that it is
to open the Mississippi river. It would seem that it is an offshoot of
the scheme proposed some few weeks since, for a grand concentration of
Western troops under Governor Morton of Indiana, who was to finish the
war in the Mississippi valley either in ninety days, or in sixty,--we
forget which. The present scheme, if correctly reported, seems to have
much more shape and consistency than the former, and is said to have
been resolved upon in deference to the pressure from the West.
is now said also that Gen. Hunter is to have command of the expedition,
with Logan, McClernand and Lew Wallace as corps commanders. These are
all efficient officers, who have done well in service and have the
confidence of the West.
is “Insolent or insulting language or treatment.”
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