NOVEMBER 16, 1862
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
Boston Commercial Bulletin is publishing a series of quite
interesting articles on “The Romance of Trade and Invention.” From
the first of these articles we extract the following:
inventions are by no means the offspring of some severe mental toil—it
may be said of some of the most important discoveries that they were
“not the hasty product of a day, but the well-ripened fruit of wise
delay.” While what we call chance, or accident, has led to
incalculably beneficial results It is strange, too, to observe how an
apparently wooden-headed fellow, who we might think could not say,
“boo to a goose,” will sometimes stumble on a contrivance, to
discover which had, it may have been for years, baffled the most
ingenious mechanics. Some years since, while travelling in Lancashire,
England, I was told a story strikingly illustrative of this, and which,
as I believe it has never appeared in print, I will relate.
one knows that old Sir Robert Peel, father of the late Prime Minister of
England, and grandfather of the present baronet, made big money by
cotton spinning. In the early part of his career his business was not
remarkably extensive. But suddenly he made a tremendous start, and soon
distanced all his rivals. He grew immensely rich, as we all know,
but we do not all know the lucky accident to which he was
indebted for his enormous wealth.
the early days of the cotton spinning machinery, a great deal of trouble
used to be caused by filaments of cotton adhering to the bobbins, which
then formed portions of the looms. These filaments accumulating, soon
clogged the wheels and other parts of the machinery, and rendered it
necessary that they should be cleared, which involved frequent stoppages
and much loss of time.
great desideratum was to find out some plan of preventing this clogging
by the cotton, and Sir Robert, or Mr. Peel as he was then, spent vast
sums in experiments. He employed some of the ablest machinists in the
kingdom—among them James Watt—who suggested various corrections, but
spite of all they could do, the inconveniences remained—the cotton
would adhere to the bobbins, and the evil appeared to be insurmountable.
course, these delays seriously affected the wages of the operatives,
who, on Saturdays, generally came short in proportion to the stoppages
during the previous days. It was noticed, however, that one man always
drew his full pay—his work was always accomplished; in fact, his loom
never had to stop while every other in the factory was idle. Mr. Peel
was informed of this, and he knew there must be a secret somewhere. It
was important that it should be discovered if possible.
man was watched, but all to no purpose; his fellow workers tried to
“pump” him, but they couldn’t; at last, Mr. Peel sent for the man
into his private office.
was a rough looking Lancashire man—unable to read or write—little
better, indeed, than a mere animal. He entered the “presence,”
pulling his forelock, and shuffling on the ground with his great clumsy
said Mr. Peel, “Ferguson, the overlooker, tells me that your bobbins
are always clean—is that so?”
master, ‘t be.”
Dick, how do you manage it—have you any objection to let me know?”
Master Pill, ‘t be a soart o’ secret loike, ye see, and if oi told,
t’others’d know as much as oi,” replied Dick, with a cunning grin.
course, Dick, I’ll give you something if you tell me—and if
you can make all the looms in the factory work as smoothly as yours.”
one of ‘em, Master Pill.”
what shall I give you? Name your price, Dick, and let me have your
grinned, scratched his great shock head, and shuffled for a few minutes,
while Mr. Peel anxiously awaited his reply. The cotton lord thought his
servant would probably ask for a few hundred pounds or so, which he
would most willingly have given him. Presently Dick said:
Master Pill, I’ll tell ‘ee all about it, if you’ll gi’ me a
quart o’ beer a day as long as I’m in the Mills—you’ll have
Peel rather thought he should, and quickly agreed to the terms.
shall have it, Dick, and a half a gallon every Sunday into the
then, said Dick, first looking cautiously ‘round to see that no one
was near, “this be it.” Putting his lips close to Mr. Peel’s ear,
he whispered, “Chalk your bobbins!”
was indeed the great secret. Dick had been in the habit of furtively
chalking his bobbins, which simple contrivance had effectually prevented
the adherence of the cotton. As the bobbins were white, the
chalking had escaped detection.
Peel was a generous man, and saw through the affair at a glance. He at
once patented the invention—had “chalking” machinery contrived,
and soon took the lead in the cotton spinning department. This was the
foundation f his princely fortune. It is but right to add that he
pensioned off Dick handsomely.
if that is not a romantic incident I do not know what is. Dick may not
be a very dignified hero—but let that pass.
Wonders of the Telegraph.—The San
Francisco Alta California, of Oct. 1st, says:
dispatches which we publish to-day were transmitted from Chicago,
Illinois to Carson City, Nevada Territory, direct—a distance of two
thousand three hundred miles—the longest circuit overland that the
current has ever worked over. Were it not for the atmospherical
phenomena of the Sierra Nevada, whose altitude is 6000 feet above the
sea, the connection to this city would have been maintained; even as it
was, the operator at Sacramento informed us that he distinctly felt the
current and was able to read some of the news in transmission.
Sacramento is two hundred miles west of Carson. It is difficult to
realize this wonderful achievement.
CHARLESTON DAILY COURIER (SC)
long ago became manifest that the freedom of the Negro race, living in
thralldom to Southern masters, had little, if anything at all, to do
with the war now so fiercely waging between the United States and the
Confederate States. That object was at the first prominently put forth,
and the unprincipled and ignoble people who are attempting to compass
our subjugation and destruction still hold it up as the prime motive
that actuates them to urge forward this stupid and wicked contest. But
they themselves discovered their real objects, and they stand convicted,
in the sight of Heaven and earth, of deliberate, bare-faced falsehood.
was not sympathy with the condition of the slaves; it was not
indignation at the wrongs and cruelties our bondsmen were represented as
suffering; it was not because they believed that the black man would be
more happy and more useful in a state of freedom. They cared not a whit
whether the stories they read and heard were mere fabrications or
narratives drawn from actual occurrences. The Negro might weep and bleed
under the iron hand of his master, but the groans he heaved and the
anguish he suffered touched no chord of sympathy in the bosom of those
who were moving heaven and earth in order to overthrow that institution
which the hand of the Creator had planted, and the power of the Almighty
had perpetuated through thousands of centuries.
was not love for the Negro that originated and sustained the movement
against the welfare and existence of the Southern States f the old
Union, and which led to the terrific struggle now going on. Hatred for
the master—deep, dire, implacable hatred—was the feeling under whose
influence they began the infamous work they are at present endeavoring
to perform with a reckless expenditure of blood and treasure.
while that demoniac motive predominated, there were others less potent
that lent their aid to their crafty hand-maids, and corrupt hearts and
mean spirits, composing a combination of moral forces, the vastness of
whose power is seen in this gigantic war, which has filled the nations
of the earth with astonishment and horror.
of those traits and qualities that have always distinguished the
inhabitants of that portion of the old United States lying South of
Mason’s and Dixon’s line, bred enmity against us in their mean,
contracted hearts. They felt their inferiority to us in those elements
that compose the lofty character of gentlemen, and because they could
not bear comparison with us in the gentler graces and stronger qualities
of manhood, they slandered the dignity and easy courtesy and refined air
that marked our bearing and deportment, as pride and haughtiness, and
burned with desire to mortify and humiliate us.
fair and fertile heritage also had to do with the hue and cry raised
against the slavery of the black man. They were not content with
receiving the largest profits from the ample yield of compulsory labor.
It did not satisfy them that the section that produced cotton, rice and
tobacco bore the larger portion of the expenses of Government, and that
our tradesmen and seekers after pleasure poured millions of dollars
every year into the coffers of their shopmen and into the pockets of
their hotel keepers. Under the pretext of making out the damning sin of
slavery, they desired to impoverish and destroy us that they might get
possession of those fields whose produce made the South so wealthy,
important and powerful.
people with whom we are now at war excell all other nations that ever
existed in craft and subtlety. They laid their plans with wondrous art,
and have carried them out with an energy that never grew weary. They
were perfectly certain that the continued and violent agitation of the
subject of slavery must lead to a dissolution of the Union; they were
aware that that would cause war, and war is the great agent that is to
enable them to gratify their bitter hatred, their mean jealousy, their
insatiable avarice. This terrible contest, waged on so tremendous a
scale, red with the heart’s blood of hundreds of thousands, that has
inflicted untold woes and miseries on millions of people, is a fitting
expression of these accursed feelings, and the successful consummation
of a purpose formed when the party now in power in the Yankee States
first began its career.
sought to obtain freedom for the slave, because in that was involved the
impoverishment, humiliation and ruin of the master. They aimed to
overthrow slavery, because they knew that any attempt to disturb that
institution would be resisted to the death by the high-spirited men of
the South, and reckoning confidently upon firm, fierce resistance to
that unlawful measure, considering their superior numbers and resources
and power, they were assured that a conflict with arms would speedily
result in the overthrow of our liberties, and in this way they proposed
to accomplish their nefarious ends.
care they for the Negro? Look at the miserable creatures in their cities
and towns, starving and naked, because no man will hire them—objects
of universal contempt and loathing. Householders will not employ them in
doing domestic service, and all the crafts league together against them,
pledging their oath not to allow the black man to pursue their calling.
. . And yet the Yankees have the effrontery to declare that the sin of
slavery sits heavily upon their conscience, and justify the stealing of
our slaves, by promising to elevate them to a level with the white man.
They desire to emancipate the slave, because in so doing they will
inflict the greatest evil upon his master, and it is the master at whom
the blow is aimed.
A Patriotic Proposition.—A beneficent
boiler of salt, who has the interest of the soldier at heart, and one by
the way who has but recently engaged in the business of salt-boiling,
has requested us to suggest to all the makers of salt in the city and
State the setting apart one day in the seven, giving not the profits,
but the proceeds of that day’s business to the benefit of soldiers’
families. This will be a laudable and, indeed, charitable undertaking.
We will gladly chronicle the names of the parties, with the quantity of
salt so appropriated. Who will respond first to this proposition?
NOVEMBER 18, 1862
EVENING PRESS (RI)
to be Stuck.
excitement was produced at one time by a Government order that soiled
postage stamps were not to be made use of for postal purposes; and some
natural indignation was felt and expressed in view of the probabilities
that these little shinplasters would be repudiated and go unredeemed by
the late P. O. Department. It is with satisfaction therefore that the
public receives the announcement that while it is forbidden to stick the
soiled postage stamps, it is also not to be “stuck” by them.
They are to be honorably and we hope promptly redeemed, for what
is to be well done in this direction, should be quickly done. Here
indeed, we are far less interested in this matter, than are the
communities of the great cities. Thousands of people in New York,
Philadelphia a d Boston have much of their little fortunes in the shape
of postage stamps, which are not available at the Post Office; and to
all such the relief now proposed by the Post Office Department, is a
simple act of justice, which should not be marred in its performance by
the least unnecessary delay or tardiness in the doing of it.
must not let the decadence of the postage stamp currency go without an
acknowledgement of its utility and convenience for so many months past.
In spite of all the objections to it, and of all the obloquy which has
been heaped upon it, “it has done the State some service,” and the
people more. What we should have done without these little sticky
fractions of quarters and dimes we cannot imagine, and now that the
mucil-“age” is drawing to its close, we would chronicle its lapse
with appropriate tributes of thankfulness for the relief it brought to
an otherwise changeless community, and with still more grateful words
for the substitution of a less evil in the un-sticking national
shinplasters which have taken the place of the stamps, of which we write
the obituary in a word: “Exeunt."1
Coercing America.—In the verbatim report
of Mr. Coben’s Rochdale speech we find the following pertinent
my part I think the language which is used sometimes in certain quarters
with regard to the power of this country to go and impose its will upon
the population of America almost savors of the ludicrous. When America
had but 2,500,000 of population we could not enforce our will upon it,
and when you have to deal with civilized people, having the same
mechanical appliances as yourselves, and when that people number ten or
twenty millions, it is next to impossible for any force to be
transported across the Atlantic which will effect a conquest. Englishmen
are very apt to think that they can do anything by force; let them
banish that idea. Their interference in this case could only do harm,
and in the end you would not get your cotton. Even if you could, what
price would you pay for it? I know something of the way in which money
is voted in the House of Commons for warlike armaments, even in a time
of peace, and I venture to ay it would be cheaper to keep all the
population engaged in cotton manufacture—aye, to keep them on turtle,
champagne and venison—than to send to America to obtain that cotton by
force of arms. (Laughter and cheers.) It would involve you in a war, six
months of a war would cost you more money than would be required to
maintain this population comfortably for ten years. (Cheers.)
cost of a telegraphic dispatch of ten words from New York to Oregon is
$8.70, and for each additional word seventy-eight cents.
suggests that a sufficient excuse for a man marrying his deceased
wife’s sister is that he will have only one mother-in-law.
has 37,000 more females than males, while California has 67,000 more
males than females, and Illinois 92,000 more males than females. One
person in 1,335 of our population is insane, one in 2,470 blind, one in
1,920 deaf and dumb, one in 1,700 idiotic. Ohio is the greatest wool
growing State, New York and Pennsylvania next, Michigan ranks fourth.
New Jersey raises more potatoes than any other States by two to one.
Colonization Ship Mary Caroline Stevens, owned by the American
Colonization Society, sails this morning for Liberia. She takes out as
passengers Rev. John Seys, United States agent for the return of
captured Africans; Miss hunt, of the Episcopal Mission; Rev. Mr. Ambs,
of the Presbyterian Mission; Mrs. Cromwell, and family, wife of Rev. Mr.
Cromwell, now in Liberia, besides fifty colored persons. About a dozen
of the parties going are from this State, the others are all from the
Northern States. It is intended to stop at Cape de Verde for the purpose
of taking on board a number of animals for use in the colony. The ship
sails under her old commander, Capt. Heaps, than whom no one is more
conversant with the African coast.—Baltimore Gazette, 14th.
Woman Appointed Light House Keeper.—Mrs. Carolina Stubbs
has been appointed Keeper of the Palmer’s Island Light House, vice her
Waste of Public Property.—The master of a vessel in this
port a few days since, who has discharged several cargoes at Fortress
Monroe, describes the waste of public property by the officials in that
locality as absolutely fearful. In the matter of coal alone, thousands
of dollars are lost to government. Scarcely a vessel is cleaned out
entirely, from five to twenty tons being frequently left in the hold
when the vessel is ordered away to make room for another. This coal is
taken away and falls to the lot of the master., Of course these latter
have no cause for complaint, and the matter escapes the notice of the
Candidate for auditor of public accounts was suddenly called
upon for a speech. On rising, he commenced: “Gentlemen, you have
called upon me for a few remarks. I have none to make—I have no
prepared speech. Indeed, I am no speaker; I do not desire to be a speaker;
I only want to be an auditor.”
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
Hospitals in Washington.
Washington Chronicle is publishing a series of articles
descriptive of the Military Hospitals in Washington, which are full of
interest. We copy below the impressions made on the writer by a visit to
the Douglas Hospital, not only because they are of general concern, but
because they are of special interest to many of our readers by reason of
the fact that two of the officers of this model institution are New
Hampshire boys, Dr. Warren Webster, the Surgeon in charge, being from
Gilmanton, and Dr. Woodbury, one of the Assistant Surgeons, being from
first visit was to Douglas Hospital, on I street, between Second and
Third streets. This hospital, which comprises three large first-class
brick houses, formerly occupied respectively by the families of the late
Senator Douglas, ex-Vice President Breckinridge, and another Senator,
whose name escapes us for the present, is situated on high, healthy
ground, is lighted throughout with gas, warmed by furnaces in the
basement, and is replete with every “modern improvement” to be found
in the best conducted hotels. In the way of sewerage, baths, laundry
conveniences, water closets, &c., it is all that could be desired.
The Douglas Hospital contains, at present, 233 patients, but has
accommodations for a much larger number; besides which, two buildings,
each 270 feet long, are being conducted in an adjoining lot, in place of
the tents formerly occupied by patients when the brick building was
crowded. These new wooden buildings will accommodate 180 patients.
every loyal State is represented among the sick and wounded inmates; and
in one of the wards we observed a member of the 1st Louisiana regiment,
who was severely wounded in the leg at the battle of Fair Oaks. His leg
had been amputated, but he is doing well, and appears to be in excellent
spirits, and appreciates the kindness and efficiency of the “Yankee”
surgeons and nurses who have saved his life.
all the wards everything was like wax-work. The floors were so painfully
clean as to make an outsider hesitate to tread on them, and the bedding
of the patients was neat and comfortable. The atmosphere was as pure in
one of these large wards full of sick men as we have ever seen it in the
sick room of a private family.
were agreeably impressed by the respectful deference paid by the
patients and nurses to the medical officers. Whenever a surgeon
approached a group of convalescents, they saluted him, ceased their
conversation, and stood at “attention” until he had passed. The
quiet, gentlemanly tone in which the surgeons addressed the
convalescents was also pleasing to observe. There was no pomposity in
their intercourse, but closely resembled a somewhat reserved professor
in college, while addressing an undergraduate. To the sick in bed,
however, the tone and manner of the surgeons was as friendly and
encouraging as that of the courteous family physician to his patients in
civil life. In short, the surgeons of this hospital have certainly
contrived, as far as we have yet seen, to make themselves beloved and
respected by the patients and nurses; the result of which is
order and discipline, without which the very highest order of medical
and surgical talent would be of comparatively little service in a
military hospital. And this is the more remarkable, when it is
considered that the patients are from volunteer regiments, most of which
are notorious for the laxity of their discipline.
cartridge manufactory in Jackson, Miss., exploded recently, killing over
thirty persons who were employed in it.
discharged prisoner from Illinois, who was taken from that State,
conveyed to Washington, and then confined in the “Old Capitol”
without ever being informed what crime he had committed, writes to the
Dubuque Herald as follows:
my confinement in the “Old Capitol Prison” there were perhaps one
hundred men carried before the Judge Advocate for trial, and against not
one of them was there a single charge sustained—not a single thing
proven against them of sufficient importance in the mind of the Court to
hold them in custody.
many of these men had been ironed, transported over a thousand miles
from their homes, and kept in close confinement from one to five months.
Not only did it appear that these men were never guilty of any
disloyalty, but it was clearly proved that many had given all their
influence and rendered active assistance in putting down the rebellion
and sustaining the Government on its constitutional basis.
15th Regiment has already had a fight—not with the enemy, but with a
Massachusetts regiment encamped with them on Long Island. The fight was
about rations—which should be served first. Col. Kingman, in
attempting to “stop the row,” bent his sword, cut his hand and lost
his spectacles! That is the sum total of the casualties, so far as is
it.—Gen. Halleck wrote a long letter to show that Gen.
McClellan’s army was well supplied with everything necessary for
advancing on Richmond, and he declared that there was no such lack of
supplies as to prevent an advance weeks ago—and Gen. McClellan was
removed for not advancing. Yet now, ten days since his removal, and
three weeks since Halleck said there was no lack of supplies, we are
told that Gen. Burnside has made no advance on account of a lack of
Tax Law.—There have been seven thousand collectors and
deputy collectors, assessors and deputy assessors, appointed to collect
the internal tax. The best judges estimate that $150,000,000 would be
produced under the tax bill, but further investigation shows that it
will exceed this amount by at least $50,000,000, besides the expenses of
frauds have been discovered in the New York Custom House by which it is
stated that Republican officials have swindled Uncle Sam to the extent
of $750,000! Yet it is a criminal offence to charge corruption upon our
dispatch from Washington says:
Burnside was formally placed in command of the army of the Potomac, at a
cabinet meeting, in which his merits and those of Gen. Hooker were fully
discussed. Secretary Stanton warmly favored the appointment of Gen.
Hooker to the position, but he was overruled by the other members.”
PROVIDENCE EVENING PRESS (RI)
Campaign Plans.—The Washington correspondent of the Boston Traveller
Halleck is too much inclined to scatter his forces. This is what
our best generals say. He does not concentrate sufficiently. This was
his mistake last summer in the West. If he fails in the present campaign
in the East it will be from this policy. For every one now understands
that it is Gen. Halleck who now plans for the army of the Potomac. Gen.
Burnside executes the plans of Gen. Halleck. McClellan doubtless was
loath to do so, and trouble arose. We are now to see what Gen. Halleck
can do in Virginia—Halleck planning, and Burnside fighting.”
few ugly ifs are all that interfere with the value of the
sentences which follow:
our army is not demoralized by the removal of McClellan, I have the
utmost confidence that it will win a victory before New Year’s and
perhaps will be in Richmond to spend Christmas. Halleck is certainly a
man of parts, and it is only this scattering of troops which
makes one doubt his abilities and his final success. It is rumored that
he means to push a heavy column of troops directly overland upon
Richmond via Fredericksburg. Whether another column is to go up
the James river is not yet known outside of the War Department.
course, if Burnside is to attempt the capture of Richmond before winter
sets in, he must be about his work. We may have six weeks before
winter sets in, but the roads may be in a terrible condition in a week.
F everything goes according to the plans agreed upon in the War and Navy
Departments, there will be lively times before New Years. Charleston
will be ours, if all goes well, before Christmas. It cannot well be
otherwise, as the preparations for the capture of the rebel city are
New Lead Mine.—A rich lead mine has been discovered on the
Shawangunk Mountain, Orange county, New York. The Port Jervis Union
of the 7th says: “It is now ascertained beyond cavil or question that
the mine recently opened is rich in re of great purity, and will form a
source of great wealth to the owners. The vein was struck at six feet
below the surface and has been penetrated to the depth of eight feet.
The product is lead nearly pure.”
Reduced.—The city of Cambridge, Mass., has reduced the
salary of the Mayor for the next year from $1,500 to $1,000, on account
of the times.
States Preparing for Admission.—The Philadelphia North
American calls attention to the question of admitting new states
into the Union this winter. It says:
have now attached to the Union the territories of Dacotah, Nebraska,
Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Nevada and Washington, seven in all, the
whole of whose governmental expenses are paid out of the national
treasury. These territories had the following amount of population when
the census of 1860 was taken: Colorado, 36,538, Dacotah, 2,576,
Nebraska, 28,841, Nevada, 17,364, New Mexico, 83,000, Utah 40,690,
Washington, 11, 168. None of these have the population required by the
ratio of representation. New Mexico has once before made application for
admission as a free state, and would no doubt do so again if there were
any chance for admission. The case of Utah is anomalous, and cannot be
treated of at present.”
manufacture of salt at the New York State works in Onondaga County continues
to increase in amount over that of any previous year. The number of bushels
inspected this year, up to the 8th inst., is 7,080,000, which is an increase
over last year to the same date of 1,350,000 bushels.
does not want, and will not have, within her borders any of the contrabands
escaping into our lines, and Secretary Stanton has accordingly issued orders
that no more be sent to that State.
is behind in the appointment of Thanksgiving day. This is owing
to the protracted session of the Legislature of that State, as it is a
custom there never to have thanksgiving till after its adjournment. The 27th
inst. has been appointed thanksgiving day in eighteen States.
Governor of Vermont has appointed the 4th of December as a day of
is very evident that the rebels possess extraordinary facilities for
obtaining news of the movements of our army. It appears that the change of
base determined between Halleck and Burnside, of which we had the first news
two or three days ago, was known in Richmond before it was here. There is
base treachery somewhere, and it seems strange that it cannot be ferreted
Shinplasters.—The present deplorable state of the currency is
fertile in impositions. The Rochester Union states that engravers are
sending agents through that section selling shinplasters imitating the
appearance of the new postage currency. Some kinds are sold printed on
blanks in promissory form, and are filled up payable in goods. It is stated
that some are circulated payable in strawberries if the next crop
does not fail!
Terrible explosion took place at the Government Arsenal at
Washington, on Saturday, which startled the whole city. The cartridges which
become wet or otherwise damaged in the hands of the soldiers are collected
and returned to the Arsenal, there to be overhauled, and the balls and good
powder separated from such as has become worthless, and the refuse is put
into a pile to be burned. It was while burning a lot of this refuse
cartridge material on a vacant lot near the arsenal, that eh explosion took
place on Saturday. So violent was the concussion, that the windows in the
buildings for a considerable distance around were nearly all broken out. It
was supposed that a number of unopened cartridges must have got into the
Gulf to be Relighted.—The schooner Pharos, which sailed
from this port to-day, on her way from Portland south, carries out materials
for the reconstruction of light houses destroyed by the Confederate vandals.
She will report to the Light House Inspector at Ship Island, who will
proceed to repair such light houses as the interests of navigation most
urgently require.—New Bedford Standard, 19th.
the Army of the Potomac.
Nov. 20.—Information from the Army of the Potomac today is to the
effect that rebel cavalry frequently approached Warrenton to
reconnoitre, but Gen. Pleasanton with his cavalry gave them a
severe check near that place.
from Falmouth, dated today, state that during yesterday afternoon the
enemy’s pickets were scattered along the bank of the Rappahannock and
conversed freely with our men, but no firing took place.
is an interesting question now for printers to know, what became of all
the rags? Some of them go to make bandages for the wounded soldiers, and
so far as the recent extraordinary rise in the price of white paper is
due to this cause, of course we submit not only with patience but with
joy. There cannot, however, be a very large consumption in this way.
Something of the scarcity no doubt is due to the enhanced cost of cotton
goods. People wear their old shirts somewhat more threadbare than usual.
But this would only postpone for a brief period the inevitable day when
they must fall into the rag-bag. Some people throw cotton aside and wear
flannel altogether. This would account for a lack of cotton rags
day-by-day, but not just now. So that these two things would seem to
balance one another.
great many rags are imported into America. Our people read so much, that
they require more paper than they can wear out cotton to furnish rags to
make it of. The ignorant peasantry of less favored lands are called upon
to supply their cast-off clothing to be transformed into the bright
white pages that our universal education carries into every American
dwelling. Among the somewhat limited list of exports forming the direct
trade between Egypt and the United States, rags occupy a high place. The
bandages placed thousands of years ago about the dead bodies which
Egyptian art has preserved, are pulled from the mummy-pits to travel
thousands of miles, to make paper for a new race boasting a new
civilization. The mummy rags, however, are not very highly esteemed by
the paper makers, on account of their want of tenacity. If they could
only become vocal like Memnon’s statue of old! The reader might be
startled to hear from the sheet this moment lying under his eye, some
tale of the times of Sesostris.
rags have advanced very quickly in price; probably too quickly. The
newspapers themselves have unconsciously done something to promote the
high price of paper, as the birds furnish feathers to tip the very
arrows that wound them. So much has been said about the enhanced cost of
paper (which is dreadful to contemplate) and the proprietors of the
leading journals have rushed so eagerly in the market to purchase large
supplies, that the dealers in paper stock have got the notion that there
is no limit to their possible profits if only they will emulate Oliver
Twist in demanding, “More, More.” Even the country housewife expects
a new pan, or a nutmeg grater at least, to be thrown in to boot in
addition to the supply of tin ware which she had expected to obtain in
exchange for the carefully preserved contents of her rag-bag.
system of collecting domestic rags is somewhat peculiar, but is thought
to be more perfect than any substitute that could be contrived. It is
all done by the tin-pedlars, who pay in kind. They go about from house
to house throughout the country and collect the rags, which they deliver
at the paper mills in their course, or sell to intermediate dealers.
Payment in money for rags might bring out a larger supply than the
exchange of tin ware, but it is thought that the expenses of collecting
the material in any new way would absorb all the profit. So the
tin-pedlars are masters of that field.
takes about two pounds of stock to make a pound of paper. A single sheet
of our paper weighs a trifle less than one and one half ounces. From
these figures any reader may calculate for himself what an enormous
quantity of stock is needed to supply the twenty millions of people in
the loyal States with their papers three hundred and ten times a year;
to say nothing of books, or of weekly, monthly and quarterly
publications. It would no doubt be a fine thing if somebody would invent
a practicable substitute for rags as a material for paper making. But
this cannot be done in a hurry. We must for the present simply secure
the largest possible supply of the standard article. Sell your old
manuscripts, newspapers and pamphlets; they are as valuable as stock in
the manufacture of the coarser kinds of paper. But look them over
carefully before you sell them, and perhaps you will find something
valuable mixed up with what you thought to be rubbish. We heard a few
days ago of an important ledger belonging to a mercantile house, found
in this way among the purchases of a paper-maker. But above all, look
after your rags carefully. If you want cheap books and cheap newspapers,
wear out your cotton clothing as fast as you can; and send to the
nearest paper makers all that you do not send to the army.
Andrews, Geo. D. Wilson, Marion Ross, P.D. Shadock and Wm. Campbell of
the 2d Ohio, J.M. Scott of the 21st Ohio, and Sam Stavas of the 33d
Ohio, were tried at Knoxville and hung in Atlanta, Ga., June 18. The
others remained in confinement until 22 days since, when they broke
jail, but as they scattered as soon as they got out of confinement it is
impossible to tell what became of them.2
at Sea.—The ship Robert L. Lane, from Liverpool,
reports a mutiny occurred aboard November 1st, in attempting to quell
which Captain Bryer was stabbed, so that he afterwards died, by two
sailors named Moore and Patsey. The latter was instantly killed by the
first mate Leonard, who, with the aid of the passengers, secured the
ringleaders, who were brought in irons. Caption Bryer leaves a wife and
three children in Liverpool.
NOVEMBER 22, 1862
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
the Rebels Emancipate?
weeks ago, a report came by way of Kentucky that Jeff Davis and his
cabinet were seriously considering the project of emancipating the
slaves of the confederacy, in order to secure recognition from the
European powers. The Kentucky papers continue to repeat the statement as
if they believed it, and they now say further that the plan of the rebel
leaders is to employ the slaves in the war, promising them their liberty
at its close; and they add that the only consideration that prevents the
adoption of this policy is the fear that the southern people will rebel
against it. What basis of truth there may be for these reports it is
impossible to say. They may be used by Kentucky Unionists in order to
reconcile their own slaveholders to President Lincoln’s emancipation
policy, on the presumption that abolition will eventually come through
the rebel leaders if it does not come from the federal government, and
that it is better to have abolition in the Union than outside of it.
there is pertinence and force in this view of the matter. Whether Jeff
Davis is already thinking of emancipation as a last resort or not, when
all other means fail, and the prospects of his experiment become as
desperate as they can be, it is evident enough that the measure is one
that would naturally occur to him. Indeed, we consider it not improbable
that President Lincoln anticipated and defeated the project by his own
proclamation of emancipation. It was hinted at the time that the
president had information of the intention
of Jeff Davis to get ahead of him in this measure, and so secure the
advantages of the moral position before the world. This may not have
been strictly true, but it is well-known that the European
powers—France very distinctly—have intimated to the agents of the
confederacy that the promise of the future and gradual abolition of
slavery would do more than anything else to further their cause abroad,
and that without it indeed they could not hope for any material
is objected that it would be absurd to suppose that the rebels, after
having seceded and made war for the avowed object of strengthening
slavery and making it the basis of their new government, should
voluntarily destroy the very institution for which they are fighting.
But the prime object of the rebel leaders now is their own salvation,
which can only be made sure by success, and though they may not
willingly destroy slavery, they will do that or anything else rather
than fall. If emancipation should appear to Jeff Davis to be the last
and only means of insuring the success of the rebellion he would declare
the southern slaves free to-morrow. There can be no doubt of that. As to
the use of the slaves in the war, we may be sure the rebels will have no
scruples on that subject if they think they can make soldiers of them.
And the Negroes themselves would have no choice of course as to which
side they fight for, if so be they have the reliable assurance of
freedom as their reward. That they would add much to the strength of the
rebellion as a fighting force we do not believe: they are invaluable to
us as a producing force, but the rebel leaders will not hesitate to use
them as soldiers to any available extent, more especially as they have
now nearly exhausted their white reserves. The rebel papers give many
indications of alarm at the new and formidable armies marching into
their territory. They acknowledge that the crisis of their fate is just
upon them. If the leaders at Richmond take the same view of affairs,
they may be ready for any desperate measure, and there is nothing
incredible in the suggestion that they may emancipate and arm the
Negroes in the last resort.
there should prove to be anything in these conjectures, it may before
long be evident to us all that president Lincoln’s emancipation
proclamation was issued not a day too soon. But if,
as we have often been told, the slaves of the South have a
private system of information and obtain general ideas of what is
going on, they know by this time that they can be free by getting within
the lines of our armies, and that they will all be legally free on New
Year’s day. Any promise of liberty now on condition of their fighting
for Jeff Davis will be likely to find their minds pre-occupied. They
have long looked for deliverance from the Yankees, and it will not be
very easy for the rebels to persuade them that their long-time
oppressors are their real friends and will do better by them than “the
abolitionists”—as the rebel leaders, by suggestion of Beauregard,
now call the Union armies, not considering what assurances they are thus
giving to the slaves. If Jeff Davis thinks he can beat President Lincoln
at the emancipation game, let him try. Nobody will object but his own
Adroit Fraud on the Government.—Several enterprising
fellows in Connecticut have gone into the collection and restoration of
old postage stamps on a large scale. One of their modes of procedure is
to visit unsuspecting clergymen in needy circumstances and state that as
a matter of curiosity they desire to procure a million postage stamps,
for which they will give two hundred dollars. The minister, thinking it
worth while to make an effort for the two hundred dollars in these hard
times, opens his files of letters and carefully cuts off the stamps;
sets the Sabbath school children at work in all the country around, and
eventually earns his money. In one instance the girls in a boarding
school were set at work collecting stamps, with the understanding that
the money obtained for them should be devoted to a certain object of
benevolence, and they were very industrious in hunting and begging old
stamps all over the country among their acquaintances. How many millions
of stamps the speculators obtained it is impossible to say, but it is
now understood that they clean and sell the stamps, and thus defraud the
government. And it is a business that pays well, for a million three
cent stamps are worth $30,000, and the collection and restoration of
them does not probably cost one tenth that sum. This is a matter that
some government detective should investigate. We are told that a large
business has been done in this way, and it cannot be difficult to trace
the matter back from some of the innocent collectors to the guilty
parties and cause their arrest and punishment.
Latin for “they go out.”
result of Andrews’ Raid or “The Great Locomotive Chase.” See the
initial report on 20 April 1862.
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