DECEMBER 7, 1862
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
from New York.
Correspondence of the Picayune)
York, Nov. 19, 1862.
Burnside has selected Fredericksburg (when he takes it) as his base of
operations in preparing for a march upon Richmond, which, it is said, is
to be undertaken by way of the Richmond and Fredericksburg railroad. His
supplies are to be received from Washington and Aquia Creek, which
latter place was taken possession of by the Federals a few days since.
friends of the administration anticipate the best results from this
change of base, but those with whom I have conversed, and who know the
condition of affairs in Virginia well, as also the particular portion of
country through which Gen. Burnside proposes to march, assert with the
utmost confidence that his campaign will be a failure. Indeed, this
opinion is already confirmed by private advices from the army itself,
which intimate that the prospects are far from flattering.
then, the successor of McClellan must
do something, and I dare say that Gen. Burnside is doing all that it
is possible for him to do. The Shenandoah valley route to Richmond he
saw enough of while acting under the “Young Napoleon” to convince
him that the prize did not lay in that direction, and he has accordingly
chosen the route via Fredericksburg.
Burnside, since his appointment as the successor of McClellan, has not
hesitated to state publicly that he had rather the choice would have
fallen upon another, and if his
wish was gratified, he would retire from the command immediately. In his
recent interview with Halleck he let himself our pretty freely, for when
the latter urged upon him the importance of a speedy advance, for both
military and political reasons, Burnside replied that in his position as
a soldier, he had nothing whatever to do with politics, but as a
military man he would do the best in his power. The remark rather amazed
Halleck, and ever since there have been mysterious rumors that another
change of commanders was inevitable, with the probabilities in favor of
Fremont. Indeed, bets are offered that he will be in command within 30
arrest of a portion of McClellan’s officers at Trenton, you were
advised of by the Creole; it
is said to have been in consequence of a violation of orders, which
permits only a certain number of the staff to accompany their general,
whereas, in the present instance, some half dozen came on to Trenton
with him. The extra officers were therefore arrested, and sent back to
their quarters in the field.
removal of McClellan is now known to have been the work of Messrs.
Stanton and Halleck, and the important event was clearly foreshadowed in
an extract from one of our papers, which you published nearly a month
since. There [are] those who believe he will yet be recalled to his old
position, but I apprehend that will only be when the efforts of the
whole catalogue of generals shall have been exhausted.
hear that a powerful effort is being made to induce the President to
divert the Southern expeditions now fitting out, from their original
points of attack, and concentrate them all in James river, for a
combined assault upon the batteries that line its banks. If these can be
carried, the advocates of this measure assert that Richmond will
certainly be ours in a short time after, and then Mobile, Charleston and
Savannah can be attended to. I am of the opinion, however, that the
President will think twice before he says “Yes” to this proposition.
The reminiscences of that particular locality and especially of the
powerful battery (Fort Darling) on Drury’s Bluff, from which the Monitor,
Naugatuck and others recoiled, are not such as would warrant a
second visit there, unless certain success was promised at the outset.
The Administration, and every one else of common sense, knows that the
James river route is the shortest and most feasible to the rebel
stronghold, but the fact that it has been studiously avoided is ample
proof, I think, that there is a lion in the path.
Privateers.—The New York Journal
of Commerce, of the 12th ult., says:
foreign mail contains further reports respecting the movements of
Confederate steamers. The London Star
says it is known that, besides the Alabama,
“as many as nine other ships are being built or equipped in British
harbors for the service of the Confederates,” and the Danish ship Jupiter, arrived at Plymouth, England, reports, Oct. 14, lat. 41 N.,
long. 58.30 W. of Greenwich, was fired at by a ship carrying the
Confederate flag. “The vessel was an iron screw steamship, mounted
with six guns, three on each side, English built, about 700 or 800 tons
burthen, three masts, schooner rigged; on the main and foremasts a small
top-sail and topgallantsail, long lower mast, black painted outside,
round stern.” These pests need watching.
Federal Army.—The New York Tribune,
of the 22d ult., says:
estimates for the expenses of our army for the ensuing year are set down
at four hundred and twenty-eight millions of dollars. The requisitions
upon the Paymaster’s department still unpaid amount to forty-eight
millions. According to the reports in the Adjutant General’s office,
the number of soldiers on the sick list at this moment amounts to nearly
one-sixth of the entire army in the service of the United
States—namely, one hundred and six thousand men.
Washington dispatch states that resolutions were passed at a meeting of
chaplains recently, requesting the Secretary of War to allow each
chaplain in the army a chapel tent to hold religious services. The
request was not granted, on the ground that such a tent would be an
unnecessary encumbrance to a moving army.
Paris correspondent of the London Globe says that the spinners of cotton
at Rouen have obtained a supply of cotton from the mattresses and
bedding stuffed with that article in every household.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
to Burn the Bridges of the State Road Detected.
have before us a letter addressed by an officer of the State Road at
Dalton to Mr. E. B. Walker, the Master of Transportation at this place,
from which we make the following extract:
news was brought here this morning (Dec. 1st) that some four or five men
have been arrested in and near Ringgold. It seems that one of these men
was playing the idiot, when
some persons had him arrested and pretended they were going to hang him,
when, terrified, he said he would reveal all he knew. It had been
planned, he said, to burn the bridges of the State Road on Monday night
next; that, in all, there were twenty-one of them to do this work. Upon
this revelation, the citizens generally had turned out in search of the
party. I now await further information, and have notified our watch to
increase their vigilance. I understand by Mr. Lochman, two men,
pretendedly idiots, have been arrested to-day at Resacca, and have sent word by
the down train to hold them.”
is more than probable that the plot referred to above and others similar
to it, do exist, and will be attempted to be executed at some time,
while the enemy are near to us in North Alabama and in Tennessee. The
destruction of the bridges of the State Road would be, to the
Abolitionists hovering near the Georgia line in those two States, worth
more than a victory over fifty thousand of our best troops in either of
those States. The advantage to them, and the loss to the Confederacy,
cannot be calculated. Hence, the most vigilance of an active, reliable,
and strong force is required
to keep off the bridge burners during this winter and the coming spring.
The Lincoln Government, and its General now in command of the Tennessee
forces, Rosencrans, would not hesitate a moment to give any reward demanded to any set of rascals who would destroy the
bridges of the State Road. The guard now on duty to protect them is too
small. It should be largely increased, and made as efficient as
Floridians Preparing for the Abolition Colonization Scheme.—The
Tallahassee Sentinel of the
1st inst. says:
is pending before the Senate an important Militia bill—which will
probably pass in some shape the general Assembly. We have not seen the
bill and cannot explain its details; but we have understood that it is
as it ought to be, quite stringent in its provisions. Its object, as we
understand, is to put every man and boy between the ages of 16 and 60
years in the service. We mean by that, that all persons between those
ages are, except for cause, to be enrolled and held subject to the order
of the Governor. The bill contemplates an immediate organization of the
Militia, and imposes heavy fines upon officers and privates for
non-performance of the duties required. The object seems to be to make
the bill efficient, otherwise its passage would be useless. That some
such measure as is now before the Senate will pass the General Assembly,
we have the best reasons for believing.
Governor’s seizers of
clothing and clothing material for the soldiers were busy in Macon
yesterday; and we need not say that their advent and operations produced
universal discontent among dealers. The resolution for impressment, as
it was amended by the House, provides, as we understand, for “just
compensation” for the goods seized, and therefore ought to hold
the seizee harmless of any
actual pecuniary loss upon them. The misfortune, as to holders, however,
is the interruption and stoppage of all their regular business—the
forcible annulment of contracts they have entered into, even in many
cases with soldiers in the field, and the entire insecurity which
everybody feels who finds his purse, store, stock, business and property
at the mercy of the public. As unwelcome, however, as is such a
condition of things, it is better to acquiesce gracefully. Let us all
remember that thousands of citizens of the Confederate States are now
being violently dispossessed of their all, without compensation, by the
invading hordes of the Federals, and the same fate would befall each and
every one of us, but for the protection of our gallant army, which it is
the obligation of these seizures to clothe. We regard the movement as an
ill-advised one, and likely, like all violent proceedings of the kind,
to end in seriously impairing the ability of the State to accomplish the
object it is designed to secure. Far better it would have been to have
made contracts for clothing and clothing material on the best terms the
case would admit of, and enlisted the hearty co-operation of all the
people in the good work. But the Legislature did not think so, and now
it is the duty and interest of all to submit. Surely, we in Georgia, are
least of all entitled to complain of losses and sacrifices necessary to
used to be said that we had no mechanics in this country; but it can’t
be said now. The conscript act is working wonders in that respect, and
shoemakers, tanners, foundry men, coopers, blacksmiths, wagon makers,
mill wrights, iron-makers, &c., are multiplying rapidly. And not
less remarkable is the fact that mechanical occupations covered by the
exemption act have suddenly attained a degree of respectability they
never possessed before in the estimation of some very clever people. We
shall soon be a community of artisans. The conscript act is certainly
supplying the South with a great many useful mechanics that would not
have known anything about trade under any other circumstances—in
short, they would have been shocked if you had talked with them about
such matters.—Augusta Chronicle.
Yankee gunboats proceeded up the Rappahannock river to-day, and when
opposite Port Royal our batteries opened on them. The Yankees returned
the fire. No further particulars.
seems to be following the occupation of his predecessors. He has taken
to ditching on the other side of the Rappahannock in the mud, and does
not venture across for fear of falling on a Lee shore with a Stonewall
in his rear.
DECEMBER 9, 1862
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
Telegraph to Evening Papers.
portion of Burnside’s army has crossed the Rappahannock at Front
Royal. The rebel camp fires in front of Falmouth have almost all
disappeared, yet all the fords are well guarded.
lady who came over the river on Sunday says the rebel army is in a most
destitute condition, fully one-third being without shoes.
rebel schooners while attempting to run the blockade into Wilmington, N.
C., on Wednesday last were captured by the U.S. steamers Cambridge and Mount Vernon.
They were from Nassau. But another, with 540 bags of salt, ran the
native North Carolina Union troops who belong to the native
organization, strenuously insist upon the vigorous enforcement of [the]
confiscation and emancipation acts of Congress.
special dispatch from Washington states that six of our pickets in the
army of the Potomac were frozen to death on Saturday night while at Camp
Misery, Alexandria. Seven more died from the effects of the cold.
bill introduced in the House by Mr. Van Wyck proposes a monthly addition
of $3 to privates and $5 to farriers, blacksmiths, musicians and
non-commissioned officers. His bill for immediate compensation for
clothing lost in the service provides for the payment of the same on the
next pay roll, and making provision also for soldiers in hospitals and
Hickman’s bill provides for enlisting 100 regiments of Negroes, to be
uniformed in a distinct manner, and enlisting them for seven years or
less; privates to receive $6.50 per month, non-commissioned officers the
same pay as in the Regular Army; commissioned officers, either white or
colored, to be graduates of colleges, and receive the pay of the same
rank in the Regular Army. The bill also provides for a line of steamers
to run between New York and Liberia, touching at Norfolk and Port Royal,
to carry such freed men as desire to migrate. It also gives the proceeds
of confiscated rebel property to carry out the provisions of the bill.
Stock.—E. G. Squier, in the New York Tribune,
recommends for the manufacture of paper the thousands of tons of flax
now lying outside the oil mills in Ohio, Illinois and other places,
which have literally been thrown away after the extraction of the oil
from the seed. Of these rejected stalks about one-fourth part in weight
is first-rate paper stock. He estimates that in the two States of Ohio
and Illinois, 55,000 tons of flax raised this year for seed and oil and
thrown to waste, might be converted into paper. Properly broken and
cleaned, this aggregate would yield 14,000 tons of the very best paper
stock in the world, equal to two-thirds of the total amount of rags
hitherto imported annually, and equal in value, at the present price of
paper stock to nearly $2,000,000.
machinery now exists, simple, cheap, portable and easily managed, which
is destined to work an entire revolution in the production and
manufacture of flax. The want of such machinery has hitherto rendered
flax-raising not so profitable as it would be now. This machine will
easily clean a ton of flax-straw per day, and it requires but little
skill to work it. These suggestions, we hope, will induce some of our
shrewd Yankees to look about them and see if they can’t make fortunes
themselves out of flax-straw, and at the same time confer a benefit on
and Aldermen.—During the hearing of a case at the
Guildhall, London, Alderman Hale asked what number of yards of steel was
contained in a crinoline which had been stolen. The reply of a witness
was, “only seven yards, because they are small, but the largest size
contains as many as 25 yards.” Alderman Hale: No wonder ladies
monopolize the whole of the pavement. These crinolines are most
dangerous things. It was only a short time ago I was thrown down by them
in passing two ladies, who occupied the whole of the pavement. Alderman
Humphrey met with a similar accident not long since, and narrowly
escaped serious injuries. The owner of the crinoline made off as soon as
she perceived she had knocked him down.
of Little Crow.—The
Band Preparing for a Vigorous Attack—The Commissioner of Indian
Affairs has had laid before him by Senator Rice a letter from an
intelligent correspondent, dated St. Paul, Nov. 23, giving the
whereabouts and intentions of that daring and dangerous chief, Little
Crow, and urging the propriety of a winter campaign for the purpose of
driving him from his position.
was discovered by this correspondent’s party, encamped with about 1200
Sioux warriors, near Devil’s Lake, situated 80 miles from St.
Joseph’s and about 200 miles from Abercrombie.
council was held, and among other things revealed by Little Crow, was
the fact that, expecting to have about 3500 men by spring, through
acquisitions from the Gros Ventre and Missouri Indians, he intended a
vigorous attack at that time. The writer says that Devil’s Lake is a
most advantageous position, and a great stronghold for defence, and
unless Little Crow be dislodged before spring, he will be able to
arrange a campaign in comparison with which our Indian war thus far has
been mere child’s play.
Rice endorses the views of the writer with regard to a vigorous winter
campaign, as does also Commissioner Dole.—Washington
Proceedings Among Soldiers.—New
York, Dec. 6. —Considerable trouble has occurred within the past
few days at the camp on the Union Course, said to have arisen from
complaints that the food furnished by the contractor was poorly cooked,
&c. Demonstrations on the part of the troops ensued, during which a
poor woman’s house was burned down, the fences of the Course burned
and general terror spread throughout the neighborhood. A portion of Col.
Marsh’s regiment had a disgraceful row at a drinking house in East New
York, during which it is stated that one soldier was shot dead and
another wounded, when the soldiers retired for reinforcements. During
their absence, the man who kept the place removed his family and
escaped. The soldiers soon returned and set fire to his house, burning
it to the ground, after possessing themselves of all the liquors, over
which they held a carousal. An officer sent out by Gen. Andrews on
Sunday to ascertain the facts found very few commissioned officers on
the ground, and the men in a very uproarious state. Most of the officers
were at the hotels in this city or had gone home. A house in which 16
tons of ammunition were stored was razed to the ground during their
demonstrations, but not an officer, it is stated, endeavored to prevent,
but rather encouraged the men in their riotous doings.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
Great Battle in Arkansas!
SPLENDID UNION VICTORY!
near Fayetteville, Ark., Dec. 8.—Gen. Heron’s forces, en
route to reinforce Gen. Blunt, met the enemy yesterday on
Crawford’s Prairie, ten miles south of Fayetteville, Ar., and won a
decisive victory. The enemy were 24,000 strong, divided into four
divisions, under Gens. Parsons, Marmaduke, Frost and Rains—all under
Gen. Hindman, and embraced the flower of the rebel Trans-Mississippi
army. Supplied with 18 pieces of artillery, the enemy flanked Gen.
Blunt’s position at Cane Hill, and made a sudden attack on Gen. Heron
to prevent their junction. Gen. Heron’s force consisted of the 94th
and 31st Ill., the 19th and 20th Iowa, 26th Indiana, 20th Wisconsin, and
a battalion or two of cavalry—in all 6,500 or 7,000 men, with 24
pieces of artillery. The battle raged from 10 a.m.
till dark and was desperately fought throughout. Our artillery drove the
rebels from two strong positions, and kept their overwhelming numbers at
bay. The 20th Wisc., captured a rebel battery of four heavy guns, but
were forced to abandon them under a murderous fire. The 19th Iowa also
took the same battery, and fought most desperately, but were also
obliged to yield it. Almost every regiment distinguished itself. About 4
o’clock Gen. Blunt arrived from Cane Hill with 5,000 men and a strong
force of artillery. He attacked the rebels in the rear. The rebels made
desperate efforts to capture his batteries, but were repulsed with
terrible slaughter. We held the whole field at dark, and before nine
o’clock that night the entire rebel force were in full retreat over
Groton Mountains. Our loss in killed and wounded was 600; the rebel loss
was 1500, by their own admission. Several rebel field officers were
killed—among them Col. Stein. Only a few prisoners were taken. We
captured four caissons filled with ammunition. Lt. Col. McFarland of the
13th Iowa was the only field officer killed on our side. Maj. Hubbard of
the 1st Mo. Cavalry was captured.
appears from information derived from the Navy Department, that the
proceeds from seizures which have been made by the Navy amount to about
forty millions of dollars—nearly enough to defray the entire expense
of the Department, thereby making it self-sustaining. The amount
expended last year was forty-one millions.
Sidewalks.—The present condition of the sidewalks in some
parts of the city render it extremely doubtful, when one is walking,
whether he will return without a broken or sprained limb. In many places
the walks were not cleaned after the late snow storm, and children have
improved the chance to make a nice sliding or miniature skating pond.
Won’t the police have an eye to the matter, and cause icy walks to be
cleared, or at least sifted over with sand or ashes.
Indian Troubles Again.
Paul, Dec. 8.—A body of 150 citizens, armed with hatchets, knives
and other weapons, forced their way through the guard with the avowed
purpose of murdering the Indian prisoners confined at Camp Lincoln,
Mankato, but were surrounded, captured, and released on parole.
governor issues a proclamation urging the people of Minnesota not to
throw away their good name by acts of lawlessness; that the people have
just causes of complaint at the tardiness of executive action, but ought
to find reason for forbearance in the absorbing cares which weigh upon
the President. If he declines to punish them then the case come already
within the jurisdiction of the civil authorities.
Napoleon’s American Designs.
French Emperor is evidently hostile to the United States. No professions
of friendship can disguise the fact that his late attempt at mediation
grew out of no good will to the parties in whose behalf he volunteered
his services. The terms of the proposed intervention, under flimsy
disguises, point directly to the permanent dismemberment of the Union.
He wished to secure the co-operation of Great Britain and Russia, in
order to compel this Government to yield obedience to his exactions.
With three powerful empires in readiness to enforce the demands for
peace, he believed that the United States would submit, however
reluctantly, to the dictation of overwhelming forces. He proposed an
armistice of six months, so as to allow the belligerents to confer
together and arrange the terms of settlement. Meanwhile all military
operations were to be suspended.
one in Europe and America readily sees that all the advantages of such
an arrangement rest with the South. While the salve States send abroad
the cotton crop and replenish their exhausted stores, the million of
armed men at the North must be supported in idleness or disbanded. If
kept together, our volunteer force, which enlisted from no natural
thirst for war, but for the sole purpose of preserving the nation, would
become rapidly demoralized, and at the expiration of the armistice would
be found in sad plight to renew the conflict. While statesmen were
negotiating, all the material advantages gained by eighteen months
fighting would be lost to the Union cause. The rebels, as Napoleon well
knows, are deadly opposed to re-Union. At the conference proposed in the
terms of mediation, they would not for a moment listen to any
propositions for peace, except such as every patriotic supporter of the
Government would indignantly spurn. Nothing but extreme disaster and
suffering can bring them back under the old regimen.
question of most interest to us in this connection is, will Napoleon
hereafter desist from his machinations? He will not willingly. It is not
his nature to do things by halves, or recede from positions once taken.
If he believed the step safe, no one doubts his disposition to take part
against us even alone.
is now collecting an immense fleet in the Gulf of Mexico, and a large
army in the neighborhood of Vera Cruz, ostensibly to operate against the
Mexican republic. If a convenient pretext arises, this force can be
thrown upon the Southern coast of the United States.
little glory and few material advantages are to be won in Mexico. The
prize is by no means worth the grand preparations mad for its capture.
The only safe course for the United States is to frustrate the evil
designs of Napoleon by speedily putting the rebellion beyond the reach
via Fortress Monroe, Dec. 5th.—Great dissatisfaction exists in the
interior, and the impression prevails there, that a victory by Burnside
will be followed by the abandonment of the border States, including
North Carolina and Tennessee.
Charlestonians have pulled up all their lead pipes, contributing 6,000
pounds to the rebel government.
have not made so much progress in crushing the rebellion during the year
as we had anticipated, though much has been done. Our want of greater
success is owing to several causes. In the first place there has been a
lack of Statesmanship. Our most intelligent and most experienced public
men did not understand at the outset the power and magnitude of the
conspiracy to overthrow the government, and of course they were ignorant
of the means and resources necessary to overthrow the conspiracy. They
had to be educated, and the knowledge and experience which they have
gained in conducting the war thus far, have probably by this time given
them a better, if not a full understanding of the gigantic nature of the
rebellion, and of the means and resources necessary to end it. Even Mr.
Seward, who so often predicted the end of the war in a few weeks, must
by this time have a better knowledge of our affairs than he has had. And
the President is evidently wiser in the matter than he was six months
ago. The education of our statesmen has been a costly one for the
country, but it was unavoidable.
the second place the country has suffered from a want of Generalship.
Gen. Scott, who had won a great reputation as a skillful and successful
Commander, either on account of the infirmities of age, or his near
alliance with persons of secesh proclivities, who were likely to divulge
his plans to the rebels, showed himself incompetent for the difficult
task of conducting the operations of or immense armies. There was no
other man of like experience with him to whom the country could look. We
had younger men of promise and military education, but they had never
been called to conduct warfare on a large scale, and they too must be
tried, must be educated to the work. The conduct of the war thus far has
shown that the men in the ranks were not wanting. They have been found
“true as steel.” It is the commanders who have failed. But this
deficiency is being remedied. Our Generals as well as our statesmen have
been at school, and they have learned much. We know better now than we
did a year ago who are capable and who are not. Many line officers who
have failed in duty have already been dismissed, and more we presume
will share their fate. And now three officers of the highest rank are
under court martial on various charges, which looks as though our chief
commanders are in the future to be held to a strict account for the
faithful discharge of their duties. The evil then of incompetent leaders
for our armies is diminishing, and we are in future to have more
experienced and better educated officers to lead our men in battle. This
education has been expensive to the country, but it was unavoidable.
The Delay at Fredericksburg.—The
Washington correspondent of the New York Times
says: “It is no longer a question that the army of the Potomac owes
its failure to cross the Rappahannock promptly, on its arrival, to
inexcusable delay in the furnishing of pontoon bridges and means of
transportation. From this cause, the most magnificent military movement
of the war, and one which, if promptly executed, could scarcely fail of
success, has been ruined in its first step; and the army on which, more
than any –other, depends the hope of the nation, again placed in a
critical position, necessitating an entire change in the programme for
its operations. Once in possession of Fredericksburg, and beyond the
river, the army would have found a country whose roads are rather
improved than injured by the rain; and no one doubts that a continuation
of their first rapidity of movement would have practically taken the
enemy by surprise, and enabled them to enter Richmond beyond the power
of the rebels to prevent.”
Germany, Holland, France, England and Russia have abolished slavery, and
this country alone, of all the great nations of the earth, is the
upholder of bondage. It is an unenviable position.
Slave Insurrection.—The Washington
correspondent of the Independent
gives the following views of the President on the probability of a slave
insurrection under his recent proclamation:
discussing the whole subject, the President gave evidence of much thought
upon it; and some of his ideas were original and startling. One of them I
will allude to in detail. Mr. Lincoln said that he had often thought of the
narrow escape of the South from a general slave insurrection the winter
after the election of 1856. The Fremont campaign, as is well known, was
followed by one attempt at insurrection in Tennessee. The slave masters of
the South charged the Republicans upon the stump with desiring the freedom
of the slaves; and not only that but with a purpose, if Fremont was elected,
of forcibly setting the slaves free. The slaves all over the South were full
of discontent at the defeat of the Republicans. This discontent in some
localities came near to developing into open insurrection.
fact made a deep impression upon the mind of the President, and he told Mr.
Casey that the slaves of the South understood fully now, as they have never understood before, that the Northern people
are friendly to their freedom. Whether they are mistaken or not, the whole
slave population of the South expects
its freedom at our hands. These black millions are waiting patiently for
their time to come, and if the war
ends without giving them their freedom, they will take it! This was the idea of the President, and it
strikes me as a very important one. It is therefore, says Mr. Lincoln, a
mercy to all parties concerned to take the matter into their own hands, for
we can control it. The slaves in their anger, should the war end without
giving them freedom, will burst out into cruel insurrection. Such an
insurrection would very probably be accompanied with great atrocities, as
the slaves would act from a feeling of bitter disappointment. Not so now.
Now they have every inducement in the world to wait and act as the
Government shall teach them.
The French and Mexican Troubles.—Whether
such is the design of Napoleon III, or not, the fact remains the same, that
the invasion of Mexico by the French is already beginning to have its effect
upon our country. During the past week or two the affairs of Mexico have
attracted much attention in the northern states, There are in our army many
foreign offices who view war as a profession to which they have been bred
and instructed, for which they have a decided partiality, and in which they
feel disposed to take part whenever they get a favorable opportunity. The
high pay of the United States service has attracted these warriors to our
army, where they have done faithful duty. At the same time they are willing
to better themselves if they can, and there is reason to believe that they
look to the Mexican army for their desired promotion. Overtures have been
made by Mexican agents, and favorable answers sent by officers now in the
United States service. One military man, originally from Germany, in his
reply says that he can furnish from his native land two thousand troops at a
few weeks’ notice.
was a rumor in the city yesterday that the federal authorities had seized
several French transports fitting out in this port with supplies for the
French army in Mexico; and if this be true, it may open a question with the
French government which will still further direct attention to the Mexican
complications.—N. Y. Evening Post.
A Sewing Machine, enclosed in a case about
even inches square and two inches thick, can be sold for $5. It sews a
running stitch. The needle is stationary and the cloth is corrugated and
crowded upon the needle by a pair of wheels, the needle passing through the
folds, and then the cloth is drawn along by hand upon the thread. This
machine is designed especially for thin goods, which cannot be sewn well
with the ordinary machine. A person with one of these machines could do
about seven times the work that can be done by hand.—Scientific
of the greatest faults of the American is impatience. Whatever he
undertakes, whatever he expects, he wants to see moving towards a finish
at once. When this war first broke out the whole North and West rose en
masse with a fire that bid fair to burn brightly for years amid all the
discouraging gloom of defeat, with a steadiness and a constancy that
would at last consume the rebellion. We often heard it said by even the
most conservative of men that “we would never give up to the
rebels.” It was claimed by our lawyers, ministers and statesmen who
spoke to the people at our war meetings that tho’ we had less fire
than the Southerners and were less ready to begin a fight, yet we would
prove to have the most endurance and be the last to back out of it.
first great battle was fought and won by the rebels. A few words of
regret and then the loyal states pushed on anew. Mothers sent their sons
to the war with tears in their eyes and patriotism in their hearts. Wife
parted from husband, sister from brother, friend from friend—those
staying and going feeling alike the great need that was upon them—the
great want that lay at the heart of our country.
battles were fought. Some were lost and some were won. We had driven the
rebels from Missouri, Kentucky, and most of Tennessee. We had driven
them from the strong holds near Washington. We had shelled their towns,
blown down their forts and destroyed their hopes of a speedy close of
came the great struggle of the war. The rebels had thrown into the field
nearly a million of men and we were driven back in almost every place.
Again we fought in Maryland, and defeated the army of Lee. But no good
came of it that could be seen by the people. In the mean time, we were
getting impatient for something decisive—for some great battle that
should end the matter. It began gradually to creep through our brains
that so vast a territory and so many millions of people could not be put
down at once—that the South with slaves at home to till the soil were
about as strong as we were—that although we have the sea yet they have
the foreign aid of countries that long to see us broken and divided. And
then we began to hear such expressions as these: “If we cannot put the
rebels down after all this fuss, let them go.” “We don’t get
along, hadn’t we better compromise?” This comes, not from the
sympathizers of the rebels but from men whom impatience has robbed of
the needed firmness to endure years of adversity, hardship and failures.
Dangers, defeats, deaths of friends, heavy taxes and enormous prices for
all we have to buy have had something to do with this, but the great
cause of the present despondency and want of interest in the war among
the people is the natural impatience of the American mind. “We can’t
see why Lincoln has not put down the rebellion,” because we cannot see
that when we commenced this war we undertook a long and hard task. We
forget the months spent by England and France, the grandest warlike
nations on the earth, with Turkey and Sardinia to aid them, in taking one
city, in Russia, and that too no stronger defended than was Yorktown
when McClellan drove the rebels from it.
We forget the awful magnitude of the war, such little matters as the
taking of New Orleans, Norfolk, Suffolk, Yorktown, Port Royal, Newbern,
Columbus, Memphis, Nashville, and more territory than half of Europe. We
forget that we fought England seven years when we were poor and feeble
and not half a strong as the South is now. >
a blind eye to what has been done and a keen eye to what we think ought
to be done, we go about wishing for “one fight that should close it
up,” or else “give it up in disgust.” The South always called us
“white livered;” if we don’t look out we shall prove so. We want
to work and fight and hope. We want to be patient. With a firm trust in
the justice of our cause we ought to be willing to fight for twenty
years, and if then we crush the rebellion we may well say we have done a
profitable job in a reasonable time.
A Good Fashion.—Chopping-bees, to supply
wood to the families of absent soldiers, are very fashionable in Iowa.
Warning to Editors.—The 57th article of
war imposes the penalty of death for “holding correspondence with, or
giving intelligence to the enemy, either directly or indirectly.”
Indemnity Demanded of Great Britain.—The
following is taken from Mr. Seward’s note to Mr. Adams, dated Nov. 3,
telegraph announces the destruction of another half-dozen American
vessels on the high seas by steamer 290. The president is obliged to
regard these destructions as being made by British subjects in violation
of the law of nations, after repeated and ample notice, warning and
remonstrance had been given by you to the British Government. It is
presumed that you have already brought the subject in that light to the
notice of Her Majesty’s Government. The legal proofs in support of a
claim for indemnity will be collected and transmitted to you as speedily
shoemakers of St. Albans have struck for higher wages, and demand 25
cents per pair more than formerly for making boots. Failing to obtain
their prices, they intend to form a company and open a shop in
opposition to their old employers.
President has decided to hang only ten of the Minnesota Indians at the
first execution. The people are bound to have the whole lot hung,
especially as the western Indians have lately been committing new
DECEMBER 13, 1862
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
news from then army on the Rappahannock is encouraging. By an enfilading
fire, the enemy were driven from the rifle-pits near the bank of the
river on Thursday night, after which the construction of the pontoon
bridges became an easy matter. Our forces at once crossed the river and
occupied Fredericksburg, driving out the rebels at the point of the
bayonet. Our army began moving over the river in force at an early hour
yesterday morning. The rebels have two strong lines of batteries in the
rear of the city, the first a mile and the second two miles back. At a
quarter past two o’clock the enemy opened fire from the first ridge,
but with apparently little effect, and their guns were at last
effectually silenced. One hundred of our men were killed in the streets
of Fredericksburg on Thursday night in driving out the enemy. The city,
under the heavy fire of artillery, has suffered severely, and many of
its finest buildings have been destroyed. Last night our men slept on
their arms, the advance being three-quarters of a mile from Massaponax
creek, while the enemy are in force on the opposite side. If the rebels
do not retreat, a battle today seems inevitable.
A Battle Imminent.
Headquarters Army of the Potomac, Friday,
Dec. 12.—10 o’clock a.m.—After occupying the river front of
the city last night we lost about 100 men in killed and wounded, while
driving the rebels through the city. They fired on our men as they
advanced through the streets while secreted in and behind houses. Not
much mercy was shown to those who were caught.
morning a dense fog hid everything from view, but now it is partially
troops began moving at an early hour, Gen. Sumner’s grand division
leading the way over in front of the city, to be followed by Major
General Hooker’s grand division. Gen. Franklin’s grand division,
which crosses nearly three miles below the city, is nearly over. At a
quarter past nine the first gun was fired, the engagement lasting about
half an hour, the rebels not making very spirited reply. It is thought
the troops will all be over by noon.
received during the night and this morning from deserters and prisoners
shows that the rebels have two strong lines of batteries in the rear of
the city, the first one being one mile back, and the second a mile back
from the first.
whole army is in rapid motion and well concentrated. The troops are in
excellent spirits and anxious to be led upon the works. The enemy have
concentrated their forces, and it is believed will give battle. Much
will depend upon the result of today. All feel sanguine of success.
Dec. 12.—Evening.—At 10 o’clock this morning, the fog began to clear
away, but before 11 o’clock was again thick, which continued until 2,
when it entirely disappeared.
a quarter past 2 o’clock the rebels opened with all their guns posted
on the first ridge of hills. Their main fire was directed upon the city,
which was filled with our troops.
guns which were posted on the left of the ridge were opened on the
larger body of troops, which crossed on the two lower bridges, and had
formed in line of battle and were moving obliquely down the river
fronting the Massaponax. Although several of their shells exploded, none
were injured. Gen. Bayard’s cavalry, which crossed on the lower
bridge, had 5 men killed while endeavoring to ascertain the enemy’s
troops which crossed below are sleeping on their arms tonight, the
advance being within three-quarters of a mile of Massaponax Creek, their
left resting on the Rappahannock. The enemy occupy the opposite side of
the creek in force.
guns posted on the bank this side of the river silenced the enemy’s
artillery after a duel of half an hour. This ended the firing for the
only damage done by the rebel shells thrown into the city was to add so
much to its destruction. Nearly every house in the city has been damaged
more or less by the firing of the past two days. Several splendid
residences have been completely riddled, as also all the churches. The
fire appeared to be directed to the most prominent edifices.
cases of wanton destruction of property by our troops occurred when they
entered—property which could be of no use to the enemy. In many houses
the furniture all remained, showing that their occupants left in haste.
of our troops mistook the British flag for a secesh flag and tore it
from the residence of the British Consul. This morning the owner came
over to recover it, and the flag was returned to him.
main body of the army is now over the river, the balance being in
position to cross at any time. There are no indications of the enemy
evacuating. If he remains a battle must immediately ensue.
San Francisco, Dec. 11.—The
steamer Moses Taylor sailed
from Panama today with 546 passengers. Among the passengers per Golden Age are a company of 100 rangers, recruited here for a
Massachusetts regiment. Eighty-nine cases of tobacco and 429 bales of
wool went forward for New York.
sometimes threaten to destroy a city and “sow its site with salt.”
The rebels would be very glad to have us destroy any of their cities if
we would scatter salt over the localities. In their salt famine they
would value the salt more than the cities.
Amusements.—The Boston Theatre was crowded
last evening to witness Mr. Booth as Sir
Edward Mortimer, and as Petruchio.
Into the latter character especially he seemed to put more than his
usual spirit, and called forth the heartiest applause. This afternoon he
appears as Richelieu, to meet
a renewed public demand. On Monday, “Richard the Third” will be
brought out, and we learn that much time has been devoted to its
preparation that the appointments and scenery may be all that the play
could require. It is imperative on all who would obtain seats for any of
the early nights of the coming week to secure them today.
The “one city” is
Sebastopol, which suffered a year-long siege in 1854-55 by the allied
armies of nations mentioned. It was rather more stoutly defended than
Yorktown . . .
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