JANUARY 11, 1863
Better Off Than Our Neighbors.
all, the citizens of New Orleans may thank their stars that they are as
well off as they are. The war bears lightly upon them, comparatively.
They have provisions in abundance and at living prices. Their streets
are in good order, peace and quietness prevail throughout the city,
while the government, though essentially military, is liberal. It is
true, there is not much business, and yet most persons manage to find
the means of living comfortably.
are of course cases of hardship, of destitution and misery. Our
charitable institutions, however, are numerous and our citizens
proverbially munificent and alive to every cry of distress. Providence,
as if to care for the poor, tempers the wind to the shorn lamb. The
weather thus far during the winter we may term wonderful. It has been
milder and more like spring than it was last winter, and that was
extraordinary. Roses are in full bloom in our gardens, while vegetables
such as peas, potatoes, beets, carrots cabbages, &c., are growing as
if it were April.
is only two or three dollars higher than it was before the war, while a
barrel of good beef can be bought for eighteen or twenty dollars, and
all other kinds of food in proportion. Up in Mississippi flour is sixty
or seventy dollars per barrel, coffee four or five dollars per pound,
and other things, when they can be obtained at all, at prices equally
exorbitant and crushing. Added to the unprecedented cost of provisions
beyond the Federal lines, the Confederate conscription law takes every
man from eighteen to forty-five, and thrusts him, nolens
volens, into the army.1
This must leave families in a multitude of instances in terrible straits
for the necessaries of life. Indeed, we can hardly conceive how some of
we take into consideration all these circumstances, and many others that
might be mentioned, we repeat that the people of New Orleans may
congratulate themselves upon the degree of comfort which they are
enjoying. Our citizens ought not to forget—though perhaps some of them
do—that we are in a state of war and that the city is under martial
law. The commander manifestly wishes to pursue a course that will
abridge the liberties of the citizens as little as possible. This should
be met in a corresponding spirit. There is no reason why the present
liberal condition of things may not continue as long as the present
General remains here, if our people generally will act in a discreet and
sensible manner. If person s will not so conduct themselves, we may
expect a change that will not be agreeable. A word to the wise is
Philadelphia Ledger says:
citizen of New York, whose son, belonging to the 9th regiment New York
State militia, was killed recently in battle, writes to a paper in that
city, that the Colonel, every field officer, and some of the captains of
the regiment named, were in New York on the day of the battle of
Home of the Aged and Infirm.
are gratefully tendered to the Federal offices for their valuable
contributions of food and fuel to the “Home of the Aged and Infirm,”
corner New Levec and Erato streets, January 1st, 1863.
institution went into effect on the 16th of December, 1862. It is
intended to alleviate the wants of a large class of the suffering poor
of this city.
us hail it as a harbinger of peace and good will in our midst, around
which all may rally in
benevolent action, and thus give perpetuity to a work that will find its
advocate in the heart of every thinking man and woman. Being without an
established fund, all contributions of every kind or degree will be
gladly received at the Home of the Aged and Infirm.
Crew of an Iron-Clad.—As the battery of the iron-clad
steamer Montauk weighs
thirty-five tons, it is interesting to know that her entire crew will be
less than seventy men. An old frigate required a ship’s company of
three hundred sailors and landsmen and a guard of marines. These would
man four of the new fashioned ships, and while every 32-pounde on the
frigate required the labor of twelve men, the 150-pounder of the Montauk
is easily moved by four.
Stock from Wood.—An old paper manufacturer writes with
great confidence and enthusiasm of a new process for reducing wood to
paper pulp, which has been discovered by Prof. Chadbourne, of Williams
and Bowdoin Colleges. It depends upon a combination of chemical and
mechanical principles, by which the woody fibers are alike strengthened
and separated from each other. The pronounced by practical paper makers
and patent examiners as entirely unique, and quite certain in results.
It involves no change of machinery and no additional expense, except for
the pulp machine, which will cost from fifty to one hundred dollars. If
no unforeseen difficulty arises in working it on a large scale, it will
reduce the cost of paper pulp to less than one-half its present value,
or to some $40 or $50 a ton. The invention is now in the hands of one of
the largest and most energetic paper manufacturers in the country, a
patent has been applied for, and in due time the full value of the
process will be tested on a large scale.—Springfield
AUGUSTA CHRONICLE (GA)
often a Necessary Instrumentality
to Develop the Resources and
Capacities of a People.
are sometimes afflicted with such a quantity of error and indolence
that, like the diseases which attack the human system unless removed at
once, become chronic and produce decay and death. When such is the
case—to eradicate falsehood, to change the sentiments, to
revolutionize the habits of thought and employment, to impart fresh
strength and energy into the weakened constitution of the body politic
and to inspire a spirit for progressive improvement in every department
of industry, is under ordinary circumstances the work of time, the slow
and gradual result of long continued and efficient remedies. It does
however sometimes happen in the course of events, that a miraculous
power is evolved which arouses all the intellectual and physical
faculties of a nation from their long repose, and causes it to spring
forth into new life and activity. War, horrid war, is often that
God-ordained instrumentality—waged too with deadly hatred between
children of the same parents—sent to cut asunder with bloody hands
those ties of affection and interest which had hitherto linked in one
offer as a practical illustration of these general remarks a theory of
political economy advanced and advocated by Mr. Jefferson at the
commencement of the old government—that because they were an
agricultural people they must have their workshops in Europe—upon the
supposition, I presume, that as they knew nothing about making anything
else than rice, cotton, and tobacco, they never would thereafter enlarge
the limited circle of national pursuits. With due deference to one of so
much distinction and learning, the ruinous effect of this false doctrine
was plainly to be seen in the dependent condition of the people on the
mother country from the date of their recognition down to the war of
1812 and ’14. The independence of the colonies declared in 1776, and
acknowledged seven years after, did not in the sense we have desired to
regard that term, begin to assume the reality of an accomplished fact
until the period just mentioned. It is true the rights and form of
self-government as adopted by the United States were conceded from the
date of their recognition. But such independence was only nominal—it
was only the shadow of the object desired that rested on the
country—it was of no real, practical benefit or advantage to the
people. The United States during the whole of the interval alluded to,
had only the independence of an infant—the privilege of life without
the ability to supply its wants—or the power of self-protection. It
had no commerce, no manufactories, the mechanical arts, and even
agriculture itself, on which the entire capital and labor of the country
were employed, were all in such a rude and inefficient condition, viewed
from their present stand point of perfection, that we may with great
propriety say they had scarcely an existence. In a word, the supply of
those wants necessary to the comfortable existence of the people, and
whatever luxuries a few of them could afford to enjoy, was all imported
long such a state of things would have existed under the operation of a
system of political economy which did not encourage the diffusion of
labor and capital amongst a diversity of pursuits, or under that other
absurdity, that it was cheaper to buy from a distant region those
articles required, when the same material was to be had in profuse
abundance at their doors, it is not for me to decide. We will venture to
predict that it would not be a great while in the life of a nation,
before this exhausting and impoverishing process would have rendered it
a fit prey for any foreign power. But the recent war with Great Britain
was the instrumentality that saved the United States then from this
future. It was the electric shock which thrilled every muscle and nerve
of the system, and threw the nation into a prodigious travail that
brought forth navy yards, cannon foundries, gun factories, sabre works,
powder mills, water wheels, spinning ginnies, woolen works, power looms,
and almost every other conceivable tool, instrument, apparatus, and
machine necessary to enable a people to secure true independence. It
brought upon the stage of action a class of practical teachers, who for
wisdom, forecast, and comprehensive grasp of intellect, have never been
surpassed in any previous age of the world. We delight to reflect on
their patriotic agreement of sentiment in the service of their country.
We bow before them in imagination, and make respectual acknowledgement
of that masterly statesmanship which enabled them to bring to bear upon
this critical period in the affairs of their country, a scheme of
Legislation, which by premiums, bounties, and protection, caused the
capital and labor and genius of the country to be distributed as equally
as possible amongst those three great leading and controlling industries
of a nation, viz: agriculture, mechanic arts and commerce.
that not upon one alone, but on each of these departments of labor
jointly and collectively would be devolved the burdens of supplying the
wants of the nation in time of peace and the means of defence in time of
war. Yes, it was by the harmonious action of this trio—this trinity of
industries, three sisters inseparable in affection for each other,
homogeneous in their affinities, born in the midst of war, and nurtured
by the patriot statesmen of that day—did the United States begin to
rise from its previous condition of almost absolute dependence to that
of a first class power, unequalled at the time of our secession from
them, by any other on the globe. The blockade of our ports then as now
threw the nation into extremities. It dragged out the indolent from
their hiding haunts, encouraged the industrious, stimulated the energy
and ingenuity of the people and prompted to the endurance of sufferings,
for another victory. Thus, I repeat, did war, aided by the wise
legislation referred to, give to the varied employment of the Northern
people an impulse that has never been lost; but which, on the contrary,
has been subjected to a continued and progressive action, and which has
compelled the acknowledgement from others that they were the most
thrifty, productive, energetic, self-reliant population on the face of
the process of time, however, it has pleased the Almighty to permit the
vile passions of men to overturn and destroy this mighty empire. Its
greatness and glory, its triumphs and trophies, are all gone. Out of its
ruins, amid the roar of cannon and stained with the blood of her gallant
sons, we behold arising our young and beloved Confederacy. We stand
before the world a sublime spectacle of a people fighting single-handed
against such mighty odds for the right of self-government and the
God-established institutions of their native soil. The contest is
unequal, but trusting in the power of Him who brought it about, we go on
and despair not, believing that soon the mourning and desolation of war
will cease throughout our land, and when our Government will be owned
and acknowledged by every other.
the mean time our country is becoming great as it passes through this
trying ordeal. The present war is not unlike those we have previously
alluded to in its benign and successful effects. In arousing our people
to action, in changing their habits and sentiments in regard to the
respectability of labor, in bringing out hidden capital and treasure,
and exciting the native genius and constructive talents of our people,
to engage in a hundred various operations and enterprises too tedious to
mention, which without this powerful instrumentality would never have
been undertaken. Let the impulse thus given to these various industries
thus commenced in our own territory never cease to act, but let every
one say something and do something to give it an increased power, until
by the implements of peace we shall be enabled to cut asunder as fast as
possible, and as far as practicable, every industrial tie that binds us
to any other people. Then we shall have achieved true independence—the
only recompense and reward worthy to be received by posterity in
exchange for the lives that have been given to secure it.
cases of small pox having appeared in this city, I deem it my duty to
inform the citizens of the fact. These cases are located at the extreme
lower end of the city. Every precaution will be taken by the city
authorities to prevent the extension of the disease, but I again impress
upon the people the imperative necessity of immediate vaccination, and
hope my efforts to keep the city in a healthy condition will be seconded
by our entire population.
H. May, Mayor.
JANUARY 13, 1863
Siege of Vicksburg Abandoned.
Plan Decided Upon.
Jan. 11.—The expedition against Vicksburg was withdrawn
from the Yazoo river yesterday, safely. A single attack by the enemy was
repulsed by our gunboats. The Yazoo is abandoned as a base of
operations, the enemy being impregnable on the front facing that stream.
has been no fighting of any moment since last Monday. Nothing has been
heard from Gen. Banks or Admiral Farragut.
McClernand arrived here on Thursday night.
army are now in transports at Milliken’s Bend.
further developments have been made of the movements of Generals
Pemberton and Price in Vicksburg. The enemy were reinforced to the
number of 60,000 men. They had 100 guns in their batteries, besides
their field artillery.
losses in the Yazoo will amount to 2500 or 3000. The loss of the enemy
Gwin’s remains will be sent to Cairo on a gunboat and thence to
friends at the East.
has been raining here incessantly for the last 36 hours, causing a heavy
rise in the Mississippi River.
council of war was held on board the Tigress, Gen. McClernand’s
headquarters, on Sunday. Commodore Porter, Generals Sherman, McClernand
and other officers were present. It was determined that it would be
folly to make any further attack on Vicksburg with the present force,
that the enemy received their reinforcements too rapidly, and that there
were no prospects of our side receiving reinforcements, therefore it was
deemed expedient to abandon the attack on Vicksburg, and operate against
some other place. A point of attack was decided on, but its publicity is
forbidden. The following day both fleets got underweigh. There was no
coal for the gunboats, and they were unable to raise steam. The
transports took the gunboats in tow and moved slowly along. The advance
arrived here last evening, and met coal going down the river. There was
considerable excitement at the mouth of the Arkansas river. The ram Ponchartrain
is down the river. The gunboats and rams are waiting for her.
Steamer Princess Royal.
Jan. 12.—The steamer Princess
Royal, reported for New York, has sailed for Nassau.2
Army of the Potomac.—The Washington correspondent of the
New York Times says of the
Army of the Potomac:
very great uncertainty seems to prevail in regard to the programme
marked out for the Army of the Potomac. A feeling of fatalism has, to a
greater or less extent, obtained in the public mind concerning the
destiny of this army, causing a presentiment that it is not fated to
achieve success; and hence, official recommendations have not been
wanting that a portion shall be retained for the defence of Washington,
and the reminder transferred to fresh fields, where, consolidated with
victorious troops, and serving under new commanders, they may be enabled
to secure the substantial results which te hardships they have endured,
and their gallantry in the field, co eminently entitle them to enjoy.
it seems to be agreed that the rebel army behind Fredericksburg has been
materially diminished in numbers; and it is not certain that some
vigorous and unexpected movement may not yet place Richmond speedily in
the possession of the veterans who have so long made it the Mecca of
their toilsome and perilous pilgrimage.”—-
have received New Orleans papers to the 3d inst., from which we take the
Department of the Gulf,
New Orleans, January 1, 1863.
Orders No. 1.
obedience to instructions from the Government of the United States, the
Commanding General gives notice, that from and after this date, no
persons, not in the civil, military or naval service of a foreign
government, will be permitted to depart from the city of New Orleans, on
board of any foreign ship-of-war, without the written permission of the
commander of the military forces in New Orleans; and that no foreign
vessel of war will receive on board or carry from this city any such
person, who shall not have received written permission to depart on
board of such vessel from the commander of the military forces in this
command of Major-General
Richard B. Irwin,
Lieut-Colonel, Assistant Adjutant-General.
bombardment of Port Hudson by the gunboats is confirmed, and it was
supposed that a land attack would soon be made. The Vicksburg Citizen
of the 29th has the following:
have further confirmation of the rumor that Banks had landed at least a
portion of his troops at Baton Rouge, and that he has established his
headquarters at that city.
the river above the battle is close at hand. The fleet of gunboats and
transports, carrying an immense army, is now in the immediate vicinity
of this city. It is supposed that they will bring an army of one hundred
and fifty thousand men to reduce this place. Numerical strength will
avail them nothing in an attack on Vicksburg, and we predict for them
the most disastrous defeat that they have yet met with in this war.”
Recapture of Galveston.—The New York Herald’s
Washington correspondent says:
great deal of indignation has been elicited by the intelligence of the
surrender of Galveston and its garrison, and the capture by the rebels
of the Harriet Lane. Various rumors are in circulation in regard to this
transaction; but nothing is positively known to the government, except
through the Richmond papers of yesterday, which published the official
report of the rebel commander at Galveston. It is believed here that the
scheme to cut out the Harriet Lane
and the Westfield was devised
at Richmond, in imitation of like exploits against British vessels in
our early history. It is supposed that the officers and crews, sent from
Richmond, were ready, and that the Harriet
Lane is already after our cruisers in the Gulf. She is swift and
Yesterday’s Richmond Papers.
Army of the Potomac,
Jan. 12. —The Richmond Enquirer of today contains the
Hon. Joseph A. Seldon.—From the latest information, I am
satisfied the enemy’s transports have gone up the river. There are
only seven gunboats between the mouth of the Yazoo and Milliken’s
Bend. Vicksburg is daily growing stronger. We intend to hold it.
S. Pemberton, Lieut.-Gen. Comd’g.
JANUARY 14, 1863
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
East and the West.—The feeling in the West against New
England is already bitter, and is every day increasing in bitterness.
The West complains that New England brought on the war; that having
inaugurated it, she keeps it along, for the benefit of shoddy
manufacturers and contractor; that she controls the President, and
Congress also, and fattens on high tariffs and heavy taxes; while the
West suffers by reason of the closing of the Mississippi. “The whole
country,” say these Western grumblers, “is governed by three
millions of New England sharpers.” The Cincinnati Inquirer
overhauls the Senate Committees, and finds that all the more important
of them are in the hands of New Englanders. Sumner is Chairman of the
Committee on Foreign Relations; Fessenden of the Committee on Finance;
Wilson of Military Affairs; Hale of Naval Affairs; Collamer of Post
Offices; Foster of Pensions; Clark of Claims; Foot of Public Buildings;
Dixon on Contingent Expenses, &c., &c. The same preponderance,
it says, is seen in the House. And it adds: “The abolition policy
makes the fifteen millions of people who live in the Middle States and
in the West a tail to the New England kite.” Governor Morgan of
Indiana is reported to have said recently, that if the Union is not
saved, the West must look out for itself. Governor Morgan is a
publish this to show our readers whither we are drifting, under the
guidance of such men as Charles Sumner. The people of the country are
evidently determined to have “one great Republic,” but they are not
at all anxious that it shall include New England; and so far as the
Western States are concerned, the sentiment is almost universal, “If
we cannot have both the South and New England, then give us the South,
and let New England go.” The interests of the Middle States point in
the same direction; and the probability is everywhere growing stronger,
that a new Confederacy is to be formed, embracing all save the New
readers will bear as witness that we have often enough warned New
England of what was in store for her, if this sectional quarrel was
allowed to go on. We predicted the result six years ago, but the same
man who assured us, all along, that Southern talk of secession was all a
sham, that the South could not live six months without our aid, and that
she “couldn’t be kicked out of the Union,” have even been and are
even now skeptical. They will discover one of these days that New
England can be kicked out of the Union.
is again rumored that Gen. Burnside has asked to be relieved and that
Gen. Hooker is to be appointed to the command of the Army of the
Potomac. Gen. Burnside undoubtedly participates in the very general
feeling that, under the radical programme, the Army of the Potomac has won its
last victory. That programme he abhors, but he sees it is to be
persevered in; and he desires to escape the responsibility of the
disasters which he sees must follow.
President on his own Proclamation.—The National
Intelligencer, a journal proverbially cautious in its statements, in
the source of an able article on the proclamation, makes public the
curious fact that the President does not believe in the efficacy of that
act to end the rebellion. The Intelligencer
only vital part of the document is to be found in the declaration that
the executive government, including the military and naval authorities,
will recognize and maintain the freedom of the persons proclaimed to be
free. And this part of the paper derives all its vitality from the force
that stands behind it, not at all from the words that precede it. And
all the freedom that shall accrue to the slave under this proclamation
will result from the law of force, and not at all from the declaratory
portion of the President’s decree. And, in this view, which is
self-evident to every mind, we are not at all surprised to learn, as we
did, that the President, in his own private opinion, anticipates little,
if any, utility from the proclamation of freedom, considered as a “war
measure.” War measures depend for their effectiveness on something
stronger than words, and the “war measure” which shall actually
emancipate a single slave would be just as effective without a
proclamation as with one.”
to the Soldiers.—Nearly one hundred millions of dollars are
now due the soldiers, and the distress is great in s
ome of the regiments. It has already been proposed that no officer of
the government shall get his pay after this until the troops have been
paid off, but members of Congress will not run any such risk. By passing
a resolution to this effect they might lose their own pay.
has become of the Know Nothings?—What will become of the
abolitionists is the question which many ask. They will disappear like
other factions—like the Know Nothings, who are spoken of by the
is curious and instructive to note how utterly the Know Nothing party of
1854-56 has gone out of power, existence and memory. It swept the
country like a whirlwind, breaking up and absorbing all other parties,
distributing offices, and dictating presidential candidates. Now, it is
known only as a memory; historical societies have entered upon its
possession, and antiquaries will search in vain for its traces.
Massachusetts was peculiarly overrun with it; for two or three years, it
filled our offices, congressional, State and local; in the year of its
greatest triumph, there were only three members of the legislature that
did not belong to its organization; everybody, who was anybody, seemed
to have been drawn into its vortex—and yet the striking fact now
appears that, save Henry Wilson, there is not a single man who belonged
to that party now in a prominent position in Massachusetts politics.
Neither in our State government (executive branch) nor in our
Congressional delegation is there a man of that ilk. Verily, the pieces
that once knew them know them no more, forever.
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
Mountain of Salt
Discovered in Western Louisiana.
the war began the necessities of the people in the Southern Confederacy
have stimulated searches for salt, and most unexpected success has
crowned their efforts in Western Louisiana. Along the Gulf coast
bounding this particular part of the State are numbers of islands, some
of which rise to a considerable height from out of the low swamp marshes
with which they are frequently surrounded. One of these islands, known
as Petite Anse, and entirely familiar with the residents of the vicinity
as being a place famous for saline earths, turns out to be a rock
of solid salt, possibly some 250 feet high,
where the mineral is
quarried out in large pieces resembling cakes of ice. It was these salt
works that Com. Buchanan some time since, with the gunboats Diana,
Kinsman and St. Mary’s, with the 21st Indiana regiment, attempted to destroy,
the result of which was, two buildings were torn down, but the vast mine
of salt still remains.
salt spring on this island, as it was termed, has been known for years,
but it was not until a few months ago that it was discovered that this
supposed spring was merely the rain water settling in hollows of solid
salt rock. There is mention made of a similar formation to this mineral
wonder in Cardona, about 16 leagues northwest of Barcelona, which town
is situated at the foot of a rock of salt which rises abruptly out of
the plain some 500 feet. The salt in its natural bed is as clear as
glass—in fact, it seems as if you could look a vast distance into its
solid heart. When it is blasted out, it assumes a dull yellow color, but
grinds up whiter than most salt, and is so thoroughly saline in its
properties that even a grain or two leaves a stringent tastes in the
mouth. The immense value of this mine of wealth can scarcely be
realized. A million of dollars was offered to its owners by a company of
persons in the neighborhood, but refused. This island of salt—possibly
three or four miles long, and one wide, of irregular form and covered
from 15 to 20 feet with rich soil—bears on its surface immense pecan
and live oak trees.—Correspondence,
N. Y. Times.
of the Alabama: Another Proclamation Called For.—The N. Y. World recounts the exploits of the rebel steamer Alabama
in capturing the mail steamer on the grand route of travel between the
Isthmus and New York, and after declaring the Alabama
a nuisance which must be abated, and that “all the usual remedies
relied upon in such cases having proved abortive, it is already time to
resort to what the French describe as the grande
Alabama must be abolished by a
Proclamation. This formidable military invention of the radicals, which
is to end the war and crush the rebellion on land, can hardly fail to be
fully as effective at sea. It is time to employ it. We have trifled with
this Kraken, this dragon of the deep, long enough. Mr. Lincoln has it in
his power to do, by a few strokes of his pen, what our ships, our
sailors, and Secretary Welles can never accomplish. Let him come at once
to the rescue of our commerce, and proclaim decisively that if the Alabama
shall not surrender herself to the mercy of the Government on or before
the 1st of April next, she shall from and after that date, be and remain
forever and utterly abolished.”
the Cheese.—“That’s the cheese!” Almost everybody has
heard this London cockney expression, which simply implies, “That is the
very thing, the ne plus ultra of what we want.” The original of the saying is said
to be as follows, and as in these war times our forces may sometimes get out
of ammunition, it may be well to apprize commanding officers how they may
obtain potent substitutes from the commissary’s stores. The incident
narrated occurred in an engagement with Admiral Browne, of the Buenos Ayres
shall we do?” asked the first Lieutenant, “we’ve not got a single shot
about—round, grape, canister, double-headed—all are gone.”
gone?” asked Coe.
sir; got lots of that left.”
had a very hard cheese, a round Dutch one, for dessert at dinner to-day; do
you remember it?” asked Coe.
ought to; I broke the carving knife in trying to cut it, sir.”
there any more aboard?”
six dozen; we took’em from a drogher.”
they go into the eighteen pounders?”
thunder, commodore, but that’s the idea! I’ll try’em,” cried the
in a few minutes after, the fire of old Santa Maria, (Coe’s ship), which
had ceased entirely, was re-opened, and Admiral Browne found more shot
flying over his head. Directly one of them struck his mainmast, and as it
did so shattered and flew in every direction.
the h—l is that they are firing?” asked Browne. But nobody could tell.
another one came through a port and killed two men who stood near him, then
striking the opposite bulwark, burst into flinders.
Jove! This is too much—this is some new fangled Paixhan or other; I
don’t like’em at all!” cried Browne; ad then, as four or five more of
them came slap through his sails, he gave the order to “fill away!” and
actually backed out of the fight, receiving a parting broadside of iron-hard
Dutch cheese as he retired.
was the cheese, and no mistake!
New York Chamber of Commerce had the Alabama
under consideration again recently. A letter was read from our Consul at
Liverpool, saying that four more pirate vessels are fitting out at that
port, of the same character as the Alabama,
but more powerful. The question what should be done was left till another
meeting, but the general idea among the merchants was that the Government
fleet is not to be relied upon to catch the pirate craft, and that
Government ought to issue letters of marque, and see what private enterprise
S. General Hospital.
the Ladies of Vermont.
Vt., Jan. 5, 1863.
the last few days a very important change has been made in the affairs
of the sick and wounded soldiers from this state. This change has been
long desired, but the Governor of the State has not succeeded in his
efforts to bring the sick home to their native air until very recently.
Now an arrangement with the War Department exists, by which the Vermont
sick and wounded soldiers will be transferred from the Southern
hospitals to the U.S. hospitals at Burlington and Brattleboro. This most
desirable arrangement has been made only upon condition that the State
authorities should provide additional accommodations at Brattleboro for
whatever patients were thus transferred above 200 (the number the
present hospital can accommodate). To carry out these arrangements, ten
large barrack buildings, now standing near the U.S. General Hospital,
will at once be moved to the Hospital, and fitted up in a proper manner,
forming a large Hospital of about 500 beds.
this the Government has contributed a full and very perfect outfit for
150 beds. We have now on hand, received from the ladies of Vermont and
from the State, an equipment of about 50 beds, and shall therefore need
to have supplied us from the State in some form an outfit for 300 beds.
For the reason that the people of this State have shown a most untiring
disposition to contribute liberally to the relief of the sick, and
because we are every day asked what disposition benevolent societies and
individuals shall make of their contributions, we are led to make this
appeal, and we make it without fear of any repulse. We make it on the
broad ground that the soldiers who have so uniformly maintained the
honor of the State on so many battlefields, and who have suffered so
much under the malarious atmosphere of the South, and who have so
patiently endured all the privations and hardships of the camp and
march, deserve all the attention that we can possibly bestow upon them.
t our particular wants we can briefly state them. As before stated we
need an equipment of hospital beds and bedding together with the
articles of clothing worn by patients in the hospital.
each bed and patient it requires:
iron bed stead (army pattern), Tucker’s Patent,
1 Mattress, 6½ ft. long by 30 in. wide,
4 sheets, 1½ yds wide, 2½ yds long,
1½ pillow cases, (i.e., 3 cases for 2 beds),
2 blankets, or a comforter,
1 hair pillow,
2 pair drawers,
1 dressing gown,
1 night cap,
2 pairs socks,
1 pair cloth slippers.
refer to this particular bedstead as being not only a cheap one, but
also as being very perfect in all respects for the sick, or indeed for
those in health. It is 6½ feet long and 30 inches wide; the legs and
head fold up so that it only takes a space 1½ inches in thickness, and
is consequently very portable. As there have been many inquiries as to
what disposition should be made of money that has been raised, I would
suggest that it be applied to the purchase of these bedsteads, as being
likely to contribute in this way more to the comfort of the sick than
any other mode. The mattress, if made, better be filled with birch
shavings, called Excelsior, which costs about 35 cents to a mattress;
the weight required for each being 12 pounds. This material is put up in
bales, and can be obtained in Boston and New York, at any Upholster’s
for about two cents per pound by bale.
blankets, coverlet and sheets should be of a size to suit the mattress.
on any articles sent for the Hospital will be paid by the Quartermaster
of the State.
would not of course limit the contributions of any one, or direct how
their contributions should be supplied, but would suggest that as all
sections of the State are interested, the supplies might be proportioned
to the population of the counties. In this way an outfit of 300 beds
would give about one bed for every one thousand inhabitants, viz:
reply to the many inquiries made as to what is the best disposition that
can be made of contributions, and what kind are wanted, I may say that
it would in my opinion be best to send everything here, until we have
equipped this hospital fully for 500 beds.
surplus I will send as I have heretofore to Mr. W. F. Hall, Washington,
D.C., who has with his whole family, made a business of visiting Vermont
soldiers in Washington and vicinity, and who distributes them
individually to them only.
closing I would remark that what we do we must do quickly; the soldiers
are kept out of the State only for want of these supplies.
E. Phelps, Surg. U.S.V.
Surg. in Charge and Med. Director for Vt.
the Liquor is Drank.—By the liquor commissioner’s report
of Massachusetts we find that commissioner Porter of Boston sells $5,400
worth of liquor to Maine, $2,000 worth to Vermont, and thirteen
thousand dollars worth to New Hampshire. We should think that our
New Hampshire neighbors consumed liquor as though they were carrying on
an election canvass all the time.
numbers of slaves in the lower counties of Maryland, since the Christmas
holidays, have refused to go to work for their masters unless they are
paid wages for their labor, alleging that they became free on the 1st of
January by the proclamation of emancipation. The masters are afraid to
employ force, lest thereby they incur the vengeance of the
“chattels,” and drive them into acts of violence, for which, it is
said, the Negroes are fully prepared. Some of the slaveholders, in order
to settle the matter amicably and preserve peace in the family, have
agreed to pay their slaves wages; others, however, have refused, and
their Negroes are escaping. That’s what slavery is coming to in all
the border states. They had better accept the President’s offer, and
JANUARY 17, 1863
SATURDAY EVENING GAZETTE (MA)
Capture of Arkansas Post.
of Good News.
Ill., 17th.—The Rain Storm
left Arkansas Post on Monday and arrived here to-day. She confirms the
capture of that place. The attack was made on Friday evening by the
gunboats. The land force debarked two miles below and reached to the
rear of the rebel fortifications and took them. Two miles below the main
fort the rebels had erected earthworks which were shelled by our
gunboats. The rebels replied to this fire, doing some damage to our
gunboats. Three balls entered the port holes of the Lexington,
killing 4 men. The main fort, which is represented as very strong,
surrendered on Monday. The officers of the Rain Storm say that six rebel
regiments were captured in the earthworks.
daylight on Monday, two Texan regiments who came to reinforce the place,
being ignorant that it had surrendered, were also captured. Nearly all
the ammunition taken by the rebels from the steamer Blue Wing some days
since, was recaptured.
reconnoissance which was sent up the river had not returned when the Rain Storm left.
loss is not so heavy as when first reported.
the early part of the week intelligence was received that our blockading
squadron off Charleston, on the morning of Jan. 4th, seized a rebel boat
containing a Major—said to be a son of George Saunders—who had with
him important rebel dispatches, which would be made public as soon as
certain hints received from them should have been acted upon. The National
Intelligencer of Saturday morning contains the budget, occupying
eight columns in that journal, and the telegraphic summary conveys the
purport of the information thus obtained. The leading feature is the
development of a plan concocted by Louis Napoleon to induce Texas to
secede from the Southern Confederacy and become the “lone star” once
more, the Emperor evidently wishing to put his paw upon the territory,
and thus secure for his troops now in Mexico a place where they could
colonize and establish French proclivities. The Confederate Government
discovered the plan, which had been entrusted to the Consuls at
Galveston and Richmond, and an order was issued to send the Consul at
Galveston to Mexico as soon as possible and the Richmond Consul to leave
forthwith. The order with regard to the latter, however, was rescinded.
correspondence shows that Earl Russell has not been cordial to Mr.
Mason, and from these papers we learn the names of the financial agents
of the Southern Confederacy in England, and what houses are ready to
fill the military and naval orders from Richmond. It may surprise some
persons to find out that Mr. Geo. N. Saunders is playing a prominent
part in the negotiations looking to the construction of iron-clads in
England for the Southern Confederacy. He figures as the Diplomatic
Courier of the Richmond Government.
insight into the workings of the Rebel Government gives us renewed
assurance that it is a tremendous sham, and unity at the North is all
that is requisite to crush it to atoms. When such a man as Saunders is
employed as the leading diplomatic agent, their case must be desperate.
The discovery of the correspondence is timely. It will tend to place
England on her guard in regard to her ally, and strengthen the growing
attachment which the English people have recently evinced towards this
country. The names of those engaged in furnishing iron-clads and
supplies will be known, and we doubt not public opinion will correct the
evil in a great degree.
of the Navy Yard Employees.
sixteen hundred of the ship carpenters and laborers employed at the Navy
Yard, having suffered much inconvenience because of withholden pay for
nearly three months, resolved to remedy this, and seek for advanced pay,
on regular pay days, by striking. They accordingly held meetings at City
Hall, on Friday, over which Mr. Enoch S. Davis presided, that adopted
resolutions embodying their complaint and their demand. The Commandant
was conferred with, but the blame for their non-payment did not lie with
him. The meetings were adjourned to yesterday, forenoon and afternoon,
and the resolutions of the day previous were reconsidered, the following
vote being adopted instead:
That the ship carpenters and laborers employed in the Navy Yard will
give due notice to the Commandant of our demands, and that we will
continue at our work till such time as he can get an answer from the
Secretary of the Navy of the decision of the Department, provided E. S.
Davis and all others who have been suspended on account of any action
connected with the strike can be reinstated in the yard again, and if
the decision of the Secretary is adverse to our wishes, the officers of
the meeting have power to summon us again at such time and place as they
may see fit.
committee, consisting of Messrs. Wm. B. Foster, Wm. Barker and Samuel
Woodward, was appointed to wait upon the Commandant, with the resolution
that they had adopted, and reported at the meeting in the evening that
they had done as directed, and were informed by the Commandant that he
had no control over the pay, nor the appointment of any one, therefore
he could not act. They then voted to go to work to-morrow and wait the
action of the Department regarding their demand, as specified in their
meetings were orderly, but earnest and energetic. Our reporter was
informed that a strike would not have been thought of but for the delay
in payment, by which the families of many of them had been reduced to
actual distress, compelling the workmen to sell their wages in advance
at a discount. It is to be hoped this state of things may be remedied.
M U S E M E N T S
young American Actor, the rapidity of whose professional progress and
the brilliancy of whose success is almost without parallel in the record
of the Stage, will on
EVENING, JAN 19th
a BRIEF ENGAGEMENT. The Management has pleasure in introducing to
Bostonians one in whom they have already manifested deep interest, and
whose performances have elicited such warm encomiums from all. Since
here, MR. BOOTH has achieved
Successes at the South and West,
critics by exhibitions of that splendid dramatic power so indissolubly
allied with the name of
O O T H !
Nolens volens is Latin for
“willing or unwilling.” The English (Anglo-Saxon) equivalent is
willy-nilly, which, although used in a slightly comic sense today,
original indicated not being able to make up one’s mind, being
literally “I want, I don’t want.” The negative n- is akin to ever/never
This is the first mention of Princess Royal, which will soon be
captured by the Union Navy and sent to New Orleans. In June 1863 she
will save roughly 300 men of the 28th Maine, 16th New Hampshire and a
small number of African American soldiers at the battle of Fort Butler,
one of a myriad of small unit actions in which lone gunboats made the
difference between victory and defeat--and which are largely forgotten
today. The rebel force that will attack Fort Butler will be 1500 strong.
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