JANUARY 25, 1863
Women in the Confederate Ranks.
A Strange, Eventful Story.
correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer,
writing from Cairo, tells the following:
about the group, a friend with me called my attention to two personages
among the prisoners, dressed like the others, unwashed like the others,
reckless and profane with
their profane and vulgar comrades, the regular features, small heads and
hands, swelling and rounded chests, and limbs of whom, pronounced their
possessors not men, but women. But I was loth to believe that a tender
female could be found who could endure the privations and dangers which
these prisoners had endured previous and subsequent to their capture at
Abbeyville, Richmond and other parts in Kentucky. I was therefore taken
about the party, to a more favorable position for observation. I was
soon convinced that, among the thirty or forty lame and halt, sick and
convalescing rebels before my eyes, there were at least three women
included. I was not surprised, therefore, later in the day, while at
Gen. Tuttle’s headquarters, to be made acquainted with the following
the prisoners brought here is a young person wearing the uniform of a
private in the Confederate army. Not above medium height, rather slight
in build, features effeminate but eye full of resolution and spirit, the
party is not disagreeable to look upon. The descriptive roll calls him
Richard Anderson. A note to Gen. Tuttle, however, from the Provost
Marshal at another point, explained that, for once, “Richard was not
himself,” but another person altogether. In fact, that Richard
Anderson was no less a personage than Mrs. Anna Clark, wife of the late
Walter Clark. When requested to tell her story, she revealed the
following incidents in her history. They may be true or untrue, but the
relator appeared perfectly truthful and candid in her recital.
Clark is a native of Iuka, Miss. Early in the war her husband joined a
regiment, and left her at home to manage as best she could. She did not
manage as a prudent wife should. She fell in love with a gallant hussar
belonging to a Louisiana regiment. She determined to follow this love.
She dressed as a trooper, procured a horse, and enlisted in his company.
For four months she remained attached to the cavalry service of the
Confederate army, but the fatigues of that department were more than she
could bear, and after one or two narrow escapes from serious fits of
sickness, she resolved to leave the mounted service and enter the
infantry branch, for which, she argued, she was by nature better fitted.
Her exchange was effected. She left her trooper’s command and joined a
company in the 11th Tennessee Infantry. In this regiment she served
under the name of Richard Anderson, until the battle of Richmond, Ky.,
where she, with others, was made prisoner. Her husband was killed at
Shiloh or Donelson, she never knew which. At the former battle Mrs.
Clark, according to her own story, performed prodigies of valor,
frequently having to stand upon the dead body of a comrade to obtain a
sight of the enemy, upon which she continually emptied the contents of
her musket. >
for over ten months, as cavalry, and then as infantryman, then as
prisoner of war, the woman endured the brunt of war. The latter sphere
she found irksome enough, and she desired nothing better than to be sent
to Vicksburg, there to be returned to her friends, promising that she
had had enough of this latter life, and would there again assume her
apparel and the condition of her sex. Some benevolent ladies and
gentlemen contributed to her purchase of a dress and other suitable
clothing, and yesterday she was a woman once more. She was sent to the
department of the Provost Marshal, and Gen. Tuttle will undoubtedly
forward her to Vicksburg with the next batch of prisoners. Mrs. Clark is
not yet thirty years of age, and dressed in the costume of a lady, is
not by any means an unpresentable woman. She is well informed upon
politics, literature and other general topics, and has less of the rowdy
in her conversation and air than one would expect from her late
Value of the Magnetic Telegraph.—The Washington Chronicle,
in referring to the fact that the Government, by the use of telegraphic
communication, has probably saved the California treasure on the mail
steamers from capture, says:
Morse, who besieged Congress for an appropriation to build a short line
of his telegraph between Baltimore and Washington, may well enjoy
himself in his quiet and now comfortable and luxurious home, when he
reads in the newspapers that the Government of the United States gladly
flew to the electric wire to send instructions to California to prevent
any more treasure from being forwarded over the sea, unless properly
protected and convoyed.
Slaughter at Murfreesboro.—The Louisville Democrat
reading of the victory at Murfreesboro, one cannot but be struck with
the tremendous expense with which it has been gained. Our losses in
killed, wounded and prisoners sum up to the enormous figure of 14,500,
or nearly one-third of all our forces engaged. Such an extraordinary
loss is perfectly unparalleled in the annals of warfare, and the
desperate valor of our troops, who succeeded in winning a victory under
such circumstances, is, with its results, perfectly astounding.
slave trade is again revived. On the 29th October a large screw steamer
shipped upwards of 920 slaves at Whydah, and got to sea, although
several British cruisers were keeping a sharp lookout after her. Other
vessels are also reported to have escaped with cargoes of slaves.
“clerical bands” worn by young ladies have attracted the attention
of the Journal of Commerce, which describes them as a broad band of white
something tied about the neck in a stupendous bow, with the ends hanging
down from six to ten inches, according to tastes.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
Puritan and the Cavalier.
take the following extract from a long and interesting article which
appeared in a late number of the London Times.
It contains a deal of philosophy bearing on the present contest, and
showing that the North and South can never live together in peace:
Puritan race was that part of the mingled Norman and Saxon races which
never held power in England except when Cromwell was Protector. This
race settled in New England, and has infused itself through all the
North except Pennsylvania.
North and South are now in a war waged by the Puritan stock against the
Cavalier and the Scotch-Irish part of what was the United States. This
war has long been brewing. It had its rise in the elementary minds of
the races. Thus,
Cavalier or higher Norman type, in harmony with the Scotch and the
Scotch-Irish, have, the world over, one great peculiarity, i.e., they
honor authority, as authority from God. And having thus the mind which
knows how to obey, it knows how to command. Hence it is the governing
power, wherever it is found in conditions to show itself to be this
must be that governing mind--for, to honor authority, as authority from
God, is the highest reach of human thought. It is faith in God, simply
as God; above all reasoning. And the same faith is seen in all rule over
men as condition of mind to insure rightful obedience to, and rightful
control of, government.
Puritan, on the contrary, is as I have said, that development of the
Englishman which never held power in England but once, and from its
radical element this phase of mind never can be the ruling power in any
Puritan is the ultra liberty man of the world--both in religion and
politics. He is not willing to be under any authority, as authority of
God or man. His pride of individual right is so extreme, that he must
have all rule and all authority, and power, to be such only as he in his
reason shall approve. Hence he admits government only as he likes it.
Hence, however God may speak of himself, or of his government over men,
spiritual or temporal, the Puritan submits or refuses only as he wills.
But as each man claims the same right of reason, it follows that the
Puritan has no tribunal whatever to control him in a public body. For,
as everybody’s judgment is as good as another’s in his own
estimation, so no one’s can be admitted to be supreme. Reason,
therefore, must necessarily fail to govern. The strongest will, then,
has the control.
tendency, therefore, of the Puritan mind is to infidelity in religion,
and anarchy and ultimate despotism in the State. It ran its course in
England. Thus the misrule in that country during the reign of Henry
VIII, Mary, Elizabeth, James I, the two Charles, and James II, justified
resistance. But this Puritanical mind went far beyond the correction of
the abuses of the government.
mind gained for once the ascendancy, and overturned the powers that were
in wild notions of liberty, which would have brought the country to
anarchy, but for the uprise of a military dictator. Then came the
reaction, and the restoration of the Cavalier race to the old power,
which they have wielded ever since. >
North America the Puritan character has developed itself just as in
England. In religion it has moulded the Bible in the crucible of its
philosophy, until it has made the whole Northern mind, whatever the
exceptions, thoroughly skeptical, where it has not been absolutely led
to reject the Scriptures. In politics, as the necessary results of such
tampering with the word of God, it has contended with that idea of
liberty which claims a perfect equality for each individual of the human
species by birth--and, of course, the right in each man or woman to be
governed only as they may will.
anarchy and final despotism of this idea was developed just as soon as
it gained the ascendancy in the election of Mr. Lincoln. Constitutional
liberty was at an end. And the greatest liberty was realized at once in
gunboats and transports coming down the river to assail our poor,
battered, spunky, immortal Vicksburg. We hold our breath to hear from
her, with a strong confidence that she will again emerge from the smoke
and tempest of the fierce assault, erect and defiant. To hold Vicksburg
is of incalculable importance to the Confederate cause just now. Nothing
will relieve the Lincolnism of the rapidly growing and dangerous
disaffection in the West, but the opening of the navigation of the
Mississippi, and once convinced of the importance of the Federal arms
for that achievement, and we shall soon hear of more plots among the
hoosiers and more secession talk than ever. True, it may result in
nothing, but then, on the other hand, it may result in something--but
something or nothing, it will be one of the dangers to which the Lincoln
government will be exposed and a strong argument for peace. All eyes,
hearts and prayers, then, for Vicksburg.
Butler in Boston.—Beast Butler recently made a speech in
Faneuil Hall, Boston, in which he said:
plan for paying the war debt was the introduction of free labor at the
South, whereby labor would become honorable, and by which more abundant
crops of cotton could be raised with profit at less cost than by slave
labor. Cotton could be raised with profit at less than ten cents per
pound. We are paying fifty to sixty cents per pound for it. Put a tax of
ten cents a pound upon cotton, thus bringing the market price to twenty
cents, and we have an internal revenue, from that source alone, enough
to pay the interest on a war debt twice as large as that we now have.
Besides England and France, who have done so much to prolong this war,
would thus be obliged to pay a large proportion of the debt.
Butler, in concluding, presented the city of Boston with an elegant
Confederate flag, taken from the city of New Orleans, not as a trophy,
but as a memento of the evils of Secession.
JANUARY 27, 1863
DAILY PALLADIUM (CT)
A Federal Fleet off Galveston.
A Vessel Sunk by a Steamer
Supposed to be the Alabama.
advices of the 17th state that the United States sloop-of-war Brooklyn, in company with six other federal steamers, was off that
place. They saw a steamer in the offing. The steamer Hatteras immediately got under way to speak her, and when within
hailing distance asked who she was, and received in answer, “Her
Majesty’s sloop-of-war Spitfire.”
The commander of the Hatteras
told them to wait and he would send a boat to her, and had just lowered
a boat with an officer and crew in her, when the steamer opened her
broadside and fired into the Hatteras.
The Brooklyn got under way and started in pursuit of the stranger, but,
night coming on, lost sight of her, and was compelled to give up the
chase. On returning, she found the Hatteras
sunk in nine fathoms of water. Further particulars are not obtained. The
steamer was no doubt the pirate Alabama.
The Hatteras was merely a
transport, but carried four guns of light caliber, similar to the
Present Condition of the Monitor Fleet.
the nine iron-clad batteries of the Monitor class, the Passaic,
the Patapsco, and the Montauk
are awaiting active operations in the waters of North Carolina. Two
others, the Nahant and the Weehauken,
are en voyage to join them at
the rendezvous at Beaufort. The remaining four are situated as follows:
The Sangamon is to be ready to
sail on the 27th instant, and the Nantucket
about the 10th of February; the Catskill
will be finished in a week, and the Lehigh
was launched on Saturday last, at Chester. Thus it will be seen that the
first series of nine iron-clad Ericsson batteries are all afloat; five
of them being in service, and two more about to go into commission. This
is certainly good progress.
of the five that are in service have been tried in severe weather at
sea, and every one has proven herself equal to the emergencies of our
stormy coast. Their next ordeal--and we hope to hear of it anon--will be
the trial by battle, out of which we feel confident they will come in
is lamentable to think what a gulf must ever separate men of principle,
whom offices want, from men of no principles, who want offices.
What Has Become of Her?
Sarah Leroy, a young lady of good character, left her friends in
Tarriffville on Wednesday, the 14th day of January, having been heard to
remark to some of her shop-mates, with whom she had been some six or
eight months at work in one of the mills there, that she would like to
visit New Haven. She started for New Haven on the Canal Railroad, and is
said to have had five dollars in her pocket. Her home
is in New Britain. Miss Leroy is only sixteen years of age, rather tall,
light complexion, blue eyes, dark brown hair. She used to wear a black
cloak and jockey hat with a white plume, tinted with pink. Who can tell
us where she is, and if all is well with her, so that those who care for
her may be freed from their anxiety?
From the Army of the Cumberland.
A Hint to the Newspapers.
Rosecrans hopes the Cincinnati, Louisville and other newspapers will
desist from the practice of publishing reports of shipments of supplies
to the department of the Cumberland. This is substantially a
notification to the rebels to prepare their forces for the capture of
such supplies. It is understood, however, that newspapers would not make
such publications if quartermasters and commissaries did not furnish the
Leaving New England Out in the Cold.
Springfield Republican regards the movement to leave New England out in
the cold as “a played out game.” The West is as much dependent on
New England as the latter is on the West. The liberality and capital of
New England have made the West. “But,” says the Republican, “it
should be understood that New England is not in the slightest degree
alarmed at the idea of being left out in the cold even if the threat
were made in good earnest. If the West were insane enough to unite her
destiny with the impoverished and barbarous slave States, and if, which
is still more preposterous, Pennsylvania and New York should join in
such a partnership, the New England States would be abundantly able to
take care of themselves. Compact, populous, and easily defensible, they
would fear no aggression from abroad; cheaply governed, and with their
public works and institutions perfected, they would be relieved from the
heavy tasks imposed by the development and defense of extensive wild
territories; and they are certain that no political lines could break
their commercial connection or make the West independent of the trade
which is now a reciprocal benefit to us. There is great talk about the
re-opening of the Mississippi, as if its commerce were of vital
importance to the West. But it is greatly overrated. There is a large
trade of the upper valley of the Mississippi with New Orleans, but it is
not a tithe of the trade of that valley with the eastern sea ports, and
the increased facilities of railroad transportation eastward have caused
the commerce with the East to gain rapidly upon that of the Mississippi
for the last twenty years.”
Payment of Soldiers’ Bounties.
State bounty of some seventeen regiments of Connecticut troops has just
fallen due, being that of the 6th to the 22d inclusive and the artillery
regiment. Paymaster Fitch is busily engaged in paying out the State
bounty upon orders. His pay roll figures up about $5,000 daily at this
time, and we are told that the bounty payments average about $2,500 per
day for the year.
Oswego on the 26th, the friends of Gen. Hatch presented him a service of
silver, and a policy of insurance on his life. The general is just
recovered from his wounds. Thomas H. Bond, of New Haven, Conn., somewhat
marred the harmony of the gathering by making a speech denouncing those
who support the President’s emancipation proclamation. Mr. Bond was
finally hissed down.
JANUARY 28, 1863
NEW HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT &
Republican party managers are becoming desperate. They see the
disaffection which is rapidly spreading in their ranks. The people of
this State, in these terrible times, feel the need and duty of calm
reason and sober judgment. Party appeals and party associations can not
now be relied upon, for every honest and patriotic citizen is determined
to do what the safety and good of the country demand, without any regard
to party interests or party success. The Republican leaders therefore
fear the result. They know what a mighty influence the mismanagement of
the war, the enormous peculations from the public treasury, the defeats
of our arms, the sufferings of our soldiers, the heavy burdens of our
taxes, and the various schemes for emancipation, are exerting against
them in the public mind. They plainly see that something must be done to
blind the eyes of the people to these things, and some plan must be
devised to keep those who have heretofore followed them still in the
party. They are therefore attempting to resuscitate the old Know-Nothing
organization, with its oaths and “dark lanterns.” Their emissaries
have already been sent out to institute “Union” associations or
lodges throughout the State, to entrap and bind men by oaths of allegiance, in form
to the Union, but in effect
only to the Republican party and the support of its candidates.
are glad they are doing so. These desperate expedients can serve only to
show how hopeless the party managers themselves now consider their cause
to be. No greater insult could be offered to any intelligent and
patriotic man, especially at this time of peril, than the proposition
that he should bind himself by an oath, or in any way, to surrender his
own judgment and convictions of right and duty, into the hands of
others, and to blindly follow their guidance. Honest men need no oaths
and fear no light.
Story of Little Men.--The Western army has been famed from
the start for magnifying its exploits. Every skirmish is an important
battle, and every success a magnificent victory, according to the
dispatches from that region. When Pope followed the rebels after their
retreat from Corinth, he sent back that he had captured 10,000
prisoners, 20,000 stand of arms and other things in proportion; but the
prisoners and arms were never seen by our army nor missed by the
enemy--existed in fact only in Pope’s highly excited imagination. It
seems probable that the story about the great victory in the capture of
Arkansas Post will turn out somewhat like Pope’s [other] captures.
There is no doubt that the “Post” was captured, after a vigorous
assault--by the gunboats. Com.
Porter says he took the place--that it was surrendered to him. The first
news we had of it came in the form of a dispatch from Gen. McClernand,
probably manufactured at Washington. This stated that the land forces
took the “Post,” and that from 7,000 to 10,000 prisoners were taken
with it. A dispatch from Cairo states that these prisoners have arrived
there, numbering 4,793; but what is most remarkable is that they were
all conveyed to that place in the little gunboat Lexington!
We do not pretend to doubt the truth of the statement, but beg leave to
suggest that if the number of prisoners is as large as stated, the men
must be very small! For it is very doubtful whether that number of
Lilliputians could get into that gunboat, and therefore these rebels
must be the smallest kind of humans--as much smaller than Tom Thumb as
that little chap is smaller than the Republican candidate for
Army of the Potomac.--The following is from a dispatch to the
N. Y. Tribune, and the Boston Journal
has heard the same from other sources:
weeks ago Burnside issued an order for the troops to march with ten
days’ cooked rations within forty-eight hours. The President
countermanded the order upon his representation of two officers of
Franklin’s division, who came up and declared to the President that
the army was so demoralized that if it fought it would be sure to be cut
Burnside came up to know the reason why his order was countermanded.
Learning these facts he demanded the names of the officers, but was
refused, and then tendered his resignation.
President wouldn’t accept it. General Burnside has since learned the
names of the officers and will court martial them.
above statement is probably true, as Mr. Wilson of Mass., on Friday,
introduced in the Senate a resolution of inquiry founded upon it. All
accounts agree that large divisions of Lee’s army have been sent South
and West, and the most reliable reports indicate that full one-half of
the army that opposed Burnside at Fredericksburg has gone to Tennessee
and North Carolina. This fact and the other fact that it is not
considered safe for our army to advance, are proofs of great
demoralization in the army or gross incompetency and mismanagement of
officers. Nothing can be more discouraging to the people than the state
of things developed by the above. The army demoralized to such an extent
as to render it unsafe to meet half its number, and the President
constantly interfering with and countermanding the orders of the
commanding General! The constant meddling interference of the President
with the plans of the commanders has done more to bring defeat upon our
arms than any thing else. It has been the chief cause of the present
demoralization of the army and the people. To what an extent this
feeling pervades the public was made evident last week. We had reports
that Burnside had crossed the Rappahannock--that he was driving the
enemy--that Gen. Hooker was mortally wounded, &c. Yet no one seemed
to anticipate success and the universal feeling was that these reports
were the prelude to news of another defeat. The people see that there is
truth in Gov. Seymour’s remark that the natural result of this
interference is exhibited in the fact that “while our armies have
gained victories in fields remote from the Capital, within its influence
the heroic valor of our soldiers and the skill of our Generals are
thwarted and paralyzed.”
million of dollars was paid by the Government to the Commissioners on
Wednesday to recompense slaveowners in the District of Columbia for the
emancipation of their slaves. The soldiers in the field yet remain
Resigned.--Gen. Burnside has resigned the command of the Army
of the Potomac and Gen. Hooker has been appointed in his place. It is
supposed that this is another step down the ladder to the point long
since designed to reach--the appointment of Fremont.
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
Day at Port Royal.
of the N. Y. Tribune.
Royal, S. C., Jan. 3, 1863.
Year’s Day of 1863 will be the day of days to the United States of
America, next to the Fourth of July. Henceforth it will not be simply a
time of reunions, gentlemanly calls, or wine and coffee sippings for
form sake, but a day hallowed by sacred memories, and radiant with the
grandeur of a great and noble deed, which, with one bold dash, has
cleansed our country’s flag of the darkest stain that ever polluted
the escutcheon of a prosperous and Christian nation.
has been harder to do in the Department of the South, at Port Royal and
other islands, than to convince the colored people that they were free,
and that the Government, or Yankees, as they call us, were in earnest.
Christmas was to them a sad day. Gen. Saxton, who spares no effort which
lies in his power to disabuse their minds and inspire them with
confidence, issued his proclamation inviting the people to assemble at
the headquarters of the 1st S. C. Vols., on the 1st of January.
ministers, superintendents and teachers, officers and privates (friendly
to the blacks), joined heartily in the work. Ten beeves were slaughtered
and roasted, in true barbecue fashion. The word went out far and near,
but the people were jealous. Mischievous ones told them it was a trap to
force them into the army; others that they were to be gathered on
steamboats that would run them to Cuba; others that they were to be got
away from their homes and sent into exile.
day was sublimely beautiful. The old year passed into the new with one
of the most magnificent sunsets human eyes ever looked upon. A moonlight
so clear and serene as to seem like day, followed, and ushered in the
new era, cloudless, pure and genial. At an early hour the people began
to arrive at the camp ground and, despite their fears, thousands were
exercises were opened by Chap. Fowler of the 1st S. C. Volunteers,
followed by music from the 8th Maine. Judge Brisbane of Wisconsin was
introduced by Col. Higginson as a son of South Carolina who, 25 years
ago, on this very ground, acknowledged the rights of man, and the wrongs
of slavery, by setting all his people free--by giving all of what the
world called property--for convenience sake. It was meet that he should
this day read to them the Emancipation Proclamation of Abraham Lincoln,
President of the United States.
a voice almost choked with emotion, and yet lofty and far reaching, that
document, which to-day has given liberty to three millions, was read,
often interrupted by cheers.
its close, the Proclamation of Gov. Saxton was read; and to know how
much the colored people, the officers, and all others engaged in the
Port Royal Mission, love and respect him, one should have heard the
twelve deafening shouts that burst forth from hearts already overflowing
with gratitude and joy.
came the crowning interest of the day, the presentation by the Rev. Mr.
French of a splendid silk flag, with this inscription embroidered on its
the 1st South Carolina Regiment. The year of jubilee has come.”
beautiful flag was a gift from Dr. Cheever’s Church of New York City.
Portsmouth (N. H.) Chronicle
says that five large iron buoys have recently been placed in that
harbor, between the two forts, for the purpose of mooring an iron clad,
which will be sent to that station, to remain there until the forts are
completed. Fifty laborers, with wheelbarrows, picks and shovels, on
Monday morning last, commenced work on fortifications at Fort McClary.
The extension will be pushed on with all possible dispatch. Work has
been going on at Fort Constitution for some days past.
Mexico.—Puebla not taken by the French. Advices from the city of Mexico
to the 21st of December, represent the Mexican people as being thoroughly
united in their determination to resist the invaders. The Mexican Congress
had adjourned at the period fixed by the constitution, and the speeches of
the President and Vice President on that occasion show that the honor and
patriotism of the people are being fully aroused. These high dignitaries
contended that Mexico is a free and independent nation, and that with her
inexperienced soldiers and citizen generals she will face the renowned
armies of France and hand down fresh laurels to history. The Congress passed
an act denouncing all the acts of the authorities appointed by the French,
designating them as traitors and usurpers. So far from there having been any
advance of the French on Puebla, that stronghold was every day increasing in
strength, and new troops were pouring in for its defense. General Ortega, a
skillful and indefatigable officer, is in command, and the labors of the
soldiers on the fortifications were continually increasing. Hospitals were
being established in convenient places, and the ladies were collecting
money, clothing, &c., for the use of the wounded. The “times give note
of awful preparation.”
French vessels bombarded Acapulco [for] three days commencing the 15th. Fire
was returned from the fort, doing some damage. But 13 Mexicans were killed.
The fort was finally silenced, when 10 sailors landed and spiked the guns.
The fleet then left.
Law.—The disgraceful scenes at the election of the United States
Senator in Pennsylvania, when the Legislature acted under the intimidation
of armed bullies and ruffians who were sent to Harrisburg by the Democratic
leaders, are finding their parallel at Albany. The mob yesterday invaded the
State House, filling the hall of the House of Assembly, and actually
compelling the members to adjourn without proceeding to the election of a
Speaker. It is threatened that if a Speaker is elected by the aid of
Republican votes he shall not be allowed to take his seat. Application has
been made to Gov. Seymour for sufficient force to protect the Assembly, but
he either refuses or neglects to interpose. The object of the mob is to
stave off the election of a Republican United States Senator by preventing
the organization of the House until after the time fixed by the Constitution
for the choice of Senators. These disgraceful demonstrations, while they
show the malign character of the opposition which has sprung up at the
North, also illustrates the style of government which such leaders as the
Woods of New York, and Hughes in Pennsylvania would be glad to force upon
the people. If they and their ruffian followers are allowed to control the
election of a United States Senator with the bludgeon and bowie-knife, they
will be emboldened to usurp other powers which will trample upon the rights
of the people. Such exhibitions of brutal and malignant spirit of the
opposition leaders ought to open the eyes of patriotic men to the duty of a
more unhesitating and earnest support of the government. The ruffians should
be sternly rebuked by the law-abiding and order-loving.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
OF A REBEL PIRATE.
Fires into a United States Mail Steamer.
of Rebel Schooners at Havana.
steamer Eagle, from Havana the
23d, has arrived at New York.
Havana letter of the 24th to the Associated Press states that the pirate
Florida arrived there on the 21st, from Mobile, coaled during the
night, and sailed on the 22d on a piratical cruise. The pirate first met
the bark La Ciguera, from
Portland, but the bark kept well in-shore, and the pirate’s boat was
recalled, the La Ciguera thus
the afternoon of the 22d, four miles from the coast, the pirate fell in
with the brig Windward,
Captain Roberts, from Matanzas with molasses for Portland. The Windward
was robbed and burned, the crew being sent ashore in their own boats.
Her cargo belonged to Spanish merchants.
ten o’clock on the morning of the 23d, off Cardenas, the pirate
captured and burned the brig Cora
Ann, of Machias, Me., Capt. Small, from Philadelphia, laden with
She was burned only one mile from land. The captain and crew were sent
into Cardenas in their own boats. Soon after the pirate captured two
more brigs, just out from Cardenas, burned one and sank the other. A
schooner, arrived at Havana on the morning of the 24th, states that the
pirate was last seen, with a British flag flying, steering for the
U.S. mail steamer Reaney left
Havana on the 23d, but returned the same afternoon, having been fired
into by a Spanish man-of-war, the Princess
A. de Asturia. The
American consul ordered the Reaney
to proceed on her voyage, and the gunboat Oneida,
which had just arrived, was sent out as a convoy. The Reaney
had the American flag flying when fired into. She had the American mails
and government dispatches on board.
gunboat Wachusett arrived at
Havana on the evening of the 22d, twelve hours after the departure of
the pirate, coaled and sailed on the morning of the 24th.
rebels at Havana are in high glee. Mr. Helm, their agent, holds
receptions every Friday evening, and Mayor Wood’s daughter was present
at the last one.
rebel schooners Rag and Gen. Worth, from Mobile, with cotton, arrived at Havana on the 23d.
The rebel schooner Mary Harris
was to sail the 25th for Matamoras. The French consul general at Havana
had lately drawn a million dollars on the French treasury, which draft
was honored by the Spanish bank. The steamer Bio
Bio sailed from Havana on the 22d, for New York.
Scott, at the opening of the war, predicted that the decisive battles of
the rebellion would be fought in opening up the Mississippi, and of
these he judged there would be about eight.
Your Horses.—In these days of snow slides and other uncomfortable things, it
is not safe to leave horses unhitched even for a moment. Small
avalanches were the order of the day yesterday, and in several instances
horses left unhitched becoming frightened, started off for a run, but no
serious damage was done.
of the Captures on White River.
Jan. 29.--The Navy Department has received information that the
expedition of White river was entirely successful. Lieut. Walker pushed
on to Duval’s Bluff in the Baron
de Kalb. The captures made rendered it very difficult for the rebels
to defend the approach to Little Rock, and it is believed the State of
Arkansas is completely in our power.
Walker in his official report date the 16th, states that without
resistance he took possession of the public property at Duval’s Bluff.
He found two fine 8-inch guns, 200 stand of arms, and three platform
cars. The guns were being hoisted into the cars when the rebels took
alarm and fled. They left their supper cooking, and left their blankets
and traps behind. Seven prisoners were captured.
friends of the Secretary of the Navy, residing in Connecticut, are at a
loss as to the motive which governed him in selecting League Island
instead of New London for a navy yard. They cannot see the advantage
likely to accrue to the Government, but they think they see the immense
loss and sacrifice of treasure.
member of a committee, representing the city of Philadelphia, while on
their visit to Washington last year to urge the acceptance of the
Island, stated to a friend that he had no heart in the business, for he
considered it a swindle on the Government, and then went on to describe
the Island as a mass of mud without foundation and so low that it would
have to be diked all around or raised several feet to prevent flooding
at high tide.
Washington correspondent of the Commercial
Philadelphians are jubilant over the expected acceptance of that
‘munificent gift,’ League Island, as it ensures the disbursement of
an immense amount of greenbacks in the Quaker City. Indeed, it will
require the investment of millions before the location can be made
thought and now think that New London was a better location for a new
navy yard, and that the erection of fortifications there would not only
protect the Government works, but the entire Sound, bordered by
prosperous towns and villages.”
Escapes.—Captain Buford of Gen. Crittenden’s staff had a remarkable
escape in the Murfreesboro battle. A bullet struck him fairly on the
breast, above his heart, and flattened completely without penetrating
the flesh. He picked it out of his uniform with his fingers. He did not
wear a coat of mail. The Colonel of the Eighty-sixth Indiana did, and it
saved his life. A ball struck him fairly over his heart, and knocked him
off his horse without hurting him. He mounted and proceeded to fight.
of the World.—Prophecies are again current respecting the approaching end of
the world. One reverend gentleman of the Millerite persuasion predicts
universal dissolution in 1867-68. Anotehr seer names the 17th of August
as the closing up of creation, adding that a world’s convention will
assemble at Cincinnati to “settle up the business of the past and
arrange matters for the future.”
JANUARY 31, 1863
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
of the War.
elements have been against us and have defeated and delayed the most
important movements of the campaign. The army of the Potomac in its
second advance upon Fredericksburg was overtaken by the severest storm
of the season, making it impossible to go forward and difficult to
retreat, but is again safe in camp. This failure was followed by the
immediate resignation of Gen. Burnside, and Gen. Hooker now commands.
The expedition that has been preparing at Newbern, N. C., is on its way
to some southern port, after a series of delays that have postponed its
movement for nearly a month. Indications point to Charleston as its
destination. The army of the Cumberland is still resting and
reorganizing. The armies of Grant and McClernand are again moving down
the Mississippi, with Porter’s gunboat fleet, and the attack upon
Vicksburg may already have been renewed. Of the operations of Gen. Banks
and Com. Farragut below, we have no information, nor is there any report
from Galveston, except the unpleasant one that some powerful rebel
vessel, either the Alabama or
the Oreto, had entered the
harbor, destroyed the transport Hatteras,
and escaped without encountering the rest of our fleet. Gen. Weitzel, of
Gen. Banks’ division, has gained a victory of some importance over a
rebel force on Berwick’s bay. Our fleet on the White river in
Arkansas, has captured several forts above Arkansas Post, and it is
believed we shall soon hear of the capture of Little Rock, the capital
of the state. Whether it will be possible to begin a new campaign in
Virginia before spring is quite doubtful, but the operations on the
Atlantic coast and on the Mississippi approach the point of highest
interest, and we shall soon know whether our formidable navy is to
disappoint expectation or not, and whether the winter campaign is on the
whole to be a success or a failure. It cannot turn out worse than our
fears, and is pretty certain to exceed our hopes, and we therefore await
events with composure.
Life at the Capital.
“Season” at the National.
January 22, 1863.--The Washington “season” is fairly
inaugurated. The holidays over, we are almost smothered with a shoal of
fashionables, who have come to the capital for the express purpose of
staring at each other, envying each other, slandering each other, and
stunning sensible people with the splendor of a new dress every night.
The nation seems in its death-struggle. Statesmen are bowed and silent.
Military chiefs are haggard and desperate. Soldiers are dying like sheep
from wounds and privations. Their families are suffering the extremes of
sickness and want for lack of the money and comforts which the husband
and father could once supply, but the soldiers of the republic have no
money. Sixty miles away, one of its most gallant armies, unpaid,
unsheltered, half fed, discouraged, soul-sick, languishes on the banks
of the Rappahannock. This is the unexaggerated life of the hour; but to
these newcomers it is life to make calls in a carriage, to make a show
at dinner, a sensation in the parlor; to waltz, to flirt, to doze and
dream, and to waste time. Yes, the season has commenced. We who did not
come to the “National” to be fashionable are fully conscious of this
fact, as we muse over the quiet days that are no more; the cozy chats
with congenial friends in still parlors, with no buzz-buzz to break our
pleasantest thoughts into empty sound; the lonely, meditative promenades
through silent saloons, whose crimson shadow was broken only by the
suffusing sunshine of the early southern winter. Now, they are filled
with loungers and laughter, with fashion and folly, with belles and
beaux, with magnificent matrons and passé widows waiting to be consoled
for their “irreparable loss.”
Andrew has received authority to enlist persons of African descent as
volunteers in this state, and our colored men will now have the
opportunity to show how much interest they feel in the welfare of their
brethren at the South, whose freedom now depends upon our success in the
war. The government will now make a business of recruiting among the
able bodied Negroes whom the war has emancipated, and the colored troops
who for some time have been under drill at Hilton Head are said to
promise efficient service. Davis’s retaliatory proclamation excites
general horror and indignation abroad, and even the London Times, which has gone all lengths in defense of the rebels, sticks
at this, and declares it will lose to the confederates the moral support
of their friends abroad. The rebel congress is also divided as to the
propriety of the measure, and some of the members denounce it as
cowardly in Davis to attempt to throw on the state governments the
responsibility of hanging the United States officers captured. It may be
well doubted whether the rebels will dare enforce their retaliatory
measure, loudly as they threaten, more especially as we now hold several
hundred more of their officers than they of ours. They do not hesitate,
however, to murder in cold blood the Negro attendants upon our armies
captured by them, and the government should find some means to retaliate
and compel them to discontinue this barbarous violation of the rules of
civilized warfare. Unless it can do so, it cannot expect to obtain many
Negro soldiers from the free states.
experiment which Vermont has been trying with so much success for a few
weeks past, of taking care of sick and wounded soldiers at home, is to
be adopted in New Hampshire. Arrangements are making at Concord for the
reception of a large number of invalids, and application is being made
at Washington for permission to remove soldiers from the government
hospitals as soon as possible. The same thing is talked of in Maine, but
no action has been taken in the matter. The people of Vermont have
proved their noble generosity by large and repeated contributions of
articles of comfort to the Brattleboro and Burlington hospitals.
See “Quite a Difference” in 6 March 1863 for
explanation of how this was accomplished.
A shook is set of pre-made wooden parts ready for assembly into a
barrel, box, piece of furniture, &c.
See footnote for 27 September 1861 for description of the Millerites.
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