MAY 10, 1863
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
Witchcraft in Chicago.
Chicago Post, of April 9,
few days ago a case was put on trial before a jury in Judge Higgins’s
branch of the Superior Court. The parties were Christian Wulz vs. Nelson
Morris, and the action was brought on a promissory note for $100. The
evidence disclosed that the plaintiff was a doctor, who undertakes to
cure diseases by sympathy and supernatural means. The defendant had a
wife badly afflicted with St. Vitus’s dance.1
The plaintiff undertook to cure her. One witness (the parties were all
Germans) testified that he belonged to that old and almost extinct
profession of surgical barbers, including in his practice some branches
of dentistry and blood drawing. He was taken by the plaintiff to the
home of the defendant for the purpose of bleeding the wife of the
latter. Dr. Wulz directed that the woman be bled, and that half an ounce
of the blood drawn from her should be put in a vial for him. The
surgical witness stated that the woman was then in bed and laboring
under her peculiar disease, and looked so ill and weak that for some
time he hesitated to bleed her. The doctor, however, insisted upon it,
and after some objections on his part, he bled the woman. Half an ounce
of the blood was put in a small bottle and corked by the doctor, who
uttered over it what the vulgar would call incantations, but the learned
would say were words of mysterious potency. He then said to the husband
that the woman would get well; that in ten days she would be able to
ride out, and that if he was paid at the end of ten days two hundred
dollars, she would be entirely cured within sixty days.
six days he was present again, that is there were witnesses who were
present at an interview at the end of six days. The woman had improved
considerably. At this or some other interview he stated that to effect
this cure would require of him the most violent physical labor–that
every night he walked out North Clark street to the cemetery; that if,
while proceeding to that rather gloomy place of resort he met any person
who spoke to him, he was obliged to retrace his steps and commence his
journey over again from the place of beginning. That when he reached the
cemetery he proceeded to a tree in the north end of the enclosure, where
he met the devil, with whom he at once entered into a physical struggle
for the possession of the bottle containing the half ounce of blood!
These struggles he represented to be very severe ones, he having not
only to defend himself against the immense strength but also the sharp
strategy of the devil. If he could prove successful in these nightly
struggles with the devil and keep the bottle of blood out of the
possession of the latter, the cure was a certainty. At all the visits of
the doctor described by the witnesses, he marked the walls and the
doors, and perhaps other parts of the house, with signs and figures to
protect it from evil influence. The physical struggle in the tree
continued always until the devil gave up for the night.
the tenth day the woman had so far improved that she was able to go out
riding, and general appeared in a fair way of recovery. The husband felt
his confidence in the doctor’s peculiar skill much increased. The
latter reported that he had vanquished the devil, and was now ready to
guarantee a perfect cure. But business was business, and doctors, like
other people, required to be paid for their labors. He asked $100 in
gold to be paid down that day, and $100 to be paid at the end of sixty
days, if the woman was cured. The husband fondly expecting to have his
wife cured of her disagreeable malady, and confident in the doctor’s
ability to work a cure–a man who had worsted the devil in a hand to
hand struggle up a tree for ten consecutive night certainly had
extraordinary powers–agreed to the terms. He paid him $100 in gold,
and gave his note for one hundred more, to be paid if his wife was
permanently cured at the end of sixty days.
the sixty days the health of the woman varied very much. At the
expiration of that time she was in better general health than when the
doctor was first called in, but was not cured by any means. She was
still afflicted with her complaint. The husband refused to pay the note,
and for the recovery of the sum mentioned in it this suit was brought.
The evidence of the defence showed that between the giving of the note
and the trial, the woman had been confined, and that the doctor had
warned the defendant that unless the note was paid, the wife and child
would be afflicted with the horrible complaint, and that during the
period that had elapsed up to the trial, the poor woman had been under
the effects of the disease just as much as she had been before Doctor
Wulz took charge of her case.->
mere statement of the case carries with it all the comment that is
needed. The pretensions of the “physician” and the credibility of
his patients are but the old story. But this case has a sequel for which
we doubt whether there is any recorded parallel. The jury found a
verdict for the plaintiff for the $100, interest and cost! That, we
consider, is equal to any other part of the case, not excepting the
midnight fight with the devil in the cemetery!
is but justice to add that the case was not argued, and that no
instructions were asked from the court.
Lawrence (Mass.) Sentinel publishes the following extract from a letter received from
Mr. James Evans Fallon, Third Assistant Engineer on the steam sloop Mississippi,
when she was destroyed at Port Hudson on the 14th of March:
would give you an account of the fight at Port Hudson, but you will have
read it in the papers ere this reaches you. On fact I will state–I was
standing at my station when a shell burst beyond me, a piece of it hit
my sword and broke it short off by the hilt, and it sent the hilt plump
into my stomach, which sat me down alongside the bell pull (which was
against all rules), and made me see more stars, &c.
after I was struck with a splinter, which broke one of my ribs, and made
me senseless to all outside, but I had my senses. I heard the order
given to take me below to the cockpit; then I heard the Surgeon ask them
why they brought a dead man down; then I heard the orders given to get
all the wounded out of the ship. There I was, laid out among the dead
men and amputated limbs, unable to let them know I was alive; all the
wounded were taken out, I was left; then they commenced to fire the ship
forward and aft. The man who had been detailed to fire her forward
passed by me; I thrust out my hand and hit him on the leg; he stopped; I
beckoned for him to put his head down, and I whispered to him that I was
not dead; he took me up in his arms and put me into a boat, and took me
to the Essex; here I lay until daylight, then I was put on board the
Richmond, there I was made comfortable by Mr. Dove, of Andover, Third
Assistant Engineer of the Richmond.
am still weak from my injuries, but will soon be all right. I am doing
my duty now on the prize steamer Anora.
Fairfax and wife were arrested last evening on a charge of having
Confederate flags in their possession.
The Alabama’s Head Gunner.–A
late London letter communicates the following:
learn that the head gunner on the Alabama
is one of the most accomplished artillerists what was ever in the
British navy. He was paid off and got his discharge a few weeks before
the Alabama sailed, and
instead of enlisting in Her Majesty’s navy, took a commission on the
pirate for the very round sum of £200 sterling per month, in gold,
which, at the present price of Confederate paper, is the moderate salary
of $42,000 a year. Really, piracy pays; or, at any rate, it appears to
do so for the time being.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
for the Yankees in Ireland.
(April 8) correspondence of Saunders’ News Letter of Dublin]
is now pretty generally known that the feeling of hatred to English rule
which has latterly been revived in this country, and of which there were
unmistakable evidences on the occasion of the marriage of the Prince and
Princess of Wales, is the result of the teachings of emissaries who have
passed over from the other side of the great ocean, their object being
to provoke emigration and get the able-bodied men within the mesh of the
provost marshal, who watches their arrival and hurries them away to the
field of battle. The treasonable assembling and drilling of large masses
which are nocturnally occurring in the outskirts of this city and of the
country towns, are preparatory lessons in military tactics, to make them
them most ready to serve in the brigades of the Meaghers, the Corcorans,
the Houlighans, and the other heroes of whom the history of 1848 records
that “they did not fight, but ran away.” The Yankee agents, now
prowling among us, have also directed their attention to that half-made
war material, the Irish militia. It is asserted that numbers of the men
of this force are subsidized to enroll the youth of the country in the
nationalist clubs, and then teach them the military drill. Each draft of
emigrants which leaves this port is accompanied by militiamen, and so
many of the latter have already disappeared that the ranks of the
regiments will show marked deficiencies at the forthcoming militia
training. The exodus is carried out largely by the ships of the
Liverpool, New York and Philadelphia Company, whose vessels leave this
harbor mid-weekly for New York; but the number of passengers from the
causes above suggested, has so considerably increased that supplemental
steamers have had to be placed on the line each of the last three weeks;
and instead of the number being six or seven hundred a week, they now
offer to the amount of some fourteen or sixteen hundred. This weekly
outpour from the port of Cork, it is calculated, will continue during
the spring and summer at the rate of some twelve or fifteen hundred
human beings per week. The gullibility of the humbler classes of our
population is deplorable, as it makes them a ready prey of the wiley;
and that those who are now dealing with them as merchantable commodity
may not be foiled in their traffic, the dupes are estranged from their
Roman Catholic priesthood, who they are deceived to believe are in the
pay of the British crown to defeat rebellion, and that it was through
their tergiversation the previous rebellion in Ireland had miscarried.
Young men’s religious associations and temperance societies, which are
under the guidance of clergymen, are now shunned by those imbued with
national ideas; and certainly the result which they believe must follow
their organization is utopian in the extreme. But the fact is, an idea
has been widespread, and not to be removed by argument, that if the sons
of Erin aid the Yankees in conquering the Dixies, the former will repay
the good services by dispatching fleets and soldiers to Ireland, who
will wrest this country from its possessors and hand it over as a reward
to those who fight under the republican flag. This is the explanation of
“Ireland for the Irish,” and it is the will-o-the-wisp which is
alarming hundreds from homes of comfort to perish in the malarious
marshes of the invaded States of the great continent, or be shot down
when driven forward to face impossibilities, such as the suicidal
assault on Fredericksburg, in which the lives of so many Irish were
Confederate Navy in England.
we predicted, the British Ministry have given very earnest heed to
particular heed, in point of fact, that Earl Russell’s decision,
avowed in his late correspondence on this subject with Adams, the
Lincoln Minister, has been reversed. He therefore scouts at the idea of
interfering with the industry of the realm, and making seizures on mere
suspicion and ex parte complaints.2
There must be proof to justify
any interference by the Government. Whatever violent and summary
practices might prevail elsewhere, in England
the principles of law must be maintained, and no private parties could
or should be interfered with except upon the production of evidence that
they were violating neutrality.
explicit were the declarations of the Crown Solicitor in Parliament, and
yet right upon the heels of all this bold talk, one seizure has been
made upon suspicion, the ship yard of Messrs. Laird and Brothers has
been put under surveillance, and the London Daily
News announces as the new determination of the government, “that
in all cases where there is the slightest suspicion that ships are being
built for other than neutral powers, they (the police) are to seize such
vessels and await the decision of the legal authorities.”
is the remarkable efficacy of a “warning” by Seward. It puts
domestic and international law alike in a new “aspect” to the
ministry–opens their eyes to what they never saw before–and unstops
their ears to complaints that long fell unheeded or were made the
subject of very piquant intimations that parties so red handed with acts
and solicitations to violate British neutrality, were in no position to
make noisy complaints upon the subject. But Seward’s “warnings”
open the eyes of the British ministry on that subject also, and
hereafter English ports will be available only to the Lincolnites.
Magnanimous Albion is pretty well cowed.
MAY 12, 1863
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
Hooker Again Across the Rappahannock.
Attending to the Dead and
Wounded of the Late Battles.
Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia Press
under date of May 10th says:
have arrived here from the army of the Potomac leaving there on Saturday
evening who state that the army is in the best of spirits with
everything readiness to recross the river. Some corps crossed last
evening. It is thought the whole army will move together. Having
obtained the permission of the president to recross the Rappahannock
after demonstrating the importance of the movement, Gen. Hooker asked
that his communications might be properly guarded in the rear of his
army. The promise to attend to this was given as well as the positive
promise that additional means of ammunition and supplies should be
furnished and that Gen. Sigel would again lead his troops.
Wednesday and Thursday, Gen. Hooker detailed several regiments to gather
up the wounded and bury the dead on the south bank of the river. These
men were relieved constantly, and the work proceeded without
intermission. The number of rebels found unburied was very large, and it
is believed that no effort was made by the enemy to bury is brave men
slaughtered by our artillery during the five days’ battles at
Chancellorsville. Fortunately the weather was cool, preventing physical
decay, and the rain served as a balm to ease the wounded some of their
suffering. The fact that the enemy had left thus suddenly confirms Gen.
Hooker in the belief that the rebels had been very much used up, and
that they contemplated a retreat if that course was found practicable.
Accordingly on Thursday afternoon, before the rain had ceased fully,
Gen. Hooker ordered forward across the river, the 1st and t5th corps
d’armee under Gen. Sedgwick. Owing to the horrible condition of the
roads, but little progress was made, and Gen. Hooker, on Friday,
directed his attention to the crossing of the whole army at Banks’ and
United States fords. During the day the position of each corps was
designated, and Gen. Hooker was busy in giving instructions to his
various generals concerning his proposed pursuit, and the capture of
Gen. Lee’s army.
the Rappahannock Again–No Enemy Found.
daybreak on Friday morning Gen. Hooker pushed forward two corps of his
army across the Rappahannock. When they reached the “wilderness,”
the scene of the recent severe conflict, they discovered the woods on
fire, and found the charred remains of a large number of soldiers,
mostly rebels, who had crept to these woods to avoid being trampled upon
by the army in its retreat.
an early hour Saturday morning, Gen. Hooker completed the crossing of
his entire army, together with his artillery and an ample supply of
ammunition and stores sufficient to last him eight days. As soon as he
was across, the whole seven corps were placed in motion and deployed
right and left in search of the enemy, who at the latest dates had not
been found in force. Owing to the terrible condition of the roads, the
movements of the army must necessarily be slow for a day or two, but the
coming week will probably witness the greatest conflict on this
continent. Gen. Hooker does not desire reinforcements. It is not
believed that Gen. Heintzelman has gone to reinforce Hooker, but there
is no doubt that his army is in motion.->
are the Rebels?
question was going around unanswered in the hotels at Washington on
Sunday. It is the opinion of the military men that they have fallen back
in two columns, one toward Richmond and another toward Gordonsville, in
the hope of concentrating with Longstreet’s forces in front of
Richmond once more to give us battle. It will take place most probably
on or near the upper Pamunkey river, whither Gen. Hooker is moving as
rapidly as possible. Many maintain that the James River will be the next
line that the rebels will defend. This may or may not be secure, as
Gens. Peck, Keyes and Naglee may decide.
Gen. Halleck to Take the Field.
New York Evening Post says: We
learn by special advices from Washington that Gen. Halleck is about to
take the field in person, not, it is understood, with the purpose of
relieving Gen. Hooker from his command, but that he may be in the very
presence of transpiring events and the better able to influence their
general direction. The authority upon which we have this information is
usually well informed. It is a significant fact and one that will
increase the confidence of the country in Gen. Hooker, that he did not
execute his retrograde movement until he had planned his present one,
and had become satisfied of its superiority to any effort he could make
in the field of Chancellorsville, contracted as it had been by the
unfortunate detection of the 11th corps at the commencement of the
rebels report the army of Gen. Grant coming up the Big Black river
towards Vicksburg, and claim to have repulsed them on Monday, the 4th,
after four hours’ fighting. This may be later than the federal
accounts, but it is not certain to be so.
Grierson’s raid down through Mississippi destroyed twelve houses at
Bahala, as reported by the rebels. The latter also claim to have
ambushed a federal cavalry expedition near Holly Springs, in northern
Mississippi, on Sunday, and killed Col. Jennings and captured his horse
appears from the rebel accounts that the newspaper reporters and others
on the tug destroyed by the Vicksburg batteries, on Sunday week, were
all saved by the rebels, and are prisoners.
is a report that Gen. Pemberton, commander at Vicksburg, had been killed
in a quarrel with some of his officers, who accused him of being a
traitor, and of letting the Yankee fleet run past the batteries. Of the
prospect at Vicksburg the Jackson (Miss.) Appeal
says: “No one doubts the ability to defend Vicksburg in front. The
attack is now coming from another direction than the front. Vicksburg is
in consternation. The possession of the Big Black river by gunboats
aroused the acutest fear.”
MAY 13, 1863
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
of Stonewall Jackson!
May 12, 1862.
papers of yesterday announce the death of Stonewall Jackson on Sunday, p.m.,
from the effects of his recent amputation and pneumonia. His burial was
fixed for to-day. The military band in Fredericksburg have been
performing dirges a greater portion of the afternoon.
the Richmond Papers.
May 11, 1862.
papers of Saturday have been received. There is little in their
editorials except favorable comments upon the late battles, the
advantages gained thereby to the Confederate cause, and exaggerations of
the Federal losses.
Examiner quotes a rebel
surgeon’s report of their losses as amounting to 900 killed, 1,000
wounded and 1,500 prisoners.
country people around Richmond have discontinued their market visits, in
consequence of the belief that their horses will be impressed for
British Consul at Richmond declines to issue any more passes.
large amount of blockade goods was sold at auction in Richmond on
Thursday. The sale included $30,000 worth of ladies’ boots and shoes
for summer wear. The sale realized $100,000 in the aggregate.
Examiner prophesies that the
Union army has crossed the Rappahannock for the last time.
new Confederate flag has been adopted. It was raised in Richmond on
a public sale at Augusta, Ga., of Negroes, the prices ranged from $700
the Battlefield at Fredericksburg.
Washington, May 12.–Gentlemen have recently arrived here and
proceeded to Rappahannock to recover the bodies of their friends who
fell in the recent battles. One of them in a private note received in
Washington today, says a communication has been transmitted to Gen. Lee,
asking permission to pass inside his lines for that purpose. Although on
Sunday night no response had been received from Gen. Lee, it was
understood from the officers receiving the communication at the river,
that there would be no unnecessary obstacles thrown in the way.
Subsequently the enemy commenced sending over the river under a flag of
truce considerable numbers of our wounded who have been paroled. For
several days past supplies and medicines have been sent over from our
report was current yesterday that the enemy had left their formidable
position along the heights, but a close observation last evening
disclosed the fact that their numbers there had not been diminished.
They were still at that point yesterday morning.
the time of our re-crossing the river at U. S. Ford, it is believed that
only two divisions of the enemy’s forces remained in our front near
Chancellorsville as a rear guard. The divisions mentioned were commanded
by Gens. Anderson and McLaws. Dr. Webster still remains in the enemy’s
lines in care of the wounded. Dr. Luckley, who was captured at
Chancellorsville, sends back word that our wounded generally were doing
well. Notwithstanding all the reports that our troops have again crossed
the Rappahannock, it was not the case up to yesterday (Monday) noon.
Why the Attack on Charleston was not Continued.
has been evident that something was concealed as to the reason for
withdrawing the monitors from in front of Charleston after the first
attack. A letter from the Chaplain of the 115th New York regiment, at
Hilton Head, written in defence of General Hunter, makes the following
explanation, which is in keeping with the general war management at
Washington, and not at all improbable:
after the attack on Fort Sumter had commenced, and when promising
favorable results, a dispatch arrived from Washington, ordering a delay
in the attack on Charleston, and that three of the monitors be sent to
the relief of Admiral Farragut at Vicksburg. This order was sent with
the supposition that the attack on Charleston had not been commenced. On
the arrival of the order, a council of naval offices was held. Some of
them were in favor of continuing the attack, but Admiral Dupont decided
in the negative. He reasoned
thus: If I should continue the attack contrary to orders, and should
succeed, the government might sustain me. If I should make the attack
and lose the monitors, I should lose my head. Who will say that this was
not sound reasoning? As soon as it was known at Washington that the
attack on Charleston had already commenced, and that it would go out to
the country as a failure, another order came for the immediate renewal
of the attack.”
General Stoneman’s Operations.–The
Confederacy has never received an insult so mortifying and provoking as
that which it suffered yesterday and the day before. The Federal army
had reached and taken possession of Spotsylvania Court House. From that
point they have not only attempted ad executed the manœuvres suggested
as probable in our last issue, but a great deal more. Leaving the body
of the army stretching in line from that point to the Rapidan, their
cavalry, under Gen. Stoneman, has pressed on to the Central Railroad and
cut it at Trevillan’s; then penetrated to the roads between
Fredericksburg and Richmond, and cut that too at or near Ashland, and at
the moment we write it is believed to be careering unharmed in the open
country ten miles from Richmond, in the rear of Lee’s army, having
passed his communications with the city and shut off for the moment his
source of supply.
this audacious raid will have any serious effect of the great battle or
battles now fighting or fought, in Spotsylvania, is not possible. The
trifling damage which these cavalry have done to the railroads can be
repaired sooner than it was effected. But the event throws an unpleasant
light on the improvidence of those who control the military powers of
the country. Its success shows that they are blind to the character of
the man now in command of the Federal forces. He is no longer an able,
prudent officer, making war according to the established rules of the
science, but a reckless gambler, who has nothing to lose, and is ready
to play on any chance, however desperate. Such adventures as these are
precisely what might have been reasonably expected of him. But further,
in the investigating committee of the Federal Congress, Gen. Hooker,
while stating what he thought should have been done by Burnside, laid
down, in so many words, this identical cavalry campaign, as part of his
programme! The Southern Government and General were forewarned, yet
would not be forearmed.–Richmond
Examiner, May 4.
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
Capture of Grand Gulf.
Benton, Below Grand Gulf,
Miss., April 29.–Hon. Gideon Welles, secretary of the navy: I have
the honor to inform you that by an arrangement with General Grant I
attacked the batteries at Grand Gulf this morning, which were very
formidable. After a fight of five hours ad thirty minutes we silenced
the lower batteries, but failed to silence the upper one, which was high
and strongly built, had guns of very heavy caliber, and the vessels were
unmanageable in the heavy current. It fired but feebly toward the last
and the vessels had all laid by and enfiladed it while I went a short
distance to communicate with Gen. Grant, who concluded to land the
troops and march over to a point two miles below Grand Gulf. I sent the Lafayette back to engage the upper battery, which she did, and drove
the persons out of it, as it did not respond after a few fires. At six p.m.,
we attacked the batteries again, and under cover of the fire all
the transports passed by in good condition. The Benton,
Tuscumbia and Pittsburg
were much cut up, having 24 killed and 56 wounded, but they are all
ready for service. We land the army in the morning, on the other side,
and march on Vicksburg.
Acting Rear Admiral.
Benton, Grand Gulf, Miss.,
May 3.–Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy–Sir: I have the
honor to report that I got under weigh this morning with the Lafayette,
Carondelet, Mound City and
Pittsburg, and proceeded up to
the forts at Grand Gulf for the purpose of attacking them again, if they
had not been abandoned. The enemy had left before we got up, blowing up
their ammunition, spiking their large guns, and burying or taking away
the lighter ones. The armament consisted of thirteen guns in all. The
works are of the most extensive kind and would seem to defy the efforts
of a much heavier fleet than the one which silenced tem. The forts were
literally torn to pieces by the accuracy of our fire. We had a hard
fight for these forts, and it is with great pleasure that I report that
the navy now holds the door to Vicksburg.
Acting Rear Admiral.
of Port Gibson.
following official dispatch was received at Washington, Saturday, from
General Grant himself:
Gulf, via Memphis, Tenn.,
May 7.–To Maj.-Gen. Halleck, general-in-chief: We landed at
Boulinsburg, April 30th, and moved immediately on Port Gibson, at 2a.m.
on the first, and engaged him all day, entirely routing him, with the
loss of many killed and about 500 prisoners, besides the wounded. Our
loss is about 100 killed and 500 wounded. The enemy retreated towards
Vicksburg, destroying the bridges over the two forks of the Bayou
Pierre. These were rebuilt, and the pursuit has continued until the
present time. Besides the heavy artillery at this place (Grand Gulf),
four field pieces were captured, and some stores, and the enemy were
driven to destroy many more.
country is the most broken and difficult to operate in I ever saw. Our
victory has been most complete, and the enemy are thoroughly
demoralized. Very respectfully,
S. Grant, Maj. Gen. Com’g.
Gen. Rosecrans’ Department.
Orders to Visitors.
following order is important to ladies proposing to visit the department of
the Cumberland, and Gen. Rosencrans desires it thoroughly ventilated in the
of the Cumberland, Office
Provost Marshal, Murfreesboro, May 8.–This being the season for active
military operations, the presence of ladies, however desirable under certain
circumstances, is not so now. The general commanding directs that no passes
be issued to ladies to pass from Louisville to Nashville, Murfreesboro or
within the lines of this department, until further orders. Those residing in
the North are warned to avoid the trouble and expense of travelling to
Louisville, as they will not be admitted within the lines of this
department, except in the most urgent cases, an then under passes issued
from the department headquarters.
Wiles, Major and Provost Marshal
Union Men in the Rebel Army.–We
have never doubted that there are many good Union men at heart in the rebel
army–forced into the service. Among the rebel prisoners recently brought
to Washington, or rather, among the small number still remaining at
Washington a few days ago, 65 took the oath of allegiance, and expressed the
desire to be allowed to remain within our lines. Of these 8 hail from North
Carolina, 13 from Mississippi, 30 from Louisiana, 9 from Alabama, and 6 from
Virginia. It is thought that many more would have followed their example, if
it had not been for the ridicule of their comrades. Of those who still
remain at the depot, more than one fourth will take the oath.
Stoughton, who has been held a prisoner at Richmond, has been released with
others, exchanged. He brings the report current at the rebel capital, that
during the recent attack by our iron-clads upon Fort Sumter, one shell from
the Montauk passed completely
through the fort–through both walls–and fell in the water on the
opposite side. Several very bad breaches were made. The rebels say that if
the firing had continued twenty-five minutes longer the fort would have
surrendered. The fire from our gunboats and iron-clads was terrific. In the
city every preparation had been made for evacuation. Negroes had been sent
out, moveables packed up, women and children sent off, and everything made
ready for departure.
Baltimore girls persist in waving their handkerchiefs to passing rebel
prisoners, and are therefore continually falling into the hands of the
military authorities, instead of into the arms of those they sympathize
with, which would be much pleasanter.
secesh courtesans expelled from Memphis have arrived and taken up residence
in Chicago. The Journal intimates this as a reason that the city
administration has recently become copperhead.
sale or distribution of the Freeman’s
Journal and Caucasian of New
York; the Crisis, Columbus, Ohio; Democratic
Journal, Jerseyville; Chicago Times
and Dubuque Herald, have been
prohibited in the military district of St. Louis by Gen. Davidson.
COLORED SOLDIERS ARE TO BE TREATED.
following letter from Gov. Andrew of Massachusetts is in reply to
questions addressed to him by Mr. Downing, concerning the position of
colored troops in respect to pay, equipments, bounty and protection,
compared with that of white soldiers:
Executive Department, Boston, March 23, 1863.
George T. Downing, Esq., New York:
Sir: In reply to your inquiries made as to the position of
colored men who may be enlisted and mustered into the volunteer service
of the United States, I would say that their position, in respect to
pay, equipments, bounty, or any aid and protection, when so mustered,
will be precisely the same, in every particular, as that of any and all
desire further to state to you, that when I was in Washington, on one
occasion, in an interview with Mr. Stanton, the Secretary of War, he
stated in the most emphatic manner that he would never consent that free
colored men should be accepted into the service to serve as soldiers in
the South, until he should be assured that the Government of the United
States was prepared to guarantee and defend, to the last dollar and the
last man, to these men, all the rights, privileges and immunities that
are given, by the laws of civilized warfare, to other soldiers. Their
present acceptance and muster-in as soldiers pledges the honor of the
nation in the same degree and to the same rights with all other troops.
They will be soldiers of the Union–nothing less and nothing different.
I believe they will earn for themselves an honorable fame, vindicating
their race and redeeming their future from the aspersions of the past.
am truly yours,
Andrew’s letter on the relative positions of Negro and white
volunteers, and referring especially to the protection which will be
afforded the blacks, is perfectly satisfactory declaration of his
opinion and purpose, but does not seem to be an authoritative
announcement in behalf of the Government. We have never doubted that
President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton, when deciding to send Negro
regiments into the field, would sooner or later see to it that their
military rights should be respected by the rebels; that if captured,
they should be treated like other prisoners of war. But how will they
enforce those rights, and when?
Davis issued a proclamation dooming to death or slavery every Negro
taken in arms, and every white officer who commands Negro troops. Black
privates and white Generals alike are threatened with the halter. The
proclamation is still in force, and Murfreesboro and Galveston and
twenty other places are witnesses that it is not an idle threat. The
rebels have hanged or sold into slavery every Negro soldier or servant
whom they have taken. What has this Government done? Nothing.
must the Government do about
it? One of two things. Wait till a regiment of blacks s captured and
shot, then hang a regiment of white rebels? That is one course. We do
not want to see it become necessary. The other is to proclaim now, in
advance of any such catastrophe, that every Negro mustered into the
national service is covered by the national flag, and must be treated,
if captured, as a prisoner of war, and not otherwise; and that exactly
as is done unto our black soldiers when prisoners, will be done to white
rebels–if the blacks are hanged, the rebel whites shall be hanged
likewise. In other words, announce retaliation as the policy of the
will not do to leave this momentous question to the decision of
individual Generals. Some may have one opinion, some another, and we
shall find ourselves weltering in another chaos of conflicting policies,
as we did in the first year of this war, about fugitive slave
renditions. General Hunter, and, we believe, General Rosecrans, have
issued retaliatory orders; but Jefferson Davis dares to hang and shoot
and sell our captured black soldiers and servants, because the Government has never responded to his proclamation; and he will
adhere to his savage policy until he hears from Washington a defiance in
answer to his own. Nothing will settle the question but the Proclamation
or General Order of Abraham Lincoln, Commander-in-Chief of the forces of
the United States. Unless that come sin season, we shall find ourselves
drifting helplessly into bloody massacres which it is still possible to
avert.–N. Y. Tribune.
Steel Bayou expedition came upon, on Deer Creek, the celebrated
“Shelby Plantation,” in Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Mrs. Stowe little thought, when she wrote her
novel, that the Shelby Plantation would one day echo with cannon and
musketry in a war grown out of the institution she wrote to abolish. Yet
it so happened a few days ago.
OF STONEWALL JACKSON.
Richmond Enquirer of the 7th
as the following:
Sunday morning, shortly after midnight, the hostile armies occupying
lines directly parallel with the plank road leading from Fredericksburg
to Orange Court House, the enemy advanced and delivered battle. At this
critical juncture Gen. Jackson received his wound.
victory on the Rappahannock has cost us dear in the severe wounds
unfortunately received by the great and good General Jackson. His
left arm has been amputated above the elbow; a bullet has passed through
his right hand. His condition is now, we learn, as favorable as
could be expected; and he will doubtless recover, and is not, we trust,
lost to active service. We could better spare a brigade or a division.
It would be grievous to think that his banner will never more flash out
upon the Yankee rear, and throw them at its first gleam into headlong
rout, with the sudden outcry, ‘Jackson’s coming!’ that the stern
eye of the hero will never more lighten with a warrior’s joy as he
launches brigade after brigade upon the stubborn foe, until the hated
flag stoops, and the columns reel, and break and fly, with the vengeful
Confederate cheer ringing in their ears.
base foe will exult in the disaster to Jackson, yet the accursed bullet
that brought him down was never molded by a Yankee. Through a cruel
mistake, in the confusion, the hero received two balls from some of his
own men who would have died for him.”
MAY 16, 1863
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
has got its political crisis. Parliament has voted by a five majority
that it wants confidence in the ministry; but the latter, instead of
resigning, adopts the other English alternative of dissolving
parliament, and appealing to the people in a new election. England
continues to scold at the Canadians because they demand so much of the
home government, and are willing to do nothing in return. The people at
home are beginning seriously to inquire what the provinces are all worth
to them, and if it is not cheaper and better even to turn them out to
shift for themselves.
indignation of England towards the United States has materially subsided
again, and the clouds don’t look so black and warlike as they did.
Minister Adams has gratified the pride of our cousins by apologizing for
his letter of protection to vessels trading with Mexico; and John Bull
graciously forgives him if he will not do so again; so that it is not
likely the minister will be recalled, or the cordial relations of the
two countries [be] jeopardized further at present. It is said the
emperor of the French has not yet got over his huff about the same
affair, because the vessel over which Mr. Adams’ protection extended
was to carry arms to the Mexicans, but there is nothing very trustworthy
in the report. The great topic of thought and speech in England just now
is the failure of our iron-clads to take Charleston. Some of the papers
call it a great disaster to the North, the greatest yet experienced. But
the subject for the most part is considered purely in its scientific
bearing, the relative strength of iron ships and stone forts, and the
general conclusion is that forts are still of some service. But if the
writers on the subject would sift the matter more clearly they might see
that the trial was by no means a fair or decisive one, and furnishes
very little true data on which to rest a scientific decision. And, as to
its being a federal disaster: if we suffer nothing more disastrous, we
never need feel despondent.
Polish question is unchanged in importance or aspect. Several victories
in small engagements are reported for the Poles, but this fact seems to
bring the struggle no nearer a termination. The correspondents have
found out, some way, that when the dispatches from Prussia, England and
Austria were read to the Russian prime minister, Prince Gortchakoff, he
gave free vent to his feelings of of
anger and resentment. But they made such an impression on the emperor,
that he immediately called his family together for consultation. But
what the final effect of these remonstrances will be remains yet to be
seen. Russia seems to be having bad luck in Circassia as well as Poland,
the Russian troops having met with a severe defeat there recently, in
which the grand duke Michael barely escaped with his life.
Mexico we have dates to April 22d, the latest from Puebla a day earlier.
From the lying and conflicting reports of both parties, it is hard to
extract the grain of truth which must exist, but it is safe to say the
French have gained no ground since April came in. The Mexicans have been
reinforced, and claim to have gained some important advantages lately;
and also say they will be able to drive out the French by mere force of
numbers. Both sides hold out well in the siege of Puebla, and it is
getting time to look for some important change in the position of
The Troubles in Central America.–In
the midst of such momentous events transpiring at home, we have hardly
time or inclination to get up much interest in foreign affairs. Even the
Polish insurrection can attract but a passing thought. The war rumors
from England and France we forget as soon as we see the next bulletin
from our army. And yet in ordinary times such questions as these would
attract much thought and discussion. So also would the civil war going
on in Central America. The contest at present, on the other hand, is
only known to exist; and there are very few who know anything of the
merits of the case. The contest is ostensibly between Nicaragua and San
Salvador. In the former state Martinez was lately re-elected president
by the power of his official patronage. Gen. Jerez was the opposing
candidate, and San Salvador is helping him to establish his claims with
a fair prospect of success. The other Central American states have also
been drawn into the contest. Honduras is arrayed with San Salvador and
the rebel Jerez, while Guatemala and Costa Rica will go with Nicaragua.
There has not been much fighting as yet, though the prospects were, at
our latest advices, the middle of April, that the contest would be
the really great question at issue is not whether Martinez or Jerez
shall be president of Nicaragua. It is the question of the consolidation
of all the Central American states. Martinez is against such a union,
Jerez for it, and the powers arrayed with them are known by the same
disposition. San Salvador and Honduras are in favor of union, with
Guatemala and Costa Rica against. The president of San Salvador, General
Barrios, is the warmest advocate of this union, and this is why he has
taken up arms in favor of Jerez for president of Nicaragua. The true
friends of Central America will be glad to learn that the union party
seems likely to triumph. This section of our continent has long been cut
up into petty states and desolated by civil wars. In union seems to be
the only hope for a better state of things, and if this can be brought
about, the growth and prosperity of Central America will be rapid and
sure. All Americans who go there are loud in praise of climate, and A.
B. Dickinson, who goes back for the second time as the American
minister, is understood to design to fix his permanent residence there.
If the country could be under a stable and efficient government, there
would be a large and immediate emigration. Particularly at this time,
the resources of the country would excite attention, for it I a good
cotton-growing country, and the soil is also well adapted to the
production of all the southern staples, which are now in short supply on
account of the war with the South. When these intestine troubles are
settled, we do not know of a better field for emigration, or when Yankee
pluck and shrewdness would pay better.
here for a description
of this disease of the central nervous system, and why it is named after
ex parte is a legal term, being Latin for “on one side only,”
meaning “done by, for, or on the application of one party alone.”
In this instance it means the British government would seize a
suspected ship on the complaint of only one person.
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