JUNE 21, 1863
York, June 11.
telegraph managers are growling over the restrictions placed upon them
in sending war news. The loss, I am told, from an observance of the
restrictions is not infrequently from two hundred to three hundred
dollars per day, and as there is no indemnification, the loss is total.
At one time the company were ordered to send no war news at all, and for
days we have been without advices from the war except such as were
received through the mail, by some “reliable gentleman” just
returned from headquarters, or by official messengers. The Press were
naturally savage at such a curtailment of their most important columns,
and they finally succeeded in obtaining a promise that they should
receive dispatches, providing the censor would allow them to pass. What
he allows to pass you can see by a perusal of our papers; but the bulk
of the most important intelligence is received by mail or special
messenger—and not infrequently by the arrival of the correspondent
himself. Hooker’s repulse on the Rappahannock was received in this
way—not a word was suffered to be sent by telegraph.
standing orders of the telegraph companies in this city are that they
shall send no news East, West or North that is not published in the New
York papers. If a private citizen receives exclusively an important item
of news, or, indeed, any item of war news, and he wishes to telegraph it
to Boston, Albany or elsewhere, he cannot do so, for the reason that it
has not been published. It is the same if he wishes to telegraph it to
Europe, via Boston, Quebec or Halifax; it cannot be sent, because it has
not been published. The special telegraphic correspondent’s
occupation’s gone and his former enterprise and outlays to obtain
exclusive information area at an end. What he can scrape together from
the papers, he has the privilege of sending.
will see the war hits the “Specials” about as hard as it does any
other class, except where they can rush through by mail or in their own
pockets, such information as may be acceptable to the journal which they
Apropos of the Press, the meeting of Editors Monday afternoon, to
take into consideration the rights and privileges of the press in the
present crisis, was very respectably attended, though several of the
most influential journals were not represented. Among these were the World,
the Herald and the Times—nor was there any representative present from the Commercial
Advertiser or the Evening Post.
All the journal of the city, however, approved the movement excepting
Greeley presided at the meeting, and addresses were made by Mr. Brooks,
of the Express, Prime, of the Journal
of Commerce, and by
resolutions adopted maintain firmly the right of the press to criticize
freely and fearlessly the acts of the Administration and of its civil
and military subordinates, and deny the right of any military officer to
suppress or interfere with the circulation of journals published
hundreds of miles away from the seat of war.->
Greeley was in favor of leaving it with the President to suppress what
he might consider disloyal journals, but the meeting was of opinion that
he had that right already, and there was no doubt he would exercise it.
the debate some of the Baltimore journals came in for a slap. No names
were mentioned, but they were declared disloyal, yet a jury of twelve
men could not be obtained to convict the editors.
meeting, though composed of fire and water, war and peace, was every way
harmonious, and closed as pleasantly as if Stetson had treated all hands
to a bottle of champagne apiece. Perhaps he did so.
Smith, who is well known in New Orleans, and who is a member of
Wallack’s company, is making rapid progress in the4 completion of his
arrangements for a summer season at the Winter Garden. In this
enterprise he has the assistance of that successful young artist who a
few months ago produced an enthusiasm at Niblo’s, and has since been
equally successful in other parts of the country, Miss Emily Thorne.
Their season will commence early in July, and of the earliest
productions of the new company will be a burlesque upon one of the most
popular and successful dramas of the past season. Miss Bateman sailed
for England in the China, June 3. The New York theatrical critics are talking about the
establishment of a Dramatic College—not a place for the education of
actors in Latin, Greek or English (in which some of them are woefully
deficient), but an actors’ home, a place for old, poor, passé,
played-out players to live and be happy in. The French theatre in New
York has closed its season. Nearly all of the actors in other theatres,
excepting those who will do a summer business at the Winter Garden and
at Niblo’s, have gone in to the country or are starring in other
Scarcity of Labor.–The
Detroit Press says that in
some parts of Michigan the scarcity of laborers is severely felt. The
war has effectually thinned out a large proportion of the laboring
population, leaving many places so destitute of help that even women
have been compelled to labor in the fields.
have a qualification, it is intimated, in California, which they
introduce into the marriage service. It is said that a reverend
gentleman performing the service lately, remarked impressively, “Whom
God joins together, let no man put asunder—except a qualified
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
Southern Army as Seen by an Englishman.
of the London Standard.
Va., April 3d.
Southern army, compared with that of the North, is supposed in Europe to
be physically inferior. That opinion, so far at least as it applies to
the troops met along the route from Culpepper Court House to Richmond,
is a mistake. Tall, straight, muscular, the Confederates are in general
as fine a material for war as any men in the world. These Virginians
particularly make magnificent soldiery. One of the most marked
differences between the two armies is that between the men’s faces.
The countenances of the rank and file on each side differ so much as to
present a strong contrast. The stolid expression which one observes in
faces at the military posts along the Baltimore and Ohio railway
compares unpleasantly with the expression of the frank, genial,
intelligent countenances in the ranks of the South. The distinction is
to a very great extent one of class, but is referable partly to
differences of race. The Celtic and Teutonic casts are not so pleasant
to behold as that of the Anglo Saxon, and the Virginians, save so far
only as they partake of a Huguenot mixture, are of almost purely the
same stock as that of England.
Virginians are British in their blood and in their habits. Their
sympathies have always been strongly conservative and English. In the
time of Cromwell they protested against the usurpation of the
Parliament, in their declaration to support the Stuarts—the “Old
Dominion.” A stove and a speaker’s chair presented by the home
government to the House of Delegates of the British colony of Virginia
are both now really unfit for use; but enshrined as they are by their
origin in the affections of these people, motion after motion for their
replacement by better ones has been persistently voted down.
uniform the Confederate soldiery have not. A military cap with a crown
protruding towards the front is the only piece of dress [by] which the
infantry may generally be distinguished from the civilian, but even this
is replaced in some instances by a slouched hat. A light gray is the
color of the “regulation” pantaloons; but that garment is found to
represent among the Southern soldiers as many varieties of shade as
those of Joseph’s coat. Russet brown appears to be a favorite color,
but one almost as much in vogue among the Confederate troops seems, by
its blue tint, to have been selected—without, it may be presumed, the
formality of consulting the authorities at Washington—from the
wardrobe of the United States. The overcoats of the Southern army appear
to have been contributed to an extent truly surprising by the clothing
bureau of Mr. Lincoln.
stores taken from the North by the Confederates must have reached an
amount almost incredible. Negroes, men and boys in this city and through
the country on the way here from the Potomac, wear coats, pantaloons,
caps and sometimes whole suits, which they confess with more or less an
exposure of their “ivories,” were took from de Yankees.” Your
correspondent slept at the Culpepper hotel under a new blanket marked in
large characters “U. S.,” and felt in the morning some misgivings as
to whether or not he had incurred during his sleep some responsibility
for a certain peccadillo of Stuart’s horse.
as the tints and shades of their dress are, the Confederate soldiers are
clad comfortably. The men are all well shod. Their arms are of the very
best description. So great a proportion of these has been contributed by
the United States that the outcry raised in that country because John
Bull has increased that contribution to even an extent comparatively
small is conceived in a spirit of the veriest monopoly.
cavalry of the North is held here in contempt. An old officer declares
that a troop of the regular horse of the late “Union”—the men
supplied from the North—having charged under his orders a party of
Indians in Texas, was received with a sudden “whoop,” by which
one-third of the whole was unhorsed. The Southerners are very fine
horsemen; but the mounted soldier of the North or the South falls short
of the European standard of cavalry. They very seldom use the sabre. The
Northerners always fight dismounted, but the Southerners fight sometimes
in the saddle. The Federal horses are in good working condition, but in
consequence of the severe duties of picketing and scouting in the
enemy’s country during the winter, may be said to be somewhat
Confederate horses, notwithstanding their lighter work, are not only
thin, but are so much so as to be almost unfit for service. Forage in
the Southern army is dealt out sparingly. Abundance of it may be
obtained within the Confederacy, but with only a few railways open for
the whole business of the country, the limit of supply at any point of
aggregated consumption is fixed by the means available for its
transportation. The activity of the Southern cavalry is, however,
wonderful. “The Black Horse”—a troop now reaching about seventy,
and made up of young Virginians of condition—has taken from the enemy
since the commencement of the war an average of seven prisoners for each
man of the troop.
firing of the Confederate infantry opens by platoons. After the first
round each man shoots when he sees proper, whether in or out of time
with the man next him. The firing of the Northern army is
bad—generally thrown high. Your correspondent’s remark that several
of the bullet wounds received by soldiers here in the hand has been
explained by the statement that these wounds have been received in
advancing with the rifle elevated or in clearing away tree branches
hanging from points above the line of vision.
is said to have a force of 120,000 ready to push forward; but when he
does he will find himself face to face with an enemy which, though
inferior to him in numbers, is equal in equipment, superior in physique
and spirit. Lee’s command is made up of the flower of the soldiery of
are various about the extraordinary panic which seems just now to
afflict Lincolndom. Some think it a genuine scare all round, and that
Lee is actually threatening Pennsylvania in force, with a view to divert
the concentration of the Yankee force from Mississippi, . . . and
perhaps to make a telling blow upon one of the three great cities which
are very nearly equidistant from Harrisburg and most accessible by that
route. Others say that it is a mere raid after horses and cattle, and
the Yankee authorities are putting it to good use to fill up their
armies temporarily until they can permanently recruit by the operation
of the conscription act. There is nothing in the Federal accounts worthy
of the slightest credit, to show that this is a movement in force.
story by the Philadelphia Inquirer
that there are some two or three thousand cavalry in the neighborhood of
Chambersburg and Gettysburg is probably the whole truth of the tale. The
rest is the offspring of excitement and alarm, or is perhaps an
ingenious artifice to entrap volunteers and the militia. It is aid they
have already ordered out 200,000—which exactly fills up the vacuum of
the retiring volunteers. Some features of the panic are manifestly too
farcical to be genuine. The absurdity of ringing the night alarm bells
in Brooklyn needs no explanation. It looks very much like part of a
deliberately concerted scheme to create a sensation which might be
turned to profitable account by the Lincolnites.
cry of danger to Washington has been three times used to fill up the
abolition ranks, and served that purpose effectually. But now as the war
begins to drag heavily and the Washington string has been thrummed
pretty often, it was a natural suggestion to change the tune and set up
an alarm about a general invasion. From Harrisburg Gen. Lee could with
almost equal convenience assail New York, Philadelphia or Baltimore. It
is the gateway to all these three cities, and the glorious uncertainty
existing as to the direction the invading Confederates might take,
opened a very strong incentive to a general awakenment.
think there is a good deal in this idea, but time will disclose the
truth of the matter. On this side we are profoundly ignorant of the
movements of our own army. Winchester is reported to have been captured
on the 15th inst., but since that time nothing has been known or heard
of any Confederate movements, except the statements of these
panic-stricken Northern telegrams. Evidently the “hard fighting at
Perryville,” on the 14th inst., has been made by Gen. Jenkins, and
there is nothing in any of the Northern dispatches yet, except what is
manifestly founded upon mere excitement and rumor, which would go to
show that more than Jenkins’ little force is in Pennsylvania. The
Yanks take invasion hardly. They are not used to it like the Southern
JUNE 23, 1863
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
Situation in Virginia.
the purpose of contradicting all erroneous reports and giving quiet to
the public mind,” the New York Times’
correspondent at Gen. Hooker’s headquarters is authorized to state as
has been no engagement whatever up to this date, involving any portion
of Gen. Hooker’s army except the cavalry. Cavalry skirmishes, fights
and reconnoissances are taking place daily, with the advantage uniformly
with our forces. Two hundred and fifty prisoners have arrived at
headquarters, taken within the last three days. The alarm existing at
the North during the past few days is utterly without cause. No enemy is
on or near the old Bull Run battle-field, and the panic-stricken report
of the appearance of Hill’s rebel force via Dumfries is equally
false.” Perhaps these assertions and denials honestly cover the whole
ground, but it is difficult to believe that the reports of the last two
or three days have had no foundation in fact.
of the Enemy.
same correspondent wrote on Saturday of the position of the rebel army,
as understood at Hooker’s headquarters: “The location of the main
body of the enemy will soon be a matter of certainty. Yesterday Gen.
Buford pushed a strong reconnoissance toward Snicker’s Gap, reaching
Philomont, four miles from the Gap, without finding the enemy in force.
Without doubt the greater portion of Ewell’s corps is still around
Winchester. Longstreet’s corps was in the Loudon valley on Thursday,
and Col. Duffie reports that at Upperville it divided into two columns,
and moved back, apparently, into the Shenandoah valley. This is
confirmed by a few infantry prisoners, taken in the course of the last
two days. Hill’s corps has not been positively heard from, but we are
looking for it in the direction of Warrenton. There are no rebels, save
a few Loudon county cavalry, in the Loudon valley, above Aldie, and the
indications, noted in my last, that the enemy would probably attempt the
crossing of the Potomac at Nolan’s Ford, are not so numerous as they
were. In fact, Gen. Hooker’s present position is such that Lee will be
foolhardy in the extreme if he attempts it. Of course he will not
attempt it, with this large army on his flank and rear. So, if the
prospect of Pennsylvania and Maryland invasion grows less and less,
attribute it to the rapid marching and careful dispositions of Gen.
Hooker and the army of the Potomac. The gaps in the Bull Run and
Catoctia mountains, from Leesburg to Warrenton, are now carefully
guarded by our forces, and no movement of the enemy can take place
without early knowledge on our part. As yet, the prospect of invasion
does not seem flattering to the enemy.”
Invasion of Maryland.
dispatch from Monocacy Station, Md., 21st, says that at 4 o’clock that
afternoon Maj. Cole of the 1st Maryland cavalry made a gallant dash in
to Frederick with 40 men, driving out the enemy, killing 20 and
capturing 1. There was no loss on ->
side. Our cavalry passed through the city, and immediately after about
150 rebel cavalry re-occupied the place. The rebel cavalry entered
Frederick yesterday afternoon about 5 o’clock. They dashed furiously
through the town, capturing nine of our men on duty at the signal
station and paroled the invalid soldiers, numbering about sixty, in the
hospital. A number of horses were seized. The proprietor of the Dill
house succeeded in escaping, but lost several horses. Secession flags
were displayed at the Central hotel and some of the citizens collected
there to welcome the rebels. The majority of the people evinced no
pleasure at the visit. The women were exceedingly expressive in their
demonstrations of disgust, and showered word of sympathy upon our
prisoners as they passed through the streets. The party which entered
the city did not number over twenty, and many of them were so
intoxicated as to reel in their saddles. Pickets were stationed outside
the town and no one was allowed to leave until about midnight, when the
rebel cavalry all left, going towards Middletown.
Enrollment and the Draft.–The enrollment of citizens liable
to draft for the army is nearly complete. Vermont has finished hers; and
all the New England states will be through in a few days. Some of the
other states, especially on the border, where there have been cases of
resistance and violence to the enrolling officers, will not be quite so
prompt, but we presume the whole work will be complete by the middle of
July at the latest. The order for the draft is the next thing in the
program, and may soon be expected; though there is still some ground for
hope that it may be avoided by such events as the fall of Vicksburg,
that will relieve a large force for other service, and by a successful
effort to induce generous volunteering, particularly among the short
service troops now being mustered out. But the general expectation is
that a draft for 300,000 men will soon be ordered. It would seem that it
must be, if we have occasion for a great campaign next fall and winter,
requiring as many troops as in the last season. A draft issued now would
not furnish its results in the field before October: there is first the
apportionment of quotas, next the ceremony of drawing, then the
gathering of the unlucky ones, and the hearing and decision on the
applications of such as demand exemptions, and the release also of those
who prefer to pay their $300 each—under which operations the column of
drafted men will dwindle away at least two-thirds, perhaps nearly
altogether; then there must be another draft, and the same succeeding
operations, all how many times repeated, it is difficult to say; and
finally, when the men are really obtained, they are to be organized,
officered, drilled, uniformed, gunned, and transported to the seat of
war. It is a long and perplexing series of operations, even when
attended with the good will and fair play of the people; but when, as it
will be in many cases, surrounded with desertions and open resistance,
it will prove a difficult and even dangerous work; and most certainly it
should be avoided, if it can be consistently with the giving of the
necessary strength to our armies. To that, everything should, must
JUNE 24, 1863
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
has never been a time since the commencement of the war when so little
was known of the real situation of affairs as at present. As to the
point of greatest interest, the vicinity of Washington, no one seems to
know what has been going on for a week past, nor what is the present
status. It is known that Gen. Lee’s army, said to number 90,000, is up
in Northern Virginia—that some 15,000 attacked Gen. Milroy at
Winchester, the very gate to Maryland and Pennsylvania, and that after a
shamefully inefficient defence, he ran away with a small portion of his
7000 men, leaving to the enemy all his artillery, stores and baggage,
including three entire batteries of field artillery and one battery of
siege guns, about two hundred and eighty wagons, over twelve hundred
horses and mules, all the commissary and quartermaster’s stores and
ammunition of all kinds, over six thousand muskets and small arms
without stint, the private baggage of the officers and men; and the way
being thus open, large detachments of rebel cavalry rushed on to the
Potomac both above and below Harper’s Ferry, scattering our forces
wherever they met any; and crossing the river, spread themselves over
Western Maryland and Southern Pennsylvania; ad for a week they have been
roving up and down at will, occupying large towns, destroying railroads,
bridges and all public property, and capturing horses and cattle,
without any opposition. They hold both sides of the river from Leesburg
up west as far as Cumberland, except Maryland Heights opposite
Harper’s Ferry; they have occupied Frederick, Hagerstown and other
places in Maryland, and Greencastle, Chambersburg, McConnellsburg and
other towns in Pennsylvania. They have threatened Pittsburg and
Harrisburg, and both the people and the authorities of Pennsylvania have
had a terrible “scare,” and have made energetic efforts for the
defence of those places. The number of rebels who have crossed the river
is stated as high as 40,000, including infantry, cavalry and artillery.
position of the main body of Lee’s army is not known, but it is
supposed to be in the valley to the west of Washington. His design is
not known, but it is conjectured that he intends to cross the river near
Leesburg and attack Baltimore and cut the communication with Washington,
and then assail Washington from that side. If this is his design, he
will probably carry it out; for the “panic” at Washington is so
great that Hooker’s army will probably be kept close to that place,
and the people of Maryland and Pennsylvania be left to defend
themselves. It is supposed that Hooker’s army is in front of
Washington. Frequent skirmishes have taken place between scouting and
reconnoitering parties, some of which have been heavy and severe,
attended with considerable loss; and we have had positive reports that a
great battle had been fought near Bull Run and that Hooker was defeated,
but this is denied by Government authority—a fact which leads us to
believe it is true. Troops have been called for from Pennsylvania, New
York, Ohio, New Jersey, Rhode Island and other States, and a large army
has already been raised and sent to the defence of Maryland and
the meantime, in the absence of any information, the public min d has
been filled with anxiety and apprehension—experience having taught
them that the suppression of information is significant of disaster. Yet
Government dispatches say all is well—just as they did when Banks was
being driven by Jackson, with terrible slaughter and destruction, down
the valley and through Winchester. They say there is no cause for
alarm—just as they did during the horribly disastrous operations of
Pope. They say the prospect is encouraging—just as they did when the
army of the Potomac was being recklessly slaughtered at Fredericksburg
other points our information is quite as meagre and indefinite.
Vicksburg holds out, but we are told that it must fall in a day or
two—as we were told four weeks ago. Grant is digging his way in, and
if he can protect his rear against Johnston he will accomplish his task
in time. The same is true in regard to Port Hudson.
has not arrested a Democrat, or suppressed a newspaper, or issued an
edict against free speech, during the past week!
response to the call of the President upon New York for militia to repel
invasion, about 8000 men went from New York and Brooklyn in three days
from the date of the call. This, says the N. Y. Herald, is doing pretty
well for two counties in which, if a vote were taken to-morrow, there
would be cast sixty thousand majority against the present
administration. It shows how willingly our people offer their lives to
defend their imperilled capital even when they have no respect for those
who occupy it. Contrast this with Republican Philadelphia. The rebels
were actually threatening that city, and there is a Loyal League in
every Ward; yet it is stated that not
a single member of that patriotic
organization had volunteered up to the time mentioned.
the well known correspondent of the Boston Journal
in New York, referring to the recent calls for volunteers in view of the
rebel invasion, writes: “Should Mr. Lincoln issue an order like this,
‘Gen. George B. McClellan
is commanded to muster all the force that he can command and march at
once to Harrisburg and assume the command of the forces for the
repelling of the invasion,’ 50,000 would be ready to follow him in
twelve hours. A call on the returned volunteers would be responded to by
thousands. The men gathered in groups by dozens say they will go back at
once if Gen. McClellan will lead them.” Other accounts corroborate
this. But the malignant abolitionists who control the administration
will heed no such wishes. They would sooner have our army defeated and
see Pennsylvania laid waste by rebel invasion, than to owe victory to
the hated McClellan. They will never consent to restore him to command
until their own practical safety is imminently endangered—until they
think Washington can be saved in no other way. Then the cowardly
malignants would get down on their knees and crawl upon their bellies to
him and implore him to save them again from merited destruction.
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
June 24.—The operator at
Shippensburg, which is 11 miles this side of Chambersburg, telegraphed
at noon to-day, that the rebels were one mile from the town and
advancing in this direction
Rebels in Strong Force Advancing on That Place.
Pa., June 24.—This
city has been in a high state of excitement all day. News from up the
Valley show that the rebels are rapidly advancing in this direction in
force. No troops would be likely to venture so far from their base of
operations into an enemy’s country without a force sufficient to act
on the offensive. So far no opposition has been made to their movements.
rebels are now 12 miles from Carlisle, and still advancing. Gen. Knipe,
commanding the force in the valley, will probably give them battle at
that point. The rebels will no doubt appear in front of that town
to-morrow. Our cavalry, who fall back as fast as the rebels advance,
have been unable to discover any infantry yet, but there is no doubt
that a strong force is in supporting distance.
deserter belonging to the 44th Georgia regiment arrived here to-day.
Sunday night his regiment was doing picket duty near Hagerstown, and on
Monday forenoon fifty of them deserted and safely made their way to the
mountains, where they remained all night. Yesterday afternoon they all
started for Frederick City, hoping to make their way to Baltimore, with
the exception of this man who came to Gettysburg. He states that
Ewell’s whole corps of six brigades was at Hagerstown when he left.
They number about 12,000. The last brigade left Williamsport Friday,
arriving at Hagerstown the same day. Orders were issued Sunday for the
corps to move.
dispatches to the Herald state
that great alarm prevails there. The opinions of Gens. Franklin and
Couch are that the rebels are now advancing with a serious intent upon
Harrisburg. Every disposition is made to receive them and politicians
Shippensburg operator has arrived at Newville. The rebels are said to
have a supply train 3 miles long.
Whitmore, whose farm the rebels occupied at Greencastle, counted 18
pieces of artillery, and estimates the rebel force at 30,000.
Shippensburg operator has left Newville and is now 6 miles west of
Carlisle, at Gleason’s Station. He states that the rebels halted 5
miles west of Carlisle.
bridge at Scotland is again burned and the telegraph destroyed for
dispatch states that the rebel force which was at Gettysburg has
suddenly appeared near Carlisle. There has been no fighting yet.
dispatch dated Gleason’s Station, five miles from Carlisle, says our
forces evacuated Shippensburg at 1 o’clock. The enemy dashed into town
and fired some volleys. No one was hurt. The rebels will be in Carlisle
Thursday evening. Our cavalry is in front, about a mile from the rebels.
rebel cavalry went into Fayetteville last evening. The rebels take all
the hats, watches and money from persons, and plunder private property.
The rebel pickets are reported at Leesburg to-day.
June 24.—Later and reliable
advices from Frederick represent there are no rebels near there, and
that the force in the valley beyond South Mountain have made no movement
in this direction. There are no regiments east of Boonsboro’, which is
four miles west of South Mountain.
at headquarters to-night goes to confirm previous accounts of a very heavy
force being in the valley west of Boonsboro’. They were moving northward,
but it is not ascertained whether they are taking the Chambersburg road or
the road leading towards Gettysburg. The artillery accompanying the rebels
is said to number 61 pieces.
of the students of St. James’ College, near Hagerstown, arrived here this
afternoon. The accounts given by them agree as to the force being large, and
as to the number of cannon. One student estimated the column at 8000 strong.
Excitement in Pennsylvania.
Pa., June 24.—The
excitement along the border remains unabated. Business is at a perfect stand
still, being exposed constantly to excursions of rebel marauding bands.
are compelled to keep their horses concealed in the mountains, and the
prospects of reaping the coming harvest are discouraging.
rebels are overruling Franklin county.
rebel deserters from a North Carolina regiment, belonging to Ewell’s
corps, came into our lines this morning and reported that the whole of that
commander’s force are in Pennsylvania.
rebels are in force at Mercersburg, and have driven in our pickets this side
of the town. It is thought they will attempt to feel our strength this side
of the mountain.
p.m.—The rebel infantry are reported coming up the mountain from
Mercersburg in force—the roads are blockaded.
Rebels Within 25 Miles of Harrisburg.
Pa., June 24.—The rebels
are within 25 miles of Harrisburg. The enemy’s columns halted at dusk
about eight miles the other side of Carlisle, and went into camp.
authorities are in communication with Greyson’s Station, two miles from
the rebel pickets.
result of to-morrow’s operations is looked forward to with much anxiety.
Gen. Knipe may give the enemy battle at Carlisle, or he can fall back to the
battle will undoubtedly be fought or the place evacuated before to-morrow
night. Gen. Couch has thrown a strong column in the neighborhood of
Gettysburg on the enemy’s right flank. This, in connection with certain
movements by the Army of the Potomac in their rear, will make it a dangerous
experiment for them to attempt to hold the line of the Susquehanna.
June 24.—Gen. Grant has
telegraphed to Headquarters as follows:
Vicksburg, June 18, via Cairo, June 23.—Everything progresses well
here. Johnston’s forces are at Yazoo City, Brownsville and Clinton.
come out daily. They all report rations short.
scarcely lose a man now. The health and condition of the troops are most
from Gen. Banks have been received at the War Department to the effect that
on the 14th, having established his batteries within 350 yards of the rebel
works at Port Hudson, after a vigorous cannonade, he summoned Gen. Gardner
to surrender. On his refusal, an assault was made, and our forces gained
positions within 50 to 100 yards of the enemy, which they held. Gen. Paine
was severely wounded. Gen. Banks expressed himself confident of success.
Quota and Its Use.
Woodstock Standard remarking
on the statement that the quota of this state under the draft would be
2,000 men says:
have reason to believe that there is some foundation for this report
regarding the quota of our state, which the governor has been informed
by the proper authorities will be taken to fill up our regiments in the
field instead of being created into new regiments. It will require,
however, to fill up the old regiments to the maximum standard, over four
thousand men. The number from which this two thousand is to be drafted
is probably about fifteen thousand, as eighteen thousand of our
forty-seven thousand militia are already in the service, and something
less than one-half of the balance will be enrolled in the second class.
This will take about one in seven.
conscription act provides that the draft shall be made by congressional
districts, or that each congressional district may be divided into six
sub-districts. In this manner injustice is likely to be done to many
towns in our state which have hitherto furnished more than their actual
quotas. Take for instance the town of Rutland, which has exceeded its
quota by eighty men. In making the draft, it must, with several
neighboring towns, furnish one-sixth of the proper proportion of the six
hundred and seventy-nine required of eh first congressional district,
while it cannot if classed with other towns receive credit for the
excess already furnished. The Adjutant General of our state has labored
to effect a modification of this regulation, and also to have the
certificates of disability granted by the state Medical Board taken as
evidence or at least considered by the enrolling boards in determining
exemptions, but he has failed in his endeavors.
have but little reliable news from Virginia. The newspaper
correspondents have been endeavoring to ascertain the whereabouts of
Lee’s army. One dispatch puts it at or near Thoroughfare Gap,
immediately in front of Bull Run; another says that he holds in force
Snicker’s Gap, which is the upper one in the Blue Ridge range. But our
cavalry have been through these gaps and no rebel cavalry was found
there. This shows that the rebels are no nearer Washington than the
Shenandoah valley. They had a large cavalry force at Middleburg under
Stuart to prevent the Federal cavalry reconnoitering the central Blue
Ridge gaps. Gen. Pleasanton has had three desperate battles with Stuart
at Middleburg—one on Wednesday and another on Friday of last week and
a third on Sunday last.
National Intelligencer says that very late intelligence was received
on Saturday evening last from Gen. Grant’s headquarters, warranting
the anticipation that by Monday or Tuesday of next week, the reduction
and capture of Vicksburg, so ably and bravely and perseveringly
attacked, and so long and heroically defended, will have been
accomplished; and this, by the skillful plans and considerate humanity
of the distinguished commander of the Union army, without any great
additional sacrifice of human life. The London Times
has to admit that Gen. Grant’s campaign has been brilliant—it still
doubts, however, the ultimate result.
President on Arbitrary Arrests.
Lincoln has replied to the resolutions of the Albany Democratic meeting,
in a letter which will be read with general interest. It is full,
candid, clear and conclusive. Unless they are entirely blinded by
prejudice or controlled by party zeal, the democrats who addressed the
President on this subject cannot fail to concede very great weight to
the considerations which he presents in reply.
Lincoln vindicates the right and the duty of the Government, under the
constitution, to make arbitrary arrests whenever and wherever, “in
cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it.” He
shows that this right is not limited by any military lines—it is not
restricted to the camp or the field; it exists, and is to be exercised
wherever the public safety may require it—and that is to be determined
in the exercise of a sound judgment, and upon the official
responsibility of those to whom that trust may be confided. He shows
that in the case of Mr. Vallandigham, according to the best of his
information and belief, the public safety did
require his arrest, and that the action of the civil tribunals would not
have been adequate to the emergency. At the same time the President
leaves no room for doubt of his profound and unchangeable devotion to
the great principles of freedom of speech and of personal liberty, and
to the guarantees by which these rights are secured in the constitution.
“I, too,” he says, “am devotedly for them after civil war, and
before civil war, and at all times, except when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the
public safety may require their suppression.” But in these cases he
regards public safety as by the express terms of the constitution, the
letter is highly creditable to the President’s ability, and will be
accepted by the country at large as additional proof of the
conscientious and single-hearted patriotism which he brings to the
discharge of duties and responsibilities which are without a parallel
for magnitude in the history of the country.—New York Times.
rebel General Tilghman, who, according to Madam Rumor and the
telegraph—the former about as reliable as the latter now-a-days—has
been killed several times, and positively
when Gen. Grant advanced upon Vicksburg, has been brought to life in a
letter from his wife to his mother in Philadelphia. She says he was
wounded but doing well.
a Fix.–Brother Spaulding of the Newport [VT] News
has been industriously laboring to convince men that they should go to
the war, and has succeeded so well that his publisher and foreman have
both enlisted, leaving him with a boy to get out the paper. After
stating the facts, he says: “But what are we to do? Printers are as
scarce as gold and silver coin. Every office in the country has
furnished its quota, and we don’t know where to go for recruits. But
if worse comes to worse, we intend to advertise the News
for sale, take a musket once more, and follow the boys.”
JUNE 27, 1863
HALLOWELL GAZETTE (ME)
54th (colored) Mass. Regiment.
are indebted to the Rev. H. V. Emmons, of this city, now sojourning at
Beaufort, S. C., for a copy of the Free
South of the 6th inst., from which we learn of the arrival of the
54th Massachusetts regiment at that place. We copy the arrival
announcement as follows:
bay was enlivened on Wednesday evening by the arrival of the propeller DeMolay,
Capt. Samson, with the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts, Col. Shaw, on board.
A telegram from Hilton Head had announced the approach, and several
minutes before the vessel appeared in sight, detachments of the First
Massachusetts Cavalry were seen dashing down Bay street, ladies in their
best attire streamed out from the mansions along the bank of the river,
white soldiers gathered in groups along the wharves, and the white
population of this little city of Beaufort seemed all at once to have
experienced a sensation more or less agreeable. Amid strains of martial
music and songs and cheers, the vessel approached the wharf, and as the
bystanders caught a glimpse of the officers and men, but one opinion
found expression, and that was of satisfaction. The officers looked
intelligent and the privates clean, good natured and in superb physical
DeMolay left Boston on the
28th ult., had a pleasant passage, and not a single case of serious
illness on board. The regiment is now encamped but a short distance from
the city and are highly pleased with their location, the appearance of
Beaufort, their reception by the officers in command of the regiments
near them, and the prospect of being called into active service before
many weeks shall have passed.”
Lee’s Strategy.–The Washington Republican
is now considered among the things quite certain that the recent small
rebel movement into Maryland was intended by Gen. Lee as a feint to
induce Gen. Hooker to throw his whole army into that state, thus
uncovering Washington, so far as the army of the Potomac was concerned,
and leaving Lee’s forces to contend only with the works around the
will be remembered that when Lee entered Maryland before, our army left
the front and moved through Washington and up into Maryland, where Lee
was checked in his course and compelled to recross the Potomac. Tis time
he did not move his whole army into Maryland, but halted the main body
of it in front of Washington, on the west side of the Blue Ridge,
controlling all the passes and gaps.
made a dash in force upon Winchester and carried that place, with
terrible slaughter to his troops, pushed on to Martinsburg and captured
that place, and then sent a small force into Maryland to produce
consternation among the people of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and the whole
North. He intended this demonstration too divert the attention of Gen.
Hooker away from his (Lee’s) real purpose, but Hooker was not so
easily deceived. He kept an eye upon Le himself and not upon his
raiders. Gen. Hooker knew very well that Gen. Schenck was strong enough
to take care of all the rebels that had left Lee to go towards
that he had made a mistake, Lee is contracting his lines again, and
drawing in his cavalry from Maryland and Pennsylvania, and concentrating
his forces in the valley between Winchester and Strasburg; whereas a few
days ago his army stretched over one hundred and fifty miles of
territory. Viewing the present situation, we think another battle will
be fought on the old Bull Run battlefield.”
Report of the
Capture of the Ram Atlanta.
Port Royal Harbor, South Carolina,
June 17th, 1863.
Atlanta, Captain W. Webb, came down this morning, via Wilmington
river, to attack our vessels at Warsaw Sound, accompanied by two wooden
steamers filled, it is said, with persons as spectators.
Weehawken, Captain John Rodgers, engaged her, firing in all five
shots, three of which took effect, penetrating her armor and killing or
wounding the crews of two guns.
armament of the Atlanta was
two 7-inch and tow 6-inch guns. She was but slightly injured.
respectfully you obd’t servant,
F. Du Pont,
Rear Admiral commanding blockading squadron.
The officers and crew of the Atlanta
numbered 165 persons.
John Rodgers circumstantially relates the proceedings attending the
capture of the Atlanta. On
examination it was found that the enemy had been struck four
times–first on the windward side by a 15-inch convex shot, which
although fired at an angle of 50 degrees with her keel, broke in her
armor and wood backing, strewing the deck with splinters, prostrating
about 40 men by the concussion, and wounding several by broken pieces of
armor and splinters. One man has died. The second shot, an 11-inch
solid, struck the edge of the overhang knuckle, doing no damage except
breaking a plate or two. The third shot, a 15-inch convex, struck the
top of the pilot house, knocking it off, wounding two pilots and
stunning the men at the wheel. The
fourth shot, supposed to be an 11-inch, struck a port stopper in the
center, breaking it in two and shattering it very much, driving many
fragments in through the port.
were on board at this time of her capture, as per muster rolls, 21
officers and 124 men, including 28 marines.
Montgomery’s Raid.–The Free
South publishes the particulars of the raid made by Col. Montgomery
on the first inst., which has heretofore been noticed by telegraph,
winding up the account in the following satisfactory manner:
brought within his lines nearly eight hundred valuable slaves, having
destroyed property to the amount of two millions, most of which belonged
to notorious leaders in this rebellion, having demonstrated that Negro
soldiers will follow and fight wherever a brave and bold man dares to
lead them, and that the slave population of South Carolina are eager to
embrace the opportunity to escape, Col. Montgomery returned to Beaufort
early on the morning of the 3d inst, without the loss of a man.”
few articles at this time are credited to a specific writer; some carry
only the initials of the reporter or writer. “Antelope” is the pen
name of one of the serial writers for the Daily
Picayune, which also printed letters from Europe penned by
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