JULY 26, 1863
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
A European War Imminent.
France and the Polish Question.–The
Paris correspondent of the Daily
News says rumors of war are more prevalent than ever. It is
impossible not to be struck with the tone of the semi-official organs.
They speak as if it were desired to prepare the public mind for some
Paris correspondent of the London Herald
news–the French are preparing for war. The officers of the garrison
are wild with excitement. Orders were yesterday received at the Arsenal
of Vincennes to place on the full war footing, and prepare for immediate
service, three batteries of 12-pounders, twelve guns and 100 artillery
wagons–the 12-pounders being only employed as the reserve of field
artillery of cavalry and infantry divisions–that is, rifled
4-pounders, three batteries of the reserve generally from the artillery,
support a corps d’armee of three divisions, say 10,000 men. The news
is no secret in military circles, but it has not yet transpired among
the public. The officers at Vincennes think that the war will break out
before the month of July is over, and boast that the French army will be
ready for any emergency before that time.” Later letters, and the
correspondence of other journals, contain no reference to these
preparations, and afford no countenance to them.
from St. Petersburg state that there is little probability that the
Russian Government will make any satisfactory concessions on the Polish
question. This opinion is confirmed by the formidable warlike
preparations being made throughout the Russian Empire.
is reported that M. Persigny will go to St. Petersburg on a special
mission from the Emperor Napoleon.
Position of England.–Lord Palmerston, in
Parliament, explained the substance of the propositions of England,
France and Austria. They include a general and complete amnesty; a
national representative for Poland; that the Poles alone shall fill
official positions in Poland; that perfect liberty of conscience be
granted; that the Polish language be used in all Polish transactions,
and that a regular system of recruiting be established.
reply of Russia is eagerly awaited.
Times looks on the present
position of England in European affairs with uneasiness. We are neither
pledged to intervention, nor bound to an offensive or defensive alliance
with France; yet we seem to have swerved somewhat from the wise and
professed policy of keeping ourselves disentangled from the counsels of
other States, and guiding ourselves by the doctrine of non-intervention.
We have entered upon a career in which it is quite impossible to stop
short; from which it may even be impossible to recede . . .
Times adds: We confess to some
of the uneasy and unsettled feelings which took possession of the minds
of all reflecting men during the lowering and unsettled year which
preceded the Crimean war. Our anchor is lifted, and we are drifting in a
current which seems leading us to one of two disagreeable
alternatives–war if we advance, loss of character if we retreat. The Times
also says: The Russians in Paris seem to be persuaded that war is all
Morning Post says: We are far
from wishing to predict a European war, but we can imagine a combination
which would render such a war rather a name than a reality. There is no
reason why it should consist of anything much more serious than the
breaking off of diplomatic relations. If Austria is allowed the free
transport of arms and munitions of war across the Galician frontier, and
to place a corps of 60,000 men in Galicia itself, and if the Russian
fleet were blockaded in the Baltic so as to keep open the coast of
Saragotia, the Poles could do the rest themselves. ->
Morning Post announces the
conditions under which alone an armistice would be consented to by the
Polish National Committee: 1. The armistice must extend throughout the
whole of Poland. 2. A plenipotentiary on the part of the National
Government must be admitted. 3. A National Diet, composed of delegates
from the Provinces, must meet under the guarantee not merely of Europe,
but also of the national army, which occupies all the Provinces. If
these conditions are not complied with, the Poles will hold out to the
Post adds that, such being the
temper of the nation, we can hardly expect that Russia will accept the
Designs in Mexico.–It is not easy to discover the
intentions of France in regard to Mexico. The official press is prodigal
of those high-sounding, but empty phrases so common in Paris, and which,
if they are taken for sterling, are tokens that France is in Mexico
solely to restore her to a high place among nations, and to rescue her
from anarchy. On the other hand, Frenchmen are leaving Paris in large
numbers for the railways, telegraphs, post offices, customs, and other
branches of public administration, as if Mexico was already looked upon
as a French Department; and it is positively asserted for the only
reason which prevents the French Government from contracting a loan [is]
that in a short period of time all the money will be supplied “from
the silver mines of Guanajuato and from the wealth of Sonora.” Our
Paris correspondent writes us that there are two currents of opinion in
that city. The Emperor, it is believed, desires to make Mexico a French
dependency. The majority of Frenchmen are anxious to let Mexico alone.
If Mexico exhibits the same energy in the arena of politics she has
lately shown in the field, and elects a National Government which
insists upon the evacuation of her soil by the French, promising
reasonable indemnity for war expenses, public opinion in France will
perhaps force the Emperor to withdraw his troops. Our correspondent
expresses his opinion as follows:
do not believe that any probable event can occur which will establish
French rule in Mexico. France, which already finds the attempt to keep
down Algeria by military force a continual, annual raft upon her
treasure and her blood which she illy bears, will not consent to meet
the drain of a trans-Atlantic Algeria. The people here will not agree to
see France occupy Mexico unless Mexico pays all the expenses of the
occupation. Is this possible of attainment with an army of 25,000 men?
They may hold the road from Mexico to Vera Cruz and may give
security–but even this will be no easy task–to this ribbon of
territory. Regular conductas
may periodically come down from the mines. But, as everybody knows,
national prosperity rests upon broader foundations–upon peace,
confidence, large markets and large “back countries,” and the entire
freedom from military shackles. If a prolonged resistance is made, and
if the fall of the capital even has in no wise disheartened the Mexican
nation, public opinion here will oblige the Emperor to withdraw his
troops. France is averse from losing more men and treasure. The losses
incurred since 1852, especially those of the Crimean and Italian
campaigns, are still felt. Of a truth there are not wanting influential
persons here who counsel France to abandon Algeria on the ground of the
drafts it makes on these vital resources of France.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
THE INTERVENTION REPORTS.
More Rebel Steamers.
London correspondent, writing on the 4th of July, furnishes the
following important intelligence: The decision of the Alexandra
case has given new impetus to the building of rebel vessels in England.
I have just learned that orders have been given for between fifty and
sixty steamers, and nearly all iron-clad, of the highest speed. The most
of them will take twelve months to build.
Correspondenz, of Vienna, July
communication has been received from Paris which asserts in the most
positive terms, that the Emperor of the French has irrevocably
determined upon the recognition of the Southern Confederacy. Before
carrying out this resolution, however, the French Cabinet will again
invite the Northern States to agree to an armistice, but the invitation
will be couched in so decisive a form, that the Washington Cabinet must
either accept or reject it. In the former case, the recognition of the
independence of the South will at once follow, even without the
co-operation of England.
seems to be a general outcry of indignation against this illicit and
unpatriotic traffic. Its moral effects upon our people are most
disastrous. In the first place, to trade with the enemy, and thereby
sustain his industry is but little less than treason. In the second, it
throws out temptations to ruinous extravagance among our people.
Thirdly, and a most serious objection, it builds up a large and
influential class of capitalists whose interest lies in a continuation
of the war and a ceaseless flow of the blood of their countrymen.
Lastly, it is the agency by which the currency of the enemy is sustained
and our own discredited and brought to an unjust and ruinous discount.
As an evidence of this truth, we need only mention the disgraceful fact
that a dollar in gold will buy fifteen dollars of Confederate money,
(such a transaction took place here yesterday), and filthy
“greenbacks,” which no man in his senses believes will or can ever
be paid, are actually worth three dollars of our money, in our own
this comes from running the blockade, by sea and land, and the facts put
patriotism and national pride to shame. We have received many letters on
this subject of late from some of the most considerate men in the
country, and they all unite in denouncing the trade as demoralizing and
corrupt. We agree with them fully, and more than a year ago urged our
Congress to prohibit the export of cotton by individuals or private
corporations. For ourselves we would almost as soon see it go to the
Yankees as to England. Not a bale should be allowed to go out except as
is sent by the government to be exchanged for military stores and to pay
its debts abroad.
regards those contemptible little traders who lurk along the lines and
swindle the government by shipping in goods without paying the lawful
duty, every mother’s son of them should be taken up and lodged in the
country demands that Congress take some definite and rigid action on
this subject at the earliest day practicable, and as the session is some
time off, the President should, as a military measure, close every port
of the Confederacy to such a commerce, with such exceptions as in his
judgment sound policy might dictate.–Savannah
Chattanooga correspondent of the Atlanta Intelligencer
people of the country look for and expect too much of Gen. Bragg. They
expect him, with an army which has rarely exceeded
the half of that of his antagonist, to hold and maintain his
position successfully, and even to win victories, against overwhelming
odds. But even with these great disadvantages to contend with, I do not
hesitate in saying that, since his army left Tupelo, Miss., one year
ago, he has inflicted more damage on the enemy than any other army in
the field, in proportion to the means at his command.
statistics and official reports made to the War Department up to January
last, he has inflicted a loss on the enemy of 60,000 men in killed,
wounded and prisoners–numbers amounting to twice
that of his own army. In addition to the above, he has captured
30,000 stand of arms, between 60 and 100 pieces of artillery, captured
and destroyed over 3000 wagons with their supplies, and some 5 or 6000
mules and horses. On the other hand, 15,000 men will cover the whole
amount of his own losses in killed, wounded and prisoners, with the loss
of none of his trains, and but few stores of any consequence.
when it is taken into consideration the great inequity of his own
numbers, compared with those of the enemy with whom he has contended;
the immense damage he has inflicted upon the enemy in men and supplies;
and the insignificance of his own losses when compared side by side with
those of the enemy–again, when all these things are taken into calm,
unprejudiced consideration, the public can certainly have no grounds for
complaint or dissatisfaction, relative to the operations of the army of
Tennessee or its efficient commander.
maintain that Gen. Bragg holds every foot of ground that was occupied by
the Confederate forces when he took command of the department one year
Memories, or Poor Readers.–Some of our constituents want to
know who are the “Toole family,” in whose behalf we have
acknowledged a few contributions. My friends, it was only two or three
days ago that we stated their case, and it is a hard one. Mrs. Toole,
the wife of a poor and worthy soldier in the 63d regiment, died a few
days ago in the Warrior District, Bibb county, leaving six
children–the youngest fifteen days old–without a friend on earth, a
cent of money or a pound of food. The father, who is stationed at
Savannah, got a furlough of two days to look after his babies, but he
has nothing more than his monthly pay, and his neighbors are all poor.
We don’t know how they will work out the case. It is one demanding
JULY 28, 1863
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
FROM RICHMOND PAPERS.
Davis Appoints Another Fast Day.
July 27.–The following extracts are taken from the Richmond dispatch
of this a.m.:
July 24, 9 p.m.–The bombardment was renewed this a.m.
with rapid and continuous firing, until a flag of truce was sent down at
9 o’clock. The attack was renewed this evening by the enemy, Sumter
replying heavily. The firing is still going on. We sent down to-day 105
paroled prisoners and received 40.
physician just from Hilton Head says 54 of our regulars took the oath of
allegiance last Wednesday.
casualties this morning were 3 killed and 6 wounded. Those which
occurred this evening have not been heard from.
Dispatch, Charleston, July 23.–Regular
firing from Fort Sumter and Fort Wagner at the Yankees on Morris Island
was kept up all night, and continued all of to-day. The Yankees
occasionally responded from their batteries on Morris Island. The
monitors and ironclads are lying outside and took no part.
Yankees have two batteries on Morris Island, and have strengthened their
position. No casualties are reported to-day. Another monitor arrived
to-day, making six in all.
Miss., July 24.–The
enemy evacuated Jackson yesterday a.m. Col. Wiert Adams’ cavalry dashed in and captured a few
stragglers. Canton has also been evacuated.
entire army has gone to Vicksburg. An attempt to to blow up the State
House failed, although it is badly damaged.
cavalry are pursuing. They have destroyed all the machine shops, rolling
stock, cannon and railroad track between Jackson and Vicksburg. Mobile
will no doubt be the next place of attack.
Dispatch, Morton, 24th.–An
officer from Vicksburg says McPherson and his entire corps left that
place on eh 21st, moving up river. Their officers stated they were going
to Richmond. Transports from above are constantly arriving.
Davis has issued a proclamation appointing August 21st as a day of
humiliation and prayer.
Monroe, July 27.–The Richmond Enquirer
of the 27th has the following:
Ga., 23d.–Gen. Rosecrans is organizing a
force to attack Atlanta, and make a raid on the North Western Georgia
Railroad. Active preparations are being made for the defence of the
city, and of the railroad to Chattanooga.
Declared an Empire.
of Austria Made Emperor.
York, July 27.–The steamer Roanoke,
from Havana 22d, has arrived.
arrival from Vera Cruz of the 13th, at Havana, states that Mexico was
declared an Empire on the 10th, and Maximillian of Austria proclaimed
Emperor, if he will accept it; if not, Napoleon is to select one. A
salute was fired at Vera Cruz in honor of the event.
the Roanoke we have City of
Mexico dates to the 10th inst. It appears that the Council of
Notabilities declares that the Mexican nation through them selects the
Empire as the form of government, and proclaims Maximillian of Austria
Emperor. Should he decline the throne they implore the French Emperor
select a person in whom he has full confidence to occupy the throne.
This proclamation was immediately made public, and a courier posted to
Vera Cruz, whence it was sent by a French steamer to Havana.
to Stay at Home.–The New York Independent,
with all its ultraism, is just and candid on the $300 exemption of the
Conscript Act, by which men are permitted to remain at home. It fully
explains the views we have advocated in the following paragraph:
to the $300, we have no doubt it is a wise provision of the Government. It
is just as necessary that some should stay at home and keep the business
of the country going regularly, to supply the means, as it is that
others should go to the army and fight the battles of the country.
And this provision enables many men of business to stay at home, whose
absence would break up whole circles of productive business and spread
poverty and distress all around. So, also, employers can thus arrange to
keep those persons in their employ who have become most essentially
useful. So, also, it is made practicable for public or private sympathy,
if appealed to, to provide for all cases where the draft would involve
any peculiar hardship.”
Fire at Havana.
Million Dollars’ Worth of Sugar Destroyed.
July 22.–A fire broke out here on the 20th, in Fesser & Co.’s
warehouse. Fire still raging. Fifty warehouses filled with sugar
destroyed. The loss is estimated at four or five millions of dollars. No
insurance on the buildings and sugar destroyed.
steamer Roanoke reports that
when leaving the harbor of Havana on the 22d, an immense conflagration
was raging along the warehouses of the Messrs. Fesser, on Regle wharf.
Sixteen buildings had been consumed when the Roanoke
left, and the prospect of subduing the flames was not good. It is
estimated that the warehouses already destroyed involve a loss of
$3,000,000 worth of sugar.
death of a young female, Mary Ann Walkley, in the service of the
fashionable West End milliner, Madame Ellis, a Frenchwoman, from
exhaustion, caused by overwork and the breathing of impure air, has
caused a sensation in London. The facts attending the extinction of this
young creature, as they were developed at the inquiry before the
coroner, reveal a state of things about which the fine ladies who employ
these Court milliners can know nothing. Dr. Lankester has made a report
on the subject. “I found sixty ladies,” he says, “working in two
rooms which contained 3630 cubic feet of air, and this gives but little
more than sixty feet of air to each individual.” It has been remarked
that, in a sanitary point of view, these rooms have even less than the
Black Hole of Calcutta, into which, though double the number of people
were thrust, yet many of them died a horrible death in the course of a
JULY 29, 1863
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
is announced that the War Department has graciously consented that the
Draft in this State may be made by towns, and that those towns which
have furnished more than their quotas under previous calls for troops
are to have such excess deducted from their present quotas, or rather to
be discharged after the draft. This concession was obtained by Gov.
Gilmore’s pretty plain threat of rebellion! But this did not satisfy
the “malignant patriots;” it does not punish
those towns which did not furnish their full quotas before. What is to
be done to that end, we are not advised; but some way will doubtless be
found to accomplish that object.
do not hear that any time has yet been fixed for commencing the draft in
either district, but it will doubtless be done very soon. In the
meantime the military preparations to “put down the copperhead
resistance to the draft” continue. During the past week, detachments
of soldiers from the 13th and 14th regiments have arrived, and more are
said to be on the way, and arms and ammunition in large supply are being
got ready. Yet there seems to be much less excitement upon the subject
than there was ten days ago, and if Hinks is kept from further provoking
threats and insulting exhibitions of power, there is no reason to
apprehend any disorder here when the drafting takes place.
wise and brave military authorities have planted a cannon in the rear of
the Patriot office at the
south side of the State House Yard, which is manned by some twenty
soldiers. It is designed to disperse that mob which they fear is to
assail the drafting officers in the State House when they commence the
drafting! Its range is directly in front of the State House, and a
charge of grape and canister would sweep the whole area, besides proving
rather unpleasant to the houses on the north side. It is possible that
there will be disturbances here during the drafting; but if so, they
will be caused entirely by the authorities. And it would not surprise us
to see them follow the example of the “Boston Massacre”–fire upon
a peaceable, orderly and unarmed assemblage. They will find no other use
for their arms and ammunition.
Rebel Army Reduced One-half.–The Washington correspondent
of the New York Commercial
says that “a careful estimate has been made in official quarters of
the prisoners taken, and the number killed and wounded in the various
rebel armies during June and July, and it is found that with a liberal
estimate of their forces, their available strength during that time has
been reduced just one-half.–Boston
same writer goes on to show that our army is now more than twice as
large as that of the rebels. If such are the facts, why is the draft
persisted in? What need have we of more troops? Are not two Northern
soldiers equal to one rebel? If so, with the immense advantage we have
in our navy and the still greater promised aid from the “American
citizens of African descent,” the rebellion ought to be speedily put
down without more soldiers. Indeed, to call more troops into the field,
if the above statements are true, is to admit that one rebel is more
than a match for two Union soldiers.
Conscription.–Of 57 drafted men who presented themselves
for examination in the Third District yesterday, 51 were exempted, 4
presented substitutes who were accepted, and 1 was accepted.
the Fourth District 111 men were examined, of whom 95 were exempted, 12
offered substitutes who were accepted, and 4 were passed. Among the
applicants for exemption was Thomas Simms, the fugitive slave.–Boston Journal.
whole number examined in the Fourth District, Massachusetts, up to
Saturday night, was 1135, of whom 937 were exempted, 70 paid $300, 108
furnished substitutes, and 10 were accepted and held for service.
717 drafted men who presented themselves in Worcester, 272 were exempted
for disability; 211 are exempt as aliens, or for other reasons under
special provisions of the law, and 234 have been accepted and held for
about 300 examined in New Bedford, about 25 were held, about 20 paid the
$300, two or three furnished substitutes, and the rest were exempted.
about 600 examined in Lawrence, 66 furnished substitutes, 21 were held,
and most of the others were exempted or paid the $300 each.
54 from the Cape, 53 were exempted.
a Rhode Island town of 118 examined, but one was held.
Hartford, out of 73 examined in one day, 69 were exempted and the other
four paid the $300; and the next day, 70 were examined and 62 of them
exempted, three paid the $300, and five furnished substitutes. At this
rate the draft will produce but few soldiers.
as Gospel.–The New Haven (Ct.) Courier,
a devoted administration paper, says:
have carried on this war. The blood of our men, the graves of our
wounded, the tears of the orphan and widow, have been coined into money.
They have swindled the government out of hundreds of millions. They have
piled fortune upon fortune. As a distinguished officer at Washington
said, “all the operations of this war are managed by political
is stated that Gen. Grant, since the fall of Vicksburg, has been offered
the command of the Army of the Potomac, which he declined to accept.
Thus he showed his wisdom. He has won all his laurels by reason of the
distance of his operations from Washington, and he would soon lose them
by attempting to do anything in a position where the meddlers and
bunglers of Washington could interfere with him.
Captured.–Morgan’s invasion of Ohio has come to an end.
We reported last week the capture of some 1300 of his men, near the
eastern border of the State. On Sunday last, Morgan and the rest of his
band, about 400, were captured near New Lisbon, by Gen. Shackford, “by
the blessing of Almighty God,” he says. We wish the same blessing
would aid us in other fields.
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
West and Southwest.
Grant sent a dispatch to Gen. Halleck, dated the 15th, saying that Gen.
Sherman had Jackson, Miss., invested from Pearl river on the north to
the rivers on the south. This has cut off many hundred cars from the
confederacy. Sherman says he has force enough and feels no apprehension
about the result. On the 16th General Grant sent another dispatch
saying: “Jos. Johnston evacuated Jackson on the night of the 16th
inst. He is now in full retreat east. Sherman says most of his army must
perish from heat and lack of water, and discouragement.”
Memphis dispatch states that Gen. Sherman ordered a charge on Gen.
Johnston’s forces on Friday, 17th, but they had so far escaped that
capturing them was out of the question. We only got a few stragglers, a
few guns and some ammunition. A portion of Gen. Sherman’s army is now
in Jackson, which is his headquarters, while the remainder is on its way
back to Vicksburg.
of the principal objects of Sherman’s pursuit of Johnston in
Mississippi is to collect the rolling stock and locomotives which
Johnston has in Mississippi. All the cars, engines, &c., which were
taken from Nashville, Columbus, Memphis and New Orleans, are now lying
west of the Tombigbee river, and many of them north of Jackson and
Canton. If Sherman can cut the roads leading east at Jackson and
Meriden, then the whole lot must fall into our hands or be destroyed.
steamers left Vicksburg on the 6th inst., for Natchez, having on board
1200 soldiers under the command of Gen. Ransom. On their arrival, he
captured five rebel officers, and crossing the river, he captured a
battery of nine guns, four of which were 10-pounder Parrotts. He then
marched back into the country nine miles, and captured 227 boxes of
ammunition and nine more guns. The rebels fled in consternation. On
returning to Natchez he found 5,000 head of Texas cattle and 4,000
hogsheads of sugar, all of which he took possession of in the name of
the United States.
Grant gives this account of the same affair: “Gen. Ransom was sent to
Natchez to stop the crossing of cattle. He mounted about two hundred of
his men and sent them in both directions. They captured a number of
prisoners and 5,000 head of Texas cattle, 2,000 of which were sent to
Gen. Banks. The balance have been brought here. In Louisiana they
captured more prisoners and a number of teams loaded with ammunition.
Over 2,000,000 rounds of ammunition were brought back to Natchez with
the teams captured, and 2,000,000 rounds besides artillery ammunition
army paroled at Vicksburg have to a great extent deserted, and are
scattered over the country in every direction.
the 8th inst., two steamers arrived at Memphis from New Orleans via Port
Hudson, bringing up 2,300 paroled rebel prisoners. Two steamers left on
the 8th inst., for New Orleans with large loads of cattle, and more for
Vicksburg with live stock.
Plans Completely Baffled.
the Gaps in our Possession.
from the headquarters of the army of the Potomac received Sunday night say
that during the past week our troops have not been idle, but by a close
scrutiny of Lee’s movements have by rapid marches succeeded in baffling
his several attempts to enter Eastern Virginia and forestalled his attempted
possession of the gaps of the Blue Ridge. It is generally believed he is now
moving rapidly towards Staunton by the Shenandoah valley. He tried
successively Snicker’s, Ashby’s and Manassas gaps; but found a strong
Union force already there. At the two last named places he was driven back
with loss. At Chester Gap our cavalry captured 1100 of the cattle stolen by
the enemy, and several hundred sheep. A large number of horses have also
been recovered. Several brisk skirmishes have taken place. With the
exception of cavalry engagements, the principal fight occurred Thursday
evening, between Loudon and Front Royal, in which a brigade of rebel
infantry, probably Lee’s rear guard, were driven through the town.
Exploits of our Cavalry.
cavalry have done excellent service. The several commands have performed
arduous marches and reconnoissances and completely foiled Stuart in all his
attempts on our flanks and rear. Mosby’s small but energetic band have
alone given us trouble, principally by cutting off foraging parties and
messengers. A private of cavalry reports that on Friday, as a division of
cavalry was reconnoitering in the vicinity of Amissville, a large column of
rebel infantry was seen advancing in that direction, and our cavalry was
compelled to fall back. This force is supposed to be Longstreet’s corps.
Up to Saturday night, however, this report has not been confirmed.
following information was received at headquarters in Baltimore, Sunday, by
Maj. Gen. Schenk, from Brig. Gen. Lockwood: The enemy has disappeared from
our front entirely, and there is now none north of Winchester. Our cavalry
was in Charlestown, Friday, and sent scouts out to the distance of ten miles
in every direction without any signs of the enemy.
of Jeff Davis’s Library.
Upon the Secession Movement.
York, July 27.–A correspondent of the Herald,
dating Jackson, Miss., 12th, reports that the library of Jeff Davis has been
captured. It comprises several bushels of private and political papers of
the arch traitor. Several letters on secession date back to 1852, and the
collection will bring to light the whole secret history of secession. The
letters are from both Northern and Southern traitors.
offices are sometimes unpleasant places for mobs to meddle with. The Tribune
office on Tuesday night had about 150 men in it armed with guns and pistols
and a large quantity of navy yard bombs
to be used as hand grenades. If the mob had attacked the office that
night, they would have suffered a terrible loss. Experience has taught that
those hand-grenades are the best weapons of defence against such crowds.
of the New York World.]
Monroe, July 29.
conversation with Captain S. F. Holbrook, a day or two since, we learned
that the raising of the sunken Cumberland
is progressing satisfactorily. The lifting power is already on hand,
and, although the vessel lies in a very bad position, the tide being
exceeding strong and greatly retarding operations, is being applied as
rapidly as could be desired. The ship is in all probability not much
injured, beside [the] fracture caused by the ram of the Merrimack.
The human remains on board of her are watched over with attention, an
order from the government prohibiting any portion of them from being
taken away, and many applications from the curious for relics are
rigidly refused. When the ship shall be sufficiently raised to be
accessible, the bones are to be collected with care and interred in a
suitable place to be designated by the government, and a monument
erected over them. The vessel will probably be afloat about the end of
August. Captain Holbrook gives his whole attention to carrying out the
orders of the government relative to the raising of the Cumberland,
and the contractors spare neither money nor energy in executing to the
letter the terms of their contract.
Slain at Gettysburg.–Alderman Stevens and Councilman
Cumston, of the Committee appointed to purchase a burial lot for the
Boston soldiers killed at Gettysburg, will start this afternoon for the
battle-field, for the purpose of taking the preliminary steps toward
carrying out the noble enterprise suggested by the Mayor. The other
members of the Committee will follow them in a few days. All those
having information concerning the death of friends or relatives in the
recent battle, are requested to communicate it at the Mayor’s office,
and thereby aid the Committee in their work.
Conscripts.–The Secretary of War has sent the following
dispatch to the commander at Baltimore:
Schenck: Colored troops will be credited to the State the same as any
Secretary of War.
seems to strike at the root of the Provost-Marshal-General’s order
that colored recruits are not to be deemed an equivalent for white
conscripts. The present determination by the Secretary of War will give
great satisfaction to many both in Pennsylvania and Maryland.
steamer Imperial, the first
boat from New Orleans, arrived at St. Louis on Tuesday. A large crowd of
merchants and other citizens greeted her arrival, and a national salute
was fired in honor of the opening of the Mississippi. The steamer Albert
Pierce sailed the same evening for New Orleans with a large load of
private freight and a long passenger list. The Continental
had left the day before for the same port, heavily laden with government
Invasions.–The rebel papers are variously affected by the
ludicrous success with which Morgan got himself and his men captured.
The Richmond Dispatch of the 27th takes the reverse a little hard. It says:
is a distressing blow upon the Confederacy. It has stood, and can stand,
a little harder. But the pride of the people was very much interwoven
with the achievements of Morgan. We do not like to judge after the
result. But it seems to us that the expedition which out a river,
navigable and unfordable for hundreds of miles, and fully commanded the
whole distance by the enemy’s gunboats, between himself and all
assistance, must have been rash and fool-hardy. Nevertheless, he has
done the enemy great damage in this long excursion.”
Richmond Examiner, on the
other hand, thinks it nothing at all:
Morgan’s expedition was not a failure. With twenty-five hundred men he
traversed two enormous States from end to end–occupied their principal
towns at pleasure–cut their arteries of communication, burned depots,
destroyed engines, sunk steamboats innumerable. He threw several
millions of people into frantic consternation for the safety of their
property, turned entire populations into fugitives, and compelled a
hundred thousand men to leave their occupations for weeks and go under
arms–only as an equivalent to him and his twenty five hundred troops.
What if he has been hemmed in at last, and compelled to surrender?
Twenty-five hundred have been added to the Yankee exchange list–a
great matter, truly, at this stage of the war. Is not the temporary loss
of their services ten times, twenty times, a hundred times compensated
by the blows they have struck, the loss they have inflicted, the panic
they have created?”
having its growl at southern want of enterprise, which it says “has
been the curse of the South in war and as in peace,” the Examiner turns upon General Lee as follows:
conclusion of Morgan’s affair is easily understood. It is a casualty
of war often inevitable. But the end of Lee’s campaign puzzles the
more it is considered. We know now from both sides what was the battle
of Gettysburg. It was a powerful effort to destroy the military power of
the United States by a blow at the heart. It was unsuccessful from the
misconduct of one division. But it was not a victory of the United
States. Lee was unsuccessful but not crippled. He took an impregnable
position within reach of Baltimore and Washington, and held it at ease.
Why he gave up his campaign and came back to his old line of the Rapidan
is not explained by any fact now before the public. But though this is a
disappointment, it does not rob the campaign of its glory or its profit
to us. The enemy has felt the weight of the war, and his army is just
where it was when the battle of Manassas was fought two years ago.”
day the fact will be “before the public” in Richmond, that the
battle of Gettysburg was “a
victory of the United States,” and that will explain what now seems
inexplicable in Lee’s abandonment of his campaign and return to his
AUGUST 1, 1863
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
and their Disqualifications.
no point connected with the enforcement of the conscription act has met
with more unanimous and hearty condemnation than the order of the
Provost Marshal General requiring the
publication of the names of exempts with catalogues of their
disabilities. The regulation is indefensible in every way. While the
government in time of war has a right to demand the services of its
able-bodied citizens, it has no right to parade the infirmities of the
unfortunate before the world. Were a physician to disclose the
information acquired in the sacred privacy of eh sick room, he would be
kicked out of the profession by his brethren, and would stand
everlastingly dishonored in the eyes of the community. This principle of
medical ethics is based upon sentiments common to humanity. Its force
has been acknowledged even among barbarous tribes.
country wants no soldiers whose physical ailments would render them a
burthen rather than an aid. She will not accept them when they come
forward voluntarily to solicit a place in her armies. The Government
appoints surgeons to decide upon the fitness of subjects. Its officers
in this department are, at least, presumed to be qualified for the work.
Certainly the Government has not ordered this proceeding for the purpose
of exposing to the world the fallibility of its agents, by giving the
neighbors of the exempt an opportunity to pass judgment on the decision
of the surgeon. If so, the remedy is applied too late, as the conscript
is already freed from liability. Is it the design of the order to compel
the sensitive to pay three hundred dollars rather than undergo the
mortification of seeing their disorders in public print? If so the
proceeding approximates closely to downright extortion. The law imposes
no claim upon the physically infirm, and no agent for its execution has
the slightest shadow of authority for inventing one.
from the chagrin and sense of personal outrage involved in this needless
and unwarrantable invasion of privacy, it may, in some instances, work
irreparable mischief. Every large community has a class of unfortunates
whose lives run closely on the borders of insanity. The taint,
manifesting itself in occasional attacks of mental aberration,
disqualifies the subject for military service. Perhaps reason maintains
at best a precarious supremacy, Let the cause of exemption be published
in such a case, and it requires no extraordinary discernment to
anticipate the probable consequences.
have yet to see the first newspaper or the first man who does not
condemn the policy under consideration. It is not authorized by law.
letter from Bermuda, dated July 22d, says “the pirate Florida is still in port, her departure having been delayed by the
refusal of the authorities to furnish her with fuel. But she is now
getting a supply from the rebel steamer Dorriet,
and will sail in a day or two on her voyage of destruction. Any American
vessel in these waters could have made an easy capture of her, as her
speed has been very defective. The coal she is now getting is of
inferior quality and must also affect her speed.”
of the Gettysburg Battle-field.
have been made to purchase a part of the battle-field at Gettysburg for
a cemetery, in which it is proposed to gather the remains of our dead.
The ground embraces the point of the desperate attack made upon the left
center of our army. Eight other States have already united with
Pennsylvania in this [undertaking].2
Bodies to be Disinterred at Gettysburg During August and September.
Pa., July 31.
Order No. 2.
the months of August and September no corpse will be allowed to be
disinterred from any of the burying grounds, cemeteries or battle
grounds of Gettysburg. The health of the wounded soldiers and citizens
of this community require the stringent enforcement of this order, and
any violation of it reported to these headquarters will meet with
summary and severe punishment. By command of
Col. 36th Regiment commanding post.
York, August 31.–The steamer Continental
arrived this morning from New Haven with 117 conscripts and substitutes,
in charge of Capt. Davis, Capt. Broach, Lieut. Rockwood, and six
privates belonging to the 14th Connecticut volunteers.
after the steamer touched her pier at Peck Slip ferry, forty of the men
made their escape. The balance of the men proceeded at once to
Tribune publishes a remarkable
letter, dated Richmond, July 16th, received through a Baltimore secesh
channel. The letter professes to give the object of Stephens’s
mission, which was to protest against the mustering and arming of
Negroes. The sum and substance of the matter is this:
Confederates are alarmed and indignant at our arming of Negroes to fight
them, and desired to send Mr. Stephens to Washington to enter an
imposing remonstrance against it, and to give our Government fair notice
that, if we did not give it up, they would also embark in it with all
their might, and arm ten Negroes to our one. This is what Mr. Stephens
would have imposingly announced to the president, had he been permitted
to proceed in his gunboat Torpedo
to our capital, and been received there as a Confederate ambassador.
President Lincoln didn’t see it.”
think we see the South arming their slaves! They dare not do it.3
was such a hard luck story in a period filled with raw deals, that I was
moved to follow up on James Toole’s fate. His wife, Laura Serena
Herrington, had been married once before, but, with her two children,
was abandoned by her husband, Jesse B. Drawhorn, about 1845, when he
removed to Texas. Laura waited seven years for his return, then married
James Jefferson Toole in 1852. She bore him four children, the last of
which–the newborn mentioned in the article–probably cost her life.
The 1860 census lists a boy and a girl with the last name “Drawhorn”
living with the Tooles in Bibb County; given that Laura’s first
husband had departed in 1845, these two children would be at least 17 or
18, and are evidently included in the “six children.” Possibly these
two acted as parents for the four younger children for the duration of
the war. James J. Toole is listed as “Undercook” in Company F of the
63d Georgia, which was originally formed as an artillery regiment of
1100 men. Subsequent to this report, the 63d was reassigned to the Army
of Tennessee and used as infantry, seeing hard service in the battles
around Atlanta. By the time of its surrender on 26 April 1865, only 143
men remained. James Toole, was among these and, by 1870, had remarried;
he not only had a newborn baby, but all four of his children (the elder
Drawhorn children being old enough to have set up their own households).
Information derived from the National Park Service’s Soldiers &
Sailors System and various online genealogical databases.–Editor
entry clearly says “. . . in this city.” Meaning?
entry for 7 July 1863 for the initial report of this diplomatic mission.
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