AUGUST 30, 1863
THE CHARLESTON MERCURY (SC)
The Condition of Louisiana.
letter to the New York Times,
from New Orleans, says that port Hudson is now occupied by Negro troops.
Speaking of the condition of things in Louisiana, the writer says:
is a vast difference in the character of the country lying above Baton
Rouge and that below. Above they have been searching for their
“rights” by erecting batteries and firing at steamers from every
bend in the river. The result of their search is that where once there
were towns and princely dwelling house there is to-day nothing but
gloomy chimneys ad desolation; where once were prosperous communities
and happy families, there are now only ruin, desertion and homeless
Baton Rouge the chivalry have not been so vigorously in search of their
“rights,” and in consequence both banks of the river are continued
successions of pictures of wealth, quiet, refinement and happiness. Not
a single feature of destruction mars the view, save at Donaldsonville;
here a few gentlemen took their rifles and endeavored to find their
“rights” by sending a few volleys into some passing vessels. They
got their “rights” in the shape of four Negro regiments now encamped
there, and they will for a long time be enabled to remember the results
of their adventure by the scorched chimneys which mark where once stood
their beautiful town.
would scarcely think, as he passes down from Baton Rouge, that a bloody
war is convulsing the country., Steam issues from the mills, smoke from
the chimneys of the planters’ houses and the Negro quarters, green
oceans of sugar cane are rippled by the cool breezes of the Gulf, and
song of the Negro is borne through the stillness of the
night–everywhere, in short, are evidences of prosperity and quiet.
There is but one feature that shows differently from that of old. There
is evidently a sullen constraint among the residents; they do not sit on
piazzas and watch the passage of river life, but conceal themselves,
and, with closed doors and windows, resolutely ignore our existence.
however, we can submit to, without being seriously injured or mortified.
With us is the consideration that we have made all these people happy,
kept them wealthy, and preserved for them their homes and property in
spite of themselves. If they choose to haunt their back kitchens in
preference to their front parlors, or to sit in darkened rooms instead
of admitting the beautiful, healthy sunlight, we can cheerfully, without
compromising the dignity of the Government, afford to forgive them such
petty slights. There are any quantity of miserable devils who are now
encased in ragged gray, who are starving, fighting, and dying all over
the South, who would most gladly exchange positions with them. Their lot
is not the hardest known in the history of this present war.->
first thing that strikes one as he passes along the levee of New Orleans
is the Sabbath-like stillness that seems to reign over the city. The
levee, as far as they eye can see reach, is bare of everything save a
rich crop of grass, which, although a fine thing in an artistical point
of view, is not calculated to convey a great idea of commercial activity
and prosperity. A few Gulf steamers and merchantmen and a half-dozen
river boats are tied up to the landing–one or two have up steam and
seem to have been somewhere, or to be about to start for some other
point; but the majority look as if anything to do is a thing of the
past, or of a very indefinite period in the future.
Needed at Fort Sumter.—A note from the Surgeon at Fort
Sumter informs us that the men of the garrison are beginning to suffer
seriously from the want of vegetables. We trust that this need of the
brave soldiers, who are so resolutely holding the famous stronghold,
will be at once supplied.1
Accident.—On Saturday last, Lieutenants Payne and Hasker were proceeding to make some experiments in the harbor.
The boat, which contained a crew of nine men, unfortunately parted from
its moorings and sank. Five of the crew were drowned. Up to a late hour
on Sunday, neither the bodies nor the boat had been recovered. The names
of four unhappy men were as follows: Frank Doyle, John Kelly,
All of these belonged to the Chicora.
The name of the fifth, who belonged to the Palmetto
State, we have not yet heard.2
Editor: I see that I am represented, in an extract from a
Northern paper, published in yours, as having advanced and shaken
hands with the officer from the enemy bearing a flag of truce to
Battery Wagner on – inst. This statement is
absolutely false. I have ever held that in
such a war as this, no civility should be exchanged, even during a
flag of truce, except such as is necessary for the transaction of
business. Accordingly, in the interview alluded to, and to which I was
accompanied by an Officer-of-the-Line and an Orderly, I declined
the hand of the enemy’s officer, as I have declined
the hand, in various interviews, of every one of his officers–company,
field, staff and general–who has offered me his, deeming that the
formal salutation of a bow and the announcement of my name and position
were all that was necessary for the transaction of business. Any more
cordial greeting of the enemy, in
such a war as this, is contrary, in my judgment, to all that is
becoming, and is abhorrent to every feeling of my nature.
August 27, 1863.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
Menacing Attitude of Japan.
news from Japan is highly important. The reported destruction of the
residence of the American Minister is confirmed. The circumstances show
plainly that it was fired in accordance with a premeditated plot, the
flames originating in an unused part of the building after a rainy day.
The Tycoon’s government, after repeated promises to the contrary, had
refused to pay to the English Chargé the first installment of the
Richardson indemnity. The Governor of Kanazawa, while expressing regret
for the circumstance, stated that he had received instruction s from the
Tycoon not to pay the money on penalty of death. The English as once
prepared for coercive measures.
the meantime, the Japanese taking alarm, gave assurances that the
Tycoon’s government was still friendly toward foreigners. It was soon
learned, however, that this officer was a prisoner in the hands of the
chiefs at Miaco, where he had been compelled with to sign an order of
non-compliance with the British demands.
the British Admiral Kuper had brought up strong reinforcements from
China, and was preparing for offensive operations. On the 24th, the
Japanese paid $300,000 as part of the indemnity, promising to pay the
residue the next day.
Philadelphia Inquirer has a
Japan letter dated June 24th, which states that the Japanese have
written to the foreign ministers, declaring all open ports closed, and
ordering all foreigners out of the country within thirty days. This is a
virtual declaration of war by the natives. The foreign ministers
immediately held a council, but its action had not transpired when the
Wounded at Gettysburg.–Information
from Gettysburg states that there is but one general and two corps
hospitals in that place, containing a total number of fifteen hundred
wounded. In the general hospital there are about twelve hundred, and
nine hundred and thirty-seven of them have wounds of the most dangerous
character, being in the limbs and head. About one-half the number are
rebel wounded, including Generals Trimble and Kemper, who are still in a
refugee from Richmond states that the rebel authorities and prominent
citizens have grown very despondent about Charleston. They concede it
certain to fall. Rebel soldiers, particularly from North Carolina,
Virginia and South-western regiments, are deserting in large numbers.
The deserters carry away their arms, and organizing into bands, defy
their pursuers. Frequent skirmishes occur between deserters and
detachments sent to capture them, in which the latter are almost
provost marshal in this district and probably every other district, have
received orders to publish no longer a daily list of diseases and
malformations for which men are exempted, but to give their names
stating merely “physical disability.” It is a good thing that this
indecent exposure has been checked. The strictures of the press have had
much to do with effecting the change.
the leaders of the rebellion cut themselves loose from all
constitutional obligations and dragged the Southern States out of the
Union by the grossest fraud, violating every oath which had been given
solemnly and before High Heaven, loyal men had a right to question their
motives. That they were selfish, unprincipled and wicked, was a fact too
clear for dispute. True, to this day, Jeff Davis issues proclamations
for Fasts, and invites prayer in behalf of the bogus government he
represents, while Southern clergymen bow down in apparent meekness and
ask Divine favor upon the temple of slavery, and the destruction of all
those who love liberty and good government, all of which is called
piety; but it is nothing, more or less, than mockery. The idea of a
prayer meeting held by Jeff Davis, the repudiator and traitor; Floyd,
the thief; Quantrell, the murderer; and others of the same class of
morals, is more ridiculous than sublime. We find, however, that the
Confederacy is getting tired of Divine Supplications, having come to the
conclusion that they are not answered, and the Examiner
of Richmond thus expresses itself thereon. If any man doubts that the
result of secession is not infidelity and atheism, let him read this:
days and thanksgiving days strike the ear with a puritanical sound,
always disagreeable, and now pre-eminently hateful. They smack of latter
day sanctity; savor of the nasal twang, and recall disagreeable
reminiscences of Praise-God Barebones, the Pilgrim Fathers, and their
A Deserter Sells himself as a Substitute Seven
the deserters arrested in Boston was one from a Massachusetts regiment,
who had succeeded in hiring himself as a substitute seven times,
obtaining the bounty, and had deserted each time. After deserting from
the regiment in which he enlisted, he returned to Boston, and went into
the business of substitution. He lodged at one of the fashionable
hotels, dressed handsomely and entertained his friends in princely
style; but when he wanted to hire as a substitute he would dress in
coarse, rough clothes, and disguise himself in such a way that it was
impossible to recognize him as the gay and fashionable “swell” of
the first-class hotel. He would probably have continued to play this
game while the war lasted, but he incautiously wrote a letter to a
fellow-soldier in his old regiment, telling him what glorious times he
was having in Boston, representing in glowing language his new business
of going as a substitute, told how many times he had “fooled them,”
and wound up advising the soldier to desert and come home, and “coin
money by going as a substitute. The soldier addressed had no such
intention, and he showed the letter to his colonel, who forwarded it to
the Provost-Marshal General at Washington, who speedily caused the
arrest of the deserter-substitute, and he was forwarded to his regiment
a few days ago. He will, in all probability, be shot.
Wagner had not been taken Wednesday morning. The evidences that Sumter
is knocked to pieces and rendered harmless have accumulated to such an
extent that there can no longer be any doubt upon the subject. Rebel
advices to the 28th state that the federals were hard at work in the
trenches before Wagner. No further attempt had been made to shell the
SEPTEMBER 1, 1863
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
Negroes and the Black Flag.–The
Richmond Dispatch talks savagely about the threat of the United States
government to retaliate if its colored soldiers are not treated as
prisoners of war when captured, and insists that the confederate
government cannot yield its right to punish its slaves who have fled to
the enemy. It therefore predicts that there will be no further exchange
of prisoners, and that the war is approaching a bloody period, when no
prisoners will be taken. A correspondent of the Atlanta, (Ga.) Appeal
states that the game of retaliation has already begun in the Southwest;
that some fifty Negroes in the United States service having been
captured by the confederates near Port Hudson, were subsequently shot.
The correspondent says:
is said that Colonel Logan has taken the entire responsibility, and that
the Negroes aforesaid were shot soon after the engagement at a little
place called Centerville, twenty miles from Jackson, La. It is said also
that prior to the execution, General Andrews, learning the intended fate
of the slaves, sent a communication under flag of truce from Port
Hudson, warning Col. Logan that if he executed the Negroes he would
immediately retaliate, as he had the material in his possession. If this
should prove true, the Pandora box of this war is now opened in earnest,
and the skull and cross-bones will become the insignia of the southern
Items About the Draft.
conscripts examined in this district yesterday numbered 94. Sixty-one
were exempt, 41 for disability. Thirty-seven paid commutation, only 10
of whom, however, were examined yesterday.
the 9th district 345 men were examined last week, 99 accepted, and 40
were sent to Long Island. One hundred and forty-six men in all have paid
commutation money to Collector Alvord, making the sum received $43,890.
Rev. Alonzo P. Johnson is the only man who has passed from Charlemont,
and Samuel D. Rice the only one from Rowe.
were 744 examinations in the third district last week, and the
exemptions numbered 558, including 203 for alienage, 11 for disability,
and 194 for other causes. Sixty-nine commuted, 35 furnished substitutes,
and 5 reported for duty. There are 1000 conscripts in this district who
have not reported, and it is believed, will not voluntarily.
136 were examined in the fourth district last week, of whom 42 were
exempted for disability, 14 for alienage, 70 for other causes, 37
furnished substitutes, and 14 commuted.
hundred men were drafted in Worcester. Of this number 182 were passed by
the surgeon, 185 were exempted for physical disability,231 for alienage
and other causes, and 102 have never reported, and now stand as
deserters. Of the 182 men accepted, 89 have paid commutation, 18 drafted
men have been sent to Long Island, 49 have furnished substitutes, 12
have been furloughed for further hearing upon their claims for
exemption, and 4 have not reported after being accepted.
in New Jersey is proceeding very briskly. About 5000 men have been
obtained since Gov. Parker’s proclamation was issued. Three new
batteries are complete, and one regiment of cavalry and two regiments of
infantry will be completed during the week. Almost every township in the
state is at work, and it is expected that in a few days the quota of New
Jersey will be filled by voluntary enlistments.
General News Summary.
New Jersey shore is subsiding, or being washed under by the sea, at the
rate of two feet in a hundred years. In a few thousand centuries the
peach growing state will be entirely washed away.
the meeting of the Sunday school teachers’ association of New York
state, on Wednesday last, Gen. Wool was present and made a speech, in
which he repeated a prediction he had made in New York, that the western
powers of Europe would rush
“in at the death” to the rescue of the southern confederacy. Those
powers, he said, will act with a preconcerted and terrible promptness.
Their combined fleets of iron clads will attempt to place our Atlantic
cities at their mercy. Gen. Wool assumes that the destruction of the
Union is the concerted policy of Europe, without their aid if possible,
but with their aid if necessary.4
enlistment of colored troops in the lower counties of Maryland is
progressing favorably. The slaves are glad to enlist in order to escape
servitude. Generally, their owners are rebels or secession sympathizers.
Some of these counties are becoming depopulated of able-bodied Negro
men. On one plantation 41 chattels left their master at once and
rebel deserters who have arrived at Washington tell a big story about an
attempt of a rebel party from Richmond to board a United States gunboat
on the Piankatoak river. Instead of surprising the crew, however, the
rebels were themselves surprised; when within 300 yards of the vessel
the gunboat was suddenly illuminated, and such a deadly discharge poured
into their boat that only Lieut. Wood and four men escaped. The two
deserters were with the party on the shore who brought the rebel boats
across from Richmond on wagons and made their escape across the country
to the Potomac.
capture of the gunboats Reliance
and Satellite at the mouth of
the Rappahannock river by the rebels appears to have been a most
disgraceful affair. No precaution seems to have been taken to guard
against a surprise, and, in fact, a large rebel force were allowed to
get on board without the slightest resistance, and once on their deck,
of course, resistance was useless. It is reported that the Satellite
has been out in Chesapeake bay since her capture and destroyed several
schooners. She has returned to the Rappahannock, and several gunboats
were to be dispatched to recapture or destroy the captured steamers.
from Texas state that there are at least one hundred vessels loaded with
contraband cargoes for the rebels, off the Rio Grande. Several of them
are British steamers, waiting for cotton which the rebel government have
contracted to deliver at Matamoras, to the extent of nine thousand
bales, during the month of August.
British steamer Cronstadt,
captured after running out of Wilmington, N. C., and brought into
Boston, has a valuable cargo, including 601 bales cotton, 400 barrels
turpentine and 600 boxes tobacco. The vessel and cargo are probably
worth about $250,000.
SEPTEMBER 2, 1863
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
Draft.—The Springfield (Mass.) Republican
says the draft is nearly a failure, and that the Government will not get
one-fourth the number of men called for, ad that more men could have
been got by volunteering, at the same cost. Upon this the Providence Press remarks:
year the President wanted six hundred thousand men, and they were raised
“in a jiffy,” without resort to conscription This year conscription
is resorted to–much to our disgrace–and what do we see? Why, almost
all the conscripts try for exemption certificates, and only about
one-third of the “able-bodied” men fail to get them. In this State
the draft is completed, and the work of examining the drafted men is
nearly through. We have found some able-bodied men, but they nearly all
pay their commutation fee or get substitutes. Thus far
only nineteen drafted men in this State have put on the Federal uniform!
They nearly all follow the example of the editor of the Journal,
who thinks the New York “roughs” are good enough to do our fighting.
results are about the same in all the New England States. Few drafted
men will go, and the commutation money paid and the substitutes hired
are a heavy and unequal burden upon those who are compelled to bear it.
National Intelligencer of the
29th publishes a letter from John Adams, whom it vouches for as a loyal
man and a friend of the administration, and who has just returned from a
trip through Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Tennessee.
says he has conversed extensively with the people, and with most of the
leaders of the rebellion, all of whom regard their final defeat as
inevitable, and express a willingness to accede to any terms which shall
not humiliate and degrade them. They affirm that it is not for them to
beg for peace, but for President Lincoln to hold out the olive branch.
They desire the leaders in the rebellion to be held to a strict
accountability for their crimes. The writer urges a proclamation from
the President, after the fall of Charleston, offering protection to all
who will at once lay down their weapons of rebellion.
the last week all eyes and minds have been directed towards Charleston
as the scene of the most interesting and important operations of the
war; and during all that time our batteries and vessels have been
vigorously assailing the rebel works. The result, so far as is known, is
that Fort Sumter has been virtually demolished–so far disabled that
Gen. Gilmore considers it a waste of labor and ammunition to assail it
further. Yet it is so commanded by other works that our forces cannot
take possession of it until those works are disabled. This will require
time and great labor, but it will be done if Gilmore and Dahlgren are
interfered with, but are properly supported, from Washington. It is
stated that Gen. Gilmore has been receiving large reinforcements, and
the capture of Charleston seems to be certain. It is evidently so
regarded by the rebels.
The Two Parties.–There
is a wide difference between the Democratic and Republican parties.
Democratic party relies upon the people at the ballot boxes to redress
Republican party resorts to bayonets and military intimidation at the
Democratic party believe that the Constitution should be adhered to
strictly, in time of peace or war.
Republican party believe that the Constitution should be disregarded if
their party is in power, and the administration of their choice deems it
“necessary” to set it aside.
Democratic party believe in the great constitutional right of the habeas
corpus as a shield to the citizen, against an unlawful arrest, and
that Congress alone can suspend it in time of insurrection or invasion.
Republican party believe that this right should not be regarded if their
partisan President sees fit to suppress it.
Democratic party believe that the civil law is superior to the military.
Republican party believe that military power is superior to the civil.
Democratic party are opposed to arbitrary arrests “without due process
of law” where the Courts are unobstructed.
Republican party favor such arrests.
Democratic party believe that the States are sovereign in all political
power which they have not delegated to the federal government.
Republicans centralize power in the federal government, and sanction
acts which subvert the rights of the States, and suppress the liberties
of the people.
Democrats believe that the Union can be maintained only upon the
principles of the Constitution upon which it was based–that when all
the States are not admitted as equals in the Union, the Union itself
cannot be sustained.
Republicans propose that a portion of the States shall dictate to
another as to the State Institutions that shall exist within their
jurisdiction–and old that a portion of the States should be
dependencies to the more numerous and powerful States.
Democrats hold that secession and rebellion are hostile to the
Constitution, ad wickedly in violation of the pledged faith of the
States; and that the Constitution and the laws in pursuance thereof
shall be maintained in all the
States of the Union.
Republicans go much further, and hold that the laws under the
Constitution–the fugitive slave law and others–shall not
be maintained, but destroyed by armed force–that the President’s
word or order shall override Constitution and law, and destroy not only
provisions of the Constitution, but State laws and State institutions.
The Union as it was they will not have. No
Union with slaveholders is their cry.
people should judge which set of principles are the best, in peace or in
war, and which party is the most likely to save the Union.–Hartford
BOSTON PRESS & POST
long day of inaction of Gen. Rosecrans is fairly at an end, much to the
joy of his gallant army. For months there has been, in the letters
printed from it in the Western journals, a general expression of
impatience to be led forward. The army of the Cumberland commenced
moving on the 16th ult.; and on the same day Gen. Burnside’s army also
commenced a forward movement.
this day divisions of Gen. Rosecrans’s army moved from Decherd,
Tullahoma and Cowan, all bound for the Tennessee River, which they
expected to strike at Bellefonte, Bridgeford, Ala., and at a ford thirty
miles north of Chattanooga; the object being the capture of this great
situation, one of the most strategic points of the insurgents, and
looked upon at the West as of far more importance than Richmond. Gen.
Rosecrans reached this place on the 21st. The reports of his progress
are very meagre; and the last telegraphic dispatch, dated August 28,
from Stevenson, a small town, which is the base of the operations
against Chattanooga, reads: “It is probable that the rebels are
evacuating Chattanooga and all East Tennessee. Deserters who come within
Gen. Reynold’s lines report that they are moving guns and useful and
important machinery from the foundries at Chattanooga and Atlanta. The
rebel cavalry is reported to be concentrated at Rome, Ga.,”
army is in splendid spirits and fighting trim. “It is,” a letter
from it says, “in a very difficult country to operate. It is rough and
mountainous, and the absence of forage in the country renders a heavier
transportation of supplies necessary. It is hinted that Rosecrans and
Burnside have a joint plan for the immediate occupation of East
Tennessee, and the movements of both, thus far, are confirmatory of this
idea. Bragg–what is left of him–may or may not fight at Chattanooga.
The disaffection of his army has not been exaggerated. Crittenden’s
corps has administered the oath to several thousand voluntary
applicants, deserters and citizens, most of them giving bonds for
considerable sums of money. Many of the deserters immediately join the
Federal forces, being actuated, no doubt, by a fear that the guerrillas
would apprehend them if they returned to their homes.”
letter is from a Republican journal and one from a Democratic source
giving the same facts, from a soldier who has talked with rebel
prisoners, says, “I did not see a single person who did not express
himself as satisfied with the old Government when the rebellion began,
and as preferring reunion under the Constitution to a continuance of the
war. They claim that they can only echo the sentiment of a vast majority
of the rebel rank and file, and that a move for a return to the Union by
prominent Southerners would rally to its support more men than the
tottering Confederacy can retain in its service.”
Burnside, on the sixteenth, started for Stanford, Somerset and Fort Nelson
for East Tennessee, and expected soon to reach Knoxville. It is related that
many East Tennessee refugees are with Burnside’s army and impatient to
march home under the old flag. Two hundred came into Stanford on the 16th in
a body, and immediately enlisted in the First and Second East Tennessee
regiments of mounted infantry. The progress of Gen. Burnside has been
most important intelligence may be looked for, at any time, from these
quarters, and the hearty cooperation of these two Federal armies cannot but
have a great bearing on the war.
All Sorts of Paragraphs.
species of ingenuity is being resorted to by our “English cousins” to
build as “blockade runners,” for Southern assistance, the fastest kind
of steam-vessels, and to so build them that they may endure the fire of our
blockading fleets without much injury. The latest novelty of this kind is a
steamer originally designed to run on the Mersey River, between Liverpool
and Eastham, as a pleasure-boat. She has been so altered that, with a view
to “resist the rough salutations generally dealt out to blockade-runners
by the Yankee squadrons,” as a British journalist phrases it, she “has
been fitted with an outer shell, or coat, of timber below the water-line.
The space between this and the vessel herself can be filled with cotton,
which, it is considered, will effectually resist the Yankee missiles. To
obviate the danger of ignition, this space can be filled with water
immediately without in the least disturbing the crew or injuring the
cargo.” This cunningly adapted vessel is called the Alliance
and has a speed, they say, of twenty miles an hour.
awkward, bashful man, who was getting into a stage at Norwich, Conn., a few
days ago, pushed his foot through the hoop skirt of a lady passenger. In the
course of several ingenious expedients to extricate himself, he only
succeeded in putting his other foot through the hoops of another lady.
Sinking back in seeming despair, he shouted, “Hullo, driver, hold on! I
thought I was getting into a stage, but I find myself in a cooper’s
Richmond Whig announces the greatest victory of the age–the Confederate
ladies are giving up hoop skirts.
is suggested that the beach at Morris Island will hereafter be a famous
place to pick up shells.
hundred and sixty dollars were taken in Nashville in one day for licenses to
prostitutes! That is a novel
application of martial law.
is believed there are now fully two million bales of cotton belonging to the
rebels in the Mississippi valley, which it is thought our Government will
soon permit to come to market, under such regulations as Generals Grant and
Banks may prescribe.
DAILY EVENING TRAVELLER (MA)
accounts from Washington concur in the statement that the society and
the morals of Washington are very bad. The hotels and the streets are
crowded with a motley multitude of army officers, place hunters, seeking
contractors, idlers, sharpers and black legs, all earnest and some
ferocious for gain out of the national treasury. Each fortunate one
moves about with joyful aspect, willing to treat everybody; crowds of
loafers are about him, congratulating him on his good luck and sponging
him of mint juleps. It is wonderful how a man’s friends recognize him
the moment fortune smiles. “I have seen,” says a late visitor to the
National Metropolis, “a Senator claiming relationship with a fortunate
candidate who would not acknowledge his obsequious bow before. A poor,
unsuccessful wretch stands moodily nearby, as if meditating suicide. You
have State and national office seekers here from all parts of the United
States. If you are to credit themselves and their testimonials, they are
the only men capable of keeping the government afloat.”
contractors are the nabobs of the hotels. Cotton was king in the South,
but the dollar is king in the North. I am told the ladies of some of the
ascendant luminaries of state occasionally hold a kind of entourage,
when aspiring contractors pay golden respects, in the full assurance
that they will not be forgotten by the higher powers.
are a prominent class here, many of them having squeezed a fortune out
of the poor soldiers, who, getting tired of hardtack and pork, open
an account with the sutler, the latter fleecing him two or three
hundred per cent. Though soldiers regard them as regular Shylocks,
extorting their pound of flesh, still they cannot do without them. The
rebels are so well pleased with their good things that they are taking
charge of a good many sutlers lately.
straps are worn by too many who seem to be on permanent duty at the
hotels. If there is a man I despise more than another it is an office
who has the meanness to put his pay in his pocket and then shrink from
the dangers of the battle field. I don’t know how it happens that some
officers manage to get sick the moment they snuff a battle, and if the
sick dodge doesn’t do they generally find some other to take them to
Washington. Such fellows, though few indeed, should be cut by all brave
men, and left to the congenial society of their companions of the faro
table and beer saloons.
is a regular den of rowdies, pickpockets and loafers. It was past ten
o’clock at night when I arrived at – Hotel. An officer leaning over
the bar eyed me closely, and then politely informed me that he had met
me before, but, for the life of him, he could not tell where. ‘Perhaps
you have met me in the army,’ said I. ‘Oh, yes, yes! That’s it.
Pray, sir, where did you serve?” ‘On General –’s staff.’
‘Ah, there is where I met you! Recollect you now. How do you do?’
blackleg scoundrels don the military dress for a decoy, and worm
themselves into the confidence of young officers in order to draw them
into their gambling and dissipation.”
Price of Shoes at Richmond.–At
a recent auction sale the following were the prices: ladies’ shoes $35
to $48 a pair; children’s $18 to $20; and brogans $35.
A Man Who Heard the Battle of Bunker Hill.–Stephen
Crandall, the oldest man in Tiverton, R. I., died the other day, at the
age of 98–and he wouldn’t have died then, but he had the cholera
morbus. He weeded two acres of corn the week before his death; and
summer before last he led a whole field of experienced mowers. He has
always been a hard-working man, enjoyed excellent health, and sense of
hearing and sight was always good. He heard the first gun fired in the
battle of Bunker Hill, and by placing his ear to the ground, he heard,
in the place where he then was, the reverberations of the whole battle.
seems Admiral Dahlgren has been sick for some time past, and has either
been confined to bed or able with difficulty to crawl on deck or into
the pilot-house on critical occasions at a sad expense of ease and
comfort. The abominable atmosphere of the iron-clads has taken hold of
Portland, Me., Courier has
heard of two ladies who have had the courage to appear without hoops.
There are hundreds of ladies in Boston (says the Journal)
who have repudiated a stupid fashion in the same way.
latter statement needs confirmation.]
A Russian-American Alliance.–Vienna,
Aug. 17.–We hear that communications have been received from an
English source, according to which we must prepare ourselves for the
approaching ratification of an offensive and defensive alliance between
St. Petersburg and Washington. This eventuality, should this somewhat
speculative information be confirmed, would principally affect the
bearings of the Mexican and Polish questions.
Newfoundland and Labrador Fisheries.–An
old fisherman, in a communication to the government, recommends, instead
of destroying codfish spawn, that the peas be cast into the water or
buried in the sand, as by so doing the greater part of them would be
saved. The fish may be dead, but the spawn are not. The wholesale
destruction of the spawn in the mother fish, now so common by the
fishermen who visit the Banks from the United States and France, as well
as by the resident fishermen of Newfoundland, must prove disastrous to
the fishery in future years. By many of the latter class the spawn are
salted and used for food, but this old gentleman implores them to
desist, or they will cause the loss of many thousands of quintals of
SEPTEMBER 5, 1863
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Something About Quinine.–Mr.
Clements R. Markham has just published in England a volume of “Travels
in Peru and India, while superintending the collection of cinchona
plants and seeds in South America and their introduction into India.”
In a review of this work the London Times
has the following remarks:
supply of quinine has been for sometime past a subject of serious
anxiety. There is, perhaps, no drug which is more valuable to man than
the febrifugal alkaloid which is extracted from the cinchona trees of
South America; yet such has been the improvidence in gathering their
crop of bark that, as the high price of the drug sufficiently testifies,
we were in danger of seeing its supply reduced to the vanishing point.
It was but the other day, after the battle of Harrison’s Landing, that
the American government came into the markets and cleared away a very
material portion of the existing stock. What would be our fate if to a
cotton famine we added a quinine famine, has been a nearer subject of
apprehension than many of us have supposed. It appears that under these
circumstances, we have been looking to India, where the cinchona plants
are now acclimatized, to sustain our supply of bark, if that of Peru
should fail, and Mr. Markham, who has been the principal agent in the
experiment, has published an elaborate narrative of his labors. In this
narrative we have the latest intelligence on the subject of quinine.
Apart from its importance as an article of commerce and a medical
specific, all the varieties of the cinchona are here described for the
botanist, and some new information on a subject which our encyclopædias
confess that we are still much in the dark, has been collected for the
general reader. . .
1859 the services of Mr. Markham were engaged to superintend the
collection of plants and seeds in South America and their transfer to
India, and the necessary arrangements were authorized by Lord Stanley,
then Secretary of State. Mr. Markham had various assistants, but he
himself undertook to explore the forests either of Caravaya or Bolivia,
and to collect C. Calisaya and other important species of that more
distant region, and his labors and observations in the course of this
quest constitute the principal subject of the volume before us. He has
amplified this by some descriptions of Peruvian remains and scenery,
illustrated by a few woodcuts and an account of the Peruvian Indians in
their later days. . . More pertinent to his immediate subject is his
account of the impediments he himself encountered to his removal of the
plants he had collected, through the jealousy of the Juntas Municipales,
which his operations had excited. He was, in fact, obliged to dodge the
authorities before he could get his stores to the coast and prepare them
for transportation. . .
author dwells upon the comparative success of the culture of cinchona in
the Indian peninsula. The mistakes of the Dutch authorities have, it
seems, been avoided, and there is now a prospect that, in various
districts of India, and even in Ceylon, cinchona will be reared and
become an important item in the table of our Indian exports. In India
itself an ample supply of this drug will be an immense boon and benefit.
Since quinine has been extensively used among our troops there, there
has been a steady diminution in the percentage of mortality. Whereas, in
1830 the average percentage of deaths to cases of fever treated was
3.68, in 1856 it was only one per cent in a body of 18,000 men scattered
Peshawar to Pegu. The importance to ourselves is hardly less, for by
this means we shall be spared a contingency which was more imminent than
we had supposed, and instead of a dwindling supply of this febrifugal
specific we shall probably soon have the drug so abundant that its price
will be sensibly diminished. At least, we shall have reason to be
thankful if the supply is rendered secure, and no fevered Briton is
deprived of a remedy for want of which, in the opinion of Mr. Markam, we
may ascribe the deaths of Oliver Cromwell and Alexander the Great.”
Correspondence of the London Times, Aug. 20.]
Emperor Napoleon is said to have told Marshal Forey, when he was about
to start for Mexico, that he was undertaking “la
plus grosse affaire de mon regne.” I believe I am not solitary in
my opinion that it will prove the most disastrous event of this reign.
Its unpopularity is wide-spread ad invincible. Nothing appears to render
it palatable to the country. Wrap it up in plebiscites,
set it ablaze with rockets and Bengal lights, promise untold riches from
its mines, dress up the subject in any way you like, the people, to use
a common phrase, won’t have it. I for one utterly refuse to believe
that the Mexican question forms a part of any vast scheme in the teeming
brain of the French Emperor. I look upon the Mexican expedition as a
solitary fact–one of the many desperate and reckless throws of the
political dice which we have witnessed, and probably shall yet witness,
during this adventurous reign, and I anticipate that each new phase of
the “occupation” will be marked with new and increasing
difficulties. For instance, here is this blockade question. Already we
learn the seizure of an English ship, the Carolina
Goodyear, by the French steam frigate Panama.
The complications which have arisen between us and our American cousins
are at hand to show us how great are the risks of ill blood in those
questions of blockade.
offices arriving at Washington from Gettysburg report that our wounded
are growing better, and the hospitals rapidly discharging convalescents.
About 1500 remain, 600 of whom are rebels. All of the rebel officers,
with the exception of a few lieutenants, have been removed.
Knoxville Register mentions “as a singular fact, that Confederate bonds are
worth more in England than at home. Here Confederate money is almost
constantly depreciating.” “It is difficult to make a purchase,
however small,” the Register
continues, “without being reminded by the seller of the great
depreciation of our money. From the man who sells you a horse for six or
eight hundred dollars, down to the shop-keeper who sells you an almanac
for twenty-five cents, all pile on an enormous price, and by way of
apology, give the currency a kick.”7
the traditional association of scurvy with navies of this period, during
the war, cases of this disease (occasioned by a lack of vitamin C), were
more common in the armies. Stats from the Union side show one case for
every 1000 sailors in the Yankee fleet–and 13 cases for every 1000
soldiers in the Federal Army.
is the CSS Hunley, which had
just been taken over by the Confederate Navy. The fifth drowned crewman
was Absolum Williams. The crew was made up of only eight men, not nine
on this voyage, and the third survivor was William Robinson. “A
crewmember who survived later reported that the officer in charge, Lt.
John A. Payne, accidentally stepped on the lever controlling the dive
planes causing the submarine to dive while her hatches were still
open.” Info from Hunley.org
information on Praise-God Barebones.
Wool was absolutely correct. See Lincoln
and the Emperors by A. R. Tyrner-Tyrnauer.
a subsequent paper refutes the claim that the Admiral was suffering, the
ironclads were considered
abominations by sailors–who received a 25% bounty for serving aboard
them in the heat and humidity of the South. Put yourself inside a
poorly-ventilated black iron box powered by coal-fired steam engines on
a sunny day and you’ll have an idea of the experience.
quintal, also referred to as a hundredweight, is a unit of measure equal
to 100 kg or 220½ pounds.
to the 1 June 1860 listings in the California
Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences (San Francisco) for a 4-year
old draft stallion ($30), matched mares ($20 each), and matched
stallions ($10 each). In the same year, most almanacs were provided free
of charge (the advertising paying for their printing); of those that
charged, prices were less than half the 25¢ cited in this 1863 article.
For example, the Jamestown Journal
(Jamestown, NY) of 13 January 1860, advertises the Tribune Almanac for 13¢ a copy, or a dozen for one dollar. If you
bought a hundred in bulk for $7, the price per copy dropped to seven
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