SEPTEMBER 13, 1863
Contraband Trade of Matamoras.—The supply steamer Bermuda,
at Philadelphia, reports:
at the mouth of the Rio Grande, the officers of the Bermuda had an ample opportunity to observe the manner in which the
English and French preserve their neutrality. The port of Matamoras is a
Mexican importing and exporting city. The rebels use it as the chief
city of the cotton trade of the South. The cotton is conveyed across the
Rio Grande to Matamoras. The merchant vessels of France and England
clear for Matamoras and anchor in the stream. Tugs carrying fifty or
sixty bales of cotton then come from the city, and the cotton is hoisted
on board eh vessels in neutral waters. While the Bermuda
lay off the Rio Grande, a fleet of merchantmen were in the river, and a
continual line of tugs passed to and fro. The steamers thus receive
their cargoes, but the meteor flag of England or the lilies of France
floats from the masthead. The United States gunboats may approach, but
they cannot take the vessel in custody and confiscate her cargo. The
blockading squadron, the Princess Royal and other, lie off Matamoras, but they are powerless
to stop the neutral traffic. Over the blue waves go the merchantmen.
Their prows dash aside the swelling billows of the Gulf, and they reach
London, Liverpool or the French ports of entry. There a cargo of
supplies, provisions, clothing, shoes, every article that the
Confederacy needs, is shipped; the prows again turn seaward; the course
is directed toward the Mexican Gulf, and the cargo is landed at
Matamoras. Such is English neutrality; such is French honesty.
reported one of the cleanest cities in the world, is suffering a variety
of epidemics from filth and summer heat. An almost tropical sun acting
upon the accumulations of filth in the lower districts, has engendered
some of the most fatal epidemics which flesh is heir to, and dysentery,
fevers, and other direful diseases have made shocking havoc among all
classes of the people.
were 20 American sea-going craft reported as totally lost during the
past month. The most serious is the foundering of the United States
brig-of-war Bainbridge. The
list comprises 1 brig-of-war, 2 steamers, 4 ships, 3 barks, 1 brig and 9
schooners. Of these, 11 were wrecked, 1 abandoned, 4 foundered, 2 burnt,
and 2 captured and converted into privateers. The total value of the
property lost and destroyed is estimated at $1,500,300.
Blockade of Wilmington, N. C.—There is no doubt that the
blockade of Wilmington is inefficient to a degree that is simply
farcical. Not only do blockade runners have almost uninterrupted access
to the port, but armed steamers pass the blockading fleet and run in
readily. That this state of things exist is no fault of the Navy
Department. The mouth of the Cape Fear river is so wide that a large
number of vessels is required to watch it. Upon either headland are two
forts, Caswell and Fisher. For some distance up the river the shores are
lined with sand batteries. The bar at the mouth of the river is so
situated that the blockading vessels cannot lie close in and command the
channels. Consequently the blockade runners, which are very fast
vessels, can creep along in the dark, slip by the blockading fleet, and
soon gain the protection of the forts and batteries. To pursue them
would involve the loss of the pursuing vessel.1
these reasons the blockade is not effective, and cannot be made so
unless with a very large fleet, which cannot at this time be spared for
the service. Until Charleston falls, and the fleet there is released
from duty, or until Wilmington is captured, neither of which events seem
imminent, we must expect the blockade of the last named port to be
inefficient.–N. Y. Comm. Adv.
War in New Zealand.—A correspondent of the London Times writes from New Zealand (no date given) that the Northern
Island is now involved in a war with the natives, which threatens to be
greater in extent than any of its predecessors. In spite of every
possible effort to conciliate them, the natives have again risen up in
arms. Sir George Grey, the Governor, has taken every precaution against
danger, and Gen. Cameron has put himself at eh head of a large body of
troops, who are ready to repel attack at a moment’s notice. A
considerable volunteer force has also been organized in the principal
cities and towns. Some hot skirmishes have already taken place between
small parties of troops and New Zealanders, concerned in the massacre of
last May. The good understanding which now exists between all parties
and the greatly improved condition of the colonial finances the last
three or four years, will enable it to stand the strain much better than
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
The Awful Doom of Charleston.
Yankee paper thus discourses upon the “righteous retribution” which,
it says, is about to fall on the devoted head of our sister city:
somewhere speaks of Justice putting on her terrible garments–“her
robes of hellfire.” It is in just this aspect she is to-day
approaching Charleston. There is something fearfully imposing in the
manner in which that sheet of flame works its resistless way toward the
devoted city. Yet men rejoice. And well they may. Not for revenge.
Revenge is a passion fit for savages only. But because there is a deep
instinct in the human breast that finds pleasure in righteous
retribution. This visitation upon the chief city of South Carolina
causes peculiar satisfaction, for the reason that South Carolina is the
guiltiest of all the rebel States. It gave birth to the master traitor,
Calhoun–idolized him living, and canonized him when dead. It plotted
disunion for thirty years; twice made a desperate effort to compass it
by open resistance, and was the head and front of the present, yet more
formidable, movement. It was South Carolina that first began the
war–that, first, shut up the Federal courts; that first withdrew her
members from Congress; that first passed an ordinance of secession; that
first laid hands upon the Federal property; that first fired upon the
national flag and opened the war. Had it not been for South Carolina, in
all earthly probability this impious rebellion would not have existed at
all. As it is said of Satan that he “drew” one-third of the angels
after him in fool revolt, so may it be said of this arch apostate in the
family of American States–she drew a third of them away by her own
original and infernal wickedness.
the punishment, though long deferred, will be all the more terrible now
that the full time for it has come. Neither the army nor the navy at her
gates is in a temper to palter or temporize with her blackest treason.
Nothing but the promptest and completest submission will save South
Carolina from a loss of property and sacrifice of life, before which all
dispensations of justice in the war thus far will sink into
the worst misery that will befall South Carolina will be her humiliation
of spirit. Never was there a community on the face of the earth that
made such pretentions to invincibility; never one so habitually arrogant
and domineering. Her children have been brought up to the notion of
their superiority of blood and condition, and have learned to cherish no
other feeling than that of sovereign contempt for the “mudsills and
greasy mechanics” of the North. They call themselves the chivalry, and
for a whole generation have been practicing the airs and the tones of
the tragic tyrant that stalks his brief hour on the stage. Such vaporing
and bravado, such insult and contumely, such superciliousness and
scornfulness, as have been set forth by these palmetto sprigs, have
never been exceeded among any people, either civilized or barbarous.
is one Northern State for which they have affected peculiar disdain, and
which they have taken pains to vituperate and aggrieve–the glorious
old Bay State–whose resplendent worth they are no more capable of
appreciating than the dogs that bay at the ->
Thirty-two years ago they attempted to deal out their unmeasured scorn
of Massachusetts through the lips of their Senator, Hayne, who was the
selected instrument to emit that long-prepared exterminating diatribe,
which, when it came, drew forth from the Senator of Massachusetts the
response whose echoes have not yet done ringing in the ears of men.
Seventeen years ago they expelled from their limits, with the grossest
indignity, Judge Hoar, whose errand, in the name of Massachusetts, was
to secure the rights of citizens of Massachusetts by a legitimate appeal
to the Federal Court. Eight years ago, not satisfied with what abusive
language against the State at large had accomplished, or the abusive
treatment of her deputy, sent for a most just purpose, through two of
their representatives in Congress, made a murderous assault upon a
Senator of Massachusetts, in his seat, on the floor of the Senate–an
act the audacity of which astonished the civilized world–and then
gloried in the outrage. Massachusetts, indeed, had good cause to lay to
heart the treatment she in former days had received from the foremost
rebel State; and there is a dramatic justice in the fact that
Massachusetts men were the foremost to land upon her traitorous shores
with gleaming arms to force her into humble submission to the flag she
had betrayed and defied.
since history began did arrogance receive more humiliation than is in
store for South Carolina, or treason more condign punishment.”
Accident.—This morning a serious accident happened to Miss
Lucy Knott, daughter of Judge Knott, who was leaving the city in a buggy
for home. The horse which she was driving took fright at the flying of a
kite by some boys, in the streets, and ran off, throwing Miss Knott out
of the buggy with much violence. She was taken up, in an insensible
condition, and conveyed into the house of Dr. Thomson, where she was
receiving all the attention it was possible to bestow. At last advices,
she was recovering from her insensibility, and we hope her injuries will
not prove dangerous to life or limb.
practice of kite flying in the streets is, we believe, prohibited by an
ordinance of the City Council, but still it is kept up to a considerable
extent in the western part of town. Let this dangerous amusement be
forthwith discontinued, either in town or in the highways leading
Paper Mill Stopped.—We regret to see by a card from the
Superintendent, published in the Rebel
of the 11th, that the Marietta Paper Mill has been stopped–all the
operatives having gone into the service. We trust the suspension will be
very brief–otherwise a good many of our interesting contemporaries
will be in the same condition.
SEPTEMBER 15, 1863
PORTLAND ADVERTISER (ME)
Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg.—The
special correspondent of the N. Y. Evening
Post writes from Morris Island, 9th inst., as follows:
Saturday and Sunday the fire of all our guns and mortars was
concentrated continuous upon Fort Wagner, and at night the bombardment
was continued sufficiently to prevent the enemy from repairing the
damages which the day’s work had made. We could see that the
commissary building in the fort had been struck and destroyed. One heavy
gun had been dismounted, and its great black muzzle projected into the
air almost perpendicularly. Other guns had been struck, so as to give
pretty good assurance that they could not be used. The fire of the fort
was entirely silenced.
the work of sapping had been pushed forward until one sap not only
reached the fort, but went past its left angle (the right as seen by
us), leading out upon the beach. Three storming parties were made up for
a charge on Monday morning at eight o’clock–Gen. Stevenson’s
brigade to go through the sap, follow the beach till they could get
around to the back of the fort, and there make the assault; Col.
Davis’ brigade to follow the same line of attack, covering the
remainder of the rear of the fort, and preventing the escape of the
garrison; and Col. Goss, with two regiments, to storm the front. The
plan was well laid, and promised success–but who could have said at
what cost of the best blood in our noble little army? No one who
remembers the charges of July 11 and 18 could avoid a feeling of the
deepest solicitude, even amid the general hopefulness.
these anticipations and anxieties Sunday closed. With early light on
Monday we were awakened with the good news–‘The rebels have
evacuated and we hold the whole island.’ Two or three hours after
midnight, deserters brought word of the movement that was taking place.
A small body of our forces pushing forward found themselves treading
with impunity the fastnesses of this long-dreaded stronghold. Another
party of skirmishing up to Fort Gregg found that too deserted.
the light dawned, what a spectacle was presented by the interior of Fort
Wagner! There were splintered timbers, dismounted ad exploded guns,
walls and traverses torn and furrowed by shot and shell, here a mangled
fragment of a body, a leg, an arm, half of a head, three or four bodies
lying in a pile, on which the heat and sun had produced the frightful
marks of decomposition (one of these bodies was a lieutenant colonel).
Strewn all round were bodies of horses and mules. The air was
unspeakably foul and loathsome with the stench from all these masses of
decay. Those who first went into the fort could not help vomiting
repeatedly. Attracted by a groan, they found, in one of the bomb-proofs,
a wounded man whose injuries had not been dressed at all. He died while
being removed to our hospital.->
a number of causes combined to produce this abrupt flight of the rebels.
The destruction of their commissary storehouse threatened them with
starvation; the murderous effects of our shells (attested by the ghastly
relics strewn through the fort) showed that their bomb-proofs and
splinter-proofs were by no means impenetrable; the condition of the
garrison, crowded into those close shelters with but a narrow door, and
that at times so closed up with sand dislodged from above by our shells
that the inmates had to dig themselves out, must have been one of nearly
process of our sap and its extension past the angle of the fort showed
them that they would soon be taken in the rear, where they had made
little or no provision for defense. In addition to this, if the
lieutenant colonel whose body was found in the fort was in command, it
is likely that his death threw the garrison into disorder, and perhaps
into a panic.
the day I visited both of the forts. Hardly less worthy of attentive
curiosity than these is the extended system of parallels and saps by
which we made our approaches to the fort. A very epitome of the war and
a transcript of the character of the Yankee nation are these approaches.
While the chivalry rave, and shove, shovel, till they are vanquished and
circumvented by our steady and toiling energy. As one approaches the
fort, he sees its front stuck full of pikes and pointed stakes, intended
to impale a storming party. Passing around and entering it from the
rear, he is struck with the immense labor that the fort has cost, and
the strength which labor and art have given it. The rampart at its base
cannot be much less than forty feet thick. A perfect mountain of earth
has been thrown up in the erection of the entire work. To a storming
party, attacking it in front, it might truly be pronounced impregnable.
It is rather a succession or congeries of forts than a fort, and if by
any almost impossible good fortune and valor an attacking force could
gain possession of one of these, they would have accomplished nothing
but to win a spot for their own sacrifice. A very intelligent officer of
engineers pronounced it the strongest work of the kind in the world.
walk of about twelve hundred yards brought me to Fort Gregg, a small but
very strong work, mounting three eight and ten-inch guns, and furnished
with two howitzers. The inducements for staying long in Fort Gregg or to
rambling much between it and Fort Wagner are quite limited. Shell from
forts Moultrie, Beauregard and Johnson are falling perpetually upon this
narrow arena, with a frequency and an accuracy which pay the rebels
tribute to the value of the position we have gained. Yesterday
afternoon, while standing on Fort Gregg, watching the rebel works,
Captain Baker, of the Ninth Maine, was struck by a shot from Fort
Beauregard on Sullivan’s Island, and instantly killed.
SEPTEMBER 16, 1863
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
Incidents Connected with Gen. Burnside’s
Burnside marched upon Knoxville so rapidly, that the whole garrison
hurried away without destroying the property of the confederate
government. Our forces took possession of extensive foundries and
machine shops belonging to the rebel authorities. They found there two
million pounds of salt, and granaries full of wheat–the product of the
tithe tax. Three locomotives and a number of cars were also captured.
rebels at Cumberland Gap were cut off and forced to an unconditional
surrender. The garrison consisted of the Second North Carolina, First
Virginia and First Georgia regiments, with several companies of
artillery. The regiment from Georgia numbered eight hundred, and was
among the troops captured by Gen. Burnside at Roanoke Island. While the
Federals were lying before the Gap, on the night of the 7th, two
companies penetrated the line of the confederate pickets, and in plain
sight of their camp, burned the mill which furnished the enemy with
meal; this hastened the surrender.
are now scouring the country to clean out the few remaining rebels. The
saltpetre works, where the rebel government employed several hundred
men, and which furnished it a goodly proportion of their supply of this
article for the manufacture of gun powder, are within our lines.
crops of grain and vegetables in the valleys of Clinch and Holston
rivers are extremely plentiful and luxuriant. It is said that both the
inhabitants and our army can subsist for a year on the native products
of the soil. In expectation that the Union troops would come to deliver
them from the yoke of the oppressor, the women had mostly planted the
whole campaign of Gen. Burnside was attended with but one casualty–a
private killed in a skirmish. There is hardly a case of sickness among
the troops at Knoxville.
U. S. transport Nellie Peritz
arrived at Fortress Monroe Tuesday morning from Hilton Head Saturday
last at 8 a.m.
Capt. Diggs reports the arrival of the relief boat Cosmopolitan from Morris Island on Friday evening, at which time the
white flag was flying over the shattered walls of Fort Moultrie, and our
forces had captured half of James Island. Two monitors were lying
between Sumter and Moultrie. Capt. Diggs passed Charleston Bar Saturday
afternoon at 4 o’clock, at which time he saw the white flag still
flying over Fort Moultrie. Fort Moultrie fired her last gun at 4
o’clock Friday afternoon.
Washington dispatch says: “The buildings in course of erection on the
Maryland shore of the Potomac river at Gresboro, nearly opposite to
Alexandria, are nearly completed. Soon, therefore, the cavalry now
scattered over a surface of several miles in that neighborhood, will be
concentrated at that point in permanent barracks. There are several
thousand troops in camp already. Brig.-Gen. Merritt, selected solely for
his fine soldierly qualifications, is in command. Cavalrymen and their
horses are here to be drilled. On Friday not less than 800 recently
purchased horses were sent hither, and additional supplies are daily
furnished. It is apparent that more than one-half the animals are of an
inferior quality as compared with those furnished at the commencement of
the war, thus showing that the quartermaster’s department is obliged
to take what it can get–very much of the horse stock having been
exhausted by the severe military service.”
Sept. 15.–On Sunday morning a party of fugitive slaves, thirty in
number, were making their way to Washington from their masters’ homes
in Anne and Arundel counties, through Centreville, a patrol composed of
citizens of Prince George’s county attempted to stop them. The slaves
resisted. Some of them were armed with old muskets and attempted to use
them, but they “hung fire,” and proved inefficient. The patroller
then fired in among the fugitives, and wounded five of them, two
seriously. Other parties coming to the aid of the patrol, most of the
slaves were secured and taken in charge by their owners, who had by this
time overtaken them. Five were placed in jail in Marlboro. One of them
received a load of fine shot in the face, by which both eyes were
Richmond Whig has an editorial
under the head of “Better die than be Conquered,” which reveals the
consciousness that, with all their boastings, the rebels feel their
cause lost. The Whig threatens
that, in the last resort, the rebels will “take to the woods and the
wilderness, like savages, and there fight against cold and hunger” as
long as they may be able. Perhaps they will consent to die in the last
Gilmore recently sent a special message to Washington, asking the
government for instructions as to shelling Charleston. The reply was
that he was expected to bombard the city until the rebels shall
surrender. The Providence Journal,
in reference to the “regular, persistent, plucky and thoroughly
scientific way in which Gen. Gilmore is making his sure approaches upon
Charleston,” and the probable obstacles he has yet to encounter, says:
“What we want is the harbor and the site of that city; it will suit us
quite as well with or without the buildings upon it.”
Charleston Mercury describes the evacuation of batteries Wagner and
Gregg by the enemy, and says that both places were mined to give our
troops a hot reception. The slow match was applied at Wagner by Captain
Hugenine and at Gregg by Captain Lesesne, but owing to some defect in
the fuses, no explosion took place.
number of prize vessels taken into the port of Philadelphia since the
commencement of the war is eighty-five. The most valuable, including the
cargo, was the steamer Bermuda,
which realized more than half a million of dollars. Several of the late
prizes, which brought heavy cargoes of cotton, realized large sums.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
The Pirate Florida to be Seized by the
for Destruction done to their Shipping.
York, Sept. 16.–The Commercial’s
Paris letter of the 1st, says: The Florida
is still in the port of Brest, and to-day it is stated in the Journal
that not only is she going to be seized by the owners of certain French
vessels burned by her, but that for the burning of British vessels, a
British man-of-war is lying in wait for her. All this, it is hoped, will
give time for an American armed vessel to arrive. Some of the officers
of the Florida are now in
Paris spending their money.
funds and commerce generally have undergone a great advance, in view of
the certainty that peace will be maintained in Europe. The next war, in
the opinion of the majority, is to be with the United States, but that
is yet too remote to affect business operations.
the bakeries became free. The price of bread is no longer fixed by the
authorities, and the price consequently fell two centimes on the pound
The White Flag over Moultrie.
Sept. 16.–The fact that a white flag was lately seen floating over
Fort Moultrie is not considered of unusual significance, as the
Confederate flag itself is white, with the exception of the union, which
is red with a blue cross studded with white stars. No importance is
attached to the statement of the “white flag”” seen by Capt.
of Rebel Piracy to be Tested in France.—The claim of rebel
piracy on the ocean to be treated as legalized privateering, is soon to
be tested in the French courts. A preliminary decision has already been
rendered, whereby the British owners, of London, of the bars of silver
stolen by the privateer Maffit from the ship B.
F. Hoxie, restrain the disposition of their property, by Marcara
& Co., acting for the rebel firm of Fraser, Trenholm & Co., of
value of the silver is $100,000. The House of Marcara & Co. have
advanced upon it about $40,000, and being on stolen property they may
not only lose their advances but be impounded for damages to the
rightful owners. The President of the Civil Tribunal at Paris has issued
an order for the sale of the silver, and directed that the proceeds
should be invested in Treasury bonds at six months, till the question of
ownership should be daily decided.
Blockade Runners.—The Edinburg Scotsman,
received per steamer Hansa,
more river steamers have left the Clyde this week for the purpose of
running the blockade. The Rothesay
Castle, of 840 tons, which was one of the fastest river steamers
built on the Clyde, and was lately sold for the sum of £8500 sterling,
and a very fine new paddle steamer named the Fergus,
of 1000 tons, which is said to have great power and to sail very fast,
have cleared for Nassau, and are manned by picked crews of thirty hands.
other steamers left early in August, viz: the Diamond,
Gem, and Scotia, and two large powerful paddle steamers of 500 tons are
fitting out at Greenock.”
Noble, of Wisconsin, in his speech at the Young Men’s Convention at
Syracuse, on the 3d instant, referred as follows to the proposition to
“compromise” with the rebels.
John Jones lives in a house, and owns it and the property in and about it,
and some day when he is out, three or four scoundrels enter the house and
steal all he has in it, and take it in the yard; and if John should come in
and catch them at it, what do you think John would do? Compromise the
matter? Of course not. What then? Suppose he finds the servants of his house
have been privy to the act and, to his astonishment, these servants who have
intrigued and got these thieves in there, and after that had got the
property, say to Jones, ‘Oh, settle this difficulty, and not have any
trouble.’ ‘Well,’ says Jones, ‘How will you settle it?’ The
thieves say, ‘We propose to take all the personal property we have; we
propose, also, to take and hold the estate, and live here, because the
property belongs to this place; and lastly, as it cost us something to get
here, we want you to pay the livery hire of this buggy and horse.’ [Great
laughter.] ‘Do you suppose Jones would acquiesce? My friends, that is
almost identically the case with the rebels and our northern copperheads.”
regard to the colored soldiers captured before Charleston, the editor of the
Savannah Republican wrote from
Charleston on the 29th ult., as follows:
have omitted to state in previous letters that the captured Negroes, who
were turned over to the State by the military authorities a few weeks ago,
were brought up for trial under the laws of South Carolina on Monday. On
motion of counsel on either side the cases were postponed until next Tuesday
week. Able counsel have been assigned the prisoners, and other steps taken
to secure them a fair and impartial trial. Public sentiment here is against
a rigid execution of the law, and I shall not be surprised if a plea in
defense that they were acting not of their free will, but under compulsion,
should avail in securing a verdict of acquittal.”
Indian Tribes Returning to Allegiance.
The Whole Indian Territory
Sept. 16.–The latest intelligence from the Indian country gives additional
significance to the victories of Gen. Blunt at Perryville and Fort Smith.
Chile McIntosh and Unis McIntosh have come over to our side, bringing with
them the entire Creek nation, of which they were leaders and chiefs.
Contrabands from the Red river report that the Chickasaw Indians have
declared their allegiance to the federal government. Briefly, the entire
Indian territory is now under our control, and will remain so.
who have recently visited the fleet doing duty off the coasts of Virginia
and North Carolina represent the unanimity of sentiment among officers and
men in favor of a war with England as remarkable. The most intense feeling
prevails upon this topic, and the presence of an English frigate in Hampton
Roads becomes daily more distasteful. Speculations are freely indulged as to
how many shots from a 15-inch gun would be required to sink the intruder,
and the problem is enlarged so as to embrace her Majesty’s navy.2
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
of the Rebel States.—A letter from Cairo to the New York Tribune
makes some important statements as to the depopulation of the southern
states by the rebellion:
inquiries made of persons reaching this point from as many as seven
states, I gather that the population in the South is rapidly decreasing.
A boat never arrives here without having more or less refugees on board,
sometimes as many as two, three and even five hundred. There is little
doubt but that by this means Illinois alone has received an addition of
100,000 to her population. They have also lost an immense number of
soldiers by sickness, and this for several reasons: one, because the
enervating climate and general disregard of the laws of health,
previously produced constitutions which broke down with unaccustomed
hardships. All accounts agree that northern soldiers are capable of
greater endurance. Another reason is that they have suffered for want of
medicine, clothing and proper food, hence fever and ague, or more
properly chills, for they do not shake, have resulted–other tonics
which are required, not being in the country, this disease has lapsed,
by consequence, into pneumonia, or, as it is generally called, winter
fever. This is a congestion of the lungs–it is similar to what used to
be called quick consumption, and more people always died of it in eh
South than of all other diseases combined. Another cause of mortality,
particularly among officers and men of intelligence, is a deep-seated
melancholy arising from the disordered state of their affairs,
superadded to the malarious tendency just mentioned.
reason is that many women and children having lived in great
wretchedness not only during the war, but before, have died for want of
food. They may not actually have starved to death, but exposure and poor
and insufficient food have brought on the winter fever. Almost any day
here in Cairo, one may see children of refugees from three to twelve
years old, carried in their mothers’ arms, and they are almost wholly
skin and bone. Frequently have I seen children ten or twelve years of
age who would not weigh as many pounds; sometimes they would be one mass
of scabs and sores. During the spring and summer I saw crowds of well
children with bunches of mustard or turnip tops, partly in blossom,
costing five cents, which they would eat green as greedily as cows eat
grass. And their mothers, too, would eat them with equal relish. To the
families of such persons the government donates, on their arrival here,
from $10 to $30 and transportation. In these days, among other food,
they buy Irish potatoes, and now one may see these children seize these
potatoes and eat them raw as heartily as happier children eat apples. I
have the best of reason for saying that a similar story might have been
told before the war commenced. Everywhere is the human body governed by
the same laws. The new-born infant of savage parents will freeze as
quickly as the infant of rich parents. The traitor Floyd, in his account
of the surrender of Fort Donelson, said truly, ‘There is a limit to
human endurance.’ When a people, in any respect inferior, wages an
irrepressible conflict with another contiguous people, it can in no way
save itself from annihilation, except by absorption.”
Situation in Virginia.
real position and strength of Lee’s army is not known at Washington,
and probably not at Gen. Meade’s headquarters. There were reports on
Wednesday night of a large rebel cavalry force, some three thousand
strong, at Hancock’s Ferry, on the upper Potomac, and the commissary
and quartermaster’s stores at Warrenton and Manassas are being sent to
Alexandria for safety. One dispatch from the army states positively that
it is known that Lee’s retreat has ceased at Orange Court House, where
two roads lead through the mountains into the valley. The rebels may
hope to get Gen. Meade south of the Rapidan, and then move their army to
the right and get between him and Washington and crossing the
Rappahannock, march towards Maryland. Many well-informed officers look
for some important movement of Lee to which this retreat is only a
prelude. He maneuvered in the same way before his last advance, and
completely missed Gen. Hooker. The prisoners taken at Culpepper on
Sunday all say that Lee is in full force south of the Rapidan, and
chuckle over the idea that Meade will be terribly whipped if he goes
much further. But Gen. Meade is not likely to be entrapped in that way,
and a letter from his headquarters on Tuesday says, that though
additional pontoons are being laid, and several more corps are likely to
follow the 2d corps, yet the Rapidan will not be crossed, nor will any
aggressive movement be made, without a very definite idea of the
enemy’s condition, and that the army will not be marched any further
from its base of supplies except upon information amounting to a
certainty as to the position and strength of the enemy. There are some
of our officers who believe that the cotton state troops have all left
Lee’s army and gone South.
theory entertained at Washington is that the bulk of Lee’s army has
gone down to East Tennessee to attack Burnside, leaving only small
garrisons at Gordonsville and Richmond, and that by the time we verify
this movement, Burnside will have met an overwhelming force of the
enemy. It is certain, however, that Burnside cannot be surprised, for he
holds the railroad for nearly a hundred miles east of Knoxville, and can
keep the enemy at a distance until he makes a junction with Rosecrans,
if seriously threatened. All this is little better that guess work,
however. One thing is certain, that Rosecrans and Burnside have little
to fear from the armies of Johnston and Bragg, unless greatly reinforced
from Virginia, for Rosecrans writes to Washington that hundreds of
rebels desert daily to his lines. A few days will develop the real
designs of the rebels, both in Virginia and Tennessee.
SEPTEMBER 19, 1863
EASTERN ARGUS (ME)
York, Sept. 18.
refugee from Charleston reports that the line of torpedoes does not run
entirely across the channel, and the main obstructions are an immense
net work of ropes formed somewhat like a ladder, which extends across
the channel. When a vessel designs to leave Charleston, word is sent to
Fort Sumter, and the rope work is drawn in to one side to permit the
egress of the blockade runners. When a vessel come in she lays to under
Sumter until the same process is re-enacted. This obstruction is
supported by tar barrels.
are floating batteries ribbed with iron, and only two steam iron-clads
rams in the harbor. Upon these the rebels count very much in their
defence of Charleston.
reference to the feeling of the people concerning the burning or
surrender of Charleston, he says that the universal resolve of the
inhabitants is that they are willing it should be burned rather than
surrender it to Gen. Gilmore.
were not over 300 non-combatants in the city when Gen. Gilmore shelled
it with Greek fire.
main body of Lee’s army is below Gordonsville, and is about 70,000
strong. The division which was reported to have been sent through
Richmond was Jenkin’s division of South Carolina troops. They were
sent to the relief of Charleston.
feeling among the privates is in favor of peace, and especially if their
property would be guaranteed them by our government.
informant also says that there are more Union people in the South than
we imagine, and the belief of the rebels in their cause is fast failing.
They feel now that something desperate must be done or all is lost.
France and England are despised for their double dealing course.
Lee’s Strategical Movements.
York, Sept. 18.
Washington correspondent of the Tribune
says, according to the most accredited versions, supported by
unmistakable evidence, Gen. Lee’s recent movement was not produced by
the dismemberment of his army, but was a strategical combination
calculated to throw a portion of his force on the flank and rear of Gen.
Meade, in case the latter should leave his position and advance far
enough to be caught in the trap set for him by the wily rebel leaders.
The rumor of the weakening of his forces by the departure of Longstreet
was, it is asserted, purposely spread by deserters and others, in order
to deceive the Unionists as to his real intentions, and to induce Gen.
Meade to a position where he could be fought to greater advantage.
of America.—A few figures lately obtained from the
Department of Agriculture tell a story which the world do well to
consider. Out total agricultural exports (exclusive of cotton) in
1860–when we were yet at peace–were $90,849,556, of which Southern
ports exported $19,738,365. In 1861, with half a million of men in arms
and no Southern exports, they amounted to $137,026,505, and in 1862,
with a million one men in the field (one-half of them from the rural
districts) and no Southern exports, they reached the sum of
$155,142,074. The amount of wheat and flour alone exported in the year
ending September 1, 1862, exceeded that of the previous year by over
seven millions of bushels.
U.S. NAVAL SERVICE
who desire to enter the Navy may apply at any time of the day on board
Now lying in the Harbor of
they can ship for the General Naval Service.
The wages are:
First Class Firemen . . . . . . . . .
Second Class Firemen . . . . . . .
Seamen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ordinary Seamen . . . . . . . . . . .
Landsmen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boys of 18 years and upwards
Also wanted–Good Musicians.
An additional $4.50 is paid to all persons in the Navy, in lieu of the
may ship for One,
Years–at their own option, with three months’ advance–and
may allot half their pay to the support of their families.
applying must bring the written consent of their parents or guardians.
to Petty Officers.
are eligible for promotion to the offices of Masters at Arms,
Boatswain’s Mates, Quarter Gunners, Captains of Tops, Forecastle,
Holds, Afterguards, &c.
may be advanced to Armorers, Armorer’s Mates, Carpenter’s Mates,
Sailmakers Mates, Painters, Coopers, &c.
pay of these petty officers is from $20 to $25 per month.
Bounties, and Medals of Honor.
those who distinguish themselves in battle, or by extraordinary heroism,
may be promoted to forward Warrant officers, or Acting Master’s
Mates–and upon their promotion receive a gratuity of $100 with a medal
of honor from their country.
laws for the distribution of Prize Money carefully protect the rights of
the captors, and ship’s crew are awarded a liberal share.
total, or inferior disability, by reason of any wound received or
disease contracted while in the line of duty a liberal provision for
life is made by Government–and in the event of death from such causes,
the pension to be drawn by widows, mothers, and children or orphan
sisters under sixteen years of age.
one who resides at a distance and is desirous of shipping should go to
his city clerk and obtain a certificate that he is a resident, and
leaves to enter the Navy. This certificate will entitle him to three
cents a mile traveling expenses.
problem in blockading Wilmington was that there were two channels to
watch, and the fact that they were separated by a shallow bar (Frying
Pan Shoals) which necessitated a 40-mile a detour to circumvent. Until a
double squadron could be spared, as the writer of this piece indicates,
there was no way the port could be sealed up.
full lyrics to “Give us a Navy of Iron” are online,
but the refrain alone is indicative of the sentiments expressed in this
short article: “O give us a navy of iron / And to man it our Yankee
lads / And we'll conquer the world's broad oceans / With our navy of
iron clads / Then adieu to Britannia's power / We'll crush it whenever
we please / The lion shall yield to the eagle / And Columbia shall rule
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