Things as They Are.
persons who believe that vigorous fighting will bring the war to a
speedy close will be pleased with the programme published widely at the
North and South, and promising most active military operations in the
spring. The plans of the Administration are freely exposed, the United
States government makes no secret of them whatever, and, indeed, they
are so obvious to any reader of the public prints, that secrecy, if it
were desired, would be impossible. These plans, as almost officially
announced, are: a new expedition up the Peninsula; a new expedition to
the South; reinforcements to the army and naval force and renewed
exertions before Charleston; a strengthening of the military arm in
North Carolina; reinforcements to departments which now hold portions of
the South, to enable them to extend their lines; and large additions to
the forces now operating eastward with Vicksburg as the base. If all
these plans can and are to be carried on simultaneously, the military
sagacity evinced is but a tardy adoption of the scheme planned, as is
claimed, by a deposed general, two years ago–and its adoption now, it
is stated, will result in an end of the war and a return to peace.
to the adoption of the plan which is too thus result must be added one
more thing–its success. If
the credit all that appears in the public prints, what is said in the
United States Congress almost daily, and what is, no doubt, the subject
of frequent Cabinet councils in Washington, there is a similar activity
and earnestness in raising men and means to carry on the spring
campaigns at the South. And
as any one who is at all conversant with military matters knows very
well, the situation this spring is simplified, and for the southern
armies strengthened, from the acknowledged fact that all the
preparations at the South our for defense and not for attack.
The operations of the Federal armies we'll be offensive.
If the plans–in a military view so well proposed–should be
successful, they will, as the papers confidently predict, "crush
the rebellion and close of the war."
experience of three years past, however, has firmly impressed upon the
American mind that there is an immense difference sometimes between
promise and performance. In
all battles the generals on either side expect and hope to win; their
sympathizers expect and hope with them; but only one side wins.
The failure of a part of the proposed plan would seriously
disturbed the entire programme, and the piece which is predicted to
follow the short and sharp spring campaigns would be postponed, perhaps
indefinitely. People are too
apt to confound beliefs and hopes with facts and events.
A large class of the leading minds and men in the country believe
that war, and war only–sharp, vigorous, violent war will bring back
piece and restore and reconstruct the integrity of the Government.
Other men, who are quite as able and quite as competent to
express an opinion, believe no such thing.
To call the latter class traitors and copperheads is simply
flying from argument and taking refuge and abuse.
A man endowed with common sense is entitled to his own honest
opinion. If he is in error,
he may be convinced; but he cannot be brow-beaten or bullied into a
whether the plans for the spring campaigns are in part the failure, or
wholly and completely successful, no one believes that the war will end
with the month of March. The
General commanding this department, in a recent quarter, tells the
people to "look at things as they are," and looking at things
in this light, we note the indifference, the apathy almost, with which
the Northern papers view the vast military schemes that spring promises
to develop, and the avidity everywhere manifested with regard to cotton,
sugar, the products, and the plantations of the South.
this is natural enough. In forty years, from 1820 to 1860, the Southern
(slave) States exported products amounting to $3,581,291,381 against a
free State export, four of the same period, amounting to
$1,275,581,987--in other words, the South produced 74 per cent of the
exports, and the North only 26 per cent. In addition, the South paid
hundreds of millions of dollars every year to the mechanics and
manufacturers all of the North. This enormous wealth was produced by the
plantations. It is capable, under certain circumstances, of an enormous
increase. It is not at all
surprising that military plans should be accompanied by plans for the
control of labor and for raising the products of the South. The
Customhouse and the Internal Revenue Collectors follow close upon the
heels of the armies. Another army of speculators, of successful and
unsuccessful merchants, of played-out people who propose to become
planters, bring up the rear; and the great valley of the Mississippi is
to be peopled by a new race that by some system of labor, enforced or
voluntary, will raise crops and will forward them to the new race of
factors and commission merchants in the cities. This is the plan. Those
who abandon their plantations must expect that others will take their
places–their literal “places”–their plantations; and almost two
years ago the then Commanding General of this Department plainly told
the people of this city that if they did not open their stores and
resume their business, other people would do it for them.
valley of the Mississippi is too valuable in itself and to the world to
be greatly affected by any possible combination of circumstances. Its
products will be raised as long as the world lasts; the river will be
the greatest highway for their conveyance; and New Orleans will always
be a great receiving and exporting city. It is believed at the North by
those who know anything about it, and universally at the South, that so
soon as the war closes, the mass of the Negroes who survive the struggle
will return to their old homes and will labor, for pay, or for food and
clothes, on the plantations where they were bred, raised, or where they
once worked. The proposal to free slaves does not suggest their support
in idleness. The Negroes themselves would in nine cases out of ten
voluntarily return to their old masters. If these “old masters”
remain on their old and their own plantations, they will doubtless
receive back, upon some terms or other, a portion at least of their old
laborers. If the old merchants and factors of New Orleans continue to
resume their business, they need not fear that their old connections
with the interior will be transferred to a new class of citizens.
resumption of business–of planting in the country and of commerce in
the city–is of vital importance. The subject specially commends itself
to those who understand and who once controlled these matters; and any,
every, or the best plan that proposes a revival of the activity and a
renewal of the prosperity that once distinguished New Orleans should be
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
[From the Mobile Advertiser
& Register, of the 18th.]
the information received up to this hour, it looks as if the first
judgment of Gen. Polk, about the destination of the enemy, was correct,
and that he is really moving on Mobile.
He was certainly at Enterprise on Monday evening, and we have
just heard that he has made his appearance at Quitman, ten miles further
South. It is, however, the
opinion of the last officers, and others, left Meridian and Enterprise,
that Sherman's principal force is pushing after Gen. Polk's retiring
forces, towards Demopolis. If
the Yankee soldiers are not like chameleons, and live on a year, it is
difficult to see how they can march 30,000 men, and the horses for their
transportation and artillery through so barren a country, and for such a
distance. The twenty days'
rations which they are said to have started with are exhausted–at
least the twenty days are gone. There
is nothing on the way down upon which to subsist man or beast.
They are said to have had only 500 wagons, and the Lee has
destroyed some of these. But
if they cannot come on for lack of food, neither can they go back,
unless trains come out from Jackson to meet them. If Sherman pushes on
to the Bigbee river, or the country towards Okalona or Columbus, there
is corn enough to feed any force, but how he is to live coming this way,
passes our comprehension. Still,
the fact is that some of his troops are coming this way.
A day or two must solve the mystery of his purpose.
and fuller information from above relative to the late movements,
induces us to believe that Gen. Polk has acted with prudence and energy,
with the means at his command. The
enemy certainly got the start of him, and was in full march before is
scattered forces were got in hand. The
consequence was very rapid movements and heavy work for our soldiers,
causing the usual loss of strength and spirit.
But in saving the public stores and other property, and in
getting all the railway transportation out of the enemy's reach, there
has been displayed extraordinary energy, resulting in complete success.
Everything was saved at Meridian, including 2000 bales of
Government cotton, several hundred hogsheads of sugar, immense supplies
of commissary, quartermaster and ordnance stores.
In this the General was seconded by the energy and experience of
Col. Fleming, the superintendent of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, who
further succeeded in removing all the movable property of the road, even
to the machine shop at Enterprise.
Sherman is making a very hazardous movement, and one that could be
turned to his ruin by prompt and decisive measures on the part of the
Government. If a
reinforcement to Gens. Polk and Maury could be sent to make them strong
enough to meet the invader on his march, and the feed him, not only
would his whole plan be frustrated, and the situation relieved, but his
capture and destruction would be complete.
This would give us a surplus of prisoners, and compel Butler to
give up to us the 30,000 Confederate soldiers in his custody.->
thousand additional troops hastened down by the interior line of
railways would be enough to accomplish this great result, and to deal
the enemy the severest blow of the war.
We take it for granted that the Richmond Government and Gen.
Johnston are not blind to the dangers of this hostile movement, if left
unopposed and unobstructed. It
is easier to strike the enemy before he halts and begins to dig and
burrow. After that it would
take a far heavier force to oust him.
But whatever the Government does our duty is plain.
To send off the non-combatants, clear the decks and stripped for
the fight. Besides our brave
garrison of regular troops there is many a man here who can pull a
trigger and deal death to the invader in the trenches.
And for this work there is no weapon like the double-barrelled
gun loaded with buckshot. Send
off the women and children, and get your weapons ready, for in a few
days we may have used for them. Let
us remember Charleston and emulate her gallant and successful defense.
The name of Alabama stands high on the roll of fame in the field.
Let her chief city prove herself worthy to share it.
the foregoing was written the news received the leaves little room to
doubt that Sherman's whole force is moving this way.
Doings.—In Glasgow, (Scotland,) at the last accounts, there
was a revival of the spiritual rapping business. The Herald,
of that place, has a long account of the phenomena, which, in startling
instances, remind one of what occasioned so much speculation in this
country. The ghosts operate there just as they do here. Our special
purpose, however, is to state that one of the spirits called for was
“Stonewall Jackson.” He instantly came to time. What he divulged is
very brief. That part, as follows, we give to the reader:
spirit of Stonewall Jackson also announces itself, and states that he is
now an abolitionist; but intimates that New Orleans will be retaken by
the Confederates next month; that the war will end in October 1864; that
the South will establish its independence; and that the Potomac will be
its boundary line. This would be encouraging news for the Southern
sympathizers among us, were it not that ‘J. B.’ has discovered, from
experience, that no reliance is to be placed on the predictions of these
rapping visitants. How much more is to be placed in their statements
regarding the past and present, people can judge for themselves. The
spirits are evidently a ‘kittle’ lot.”
rappings, we suppose–for there is no date to the extract from the Herald–occurred
in the early part of January.–Charleston
FEBRUARY 23, 1864
New Orleans letter says the troops sent across Lake Pontchartrain we
will probably try to co-operate with those under Sherman from Vicksburg,
the object being to cut off rebel communication between the Northern and
Southern portions of the State; also to prevent reinforcements being
sent to Mobile. Everything
denotes that the opening campaign will be one of unusual activity.
The building of pontoon bridges and the rapid hurrying hither and
thither of troops and immense quantities of army stores indicate that
more than one grand movement is on foot.
from the various States show that the average receipt of recruits under
the call for 500,000 men is about 2000 daily.
The universal credit given relieves many districts from the
report that the Governor of Georgia has ordered the abandonment of that
part of the State west of the Chattahoochee furnishes a most striking a
proof of the desperation of the rebel cause.
The attempt to make a desert of a large part of Georgia, by the
compulsory removal of families and property, will be resisted or evaded
by the people. It is
acknowledgment of defeat by the rebel chiefs, who say by this order that
they are no longer able to resist the advance of Grant with arms, but
depend upon an alternative so costly, so ruinous, and so cruel to the
people who are its victims, that no people have ever of their own accord
adopted it--only a despotic power, reckless of consequences, can enforce
appears probable, from the present aspect of affairs in the Southwest,
that after all his preparations for a desperate defence of Mobile, both
by sea and land, the enemy will be compelled to evacuate that place.
General Grant appears to be developing another of those immense flank
movements by which, two years ago, he forced the enemy to retreat from
Mumfordsville to Corinth--a distance of nearly three hundred miles--with
but one battle.
letter from the rendezvous of the rebel the prisoners at Point Lookout
says recruiting is still in progress, and is in the hands of Lieut.
Norcross, of the 30th Mass. regiment, who gets daily from thirty to
forty recruits for our army and navy.
Union Sentiment in Alabama.–A correspondent who accompanied
Gen. Smith's resend reconnaissance to Sand Mountain, Alabama, says
almost the entire population all of that section of Alabama through
which the expedition the passed, and for miles about it, is honestly,
intensely loyal. Officers
who were in East Tennessee, state that the loyalty of that part of
Alabama is as genuine and reliable as any they obtained knowledge of in
East Tennessee. There is no
whining about slavery and abolitionists if, such as one hears in
Nashville; no ifs or buts; they are for the old Union.
Man who had lived in the mountains two years to avoid rebel
service, came in and asked to be mustered as soldiers in that the
Federal army. One Alabamian, during the expedition, made up a company,
enrolled their names on a piece of brown paper with a pencil, borrowed
arms, and actually went out with his men and captured a company of
bushwhackers, called home guards, and brought them into our camp.
was obtained all of a regiment, stationed in that part of the country,
which has determined to a man to march into our lines at the first good
opportunity. Deserters come
in daily, both at Huntsville and Larkinsville.
The results of all the reports is that, although the rebel army
is largely reinforced by conscription, desertions are quite equal to the
increase. Soon after the
battle of Mission Ridge, if and order was issued offering two every
enlisted man who produced a recruit a furlough of furlough days.
That order has been revoked, for the reason that furloughed men
seldom returned, and the recruits frequently deserted.
It would seem as if the rebel army was wasting under this
crumbling a process. Still
there is a force of armed traitors in the field, and hard blows must be
given and received before the war is ended.
Important News from the Southwest.
Ill., Feb. 20.–An officer from the Big Black reports that just
before reaching Jackson, a skirmish ensued between a part of General
Sherman’s forces and a body of 4000 or 5000 rebels, in which the
rebels were defeated, and 40 of them captured.
army passed through Jackson in two columns, the enemy retreating across
Pearl River precipitately. His pontoons, two pieces of artillery and a
number of prisoners fell into our hands.
Our forces seized provisions of all kinds. Great dissatisfaction
is said to exist among the Tennessee, Kentucky and Mississippi rebel
numbers of deserters are coming into our lines.
Sherman reached Meridian 10 days after leaving at Vicksburg. A portion
of General Tuttle's division got behind, was cut off and returned to
McArthur is in command at Vicksburg, Gen. McPherson having accompanied
General Sherman with most of his corps.
from Mobile report that the inhabitants in that city feel safe from
attack. The Union sentiment
prevails to a considerable extent, which would be expressed as soon as
protection is offered. Nothing
was known of the reported revolt at Fort Morgan.
report that Gen. Smith's command had a fight with Forrest near Grenada,
Miss., Is not confirmed.
guerrillas keep up musketry firing on the steamers below Memphis, but
little damage is reported.
Buckland is in command at Memphis, and is gaining much favor there by a
judicious administration of affairs.
ice is moving heavily in the Mississippi at Cairo, and for 50 miles
“Border Babes.”–It is now well established that can
late raid upon the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was committed by a gang
of freebooters under command of one Major Henry Gilmore.
The band, or, as they call themselves, "Border Babes,"
has been outlawed by the rebel military authorities, and is composed
indiscriminately of deserters from both armies.
When robbing Union families they claim to be guerrillas; and when
they make a descent upon a rebel community they are "Jessie
Scouts" or raiders, and so they rob both parties and claim the
protection of both. In
Virginia these rogues have a splendid a country (for their purposes) to
operate in. Between
Martinsburg and Harper's Ferry on the north and Woodstock and Front
Royal on the south, and from the Blue Ridge of the east to the North
mountains on the west, they have for their operations an intricate
network of roads, which they scout at night with all the impunity of
infallible familiarity and impenetrable disguise.
FEBRUARY 24, 1864
NEW HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & GAZETTE
Obstacles to Peace.
following is from the Newburyport Herald,
a supporter of the war and the administration. We commend it to the
careful attention of our readers. There is no question that its general
statements are true; and especially is true that the radicals, the
Abolition-Republicans, are the only
obstacles to peace. There is no reasonable doubt that we could have
Peace and Union long before the next 4th of July, the leaders of the
Republican party would permit it. Let the people of New Hampshire ponder
this fact, when they go to the polls on the 8th of March; and if they
desire a continuance of the war, let them vote the Republican ticket,
but if they desire peace with the Union restored and the Constitution
preserved, let them vote the Democratic ticket. This is the issue–the
sum of the whole matter–the plain question for them to answer by their
winter suspends operations, why
cannot this time be employed to make peace? Virtually it is an
armistice; though not having been so declared, the government and the
people make no use of it. On our side we should at once commence the
discussion of reconstruction; and on the rebel side the pent up feeling
against the Richmond dynasty, that has been growing stronger in
consequence of their defeats in 1863, would find vent; and they, too,
would talk about their future condition. Reconstructionists like those
in North Carolina and Georgia would speak, and a fuller announcement of
loyal sentiments would be made in three months than we have had in three
years of war. It would be the death of rebeldom; and it would produce a
revolution in public sentiment here. When Charles II returned to England
to be received with gladness, he said he would have come back years
before had he understood the sentiment of the nation. As long as men
stand with arms in their hands or in hostile attitude, they fear and
hate each other; but when they speak and look into each other’s eyes,
if reason is not overcome by madness, they may be friends. All that is
needed for the restoration of the Union–since the people on both sides
are tired of war–is that the parties should speak to each other. There
would have been no rebellion if we had known each better–and the war
could not continue, if now we would come to that knowledge.
South acted on its fears, which were groundless. If they could have seen
the facts as they were, that three in four at least of all the people
designed them no harm, but would have shed their blood to defend the
rights of South Carolina, Georgia and Mississippi as quick as that of
Massachusetts, New York and Michigan, they would never have lifted an
arm in rebellion. They were deluded and cheated. They conjured up a
phantasm–a devil, and gave themselves to its direction; and like
Sinbad carrying the Old Man of the Sea, they will be slaves to that
deception till they rid themselves of the burden and lift themselves to
If we have not been as much deceived, it is very evident that many of our people are laboring under erroneous impressions. Hence
comes the universal denunciation; the assumption that every man in the
South is an enemy to the North; affirmation of the Wendell Phillipses
that there is no loyal man in the South who had not a black skin; and
the resolutions and ->
of the half-insane radicals in Congress, that the war should be for
conquest, subversion of all former institutions, the subjugation of the
white race, the raising to an equality with ourselves the African
population, the abolition of States, and the forcing upon a million
square miles of territory and six millions of people the ideas, opinions
and mode of life that belong to New England, and which can be done just
as easy, and no more so, as England can implant her civilization and
religion on Ireland. We give it as our opinion that we labor under a
delusion; and if the people of the South can ever speak, we shall find
that we have been fighting against a majority in many of those States
who have been overcome and held in subjection and led to the battle
field by the armed traitors, while they desired nothing more than the
perpetuation of the Union and Constitution their fathers gave them. As
long as this is an actual conflict of arms, we must war upon all engaged
in it. We cannot inquire how they came to be in battle against the
government; but we have the duty of destroying all who are so arrayed.
But victories over the rebels gained by the uprising of the Southern
people would be of much more value in restoring the Union than victories
in the field; and they would obviate the necessity of more bloodshed. To
this we hope to see it come at last–a party in rebellion against the
rebellion; and that we shall see, whenever the people there dare to
discuss the question.
reason why there can be no suspension of arms and no consideration with
the people of measures looking to reunion and peace is simply this–that
the radicals will not permit it. Jeff Davis and his friends are
contending for independence; they will not admit the idea of re-union.
They would rather lose ten battles than have one State like North
Carolina hold a convention to consider that subject; for every word
spoken would be more disastrous to them than a bullet from a loyal
rifle. They have staked all, and will die rather than submit. So on our
side we have a party that are fighting for emancipation. It is all they
care about. They have no more desire to see a restoration of the
government than Jeff Davis has. They do not hesitate to declare
everything and in the most open manner that they prefer disunion to the
old Union, with the Constitution as it is now. And this they term
loyalty, and denounce restorationists as traitors. Strange enough they
make a large part of the people believe that it is treason; and there
are very few public men in the country who dare to discuss–farther
than the parties will permit them–the question of restoring the Union
as it was established by the fathers of 1776, and understood by
Jefferson, Madison, Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams. While,
therefore, the Jeff Davis party rules the South, there can be no peace,
no approach to peace, as there can be no cessation of war, and while the
Garrison and Phillips men control the popular current of the North,
there can be nothing but such measures as will be resisted at the South
so long as a man can be had; and in the end, if they rule in that end,
they will not restore the Union, but give us a conquered country, to be
held as Russia holds Poland, and Austria holds Hungary.”
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
for the Country!—No intelligent man needs to be informed
that the approaching election is of national importance. The Rebellion
is to be weakened or strengthened by the result. Davis & Co. are to
sing for joy or weep in silence over the next election in New Hampshire.
If the Government is triumphantly sustained, the rebels will shake like
Belshazzar; if an adverse result is reached, they will gather up for the
most desperate fighting of the war. A vote now given against the
Administration is equal to an additional bullet sped by powder against a
son of New Hampshire serving his country in the field. A vote for the
Administration is a vote to bring the War to an end, by making it
apparent to the rebels that there is no hope for them.
election being of national importance, and certain to raise or depress
the rebel hopes, the invitation is not a partisan one, when men are
asked to rally
for the country! It is the nation that that is to be vitally
affected by the result next March. It is the nation that is to be set on
toward final dismemberment or joyous restoration by the turn of affairs
take with us in March. It is the nation, and not our candidates on the
ticket, for whom patriots exercise their warmest aspirations, and
Christians make the most fervent prayers. It is the nation that calls
upon the Men of New Hampshire to rally for her defence, by quenching the
last hope that sustains the leaders of the Rebellion. This can be done
only by the triumphant election of the UNION REPUBLICAN TICKET!–Statesman.
Full Vote a Union Victory.—Republicans and Union Men, War
Democrat, and others, who wish to see New Hampshire give a steadfast
support to the Government in the present crisis, should remember that,
taking the vote of the State at the last election as a test, there is
but a small margin for losses, and that to make the result certain, no
town should suffer its majority of last year to fall off. The vote, as
officially declared, was 32,833 for Eastman, the copperhead candidate,
and 33,710 for all others–showing a majority against Eastman of 877. A
change of less than 500 votes, therefore, would have elected him. A
republican loss of four votes in a town at the coming election will use
up all our majority of last year, and elect the “peace on any terms
candidate,” provided his party should get out as many votes as they
did for Eastman. The vote of both parties at this election will
doubtless be somewhat smaller than it was at the last.
We do not believe that the copperheads now can poll over 30,000.
Still it is not safe to count upon any great falling off.
They are secretly at work, and it is better to take it for
granted that they will bring out the last live man who can be induced to
vote their ticket. Let the
friends of the Union be equally vigilant and active.
Let them canvass every school district, and see to it that every
true man's name is on the check list, and that he does not fail to
deposit his vote on the day of election.
It would be most disastrous to the country, at the present time,
to have any of the loyal States fall off from the support over the
government. It would give
more joy to the rebels than a battle gained in the field, because it
would be to them an assurance, that to the Northern Democracy were
coming to their rescue, and that by holding out but a few months more,
they would be sure of success. That
no man in the State then, who loves the Union, and wishes to see the
rebellion put down, fail to do his utmost to prevent such a dire
calamity as a copperhead triumph in New Hampshire.
We must throw a full vote if we would make sure of the Union
Soil.–“Science, after long experience and most careful tests,
finds that the most fertilizing and effecting of manures is that of man.
Chinese knew it for ages past. No
Chinese peasant, Eckeberg tells us, ever goes to the city without carrying
back, at the two ends of his bamboo, two buckets full of night soil.
Thanks to human fertilization, the earth of China is still as young
as in the days of Abraham. Chinese
wheat yields hundred and twenty fold. There
is no guano comparable in fertility. To
employ the city to enrich the plain is true economy.
If our gold is filth, on the other hand our fields is gold.”–Victor Hugo.
Lodi Manufacturing Company for the past twenty-four years have been
manufacturing an article which they call Poudrette, from the night soil of
the city of New York, of all of which they have exclusive control.
See their advertisements in another column.
Wisconsin Legislature has passed resolutions declaring its opposition to
“any armistice, intervention or mediation from any source whatever, so
long as rebels are found in arms against the government,” rejecting all
party lines, names and issues, in recognizing but two parties–patriots and
Grimes, in a recent speech in the Senate, read a letter from Daniel McKay,
the great ship builder, showing the superiority of our war vessels over
those of France and England. He says our Engineer officers are abler than
those of England, but below those of France. He also says that there are
vessels building in our dock yards much superior to any afloat. It was also
stated that it was not the superior speed of the rebel privateers that saved
them, but the restrictions placed upon our vessels by foreign powers. The
Navy was stated to have increased from 80 to over 500 vessels, and had
maintained a blockade of a coast over 3500 miles in extent.
has again drawn its blood-red hand on the Continent, between Denmark and
Germany. They attacked the Danes at Massunde. Their outposts were driven in,
but the assault on the place was repulsed. We have also reports of the
evacuation of Schleswig, probably the city, and not the whole province. The
position of England is undecided on the Danish question, and great interest
and great importance attached to its decision and action.
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
of the Rebel Congress.
About “This Wicked War.”
rebel congress before its adjournment adopted a long address to the
southern people, prepared by a joint committee.
It is skillfully drawn for the purpose, which is to make the
southern people believe they are resisting a wicked war upon their
rights, and that if the United States government succeeds they will be
robbed of their property and treated as slaves.
They start by confessing that they seceded because of Mr.
Lincoln's election and that they based their new confederacy “on the
proper relations of labor and capital,” which is a careful and yet a
very broad statement of the real doctrine of slavery, which prominent
southern states men have long held, that the capitalist ought to own the
laborer. They profess that
they were disappointed and shocked when they found the North would not
let them go in peace, and they entered upon a defensive war with the
greatest reluctance. They
have longed for peace ever since and been ready to accept it, but it
could not be had except on dishonorable terms.
As to the present war policy of the United States they say:
is absurd to pretend that a government, really desirous of restoring the
Union, would adopt such measures as the confiscation of private
property, the emancipation of slaves, systematic efforts to invite them
to insurrection, forcible abduction from their homes and compulsory
enlistment in the army, the division of a sovereign state without its
consent, and a proclamation that one-tenth of the population of a state,
and that tenth under military rule, should control the will of the
remaining nine-tenths. The
only relation of possible between the two sections, under such a policy,
is that of conqueror and conquered, superior and dependent.
Rest assured, fellow-citizens, that although restoration may
still be used as a war cry of the northern government, it is only to
delude and betray. Fanaticism has summoned to its aid cupidity and
vengeance; and nothing short of our utter subjugation, the destruction
of your state governments, the overthrow of your social and political
fabric, your personal and public degradation and ruin, will satisfy the
demands of the North. Can
there be a man so vile, so debased, so unworthy of liberty, and is to
accept peace on such humiliating terms?”
have some hope, however, from a political revolution in the North:
cannot be possible that this state of things can continue.
The people of the United States, accustomed to freedom, cannot
consent to be ruined and enslaved, in order to ruin and enslave us.
Moral, like physical, epidemics, have their allotted periods, and
must soon are or later be exhausted and disappear.
When reason returns, our enemies will probably reflect that a
people like ours, who have exhibited such capabilities and extemporized
such resources, can never be subdued; that a vast expanse of territory,
with such a population, cannot be governed as an obedient colony.
Victory would not be conquest.
The inextinguishable quarrel would be transmitted from
"bleeding sire to son," and the struggle would be renewed
between generations yet unborn. To
impoverish us would only be to dry up some of the springs for northern
prosperity–to destroy southern wealth is to reduce northern profits,
while the restoration of peace would necessarily re-establish some
part of the address meant to be most effective and stirring the South to
resistance and vengeance is this catalogue of outrages:
of conducting the war as betwixt two military and political
organizations, it is a war against the whole population.
Houses are pillaged and burned.
Churches are defaced. Towns
are ransacked. Clothing of
women and infants are stripped from their persons.
Jewelry and mementos of the dead are stolen.
Mills and implements of agriculture are destroyed.
Private salt works are broken up.
The introduction of medicines is forbidden.
Means of subsistence are wantonly wasted to produce beggary.
Prisoners are returned with contagious diseases.
The last morsel of food has been taken from families, who are not
allowed to carry on a trade or branch of industry.
A rigid and offensive espionage has been introduced to ferret out
‘disloyalty.’ Persons have been forced to choose between starvation
of helpless children and taking the oath of allegiance to a hated
government. The cartel for
exchange of prisoners has been suspended and our unfortunate soldiers
subjected to the grossest indignities.
The wounded at Gettysburg were deprived of their nurses and
inhumanly left to perish on the field.
Helpless women have been exposed to the most cruel outrages, and
to that dishonor which is infinitely worse than the death.
Citizens have been murdered by the Butlers and McNiels and
Milroys, who our favorite generals of our enemies.
Refined and delicate ladies have been seized, bound with cords,
imprisoned, guarded by Negroes, and held as hostages for the return of
recaptured slaves. Unoffending
non-combatants have been banished war dragged from their quiet homes to
be immured in filthy jails. Preaching
the gospel has been refused, except on condition of taking the oath of
allegiance. Parents have
been forbidden to name their children in honor of ‘rebel’ chiefs.
Property has been confiscated.
Military governors have been appointed for states, Satraps for
provinces and Haynans for cities.”
emancipation proclamation is complained of as the greatest outrage of
all; it is argued at length that it is in violation of the recognized
principles of civilized warfare, and the discussion is wound up with
these vigorous sentences:
the teachings of the approved writers on international law, and the
practice and claims of his own government in its purer days, President
Lincoln has sought to convert the South into a St. Domingo, by appealing
to the cupidity, lusts, ambition and ferocity of the slave.
Abraham Lincoln is but the lineal descendant of Dunmore, and the
impotent malice of each was foiled by the fidelity of those who, by the
meanness of conspirators, would only, if successful, have been seduced
into idleness, filth, vice, beggary and death.
But we tire of these indignities and enormities.
They are too sickening for a recital.
History will hereafter pillory those who committed and encouraged
such crimes in immortal infamy.”
address describes in detail the terrible effects of subjugation by the
Yankees, exhorts to further sacrifices in the hope that something will
turn up, and reaches this pious conclusion:
aid has the 'power of the incommunicable,' and by united efforts, by an
all- comprehending, self-sacrificing patriotism, we can, with the
blessing of God, avert the perils which environ us, and achieve for
ourselves and children peace and freedom.
Hitherto the Lord has interposed graciously to bring us victory,
and in His hand there is present power to prevent the great multitude
which come against us from casting us out of the possession which He has
given us to inherit."
FEBRUARY 27, 1864
NEWPORT MERCURY (RI)
among Army Horses.–The report of Dr. Turner, late Chief
Veterinary Surgeon of the Army, gives some interesting facts in relation
to mortality among the horses of the army. In the Eastern Department
alone the mortality is three thousand per month, and an equally large
number are condemned. These seventy-two thousand horses per year cost
the Government nine millions of dollars! Add the losses in other
Departments and the number killed in battle, and we have some insight
into the vast expenditures involved in the present struggle for our
national existence. This great waste of horse-life must surely be felt
in every section of our country, where the raising of horses is made a
matter of business, and result in giving a strong impulse to the
breeding of that kind of farm stock. Wherever farmers can raise colts
without actual loss, at present prices, we can safely advise them to
raise as many as they can, because prices must yet be even higher than
now, and the demand for horses will continue to be large for years to
case of the Alexandra still drags its slow length along. On a motion for a new
trial in the Court of the Chief Baron, and which was argued before a
full Court, it appeared that the Court were divided in opinion, though a
formal decision was given against the motion. Perhaps it was from this
circumstance mainly that an attempt was afterwards made to take the case
up in the Exchequer Chambers at a subsequent date. The statement now
comes that Sir Hugh
Cairns, who appeared for the defendants, took exception at once
to the jurisdiction of the Court above as not being competent to
entertain the appeal. That the Judges deferred their decision until the
8th instant, when by a majority of one in a Court of seven Judges, they
decided to dismiss the appeal on the ground of want of jurisdiction. The
case will therefore, it is said, be carried up to the House of Lords.
Sometimes it has been denied in Rhode Island, that such a practice is
still in vogue in England. But it should be remembered, that the English
constitution is never suddenly changed. And whatever practice prevailed
in the time of Blackstone, may be pretty safely considered as not yet
obsolete. But it may be well, and it may be otherwise, that questions of
the kind involved in the instance of the Alexandra,
should not be finally decided more promptly. The delay may in some
instances be more injurious to the parties, than a speedy decision
against their claims. The public have long been waiting to know what
will be the final decision of English authorities in relation to alleged
infractions of the English Foreign Enlistment Act. The so called
“rebel rams” must still be lying inactive for any good purpose as
well as guarded and prevented from doing any evil. And all this because
a final decision in the case of the Alexandra has not yet been given.
And besides what is more important, the relations between England and
the United States are not perhaps beyond the possible consequences of
such a decision.
a dancing match at Chicago recently, a buxom Dutch girl danced nine
hours constantly, when her partner acknowledged himself fairly beaten
and very tired. The damsel then took six glasses of lager and quietly
went to breakfast.2
dates from Europe expressly confirm the evacuation of the Danewerke, and
detail many other events showing the disastrous course of the war so far
as Danish power is concerned. While the Danes were retreating from the
town of Schleswig towards Flensburg, and engagement took place on the
6th, near Oversee, between the Danish and the Austrian troops, in which
the Austrians under their chief commander Gen. Gablenz
are said to have completely routed the Danes, after a desperate
resistance. The greatest excitement appears to have prevailed in
Copenhagen, mingled with dissatisfaction with the proceedings or rather
recedings of Gen. de Meza,
if not also with the King. The Prussians are reported to have crossed
the Schlei on the 6th by means of boats and pontoons, and the greater
part pushing forward to the North to cut off the Danish army retreating
to Jutland or Denmark proper–but a late telegram says, that while the
Austrians were attacking the Danes before Flensburg, a body of Prussians
were cutting them off on the right. And, according to a telegram of the
8th, the Danish army may be dissolved before making the expected attempt
to reach Jutland. Perhaps this circumstance will settle the controversy,
if Denmark will consent to surrender her claims to the Duchies, and the
other powers will release Austria and Prussia from the London protocol.
The London Post is waiting to learn what is the policy of the Allies–which
must soon be known. A telegram from Kiel on the 7th may furnish a key to
what the conquering parties are expecting, by saying that the Danes are
evacuating the Duchy of Schleswig, and are retreating in full haste to
Jutland, with this significant addition; an armistice is daily expected.
A correspondent of the London Times
writing from Vienna, says that the Austrian government will on no
account consent to cross the Northern frontier of Schleswig. A pause in
the mad career of arms may therefore follow these signal successes of
the Allies. But will all the other great powers who were parties to the
London protocol be induced to waive that protocol, and not insist upon
making it the basis of negotiations? And the London Post
of the 9th says it would be a great error to suppose that the war in
Schleswig is already ended.
young lady of sixteen summers lately arrived in Louisville who had
served eighteen months in the army, being connected with seven different
regiments, participated in several engagements, being seriously wounded
twice, and had been discovered and mustered out of service eight times.
She is a Canadian by birth, and is bound to fight for the American
information in possession of the Navy Department it appears that the
rebels have entirely suspended work upon their ironclads. Three are
completed at Charleston and two are in process of construction there.
The scarcity of material, however, will delay their completion several
1 kittle means “ticklish or fidgety.”
2 Dutch was typically applied to Germans, being a corruption of the
word deutsch, meaning German
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