THE CHATTANOOGA DAILY REBEL (TN)
Loss and Gain by the War.
comparison, says the Richmond Whig,
of the census of 1860 and 1863 shows, that of the number of slaves in
the entire State in 1860, only 3,803 have been lost since then, above
natural propagation and other causes.
horses in that portion of the State under our control, we have lost
1860, the number of cattle examined for taxation in the entire State was
1,025,132–twenty-seven for every one hundred white persons. In 1863
the number of cattle within the territory, free from the occupation and
incursions of the enemy, was 507,152, to which add 9 per cent, the usual
difference between the actual and taxable numbers, and we have 547,724
cattle within our control in the last mentioned year, which is one
hundred and five head of cattle to every one hundred white persons.
returns show an increase of 72,336 sheep and a loss of 156,970 hogs in
the counties and corporations under our control.
looking over a late file of the Cincinnati Commercial,
we observed in every issue
about one-third of a column of new advertisements classified under the
head of “Correspondences,” in which advertisers make known their
desire for correspondence with the opposite sex, with a view of “fun,
love or matrimony.” Leaving to the moralizing writers among us the
task of commenting upon this fresh development of “Yankee
sociology,” we copy a few random specimens of these epistolary
invitations and literary curiosities–omitting the address, etc.:
Correspondence–By two young ladies, with an indefinite number of young
gentlemen. Soldier boys preferred. Particular attention paid to letters
distinguished naval officers, respectively aged twenty, twenty-one,
twenty-two and twenty-three years, are desirous of opening a
correspondence with the same number of young ladies between the ages of
sixteen and twenty-one. Fun is the object.
very handsome ad accomplished young lady wishes to correspond with any
number of young men who may wish to respond. Object, love and matrimony.
young ladies and one gent wish to open correspondence with any number of
the opposite sex, with a view to love or fun. Please send photos and
soger boys of Milroy’s old division, but who now “phites mit
Siegel,” wish to open communication with some of the fair daughters of
the North. Object, phun and love.
modest young ladies, thinking profit as well as amusement might result
from correspondence with unknown parties, request those with a surplus
of ideas to employ them for our benefit.
Confederate Shoe Factory.
some time past a Government shoe factory has been in operation on 22d
street, north of Main, in the building formerly occupied as Greaner’s
tobacco factory. About two hundred detailed men are employed in this
factory, and they turn out daily about six hundred pairs of excellent
shoes and brogans. The first floor is used as a store room for
materials. The second and third floors are occupied by the workmen, with
rooms partitioned off for cutting, assembling, packing, etc. It is quite
an interesting sight to witness the operations of so large a number of
cordwainers as they hammer, bore or sew the work upon their laps.
General Lee, upon a recent visit to this factory, spent about two hours
in viewing the process of making shoes, and in inspecting the work
turned out. Each shoe is distinctly stamped with the letters “C. S.
A.” to prevent their unlawful sale as far as possible, but past
experience shows that the efforts of the Government to keep all the
soldiers comfortably shod are defeated in numerous instances by the
barter or sale of shoes drawn by barefooted men from the
Quartermaster’s Department. At the present rate of shoe manufacture in
the Confederate States, there should be no “barefooted men” in our
armies. Since this report of the exemption of shoemakers by the last
Congress, the number of workmen employed by the Government in this
branch of industry has rapidly increased.–Richmond
some reason, the Charleston Mercury
apprehends another invasion of Pennsylvania. Our army is said to be
panting for another chance at the fat pullets, the crocks of
apple-butter, the milk, butter and eggs of the Dutchmen in the
Susquehanna Valley, but in the main we agree with our contemporary:
previous advance into Pennsylvania was the very thing the Lincoln
Government wanted. They could not raise troops, and the war fever was
dying out in the United States. Our invasion of Pennsylvania rekindled
the war spirit, and enabled Lincoln to raise the troops he wanted. The
United States are now in the same condition they were then, the greater
part of their troops in the field go out of service in May. They have
refused to re-enlist to so great an extent, that President Lincoln has
ordered a conscription of a half million of men more to fill their
places in the ranks of their armies. The campaign of this spring proves
the reluctance of the soldiers in their armies to prosecute the war. If
things continue as they are, there will be no volunteers, and the new
conscripts will be reluctant and few, and in all probability we will be
victorious throughout the summer, and win peace and independence by the
fall. But if we invade Pennsylvania, the same result will, in all
probability, be produced again. Our enemies will again fill up their
armies, and prolong the war. We will do exactly what President Lincoln
longs for–prays for, if such a blasphemous wretch can pray. He would
hail our advance into Pennsylvania with triumphant joy, as sort of
providential intervention in his favor. It is exactly what he would do,
if he had the disposition of our armies. The lowest sort of wisdom is
that which follows events. It is the wisdom of experience,
not of anticipation. Shall we be destitute of even this sort of wisdom,
which may inspire and direct the weakest understanding?
PROVIDENCE EVENING PRESS (RI)
are decided demonstrations in the Franco-Mexican question. The Secretary
of State is understood to be in favor of an immediate and energetic
demonstration against the evident designs of the Mexican Empire, and the
French in connection with the great rebellion. It is to be regretted if
such a demonstration is really made, that it should have been postponed
until the moment when its effect must be to precipitate us into fresh
and most dangerous complications.
presence of a fleet of nine or ten French frigates off the mouth of the
Rio Grande, of which fact government is advised by telegraph this
morning, has a large significance in connection with this junction.
York, March 28.
Tribune’s special says it is
understood that the ways and means committee will recommend a tax of one
dollar on spirits, to take effect in May instead of July, and will also
recommend a heavy tax on tobacco.
is the opinion in treasury circles that taxes on these articles will be
full one-half of all revenue, thus essentially relieving taxes on the
necessaries of life.
same special states that Mrs. J. Todd White, sister of Mrs. Lincoln,
passed through our lines via Fortress Monroe, with a large amount of
medicines and merchandise.
York, March 27.
specials]. Gen. Grant, Gen.
Ingalls and a few staff officers spent Sunday at the War Department.
vessels are now detained from service awaiting seamen, the War
Department not allowing the transfer from the army to the navy of
thousands of seamen who have made application.
are very few officers now in Washington, all having been imperatively
ordered to the front.
World’s dispatch states that
Grant favors the employment of all inactive Generals, and both Fremont
and McClellan will soon have commands. Same authority states that Grant,
after re-organizing the Army of the Potomac, will leave for the West
Gen. Grant states that when the re-organization of the Army of
the Potomac is completed it will be the finest army on the Continent.
is reported that the President has sent for General Fremont to give him
an important command.
Fight at Paducah.
dispatch from Columbus, Ky., says Forseth and Faulkner are between that
place and Mayfield. Their forces are in a crippled condition. Their
strength is much greater than was at first estimated.
1200 to 1500 rebel wounded are said to have arrived at Mayfield from
Paducah. One regiment lost 100 and one company had 50 men killed.
rebels were marching towards Clinton at last accounts.
they attack Columbus they will receive a still warmer reception than at
steamer Perry was fired into
while passing Hickman yesterday. A large number of rebels were in the
town. Many shots were fired but no one was hurt. The steamer Graham, brought up 600 men from New Madrid, who charged through the
town, but the rebels had fled. They belonged to Faulkner’s command.
hundred rebels were killed at Paducah and over one thousand wounded.
Several citizens of the place were killed in the fight. He place is
nearly in ruins.
street fight took place in New Bedford a few days since, which was quite
terrific. Two soldiers and two sailors were the combatants, and they
fought through Water to School street and thence back again. A loafer
was drawn into the melee, and he succeeded in vanquishing the whole
party, bringing away as a trophy the nose of one of the soldiers, which
he had bitten off.
Bowles, the notorious guerrilla, long a terror on the borders of
Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee, has been killed by Ira O. Tuttle, chief
of scouts of the army of the Cumberland. Tuttle went to Gilbertsville,
Ala., and represented himself as being anxious to be employed by him.
Bowles unsuspectingly told him his history, and handed him his revolver
for inspection when requested to do so. Tuttle then told him that he had
but a minute and a half to live. Bowles sprang forward, but was
instantly shot through the head.
Milliner, Adam’s Basin, Monroe county, N.Y., was one hundred and four
years of age the other day. He was a drummer boy in the Revolution, and
now likes to beat the “long roll” for his friends, and does it with
most remarkable vigor.
prominent ladies of the Southern Confederacy have written a letter to
the rebel soldiers at large, chock full of buncombe, the tenor of which
is in regard to re-enlisting, which has been “adopted” by the
“patriot Southern boys.” They denounce in fearful language those who
have deserted the standard, and pile on the agony upon those who have
made up their minds to go ragged and starved during the war.
Voting.–The New York soldiers have obtained the right to
vote by a very large majority, but in what manner that right is to be
exercised, is yet to be determined by the Legislature. On this subject,
the Tribune says:
should like to see the wives of soldiers in each Election District walk
in procession to the poll and cast the votes transmitted to them by
their respective husbands. If any one does not know that they might do
so amid universal deference and respect, unassailed by even a coarse
word, his thought grossly slanders the legal voters of our State.”
delegation of Indians in town this morning called on the Secretary of
the Interior for a consultation in regard to the treaty made last fall
with them by Gov. Ramsey. The Chief, Maydwagyonut, said that [at] the
time the treaty was made he was away and did not know it was signed,
which was without his consent, and they asked a day longer to think on
the treaty, which the Secretary granted them.
were told by the Secretary that the Great Father would do by them
exactly as he thought their interests required, according to his
MARCH 29, 1864
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN.
The Capture of Fort de Russy.
Account by Admiral Porter
of the Part taken by the Fleet.
March 28.–Rear Admiral Porter, in a dispatch to the Navy Department,
dated Fort de Russy, March 15, gives the following particulars of the
taking of that stronghold. The gunboats, it appears, arrived at
Simmesport at noon and found the enemy posted in force about three miles
back. The Benton landed her crew and drove in the pickets. The army came
along in about half an hour more and landed next morning, taking
possession of the enemy’s camping ground. That night General Smith
concluded to follow the rebels by land, while Admiral Porter proceeded
up Red river with all the gunboats and transports. In the meantime the Eastport
had reached the obstructions and with the vessel that kept pace with her
commenced the work of destroying the formidable barricade on which the
rebels had been at work for five months. They supposed it impassable,
but our energetic sailors with hard work opened a passage in a few
Eastport and Neosho proceeded to the fort, which at that moment was being
surrounded by troops under General Smith, who had marched from
Simmesport. A brisk musketry fire was going on between the rebels and
our troops, and they were so close together it was difficult to
distinguish the combatants. The Eastport,
which had opened her battery, fearing that she might injure our men,
ceased firing, when our troops proceeded to assault and carried the
place in a few minutes, capturing 250 prisoners. The main body of the
enemy, 5000 strong, under Gen. Walker, made their escape.
Porter says the whole affair has been well managed.
a recent attack on Trinity by the gunboats a number of Negroes who were
captured by the enemy in a recent attack on Goodrich’s landing were
THE RAID THROUGH PADUCAH.
A Desperate Battle.
Official Dispatches to the
March 28.–The following dispatch has been received by the Secretary of
March 26, 7 p.m.–At 3 p.m. yesterday the rebels made an
attack on Paducah and the steamers Peosta,
Pawpaw and Fort Hindman at once opened fire. Capt. Hicks holds the fort. The
front part of the city is destroyed, our shells setting fire to the
houses on the levee. A brisk cannonading was continued until about 10 p.m.
when the rebels’ fire ceased. The attack may have been renewed this
morning. Our dispatches are received by boat, telegraphic communication
having been destroyed. The fort made a desperate resistance.
March 26.–I have just received information that the enemy is still in
force in front of Paducah. A flag of truce was sent in by them to
negotiate an exchange of prisoners, which was refused. General Forrest
has 500 prisoners from Union City. Reinforcements are going forward.
There is no danger of a surrender.
March 26.–Paducah is safe. The rebels left at midnight.
March 26.–Information has been received that the rebels have retreated
from Paducah. The rebel loss is 300 killed. Their number of wounded is
unknown. Forrest’s force is said to be 6500 men, with four cannon. The
rebel General A. P. Thompson is reported killed.
M. Pennock, Fleet
Ill., March 28.–Gen. Forrest had about 7000 men in the attack on
Paducah. His line of battle was two miles and a half long. The fight
lasted all afternoon. Four assaults were made on the fort en masse, each
of which was repulsed with great slaughter to the enemy. The gunboats
fired 600 rounds. A large part of the town is in ruins. The rebels
plundered the stores and carried off horses during the fight. Forty
convalescents in the hospital were captured.
sent a flag of truce to exchange prisoners, but Col. Hicks refused.
Three hundred rebel dead lie in front of the fort. Generals Harris and
Burbridge were with the rebels.
from Paducah at noon yesterday report all quiet. The citizens are
returning to the town. Several women were killed during the fight. Our
loss was 14 killed and 45 wounded. The gunboats opened fire
simultaneously with the fort on the enemy’s advance into the city, and
rendered invaluable service throughout the engagement.
being once repulsed, Forrest sent a communication to Col. Hicks,
demanding the surrender of the fort, troops and public stores, promising
that if the demand was complied with, our troops should be treated as
prisoners of war, but if compelled to storm the fort, they might expect
no quarter. Colonel Hicks replied that he placed there to defend the
fort, which he should do, and peremptorily refused to surrender. The
enemy then made a second and third assault on the works, but were
repulsed each time with great loss. The rebels then broke lines, formed
in squads and occupied the houses, keeping up a fire until late in the
evening, when they were driven away, our artillery making it too hot for
their way into the city the enemy fired the railroad dépôt, which was
consumed, and towards evening they burned the Quartermaster’s
buildings and the steamer Dacotah
(not the Arizona) on the marine railway. They plundered the stores of an
immense amount of goods and took all the horses they could find. Some
merchants have lost from $25,000 to $50,000. Early the next morning, the
rebels again appearing, Col. Hicks burned all the houses within musket
range of the fort. The enemy, however, made no advance, and after asking
for an exchange of prisoners, which was declined, they returned in the
direction of Columbus.
the end of the battle it was discovered that our ammunition was nearly
exhausted, when Col. Hicks ordered that when it should give out the fort
should be defended by the bayonet as long as a man remained alive, which
determination was received with hearty cheers by all the troops. The
Negroes in the fort, 220 in all, fought with great gallantry.
was quiet at Paducah yesterday, our forces being engaged in burying the
enemy had six small cannon. About 50 buildings were burned, including
the hospital, gas works, and some of the finest residences in the town.
The Custom House and Post-office were injured.
troops consisted of the 40th Illinois infantry, Col. Hicks, a battalion
of Negroes and one regiment, name not known.
MARCH 30, 1864
NEW HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & GAZETTE
Tax on Tobacco.–Every
one says we must have more taxation, yet when particular articles are
named, at once all interested begin to exclaim, “Oh! tax everything
else, but spare this or you will ruin us!” So the tobacco raisers are
crying out against a tax on leaf tobacco, and have gone into statistics,
and present a very plausible statement of the probable effect of the
1790 we exported 118,460 hhds. of leaf tobacco, and in 1861, a period of
70 years, had only increased it to 160,816, at about the same price per
lb. Of course the use of it has largely increased in Europe and
elsewhere, but the demand has been met by home production, or production
in countries that could easily compete with us, so that with all our
advantage of free trade and cheap land, we have not been able to control
the market. Unlike cotton, in which we can compete with the world,
tobacco can be raised in many other places as cheap and as good as in
America. It is produced successfully in Middle and Southern Europe,
Turkey raising 43,830,000 lbs., Austria 57,797,20, France 33,700,000.
Under an increased price and demand much of the vine land could be
converted to the production of tobacco.
France, as is well known, the government is the great tobacco merchant,
purchasing where it can buy to the best advantage, and selling to the
people through fixed agencies. It has bought annually about
86,000,000,000 lbs., one half of which has been from the United States,
at a cost of about nine nine cents, the other half from other markets,
where it could do as well. Were a tax of 20 cents put on the leaf in our
country as proposed, we could not sell to France for less than 29 cents,
which would cut us off from the European market, and leave us only our
home consumption. As tobacco is raised in nearly every State, and has
been heretofore one of the most profitable crops, it is easy to perceive
how many are disturbed at what would interfere with its profits. If we
lose the foreign market, and have only our home demand to supply, our
present production is excessive, and must be largely curtailed. It may
be that Congress will allow a draw-back on its export, in which case
only home consumers would be obliged to pay the tax. Whoever drinks rum,
or uses tobacco hereafter, must pay for it, and we are very glad of
the Abolition Convention.–The
radical papers are urging the postponement of the Republican National
Convention, which has been called to meet on the 7th of June. The N. Y. Post
sums up a long argument on the subject thus:
trust, then, that the National Executive Committee will reconsider its
call, or if it cannot be got together again, that the loyal
members of Congress, of all parties, may devise some mode of deferring
the Convention to the first of September.
is said that the real object of the proposed postponement is to get rid
of Old Abe. The effort is to be made to induce him to withdraw, and if
that fails, a postponement will be carried with the idea of putting it
off to so late a day that the patronage of the Government will be shorn
of its power. It is believed that if this is done, he can be floored,
for it is well argued that at the closing of his term, no one is so
powerless as a weak and selfish Executive, whose followers are turning
from the setting to the rising sun of power and favor.
Washington correspondent says the United States armies will number
1,200,000 on the 1st of April. At the same time we are told that the
rebels have but 500,000; and yet our Government calls for 200,000 more!
Four to one is not enough.
North Carolina, is a port of the most vital importance to the rebels.
Nearly all their supplies from abroad are received at that port–run
through our efficient
blockade. The Wilmington Journal
says “the statistics for the past year show that on an average only
one out of twenty (blockade runners) has been captured.” The telegraph
tells us that the report of Governor Vance, showing the amount of
supplies received through this blockaded port, discloses a most
startling state of things. Everything the enemy could ask for is
received through this channel in great quantities. An experienced naval
officer has remarked that owing to the peculiar situation of the coast
and its numerous channels–embracing an area of thirty miles–the
entire Navy of the United States could not make the blockade of
Wilmington effective. Such being the case, it would seem to be the part
of wisdom to capture and hold Wilmington–thus cutting off this immense
source of supplies to the rebels and releasing thirty or forty ships
from the blockading duty. But our authorities never adopt wise,
practical and efficient measures; such measures would cripple the
rebellion; and such measures in this particular case would cut off from
the “loyal” friends of the administration a most prolific source of
plunder and corruption. The officials of the New York Custom House and
the “loyal” merchants in New York furnish a large share of the
supplies received by the rebels through Wilmington; and they and their
associates and friends will not allow that port to be closed to them!
That’s what the matter is. But for that, Wilmington would have
been captured two years ago, we have no doubt.
Provost Marshal General advises Massachusetts as deficient upon calls
for troops previous to the last, to the number of 9,903! In addition to
these, she is called on for 10,689 as her quota of the 200,000 recently
ordered; making 20,592 now to be raised in that State. In view of the
large deficiency on former calls, the question suggests itself–where
are those “swarms” of earnest patriots who were to block up the
highways in their eager rush to the field of battle as soon as a radical
policy was avowed?
Money in thy Purse.”–It
is alleged that out of fifty thousand bales of cotton, which have been
seized in the neighborhood of Vicksburg since its capture, less than one
hundred bales have been turned over to the Government, the rest having
been made the personal spoil of its treasury and military agents. This
is the style along the whole line of the Mississippi.
our best friends think of us is strikingly illustrated by the following
a recent diplomatic dinner, the Russian Minister is said to have
remarked that the United States was rapidly tending to despotism, while
Russia is daily becoming republicanized.”
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
following interesting statistics are from the report made to the State
Department by Mr. Samuel B. Ruggles, American delegate to the
International Statistics Congress held at Berlin in September last:
the last 60 years, while the population of France has increased but 37
per cent, and that of England 121 per cent, the increase in the United
States has been 593 per cent. The food-producing Western States,1
embracing an area of 282,134,688 acres, form an immense natural garden
in a salubrious and desirable portion of the temperate zone, into which
the swelling stream of population from the older Atlantic States and
from Europe has steadily flowed during the last decade, increasing its
previous population from 5,403,595 to 8,957,690, an accession of
3,554,095 inhabitants gained by the peaceful conquest of nature, fully
equal to the population of Silesia, which cost Frederick the great the
seven years’ war, and exceeding that of Scotland–the subject of
struggle for centuries.
rapid influx of population into this group of States increased the
quantity of the “improved” land, thereby meaning farms more or less
cultivated, within their limits, from 26,680,361 acres in 1850 to
51,826,395 in 1860, but leaving a residue yet to be improved of
230,308,293 acres. The area of 25,146,054 acres thus taken in ten years
from the prairie and the forest is equal to 7/8 of the arable land of
England, said by its political economists to be 23,000,000 of acres. The
area embraced in the residue will permit a similar operation to be
repeated eight times successively, plainly demonstrating the capacity of
tis group of States to expand their present population of 8,957,690 to
at least 30,080,000, if not 40,000,000 of inhabitants without
effects of this influx of population in increasing the pecuniary wealth,
as well as the agricultural products of the States in question, are
signally manifest in the census. The assessed value of their real and
personal property ascended from $1,116,000,000 in 1850 to $3,926,000,000
in 1860, showing a clear increase of $2,810,000,000. We can best measure
this rapid and enormous accession of wealth by comparing it with an
object which all nations value, the commercial marine. The commercial
tonnage of the United States in 1840 was 2,180,764 tons; in 185 it was
3,535,494 tons; in 1860 it was 5,858,808 tons. At $50 per ton, which is
a full estimate, the whole pecuniary value of the 5,858,808 tons,
embracing all our commercial fleets on the oceans and the lakes and the
rivers, and numbering nearly 30,000 vessels, would be but $267,940,000;
whereas the increase in the pecuniary value of the States under
consideration, in each year of the last decade, was $681,000,000. Five
years’ increase would purchase every commercial vessel in the
Christian world. The capacity of these States for the production of
vegetable and animal food is dwelt upon by Mr. Ruggles with great force.
In the last decade their several products increased from 309,950,295
bushels, considerably exceeding the whole cereal product of England, and
nearly if not equal to that of France. In the same period the swine,
which play a very important part in consuming the large surplus of
Indian corn, increased in number from 8,536,182 to 11,039,352, and the
cattle from 4,373,712 to 7,204,840. Thanks to steam and the railway, the
herds of cattle which feed on the meadows of the upper Mississippi are
now carried in four days, through 18 degrees of longitude, to the
slaughter-houses on the Atlantic.->
is difficult to furnish any visible or adequate measure for a mass of
cereals so enormous as 558,000,000 of bushels. About one-fifth of the whole
descends the chain of lakes, in which 1300 vessels are constantly employed
in the season of navigation. About one-seventh of the whole finds its way to
the ocean through the Erie canal, which has been once enlarged for the
purpose of passing vessels of 200 tons, and is now under survey by the State
of New York for a second enlargement to pass vessels of 500 tons. The
vessels called canal boats, now navigating the canal, exceed 5000 in number,
and if placed in a line would be more than 80 miles in length. A general
famine is now impossible; for America, if necessary, can feed Europe for
centuries to come. Let the statesman and philanthropist ponder well the
magnitude of the fact, and all is far reaching consequences–political,
social and moral–in the increased industry, the increased happiness, and
the assured peace of the world.
eyes are now on Lieut. Gen. Grant, as they were once on Gen. McClellan. The
President, in delivering him his high commission, spoke fitting words, as he
said “As the country herein trusts you, so under God it will sustain
you;” and in similar thoughts he many times addressed McClellan. The
people, irrespective of party, trusted McClellan, and now trust Grant. But
let it never be forgotten how the Radical Tribune
school hounded on the brave Gen. Scott and were responsible for Bull Run;
how they wrenched from McClellan the troops which would have captured
Richmond; and Gen. Grant must not expect to please this set, and can afford
to ignore them. As he has had conferred upon him he title, the functions and
the responsibilities of his great office, so it is but just that he should really perform its duties, really be the man of the hour; and if
political partisans come creeping about him for the appointment or
continuance in command of their political generals, let him calmly reject
their advice, lead his brave men on to victory, and the country will reward
Grant at Washington.
March 28.–Lieut. Gen. Grant arrived in Washington from the front
yesterday, and was engaged with the President, Secretary of War and Gen.
Halleck, last evening, and left for the Army of the Potomac this morning.
General has established his headquarters at Culpepper, eight miles in front
of Gen. Meade.
repairs of the Winder’s buildings, which have been set apart for the
headquarters of Grant, are now completed. During the absence of Grant from
the city, Capt. Geo. K. Leete, A. A. G., will have charge of the
Chicago paper gravely remarks that “the longer the present war lasts the
more public opinion begins to settle down to the belief that it will be by
no means a short one.” The Editor is quite firm in this belief.
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
Moving.—They have unearthed a new K. G. C. organization in
Chicago, and the ritual is published, so far as it relates to the first
The ringleaders are not known even to the members of the lower degrees.
The object of the organization is stated to be two-fold: first, the
election of a copperhead president, or failing that, the kindling of
civil war at the North. A convention of the traitorous tribe was held at
Chicago, beginning on the 8th of March and continuing four days. The
number in attendance was estimated by different observers at from one
hundred to one hundred and thirty. Every effort was made to keep the
affair secret. The organization is said to be spreading throughout
Illinois, and will be extended to other states.
dispatches received from the United States consuls at the different
ports in tropical latitudes show that the cultivation of cotton has been
successfully commenced in a large number of localities, and with promise
of success. In Paris, in British Guiana, in Brazil, and at Jamaica, the
coming crop will be considerable, although it will be chiefly of
low-priced or medium cotton, rather than of the choicer sorts.
Experiments in cotton culture are also being made in Australia,
Tasmania, and other British colonies, under the auspices of the
Manchester Cotton Supply Association.
of a Groton Boy.—The Norfolk (Va.) Daily
Times relates the following spirited affair:
Moses Gill of the 96th New York regiment, stationed at Currituck, was
sent on Monday morning with dispatches to Northwest Landing. Upon his
return he saw two men in an open field under very suspicious
circumstances. Clearing the fence with his horse, he immediately gave
pursuit, when they took to the woods, where he finally succeeded in
capturing them. Proceeding on his way with his prisoners in front of
him, he overtook a horse and cart which he appropriated as a conveyance
of his prize to Currituck bridge, where he delivered the captured to his
commanding officer as prisoners of war, who were brought down to Norfolk
and immediately sent to Fortress Monroe. They are members of the 14th
North Carolina cavalry regiment. The only arms Sergeant Gill had in his
possession at the time of the adventure were a sabre and pistol.
upon this, the Boston Journal
says the young man who performed this feat is a son of Mr. Moses Gill of
Groton. At the breaking out of the rebellion, young Gill was in
Liverpool, England, in a lucrative employment, but, yielding to the
impulses, immediately shipped for America, landing at Quebec, Canada. He
left his ship, crossed the lines, and arrived at Plattsburg, N. Y.,
where he enlisted in the 96th regiment of New York volunteers, and has
served therein with great bravery, participating in numerous battles, on
one of which (Fair Oaks) he was seriously wounded. In March, 1862, he
was promoted to corporal–more recently to quartermaster-sergeant. He
has lately re-enlisted with most of his regiment, which is now stationed
at Plattsburg, recruiting its ranks.
in Florida.—The New York Evening Post has letter dated Jacksonville, March 20th, from which
we copy the following:
rebels occupy an entrenched camp on Ten Mile Creek, and are in strong
force. Beauregard was there last week, inspecting he position and giving
direction for future operations. The rebel policy is to hold Florida at
all hazards and at any expense of treasure or men. This is a point that
our government should understand.
the fall of Vicksburg and the loss of Texas, the rebels grasped East
Tennessee more firmly than ever. They will now send a very strong force
to Florida, for the products of its immense pastures and essential to
the sustenance of their army.
able bodied men of Florida not in the army are very few indeed. This is
now the land of cripples, women and children.
great services rendered by or gunboats are scarcely mentioned in reports
from this quarter. Had it not been for the wholesome dread the enemy has
of them, he would probably have been in Jacksonville and our army
captured before to-day. Though we were badly shattered at Olustee, the
victors dare not follow us to this place because of these terrible
every day more or less deserters arrive within our lines. They are
mostly men of Northern birth who have been pressed into the rebel ranks.
We learn from them that the civilians of this vicinity who took the oath
of allegiance during the days of our short triumph are now suffering
severely from rebel rule.
is becoming more and more evident every day that this “oath of
allegiance” business had better be postponed a little. The Government
should be a little slow in making pledges which it may not be able to
fulfill. A little more hard fighting must be done, the rebel power must
be fully crippled and broken, and the loyalty of all persons of Southern
birth and education more thoroughly approved, before oaths of allegiance
will be of much moment to either subjects or government.
monotony which has for the last ten days prevailed along our our picket
lines has been broken by the capture of three of our men, one of them
colored. The two white soldiers are held as prisoners of war; the
colored man was dressed in civilian clothes, and has been hung as a spy.
APRIL 2, 1864
HALLOWELL GAZETTE (ME)
Gen. Grant is making extensive preparations for action and energetic
movements with the army of the Potomac. He is now engaged in
re-organizing the army and placing it on a more firm basis. His object
seems to be the taking of Richmond, the stronghold of the Confederacy,
during the summer’s campaign. The number of army corps in the Army of
the Potomac are reduced, by the direction of the President, viz the 2d,
5th and 6th corps, the 1st and 3d corps being re-organized and
distributed among the 2d, 5th and 6th. It is hoped that this “on to
Richmond” may not be signalized as “an advance on Washington” as
others have been. The campaign will be one of the greatest and most
important of the war. Grant and Lee, the two greatest generals of the
age, are to play the game. They have the advantage of fighting on their
own ground, we on the other hand have the advantage of a reinforced
army, out-numbering, without doubt, all that will be brought against it;
and also of a good credit, theirs, needless to say, is poor.
operations on the Potomac may be expected before a great while. Grant
reviewed a part of the army on Tuesday last, at Culpepper, and was
received with great enthusiasm by the army. With confidence in its
leader, with bravery and valor of the army, we may soon hope to hear
that the capital of the Confederacy is in our hands, notwithstanding the
opinion of Jefferson Davis to the contrary.
capture of Fort DeRussey by our forces under Gen. A. J. Smith, and the
capture of Paducah, Ky., by the rebels under Gen. Forrest are the most
important pieces of news [this week] from the war. In regard to these
events, the Boston Journal
former effected by a novel species of strategy, gives our Red River
expedition an admirable start, by disposing at the outset of a work from
which no little difficulty was feared. The capture of Paducah was an
unexpected event, as no one had supposed that the threatened invasion of
Kentucky had progressed so far. But owing to the successful resistance
of the fort, with the timely aid of the gunboats on the river, the
enterprise of the rebels so far has proved more disastrous than
advantageous to them. We have no fear of their accomplishing anything by
this raid into Kentucky, while, aside from whatever Union successes we
may gain in the field, this visitation will bring out the real
patriotism of the people in a manner superior to the demonstrations of
politicians in that section of late.”
New Orleans comes the welcome news that Gen. Banks has taken the field
and with his army will sweep across the country, and thence into Texas.
So we may also expect cheering news from this Department.
publishes an excellent biographical sketch of Lieut. General Grant, and
a discriminating analysis of his brilliant qualities as a soldier from
the pen of an intimate personal friend of the General. We copy the
following paragraphs from the article:
press has conceded that Gen. Grant is the best executive and
administrative officer in the army. His department has certainly been
conducted with remarkable ability and skill. Gen. Lander once said he
was the best fighting General in the world. Gen. Halleck says he is the
best field officer in the service. Gen. Farnsworth says he is no carpet
Generals Logan and Blair say he has strategy and more military genius
and caution than any other officer. All these eulogies, coming from such
high authorities, do no more than justice to the man, and prove the
appreciative capacities of their authors. The amount and varied duties
and labor devolving on a General with such a command as he has is
incalculable, and yet it is said by his staff, several of whom are
first-class lawyers, that he has never made a mistake or blunder or made
a decision that needed revoking. His military correspondence has cost
the government far less than that of any other commanding General who
has done one-half the amount of service.
no other has been in half so many engagements. He has participated in
thirty-one battles, fourteen of them in Mexico, while he held no higher
rank than a lieutenant, and seventeen during the present civil war, in
which he was Commanding General, and has never been defeated. If he ever
is defeated, it will only be when no possible human agency can avoid it,
and then it will be a terrible and bloody defeat to our arms. He has
been sworn in and commissioned thirteen times as a military
officer–probably holding more commissions for brave and meritorious
conduct than any other man ever did.
his recent battles Gen. Grant has captured many thousand persons, four
hundred and seventy-two cannon, and an incalculable amount of small arms
and military stores; and it is wonderful how few men and little property
he has lost in comparison to what he has destroyed and taken. Such has
been the fidelity, ability and patriotism with which he has discharged
his every duty that he has never been removed, superseded or complained
of, but constantly promoted in rank, and his command increased. After
these great and crowning triumphs, sparkling like diamonds along his
military way, is there one to be found who will attribute the result of
his success to accident? Rather say that a protecting Providence has
watched over and guided him throughout his brilliant and glorious
career, and doubtless has him in reserve as a means to accomplish other
we label this region the Midwest.
is “Knights of the Golden Circle,” a secret copperhead organization
mentioned in a number of earlier articles.
“A knight who spends his time in luxury and idleness—knighted on the
carpet at court rather than on the field of battle.” By this time,
meaning “a soldier who spends his life away from battle; idler.” (Source).
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