APRIL 17, 1864
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
Europe in Arms.
believe the day is not distant when the fierce flames of war will
envelop every country of Europe, excerpt, perhaps, England. The course
of events is hurrying rapidly towards war. Let us review the events of
the past few weeks. The minor German powers entered Schleswig very much
as the United States army entered Utah in 1857-8; they dragged Austria
and Prussia reluctantly after them. The Duke of Augustenburg was
proclaimed Duke of the province. Holstein was next entered by sheer
force of impulse, of acquired motion.
the same time an incident occurred which seems likely to produce
important effects. A wide-spread insurrection burst forth in Galicia,
that portion of Poland incorporated in Austria, and which had remained
quiet during those heroic struggles of the noble Poles to free
themselves from the rule of the most ignoble power in the world. It is
believed that Posen, the spoil which fell to Prussia’s share on the
dismemberment of Poland, is only waiting an opportune moment to rise,
too. Who has forgotten the position which Austria stupidly assumed
towards Russia last year on the Polish question? Fires within her own
frontier have made her change her mind. Prussia has acted as mediator
and intermediary between her and Russia, and it seems now almost certain
that something like an alliance has been formed between all the powers
of Germany and Russia for common offence and defence. The first
consequence of this alliance (if alliance there be) has been the
invasion of Jutland, the last remaining continental possession of
Denmark. The telegrams which bring this announcement hint also that
Prussia is actively engaged at Stockholm, endeavoring to persuade Norway
and Sweden to take possession of insular Denmark and annex it to them,
to form one great kingdom, to be called Scandinavia. The treaty of
London (1852) will be avowed null and void, and all Germany will proceed
to annex Schleswig, Holstein and Jutland to the Confederation.
consequence of this revival of the holy alliance will be to renew the
intimate diplomatic understanding between England and France which
existed during the Crimean war.
if England will come to a cordial understanding with France, and,
without engaging in active hostilities, agree to support France, at
least so far as to give France assurance that the English fleet shall
not be turned against her, the French Emperor will be free to move. In
this event–but let us premise that there re obstacles in the way to
the establishment of this understanding. The Queen is notoriously philo-German,
and could with difficulty be brought to consent to throw even
England’s moral weight against the land where already two of her
daughters and one of her sons are heirs apparent of thrones. The present
Cabinet–at least the present Minister of Foreign Affairs (Earl
Russell)–is scarcely the Ministry to move
harmoniously with France, even if it commanded a large majority
in the House of Commons, which it does not.
In France the situation of the
finances, the situation of the Bank of France, the situation of the
Bourse and of trade are believed to render any war by France an
extremely hazardous undertaking.->
is even said that Mons. Fould recently had audience of the Emperor, and
told his Majesty that he must resign if the Emperor entertained warlike
designs. It is true, the Emperor replied, that at present he had no such
intentions, but the day might not be distant when the interests of
France might require her to go to war. In the event of a cordial
intimacy between England and France, we should probably see Germany and
Russia attached by Sweden, Poland, Hungary, Italy and Denmark, while
France (even if she kept aloof from actual war) would paralyze no
inconsiderable portion of the allied armies by massing formidable corps
of observation on the German frontier and by assisting Sweden, Poland,
Hungary, Italy and Denmark in various ways. This, however, would
probably be only the first act of the bloody drama, and the second act
would open by the imperial eagle swooping on the allied armies then
decimated by the battle-field and the hospital. France’s policy would
then be to reestablish Hungary and Poland, to give Venetia to Italy, to
take the left bank of the Rhine to herself, and to surrender Rome to
Italy upon condition of the cession of the Island of Sardinia to France.
Lightship for the Atlantic.—A project of a novel and
important character has been
for some months past under discussion, and we are informed that a
company is now in course of formation, with a view to place the proposal
in a practical shape. It is intended to station, fifty miles west of
Sicily, a ship bearing a floating light, containing stores of
provisions, and connected by an electric wire cable with the shore. It
is considered that thus early news may be conveyed, homeward ships may
receive their orders while at sea, and much suffering, privation and
loss of life prevented. The work is to be carried out by Moore’s
patent for an improved method of anchoring ships, and attaching
electrical cables. The idea is seriously entertained and, if carried
out, might prove of much commercial value. We should be sorry to
pronounce it impossible, or to throw an obstacle in the way of its
accomplishment; but if Moore’s patent can securely moor a vessel amid
the wild waves of a broad and deep Atlantic, and can secure any
communication at all times with passing ships and with the shore, the
invention must be ranked as one of the most marvellous of the age.–Western Morning News.1
Lincoln and the Disembodied.—There
is a story going the rounds of the capital to the effect that Mrs.
Lincoln, a few days since, consulted the spirits on the subject of the
next Presidency, and that the disembodied stated very emphatically that
she would not be the mistress of the White House longer than the 4th of
March, 1865. Mrs. L., though hitherto an orthodox member of the rappings
fraternity, expressed her disbelief to “manifestations,” and
departed the “circle,” fully persuaded that the medium was a
CHARLESTON MERCURY (SC)
The Duration of the War.
impression generally prevails, says the Richmond Whig, that the campaign on which we are now entering is the
last–that the death grapple has come, and the struggle must soon be
over. The army makes no calculations. With grim humor and gay defiance
worthy of the cavalier stock from which they come, our soldiers
volunteer for “forty years or the war.” But civilians indulge
themselves in speculations, the failure of which cannot affect men who
make none. Whether the fourth year of the war will be the final one
depends mainly upon the incidents of the campaign. We leave out of view
the possibility of other things always possible–such, for instance, as
the long-delayed, but inevitable, financial crash at the North, of which
the upward tendency of gold there, in spite of all Chase’s thimble-rigging, affords improving
prospect; the counter-revolution that has been hoped for, and of which
the late outbreak in Illinois is prophetic; foreign intervention,
rendered more likely of late by the hostile demonstration in Washington
towards the European arrangements for Mexico–we leave these out of the
calculation, and speak only of military contingencies. If the campaign
is a successful one to us, it will almost certainly end the war, though
it may not bring immediate peace–peace settled by treaty ad declared
by proclamation. We do not see how it is possible for the enemy, if at
the end of four years of such gigantic combat as we have had they find
themselves no further advanced towards their object than they now are,
to stand up before the world and insist upon continuing the contest. We
do not see how the world, without shaming the civilization and common
sense of the age, could permit it.
is most to be feared, all in fact that is to be feared, is that
advantages of such apparent importance may be gained by the enemy as
will afford them a pretext for continuing the strife, and will enable
them yet awhile longer to practice upon the credulity of other
countries. This would give them a little longer respite from the
humiliation of admitted defeat, and the more terrible consequences they
will have to face among themselves, when the appalling fact strikes the
mind of the masses that all this bloody and wasting war, this frightful
sacrifice of human life, the blood and tears and anguish of a whole
people, the nightmare of national debt, the prostration of national name
and rank, the corruption of public morals, the subversion of the general
industry and the ruin of private fortunes have been in vain, have been
wasted and lost–and all through the connivance of a set of knavish
politicians. Lincoln and his men will postpone their day of reckoning as late as
possible, and to that end will protract the war as long as any pretext
that will delude their people can be found. If, by force of numbers,
they can gain anything amounting to an advantage this year, or by the
art of lying can make it appear they have, they will probably be able to
carry their armies over into another campaign. It becomes, therefore,
our chief duty, as well as our highest policy, to strain every nerve to
defeat them in all their attempts, and to see that, at the end of the
campaign now opening, they are less favorably circumstanced than they
now are. Let this result appear, and we may confidently count on the
practical ending of the war with the expiration of the fighting months
of this year. Our noble armies, we are sure, will do their duty; the
people must do theirs, by taking care that their armies lack nothing
that can contribute to their efficiency.
Labor for the Coast–Division No. 1.
I. The Commissioners of Roads and the Town
Authorities within the Judicial Districts of Pickens, Greenville,
Spartanburg, Anderson, Union, York, Chester, Laurens, Abbeville and
Newberry, will forthwith summon all slaveholders within their respective
limits to deliver one-fourth of their slaves liable to Road Duty at the Railroad
Depots nearest their residence on Monday, the
twenty-fifth (25th) day of April prox., at 10 o’clock, a.m.,
there to await transportation to Charleston for Thirty Days’ labor on
The Act of December requires the arrest of all defaulters, and that they
be forwarded for a double term of service at the expense of the owners.
This requirement will be rigorously enforced; and, that the State Agent
may proceed intelligently and do justice to all, Commissioners of Roads
and Town Authorities are earnestly enjoined to make, without delay, the
Returns called for by the Act referred to. They will state, in every
instance, the names of owners, district, number of Road Hands, and total
amount of labor performed. No District in the Division now called on has
made complete returns, and in several this important duty has been
entirely neglected. ->
The Commissioners and Authorities aforesaid are also required by law to
impress and forward one-fourth
of all the male free Negroes, between the ages of 16 and 50 years.
The only exemption recognized
by the Statutes is where the owner has but one
Agent for the State of South Carolina.
SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT,
April 18, 1864.
ALL MALE WHITE PERSONS IN CHARLESTON DISTRICT, between the ages of
seventeen and eighteen and forty-five and fifty years, are required to
report to the Enrolling Officers of this District, in person, for
enrollment–except those who may have reported and enrolled since the
first day of April instant. Persons of the classes designated, who fail
to report within the time prescribed by the Act of Congress “approved
February 17, 1864,” will subject themselves to be assigned to general
service with the class of persons between eighteen and forty-five years.
All certificates of exemption hitherto granted by Enrolling Officers are
revoked by the recent Act of Congress, except those granted to mail
contractors, drivers of post coaches and hacks, and on account of
persons, therefore holding certificates of exemption (with the
exceptions above indicated) will report forthwith for enrollment,
exemption or detail, pursuant to provisions of said Act of Congress.
All applications for exemption or detail (except Confederate and State
Officers and Railroad Employees) should be made to Captain L. M. Grist, the local Enrolling Officer
for Charleston District. Applications for the exemption of officers of
the Confederate and State Governments and Railroad employees must be
made to Major C. D. Melton,
the Commandant of Conscripts, at Columbia.
to Bureaus or Departments.
Persons who are not artisans, mechanics or of scientific skill, cannot
be detailed for service in any of the Military Bureaus, or in the
Quartermaster’s Commissary, Ordnance or other Departments of the
Government, or for any of the like duties, unless they may be persons
between the ages of forty-five and fifty years, or persons who have been
adjudged by an Examining Board to be unfit for service in the field.
applications for detail for Government service must be made by the
officer for whose services the detail is asked, and must set forth
clearly the duties to be performed, the particular necessity for the
personal services of the person applied for, and the period for which
the detail is asked.
of mechanics, etc.
Applications for the detail of mechanics, or of persons of whatsoever
class, whose services are necessary to the public generally, must set
forth distinctly the nature of such necessity, and be supported by the
affidavit of the applicant, and other sworn testimony.
No application for detail can be entertained until the person reports at
the office and is enrolled.
Information on all matters pertaining to the conscription will be
furnished on application at this office.
The office will be opened at Summerville on Saturday, the 23d instant, and on every Thursday thereafter, until
in Charleston–corner of Coming and Radcliffe streets.
Major, Chief E. O., 2d Congressional District, S. C.
April 18, 1864.
APRIL 19, 1864
Grand Opening of the Baltimore Sanitary
Speech of President Lincoln.
April 18.–The inauguration ceremonies of the great Fair at the
Maryland Institute to-night were very imposing. The display was
exceedingly fine. The immense building was thronged. President Lincoln
made a speech. Speaker Colfax and Senator Wilson accompanied the
President to Baltimore. The President’s appearance in the hall was
greeted with tremendous applause which continued for some moments.
the inaugural address of Governor Bradford, the President was loudly
called for, and in response he proceeded to make a brief address. He
referred to the great change that had taken place in Baltimore in the
last three years. “Truly,” he said, “the world moves. At the
commencement of the war the soldiers of the Union could not pass through
Baltimore unmolested, and now we have this large assemblage of people
brought together to do honor and provide for their wants and make them
comfortable. All honor to the brave patriots who had wrought the change
and to the noble women who aided them. When this war began scarcely one
individual supposed it would it would have lasted till now. All thought
it would end in some way in a much shorter time. Very few at that time
thought the institution of slavery would be much affected. But these
expectations were not realized, and here we are. (Laughter.) And slavery
has been somewhat affected. (Great laughter.) So true is it my friends,
that man proposes and God disposes. The world had long been in want of a
correct definition of the word ‘freedom.’ Whilst all proposed to
advocate liberty, there was in the minds of many a very opposite view of
what liberty was. With one man, liberty implied to work for himself and
do as he pleased with the proceeds of his labor. With others liberty
meant to do as you pleased with other men and their labor. One of these
two conflicting ideas would have to give way to the other. He thought
from some occurrences which had recently taken place in Maryland that
her people were about to determine which of these views of freedom
should control her destiny.”
President then passed on to refer to a matter which he said he supposed
was just now deeply agitating the minds of the people all over the
country. He alluded to an occurrence which was reported to have taken
place at Fort Pillow, namely, the massacre of several hundred colored
soldiers by the Confederates. Many supposed the Government did not
intend to do its duty in regard to the protection of these colored
soldiers. He desired to say that all such were mistaken.
the question of employing colored men as soldiers was left to the
Government, it rested very much with himself whether he should
make soldiers of them or not. He pondered the matter carefully and when
he became convinced that it was a duty to so employ them, he did not
stood before the American people responsible for the act–responsible
before the Christian world–responsible for it he stood before
God–and he did not shrink from the decision he has made, for he
believed it was right. But when the Government determined to make
soldiers of these colored people, he thought it only just that they
should have the same protection as the white soldiers, (applause) and he
hesitated not to declare that the Government would so protect them to
the utmost of its power.
a clear, authenticated case should be made out, retribution would
follow. It had hitherto been very difficult to ascertain with that
certainty which should govern a decision in a matter so serious. But in
the affair at Fort Pillow he thought they were likely to find a clear
case. The Government had no direct evidence to confirm the reports in
existence relative to the massacre, but he feared that the facts as
related were true. When the Government does know the facts from official
sources, and they substantiate the reports, retribution will be surely
given. (Great applause.)
how should retribution be administered was a question still to be
settled. Would it be right to take the life of prisoners in Washington,
in Fort Delaware or elsewhere in retaliation for acts in which they have
not shared? Would it be right to take a prisoner captured, say at
Vicksburg, and shoot him for acts of which he was not guilty, and which,
it probably will be found, were the ordering of a few individuals, or
possibly of only one man? The President reiterated the declaration that
the Government would not fail to visit retribution when the acts were
the President’s remarks were warmly applauded, especially his
enunciation of a determination to visit retribution for the barbarous
deeds of the rebels.
The Fort Pillow Affair.
massacre at Fort Pillow has intensified the feelings of our Western
officers and men to such a pitch that they declare that unless
Government takes retributive steps, they will consider it their duty to
shoot every man of Forrest’s command they meet and take no prisoners.
The absence of gun-boats up the Red river and its tributaries in pursuit
of cotton left but one war vessel at Fort Pillow at the time of the
attack. An affidavit taken at Memphis declares that the Quartermaster of
the 13th Tennessee cavalry was, while living, nailed to a board by the
rebels and thrown into the flames of a burning building at Fort Pillow.
Pillow is an isolated post, of no value whatever to the defence of
Columbus, and utterly untenable by the rebels, who have skedaddled from
that vicinity ere this; having been disappointed, with considerable loss
in the object of their raid thither, which was the capture of Columbus,
whence they were promptly and severely repulsed, with no loss to us. The
Washington Star is of the opinion that due investigation will show that the
loss of Fort Pillow was simply the result of a mistake of a local
commander, who occupied it against direct orders–a contingency
incident to all wars.
Sherman has been directed to make an immediate and thorough
investigation of the massacre with a view to exact retaliation. The
investigation by the Committee on the Conduct of the War will be made
simultaneously with General Sherman’s.
Affairs About Home.
Case of Mayhem.–Horatio N. Wilson, who lives at No. 1
Ridgeway lane, entered a complaint at police station No. 3 last night,
against one John Young, who had ill treated him. Wilson had one of his
thumbs in his pocket, the member having been bitten off by Young, and
stated that the quarrel was the result of a dispute in relation to
upon Fast Drivers.–The Chief of Police continues to enforce
his prohibition of fast driving on Beacon street and the Mill-Dam, on
Sundays, and last evening overhauled at the foot of Beacon street two
teams which were being propelled at a more rapid rate than the law
Young Highwaymen.–The Common and vicinity has been infested
for the past year by a gang of boys who, lying in wait for their
victims, and taking the opportunity when they are alone, have been in
the habit of seizing children of their own age and younger, and robbing
them of whatever they might have in their possession at the time,
including money, marbles, books, etc. The police have been on the alert
for the young rascals for a long time, but without success, until
yesterday, when officer Sturdivant, of the 4th station, having dressed
himself in citizen’s clothes, succeeded in capturing three of them,
and two others were shortly after taken prisoners by officers from the
second station. The names of the boys arrested are William Kelly, James
Kane, Daniel Lyons, Patrick Collins alias Holland, Michael alias Murtagh
Driscoll, and their ages vary from 10 to 13 years.
yesterday robbed a little boy named Charles W. Ray of his Sabbath School
books, and forced him to remove his jacket in order that they might
search him. They also attacked a little girl in a brutal manner, pulling
up her clothes and searching her person in an indecent way, to see if
she had concealed pockets. The boys all belong on Fort Hill, and have
all the pertinacity and daring of the gentlemen of the road of the last
century, without a particle of their refinement. These boys will be
arraigned in the Police Court this afternoon.
APRIL 20, 1864
BOSTON EVENING TRANSCRIPT
THE FORT PILLOW MASSACRE.
Our Soldiers Chased and Shot.
The Wounded Vainly Begging for Mercy.
St. Louis Democrat, of Saturday, brings detailed accounts of the horrible
affair at Fort Pillow, from which we gather the following clear
statement of the forces engaged, and the dreadful scenes which followed
the capture–for it was not a surrender:
rebels, under Forrest, appeared and drove in the pickets about sunrise
on Tuesday morning. The garrison of the fort consisted of about two
hundred of the Thirteenth Tennessee Volunteers and four hundred Negro
artillery, all under command of Major Booth; the gunboat No. 7 was also
in the river.2
The rebels first attacked the two outer forts, and in several attempts
to charge were repulsed. They were constantly reinforced, and extended
their lines to the river on both sides of the fort. The garrison in the
two outer forts were at length overpowered by superior numbers, and
about noon evacuated them and retired to the fort on the river. Here the
fight was maintained with great obstinacy, and continued till about four
approach to the fort from the rear is over a gentle declivity, cleared
and fully exposed to a raking fire from two sides of the fort. About 80
yards from the fort is a deep ravine, running all along the front, and
so steep at the bottom as to be hidden from the fort, and not commanded
by its guns. The rebels charged with great boldness down the declivity,
and faced, without blenching, a murderous fire from the guns and small
arms of the fort, and crowded into the ravine, where they were sheltered
from the fire by the steep bank which had been thus left by some
unaccountable neglect or ignorance. Here the rebels organized for a
final charge upon the fort, after sending a flag of truce with a demand
for surrender, which was refused. The approach from the ravine was up
through a deep, narrow gully, and the steep embankments of the fort.
last charge was made about four p.m.,
by the whole rebel force, and was successful after a most desperate and
gallant defence. The rebel army was estimated at from two thousand to
four thousand. The gunboat had not been idle, but guided by signals from
the fort, poured upon the rebels a constant stream of shot and shell.
She fired two hundred and sixty shells, and, as testified to by those
who could see, with marvellous precision and with fatal effect. Major
Booth, who was killed near the close of the fight, conducted the defence
with great coolness, skill and gallantry. His last signal to the boat
was, “We are hard pressed and shall be overpowered.” He refused to
surrender, however, and fought to the last. By the uniform and voluntary
testimony of the rebel officers, as well as survivors of the fight, the
Negro artillery regiment fought with the bravery and coolness of
veterans, and served the guns with skill and precision. They did not
falter or flinch until at the last charge, when it was evident they
would be overpowered, they broke and fled towards the river, and here
commenced the most barbarous and cruel outrages that ever the
fiendishness of rebels had perpetrated during the war.
Rebel Atrocities–Negro Troops Murdered.
the rebels were in undisputed possession of the fort and the survivors
had surrendered, they commenced an indiscriminate butchery of all the
Federal soldiery. The colored soldiers threw down their guns and raised
their arms in token of surrender, but not the least attention was paid
to it. They continued to shoot down all they found. A number of them,
finding no quarter was given, ran over the bluff to the river, and tried
to conceal themselves under the bank and in the bushes, were pursued by
the rebel savages, and implored them to spare their lives. Their appeals
were made in vain, and they were all shot down in cold blood, and in
full sight of the gunboat. The rebels chased and shot them down as they
would dogs. ->
passed up the bank of the river and counted fifty dead strewed along.
One had crawled into a hollow log and was killed in it; another had got
over the bank of the river, and got on to a board that ran out into the
water. He lay on it on his face, with his feet in the water. He laid
there when exposed stark and stiff. Several had tried to hide in the
crevices made by the falling bank, and could not be seen without
difficulty, but they were singled out and killed.
the best information I could get, the white soldiers were, to a very
considerable extent, treated in the same way. One of the 13th
Tennessee–D. W. Harrison–informs me that after the surrender he was
below the bluff, and one of the rebels presented a pistol to shoot him.
He told him he had surrendered, and requested him not to fire. He spared
him, and directed him to go up the bluff to the fort. Harrison asked him
to go before him, or he would be shot by others, but he told him to go
along. He started, and had not proceeded far before he met a rebel who
presented his pistol. Harrison begged him not to fire, but paying no
attention to his request, he fired and shot him through the shoulder,
and another shot him in the leg. He fell, and while he lay unable to
move, another came along and was about to fire again, when Harrison told
him not to fire. He asked Harrison if he had any money. He said he had a
little money and a watch. The rebel took from him his watch and 90
dollars in money, and left him. Harrison is probably fatally wounded.
such cases have been related to me, and I think, to a great extent, the
whites and Negroes were indiscriminately murdered. The rebel
Tennesseeans have about the same bitterness against Tennesseeans in the
federal army, as against Negroes. I was told by a rebel officer that
General Forrest shot one of his men and cut another with his sabre who
were shooting down prisoners. It may be so, but he is responsible for
the conduct of his men, and General Chalmers stated publicly, while on
the Platte Valley, that though
he did not encourage or countenance his men in shooting down Negro
captives, yet that it was right and justifiable.3
Forrest is represented to have been badly wounded. Dr. Fitch, surgeon of
the fort, was taken prisoner, and through the influence of some rebel
surgeons, was released on his parole and came up with us. He confirms,
from his own personal observation, the butchery of our soldiers by the
rebels. He informed me that after the fort was taken the soldiers ran
down the bluff to the river, throwing away their arms, holding up their
hands, and crying out that they surrendered, but the rebels continued to
fire on them from the bluff without the least regard to their cries. Dr.
Fitch says he saw twenty white soldiers paraded in a line on the bank of
the river, and when in line the rebels fired upon and killed all but one
who ran to the river and hid under a log, and in that condition was
fired at a number of times and wounded. He says Major Bradford also ran
down to the river, and after he told them he had surrendered, more than
fifty shots were fired at him.
of the officers of the Negro regiment and most of the Federal officers
of the fort were either killed or wounded. Among the killed known are
Adjutant Hiel, Cap. Bradford of Co. A, Capt. Porter of Co. B, Lieut.
Barr of Co. D, and Lieut. Wilson of Co. C–all of 13th Tennessee.
Adj’t Deming was mortally wounded. Some seven of the white wounded
died after they were brought on board the steamer Platte
Valley, and two of the colored.
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
as it is.
following letter (says the Philadelphia Press)
from a respectable citizen of Charleston, S. C. a Union man, to a
gentleman of Philadelphia, gives a truthful account of the city, as it
was February 22, 1864. The statement can be depended upon as accurate
great change has come over the city since you left. The population is
almost entirely above Wentworth street–hardly a soul below Market
street. The Post office is at the corner of King and Ann streets; the
bank at the west end of Cannon street; the military headquarters in John
street, and above that point. The lower part of the town is given to
Gilmore’s shells. [Below Wentworth street are fourteen parallel
streets, including the most valuable of the public buildings, stores and
private houses. Cannon street is almost suburban. The deserted portion
of the city, from which the bombardment has driven the few inhabitants
who remain, occupies about three square miles.–Ed. Press.]
Probably over five hundred houses have been struck by shells in that
part of the town. Your old room in the upper story had a shell explode
prices of living here are, in our currency, enormous. Hotels charge from
$12 to $14 a day, and the cheapest boarding-house is $6 a day. At
present rates it costs me $600 a month. Beef is selling at $3 a pound;
sugar (poor brown) at $4.50 a pound; corn whiskey from $60 to $75 a
gallon; oak wood at $36 a cord. You can therefore imagine the pleasures
of house-keeping at these rates. A barrel of salmon from Wilmington cost
me $105, and I bought a box of herring, which used to cost seventy-five
cents, today for twenty-five dollars.
has lain in a hiding place for several months to avoid conscription. He
does not even dare to do as the owls–go out at nights. Once he was the
victim of misplaced confidence; he went to Wilmington to try and get a
chance out; he was nabbed, enrolled, and only escaped by jumping from
the cars and taking to the woods. Finally, after enduring incredible
hardships, and walking seventy-five miles in thirty-three hours, he got
back to a place of hiding in Wilmington, whence he returned here; and is
now in purdah, where only intimate friends can find him.4
throng the woods and swamps all over the country; the rebels hunt them
as they do Negroes, with dogs. --- says he saw twenty-two brought in the
other day, tied two and two, who had been caught by hounds. Two others
were shot in attempting to escape.
condition is as bad as it could be. The despotism is as bad as it can
be, though curses loud and deep are uttered against the government by
many men who were secessionists. There is a very large sprinkling of
Union men here. It is quite doubtful if there is not a majority in
Charleston who are for the Union. The town is very much changed.
Scarcely anybody believes that slavery can exist much longer. The thing
is about up. If the Federalists make the spring campaign what it ought
to be, the people will cry ‘enough.’
has just passed a law compelling the funding of Confederate notes in
four per cent bonds before April 1, on penalty of paying a tax of
thirty-three and one-third per cent on the notes after that date, and if
they are not funded by January 1, 1865, they are to be taxed one hundred
per cent. This is repudiation with a vengeance. Then a tax of five per
cent on everything adds to the delights of our situation.”
Attempt to Blow up the Minnesota.–The
Norfolk correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer
gives full particulars of the attempt of the rebels to destroy the frigate Minnesota by means of a torpedo:
two o’clock on the morning of the 9th inst., the deck officer of the Minnesota discovered a floating object moving toward the frigate. It
was hailed, but no reply was made; but with the third hail, the officer
shouted, “A boat from the Roanoke–fire and be -----!” An instant
afterward the Minnesota
experienced a tremendous shock. Men were thrown violently out of their
hammocks, and balls and shells rolled from places where they were stored.
The crockery was shattered into innumerable fragments. The force of the
concussion was so great that it sprung some of the timbers and started the
decks slightly out of position.
torpedo was placed amidships, and was not properly adjusted. Had it been
rightly fixed to the vessel, there can be no doubt that it would have blown
to atoms and the hundreds of unconscious sleeping men hurled into eternity,
without the least warning. Amid the confusion and excitement prevailing, the
boat that brought the torpedo down managed to escape.
rebels must have become possessed of many facts concerning the strength and
position of our fleet.
picket boats in the river had been materially reduced within a short time
past. Three had been sent to Norfolk for repairs, and another to the
storeship at Fortress Monroe for supplies. These were the most efficient
small gunboats of the fleet. But notwithstanding all this, it seems
exceedingly strange that the mysterious craft could come down the river past
all the remaining picket boats and not be observed until almost along side
of the flag ship, which lay nearer the mouth of the river than any other
vessel of the fleet.
there been less dark prevailing, and a full head of steam on some of the
boats, the rebel could have been captured. Where she came from is not known;
but it is surmised that she ran out of Chuckatuck. She must have been
propelled by muffled oars as she neared the flagship; but as soon as the
torpedo was attached she steamed away rapidly.
correspondent says the deck and walls of the engineers’ steerage are badly
blown up. The paymaster’s store room is also badly damaged. The shell room
appeared as one mass of ruins, owing to the displacement of the shell. The
shaft alley of the propeller was crushed in, and prevented the working of
the machinery. The steamer which caused this excitement was of small
dimensions and was a propeller. She did not appear to be a steamer,
excepting the smoke stack. The only time that she showed any signs of life
was when she was retreating. She was capable of containing but few men.5
DISASTER ON RED RIVER.
Rout of Sherman’s Corps.
Loss over 2000.
is bad news from the Red River expedition, which was lately moving on
with so much confidence. Our cavalry and the third and fourth divisions
of the fifteenth army corps, under Gen. Sherman, encountered the enemy
at Pleasant Hill, De Soto parish, Louisiana, and after a hard fought
battle, were put to rout by a largely superior rebel force. The
nineteenth army corps finally came up and checked the enemy. Our loss
was over two thousand. The enemy also lost heavily.
Ransom, who commanded the third and fourth divisions, was wounded in the
earlier part of the fight. The Chicago mercantile battery lost all its
guns and four officers and twenty-two men.
Particulars of the Fight.
Rebels in Heavy Force.
letter dated the 10th says: “Our cavalry has been driving the enemy
for two days, but in the forenoon of the 8th sent back for infantry
support. Gen. Ransom, in command of the 3d and 4th divisions of the 13th
corps, was ordered to send forward a brigade and he did so. At noon he
followed with the 4th division. After advancing about five miles from
where the 3d division of his command and the 19th corps were encamped,
the rebels made a stand, and our line, consisting of only 2400 infantry,
formed in a belt of woods with an open field in front, and the enemy in
the woods on the other side. Gen. Stone, of Balls Bluff fame, chief of
Gen. Banks’ staff, was on the field, and took direction of the
movements. Gen. Ransom was in favor of advancing only in force, but his
wish was disregarded. After a skirmish across an open field for about an
hour, the enemy advanced upon us in overwhelming numbers, estimated at
10,000 strong. Gen. Ransom got all the available troops to the front and
opened on them. The enemy lost heavily, but advanced steadily. Soon all
the cavalry gave way and the infantry fell back. In a few moments the
enemy pressed up closely, and the panic of the cavalry so demoralized
the army that the retreat became a rout. Gen. Ransom did all in his
power to rally his men, but finding it impossible without
reinforcements, made every effort to save the artillery. While
endeavoring to get the Chicago mercantile battery off safely, Gen.
Ransom was severely wounded in the leg. Capt. Cyrus E. Dickey, his
adjutant, was instantly killed.”
Loss Very Heavy.
loss was large; probably 2000. The mercantile battery lost all its guns.
Capt. White is a prisoner. Lieuts. Throop and McBride are killed. The
loss of the battery in killed and captured is 31. One hundred and ten of
them returned to camp after the disaster. While the 4th division was
falling back in disorder, the 3d division, numbering only 1800 men, came
up and was immediately routed. Finally the 19th army corps, with 7000
men, came up and formed in line. They checked the enemy and held them
until we got all the trains off except that of the cavalry. The whole
army is falling back, and must wait to re-organize before proceeding
further towards Shreveport.
limbs are now made of vulcanized india rubber. As they are hollow, all
the machinery is contained within, and not liable to be deranged or
broken. They are much more readily made, and lighter than those made of
wood or iron.
limbs were invented by Hiram Kimball, a young man from Stockbridge, Vt.,
who is now manufacturing them in Philadelphia.
is reported that Lee is moving a part of his army across the Rapidan at
Madison Court House. A detachment of the 2d Mass. cavalry, under Major
Forbes, returned to Vienna Monday night from a reconnoissance through
Centerville, Gum Spring and Drainsville, bringing 6 prisoners, Mosby’s
men, and information that a large body of rebel cavalry were at Leesburg
and vicinity seizing forage, grain and all available teams, and taking
them off toward Upperville. Col. Lowell immediately started with his
brigade of cavalry from Vienna, supported by Gen. Taylor’s brigade of
infantry from Fairfax Court House, to give battle. Two of Lee’s scouts
were captured a day or two since at Culpepper, but a third made his
escape. They were disguised as teamsters.
are resuming active operations in Virginia, annoying the troops guarding
the railroad incessantly. No one ventures out of sight of our pickets,
and some have been killed within our lines in the immediate vicinity of
our camps. The utmost vigilance has become necessary to avert surprise
and capture, the rebels having sent an increased force into the section
of country between Washington and the army for the purpose of robbery
raid of the rebel Gen. Forrest into Kentucky turns out to be an exciting
affair. It has shown of what spirit the rebels are, and how they are
disposed to treat Negro soldiers and Union soldiers from the South when
these fall into their hands. For them they have a deadly hatred and they
intend to give them no quarter. Thus from sad and repeated experience
are we learning the animus of those who uphold and who fight for
slavery. We hope that Kentucky will profit by the lesson. That State
wished to be neutral in the great conflict; desired that the North
without her aid should fight the great battle in which she was deeply
interested. But she could not be neutral. She must join one side or the
other. And reluctantly she sided with us. It was not with a hearty good
will. A large part of her people have sympathized with the rebels. She
has not furnished her quota of men for the army. She has been and is
still unwilling that her black men should be enlisted into the service
of freedom. And now she is experiencing on her own soil the effects of
her semi-disloyalty. A rebel force marches through her territory, robs,
plunders, steals and massacres men that fall into their hands. Will this
open her eyes, and show her the folly of her backwardness and
lukewarmness in the cause? Will she now call out her men, black and
white, to rid her soil of the bands of ruffians that infest it? We hope
so. We shall see.
APRIL 23, 1864
MYSTIC PIONEER (CT)
of the War.
the army of the Potomac we learn that all traces of the recent storms
have passed away, and the weather is bright and beautiful. Deserters
from General Lee’s lines say that the utmost vigilance and activity
prevail there. Mosby made another small raid on Saturday near Fairfax
Station, capturing a train. He burned twenty empty wagons and carried
off the horses. A scouting party sent from Gen. Tyler’s headquarters
at Fairfax, in search of the guerrillas, captured twenty-one of them and
two deserters from the Union army, together with twenty-five head of
fine beef cattle. Gen. Grant, accompanied by Gen. Meade, reviewed the
Sixth army corps on Monday. They presented a magnificent appearance.
Gen. Prince has been sent out West, to report to Gen. Sherman. Gen.
Ricketts succeeds him in command of his division in the Third corps. The
rebel guerillas in Virginia are very active.
details of the affair on the Red river have been received from Cairo.
The battle on the 8th was fought at Sabine Cross Roads. The rebels were
commanded by Gens. Magruder, Holmes and Taylor, under the chief command
of Kirby Smith. The fight on the second day was at Pleasant Hill, where
Gen. Andrew Jackson Smith led the Union forces, Gen. Banks being in
chief command. The loss of the enemy on the first day was about fifteen
hundred. On the second day they lost heavily–two to our one. Among
their killed were three generals–Morton, Parsons and Greene. The fleet
had advanced up the river to within eighty miles of Shreveport, when
General Banks, finding his rations running short, ordered it back. On
its way down it was attacked by the enemy on both sides of the river. A
brisk fight ensued, which ended in the defeat of the rebels, with a loss
of nearly six hundred killed and a large number wounded. It was in this
action that Gen. Greene was killed, his head having been blown off by a
news from North Carolina is important. The rebels made an attack on
Plymouth on Sunday last, with a force 10,000 strong, but were repulsed.
They attempted to capture Fort Gray, which is situated a mile from the
town, but, after three separate assaults, were driven back by Captain
Brown of the 85th New York. The rebels had a ram and four gunboats in
the engagement, which were dispatched down the Roanoke river to assist
the troops. A rebel ram came down the river about three o’clock on
She floated down with the current, and was not discovered until close
under the bows of the Miami.
Commander Flusser rushed forward, sighted and fired the bow gun, loaded
with shell, which struck the ram, rebounded, and instantly killed him, a
piece of the shell penetrating his breast. The ram then attacked the Southfield,
and she sank in five minutes. The Miami
was somewhat injured. The ram passed the guns at Plymouth without being
of Gen. Graham’s expedition up the Nansemond (Gen. Butler’s
Department) in search of the propeller which used the torpedo against
the Minnesota, are given.
Considerable destruction was effected by the expedition, including the
capture of sundry horses and Negroes, but the propeller was not found;
hence the main object of the enterprise failed.
steamer Alliance, built on the
Clyde, a famous blockade runner, was captured on the 12th near Dawfuskie
Island in the Savannah river, where she ran aground. All but six of her
crew were taken prisoners. She was from Nassau with a cargo of assorted
stores for the rebel government, valued at eighty-five thousand dollars.
Eastern Kentucky we learn that the rebels have been beaten in two fights
on the Licking river. The rebels attacked the Union forces at Paintville
on the 12th and were repulsed, after which the Unionists pursued the
enemy, and on the 1th surprised their camp at Half Mountain. The result
of the movement was the killing and wounding of eighty-five rebels and
the capture of seventy others, besides two hundred horses, four hundred
saddles, three hundred stand of arms, camp equipage, &c. Col. Clay
is among the prisoners.
from Cairo state that Capt. Phelps of the gunboat No. 26, captured a
rebel mail steamer near Crockett’s Bluff, Arkansas, on the 4th inst.,
with five hundred letters from Richmond and other points, and 60,000
percussion caps for Gen. Price’s army. The letters contained official
communications for Shreveport, and a considerable sum of federal money.7
guerrilla chief Reynolds and his command were surprised by a force of
our cavalry near Knoxville on Friday. Ten of them were killed, and
Reynolds, with fifteen of his men, were taken prisoners.
President made a speech at the opening of the Sanitary Fair in Baltimore
last Monday night, in which he alluded to the massacre of the colored
Union troops at Fort Pillow. He declared that if the statements, as now
reported, should be officially substantiated, he would retaliate amply
upon the rebels, but that he had not yet decided in what manner he would
execute the lex talionis.8
large number of immigrants continuing to arrive here becomes more and
more a remarkable feature of the times. There arrived at New York last
week 3,678, making the number since January 1st 35,302, or over twice as
many as arrived in the corresponding period of last year, four times as
many as landed in that of 1862, and more than arrived in that of any
former year, not excepting 1854, when the number of arrivals for the
year was 320,000. The number that arrived up to April 20 of last year
of Plainfield, has had a merry time of it for a few years past. At the
beginning of the war he enlisted in the navy, and was wrecked on the
Bahamas. He afterwards undertook to take a prize ship into port, but was
himself taken and confined in the Libby. When he was exchanged, he went
on board the ship that was to tow the Monitor
to Charleston, and when that vessel went down, he, while attempting to
rescue the crew, was drifted off into the Gulf, and was not picked up
till the next day. Afterwards, while firing a salute at St. Domingo,
both his arms were blown off by the explosion of a gun; and now he has
just been married at Newburyport.9
equally marvellous import would be the understanding that Sicily, even
150 years ago, was firmly rooted in the Mediterranean, not “amid the
wild waves of a broad and deep Atlantic.” Geography, like simple
arithmetic, was seemingly not a strong suite of reporters in this
No. 7 was the New Era, a
R. Chalmers was second in command of rebel forces under Forrest;
presumably he was aboard the civilian steamer Platte
Valley to oversee the removal of the wounded after the battle.
4 purdah is the “seclusion of women from public
observation by means of concealing clothing (including the veil) and
walled enclosures as well as screens and curtains within the home. The
custom seems to have originated in Persia and was adopted by Muslims
during the Arab conquest of what is now Iraq in the 7th century. The
Muslim domination of northern India led to its adoption by the Hindu
upper classes, but it was discarded by Hindus after the end of British
rule in India.” (Source)
In this article, it means “in seclusion / concealed.”
the rebel report of this attack, see the article on the Confederate
Torpedo Service on the Navy & Marine LHA website.
Scroll about 5/8ths of the way through to the section entitled
“Offensive Torpedo Warfare.”
is CSS Albemarle, which would
rule the Sound until late October, when she will be sunk in a torpedo
attack led by Lt. William B. Cushing, USN. (Further
is the tinclad Queen City.
the “law of retaliation,” which claims “an eye for an eye, a tooth
for a tooth, &c.”
surprising amount of this short report is incorrect. Horton was actually
from Taunton, Mass'tts--born and raised in that city and enlisted at New
Bedford. The wreck in the Bahamas took place in 1859 while aboard his
father's vessel, the Virginia. In Richmond, Horton was imprisoned
for eight months in Liggon's Tobacco Factory; Libby did not yet exist.
The accident that took his arms occurred at Cap Haitien in Haiti, not
St. Domingo. The writer did get the part about Monitor correct,
and for this Horton and six others received the Medal of Honor. Despite
his traumatic wounds, Horton survived, married, and fathered and raised
three children; he worked as a watchman at the Customs Houses in
Newburyport and Boston, Mass'tts through 1910, and passed away in 1916.
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