JUNE 19, 1864
TRUE DELTA (LA)
Romance of the War.
the many romantic incidents which this war has furnished, the following
from the Washington Chronicle
is not the least interesting:
Falls Church, Va., there lived before the war a wealthy and highly
respected family of the name of Delaney. When the war broke out one of
the sons joined Mosby’s band, and a daughter became a volunteer nurse
in a rebel hospital. Both became celebrated in their way. The son was
young, daring and adventurous, the pride of the female sex for thirty
miles around the place of his nativity. He was soon the dread of Union
soldiers and Union men in Virginia. Not a stray soldier from picket
escaped him, not a Union farmer but trembled at his name. The vicinity
of Dranesville, Chantilly, Falls Church and Vienna can attest to his
notoriety and achievement. The father of a rebellious son and daughter
sternly maintained his loyalty and fidelity to the Union. At the opening
of the war he immediately offered his services to the Federal
Government, and was promoted to the rank of colonel in the volunteer
few days since a scouting party, consisting of detachments from the 13th
New York and 2d Massachusetts cavalry, under the command of Lieut. E. B.
Lyett, started from Falls Church in pursuit of guerrillas reported
to be in the neighborhood of Chantilly and Herndon Stations. On
the morning following their departure, the troops were quietly drinking
their coffee within a mile of the station; five of the advance guard of
the guerrillas, posted on the road, suddenly, as if rising from the
earth, came galloping a full speed–five men, fully armed and equipped.
A volley from our advance guard caused a momentary pause; the next
minute the guerrillas turned and fled, the advance starting in pursuit,
an exciting chase ensuing for half a mile. A second volley was fired by
the pursuers, but still the rebels kept onward in their escape till they
arrived near the woods, when they dashed in and our men dare not follow.
A stray horse was seen to gallop from the woods without a rider! A man
was shot! Where was he? The neighborhood was searched, and, in an
adjoining house, stretched on a bed, pale and breathing hard, was found
a wounded man, a young lady fanning him tenderly.
officer in command asked him, “Do you belong to the regular
Confederate army, and what regiment?” He replied, “I belong to
Mosby’s command.” He stated that he had always used the Union men
well when he had taken them prisoners, and begged that a surgeon be sent
(a part of the lungs were protruding from the side), with which request
Lieut. Lyett promptly complied. The surgeon came too late, for two
nights afterwards the notorious Franch Delaney breathed his last, Col.
Delaney arriving just in time to take a last farewell. Curious to
relate, Col. Delaney some time since was taken prisoner to Richmond, and
his own son was present at the capture. The news of his fate flew fast;
arriving at Dranesville, the officer in charge was accosted by the fair
damsels of rebeldom, in terms like this: “Now, have you really shot
Franchy Delaney? Well now, that is too bad; I hope he won’t die.”
“Yes,” replied Lyett, “and very soon you will have no rebel beaux
to marry! You will have to take up with Union men.” “We will,” was
the answer, “but we will convert them.” “Perhaps,” said the
lieutenant, “we shall convert you.” The maiden smiled incredulously,
and Lyett left for his command.
from Rebel Prisoners.—A correspondent of the Baltimore American from Point Lookout, Md., under date of June 5, says:
at the point from the rebel camp has taken a new impetus since the
arrival of so large a number of prisoners. The recruiting is under the
charge of Lieut. E. Williams of the 1st United States Volunteers. He has
succeeded since the opening of the campaign in recruiting over 400
reliable men–men whom force and circumstance led in array against
their own government, but who now, as soon as opportunity offered, at
once enlisted to fight her battles. A number whom we conversed with say
since they were in the service of the rebel Government they never raised
a musket but against their own will.
number of rebels that wish to take the oath since the late battles is
quite astonishing, and an officer hardly gets within the gates but he is
beset by this hungry crew, thirsting after the protection of the
the prisoners that lately arrived at the camp are quite a number from
the Northern States. These men are the worst rebels imaginable, and
openly brag and boast of their Northern parentage, but claim that they
have friends at the North, who, they are sorry to say have become
Abolitionists, and can see only through a Negro’s spectacles. These
vile miscreants are from all States. Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois,
Indiana, New York and even Maine have their representatives among this
gentlemen, in conversation with the President a few days ago, expressed
their doubts as to Butler’s capacity as an officer in the field.
“Well,” said Mr. Lincoln, “if he does not succeed it will not be
my fault. I have set three of my best Generals to watch him–Baldy
Smith, Gilmore and Weitzel. Now, if they can’t keep him from doing
harm, I am sure ought not to
be held accountable for what he does.”
Escape of Gen. Lee.—A Richmond paper says that, when
Hancock made his grand swoop on the rebel army and captured so many
prisoners, Lee sat upon his horse, bareheaded, and uttered not a word,
but looked “sublime.” His companions shouted, “General Lee, go to
the rear!” He heeded them not, but looked abstractedly upon the
struggle. “Depend upon your Virginians!” was the next exclamation,
when the former outcries were repeated, with the assurance that “they
would not fail him.” His horse was quickly led to the rear, and his
person saved from captivity.
CHARLESTON MERCURY (SC)
AFFAIRS IN PETERSBURG AND ITS VICINITY.
[From the Petersburg Express,
the Front–The Enemy in Force.
enemy are determined to annoy our people with all the means and
appliances at their command, if they cannot effect our subjugation. At
this time they are threatening a half dozen or more localities in
Virginia, requiring on the part of the Confederates the exercise of all
the vigilance necessary to watch closely the movements of a crafty and
insidious foe. Our own immediate vicinity was again menaced yesterday,
and at several points by such a show of force that it was no doubt the
intention of the enemy to have effected an entrance into the city, had
he been permitted to do so.
early dawn our citizens were aroused by the discharge of artillery, the
sound of each cannon being distinctly heard here, and coming from the
direction of the City point Road. At seven o’clock, it was ascertained
that the enemy was advancing in force, and every man able to shoulder a
musket did so, and hastened to the fortifications.
learned last evening that the main point of attack was on the City point
Road, at a distance of six or seven miles from town. At an early hour
the enemy advanced with at least seven regiments of infantry and one of
cavalry upon some breastworks thrown up hastily during Tuesday night at
Baylor’s Farm by Colonel Ferrebee of the 4th N. C. Cavalry. They were
held in check by Colonel Ferrebee’s men and Graham’s (Petersburg)
Battery for four hours, who fought bravely, but were finally compelled
to fall back before overwhelming numbers. Ferrebee’s men inflicted
severe loss upon the enemy, and Graham’s battery shelled the masses of
his men with admirable effect. Our men retired in good order and
sustained but few casualties during the fight. It is stated that Graham
lost one gun, in consequence of the horses being disabled, but we know
not that this is correct.
enemy demonstrated at other points along our lines, but his attacks were
feeble and easily repulsed.
is stated that our sharpshooters did admirable execution, picking the
enemy off wherever he showed himself, and in some instances at a
distance which appeared almost incredible. It is estimated that this
effective arm of our service placed not less than sixty Yankees hors
du combat along our lines yesterday.
few prisoners were taken. Among the number was a fellow who rode into
our lines at full speed, minus his cap. He was mounted upon a blooded
steed, no doubt stolen from some Virginia gentleman in one of the recent
raids, and could not rein his animal up. In fact, the fellow was a poor
rider, and let go the bridle, and hung on to the pommel of the saddle
with as much tenacity as a drowning man would a drifting log. Some of
the prisoners stated that they belonged to Burnside’s corps, and
asserted also that Burnside, the barber, was at City Point with his
whole corps. We presume it is not very formidable, since it was pressed
into service on the very second day of Grant’s fearful encounter with
General Lee, and has been engaged ever since. Burnside may probably
expect to win some laurels around Petersburg, but we can assure him in
advance that he will pay dearly for them. Our authorities are more than
ever alive to the importance of defending Petersburg, and should the
invaders renew their attempts this morning, as it is probable they will,
a very different reception awaits them to any which has been heretofore
understand that the enemy withdrew all their white Yankees from Gen.
Beauregard’s front in Chesterfield Tuesday night, and substituted
Negro Yankees in their stead. Yesterday morning our pickets over there
were surprised when day dawned, to find themselves confronted by
soldiers purely of African descent. Be it so. If the elegant, refined
and fastidious Butler desires to achieve the reputation of a warrior
with such troops, it is not in our power to prevent him, however much we
may object. But when the actual conflict does come, it will be a sad day
for those sable sons of Mars, and their burly leader too, if he should
take the field.
Atrocious Order.—The annexed atrocious order has just been
issued by LeRoy Fitch, the
Lieutenant Commander of the Eighth District Mississippi Squadron:
inhabitants in towns and villages on the Cumberland, Upper Tennessee and
Ohio Rivers and their tributaries, will be held accountable for any
outrages committed by guerrillas, or others, in their neighborhood, and
commanding officers of gunboats are hereby instructed to shell and burn
all property where such outrages are allowed to take place. Should any
steamers be fired upon at any place, inhabitants in the vicinity will at
once take steps for their own protection, where such outrages have been
committed, as this order will most certainly be enforced. All prisoners
captured as guerrillas will be shot on approval of Admiral Porter.
Officers of this district are enjoined to exercise vigilance, discretion
and courage, and if captured by surprise of otherwise, will necessarily
have to suffer the consequence of their neglect of duty.”
Later from Europe.
June 19.–European advices to the 1st instant had been received. Mr. Ormsay’s
motion for recognition of the Southern Confederacy was postponed until
the 17th. It was reported that Napoleon had sent two Commissioners to
America to report the progress of the war, and renew overtures to
England for a cessation of the carnage.
French Government have taken measures to stop the vessels intended for
of Congressmen.—The great bulk of the members of Congress
betook themselves from the Capital on the Danville train on Tuesday, two
hours after adjournment, so anxious were they to get out of sight and
sound of the city of high steeples and higher prices. Very few were
remaining in the city Wednesday, and they were of those who could not
get away because of the railroad interruption and the presence of the
enemy in their home sections.
JUNE 21, 1864
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
the army crossed the Rapidan and fought the battle of the Wilderness,
among the distinguished personages who were busy among the wounded, the
public were informed quite often that Dr. Morton, of Boston, the
inventor of anæsthetics, was present in the hospitals, administering
chloroform with his own hand to a great number of patients. He was
commended for his philanthropy, and if the matter had rested there, his
good deeds would have been credited to his humanity.
long after a bill was introduced into Congress appropriating two hundred
thousand dollars to Dr. Morton as a reward for his invention. The
proposition struck every unprejudiced mind as preposterous. Appropriate
means have been devised to remunerate meritorious inventors for their
labor and skill. Patent laws are presumed to be adequate to provide for
them ample compensation. An application for reward through outside
channels bears marks of suspicion on its face. The committee on ways and
means, obviously appreciating the odious character of the gift, instead
of placing it on the private calendar, introduced it in the civil
appropriation bill, where there were hopes of concealing its presence
amid the multitude of items. Mr. Washburne, of Illinois, detected the
item and objected to it. The entire bill was then returned to the
committee of ways and means.
committee then prepared a new bill, involving a few trifling changes,
which they again presented to the House. Again the obnoxious gift to Dr.
Morton was discovered among the items, and a second time the bill was
returned to the committee for revision. The obstinacy of the committee,
and the underhanded methods employed to crowd through the objectionable
feature of the bill on the teeth of the indignant opposition of the
House, subjects their motives to suspicion. A large amount of lobby
influence has been employed to secure the passage of the measure. Even
if Dr. Morton’s claims were well founded, the manner in which his
friends have prosecuted the enterprise would awaken apprehensions that
things were not right.
the truth is that Dr. Morton is an arrant pretender, seeking to rob
another of whatever fame and profit should be derived from the discovery
of anæsthetic agents. He has indeed, by persistent and shameless
efforts, succeeded in securing a favorable report from a committee of
the U. S. Senate, and his petition is signed by large numbers, of whom
the great majority never spent one moment in investigating the
foundations of his claim, and some of whom had previously recorded their
names on oath in opposition to the pretensions of Morton. Thinking,
however, that a time of war requiring large and hasty appropriations
afforded a fitting opportunity to press through his bastard claim, Dr.
Morton has applied himself with great energy to the work.
Morton has no right to the honor of the discovery. That, and whatever
remuneration the world might have to bestow, belonged to the late Horace
Wells of this city. The evidence in favor of Wells is overwhelming, and
no competent and impartial mind familiar with the testimony can
entertain a doubt. That the world owes a substantial debt to the
discovery of anæsthetics we have no disposition to deny. It should be
rendered, however, to the right parties. The heirs of Horace Wells are
justly entitled to whatever pecuniary recompense the gratitude of the
country may impel it to bestow.
recommendation of the president, backed by the Secretary of War and the
Provost Marshal General, to repeal the $300 commutation clause of the
enrollment bill, is not likely to be adopted for the present. Nearly the
entire press of the country condemns the proposed measure, and it is
thought that a majority of the House will vote to postpone the subject
till Congress meets next December. Notwithstanding the factious outcry
against the exemption clause when the bill first passed, as
discriminating against the poor in favor of the rich, the provision has
proved entirely humane. All classes and parties regard it with favor,
and no one would now think of increasing the rigor of the law by urging
its repeal, unless convinced that the public welfare imperatively
the fact that the President has recommended the measure, and a majority
of the U. S. Senate favor the change, suggests reflections that many
will find it advantageous to heed. No one foresees how long the war will
continue, now how many requisitions may yet be made for men. It has
already far overlapped the period allowed by wise statesmen for its
possible duration. It must go on till the rebellion is crushed. A brave
and chivalric people will accept no other issue. The work may be
accomplished in six months, it may require many more.
the present moment it is comparatively easy for individuals to provide
against future hardships. An abundance of substitutes to serve for three
years can now be procured for $600. A late decision of the War
Department allows citizens liable to conscription to provide substitutes
in anticipation of future drafts. By improving the opportunity one can
now relieve himself from all further apprehensions of personal summons
to the field. As the enrollment stands, the payment of $300 exempts the
conscript for twelve months only. If the proposed modification is made
in December, it requires no gift of prophecy to predict the price of
substitutes then. With two or three hundred thousand conscripts in the
market, competing for a commodity necessarily limited in supply, the
cost would rise at once to a point entirely beyond the reach of men of
ordinary means. Indeed it may be questioned whether the requisite supply
would be forthcoming at any price.
is the best time to guard against future contingencies. As soon as the
next call for troops is issued, the expense of procuring substitutes
will be greatly enhanced. Citizens liable to draft cannot make a better
investment for themselves or the country than to send immediately
representatives to take their places in the ranks.
soldier in a hospital in Resaca, Ga., writes to a Western paper: “I
see my name reported in the list of deaths at this hospital. I knew it
was a lie as soon as I saw it. Hereafter when you hear of my death,
write me and find out if it is so before publishing it. Yours
convalescently, Michael Butler, Co. I, 47th Ohio.”
JUNE 22, 1864
Attack on Petersburg.
18.–In all, twenty-one pieces of artillery have been captured from the
enemy in our assaults on Petersburg, beside a large number of prisoners.
Butler succeeded in destroying four miles of track and an important
bridge at Wauhat junction on the Petersburg and Richmond railroad.
corps (rebel) crossed the James river near Drury’s bluff in strong
force, and was seen coming down the Petersburg turnpike as Butler’s
forces entered their works.
evening as the dispatch steamer Amanda
Winanis was passing Wilcox’s wharf, she was fired into from the
north side of James river. One shot passed through her hull near the
water line. No one was injured.
James river is blockaded by our forces a few miles below Drury’s Bluff
to prevent surprise from the rebel rams.
losses during the past two days will reach 8000 killed and wounded. The
enemy being behind their works did not lose so heavily. The number of
prisoners taken so far is about 1200, of whom 200 came in yesterday.
June 20.–A dispatch dated Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, June 18,
7 p.m., says the fighting
yesterday was very severe along the greater part of the line. The most
determined effort was made to break the enemy’s line at several
points, but little ground, however, was gained, except on the left,
where the rebels were forced to fall back to their inner line.
line of the rebels is nearly in the form of a semi-circle, the ends
resting on the Appomattox river, Petersburg being the center. At some
points of the line our guns are within one and a half miles of the city,
which can be destroyed at any time with ease. The heaviest fighting
occurred on the right center, where the 2d corps charged the rebel works
at different times without success.
works are of the strongest character. Our men had to cross open fields
of from 200 to 400 yards in extent, exposed to a cross fire from
batteries so placed as to sweep the entire space.
last attack was made at 5 p.m. by
the 3d division under Gen. Mott, and the loss was probably heavier than
at any of the other attacks.
Explosion in Washington.
May 17.–An explosion of fireworks occurred at the arsenal to-day,
blowing up the laboratory. The occupants of the building were all
females. When the explosion occurred a terrible scene was witnessed. In
the yard were about 1200 men and 300 women at work, a number of whom
were burned while endeavoring to get away. After the fire was
extinguished, search for the bodies commenced. Eighteen bodies have thus
far been taken out of the ruins, burned to a crisp. It is impossible to
recognize them. Eight females were taken out in a sad condition and
placed in the hospital.
bodies have been taken out thus far, three more mortally injured and 15
or 20 suffering severe contusions. Quite a number were injured in
jumping from the windows, the majority of whom escaped and immediately
ran away, so that it is impossible to estimate the loss of life. Three
boys are missing, and it is feared they perished.
Maximilian in Mexico.—The reception of the new Austrian emperor and empress in Vera Cruz
seems not to have been a very enthusiastic occasion. In fact it was
rather cool. The royal party, escorted by French bayonets, did not stop
after landing, but proceeded on the journey. Maximilian has appointed
Santa Anna, Almonte, Miramon and Marquez grand marshals of the empire.
Army of the Potomac,
June 11.–The past few days have been quite uneventful to the army of
the Potomac. Our lines are scarcely nearer the enemy than was the
position at the close of the battle on Friday, more than a week ago. The
troops on both sides, each behind their entrenchments, have kept up a
desultory but useless fire, just sufficient to make it apparent that the
respective works were not vacant. Both armies, in fact, have been
enjoying the repose which was needed after the hard fighting and rapid
marching of the three weeks’ campaigning from the banks of the
Rapidan. To-day the silence is even more marked than before. The sound
of a musket has scarcely been heard along the entire front. A few blurts
of artillery and the explosion of a shell or two high over the trees
about the centre of the line have been the only reminders this afternoon
of the enemy’s presence. From present indications, it is not likely
there will be any fighting for several days to come; but the storm is
brewing, and may burst in quarters least expected by the enemy.
an order was issued by General Meade, forbidding unauthorized
communications with the enemy. The men on both sides have been holding
intercourse with each other for interchange of newspapers and the barter
of coffee and tobacco. In this way a great deal of mischief was likely
to result, as information of vital importance is always apt to leak out.
The opposing line of rifle pits, it must be borne in mind, are not a
hundred yards apart–in some parts of the line much closer. For any
portion of the body to be exposed, the penalty is certain wounding, if
not death. But the men are utterly weary of loading and firing. They
have kept up this heavy skirmishing for days, and no visible advantage
has been gained by either side. The fire gradually slackens. Officers
become careless about urging the men to their work. A tacit and magnetic
spell influences with equal power our own men and their mortal enemies.
It is very curious. The combatants are entirely hidden from each
last shot is fired, and the lull in the battle storm is perfect.
Adventurous spirits on both sides cautiously raise their heads above the
earth works. “How are you Johnny?” “How are you Yank?” are
questions usually bandied. “Won’t you shoot?” “No,” says the
other. “Well, we won’t,” chime in all, and immediately the
parapets are swarmed with the men who have been concealed and protected
behind them. Out jump the fellows from the rifle-pits, and putting down
their guns, stretch their cramped forms upon the grass. Sharpshooters
covertly slide down from their perches in the trees and loll about in
utter abandon. Trade is quickly opened, and all sorts of commodities are
exchanged. The men have keen pleasure in their singular armistice,
bantering each other sharply, and never overstepping the half-way line
which separates their respective fortifications. Suddenly the cry is
raised, “Run back Johnnys” or “Run back Yanks,” just as it
happens to be “We’re going to shoot,” and the hostilities begin
again. It is always understood, however, that the first shot shall be
aimed high, and the veriest dawdler gets back to shelter safely.
this fraternal scene is being enacted on one limited part of the line,
the battle rages hotly at other portions of the extended front, which
measures by miles. Was ever such strange warfare known before? It is
easy enough to see, however, that these anomalous episodes may be
abused. The rebels availed themselves of such a truce the other day to
strengthen a battery which had been reduced to silence, and had kept
still for nearly a week. The work, consequently, has had to be done over
again. I have seen a great many prisoners lately. Their appearance
entirely refutes the very current stories that the rebel army is in a
destitute and starving condition. It is simply idle talk about starving
the enemy into submission. The rebel soldiers, as a general thing, are
stout, strong, and the very picture of health. It is insulting to our
brave men that the statements so industriously circulated respecting the
feebleness and lack of power of endurance of the southern soldiers
should be believed. The rations of the rebel troops may not be in as
great variety as those furnished to our men, but they have proved to be
fully as nutritious. This fact cannot be gainsaid.
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
South of the James River.
Advance on Petersburg.
great event of the Virginia campaign since our last issue is the
movement of the grand army of the Potomac under Gen. Grant to the South
side of the James River and the junction of Meade’s and Butler’s
forces. The movement commenced Sunday night, the 12th inst.–Gen. Meade
having fortified his line on the Chickahominy so as to guard the rear of
his moving column from any sudden attack by the enemy. The 18th corps,
under Gen. Smith, moved from White House by transports and ascended the
James River, while the main army moved by land–Burnside and Wright
crossing the Chickahominy at Long Bridge, and the corps of Hancock and
Warren at the Jones Bridge–both bridges only in name, pontoons being
used by our forces. Burnside and Wright then moved for Charles City, and
struck the James south of that point, Hancock and Warren going to
Wilcox’s Landing some distance further up the river. At 1 o’clock of
Tuesday, Gen. Grant was at Bermuda Hundred, and the army was then
crossing. Gen. Smith’s corps had already begun to arrive in
transports, and when it arrived, it was immediately ordered to advance
upon Petersburg, the object of Gen. Grant evidently being to get
possession of that town, and of the railroad leading to it from
Richmond–in a word, to get between Richmond and the rebel supplies
South. Meanwhile, Sheridan, at the head of his large cavalry force was
sent Westward to destroy the railroad communications leading from
Richmond toward Gordonsville and Lynchburg.
Smith, with the 18th corps, moved toward Petersburg on Wednesday morning
of last week, and met the enemy in their works this side of the town,
succeeding, after fighting nearly all day, in carrying the enemy’s two
principal lines, and capturing from three to four hundred prisoners ad
sixteen cannon. This success put Petersburg at the command of our guns,
compelling the enemy to cross the Appomattox and fortify on the West
side of the town. The place has been defended by Beauregard and Wise.
The colored troops under Gen. Hinks acted with great gallantry and
bravery, leading the assault on the enemy’s works. They stormed the
strongest portion of the rebel line, took many prisoners and six of the
sixteen guns. Gen. Smith publicly thanked them for their essential
service. By dark of Wednesday, Gen. Hancock had formed a junction with
Smith, and the whole army was across the James, and rapidly moving
Saturday Night and Sunday.
a Mile from Petersburg.
19, 11 a.m.–Last evening
the rebels made a vigorous attack upon our centre, the second corps, and
the left, the ninth corps. After a severe engagement they were repulsed
and driven to their works in disorder. Early this morning the second
corps charged the rebel centre, and carried the works in their front,
which they now firmly hold. At 9 o’clock two brigades of Gen.
Martindale’s division, supported by Duncan’s brigade, were advanced
on the right and carried the rebel line in its front, being a
continuation of the works taken by the second corps. On the centre and
the right we are now within one mile of Petersburg, and the city is at
the mercy of our shells. ->
only defences remaining to it are the entrenchments which the rebels have
hastily thrown up within the last two or three days. The two lines of
formidable works which our brave troops have carried by storm are at least
four miles in length, stretching from a point on the Appomattox at our right
nearly to the same river at our left and crossing all the railroads that go
out of Petersburg on the south of the Appomattox.
The London Times on Grant.—The London Times
says of Grant:
has stamped a new character on the tactics of the Federals. No other general
would either have advanced upon [the] Wilderness after the severe battle of
the 5th, nor followed up an almost victorious though retiring enemy after
the still harder fighting of the 6th. None but he, again, would have
attacked his adversary so resolutely on the 8th and the 9th, or held his
ground so tenaciously in spite of failure. Under his command the army of the
Potomac has achieved in invading Virginia an amount of success never
achieved before, except in repelling invasion. The Confederate forces were
once arrested by McClellan and once by Meade; but that was when they thought
to carry war into Northern territory. Grant alone has done more than
Physical Culture.—The Boston “Normal Institute for Physical Education,”
incorporated in 1860, and under the management of Dr. Dio Lewis, will open
its Seventh Session on the Fifth of July next, 1864. The demand for teachers
of the New Gymnastics has become such that the last two classes of
Graduates, consisting of about ninety ladies and gentlemen, were at once
engaged, and hundreds more might find profitable employment. Well-known
medical men assist in preparing the pupils to act as guides in Physical
culture. In the department of gymnastics, Dr. Lewis personally trains every
candidate for the New Profession. If any reader would know more of this
pioneer institution in a new and profitable profession, let him or her send
for a full circular to Dr. Dio Lewis, Boston.
joint resolution has for some time been pending before Congress, proposing,
in a legitimate and constitutional manner, and amendment to the Constitution
of the United States, by which slavery, or involuntary servitude, shall be
done away with–abolished. A vote of two-thirds in both branches of
Congress is required, and the Senate, some time since, passed the resolution
by more than the requisite number of votes. On Wednesday of last week a vote
was had in the House, a large majority, but not the requisite two-thirds,
being cast for the proposed amendment. The vote stood: 89 Unionists and 4
Democrats for the amendment; and 63 Democrats and 1 Unionist against it. The
one Unionist who voted nay was Mr. Ashley of Ohio, who, after voting for the
resolution, changed to the negative side in order to secure the privilege of
moving a reconsideration.
The March to James River.
army moved its lines on the north side of the Chickahominy on Sunday
afternoon, one column moving toward Long Bridge and the other towards
Jones’ Bridge, Warren taking the advance and Wright covering the rear.
Grant moved from Cold Harbor at 3 p.m.
and encamped for the night at Moody’s, a short distance this side of
Long Bridge. The road from Long Bridge to St. Mary’s church is flanked
by an impassable swamp. On the west from St. Mary’s church a road
diverges south-eastwardly in the direction of Charles City Court House,
leading into the road from Jones’ Bridge to Powhattan Point.
that Gen. Grant has reached the James River it is not improper to state
that he has achieved up to this time exactly what he intended when he
crossed the Rapidan and that he has not deviated ten miles from his
proposed line of march at any place. His crossing at the North Anna was
undertaken for the purpose of effectually destroying the section of the
Virginia Central railroad between Hanover Junction and Gordonsville,
thereby preventing the return of Lee’s army northward under any
circumstance. This work was accomplished in the most thorough manner,
rendering it impossible to supply an army moving on Washington from the
south, northern Virginia being utterly exhausted for food since our army
crossed the Rapidan.
forced Lee back sixty miles through four complete lines of
fortifications, captured 12,000 prisoners by actual count, and 23 pieces
of artillery. We have lost less than 6000 prisoners, one-half of whom
were stragglers, and only three guns. Being the attacking party we lost
in killed and wounded a few more than the enemy, but only a few. We have
lost 19 general officers, and the enemy 25.
Condense Milk for Soldiers.—Place two quarts of new milk in
a vessel over a slow fire, stir it to prevent burning, until it is about
the thickness of cream, add one pound of sugar, a little at a time,
stirring constantly till it becomes thick and stiff, then spread on
plates and dry in the oven or the sun, and powder it with a knife or
spoon. It can be sent in papers and serves for both milk and sugar when
dissolved in coffee or tea. Let our dairywomen try it, and they will get
the thanks of the “Sanitary” and the soldiers.
the care which Lieut. Gen. Grant takes in his dispatches to show that
Gen. Meade is the commanding officer of the army of the Potomac, and has
direction of its movements, the press and the people seem to forget this
fact. The truth is, Gen. Meade is just as truly the commander of the
army of the Potomac as Gen. Sherman of the army operating in Georgia,
and that both of these officers are equally under command of Gen. Grant.
Gen. Grant’s orders to Gen. Meade are of the most general character,
the manner of executing them being left to the sound judgment and fine
soldierly skill of the actual commander of the army of the Potomac.
grand move of the army of the Potomac has been made, full particulars of
which are given in Secretary Stanton’s Official Bulletin. The feat of
moving a large body of troops as the army of the Potomac across a river
like the James, in the very front of the enemy, is considered one of the
greatest military achievements in modern warfare. The army is now south
of Richmond and investing Petersburg, which is very strongly defended by
works constructed under the immediate supervision of Gen. Beauregard,
who now superintends their defense, and will doubtless exercise all his
skill in retaining them. On Saturday there was severe fighting before
Petersburg, the enemy having been reinforced with detachments from
Ewell’s, Longstreet’s, and other corps. No fighting has taken place
Butler received information early on the morning of the 16th, that the
enemy were evacuating their works in his front, and determined to
ascertain the truth of the statement, ordered Gen. Terry to advance his
whole line. This was promptly done. The force penetrated to the
Petersburg railroad end effectually destroyed some four mile, and when
the advance of Lee’s army appeared, arrested it by an unexpected
attack and withdrew safely in face of an overwhelming force before the
enemy had recovered from their surprise. Of course it was impossible for
Gen. Butler, with a handful of troops, to keep possession of the
railroad while the main body of the rebels were coming down from
rebel general commanding at Charleston had had the folly to put five
Union Generals, whom they hold as prisoners of war, under fire, as if to
protect that city from bombardment by Gen. Foster. At the request of
Gen. Foster, the Secretary of War has sent five rebel generals to be
placed under fire, and meantime the fire on Charleston continues. The
only way to reach such inhuman and unchristian acts of the rebels is
retaliation, and we rejoice that the government begins to see it.
were rumors in New York on Monday that an entire division of
Burnside’s corps had been captured, but were probably started by stock
brokers, as no news of that kind has reached Washington from the army.
battle in which colored troops take part gives the lie to the assertion
that “blacks won’t fight.” The dispatches to the War Department
from before Petersburg refer to them as “assaulting and carrying the
rifle pits with great gallantry,” and adds: “The hardest fighting
was done by the black troops. The forts they stormed were the worst of
all. After the affair was over, Gen. Smith went to thank them, and tell
them he was proud of their courage and dash. He says they cannot be
exceeded as soldiers, and that hereafter he will send them into a
difficult place as readily as the best white troops. They captured six
out of the sixteen cannon which he took.” The accounts of all the
newspaper correspondents are of the same tenor. The facts are beyond
JUNE 25, 1864
ÆGIS AND TRANSCRIPT (MA)
One Great Victory in the War.
New York Evening Post, which
has criticized some of the acts of the present administration, has an
excellent article under this caption, which cannot but find ready
endorsement everywhere. It says, when Mr. Seward began to put men into
Fort Lafayette, the journals and politicians which call themselves
democratic instantly cried out against these arbitrary arrests. When the
Postmaster General denied to certain journals the privilege of the
mails, the opposition leaders and journals denounced this act as violent
and unjustifiable. When several pressed were stopped by order of the
President, the denunciations of this as tyrannical and unendurable by
the opposition press and speakers were violent and long-continued. When
unlawful assemblages threatened to destroy journals, and when government
officers or private persons attempted to interfere with the right of
free discussion, these acts and threats again called forth the severest
rebuke from the opposition.
all this, they planted
themselves upon the great rights of freemen freely and openly to
discuss, by voice or press, all interests whatsoever, and to be free in
their persons and property from arrest or harm, except by due process of
law. There let them stand. They have asserted these rights in war-time,
surely they must support them when peace returns. They have denounced
their violation in times of profound public danger, when a fierce enemy
was threatening the national life; surely they are bound to maintain
these when peace returns, when no enemy threatens, when no perils beset
the nation. They have pledged themselves under all circumstances to
protect free speech and a free press, and to protest against arbitrary
arrests and illegal punishments. It is a great benefit to the nation
that persons who formerly, and but a few years ago, saw without protest
some hanged, other men expelled from different states, presses and
citizens mobbed, and free discussion by voice and pen stopped over a
great part of the Union, have at last seen the error of their ways, and
are now of the same mind as their political opponents upon questions of
such vital importance as these.
that the opposition journals and speakers now denounce as
inexcusable–though done in a time of great public danger and avowedly
for the purpose of averting great perils from the whole nation–all
this was done for years by slaveholders and their tools without drawing
forth a single rebuke from the presses and leaders of the democratic
party. Honorable and venerable citizens–like Judge Hoar of
Massachusetts–were ignominiously expelled from sister states, with
threats of brutal violence and death if they did not at once get out of
the way, and not one of these present lovers of free speech and law and
order had a word of denunciation; other humbler citizens–but all are
equal before the law–were robbed, lynched, hanged, sent into exile,
driven away from the business they were lawfully pursuing, but no word
of reproof or denunciation came from democratic leaders or presses
against the authors of these outrages. The mails were violated, not by
order of the Postmaster-General, but at the will of any irresponsible
local postmaster who chose to make himself the judge of what his
neighbors ought or ought not to read; and those who now denounce the
slightest interference with the press had no word even of mild
remonstrance. Some even defended these outrages, and justified their
perpetrators. Even since the opening of the war, a citizen, honorable,
of conspicuous genius, was brutally interrupted and attacked in
Cincinnati, while addressing a respectable audience of ladies and
gentlemen, and one of the principal organs of the opposition rejoiced in
the outrage, and ridiculed the sufferer.->
us have free speech by all means; let us abolish mob-law and Lynch law;
let us maintain the right of every American citizen citizen to discuss
freely all questions; let us assert for every man born on the soil, or
naturalized, the right to life and liberty and property. Henceforth we
may expect to find those who formerly encouraged the mobbing of
anti-slavery men foremost in defending their rights to discuss a
question of the greatest public interest. Henceforth no more presses
will be stopped, no more mails opened, no more citizens driven out, no
more Lynch law, no more arbitrary arrests, arbitrary trials or arbitrary
hanging, tarring and feathering, or riding on a rail.
on this question of personal liberty, the only delinquents have nee
converted; the only men who have ever tolerated their violation in the
free states, have seen the error of their ways; and so the whole people
are of one mind. There is reason here for rejoicing; it is one of the
most important victories of the war.
to Sixteen.—Lord Shaftesbury recently stated in a public
meeting in London, that from personal observation, he had ascertained,
that of male adult criminals of that city, nearly all had fallen into a
course of crime between the ages of 8 and 16 years; and that if a young
man lived an honest life up to twenty years of age, there were
forty-nine chances in favor, and only one against him, as to an
honorable life thereafter.
is a fact of singular importance to fathers and mothers, and shows a
fearful responsibility. Certainly a parent should secure and exercise
absolute control over the child under sixteen. It would be a difficult
matter to do this, except in very rare cases; and if that control is not
very wisely and efficiently exercised, it must be the parents’ fault;
it is owing to the paternal neglect or remissness. Hence the real source
of ninety-eight per cent of the real crime in a country such as England
or the United States lies at the door of the parents. It is a fearful
throw it before the minds of the fathers and mothers of our land, and
there leave it to be thought of in wisdom, remarking only to the early
seeds of bodily disease that they are, in nearly every case, sown
between sundown and bedtime, in absence from the family circle; in the
supply of spending money never earned by the spender–opening the doors
of confectionaries and soda fountains, of beer and tobacco and wine
shops, of the circus, of the Negro minstrel, the restaurant and
dance–then follows the Sunday excursion and the Sunday drive, with the
easy transition to the company of those whose ways lead to the gates of
social, physical and moral ruin. From eight to sixteen–in these few
years–are the destinies of children fixed in forty-nine cases out of
fifty–fixed by the parents! Let every father and mother solemnly swear
vow, “By God’s help, I’ll fix my darling’s destiny for good, by
making home more attractive than the streets.”
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