AUGUST 7, 1864
TRUE DELTA (LA)
Passes the Forts.
of our monitors blown up by a torpedo.
OF THE REBEL RAM TENNESSEE.
loses a leg.
following highly important and gratifying news has been sent us from
Military Division of West Mississippi,
New Orleans, La., Aug. 6, 1864.
fleet under Admiral Farragut passed the forts at the entrance of Mobile
bay at 8 o’clock on the morning of the 5th inst.
monitor Tecumseh was blown up
by a rebel torpedo. No other vessel was lost. The rebel ram Tennessee surrendered after an obstinate resistance. Admiral
Buchanan lost a leg in the action, and is now a prisoner.
land forces under Major Gen. Granger invested Fort Gaines, and with the
light batteries opened upon the fort simultaneously with the passage of
the forts by the fleet, taking the water batteries in reverse and
losses are not reported.
LATER FROM MOBILE.
up of fort powell.
IN GOOD SPIRITS.
telegraph wires broke yesterday during the transmission of a dispatch
addressed to Admiral Palmer. The author says that he passed through
Grant’s Pass in a ship’s boat; that he witnessed the explosion of
the magazine at Fort Powell, which had first been evacuated; that he
spent two hours on board the Hartford,
with Admiral Farragut, who was in good health and spirits, and that our
loss in vessels was confined to the Tecumseh.
It is very provoking to have the wires break at the moment when such
happy news is coming over them.
dispatch to palmer.
RAM SHOWS THE WHITE FLAG.
of the battle.
the above was in type, Admiral Palmer has kindly read to us such
portions of an official despatch and private letter from Admiral
Farragut as he deems proper to make public. At an early hour on Friday,
our fleet, lashed two and two, sailed into the Pass pouring in broadside
after broadside of grape and canister–thus driving the gunners of the
fort from their pieces and leaving our vessels exposed only to the fire
of Forts Gaines and Powell, which were, of course, less effective on
account of distance. At the same time, Gen. Granger’s land batteries
enfiladed Gaines and caused the evacuation and blowing up of Powell. In
passing the forts the Oneida
received a shot which temporarily disabled her machinery, but she was
safely towed through the fire by her consort. ->
monitor Tecumseh was one of
the foremost. A torpedo exploding beneath her bottom, she sank almost
instantaneously, carrying down all her officers, only ten of her crew
escaping. She was commanded by Capt. Lewis Craven. Our loss on this
vessel was about one hundred. The gunboats having passed the forts, and
being out of their reach, were pursued by the formidable ram Tennessee
and three iron-clad gunboats–the Selma,
Gaines and Morgan. Our vessels immediately attacked the ram, and battered him
so effectually that he surrendered in a few minutes by hanging out the
white flag. Admiral Buchanan, the commander, lost a leg, and with all
his crew, are prisoners in our hands. There were only three killed on
the Tennessee. She was but
slightly damaged, and it is probable that Farragut has her fit for
action by this time. We also captured the Selma, of which Capt. Murphy
was the commander. Lieut. Prentiss, of the Monongahela,
lost both legs. He is a gallant officer, and has a young wife in this
city. Capt. Malaney, of the Oneida,
lost an arm. All the wounded will be sent to Pensacola. Our loss is two
hundred and forty killed and wounded. The two remaining rebel gunboats
fled under the guns of Fort Morgan for protection; one of them is
aground, and the Admiral is confident that he can destroy them to-day.
He has not the slightest doubt of his ability to reduce the forts. But
their capture will not give us command of the city, which is extensively
fortified at Dog river and elsewhere.
flag-ship, was heavily engaged, losing one officer, Higgenbottom,
Secretary to the Fleet Captain, killed, together with 20 of her crew,
and 26 wounded. All our vessels were wooden except three.
from mobile papers of july 28.
[Mobile Advertiser and]
Register is hopeful of the
result at Atlanta:
have ruled the news market for the past thirty-six hours and have held
high carnival. They have started evil reports enough to spoil the
digestion o half the nation. First they had it that Hood’s army was
badly cut up in the late fight and, improving on this, a subsequent
battle was improvised, in which the Confederate army was beaten at all
points. These reports are all of home manufacture, sprung from the fears
of gloomy minds or based upon stories of supposed travellers from the
front. While we write there is nothing real to rest them upon. No such
news has come over the wires. Our latest intelligence is from under Gen.
Hood’s own signature. We take for granted that Gen. Hood is a
gentleman, and would not deliberately lie in official bulletins. In that
bulletin he tells his soldiers of a “brilliant success” they had
won; he emphatically ignores the thought of retreating or being flanked.
He says that they have proved by their valor that they could meet the
flanking movements of the enemy by fighting, and that their safest place
was nearest the foe. He had before told us of 2000 prisoners captured,
22 pieces of artillery, and 16 stands of colors, which, as he says, are
the true criterion of victory. We prefer to rely hopefully upon what we
know, than to imitate the example of those who love to torment
themselves and others with the vague and imaginary fears of defeat and
disaster. We advise our readers to follow our example.
DAILY RICHMOND EXAMINER (VA)
enemy’s Press is divided upon a highly interesting question; for
whereas the New York World, in
giving the account of Grant’s
disaster of eight days ago, says, “Thus terminates the summer
campaign”–on the other hand, a correspondent of the Times
says, perhaps more judiciously, “It is not improbable that the rebels
will this summer make a movement in force across the Potomac, and that
the main battle of the campaign may be fought on Northern soil.”
According to this last theory the summer’s campaign, instead of being
just finished, is only now fairly beginning. It can scarce be reasonably
expected, indeed, that whenever the enemy chooses to say, “now here
ends the campaign,” our troops should be immediately placed in winter
quarters. To the ending of a campaign, as well as to the beginning of
it, there go two parties, and it does not follow that the party which
gave the signal for battle should therefore have power to give the
signal for armistice. There has been heretofore, on our side, too much
waiting upon our enemy’s next resolution; because on the failure of
each summer’s campaign of the invaders, our people have been disposed
to believe those invaders had got enough of it, and would never be able
to raise another great army. According to the system adopted, perhaps at
first from necessity upon our side, the enemy has always been allowed
full leisure, whenever he wanted it, both to fill up and reorganize
armies, and also to get up again the war excitement and inspire fresh
hopes of conquest by means of false statements in the newspapers, lying
sermons of preachers, and all kinds of machinery for acting on the
passion, the cupidity, the intense craving of sensation, which
constitute the strange temperament of that Yankee nation: the most
mercurial nation, the most excitable, impressible, we had almost said poetical,
but prefer the word melodramatic. A very little throws them into black
despondency for a moment; still less into paroxysms of triumphal hope
and self-admiration, wherein they imagine themselves to be fixing the
regards of all mankind–the envy and despair of a jealous universe.
Thus the most petty, partial and local successes can easily be dilated
and expanded by gas as to countervail in their imaginations the most
material and fatal disasters, and after a season of repose, spent in
blarneying one another for their inconceivable bravery, and adoring
themselves in the graven images of Frank Leslie’s wood cuts, they are
ready for the next year’s campaign as high in hope and confidence as
when they first flew to arms to replant the “Old Flag” on Sumter.
This makes them a people truly difficult to deal with. Any nation, whose
governing classes were instructed and intelligent, would have perceived
two years ago that the task of subjugating the South was simply
needed a half-educated community, with enormous self-conceit, to go on
with so stupendous a crusade three years in the face of so many and so
signal defeats. We might calculate on what a rational people would do;
might conclude, for example, with certainty, that, after the enormous
failure of Grant and his
great mob–which they call an army–to take Richmond, or even to
advance out of its trenches at high-water mark; after having, at the
same time, wholly lost their Trans-Mississippi “conquests,” while
they have no forces to hold Tennessee or even Kentucky; and, instead of
Richmond being in danger, Richmond sends an army to threaten
Washington–we might conclude safely that they would be only devising
the wisest and least disgraceful way of retiring from an enterprise
manifestly beyond their power. ->
this conclusion would be quite unsafe with the peculiar people with whom
we have to do; and it is the inapplicability to them of the usual laws
of human action which makes them troublesome and dangerous. Even
supposing the last of Grant’s
men decamped from before Petersburg and gone home; even supposing the
remnant of Sherman’s army
on its weary way back to the Tennessee, with Forrest’s
cavalry hanging fiercely on flank and rear; supposing, further, Kentucky
up in arms to bar Sherman’s
way to his own country, Missouri already in the hands of Price,
and the summer’s campaign thus winding up; yet would it be extremely
rash to abate one jot or tittle of our preparation at every point for
another and more furious invasion next year.
is but one way to end this stupid repetition of the same absurd but
sanguinary performance. It is to allow our enemies no rest between the
repetitions. It is to give them no leisure for rehearsals of their
future triumphs in the newspapers and pulpits, and for striking tableaux
of them in the illustrated periodicals. Now,
now especially, when so many of their regiments are mustered out of
service, so many “hundred days’ men” counting the hours until
their days have expired, and while the new half-million draft is yet
barren of soldiers–it is now that all the efforts of our military
power should be used with an energy if possible superhuman. Confederate
soldiers cannot afford to be fatigued or worn out this fall; neither
will they be so, if the hope is but held out of campaigning in
Pennsylvania and Ohio. Rich and bounteous are the vales of the
Susquehanna and the Muskingum. From the bare, wasted fields of Orange
county or Spotsylvania, it will be a noble exchange to camp among the
orchards and yellow cornfields of Cumberland Valley, where, like Job,
they could “wash their feet with butter.” The very gleaning of the
grapes of Ephraim is better
than the clusters of Manassa!
Whether matters are already brought so far that the Confederate army
shall be able this very year to occupy the enemy’s country in force,
and take some of their principal cities, is a question to be decided by
the Commanding Generals; the pear might not be ripe; the grapes of Ephraim
may not yet be ready to drop into our mouths; but one thing may be
affirmed with certainty–that until
we are able to carry the war with a
vengeance into the Yankee country, we can never be sure that we
see the last of their campaigns of invasion. The most trifling success,
such as the destruction of our ironclad vessels at Mobile–or even some
unhoped for escape from positive disaster, as the news that Sherman’s
forces were safe back within the forts of Chattanooga–or that the far
end of Grant’s army
remained yet unexterminated, fighting it out on the same line, and still
pretending to be threatening Richmond–would be quite enough to
initiate again all the collapsed hopes of subjugation and universal
possession of the South; and Lincoln
might be re-elected on the old platform of “pegging away.” In short,
the “Peace party” at the North needs help from us to enable them to
get rid of the present regime
and the war. The only rational and effectual aid we can render them will
be carrying fire and sword into their cities and farms. If any one knows
a more judicious method of assaulting assisting the Peace party for the
pending Presidential campaign, let him divulge it.
AUGUST 9, 1864
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
Explosion of the Rebel Mine.
steadman of connecticut killed.
explosion of the rebel mine under one of our forts seems to have taken
our men by surprise, but they immediately rallied, formed in line of
battle and commenced a vigorous fire in the direction in which they
supposed the rebels would advance. The rebels were startled by their
warm reception and immediately withdrew with heavy loss. It is the
opinion in some quarters
that the purpose of the rebels was not to blow up the fort in front of
the 5th corps, but to damage a mine which they supposed was being dug in
front of the 18th corps.
the engagement, Brig. Gen. Steadman, commanding the 2d brigade, 2d
division, 18th corps, was mortally wounded by a musket ball and since
died. He was formerly colonel of the 11th Connecticut regiment and
received the appointment of brigadier for his brave behavior in battle.
His commission did not reach headquarters until after his death. His
body has been embalmed and is to be sent to his friends in Connecticut.
Accounts from Deserters.
party of fifty deserters started to come into our lines Saturday
morning, when our gunners, not knowing their intention, opened fire,
killing and wounding about twenty. Nine arrived at headquarters during
the afternoon, some of them wounded. They represented the Confederacy in
a bad way, on account of the state of affairs at Atlanta, and told how
their army was frightened on the previous Saturday, when the mine
sprung, all leaving their guns and running back some distance, fearing
other explosions were going to occur along the line. But they soon
regained confidence, and fell back into their former position in time to
meet the attack, which they say was more than an hour and a half after
the explosion. These men say the reason why soldiers do not exchange
newspapers is they are ordered not to do so, but this would be of no
effect if they could afford to buy them, the price being forty cents
apiece, and they not having been paid off for a long time. There was
very little firing on Saturday.
Battle Expected in Maryland.
rebels off for staunton.
THE BATTLE-GROUND WILL BE.
military authorities at Washington are reported as believing that a
pitched battle will take place between the rebel invaders and our
forces. Longstreet is expected to command the rebels. It was reported at
Washington Saturday night that a battle had already taken place near the
old battle-ground of Antietam, but the report was not confirmed. Some
think that the battle-ground will be near Antietam or Gettysburg, but
the general impression is that the battle will be fought near Middleton,
12 miles north of Frederick, Md. Gen. Hunter has been superseded in his
command by Gen. Sheridan, and Gen. Couch is at Washington.
Wright’s command comprises the 6th and 19th corps, and since the 26th
ult., they have been almost constantly on the march, shifting from point
to point, and drawn up in battle time and again. On the 4th inst. they
reached the vicinity of Buckeyestown, Md., where they encamped.
Notwithstanding the severity of the service, the men are in excellent
condition, and anxious to meet sufficient of the enemy to fight a
telling battle. ->
troops at hagerstown.
the rebels did there.
Boyd of the 21st Pennsylvania regiment took possession of Hagerstown
Sunday, and people there are rejoicing in the belief that the rebels are
on their homeward way and will not return. But there is not enough known
of their movements yet to authorize too great exultation.
the rebels took possession of Hagerstown, they proceeded to institute a
thorough search of the stores. As the merchants had not replenished
their stocks since the former visit, the rebels got but little, with the
exception of a small quantity of shoes and hats. At the grocery stores
they filled haversacks with sugar and canteens with molasses. At one or
two stores they turned the molasses into the street. Seeing many
citizens were frightened and anxious to get away, the rebels told them
to remain, and they would not be molested. They did not keep their
promise, however, and among other acts of robbery they compelled several
gentlemen to take off their boots and hats and give them up. Jared Ford,
a Washington printer, who was in Hagerstown at the time, had his hat
taken from his head while standing on the street. Rebel sympathizers
fared worse than Union men. Jonas Winters, a confectioner, who refused
to open his store, had his doors broken in and most of his fixtures
destroyed. Rev. Dobney Ball, at one time pastor of the Wesleyan church
at Washington, was with this marauding party, but did not take an active
part in breaking open the stores, but looked on and countenanced the
doings of the rebels, and no doubt shared the plunder. Some trains of
cars reported burnt by the rebels when they entered Hagerstown were
destroyed by our own troops to prevent them falling into the hands of
the rebels, as the cars contained a valuable cargo of freight, including
several thousand dollars’ worth of liquor. The rebels had a list of
merchants who had goods hid away, furnished by prominent secessionists.
abandoned by the rebels.
Baltimore American of Monday
reports that the entire rebel force evacuated the Maryland side of the
Potomac, Sunday, moving off in a great haste. Their rear guard crossed
at Shepardstown, at 11 o’clock Sunday morning. The advance of the
invaders crossed at Hancock about the same time. Previous to leaving
they sent a cavalry force back to Hagerstown, who carried off four
prominent Union citizens as hostages for the rebel citizens of that town
arrested by order of Gen. Hunter.
early has done.
American also reports that
Early was moving up the Shenandoah valley all last week, scouring the
country for conscripts and grain, and making but slow progress. The
movements of the rebels in Maryland are still regarded at Baltimore as
merely feints to cover their operations in the valley, and the rebels
are now regarded as moving off towards Staunton with long and richly
latest reports received at Baltimore Monday night from the Shenandoah
Valley represent the rebel force south of Winchester. It is thought we
shall have an engagement with them near that place.
AUGUST 10, 1864
The Attack on Mobile.
news that Farragut has passed the outer forts defending the entrance to
mobile harbor, and was moving up to the city on Friday last, is very
gratifying. The rebel ram Tennessee,
which has been the bugbear of our blockading fleet off Mobile, is
disposed of, as also other powerful vessels of the enemy. Farragut will
be remembered as the daring naval commander who ran by the forts at New
Orleans and captured that city nearly two years ago. Mobile is probably
much better defended, but Farragut went into the harbor with a much more
formidable fleet, including eight iron-clads, two of them two-turreted
vessels carrying four guns each. The whole fleet is thirty-two ships,
carrying two hundred and thirty-one guns, and some of these ships are
the same as he had at New Orleans, the largest in the service. His guns
are of the heaviest calibre, and much more effective than any in use at
New Orleans. His means of offense, therefore, are much greater than in
that engagement, in which he was so successful. Mobile is better
defended in some respects than New Orleans. It has also a better harbor
for manœuvering a fleet in than the channel of the Mississippi. The
city lies thirty miles from the sea, at the head of the bay, and this
bay will accommodate a fleet of a thousand ships. Vessels of eighteen
feet water may float in this harbor. The defences consist of the two
outer forts, Morgan and Gaines, built by the United States, strong,
casemated structures, one, Fort Morgan, mounting 136 guns. The other has
fifty guns. Other works in support of these have been constructed, and
the channel is crossed by a row of piles, allowing only a narrow
passage, commanded by rebel guns. Strong lines of entrenchments have
been thrown up, encircling the city from Dog River around to the Alabama
River, and no less than twelve large independent earthworks have been
constructed in the rear of the line of entrenchments. On Point Pintos is
a nine-gun battery commanding the line of entrenchment and one of the
channels approaching the city. At Garrow’s Bend is a five-gun battery,
also commanding the obstructions and the main ship channel for a
distance of three miles. The remaining earthworks in the vicinity of the
city are intended more particularly to repulse a landing of troops on
the western shores or a land attack.
the harbor the enemy had six vessels of war, but one of them has
surrendered, one has been captured and another beached, leaving no
formidable obstacle to Farragut’s approach to the city except the land
batteries. A land force, it is said, under Gen. Granger, will co-operate
so far as to hold the city if captured. The effect of this assault upon
Mobile, if confirmed, will be to assist Sherman at Atlanta. He rebels
can send no men to Hood from the defences at Mobile while that city is
threatened. The capture of Mobile would compel Hood to beat a quick
retreat from Atlanta, for a force could be put immediately upon his
rear. But Farragut’s assault may be only a feint for Sherman’s
benefit, as was the case when he made the raid into Alabama.
Philadelphia Press truly says
that “Farragut’s victory will rank among the most important of the
war. Already our gallant armies have planted their standards on the soil
of every State in the rebel Confederacy. The navy will then have good
reason to proudly compare with the army its achievements, which have
resulted in the capture of all but two of the ports through which
rebellion derives its blockade-run supplies from foreign friends. ->
the whole rebel coast from Wilmington to Galveston will be in our
possession, and the blockade will be confined to those two cities only,
hermetically sealing them against all entrance. Farragut will be free to
ascend the Alabama and Tombigbee, reducing Alabama’s capital, cutting
Hood’s communication with the Confederacy, and confining him between
two walls of fire–Sherman’s grand army on the one side, and our
battle-scarred frigates and monitors on the other. The move is, indeed,
of great importance. Let the whole nation pray for its success.
End of the Rebel Invasion.
PENNSYLVANIA CANNOT NOW BE INVADED.
York, August 9.–The World’s
Washington dispatch say the rebel movement on the Upper Potomac is a
feint to cover the sending of reinforcements to Hood–supposed to be
not less than 30,000 veterans–from Lee’s army. Much apprehension is
felt in the matter.
invasion panic has subsided. It is now believed that the rebels, on
learning how large a force was in their front, gave up the idea of
fighting, and retreated into Virginia. With the changes in commanders
and the present disposition of our forces, it is impossible for the
rebels to get into Pennsylvania without a battle with odds on our side.
We have a heavy cavalry force on the Upper Potomac, and instead of a
rebel invasion of Pennsylvania we are more likely to hear of a federal
force marching down the Shenandoah Valley.
English Light Draught Monitors are a failure–not that they
will not float, which is the fault of our new class of light draught
monitors, but their guns shake them to pieces. Neither have they an
improvement like our monitors for working the guns in a confined space,
and their guns cannot be brought to bear on any object not in the
easiest possible position. These defects are graver than those of our
best monitors. Their experiments, therefore, have not advanced them so
far on the road of naval improvements as ours have us.
of a Massachusetts Recruiting Agent in Illinois.–A Cairo
dispatch of the 5th inst. says: “An agent of Massachusetts for
obtaining recruits from Southern Illinois has been brought to grief.
Large numbers of Negroes have been sent down East from this city
recently, and the attention of the authorities was called to this fact.
On Monday they arrested the agent, with several recruits bound for
Boston. The agent of New York, who had been busy among our Negroes, made
himself scarce when his Yankee friend was gobbled.”
receipts from internal revenue now average about $1,000,000 per day. The
government receipts from all sources amount to about $2,000,000 per day.
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
The War News.
from the Army of the Potomac dated Saturday morning announce that the
two armies still occupied their relative positions. There had been the
usual picket firing on the centre of our line. A rebel battery on the
north side of the James River, which very much annoyed our troops, was
on Friday morning silenced by our gunboats after a lively engagement. On
Friday evening the enemy attempted to explode a mine in front of the 5th
corps, but as they got only their train dug to within forty yards of our
works, they did not succeed in doing much damage.
is reported that heavy firing was heard in the direction of Cumberland,
Md., on Friday last. A deserter from the lines of the enemy states that
the forces of Generals Johnson, McCausland and Jackson will be joined by
the troops of Generals Early and Imboden, and after capturing Cumberland
proceed direct to Pittsburgh and Wheeling. If they should succeed in
this bold plan, they will march on Cincinnati and cross into Kentucky.
The force of the Confederates is said to be between twenty-five and
thirty thousand men.
Baltimore dispatch dated Sunday evening states that a force of the enemy
under Gen. Early has been reinforced by the troops under Gen.
Longstreet, and that they had crossed the Potomac on Saturday, beyond
Hancock, and were going in the direction of Wheeling, Va.
dispatch from St. Louis gives details of the Indian troubles on the
western frontier. It is reported that rebel emissaries incited the
savages to commit these depredations. Cols. Price and Scott of the 11th
and 15th Kansas militia, at the request of General Curtis, mustered five
hundred men and succeeded in saving the frontier settlements from
attack. The Indians are now scattering, a portion going south, and
others in different directions. Gen. Curtis is vigorously pursuing the
appears quiet both in front of Petersburg and on the Upper Potomac. At
the former place there is little activity to be expected on the part of
our forces, and on the Upper Potomac we have the assurance that the
rebels have recrossed the river, and, it is said are now conveying their
plunder from the Shenandoah valley into their depots at Staunton and
Gordonsville. The invasion of Maryland is at an end for the present. It
is not probable that even Early will dare invade either that State or
Pennsylvania, now that there is an active general in the field who
commands all the departments as does General Sheridan, and who has
resolution enough to manœuvre his men to the discomfiture of the enemy.
He has men enough in his command now to defeat any attempt on the part
of the rebels to successfully invade Maryland with less than fifty
thousand men. The Richmond papers acknowledge that General Joseph E.
Johnston has been assigned to the command of the forces in Western
Virginia. This is Johnston’s old fighting ground, and, if he has an
army strong enough, he will doubtless remove the theatre of war to the
Shenandoah valley at least, if he does not throw his columns into
Maryland. It is suspected, however, that, instead of sending troops into
Western Virginia, the rebels have reinforced Hood very heavily with a
view to save Atlanta and overwhelm General Sherman. ->
are entertained in military circles that such is the fact, and that General
Sherman’s situation is far more critical than many are willing to
acknowledge. With General Grant’s army within two days’ journey of
Washington, and the body of troops that now defend the State of Maryland and
the national capital situated where they are, the rebels will scarcely
venture to make so hazardous an experiment as to invade Maryland and
threaten Washington. It is more reasonable to suppose, therefore, that they
will send all the men that can be spared to Hood.
news from Mobile is cheering. A rebel official dispatch announces that
Admiral Farragut has passed Fort Gaines; has had an engagement with the
rebel fleet in Mobile bay; has captured two of the enemy’s vessels and
made Admiral Buchanan a prisoner; has beached a third rebel gunboat, and was
engaging Fort Powell, which is near Dog river bar. The only loss he is
reported to have sustained is the sinking of the Tecumseh,
a monitor, by Fort Morgan. The admiral doubtless has the co-operation of the
troops which were sent him by General Canby, and we may expect, when we
receive the Union accounts of the battle, to learn of even more decisive
successes than the rebels acknowledge in their official report.
Sheridan makes an official announcement that Gen. Averill has defeated the
enemy at Moorefield, Va., and captured 500 of his men and all of his
Ascending Cost of the War.—The expense of carrying on the war
(says the Albany Argus) is rapidly
increasing with every day of its progress. During the first year of the
struggle, the Government bought pork at ten and eleven dollars a barrel–it
now pays forty-five dollars. The price of hay, of forage, of wagons and
harness, of horses and mules, and in fact almost everything, has risen in
the same proportion. If the war was expensive in the beginning, say three
millions of dollars a day, what is it now, when these fabulous prices are
paid? The depreciation of the currency and the consumption of able-bodied
men in the war, are the cause of this wonderful increase of prices. As the
increase goes on, doubtless our expenses are being swollen after the fashion
of geometrical progression. How long can we go on with a war whose expenses,
originally enormous, are thus being doubled and trebled?
his Own.—Gen. Johnston of the rebel army was a resident of
Frederick, Maryland, before the war, and his house there was
“confiscated” by the Government and sold to a “loyal” Yankee. When
the Confederates took possession of Frederick during their recent
“raid,” the Washington Union
says Gen. Johnston went to his house, introduced himself to the new owner,
and demanded the rent for fourteen months at the rate of $100 a month,
giving him thirty minutes to pay it. The money was paid. Gen. J. then gave
him two hours to remove his goods, which was done. Gen. J. then set fire to
the house and it was soon totally destroyed.
REPUBLICAN FARMER (CT)
correspondent of a prominent N. Y. daily writes the following review of
Grant’s campaign to the Chambersburg, Pa., Valley
Spirit. We need offer no comment, as the article explains itself,
and every one who has been with the Potomac army this summer will
way in which our brave soldiers have been sacrificed without any
advantage accruing to our arms will fully warrant an important change in
does not like to crow? Or swell like a pouter pigeon, or assume the
Jove-like airs of the peacock? I
like to hear the people crow; it makes them feel good, and I experience
extremely pleasurable sensations when I crow myself.
is very interesting to read in the newspapers, detailed accounts of
Union victories, whether they ever happen or not; in fact people are
very anxious to have Union victories--they will read nothing else, and
for the last three months, the public appetite has been gorged with its
favorite food. We have had a
regular successions of brilliant victories, but strange to say, have won
no battles. Who in all the
country will believe this? Very
few, and yet 'tis true.
had been with the army of the Potomac, every moment, from the time it
moved from Brandy Station on the fourth day of May last, on the
trans-Rapidan campaign, until it crossed the James and invested
Petersburg, and to take the position I occupied as a data I ought to
know "whereof I speak."
General Grant took command of the Army of the Potomac there has been no
victory won. He has fought
bravely and well, and the universal acclaim of all loyal people is due
him; still he does not command a victorious army.
since the war was inaugurated we have been anxious, not only to deceive
ourselves, but to allow others to deceive us.
We have been deluded by rumors, exaggerations, and hyperboles,
until we scarcely know whether our pedal extremities are towards the
nadir or the zenith.
the first day of May the fight commenced near the Yellow Tavern in the
Wilderness--it was a terrible fight, and either side can enumerate its
losses by the thousand. The
tide of battle fluctuated--neither could gain an advantage.
The enemy succeeded in breaking Sedgwick's line, (forming our
right near the gold mine and mill) and we succeeded in driving him with
our left near Todd's Tavern. Thus
the battle raged, but Grant eventually held his own and Lee ultimately
held his own; and there we stood as we commenced, minus twenty thousand
men and three Generals.
it impossible to go through the enemy, Grant determined to go around
him. Accordingly Grant run
Lee a foot race to Spotsylvania C. H. via Chancellorsville, for heavy
wind was too long and his bottom proved too sound for Grant, since he
beat him by at least two lengths, and formed a line of battle at Piney
Branch Church, some six miles this side of the Court House.
Twelve thousand wounded men were left in the enemy's hands for
want of transportation, besides the large numbers known to be lying on
the battle field, covered by the enemy's guns.
Spotsylvania C. H. came
another severe "tug of war" which lasted seven days.
Still Johnny reb held his own, and so Grant, who was fully
resolved to enter Richmond "on that line," was compelled to go
race from Spotsylvania C. H. to Hanover C. H. –distance sixty
miles–beaten again. Lee takes a position on the south bank of the
North Anna in an advance of us–another desperate tug of war, lasting
several days. Lee would not
let us pass; so we had to go around him again.
race for Richmond via Hanovertown on the Pamunkey.
Lee gets ahead again and stops us that Winston's Bridge, on the
Chickahominy, and in that vicinity.
Grant had proven himself an artful dodger, since he had dodged
himself with in twelve miles of Richmond. ->
that Lee continued obstinate in regard to his passing over the
Chickahominy, and that his army showed a deficit of seventy
thousand, General Grant, with the froide politesse of a soldier
and a gentleman went around him yet once again.
Accordingly another foot race was run for Mechanicsville.
Lee, anticipating the movement, threw obstructions in his path
that came very near tripping him. Again
we have to record a succession of severe battles, and humiliating as it
is to admit, it must be said that in neither of them were our armies
victorious, for at Cold harbor the enemy stood his ground with a
desperation nothing could excel. Some
idea of the fearful carnage can be obtained from the fact that the
Second Army Corps lost ten thousand men in less than two hours, and an
assault on a rebel salient.
being able to advance any further in that direction, Gen. Grant marched
his army to the James River via Long Bridge, on the Chickahominy, from
thence to Petersburg, where he is still engaged with Lee.
Whether he is arranging terms for another foot race, I am unable
no person can say that Grant is not a brave man and a fine strategist,
but to give him the credit of winning one unequivocal victory in the
present campaign is rather more than a we can conscientiously admit.
The prestige of victories elsewhere will not win battles in the
Potomac army, and Lee fights a different kind of a battle than the half
armed guerrilla bands of Tennessee.
press has given Grant and Meade credit for any amount of battles this
summer, and every editor in the country doubtless imagined that he was
telling the public the truth. Dispatches
from the Army of the Potomac are not at all reliable, since the
Provost-Marshal-General of the army reviews all the prominent papers,
and places under arrest the correspondents who hint at the truth.
Mr. Cropsey of the Philadelphia Inquirer; he merely iterated an
opinion endorsed by the whole army, when he was arrested, and without
even an informal trial, was "ungrammatically placarded" by
Gen. Meade's order, and paraded about the Headquarters of the several
Corps, to the great disgust of the corps commanders, be it is said to
every one who reads dispatches from the Army of the Potomac remember
that their authors wrote them under the surveillance of the military
authorities and deduce his conclusion accordingly.
War correspondents must cater for commanding generals, or
leave the lines under arrest.–E
of $250,000 have been deposited with the Massachusetts State Treasurer
by individuals, and town and city authorities, for the procurement of
volunteers in the insurgent States. About $20,000 of this amount have
been furnished by persons desiring “representative recruits.”
were 1,025 cabin and 14,509 steerage passengers landed at New York by
the Commissioners of Emigration during the month of July. The passage
ships were 19 steamers and 18 sailing vessels.
have hung a contractor out in Indiana. He had contracted so much that it
was thought advisable to stretch him a little.
precise time when the people want a war to stop can always be
ascertained. It is when they will not volunteer to carry it on. This is
a polite hint to their servants in the administration of the government
to stop hostilities and make peace. This hint our people long since gave
to Mr. Lincoln. Why does he not heed it?
AUGUST 13, 1864
NEWPORT MERCURY (RI)
News from Mobile.—Richmond papers of the 6th print an
official dispatch from Gen. Maury, announcing the fact that Admiral
Farragut had begun his attack on Mobile. The dispatch says: “Seventeen
of the enemy’s vessels (fourteen ships and three iron-clads) passed
Fort Morgan this morning. The Tecumseh,
a monitor, was sunk by Fort Morgan. The Tennessee
surrendered after a desperate engagement with the enemy’s fleet.
Admiral Buchanan lost a leg, and is a prisoner. The Selma
was captured. The Gaines was
beached near the hospital. The Morgan
is safe, and will try to run up to-night. The enemy’s fleet has
approached the city. A monitor has been engaging Fort Powell all day.”
The departure of Admiral Farragut from the Mississippi a few weeks
since, with a formidable armada and a co-operating force of troops,
prepared us for this announcement from rebel sources, that active
operations have commenced against Mobile. The impression has generally
prevailed that this movement would partake more of the character of a
demonstration, in order to distract Hood’s attention, than of a real
attack; but the official dispatch from Maury indicates that Farragut has
undertaken the work in dead earnest. Having passed the rebel forts, he
was pushing straight for the city on the morning of the 5th.
brave Farragut appears from the rebel accounts to have dashed through
the main channel in the same fearless manner in which he passed the
forts below New Orleans, and afterwards the Port Hudson batteries, and
on Friday morning last had “approached the city.” An iron-clad was
in the meanwhile detached to engage Fort Powell, situated on Dauphine
Island, close to Grant’s Pass.
enemy have relied almost entirely upon Forts Morgan and Gaines, with the
co-operation of the rebel rams and iron-clads under Admiral Buchanan,
for the defense of the city. But Farragut has successfully run the
gantlet of the former, sunk and put to flight the latter, and now rides
in Mobile Bay with seventeen ships-of-war. Like New Orleans, Mobile is a
low, flat place, with no surrounding hills upon which to erect
batteries, and if our fleet has been able to overcome the remaining
obstructions stretched across the upper end of the bay, it must by this
time have shared the same fate as the Crescent City.
Farragut accomplish no more than already announced, the co-operation
afforded to Sherman will prove invaluable. An attack on Mobile is
nothing more or less than opening a fire on Hood’s rear, and the alarm
and dismay which must necessarily ensue will interfere very materially
with his plans. During the last month, Mobile, in common with all the
other points not immediately menaced, were stripped of their garrisons
in order to stay the victorious march of Sherman. These must now be
returned and Atlanta given up, or Mobile, Montgomery, Selma and other
important places in Alabama and Mississippi be exposed to capture.
we trust that, having made such an auspicious beginning, Farragut has
already successfully accomplished the object of the expedition, and now
holds the second commercial city in the South.
accomplished, the Alabama and Tombigbee rivers will be open to us, and
the States of Mississippi and Alabama thereby lopped off from the
fearless Farragut has once more demonstrated that forts can be
successfully pass by ships-of-war. Three times has he run the gantlet of
the most formidable works, losing only one vessel on each occasion.1
he been placed in command at Charleston, Fort Sumter would long since
have been floating the starry banner, the rebel rams in Davy Jones’
locker, and the hot bed of rebellion in our possession.
intelligence which we receive through rebel sources from Mobile is of
the most cheering character. Fort Powell, commanding Grant’s Pass, and
mounting twelve heavy guns, has been blown up and abandoned by the
enemy, and the flag of the free floats in triumph over Fort Gaines.
of the results achieved are: An armada comprising eleven ships of war,
carrying fifty guns, blown into “one long port hole” or captured;
two heavy fortresses, mounting fully sixty guns, commanding the
approaches to Mobile, reduced; an admiral–the only one in the rebel
navy–and over one thousand soldiers and sailors taken prisoners; a six
months supply of food for an entire regiment obtained; a strong foothold
from whence to operate against Fort Morgan and Mobile city, secured and,
last but by no means least, a formidable diversion created in behalf of
Sherman. This is certainly glory enough for one week.
Buchanan, who has lost his leg, his liberty and his ship, was among the
older officers in service in the navy when the war broke out. He was in
grave doubt whether to cast in his lot with the traitors or not. After
his resignation had been accepted he sought to withdraw it, but was not
allowed to do so. It will be remembered that he commanded the Merrimac
in her famous encounter with the Monitor,
and was then wounded. He has been for many months employed in preparing
his fleet in the waters of Alabama, and had gathered a really formidable
naval force. Profiting by all the experience the rebels have had in
building iron-plated rams, he constructed the Tennessee,
and made her, as was supposed, the swiftest and best iron-clad which has
been built in the south. We know that the Tennessee
was regarded by our officers off Mobile as a very ugly customer. But
like the Arkansas, and the Louisiana, and the Vicksburg,
and the Atlanta, and the Merrimac,
and all the other floating monsters on which the rebels have expended
their money, and time, and ingenuity, she has finished her career in the
Man with the Glass Eye.”—It is stated that one of the
deserters recently shot in the army, enlisted and was discharged or
deserted twelve different times. He had lost one of his eyes, and
falling into the hands of a substitute broker in Boston, the latter
furnished him with a very neat glass eye, and enlisted him, and he was
sent to the army. There he soon lost his eye again, or rather, removed
it into his pocket and obtained his discharge. This process he several
times repeated, and when unable to get his discharge, deserted.
Unfortunately, thirteen proved an unlucky number for him, and, the trick
being discovered, he was tried and sentenced to be shot.
lost the Varuna at Head of
Passes, the Mississippi at
Port Hudson, and the Tecumseh
at Mobile–the last more probably to a rebel submarine rather than by
artillery fire or a mine.
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