SEPTEMBER 4, 1864
DAILY TRUE DELTA (LA)
Britain and the American War.
the subject of the economic effect of the American war, the London Times
has an interesting article, in which it remarks that the effects of the
war are felt in every country, even to the remotest corners of the
earth; that all are more or less affected by this great disturbance of
the equilibrium of the world. One, and a very material effect of the war
has been, according to the Times, which, in this case, we think may be regarded as a true
exponent of public opinion, that it has for a time greatly impeded the
improvement of the condition of the masses of mankind. Says the Times:
was in fact a nation, one of the foremost of human societies, extending
its numbers with unparalleled rapidity, and devoted, almost without
exception, to the peaceful arts, helping every worker in the world to
obtain a greater reward for his toil us.
Year after year did we receive from it greater supplies of the
raw material of clothing and of food; and year after year where we
thereby enabled to send out in the exchange greater and cheaper and
supplies of manufactured products. The
combined energies of Englishmen and Americans, supported by our teeming
population and stored-up capital, and by their virgin and fertile soils,
and unfettered by restrictions on the freedom of exchange, were
perceptively improving the condition of the masses of mankind.
But now this beneficial operation is stopped.
We are left alone to do what we can towards supporting the burden
of two hemispheres. Our
fellow-workers have not only ceased to give us their assistance, they
have divided into two hostile bands, each of which interferes to prevent
our use of the services of the other.”
to the injuries which a neutral nations, and especially Great Britain,
have experienced through the operation of the laws of war on commerce,
the Times truly says that they
have been obliged to resort to strange markets in quest of their
ordinary supplies, and the raw material they have so obtained has been
less in quality, dearer in prices, and has been conveyed to them at
enhanced rates of freight.
general effect of this interruption to commerce, occasioned by the war,
the Times says, is to make
Englishmen as well as Americans absolutely poorer.
In support of this position, it says:
is evident enough that the world at large cannot be benefited by the
blockade of one of its best markets, any more than by a sudden
visitation of sterility upon the soil.
But it is sometimes thought that a particular nation like England
may reap advantage from such a calamity as a civil war in another
country. Were the supplies
which the United States furnished to the world such as no other country
than England could furnish in substitution, there might be something to
countenance the idea. It
might be said that, as our only rival was displaced, we might make what
terms we please for the sale of or commodities.
In fact, however, we are driven to find elsewhere the cotton,
rice, and other articles which we formerly imported from America, and
whoever has reaped the advantage of the change, the English nation has
are absolutely poorer than we were, or at all events than we should have
been had the American war never happened; but at the same time it must
be confessed that we may be relatively richer.”
think the argument of the Times
is more specious than sound. The
war has had a very injurious effect upon the British cotton manufacture
and his thereby cause a great amount of suffering, but all other
departments of British industry have been, since the war commenced, and
still are, in a state of unexampled prosperity; and this, there can be
no doubt, is owing in a great degree to the injurious influence of the
war upon American industry, and to the very serious interruption to the
foreign trade of the United States.
The admits that one effect of the war has been to increase
largely the British share in the carrying trade of the world. It says:
and the ship owners have been terrified by the vigor of Confederate
cruisers, and cargoes and the ships had passed under the British flag.
Northern vessels which have safely reached a port have found it
difficult to obtain return cargoes, and partly from this cause, and
partly from the prudence of the owners themselves, have been sold and
have assumed a new nationality. ->
is notorious that this has constantly happened in Liverpool and other
English ports, but even in American ports the same thing has been done.
The Consul at New York states that the transfer into English
hands last year of American ships was unprecedented–294 ships, of an
aggregate tonnage of 115,769 tons, having been sold principally to
escape the hazard of capture; and the Consul at Philadelphia makes a
similar report. The same
tale beat us everywhere. The
Consul at the Danish island of St. Thomas, the center of the West Indian
System, speaks of an increase of British tonnage consequent on a sale of
American vessels for the purpose of obtaining the protection of British
registers. The same thing is
spoken of at Panama. At San
Francisco, American vessels arrive round Cape Horn, but few take the
return voyage. From Havre, from Hamburg, from Norway, and from Spain,
comes similar evidence. American
ships are everywhere passing into other hands, and these hands are
to evidence of the disturbance of old commercial relations due to the
war, the Times, referring to
the commercial reports made to the Foreign Office during the past year
by British Consuls in all quarters of the globe, says:
would seem as if there was not a country in which men will not be found
busy at work in occupations that were foreign to them three years ago,
and if the reason of the change be searched out, the American war is at
the bottom of it. Cotton is
of course the subject principally discussed, and, although the bales of
cotton which it actually arrive have in many cases outsped the tardy
intelligence of our consular agents, the details given by their letters
are often curious and interesting. Throughout
Central and Southern America, English merchants are attempting to
stimulate the indolent native and half-caste population to grow cotton
by appeals to their cupidity. In
Southern Europe there is no such backwardness to overcome.
The Consul at Naples writing in June reports that the profits
realized by cultivators last year were ‘fabulous,’ and that from
three to four times as much land has been sown with cotton this season.
Similar reports come from all parts of European Turkey, while the
consulate Jaffa reports that the cotton exported last year was more than
nine times as much as the preceding year, and this year it will be
trebled or quadrupled again. From
furthest Japan the Consul at Kanagawa tells us that the export of cotton
rose from 4616 piculs in 1862 to 46,697 piculs in 1863, and has so
continued that in the first two months of 1864 30,000 piculs have been
These are minor illustrations of the impetus to cotton-growing
which has filed its greatest development in British India.”
Times attributes to the war
the high rate of interest which has so long prevailed in the English
money market. It remarks:
who will consider that we are doing the trade of two countries at
enhanced prices is will not fail to detect the reason of the phenomenon.
Everywhere there is a demand made upon our disposable capital.
Our merchants want capital to invest in India and capital to
invest in shipping, and the disposable capital thus called for is itself
diminished by the direct drain of the war itself.
A keen competition with a limited supply produces its natural
effect in increased prices, in the rate of interest for money, as the
bank returns show, is no exception to the general rule.”
cannot close this notice of the Times’
article without saying that, notwithstanding the views it endeavors to
enforce, evidence is not wanting that for manufacturing, commercial and
maritime, as well as for political considerations, Great Britain can
well afford, in relation to the war in which we are engaged, to carry
out to the fullest extent the policy of non-intervention which now finds
such favor in the sight of her ruling statesman and for people.
CHARLESTON MERCURY (SC)
Fall of Atlanta.
September 3.–Parties from the front report that our losses on
Wednesday did not exceed six hundred.
Thursday the enemy made four assaults on our lines in heavy column. They
were each time repulsed with great slaughter. They then concentrated
their strength on Gowan’s
front, and, breaking our lines there, the retreat of our forces became
necessary–which was effected on Thursday night.
report only four Yankee corps engaged–three menacing Atlanta and [one]
guarding communications. No reliable information has been received
regarding yesterday’s operations or the position of Hood.
the last two days the city has been full of the wildest rumors, and
owing to operations on the line of railroad, the communication with the
press reporter at Atlanta is impracticable.
result of the action on Thursday was that our forces, oppressed with
overwhelming numbers, fell back to Lovejoy Station, and S. D. Lee,
by orders of Hood, fell
back towards Atlanta, leaving the railroad in possession of the enemy.
It is now ascertained that six corps of Sherman’s
troops were thrown upon the railroad. Only Hardee’s
and Lee’s corps
loss on both sides is large, but as the Yankees on Thursday attacked our
entrenchments, it is supposed they suffered much heavier than we. No
reliable details can be obtained.
report is current in this city that Hood
evacuated Atlanta yesterday morning, but there is no positive
information of his movements.
September 4.–All doubts about the fall of Atlanta are ended. It was
evacuated by our forces on Thursday night, and occupied by the enemy at
11 o’clock on Friday morning. General Hood
blew up his supplies of ordnance, burned his commissary stores, and drew
off on the McDonough Road, leaving nothing in Atlanta but blood-stained
our whole army was concentrated at Lovejoy’s Station, on the Macon and
Western Railroad. The enemy is reported to be retreating from that point
the fight at Jonesboro on Thursday, Gen. Gowan,
together with the 6th and part of the 2d Arkansas Regiments, were
captured. We lost six pieces of artillery, and captured six.
Hood’s Official Account.
September 4.–The following official dispatch from Gen. Hood,
dated September 3, has been received at the War Office:
the evening of the 30th ult., the enemy made a lodgment across Flint
River, near Jonesboro. We attacked them there on the evening of the
31st, with two corps, but failed to dislodge them. This made it
necessary to abandon Atlanta, which was done on the night of the 1st
instant. On the evening of the 1st, that portion of our lines held by Hardee’s
corps, near Jonesboro, was assaulted by a superior force of the enemy
and, being outflanked, was compelled to withdraw during the night, with
the loss of eight pieces of artillery. Prisoners taken report the
enemy’s loss to have been very severe.”
Adventure in Broad River Waters.—We have already alluded to
the fact that the steamship Crescent,
with 600 of our brave and long-suffering officers, had arrived at Port
Royal. Since this we have had one of the “600” to land on our
shores, after much privation and suffering. ->
Sergeant Geo. H. Ellison,
Company E., 3d Alabama Volunteers, was captured in Virginia last May,
while on a scout for Gen. Ewell;
he was carried to Washington and put in prison, and every effort was
used to convince him that he would be tried as a spy and sentenced to be
shot. Under these pretexts he was urged to take Lincoln’s
oath of allegiance, and in this way save his life. He refused, and after
several months confinement, was sent, with others, to General Foster’s
command for some retaliatory measures, the Yankees insisting that he was
an officer and ranking him as Captain. Sergeant Ellison
and two others, Captain Perkins
of Tennessee and a Captain of the 48th Ga., determined, after their
arrival in Broad River, to make an attempt to escape. On the night of
Aug. 30th, he, in company with his two companions, with the assistance
of their comrades on board the ship, let themselves into the river, one
and a half miles from the Hilton Head shore. Being expert swimmers, they
depended upon their “muscle” to reach the land; keeping in the shade
of the steamer as far as possible, they boldly swam off; the tide was
very strong and against them, and when about 300 yards away from the
floating prison, Capt. Perkins
showed signs of giving out, while the other expressed fears of his
ability to go much further, more than a mile of rough water was still
between them and the beach.
Ellison assisted Captain Perkins
to rest himself, as far as he was able to do so, but it was of no avail;
his two comrades had undertaken more than they were able to accomplish,
and with great regret they had to part company, the two making their way
back to the steamer, while Ellison
pushed out bravely for the twinkling lights on land.
great effort he reached the Island, very much exhausted, and when
morning came, he made his way to some vessels and asked for work–he
obtained it, as a laborer, had leave to go about the Island. He sought
information about localities, and having fixed his best course to reach
“Dixie,” made his escape during the night of the 31st. We will not
give the particulars of his journey, but it is pleasant to know that
beyond the fatigue incident to so daring an enterprise, he is quite
well, and upon reaching our lines, was kindly cared for and assisted to
clothing and money at Hardeville.
reports that the Yankee gunboat fired at by Capt. Nichol’s
battery, from Buckingham, on the 28th, received
20-pounder Parrott shot through her hull, doing some damage. He
met Capt. Thos. Pinckney,
4th S. C. Cavalry, among the officers on the steamer, and was introduced
to him. The 600 have since been landed near Beaufort. It was understood
from the positive orders read to the troops, that the draft would be
enforced in General Foster’s Department on 5th September, both white
and black being liable to conscription. It was known on the Island that
recruiting Sergeants had made their way over to the main for the purpose
of running off male slaves who were to be put in the army to the credit
of Massachusetts–the agent of the State paying the bounty, &c.,
&c. As much as $1000 is offered, and a
liberal fee paid to the sergeant for each man mustered in.
Ellison was on Saturday
last at Pocataligo, S. C., the headquarters of Colonel Colcock,
commanding 3d Military District.
SEPTEMBER 6, 1864
Vessels Compared with Iron-Clads–
Progress of Different Countries in Naval Architecture.
a commander as Farragut seems to be independent of the improvements in
naval architecture for which this age is already famous. He has
performed two of the most brilliant naval exploits in the annals of war
with wooden vessels-for though he had iron-clads in his fleet in the
recent battle in Mobile Bay, and iron-clads opposed him, the wooden
vessels seem to have done the principal business, even to the capture
and destruction of rebel plated vessels which were boasted to be
have succeeded in making iron-clad vessels of great defensive strength,
like those of the Monitor
model, but we have scarcely succeeded in combining with that important
quality the desirable effectiveness in aggressive power. The monitors,
carrying only two guns each, and those of heavy calibre, when operating
against fortifications, cannot fire often enough to silence the
batteries of the enemy. They might run by such a fortification as Fort
Gaines, but they could not silence its guns. Farragut preferred to trust
to his wooden walls, protected as well as might be by such temporary
expedients as his ingenuity had suggested and his experience had proved.
He took his wooden vessels as near to the fort as he could sail them and
rained upon it such a destructive fire of shot and shell that the
garrison were driven pell-mell from their barbette guns and water
batteries, and could maintain only a feeble fire from their casemates.
facility with which wooden vessels are handled, in comparison with any
iron-clad vessels yet built, is a great advantage in their favor, which
to some extent they must always retain over vessels made with an eye
mainly to their invulnerability. We need not mention the iron-clad
failures which have been produced in this and other countries–if we
take the very best for comparison, we must come to the conclusion that
for nearly all the purposes of a navy, wooden vessels must still be
the building of iron-clad vessels-of-war is now in its infancy, and
great improvements will undoubtedly be made. What is needed is a
combination of invulnerability with a celerity of movement and
effectiveness of fire. This has not yet been attained in any of the
iron-clads proved in our navy, but much is expected of some of the
monsters now in progress of construction.
most formidable plated vessels we have afloat, with the single exception
of the New Ironsides, are
those built for service on the western rivers, which are really
effective vessels, carrying heavy armaments. Those of the Monadnock
class, as well as the Puritan,
Dictator, Dunderberg, and others on the stocks and nearly ready for sea,
promise to be more formidable than any yet tried, but they are yet to be
proved. The Monitors have insufficient aggressive capacity, and those of
the light draught have too great an affinity for the bottom of the ocean
to be trusted. A great deal of money has been expended building vessels
of the Monitor class, the
chief virtue of which seems to be that they are somewhat better than any
iron-clad vessels the rebels have built. They whipped the Merrimac
and captured the Atlanta, but
the most formidable vessels the rebels have built have been captured or
destroyed by federal vessels of another variety, until the rebels seem
to have come to the conclusion that all the vessels they build are
fore-doomed to sudden destruction when opposed to a federal fleet. ->
is hardly probable that the great naval powers of Europe have succeeded
any better than we have, though they are making great exertions in the
same line. Greta Britain has sixteen iron-clads afloat and eleven more
in progress. France has about the same number. The construction of this
class of vessels for the Russian navy was commenced in 1851, and
seventeen will be completed by next spring. Ten of them are of the Monitor
class, some with one, and some with two turrets. In point of number we
have more than England, France and Russia together, and we are
constantly adding to the list more formidable vessels than we have
powerful navy is the best protection we can have against foreign war,
and though the swift-sailing privateers of the enemy roam the ocean at
will, with only now and then a vessel like the Kearsarge
to challenge them, it would be a different matter in a war with a nation
which has a commercial marine to retaliate upon, and the exploits of our
naval heroes–Farragut, Foote, Porter, Winslow, Du Pont, and a host of
others–show that we have the first requisite–skilled and resolute
seamen–for the most effective navy in the world. Whatever can be done
in building iron-clad vessels abroad, no country ca produce such
iron-clad sailors as ours.
of the Pirate Georgia by the Gunboat Niagara.
25th.–The frigate Niagara
seized the rebel pirate steamer Georgia,
20 miles off Lisbon, put a prize crew on board and sent her to New York.
The Niagara landed the captain and crew of the Georgia at Dover. The Georgia,
when seized, was under the British flag, and her captain entered a
protest against the seizure. The event excites much controversy. It was
rumored that the capture was effected under the consent of the British
Government. There is much difference of opinion as to the legality of
the capture, but general satisfaction is expressed.
Test for the Monitors.—The principal claim for the Monitors
at the present time is their invulnerability. A good opportunity of
testing this claim is now presented at Beaufort. The Tallahassee,
or some other rebel privateer, is lying under the guns of Fort Fisher,
having been driven there by the Monticello.
As a wooden-sided ship cannot hope to stand the fire of the fort
successfully, a Monitor should go in, attack and destroy the privateer.
This is just the kind of work for which Monitors are thought to be
superior to any other vessels, and if they can venture under a fire of
this kind, and successfully destroy vessels seeking refuge under the
guns of a fort, they will be a valuable aid to the Navy. Their
fifteen-inch guns and their invulnerable turrets ought to enable them to
do such work effectually. If they do not, the Monitors are not so good,
practically, as wooden vessels. This suggestion is made by the
Philadelphia Ledger, and we
regard it as a very wise one. Let one of the present unemployed Monitors
try the experiment. At any rate, there is nothing to lose by it.
a serious affray occurred on boar the steamer Colorado
at the Portsmouth Navy Yard on Friday, in which the master-at-arms was
stabbed in the head by a sailor, (substitute), inflicting a frightful
gash across the face. A number of these bounty-jumping rascals are
already in irons on board the Colorado.
SEPTEMBER 7, 1864
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
Issue Well Stated.–The Easton (Pa.) Argus addresses the moderate Republicans in the following language:
say you are for compromising with the Southern people, stopping the war
and restoring the Union. How in the name of God is it to be done if
President Lincoln will listen to no commissioners, will receive no
offers, will hear no proposals? How are we ever to have an end, if he
will allow no one to make a beginning? On three occasions he has refused
to listen to offers of peace. We ask you then, in view of these things,
can you, will you, sustain President Lincoln any longer? It is as plain
as the sun at noon-day, that if he is re-elected, we shall have four
years more of war, drafts, taxes, misery, bloodshed, devastation, ruin,
and perhaps another revolution in the North. President Lincoln is either
a fanatic himself or he is under the influence of fanatics and
contractors, who rule him and shape his course to suit themselves. We
verily believe that a Democratic administration could end this war and
restore the Union on three months. You can take your choice then,
gentlemen, and make up your minds between now and November to vote
A Democratic administration,
with peace, compromise and re-union, no more drafts, and reduced taxes,
Four more years of Lincoln’s
administration, with continued war and butchery, more drafts,
financial ruin and perhaps permanent separation.
Albany Argus says, “Never in the history of a political campaign have the
evidences of the overthrow of an Administration accumulated so rapidly
as during the past two months. In every section of the country a feeling
of dissatisfaction with the course of the party in power is showing
itself, and a disposition is manifested to displace the men who have
been guilty of disregarding the plainest injunction of the Constitution,
and of prolonging the war for a purpose entirely foreign to the original
object expressed by resolution of Congress. This feeling of confidence
in the success of the effort to defeat Lincoln is shared by a large body
of conservative men, who have not heretofore acted with the Democratic
party, but who now see no other avenue of hope open to the country,
except in the success of the nominee of the Chicago Convention.
Soldiers for McClellan.–It is rare that we meet a soldier
who does not avow his love for McClellan.
Those at home evidently express the feelings of their comrades in the
field. This is evident from letters from the armies. For instance, a
letter from a soldier in Sherman’s
army has a correct view of this war, and the importance of an early
settlement of affairs, or somebody else to do the fighting. There is not
more than one out of every three of the Republican party that will vote
for Lincoln, and the old constitutional Democracy will support McClellan.
This is the fact in the army from New Orleans to Mobile, and from Mobile
to the army of Sherman.
Such a change in public opinion of the army is truly incredible, but it
is a truth–a fact that cannot be gainsayed. McClellan
is the man. If nominated, he will get a large majority of the army of
Voorhees revealed the secret, when he declared in Congress that Mr.
Lincoln dared not receive propositions for union and peace, because he
knows that his party cannot survive the war, and that his power and the
restoration of the Union are incompatible.
case Stated.–Gov. Parker of New Jersey in a late speech
well stated the whole case in the following paragraph:
abolitionists and secessionists are responsible for the war. But their
guilt should not withdraw our attention from others, guiltless, it may
be, in the eye of the law, but who are morally equally culpable. These
we have in the North. They fill exalted positions in our government, and
with these we have to do in the approaching election. (Applause.) They
are the men who for twenty-five years have been laboring to produce a
sectional collision; who avowed that if the States could not exist half
slave and half free; who counselled resistance to acts of Congress; who
passed State laws in direct opposition to the provisions of the Federal
Constitution, securing the rights of property and providing for the
rendition of slaves; the men who were willing to let the Union slide;
who were not content with the old order of things, but prayed for an
anti-slavery Constitution, and anti-slavery Bible, and an anti-slavery
God; the men who sang pæans to the memory of a misguided enthusiast,
who, with a band of fanatical followers, armed with weapons of death,
invaded the soil of a sovereign State for the purpose of inflicting
servile insurrection, who in defiance of the authority of the General
Government, took forcible possession of its property, and who, as a
criminal, forfeited his life to the offended law. These men wanted war,
and were filled with joy when the South seceded.”
Strange.–If “Little Mac” is so popular with the
army–so sure of their support–why do the Democrats of New Hampshire
so bitterly oppose any practical plan for letting the soldiers record
their votes? Here is a striking confession of weakness.–Daily
a bit of it, man.” The Democrats oppose the soldier-voting bill for
two good reasons; first, because they believe it to be utterly at
variance with the Constitution, and second, because they believe that
under its provisions the soldiers would not be permitted to record their
votes in accordance with their honest desires. They believe that the
framers and supporters of the bill designed it for the instrument of
fraud and that it would be so employed if it were to be carried into
effect. For these valid reasons, the Democrats opposed it, and for no
other. They would be entirely willing, so far as the result is
concerned, to submit the election to the decision of the soldiers now
and heretofore in the field, if they could be permitted to vote freely
and without coercion, intimidation of any undue influence. We have not a
shadow of doubt that their decision thus made would be overwhelmingly in
favor of the gallant soldier, the skillful commander, the wise
statesman, the pure patriot, the honest man, George
you heard Lincoln’s last?” said a republican acquaintance to a
copperhead friend of ours a day or two since. “No,” answered Felix,
the Copperhead, “but I wish to the Lord I might.”–Boston
Generals.–Lincoln’s two greatest generals are General
Taxation and General Conscription. By these he conquers, not the South,
but the North.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
of Sherman’s Operations.
Demoralization of Hood’s
York, Sept. 7.–The Herald’s
special from Chattanooga the 5th, has advices from Jonesboro to the
morning of the 2d.
army was then retreating with Sherman hanging fiercely on his rear. The
head of the Union column was skirmishing with the rebel’s rear near
Fayetteville, six miles from Jonesboro. Fighting around Jonesboro had
been very severe, and the enemy were routed at all points.
the 30th ult., the 4th and 23d corps struck the Macon line 5 miles
beyond East Point. Meantime the 15th, 16th, and 17th corps, and
Kilpatrick’s cavalry, were skirmishing briskly with the enemy on our
right, driving them across Flint river into Jonesboro. Hazen’s
division of the 15th corps too possession of a prominent hill on the way
to the enemy’s position. The next day the enemy burst in masses on the
15th corps, but their repeated assaults were repulsed, they losing
several general officers, including Maj. Gen. Anderson, mortally
loss was slight as we fought behind works.
division captured two flags.
the morning of the first of Sept., the 14th corps marched along the
Macon line, destroying the track for several miles. In the afternoon
they assaulted the rebel entrenchments, and after a desperate conflict
lasting two hours, drove the enemy out, taking two batteries, one of
them the celebrated Loomis battery taken from us at Chickamauga, some
battle flags, General Gavan and an Arkansas brigade. Early in the night
Lee’s corps moved away to join Stewart’s corps left in Atlanta, the
command devolving on General Hardee, who retired along the Macon road.
finding the situation desperate in Atlanta, also retreated on the first,
burning nearly a thousand bale of cotton and 86 wagons laded with
ammunition. At daybreak on the 2d, our army followed in hot pursuit. The
object was to get between Hood and Hardee, and cut off one of them.
had a paralyzing effect on Hood’s army. The soldiers and militia are
breaking for home on all sides.
of the occupation of Atlanta by General Slocum are given, including a
note from Major Calhoun asking protection for non-combatants and private
property, which was granted.
Nashville dispatch of the 5th to the Herald
says it is believed here that Hood has been forced to retreat to Macon
via the Augusta railroad thence to advance to meet Sherman who in the
meantime can make a rapid march to Macon and reach it ere Hardee can
muster a sufficient force to oppose him successfully.
of Criminal Army Officers.
Sept. 7.–Sentences of courts-martial in eh cases of one colonel, one
lieut. colonel, four majors, 29 captains, 30 first lieutenants, 21
second lieutenants, and two surgeons, have been officially promulgated.
They were convicted, among other things, of drunkenness, shamefully
abandoning positions in front of the enemy, inducing others to run away,
stealing, lying, false musters, drinking stimulants intended for the
sick, encouraging soldiers to plunder and pillage private citizens,
embezzling commissary stores, desertion, opening private letters,
misbehavior in the face of the enemy, &c. These officers are
punished in different way. The larger number of them are being
dishonorably discharged and cashiered.
two weeks the aspect of the political horizon has changed remarkably. During
the month of August despondency hung like a pall over the country. The two
splendid armies with which Grant and Sherman opened the spring campaigns,
though often victorious, had in neither case succeeded in reaching the
ultimate object at which they aimed. Banks had met with disaster in
Louisiana, and Steele in Arkansas. The troops which the people believed
would be sufficient to end the war, were found inadequate for the task, and
the President was forced to summon another large levy to arms. Patience grew
weary under the load, and faith staggered at the prospect. For lack of
readier explanation, even the nominal friends of Mr. Lincoln made him the
scape-goat to bear off the odium of misfortunes. He stood forth a
conspicuous mark for the arrows of discontent. There was no one else to
receive the blow. The opposition had not yet erected a platform nor selected
a standard-bearer. Lying low, the democracy found ample satisfaction in
enjoying the murmurs of discontent and the grovellings of faction, which
were distracting the republican ranks. They looked forward confidently to an
easy campaign and an overwhelming triumph.
all is changed. The convention at Chicago, with its rotten timber and odious
platform, aroused the nation to a realization of her danger. Simultaneously
with the cowardly utterances of the democratic convention, came ringing
cheers of victory from Atlanta, from Mobile, and from the vital rail road
south of Petersburg, as if sent by the kind interposition of Providence to
warn the people against most imminent peril. Shaking off apathy, throwing
aside discontents, forgetting petty differences in the presence of a
lowering and angry adversary, Union men now spring with alacrity to the post
of duty, their pulses throbbing with exhilaration at the certainty of
current of dissatisfaction, and clamor, and gloom, whose treacherous waters
were hurrying the nation toward the vortex of destruction, is arrested. The
recent jubilation of the unconditional peace-men fades into a disappointed
and malicious glare. Distrust is at an end. Dissolving clouds close bright
skies and a happy future.
piratical craft, recently captured off the coast of Portugal by the U. S.
steam frigate Niagara, is an iron
screw-steamer, and was built on the Clyde, ostensibly for the Emperor of
Japan. In April, 1863, she sailed for France, where she took on board a
battery of twelve guns, including two 68-pounder Whitworths. Having changed
her name to Virginia, and secured
a supply of ammunition, she put to sea and entered upon a career of wanton
piracy and destruction. One after another of the pirates have been captured
or destroyed, till the Florida and
Tallahassee are alone left to
pursue the work. The latter is blockaded at Wilmington. When these are
disposed of the rebels will have nothing left to annoy our commerce with.
BOSTON EVENING TRANSCRIPT
letter from gen. grant.
Condition and Prospects of the Rebels.
8th.–The following is an extract from a letter from Lieutenant
General Grant to Hon. E. B. Washburne, dated Headquarters, City point,
Va., Aug. 16, 1864:
state to all citizens who visit me that all we want now to insure an
early restoration of the Union is a determined unity of sentiment North.
The rebels have now in their ranks their last man. The little
boys and old men are guarding prisoners, guarding railroad bridges, and
forming a good part of their garrisons or intrenched positions. A man
lost by them cannot be replaced. They have robbed the cradle and the
grave equally to get their present force.
what they lose in frequent skirmishes and battles, they are now losing
from desertions and other causes at least one regiment per day. With
this drain upon them, the end is not far distant, if we will only be
true to ourselves. Their only hope now is in a divided North. This might
give them reinforcements from Tennessee, Kentucky, Maryland and
Missouri, while it would weaken us.
the draft quietly enforced, the enemy would become despondent, and would
make but little resistance. I have no doubt but the enemy are
exceedingly anxious to hold out until after the Presidential election.
They have many hopes from its effects. They hope a counter-revolution.
They hope the election of the peace candidate. In fact, like Micawber,
they hope for something to "turn up." Our peace friends, if
they expect peace from separation, are much mistaken. It would be but
the beginning of war, with thousands of Northern men joining the South
because of our disgrace in allowing separation. To have "peace on
any terms," the South would demand the restoration of their slaves
already freed; they would demand indemnity for losses sustained, and
they would demand a treaty which would make the North slave-hunters for
the South; they would demand pay for the restoration of every slave
escaped to the North.
Washburne of Illinois has just returned from a visit to General
Grant’s headquarters. He represents the soldiers in fine health and
spirits and full of hope.
Chicago peace and disunion platform is intensely execrated by the entire
army. He talked with deserters fresh from the rebel lines, who report
that the great appeal now made by the rebel officers to their soldiers
is only hold out till McClellan is elected, when they will have peace
from mustering officers show that seven thousand seven hundred men were
put into the army yesterday. This is the largest day’s work for over a
year. The whole number mustered in since September 1st is about thirty
Abatement of Terms.—The Richmond Enquirer
recently stated the terms on which the Confederacy would consent to
peace. These terms were: Recognition of the independence of the
Confederate States; compensation for all their loss of slaves;
withdrawal of Yankee forces from every foot of Confederate ground,
including Kentucky and Missouri; a surrender to the Confederacy of that
portion of our navy fairly belonging to them; and, finally, the payment
of the war debt incurred by the South through our insubordination toward
the master race. On these modest and reasonable terms the Confederacy
would be willing to agree to a peace. But last week the Enquirer came down a peg or two in its exactions, and said:
simple recognition of full and absolute independence of the Confederate
States is the one great condition upon which we can conclude a peace; we
ask for nothing more; we can accept nothing less. All other
questions–of territorial limits, of the payment of the national debt,
of compensation for losses–nay, even the vexed question of
emancipation–sink into utter insignificance by the side of the
ask for nothing more”–nothing but independence! What generosity! And
the Enquirer had not heard of
Atlanta when this was written. Perhaps, by waiting awhile, we can obtain
a better bargain yet. Judging from the Richmond editor’s change of
tone, the rebels are growing rather more modest in their expectations.
If they continue in this liberal humor, there is no knowing what they
will offer next. Who know but that they will consent to let us join
their Confederacy? What rapture that would be for Seymour!
Davis on Re-Union.—Mr. Jefferson Davis, in a speech before
the Legislature of Mississippi, on the 26th of December, 1862, expressed
himself in the following manner in reference to a re-union with the
enemies are a traditionless and homeless race. From the time of Cromwell
to the present, they have been disturbers of the peace of the world.
Gathered together by Cromwell from the fens and bogs of the north of
Ireland and of England, they commenced by disturbing the peace of their
own country, they disturbed Holland, to which they fled, and disturbed
England on their return. After what has happened the last two years, my
only wonder is that we consented to live for so long a time in
association with such miscreants.
Were it ever supposed to enter again into a union
with such a people, I would no
more consent to do it than to trust
myself in a den of thieves.”
Creed.—“We believe that Cotton is king, and that Jeff
Davis is its only lawful vice-regent.
believe that chivalry is a divine institution made manifest in the
middle ages, and perfected at the present time by the laudable custom of
flogging women, of starving prisoners, and of hanging citizens who
defend the Union.
believe that Abraham Lincoln fired the first gun at Charleston, and
slaughtered unoffending citizens in the streets of Baltimore, and that
therefore he alone is accountable for the horrors and miseries of this
unjust, devastating and calamitous war.
believe that the right of secession is inherent by nature in every State
and township of the Union, and affords the only remedy for dissatisfied
parties against unlawful attempts of government for the aggrandizement,
improvement, preservation or prosperity of the nation.
believe that the Constitution is an instrument having two sides intended
for different sections of the country, a north side which prohibits the
election of a President and Vice-President from the same section, and a
south side which provides for and justifies treason, theft and
believe that an armistice of a few months is at this time highly
necessary to our afflicted Southern brethren to enable them to recover
their needful breath, to fortify their last ditch, and to establish
commercial relations with European powers.
believe that a convention of the people of all States might produce
results highly beneficial to the South, if managed in Southern style,
with the wholesome controlling presence of bullies, bludgeons and bowie
believe that political wisdom consists in promoting the greatest good of
the smallest number, and that therefore all schemes for educating the
“poor trash” and thereby giving them notions of equal rights, is in
the highest degree detrimental and dangerous to subordination on the one
side and safety on the other.
believe that when a great and patriotic confederacy have proved their
just hatred to their government by bringing to the altar their last man
and their last dollar, and are moreover solemnly prepared to see
themselves in proper time exterminated, a sense of respectful justice
demands that we should at least assume their confederate debt as the
smallest compensation which we can make them for three or four years of
devastation by fire, sword, famine, and misery. And on these terms,
together with indemnity for the past and security for the future, we
might perhaps hope to obtain remission for wanton injuries inflicted on
them during the four years of the present successful administration.”
SEPTEMBER 10, 1864
NEWPORT MERCURY (RI)
The Fall of Atlanta.–There
was a great rejoicing Saturday over the news that Atlanta had been
taken. It appears that while the rebel cavalry was operating in Gen.
Sherman’s rear, that officer was prosecuting his own movements
successfully, and at eleven o’clock Thursday morning entered the city
of Atlanta, and found that his combinations had compelled its evacuation
was by an apparent retreat–one of those masterly strategic movements
for which this General has been so noted–that he has been enabled to
achieve so brilliant a result. For some time past it has been apparent,
not only to General Sherman, but t the majority of his officers, that
the position could not be taken by direct assault. The works which
Johnson was enabled to build around Atlanta during the time he occupied
Sherman’s attention by his slow retreats, are represented to be of the
most formidable character and strength. On the other hand, a complete
investment of the place was impossible from a want of men–General
Sherman’s army being too small to establish the line around the city
as strongly as would be necessary to prevent successful sallies of the
enemy. It is now well known that Hood had added materially to his
strength by the conscription of numerous boys and old men, who behind
the works could render very good service. Outside of the works this very
strength would prove a great weakness, and a terrible cost of powder and
purpose of General Sherman in the movement which began on the night of
the 26th was to deprive the rebel commander, General Hood, of this
strength, and of his protection of the works at Atlanta. In other words,
Sherman hoped by flanking Atlanta and cutting off his supplies to force
Hood out to fight, and thus, with his largely preponderating force of
veteran troops, to whip him in an open field. With this view, Sherman
moved on the night in question with twenty days rations and all his
army, except the Twentieth Corps (Slocum’s), which had been withdrawn
from the front of Atlanta to Chattahoochee bridges, there to remain as a
corps of observation, and to occupy Atlanta in the event of Hood
abandoning it. It was employed to look after the communications and
hurry forward the railroad and supplies to whatever new position Sherman
confirmation of the good news from Atlanta has dispelled the blackest
and darkest clouds which overhung eh national destiny. No success of the
war has borne any comparison in importance to this last victory. Its
importance arises not only from what we have gained, but the disaster we
Sherman’s campaign been fruitless, had he been compelled to retire
baffled and beaten from before Atlanta, not only would his army have
been in danger of total destruction by reason of the interruptions of
his communications by Wheeler’s cavalry, but Hood could have
dispatched the flower of his army to reinforce Lee, and Grant might have
been overwhelmed and beaten. Sherman’s splendid strategy averted all
this. He cut Hood’s army in two, and compelled an evacuation of the
objective point of the whole campaign. We deprecate the raising of false
hopes in consequence of the victory. We have so often heard and believed
that the backbone of the rebellion was broken, and we have so often been
disappointed, that we have determined to eschew the use of the phrase;
but it is difficult to over estimate the importance of Sherman’s
Atlanta in our possession, the Southwest is at our feet. The only strong
point of the rebellion is in Virginia, and no time should now be lost to
reinforce Grant to such an extent that he may be able to vanquish Lee,
who, now made desperate by the disaster to his cause at Atlanta, will
attempt in every possible way the annihilation of Grant’s army.
Experience has taught us that Lee is an opponent to be feared most when
his prospects are darkest.
Can the Country Afford the War?–The
wealth of our country is composed of the wealth of the several
individuals in the country. Where there are no money-making men in a
nation, the nation will have no wealth. When this country was inhabited
by the Indians it had the same natural resources that it has now, but
there were no accumulators among the Indians, and their aggregate
property in wigwams, moccasins, bows, arrows, deer-skins, clothes, and
other forms of material wealth over the whole vast area of what is now
the United States, probably did not equal in value that which is now
piled in the warehouses of a single acre in this city.
very small portion of the wealth of the country has been brought into it
from abroad, or obtained from its gold mines at home; it has been
created within our borders in the way in which all the wealth of the
world has been created. A shoemaker takes a piece of leather worth two
dollars, and fashions it into a boot worth five dollars; by judicious
cutting, sewing, and hammering, he imparts to the material an increased
value of three dollars. This operation is a sample of the way in which
all material wealth has been produced; it is by increasing the
adaptation of some portion of matter to the gratification of our
desires, by some change in its condition, or form or location.
Jacob Astor said that it took him longer to make the first thousand
dollars of his fortune than it did to make any hundred thousand
afterwards. It is the same with the other individuals that make up the
community. The possession of capital increases their power of producing
and accumulating wealth. A number of persons possessing 13,000 millions
of dollars would increase their property more rapidly than they would
when they possessed but 6,000 millions. It is therefore probable that in
1859 the wealth of the loyal States was increasing at eh rate of 800,000
millions per year–the average for the whole decade being 600 millions
per year. This is quite equal to the cost of the war.
seems, therefore, that if arrangements could be made to hand over the
increase of wealth to the Government, the country could support a war as
gigantic as this for an indefinite period of time, without any
diminution of the national wealth.–N. Y. Commercial Advertiser.
picul is a unit of weight used in some parts of Asia; approximately
equal to 133 pounds (the load a grown man can carry). (Source)
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