OCTOBER 16, 1864
DAILY PICAYUNE (LA)
FROM THE WEST.
The Invasion of Missouri.
Memphis Bulletin, of Monday,
has the following:
became known yesterday morning that a rebel force was in motion in the
country beyond this city. Some excitement was manifested, but such is
the confidence of the people in the loyalty of the citizens, and in the
stern determination that exists among them to meet vigorously any
attempt on the part of the enemy, supporting to the utmost of their
power the operations of our courageous soldiers, under the orders of the
active and vigilant officer now in command here, that nothing like an
alarm was manifested.
Saturday, a large rebel force, stated to be under the command of
Chalmers, crossed the Coldwater and made demonstrations towards Memphis.
Learning, no doubt, that the whole Union forces were on the alert, and
that a warm reception awaited any assailant, they advanced no further.
to dark last evening, the tidings given by arrivals from White’s
Station, on the Charleston Railroad, stated that nothing had been heard
during the day of any rebel force being between that place and Nonconnah.
Every preparation has been made to repel an irruption of the rebels into
our neighborhood. Their movements are watched and known, and any attempt
they might be hardy enough to make would be readily repulsed.
man who claims to be a deserter from a rebel gunboat at Mobile, came
into our picket lines yesterday. He stated that on the whole route he
saw no rebel soldiers except a few at La Grange.
person who is supposed to be well informed of the purposes of the rebel
leaders, states that no raid on Memphis is contemplated, but that the
rebel forces in this vicinity intend to join Forrest and with him force
their way through and join Longstreet.
Cincinnati Commercial says:
notorious Col. Jessee and his band of guerrillas and bushwhackers are
still roaming at pleasure through the counties of Owen, Gallatin,
Carroll, Trimble, and Henry. A well-informed gentleman from Gallatin
estimates Jessee’s force at from 800 to 1000 men, who are scattered in
small squads throughout the above named counties. As a general thing,
they are well clothed and armed, and mounted on very fine horses, which
they have stolen from the farmers in that region.
informant states that since the draft has been commenced in this part of
Kentucky, Jessee has been receiving from thirty to fifty recruits per
day. A squad of his men rode into Ghent, Carroll county, on Wednesday,
and took several horses and helped themselves to whatever they wanted.
John Marshall, a son of Humphrey Marshall, is one of Jessee’s
officers. He was met, a few days ago, by a citizen of Carroll county, a
short distance back of Ghent, mounted on a splendid horse, and rigged
out in a full suit of Confederate gray.
ladies should be careful how they use technical phraseology, when not
quite clear of its meaning. The Jackson Mississippian
correspondent at Auburn, Ala., sends us an “unintentional good
thing,” which was perpetrated the other day by a young lady of that
place. She had been told that there was news from Forrest, and seeking
for more information, she asked: “Has he whipped Sherman’s rear?”
the Crops in the Valley.–On Thursday, September 29, Gens. Custer
and Merritt’s divisions were sent up the Valley to destroy according
to the following order:
all the damage you can to the railroad and crops. Carry off stock of all
descriptions and Negroes, so as to prevent further planting. If the war
is to last another yet, let the Shenandoah Valley remain a barren waste.
is further given out that Gen. Grant has ordered the above to be so
completely carried out that a crow, flying over the Valley, will have to
carry its own rations.
day of the 29th both Custer and Merritt were engaged in destroying the
crops, mills, and all property of use to the rebel army. The scene
presented on this occasion was indeed a very saddening but still a very
necessary one. In the course of the day we destroyed enough wheat to
subsists the whole rebel army for a year to come, besides collecting
fifteen hundred head of cattle and about three thousand sheep.
Friday, the 30th, the destruction and collection operations were
of the most exciting kind were in circulation in Washington on the 4th
last. One was that Gen. Butler had been killed, and that an awful
disaster to the Federal forces had happened. The excitement reached New
York and Philadelphia, at which latter place, noted for being the
prolific fountain of sensational rumors, a dispatch was received on the
4th to the effect that Admiral Farragut had arrived at Fortress Monroe,
and had gone up the James River. But it was soon discovered that it was
Capt. Lardner, and not Admiral Farragut, who had arrived at Fortress
Monroe, while no disaster had happened to the army. But the third and
fourth editions of the evening paper went off like hot cakes.
The Increase of the Public Debt.
Oct. 4.–An elaborate series of investigations into the increase of
public debt during the war has just been completed by Dr. Elder of the
Treasury Department. The results
show that the mean increase of the public debt during the thirty-nine
months since July, 1863, is as near as may be a million and a half of
dollars per diem during the first two months of this period. The mean
increase was one million three hundred thousand dollars. Subsequent to
that it stands a mean of one million nine hundred thousand dollars,
exceptional days showed a maximum of three millions, and a minimum of
one million dollars, but the mean for the time has been as above stated,
one million five hundred thousand dollars per day.–Cor. N. Y. Times.
CHARLESTON MERCURY (SC)
Wilmington Journal has the
following account of an attack upon the blockade runner Nigh Hawk, and
the destruction of a Yankee gunboat:
of the Night Hawk.–It is proper to state, even at this late
date, that the fine steamer Night
Hawk, Captain Smiley, from Bermuda, attempting to enter new Inlet
Bar, about a week ago, grounded on the North breaker, about
3 miles from shore, and was instantly boarded by a launch from
the gunboat Monticello, who proceeded to fill the ship’s boats with her
officers and crew.
sentinels on Fort Fisher hearing the distant report of musketry, gave
the alarm, and the Commander of the fort suspecting that the steamer
aground had been attacked, immediately lighted her up by means of
rockets, and shelled right and left of her. At the first rocket the
enemy took fright and skedaddled, leaving more than half the officers
and crew to take care of themselves. These reached the fort in safety.
The Yankees did not leave, however, until they had set the steamer on
fire fore and aft, and as the wind was strong the flames spread rapidly.
garrison of Fort Fisher had never seen a ship destroyed under their
guns, and were determined, as it appears, to rescue this one, and we are
informed, in spite of fire fore and aft, the gallant soldiers boarded
the steamer amidships, and with all available buckets, commenced to
fight the flames. It was not very long before the fire was got under,
and with the assistance of boats and crews from other steamers, before
noon the next day the fire was entirely subdued.
steamer was in the breakers, and only half the work of saving her done.
The soldiers went to work, unloaded her, and with the aid of Negroes at
the pumps, enabled the engineers to
get up steam and bring the steamer safely to Wilmington by her own
power. Captain Smiley was captured, but his place was filled by Captain
May, first officer of the Falcon,
who remained her to get the Night
Hawk off. We have given the above facts relative to the Night
Hawk, because we think the noble conduct of our troops at Fort
Fisher deserve to have some credit for their heroic efforts in saving a
of a Blockader–
Repulse of an Attack on the Steamer Condor.
is generally known that the large, three-funnelled steamer Condor, from Halifax, N. S., in entering New Inlet Bar a week ago,
was deceived by the wreck of the Night Hawk, and ran aground. It appears
that it was in attempting to come ashore from her in a boat that Mrs.
Rose Greenhow was drowned. The Condor
has been slowly unloading under the guns of Fort Fisher, and a guard, as
usual, has been kept on her at night. On last Friday night the Yankees
made an attempt to board the Condor,
to destroy her, but were gallantly repulsed by Lieut. Sowles, of Company
A, 39th N. C. troops, and a detachment of men.
soon as the attempt was made, Lieutenant Sowles communicated the fact to
Fort Fisher, when her heavy guns burst forth to right and left of the Condor. The second shell fired to the left of the Condor
struck a gunboat that had accompanied the boat party in, and so
completely ruined her that she was run ashore on the South breaker of
the bar and abandoned. The enemy set fire to her in several places, and
before morning she was totally destroyed, her magazine having exploded
and torn her to pieces. Since this occurrence on Friday night last, we
are informed that there has been no sign of the enemy off the bar at
night, and the fleet is hull down during the day.
Spirit of the Enemy.
says the Richmond Whig, is a
war of extermination. The order of Grant
to Sheridan, executed by
that officer with remorseless severity, was not wanting to convince us
that the object of our enemy is to extirpate the inhabitants of the
Confederate States, and to settle the country with Yankees and Negroes.
The whole course of the war, especially since the Emancipation
Proclamation of Lincoln, bears incontestable testimony to this design, which
is further strengthened by the revelations of the Northern press and the
utterances of every man connected with the party now paramount in that
country who has addressed the public since that event. The Yankees are
particularly sensitive to the opinion of the world, and it was to
influence that opinion and to justify the foregone conclusion of their
Government, that they invented all those falsehoods respecting the
treatment of their prisoners and the massacre of their Negro soldiers.
To the same end was fabricated the atrocious lie with regard to the
death of Dahlgren, who was
killed in a night attack by our troops, when it was so dark that it was
impossible to distinguish one person from another, but who was
represented by the Yankees as having been deliberately murdered in the
broad light of day. To the same end are the Yankee populace continually
stimulated by their press with tales of Confederate atrocities, which,
in ninety nine cases out of the hundred, are only true in so far as the
case is one of retaliation for brutalities perpetrated by the Yankees.
The design is to get up a case which may justify any excess of cruelty
they may think fit to perpetrate, in the eyes of the world, in order
that, under its shelter, they may carry out their predetermined schemes
of murder and devastation. If they can induce Europe to believe that
each instance of deliberate atrocity is only a case of just retribution,
their vanity and ambition receives ample satisfaction, and the Yankee
nation becomes the stern and irresistible Nemesis of the Continent
treading the path of vengeance with swift and certain steps, and with
remorseless justice exacting atonement from the wrong-doer, even in the
hour of his triumph. If the Yankee people can place themselves in that
imposing attitude before the world, it will gratify their vanity no
doubt; but their hatred of us, and their affection for our possessions,
are passions even stronger within them than their vanity. They are
prepared to exterminate the population of these States, regardless of
the opinion of mankind.
OCTOBER 18, 1864
DAILY COURANT (CT)
from Alexander H. Stephens.
H. Stephens, Davis’s vice president, under date of Sept. 22d, 1864,
addressed a letter to a number of citizens of Georgia, expressing his
views on the questions of war and peace. The reports from North Carolina
papers published on Saturday morning, state his position incorrectly.
confesses an ardent desire for peace, but is unable to see how men
situated like himself or those whom he addresses, can initiate any
movement to secure the much desiderated end. He commends the action of
the last session of the Georgia legislature, attributing to it in a
great measure the organization of the peace party at the North. His
views are propounded in the following paragraph:
and perfect solutions to all our present troubles, and those far more
grievous ones which loom up in prospect and portentously threaten in the
coming future, is nothing more than the simple recognition of the
fundamental principle and truth upon which all American constitutional
liberty is founded, and upon the maintenance of which alone it can be
preserved; that is, the sovereignty—the ultimate absolute
sovereignty—of the States. This doctrine our Legislature announced to
the people of the North and to the world. It is the only keynote to
peace—permanent, lasting peace—consistent with the security of
argues that the old confederation, the “old Union,” and the whole
framework of American institutions were based upon this principle, and
that our present troubles, spring “from a violation of this essential
law of our political organization.”
repudiates the idea that force can be successfully used to uphold a
Union founded upon such principles:
idea that the old union, or any union between any of their sovereign
States, consistently with this fundamental truth, can be maintained by
force is preposterous. This war springs from an attempt to do this
preposterous thing. Superior power may compel a union of some sort, but
it would not be the union of the old Constitution or of our new — it
would be that sort of union that results from despotism.”
subjugation of the people of the South by the people of the North would
necessarily involve the destruction of the Constitution and the
overthrow of their liberties as well as ours. The men or party at the
North to whom you refer, who favor peace, must be brought to a full
realization of this truth, in all its bearings, before their efforts
will result in much practical good; for any peace growing out of a union
of States established by force will be as ruinous to them as to us.”
action of the Chicago Convention, so far as its platform of principles
goes, presents, as I have said on another occasion, "a ray of
light, which, under Providence, may prove the dawn of day to this long
and cheerless night." the first ray of light I have seen from the
North since the war began.--this cheers the heart, and towards it I
could almost have exclaimed: ‘Hail, holy light, offspring of Heaven
first born, of the eternal co-eternal beam, may I express thee unblamed?
since God is light.’
prominent and leading idea of that convention seems to have been a
desire to reach a peaceful adjustment of our present difficulties and
strife through the medium of a convocation of the States. They propose
to suspend hostilities to see what can be done, if anything, by
negotiation of some sort. This is one step in the right direction. To
such a convention of the States I should have no objection, as a
peaceful conference and interchange of views between equal and sovereign
Powers—just as the convention of 1787 was called and assembled.”
says the authorities at Washington and Richmond might assent to such a
proposition, and that all wars which do not result in the extermination
of one party must end in some sort of negotiation. From the discussions
of a convention the relations of the States to each other, and the
central government would be much better understood. At this point,
however, the poison that saturates the doctrines of secession blossoms
forth. Mr. Stephens says, “I should be opposed to leaving the questions at issue to the absolute
decision of such a body.” That is after the North had consented to
a suspension of hostilities, after many of the advantages gained by
bloody and successful fighting had been relinquished, Mr. Stephens is willing that months of
precious time should be consumed in the debates of a convention of
States, and yet refuses to be
bound by its final action. It would certainly be a very nice
arrangement for the rebels to enter into. Before any conclusions could
be reached, hundreds of federal regiments now in the field would have
completed their terms of service and returned to their homes. No fresh
troops could be raised in the interval, and the southern States would
enjoy a long breathing spell to strengthen them for a closing contest.
Having secured all the advantages that flow from such an agreement, they
reserve the privilege of repudiating the terms proposed by the
convention, provided they fall short of pro-slavery exactions. Mr.
Stephens but repeats the cardinal doctrine of the South Carolina heresy.
It is the “rule or ruin” principle. They are content to obey law so
long as law is framed to accord with their notions; but threaten to
bolt, break, nullify, secede, provided their views, no matter how
unreasonable, fail to secure endorsement. According to Stephens–
might be clothed with powers to consult and agree, if they could, upon
some plan of adjustment, to be submitted for subsequent satisfaction by
the sovereign States whom it affected before it should be obligatory or
binding, and then binding only on such as should so ratify. It becomes
the people of the South as well as the people of the North to be quite
as watchful and jealous of their rights as their common ancestors
closes as follows:
chief aid and encouragement we can give the peace party at the North is
to keep before them these great fundamental principles and truths, which
alone will lead them and us to a permanent and lasting peace, with the
possession and enjoyment of constitutional liberty. With these
principles once recognized, the future would take care of itself. There
would be no more war so long as they should be adhered to.”
questions of boundaries, confederacies and union or unions would
naturally and easily adjust themselves according to the interests of the
parties and the exigencies of the times Herein lies the true law of the
balance of power and the harmony of States.”
letter shows that men like Mr. Stephens are not ready yet to accept of
any terms short of disunion, and that they look to the success of the
Democratic party as the only means of securing it.
OCTOBER 19, 1864
papers say that the battle of Friday created great excitement. All
business was suspended and everybody put in the fortifications. Schools
were closed; all Union prisoners hurried South; Negroes impressed into
service, being taken up on the streets unawares. The Enquirer
urges the taking of men from everywhere and from every occupation by
expedition sent by Gen. Dana, from Rodney, Miss., of colored troops,
reached Fayette on the 2d, capturing 600 cattle, a large number of
horses and mules, and several prisoners. Another expedition sent by Gen.
Dana attached the rebels at Woodville on the 6th inst., capturing three
guns, two officers and fifty-four men, and killing forty. Our loss was
none. The cavalry expedition under Gen. Lee captured Clinton, La., on
the 6th, with thirty prisoners, including Lieut.-Gen. Pinckney, rebel
Provost-Marshal-General of the district, and considerable stores and
ammunition. At last accounts Lee was ten miles east of Clinton, moving
on. The new Legislature of Louisiana had convened and organized. Gov.
Harn delivered his message on the 6th inst.
learn from Chattanooga that the enemy are reported in force at Dalton,
but that Gen. Sherman is pressing close on Gen. Hood, and will soon make
that scene of operations entirely too hot for him.
Thursday last two divisions of the Tenth corps, under Gen. Terry, made
an important reconnoissance around the right wing. Having reached and
advanced some distance up the Darbytown road toward Richmond, they
discovered just before them a new and formidable line of works, strongly
garrisoned. They had been built since Sept. 29th to take the place of
those then lost. He made an assault, but finding himself too weak to
capture them, ordered a retreat. The enemy sallied out to attack him
while falling back, but were repulsed with heavy slaughter. Our total
loss was about four hundred. Major Henry W. Camp was severely wounded
and fell into the enemy’s hands.
Old Lady Thrown Overboard.–One of the most cruel and
inexcusable outrages was committed at the landing on Friday last, that
has ever come within our knowledge. An old lady, a Mrs. Kirk, whose face
has long been familiar to those who do business at or frequently visit
the levee as one among a number of poor persons who pick up a dime here
and there by peddling pies and fruits about the boats and among the
crowds that gather on the river banks, while on board a certain packet
loaded with soldiers, and here endeavoring to make a sale of her little
stock, was insulted by one of those to whom she proffered the contents
of her basket.
being accosted thus in an unexpected and unkind manner, she attempted to
withdraw from the presence of those in whose midst she happened. In
doing this she was surrounded by a number of the soldiers and her basket
was emptied or being emptied of its contents when she tried to persuade
the heartless fellows to desist and return her what they had stolen. Her
pleading was answered only by insults, and, finally, while trying to
extricate herself from them, she was shoved into the river. Attempt was
made to extricate her from the water, but in vain. She sank under the
surface and has not been seen since.
Interior of a Javanese Seraglio.–As no man except the
Sultan is permitted within the precincts of the seraglio, I will here
insert a description from the pen of my wife, who, by the kindness of
Mrs. Z–, was enabled to see and converse with these Javanese houries.
In a low kind of bungalow, some distance from the main building–not,
however, so far off but that we could distinctly hear the sounds of
music and mirth from the joyous scene we had just left–were assembled
several women, mostly very young, and well dressed in a costly native
fashion. Some of the party were playing a Chinese game of cards. All
looked up upon our entrance, but soon resumed their occupation,
alternately playing, chewing tobacco, betel, and seri leaf, and using
their spittoons, one of which was placed by the side of each person.
Most of them were good-looking, with magnificent dark eyes, drooping
lids, and long, curling lashes. They make use of an immense quantity of
powder, which, though very glaring, probably tends to heighten their
charms. Their hair was dressed with care, being all drawn back from the
face and arranged in two loops behind, in which champaka and moir
flowers were inserted by some, while others wore diamond pins. The ear
was made unnaturally large by immense ear-rings, in shape exactly like a
small cotton reel, about the size of one of Clark’s number sixty, the
centre of each being studded with brilliants. The large holes through
which these singular ornaments were thrust are bored at a very tender
age, and the apertures are filled from time to time with gradually
larger and heavier ear-rings until the lobes finally become so
the beauty of the Javanese in general is spoilt by a prevalence of bad
noses. It is very rarely one comes across a good nose, but when that
feature is perfect, the face is usually pretty, provided always the
mouth is kept closed, for, from the constant use of serigambier,
tobacco, &c., their teeth are very black. This unfortunately is
considered a beauty. In children of thirteen or fourteen you see
frequently beautiful teeth, like rows of pearls, either undergoing or
about to undergo this disfiguring process. Amidst the group before us, I
was most struck by a very young girl, whose age, I thought, could not
exceed twelve or thirteen, and from whose face, though she appeared
thoughtful, silent and sad, the childish look had not yet disappeared.
Who knew but that the instinct of her heart already told her a better
destiny might have been hers than that to which she was probably
devoted? She was doubtless intended to be the new toy of a middle-aged
monarch, and although she might revolt against her lot, she could no
nothing to change it. She was her master’s property until he tired of
her, and sought new charms. Most of the, however, looked cheerful and
happy, and I was told, by one who knew many of them personally, that
they are generally content with their lot, being allowed no end of
finery and silly amusements. Turning to look at the numerous birds which
hung in cages around, I could not help thinking how true was the
comparison which likened these captive minstrels to the poor prisoners
who attend to and pet them.–Life
in Java, by W. B. D. Almeida.
They Place Him.–In the nearest news room south of us, Gen.
McClellan’s photograph has been exhibited surrounded by photographs of
the prominent rebel generals. The proprietor probably wishes to show his
interpretation of the Chicago platform, and places the “general”
where he thinks he belongs. Not much doubt about that!
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
Joseph Holt, Judge Advocate General, has, by request of Secretary
Stanton, made a synopsis or resume, of the evidence of treasonable
conspiracy against the government by the peace democrats of the West.
The proof is conclusive that the “Sons of Liberty” is a treasonable
secret organization, armed and officered, and sworn to implicit
obedience to its leaders. The representations which Mr. Holt makes of
the extent and power of the order are truly alarming. He says:
‘temples’ or ‘lodges’ of the order are numerously scattered
through the States of Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Missouri, and Kentucky.
They are also officially reported as established, to a less extent, in
Michigan and the other western states, as well as in New York,
Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey,
Maryland, Delaware, and Tennessee. Dodd, the Grand Commander of Indiana,
in an address to the members in that state, of February last, claims
that at the next annual meeting of the supreme council (in February,
1865), every state in the Union will be represented, and adds, ‘This
is the first and only true national organization the democratic and
conservative men of the country have ever attempted.’ ”
is to be noted that the order, or its counterpart, is probably much more
widely extended at the South even than at the North, and that a large
proportion of the officers of the rebel army are represented by most
reliable witnesses to be members. In Kentucky and Missouri, the order
has not hesitated to admit as members, not only officers of that army,
but also a considerable number of guerrillas, a class who might be
supposed to appreciate most readily its arms and purposes. It is fully
shown that as late as July last several of these ruffians were initiated
into the first degree by Dr. Kalfus in Kentucky.
March last, the entire armed force of the order, capable of being
mobilized for effective service, was represented to be 340,000 men. The
details, however, upon which this statement was based are imperfectly
set forth in the testimony, and t is not known how far this number may
be exaggerated. It is abundantly shown, however, that the order, by
means of a tax levied upon its members, have accumulated considerable
funds for the purchase of arms and ammunition, and that these have been
procured in large quantities for its use. The witness Clayton, on the
trial of Dodd, estimated that two-thirds of the order are furnished with
Holt shows that the objects of the order are: aiding soldiers to desert,
discouraging enlistments, resisting the draft, circulating disloyal
publications, giving intelligence to the enemy, furnishing them with
arms and ammunition, co-operating with their raids and invasions,
destroying government property, persecuting Union men, and in fact
resorting to assassination in aid of their southern brethren. Mr. Holt
says the order has adopted new signs and pass words since the exposures
at Indianapolis, and that there is evidence they have planned a serious
revolt in case Mr. Lincoln is re-elected. Mr. Holt concludes his review
of these extraordinary developments with these reflections:
the presence of the rebellion and of this secret order—which is but
its echo and faithful ally—we can not but be amazed at the utter and
widespread profligacy, personal and political, which these movements
against the Government disclose. The guilty men engaged in them, after
casting aside their allegiance, seem to have trodden under foot every
sentiment of honor and every restraint of law, human and divine. Judea
produced but one Judas Iscariot, and Rome, from the sinks of her
demoralization, produced but one Cataline; and yet, as events prove,
there has arisen together in our land an entire brood of such traitors,
all animated by the same parricidal spirit, and all struggling with the
same relentless malignity for the dismemberment of our Union. Of this
extraordinary phenomenon—not paralleled, it is believed, in the
world's history—there can be but one explanation, and all these
blackened and fetid streams of crime may well be traced to the same
common fountain. ->
fiercely intolerant and imperious was the temper engendered by slavery, that
when the Southern people, after having controlled the national councils for
half a century, were beaten at an election, their leaders turned upon the
Government with the insolent fury with which they would have drawn their
revolvers on a rebellious slave in one of their Negro quarters; and they
have continued since to prosecute their warfare, amid all the barbarisms and
atrocities naturally and necessarily inspired by the infernal institution in
whose interests they are sacrificing alike themselves and their country.
Many of these conspirators, as is well known, were fed, clothed, and
educated at the expense of the nation and were loaded with its honors at the
very moment they struck at its life with the horrible criminality of a son
stabbing the bosom of its own mother while impressing kisses on his cheeks.
The leaders of the traitors in the loyal States, who so completely
fraternize with these conspirators, and whose machinations are now unmasked,
it is as clearly the duty of the Administration to prosecute and punish as
it its duty to subjugate the rebels who are openly in arms against the
Government. In the performance of this duty, it is entitled to expect, and
will doubtless receive, the zealous co-operation of true men everywhere,
who, in crushing the truculent foe ambushed in the haunts of this secret
order, should rival in courage and faithfulness the soldiers who are so
nobly sustaining our flag on the battlefields of the South.”
of Chief Justice Taney.
B. Taney, Chief Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court, died in
Washington on the evening of the 12th of October, in the 88th year of his
age. He was a native of Maryland, educated at Dickinson College, at
Carlisle, Pa., and was nominated to the Chief Justice-ship by President Jackson
in 1835, having previously (in 1831) been appointed by the same Attorney
General of the United States, and when Mr. Duane
was dismissed from the cabinet as Secretary of the Treasury, because he
would not remove the deposits of the United States Bank, President Jackson
filled the vacancy by the appointment of Mr. Taney.
The New York Post, in an extended
notice of the deceased, gives the following interesting passage from the
record of his professional life:
Mr. Taney became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court he was already
considerably past the prime of life; he was fifty-nine years of age. He had
been previously a lawyer in good practice and of considerable local repute;
originally a Federalist in politics, and at one time of his life the friend
of impartial liberty. In defending the Rev. Jacob Gruber from a charge of
inciting slaves to disorder in Maryland, in 1818, Mr. Taney used these
memorable words: ‘A hard necessity’ indeed compels us to endure the evil
of slavery for a time. It was imposed upon us by another nation, while yet
we were in a state of colonial vassalage. It cannot be easily or suddenly
removed. Yet while it continues it is a blot on our national character, and
every real lover of freedom confidently hopes that it will be effectually,
though it must be gradually, wiped away, and earnestly looks for the means
by which this necessary object may be attained. And until it shall be
accomplished, until the time shall come when we can point without a blush to
the language held in the Declaration of Independence, every friend of
humanity will seek to lighten the galling chain of slavery, and better, to
the utmost of his power, the wretched condition of the slave.”
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
from the West.
From an Amherst Boy in the
1st Reg. U. S. Vol.
Board Steamer Effie Deans,
Missouri River, Dakota Territory,
“out on the frontier,” I thought perhaps a letter from your humble
servant, giving a slight description of the country, and the appearance
and habits of its inhabitants, might be interesting to a portion of your
commence with the time we left St. Louis, which was Saturday, August
27th, nearly one month ago, with orders to report to Brig. Ge. Sully,
Fort Rice, Dakota Territory, a distance of seventeen hundred miles above
St. Louis, on the Missouri River. We are now within about three hundred
miles of our destination, and about sixty from Fort Sully, where, owing
to the shallowness of the river, we are afraid we shall be obliged to
abandon the steamer and march to Fort Rice, a journey which, in this
barren country, we are by no means anxious to undertake.
leaving St. Louis we passed by the cities of Jefferson, Lexington, (a
place made historic during the present war by exploits of the late
lamented Col. Mulligan,) Kansas City and St. Joseph in Missouri, and on
the other side of the river the cities of Leavenworth and Atchison,
Kansas; Nebraska and Omaha, Nebraska Territory. No one could help
noticing the difference in the looks, appearance, enterprise and
activity between the places in Missouri and those on the opposite side
of the river in Kansas and Nebraska Territory–the latter being peopled
principally by eastern people. I could meet on nearly every street
corner some New Englander who, with all his original Yankee
proclivities, would very soon find out what part of the country I was
from, and in turn, I would learn the same from him, and consequently we
would, in many cases, part almost cousins.
City is a very smart, enterprising place, having sprung up from a place
of four houses ten years ago, to a city of five thousand inhabitants.
Thus it is that villages are springing up all along the river until you
get to Sioux City, Iowa. Here we lose all signs of civilization, with
the exception of occasionally a little rude log house where some
adventurous white man, or perhaps half civilized Indian or half-breed
lives, and cuts wood for the steamers that run the river, which they
sell at prices varying from three to six dollars per cord, and as their
land costs them nothing, and their living but a small sum, they are, to
use a Yankee phrase, “making money fast”–but for the last hundred
miles we have lost all trace of them, and now cannot even see the
foot-prints of white men.
to coming into this section of the country, I had heard and read a great
deal of the vast agricultural resources of the “great West,” but did
not–I might almost say–have the slightest idea of its magnitude. I
was very much pleased with the prairies of Illinois and the manner in
which they are cultivated; but I must say that I like Western Missouri
much better than any other section I have yet seen. There they have
fertile, rolling prairies, well watered and wooded; which is more than
can be said of the richest farming section of Illinois. For the last
three years, there have been so many robbing and murdering bands of
guerrillas infesting the whole western part of the State, that it is now
almost deserted. ->
peaceable time and Yankee enterprise, it might be made the “garden of
the West.” As we came further up the river, the soil gradually grew
poorer, until we got fifty miles above the southern boundary of the
Territory, where we find it so poor that it cannot grow a mullein stock.
For the last five days we have seen no vegetation whatever, and wood is
out of the question, with the exception of a little skirt now and then
along the river bank, and hardly enough of that to furnish fuel for the
steamers. I think you will be surprised when I tell you that this river
is navigable twenty-seven hundred miles from its mouth; and that boats
are constantly plying between St. Louis and Fort Benton, which is the
head of navigation, almost at the foot of the Rocky Mountains, in the
western part of Idaho. Steamers go up loaded with supplies for the
trading posts; and sometimes with mining parties, who go for gold, which
is quite plenty there; but the Indians are mostly too troublesome to
allow much to be done at mining. Greenbacks are at more of a discount
there than they are in Wall Street, gold being all the currency used.
When I say the river is navigable for so many miles, I do not intend to
convey the idea that it is that distance in an overland route. Probably
it is not more than two-thirds that distance, the river being so crooked
makes the difference. Scenery along certain portions of the river is
really magnificent. Steamers plying the river are very light draft; this
one, with six hundred troops, drawing only three feet.
have yet seen no hostile Indians, but plenty of friendly ones. The first
we saw being the “Black Feet” tribe in Nebraska–there being but a
remnant of a once powerful nation. The next being the Yanktons and a few
friendly Sioux, who live and dress in the old Indian manner; but
civilization is fast killing them out.
we get to our destination, will let you hear from me again. Hope we may
find a better and more pleasant country there.
Makes a Lady.–When Beau Brummel was asked what made a
gentleman, his quick reply was, “Starch, starch, my lord.” This may
be true, but it takes a great deal more to make a lady; though it may
seem some similar, I am ready to maintain that no conceivable quantity
of muslin, silk or satin, or dress of any description, constitute an
not Mrs. Abbott Lawrence just as much a lady when attired in twelve cent
calico in Boston as when arrayed in full court dress at St. James,
London? “As Mrs. Washington was said to be so grand a lady,” says a
celebrated English visitor, (Mrs. Troupe,) “we thought we must put on
our best, and so dressed ourselves in our most elegant ruffles and
silks, and when introduced to her ladyship, we found her knitting with
her checked apron on! She received us very graciously and easily, but
after the compliments were over she resumed her knitting. There we were
without a stitch of work and sitting in state, but Gen. Washington’s
lady, with her own hands, was knitting stockings for her own husband.”
Does not that sweet republican simplicity command your admiration?
OCTOBER 22, 1864
THE BOSTON HERALD
The St. Albans Raid.
Account from an Eye-witness.
J. B. Baldwin, conductor of the sleeping car train from Rouse’s Point
to Troy, reached here at five o’clock this morning. As narrated by
him, the St. Albans raid will long be remembered as one of the most
daring and brutal events in the present war.
Baldwin had been taking a vacation for a few days, stopping at the
American Hotel, St. Albans. About a week ago some strangers came to
board at this house and the Tremont. One of them, calling himself
colonel, appeared to a be a prominent one among them. He was a man of
medium size, about 35 years of age, and seemed to have no other name
than that of colonel.
of the party, who subsequently proved to be thieves and murderers, were
habited in the uniform of United States officers, and all wore a sort of
wrapper or cape, and each carried a satchel slung by a shoulder strap at
the left side, after the manner of English sportsmen. There seemed to be
no concert of action between any of these men–they said nothing to
each other in public–no conversations ensued that would attract
attention–to all appearances they were substitute brokers, contractors
or speculators, such as are often seen in frontier towns–St. Albans
being only sixteen miles from the Canada line. On Tuesday night, the
strangers in the village were reinforced by others who arrived in the
train from Rouse’s point, and new faces appeared at the breakfast
tables of the hotels. On Wednesday morning, a further batch of
conspirators arrived, till about thirty raiders had collected. And then
the plot was ripe for execution.
3 o’clock p.m. on
Wednesday, Oct. 10, St. Albans was in a state of apparent quiet. Our
informant, conductor Baldwin, was standing on the steps of the American
Hotel, just as the town bell rang out the hour of 3 o’clock, when he
saw a man coming out of the door of the First National Bank, and as he
did so a citizen on the steps knocked him down. A second was also
floored, but the third raider had a pistol in his hand, and the citizen
retreated. The conductor thought the affair was the freak of some
drunken men, but he soon saw symptoms of a disturbance at other points.
Several men appeared to be rushing about with pistols, in parties of
from five to ten.
the attack had been simultaneous on three banks–the First National,
Franklin County and St. Albans. Parties entered each. When the teller
and cashier, suspecting no evil, asked what they desired, the leader
presented a pistol, with the exclamation: “You are my prisoners. If
you move an inch we’ll blow you through.” Others of the gang then
went to the vault and drawers, and laid violent hands on all the specie,
bills, and other articles which they could find, and filled the side
satchels which each wore, as we before described. Of course, resistance
was useless, for the surprise was complete. At the Franklin County Bank,
the raiders pushed the cashier, Mr. Beardsley, and one of the clerks
into the vault and locked them up, and the prisoners were not released
until late in the night.
commenced a reign of terror in the village. Plunder had been
accomplished, and violence followed. The raid was brief, but the scene
must have been terrible while it lasted. The thirty of more marauders
rushed up and down the street, firing their pistols in every direction.
Whenever they saw a citizen or group of men, they would aim in that
direction. Bullets were flying around among the buildings on the Main
street, nearly all of which bear marks of lead. Windows were broken,
blinds chipped, and people wounded. It was a scene that beggars all
guerrillas, as they rushed through the town, stopped all the citizens
they met and gathered them in squads under guard of a few men armed with
pistols–retaining them as prisoners on the common. Meanwhile, the
remainder of the banditti started to secure horses. They took two from
Field’s livery stable, five from Fuller’s, several from the American
and Tremont stables, and a twelve hundred dollar span from Mr. Clark of
Rutland–securing about thirty in all.
their threats were horrible. “We will burn your d----d town,” they
said. We will treat you as the people of Atlanta were treated.” They
also said: “We are coming back again, and will burn every town in
Vermont.” These imprecations were of a blasphemous character. They
claimed to be Confederates. Our informant does not think that any of the
men were Canadians. They all looked like Americans, and Southerners at
this was the work of twenty minutes. Conductor Baldwin says he can
scarcely realize that it all happened, and that so much was done in so
short a time. The guerrillas having all secured horses and saddles,
commenced their retreat. They abandoned the prisoners and rode off
northward, firing their pistols as they proceeded. It appeared to be
their intention to make an attack on the Missequoi bank at Sheldon.
6 o’clock the out-buildings of the American Hotel were discovered to
be on fire. Whether the marauders had fired the town during their 3
o’clock visit and the flames smouldered, or whether sympathizers or
accomplices in the town had started the conflagration three hours
afterwards, is not known. Terrible to discover, water would not
extinguish the flames. The walls had been covered with phosphorous, and
the engines were useless. In this emergency, by tearing down fences,
throwing vinegar and molasses on the fire, and smothering it with
blankets, it was finally put out.
two weeks ago, while Lieutenant Earle, of the Fourth Wisconsin Cavalry,
was scouting with a number of his men above Natchez and in the
neighborhood of St. Joseph, he discovered a party of eight or ten
rebels. They proved to be the advance of a large body of cavalry, ad had
in their charge twelve battle flags and regimental colors captured from
our forces in the Red River campaign. They were conveying them to
Richmond. With the party was also a rebel mail carrier, with a very
important mail. The instant Lieut. Earle and his scouts saw eh enemy, he
approached them as closely as possible without being discovered, and
then rode into their midst and demanded their surrender. The rebels were
taken completely by surprise and surrendered without firing a shot, and
the flags and mail fell into our hands, thus saving the flags from being
taken to Richmond as trophies and feasting the eyes of those who had
given up all hope of ever gaining another. Nearly every letter in the
mail speaks despondingly of the rebel cause. One written from Marshall,
Teas, by an officer connected with the Ordnance Bureau, dated Sept. 26,
contained the following extract: “The people in this country”
(beyond the Mississippi) “are mighty weak in the knees; indeed they
are weak all over. If the people on your side” (of the Mississippi)
“are giving was as they are here, we are gone up.” The last few
words were underlined in the original. Such of the re-captured flags as
belong to regiments still in service have been returned to them by order
of Gen. Canby; the remainder will be sent to Washington.
Having trouble with a word or phrase?
Email the USNLP . . .