NOVEMBER 6, 1864
TRUE DELTA (LA)
Arming of Slaves–Why it Should be Done.
the Richmond Sentinel, Oct. 22.]
Raleigh Standard is greatly
alarmed by the intimation that sooner than be conquered by the
Washington despot, we will avail ourselves of the aid of our slaves. We
are not surprised at this in a journal that with a surprising uniformity
sees unconstitutionality, despotism, and horror in every measure adopted
for increasing our military efficiency, and advocates only such views as
tend to weaken or disarm us. Its horror at the suggestion above stated
is not from any tenderness for the Negro, for it may become only a
question which shall employ him, the enemy or us. It is not from any
solicitude as to the preservation of slavery, for if we are conquered
slavery is destroyed. The only other effect of this proposed accession
to our military organization, in a certain extremity, is to increase our
means of resisting our foes and of winning our independence. Is it this
that alarms the Standard? It
can be nothing else. We prefer independence to everything else. It seems
to prefer anything else than independence. We have no wish to appeal to
the resource we have mentioned. Nor is it now necessary. But when we see
our enemies looking to that as their only hope, we should be fools, or
madmen, or traitors, if we did not wrest this weapon from their hands
and use it ourselves, if occasion shall require it. Not only our
independence, but the preservation of slavery itself, would command it.
Rebel Canine Dispatch Carrier.—An officer who came up from
City Point to-day, had with him an ugly-looking specimen of the genus
canine, which he guarded very carefully. The dog, it appears, was a
great pet with both our own and the rebel pickets in front of
Hancock’s corps. The dog had been trained to carry messages between
the pickets. A rebel paper would be placed in his mouth and he would
scamper off to the Union lines, deliver up the paper, and return with a
Northern paper. He has been entrusted with packages of coffee and
tobacco, and always delivered them promptly and safely. The rebs,
however, tried to make use of him for transmitting information from one
portion of their lines to another, and the four-legged messenger having
been caught with one of those messages, he was confiscated and brought
of Leading Southerners to the Brazils.—The Brazil
and River Platte Mail says: Owing to the war in America, several
wealthy Southern planters propose settling in this country. Some have
already arrived, and several more are on their way. One gentleman from
South Carolina is expected to arrive here with a capital of two hundred
and fifty thousand patacoons.1
All these parties intend to locate in Santa Fé. In a few years’ time
the lands in that province will be worth as much, if not more, than
those in Buenos Ayres.
Party of Swedish Emigrants for the United States held at Quebec by the
anxiety was for some time felt here as to a party of emigrants who had
been induced by the most flattering prospects to embark on board
a vessel called the Ernst Merck, bound for the Federal States of America. Nothing that
could be urged either by the press o by individuals was sufficient to
persuade these persons that there was no intention on the part of those
who urged them to embark ever to fulfill the obligations under which
they had come to them, as their real object was to kidnap them for
service in the American Federal army, and to be “food for powder.”
Fortunately, the vessel, instead of going, as had been proposed, to New
York or Boston, proceeded in the first instance to Quebec, where the
Swedish Consul, Mr. Falkenberg, interfered and succeeded in landing and
retaining there the whole of these Swedish emigrants, the Ernst
Merck proceeding on her voyage without them, while they, under
protection and by the advice of the Consul, have determined to become
settlers in Canada.–Stockholm (Sept. 24), Correspondence of the London Post.
find in our city contemporaries the full text of Early’s late address
to his troops after the battle of Cedar Creek. It is really a model of a
dignified rebuke to the pilfering propensities of his chivalric braves.
The General salutes his soldiers thus:
had hoped to have congratulated you on the splendid victory won by you
on the morning of the 19th, at Belle Grove, on Cedar Creek, when you
surprised and routed two corps of Sheridan's army, and drove back
several miles the remaining corps, capturing eighteen pieces of
artillery, 1,500 prisoners, a number of colors, a large quantity of
small arms, and many wagons and ambulances, with the entire camps of the
two routed corps; but I have the mortification of announcing to you
that, by your subsequent misconduct, all the benefits of that victory
were lost, and a serious disaster incurred.”
“subsequent misconduct” which had mortified him, Early describes
many of you, including some commissioned officers, yielding to a
disgraceful propensity for plunder, deserted your colors to appropriate
to yourselves the abandoned property of the enemy, and subsequently
those who had previously remained at their posts, seeing their ranks
thinned by the absence of the plunderers, when the enemy, late in the
afternoon, with his shattered columns made but a feeble effort to
retrieve the fortunes of the day, yielded to a needless panic and fled
the field in confusion, thereby converting a splendid victory into a
then sorrowfully makes the following invidious contrast:
have thus obscured that glorious fame won in conjunction with the
gallant men of the Army of Northern Virginia, who still remain proudly
defiant in the trenches around Richmond and Petersburgh. Before you can
again claim them as comrades you will have to erase from your
escutcheons the blemishes which now obscure them; and this you can do if
you will but be true to your former reputation, your country and your
Early concludes his address by a moving appeal to his army to yield a
steady obedience to the restraints of discipline.
Semmes again Afloat–Sailing of the Laurel.
the London Daily News.]
Tuesday.–Capt. Semmes, of whom since the sinking of the Alabama
we have heard so little, and that so erroneous, sailed from the Mersey
on Sunday last on board the bark Laurel,
under the command of Capt. S. F. Ramsay. The destination of the Laurel
is rather mysterious at present, but, as far as the customs bill of
entry shows, the vessel has certainly cleared for ports where
Confederate proclivities predominate, viz: Nassau, Havana, and
Matamoras. Her cargo is of such a mixture that no belligerent State
would have the slightest doubt as to its usefulness. It consists of some
large guns, small arms, shoes, leather in bulk, ammunition, clothes,
blankets, drugs, &c. But the Laurel
must not be supposed to be intended for a cruiser; she is merely a
tender, and carries out to a certain latitude guns and ammunition for a
new screw steamer which was lying at Madeira on the 3d inst., and was
there known as the Ranger. The
Ranger is large and very swift. To show that Capt. Semmes does not
go unattended, we may here state that he took with him on board the Laurel
eight officers and 100 men, most of whom served with him on board the Alabama.
RICHMOND DAILY EXAMINER (VA)
The War News.
war news may be shortly disposed of. There was none. The government did
not receive a single dispatch, and other dispatches are mostly bogus.
quietude prevailed on the lines of Richmond and Petersburg, with the
sole exception of the shelling of Dutch Gap–an operation not
discontinued even for prayer and fast.
continue to come over in large numbers, and report that if Lincoln is
elected, they will swarm. But deserter stories are not of much account.
yankee fleet in hampton roads.
reader will find elsewhere a telegram from Petersburg, reporting a great
increase of the Yankee fleet in Hampton Roads. It agrees with the
information contained in a private letter, dated at Washington, received
through blockade last night by the editor of this paper. The writer says
that a combined assault by water and land is to be made on Richmond as
soon as Butler’s canal is finished and Grant receives certain
reinforcement. Further that the fleet was then collecting in the lower waters of the James, and
is to consist of fifty iron-clads.
georgia and alabama.
army has certainly crossed the Tennessee, and his headquarters were at
Florence, north of the river, but not far from Tuscumbia. He has
railroad communication there, and was getting up his stores and supplies
when last heard from. Where he is now is an open question. The Yankees
have withdrawn all their infantry from West Tennessee, and concentrated
near Huntsville, where they expected Hood to pass the Tennessee. He
appears to have had different intentions. What the enemy calls an
“attack” on Decatur was intended only as a demonstration to cover
the trains passing in that neighborhood, and it served the turn.
knows anything of the design or plan on which this army is acting. It is
probably possessed by one or two persons only, and they have kept it to
themselves. Many seem to think that there is no plan, no general idea, no object for all that movement. So they
thought of General Johnston’s movement. But this view is manifestly
absurd. Generals, like other men, act from motives, and it is impossible
that the army should have been marched so far away from the late scene
of war without a clear intention of decisive action elsewhere. What that
intention may be, however, is still concealed. It was generally supposed
that Hood’s aim was Nashville; but that may now be doubted, for if
Nashville were the goal, it would have been struck before now. But
secrecy cannot be longer maintained. A few days will develop all.
report of the affair at plymouth.
F. Warley, the commander of the ram Albemarle,
in his report to Secretary Mallory, says that on the night of the
disaster, which was very dark and rainy, he had the watch doubled, and
other extra precautions were taken. About nine o’clock, the officer on
deck saw a boat approaching; he hailed it, but got no satisfactory
answer. He at once called up all the Albemarle’s
crew and opened fire with musketry on the boat. The aft gun of the Albemarle, as it turned out, could not be depressed sufficiently to
strike the boat of the enemy, owing to its nearness, but the gun was
loaded with grape and fired repeatedly. ->
enemy’s boat struck the Albemarle
just under her port bow, the torpedo attached making a large hole in the
ram a few inches below the water line. This was done under heavy
musketry fire from our men. The enemy’s boat instantly surrendered,
and the prisoners were taken ashore. The engines of the Albemarle
were put to work, but failed to keep her afloat. She went down in a few
minutes, only the smoke-stack remaining above water.
commander says he received no notice whatever of the approach of the
enemy from the pickets below, nor did the artillery on shore give him
the least assistance.
evacuation of plymouth.
Goldsboro Journal of the third
has some particulars of the evacuation of Plymouth. Learning that the
enemy had destroyed the Albemarle,
General Baker repaired at once to Plymouth. The enemy sent showers of
grape and canister within our works. Finding, however, all their
attempts to sail up to Plymouth directly foiled by the stout resistance
from the batteries under command of Colonel Whitford, the enemy retired
and ascended Middle river. There they met obstructions, which they soon
removed, and re-entering the Roanoke from this direction, they attacked
the town in reverse. General Baker attempted to prevent this by throwing
out sharpshooters, but owing to the exceedingly heavy fire of the
gunboats and the accuracy of their fire, these were driven back; and the
enemy, finding no opposition, ascended the Roanoke and came down upon
the town. The first or upper fort was manned by the crew of the Albemarle.
This the gunboat sailed past, though several times struck by the shots
from its guns, the damage not appearing to be material.
fleet next opened on Fort Jones, and succeeded in dismounting all the
guns and exploding the magazine. Meantime the enemy threw an occasional
spiteful shell or hot shot over into the town, which caused several of
the buildings to fire. At this juncture, in the midst of the
conflagration of the town, the necessary evacuation of the several
forts, and the landing of the enemy, General Baker issued his orders to
blow up the magazine and withdraw the garrison. The manœuvre of falling
back was done with such perfect order that nothing of any value fell
into the hands of the enemy, with the exception of two guns belonging to
Lee’s battery, the horses to which had all been killed. The total loss
in killed, wounded and taken prisoners will not exceed twenty-five or
thirty men. General Baker has fallen back to Jamesville, and seems
determined to dispute every foot of ground around Plymouth, he having
decided not to evacuate Washington.
Castle Thunder Battalion, composed of Confederate soldiers
who have been committed to the Castle from time to time, and which was
organized and sent to the front some weeks since, will be disbanded
to-day, and the members returned to their original commands, their good
conduct in the trenches having won for them immunity from further
NOVEMBER 8, 1864
Conspiracy in Chicago.
of Ringleaders and Seizure of Arms and Ammunition.
Capture of 200 Secessionists from
Chicago, Ill., 7th.—The Journal
says: “Telegrams were received yesterday by Hon. John Wentworth,
announcing the coming of a large number of bushwhackers. Col. Sweet,
commanding Camp Douglas, was communicated with, and orders were at once
issued for the arrest of the desperadoes on their arrival. The fact
leaked out and the faithful found means to apprise their friends and
they left the train at the city limits and escaped in various
directions. The military and police are scouring the city and have
picked up hundreds of them.
propeller with nearly one hundred suspicious characters arrived this
morning from Canada. The military and police are after them, and all
will be captured.
Sweet has for some time been aware of a rebel plot to release the
prisoners at Camp Douglas and burn this city. His detectives have been
at work, and with success, and though the evidence obtained is not
sufficiently conclusive to warrant the arrest of all the conspirators,
it was deemed necessary to strike at once such ones as were
unquestionably treasonable. Capt. Nelson, of the city police, was
dispatched to the house of Dr. Edwards to arrest Col. Vincent Marmaduke,
brother of the rebel General.
the same time a detachment of the military proceeded to the Richmond
House, and captured the rebel Gen. G. St. Leger Greenfield, Morgan’s
Adjutant General, and J. T. Shanks, an escaped rebel prisoner. B. S.
Morris, a man noted for his hatred to the North, was also arrested. They
are all now confined in Camp Douglas.
the meantime another detachment of the military invested the residence
of Charles Walsh, near Camp Douglas. His house was entered and a portion
of its contents taken to the camp. Capt. Cantrell and a private named
Charles Traverse, both belonging to the rebel service, were arrested
there as spies. In Walsh’s house were found 260 stand of arms, with
all the necessary ammunition, and two cart loads of large revolvers,
loaded and capped and ready for use.
regard to the arrest of Walsh, Col. Sweet said he had evidence enough
against him to insure his swinging for treason.
Sweet had proofs in his possession that it was the plan of the rebel
conspirators and home traitors to release the rebel prisoners at Camp
Douglas and burn this city. The camp was to have been attacked on two
sides tomorrow night, the rebels released, and the city plundered and
with the above arrests by the military, the police entered a room
adjoining the Mattison House, and captured two large boxes loaded with
guns concealed there.
police made a raid early this morning on the Donelson house, in Canal
street, and captured forty bushwhackers who had been tracked there, all
of them armed to the teeth.”
mounted patrol of 500 men has been organized by the citizens for
protection. They will be on duty all night. A sufficient military force
is here to prevent any outbreak.
and Hancock, agents of the line of New York propellers, received a
dispatch today that the Canadian steamer Georgiana
has been fitted out as a pirate and is on Lake Huron.
of the Pirate Florida
the U. S. Steamer Wachusett.
Fifty-Eight of the Crew and
Twelve Officers Taken Prisoners.
sloop Kearsarge, 7th, arrived
at this port at a late hour last night, from St. Thomas, which port she
left on the 31st of October. On the 4th of November spoke brig Sea Lark for Boston, lat. 85 54, long. 68 2, all well. The Kearsarge
has twenty of the crew and Surgeon Charlton prisoners from the rebel war
steamer Florida, captured in the Bay of San Salvador, Brazil, on the morning
of the 7th of October by the U. S. steamer Wachusett,
Commander Napoleon Collins. Fifty-eight of the crew and twelve officers
of the Florida were captured
without loss of life, the remainder of the crew and officers being on
shore at Bahia at the time of the attack. Paymaster Williams of the Wachusett
arrived in the Kearsarge with
government dispatches. The Wachusett
and Florida were to leave St.
Thomas on the 2d inst. for New York.
Engineer Miles J. Freeman and Benjamin McCoskey, boatswain, of the Alabama,
are also on board the Kearsarge.
of the Pirate Florida.—We give on our first page the
statement that the pirate Florida
was captured by the U. S. steamer Wachusett. We have since learned the
following particulars of the affair from Lieut. W. W. Williams,
Assistant Paymaster of the Wachusett:
Wachusett arrived at Bahia on
the 5th. The Florida was in
the harbor, and was allowed five days to make repairs.
harbor of Bahia, which is a very large one, was found to be difficult to
blockade, as there are two channels, each about fifteen miles wide; and
Capt. Collins of the Wachusett
determined to enter the harbor with the intention of either sinking the Florida or capturing her.
officers of the Florida were
taken by surprise. The captain and many of the men were on the shore.
The Wachusett struck the Florida
on the fore-quarter, but did not inflict any serious injury. The first
Lieut. immediately acceded to Captain Collins’s demand to surrender.
The affair lasted about twenty minutes, and while the Wachusett
with her prize was leaving the harbor, she was fired at three times by a
Brazilian steamer, but the Wachusett kept on her course.
captured officers of the Florida
were Southerners, most of whom had belonged to the regular service
before the secession of the Southern States. One of the officers had
held a commission as major in the Confederate Army. The crew were
principally Italians, with a few Germans, French, Greeks and Hebrews.
papers of the Florida were
taken, and much valuable information is in the hands of Lieut. Williams,
who is the bearer of dispatches to the Navy Department.
NOVEMBER 9, 1864
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
of the Confederacy.
confederate congress met at Richmond on Monday. This is the second
session of the regular congress. Among its members, Senators A. P.
Garland of Arkansas and H. V. Johnson of Georgia, and Representatives W.
R. Cobb of Alabama, W. W. Boyce of South Carolina, and Henry S. Foote of
Tennessee, are called reconstructionists. They do not really advocate a
return to the Union, but are ready for a general convention of northern
and southern states to agree upon terms of separation and peace, but it
is generally believed at the South, and it is doubtless true that they
are ready to advocate reunion as soon as they shall consider it safe for
themselves to personally do so. Alex. Stephens, the vice-president and
presiding officer of the senate, belongs to the same party. Whether
these men shall make any movement in the congress looking towards peace
or restoration will depend upon the continued successes of Grant and
Sherman. These will constitute the political barometer from which we may
learn the rise and fall of faith and hope in the rebellion. The refusal
of the legislature of Alabama to adopt any measures to assist the
confederate authorities, or even to defend the state, is the most
pregnant sign of coming dissolution in the confederacy, and there will
be similar demonstrations in the other insurgent states, as the utter
hopelessness of the rebel cause is demonstrated by the continued success
of our armies.
Richmond Sentinel urges upon
the rebel congress an effective system of direct taxation as the only
means of restoring the credit of the confederate government, now almost
extinct at home, but kept up by a respectable position abroad by the
help of cotton escaping the blockade. The Sentinel
says it is impossible to obtain anything more from the people at home by
voluntary loans, because of their want of confidence in the government,
and consequently the only source of revenue is direct taxation, which
congress must not be timid in imposing. The Sentinel
also says–and the fact is most significant–that the general belief
that the confederate government will be compelled to repudiate its debt
is so fixed in the popular mind, that unless the congress takes the most
radical measures to restore the confederate credit, the government will
soon be left absolutely without resources. It is obvious that the rebel
congress will find itself in a distressing dilemma; anything like an
adequate tax will distress and disaffect the people and promote the
peace movement, already alarming in its indications; and without such a
tax the government cannot carry on the war. It will take extraordinary
financial wisdom to solve the problem or to postpone the threatened
financial collapse. The Sentinel
proposes to levy a tax equal to one-fourth the valuation of the property
in the confederacy, not all to be collected immediately, but to remain a
lien upon the property, and interest on the tax and a certain proportion
of the tax itself to be paid annually.
the Sentinel frankly tells the
whole truth as to the ruinous condition of the rebel finances, it is
less honest in regard to the military situation, and attempts to make it
appear that during the present year the confederate armies have more
than held their own, and that the confederacy is relatively stronger and
the United States weaker than in January last–and this in spite of
Sherman’s grand march through Georgia and his occupation of the
strategic key of the middle confederate states. It argues its case in
results had only shown an equipoise as between two belligerents, the
advantage would have been nevertheless largely with us, because, with
the enemy, mere failure is a disaster and defeat, while to us to hold
our ground is a victory. Delay does not merely disappoint and dispirit
them, it undermines their strength. Each day they become weaker, so
severely have they strained their resources, and so vast and rapidly
increasing is the debt they have incurred, But we have done more than
maintain ourselves. We have inflicted positive as well as negative
blows. In Virginia we have lost nothing, while we have destroyed a host
of our enemies. ->
might have probably gained his present position as a starting point for
his campaign. He has been driven there by necessity; but his army has
melted away in the Wilderness, and at the close of the campaign, with
nothing accomplished, he is begging for men to fill the places of the
multitude he lost. In the trans-Mississippi states we have gained
astonishingly, and the invaders have been almost entirely destroyed or
driven off. In Georgia the campaign is still afoot, and the result
undecided; but we have hope of closing the year without damage, as
compared with its commencement.”
an unimportant indication of the threatening state of things in the
South is the demoralization of the slaves, everywhere complained of.
They seem to have somehow gotten the idea that their chains are in fact
broken, and consequently they are becoming impudent and insubordinate to
an alarming degree. In Richmond there is much complaint on this account,
and the papers declare the Negroes to be the only really free men in the
South. The Jefferson (Texas) Bulletin
denounces a similar state of things there, and says:
the citizens determined to sit with arms folded, and let the Negroes
regulate prices, control the town and country, and run at large without
restraint? Every house that is a square distant from the proper owner or
guardian should be torn to the earth. Every Negro caught loitering after
8 o’clock should be put in the lock-up, kept twenty-four hours, and
inflict a punishment of at least one hundred lashes, unless he is there
unavoidably. There are many Negro ranches through the country without
overseers, left for weeks by themselves uncontrolled. These are places
of general resort, which afford the Negroes the best opportunities for
concocting their devilish designs, and have a tendency to create
disaffection among the other Negroes. The owners of the Negroes are more
at fault then the Negroes themselves. They exercise no control over them
at all–allow them to hire their own time and make their own trades,
which has a baleful influence upon the other Negroes, and should be
prohibited. No Negro should be allowed to trade and traffic, and hire
his own time; and we should like to see the old South Carolina law
adopted in regard to dress, suffering them to wear nothing but homespun.
Nothing but humiliating steps like these will keep them in their proper
place. What step will the honorable county court take in the
proposed conscription of the slaves does not meet with universal favor.
A writer in the Richmond Examiner
declares it will be fatal both to the confederacy and to slavery. He
says that two or three hundred thousand Negroes accustomed to arms would
be a dangerous element in southern society, and asks how long slavery
could live with free Negroes of such dangerous character in connection
with the slaves. Virginia Negroes who have come into Gen. Grant’s
lines say that the slaves will not submit to conscription; they have no
disposition to fight on either side, and the fear of conscription into
the Union armies has kept them from coming into our lines in response to
the emancipation proclamation.
Louisiana Democrat, printed in
Alexandria, says that the state of society is really alarming there;
violence and robbery prevail and misrule runs riot night and day;
confederate money is worthless, and thousands of people have no
provision made for the winter months. There are similar forebodings at
Richmond, where an eight ounce loaf of bread sells for a dollar. The Examiner
predicts bread riots and other disorders unless the confederate
government can find means to avert starvation from the people.
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
Union Triumph Complete.
Crushed to Atoms.
election returns received by telegraph up to Wednesday assure us of an
overwhelming Union triumph in the election of Abraham
Lincoln and Andrew Johnson,
all the New England and nearly all the Central and Western States
casting their votes for them. Kentucky and New Jersey are probably all
the states that have given their votes for McClellan and Pendleton. In
Indiana and Illinois, where copperhead conspiracies have so recently
been exposed, crushing majorities are given for Honest Abraham
Lincoln and the Union.
New York the vote is close, both parties claiming it, but the chances
are with the Union ticket. Several Union members of Congress are gained,
Henry J. Raymond of the Times
being elected, and Fernando Wood defeated. Pennsylvania and Ohio report
Union gains on the October elections, while Illinois, Indiana and other
Western States have swept over the field of copperheadism with the rush
of a tornado. Massachusetts, without the soldiers’ vote, rolls up a
Union majority of over 60,000, electing all the Union Congressmen,
carrying the two Boston districts by large majorities. Boston gives a
Union majority of 4,000.
Gov. Seymour of New York is defeated, and we believe he is, the
controlling evil influence of copperheadism is swept from the loyal
States, and our armies and navies can now move on to speedy and crowing
View of Reconstruction.
northern conservatives who think the rebels can be coaxed back into the
Union will do well to read and ponder the following from the Richmond Whig
of October 31st:
of reconstruction, there is but one means for a thorough reunion, and
that is by a combination between the confederates and the northern
conservatives, cemented by the blood of the black republicans. If the
northern conservatives would at once and actively co-operate with us on
this basis, there might be hopes of a happy and permanent reunion. But
nothing short of the blood–the extermination of the monsters who have
made this war–will suffice. If the northern conservatives are not
ready for this combination, the next, and possibly our best,
alternative, is annexation to England or France. This would render
reunion forever impossible, and at the same time gratify that which is
the absorbing passion of every southern heart–vengeance upon the
infernal Yankees. I would make the application for annexation in the
first instance to England, as the mother country. If she declines, we
could then apply to France. The advantages to either would be so great
that refusal could not be expected. The advantages to us would be
eternal separation from the Yankees, and the ability of wreaking upon
that godless race a rich and sweet revenge. At present, however able we
may be to maintain our independence, we are not able to desolate their
land as they have desolated ours. Until that is effected the dead cannot
rest quietly in their graves.”
Western Copperhead Conspiracy.—There have been further
disclosures in the trial of the “sons of liberty” at Indianapolis, more
than confirming the previous testimony, and proving that the conspiracy was
wide-spread, powerful and dangerous. Horace Hoffman, the deputy grand
commander of the order, has turned state’s evidence and made a full
confession. He says that none but democrats were admitted to the order, that
it was thoroughly organized as a military force, Dr. Bowles being
commander-in-chief, and that there was a special committee of thirteen to
prepare for an insurrection. The plot was to release the rebel prisoners,
assassinate Gov. Morton and other Union men, overturn the state government
of Indiana, and begin there the revolution which they hoped to extend into
all the northwestern states, and to organize a great northwestern
confederacy which could ultimately join the rebel concern. Hoffman further
says that rebel agents in Canada sent half a million of dollars to buy arms
for the sons. Gov. Morton lately received an anonymous letter, telling that
the writer and his associates had sworn to kill him and would do it. Dr.
Athon, secretary of state under Morton, is a member of the order, and would
take Gov. Morton’s place if he should be assassinated. These confirmatory
revelations produced great excitement at the West.
Mexican news states that Cortinas has surrendered with his army to Gen. Meja
of the French army, with all his material and munitions of war. He demanded
to be placed in command of all the Mexican forces surrendered, with the rank
of General, and his request was complied with. The rebels had agents in
Matamoras offering large sums of money to Cortinas for his fine rifled
cannon; but he refused to sell them to the rebels, as he told them they (the
rebels) were not only the enemies of the United States, but the enemies of
republican government on the American continent; and, if it had not been for
the rebels, Mexico would not be invaded by the French, now would an Austrian
be the emperor of the Mexican nation.
vessels are now on the way to England from the East Indies, with cargoes of
cotton ranging from 1800 to 7000 bales each. The aggregate amount is no less
than 221, 864 bales. All these vessels are at sea, and their arrival at
Liverpool at different periods will keep the mills in operation for a
considerable part of the coming winter.
prominent copperhead politician in Keene threatened, a week or two ago, that
if Lincoln was re-elected, “blood would flow in our streets.” Well, as
soon as the glad news came that the Union cause was triumphant at the polls,
the aforesaid copperhead politician was invisible, he having been kindly
provided with a package of bandages, lint, &c., with which to exercise
his professional skill. The election has passed off very quietly, neither
blood runs, nor do copperheads clamor in our streets. All is quiet and calm.
The loyal public breathes freer, and the public heart beats stronger with
the hope of a more speedy restoration of the Union, and the return of peace
THE VERMONT PHŒNIX
From the South.
The Capture of Plymouth, N.
A Sudden Attack Anticipated on Wilmington.
papers of the 3d instant contain the following information in regard to
the capture of Plymouth by our forces:
special dispatch from near Plymouth, via Rocky Mount, North Carolina,
dated 31st ult., says: “After three days’ hard fighting the enemy
passed up Middle River and came down the Roanoke this morning. Gen.
Baker, commander of the garrison, fought until the enemy’s gunboats
had passed our forts and dismounted all our guns in the harbor. AN
evacuation was then ordered, under a severe shelling, which was effected
without much loss. Col. Whitlord acted with conspicuous bravery.” As
Middle river does not appear on the ordinary maps, and there may appear
to be something of a paradox in the statement that the gunboats went up
one river and down another, it is proper to state that there are three
channels to the Roanoke at this point, separated by strips of land
extending above Plymouth, the main channel passing by that place.
Vessels ascending the middle channel would emerge above Plymouth, and
thus be enabled to descend in the rear of the place. Meantime, where was
enemy have, it appears, retaken Plymouth, North Carolina. It will be
remembered that this place was stormed last summer by Gen. Hoke, at the
head of his brigade, and that, as a reward for his gallantry, he was
promoted to the rank of Major General in the provisional army. The
enemy, after three days’ hard fighting, passed up Middle River, and,
on the 31st, came down the Roanoke towards the forts. Our troops in the
two forts–one above and the other below Plymouth, on the
Roanoke–were commanded by Gen. Baker, who fought until the upper fort
had been passed and the lower one rendered useless by the dismounting of
all the guns. We then evacuated the place, under heavy shelling from the
enemy’s gunboats. Our loss was slight.
is a place of comparatively little importance to us, except as a check
to the enemy’s gunboat excursions into the interior of the State of
Examiner says Plymouth is a
small place, but acknowledges that “to take it from the Yankees last
spring, we (the rebels) nearly lost Drewry’s Bluff. Its capture was
one of the chief glories of Gen. Bragg’s reign.” By the way, is not
Gen. Bragg in command somewhere on the coast of North Carolina?
Wilmington (N. C.) Journal
endeavors to be facetious over the threatened attack on that city by our
gunboats, but winds up very lugubriously. Here is a specimen of the
editor’s efforts to be jolly under difficulties:
is an old saying that threatened people live long. Perhaps the saying
may apply as well in places as to individuals; and, if so, may account
for the fact that Wilmington, whose fate has been so long and so
frequently threatened or predicated, ‘still lives;’ or, in the
classic phrase of a young gentleman who caught the idea but not the
words, ‘It ain’t dead yet.’
once more, and with redoubled force and frequency, we are pointed out as
sheep for the slaughter. The knife that is to sever our joints and sever
jugulars has already been whetted so sharp that, like unto Job’s
warhorse, even the inanimate cutlery smelleth the battle far off–thirsteth
for blood and says ha! ha!
the people, we wish they would stop their nonsense. This thing of having
people grinding axes, and whetting knives, and fixing up gunboats, and
loading bombshells all the time for our special use may be fun to
outsiders, but we don’t see the joke, and more than that, we don’t
gain in our power of understanding or appreciating it, and don’t
expect to. Our advice to Admiral Farragut, or any other admiral whose
name so ends, would be to keep away from here. If he comes here he may
get hurt in the end of his name.
however, this thing of an attack may be sprung upon us instantly, as it
was at Mobile or Charleston. It has appeared just as probable here
before as it does now, and still it has not yet come. It appeared no
more so at Charleston, and yet the city is now under fire.”
Dispatch announces that
everything Is quiet in the Shenandoah Valley, and gives a few facts (?)
to fire the Southern heart, as follows:
private letter from a lady in Clark County gives a sad account of the
sufferings of the people from the vandals, and the heroism of our
Southern ladies. The letter says they left desolation in their track.
Many persons are without the necessaries of life–and of course they
swept away all the luxuries, destroyed all grain, and killed or carried
off stock of all kinds. At the house of the writer they killed all the
sheep except six; took the only horse on the place; killed twenty hogs
and fifty turkeys; broke open the meat house and took all the meat;
destroyed all the fruit trees; tore the carriage to pieces and carried
away all the hay, oats and corn. The lady told them to take it all, for
it would not subdue her spirit, and not one tear would she shed over the
loss of anything save friends.
went to the house of one old lady, nearly eighty years old, and robbed
her of everything. For three days she had nothing to eat but green corn
ladies kept forty of the brutes from entering their house by stationing
themselves in the door, with knives in their hands, and telling them
that they would stab the first man who entered the house. They,
resorting to these measures, appealed to their humanity, asking if there
were none present who had brothers and sisters. They only laughed and
said they never heard of such things. The bravery of the ladies saved
them, and the Yankees did not enter.
NOVEMBER 12, 1864
THE SATURDAY EVENING
Gazette: We arrived at St. Joseph, or “The River” as everyone
here calls it, all right. We found that the overland stages from
Atchison had not commenced running as we were led to suppose by the
advertisements in the papers. Rather than wait, we took the steamer West
Wind for Omaha, Nebraska, to join some train. Omaha is about three
hundred miles up the Missouri River from St. Joseph. It took us seven
days to make the trip on account of the low water. If any one wishes to
travel on the Western rivers, do not go in the fall.
is a small frontier city, laid out as if it was intended to grow.
Council Bluffs, about three miles back from the opposite shore, is much
the best place to stop at, and more convenient to get a fit-out.
procuring our outfit for crossing the plains, we learned that the stages
had commenced running again. We sold out and purchased our tickets for
Denver by the Western Stage Company, which runs from Omaha and connects
with the overland at Fort Kearney. We were forty-eight hours getting to
Kearney on account of the heavy
roads from the recent rains. We had to wait at Kearney twenty-four hours
because the stage from Atchison was full. The little log hut here,
called Station House, is not a very good place to lay over night in;
camp life is a luxury to it. I visited what is called the Fort, but it
is no fort at all, not even an earthwork, simply a collection of houses
in which live Government officers. Three hundred Indians could clean it
out entirely. At this place General Curtis stopped to rest his wearied
legions, and found no buffalo nor Indians, while the country about was
swarming with both. The hunters found the one, and the other was
destroying trains within twenty-five miles of the place.
were glad enough when the next couch came to find a place in it. Our
baggage was strictly weighed, and a dollar a pound charged all over
twenty-five. I would advise all who intend crossing the plains by coach
to take as little personal baggage as possible, and send the rest by
express. Butterfield & Co.’s Western Transportation Company do the
forwarding business in good shape, from a small package to a steam
engine, and everything is promptly and carefully delivered.
first night out we passed Plumb Creek; here the Indians killed a number
of emigrants and ranch keepers and ran off the stock. Between this place
and Cottonwood Ranch the Indian depredations were the most numerous. We
had no difficulty, saw no Indians, and did not want to see any. We were
all well armed, but a man cannot do much fighting in a stage.
has placed soldiers at all the principal stations, and the trains go in
large numbers and well armed. An Indian will not fight unless he has the
advantage. It would be an easy matter to clean the Indians off the route
if Government handled the matter properly. Give Colorado five thousand
men, with full power to fight as they choose, and there would not be a
hostile Indian in the territory three months after.->
arrived in Denver safely. Denver may truly be called the City of the
Plains. One is surprised to come upon a real city after riding seven
days across an almost uninhabited level plain. The citizens of this city
have the real energy. Fire and water check, but do not discourage them.
The city continues to grow, in spite of all. The hotels are well kept.
The Tremont House, the best hotel in the city and one which I can
recommend, is kept by Major Sargent, well known in the good city of
Boston as proprietor of the Adams House, and at one time connected with
the Bromfield House. His bright smile and genial manners make one feel
at home under his roof. The remark is truly applicable to him: “He can
keep a hotel.”
Denver we took the stage to Central City; two hours’ ride brought us
to Golden City, at the foot of the Rocky Mountains. This city at one
time rivalled Denver, but its business has moved up into the mountains,
since Gulch mining has run into quartz crushing. From Golden City we
pass up through the Golden Gate, and we are fairly in the mountains.
thought I, when a school boy, that I should cross the Great American
Desert and see these mountains, which no eye then had seen but the wild
Indian, and the almost as wild hunter; but here I am, comfortably riding
through its ravines in a Concord coach built in New England. We pass up
through the ravines, or “gulches” as they are here called, the high
peaks towering up on either side, and we finally climb one of the low
ranges, the view from the top of which is delightful. On either side
rises peak upon peak, their tops capped with snow, and as the sun gilds
them with its golden rays, one could easily imagine himself in fairy
land, if it were not for the biting cold wind that makes one wrap the
blanket closer about him.
admiring the view, we descend into the gulch beneath, to Clear Creek. As
we ride up its bank, deserted cabins, broken sluices and erasterers show
us the diggings from ’58 to ’61.2
The driver tells us from those piles of stone and earth have been taken
a mint of money. We look and wonder. We soon arrive at the first quartz
mill, which is thump, thump, thumping out the gold from the solid rock.
You take up a piece before it goes under the crushers or stamps. It
glitters in the sunlight, but you are told that that yellow sparkling
mineral is not gold, but iron. Then where is the gold? You are answered
that it is there but you cannot see it, but the quicksilver finds it as
it runs over the plates.
continue our journey up, through the city of Black Hawk and Mountain
City, to Central. These three cities are all attached, like a train of
cars. I cannot speak very highly of the hotel accommodations here. The
St. Nicholas is the best. The pretty, bright face of Madame Harvey, and
her numerous attendants, and the good fare at her table, make one forget
the incommodious chambers. Her beds are clean and neat, which is a great
consideration in this country.
Spanish coin roughly equal to one dollar.
typography is good on this word, but it does not appear in any
dictionary. Eraster seems to
refer to the piles of rocks left behind by the process of sluicing for
gold, and may be an archaic mining term that was simply never captured
in a dictionary.
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