NOVEMBER 20, 1864
TRUE DELTA (LA)
Horror of Porter’s Fleet–
Where is He Going to Strike?
the Richmond Whig, Nov. 9.]
has become of the armada which assembled in the waters of the Chesapeake
and sailed with such formidable show a few days ago to the southward,
and, as our authorities were inclined to believe, for Wilmington, and
serious operations for the reduction and occupation of that important
post and port. There has been ample time since it was said to have
sailed for its appearance off the works at the mouth of Cape Fear river;
yet we hear nothing of such an event, and as we can anticipate no
possible military end to be served by the concealment of the fact by our
authorities here or at Wilmington, we are warranted in apprehending that
some other point than that is the object of the expedition–that the
attack will be made in some other quarter–and that the supposed
unquestionable information of the War Department has been deceptive. But
at what point may we reasonably expect the blow to be delivered? In what
quarter of our seaboard are there indications of a contemplated descent
of serious proportions?
it be that Charleston is to be again tried? We fancy not. Her state of
preparation, the labors there of Beauregard and the lamented Hardee, are
not promising elements for the success of such an operation. Besides,
Yankee vengeance can be sufficiently sated by keeping up the bombardment
of the city at long range, to the destruction of private property, with
the occasional loss of life of women and children, and to the injury and
discomfort and hardship of non-combatants. Is Mobile, then, to be
attacked, either directly or from Pensacola? We think not. We do not
believe an expedition for such an operation would be fitted out in the
along the coast, and scanning the signs of the times, we are induced to
believe that Savannah, Georgia, and some point on the coast southward of
it, will prove to be the objective of this expedition after all. One
indication may be seen in the recent arrangement to make Savannah the
point for exchanging some 10,000 prisoners of war. Under cover of that
cloak, perchance, it was supposed by our treacherous enemy that he might
assemble unsuspected his fleet of transports in that quarter, and
concentrate on favorable islands in that vicinity a force sufficient for
the operation, which in that way could be made almost a coup
de main. There are many things which would recommend such an attempt
to the Yankee councils, the feature of bad faith that it would wear
would give to it very much the zest which the gourmand or epicure finds
in putrid game, or Catherine of Russia found “in the poignant
pleasures of a rape;” while the theatrical effect would create an
immense furor from Washington to Bangor, and around the lakes, away off
to the northern range of Minnesota–one prolonged current of ecstasy
would thrill the Northern public.
peculiar incitement in such an operation at this time would be the hope,
by the possession of Savannah, to make it the base for a diversion for
the relief of Atlanta and Sherman; or, in case the latter should be
forced to give up Atlanta and fall back out of Georgia to his fastness
at Chattanooga, the possession of Savannah and the occupation of the
coast of Georgia could be held up as a compensating substitute–indeed,
as an advantageous exchange. ->
such motives have inspired this movement, we may rely on it, though the
present condition of affairs at Atlanta, and the transfer of the actual
theater of war from Southern Georgia into Middle Tennessee, by the
passage of our army under Beauregard into that region, may cause some
modification of the plan of operations in the contemplated quarter. In
the course of a week or ten days at most there should be some certain
development. The works at Savannah are well constructed, extensive and
strong–properly manned, they should make a stout defence. The
immediate commander there, Gen. McLaws, has had a good deal of
experience in the field as a division commander, is said to be alert,
resolute, and possessed of sound sense and judgment in an emergency. We
do not, therefore, apprehend disaster, while hoping that our authorities
will strengthen his hands at the right moment to the utmost notch of our
Canal.—The Richmond Dispatch
of the 3d says great interest is felt in Butler’s canal. The isthmus
known as Dutch Gap, which connects Farris Island with the mainland or
north bank of the river, is exactly 200 yards across, eighty feet high
on the western side and sloping down to the river on the east. The
channel of the river runs against the west side, striking it obliquely.
The channel being on this side will greatly aid Butler. Had it been on
the opposite side of the river he would have been obliged to construct a
break-water to turn the stream into the canal. He is cutting diagonally
through the isthmus, beginning one hundred yards below the narrowest
point, and deviating so as to come out at a point where the channel
strikes the bank. We have reason to believe the canal proper has been
begun, the cut to the water’s edge having been more than two-thirds
and the Confederate States.–Report
of an Alliance.—Several papers announce, on very doubtful authority, that
a secret arrangement, having the character of an alliance offensive and
defensive, exists between the government of the Emperor Maximillian and
that of the Confederate States.
are in no position to contradict categorically this false news. The
imperial government of Mexico has never entertained, and does not
entertain, the least communication with that of Richmond.–N.
Y. Courrier des Etats Unis, Nov. 11.
RICHMOND DAILY EXAMINER (VA)
Supplies for Prisoners of War.
his late message to Congress, President Davis announced that “each
Government” (Confederate and Yankee) “is hereafter to be allowed to
provide necessary comforts to its own citizens held captive by the
other.” The offer was made by the Confederate authorities and accepted
by General Grant. When the President’s message was prepared, the
details of this agreement had not been adjusted. Since the meeting of
Congress, Commissioner Ould had made a species of arrangement. In a
letter to General Grant, dated 11t instant, he proposed that the
Confederate Government should have the privilege of shipping one
thousand bales of cotton from Mobile to New York, in a United States
vessel, the cotton to be sold in New York and the proceeds to be applied
to the benefit of our prisoners.
further proposed that the cotton should be consigned to Major General
Trimble, now at Fort Warren, or in the event of his disability, to
Brigadier General W. W. R. Beale, either of whom, acting as consignee,
should be allowed, under parole, to sell the same and purchase the
articles needed by our prisoners, at points where the proceeds could be
most advantageously expended. And further, that the receipt and
distribution of the supplies for prisoners on both sides should be
certified by commissioned officers confined in the prison supplied.
Grant, in an autograph reply, dated the 12th instant, says that all
asked for (in the letter from Commissioner Ould) shall be complied with.
He would immediately instruct the Federal commander in Mobile Bay to
notify General Maury of his readiness to receive and ship to New York
the cotton referred to, and General Trimble should have every facility
asked for. General Grant further replied that all shipments of clothing,
provisions, etc., should be sent from the place of purchase to the point
of delivery as had been suggested by Commissioner Ould.
execution of this agreement we presume that, during the present week, a
cargo of cotton will be shipped from Mobile to New York, and before
Christmas our captive soldiers in Yankee prisons will be supplied with
blankets, clothing, and some provisions.
taking advantage of the darkness into which the city was suddenly
plunged on Friday night, broke into the grocery and liquor store of
William Ryan, corner of Fourteenth and Dock streets, near the Danville
depot, and stole nearly everything he had on hand–box of candles,
three hundred cigars, a lot of decanters, whiskey, glasses, &c.,
valued at one thousand dollars.
establishment of A. Wolfe, Seventeenth street, was robbed about the same
hour of several hundred dollars’ worth of liquors.
same night tow drunken men were robbed of their watches in the brothel
of Alice Hardgrove, Seventeenth street, between Main and Cary streets.
Explosion at the Naval Ordnance Works.—On Saturday a
detailed workman named Less, employed at the Naval Ordnance Works, Cary
street, corner of Eighteenth, put a live coal to the fuse
of an old shell “just to see what was in it.” There was more in the
shell than there was in his head, and the shell exploded with a
tremendous report. Fortunately, none of the fragments struck Less,
though they flew on a tangent on every other line that that occupied by
him. He was, however, badly burned by the explosion, and will stand a
chance of losing his eyesight, or having it seriously impaired. The
explosion did no other damage.
Extinguishment.—The capacity of the city gas works never
contemplated the consumption of gas which is now going on, day and
night, in the departments, hospitals and other places where light is
used. Of late the drain has been so great that, coupled with an
inadequate supply of coal, and some repairs necessary to be put upon the
works, the supply gave out on Friday night, the pressure in the main
pipes not being great enough to force the gas through the smaller
channels. At ten o’clock precisely the imp of darkness prevailed, and
there was darkness, total, black and inky, such as Byron described in
his “Dream of Darkness,” came suddenly upon all. There was an
enforced pause in occupations and pleasures, lawful and unlawful. The
printer at his case and the editor at his table were cut off in their
usefulness and in the midst of a paragraph; the gambler in the faro bank
added to his pile of “chips” by stealing his neighbor’s; the guest
at the supper table filched an extra plate of turkey or swallowed an
extra cup of coffee; while the loafer at the bar accepted darkness as a
pretext for the commission of a darker deed, and drank off a double
drink of whiskey at the price of one. There were stolen sweets as well
as stolen meats in that interval of darkness that cloaked the thief as
with a mantle. The lover with his lass at the theater enacted “Romeo
and Juliet” themselves in the interval of its suspension on the stage,
and the farce of “A Kiss in the Dark” had many amateurs
for performers no doubt. At last the light of the discarded “dips”
came and put the community upon its propriety again; decorum was
restored in society, and the imp of darkness was dispelled from the
house, but not from the street.
Gas Company, we learn, have provided against a recurrence of this kind
by turning off the gas after daylight and turning it on again at
twilight. This is the proper course to pursue, and it will ensure gas to
consumers through the night at least.
Attempts to Reach the Yankees.—Yesterday Captain Scott,
Provost Marshal of General Field’s division, sent to the Provost
Marshal’s office, Richmond, George B. Payant and E. Payant,
(brothers,) printers at the Dispatch office, and William Weeker, of the
Tredegar Battalion, who were caught below on Saturday night, attempting
to reach the enemy’s lines. Two of these men–the Payants–were
members of the Printers’ Guard, and set out for the enemy’s lines
after receiving passes for sixty days, distributed to the command at the
weekly drill on Saturday afternoon. They are deserters–bona
fide deserters from the State forces, organized in this emergency of
great peril for the Confederacy, and as richly deserved [of] trial by
court martial, sentence, and death at the musket point as any soldier of
General Lee’s army who deserts his colors in the hour of danger or
expected battle, and seeks to go over to the enemy. Unless some stern
measures as this be meted out to these recusants, all hope of permanent
organization and efficiency in the State forces may as well be given up.
The Confederate soldier and the State Reserve soldier, are soldiers
alike; they are organized for the same object–the defence of home and
country; the good share the same dangers, and the bad amongst them must
be made to taste the same bitter fruits of their treachery, which,
according to the law of war, is death.
NOVEMBER 22, 1864
Sherman’s Great Campaign.
the evacuation of atlanta.
Progress of the Army Through Georgia.
A TRACK OF DESOLATION.
Atlanta correspondent of the N. Y. Herald
gives a connected account of the operations preliminary to the grand
movement in which Gen. Sherman is at present engaged, of the
preparations for it, and of its progress down to Monday last, when his
army had advanced to a point seventy miles southeast of Atlanta, having
destroyed everything behind it that could be of any service to the
enemy. Writing under date of Nov. 10, the correspondent says:
rebels have learned, in some way, that preparations are being made for
the evacuation of Atlanta. Such an event has been very freely canvassed
among soldiers and citizens, and it is not very surprising that the
intelligence has gone beyond our lines. Rebel cavalrymen in squads
gallop near our lines almost every day, ready to dash into Atlanta as
soon as we leave it. Reports come to us from many quarters that Georgia
militiamen are rendezvousing at different points for the purpose of
garrisoning Atlanta. The authorities never imagine Georgia militia may
be needed for something far more important than defending a ruined town.
artilleryman of an Illinois battery, who was captured during the fight
when Gen. McPherson was killed, before Atlanta, came into the lines this
morning. Since his capture he has been at Andersonville and Charleston.
He relates damning stories of rebel cruelties to Union soldiers at both
places, and talks so earnestly and soberly that it credits his tales.
He, in company with three others, escaped from the rebel guard at
Charleston on the night of October 12, and has been barefooted, dirty
and covered with vermin, on the weary road through South Carolina and
Georgia till now. Everywhere on the road he found slaves pleased to help
him and his companions on and give them of their poor food. Several of
these poor blacks came in with the soldier. His white companions were
re-captured twenty miles this side of Atlanta. The harvest has filled
the barns ad storehouses of Central Georgia. Horses and cattle are quite
plenty in the country through which they passed. But few rebel soldiers
were seen during the tramp. So there is plenty to subsist an army and
none to oppose its march through the land, if the war powers decree that
a Union force shall go that way.
village has been terribly pecked up, and, what with dead mules, cattle
pens, offal piles and sinks, is repulsive enough, Heaven knows; yet the
villagers regret to leave it. I find in my travels through it, poking
about the houses that have been riddled by shot and shell, many families
of aged parents and children, who hope to evade Sherman’s order, and
live somehow at home. They are hard up, they all say, but they think
they may be well off yet. Such is the sanguine Southern temperament.
Undoubtedly, many will remain, and if they escape the grand finale of
Union rule, may succeed in wriggling through a miserable, lonely
existence here, but their tastes are strange. Hordes of Negroes are
encamped on the railroad grounds with enormous bags of bedding and
provender, waiting for the lucky train which takes them to the land of
they have they carry on their backs–and the bedding
bags are weighty–except their bubbling joy of “Gwine to de
Norf,” that they carry in their hearts. The tops of box cars going
North are curiously mottled with big white bags and black faces. The
barbers have broken up their chairs, given their surplus stock of soap
and combs to the soldiers, and gone; the Construction corps has gone;
two or three newspaper correspondents have skated out; the telegraph
people don’t receive mercantile business. Atlanta, as a city, is about
“played out,” the soldiers say. The last train goes North to-morrow,
I am told. None have come down for two or three days past.
troops but those of Gen. Slocum’s corps are in town, although other
corps are within call. The 2d and 33d Mass. regiments are doing the
whole provost guard duty. The men of both regiments ornament the
streets, not that they are better soldiers than others of the 20th
corps, but they pay the greatest attention to appearance, forcing the
remark from all their comrades in arms that “a live Yankee is about
the thing after all.” The 33d has a splendid brass and reed
band–perhaps the best military band in the service–certainly the
best in the western armies. Under the management of Captains Graves and
Turner, Adjutant Blood and Lieut. Warr, the band has been giving
concerts at the Athenćum to benefit needy people in this town. Many of
the true blue have been helped by Northern money procured by the musical
efforts of Mr. J. Smith and his band. ->
others, Mrs. Welch, a widow lady, who was robbed and abused by the
rebels before we came in, has been aided by them. Mrs. W., with her own
and her dead sister’s children, is going to Philadelphia (her old
home) to live and thank these musical Yankees. Lieut. Col. Doane
(formerly major) and Major Tibbetts (formerly of the 3d division staff)
are the field officers of the 33d. The evacuation and destruction of
Atlanta are thus described in a letter dated Chattanooga, Nov. 15:
have just returned from Atlanta, which by this time is fully evacuated
by our troops. There is no necessity for keeping this a secret any
longer. The croakers and grumblers will ask, how is this? Why have we
abandoned a post that has cost us such a treasure in blood and money to
attain? Why have we given up a country that has cost us a year’s
campaign and thousands of valuable lives? Are we forced to do so? Are we
unable to hold it?
say we are not forced to give it up, either through want of provisions
or force; but Atlanta has lost its importance in a military point of
view. It was the centre of a network of railroads connecting the South,
Southwest and North. It was the great arsenal foundry and rolling stock
depot of rebellion. All are destroyed. All the factories, mills and
foundries from Chattanooga to Atlanta and several miles beyond are
gutted, torn up, and the iron put beyond the use or brought to the rear.
Therefore Atlanta is no longer of military importance.
miles the country around has been made such a waste as to preclude the
possibility of the rebel army again occupying it. Had we remained there
all winter, Hood and the rebel cavalry would hang around us, harass our
communications, but fly before our army. This they have been doing
lately; this they would continue to do. Sherman’s active mind scorns
such petty warfare. He has struck out a bold course that will astonish the world;
that will make Beauregard and Hood gnash their teeth in despair, and
give up their raiding campaign in disgust. In the meantime, have
patience; give events time to develop themselves. For weeks it was
whispered around Atlanta that the Gate City–alas, the Gate City no
more, for it lies fallen as Babylon–was about to be evacuated. The
railroads commenced transporting government stock to the North, and
government works were stopped. What was but a rumor at first soon became
a certainty, and a harrowing scene of confusion and fright followed.
of the citizens who had not left with the first exodus were now afraid
of being abandoned to the tender mercies of the rebels. The depot
presented a scene of confusion and suffering seldom witnessed. Women and
children were huddled together with their sole earthly stock. Men, who
were almost millionaires a few years since, had to fly without a dollar
in their pockets.
is no more. The Babylon of the South has fallen, the voice and hum of
industry have ceased. Its splendid houses are deserted. The houses are
in ruins, the streets will soon be overgrown with grass and sportive
children will play through them and furtively peep through the piles of
brick and the ruins of factories, foundries and railroad depots,
peopling the deserted halls with ghostly legends.
the Gate City of the South–Atlanta, the Tyre of Southern trade, is a
deserted city in ruins. Her growing grandeur and loveliness are gone.
She stands forth a lesson to rebels of the fruits of their wicked
efforts to rend their country to pieces.
Cincinnati Gazette learns
through private advices that one column of Sherman’s army was seventy
miles in advance of Atlanta on the 14th inst., driving everything before
it, and destroying everything behind it that could aid the enemy, and
intending to pursue this policy to the end. The other column set out
three or four days later, and undoubtedly intending to unit with the
other at a suitable point. Sherman took with him rations for many days, but
expected to find ample provisions on the route. Corn and sweet
potatoes he will find in abundance, and probably hogs.
has reached Washington that the rebels are straining every nerve to head
off Sherman. Gen. Early’s command is being sent by cars from Staunton,
and troops have been detached from the army of Virginia to hasten
NOVEMBER 23, 1864
NEW HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
in Warfare.—The following is an extract from a dispatch
Paul, Minn., Nov. 14, 1864.
Fisk has arrived here. He reports having killed a number of Indians with
bullets, and one hundred men, women and children with hard tack,
saturated with strychnine.”
is the language of the dispatch–a simple allegation of a fact, as if
Capt. Fisk had gone through a certain routine of military duty, and made
his report accordingly. Our people have been brought face to face with
many horrors during the past four years, but we think their stoicism
will wince under this new infliction. It is the climax of barbarity. The
savages themselves, against whose “women and children” this system
of wholesale poisoning is practiced, cannot go beyond this extremity of
crime. If the statement is true, which we do not believe possible, Capt.
Fisk should have a conspicuous niche in the eternal temple of infamy, as
the most complete criminal on God’s earth.–N. Y. Times.
New Alabama.—It seems pretty certain that Capt. Semmes is
now afloat in another Alabama.
The London Star says:
few days ago we noticed the departure from Liverpool of a schooner
called the Laurel, with about
one hundred men on board, many of whom had served with Captain Semmes.
It was also hinted that Capt. Semmes was himself on board. This news is
confirmed by a dispatch received in Liverpool from Madeira, to the
effect that the Laurel had been lying in Funchal Bay for several days previous to
the 17th, and early on the morning of that day she steamed out to sea,
and met a large screw steamer (understood to be the new Alabama,) on board of which was transferred the crew of the Laurel.
The cargo consisted of guns, ammunition, &c. The screw steamer then
made for the direction of Bermuda.”
London paper says the Mormon delusion is stealthily making inroads in
the great towns of England, and diffusing itself through the
agricultural districts wherever ignorance and credulity are to be found.
correspondent of a Montreal paper asserts that there are now over
thirty-six thousand Canadians in the Federal armies, attracted by large
in the Confederacy.—A correspondent writing from the army
of the Potomac, says of the prisoners recently captured: “The
prisoners captured are all well clad, and have new shoes. Shoes are now
manufactured extensively in several of the leading cities of the
Confederacy. Doubtless the twenty-five hundred head of cattle, captured
from us some few months ago, have helped along the shoe trade of the
Confederacy, supposing the hides to be tanned by this time, after a
hasty fashion.”–Chicago Times.
Boston people have been showering honors upon the officers of the Kearsarge for the destruction of the Alabama. The merchants gave them a great dinner, when a dozen
speeches were made at them, and Capt. Winslow and Lieut. Thornton very
appropriately responded. Other tokens of respect have been bestowed upon
them. This is right, proper and pleasant; but it seems to us that the
crew of the Kearsarge, the
humble Jack Tars, are deserving of some credit for the gallant feat for
which their officers are so highly honored, and ought to share in the
Model Abolitionist.—Gen. Guitar, Democratic candidate for
Congress in the 9th district in Missouri, in an address to the people,
drew the following picture of one of the latter day “loyal”
refer to the case of Capt. W. A. Pollion, Co. E, 68th Regiment Colored
Volunteers. He, according to his own admissions, was for a number of
years engaged in the African slave trade; in kidnapping and transporting
Negroes from Africa to the Island of Cuba. On one occasion, having on
board his vessel (of which he was captain) about seven hundred Negroes,
all manacled and confined below decks, as he approached the coast of
Cuba, he was chased by a British man-of-war, and in order to effect his
own escape, was compelled to run his vessel ashore ad abandon her, which
he did. Before abandoning the ship, however, he scuttled and sunk her,
with all the Negroes on board, thus wiping out, in case of his capture,
all evidence of the character of his vessel.
we have Capt. Pollion engaged in the philanthropic work of inducting
Negroes into the blessed condition of slavery, except upon one occasion,
when with one stroke of his ship-axe, he sent seven hundred of them,
naked, unwashed and unregenerated, with manacles upon their limbs, into
that state of perfect freedom which lies beyond the Jordan.
we find Captain Pollion at the head of a Negro company leading them on
to freedom and glory–by a different road, however, to that over which
he led the seven hundred. Now add to this the further fact that Capt.
Pollion organized and drilled one of the first rebel companies in North
Missouri, and you have the parallel.”
Tin Currency.—The alloy of tin and copper lately issued by
the U. S. Government as a substitute for nickel pennies, is a poor
affair, but better than nothing. Poor as it is, the people must have it
to make change with; and therefore there is much grumbling at the
unaccountable delay in supplying the “tins.” The explanation has
been offered, and probably with much truth, that the new coins are
issued in sufficient quantities to meet the demand, but are bought up by
railroad and ferry companies and other corporations which require them
in large quantities to to carry on their business, and that they pay
them out very reluctantly. Many persons are also hoarding the pennies
that they get, under the impression that they will command a premium
some day. The death of an apple woman, recently, in whose house was
found a trunk full of them, threw some light on the question–“What
becomes of the pennies?”–N. Y.
Journal of Commerce.
officer of the 1st Rhode Island cavalry, serving in Sheridan’s army,
gives the following account of property destroyed by the cavalry
division alone during its operations in the Shenandoah Valley, from
August 13, 1864, to October 31, 1864, as copied from the Provost
hundred and eighty barns; 57 mills; 4955 tons of hay; 1,910,702 bushels
of wheat; 4 saw mills; 3 furnaces; 1 woolen mill; 515 acres of corn; 750
bushels of oats; 1347 cattle driven off; 1231 sheep driven off; 725
swine driven off; 560 barrels of flour; 225 tons of fodder; 2 tanneries;
2 wagons with flour; 1 railroad depot; 1 locomotive engine; 3 box cars;
14 army wagons and contents; 38 ambulances and medical wagons; 81
muskets; 4 caissons and contents; 20,000 rolls of carbine ammunition.
Total value, $3,856,372.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
families draw together around home firesides on this day, there will be
much rejoicing and much of sadness. In vain we look through former years
to find such a quick passage of events, all affecting the hopes and
happiness of domestic life, as have marked the progress of our country
within the recent past. War has spread its crimson mantle over the whole
land, and disease and death have cast gloom when all was bright and
cheerful before. Few are the families whose hearts have not in some
manner felt keenly the blows which a wicked rebellion has dealt upon the
best and bravest of the nation. Impossible it is then for friends to
meet on this day of Thanksgiving without having much to make them sad.
But amid all the sorrow, all the pain, all the vivid memories of the
past, there is cheering hope in the present condition of our country.
The skies are brighter as the clouds commence to pass away, and the
silver lining which all have longed to see begins to appear, and each
day its surface grows broader and more radiant. Our armies are marching
on in triumph. Our generals grope in the dark no longer, and with
confidence promise that the end is nigh. For such bright tokens that the
storm which has engulfed our fair land, and made its homes desolate, is
passing away, all should be grateful, and in them all may find cause for
rejoicing. It is proper, therefore, that the day should be one of Thanksgiving.
Those who mourn may rejoice, for their sacrifices have contributed to
the glory of the nation and the hopes of civilization everywhere.
the various observances of the day let those in affluent circumstances,
whose abundance might naturally lead them to forget the wants of others,
bear in mind the poor. There are many in our midst, suffering in honest
poverty, whose homes would be made glad by even the refuse morsels that
will be swept from bountiful boards. But citizens in comfortable
circumstances can afford them better that that, and with a little
trouble, and at a trifling expense, joy and gratitude may be carried
into hundreds of humble households. How munificent the response to the
call for money and supplies to make a Thanksgiving dinner for our
soldier heroes! Nobles, deserving, it was, too; but are there those who,
in giving freely therefor, have forgotten that suffering at home, in our
own streets, needs sympathy and aid?
order has been recently issued from the headquarters of the Army of the
Potomac, prohibiting entirely all communication with the enemy, either
by words or signs.
wells have been discovered in Cattaraugus county, New York, and large
tracts of land have been taken up by the New York, Philadelphia and Oil
Richmond Examiner is very
severe on what it styles the defection of Governor Brown, of Georgia,
and the Legislatures of that State and Alabama. It says that “the
convention of all the States,” North and South, for the purpose of
agreeing upon terms of peace, “will meet on the same day with the
parliament of mankind, the federation of the world, and not one hour
gang of men recruiting for Kentucky guerrilla service has been discovered
and broken up in Cincinnati, Ohio. It has been going on for some time, and
last Thursday night the detectives brought the matter to a crisis and made
have been reaching Gen. Thomas at the rate of three thousand men per day,
and still the stream pours steadily forward. He is strong enough to assume
the offensive and prevent Hood from moving so as to embarrass in the
slightest the operations of Sherman.
emperor of the French is laying out a city, where but lately was a fishing
village, St. Nazaire by name, near the mouth of the river Loire, which he
hopes will rival Liverpool, and draw to France the commerce of all nations.
The population of the town has increased from 1000 in 1857 to 15,000 now.
Two lines of railroad connect it with Paris, and the government is now
building nine ships of 5000 tons each to engage in the Mexican and West
dress parade of bounty jumpers took place in Indianapolis a few days since.
Over one hundred of them were lashed two-and-two to a long rope, with a
herculean African leading the column, and ringing a bell. Each jumper
carried a large placard on his back as an advertisement of his profession. A
line of friendly bayonets on each side kept off the curious crowd, and the
soul-stirring notes of the “Rogue’s March” kept time to their tramping
Boston Advertiser says it has seen
a private letter from the Tortugas, dated Oct. 23d, giving a painful and
pathetic description of the sufferings of the refugees at Cedar Key:
are some three thousand of them altogether, absolutely dying for want of the
common necessaries of life. These persons are white Union refugees, and many
of them accustomed to every comfort before the war, are now without
sufficient clothes to cover them, and many of the poor creatures who have
died there from sheer starvation, both men and women, have been laid in
their coffins without a rag to cover them, because clothing was too precious
to be laid in the ground. Now that winter is approaching, despair seems
staring the in the face, unless some kind friends come to their aid, and
fifty deserters from our armies have arrived at City Point from the Valley.
They were captured by Sheridan in his late campaign. The larger number were
substitutes who, having deserted and joined the rebel army, were sent to the
Shenandoah Valley, as there was less danger of their being identified if
captured. A court, with General Colles at the head, has been ordered at City
Point to try them.
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
Review of War News.
war news for the week is meagre.
Sherman we have absolutely nothing. Where he has gone, or is going, is
alike a matter that puzzles the Yankees and the rebs. Nobody knows, and
every one is speculating, especially Richmond editors.
Sentinel of the 18th says
official information was received the day previous that Sherman had
destroyed the railroad from Atlanta towards Chattanooga for a
considerable distance, and a report was in circulation during the day
that he had burned Atlanta, and was marching on Macon with 35,000 men.
The Sentinel, in an editorial,
speculates that Sherman is making for Macon, about 100 miles from
Atlanta, and thence he will move on Augusta and Savannah. It also thinks
that he may first try Mobile. The Sentinel
confesses that he has few or no troops to oppose him, and calls on the
people to tear down bridges and block up the roads. If Sherman then
accomplishes his journey, the Sentinel
says, it will be proof that he has not been becomingly resisted.
Dispatch of Friday is of the
opinion that Sherman is making or Pensacola, for a new base of supplies,
but declares that there are better reasons for his selecting some point
on the eastern coast, as the navy will be near at hand.
Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle says
that Howell Cobb, with 6000 militia, was south of Atlanta on the 6th
inst., which shows that Sherman had nothing of any account to oppose his
account says that Gen. Sherman had his headquarters on Monday last at
Kingston with the 14th corps. He had issued an order telling his troops
that they were about to pass through a country heretofore unoccupied by
either army, taking all the mules and horses within their reach. The
14th corps was the rear guard of Sherman’s army and moved from
Kingston on Monday last week.
hundred rebel prisoners arrived in Nashville Saturday from Atlanta. The
rebels, thinking the place evacuated, rushed in to pillage and plunder,
and were captured.
Kentucky the news of the defeat of Gen. Gillem at Bull’s Gap is
announced in the Richmond Enquirer of the 16th, by an official dispatch
from Lee. He says on the night of the 13th, Breckinridge turned Bull’s
Gap when the enemy attempted to retreat. At one o’clock on the 14th,
he struck their column and routed it, taking several hundred prisoners,
10 stand of colors, six pieces of artillery with caissons and horses
complete, 50 loaded wagons with teams and ambulances with medical
fears of an invasion of Kentucky, consequent upon this reverse, are
apprehended, as the military authorities are fully prepared to meet any
advance of such force into the State.
night last Hood’s entire army, including Forrest’s cavalry, were in
the immediate neighborhood of Tuscumbia and Florence, Ala., watched by
troops under Gen. Thomas, whose strength is such as will render the
invasion of Tennessee impossible; and even the withdrawal of Hood for
service elsewhere is an operation of extreme delicacy.
appears to be no doubt concerning the hasty retreat of Early and Ewell
from Shenandoah Valley. It is the opinion of officers in Sheridan’s
army that Ewell would leave a force at Lynchburg just sufficient to
guard the head of the Valley, and send his main force to aid Bragg in
repelling the anticipated advance of Sherman upon Charleston. This
retreat of the rebels from the Shenandoah will doubtless cause new
combinations on our side.
Thursday night heavy firing occurred on Butler’s front at Dutch Gap,
caused by the rebels attempting to force our picket lines. They were
rebels attacked our forces at Strawberry Plains, 18 miles above
Knoxville, on the morning of the 10th, at daylight. The fight continued
at intervals all day. Our forces held their own. The rebels were
repulsed at every attack.
is said by prominent friends of the Administration that the sending of
peace commissioners to Richmond is not now contemplated, and President
Lincoln will fully indicate his policy with regard to pacification in
his forthcoming message.
is stated that an Eastern leg factory has leased eight square miles of
forest in Maine for the purpose of obtaining supplies of timber for the
manufacture of the artificial limb. All kinds are turned out, from the
flesh-colored and silver-plated prop for the general down to the rough,
unpainted stump for the private soldier.
must refer particularly to one prominent feature of their work for
weary, wounded bodies on this day, which, for its novelty and
usefulness, deserves especial mention. Some of the newspapers have
mentioned a new Cooking Wagon, presented by the inventor to the
Christian Commission, which is thoroughly sui
generis. It is constructed somewhat like a battery caisson, so that
the parts can be unlimbered and separated from each other. The
“limber,” or forward part, bears a large chest, which is divided
into compartments to contain coffee, tea, sugar, and corn starch, with a
place, also, for two gridirons and an axe. From the rear portion rise
three tall smoke-pipes above three large boilers, under which there is a
place for the fire, and under the fire, a box for the fuel. Each boiler
will hold fourteen gallons, and it is estimated that in each one, on the
march, ten gallons of tea, or coffee, or chocolate, could be made in
twenty minutes, thus giving ninety gallons of nourishing drink every
hour ! It is truly a most ingenious and beneficent invention.1
was a call for coffee. A party of delegates at once volunteered to
respond to the call. The fires were lighted, the water boiled, the
coffee made, and soon the vehicle, drawn by two powerful horses, and
attended by half a score of willing laborers, was on its way from
Division to Division. Up the hospital avenue it rumbled and rolled, past
the long rows of white tents, stopping at this cluster and that, giving
to all from its generous supply.
should have seen the wondering look of the men as it passed by. They
rolled themselves over to get a glimpse of it. They stretched their
necks for a sight of it. The wounded heads forgot to ache, and the
wounded limbs almost forgot to cry for nursing in that moment of eager
curiosity. Was it a new sort of ambulance? It didn't look like one. What
did those three black pipes mean, and those three glowing fires? Is it a
steam fire engine, and are they going to give us a shower-bath? But the
savory odor that saluted their nostrils, and the delicious beverage the
engine poured into their little cups, soon put the matter beyond all
doubt. They soon found that there was no necromancy about it, for it had
a substantial blessing for each one of them, and they gave it their
blessings in return. One by one, such as were able, crowded about it
with curious faces, and the wagon, as it stood steaming and glowing in
the midst, was the theme of many affectionate comments.
say. Bill, ain't that a bully machine?”
sir, it's the greatest institution I ever saw.”
what you might call the Christian Light Artillery,” says a third.
deal pleasanter ammunition in it than the Rebs sent us this morning.”
Doctor," said a Delegate to a Surgeon, "what do you think of
thank the Lord for it. That's all I can say,” was his reply.
so, of a sudden, the new invention was crowned with the praises and
benedictions of the admiring crowd. It was a marked feature in the work
of the day, and must be set down as one of the “peculiar
institutions” of the Commission.
Americans Ahead Physically.–A surgeon in New York city
examined 8700 recruits for the army, of whom 4438 were Americans, 1694
Irish, 1453 Germans, 315 English and Scotch, 135 French, and 545
belonging to twenty-six other nations. He made a strict examination to
determine whether there was any foundation for the frequent affirmation
of the English journals that the physical man in America was
deteriorating. The Americans in New York city were, of course, not above
the average of Americans physically, yet his examinations put them
ahead! In stature the American-born ranked the highest, the English
next, the Irish next, the Germans next, and the French last. In regard
to their physical conformation, he divided the recruits into four
classes, and found the Americans to possess the highest rate of prime
physique. Of American-born recruits, 47.5 per cent had a prime physique,
the Germans 40.75 per cent, and the Irish 35 per cent. He arrived at the
conclusion that no race can show a larger proportion of osseous and
muscular development, and he ascribes it not to the race, but to the
diffused blessings of meat and drink.
NOVEMBER 26, 1864
Commissioners for Richmond.
find the following in the money article of the New York World, and print it without expressing a belief of its reliability:
are informed, on good authority, that the proposals for peace which the
government will make to the rebels have already been made known to
leading men in the different rebel States, and that theyh say they will
be accepted by the Southern people. Government proposes to send to
Richmond, at an early date, a commission of five, composed of three
Republicans and two peace Democrats. The Hon. Thomas Corwin is to be the
chief of the Republicans, and the Hon. Thomas H. Seymour, of the Peace
Democrats. They will go to Richmond to treat directly with the
Confederate authorities, and if their proposals are rejected by them,
then propositions will be made direct to each State to come back into
the union precisely on the same footing as before the rebellion. Each
State shall send at once their Representatives and Senators to Congress,
and they shall take their seats with all the rights and privileges of
those from the loyal States. In regard to slavery, each State shall be
left to its own discretion in reference to abolishing it between now and
January 1, 1900. Our government will propose the gradual emancipation of
the slaves before January 1, 1900. Free pardon will be granted to every
one in the rebel States, and if the leaders of the rebellion are elected
to Congress, the Presidency of the United States, or any other office in
the country, they shall be eligible for the same, and enjoy all the
rights and privileges of the loyal States.”
was turmoil in a State, (says Sir Walter Scott,) in which knaves did not
advantage themselves–as a boiling pot is sure to bring scum to the
surface.” English history need not be ransacked for evidence to
sustain the great novelist.
Rockingham County, Va., on Sheridan’s last raid, there were demolished
450 barns, 31 mills, and 100 miles of fences! In addition to all this,
immense amounts of the supplies of the people were destroyed, consumed
or taken away. McCormick’s reapers, threshing machines, and other
implements of farming were broken in large quantities; plate, money,
bonds stolen; and a great deal of household and kitchen furniture broken
to pieces. The damage done to the unfortunate people of that one county
is set down by the investigation at a value of
twenty-five millions of dollars! The Shenandoah, once the finest
valley in the land, is now one scene of devastation and ruin.
the rebel House of Representatives, on the 18th, and in the Senate on
the 19th, resolutions were offered by Messrs. Henry and Foote, of
Tennessee, that the war was to be carried on until the independence of
the South be acknowledged.
following from the New York Herald’s
Washington special, states the case truthfully as we well know:
remark of Mr. Seward in his speech last Thursday evening, that if
Secretary Welles would ‘close up Wilmington, he should have a good
deal less trouble with his foreign relations,’ has excited some
remark. It should be shown in justice to the Navy Department that it has
been ready and anxious for two years past to attack and close up that
great entrepôt of blockade runners; but the War Department has never
been prepared to co-operate. The Navy is ready now to do its part toward
accomplishing what Mr. Seward and the people have so long desired, and
if it could be done without the aid of the military, it would not long
remain a vexation and reproach and source of strength to the enemy. When
circumstances are such as to permit the publication of facts in the
matter, it will be conclusively shown that, if the blame rests anywhere,
it is not upon the Navy Department, or the officers and men of our
Foolhardy Venture and its Results.–On the 29th of June last
an adventurous gentleman set sail from New York in a small boat hardly
big enough for safe navigation of the North river in all its weathers,
preparing to cross the Atlantic. The New York papers generally made
quite a sensation out of the event, as though the foolish undertaking
was highly commendable. We condemned it, because such foolishness, if
successful at first, leads to still more reckless ventures, until some
lamentable sacrifice of life warns men of their danger. Nearly five
months have elapsed, and nothing has been heard of the Vision,
which has probably gone to the bottom of the Atlantic, with all on
board–two men and a dog. If men have a relish for danger, there are
plenty of ways which are legitimate, honorable and useful, in which
there is peril enough to satisfy the most reckless. Newspapers do wrong
to encourage such foolish and unprofitable adventures, any sympathy is
thrown away when bestowed upon the fate of those who rashly fly in the
face of death.–Syracuse Courier.
of the Commander of a Gunboat.
Nov. 16.–The tin-clad gunboat Rattler
was recently surrendered to the rebels by her commander at some point
information is rather indefinite, but it is said that the commander had
his men so disposed on the boat that they could offer no resistance to
her delivery. A small boat approached her on the night she was to be
delivered, but the subordinate officer on board had his suspicions
aroused and fired a revolver at the rebels, an frightened them away.
affair was subsequently investigated, when it was discovered that the
commander of the gunboat had already received $200,000, and other
payments were to be made in cotton. The commander was arrested, but
escaped, and declared that he would command a privateer and give the
Yankees hell. The rebels intended to use the Rattler
in capturing the gunboat Gen.
coffee wagon was invented, built, and presented to the Christian
Commission by Mr. Jacob Dunton, of Philadelphia. The description of the
wagon and its use is by Rev. C. H. Richards, one of the Delegates who
rendered timely service in the Ninth and Eighteenth Corps, July 30,
1864, the day of the mine explosion and bloody repulse before
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