DECEMBER 4, 1864
in New York.
the Cairo Democrat we extract
York, Nov. 26.–The places set fire to last night were the St.
Nicholas, St. John’s, Lafarge, Astor House, Lovejoy’s Hotel, Belmont
House, and Barnum’s Museum; none of which were much damaged, but
caused great consternation with the occupants of the hotels and the
audiences at Winter Garden and Barnum’s.
York, Nov. 26.–The fires last night at the five different
hotels were made with phosphorous, and thought for the purpose of
robbing in Barnum’s Museum, which was also set on fire. The
panic-stricken audience was robbed most thoroughly in the great smoke
and confusion that ensued at the hotels. The robbers did not succeed so
well. A woman hailing from Baltimore was arrested at the Metropolitan
Hotel under circumstances that involved her in serious suspicion. She
strongly protests innocence. Other arrests were also made.
appears that the woman arrested on suspicion of being concerned in the
incendiarism last night, arrived in the city but a few days since from
Baltimore, and took a room at the St. Nicholas. Last night, just before
the fire broke out there, she went to the Lafarge House, stayed a short
time, and left just before the fire broke out there. She then went to
the Metropolitan, and engaged a room, the fire breaking out very soon
afterward. Although closely questioned, she refused to disclose the
nature of her business there.
papers found in her room point so strongly to a man stopping at the
Lafarge House, who was recently discharged from Fort Lafayette on the
ground that he was a British subject, as an accomplice, that he was
arrested. He was nervous and excited when taken, and disclaimed any
connection with the affair.
manner in which the fires were produced showed a preconcerted plot in
beds, clothes, trunks, etc., were covered with phosphorous, and matches
were also scattered in the beds.
fires were then set and the rooms locked. As in the July riots the
thieves swarmed about the hotel doors ready to rush in and plunder when
the fire was underway, but the timely appearance of the police prevented
this portion of the programme from being carried out. The panic at the
Museum was intense, but fortunately the fire was quickly subdued. The
bottle containing the phosphorous was found, and is like those used by
the indications elsewhere.
Winter Garden a terrible panic was created by some one simply crying
fire. The entire fire department was aroused, together with the police.
Measures were adopted for the safety of life and property for the
remainder of the night.
attempt, which was really well planned, has failed. It has shown what
might be done here and elsewhere, and will inspire increased vigilance
throughout the North.
morning an examination of the Astor House took place, to learn if any
attempt had been made to fire that building. When on opening room No.
204, an immense volume of smoke poured into the hall. The fire had been
smouldering through the night; the bedding was saturated with
turpentine; the chairs were placed on the bed, and the bed clothes were
thrown over those. The room had been occupied by but one person since
the 20th, and his arrest, it is believed, will soon be made. The damage
will amount to about six hundred dollars. ->
person in a lieutenant’s uniform, named Alizon, who occupied one of
the rooms fired, was arrested this a.m.
Arrangements have been made to-day for protection against a repetition
of this incendiarism. Gen. Dix’s order requiring Southerners to
register their names, and which has proved almost a dead letter, will be
of the First Lager Beer Establishment in New Orleans.—Lager
beer is a good thing–it is a pleasant, healthful drink. The great
German people are a nation of thinkers–and drinkers of lager beer. We
have seldom been more courteously treated than on the occasion of the
inauguration last night. Lager beer, Rhine wine, song and music flowed
freely; and all of the best quality. One gentleman, who had lived here
more than thirty years, said he at length felt resigned to living in New
Orleans since the inception of this establishment. We were taken all
through the brewery and shown the entire process in the manufacture of
lager beer, from its incipiency in the form of malt, till it becomes a
good thing going down the throat, and giving a miscellaneous delight to
all the members. The establishment is quite extensive, and nothing can
surpass it in neatness and order. The manufacturer, Mr. G. Merz, has
great experience and knowledge in all the details of the business,
having learned it in Germany–the original land of lager. There were
several hundred persons present, and all was conducted in the best order
possible. There are few drunkards seen in wine-growing or lager
manufacturing countries, and as men must drink something, we hail the
introduction of the establishment as a moral institution–at all
events, we thank them for their personal courtesy.
Horse Shoes.—Le Genie
Industriel says that two horse-shoers in Paris, M. Lefevre and M.
Guerin, have invented a horse shoe to be attached temporarily by any
traveller whose horse should cast a shoe on the road at a distance from
any blacksmith’s shop. It is fitted with straps by which it may be
readily secured to the foot. The inventors suggest that it will be found
convenient for cavalry on the march.–Scientific American.
has certainly made great strides towards perfection, yet there are some
things which have not yet been achieved, and which are exceedingly
desirable. One of these is to produce the natural colors of the body and
of its vesture. Possibly the requisite which is most urgent is to make
the picture indelible. It must be admitted that the simple photograph,
as we now have it, clear, distinct, faithful, intelligent and speaking,
almost, will fade after a while. It is greatly to be hoped that some
process will be devised to make it permanent. Chemistry could hardly do
a greater service to society, than to make the needful discovery. In the
meantime the best which can be done is to have the photograph painted in
colors, and finished off, as it is artistically done over the way, by
Anderson & Turner, on the hallotype system, of which they are, here,
the sole proprietors. We have tried it ourselves, as you may see by a
look at their collection, and we look there, it seems to us, fresher
every day. If we could only feel as well as their art makes us look, we
would be content!
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
The Work of Subjugation.
commend the following article, which we clip from the New York News, to
the attentive perusal of any of our people who may be afflicted with
weakness in the knees:
of our contemporaries do us injustice in stating that we have made our
reviews of the progress of the war in disparagement of the Federal
Generals. The surveys we make from time to time of the scene of conflict
we make as matters of fact, but do so regardless of all personal
predilections, in profound respect and sympathy for the anxiety with
which our readers follow the fortunes of armies in which their whole
hearts are bound up. So completely, indeed, is the statement of the
Opposition journals unfounded, that we have been led frequently in our
reviews of the conflict to pass high encomium on the dash and genius of
Farragut and Sherman.
state of the conflict is, however, f more moment than any newspaper
misrepresentation. Some of our contemporaries, in condemning our plain
statement of facts, would have the public believe that the subjugation
of the South is making rapid progress. Let us examine into the truth of
that allegation. Last Spring the Federal troops lorded it on the Rio
Grande and shores of Texas. Those lines of invasion are strangers to
their footsteps now. In the beginning of this year’s campaign, Gen.
Banks had to go to the head of navigation on the Red River to find the
Confederates; he can find them, to-day, within a few days’ march of
New Orleans. Steele had to move, last Spring, one hundred and twenty
miles to the southward of Little Rock, in order to find Southern
soldiers; and at this moment they swarm as thick as locusts all around
that city. Despotism in Missouri cut throats six months ago, with no one
to make it afraid; and only two weeks ago an army of twenty-eight
thousand Confederates sat eating the good things of the land in perfect
safety, under its very nose. That great force is even now manśuvering
with the view of making a sudden dash, from the luxuriant valley of the
Osage, upon either the political or commercial capital of that great
State. Texas is gone; Louisiana is gone; Arkansas is gone; and, while
all this has happened within six months, we are asked by the Herald and other city journals to believe that the conquest of the
South is making rapid progress!
March, Central Mississippi was under the heels of Sherman’s advance to
the Tombigbee; to-day the troops of the Confederacy sweep up,
undisturbed, to almost the guns that defend the rear of Vicksburg.
Northern Mississippi has passed, within six months, from the domination
of troops under Dodge or Hurlbut to that of Confederate horsemen under
Chalmers. Western Tennessee, and even the Kentucky part of the peninsula
lying between the Tennessee and the Mississippi, know no sway, outside
Paducah, Columbus and Memphis, save that of General Forrest. The Memphis
and Charleston Railroad has gone back to the Confederates. ->
has, within six months, changed hands and is now a point of supply for
the army of General Hood. Tuscumbia has gone back to its owners, and all
of Alabama south of the Tennessee, with the exception of, perhaps, the
post at Decatur, has reverted to its rightful State sovereignty. Immense
regions that had been held last Spring in Mississippi, in Tennessee, in
Alabama, are thus seen to have been wrested from the hands of
subjugation and placed under contribution of men, horses and supplies in
the interests of successful resistance.
Georgia, the work of subjugation has met with a peculiar undoing. A line
of upward of a hundred miles, won at fearful cost of life and limb, had
brought Sherman into a village of Georgia, the “city” of Atlanta. We
were told that he had “broken the back bone of the rebellion,” when,
suddenly, his triumphant army, pausing in its vain work, is flung back,
by a mere exercise of will, a hundred and fifty miles, to begin the
struggle once more in the neighborhood of the Tennessee. Hood’s army
was at Dalton last April, but it is now a hundred and twenty miles
further north. Horsemen of the Confederate army are as thick as leaves
in the woods of Kentucky,
and threaten to make that State, which has heretofore been exempt from
war, a scene of battle. And thus has invasion gone back from tee hart of
Georgia, not only to the Tennessee, in fact, but in prospects, to the
Tennessee was held last Spring as far as the line of Virginia; the
Confederate troops find, now, no one to oppose them within even two or
three days’ march of Knoxville. In the Valley of Virginia, Hunter, a
few months ago, swept every thing before him to the works covering
Lynchburg; but to-day Early is tramping down toward the Potomac, with
Sheridan falling back before him to Harper’s Ferry. In May last, the
Federal army held the country between the Rapidan and the Potomac;
to-day the abandonment of the railway between Alexandria and Manassas
Gap has placed it under the undisputed command of the Confederates.
About five hundred square miles on the banks of the James River
constitute accessions of territory by the invasion of Virginia; but, in
the Valley and north of the Rapidan, the losses of the last few months
amount to four or five thousand square miles.
stands firm on the James. At all other points it has advanced–from
Shreveport to New Orleans; from Red River to the Missouri; from Central
Mississippi to Western Kentucky; from the Chattahoochee to the
Tennessee. Invasion has lost hundreds of thousands of square miles in
Louisiana, in Arkansas, in Mississippi, in Western Tennessee, in Eastern
Tennessee, in Virginia. And yet with all this overwhelming evidence to
the contrary, the Herald has the coolness to ask its readers to believe
that the work of subjugation goes bravely on!
DECEMBER 6, 1864
SPRINGFIELD DAILY UNION (MA)
Sherman’s March in Georgia.
He is Nearing the Seacoast.
Monroe, Dec. 4.
returned prisoner on the General
Lyon reports Sherman’s cavalry within six miles of Savannah on the
30th of November. Savannah is being fortified as rapidly as possible.
Every Negro and every cart in the city are at work on the
fortifications. Four trains loaded with rebel soldiers had arrived on
the Gulf Railroad. There was no report of disaster to any portion of
Gen. Sherman’s forces. He says the railroad was cut just after the
train he came through to Savannah on had passed through. He came from
Savannah Republican of the
30th contains no telegraphic news from any quarter. The following are
editorial items on the situation:
advices received yesterday indicate that Sherman has made little or no
progress with the main body of his army during the last day or two. He
is still on the railroad, some distance beyond Millen, and apparently
replenishing his commissaries for the journey before him. His men and
animals must be desperately jaded by this time, and but little prepared
for the trials to come. We still believe his intention is to reach the
coast if possible by that route which presents the least danger of a
fight. There was no enemy between here and Millen yesterday, and
although a party of Sherman’s cavalry had been near that latter place,
everything remained untouched.
fight is reported between Wheeler and Kirkpatrick, on Monday, with the
usual result. The latter was decently thrashed, and driven back in the
direction of the infantry.
is reliably reported that a force of about 1000 Yankees landed yesterday
forenoon from the Yankee fleet at Boyd’s Landing on Broad river in
South Carolina, and some eight miles distant from the Savannah or
Charleston railroad. A portion of this command approached the railroad
later in the day, but subsequently retired.
believed to be ample have been made to meet them should they attempt to
cut the road, which it was believed they would do last night. We still
believe Sherman has no serious thought of entering Savannah with his
jaded columns, but will attempt to make his way to the coast by the most
practicable route. He will find it difficult to to strike one that has
no lion n his path. Our military authorities though, we are glad to see,
are acting on the sound principle that the surest plan for keeping him
away from the city is to make it impossible for him to get there.
to a resolution of the General Assembly, Gov. Brown before leaving
Milledgeville made a proposition to the convicts in the penitentiary of
pardon if they would volunteer and prove themselves good soldiers.
Nearly all volunteered, but a few of the notoriously bad ones were
rejected. The company organized is 100 strong, and the celebrated Dr.
Roberts has been elected Captain.
Taylor is in Savannah, and has been ordered to take temporary command of
all confederate reserves in Alabama and Georgia. It is stated that the
Georgia militia have been turned over to the confederate service. Gen.
Buckner has been appointed Lieut. General.
Macon Telegraph sets down our loss at Griswoldville in killed, wounded
and missing as follows: 2d brigade, 160; 3d brigade, 163; 4th brigade,
158; State line, 53; total, 614. The enemy in their recent march
destroyed everything on Gen. Cobb’s plantation, with the exception of
his Negro cabins. ->
Ga., Nov. 25.–To Mr. Collins, Mayor Macon, sir: Our citizens have been
utterly despoiled by the Yankee army. Send us bread and meat, or there
will be great suffering among us. We have no mules or horses. What you
send must be brought by wagon trains. The railroad bridge across the
Oconee has been burned. The State House, Executive mansion, and factory
are still left us. Send us relief at once.–R. B. DeGraffenreid,
Mayor of Milledgeville.”
Richmond Enquirer of the 1st
believes Sherman’s army has reached Millen, and separated into two
columns, one marching towards Savannah and the other turned back towards
Augusta. The latter movement undoubtedly is a feint to protect his rear.
It is too late to menace Augusta, and Sherman’s main body is too far
south. He will do one of the two things, either go straight to Beaufort
or to Savannah, and attack Charleston by land, or he will join Grant in
an attack on Richmond. He has met with very little resistance in his
march through Georgia.
Augusta Register of the 27th
says, “the enemy’s raiding parties had approached very near, if not
quite to Savannah, on the 26th. We do not regard this as indicating the
presence of the main body. Such parties are sent out merely as feelers
of our strength.”
Richmond Sentinel of the 3d
says, “Gen. Hardee had attacked and drawn the enemy some distance, who
left their dead and wounded on the field.” This evidently has
reference to the Grahamsville, S. C. fight already reported.
Richmond Examiner of the 3d
says, news from Georgia is encouraging, and if Sherman gets through now,
which is doubtful, he will lose half his army.
Richmond Enquirer on the New York Incendiaries.
Richmond Enquirer of Saturday
last has an editorial on the late fires in New York, concluding thus:
“We are very glad to see all Southern refugees required to register
themselves. If Gen. Dix will hang them, he will do service to our cause.
A set of cowardly sneaks who deserted their country are not above
burning hotels. We hope Gen. Dix will hang every mother’s son of
Matters.—Extra precautions are now taken to prevent fires;
the guard has been much increased, admission to the tower and arsenals,
access to piles of lumber and coal and store houses generally on the
part of people without any particular business, stopped. Admission to
the grounds after sundown is henceforth restricted, save to those who
desire to go to houses occupied by residents on the grounds, and in that
case, unless known, they will be waited on by a watchman. Too much care
cannot now be exercised to prevent fires in the works, and to provide
further means to check one, if possibly occurring, a new steamer has
been asked for. The shutting up of the tower will be of small
inconvenience to the visiting public at this season of the year.
DECEMBER 7, 1864
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
Uses for Paper.
war has familiarized us with talk of iron-clads and tin-clads, but who
ever dreamed that paper would be used for the platings of war vessels or
the material of guns? Yet recent experiments in Europe indicate that
neither us improbable. From trials at Battersea it was ascertained that
rockets made of paper tubes were as strong as those made of metal. Paper
boards of one inch thickness were tested by ball, and found to be
superior in power of resistance to ten inches of solid oak. The bullet
which made a small round hole in the paper, perforating so far as to
raise a projection in the rear, would have passed through oak, making an
ugly fracture. So far as the process of manufacture has transpired to
the public, in consists in placing upon each other sheets of paper,
dampened with a solution composed mainly of zopissa, till the required
thickness is attained, and exposing the boards till they become
hardened. Zopissa is a gumlike substance found to a considerable extent
in Egypt.1 It
imparts great hardness to any surface upon which it is placed, and has
entered extensively into the compositions employed for preserving the
stone walls of public buildings in England.
uses to which this paper may be put promise to be multiform. The boards
are said to be well suited for the platings of ships, being lighter in
weight than oak, and easily fixed to the frame work. They do not require
sheathing, are non-absorbent, incombustible, and will not sustain on
their surface any form of animal or vegetable life, and in addition to
these recommendations, are cheaper than oak and iron.
inventor has used it successfully in the construction of light field
pieces. It is also suitable for carpets, which can be made from it in
every variety of pattern and color. Experiments are in progress to show
its fitness for house-building. Excellent leather for boots and shoes
are made with it. In fact, there seem to be few uses to which it is not
Hobart, of Providence, completed his task of wheeling a barrel of
oysters from Providence to Boston, on the 3d inst. His load weighed 300
pounds, and he was six days on the route. He sold his oysters at a
dollar apiece, and thus made a speculation out of his foolish bet.
Augusta Sentinel says: “It
is rumored that our cavalry are busy in destroying barns, cribs, and
anything that may be of use to Sherman in front of his main army on the
Ocmulgee river.” So it seems that it is not alone Sherman or the
Yankees who sweep the country of supplies.
the trial of copperhead conspirators at Indianapolis, a daughter of Rev.
Richard Curran Williams testified that he said he would as soon have her
marry a Negro as an abolitionist, and that he drove her out of the house
and then choked her because she persisted in marrying a Union man or
Toronto, C. W., dispatch of Monday says: “The excitement in regard to
the Fenian Brotherhood is revived, and becoming more and more
intensified. Last night an Orange Lodge was broken open and all its
property destroyed by the Fenians. Some fine portraits of Her Majesty,
Queen Victoria, were disgracefully mutilated, and the excitement to-day
is running high, and fears of violence are entertained.”
Washington special of Monday says: “Another fraud on the internal
revenue law of considerable magnitude has been discovered in the sixth
district of New York. The proprietors of one of the most popular patent
medicines have been selling great quantities for some time, but without
affixing the proper proprietary stamp, and their establishment, one of
the most extensive in the country, with all the fixtures and a large
quantity of medicine, was seized yesterday, and has become liable to
confiscation if the case is made out.”
of the Secretary of the Navy.
York, Dec. 6.–Secretary Welles’ report shows the following
Navy on the 1st ins. Consisted of six hundred and seventy-one (671)
vessels, having a tonnage of 510,396, and carrying 4,610 guns. This is
an increase of 83 vessels and 167 guns since December, 1863. The vessels
constructed for the Navy since March 4, 1861, number 203, carrying 1,631
guns, not counting those which have been constructed within the same
period and lost in battle or by shipwreck.
and men now on duty number: Officers, 6,000; men, 45,000. There are six
squadrons on duty: In the West Gulf, Admiral Farragut; East Gulf,
Stribling; South Atlantic, Dahlgren; North Atlantic, Porter;
Mississippi, Lee; and Pacific, Pearson; besides the Potomac Flotilla.
The West India Squadron, as an organization, has been discontinued.
consumption of coal in the Navy last year was 500,000 tons.
blockade extends along a coast 3,549 miles, a
greater length than the whole coast of Europe from Cape Trafalgar
to Cape North.
iron-clad fleet has been increased to 71 vessels. They carry 275
guns–all heavy metal.
number of prizes captured during the year was 324; eighty-eight of these
were steamers. The gross proceeds from sales of condemned prizes reach
$14,396,250, and the expense $1,237,153. The balance of $13,190,841 was
divided equally between the captors as prize money and the government as
a naval pension fund.
are 1,609 persons on the naval pension roll. They received $189,659 per
year. The pension fund on the 1st of January next will amount to
$7,000,000, yielding an annual income of $420,000, sufficient for the
payment of the entire pension roll.
Navy Department has cost $280,647,261 in four years. Of this aggregate,
$85,733,292 were expended last year. The available resources for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1865, are $139,289,059. The balance on hand
at the beginning of the present fiscal year was $30,032,244.
Welles enlarges upon the satisfactory condition of the Navy; commends
its officers for sustaining discipline and efficiency; and adverts with
emphasis to the extraordinary growth of the service since the first year
of the war.
of the Secretary of the Treasury.
Secretary of the Treasury estimates the receipts for the fiscal year at
$396,000,000, of which $300,000,000 are from internal duties, and the
expenditures at $1,168,256,605, of which there is for the war
department, $531,753,191; for the navy department, $112,219,666; for
interest on public debt, $127,000,000; and the balance of former
unexpended appropriations, $350,000,000. This latter amount is likely to
remain unexpended at the close of the year, reducing the total to
$818,256,005. Deducting therefrom the estimated receipts, $422,256,005
remains to be provided for by loans. The debt at the close of the fiscal
year is estimated at $2,645,320,682.
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
following are Gen. Sherman’s directions for conducting his new
Military Division of the Mississippi, in the field,
Kingston, Ga., Nov. 9, 1864.
For the purpose of military operations this army is divided into two
wings, viz: The right wing, Maj. Gen. O. O. Howard commanding the
Fifteenth and Seventeenth corps; the left wing, Maj. Gen. H. W. Slocum
commanding the Fourteenth and Twentieth corps.
The habitual order of march will be, whenever practicable, by four
roads, as nearly parallel as possible, and converging at points
hereafter to be indicated in orders. The cavalry, Brig. Gen. Kilpatrick
commanding, will receive special orders from the Commander-in-Chief.
There will be no general trains of supplies, but each corps will have
its ammunition and provision train, distributed habitually as follows:
Behind each regiment should follow one wagon and one ambulance, behind
each brigade should follow a due proportion of ammunition wagons,
provision wagons and ambulances. In case of danger each army corps
should change this order of march by having his advance and rear brigade
unencumbered by wheels. The separate columns will start habitually at
seven a.m., and make about fifteen miles per day, unless otherwise fixed
The army will forage literally on the country during the march. To this
end each brigade commander will organize a sufficient foraging party,
under the command of one or more discreet officers, who will gather near
the route travelled corn or forage of any kind, vegetables, corn meal or
whatever is needed by the command; aiming at all times to keep in the
wagon trains a t least ten days’ provisions for the command and three
days’ forage. Soldiers must not enter the dwellings of the inhabitants
or commit any trespass; during the halt or camp they may be permitted to
gather turnips, potatoes and other vegetables, and drive in stock in
front of their camps. To regular foraging parties must be entrusted the
gathering of provision and forage at any distance from the road
To army corps commanders is entrusted the power to destroy mills,
houses, cotton gins, &c., and for them this general principle is
laid down: In districts and neighborhoods where the army is unmolested,
no destruction of such property should be permitted; but should
guerrillas or bushwhackers molest our march, or should the inhabitants
burn bridges, obstruct roads, or otherwise manifest local hostility,
then army corps commanders should order and enforce a devastation more
or less relentless, according to the measure of such hostility.
As for horses, mules, wagons, &c., belonging to the inhabitants, the
cavalry and artillery may appropriate freely and without
limit–discriminating, however, between the rich, who are usually
hostile, and the poor or industrious, usually neutral or friendly.
Foraging parties may also take mules or horses to replace the jaded
animals of their trains or to serve as pack mules for the regiments or
brigades. In all foraging of whatever kind, the parties engaged will
refrain from abusive or threatening language, and may, when an officer
in command thinks proper, give written certificates of the facts, but no
receipts; and they will endeavor to leave with each family a reasonable
portion for their maintenance. ->
Negroes who are able bodied and can be of service to the several columns may
be taken along; but each army commander will bear it in mind that the
question of supplies is a very important one, and that his first duty is to
see to those who bear arms.
The organization at once of a good pioneer battalion for each corps,
composed, if possible, of Negroes, should be attended to. This battalion
should follow the advanced guard, should repair roads and double them if
possible, so that the columns will not be delayed after reaching bad places.
Also army commanders should study the habit of giving the artillery and
wagons the road, and marching their troops on one side; and also instruct
their troops to assist the wagons at steep hills or bad crossings of
Captain O. M. Poe, Chief Engineer, will assign to each wing of the army a
pontoon train, fully equipped and organized, and the commanders thereof will
see to its properly being protected at all times.
Gen. W. T. Sherman.
of Our Prisoners to Escape.—The Richmond Enquirer of the 18th ult., gives an account of an unsuccessful
attempt of 13,000 Union prisoners at Salisbury, N. C., to escape on the
24th. It says their plan was to overpower the guards, secure all the arms
they could, and march through Western North Carolina into Tennessee. They
overpowered the interior guard, killing two of them. They then attacked the
parapet guard, and two of these were killed, when artillery was opened on
the prisoners and several discharges of grape and canister fired among them.
They then called for quarter. Forty of the prisoners were killed and many
wounded. The Enquirer says: “But
for the coolness, and, it may be added, the consideration of the officers
commanding the garrison, the punishment inflicted upon these misguided
captives would have been far more serious, if indeed it had not amounted to
the annihilation of the entire body.”
rebel plot to burn Memphis was recently detected ad thwarted by Gen.
Washburne, who is in command there. The incendiaries were caught in the act
of firing the buildings, who, it is said, were to receive as their reward
from the rebel authorities ten per cent of the value of the property
destroyed. The incendiaries are under arrest, and after trial and conviction
by military court martial, will probably be hanged. Among the parties
arrested is Dr. McMillan, proprietor of the Charleston House at Memphis.
A. Pryor, the sprig of Virginia chivalry who capture we mentioned last week,
was taken by Capt. Dudley of the 11th N. H. Vols. He was taken while
advancing towards our picket lines, waving a newspaper with a view to an
exchange. He was taken in retaliation for the capture of Capt. Burridge of
the 36th Mass. under similar circumstances. Pryor was once a rebel general,
now reduced to the ranks.
EVENING TRANSCRIPT (MA)
Rebel Speculations upon Gen. Sherman’s Destination, &c.
9th.–Information from City Point today says Southern newspapers,
dates not given, report that Sherman has abandoned the shortest route
for Augusta, and appears to be drifting towards Savannah. He was
delaying for the purpose of gathering supplies, while his territorial
range was not too contracted by the operations of Wheeler.
thinks Sherman will not for a moment hesitate as to the point to be
attacked on the road to it, saying that the enemy broke camp at
Louisville early on the morning of the 2d inst.
abandoned the shortest route to Augusta and moved by a new route in the
direction of Savannah.
same paper lays out the following campaign for Sherman, as being the
most naturally feasible:
his forage and provision trains full, he will pass his entire army to
Millen, then, throwing his cavalry in the rear, he will put the wagon
trains between two wings of his army and march in compact column
steadily, but cautiously, on Savannah.
Ogeechee and its few crossings and terrible swamps on his right, and
Savannah river and its equally swampy banks on the left, both his flanks
will be most securely covered.
situated he has to march over 80 miles to the city. Travelling at the
rate averaged since leaving Atlanta, he will reach there by the 9th,
provided he should not be checked by the way. Oconee bridge has not been
burned, although desperate attempts have been made to accomplish this.
Richmond Enquirer of the 7th
reports no new movement made in the direction of Grahamsville. Federal
troops engaged consisted of 4 white and 4 black regiments. About 1300
killed and wounded were found on the field.
the War Has Done.—The war has visited the South with many a
sore grievance. It has curtailed the supply of good whiskey and Havana
segars. It has stripped the carpet from their floors, and substituted
cotton for linen tablecloths. It has deprived them of ice for their
juleps, and often for their social parties. It has made nails scarce and
screws dear. It has enhanced the price of scissors, and made a rarity of
the pocket penknife. It has caused Yankee notions of all kinds to be
more highly prized, though their makers are fearfully detested. It has
substituted homespun for broadcloth, and tawdry calicoes for handsome
silks. It has reduced many a luxurious table to corn bread and salt
pork, and compelled not a few highborn ladies to cook their own food,
and milk their own cows, while soft masculine hands have grown hard over
the plough handle or clasping the musket. But these things can be borne.
They are far more tolerable than association with the hated Yankees.–Washington
President’s Latest, Shortest and Best Speech.—On Thursday
of last week, two ladies from Tennessee came before the President asking
the release of their husbands held as prisoners of war at Johnson's
Island. They were put off till Friday, when they came again; and were
again put off to Saturday. At each of the interviews one of the ladies
urged that her husband was a religious man. On Saturday the President
ordered the release of the prisoners, and then said to this lady:
say your husband is a religious man; tell him when you meet him, that I
say I am not much of a judge of religion, but that, in my opinion, the
religion that sets men to rebel and fight against their government,
because, as they think, that government does not sufficiently help some
men to eat their bread on the sweat of other
men's faces, is not the sort of religion upon which people can get to
Operations on James River. Fortress
the capture of the tug Lizzie
Freeman, off the mouth of Warwick river by the rebel navy party, the
mate, Mr. William Spiel, was severely wounded in the shoulder, and one
colored soldier, acting as guard on the barge Zimmerman,
which the tug had in tow, was shot down in cold blood, and two others
dangerously wounded, although not offering any resistance. The
passengers and crew of the tugs and of the sutler’s schooner were
robbed of all their clothing and valuables and confined in the hold of
the barge, with the hatches shut, for several hours. The steamer Matilda,
passing the spot the next morning, relieved them from their unpleasant
situation and conveyed them to Norfolk.
steamer Wyoming arrived last
evening and reports having seen two schooners and a steamer bearing off
Day’s Point, the scene of the occurrence of the night before last, and
about 50 camp fires on shore. It was supposed the rebels had made
another capture and destroyed the Pawtuxent
with her tow of three schooners which left here for City Point. No
additional facts have been received, and the Wyoming’s
report is hardly credible.
the Veteran Makes Himself Comfortable.—An army letter has
the following description of the manner in which a veteran soldier makes
himself comfortable in camp:
is a trite remark that a man never knows how much he can do without
until he tries it, but it is more to my present purpose to say that he
never knows with how little he can make himself comfortable until he
makes the experiment. Nobody possesses this invaluable knowledge so much
as a veteran. Put a recruit into a forest of pine trees, with his
shelter tent, and if he have nobody but recruits about him, ten to one
you will find him under his shelter tent three weeks from that time.
so with the veteran. If he be camped in the pine forest, give him an old
axe, a boot-leg, a mud-puddle, a board or two, and a handful of nails,
and he builds him a house, and a house, too, comfortable and commodious,
and not wanting in architectural beauty. First he fells his trees, then
cuts and notches his logs, and lays them together to the required
height. His roof he puts on, giving it a great slope, and thatching it
with the green of the pine trees.
has been careful to leave window spaces, and tacking pieces of his
shelter tent over these, he has provided light, but he keeps out the
nipping air of winter. Then with his board he makes the door, and the
boot-leg supplying the hinges, it soon swings into its place. Then he
fills the spaces between the logs with soft earth from his mud-puddle,
and his house is done, except the chimney, and the forest and the
mud-puddle soon provide that, for his chimney is nothing but a pile of
sticks, plentifully plastered without and within with mud. Then with his
old axe he manufactures out of pine logs a full assortment of
furniture–bedstead, chairs, table, wardrobe, and generally adds a
mantel. Then, with a bright fire upon his hearth, he is prepared to
laugh at winter, and generally does.”
DECEMBER 10, 1864
THE BOSTON HERALD
The Battle of Honey Hill.
Hilton Head correspondent of the New York Herald,
who accompanied Gen. Foster’s expedition to co-operate with Gen.
Sherman, furnishes a full account of the battle at Honey Hill (three
miles from Grahamsville, on the Charleston and Savannah Railroad), on
the 30th ult., fought against a rebel force under Gen. Gustavus Smith.
The Union forces left Hilton Head early on the morning of the 29th ult.
on transports, and proceeded up Broad river to Boyd’s Point, where
they landed. A naval force accompanied them, and both Admiral Dahlgren
and General Foster were with the expedition. After landing, the troops
were pushed out for several miles in various directions, driving the
enemy before them at every point. The day was thus consumed in
reconnoitering and skirmishing. Early on the morning of the 30th they
were attacked by a body of rebels who moved out from their earthworks at
Honey Hill. These were immediately driven in, and determined and severe
fighting commenced between our men on the open ground and the enemy in
his entrenchments, and lasted for several hours. We make the following
extracts from the account of the battle:
Thirty-second United-States colored troops were ordered to charge the
rebel fort as soon as we had got in position at the head of the road.
They attempted, but got stuck in the marsh, which they found impassable
at the point of their assault; and a galling fire of grape, canister,
and musketry, being opened on them, they were forced to retire.
Thirty-fifth United-States colored troops also essayed an assault, but
could not get near enough to produce any effect upon it. These
regiments, however, only fell back to the line of battle, where they
remained throughout the entire fight.
Fifty-fifth Massachusetts (colored) went into the fight on the right of
the brigade, commanded by Col. Hartwell. I did not note the time, but it
was in the heat of the action, when the brigade had got separated by
sending detachments to different weak points, and all that was left of
it on the spot where it was first located was a mere detachment. The
fire became very hot ,but still the regiment did not waver–the line
merely quivered. Capt. Goraud, of Gen. Foster's staff, whose gallantry
was conspicuous all day, rode up just as Col. Hartwell was wounded in
the hand, and advised him to retire; but the colonel declined, and was
anxious to charge the works.
Goraud declined to give the order, but rather favored the movement, the
bullets all this time flying like hail. Col. Hartwell gave the order,
the colors came to the extreme front, when the colonel shouted,
“Follow your colors!” and then led the way himself, and marched off
obliquely, in column by division. Col. Hartwell was mounted, and so was
Capt. Crane, his Adjutant General. Just as they reached the marsh in
front of the turn in the road, and within a short distance of the rebel
works, brave Col. Hartwell’s horse, while struggling through the mud,
was literally blown to pieces by a discharge of canister.
Colonel was wounded at the same time, and attempted to jump from his
horse; but the animal fell on him, pressing him into the mud. At this
time he was riding at the side of the column and the men pressed on
past. But as they neared the fort they met a murderous fire of grape,
canister and bullets at short range. As the numbers of the advance were
thinned, the few who survived began to waver, and finally the regiment
retiring, Lieutenant Ellsworth, with a few men, extracted the Colonel
from his perilous position after much delay and by cutting the saddle
from his horse. In carrying him away he was again wounded in the side,
and advised Lieut. Ellsworth to leave him behind; but the Lieutenant and
a few men brought him from the field without further injury, and he will
probably survive. He is now in the hospital at Beaufort, doing well.
Fifty-fourth Massachusetts, heroes of all the hard fights that have
occurred in the department since their arrival here, were too much
scattered in this battle to do full justice to themselves. Only two
companies went into the fight at first, under Lieutenant Colonel Hooper.
They were posted on the left. Subsequently they were joined by four more
companies, who were left on duty in the rear.
Twenty-fifth Ohio, soon after the commencement of the engagement, were
sent to the right, where they swung round, and fought on a line nearly
perpendicular to our main front. A portion of the Fifty-fifth
Massachusetts were with them. One or two charges were essayed, but were
unsuccessful; but the front was maintained there throughout the
afternoon. The Twenty-fifth had the largest loss of all the regiments.
colored troops fought well throughout the day. There as probably a
greater proportion of stragglers among them than the white troops, but
not a single regiment broke as a regiment. The Fifty-fifth,
Thirty-second, One Hundred and second, Fifty-fourth and Thirty-fifth
were all at the front, and kept in line more coolly than one would
suppose. There was no shrinking among any troops, white or black, and
every regiment in the fight deserves praise.
charges were made at various times during the fight by the enemy, but
our infantry and artillery mowed them down, and they did not at any time
get very near our lines. Whenever a charge of our men was repulsed, the
rebels would flock out of their works, whooping like Indians; but
Ames’ guns and the terrible volleys of our infantry would send them
Naval Brigade behaved splendidly. When the order came to them to go to
the front and take position on the right, they seemed as pleased as if
invited to an extra ration of grog. A hundred or two brawny hands were
thrust into blue shirts for tobacco, and a hundred cheeks protruded with
the battle’s supply, and then they went ahead, led by the sturdy
Commander Preble, his grey hair fluttering in the breeze. When a
straggler was encountered, Jack showed him no mercy. “What ye doing,
‘way off here, ye lubber?” would be his salutation; and then, if he
didn’t ‘bout face, blows and even kicks were the penalty.
a little!” shouted a captain of a gun, apprehending collision in
double-quicking past a colored regiment. When they got into action, they
worked on their knees, and the sand was full of the snake-like tracks
they made. When the pieces were discharged they were under and all about
them, and when one was fatally shot his nearest comrade usually informed
him that he was “gone up.” There was not a skulker from the brigade
during the day–not a man shirked his duty. I cannot say much for their
marching or the precision of the naval infantry movements; but I never
saw so much coolness, or so much esprit d’corps before. One sailor, badly wounded, was laid by the
side of a colored soldier shot through the leg, and the sailor
imperiously directed him to “shut up.” Not complying, he was
informed that his nose would be “mashed” if his “mug” remained
longer open; and the next groan that came was the signal for a blow from
a fist like a sledge.
Foster, finding the enemy’s position at Honey Hill too strong to be
easily taken, and not of sufficient importance, considering the object
of the expedition, to warrant a continuance of the engagement, withdrew
to a strong position on the Savannah road, from which he will be able to
conduct future operations.
is actually a mixture of wax with tar or pitch scraped from the sides of
wooden ships, and is not limited to Egypt.
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