JANUARY 15, 1865
New York Evening Post, referring to the taking of Fort Donelson, relates this
colonel then serving on Grant’s staff related to me that during the
night preceding the final and successful attack, he was sent down the
river to meet Grant, who had ridden down to consult with Foote, after
darkness put a stop to the fighting. He was instructed to represent to
Gen. Grant that the enemy were evidently preparing; that an attack was
expected; that already upon one part of the lines the enemy had made a
sortie, but were repulsed; and that there were fears of the result in
case a general attack was made by the troops then within Fort Donelson.
Grant asked: “Did you take any prisoners?” “Yes, sir, a few.”
“Ride back at once, and overhaul their haversacks; if they are full,
be sure that the enemy is desperate and bent on cutting his way out.
Order, in that case, preparations for a general assault as quickly as
haversacks of the prisoners were examined, and found to contain, as
Grant supposed, three days’ provisions. If the enemy had meant to hold
Fort Donelson, he would not have encumbered an attacking party with a
heavy load of rations. Grant followed his aide and ordered an immediate
assault, which resulted in the surrender of the fort and the rebel army
German papers say that a very disgraceful trade is being carried on in
the Grand Duchy of Hesse and the Duchy of Nassau. A number of children
of both sexes are being bought from their parents by certain
“agents,” and exported for immoral purposes to England and Russia,
and even California. One woman especially has sent to England repeatedly
batches of young girls from fourteen to eighteen years of age, embarking
them at Rotterdam. Negotiations are going on between the Dutch and
Prussian Governments to prevent this vile traffic.
young ladies, genteelly dressed, were riding in a street car. One of
them, remarkable for an excessive prominence of nose, exhibited to the
other a photograph of herself, and they were engaged in discussing its
merits, when an elderly lady reached out her hand, and said to the lady
who had the picture, “Please let me look at it.” Her modest request
was met with an indignant frown, and the reply, as the card was returned
to the pocket of the lady,” It’s none of your business.” The old
lady settled back in her seat very complacently, when the companion of
the one with the picture asked, “What do you wish to do with it?”
“O, nothing,” replied the old lady, “I only wanted to see how
successfully the artist put such a nose on so small a card.” The car
was full, and the shouts of laughter could have been heard a square.
A Great Restaurant.–It
is contemplated to open in London a monster restaurant, after the plan
of Duval’s establishment in Paris. The guests will be served by girls
in uniform, and distinguished by numbers as the performers in the ballet
of the Danaides. The bill of fare will be published daily in the morning
paper. The bread will be cut and the meat carved by machinery. The beer
and other drinks will be delivered at each table by pipes laid under the
floor, and the plates be brought heated upon small railway cars. A
special department is reserved for customers’ dogs, to be attended to
by boys detailed for this purpose.
carry out the idea thoroughly, payment should be made and money
exchanged by machinery.
Worth Knowing and Remembering.–How
to act when the clothes catch fire is an important piece of information.
The Scientific American says three persons out of four would rush up to
the burning individual and begin to paw with their hands without any
definite aim. It is useless to tell the victim to do this or do that or
call for water. In fact it is generally best not to say a word, but
seize a blanket from a bed, or a cloak, or any woolen fabric–if none
is at hand, take any woolen material–hold the corners as far apart as
possible, stretch them out higher than your head, and, running boldly to
the person, make a motion of clasping in the arms, most about the
shoulders. This instantly smothers the fire and saves the face. The next
instant throw the unfortunate individual on the floor. This is an
additional safety to face and breath, and any remnant of flame can be
put out more leisurely. The next instant, immerse the burnt part in cold
water, and all pain will cease with [the] rapidity of lightning. Next,
get some flour, remove from the water, and cover the burnt parts with an
inch thickness of flour; if possible, put the patient to bed, and do all
that is possible to soothe until the physician arrives. Let the flour
remain until it falls off itself, when a beautiful new skin will be
found. Unless the burns are deep no other application is needed. The dry
flour for burns is the most admirable remedy ever proposed, and the
information ought to be imparted to all. The principle of its action is
that, like the water, it causes instant and perfect relief from pain by
totally excluding the air from the injured parts. Spanish whiting and
cold water, of a mushy consistency, are preferred by some. Dredge on the
flour until no more will stick, and cover with cotton batting.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
A Plain Talk.
times demand a plain talk, and we propose to have it with our friends.
you were a secessionist. Feeling that the honor, safety and prosperity
of the South demanded it, you placed yourself in the ranks of
secession–announced your devotion to the cause–paid out your money
to equip our troops–gave your sons to our army–called upon your
neighbors to vindicate Southern honor and maintain Southern rights. By
your words you confirmed the faithful–stimulated the
doubting–aroused the indifferent–rebuked those who hesitated, and
denounced as submissionists those who were willing to wear the abolition
yoke. Upon your shoulders rests the responsibility of all that has
followed, and, as in success and triumph, you may justly claim the honor
due to patriotism and manhood, so, if failure and disaster be our lot,
you must share the humiliation and be responsible for the consequences.
ask you to-day–has honor become less dear to you? Do you love the
South less, and are you less willing to make sacrifices now, than when
in the first hours of the revolution you made such bold announcement of
what you were willing to do in the holy cause of Southern rights? Then
life was not so dear but that you would freely give it to win Southern
independence. How is it with you to-day? Your noble boy–the first
offering you made to the cause–where is he? Sleeping with the honored
dead, or still bearing in triumph the proud banner of his country which
you placed in his hands, and bid him, God speed, as he went forth, his
eyes lit with patriotism, a true Southern soldier. Your neighbor, whom
you argued, exhorted and pressed into the ranks of secession–where are
he and his sons? Many of them sleep with the dead–others till live to
fight our battles. Have you the nerve to face them with your
half-uttered whisperings of dishonorable peace? Are you ready to yield
all that has been won of honor and glory and national independence? Are
you alike indifferent to the memory of the dead and the feelings of the
living? Are you willing to submit to the tyranny and oppression from
which you aided to tear your State only four short years ago? Will you
clasp again in brotherhood the blood-stained hands of the murderers who
have covered our land with the graves of our noble boys and brave men?
What has worked in your mind this marvelous change? Where now is that
high sense of honor–that self-sacrificing devotion to the cause of the
South, that you announced with so much earnestness and eloquence in the
early days of the revolution? Tell us, have the Yankees shown themselves
more worthy of your association by their wantonness and brutality in the
course of the war? Do you think better of them since Beast Butler
trampled upon the rights of men, and insulted with his vulgarity the
women of New Orleans? Have you a more kindly feeling to them since
Sherman has marched through your State, and by the indiscrimate robbery
and outrages perpetrated upon your fellow citizens, exhibited himself a
monster, compared to whom Butler might justly be considered a gentleman?
Would fellowship with them be more congenial to your feelings since you
have seen and known their proficiency in stealing silver spoons and
forks–insulting defenceless women–robbing Negro cabins, and their
general exhibition of loathsome bestiality? ->
not, then tell us what has cooled your Southern ardor and caused you to
lower your crest? There remains but one other solution of the problem,
and that is found in your love of property and the fear of losing it. We
place the picture before you, that you may enter upon the work of
self-examination. It is a humiliating spectacle, but one from which
there is no escape, save in the speedy return to the path of duty. You
may attempt to conceal from yourself the consciousness of your
humiliation, but there is no escape from the estimate which will be
placed upon you by every thinking man. Dishonored yourself, you seek to
drag down to your own level of degradation, the men who fraternized with
you in the days of your better manhood and purer patriotism. In the
language of pregnant warning, we bid you, pause and reflect.
you were not only a secessionist, but with self-exultation you have been
accustomed to remind your neighbors that your enlistment under the
banner of Southern Rights dates back to the contests of 1850 and ’51.
When others, less astute or less sensitive in the matter of Southern
honor than yourself, were clinging with a false confidence to the old
Union, you had already unfurled the Southern banner, and pledged life,
honor and property to its support and maintenance. At that early day you
raised your warning voice, and summoned your fellow citizens to the work
of saving the South from the ruin which a longer alliance with the North
would certainly bring upon her. Are you despondent now? Do you falter in
the great work in which we are engaged, and does there arise in your
mind a suggestion that the Yankees might propose terms of submission to
which you might assent? If so, how changed you are from the Southern
Rights man of 1850, the secessionist of 1861, and the life-long advocate
of Southern honor. With you, too, honor has lost its charms, and the
love of property has taken a still deeper hold upon your affections. We
ask you to pause for one moment–contemplate the picture we have drawn
of the secessionist of 1861, and as you shrink back from its
contemplation, only think how much lower you have sunk in the estimation
of all right-thinking men, than he has. We need not tell you of the
criticism that falls from the lips of almost every man, when your former
professions and present position are brought to his attention. The man
of honor has become the slave of avarice. After all, there may be too
much truth in the significant remark of Sherman, that “Yankee gold had
proven too much for Southern chivalry.” . . .
this article we have treated the subject upon the theory that by
submission these men can save their property. By submission we may
escape with life-but our property, our honor, our manhood will be lost.
Despoiled, insulted, scoffed at, we will crawl through a dishonored
life, scorned alike by our Yankee masters and by mankind.
ask pardon of a vast majority of our readers for inflicting upon them
this lengthy article. We know there are but few among the thousands of
patrons of this journal to whom the article if applicable–and to those
few we dedicate it.
JANUARY 17, 1865
OF THE ATTACK ON FORT FISHER!
Bombardment by the Fleet!
Attack by a Land Force!
THE RESULT NOT KNOWN!
Jan. 16.–The American has
Jan. 16.–The flag of truce boat New
York from Aiken’s Landing, James river, with paroled soldiers and
citizens, arrived here this morning.
attack on Fort Fisher had been renewed. The Richmond Examiner
says there is a rumor that a Yankee land force have commenced an attack
against the fort, but the War Department has not yet received any
intelligence of it. The Yankees will not take Fort Fisher.
Jan. 16.–The special correspondent of the Baltimore American,
under date of the 9th inst., communicates the following important
information relative to the renewal or continuation of the great
movement against the defences of Wilmington, situated at Federal Point,
at the mouth of New Inlet. This correspondence has been withheld from
publication until it should become known that an attack had actually
Santiago de Cuba,
Off Beaufort, Jan. 9.
ridden out a heavy southeast storm at our anchorage during the past two
days, off Beaufort harbor, we are now enjoying one of those periodical
calms peculiar to this latitude, which can scarcely be expected to last
more than 24 hours. Yesterday morning the wind got round to the
northeast and the sun shining out so brightly, we were blessed once more
with a quiet sea, and our eyes were delighted also with the approach of
a fleet of transports with troops furnished by Grant to co-operate with
Porter in the capture of Fort Fisher. The first vessel that arrived was
the flagship of the Commanding General, which crossed the bar at once ad
proceeded up Beaufort harbor to communicate with the flagship of Porter.
Next came the steamers Atlantic
and Baltic, each with near 2000 men on board. Other transports also
arrived soon after, the names of which, however, I did not ascertain.
All the transport fleet, as I now write, are anchored outside the bar
alongside with the naval vessels.
plan of the battle is fully arranged and the Commander of each vessel
has been supplied with a new chart, indicating not only his exact
position, but the precise point of the works of the enemy on which his
fire is to be directed. The Santiago,
being commanded by the senior Captain of the gunboat fleet, Capt.
Glisson, is stationed at the head of the vessels of her class, eleven in
number, and whilst others of the line are to concentrate their fire on
the outworks of Fort Fisher, our guns are to throw a flank fire into the
fort. My position to witness the fight will, therefore, be most
advantageous for having a full view of the operations of the monitors, Ironsides,
and heavy frigates on the right of the line, and of the gunboat attack
on the outer works of the enemy, including Mound battery on the left of
positions of the vessels are nearly the same as in the first attack,
except the ironclads will take position about a quarter of a mile nearer
Fort Fisher than at the former attack, and the Dictator
will also join them with her two 15-inch guns, making the monitor fleet
twelve guns strong, including four guns of the Monadnock;
then the Ironsides with her
tremendous 11-inch broadside, and Minnesota,
Wabash, Brooklyn, Susquehanna, Tuscarora,
Seneca, Ticonderoga, Mohican,
Colorado, Shenandoah, Juniata,
Yantic and Kansas form the
second line. The Nyack, Unadilla,
Huron and Pequot, which
act as tenders to the monitors, are also in the inner line.
gunboat fleet is to forma line
in front of the shore batteries, extending to the right of Fort Fisher,
in the following order: Santiago
de Cuba, Fort
Osceola, Chippewa, Sassacus,
Maritanza, Red Island,
Monticello, Mount Vernon,
Quaker City and Itasca.
Reserves of the various divisions consisting of a smaller class of
gunboats are assigned to a position outside the line of battle.
steamer has just arrived from the inner harbor and reports that at noon
to-day a signal was hoisted on the flagship of the entire division to
prepare for sea. The probability therefore is that we will sail
to-morrow morning if the weather should continue favorable. ->
fleet outside the bar are all ready to sail at a moment’s notice, and
will fall in line as soon as the forest of masts comes out of Beaufort
harbor. The larger transports are also outside about fifteen miles from
shore, awaiting the movement of the fleet.
The Kearsarge Subscription Fraud–Not a
Cent Received by the Crew.
of the Boston Herald!–Dear
Sir.–Permit me to correct a statement which I have seen in your
paper of the 14th inst, that $21,000 was judiciously
divided amongst the officers and crew of the above named ship. The crew,
either collectively or individually,, never received a single cent of
this sum of money, but the officers did. Now I want to set the public
right. I can’t object to the officers receiving the presents which
they have got, but I protest against the judicious
mode of distribution of money given by the good-hearted public. “Nothing for the crew” cannot be a judicious mode of distribution. Certainly there is a sum of $4000
placed in the “National Sailors’ Home,” the interest of which will
go for the use and benefit of the officers and crew if they ever require
it, and if all division of money is so judiciously managed, then indeed
the crew will require the interest to help them.
the Boston public know that the crew of the Kearsarge
did not receive one dollar? I want the New York public to know how the
crew were treated, and then call it judicious.
Is there no friend to stand up for the ship’s crew? Not a single cent
for the men who did the work?
write for the crew, as well as myself, and I know they will say they
protest against any such statement, and that it was not judicious
to treat the crew so. But having done so, let the plain truth be given,
that the crew received nothing.
inserting this in your paper will be one act of justice to the crew.
am, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient servant,
Late Paymaster’s Steward, U. S. S. Kearsarge,
Boston, Jan. 16, 1865.
Revelations of Jeff Davis’s Government.
York, Jan. 16.–The Times’
Washington dispatch learns from an interview with Mrs. Senator Foote
that her husband resigned his seat at the time reported; that the rebel
Congress is slavishly subservient to Jeff Davis; that when any bills
meet with opposition, the majority go into secret session and rush them
through; that the character
of the war is changed by Jeff Davis and is now carried on for his
purposes; that unless it can be terminated to suit him and his school of
politics he will carry it on more bloody and barbarous than ever; that
there is not the slightest prospect of Mr. Blair meeting with success;
that the contractors do not desire a termination of the war, and are
doing everything to continue it; that the great mass of the people want
to come back into the Union under the constitution, but are restrained
by military powers, and as the freedom of the press is entirely gone,
there is no way for them to express their views. It was for the purpose
of serving these people that Mr. Foote endeavored to reach Washington.
Mrs. Foote says those who side with the Richmond junta live as well as
ever, being supplied with all luxuries at a comparatively small cost, as
the government pays the expenses.
New Bedford Standard states that several times during the past week large stones
have been placed on the track of the Old Colony and Newport Railroad at
the point in Randolph where a man was run over and killed short time
since. Luckily they have been discovered in season to avert disaster. It
is probable that this outrage on the public safety is the work of some
misguided friend of the unfortunate victim.
JANUARY 18, 1865
CAPTURE OF FORT FISHER!
Account of the Bombardment.
Our Gunboats Up the River.
Jan. 17.–The correspondent of the Baltimore American
gives the following detailed account of the bombardment of Fort Fisher
on Friday, Jan. 13:
4 o’clock this morning we were aroused by a gun from the flagship and
the burning of the preparatory signal, as an indication that it was time
to be up and stirring, preparing breakfast and
getting through with the routine of morning duty so as to be in
readiness at dawn to commence the serious work of the day. The moon is
still shining brightly, and the throng of vessels rest calmly on the
sea, the wind being too light to ripple its surface, this, too, it
should be remembered, just out of cannon shot of the dreaded coast of
North Carolina. Truly the elements promise to favor this great
five o’clock a second signal was given by the flagship to get ‘under
weigh.’ At half past five signals of division commanders to ‘move
forward’ were given and responded to, causing a brilliant pyrotechnic
gunboat Tacony was sent ahead
last night to anchor off Flag Pond battery, and the day not having yet
dawned, her lights can be seen as the steering point of the fleet in
shore about three miles ahead of us. The three frigates, Wabash,
Minnesota and Colorado, moved off first, led by Porter’s flagship. They were
followed by the New Ironsides
and the monitor fleet. Signals from the army transports added to the
first dawn of day the whole squadron was in motion. The wind has changed
due west during the night, and coming off sore tends to render the
landing of the troops comparatively easy. At quarter to seven the
Admiral signaled ‘form in line of battle,’ whereupon the Brooklyn,
with her line of vessels, moved along close to the beach in the
following order: Brooklyn 26
guns, Mohican 7, Tacony
10, Kansas 8, Unadilla 7, Huron
4, Maumee 5, Pawtuxent 10, Seneca
4, Pontoosuc 10, Nyack 7, Yantic
7, Nereus 11. This division was ordered to prepare for action and move
in close to the shore to shell the beach at the point decided for
landing the troops, about 3½ miles from Fort Fisher, near the deserted
Half Moon battery. In a few minutes the whole division was in position,
throwing shells into the narrow strip of woods separating the sea shore
from Cape Fear river, about a mile inland, parallel to the beach.
the meantime the iron-clads moved into position directly in front of
Fort Fisher, the Ironsides
about three quarters of a mile and the monitors about half a mile off,
in the following order: New
Ironsides, twenty guns; Monadnock,
four guns; Saugus, two guns; Canonicus, [two guns]; Mahopac,
two guns. Before they got into position the fort opened on them, but
they heeded it not until they had secured their anchorage, when at 8:30
the Ironsides opened on the fort, and was followed by the monitors with
their tremendous shells. Every shot struck in the embrasure, and
exploding threw clouds of sand high into the air. The fort occasionally
responded, but did not send more than one shot every ten minutes, and at
times so rapid was our firing that they found it impossible to work
nine o’clock the boats of the fleet were called away to assist in
landing the troops. The woods had in the meantime been thoroughly
shelled, and no enemy had appeared. The transports were enabled to go
within half a mile of the shore, and were soon surrounded by not less
than 200 boats, supplied from all the vessels in the fleet. Several tugs
also joined in the work and carried soldiers to within 100 yards of the
beach, where they were transferred to small boats. Tents and camp
equipment were also landed with several days’ provisions for the
entire force, which was 8,000 strong. At nine o’clock the boats from
all the transports moved simultaneously for the shore, and in a few
minutes the first 500 men stepped on the beach and planted their
regimental flag on one of the highest sand-hills amid cheering from the
transports and fleet. The men were overjoyed to again get from
shipboard, and in a few minutes had cut down cedars sufficient to make a
roaring fire to dry their clothes, some having got wet to their knees in
passing through the surf. The band soon commenced playing, while the men
could be seen running about and rolling in the warm sand like a school f
children enjoying a holiday. No sign of an enemy could be seen at this
time in any direction.
ten o’clock, about 4000 troops having been landed, a skirmishing line
was sent forward. Admiral Porter signalled to Capt. Glisson, commanding
the Santiago, to move with his gunboat division inside the line of
frigates, and shell the beach in advance of the skirmishers’ division.
The woods in advance of the pickets were thoroughly shelled up to within
a mile and a half of Fort Fisher, where we dropped anchor in the rear of
the iron-clad fleet, and fully two miles in advance of all the balance
of the landing of the troops, where they remained up to 4 o’clock in
our advanced position I had a splendid view of the work of the
iron-clads, which was the main business of the day, though some shells
fired from Fort Fisher came in rather close proximity. The firing on the
fort from the monitors and New
Ironsides was a magnificent sight.
8 in the morning up to 4 p.m.,
the monitors poured in ponderous shells at the rate of 4 per minute, the
whole number thrown in at that time not less than 2000. Every shot
struck the embrasures or parapets of the fort, and the gunnery exhibited
was never surpassed. During this time the fort probably threw 300 shells
in return, but the difficulty they had in managing their guns amid the
explosion of our shells and the clouds of sand that constantly enveloped
their works from our well directed shots, doubtless marred their
gunnery, as most of their shots struck beyond or short of the mark. All
of our vessels, however, received honorable scars in the fight, and we
could see that several of their smoke stacks had been perforated and
their armor bruised. The damage done to the fort by outward appearance
was most distinct; what the internal damage may be is not known.
4 o’clock, dense and continued smoke from the inside of the fort
indicated that some rebel huts had been fired. At 4 o’clock the
Admiral signalled to the vessels in line of battle, Number One, to take
the position marked out for tem on the chart and join in the
bombardment. They moved forward in the order given–11 vessels–led by
the Brooklyn, and carrying 136
guns. An order was then given to line of battle Number Two to take
position to join in the bombardment. It immediately moved forward as
follows, presenting an array of the largest vessels in the service–a
magnificent spectacle of old wooden walls with their ponderous
armaments, viz: the Minnesota, 52 guns; Wabash,
48; Powhattan, 21; Susquehanna,
16; Juniata, 9; Shenandoah,
10; Ticonderoga, 20; total
number of guns 175.
20 minutes to 5 o’clock these two immense divisions, carrying 312
guns, in addition to the iron-clads, joined in the grand and awful yet
terribly brilliant cannonade. The number of shots fired while this great
bombardment lasted (one hour and a half–closing at ten minutes past
six o’clock) could not have been less than four per second, broadside
after broadside being poured in without the slightest intermission,
occasionally interspersed with the dense bass of the guns of the
monitors. Four shots per second during this time counts up 21,600 shots.
Indeed, I have no doubt that up to the withdrawal of the wooden walls
this evening, not less than 25,000 shells were fired into Fort Fisher.
After the general bombardment commenced, but one shot was fired by the
fort in return, consequently none of the wooden vessels were injured.
The Ironsides and monitors did not withdraw, but kept at work throughout
the night, throwing one shell every ten minutes into the fort to prevent
repairing of damages by the garrison.
camp-fires of our troops on shore, together with the burning signals and
the display of white and green lanterns by the fleet, presents a grand
spectacle to-night. The troops have advanced up to within about a mile
and a half of Fort Fisher, their camp-fires extending down the beach for
more than a mile.
troops are in high spirits, and anxious to be led forward to assault the
fort. They wish to wipe out the stain cast upon them by the withdrawal
of Butler, and to prove to the country that they did not believe that
the fort could not be taken.
announcement received here to-day that Butler had been relieved from the
command of the Army of the James caused great rejoicing throughout the
The Fort “Reduced to Pulp.”
GALLANT CHARGE OF THE SAILORS.
Jan. 18.–The following was received at the Navy Department this
Off Fort Fishers, Jan.
Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy:–
I have the honor to inform you that we have possession of Fort Fisher,
and the fall of the surrounding works will soon follow.
I informed you in my last we had commenced operations with the iron
vessels, which bombarded while we landed the troops.
the 14th I ordered all the vessels carrying XI-inch guns to bombard,
with the Ironsides, the Brooklyn
taking the lead; by sunset the fort was reduced to a pulp; every gun was
silenced by being injured or covered up with earth so that they would
the 15th General Terry and myself arranged for an assault, and I ordered
1,400 sailors and marines to participate. At daylight the iron vessels,
Brooklyn, and XI-inch gunboats commenced battering the work, while the
troops made a lodgment within 150 yards of the fort.
10 o’clock all the vessels steamed in and took their stations, opening
a heavy fire, which was kept up until 3 p. in., when the signal was made
to assault, the soldiers taking the land side and the sailors the sea
face, the ships changing (but not stopping) their fire to other works.
rebels met us with a courage worthy of a better cause and fought
desperately. About 30 of the sailors and officers succeeded in getting
to the top of the parapet amidst a murderous fire of grape, canister,
and musketry; they had planted the flag there, but were swept away in a
moment. Others tried to get up the steep pan coupé.1
The marines could have cleared the parapets by keeping up a steady fire,
but they failed to do so and the sailors were repulsed. Many gallant
fellows fell trying to emulate their brothers in arms who were fighting
to obtain an entrance on the northeast angle as it appears on our
charts. The enemy mistook the seamen’s attack for the main body of
troops and opposed a most vigorous resistance there, but I witnessed it
all and think the marines could have made the assault successful.
the meantime our gallant soldiers had gained a foothold on the
[northwest] corner of the fort, fighting like lions, and contesting
every inch of ground. The Ironsides
and monitors kept throwing their shells into the traverses not occupied
by our men but occupied by the rebels. In this way our troops fought
from traverse to traverse from 3 p.m.
until p.m., when the joyful tidings were signalled to the fleet.
stopped our fire and gave them three of the heartiest cheers I ever
heard. It has been the most terrific struggle I ever saw, and very much
hard labor. The troops have covered themselves with glory, and General
Terry is my beau ideal of a soldier and a general. Our cooperation has
been most harmonious, and I think the general will do the Navy the
credit to say that this time, at least, “we substantially injured the
fort as a defensive work.” General Terry had only a few more troops
than we had on the last occasion when the enemy had only 150 men in the
works. This time the works were fully manned and contained about 2800
men at the time of the assault. 1->
is a matter of great regret to me to see my gallant officers and men so cut
up, but I was unwilling to let the troops undertake the capture of the works
without the Navy’s sharing with them the peril all were anxious to
undergo, and we should have had the honor of meeting our brothers in arms in
the works had the sailors been properly supported.
have lost about 200 in killed and wounded, and amongst them some gallant
officers. I regret to announce the death of Lieutenant S. W. Preston and
Lieutenant B. H. Porter. They were captured together in the attack on Fort
Sumter and died together in endeavoring to pull down the flag that has so
long flaunted in our faces. Lieutenant R. H. Lamson was severely wounded. He
was lately associated with Lieutenant Preston in his perilous adventure of
the powder boat. Lieutenant George N. Bache and a number of others were
wounded; the former not dangerously.
assault only took place a few hours ago, and I am unable to inform you of
our casualties. They are quite severe from the assault, but we had no
casualties from the enemy’s cannon.
the impatience of the Department to receive news from Fort Fisher, I have
written these few hurried lines. No one can conceive what the Army and Navy
have gone through to achieve this victory which should have been ours on
Christmas Day without the loss of a dozen men.
has been a day of terrific struggle, and not surpassed by any events of the
war. We are all worn out nearly, and you must excuse this brief and
will write fully by the Santiago de
Cuba, which goes north to-morrow to carry the wounded.
the men in Fort Fisher there were about 500 in the upper forts, and a relief
of about 1,500 men brought down by steamers this morning. So far, I believe
we have only captured the garrison of Fort Fisher.
don’t suppose there ever was a work subjected to such a terrific
bombardment, or where the appearance of a fort was more altered. There is
not a spot of earth about the fort that has not been torn up by our shells.
don’t know yet the number of killed and wounded by our fire, but one
XV-inch shell alone pierced a bombproof, killing 16 and wounding severely
presume we are in possession of all the forts, as Fort Fisher commands them
is so late now that I can learn nothing more until morning.
am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
D. Porter, Rear-Admiral.
Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C.
York, Jan. 18.–Late Mexican advices state that Maximilian announces
free toleration of religious opinion, but the State religion will be Roman
thousand Austrian soldiers had arrived at Vera Cruz. The Austrian Minister
had also arrived.
was stated in Mexico that the United States will recognize the Mexican
Empire in March.
government journals state that more of Juarez’s chiefs have given in [to]
their adhesion to Maximilian.
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
and Adjacent Matters.
president is reported to have been closeted all day, Wednesday, denying
himself to all comers, and giving audience to two peace envoys from
Richmond Whig of Tuesday says
of Mr. Blair’s mission:
belief in well-informed circles is that this interview may lead to a
conference between authorized agents or commissioners of the two
governments. It is known that President Davis will permit no obstacle of
form to stand in the way of sending or receiving commissioners. Mr.
Blair was handsomely entertained during his sojourn in Richmond. We are
assured that the report is true that President Davis has sent an
autograph letter to Mr. Lincoln expressing his willingness to send or
receive commissioners authorized to negotiate peace.”
is to be recollected in connection with all such assurances, that Davis
and the rest said to Mr. Blair, as they have always said, that they will
have peace only as an independent nation; they will consider no
propositions for a return to the Union.
indications looking towards peace than any that come, or will come, from
the rebel leaders at Richmond, are found in the outburst against Davis
in the southern newspapers, especially those of Georgia and South
Carolina. In central Virginia too the Charlotte Chronicle
is quite as fierce against Davis as are the Charleston papers, and cries
Mr. Davis and the court were only going to dash their own brains out, we
might rally from the calamity; but they are dragging the whole secession
fleet after them. Nearly all things have been done in a malign,
perverted way; we have been breathing an impure air; we have been
nourishing a vicious blood; we have seen with a refracted light; we have
prophesied with stammering lips. Our leader is afflicted with
proud-flesh; he sees with an oblique eye; his ear has no sense of
harmony; he has no idea of proportions, no idea of relations; he is
affected with color-blindness; he combines like the kaleidoscope; he
sees with the vividness of the madman, but there is a villainous demon
within that wrests things out of their places; like some fine instrument
in its conception, a chord or string has been broken, and what should
have discoursed eloquent music, utters harsh, discordant sounds.”
Charleston Mercury, having
denounced in detail the military blunders of Davis, declares his
proposition to arm the slaves the worst blunder of all:
of aiming at radical changes in the causes of the effects under which we
suffer and are endangered, men are found who propose the mad remedy of
driving out quiet Negro producers into the war, and forcing them to
fight. They are to understand that the Yankees are getting the upper
hand of us, and that their time of immunity from war is over; they are
to choose between fighting with us, the weaker party, or with the
stronger party, our enemy. They are to fight for slavery (or for
individual freedom) on our side, or on the side of our enemy for total
and general emancipation of their families, race and people, allured by
all the fancied luxuries of nothing to do. Independent of law,
independent of principle, independent of our institutions, the
proposition appears to us as desperate in its absurdity as it is the
reckless of everything else. Can Congress find no remedy for the
incompetency and mismanagement which is riding us down to ruin?” ->
Raleigh (N. C.) Whig has come
out openly for the reconstruction of the Union, as the only remedy for
intestine troubles. It says the interior of North Carolina is filled
with deserters and outlaws, and the state militia have thrown away their
arms and gone home. Mr. Poole, the member of the North Carolina state
senate who recently introduced peace resolutions in that body, has
delivered a logical and fearless speech in their support. Affairs are
evidently ripening for peace in the old North state.
An Appeal for the Contrabands.–Gen.
Saxton and others connected with the freedmen on the South Carolina
islands sends the following appeal:
Men and Women of the North! We earnestly appeal to you on behalf of the
thousands of suffering Negroes whom Gen. Sherman has just liberated by
his triumphant march through Georgia.
he has borne our flag, they have hastened to follow it with simple faith
in the truth of the government and the charity of the nation. They have
arrived on the coast after long marches and severe privations, weary,
famished, sick and almost naked. Seven hundred of these wretched people
arrived at Beaufort Christmas night, in a state of misery which would
have moved to pity a heart of stone, and these are but the advance of a
host no less destitute.
stores of the government, already overtaxed to supply a large army, are
not available to relieve their wants, and unless the charity of the
North comes speedily to the rescue, they must die by hundreds from
exposure and disease.
extreme and entire I the destitution of this people, that nothing which
you can afford to give will come amiss. Clothing is their most pressing
need, especially for women and children, who cannot wear the cast-off
garments of soldiers. Shoes and stockings, hats, suspenders, and
under-garments of all kinds are hardly less necessary in this climate
than in the North. Utensils, medicines, money–anything you have to
spare–will find its use among this wretched people.
several freedmen’s aid societies at the North are proper and
sufficient channels for your beneficence. We pray you, for the sake of
suffering humanity, let them be speedily and abundantly filled.”
S. C., January 6, 1865.
bags of overland mail matter for California, which had once been sent as
far as Julesburg, Colorado, 400 miles beyond Atchison, Kansas, and
returned to New York in consequence of Indian troubles, was dispatched
from New York Monday by the Isthmus route. The Indians now hold some 500
miles of the overland route and communication will not probably be
resumed before May or June.
JANUARY 21, 1865
Blair’s Visit to Richmond.
Davis Ready for Peace on the Basis
of State Rights.
[Correspondence of the World.]
Blair’s visit to Richmond continues to be the subject of numerous
comments, and shares with our glorious deeds at Fort Fisher the honor of
engrossing public attention. I heard so many stories concerning that
visit, on which, by the way, Mr. Blair keeps perfectly silent, that I do
not feel authorized to state anything positive on the subject. If I had
an opinion to express, I would simply say that I do not believe him as
satisfied on his return as he was on his departure, and that he has
obviously failed in the mission he undertook at the instigation of Mr.
Greeley, and of the abolition clique which sits in Washington. Mr.
Lincoln, who was also perfectly aware of the character of the visit, and
who has seen Mr. Blair since his return, looked gloomier after a
conversation with him, and seemed, I am informed, to labor under heavy
disappointment at the close of his interview with the Richmond traveler.
only reliable news I have from Mr. Blair’s experiment in Richmond is
based upon a conversation I had with a friend of Mr. Seward, who seemed
to be acquainted with the whole affair. He say that, once in Richmond,
Mr. Blair was refused an official reception by his former friends now in
power, and all that was granted him was the permission to visit them in
a private capacity, without reference to any mission he might or might
not have been entrusted with by Mr. Lincoln.
course, Mr. Blair accepted. He expressed, as an individual, the hope
that the Confederate Government would not decline the offer of peace if
it was presented in a proper shape; to which the reply was that a peace
based on the “State rights” doctrine, such as it existed under the
first four Presidents, would certainly be accepted; and that if Mr.
Lincoln was ready to offer it, the Confederate Government would have no
objection to listen to such overtures, and to take the subject into
consideration. This was said to Mr. Blair by Jeff Davis himself, and by
several members of his cabinet.
answer given to Mr. Blair by Mr. Benjamin was of a different character.
The polished politician and orator told him that any propositions coming
from Mr. Blair were entitled to consideration, and that he would not
hesitate to look into it himself, were it not that the agreements made
by the Confederate Government with European powers forbade any idea of a
return of the South to the Union, and bound the former to persevere in
the pursuit of its independence.
is what I heard from a very reliable source, and I have no doubt myself
that such conversations were carried on between Mr. Blair and the
Richmond authorities. But whether or not anything told him by Jeff Davis
and Mr. Benjamin was true, is a thing which I have no means to
ascertain. I understand, however, that the old gentleman is disposed to
satisfy the curiosity of his friends by publishing a short account of
his experience in rebeldom in one of the Washington papers.–François.
Wilmington Journal explains how the Junior Reserves of North Carolina were
captured before Fort Fisher:
appears that a Yankee captain, with five men, met one hundred and fifty
of the reserves, under Major Reese, commanded the Major to surrender,
telling him there was no use resisting as he was surrounded. A
lieutenant refused to surrender and walked off with twelve men; but the
Major, the victim of a transparent sell, as the Journal says, surrendered with his one hundred and fifty men to six
Yankees. These men were marched into our lines, carrying their own arms
loaded and capped.
Navy in the English Point of View.
London Times, in an elaborate
review of the report of our Secretary of the Navy, says: “Mr. Gideon
Welles, the Secretary of the Federal Navy, is undoubtedly entitled to
claim credit for the exertions of his department during the great civil
war; and if we look impartially at the work devolved suddenly upon the
American admiralty four years ago, at the resources which then existed
for its performance, and the manner in which it has been actually
performed, we must admit that the tone of gratulation pervading the
Secretary’s report is by no means without justification.”
Lee declines the proposition of the Confederates to make him
Generalissimo–in other words, to make him in effect the Dictator. He
has too much sense to want such a position, and cares enough in his
present one. He recommends the arming of slaves, and the abolition
of slavery for all who are armed.
The Atlantic Telegraph.–A
letter from Geo. Saward, Esq., Secretary and General Superintendent of
the Atlantic Telegraph Company, to Cyrus W. Field, Esq., after alluding
to the absolute electrical perfection of the cable now being
manufactured, states the amount completed up to the 30th of December, at
750 miles. The cable now being manufactured at the rate of eighty miles
per week, without hurry and without night work. It will be finished by
the end of the first week of June. Two tanks on board the Great Eastern for the storage of the cable are constructed, and the
third is rapidly progressing. There is no reason to doubt that the cable
will all be on board, and the great ship nearly ready for sea with every
appliance of the best kind and in the best order, by the month of June.
Mr. Saward has no doubt that the cable will be successfully laid and
of Edward Everett.
unexpected event occurred at his residence in Boston about 4 o’clock
Sunday morning. He had been in his usual health, with the exception of a
severe cold, which did not excite alarm. He died from apoplexy. His age
was seventy years and nine months. A dispatch from the Secretary of
State announces that, “the several departments of the Government will
cause appropriate honors to be rendered to the deceased, both at home
Everett was distinguished for his scholarship and great industry. In the
positions he held at different times–Senator, Secretary of State,
Minister to England, &c.–he acquired extensive information of the
politics of his own and foreign countries. Everything that came from his
hand was prepared with laborious care, and more remarkable for
correctness of expression than breadth of view. R. Everett was naturally
a conservative politician, but had not that firmness and devotion to
principles which enables a man to stand up against popular reproach. He
was undoubtedly honest, but his inclination to be on the popular side
led him into inconsistencies. An instance is fresh in the mind. On the
seizure of the Trent, and the arrest of Mason and Slidell, Mr. Everett commenced a
series of articles in the New York Ledger,
defending that transaction from an international point of view, but he
had no sooner committed himself fully to that position, when the
official correspondence came out in which Mr. Seward “cheerfully”
surrendered the prisoners.
life has been a long and useful one, and the spotless purity of his
character, and his scholarly attainments, which made him known and
respected throughout the civilized world, will cause his memory to be
cherished by his countrymen.
pan coupé is an angled cut or
ramp between the parapets.
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