MARCH 12, 1865
[From the Adrian (Mich.)
of the inhabitants of this goodly city were terribly sold yesterday
afternoon by a very adroit sharper. About the middle of the afternoon a
sharp operator made his appearance on the corner of Maumee and Main
streets, in a handsome sleigh drawn by a fine team, owned at one of our
liveries, and began haranguing the crowd which soon assembled on the
worthlessness of money, offering as he had more than he wanted, to trade
ten dollars for nine, five or four, and so on, which offers were
accepted by some of the crowd. He then proposed to dispose of some rings
he had, and after selling them, he returned eh purchasers their money.
This was carrying on business in a manner that was very acceptable to
the crowd, and his customers soon became numerous. After indulging the
crowd for some time in this manner, occasionally scattering handfuls of
shinplasters among them, causing great scrambling, he told the people in
attendance that he was going further up the street, and warned them not
to follow him, as at his next stopping place he intended to make bona
fide sales. But the crowd did not heed his advice, but followed eagerly,
thinking him crazy, and nearly all anxious to take advantage of his
supposed eccentricities. Stopping again, the popular salesman produced
some lockets, or things which looked like lockets, which he proposed to
sell for five dollars each. Many of the crowd, supposing it only a new
phase of the fellow’s madness, eagerly purchased lockets, awaiting the
return of their money. But, alas, it failed to come, and, bowing
politely to the crowd, the fellow drove off, assuring them that he had
engaged in a fair business transaction, that he had a license to sell,
and that if they did not believe him they could have him arrested. The
eager pursuers looked vaguely at the bogus trash they held in their
hands, slow to believe that they had been so horribly sold. But as the
painful conviction forced itself upon their minds, they quickly pocketed
their lockets and retired. One of the strangest things in connection
with the sell is the fact that, though between twenty and thirty of the
crowd bought lockets, it is almost impossible to find one who will
acknowledge the corn.1
Suicide of a Frenchman.–Rene
Gartien, a Frenchman, committed suicide this morning, at his boarding
house, No. 219 West 48th street, under peculiar circumstances. It
appears that about 9 o’clock this morning, some police officers called
at the house on official business. Gartien seemed much alarmed at this,
and suddenly went up to his room and locked the door. In a few moments
afterwards, the inmates of the house were startled to by the report of a
pistol in the room. The police were notified of this, and Sergt. Murphy,
of the 22d Precinct, went to the house, and on bursting the door of the
room, he found Gartien stretched lifeless on the bed, with a pistol shot
wound through his forehead. A pistol with one barrel discharged was
found on the bed beside him. He had just expired. In his room was found
a trunk containing $2000 in gold coin, and a mass of correspondence,
some of which leads to the supposition that he was in correspondence
with the rebel agents in Paris. Some of these documents, it is said, had
been intercepted and opened before reaching the hands of the deceased,
which, it is supposed, had been done by Government detectives. The fear
of detection, it is thought, prompted the deceased to commit suicide.–N. Y. Express.
following mild and perfectly proper and intelligible directions of the
foreman of a newspaper composition room to one of his hands will give an
idea of this:
put Gen. Beauregard on the galley, and then finish the murder of the
Negro you commenced yesterday. Set up the ruins of Guyandotte;
distribute the small-pox; you need not finish that mutiny; put the mumps
in the paper. Pitch that pi into hell, and then go to the devil and he
will tell you how to dispose of the dead matter.”–N.
Y. Evening Post.
Risand is worth over a million of dollars, and is the richest colored
man in the United States. The colored men in New York have many rich
men, among them Peter Vandyke, Robert Watson, J. M. Gloucester and Md.
Crosby, who own about three million of dollars in property, real estate,
and otherwise. In Philadelphia there are, out of four thousand families,
nearly three hundred living in their own houses. Among the rich men are
Vidall, Frossar, White, and Stephen Smith, the latter said to be worth
over $500,000.–New York Herald.
persons who think that the President is to be during his second term the
same kind of man that he was in the first term, will probably find
themselves mistaken. Times have changed, and the man has changed with
them. In how much danger Richmond is we know not, but we do know that
Washington is out of danger; and now that the President need no longer
fear being driven from the capital, he thinks he can be independent, and
act as captain of his own ship. Re-elected in the most signally
triumphant style, and standing at the head of the nation because a
majority of 460,000 of his countrymen have placed him there, and
supported by the brilliant victories of Sherman, Thomas, and Sheridan,
he is a very different man from what he was down to last autumn. He is
so strong that he can play Jackson’s part with effect; and we rather
think he means to play it. The higher the head the greater probability
of his hitting it. He is cast for a new character, and he would be more
or less than human–and he is neither–were he not to feel the
difference that there is in his position. What he will do we do not
predict, but we are confident that he will not be what he was from 1861
to 1865. It will not surprise us to see him become the most
individualized of all our Presidents, and personally impress his
character on the country, after his own peculiar fashion.”
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
Virginia and Lee.
have already published a meagre report of the proceedings, says the
Mobile Advertiser & Register, alluding to the monster assemblage of
Virginia freemen, and we advert to it now for the purpose of calling
special attention to the brief report of the opening address of Mr.
Hunter. Unsatisfactory as the report is, it contains matter to stir the
heart of every Southern citizen whose blood is thicker than water. He
tells us what was revealed in his interview with Lincoln and Seward, of
the fate to which these men mean to doom us–that we are to lay down
our arms as “rebels,” and be treated as “rebels” guilty of this
war and its blood, and to receive such grace as he, Lincoln, may see fit
to accord. We are to give up our leaders to the scaffold. Lee, Johnston
ad Forrest, men of the South, are to be given up by you,
to Lincoln’s hangman, as the price of peace to you and your children.
Your President must be hung, like a dog, on the gallows, surrounded by
your leading Senators and Governors, and your military heroes, to
expiate the crimes of this “wicked rebellion.” Who votes for it? Who
is for buying peace and slavery at the price? Who, but a hind in heart
and a dog in forehead?2
Virginia has answered the question and we are reliably assured by a
gentleman of the army, just from Richmond, has already rushed 20,000 of
her armed sons to the standard of General Lee. This great chieftain is
calm and confident under the storm of war that is gathering by his foes,
in the vain hope of overwhelming him.
Smith, a few days ago, wrote to ask his opinion of the situation, and to
know what the Chief Magistrate of Virginia could do to strengthen his
hands for the defence of her independence. General Lee replied that
there was no occasion for alarm. He had defended Richmond successfully
against greater odds than now threatened it–that thanks to the
patriotism of the Virginia people and the energy of her Governor, he as
strong enough to hold his lines against Grant,
and launch against Sherman a stronger army than that with which
he fought the battle of Sharpsburg. That such a letter was written we
have the most positive testimony. Our informant represents the people
and the troops in Virginia as in a glow of warlike enthusiasm, in
painful contrast with the poverty of spirit he has discovered since he
came farther South. Is there no clangor of brazen trumpet stirring
enough to thrill the marble hearts of certain people amongst us? No roar
of artillery or thunder clap from Heaven deep enough to startle them
into a sense of the danger, the duty, the glory of the hour? The true
men are awaking, and the sound of their voices is coming to see us from
every section. If eh despondent, the croaking, the whipped, will not
help them, they must carry the patriotic burthen themselves. But they
have at least the right to demand of the white men who are ready to
become white slaves, that they hold their peace and throw no obstacles
in the path of duty and honor.
little girl in New Orleans, some eleven years old and withal very
pretty, refused to go into a children’s ball because it was given by a
lady of known Yankee proclivities. “I don’t want to dance under the
Yankee flag,” she said. “Are you then such a good Confederate?”
remarked a friend. “Oh, yes.” “Well, what would you give to see
the Confederates come back?” “I,” said the little beauty,
evidently seeking what sacrifice would be adequate to the fulfillment of
her great wish, “I would let all my front teeth be pulled out!” When
we said that the child was remarkable for the beauty of her teeth, her
proposed sacrifice assumed a magnitude unsurpassed by any of the many
sacrifices that have been made for the cause of our country.
Wednesday night, about eight o’clock, three Negroes, with a one-horse
dray, drove up in front of the old store of McGough & Co., when two
of them proceeded to the back part of the building, and after forcing an
entrance through the back door, leisurely began to load their dray with
tobacco, flour, etc., and when detected had in the wagon one box of
tobacco, three sacks of flour, and several other articles. Two of the
Negroes were captured, and one made his escape, but was fired upon four
times with a pistol in doing so. Very little respect seems to have been
entertained for our policemen or the present police system. A few
minutes after the reports of the pistol, the provost guard was turned
out en masse, but did not
succeed in doing any good. The fact is, our police force should be
largely increased, and their efficiency stimulated and encouraged.
Thieves seem to be determined to carry the day, and unless something is
done to thwart their purposes, they will certainly succeed. Let our
authorities put themselves to work, and see if means cannot be devised
whereby this system of thieving may be checked.–Columbus
the Carolina Front.
March 11.–The greatest enthusiasm is apparent in the streets of the
city to-day. Thousands of soldiers from the Armies of Virginia and
Tennessee have congregated here during the past ten days. By order of
Gen. Fry, Gen. Johnston’s appeal to his soldiers and Gen. Lee’s
amnesty orders have been printed and scattered broadcast over the
country where newspapers do not reach in the department. The effect is
visible already in the hundreds who are arriving at the camp of
direction daily. Their shouts of enthusiasm are heard at all hours, as
the crowded trains pass through the city.
enemy has been progressing very timidly since he left Chester. Rumors of
a battle having been fought between our forces and the left wing of
Sherman’s army, near Florence, have not been authenticated. The
Yankees occupy about sixty miles in width as they move. Our troops are
operating on the north side, skirmishing heavily daily and exhausting
Sherman’s main strength and forces by a series of annoyances, and
avoiding battle as much as possible.
accounts of the fall of Wilmington are very much magnified. Our actual
loss did not exceed two hundred men.
enlistments progress rapidly in Charleston and Savannah. A large number
of Yankee recruiting officers and commissaries are operating in the
neighborhood of Savannah, and as far as the Altamaha river.
special to the Constitutionalist
from Richmond says the Negro soldiers bill was laid on the table by one
majority in the Senate on the 24th ult.
MARCH 14, 1865
EVENING PRESS (RI)
The Enemy Receiving Reinforcements.
A BATTLE IMMINENT.
Sherman’s Movements a
Mystery to the Enemy.
N. C., March 11, 9 a.m.–The
enemy are elated with the capture of two or three small guns and a line
of skirmishers on our front. They made several charges yesterday of the
most reckless character, in which they were repulsed each time with
forces are well entrenched, and are now within three miles of Kinston,
to which point the railroad is now completed.
enemy continue to receive reinforcements, and evidently intend to make a
stubborn resistance at Kinston.
Couch’s division from Wilmington communicated with Gen. Cox, from
Beaver Dam, a point he had just reached, which is eight miles from
Cox’s Headquarters. Gen. Couch joins Gen. Cox’s forces this morning,
which indicates a battle to-day. The enemy show signs of weakness and
will doubtless fall back to the other side of the Neuse river and make a
stand in Kinston. The enemy are reported 15,000 to 25,000 strong. A
rebel ram is stationed at Kinston to protect the bridge across the
Neuse, which is quite an extensive structure.
is reported by deserters that Gen. R. E. Lee and Major Gen.
Breckinridge, from Richmond, visited Kinston and gave instructions.
Gen. Schofield remains in the field with Maj. Gen. Cox, giving every
movement his personal attention. The enemy are much alarmed and
mystified in regard to Sherman’s movements. We expect to hear from him
in a day or two. Maj. Gen. Cox issued orders congratulating the troops
on the heroic manner in which they met the enemy, and successfully
sustaining themselves thus far.
loyal white Unionists of Charleston are dividing the Union men into the
first, second and third classes. Gov. Aiken was elected a first-class
Unionist. These men have queer ideas of the union as it is, however. A
correspondent says they are quite willing that the traitor who delivered
the cutter Aiken in Charleston, or the butchers Poucher and Fitch, who mangled
our colored soldiers, and who are also there, shall, by taking the oath,
lord it over the brave Robert Small, who delivered up a steamer to us,
or over the brave and exultant loyalists who received up with tumultuous
delight, and are flocking to our standard by the hundreds.
the Salisbury road, just outside of the town, there is a cemetery, the
broad gate of which is seldom closed. Just at the entrance is a
receiving tomb with high front and iron door. So much for the
“scene.” Time 1864. Neighbor L***, so called for the want of a
better name, had been out of town and was on his way home. During his
absence he had indulged somewhat in those libations which inebriate.
the cemetery, he, supposing the tomb to be a tavern, drove up his team,
and hitching his horse to the gate, walked leisurely to the door and
commenced knocking. The length of time which he continued knocking
deponent saith not; he only knows that a gentleman driving by the scene
halted, and inquired of the man in search of the landlord under
difficulties, what he was about.
to wake these folks here–can’t rouse ’em–should think they were
this is a cemetery, sir; and you are rapping at the door of a tomb.”
I?” said the man, who took the information very coolly, “then I
guess it’s no use rapping any longer,” and off he went.
N. Y. Tribune very truly
remarks that “if the Slaveholders’ Rebellion is not in a very
advanced stage of decomposition, then all signs fail and history is a
huge, consistent imposture.”
the recent indications we note the dissatisfaction with those who
opposed the Negro-arming bill, and the intense feeling of the latter in
opposing it. Senator Wigfall called the Virginia Legislature a one-horse
concern, and demanded Jeff Davis’s resignation, and the Sentinel
in reply says that “his speech was violent,
unpatriotic and censurable in the highest degree; devoted to the
advocacy of extreme fancies and to the abuse of those who stand
infinitely higher than he in the public confidence.”
Sentinel also contains a
severe editorial denouncing certain States that “are threatening to
desert the rebel cause.”
Trap for Bounty Jumpers.–Col.
Baker, the government detective, has successfully sprung a trap upon New
York bounty jumpers, who have heretofore enlisted and deserted with
impunity. The affair is thus described in the New York Herald
cutting loose from all former plans, the Colonel determined to adopt
newer and bolder tactics, so he opened a recruiting office in Odd
Fellows’ Hall, Hoboken, about a week ago. The stars and stripes flew
from every part of the building, and large posters informed brokers,
jumpers, and every one else, that fabulous bounties were paid at the
United States rendezvous. It was freely circulated that large bounties
were paid, and that it was the easiest thing in the world to get off
with a pocketful of greenbacks. Some of them were enlisted and let off.
were made with brokers, who were to bring none but those who had jumped
the bounty and were well posted in the business. Thus everything worked
to a charm. Yesterday there was an immense rush to enlist. The men could
not be mustered in fast enough. The medical examination caused little
delay. The door was blocked by nearly all the bounty jumpers in the
city. The design of Col. Baker was to get in as many as possible before
closing the day’s work, for if the day passed without the
re-appearance of the enlisted men, no more would be enlisted. The trick
would be discovered.
evening, when the business was at its height, the brokers held a
consultation. They demanded of the recruiting agents where these men
were tat were enlisted in the morning. Excuses were given and the work
went on. At length they deliberated again, their suspicions having bee
now keenly aroused. They determined to suspend operation, concluding
this to be more of Baker’s work, and shut down. It was now too late.
Col. Baker had soldiers secretly conveyed from Governor’s Island. They
were already among the jumpers enlisted, and these, to the number of
seven hundred, were secured. Besides these were seventeen brokers taken.
The surprise of the bounty jumpers when they were placed among regulars
for safe keeping, as they were ushered into the large room of the depot,
is described as most extraordinary. It was only equalled by the dismay
of the brokers when they were taken. All hands were soon placed in
irons, and marched down to Governor’s Island.
MARCH 15, 1865
an arrival at Key West we are told that an expedition comprising all the
available troops at the key, under Gen. Morton, aided by four gun boats,
had just started to take possession of St. Mark’s, one of the very few
little ports now of possible access for blockade runners. The result of
the venture was not known when the steamer bringing this much about it
have news from Hilton Head to the 6th. The United States steamer Harvest
Moon, Admiral Dahlgren’s temporary flagship, was blown up by a
torpedo on the 2d while coming out of Georgetown. The Admiral escaped
injury. No lives were lost.
is progressing smoothly in Charleston. Traders are beginning to open
their stores, and the city is rapidly assuming a business aspect. On the
Northeast Railroad, the cars are running as far as Goose Creek. Gen.
Potter has advanced to the Santee River without meeting opposition.
papers of Friday, 10th inst., contain the important intelligence that on
the 8th Gen. Bragg attacked a Union force four miles in front of
Kinston, N. C., and drove them back three miles to another line, where,
apparently, they maintained their position. Gen. Bragg admits that the
ground was “obstinately disputed,” but claims that his own loss was
small, while he asserts that we lost heavily in killed and wounded
besides 590 men taken prisoners. The news of this battle was received in
Richmond just in season to shed a dim light over the “darkness
visible” of the day appointed for humiliation and prayer throughout
the South. This news is important as showing the exact position of the
rebel Generals Hoke and Hill, with commands who are commended by Bragg
for “exhibiting their accustomed gallantry.” So it is evident that
these Generals are not in Sherman’s immediate front. Union accounts
will probably show that the rebel General exaggerated the importance and
extent of the whole affair.
were current in the Army of the Potomac on Friday last that an extensive
mutiny had broken out in the rebel army, and that extreme measures were
required to quell it. It was also rumored that a force of Union cavalry
had appeared on the north side of Richmond, and was having an
Sheridan updates a dispatch at Columbia, Va., on the 10th inst., in
which he says he sent one division of cavalry to Scottsville on the
James which had gone as far south as Duguidsville, only 15 miles from
Lynchburg, and had also destroyed the bridges on the Rivanna river. This
division made an almost complete destruction of the great canal running
from Lynchburg, and which Sheridan called “the
Feeder of Richmond.” Locks, bridges, canal banks were destroyed,
and finally the James river was turned into the canal. Twelve canal
boats loaded with supplies for Richmond were captured. Another
division went down the railroad to Amherst C. H., 15 miles from
Lynchburg, destroying the railroad in like manner. The two divisions
would have crossed the James, but the rebels had burned the bridges.
Yankees have in the long run the advantage in captured artillery during
the war. At the commencement and during the second year, the rebels
boasted of their captures in heavy ordnance. This, with what was taken
in the forts and navy yards, captured through deceit and fraud, swelled
the amount to good round numbers. Since the 15th of December last, our
boys have relieved the south of the care of eight hundred an forty-five
pieces; add to this their loss by the blowing up of iron-clads, and the
number will amount to nearly a thousand pieces. The number taken before
this period was not far from nineteen hundred. This has been done by
fair and valorous fighting. Our men have stormed battle walls and faced
death in a thousand ways to accomplish it. Compare this with the
treacherous surrender of the Norfolk Navy Yard with a thousand pieces of
ordnance. There was no valor shown there–simply robbery. Our noble
Lieut. General can congratulate himself that a large portion of this
advantage has been accomplished through his exertions. He took the lead,
and his brave generals have followed it up. This is not all. The guns
taken from us at the first were from old patterns. Those which have come
into our possession have been of the best English make, not omitting the
famous Whitworth and Armstrong gun, bearing the stamp of the British
(neutral) government upon it. The south to-day is weaker than at the
start. They have not been able to accumulate To cover this defect they
are compelled to contract their lines. Neither “blessings in
disguise” or southern chivalry can overcome it.
years ago Jeff Davis said in his message that Virginia alone could
sustain the war for twenty years, and that Richmond would never be
evacuated. As time has progressed, so have some men’s opinions
changed. Judging from extracts in Richmond journals, those “twenty
years” will be very short unless something “turns up.” The
“blessings in disguise” which have been showered upon them lately,
have proved too much. The recent message of Gov. Brown of Georgia
doesn’t sound well. The “F. F. V.’s” think that those who urged
on the war should now see it through. Virginia has been the battle
field, and demands support from the other sister states. These
“sisters” cannot see the point, while Sherman is marching his army
through their territory. “State rights” is the point at issue, and
demands immediate attention. Meanwhile, the Confederacy may go–no
matter where, and the Richmond editors howl until they are tired. Twenty
years’ war is not what is most desired at the present time in the
SALEM REGISTER (MA)
News from the army is
most encouraging. Advices direct from Sherman assure the Government that
he had done finely and all was going well. His dispatch to General Grant
is dated at Laurel Hill, North Carolina, March 8th–last week,
Wednesday. When last previously reported, Sherman was said to be at
Cheraw, S. C., about twenty miles south of the Northeastern State line.
Chesterfield, one of the towns mentioned in the Wade Hampton
correspondence, is about fifteen miles west of Cheraw. Laurel Hill is
about twenty miles from the line, is on the road to Fayetteville, N. C.,
and within fifty miles of it. The latter place is on the Cape Fear
River, which is navigable at this point for large boats. The city
contains some four or five thousand inhabitants.
Herald’s Washington dispatch
says no doubt is entertained there that Sherman has reached
Fayetteville, N. C., without an engagement of any kind except cavalry
skirmishes, He will be joined at Fayetteville by Schofield and
re-supplied. The direct communication with Sherman, notwithstanding the
boastings of the Richmond press, shows they cannot stop his progress.
alleged great achievements at Kinston diminish very materially now that
we have Union accounts. In the continued skirmishes and engagements
there our forces suffered the least and held their ground firmly,
repulsing several desperate assaults, while the enemy finally retired
across the river. Among the regiments engaged, the Massachusetts 17th,
23d and 27th are mentioned–a portion of the latter being out-flanked,
outnumbered and captured after heroic resistance.
new ride will render his name doubly famous. He has inflicted much
damage on the enemy’s communications and created a great panic in the
Massachusetts 40th regiment is reported as having taken an honorable
part in the very successful tobacco expedition to Fredericksburg, last
Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Boston, March 11, 1865.
President of the United States, by his Proclamation issued this day, has
given notice that all men now in desertion from the Military or Naval
service, who shall on or before the “10th day of May, 1865, return to
service or report themselves to a Provost Marshal, shall be pardoned on
condition that they return to their regiments and companies or to such
other organizations as they may be assigned to, and serve the remainder
of their original terms of enlistment, and in addition thereto a period
equal to the time lost in desertion.”
that day deserters who have not returned and reported will by law
forfeit their rights to citizenship, and to become citizens, and will be
forever incapable of holding office or exercising any of the rights of
citizenship in the United States–besides being liable to arrest and
avail myself of the earliest opportunity after the Proclamation of the
President, in this public manner, to advise all persons liable to the
charge of desertion to accept at once the President’s offer of pardon;
to report themselves immediately to the nearest Provost Marshal; to
return to duty and obedience; to retrieve their reputation, protect
themselves against punishment hereafter, and save from certain
forfeiture their precious rights as American citizens. I appeal to the
neighbors and friends of such deserters–especially to the mothers and
wives who have heretofore invoked so often my advice and
interposition–earnestly counselling them, both as a magistrate and as
a man, to influence and persuade the absent to return and seek the
shelter, pardon, honor and happiness which now await them under the
Sherman at Fayetteville.
from Washington last evening were to the effect that the Navy Department had
received a dispatch from Fortress Monroe announcing the arrival there of the
Monitor Lehigh from Newbern,
bringing the intelligence of the capture of Kinston by Gen. Schofield’s
forces, and the falling back of the rebels to Goldsboro. There was great
rejoicing at Washington.
Champion, from Wilmington, at Fortress Monroe, reports that, on the morning
of the 11th, scouts from Sherman’s army reached Wilmington with the news
that Sherman and his army had reached Fayetteville, N. C., and were encamped
in the immediate vicinity, quietly resting preparatory to another march
Boston Herald’s Washington
dispatch says a direct appeal from Richmond, through the clergymen of that
city, was made to President Lincoln, on Tuesday, for food for the women and
children in the rebel capital, tobacco and cotton to be furnished in
Salt.–It is important
for fishermen to take notice that the collectors now require a certificate
that foreign salt used in curing fish has paid the duty in full to the
United States government, before they will pay the bounty. Fishermen have
often been in the habit of going to the Provinces and taking in their salt
there, and then going on their voyage, at the end of which they would draw
the bounty for using foreign salt, when after all they had imported their
salt free of duty. Hereafter they will lose their bounty in these cases, and
be in danger moreover of having their vessels seized for smuggling salt. A
considerable portion of the fleet is already supposed to have incurred this
liability and more will do so, unless they take notice of the strict
requirements of the law as now enforced.–Daily
should also be remembered that, as the Government never was in such a strait
for money as now, so it becomes stricter and more exacting in its
instructions to disbursing officers, and therefore it behooves those who
intend to claim fishing bounties next season, knowing the jealousy
entertained of the whole system at Washington, to see to it that nothing
is omitted in the outfit and management of their vessels, which the most
unfavorable construction of the law can make necessary.
Items and Incidents.
Baker, the U. S. detective officer, is reported to have captured between 500
and 600 bounty jumpers and brokers by means of a fictitious recruiting
office in Brooklyn. They have been sent thence to Gen. Grant, with the
special request that he will put them in the front rank in the next battle.
They comprise some well known desperate characters.
indicating preparation for the abandonment of Richmond have been in progress
for some time. The heavy machinery for manufacturing iron has been removed,
also the machinery of their percussion cap manufactory, and all the
carpenters in the city were at work, filling large government orders for
papers how that the rebel Congress, which was to adjourn last Saturday,
have, at the request of Jeff Davis, postponed the adjournment, he informing
them he expected to have something of importance to lay before them.
LETTER FROM SHERMAN!
Only One Paper Issued in
Point, March 16, 1865.
C. A. Dana, Assistant Secretary of War:
am just in receipt of a letter from General Sherman, of the 12th, from
Fayetteville. He describes his army as in fine health and spirits,
having met with no serious opposition. Hardee keeps in his front at a
respectful distance. At Columbia he destroyed immense arsenals and
railroad establishments, and forty-three cannon. At Cheraw he found much
machinery and war material, including twenty-five cannon and thirty-six
hundred barrels of gunpowder. In Fayetteville he found twenty pieces of
artillery and much other material. He says nothing about Kilpatrick’s
defeat by Hampton; but the officer who brought this letter says that
before daylight on the 10th Hampton got two brigades in the rear of
Kilpatrick’s headquarters, and surprised and captured all the staff
but two officers. Kilpatrick escaped, formed his men, and drove the
enemy with great loss, recapturing about all that he had lost. Hampton
lost eighty-six, left dead on the field.
telegram from Gen. Grant’s headquarters reports that the Daily Dispatch is the only paper issued to=day in Richmond. It says:
“The Dispatch is published
this morning on half a sheet only, because of the fact that all the
employees, printers, reporters and clerks, are members of military
organizations, and were called out yesterday morning by the Governor to
perform special service for a short time.
for the kindness of a few friends who are exempt from service, and who
volunteered their aid, the half leaf presented would of necessity have
been withheld. In a few days at farthest, our forces will return to
their posts, when we hope to resume and continue uninterrupted our full
by Telegraph to Queenstown.
March 4, Evening.–The Times
says the fall of Charleston is a victory which will recompense the
Federals for many labors, and encourage them to pursue with a renewed
vigor the conquest of the South. It believes, although the South is now
virtually shut out from the world, that it will continue to show
unabated obstinacy in defence.
Daily News represents itself
by editorially detailing the operations of Gen. Sherman in a strain of
Morning Post argues that
Charleston was evacuated as a strategic necessity, and says Sherman’s
movements have been characterized by foresight and accurate
calculations, the result of which places him in the foremost rank of the
Generals of the present day.
fall of Charleston caused considerable sensation. The Times
says its influence in favor of the Federals can scarcely be exaggerated.
in Regard to Jeff Davis’s Communication to the Rebel Congress.
York, March 16.–The Richmond Dispatch
of the 13th says various definitions are given of the cause for Jeff
Davis asking Congress to hold on a few days longer. One was that he
wished Congress to define more explicitly the powers, &c., of
General Lee as General-in-Chief. Another was that Napoleon had promised
intervention if the rebel Government would cede to France Louisiana and
oppose the Monroe Doctrine.
Comments of the English Press on the Fall
March 16.–The news per the Australasia
of the fall of Charleston caused much sensation. The immediate effect
was an advance of 2 per cent in the United States bonds, and a decline
of 4 per cent in the Confederate loan.
London Times says: “The
influence of the success at Charleston can hardly be exaggerated, and
its moral effects cannot but be most powerful on the conduct of the war.
It is seen that the population of the Southern States are not able to
oppose the march of the Federal armies. The advance from Savannah to
Charleston seems to have been as easy as the march from Atlanta to
London Star regards the fall
the fall of Charleston as premonitory of the utter overthrow of the
The Army and Navy Chronicle
says: “The evacuation of Charleston and Columbia and the concentration
of their garrisons will strengthen the hands of Beauregard, Hardee and
Hill, but the Confederates are placed in a position of exceeding danger,
from which it will require greater genius than ever Lee and Davis have
as yet exhibited to extricate them. The purpose of Grant becomes obvious
as the campaign proceeds. He holds Lee fast, and thus paralyzes the
strongest arm and neutralizes the greatest force of the Confederacy.”
rebel ram Stonewall continues
at Ferrol, watched by Federal cruisers. It is stated that the existence
of an alleged leak is not authentically established, for she continued
to take on board a large quantity of coal.
the House of Commons on the 2d, Mr. Shaw Lefevre asked whether the
attention of the Government had been directed to the minute of
instructions alleged to have been issued by the Confederate Government
with reference to the seizure and disposal by Confederate cruisers of
neutral vessels without adjudication by a Prize Court, and whether such
instructions met the approval of the Government, and if not, what
measure would be taken to prevent their being carried out.
Layard replied that the attention of the Government had been given to
the instructions, and they were entirely disapproved. It would not,
however, be consistent with the interest of the public service to state
what steps had been taken regarding the same.
Liverpool Post in an editorial
contending against a probable war between England and America, says–in
a note from a member of the Government, received in Liverpool on the 2d,
occurs the following passage–“I hear the city is uneasy about
America. We have, however, more pacific and satisfactory declarations
from the United States Government than has for a long time been the
case.” The Post thinks the
new Minister to Washington goes out to reciprocate the words of amity
recently transmitted across the Atlantic.
Rebels Refuse to Exchange Richmond Papers.–Washington, March 16.–There is no news by the mail boat
from the Army of the Potomac. The rebels refuse to exchange Richmond
papers with our pickets, and desertions from their lines are not so
MARCH 18, 1865
of a Bounty Broker.
New York Post gives the
following description of one of Colonel Baker’s victims:
man is a resident of Brooklyn, where his father, through strict
attention to business for years past, has secured a comfortable income,
which the son has shared, though not himself industrious, spending most
of his time with the “fancy” of the town. Some months since,
however, he struck a prolific vein by connecting himself with the
recruiting business of New York. He obtained a liberal per centage on
each man enlisted, and as the number of these recruits increased
largely, the broker soon found himself in possession of wealth.
Eventually he became a prominent object of the envy of his associates;
the public eye was fixed upon him, and honest en shook their heads. He
exhibited his wealth frequently and in many ways; few persons drove a
finer team than his, while at the opera and promenade he appeared in
expensive dress in company with a female relative whose diamonds were
second to none. Upon his family connections he lavished his means. Among
his gifts were hundred dollar hats and a pretty skating cap worth
seventy-five dollars. Not long since, negotiations were opened for the
selection of a country seat for his accommodation, but in the meantime
an elegant mansion “on the Heights” was purchased for the item of
thirty thousand dollars, and a pew at a first-class premium was secured
in a conspicuous part of one of the most popular Brooklyn churches.
sudden change, however, has come upon this prosperous individual. For
several days his face has been missed in his accustomed places. On
Sabbath last, the pew in church was vacant, and it is not only
whispered, but pretty well ascertained that he is in the Old Capitol
prison at Washington.
trip of four thousand miles through the heart of the West awakens a
kindling thought of the greatness of the Republic. The West is the
Empire, a fact unacknowledged at the East, because the East does not
know the West. But an impartial traveler soon perceives that the East is
not the Country. New York and New England are but the thumb and
forefinger; the West is the rest of the hand.
Western visit in summer is best for seeing the people. And are they not
the heartiest, friendliest, most hospitable of the human race? What a
“Scotch welcome” may be, we know not; but if better than a Western
welcome, it is better than a plain man deserves. Jostle a Westerner in
the street, and at once you are acquaintances; meet him the next day,
and you are old friends. A shake of the hand in the West has more grip
in it than between New York and Bangor. Child of the East, the West is
the the chief crown of the parent. The universal New England element
westward, is not only the best part of the West, but the best part of
New England; for only the courageous, the energetic, and the conquering
have had the will to quit Eastern homes for Western prairies. Thus the
early Pilgrims to New England have their truest sons in the later
Pilgrims from New England. A Yankee, therefore, does not come to his
fullest stature in Yankeeland; the grown Yankee is the Westerner. At the
East he is a geranium in a pot, thrifty and prime; at the West, a
geranium in a garden, where he grows rank, exuberant and generous.3
New countries greaten men’s souls.
the West seek a heraldic sign? Let it choose a shock of corn. O
bounteous land of small houses and big barns! So fertile is the great
Valley that, as Jerrold said of Australia, “Only tickle the earth with
a hoe, and she laughs with a harvest!” Though beaten down from their
full height by snows, cornstalks are yet standing in January, so high
that one riding among them on a tall horse, and rising in the stirrups,
cannot touch the tops! The prairies–common-place and sublime–are the
gardens of the world! May they ever make farmers rich, and cattle
fat!–N. Y. Evangelist.
gentleman from the neighborhood of Hancock County, Kentucky, has just
given us the following account of a most singular guerrilla outrage. The
notorious guerrilla Coulter, who is reported to have been killed in
Nelson County, Kentucky about two weeks ago, is the hero of our story.
entered the village of Rawesville and, going to the Clerk’s office,
compelled the Deputy Clerk of the County Court to issue a marriage
license, authorizing a minster of the gospel legally qualified to unite
him (Coulter) in the bonds of matrimony with Mrs. F., the beautiful
young wife of a discharged Union soldier (her husband being in
Louisville, afraid to return to the guerrilla-infested neighborhood in
which his dwelling is located.) The clerk, in his own justification,
entered on his book, “compelled by force of arms to issue this
obtained the license, Coulter next sought a clergyman, who, with threats
of death, he compelled to go with him to the house and perform the
ceremony. Having lived with the doubly-married woman about three or four
days, the desperado gave her five hundred dollars in gold, and set off
again in search of adventure. Whether the lady was constrained by force,
by gold, or by romantic affection, to submit to the double marriage, our
informant has not learned. It may be added, as favorable to the best
construction which can be placed on the conduct of the bride, that when
last seen in eh neighborhood, she was on board of a steamer which was
bound for Louisville.–Jeffersonville National Democrat.
and Recovery of Money.–Some weeks since, it was announced
that an officer named Johnston, on General Shepley’s staff, at
Norfolk, had suddenly disappeared, after drawing from the bank a large
sum of money.4
His mother, Mrs. Johnston, who lives in Third street, South Boston,
received from him some thirteen thousand dollars in 10-40 bonds, which
she hid between the beds in her room, and confided the fact to a
relative. A search was made of the premises on Saturday last by
detective officers which resulted in the recovery of $10,500 in 10-40 U.
S. bonds, and a receipt for $2,500 in similar bonds, purporting to have
been given by Messrs. Burnett, Drake and Co. They had been stolen a
second time. It becoming known to other members of the family that the
“old lady” had received a large amount of funds for safe keeping for
the benefit of her son’s wife, they managed to steal the $13,000 from
between the bed and the mattress on which the mother slept. Mrs. Webber,
Mrs. Johnston’s niece, and Mrs. E. C. Johnston, were arrested and
committed to the Tombs for examination.–Boston
“acknowledge the corn” is an expression from the early 1840s meaning
“to confess, or acknowledge a charge or imputation.”
that’s what it says. I have no idea . . .
meaning of rank in this
sentence is not the modern common one, “having an offensively strong
odor,” but the older sense of “growing
the Columbian Weekly Register
of 4 March 1865 for the beginning of this story
Having trouble with a word or phrase?
Email the USNLP . . .