APRIL 2, 1865
THE NEW ORLEANS TIMES (LA)
Rebels Talk of Surrendering.
Lee and Davis Give up the Ship.
March 21.–The evidence is fast accumulating that the rebellion is near
its end. Its last gasp cannot be far distant. The Administration has
received direct intelligence from Richmond, within the last forty-eight
hours, to the effect that Jeff Davis, as well as Gen. Lee, give up the
ship. Jeff Davis has also proposed to withdraw from the contest himself,
and leave the arbitrament of the whole affair to Gen. Lee and Gen.
Grant. Let those two Generals settle the terms of adjustment.
fact has become so well authenticated to the Administration that the
President and Secretary Seward have had lengthy consultations over it.
But it seems that they do not agree. Secretary Seward urges that they
had better accept that mode of settlement, but the President opposes it.
The latter declares that if there are no more negotiations the rebels
will soon accept his terms offered at Hampton Roads, and we will then
get rid of their leaders. But if we leave it to Grant and Lee to arrange
terms, the later will try to retain his place in the United States Army
and secure offices for all his associates, even Jeff Davis. Says the
President: “It is said that you are a candidate for the Presidency,
Governor; who knows but that the Copperheads may not yet run Jeff Davis
against you for this office if we settle this affair without getting rid
of their leaders.”
arrival from Richmond to-day represents things in the rebel capital as
almost in a state of chaos. Every person able to render military service
of any kind has been seized ad put in the ranks. The operations of
Sheridan had created the wildest panic, and everybody is looking out for
person bringing this information had no difficulty getting to our lines.
He says that the price of everything had more than doubled since
Sheridan’s wholesale destruction of the canal and railroads. Flour is
selling at fifteen hundred dollars per barrel, meat at ten dollars per
pound, whisky at four hundred dollars per gallon, and other things in
proportion. Board at the hotels is one hundred dollars per day, and the
commonest board per day for laborers is ten dollars.
was a special Cabinet meeting here this afternoon, it is understood, in
reference to the news from Richmond and the impending breaking up of the
military forces of the rebellion.
hasty adjournment of the rebel Congress indicates a desire on the part
of its members to escape from the doomed city before capitulation. The
horrors of starvation, now at its door, through the exploits of
Sheridan, have wholesome terrors for them. Previous to the late raid it
had been supposed that there was an outlet for civil officers and
members of the bogus Congress, if not for Lee’s entire army, by way of
Lynchburg or Gordonsville; but Sheridan has cut off these elements, and
left them only the Danville route, which is threatened by Sheridan and
is not deemed safe. Bets are freely offered by high officials that Lee
will attempt the evacuation of Richmond in ten days; but the important
question is, provided he can succeed, where can he go and still obtain
supplies for his army? It can hardly be believed that Sheridan’s
cavalry will remain idle. That General is already famous for his
activity. He has consulted with Grant, and doubtless received his orders
for a new expedition. We shall soon hear from him and Kilpatrick in a
new sphere of action, and in their next efforts they will give the
rebellion in Virginia its coup de grace. Starvation is now at the doors of Richmond. Escape
involves a desperate fight and great loss of life. If successful, will
it procure food? Quién sabe.1
Forrest’s Army Breaking Up.
Texas Cavalry Deserting by Hundreds.
learn from a gentleman who has just come in from Mississippi that the
rebel army under Forrest is going to pieces. About one hundred and fifty
of the 11th Texas Cavalry passed through Liberty about the 1st
of March, having deserted in a body. They had their colors flying and
their arms with them, and swore that they would “rather go to h--l
than back into the army.”
Forrest telegraphed to Woodville to stop them, and a regiment 400 strong
was sent in pursuit, and overtook them near the Mississippi river. The
Texans, on their approach, drew up in line of battle, and sent word to
their pursuers that they would rather die than surrender, whereupon the
latter wheeled around and marched off. The Texans crossed the river in
small boats, and are now well on their way home.
report was in circulation at Liberty that another party of 400 Texas
cavalry had crossed the river between port Gibson and Natchez, and gone
formerly loud-mouthed secessionists in this portion of Mississippi are
now very quiet, and have nothing to say against the Yankee barbarians.
Monitors Damaged by Torpedoes in Mobile Bay.
The Osage and Milwaukee Sunk
in Shoal Waters.
have served the enemy a good purpose again in Mobile Bay, by temporarily
disabling the monitors Osage and Milwaukee, which were sunk in shoal
water while attempting to get up in range with Spanish Fort. It is said
they were not very materially damaged, and can be easily raised and put
in working order again.
Washburne, as we learn by the Memphis Bulletin,
has issued a general order for the purpose of urging the reorganization
of civil institutions in the district of West Tennessee, and promising
protection to all law-abiding peaceable people. It recommends the
organization of civil posses, that upon giving proper security, will be
furnished with arms and ammunition. It guarantees that horses and mules
shall not be pressed for military service except under express orders
from headquarters, when, if absolutely necessary, it may be done, but
when vouchers shall be given for the value of any property thus taken.
All unauthorized foraging is strictly forbidden, and will be severely
punished. Facilities will be given to farmers to hire freedmen, and
injuries done to refugees who may return to their homes will be
APRIL 3, 1865
HOUSTON TELEGRAPH (TX)
soldier travelling to his command stopped at a house about mid-way
between Navasota and Anderson, and earnestly plead to buy some fodder
for his jaded horse. The article was abundant about the premises, but
not a blade could he get.
made a similar effort at a house near Huntsville with similar want of
the benevolent of Grimes and Walker counties:
Prairie Plains, in Grimes county, lives a man called ___, who is an
object of charity. Unless something is done speedily for the relief of
himself and family, they must soon starve.
have rarely seen such an exhibition of want as is made there. A soldier
came to his house late at night and asked for accommodations. The old
gentleman came out and assured him that the traveling public and
soldiers had eaten him out, and he had nothing for his family. But the
soldier knows he has several cribs of corn, seven or eight stacks of
fodder, chickens, turkeys, hogs, etc., in abundance; but these things
weigh light as air against his own statement that “he is eaten out,
has nothing for his own family,” and this appeal is earnestly made to
the citizens of the adjacent county to prevent a case of starvation in
another family, black and white.
case. A member of Terry’s Rangers (I am credibly informed) returned
home some two months since, after an absence of two and a half
years–called at a house in Washington county, near Independence, and
asked for his breakfast, stating that he had no money to pay for it. He
was sent away breakfastless. Served him right; for what business had a
war-worn, dirty, penniless soldier to stop at the house of a wealthy
planter, and ask for his breakfast. And yet others.
man living west of the Brazos, who some four or five months since had at
his gin one hundred bales of cotton, which he proposed to pay for ten
young Negro men, had his own daughter and her child placed on the list
of indigent soldiers’ families. And another whose only child is in the
army, placed his daughter-in-law and child on the same list. This man
works six or seven hands–has corn, cotton, meat in abundance.
are samples of disinterested patriotism–benevolence which I will
forward from time to time. I have a good many more on the docket.–16th
Tex., near Crockett, March 28, 1865.
Courtney, Grimes County,
March 29th, 1865.
the midst of this revolution, the education and training of the rising
generation appeals with peculiar force to the whole society and to the
authorities of the Government, as far as they have control over the
subject.” “The lapse of but a few years will introduce the youth of
the land upon the stage of active life, to act their part in society,
for good or evil.” “Every consideration as to the welfare of society
and of government, under our institutions, requires that they should be
trained, educated and prepared for the stern and varied duties that lie
before them as citizens.”
above extracts are taken from the Inaugural Address of our able and
distinguished Executive, and they should be written in letters of gold
upon the hearts of the people. In the present disturbed condition of the
country, with an interminable war before us, it becomes us to consider
this subject in a military as well as in a moral and political sense.
This subject, Mr. Editor, does address itself “with peculiar force”
to the intelligence and the welfare of the country, and it is well to
reflect seriously upon it in connection with our military status.
the people–the fathers of the present generation in Texas–give this
subject the enlarged and earnest consideration its merits are entitled
to. Practical questions like this should be discussed and dealt with by
practical men in a practical way. In an hour like this, the people have
as much to do in developing the minds of the children and young men
under seventeen years of age, as the farmers have in developing the
resources of the State, in an agricultural way.
is the business, it is true, of the Legislature and the duty of the
Executive to aid the farmers and the fathers in cultivating and
enlarging the usefulness of their respective spheres. You are aware that
past legislatures have been lavish in their appropriations and donations
on this subject, whilst the Executive has urged it upon the people on
all proper occasions. Hence, Mr. Editor, the awful responsibility of not
training the young minds of the preset day, and preparing them for the
part they are to take in the busy scenes of the public affairs of our
bleeding country, rests upon the fathers and not the authorities of
war may last, Mr. Editor, for ten years. It is impossible to see the end
of this war, and it does seem to me that the editors and the people
should adopt a policy on this subject, and accord it with the
necessities that exist.
if you please, at the children of our towns and villages running to
seed–idle, mischievous–and how long before they will become
troublesome if permitted to pursue the evil tenor of their way? Whose
fault is it? These children for the most part have parents, and they,
though it be said in shame, have become unconscious, useless and
unconcerned. Many of them are the children of those noble band of
brothers who have trod the path of battle, and have given their
life-blood in defending the liberty we now enjoy. Thrice bound are we to
watch and look after their offspring.
children are soon to become the rulers of our Government in one way or
other. Then, woe unto us as a proud and independent nation if we neglect
this important trust for one generation. Where then would be our boasted
liberties–freedom of speech–freedom of the press? Then would our
system of government–the whole fabric of republican liberty–totter,
and crumble an fall, as quickly as mist before the noon-day sun. Neglect
it, if you will, and of what value to future generations will be the
blood and treasure expended in this long struggle for independence?
Better, far better, to have remained a colonial dependent than now to
run into anarchy and domestic strife.
is the bane and evil of all ages and countries. Means have been wisely
set apart by our State; money and land enough appropriated to school a
nation of children. It is the fault of those into whose hands the
present generation has fallen. Our executive marked out the policy which
should have been pursued. Time has proven the soundness and correctness
of his foresight. In the language of his address: “Let the spirit of
enterprise be diffused, and let the good work go on, until every man,
woman and child in Texas, if need be, be clad in homespun, or in
domestic manufacture, and until every field be ploughed with iron from
our native ores.”–Quid Nunc.2
APRIL 4, 1865
THE BOSTON HERALD
FALL OF RICHMOND!
REJOICINGS ALL OVER THE
April 3.–Although the fall of Petersburg and Richmond was believed to
take place soon, the official announcement of the fact itself this a.m.
occasioned great surprise mingled with rejoicings and huzzahs in all
directions. Flags were thrown out more plentiful than at any other
period of the war. Many of the merchants closed their stores and
business generally was suspended. The clerks in the Departments unable
to work under the effect of the good news, joined the throngs in the
principal avenues in congratulation of the important event. A crowd
assembled in front of the Interior Department and was addressed by the
Commissioner of Patents. Secretary Seward made a speech from the steps
of the State Department.
President Andrew Johnson made a stirring address, and proposed three
cheers for the capture of Petersburg and Richmond and three cheers for
Gen. Grant and the officers and men under him. They were most
enthusiastically given. Senator Sherman, recently returned from a visit
to his brother General Sherman, and ex-Senator Preston King of New York,
were among the speakers. During the latter part of the proceedings
salutes were fired. There has never before been such a day of rejoicing
in Washington. The Secretary of State recommends that the public
buildings be illuminated this evening in honor of the fall of Richmond.
Ministers called this morning at the Department of State to express
their congratulations on the fall of Richmond. The first who called was
the Austrian Minister, then the Consul General of Switzerland, and the
next the Swedish Minister.
April 3d.–The fall of Richmond and Petersburg became known
a few minutes after 11 o’clock this morning. The intelligence soon
spread throughout the city, occasioning intense and joyous excitement.
The employees of the several departments of the Government deserted
their desks to join in the rejoicing of the streets. The Secretary of
the Treasury issued an order relieving the clerks from duty for the
remainder of the day. Whether the heads of the other Departments issued
a similar order or not, it is certain their respective clerks indulged
in the holiday.
business was altogether suspended. The municipal offices were closed as
also many of the stores. When the news reached the Court House, so great
was the excitement that the two Courts then in session immediately
adjourned. The teachers in the public schools dismissed their scholars.
Work was suspended at the Navy Yard, in the Government Printing Bureau,
and in other public as well as private establishments.
of persons chartered whatever conveyances were available, and passed
through the streets with their vehicles profusely decked with American
flags, and at one time the Avenue was very gay with equipages. The steam
and city fire department and hook and ladder companies turned out with
their apparatus decorated with flags, and the steam whistles screaming
triumphantly. Flags were raised on houses and thrown out in front of the
public Departments and places of business. The Avenue was crowded with
pedestrians. Great was the anxiety to hear the latest news. Boys with
extras somewhat allayed the general demand for news from Richmond.
Reward.–Strayed from the premises of Richmond, Va., a boy,
about fifty-five years of age. Nearly white–answers to the name of
Jeff. Has one bad eye and is knock-kneed. When last seen he had
pair of rag-carpet trowsers, very much frayed out in the seat, a
“popped” hat and a horse-blanket. He is supposed to have in his
possession a carpet bag containing papers of no account to any body but
END OF THE REBELLION!
GRANT’S COMBINATIONS TO CLOSE IT UP.
York, April 3.–The Commercial’s Washington dispatch says it is believed in that city
that the war is over and that an understanding to that effect exists.
The programme of Gen. Grant anticipates all possible movements of the
did not merely provide for the evacuation of Richmond and Petersburg. He
anticipated this contingency and Lee will find his retreat cut off at
all points. Grant, Sherman, Thomas, Sheridan and Hancock are closing
upon the fragments of the rebellion.
military organization of the Confederacy will cease to exist during the
has yet to be heard from. He is not inactive during the great operations
now pending. Peace through war has been the object of the
administration, and it seems to be now within reach.
the bells ring and the cannon roar! Bring out all your flags! Float
“Old Glory” from every steeple and flag-staff! Give cheers for our
heroic soldiers! Thank the God of Battles for the Victory! Babylon has
fallen! Hurrah! Hurrah!! Hurrah!!!
thunderbolt has fallen even sooner than we expected. The victorious army
has proved itself irresistible, and the demoralized power of the
rebellion staggers towards its final doom with the heaviest blow yet
superb generalship which has secured this glorious result is shown by
the remark of Gen. Grant to President Lincoln, advising him to remain at
City Point, and promising to take Richmond in forty-eight hours.
rebel capital has fallen, and with it all the prestige that the rebel
army possessed, and every vestige of nationality in the bogus
Confederacy! Lee is sneaking away with the fragments of his army, while
our heroes are pushing forward to cut off even this remnant of the
rebellion. This army must be a discouraged, panic-stricken mob, of no
avail, wherever it finds temporary refuge from its pursuers, and it
needs no prophet’s eye to see the end.
await the thrilling details of this grand triumph and its momentous
CHEERS FOR THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC!
Capture of Mobile.
The War Substantially Ended.
York, April 3.–The Commercial’s special Washington dispatch says intelligence
received from the headquarters of our forces warrant the assurance that
Mobile is now in our possession. Important positions have been taken
which promised to place the city at our mercy. It is said that a great
battle remains to be fought in Virginia, and that General Lee has still
the means of making a formidable resistance, but it is believed the war
is substantially ended, and that humanity will induce the enemy to end
the contest. It is reported that Major General Robert Potter was
APRIL 5, 1865
THE CONSTITUTION (CT)
has been the earnest wish of the American people that the rebel capital
should be taken by the soldiers of the Army of the Potomac. That wish is
now gratified. During the past eight days, movements have been made in
progress which have caused the evacuation of both Petersburg and
Richmond. A terrible battle lasting three days, in which the whole
strength of both armies have been engaged has been fought, and the rebel
leaders are driven from the field. It is the opinion of many that Grant
found Lee endeavoring to get away, and therefore brought on the fight.
Whether this is so or not we have the comforting assurance from the
Secretary of War, that Richmond is now held by United States colored
troops, under Gen. Weitzel, who says that the citizens received him with
the most enthusiastic expressions of joy. What a transition from a state
of despotism and tyranny, to the protection of the national flag, must
it be to those of Union sentiment in that city. Unless he has already
met retributive justice, Jeff Davis is now a fugitive in this country.
All honor to the noble army who have accomplished that for which it was
created. Disasters have not subdued or broken its spirit, but rather
urged it on in heroic deeds. By their efforts and persistency the once
proud army of the confederacy is now broken, and its opportunity for
destruction entirely gone. The Waterloo of this country has been fought,
and the old flag waves in triumph over the field. Our generals are
closing around what remains of the rebel army, and it will soon cease to
exist. Connecticut sends greeting to the brave soldiers. They have
driven traitors from their strongholds, while she has driven their
sympathizers to their holes!
News.–Some interesting facts about affairs in Richmond are
given by a person who escaped from Castle Thunder a few days ago. He
says that there were evident signs of evacuation; the assets of the
banks had been sent off by the Danville road; the machinery of two
percussion cap factories had gone in the same direction, and some of the
machinery of the Tredegar iron-works had been packed up ready for
shipment. There were not more than ten days’ supplies in the city for
the army. The same person sold a gold dollar for one hundred in rebel
currency. Tea was $100 per lb; coffee $50; bacon $18; beef $15; and eggs
rose in consequence of Sheridan’s raid from $12 to $35 per dozen. It
was thought that Alexander H. Stevens had abandoned the cause of the
confederacy. Several intelligent Georgians who visited the Philadelphia Inquirer
office recently, say that the desertions from Lee’s army average over
a hundred every day. In their estimation, the whole rebel force in front
of Grant cannot exceed forty thousand men, and if it should be depleted
at the rate mentioned, cannot long be available for evil. They say that
Stevens left for the South immediately on his return from the late peace
conference, and refused to have anything more to do with the
B. McClellan and lady are now traveling with August Belmont, chairman of
the national democratic committee. Fernando Wood will soon join them,
and it would not be surprising to hear that Jeff Davis was following
after Fernando. What a re-union of “old friends” will then occur.
Prospects for Peace.
time when this country can sheath the sword and turn its strength and
energy to mechanical and agricultural pursuits is near. But at the
present time the armor of the warrior is buckled on, and will not be put
off until the rebels submit. The prospect that the strife will soon
terminate is most encouraging. The rebel army are being surrounded by
federal bayonets, and unless they strike soon the opportunity will be
gone. Napoleon the first was a great and successful general. When he
first assumed command of the armies of France, he confounded his
opponents by adopting what was at that time a novel mode of warfare. The
military leaders of that day allowed the forces of the enemy to
concentrate, and then if deemed advisable, fight them. But the “little
corporal” thought that by attacking the opposing army at different
points before it could concentrate, he would be able to fight at better
advantage, and the result was that he came out victorious in nearly
every campaign. The policy adopted by the hero of Austerlitz would not
have been bad if imitated by the leaders at the south. The strength of
the federal army lay in concentration. It has fought at great
disadvantage in having to maintain large armies at remote points. As
long as the south could keep her center lines safe and protected, she
was safe. When Sherman’s victorious army left the defences of Atlanta
to march to the seaboard, was the time for the southern leaders to prove
their generalship. Every step through their country hastened their ruin.
His march to the seaboard, and from thence to the rear of the rebel
capital, uniting his forces with those of Schofield and Terry, will make
him too strong for the rebels to attack. The towns and cities which have
furnished the material for maintaining the rebel armies are within his
grasp. Sheridan with his gallant cavalry has started a new raid with may
isolate the rebel capital. The late fight at Fort Steadman proved that
it would be impossible for Lee to make headway against his old
adversary, the army of the Potomac. They have fought him too long, and
are now determined on victory–a surrender by the south of its claims
and a return to the arms of the Federal Union.
Blockade Runners.–Advices from London, England, announce
the failure of Thomas S. Begbie and Zachariah C. Pearson, Mayor of Hull,
caused by the capture of the blockade running ports in this country. The
first named gentleman has appeared before the public before, as the
character of the bark Springbok,
the condemnation of whose cargo by our courts has been said to be
sufficient cause for war. These failures are but the initiatory steps
for others. The public will soon have a chance to judge of the character
of the men abroad, who have helped on the rebel cause, because it helped
to increase their wealth. The saying of Joe Hooker proves true, that the
victories of our armies, “Kill rebels at both ends of the line.”
THE PROVIDENCE EVENING PRESS (RI)
Particulars of Grant’s Operations.
April 5-8, 1865.
following telegram gives all the details received by this department in
relation to the military operations at Richmond, not heretofore
M. Stanton, Secretary of War.
Landing, April 5,1865—11.30 p.
M. Stanton, Secretary of War:
is known at City Point. Few officers left, and those overwhelmed with
telegraphed Jeff. Davis 3 p. m.
Sunday that he was driven back and must evacuate. This was announced in
Davis had sold his furniture previously at auction and was ready to
leave. All the leading men got away that evening. Rebel iron-clads were
exploded. Virginia lies sunk
in James River above the obstructions. Ewell set the city on fire. All
the business portion of Main street to the river was burned. The bridges
across the river were also destroyed. Many of the families remain. Mrs.
Lee remains at Petersburg. The public stores were burned, and a few
houses caught fire, but not much damage was done to the city.
will fully report from Richmond. I cannot get a clear idea of our loss.
The only general killed is Winthrop. Potter is dangerously wounded in
groin. General Grant has commanded armies in person since the
commencement of operations.
A. Dana, Ass’t Secretary of War.
Department, Washington, April 5,1865—10.00 p.
telegram just received by this department from Richmond states that
General Weitzel captured in Richmond 1000 well prisoners, and 5000 rebel
wounded were found in the hospitals.
hundred pieces of artillery and five thousand stand of arms were
President went to Richmond yesterday and returned to City Point to-day.
Surgeon General reports that Mr. Seward, who was thrown from his
carriage this evening, is doing well. His arm was broken between the
elbow and shoulder. His face was much bruised. The fracture has been
reduced, and the case presents no alarming symptoms.
M. Stanton, Secretary of War.
Department, Washington, April 5,1865—11.00 a.
Grant telegraphs to this Department from Nottoway Court House as
night Gen. Sheridan was on the Danville Railroad south of Amelia Court
House, and sent word to Gen. Meade, who was following with the Second
and Sixth Corps by what is known as the River Road, that if the troops
could be got up in time he had hopes of capturing or dispersing the
whole of Lee’s army. I am moving with the left wing, commanded by Gen.
Ord, by the Cox, or direct Burkesville road. We will be to-night at or
near Burkesville. I have had no communication with Sheridan or Meade
to-day; but hope to hear very soon that they have come up with and
captured, or broken up, the balance of the army of Northern Virginia. In
every direction we hear of the men of that army going home, generally
without arms. Sheridan reports Lee at Amelia Court-house to-day.
M. Stanton, Secretary of War.
Department, Washington, April 5,1865—10.20 p.
following details respecting the capture of Richmond, and its occupation
by Union forces, have been telegraphed to this Department from that
M. Stanton, Secretary of War.->
Weitzel learned, at 3 o'clock in the morning of Monday, that Richmond was
being evacuated, and at daylight moved forward, first taking care to give
his men breakfast, in the expectation that they might have to fight. He met
no opposition, and on entering the city was greeted with hearty welcome from
the mass of the people. The Mayor went out to meet him and to surrender the
city, but missed him on the road.
Weitzel finds much suffering and poverty among the population. The rich as
well as the poor are destitute of food. He is about to issue supplies to all
who take the oath. The inhabitants now number about 20,000, half of them of
is not true that Jeff Davis sold his furniture before leaving. It is all in
his house where I am now writing. He left at 7 p.m.,
by the Danville Railroad.
the members of Congress escaped. Hunter has gone home. Carson Smith went
with the army. Judge Campbell remains here.
Weitzel took here one thousand prisoners, besides the wounded. These number
5,000, in nine hospitals. He captured cannon to the number of at least five
hundred pieces. Five thousand muskets have been found in one lot. Thirty
locomotives and three hundred cars are found here. The Petersburgh Railroad
bridge is totally destroyed; that of the Danville road partially, so that
connection with Petersburgh can easily be made. All the rebel vessels are
destroyed except an unfinished ram, which has her machinery in her perfect.
The Tredegar Works are unharmed, and the machinery was taken to-day, under
Gen. Weitzel’s orders. Libby Prison and Castle Thunder have also escaped
the fire, and are filled with rebel prisoners of war.
of the editors have fled, especially John Mitchell. The Whig
appeared yesterday as a Union paper with the name of the former proprietor
at the head.
theatre opens here to-night.
Weitzel describes the reception of the President yesterday as enthusiastic
in the extreme.
April 5.–Hon. G. W. McLellan, Second Assistant Postmaster General,
to-day received the following dispatch:
have taken possession of the Richmond post office, in the name of the Post
Office department of the United States. I find a large quantity of United
States property–pouches, locks, safes, &c. Mails that should have left
this city to-day are all here, pouched and billed. I have not yet had an
opportunity of conferring with the military authorities, but the provost
Marshal kindly placed a guard over the building and effects.
B. Parker, Special Agent.
Navy Department has received the following telegram:
Harriet DeFord was captured at Fair Haven, in Chesapeake Bay, thirty
miles below here, at 4 o’clock this morning by a rebel party of 27 men,
headed by Captain Fitzhugh. She is a one masted propeller, upper works
painted drab. The captain, mate, and white passengers were released; the
crew taken. She immediately sailed after a propeller towing two Government
barges down the bay.”
Lincoln left here this morning at 11 o’clock on the steamer Monahassett
for City point, to join the President. She was accompanied by Senator
Sumner, Secretary Harlan and family.
has been received direct from Richmond that Gen. Weitzel succeeded in
extinguishing the flames after a considerable portion of the business part
of the city had been destroyed. The offices of the Enquirer
and Dispatch were among the
buildings consumed by fire, but it is understood that the other newspaper
offices were saved.
THE CALEDONIAN (VT)
who recognize the beautiful doctrine of [the] “eternal fitness of
things” will find much to their enjoyment among the incidents of the
capture of Richmond.
was all right, as everybody feels, that the Negro troops of the army of
the James should be the first to enter the city. On the necks of their
race the foundations of the “Southern Confederacy” were avowedly
laid, and the whole structure was to be reared by, and for the sake of
their unrecompensed toil and blood. But, happily, their feet are now
among the first to march in triumph through the captured capital where
this Heaven-daring iniquity was concocted. While Jeff Davis was fleeing
for his life from the scene of his four years of “fantastic tricks”
of “little brief authority,” the once despised slaves, now feared
soldiers of the Union, were marching in, probably to the the sublime
strains of John Brown’s anthem.
was all right that the President of the United States should be on the
ground during the fight which routed the defenders of the rebel capital.
He thus had a chance to witness the heroism and the terrible sacrifices
by which the Union has been saved, as he stands in the rebel source from
which danger was so often menaced to the capital of the Union, he will
be far better enabled, if e so chooses, to speak the right word of the
moment to all the wayward and the steadfast children of the republic,
than if he had remained all the time in Washington. It is fit, also,
that he whose elevation to power was the pretext of the slaveholders’
revolt, whose first war proclamation was received by the rebel executive
and cabinet with “bursts of laughter,” and who has been steadily
calumniated at Richmond with terms of abuse which are too well
remembered to require repetition, should be among the first to visit the
headquarters of the exploded confederacy.
was all right, too, that the long-suffering, ill-requited army of the
Potomac, and the patient, unobtrusive General Grant should have the
privilege of dealing the death-blow to the only force which kept the
rebellion alive. All men will now see that the army of the Potomac can
conquer as well as endure, and, like a spring of the purest temper, can
strike with a resistless energy proportioned to the months it has waited
under the repression of events. Neither can any now fail to discern the
surpassing merits of the Lieutenant-General, who has, through the round
of seasons, held the great army of the rebellion in his vice-like
grasp–sending out his generals, Thomas to strike in one place, Sherman
to probe the vitals of the “Confederacy” in another, Sheridan to
give an effective blow in another, and so on, rejoicing in the success
and the laurels of all, taking no credit to himself, but still waiting
and holding on till, at the right moment, he burst like a thunderbolt on
the enemy and hurled him into utter rout and confusion. Here is a new
revelation of greatness which posterity will put beside that of
Washington correspondent of the Tribune
says that about mid-day on Sunday, four large eagles were observed
lurking about the dome of the capitol and over the head of the Goddess
of Liberty. Their appearance was almost simultaneous with that of the
bulletin from Richmond.
who was executed at New York, made a confession in which he said himself
and eight others came to New York to set fire to buildings in
retaliation for what Sheridan had done in the Shenandoah Valley. He set
fire to Barnum’s Museum, Lovejoy’s Hotel, Tammany Hall, and the New
England House. The others simply set fire to the houses at which they
were stopping, and then fled. The scheme was concocted among rebels in
Sherman has just returned from a visit to his brother, Gen. Sherman, and
states that nothing is more heartily desired by the General than an
opportunity to encounter Lee’s entire force, as he feels confident
that his army can thrash the whole Southern Confederacy.
proposed excursion to Charleston excites much interest. Rev. H. W.
Beecher is to deliver the oration on the hoisting of the flag over
Sumter on the anniversary of its fall in 1861. Mr. Beecher and the
invited guests of the government will sail from New York in the steamer Arago,
near the close of this week, and several steamships will take
excursionists, the secretary of war having made Charleston a free port
for the occasion. The fare for the round trip is but $100, and the
prospect is that there will not be vessels enough to accommodate the
crowd that will wish to go.
Accident at Sea.
transport Gen. Lyon took fire off Cape Hatteras on Friday morning last. At the
time there were on board
from 550 to 560 souls, only some thirty of whom are known to have been
saved. The steamer left Wilmington on the 29th ult., with
nearly six hundred passengers, consisting of discharged and paroled
soldiers, escaped prisoners and refugees, among whom were about thirty
women and twenty-five small children. The fire was caused by barrels of
coal oil in the engine room, and in less than five minutes, the flames
were belching out on deck, and with the assistance of a strong gale,
spread very rapidly. The mate of the ship at once went to work to get
out the hose, but the alarm and excitement were so great that but little
progress could be made toward extinguishing the fire. In the meantime,
the captain of the ship came up, and in the most frantic manner
exclaimed, “She’s gone! She’s gone! There’s no use trying to
save her!” A rush was then made for the life boats, of which there
were but three on board, and they were soon launched. Two of the boats
were on the bow of the vessel, and as soon as one was launched, the
captain sprang into it and pushed off, intent on saving his own life.
Capt. James Weber, of company K, 56th Illinois regiment,
succeeded in getting I to the same boat, which in a moment after was
struck by the wheel, and the captain of the ship was instantly killed.
Capt. Weber afterwards drowned. At the time the fire broke out, nearly
400 soldiers were below, as but a few were allowed on deck at one time;
and as soon as the alarm was given, the ladders were pulled up from the
hatches, thus precluding the possibility of escape, and there can be no
doubt that they were burned to death.
Albans Raiders Released.
St. Albans raiders, who have been on trial at Montreal for a long time,
have been released upon the first charge, that of robbing banks. Judge
Smith released them on the ground that they were belligerents and the
extradition treaty was not therefore binding, as the United States did
not recognize them as belligerents. The judge also held that by Gen.
Dix’s order to shoot down the raiders, he recognized them as
belligerents and not as robbers.
two-sided logic may pass before a Canadian court, but it wouldn’t be
accepted here. The raiders have yet to be tried for assault, with intent
to kill, upon citizens of St. Albans, and after their release upon the
first charge, they were at once re-arrested for violation of the
neutrality laws. Their trial was to be resumed on Saturday.
APRIL 8, 1865
THE SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN
None Around in the State.
report of the special committee of the legislature on the
recommendations of the governor’s address as to the emigration of
young women to the West is rather sarcastic in its tone. The committee
do not find that there are any “anxious and aimless” women in
Massachusetts. The surplus women are well employed in our various
manufactories, and they come chiefly from other states and countries; we
have no women to spare for Kansas and Oregon, except such as they do not
want, and the committee therefore see no occasion for the state’s
encouraging the emigration of its women. The committee do not believe
that the excess of women damages the morals of the state. As to the men
in the far West who need wives, the committee say:
who would make good husbands will provide for themselves in due time;
and without sending their published appeals for conjugal relief, across
the whole breadth of the continent. We know of nothing peculiar in their
circumstances, which demands of us, in their special behalf, the
organization of a bureau of matrimony. But it would seem that ‘the
surplus of men’ there,—if in need of any of our ‘excess of
women,’—can well afford to come themselves; and, according to the
usages in such cases provided, may make their overtures in person, with
the advantage of a wider range for taste and choice. When they
themselves shall ask for the sympathy and charitable assistance of
Massachusetts, it will be time enough to consider their claims.
exposures and perils of life are the smallest item in the liabilities of
the venture. And the bare fact of liabilities, to which we can only
allude, ought to be fatal to any conceivable scheme of emigration, to be
conducted by State or National authorities. Nothing more need be
intimated to those who have known but a very little of the unpublished
results of British female emigrations,–for example, to
Australia,–and of which it would be ‘a shame even to speak.’ We
may also just allude to the early history of our own Virginia.
committee doubt whether the state has the right to aid any such scheme
of emigration as the governor suggests:
main office, if not the office of government, is, to afford protection
to all its subjects, and not to interfere with the pleasure of any, so
long as they do not infringe the rights and liberties of others. It is
not for government, in its legitimate functions, to provide business or
means of support to the people, as a whole, or in classes. The very
moment the attempt is made, whatever the excellence of motive, the State
begins to exceed its office of protector, and also to lose protective
power. Not a single supplementary service can it attempt, without
producing dissent; and in proportion to the amounts of dissent so
produced by it, the State defeats the end for which it was
to the excess of women, the committee give tables to show that it is
confined to the manufacturing counties and towns:
of such ‘a surplus of women in all our towns,’ there were, in 1860,
more than one hundred and forty towns in which there were actually more
males than females. There were five towns in which the males and females
were just equal in number. One was Holliston, with a total of 3,338.
There were also nearly twenty towns in which the males exceeded the
females by only one, two, three, four, or five. And in all the towns, we
believe, except the manufacturing–which were ninety- three–the
excess of females was very inconsiderable. This will be credited the
more readily, when the fact already mentioned is borne in mind, that in
the great and flourishing county of Worcester, there was less than 600
excess of females in a population of almost 159,000. ->
is surprising that those so particularly interested in providing young
women the means of emigration, with ultimate or immediate view to
matrimony, do not seem to be aware that it is not the single women who
have most need of sympathy, as regards maintenance and happiness. Some
of them, doubtless, may be considered unhappy. But they are, as a class,
as industrious, as successful, as independent and as cheerful as are
their married sisters. Compared with widows, who have children's wants
as well as their own to supply, they have a decided advantage in means
of comfortable living, and quite as good prospects of marriage. Many of
them are not only in easy, but in affluent circumstances ; for their
proportion is great in the upper classes of society. We refer, of
course, to those of good character.
our young women of marriageable age have, in general, no such reason to
anticipate celibacy as can give them unhappiness. If we take the whole
period of life into view, it will be seen that it is a very small
proportion of our females, who are of reputable character, that die
without having been married. It is comparatively seldom that, in our
obituary notices, we read of the decease of a miss over fifty or over
forty years of age.
than all, why does it seem to be taken for granted by some of our
Quixotic champions for the rights of women, that the very best thing is
to secure husbands for them? From the talk of some circles, and not the
lowest, one might conclude that, in truth and soberness, the chief end
of every man is to get money, and of every woman to get married. And
hence, perhaps, the course of some parents, whose conduct is as amazing
as it is disgusting ; since they cannot but have known of unspeakable
misery, and sometimes of revolting or shocking crime, in marriages of
convenience or interest, without con- geniality and sincere love.”
large amount of testimony on the subject from prominent men throughout
the state is given–all agreeing in substance with this:
A. Chase of Salem, a gentleman of large experience in manufacturing and
other business, and whose financial abilities are of high order,
appeared before the Committee, by request of the chairman. He stated
that he had never known any ‘disorder in the market for labor,’ in
consequence of ‘the excess of women,’ nor any interference with the
means of support to families by the competition of women with men; nor
any competition whatever ‘for employments fitted for men alone.’ But
there were men employed in services for which women were equally, or
better fitted ; and there were no more women in the State than were
needed in the various departments of labor. He thought that the
statements which had been made, as if it was necessary to aid the
emigration of our young women, were entirely erroneous, and not at all
in accordance with the knowledge and judgment of practical men. If the
legislature wished to do something for the improvement of the condition
of females, money could be more wisely expended, in promoting the
intellectual and moral culture of the operatives in some of our
manufacturing towns. Such testimony we might accumulate to any degree.
With- out a single dissenting voice, and without any concert with each
other, competent witnesses of the first standing have united in
expressing their surprise and astonishment, that such a proposal as has
been made respecting our young women should ever have been suggested or
conclusion of the whole matter is that, though the governor’s rhetoric
over the “anxious and aimless” is very sympathetic and “sweet
pretty,” his suggestions are quixotic, and the balance of the sexes
had best be left to regulate itself without state interference.
1 Spanish, meaning “who
exact translation of quid nunc
from the Latin is “what now?” The phrase means “a person eager to
learn news and scandal; gossipmonger.”
3 See “Execution of a
Rebel Spy and Incendiary” in the Caledonian of 31 March 1865.
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