, 1862

Summer Travel and Watering Places.

Ordinarily at this season of the year a very large proportion of the population, both of the South and the North, have been on the wing towards, or else quietly residing at, the thousands of watering places which skirt our sea lines, or are embowered among the mountains, or beside the lakes and inland rivers and water falls, from Lake Superior and the St. Lawrence to the Gulf of Mexico. But a change has come over the spirit of these pleasant summer dreamings, and the reports we are daily hearing from the vicinities of all these attractive localities evince a woeful falling off in the public patronage extended to them. The people of this great continent are occupied with far other thoughts than those of peace, and amusement and recreation have given place to the terrible business of war.

The hitherto attractive rural retreats of eh wearied and jaded citizens of the city have lost their attractiveness; for within hearing of their usually quiet seclusion the roar of cannon, the roll of the drum, the measured tread of the sentinel and picket are overpowering and silencing the dash of the cascade, the rippling of the brook, the sighing of the summer breezes in the woodlands, and the echoes of

“The loud laugh that speaks the vacant mind.”

It is one of the saddest accompaniments and consequences of this cruel war that the opportunities hitherto enjoyed of interchanging the amenities and hospitalities of each have been cut off from the inhabitants of both sections of this once united and happy country. The sundering of so many kindred and friendly associations is not the least of the penalties all and alike are suffering, and they add a keener pang, a sharper sting to the great sorrow of the time.

While all along our widely extended river, lake and gulf coast, the exigency has closed the usually popular resorts for health and recreation, those which are more remote from present military operations, are but slenderly patronized, this season. We see no more long lists of daily arrivals at the Niagara hotels; the cottages and public houses at that favorite seaside and public houses at that favorite seaside watering place, Newport, are almost deserted; Saratoga is correspondingly desolate; the White Mountains tower lonely and unvisited in their gloomy grandeur; Old Point Comfort is a bristling garrison, and the region round about the enchanting mineral springs of Virginia is all one wide camp or battle field. And they whose mirthful laughter and social converse made all these pleasant resorts the abode of genial and social enjoyment are engaged in the active duties of the field, or are hanging anxiously upon every day’s reports of its terrible scenes and incidents.

The picture is a sad one, and in contemplating it the thoughtful mind cannot but be impressed with the hope that the time is not far distant when all may changed, and peace, with her white wings, may once more brood over this now distracted land.


The Mont Blanc, which has been “below, coming up,"1 for so many days, is now safely in port, with her precious cargo of 650 tons of Fresh Pond ice,2 to Messrs. Warner & Co. It is to be hoped we can now obtain supplies of these refreshing crystals at somewhat rational prices, and on practicable terms.3

The New U.S. Stamp Currency.—The Philadelphia United States Gazette says that the new stamp currency will not be in the shape of stamps, as had been originally designated. The sticky nature of the stamps rendered them totally unfit for use as currency, and even without the mucilage these small bits of paper could not be taken care of sufficiently to answer for change in daily use. To obviate this difficulty Postmaster Walborn, of Philadelphia, submitted to the authorities at Washington a proposition, which has been approved and acted upon, to print small notes of the denominations desired for change, the paper and engraving being the same as that of the national paper currency, but with designs entirely distinct. This is the manner in which the new currency will make its appearance.


The City.

The Coast.—We this morning met Lieut. Dryden, of the coast patrol, and learn from him that the Negroes on the plantations are at present quiet, all signs of insubordination among them having for the present ceased.

Insulted.—Samuel McPherson was arrested last night for having insulted S. P. Brower, because of his Union sentiments. The insult was given in one of the city cars.

Burglaries.—Since May last, the shop of Mr. J. Edmond, merchant tailor, corner of Customhouse and Bourbon streets, has been burglariously entered no less than four times. The first time, $800 worth of goods was stolen, and more or less on each subsequent visitation. On the last visit, which happened on Thursday night last, the number of the burglars was three, and the clerk, who slept in the establishment, heard them, saw one, and struck him with a brickbat, and could have shot him but that he was not prepared with weapons.

Bed and Arms.—Jose Berroni was arrested last night on Main street, for taking up his bed and walking, and for having concealed in said bed a valuable rifle.

Hurrahing.—Jas. Kernion, who indulged in indiscreet hurrahs for Jeff. Davis, was arrested by two members of the 30th Massachusetts Regiment.

Child Run Over.—A drayman named John Coleman was this morning arrested on Tchoupitoulas street for running his dray over a boy named Michael White, eight years of age, thereby dangerously injuring him.

Inquest.—An inquest was held this morning on the body of a Negro named Sam, a native of Virginia, aged 100 years, found dead at 220 St. Peter street. Verdict: “Died of debility and old age.” Sam belonged to Mr. F. Rieau. But he remembered well the old revolutionary times in Virginia, and of his having waited on Gen. Washington once, when he was fifteen years of age. He also told many tales of the times when Washington was President.

AUGUST 18, 1862


In obedience to the order of General Mercer, we respectfully request the planters of Richmond county to have twenty per cent of their able-bodied Negroes at the Augusta & Savannah Railroad Depot in Augusta on FRIDAY MORNING, the 22d inst., by seven o’clock, to be shipped on the 8 o’clock train to Savannah. We also request that persons having Negroes to send, will meet us at the City Hall in Augusta, on THURSDAY MORNING, at ten o’clock, previous to sending their Negroes, and return the number and names of the Negroes sent, that we may have transportation ready and receipts filled out ready to give their owners on delivery at the Depot Friday morning.

Also, the planters of Columbia county are respectfully requested to meet us at Appling, on TUESDAY, the 26th inst., to return the number and names of their Negroes to be sent, that we may have transportation ready to ship them from Augusta on FRIDAY MORNING, the 29th inst., and have receipts filled out ready to give to the owners for the Negroes on delivery at the Depot.

Prompt attention to the above request will hasten the work and save expense. Our orders are imperative, and we must obey. We are ordered to promptly report persons refusing aid.

Also, all able bodied free Negroes are requested to come forward and report themselves, and be ready to go.

The Negroes should have one or two days’ rations with them.



Daring Exploit of a Private.—We have just received information of a gallant exploit of a private in Gen. Forrest’s command. Mr. Jeremiah Warren, a member of Capt. Spiller’s old company of cavalry, now commanded by Lieut. Havron, while hunting his horse near McMinnville, on the 4th inst., was suddenly warned by a friend that the Yankees were thick in the neighborhood, and that three of them were immediately in advance of him. Our hero being unarmed, borrowed a shot gun from his informant and quickly advanced alone upon his antagonists. Discovering two of them, he dashed upon them on foot at [the] double quick, demanding an instant surrender which, after some show of resistance, was complied with unconditionally.

He instantly disarmed his prisoners, and placing them before him, marched them along the road until he found the third, who, believing the whole party to be his friends, was surprised and also captured. Our hero, not stopping to look for his horse, thought it best to make sure of his captives, set out at once for Chattanooga, where he arrived safely after three days’ march, and delivered his prisoners to Gen. Maney, who highly complimented his coolness and courage. The prisoners belonged to the 35th Indiana regiment, and are now in the guard-house at Chattanooga. Warren came up the road a day or two ago in search of his command. He has not yet found his horse.

Warren lives in Jackson county, Ala., the county that has given Mitchell so much trouble.—Knoxville Register.

How it is Done.—A short time since a planter in one of the interior counties of this State refused to furnish his quota of Negro laborers as required by the order of Gen. Mercer. His case was reported to headquarters, whereupon a squad of soldiers was dispatched to the planter’s residence, who arrested and conveyed him to Savannah. He was there consigned to prison, from which he was released upon giving bond and security that he had repented of his obstinacy and would return home and send forward immediately the Negroes required. We trust that it will not be necessary for the military authorities to repeat this operation anywhere throughout this State. We know that our planters are patriotic and surely they have intelligence to comprehend the necessities of the country.—Columbus Times.


Heroic Incident in New Orleans.

We are indebted to high authority for the facts of the following occurrence in New Orleans, intelligence of which has reached the city yesterday. Mrs. H. M. Hyams, wife of the Lieutenant Governor of the State, passed on the street a number of Yankee officers sitting in a doorway as she went by. One of them arose and followed her a few steps, and arresting her progress by placing himself in front of her, told her that she had omitted to bow in passing. She attempted to avoid the ruffian, when he repeated his remark, and asked her if she had not read Gen. Butler’s “Order No. 28,” with reference to the treatment of Union offices and soldiers with respect. Endeavoring to pass the fellow, he threw his arm around the lady’s waist, [and] pressed his foul lips upon her face. As the villain released her from his embrace, the Southern lady coolly drew a pistol and shot him through the body, so that he fell dead at her feet in the insolent flush of his cowardly triumph over the insulted virtue of a feeble and unprotected woman.

Another of the officers immediately arose and, approaching the noble and courageous lady, took her by the arm ad told her, so that the other Federals could hear, that she must accompany him before Gen. Butler. He immediately placed her in a cab and drove away—but not to the Beast’s quarters. He directed the cab out of the city and through the line of sentries—and further on still, until beyond the reach of the tyrant’s outposts. The act of the heroine had made a hero of the witness. He told her that he considered her act justifiable and noble, and that in a moment he had determined that she should not be sacrificed to Butler’s vengeance, and adopted the expedient by which he had rescued her. He continued to escort her on her journey through the country until they arrived in the Southern lines at Camp Moore, when he delivered himself up to Confederate authorities, to be dealt with as a prisoner or otherwise.

So ends this heroic and dramatic incident of the war. Mrs. Hyams has set a lofty example for Southern women, and the gallant gentleman who delivered her has shamed its army and the whole North. We trust he has renounced forever the service of the oppressors, and that a rank equivalent to his deserts may reward him in ours.—Mobile News.

, 1862

The Situation as Seen by a Rebel.—The Richmond Dispatch gives the following view of the present condition of affairs among the rebels. There is every reason to believe that the accuracy of the statement equals its candor:

“It has been six weeks since the last gun was fired in the fight around Richmond that sent McClellan ‘skedaddling’ to the shelter of his gunboats at Westover.4 Since then a lethargy as deep as that which pervaded the army and the country after Manassas seems gradually settling down upon us. We are, apparently, waiting for the enemy to recruit his exhausted strength, and to come forth in the cool weather that will be upon us in the next sixty days. By that time his regiments will all be filled up, and we shall be assailed by three hundred thousand additional troops. We shall at least escape the chance of attacking him before he is ready. We are giving him all the time he can desire. He can never reproach us with pressing him when he is not prepared. What the consequences will be it is not worth while to anticipate. We saw what they were last year. It is fated, it seems, that we are never to reap the fruits of victory, no matter how decisive. Manassas was followed by the abandonment of nearly half of Virginia. Shiloh was followed by the entire loss of the Mississippi and the fall of New Orleans. What is to follow the victories around Richmond we cannot imagine. We have not much more to give up, unless we mean to abandon Virginia altogether.”


Enrollment of Colored Citizens.—We print this morning a letter from the Attorney-General of this State as to enrollment of “all male citizens” of the military age. Mr. Foster holds that this means all male citizens of the respective States; and as colored men are citizens of Massachusetts, they are of course included in the draft. It is probable that municipal officers will not find it easy to resist this construction of the laws of the State and of the United States, which now has the support of high legal authority, as well as the endorsement of the executive.


Recognition.—The New York Herald’s Washington correspondent learns the following relative to the movements of Mason and Slidell to secure a recognition of the confederacy:

“A private correspondence from London states that Mr. Slidell has arrived in that city, and that he already had several interviews with Mr. Mason, for the purpose of deciding what was the best step to be taken to hasten the recognition of the Southern confederacy, which seems to have been of late an object of great indifference on the part of the English cabinet. After several protracted meetings, it is said that the two rebel delegates have agreed to address a joint note to all the European Cabinets, demanding a recognition of the Southern confederacy—not in the name of an abstract principle of rights, not even in virtue of its manliness in maintaining its independence, but in the name of their legally asserted rights, of the rights upon which foreign nations have acted towards countries situated as the South is at the present time. The note will state that eighteen months’ struggle, successfully carried on against the North, constitutes a right of recognition, superior to that which Belgium and Italy had at the time their independence was acknowledged by France and England. Taking these facts, as well as the principles of international law set forth in Vattel and others, as the basis of their demand, they hope to place France and England in such a position as to render the refusal of the recognition of the South almost impossible.”

Cricket.—The match of the Boston Club against the St. George of New York is to be played Thursday and Friday, Aug. 21 and 22, on the grounds of the Boston Club, Cambridge street, East Cambridge, play to commence at 10 a.m. The visit of the St. George to the city will be an event of no ordinary importance, as this Club is considered the first Club in the country, it being the oldest and wealthiest, and takes rank in play above any others. The Boston Club have many good players, and this match will be an interesting one. The Bostons will be happy to meet their friends, and any who take an interest in out-door sports, and will do all in their power to make the occasion one of interest to all present. Cars leave Chardon street every 15 and 30 minutes.


Quantrell.—This notorious rebel guerilla chief has, by his daring and success, won the title of the “Morgan of the West.” He is now engaged in a series of dashing adventures which have struck terror to the hearts of thousands. He lately impressed a ferry boat to cross a river, and when the job was completed, told the captain he ought to be d----d thankful his boat was not burned. He has given our commanders in western Missouri more trouble than all other guerillas combined. His movements are rapid, and he never sleeps twice in the same spot. Scouting parties have been sent from Sedalia, Georgetown and Kansas City many times to catch him, but he always escapes. A few days ago he was reported encamped near a small town called Columbus, on the Blackwater river, in Johnston county. Capt. Peabody, with 140 men, rode all night in hopes of catching him, but the bird had flown when the camp-ground was reached. This expedition swam several swollen creeks to shorten the road to the rebel quarters. On the 3d, Major Banzoff left Warrenburgh with a detachment to surprise Quantrell on the Independence road, but was unsuccessful. On the 4th, Capt. Fuller, with 100 men, left Sedalia by the Osceola road, and went as far as Calhoun, in Clinton county, without discovering any guerillas.


The News from the Peninsula.—It now appears probable that General McClellan has safely accomplished a task which had been pronounced by many to be well nigh impossible—the withdrawal of his entire army from the James River. The retirement of these forces in the face of the enemy and from such a position, is a movement which the most confident might have despaired of accomplishing, and it can have been only by the most careful preparation that the destruction of the rear can have been prevented.

The concentration of our armies in Virginia, which but a short time ago seemed hopeless, will now give to the united command a strength which will enable the government immediately to resume the offensive.


20, 1862

The President and the Negroes.—On Thursday last, the President of the United States gave audience to a committee of colored men at the White House. They were introduced by Rev. J. Mitchell, Commissioner of Emigration. E. M. Thomas, the chairman, remarked that they were there by invitation to hear what the Executive had to say to them. Having all been seated, the President, after a few preliminary observations, informed them that a sum of money had been appropriated by Congress, and placed at his disposition for the purpose of aiding the colonization in some country, of the people, or a portion of them, of African descent, thereby making it his duty, as it had for a long time been his inclination, to favor that cause. “And why,” he asked, “should the people of your race be colonized, and where? Why should they leave this country? This is perhaps the first question for consideration.” The President then stated at length the reasons which he considered should induce the colored population to desire to leave this country, in which their race is subject to so many disadvantages. “The place I am thinking about having for a colony,” he continued, “is Central America. It is nearer us than Liberia, not much more than one-fourth as far as Liberia, and within seven days run by steamers. Unlike Liberia, it is on a great line of travel, it is a highway. The country is a very excellent one for any people, and with great natural resources and advantages, and especially because of the similarity of climate with your native land, thus being suited to your physical condition. The particular place I have in view is to be a great highway from the Atlantic or Caribbean sea to the Pacific Ocean. And this particular place has all the advantages of a colony.” The great advantages offered in that country to a colony of colored people, and the privileges they would enjoy there, were enlarged upon by the President. “The practical thing I want to ascertain is whether I can get a number of able-bodied men, with their wives and children, who are willing to go when I present evidence of encouragement and protection. Could I get a number of tolerably intelligent men, with their wives and children, and cut their own fodder, so to speak. Can I have 50? If I could find 24 able-bodied, with a mixture of women and children—I think I could make a successful commencement. I want you to let me know whether this can be done or not.” The chairman of the delegation briefly replied that they would hold a consultation, and in a short time give an answer. The President said, “Take your full time—no hurry at all.” The delegation then withdrew. We have given above the principal points of the President’s address, not having room for the report at length.


The Arkansas Ram.—The Richmond Dispatch of the 9th, says official dispatches have been received by the Navy Department, confirming the loss of the Arkansas while on her voyage to co-operate in the attack upon Baton Rouge. She unluckily grounded when within five miles of the latter place, and all efforts to get her off were unavailing. In this helpless position a fleet of gunboats from below attacked her, and the only alternative to prevent her being captured was to blow her up.

Disgraceful Scramble.—It is stated that the rush and scramble for office under the Tax Law exceed even the disgraceful scenes in the same line witnessed upon the advent of the present administration. There are nearly applicants enough to fill up the several States’ quota of troops; and it is said that the distribution of these offices, so as to best subserve the interests of the “no-party” party, gives the President and cabinet more trouble than any thing else! It was some time ago suggested that these offices be given to disabled soldiers as a slight reward for their services and sufferings in the cause of the country. But the demands of party overrule those of justice and patriotism; and so far as appointments have been made, “old party hacks” have been made the recipients of the Government’s bounty. And so it will doubtless be with the rest.

“And what a spectacle is here presented to the world” well exclaims the Albany Argus. The nation is struggling for existence. The public exigencies have led to the imposition of a tax more burdensome than ever before dreamed of in this country and seldom equalled in any nation. An army of officers have been provided for its assessment and collection. In the face of the distress of the nation, hungry partisans rush to Washington, and while our brave soldiers are dying on the battle field and languishing in hospitals, and reinforcements are being demanded by Conscription, the Cabinet deliberates on the distribution of these places as the spoils of partisan warfare! And in the light of these things, Democrats are lectured on the duty of disregarding party and abandoning the principles and organization of the old Democracy! Shame!


We see reported a dozen cases in Connecticut of men who cut off their fingers to escape being drafted—one of whom bled to death.


A Massachusetts Wife Opposed to an Exchange of Prisoners.—The New Bedford Mercury is responsible for the following:

At the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, one of the gallant boys of the 20th Massachusetts Regiment was taken prisoner, and confined with many others at Salisbury, N.C. His name is—say Tom Smith—and he has a wife and children living not a thousand miles from New Bedford. When it became pretty certain that there would be a general exchange of prisoners, some kind friend, desirous of relieving the terrible anxiety of the wife, called and informed Mrs. Smith that her husband would probably be exchanged. “Well,” said the lonely woman, “I love Tom, and the children love Tom, and I don’t want him exchanged. I won’t have a rebel husband now.” The poor woman thought the exchange was a swap, and that she was to have another husband. Tom, we are glad to say, has reached home, to the great delight of Mrs. S., who was afraid that exchange was robbery.


Wants to Go Back.—Yesterday afternoon a well dressed Negro woman, 45 years of age, applied at the U.S. Marshal’s office for a  pass to return back to North Carolina along with her daughter. This refugee from slavery said herself and daughter not being able to get along at the North, wished to get down South where they belonged. The officials said they had no power to help her out of her difficulties appertaining to her aspirations for freedom, and the applicant left apparently very disconsolate.—N.Y. Commercial Advertiser.


Proposed to Take his Trowsers.—At a recruiting meeting in Western New York, last week, one of the speakers had been urging the men to sign the roll, and told the women to hurry them up, when a woman rose in the meeting and addressed her husband substantially as follows: “Ira, you know what you said before you came here tonight—that you would enlist. If you don’t do it, go straight home and take off those breeches, and let me have them and I will go myself!” This brought down the house and brought up Ira, who became a volunteer.


Be Careful of Your Postage Stamps.—In the last number of his United States Mail, Col. Holbrook says: “We have been surprised how careless the merchants, professional men and others in large cities are in custody of postage stamps. In many instances large quantities are placed in exposed situations, and within reach of any one employed about the premises. We know that, heretofore, the loss in this way has been, in many instances, considerable; but now that stamps can be used in lieu of money for the purchase of anything, the temptation to embezzle them is doubled, and it will be well for business men to look sharp to their interests in this respect. They would find it to pay, no doubt, to keep a daily and weekly stamp account, showing how many are bought and how many are used. In reference to foreign letters, upon which stamps are placed by the writers in pre-payment of postage, there can be no doubt that they are often removed before being dropped in the Post Office and the letters where pre-payment is optional, sent off unpaid, to the great prejudice, probably, of the correspondent, who is supposed to be adopting this course to avoid the postage tax himself. Numerous cases of this kind have come to light in this and other large cities, and increased care should be exercised, as the facilities and inducements to this species of dishonesty are enhanced.”


Hair Dye.—The barbers are complaining that since the order for a draft of militiamen was promulgated, there has been no demand for hair dye. Black has ceased to be a favorite color, and the inventor of a grey dye might soon realize a fortune.—Albany Atlas.


The Montreal Gazette states that the Provincial Government are now engaged in organizing an active volunteer militia force of 30,000 men, to be paid, armed and clothed; also, that it is their intention, when this is completed, to endeavor to organize another force of 30,000 volunteers, to be armed and clothed only.

Prices at Richmond.—The Editor of the Lee Gleaner has conversed with a lady who recently arrived in that town from Richmond. She states the following as the prices paid for necessaries in the City of Richmond:

“Flour $20 bbl., green tea $20 lb., black tea $10 and $12, fresh meat 50 cents lb., bacon 75 cents, salt is very scarce, and little to be had at any price, butter $1.25, eggs $1 a dozen, tallow candles 60 cents lb., starch 50 cents lb., bar soap $1 lb., soft soap $1 gallon, new potatoes 50 cents a quart, or $16 a bushel, apples the same, saleratus $1.50 lb., berries 25 cents a quart, onions 10 cents each, cucumbers $1 a dozen, and tomatoes $2, shad sold at 75 cents and $1 each. Wearing apparel also ranged at about the same high prices. Boots $25 pair, ladies gaiters $12, children’s shoes not to be had at any price; the children of the wealthy are seen about the street barefooted, attended by colored servants. Cotton cloth is $1 a yard, calico $1.25, woolen goods, none to be had. The hotels use for coffee half rye and half coffee, mixed. Board at hotels is $4 and $4.50 a day.”


“Arm the Negroes,” says Gov. Yates of Illinois, “and this State will leap like a flaming giant into the fight!” Now isn’t this rich; and especially when we remember that Illinois has just voted, almost unanimously, to exclude Negroes from her borders?—asks the New Haven Register.


Of the many mean subterfuges resorted to by sneaks to escape the draft, none are so contemptible ad disgusting, or evince so grovelling a spirit of cowardice, as that of self-mutilation. Five such cases are recorded as having occurred in the town of New Fairfield, Ct., and the Danbury Times gives the names of 4 as Abram Chase, George Pearce, Norris Nickerson and Ira B. Hodge. The same paper says that in another instance a man by the name of Hoag of Sherman, so mutilated his right hand by a bush scythe, to get rid of a draft, that he bled profusely, and finally died. In Oneida County, N.Y., a few days ago a father and son volunteered in Capt. D. J. Stillman’s company for the Berdan Sharpshooters. Their names are Fralich. Mrs. Fralich did not want to part with her son, and he, regretting that he had volunteered, permitted his mother to chop off two of the fingers of his right hand with an axe!


A Rare Sight.—On Saturday afternoon we observed Maj. Butler Goodrich, aged 94, raking his hay field, and handling the rake with remarkable vigor. Such sights are seldom to be seen.


Gen. Butler’s taxation of the subscribers to the rebel defence fund in New Orleans, for the benefit of the poor, works admirably. Up to the evening of the 9th, $130,000 had been paid in.

22, 1862

Important Correspondence.

Some interesting correspondence has passed between Gen. Lee of the rebel forces, and Gen. Halleck, general-in-chief of the Federal armies. It is too lengthy for our columns. The rebels are getting sensitive as regards the conduct of the war. They go so far as to dictate our war policy. Hey desire to be treated as gentlemen, not like traitors—to have their property paid for, not confiscated; they want their “noble and brave guerrillas” treated as prisoners of war—not marauders and land pirates.

The correspondence referred to becomes more interesting as news is received that every Federal officer taken at the battle of Cedar Mountain has been confined in dungeons with felons. This is in revenge for the order of Gen. Pope for foraging upon the enemy, and compelling the inhabitants of the country through which he passes either to take the oath of allegiance to our government or go beyond the Union lines. The rebel government claims that the action of our general in this regard is “barbarous,” and they demand us to abandon it. They talk about our barbarous practices upon their “noble guerrillas,” but say nothing in extenuation of the cold-blooded murder of our wounded and defenseless Gen. McCook, whom these fiends butchered only the other day. The fact is our government has played war so long with the rebels that when it begins to wake up to the importance of making war war, they find fault, call us barbarous, and attempt to dictate our war policy. It will be a futile job.


What a Cow Has Done for the War—A Recruiting Incident.

We heard of an incident yesterday, which should make some of our rich men blush who are subscribing their paltry fives and tens to the recruiting funds of their several localities. It was this: A few days since, subscriptions were set on foot in Orleans county. A farmer of moderate means contributed $50 and a cow. Every one conceded that this was liberal; but it occurred to a  friend that the cow might be turned to excellent account. Lots were to be cast for her, and 205 tickets, at $1 each, were distributed and paid for. This practically brought the farmer’s subscription to $255. But the cow was destined to do better. The winner put her up at auction, and $30 more were added to the fund—making the aggregate $285. But it was deemed a pity that a cow so thoroughly patriotic should be sold so cheap; and the result was that $15 were added to the purchase money—making the cow’s aggregate contribution to the fund $250, besides the $50 from her original owner! There are a great many rich men, all over the country, who will not do half as much for the war as this cow!—Albany Evening Journal.


Canada an Unsafe Refuge.—The Chicago Journal quotes provisions from our treaties with England, under which deserters from our army, fleeing to Canada, can be arrested there. The fact is “interesting to those who are interested.”


Unjust Classification.—A soldier in the army, in writing home, says that the boys in the field are not pleased with the expression so much in vogue that a better class of men are enlisting now than ever before, and thinks it strange that this better-class patriotism should need so much gold to get it started. The troops are all good. It is not well to make such invidious distinctions.

Vermont Items.

The Free Press says an able-bodied young man by the name of Horace Edgerton, from Pawlet, in this State, was detected in an attempt to slip across the line in woman’s clothes. He reached the point by steamboat, accompanied by his sister. Suspicion was excited by his movements on the boat, and a slight examination before marshal Dunn disclosed the imposture. We think Miss Horace Edgerton of Pawlet has achieved an immortality of not the most enviable kind.

Secesher Captured.—A Mr. Towle, of Albany, was arrested last Wednesday evening, for numerous treasonable utterances against the government. He was brought to Irasburgh and placed under keepers. As the Craftsbury volunteers were passing his house a few days ago, he hurrahed for Jeff Davis, and said he “hoped they would all get killed in the first battle.” If it is not unlawful to shoot buzzards, we recommend that the volunteers make a target of this one.—Irasburgh Standard.

Sharp Practice.—Louis Gaborie of Milton, a recruit in the Chittenden county company of the 10th regiment, deliberately cut off the first two fingers of his right hand last week in order to avoid going. Being a left-handed man, the recruiting officer thinks he can still do good service, and may as well go.—Burlington Times.


The government is now having built not less than eighteen shot-proof iron clad ships, of different sizes, but all formidable. Of these, ten will be ready by Christmas next, and five will be ready the first, or at the farthest the middle, of October; so that before the autumn gales begin to blow we may expect to have afloat a fleet, small, but more than a match for any ships the rebels can send out; and, we hope, equal to the reduction of the forts and the capture of the cities of Charleston, Savannah and Mobile.


At last the colored population are ahead of the white in at least one important thing. They have right of locomotion which white men have not, and which the proudest officials are bound to respect. Colored men can go to Canada whenever and as often as they please. White men must stay at home. They can’t accompany colored folks on a little pleasure journey over the line. What white coward wouldn’t just now give his eye teeth to be possessed of the rights of the humblest colored man?


What Our Sharpshooters have Done.—We have it from an officer of Berdan’s regiment of Sharpshooter, who has been in nearly every battle on the Peninsula, that a minute reckoning has been made of all the rebels slain by the Sharpshooters thus far, and that the number slain has already reached three thousand. It has been a rule with these to make a notch or scratch on some part of their rifles for every rebel they felt certain they had killed, not reckoning the wounded or any cases in which there was any uncertainty. And hence the account could be, and was, made up easily and correctly. All can thus see how important have been the services of this noted regiment.—Freeman.


Arrival of the Teutonia.
Three Days Later from Europe.

Garibaldi Marching on Rome.


Cape Race, Aug. 22—The steamship Teutonia, from Southampton on the evening of the 13th inst., passed this point this afternoon, en route for New York, and her news obtained by the yacht of the Associated Press.

The Italian squadron had been ordered to Ancona, to watch the Adriatic coast.

Garibaldi, with 5,000 volunteers, was marching in the direction of Patea Pezzia and San Cataldo. The object appears to be to reach Messina. Palermo was tranquil. Public opinion favored conciliation. The discussion points out to foreign powers the danger of a prolonged occupation of Rome by the French.

Garibaldian manifestations had taken place at La Scala of the Theatre in Milan. Shouts were raised, “Rome or death.”

The Garibaldian volunteers numbered 3,000. Garibaldi commands.

One slight encounter took place between the volunteers and the Royal troops.

Garibaldi occupied Rocca and Palunta, and spoke as follows:

“The present state of affairs cannot continue. I go against the government because it will not let me go to Rome. I go against France because she defends the Pope. I will have Rome at any price. Rome or death. If I succeed, so much the better; if not, I will destroy the Italy which I have made myself.”

Mazzini had a conference with Garibaldi and returned to Malta. Garibaldi is at Caltanizta.

The rumors that England had given support to Garibaldi’s scheme are denied.

It is stated that France at the Constantinople conference decided on the principle that the Turks should continue to occupy the Belgrade Citadel.

France.—It is stated that the rebel envoys had demanded a recognition of the Southern Confederacy, but that England refused to accede to their demands, while France had not yet given a reply.

The Emperor will not deliver an official speech at the reception on the 17th.

It is believed that the Mexican expeditionary force is very large. The choicest officers and  men of the Versailles army are under orders. A division of Gunboats for Mexico were being armed.

It is reported that the French had repulsed several attacks in Mexico.


Seamen for the U.S. Navy.—We understand from competent authority that an erroneous opinion prevails respecting the naval service; it is our complement of seamen is deficient, and that enlistments are not equal to the demand. The truth is, the supply has answered the wants of the government, and that shipments are now going on as rapidly as men can be received and disposed of. At least one thousand per month have been received on board of the Ohio, the receiving ship at the Charlestown yard, since the war commenced, and some of these men may be found among the crews of every war vessel afloat. Our fishermen have verified the assertion that the New England fishery is the nursery of the navy by the manner in which they have come forward and offered their services to the country. And still they come. There is no apprehension, we are told, of a necessity of a draft for the navy. The blue jackets are prompt by answering all requirements, and are determined the ship of State shall never be wrecked for the want of a full and gallant “crew.”—Boston Post.

Men, Women, and Children Massacred!

St. Paul, Minn., 22.—Reliable information from Fort Ridgely confirms without doubt all the previous reports. Mr. Wickoff, the assistant superintendent, on his way to the upper agency met a messenger 6 miles from Fort Ridgely Monday morning, announcing an outrage at the Lower Sioux agency, and the murder of nearly all the whites. Captain Marsh set out immediately with 45 men. At a ferry opposite the Agency he encountered a large body of warriors, who opened fire on them, and after a few volleys a large body of ambushed Indians in the rear fired upon them, killing a number of men. While retreating across the river the Indians killed the captain, three sergeants, and four corporals. But 17 reached the fort. On Monday night the light from burning buildings and grain stacks was seen in all directions.

Escaped citizens came into the fort during the night, giving accounts of horrors too terrible for imagination to conceive.

Further reports say that the Indians fired the woods in all directions about New Ulm, and made an indiscriminate massacre of men, women and children.

Gov. Ramsey has been appealed to for help, and had ordered the militia to the scene of barbarity to check and punish the  Indians.

The Indians are reported to have attacked, Tuesday afternoon, 200 strong, burned several buildings and killed many of the citizens. The people had gathered together and barricaded the streets. Letters to Gov. Ramsey say that hundreds are known to be killed, and it is believed thousands.


Williamsburg Evacuated.

Fortress Monroe, Aug. 21—Williamsburg was evacuated by Union troops at 4 o’clock, yesterday afternoon. The guard was under command of Maj. Stetson, and constituted five companies of the 5th Penn. Reg. They came down and joined their regiment. It was reported that Williamsburg was burned last night, but it needs confirmation. There was a large fire in that direction from dark till a late hour last night. There had been no skirmishing between the pickets since the army came down the Peninsula.


The Tribune’s Washington dispatches state that President Lincoln some time since prepared a proclamation of emancipation, in accordance with the law of Congress, to take effect on the 1st of December next, should the rebellion continue; that he submitted it to his Cabinet two or three times, that all the Cabinet were in favor of it except Mr. Seward and Mr. Blair; these two persistently and resolutely opposed it on all occasions, and hence it has never seen the light.


In response to an inquiry from a citizen of Winsted, relative to the formation of a regiment of blacks from this State, Gov. Buckingham says: “It seems to me that the time may yet come when a regiment of colored men may be profitably employed. But now, if a company of that class should be introduced into a regiment, or a regiment into a brigade, (the regiment or brigade being composed of whites,) it would create so much unpleasant feeling and irritation, that more evil than good would result.”

1 That is, below (south) of New Orleans, making its way up from the mouth of the Mississippi River the seventy-five miles against the current to the city.

2 This would be ice harvested over the winter from Fresh Pond in Cambridge, Mass’tts.

3 See Gavin Wightman’s excellent book, “The Frozen Water Trade: A True Story,” which details the development of the ice industry.

4 Harrison’s Landing.

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