APRIL 8, 1861
THE SPRINGFIELD DAILY REPUBLICAN
LATEST SOUTHERN AND
The design of the
warlike preparations of the government is as yet unknown. But it is
positively stated at Washington that neither the blockade of southern
ports, nor the collection of the revenue on shipboard, is intended; and
an attempt to reinforce Fort Sumter is out of the question. It is
therefore nearly certain that the strong reinforcement of Fort Pickens
and the stationing of a fleet off Texas, to watch the course of events
there, and be ready to intervene against the Mexicans, the Indians, or
the secessionists, as the circumstances may require, are the special
objects that now occupy the attention of the army and navy
departments, and account for the unusual activity. It was believed at
Charleston on Saturday that Fort Sumter would be bombarded within
forty-eight hours, but it is denied that Major Anderson's supplies had
been stopped. The southern commissioners at Washington still affirm
there is no prospect of war, and that they believe in an amicable
settlement of all difficulties. Since the new war excitement commenced,
the president has received a number of telegraphic exhortations from
leading politicians in all parts of the country, urging him not to
surrender anything, and offering to volunteer in undertaking
reinforcements. . . The sensation correspondent of the Tribune wrote
from Baltimore, on Friday: "Things are rapidly verging toward a
conflict, if the rebels are in earnest. The days are not many ere they
will encounter the majesty and power of the federal government in a way
they little dreamt of. If they resist, the blood be upon their heads."
A committee of Union
men from the Virginia convention visited President Lincoln on Friday, to
urge peaceful measures in order to prevent the success of secession in
that state, of which they have fears. There is good authority for
stating that the Richmond Whig will not advocate secession, but will
stand by the policy of presenting an ultimatum to the North, which is
only a trick of the shrewder secession leaders to carry the whole state
off on a false issue. With reference to the recent threats of the
secessionists of Virginia to seize certain guns belonging to the United
States, Secretary Cameron addressed a letter to Gov. Letcher, informing
him that as the United States needs money more than guns, and as
Virginia seems to want guns more than money, she could have the guns in
question if she would pay for them.
The Louisiana state
convention refused to allow the vote by which they were elected to be
published, but the New Orleans Delta prints what it affirms to be the
true vote as follows: for secession 20,443, for co-operation
17,296--secession majority 3,152. The correctness of these figures is
doubted, and the Union men insist that there was a small popular
majority against secession.
A Philadelphia shirt
manufacturer has respectfully declined an order for 833 dozen shirts for
the confederate army. Why don't the patriotic southern women make shirts
for their soldiers?
It is stated that 280
of the rank and file of the U.S. soldiers at Washington have deserted
and gone into the service of the confederacy since the 4th of March. The
defection of the troops in Texas is denied, and it is said they are in
an excellent state of discipline. There is a report that a large number
of volunteers have gone from Baltimore to rally around Gov. Houston.
MISCELLANEOUS NEWS ITEMS
The police at Memphis
charge girls $25 for wearing pantaloons and hats, and drinking punches.
President Lincoln has
determined to receive no visitors on Saturday, but will devote that day to
himself, in accordance with the practice established by President Buchanan.
Later reports from the
peach regions in New Jersey and Delaware state that the crop of that fruit
has not been destroyed by the frost and snow, but will be a full one,
according to present appearances.
Henri and Felix Frebourg,
brothers, of New Orleans, quarrelled with knives and forks at the dinner
table in presence of their mother, and Felix was mortally wounded. A woman
of loose character engendered the ill-feeling.
Alva J. Spear, receiving
teller in the bank of Commerce at Baltimore, is a defaulter to the amount of
$8,871. He pocketed sums deposited in the bank, and hoodwinked the
book-keeper by shifting his stealings daily from one depositor to another.
The proposed amendment to
the constitution of New York, prohibiting the sale of intoxicating liquors
as a beverage, passed the Assembly, Friday, 69 against 33. It had already
passed the Senate, and must be submitted to the legislature chosen at the
next general election of senators, and, if again adopted, to the people.
The citizens of Talapoosa,
Alabama, have pledged themselves to buy no goods from merchants who purchase
in the free states. If they stick to this pledge, they will be in a seedy
and comfortless condition, almost as badly off as savages, for none but
"free states" keep decent stocks of goods, or manufacture them.
By a snow avalanche at Orum
Hill, Sierra county, Cal., on the 11th February, Robert Hitsman and Peter
Johnson, natives of Washington, St Lawrence county, N.Y., were killed. They
were mining in a deep tunnel, which the snow closed up at the mouth and
caused their suffocation. Three other men escaped from a neighboring tunnel
by six hours' labor with an axe. A space of three acres was covered five
feet deep with snow, and several cabins were destroyed.
For the INSTANT RELIEF and PERMANENT CURE of this distressing complaint
use FENDT'S BRONCHIAL CIGARETTES. Made by C.B. Seymour & Co., 458 Broadway,
N.Y. Price, $1 per box; sent free by post. For sale at all druggists.
"It Works Like a Charm."
SENNE'S PAIN KILLING MAGIC OIL
Clean and delicious to use, promptly relieving every kind of pain and
inflammation. Used Externally and Internally. Price 25 cents and 50cents per
Wm. Renne, Manufacturer, Pittsfield, Mass.
APRIL 9, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
The steamship Baltic
sailed from New York yesterday afternoon, laden with stores and
munitions of war, part of which are directed at Fort Pickens; but we do
not understand that she took any troops. The steam revenue cutter
Harriet Lane sailed from New York yesterday, carrying the national
ensign in place of the revenue flag.
Canadian at Portland brings five days' later news from Europe.
Prince Albert will visit Canada this summer. The building strike in
London is assuming formidable dimensions.
Lieutenant Talbot is
reported to have left Washington yesterday for Fort Sumter. The
news from Charleston is of an exciting nature. Military preparations are
in active progress, and all business is suspended. A private letter
quoted in the New York Post, says that Major Anderson intends to retort
upon the Charlestonians for stopping his supplies by prohibiting further
intercourse by water with the forts that surround him. The frigate
Savannah and brig Perry have been ordered into commission and
are being fitted for sea. The Pawnee sails from Norfolk, Va.,
this morning for the South with sealed orders.
It appears certain that
danger to the Capitol is apprehended, for precautionary measures
have been taken for the safety of the city. The State department
declines receiving the confederate commissioners in their official
capacity, but a peaceful policy is indicated towards them. The southern
cabinet was in session all day yesterday at Montgomery, and anticipating
important news from Washington.
yesterday adopted the resolution to appoint commissioners to wait upon
the President to ascertain what policy he intends to pursue in the
Governor Curtin of Pennsylvania in a
message to the legislature, recommends an appropriation of half a
million of dollars for munitions of war, judging it necessary in the
present distracted state of the country to prepare the means for
self-preservation, and also to aid in enforcing the national laws.
Despatches from Chicago and Detroit state
that a large number of fugitive slaves have lately left each of those
places for Canada.
THE RHODE ISLAND BOUNDARY
Mr. Slack resumed his remarks on the Rhode
Island boundary question. He advanced the same arguments as before
given, laying particular stress upon the fact that by adoption of the
proposed line, many persons would be severed from the State of
Mr. Durfee of New Bedford showed some
discrepancies in the map which had been circulated, and which he said
was a partizan affair.
Mr. Woodward of Taunton set forth the
evils which would arise from the adoption of the conventional line, and
after reiterating some of the statements made at the opening of the
debate, said that the controversy between the mother country and the
colonies, the revolutionary war, reconstruction of the government, and
other matters, left to Massachusetts no time to look after her interests
as respected the boundary question. But never did she, in any official
act, assent to any such thing. . . We have voted away hundreds and
thousands during the session and now we propose to give away millions.
If the generosity of Massachusetts is overflowing, if we wish to make
grants of territory, there are other States that have greater claims on
us than Rhode Island. . . The speaker closed by saying that of all the
financing he had ever known, none came up to what is proposed in this
measure. It is all summed up in this: Rhode Island modestly consents
that we may take what is already our own for twice as much of that which
she never claimed. This legislature is in a fair way to make itself
THE MYSTERY EXPLAINED
The New York Herald has solved the great
problem. It has discovered that "war and not peace," has been the policy
of Mr. Lincoln's administration all the time. Professions of
conciliation and forbearance, the Herald says, were all very well while
Mr. Chase wanted eight millions from Wall Street, and while the
elections were pending in Connecticut and Rhode Island; but now that
these matters are settled the disguise can be thrown off. Two things in
this explanation, however, themselves, need explanation. (1) How does
anybody know that the policy of the administration is not peace after
all; and (2) why was Mr. Chase contented with such a drop in the
bucket as eight millions, if he had to play such an elaborate game to
APRIL 10, 1861
THE SPRINGFIELD DAILY REPUBLICAN
WARLIKE MOVEMENTS AND RUMORS
The Washington correspondents for one day
agree in their interpretations of the war movements, and assert that a
portion of the fleet which ahs sailed from New York has gone to carry
supplies to Fort Sumter. They say that messengers have been sent to
Montgomery and Charleston to inform Jeff. Davis and Gov. Pickens of this
design, and give them fair notice that if they resist this peaceful
movement the responsibility of initiating war will rest upon them. The
vessels were expected to reach Charleston harbor on Tuesday. If they are
fired into they are prepared to resist the attack, and Major Anderson is
said to be instructed in that case to open a fire upon the insurgent
batteries, with the assurance that the government will sustain him at
every hazard. Several laborers from Fort Sumter who were in Charleston
on Thursday last, stated that there were in all thirty laborers in the
fort, who are looking with anxious expectation for an opportunity to
leave. They also state that there were seventy-two soldiers in the fort,
most of tem Irishmen and married men; some of them have their families
in Charleston. Nearly all the garrison are extremely anxious to avoid a
hostile engagement, according to the statement of these men.
Recruiting for the navy was begun in
Boston on Monday. So great was the rush of persons anxious to ship that
two policemen had to be obtained to manage the crowd, Only about
nineteen persons the first day passed through the examination necessary
for ordinary seamen. The orders are to enlist a certain number of
firemen, coal-heavers and boys, but an indefinite number of seamen.
A letter from a young man in Georgia,
published in the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser, says: "I was down to
Macon last week, and saw a specimen of the military that is being
enrolled for the southern army, I had supposed, from what the newspapers
said, that the troops were principally the sons of the wealthy people,
young men who were better fitted for peace than war, until I saw a
company parading, but I must say that a dirtier and more outlandish and
meaner looking set of loafers I never saw together, even on the police
force of Chicago, than they were; and they knew about as much about
discipline and military matters as they appeared to about decency. When
they were not parading they were loafing around the whisky shops, drunk
and carousing, but they are just that class of men that will fight like
the dickens if they are paid for it, and not without.
A letter from Troy says that never since
the Mexican war has there been such activity displayed at the United
States arsenal in West Troy, as at the present moment. The works are
kept going night and day, the Sabbath even being entirely disregarded.
Immense quantities of six, twelve, and twenty-four pounder carriages,
bombshells, canister and grape, rifle and musket balls, and all other
known implements of war, are being prepared for shipment. A large number
of siege guns and carriages are being shipped. Major Mordecai, who ahs
command of the arsenal, is a Virginian, and is now absent in that state.
MISCELLANEOUS NEWS ITEMS
There are rumors that the "knights of the
golden circle" are organizing in New jersey, to carry that state for
secession if they can. Such traitors will soon be brought up with a short
Long John Wentworth, mayor of Chicago, was
badly whipped, according to the local press, by Allen Pinkerton, last
week, on lake Street. The Pinkerton chastisement is said to be the
seventeenth he has received.
A liquor dealer at New York, in order to
convince his customers that they are buying "good old wine," keeps a
number of boys at work enveloping the bottles with cobwebs. This trick
is far ahead of the old one of smoking the labels on the bottles.
The strike of the building mechanics of
London is for the reduction of the day's work from ten to nine hours.
The master workmen are willing to raise the wages in that proportion,
but will not reduce the hours of work, and threaten to import laborers
The two snakes found in a mail bag at the
Washington post office came from Virginia, and were in a small box
addressed to President Lincoln. It accidentally fell on the floor and
broke open, letting out the reptiles, two venomous copperheads. The
cowardly malice of the trick was thus fortunately defeated.
Mr. Seward is still confident of a
peaceful issue of the national difficulties, and is represented to have
said in a recent conversation, in nearly these words: "I have no private
opinion that is not a public opinion. I feel every confidence in the
future, and I know of nothing in the policy of the administration that
will interfere with an early restoration of peace and prosperity. It is
of course impossible to say how the South may act, but this
administration will do all that a wise and discreet government can do to
bring about an early solution of the present difficulties. So far as
commercial undertakings are concerned, I see nothing and know nothing
which will interfere with any enterprise that may depend for success
upon an early restoration of peaceful relations.
Death May Ensue
says a distinguished medical writer,
FROM THE USE OF MINERAL HAIR DYES.
To avoid such a contingency, use only
CRISTADORO'S EXCELSIOR DYE,
proved by the
ANALYSIS OF DR. CHILTON
to be the best hair dye in existence, and
WHOLLY FREE FROM POISON.
APRIL 11, 1861
THE PITTSFIELD SUN
REINFORCEMENTS FOR THE SOUTH
New York and Brooklyn were in a great
state of excitement on Friday and Saturday last, on account of the
fitting out for immediate dispatch of the chartered steamers Atlantic
and Illinois, and the war steamer Powhatan, for some
Southern destination, not made known. Troops at Fort Hamilton an Fort
Columbus were packing up for immediate movement. Capt. Barry's battery
and sixteen double-banked boats for landing troops were on board the
Atlantic, and accommodations were prepared for 800 men. The supplies
included whisky, brandy, oil, bread-stuffs, pickles, water, fuel, &c.
The boxes of ammunition contained 12-pounder shell, fixed; 6-pounder
strap shot, fixed; 1000B. cartridges, rifle and M. rifle calibre 58,
1500 primers, 600 caps; 12-pounder howitzer shells, fixed; 12-pounder
spherical case shot, fixed; 12-pounder gun canister, fixed.
On the table of the cabin were charts of
Charleston harbor and of some points on the Florida coast. The steamers
took the troops on as they passed the Narrows.
The Powhatan was got ready in three days,
to be put into commission, and received her complement of officers and
men, about 300, on Friday. She has on board an extraordinary armament
and immense quantities of shell. She carries 0 nine-inch shell-guns, and
one eleven-inch shell-gun; but a large portion of her ordnance consists
of ten-inch shell, consequently these are probably intended for the
reinforcement of some forts, or possibly for land service. There are a
number of gun carriages on board, which are only applicable to land
The Powhatan crossed the bar about
6 P.M., on Saturday, and was to act as convoy to the transport fleet,
which it is expected will include the steamer Baltic.
The Atlantic went to sea Sunday
On Saturday intense excitement prevailed
in army circles, in consequence of the resignation of Majors Holmes and
Johnson, of the New York post. Maj. Holmes was the commanding officer of
all the forces at the post, and General Superintendent of the recruiting
business. He is a native of North Carolina.
The steamer Pawnee, which has been
lying at the Washington Navy Yard since the 1st of March, left on
Saturday for Norfolk, in full war trim. Her ultimate destination is not
The Revenue cutter Harriet Lane
sailed yesterday morning with sealed orders, doffing the Revenue flag,
and hoisting the U.S. ensign, thus sowing that she is in the general
service. She takes out a large supply of ordinary stores and ammunition,
and is coaled for about 30 days. Her mission is supposed to be the same
as that of the Atlantic, Powhatan, and the rest of the
fleet. Proof accumulates that the reinforcement of Fort Pickens is one
of the objects of this naval movement. At Governor's Island yesterday,
the pier from which shipments were going on to the steam transports by
means of barges, was lined with gun-carriages and columbiads, all marked
"Captain L. Vogdes, Fort Pickens, Florida." These were awaiting their
turn to be sent on board probably under over of night. Both the
Illinois and Baltic take out a large variety of small
ammunition boxes to the same address.
What effect the news that General Ampudia
is marching on Texas with 3000 troops, with the design to re-annex Texas
to Mexico, to which power he declares he rightfully belongs, is to have
upon Gov. Andrew, the commander-in-chief of the Military of the Bay
State, remains to be seen. It will be recollected that when Texas asked
for admission into the American Union, our Legislature "Resolved,
That if Texas is admitted, Massachusetts goes out of the Union."
Our warlike executive, on the part of the
Massachusetts portion of the United States, has laid in, with the advice of
his aids and the Adjutant General, a certain supply of military overcoats,
blankets, knapsacks, haversacks, and buttons, besides running over again a
lot of bullets on hand, at the cost to the Commonwealth of not less than
$23,730--a further fund of $1270 remaining for the purchase of percussion
caps, and perhaps it would be well to give the Massachusetts soldiers an
opportunity of displaying their valor by taking a hand in the fight between
Mexico and Texas. Gov. Andrew should head the troops in person, in case of
such an arrangement.
OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE ON SECESSION
The State Department replied, Monday, to the
note of the Confederate States' Commissioners. Secretary Seward declined to
receive them in their official capacity, but expressed deference for them as
gentlemen. The letter indicates a peaceful policy by Government, declaring
its purpose to defend only when assailed. There will probably be a
continuation of the correspondence. It is uncertain when the commissioners
will leave Washington; probably not for several days.
A CRACK REGIMENT
The President of the Confederate States
has accepted and drafted into the regular army the Zouave Regiment of
New Orleans, numbering 630 men, commanded by Col. Coppen, formerly of
the French army. A large majority of the regiment have seen real service
in Europe--all are French, and the orders are given in the French
The Legislature of Pennsylvania recently
passed a bill appropriating $30,000 for the relief of the alleged
starving people of Kansas. But they afterwards received information
which led them to see that they had been imposed upon, and the Senate
passed a resolution requesting the Governor to return the bill.
Many of the Base Ball Clubs in this County,
and various parts of the State, are reorganizing for the Spring and Summer
APRIL 12, 1861
THE LIBERATOR / THE BARRE GAZETTE
WAR AT HAND!
The last dispatch of our Secessionist
friend at Montgomery leaves no room for hope of a peaceable adjustment
of our country's intestine troubles. The Jeff. Davis Confederacy has
resolved towage offensive war on the Government of the United States,
and will assault or open fire on Fort Pickens forthwith. Meantime, the
limited daily supply of fresh provisions hitherto allowed by Gov.
Pickens to be furnished to Fort Sumter has been stopped, and we may hear
at any moment that this Fort, too, has been carried by assault, or is so
pressed that it must speedily surrender. Within a few days at farthest,
the cannon of the insurgents will be battering down the defences and
slaughtering the defenders of the American Union.
Let us pause a moment and consider.
Slavery makes open war upon that Union
which has so long been its protection and security.
For thirty years, the opponents of slavery
have borne the imputation--which not one in a hundred of them
deserved--of seeking their end through the dissolution of the Union.
In all this time, not a squadron has
charged, not a platoon has fired, on the National flag and forces, under
the inspiration of Anti-Slavery. Its advocates have been beaten at
elections, hunted out of halls which they had hired and paid for, mobbed
and maimed in the slave States, and generally proscribed and stigmatized
in the free, without being goaded into hostilities. Only in Kansas, when
compelled to choose between resistance and annihilation, have they been
moved to repel force with force.
The Slave power, after enjoying
undisturbed sway for half a century, has at length lost an election.
Hereupon, it proceeds to treat hat election as a farce and a nullity,
and defy those whom it invested with authority.
It has, while in power, loudly vaunted its
fidelity and devotedness to the Federal Constitution. Losing power, it
deliberately repudiates that charter, and adopts one radically different
in its stead.
"The Union, the Union forever!" has been
the vociferous cry of its servitors. Having lost an election, they treat
that same Union as a hated curse, passing ordinances and raising armies
for its overthrow.
"Let the laws be enforced!" it was
thundered whenever the consciences of freemen revolted at the inhuman
atrocities of slave-hunting in free States. But the moment the
enforcement of the laws has devolved on Republicans, slavery denounces
it as "coercion," and insists that it is inaugurating civil war!
And in fact to very many, North as well as
South, slavery is above the Union, above the laws, above the
Constitution. Rebellion, in their view, is opposition to slavery; while
love of slavery and love of the Union are synonymous.
They plead for Peace, meaning that there
be no further resistance to slavery. "National Unity," in their
vocabulary, means a universal agreement that slavery is eminently right,
and that it ought to be diffused universally and maintained forever. . .
There is not even a pretence that the
Federal Government has done or refused to do anything whereby this
rebellion is justified. It has been pacific, forbearing, and most
anxious to avoid a collision. It has allowed its troops to be disarmed,
its arsenals to be robbed, its forts to be seized, its money to be
stolen, and its revenues to be collected and appropriated by its open
enemies. Through these high-handed villainies, a whole frontier has been
open to savage incursion and massacre, until even Mexico threatens an
invasion. It has seriously lost ground with its friends by vainly
seeking to conciliate its implacable foes. At length the great
slaveholding rebellion is ready to unmask its batteries and open fire on
the most exposed and isolated of the National defences. The challenge of
its opening cannonade will soon reverberate over the country. The Union
flag on Fort Sumter is to be shot down by the rebel batteries unless
speedily lowered by the devoted garrison. The American Republic now
enters upon the gravest peril it has known since the treason of Arnold.
God grant that it pass through them with undoubting reliance on the
omnipotence of Justice, and emerge at length, however tried and tested,
unwavering in its loyalty to Freedom and the Rights of Man!
FEEDING HORSES--A COMMON MISTAKE
The Southern Homestead says that, "The
practice of regulating the feed of horses by the amount of work they are
required to perform, i a good one if properly followed. For example, a horse
when lying comparatively idle, as in winter, should have less solid food
than amid the hard work of spring and summer. Again, if a horse is about to
be perform a work of labor, it is well to fortify him with a little extra
feeding beforehand. But the mistake we refer to is the practice of
over-feeding him in an hour or so before putting him to work. If an extra
service is required of a horse on any particular day, and an extra feed is
to be given him, let him have it the evening beforehand, rather than in the
morning, an hour or two before being put to work. Why so? Because if h is
put to work so soon after eating, his food does not become digested, and he
is obliged to carry about with him a large mass of undigested fodder, which
is rather a burden than a help to him. If he is well fed the evening
beforehand, the food is assimilated--changed to flesh and blood--and sends
health and vigor through all the system. As a general rule, a working horse
should be fed regularly, both as to the time and the amount."
TERRIBLE SCENE IN CHINA
The Canton Press gives the particulars of a
frightful execution by wholesale of Canton river pirates by the Cantonese
authorities. The pirates with their lorchas were first enticed out of the
river, and then a military and naval force was stationed ten or twelve miles
below Canton to prevent their ascending the river above that point. The
pirates attempted to get past this station in a body, but were only
partially successful, while the Chinese Commodore pursued and destroyed
those who did. The Press says:
"There sailed past his guard three, some say
ten, Canton lorchas, others hanging on outside in case this detachment
succeeded. They were attacked by the mandarin force; three were burnt, two
ran up to take refuge at the Pagoda anchorage, and the rest made out to sea
as fast as they could. The remainder of that day was occupied in pursuing
and capturing the fugitive pirates who had escaped on shore. Next morning,
the 20th, the mandarin armed hosts were in pursuit of the two boats that had
escaped up the river. They came up with them about noon, lying in shore at
the Pagoda. There they were attacked; their crews dashed into the stream to
swim ashore, and while floating on the water some forty or fifty were
speared and shot; a fine sight to be seen for foreign seamen and residents!
Early on the morning of the 21st, it was
evident, from the packed throngs on the great bridge, and the hubbub around,
that something strange and novel and exciting had occurred. About 9 o'clock,
some of the Mandarin war boats had come up with two prizes and two hundred
captured pirates. The latter they commenced to land, each man under the
guard of at least four marines, bearing drawn swords, spears, matchlocks or
sporting gay flags. The captives were in a terrible plight, stripped and
naked, hands tied with awful tightness behind their backs, and feet scarcely
able to walk, while they were driven along with the most barbarous
savageness. Eight or ten had been beheaded on their way up the river, and
two or three just as they were shoved on shore, for showing fight and their
reluctance to move on. The heads of these unfortunates were slung on poles,
and swung before the eyes of the remainder, as a token of what awaited them
very shortly. When all had been landed, they were marched across the bridge
to the Northern end, and on the way, as if to gratify the public gaze, the
heads of four were deliberately chopped off, and their corpses flung into
the river below."
Thirty of the captives were executed at the
Northern gate, when the remaining 170 were carried around to the South gate.
The work was short; one after the other the whole lot were beheaded, and in
half an hour the judge, troops, and staring mob were dispersed. The
executioners, of whom there were several, vied to see who could do the
largest amount of work; one succeeding in cutting off 63 heads. . .
APRIL 13, 1861
LOWELL DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS
THE WAR BEGUN!
Following the pacific intimations of
yesterday, we have this morning most exciting intelligence from
Charleston. The south ahs struck the first blow and was has begun. The
first accounts have an exaggerated look, but there is no reason to
question the fact of a determined engagement, and under circumstances
which gave the attacking forces, for the time, the advantage.
The dispatches open with a telegraphic
correspondence between the southern was department at Montgomery and
Gen. Beauregard, which resulted in an order to the latter from L. P.
Walker, secretary of war, that if Major Anderson would state the time at
which he would evacuate, and agree not to use his guns against theirs
unless theirs in the meantime should be employed against Sumter, he was
thereby authorized to avoid the effusion of blood. But in case of
refusal the fort was to be reduced. Major Anderson of course refused to
evacuate, and the batteries on Sullivan's Island, Morris Island and at
other points opened on Fort Sumter at 4 o'clock yesterday morning. What
followed, so far as is yet known here, is to be learned from the several
dispatches, which are given below:
Charleston, April 12--The ball has
opened. War is inaugurated. The batteries . . . opened on Fort Sumter at
4 o'clock this morning. Fort Sumter has returned the fire, and a brisk
cannonading has been kept up. No information has received from the
seaboard as yet. The military are under arms, and the whole population
is in the streets. Every available space facing the harbor is filled
with anxious spectators.
Third Dispatch, Charleston, April 12--The
firing has continued all day uninterruptedly. Two of Sumter's guns have
been silenced, and it is reported that a breach has been made in the
southeast wall. The answer to Gen. Beauregard's demand by Major Anderson
was that he would surrender when his supplies were exhausted, if he was
not reinforced. Not a casualty has happened to any of the forces of
nineteen batteries; only seven had been opened on Fort Sumter, the
remainder being held in reserve for the expected fleet. Two thousand men
reached the city this morning and embarked for Morris Island and the
Fourth Dispatch, Charleston, April 12--The
bombardment of Fort Sumter continues. The floating battery and Stevens'
battery are operating freely, and Fort Sumter is returning the fire. It
is reported that three war vessels are outside the bar.
Fifth Dispatch, Charleston, April 12--The
firing has ceased for the night, to be resumed at daylight in the
morning, unless an attempt is made to reinforce Fort Sumter, to repel
which ample arrangements have been made. Only two men were wounded
during the day. The Pawnee, Harriet Lane and
another steamer are reported off the bar. Troops are arriving by every
DEFENCE OF WASHINGTON
The government is still carrying forward
preparations to defend the capital against threatened attacks. The
district militia, to the number of one thousand, are enrolled in the
regular service. The military occupy the capital building at night, and
picket guards are stationed at the long bridge communicating with
Virginia, and in the city.
Let it be remembered that civil war has been
begun for no other cause than a peaceful attempt to supply Major Anderson
with provisions to keep his garrison from starving. That is the immediate
issue. Whatever may be the result of the first struggle, the judgment of the
great men of our country and of mankind cannot be mistaken. Nor can the
slightest doubt be entertained that the government will be upheld in its
purpose to vindicate its honor and the supremacy of the laws. The people
will accord with the patriotic sentiment of Charles Francis Adams, that "the
crisis through which the country is passing demands of all good citizens
that, surrendering minor considerations and personal or party predilections,
they should rally in one mass to strive to uphold the pillars of the federal
Dispatches were sent forward from the
confederate war department yesterday for additional troops. A Kentucky
volunteer regiment was announced to be in instant readiness.
At Mobile guns were fired in honor of the
attack on Sumter. There was great excitement and rejoicing.
In the Pennsylvania legislature last evening,
a bill appropriating a million dollars to arm and equip the militia, was
The Virginia commissioners were in conference
with the president yesterday, but not officially.
On reception of the Charleston news at
Baltimore, the general feeling was in favor of the government.
CONCERT NEXT WEEK
The complimentary testimonial to Mr.
Currier next Friday night, promises to be one of the finest musical
entertainments ever given in this city. Among the vocalists who will be
present is Mrs. J. P. Kempton (formerly Miss Jenny Twichell) and Mrs. D.
C. Hall. Hall's Brass Band will appear with a new set of copper
instruments, with which they challenge competition.
CHANGE OF CLOTHING--A CAUTION
Don't be in haste to put off woolen
garments in spring. Many a "bad cold" (whoever saw a good one),
rheumatism, lumbago, and other aches and pains, are lurking in the first
sun-shiny days, ready to pounce upon the incautious victims who have
laid aside their defensive armor of flannel. All sudden changes
in the system are attended with more or less of danger, but the body can
accommodate itself to almost any condition, provided it be assumed
gradually. The use of flannel guards against sudden change of
temperature. In a warm day, when perspiration flows freely, if it be
allowed to pass off freely, the quick evaporation carries with it much
heat from the body, and a chill may be produced, followed by a
derangement of some function, as "cold in the head" or unnatural
discharge from the bowels. Flannel contains much air in its meshes, and
is therefore a slow conductor of cold or heat.
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