APRIL 21, 1861
THE NEW YORK HERALD
THE MONSTER MEETING
The people of New York city yesterday
ratified, in public convention, the popular movement which has been
universally made in defence of the Union and constitution of the United
States. The tens of thousands who responded to the call of the leaders
of the great conservative movement proved beyond all cavil that there is
but one sentiment in New York. The united demonstration of the 20th of
April will live forever in the world's history. Since the foundation of
the republic by our patriot sires there has never been such a gathering
of freemen, moved by one common impulse, as was seen in the Empire City
yesterday. Comparisons with previous popular displays would not only be
odious, they would be absurd. The spirit of the whole people was
yesterday aroused. The danger which threatens the cause of order and
good government appealed to every heart, and with a unanimity
unsurpassed in the annals of any nation, the community rose up as one
man to proclaim their verdict in favor of law against anarchy, of
constitutional liberty against dastardly treason and rebellion.
The great mass meeting of yesterday was
called by a number of the leading merchants of New York city, who
appealed to their fellow citizens of New York and its vicinity, without
regard to previous political opinions or associations, to meet to
express their sentiments in the present crisis in our national affairs,
and their determination to uphold the government of the country, and
maintain the authority of its constitution and laws.
The call was signed by hundreds of our
merchants, among whom will be found names as familiar as household
words, every one of which is a pledge that they are ready to form a
rampart of fire around the Union.
THE LATEST WAR NEWS
The Attack on Washington
The Washington Star of Friday
afternoon says the military force there was increased two thousand
yesterday afternoon. This was exclusive of the troops from Pennsylvania
and the Massachusetts regiment.
The Star further says that an
attack on Washington with such means as the assailants can have, would
be simply the sure sacrifice of their lives.
There are about 5,000 men under arms in
Washington and vicinity, and additional measures to guard the entrances
of the city have been adopted, including the railroad terminus.
There is no violent excitement here, but a
deep feeling of anxiety and painful suspense. There are whisperings
among the military that martial law will soon be proclaimed.
About fifteen of the Massachusetts
soldiers are in the hospital, doing well and in fine spirits.
The steamer Pawnee left last night
with government troops on board.
The St. Nicolas, a steamer, plying
between Washington and Baltimore, was seized this morning for prudential
Troops from Indiana
Indianapolis, April 19--One thousand men
of the First Indiana regiment of infantry left her today. They go direct
by the Pennsylvania Central Railroad to Philadelphia, where they take
steamboat direct to Washington. They are armed and equipped by the
THE LATIN PHALANX
We hear that Mr. Tinelli, a lawyer of this
city, proposes to raise a legion, composed chiefly of Italian, French,
Spanish and Portuguese residents, and to organize it according to the
modern tactics of Europe.
Mr. Tinelli held a distinguished position in
the Sardinian army in 1841, since when he fought well in Spain and Italy,
and had ample opportunities to acquire a good deal of experience in military
affairs and organizations; besides that he is a man of strong nerve and a
thorough republican. Men like him cannot fail to do good service in the
I send forward to your paper this day an
advertisement for insertion. I am with the assistance of a few English
friends, heroes of Balaklava, Inkerman and Alma and of the Indian
mutiny, forming a regiment of British volunteers to aid in protecting
the glorious Union. Will you, as a patriot and friend, give notice to
this fact through the medium of your editorial columns, so that our
ranks may swell with vigor.
S. W. Saunders
COLORED MEN OF NEW YORK AROUSE!
Colored men of this city who are willing
to offer their services in defence of the government are invited to meet
at the Metropolitan Assembly Rooms, 178 Prince street, on Monday
evening, at half past seven o'clock.
Capt. J. Johnson
The members of a military company now
being organized by Mr. Young for filling up a regiment, will meet at the
corner of Thirteenth street and University place at one o'clock today.
Citizens desirous of enrolling are cordially invited.
A meeting will be held at the Old Bowery
Theater this afternoon at three o'clock for the purpose of organizing a
regiment of Rangers, to be under the command of the Hon. James E.
Kerrigan. There will no doubt be an imposing demonstration.
Soldiers and Volunteers
$3 shoes and Gaiters, suitable for marching, at Jones', 1 and 12 Ann
To Nervous Sufferers of Both Sexes
A retired gentleman, having been restored to health in a few days after
many years of great nervous suffering, is willing to assist others by
sending (free), on the receipt of a post paid directed envelope, a copy of
the prescription used. Address John Dagnall, 186 Fulton street, Brooklyn
AT A GREAT SACRIFICE,
DEGRAFF & TAYLOR.
Owing to the great decline in our Southern wholesale trade, leaving us
an immense surplus stock on hand, we have concluded to offer the whole
AT RETAIL COST
FOR THE NEXT THIRTY DAYS
At either of our three stores.
APRIL 22, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Mr. Jefferson Davis probably realizes by
this time, that in threatening our commerce with reprisals and letters
of marque he has made a fatal mistake in tactics. It has been seen for
weeks that if affairs finally came to a direct issue, a close blockade
of the southern ports would be necessary. One adviser, however, has
questioned the executive power, another dreaded the effect upon
commerce, and a third doubted how Europe might relish the interruption
of trade with the South. It was a tangled and perplexing matter, and few
saw the way to unravel it. But Mr. Davis has cut the knot in the most
effectual way, has solved all doubts, and left but one course for the
government to pursue. He has forced the government to undertake the
blockade, not as a military step, but for the protection of private
property; he has ensured the concurrence of all parties in the propriety
of the measure; and has secured for it the unhesitating approval of all
Europe. His threat has added to the zeal of Northern merchants for the
defence of our flag, has discredited his own government with all
civilized nations, and has enabled the United States to take the most
effective step, and that most formidable to his scheme, that ahs yet
We do not think that the importance of the
advantage which Mr. Davis in his folly has thus given to our government
can be easily overestimated. The instant blockade of the South with the
general approval of Christendom, is the most effective means by which
this rebellion can be stayed. The shipment of arms and munitions from
the North has come to an end. The trade of the Mississippi is now
closely watched, and will probably be closed altogether in a few days.
The forces mustering in the northern States will speedily secure us from
all further offensive operations by the rebels. The coast alone needs to
be guarded, to reduce the seceded States to a position where they will
feel the full pressure of their mad undertaking, without being sustained
by the intoxication of which has hitherto animated their struggles. Let
their trade be cut off, their supplies stopped, their privateers shut up
at home, their exports blocked in, and victory will inevitably crown the
This great step can now be taken, without
fear of division among ourselves or of unfriendly criticism abroad.
Those who were expected t oppose the measure now urge it as necessity
which does not stop to inquire closely as to law. Foreign powers, which
might have hesitated as they saw their commerce cut off, will approve
the measure by which the same commerce has been saved from the piratical
depredations of Mr. Davis's licensed rovers. By attacking Fort Sumter,
Mr. Davis united the northern people; by threatening our commerce with
piracy, he has justified us before the world in a measure which his
States will feel as the most effective which can be taken in opposition
to their asserted independence. It is plain that Mr. Davis is wielding
his boomerang with zeal; but he has not yet learned to use it so as to
not to have to deal its heaviest blow upon himself.
A leading merchant in Philadelphia largely
engaged in the gun trade, received on Saturday an order from a large
commercial firm in Charleston, ordering 200,000 percussion caps. The
firm to whom the order was addressed at once endorsed upon the order
these words: "Gentlemen, Your order is herewith returned. Our duty to
our government will never permit us to furnish any military goods to
your section." The order was then refolded, put in an envelope
ornamented with a representation of the United States flag with the
words "Death to Traitors!" printed underneath, and addressed to the
parties in Charleston.
MORE ABOUT THE DOINGS
OF THE MARYLAND MOB
Philadelphia, April 21--It is reported
that Mr. Trimble, formerly President of the Philadelphia, Wilmington,
and Baltimore Railroad, was shot dead by one of the armed guards who was
defending the property of the road on Saturday.
Passengers who left Baltimore last evening
report the particulars of the burning of the bridges on the
Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore road. The train of Friday night
went safely to the bridge at Canton, where a crowd lying in wait fired
pistols at the engineer, who stopped the train. The crowd compelled the
passengers to leave the cars, and taking possession of them forced the
engineer to take them back to the Gunpowder river bridge. Here the train
stopped. The crowd set fire to the draw of the bridge and remained until
that portion was burnt. They then returned in the train to the Bush
river bridge, after passing which they set the draw on fire. Next they
went to the Canton bridge and burned that. The train then conveyed its
passengers to Baltimore.
Gen. Cadwallader's mansion, which is
reported to have been burned, cost $100,000, with gas works and splendid
GENERAL WOOL AT NEW YORK
Troy, N.Y.--General Wool leaves tomorrow
morning for New York. He will make that city the headquarters of the
Department of the East.
There has been considerable activity in
the Watervliet Arsenal today.
Patriotic Movements at New York
New York--Archbishop Hughes, in common
with a large number of other private citizens, has suspended the Stars
and Stripes from the windows of his residence.
A large number of our most respectable
citizens of foreign birth are volunteering in addition to the regular
Irish and German Regiments.
The Emmet Guards of Worcester, Mass., were
among the arrivals to-day.
The sons of our most wealthy merchants,
lawyers, judges and divines, are enlisted in the ranks of the defenders
of the Union.
Each regiment which left today numbered
nearly a thousand.
Movements at Philadelphia
A party of armed men will leave tomorrow
to repair bridges on the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore road.
The vacant Girard House ahs been converted
into a vast tailoring establishment for making uniforms for the troops.
Hundreds of girls are employed on sewing machines.. 30,000 suits are to
be made up.
The police have seized large quantities of
contraband goods that were about being shipped South. The parties
shipping them will be arraigned and tried for treason. Among the
articles were 4 tons of sheet lead and pipe directed to Jackson,
Mississippi, via Memphis, supposed for bullets.
This afternoon the police took charge of
the steamer Virginia and a steamer on the Ericsson line and are
now fitting them out as transports.
The police are vigilantly watching the
wharves and this morning seized a case of arms destined for the South.
APRIL 23, 1861
LOWELL DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS
NEWS OF THE DAY
In these times there is a daily
accumulation of intelligence from all points, involving, of course, much
that is vague and wanting confirmation.
Direct communication with Washington as
well as Baltimore is still suspended, and the latest intelligence now
coming from those points is sent forward by couriers to the first
accessible telegraph stations. It is regarded as nearly certain that no
attack has yet been made on the capital.
So far as appears, the chief point of
rendezvous of Virginia troops yesterday was at Harper's Ferry, where
5000 are reported to have been present. It seems highly probable that
this was the point of pre-arranged rendezvous before the destruction of
the arsenal by the gallant act of Lieut. Jones.
A rumor was current yesterday that Fort
McHenry was throwing shells into Baltimore. This came by telegraph from
Chambersburg, Pa., and has not been confirmed by dispatches subsequently
received; it may be true, nevertheless. Several accounts report that
heavy firing was heard in the direction of Baltimore, and it is known
that the fort had been threatened. McHenry is said to be less than two
miles from the city.
A captain of a vessel arrived at New York
reports that he saw the buildings of Gosport and Norfolk navy yard in
flames. If this be true, the presumption is that the federal officers in
charge have been forced to resort to the policy adopted by Lt. Jones at
We have a report that the steam frigate
Merrimac, ordered out of Norfolk harbor on Sunday, was able to pass
the obstructions and put out to sea.
The latest accounts from Baltimore
represent the union men as overawed by the secessionists. A vigilance
committee of sixty held permanent session at Barnum's Hotel. Armed mobs
parade the streets, compelling all persons to unite with them in
imprecations against the north, the government and the union. The
principal streets were barricaded, and many houses are furnished with
shutters in which loopholes have been cut.
There is a report by way of Newark, Del.,
that the frigates Merrimac and Germantown have both been
scuttled by order of the government. Another account states that the
Merrimac got out to sea with great difficulty.
A Wilmington, Del., dispatch states that a
naval officer arrived there yesterday morning, says the steamer S. R.
Spaulding, from Boston, landed a portion of her troops very quietly
at Fort McHenry. Baltimoreans were waiting to seize her, but she started
down the Bay and frustrated their designs.
Annapolis is in charge of the 8th
A vessel with one hundred thousand barrels
of powder on board, and bound for New Orleans, was seized yesterday in
New York harbor and detained. All vessels bound to sea re strictly
Senator Wilson passed through New York
yesterday on his way to Washington. He enlisted as a private in the Third
Battalion Massachusetts Rifles.
A New York dispatch says the report that
ex-Gov. Banks has resigned his position on the Illinois Central Road to
command a Massachusetts regiment, originated from the fact that Treasurer
Burnside, of the same road, is to be colonel of the Rhode Island regiment.
Vice President Hamlin passed through Dover
last night in the train from Portland. He was enthusiastically received at
the station and made a brief and stirring address.
Commodore Vanderbilt, it is said, has informed
the government that it can have the whole of his fleet of steamers, fully
manned and equipped, without the charge of a penny.
It is reported that William B. Astor proposes
to give four millions of dollars to the national treasury to maintain
the government, and to loan ten millions more.
An attempt was made to poison the
Massachusetts volunteers when on board the State of Maine, at New
York, Friday, by sending poisoned brandy on board. A soldier belonging to
the Fourth Regiment had died, and four or five others were more or less
affected by the poison.
Mr. Dwight, the new superintendent of this
establishment, has entered upon his duties in the place of Col. Wright.
We learn from the Republican that there are now 350 men employed
in the armory, and its production is about 1500 rifle muskets each
month. With new machinery and more mechanics, there is shop-room enough
to extend this to 2500 a month; and it is thought that, with double sets
of hands, the capacity may be increased to 4000 or 5000 a month. The
drafts recently made have exhausted the supply of rifle muskets so that
only1500, altered from the old smooth bore, remain; but a large quantity
of guns of the old model, with percussion locks, are ready for use. Some
25,000 of these have just been ordered for New York troops.
Our Canadian neighbors seem deeply
interested in the contest which is now going on so near them; and they
take the same view of matters which finds expression through the liberal
press of the mother country. Referring to the attitude of the south, the
Montreal Witness says, "it has no just cause for which to fight,
seeing that its whole object is to sustain slavery." Again, "every shot
at Sumter was a shot at that inhuman system."
Philadelphia, 23d April--A special
messenger arrived here last night, bearer of dispatches from the president
to Gen. Patterson. He says that the capital is safe from any attack that can
be made. The assailants can be baffled and repelled until the city is
reinforced by troops now on the way.
APRIL 24, 1861
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
The steam frigate Niagara, Capt. W.
W. McKean, which sailed from New York June 30, 1860, for Jeddo, with the
returning Japanese embassy, was signalled off Highland Light yesterday
forenoon about 11 o'clock, on her return, and anchored three miles from
Boston Light about 4 p.m.
The work at the Charlestown Navy Yard is
rapidly progressing. Com. Stringham, who ahs been absent from the yard
for several days, returned yesterday. The steam frigate Minnesota
has on board a large proportion of her stores, and additional supplies
are constantly being received. Her gun carriages have been shipped, her
armament is going on-board. Every thing concerning her is rapidly
approaching completion, and she will be ready for sea next week. Her
officers and men are ordered to report themselves for duty on the first
of May. The brig Bainbridge is ready for sea at very short
notice. Her officers and men have not as yet been detailed. The
sloop-of-war Vincennes is in the dock, undergoing extensive
repairs, which will require some time to complete. Her destination is
said to be the coast of Africa. The steam frigate Mississippi has
stepped her foremast, and will receive her remaining masts as soon as
possible. The repairs on her hull are nearly completed, and she will be
placed in commission about the 20th of May. The steam frigate
Colorado could be put in commission at a notice of ten or twelve
days. her masts are in, but she has no rigging standing. No orders have
yet been received to fit her out. The marine barracks in the yard are
rebuilding, and will be a great improvement on those formerly used. An
iron fence with a stone base will be erected on Chelsea street, in front
of the barrack yard, in place of the wall lately demolished.
The arming of the light-draft fleet for
the coming blockade began on Monday at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. Guns from
the North Carolina were put on board the Corwin,
and the Bibb will, it is said, be also provided with a battery.
The Varina and the Crawford are still in the stream,
waiting recruits. The U.S. brig Perry was reported ready for sea
on Friday, and is to go in commission immediately. She is rigged,
equipped, and armed. The engines of the Wabash were kept working
for some hours on Monday, with satisfactory results. The U.S. frigate
Potomac, which ahs been lying at the Brooklyn Yard for years, is to
be prepared for service. The Savannah having been taken out of
dock, the Potomac will be floated in. She is a splendid vessel of
1726 tons burden, rates 50 guns and carries 500 men. She, too, will be
one of the blockading fleet. All the band of the North
Carolina have volunteered. Wives, families and friends are behind
country in their estimation. Their pay will run on. The 200 sailors
ordered from the "North" on Saturday, returned that night, went
on board two steamers next day, and back again to their vessel.
Key West dates of the 15th instant state
that the Crusader carried out to the Atlantic which
arrived on the 13th several large guns, and 35 men from Fort Taylor, and
she left the same evening for Fort Jefferson. The U.S. steamship
Powhatan passed Key West on the morning of the 14th, bound west.
Five sloops-of-war lay near by Fort Pickens--the Sabine,
Brooklyn, Wyandotte and St. Louis. Another arrived
Saturday night, the seventh name not known. The troops anticipated a
fight in fifteen or twenty days.
FURTHER FROM NORFOLK
Destruction of Government Property
New York, April 23--The steamer
Yankee reports arrived at Norfolk on the afternoon of the 17th, and
finding a movement afloat to seize her, proceeded to the Navy Yard and
placed herself under the guns of the yard. On the 18th the custom house
officers came to seize her, but the commander of the yard refused to
yield her. The Yankee towed the Cumberland to Fort Monroe.
The Pawnee, under Com. Paulding, arrived at Fort Monroe, took
aboard the 3d Massachusetts regiment, and proceeded to the navy yard,
where the officers had commenced destroying the public property to
prevent its falling into the hands of the enemy. They had scuttled all
the ships, the Cumberland being the only one in commission . . .
Preparations were made to make demolition complete. The Pawnee
with the Cumberland in tow, assisted by the Yankee,
started, and after passing the Navy Yard, sent up a signal rocket; when
a match was applied and in an instant ships, ship houses and store
houses were in flames. So rapid were the flames, that Commander Rogers
of the navy and Captain Wright of the Engineers were unable to reach the
point of rendezvous, where a boat was waiting for them, and were left
behind. Among the most valuable property destroyed were the liners
Pennsylvania, Columbus, New York and
Delaware; frigates Merrimac and Potomac; sloops
Germantown and Plymouth, and brig Dolphin. Large
quantities of provisions, cordage, machinery and buildings of great
value were destroyed. It is not positively known that the dock was blown
up. The burning of the navy yard was done by Union men, who are in the
majority, but comparatively unarmed. When the Pawnee came up the
Cumberland and Merrimac lay broadside to, their guns
loaded, thinking she was in the ands of the rebels. Similar opinion
prevailed on board the Pawnee, and she was ready for action. The
cheering aboard the vessels and on shore showed how satisfactory was the
answer to our hail from the Cumberland that she was the U.S.
steamer Pawnee. The Union men employed in the navy yard cut down
the flag staff, so that it could not be used by the rebels. The guns in
the navy yard were spiked.
FROM THE SOUTH
New York, April 23--Steamer Florida,
from Savannah, brought a large number of passengers, including many business
men and families, who were glad to escape.
Troops in large numbers continue to occupy
Charleston. The steamer Isabel is fitted out as a man-of-war, and the
tug Huntress is converted into an armed revenue-cutter.
The steamer Nashville is detained at
The city of Savannah was wild with rejoicing
over the news of the attack on the Massachusetts Regiment. It was reported
there that 130 of them were killed.
Secessionists from Kentucky
Cincinnati, April 23--A company of 113
secessionists left Cynthana, Kentucky, to join the Confederate army. When
they arrived at Frankfort they were ordered to show their flag, which they
did by displaying a secession flag from the car window. Several stones were
thrown at it, when a Lieutenant fired into the crowd, which immediately
attacked the secessionists with a shower of boulders, paving stones, &c. . .
Citizens declare that no more trains with secessionists shall pass through
APRIL 25, 1861
THE PITTSFIELD SUN
President Davis has issued a proclamation
authorizing the issue of letters of marque and reprisal against the
commerce of the United States.
The Government is about notifying the
Foreign Powers of its intention to blockade the Southern Ports.
Accounts from New Mexico state that the
citizens of Arizona, in convention at Mesilla, have voted that Territory
out of the Union.
The six steam sloops-of-war authorized by
the last Congress will be put under contract without delay.
There is a report from Texas that all of
the American vessels at Galveston have been embargoed.
The Governor of New Jersey has issued his
proclamation. Four Regiments are to be sent from that State.
A large number of arms and a great
quantity of powder designed for the South have been seized at
Cincinnati. . . The schooner L. C. Watts has been seized at New York
with a quantity of arms shipped at Hartford, Ct., for the South.
The U.S. steamship Star of the West has
arrived at New Orleans from Indianola, Texas, having been taken there as
a prize by the confederate troops. She was boarded off Indianola by the
Galveston Volunteers on Wednesday night, who captured her without
resistance. She had on board 8-900 barrels of provisions.
An unparalleled war spirit is aroused in
the South and men and means are freely and lavishly offered. The same
condition of things exists at the North. Events march on with a fearful
celerity. God only knows where this matter will end.
The feeling at Washington on Saturday
afternoon was one of intense anxiety. Cannon had been planted on the
heights overlooking the city, and it was generally believed that there
were not far from 10,000 men under arms. A gentleman who left Washington
Saturday morning says the general belief in that city in the best
informed circles, was that Jefferson Davis was on his way North--at the
head of a considerable force, which he was augmenting on the way. As all
communication by telegraph with the South has been cut off, it was
impossible to procure any positive information on this subject; but it
was considered beyond dispute that he was en route for the
Capital and not very far from it.
A regiment of riflemen is forming in New
York, including Italians, Swiss and Hungarians. It will be called the
garibaldi Guards. The British residents are forming a regiment of light
infantry, one company of wh9ch is complete and the second is forming.
On Saturday 2000 stand of arms were
furnished to the troops of Leavenworth, Kansas, from the arsenal at Fort
Leavenworth, and the commander at that post has accepted the services of
300 volunteers of St. Joseph, Mo., to guard the arsenal, pending the
arrival of troops from Fort Kearny. All is quiet, except preparations
for possible contingencies.
AN IMPRESSIVE FACT
Death sometimes brings the human heart to
thoughts quite foreign to the daily routine of men's minds. At Pensacola,
the funeral of Capt. Berryman, of the U.S. steamer Wyandotte, was attended
by a large number of naval and military officers, both of the United States
and the Confederate States Army. While preparing to wage war against each
other, these brave men were suddenly called to perform the last offices of
The vast number of inhabitants who do live,
and have lived, upon the face of the earth, appear, at first sight, to defy
the powers of calculation. But if we suppose the world to have existed 6,000
years; that there now exist 1,000,000,000; that a generation passes away in
30 years; that every past generation averages the present; and that four
individuals may stand in one square yard, we find that the whole number will
not occupy a compass so great as one-fourth the extent of England. Allowing
6,000 years since the creation, and a generation to pass away in thirty
years, we shall have 200 generation, which, at 1,000,000,000 each, will be
200,000,000,000, which being divided by four persons to a square yard,
will leave 50,000,000,000 square yards; there are in a square mile 3,097,600
sq. yards; by which, if the former sum can be divided, it will give 16,133
square miles, the root of which, is about 127; so that 125 sq. miles will be
found sufficient to contain the immense, and almost inconceivable number of
200,000,000,000 human beings!
A distinguished physician lately announced
that one reason why so many people have dyspepsia, is because they have
no sympathy at table. They eat alone at restaurants, and devour their
food like wild beasts, instead of sitting at the table with their
families, where their sympathies could be called into healthful
activity, and where they would eat like civilized beings.
The Eastport (Me.) Sentinel
publishes the names of 53 citizens of that town who weigh upwards of 200
lbs. each. The heaviest man in the lot is Mr. John French, whose weight
is 300 lbs., and the aggregate weight of the 53 is 11,872 lbs., and
average of 224 lbs. each. The first 20 on the list have an aggregate
weight of 4,968 lbs., or an average weight of 248 and 2/5 lbs.
There is a firm in Elgin, Illinois, known
as "Gray & Lunt." Half the letters come to them directed to "Lay &
Grunt." Natural, but not complimentary.
The first arrival of Japanese tobacco in
this country included 100 bales which was landed at New York last week.
It is something like the Turkish tobacco in flavor but is considered
superior to that.
The New Orleans Delta says that a
party of gentlemen have bought half a million of acres of land in
Southern Florida, about 100 miles south of Tampa bay, at two cents an
acre, where they intend to raise tropical fruit.
No less than 1,600 steamboats run upon the
Mississippi river and its tributaries. The total value of these is
estimated at $60,000,000. The Mississippi drains an area of 1,200,000
sq. miles, washes the shores of twelve States, and from the Gulf of
Mexico to the source of the Missouri it is 4,500 miles in length, its
average depth 50 feet, and its width over half a mile.
The subscriber would announce to the people of
this and adjoining towns, that he is wanting bones of all descriptions, and
feels assured that now is the time to save money otherwise thrown
away. He offers 50 cents per hundred weight for bones, and will call monthly
at their dwelling for them.
RICHARD R. WILSON, Richmond, Mass.
One mile East of the Depot.
Farmers will find BONE MANURE constantly on
APRIL 26, 1861
LOWELL DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS
A dispatch received at this office at
quarter past two this afternoon says:
The N.Y. Herald this morning's dispatch
says that Gov. Hicks with Maryland troops is assisting the N.Y. 7th and
Massachusetts 8th regiments in opening the way from Annapolis to
The federal troops are now being rapidly
NOTES OF WAR MOVEMENTS
The telegraphic report of Beauregard's
insolent message to the president is not generally credited.
The New York Post publishes a letter from
the New York seventh regiment at Annapolis, which states that the
steamer containing the Massachusetts troops was run aground on reaching
Annapolis by a secessionist pilot, and it is said that the captain of
the boat is in irons, and that the pilot had been shot. The
secessionists made an attempt to seize the Constitution,
school-ship, but the midshipmen tore up the railroad tracks and
prevented their reaching the place.
A messenger, who left Washington on
Monday, reports that the long bridge across the Potomac at Washington
was strongly fortified by our troops, and the draw taken up. On the
Virginia side a party of the secessionists were digging entrenchments,
and appeared to be placing batteries. The Washington troops are
barricading all the entrances to the capital, using for that purpose all
the stone material, iron work, and debris of the unfinished national
There was a rumor current in Boston
yesterday that the Canadian authorities had tendered six thousand good
muskets for arming our troops, and that more could be had, to the number
This morning's news has a more encouraging
look. It is certain, at last, that the Massachusetts eighth and the New
York seventh regiment have got through to Washington, and the latest
report of the number of troops at the capital is thirteen thousand.
A special dispatch to the Boston
Advertiser, dated at Philadelphia yesterday, states positively that the
fleet which left New York on Sunday and Monday arrived at Annapolis on
Wednesday, and the troops were well on their way to Washington. The
fleet conveyed five regiments, including the Massachusetts Fifth
Infantry, Light Artillery and Worceste4r Battalion of Rifles, besides
the Rhode Island Artillery; and no doubt they were able to make their
way from Annapolis to Washington. Gen. Scott had posted pickets on the
Gov. Hicks has issued a proclamation
convening the legislature of Maryland at Frederick to-day, Annapolis
being occupied with federal troops. Frederick is in the central part of
the state, some sixty miles from Baltimore.
Two naval officers, who were left at
Norfolk, are held as prisoners.
Alex. H. Stephens, vice-president of Jeff.
Davis's government, spoke at Richmond on Tuesday in a very confident
tone. He said the south would fight for the graves of Washington,
Jefferson and Patrick Henry. [If the south would fight for the ideas
which have made those names so illustrious, the race of traitors would
be wiped out at once.]
PRESENT ASPECT OF AFFAIRS
The people of all parties throughout the
loyal states are aroused. There is no want of men eager to place
themselves in active service at the earliest moment to uphold the
government. The means for a year's campaign, with double the force now
called to the field, are to-day at the disposal of the executive. The
enthusiasm of the people has already outrun the action of our rulers,
and the masses are feeling impatient of everything which smacks of
hesitation, tardiness, or delay. Doubtless at this distance from the
seat of operations, we may not appreciate the reasons of seemingly slow
movements on the loyal side, whilst an unscrupulous enemy is rapidly
consummating its plans to environ our army with traitors and prevent not
only needed accessions to our force, but to cut off their supplies. The
people are in earnest. They feel that the time for negotiations or
parleying with mayors or governors about the right of way as gone by.
Philosophy is good in its place--action is te need of this hour.
MATTERS AT THE CAPITAL
The accounts which reach us of the
condition of affairs up to Tuesday noon are such as to excite
apprehension and to stimulate the friends of the government. The number
of reliable troops in Washington is even now probably less than was
supposed two days ago. We are told that since the trouble at Baltimore,
the leading secessionists have raised the cry that the soil of Maryland
has been invaded and citizens have been shot down in the streets by
northern abolitionists, and the ignorant are thus misled, and the masses
are mad with excitement and a feeling of revenge.
Large bodies of loyal troops appear to be
accumulating at various points not far distant from the capital, but so
many bridges have been burned and so many rails displaced, that we can
have no assurance of the rapid transit of troops and provisions when
they will be most needed.
If the resident troops and citizens of
Washington were as a body reliable in this crisis the condition of the
capital would be far more hopeful than it is in view of present
difficulties beyond its limits. Washington is a slave-holding city and
is peopled to a large extent by natives of Virginia and Maryland, whose
feelings and sympathies and ties of kindred go to balance if not
outweigh the sentiment of patriotism and the material interests involved
in the present contest.
ARREST IN BOSTON
I. N. Brown, first lieutenant in the
United States frigate Niagara, was arrested yesterday in Boston,
by order of the governor, on a charge of misprision of treason. He was
detained a few hours, and finally surrendered by Major Wightman to the
commander of the navy yard, to whom he had been ordered by Capt. McKean
to report himself. The surgeon of the ship was arrested last evening on
a similar charge and held. Referring to the case of Brown, the
Advertiser says he consented to take the oath to support the
constitution of the United States; and was willing to take an oath not
to fight during the war if released from the service on parole of honor;
but he objected to the oath to obey any future orders, as under the
existing circumstances of the country, he might thus e required to
attack and destroy the home of his own family.
APRIL 27, 1861
THE SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN
PROGRESS OF THE CONSPIRACY
Arkansas is also in rebellion. Solon
Borland, formerly United States senator, at the head of a force of 300,
has seized Fort Smith. The commander of the post, Captain Sturgis, with
two companies of cavalry, retired at the approach of the rebels to Fort
Andrew Johnson, U.S. senator from
Tennessee, passed through Lynchburg, Va., on the 21st, on his way from
Washington to Tennessee. A large crowd assembled and groaned at him.
They offered every indignity, including pulling his nose. Every effort
was made to take him off the cars. The demonstration was first suggested
by Tennesseans. Great difficulty was experienced in restraining the
populace. Mr. Johnson was protected by the conductor and others, who
begged that he might be permitted to proceed home, and let his own
people deal with him. He denied sending a message asserting Tennessee
should furnish her quota of men.
There are 3,000 secessionists at
Farmington, Delaware, though there are three Union volunteer companies
in the place. A majority of the farmers of Delaware are disposed to
favor the South, and the governor leans also towards that cause. A son
of Senator Bayard, himself a secessionist, of Delaware, has raised a
Union company at Wilmington, and on Wednesday night took the oath of
allegiance in public, causing great sensation.
A gentleman from New Orleans on the 21st
says that the confederate loan was taken there to a very limited extent,
and under pressure which could not be resisted or overcome. A Mr. Nathan
had left that city two or three weeks previously on his way to Belgium,
as agent for contracting for the delivery within a specified time of
75,000 muskets or rifles.
A gentleman who left Charleston about a
week ago says that Beauregard was still there, and that there was no
movement of troops toward the North, as there was expectation of an
immediate attack upon Charleston from the sea. He says the people of the
South, when they hear that Pierce and Buchanan are sustaining the
administration, that Caleb Cushing ahs volunteered, and that Gen.
Butler, the late Breckinridge candidate for governor of Massachusetts,
is on the march against them, will be astounded, and will for the first
time be brought to a realizing sense of their terrible danger. They
confidently expected abundant help in men and money from the northern
MISSOURI KEEPS GOOD FAITH
Volunteers continue to arrive at the St.
Louis arsenal, in compliance with President Lincoln's proclamation.
About 3000 troops are now there drilling vigorously. Several state
companies are recruiting and stand guard over the armories. Two German
traitors at St. Louis have been detected in a plot to burn the bridges
on the North Missouri, the Pacific and Iron Mountain railroads, to
prevent the concentration of troops from the interior. As far as known
seven citizens were killed, including Mr. Davis (before mentioned) and
James Clark. A half-dozen or so are seriously wounded, but believed not
UNION FEELING IN THE FAR WEST
Denver dates of the 22d have reached Fort
Kearney. The war news from the East created a profound sensation, and
there will be a strong Union demonstration soon. Serious Indian
disturbances are apprehended, as large numbers are collecting near the
settlements and committing petty depredations.
REBEL ACTS AND PLANS
Vessels are not allowed to leave
Wilmington, N.C., and those loading are obliged to discharge their
cargoes. No seizures have been reported.
Gen. Beauregard was repairing Fort Sumter
on the 18th, expecting an attack from the North.
The Portsmouth (Va.) papers announce the
arrival of three Georgia companies.
The schooners Gen. Knox and
Victory, of Maine, were seized on Pakumka river, Va. Cannon were
placed aboard the Gen. Knox; a secession "flag" was hoisted, and
the men ordered to leave by Col. Lee, Saturday, and placed under guard.
They obtained a pass from Gov. Letcher out of the state. They were
interrupted frequently at Baltimore, being intercepted by the rebels.
The captain appealed personally to police commissioner Trumbull, who
protected them until their departure.
On Thursday afternoon the steamer De
Sota was seen in Chesapeake bay taking aboard the crews of two small
boats, either from captured lightships, or Union men fleeing from
Virginia. The lights on Capes Charles and Henry are extinguished, and
lightships removed from the mouth of the Potomac.
The powder mills three miles above
Cincinnati being in danger from traitors, a body of state militia has
been ordered out to protect them.
About 15,000 Virginia rebels are said to
be under arms.
Secession troops are being raised at
Memphis, Randolph and other points. Their plan is to proceed to
Columbus, Ky., and thence march on Cairo, Il., attacking it from the
south side of the river.
A company of rebel cavalry is being raised
at Warsaw, Mo. The people clamor for immediate secession, and demand for
Gov. Jackson shall repel by force all federal movements to retake the
stolen public property, or to enforce the laws in seceded states.
The schooner T. O. Thompson was
wrecked on Bluff point, Va., 9th instant, and Capt. Adams, her master,
with his crew of six men, all from Maine, were notified to leave in two
hours, or take an oath to fight for the South. Two of the crew were
thrown into jail at Laneston, Va.; one of them is a British subject; the
others took to their boat and were picked up by the steamer Desoto.
Another boat picked up contained wood-choppers belonging in Maine, who
had been warned to leave. Those thrown into jail are to be starved or
else take an oath to fight for the South.
New Orleans is crowded with secession
volunteers, and the whole city wear a most warlike aspect.
The municipal authorities of Louisville
have sent a special committee to "tickle" the Cincinnati and Madison
people, in hopes that active warfare can be shunned by flattering
The schooner Annie J. Russell, with wheat
for Boston, has been seized at Richmond.
Large numbers of Virginians, mostly from
Fairfax county, arrived Friday night at Harrisburg, via Chambersburg.
They were required to take the treasonable oath, take up arms, or be
Alexandria is full of rebel troops and a
battery will soon be erected at White house fishery.
Gov. Letcher has forbidden any aggressive
movement against the federal government or in aid of Maryland. He has
also refused to allow any interruption of the navigation of the Potomac
by the federal government.
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