JUNE 9, 1861
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
THREE CHEERS FOR TENNESSEE
THE VOTE ON SECESSION
THE VOLUNTEER STATE O.K.
Memphis, June 8--The vote to-day
stood as follows:
For Separation . . . . . . . . . . 5608
For Representation . . . . . .
For Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The returns from the interior are meagre,
but indicate that the State is nearly unanimous for secession.
June 8--The election passed off unusually quiet here, the vote
standing as follows:
For Separation . . . . . . . . . . 3033
For Representation . . . . . . 249
Eleven other districts of this county give
Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Against . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
One precinct in Robertson county votes:
Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Against . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
THE CITY, THE WEATHER, &c.
Another week of charming summer weather.
The heat, which has not been extreme, has been pleasantly tempered by
occasional showers that have greatly refreshed and genialized the
atmosphere, and June was never lovelier.
Fruits of all kinds, figs, plums, pears,
strawberries, blackberries, apricots, abound, and the whole floral
kingdom disposes its myriad treasures, and makes glad the air with their
There is more than the usual stir and
animation in our streets, considering the time of years, and we are not
without out-of-town visitors. We have, and are likely to have, more
stay-at-homes and can't-get-aways with us, this summer, than has been
usual heretofore, the minds of our citizens being preoccupied with
something more serious and real than pleasure-seeking at distant
The commencement of the plying of
the street-cars has formed an interesting incident of the week. The
people take very kindly to this improvement, and the tram is already an
institution among us.
The city continues to be perfectly
Mr. Davis, the Artist--This young
man, who was lately in this city, in the travelling suite of Mr.
Russell, the correspondent of the London Times, and who,
as was stated in the card of that gentleman, had positively assured him
that he (Davis) had no connection with Harper's Weekly,
arrived a few days ago, in Cincinnati, one of the journals of which city
announces him as the "travelling artist for Harper's," just from
New Orleans. According to that journal, he "reports a sad condition of
affairs among the troops in that city," and says:
"The Confederate volunteers are practicing
the art of war among themselves, daily. They shoot one and other, just
for the fun of the thing, and desert in hundreds because soldiering
doesn't suit them. Instead of "falling in" to the ranks, they are
"falling out" among themselves as fast as they can."
The artistic and political status of Mr.
Davis seems thus to be at last definitively settled.
The Street Cars--Two precautions in
the running of the new cars should be immediately adopted. One is the
affixing of a bell to every mule, to indicate their approach, as is the
custom in all other cities, and by which many accidents will be avoided;
and the other is the adoption of a city ordinance making it a penal
offence for persons, especially boys, to get upon the cars while in
motion. We saw yesterday, a boy thrown violently from the step of one of
them upon the pavement, by the sudden stoppage of the car. These
accidents can be easily prevented, and should be.
PROGRAMME OF THE WHEELING CONVENTION
Rebels to be Put Down
New York, June 8--A special
correspondent of the Tribune develops the programme of the Wheeling
convention, which is to establish a provisional Government for Virginia,
declare Gov. Letcher deposed, appoint a new Governor, declare Eastern
Virginia in a state of insurrection, call for aid to quell said
insurrection, elect United States senators, and perform all the
necessary functions for the whole State.
Cairo, June 8--It is reported that
general Pillow's scouts have advanced as far as Island No. 1, four miles
Southern troops are reported as coming up
both sides of the river, and an attack is momentarily expected by the
The Opposing Armies Nearing Each Other
Washington, June 8--The pickets of
the two armies are gradually approaching each other on the Fairfax road.
The Big Federal Cannon Lost
Baltimore, June 8--The big cannon
intended for Fortress Monroe broke through the bottom of the vessel upon
which it was being shipped and sunk in twelve feet of water.
Occupation of Fairfax Courthouse by the
A dispatch to the New York Times, dated
Washington, June 2d, says:
"The village of Fairfax Courthouse has
been occupied by three regiments of Federal troops. Two additional
regiments will be stationed there in a day or two.
The New Orleans Zouaves in Augusta
The Augusta Evening Dispatch, of
the 5th instant, says:
"A large body of troops passed through our
city last night. Among them were the Southern Rights Guards, Washington
Rifles, of Sandersville, Ga., and the celebrated New Orleans Zouaves.
The latter form the center of attraction, and their arrival and
departure were both witnessed by a large concourse of citizens.
A collation was provided for the Zouaves
at the Georgia Railroad depot, and as they left on their route they gave
hearty cheers for Georgia, Augusta, and the ladies. During their short
sojourn in our midst, the elicited the warm commendations of our
citizens for their gallant bearing and gentlemanly deportment.
THE SOCIETY OF LADIES IN AID OF THE
This society, composed of the most
patriotic and influential ladies of our city, for the purpose of making
up uniforms for our gallant soldiers, have been doing good service to
the noble cause. They have been toiling hard, and deserve every
consideration which the sentiments of gratitude can express for them.
The society meets daily at No. 82 Camp
street, over the Young Men's Christian Association, and if there be any
more ladies who desire to join, in this good and patriotic service,
seats may be obtained for them on application to the society. Join in,
ladies, for there is yet plenty to do.
The great and purely natural clairvoyant,
whose rooms are at 127 Customhouse street, continues to daily astonish
her visitors by her wonderful relations of the Past, Present, and
Future. The accuracy with which she locates symptoms of disease in your
system, challenges your admiration, while obtaining your entire faith in
her medicines. All letters by mail will receive prompt attention,
satisfaction in all cases guaranteed
JUNE 10, 1861
The tone of the English papers, which came
to us by the recent mails, is decidedly bad. If Yancey, Mann & Co., were
editing some of the London journals, their columns could hardly groan
under a heavier weight of nonsense. It is more than probable that by
some means the secession agents have obtained the control of a few of
the English papers, and are furnishing "thunder" to the others. It is
reported that they have bought up one or two papers. However this may
be, the fact is clear that several of the English editors are serving up
a rehash of the stale old speeches of our secessionists. They have
become quite familiar with the secession dialect, and expatiate
indefinitely and with a mixture of southern and of English impudence
upon the inherent right of secession, the madness of coercion, the
impolity of subjugating nine millions of people, the division of our
country as an accomplished fact, and all the standing topics of the
fire-eaters. They dignify the rebellion with the name of successful
revolution, and that before a single battle has been fought between the
rebels and the marshalled hosts of our government. They make such
unseemly haste to favor the traitors, that they show the hollowness of
their pretensions to impartiality. Their sympathy with them colors every
facet, at which they look, and gives a secessionist interpretation to
every law which is appealed to. They talk like men who are determined to
be on the opposite side. They are resolved not to be convinced.
How much nobler and truer and more manly
is the course of France, and so far as we have learned, of the other
great powers of Europe. Napoleon not only studiously abstains from a
formal recognition of the insurgents as "belligerents," but he
unequivocally expresses to our minister his sympathy with our
government. Our troubles may become an element of prime importance in
European politics. While condemning the course of the English government
and the English press, we must in justice say that the private letters
which we have seen, and those which are published, represent the feeling
of the English people to be far more favorable than the spirit of the
London Times and some of the other papers. Will it not make itself
felt and heard? If we may believe the reports which have recently
reached us, a happy change is already manifest in the attitude of the
English cabinet. We are told that Mr. Adams has met with a satisfactory
reception, and has received assurance of a gratifying nature. We
sincerely hope that there may be no further cause for estrangement
between us and the English. The continuance of the present feeling
for a few months would cause a breach which half a century would not
heal. We are sure that the demand of the people will be that our
government proceed in a bold and manly course, making every reasonable
effort to maintain our amicable relations with foreign powers, but
refusing at all hazards to sacrifice one jot of national honor, or to
compromise in the least our independence. We have a rebellion to quell.
It is nobody's business but our own. Let it be distinctly understood
that we can suffer no meddling with our domestic affairs by any foreign
power. It is, too, for the interest of Europe as well as for our own
that the war be ended with the utmost dispatch, and if we are not
embarrassed by difficulties abroad, we will soon end it.
DEVELOPMENTS OF THE SEIZED TELEGRAMS
The New York Times--The
developments that are likely to follow the seizure of the dispatches
filed in the telegraph offices will astound the country. They will show
a system of treachery extending through all grades of official business
and social circles. Almost everybody appears to have been engaged in
giving aid and comfort to the rebels, and to have furnished means and
information for securing a triumph of the rebellion. Members of Congress
from free states figure frequently among these flashes of intelligence.
I think your city representatives, some of whom are now seeking
commissions in the federal army, did their full share in giving
information and telegraphic encouragement to the rebel leaders then
engaged in rushing their States into the vortex of secession. Reporters
for northern free soil papers handed in to the telegraph office the
knowledge they had obtained through their free soil professions. Even
the members of the Peace Congress, and some from free States, held out
words of encouragement to the rebel leaders, that if they would keep up
the fire they would break the free soilers down. Several of the members
of that convention from the border States gave regular reports of its
proceedings to the rebels while at the same time they were insisting
that the proceedings should be kept from the northern press and public.
THE NEGROES WANT TO COME TO VIRGINIA
A New Orleans paper says:
"One of our negro acquaintances asked us a
few days ago to intercede with his master to allow him to go on with one
of our volunteer companies to the scene of war, stating that he wanted
to fight for the grave of his ancestors, and he could not
understand why his master should object to his going when the
Massachusetts people had placed a negro in command of one of their
divisions. The story of Gen. Butler's African descent had been
communicated to him."
We have no doubt that in these days a good
many negroes are anxious to get to Virginia, the spot where they enter
into the glorious state of "contraband of war." They are growing very
fond of their "Gen. Butler, of African descent."
NEW BEDFORD, MASS., MAY 24, 1861.
To all whom it may concern:
CAPT. CHARLES H. SALISBURY, of
New Bedford, Mass., is authorized by me to procure for this Rendezvous
able bodied seamen and ordinary seamen. The men on being shipped are
entitled to two months' advance pay. The Navy needs now the services of
good men, who are ever ready to serve faithfully their glorious country.
JOHN J. GLASSON
Commanding Rendezvous, New Bedford, Mass.
No. 3 Canal street, Providence, R.I.
JUNE 11, 1861
ALBANS DAILY MESSENGER
BY LAST EVENING'S MAIL
The New York Commercial says that
the government has received assurances from Russia that the rebels will
receive no sanction or encouragement from her. Austria is equally as
warm in her assurances, . . . France is cordially with us, not only in
word, but in deed, when we need assistance. The last dispatch from Mr.
Adams announces that the British Government is now as well disposed
towards us as we can desire.
A dispatch from Fort Monroe says the
picket at Hampton, Va., just outside if Fort Monroe, was driven in by
the rebels. The Zouaves were ordered out and captured 100 muskets
dropped by the enemy, without any resistance, and the Virginians
scampered off. The Union sentiment in the vicinity of Fort Monroe is
Key West has elected a Union Mayor and
City Council, and has offered a company to the Government.
The entrenchment at Arlington heights are
strongly fortified with heavy cannon and mortars.
Several of the Virginia rebels who were
taken prisoners at Alexandria and other places were released on the 8th,
after taking an oath of allegiance to the United States Government.
The town of Evansport, Va., eleven miles
above Aquia Creek, mostly occupied by Northern people, was destroyed by
fire Saturday. The town was fired by Virginia rebels.
It is reported that Gen. Beauregard is in
the vicinity of Fairfax Court House.
Gen. Cadwallader passed through here in
the cars this forenoon, with orders to take command of a column to move
towards Harper's Ferry from the north. Two regiments will leave
The N. Y. Herald's Washington
dispatch says, "I can state positively that a forward movement is to be
made on Manassas Junction. The column will be 35,000 strong, and Gen.
Patterson's corps will be equally strong when it crosses the Potomac."
A special messenger from Frederick, Md.,
to the Government, says it is the prevailing opinion there that Harper's
Ferry will be evacuated on the approach of the Federal troops under
Generals Patterson and McClellan, though apprehensions are felt that
they may move down the railroad or the Potomac river, and aided by
another revolt of the rebels at Baltimore and the disunionists in
Maryland, attack Washington from the Maryland side, while Jeff Davis
advances upon it from Manassas Junction.
It ahs been discovered that there are a
large number of spies in Washington, many of whom are females.
Beauregard is said to have stated that he
intended concentrating 60,000 to 70,000 men at Manassas Gap, and making
their position impregnable, and, when the federal forces are spent in
trying to dislodge them, then he is going to utterly overwhelm and
PATRIOTISM OF AMERICANS IN PARIS
The Paris correspondent of the
Tribune writes, under date of May 24, as follows:
"While I was writing to you a week ago
to-day, there was a meeting of Americans going on in Mr. Sanford's
parlor. It was a patriotic gun-meeting. The Rev. Mr. McClintock and
another said a few words, and then the subscription began; in twenty
minutes about 20,000 francs were subscribed. The largest subscriptions,
perhaps, were those of our three American painters here--Cranch, Dana
and May--who each set themselves down for a 500 franc picture. Mr.
Sanford, our Minister to Belgium, lays out his first year's salary in
artillery--a very apt discharge of his duty as a Danbury man. Mr. [S]wain,
of Philadelphia, has also, I am told, bought a gun or two, as the
best panacea for our intestinal troubles."
Parson Brownlow, of the Knoxville
Whig, opposes the rebels with much force. he tells them that the
South in the end must fail, and that the stars and stripes will again be
run up where the rebel flag now waves. In a recent issue of his paper he
"We are not of that class of men who can
urge and stimulate the young men of the South to plunge headlong into
this war, under the false delusion and groundless hopes of whipping out
the North, whose troops are all cowards and low-down, inexperienced
tribe of soup-eaters and street-loafers. That the South will succeed in
a few opening brushes, such as the taking of Fort Sumter and the capture
of Harper's Ferry, as well as the mobocratic assault in Baltimore, we do
not doubt for one moment. But that in the end the South is to fail, we
have no more doubt than we have of our being. The recent census
furnishes proof of this to any calm, deliberate mind.
"To this vast difference in men, let us
add that of money, inventive skills, habits of industry, and the entire
absence of any element of domestic danger, and we shall find the
disparity infinitely greater. In a struggle between such contending
parties--which may God in his mercy avert--who, that is unprejudiced,
and not led astray by excitement, can fail to see what must be the end?
We thus speak, because we're not mad and wicked enough to want to see
our land drenched in blood, and our young men slaughtered by the
FOR "CAMP BAXTER"
Capt. House's company left yesterday
morning in the 7 o'clock train for St. Johnsbury, where the third
Vermont Regiment goes into encampment. The officers of the company,
commissioned and non-commissioned, average nearly six feet in height,
while the privates average five feet, nine inches. The height of the
tallest man in the company is six feet, three and three-fourths inches.
JUNE 12, 1861
A BATTLE NEAR FORTRESS MONROE
Repulse of the Federal Troops
A SAD MISTAKE
Fortress Monroe, June 10, via
Baltimore, June 11--This has been an exciting and sorrowful
day at Old Point Comfort. Gen. Butler having learned that the rebels
were forming an entrenched camp with strong batteries at Great Bethel,
nine miles from Hampton, on the Yorktown road, deemed it necessary to
Accordingly, movements were made last
night from Fortress Monroe and Newport News. About midnight, Col.
Duryea's Zouaves and Col. Townsend's Albany regiment crossed the river
at Hampton by means of six large bateaux, manned by the Naval Brigade,
and took up the line of march, the former some two miles in advance of
At the same time Col. Bendix's regiment
and a detachment of the Vermont and Massachusetts regiments at Newport
News moved forward to form a junction with the regiments from Fortress
Monroe, at Little Bethel, about half way between Hampton and Great
The Zouaves passed Little Bethel at about
4 o'clock. Bendix's regiment arrived next, and took position at the
intersection of the roads, but not understanding the signal, the German
regiment, in the darkness of the morning, fired upon Col. Townsend's
column then marching in close order, and led by Lieut. Butler, the
nephew and aide of Gen. Butler, with two pieces of artillery.
Other accounts say that Col. Townsend's
regiment fired first. At all events, the fire of the Albany regiment was
harmless, while that of the Germans was fatal, killing one man and
fatally wounding two others, besides several other slight casualties.
The Albany regiment, being back of the
Germans, discovered from accoutrements left on the field that the
supposed enemy was a friend; they had meantime fired nine rounds with
small arms and a field piece.
The Zouaves, hearing the firing, had
turned and fired also upon the Albany regiment. At daybreak, Col.
Allen's and Col. Carr's regiments moved from the rear of Fortress Monroe
to support the main body, the mistake at Little Bethel having been
The buildings were burned, and a Major and
two prominent secessionists named Sivery and Whiting were made
The troops then advanced upon Great Bethel
in the following order: Duryea's Zouaves, Col. Bendix's regiment, Lieut.
Col. Washburn's, Col. Allen's and Col. Carr's regiments.
At this point our regiments formed
successively and endeavored to take a large masked rebel battery.
The effort was futile, our three small
pieces of artillery not being able to cope with the heavy rifle cannon
of the enemy, being, according to some accounts, thirty in number.
The rebel battery was completely masked,
so that no man could be seen, only flashes of the guns. There were
probably less than 1000 men behind the batteries of the rebels.
A well-concerted movement might have
secured the position, but Brigadier-Gen. Pierce, who
commanded the expedition, appears to have lost his presence of mind, and
the Troy regiment stood an hour exposed to the galling fire.
The order to retreat was at last given,
but at that moment Lieut. Grebble of the regulars, in command of the
artillery, was struck by a cannon ball and instantly killed. he had
spiked his guns and was gallantly endeavoring to withdraw his command.
Capt. George W. Wilson of the Troy
regiment, after the order to retreat, took possession of the gun, and
with Quartermaster McArthur, brought it off the field, with the corpse
of the Lieutenant, which was brought to the Fortress this evening. There
were probably 25 killed and 100 wounded.
Lieut. Butler deserves the greatest credit
for bringing off the killed and wounded. Several of the latter are now
in hospital here.
It should be stated that McChesney's
Zouaves formed the reserve. Col. Hawkins's regiment moved from Newport
News during the day.
Great indignation is manifested against
Brigadier-general Pierce. Gen. Butler has been ubiquitous, doing all in
his power to save our men and the honor of the cause.
THE LATE FEMALE COLLEGE
Worcester Transcript, June 11--On
Monday the mortgages took possession of the building on Providence
street, known as the Young Ladies' Collegiate Institute. The times do
not present a very encouraging prospect to the holders of mortgaged
The projects started in this edifice since
its erection, have been singularly unfortunate ones. It will be
remembered, that the original plan was to have a Medical College
instituted in this city, and for that purpose the building was first
erected. But the ∆sculapian School did not flourish, and after a
spasmodic existence gracefully yielded up the ghost. Son after was
started the project of a College for young ladies, and the citizens of
Worcester were importuned incessantly, by very industrious agents, to
subscribe liberally, in order that the location of the proposed Seminary
might be here. The plan succeeded. Worcester could boast of having
within her limits, a Young Ladies'
College Institute. But after a few years of apparent prosperity, the
institution winds up its affairs in a manner which reflects the biggest
discredit upon its financial management. In this connection we are happy
to state, that no blame rests upon the educational interests of the
school. We are credibly informed, that the teachers lose a considerable
portion of their salaries by this failure. The College, in a few weeks,
was to send forth its first graduating class, and the young ladies who
were to graduate, feel bitterly disappointed.
JUNE 13, 1861
THE NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
VICTORY OF GENERAL BUTLER'S FORCES!
THE GREAT BETHEL BATTERY TAKEN!
1000 Prisoners Captured!
New York, 12th--A special Washington
dispatch to the Herald, dated 1 o'clock this afternoon, says that a
special messenger has arrived from Fortress Monroe, bringing intelligence
that Major General Butler, this (Tuesday) morning, proceeded with a large
reinforcement to Great Bethel, and after a severe fight captured their
batteries, one of seven guns, and the masked battery of fourteen guns; also
one thousand rebel prisoners.
The Time's special dispatch states that
Postmaster General Blair has stated that Butler assaulted and carried Great
Bethel by storm.
These last dispatches want confirmation.
RETREAT FROM HARPER'S FERRY
According to trustworthy intelligence from
Harper's Ferry, the rebels are retreating. Twelve hundred wagons have been
seized from the farmers in the vicinity of Winchester, and are engaged in
transporting the troops by detachments to Strasburg, whence they are to go
by rail to Manassas Junction. They had received early intelligence of the
movement from Washington, and were meeting it in their usual manner. It is
doubtful whether our columns will combine in season to make a large capture.
According to this information the rebels have
given up all hope of effective aid from Maryland, and mean to make a stand
at, and perhaps an attack from, Manassas Junction, which is, according to
reports received by the government, strongly fortified. The cannon are in a
semicircle, in the center of which is the railroad station, so that troops
moving along the track would be shattered from both sides.
We have further confirmation of the
disaffection at Harper's Ferry. Three companies refuse to drill under any
flag but the Stars and Stripes. They are, probably, the Kentuckians who hold
the Maryland heights, and who, if previous statements may be believed, will
probably turn their guns against the rebels, of whom they bare nominally
The Gardiner, Me. Journal says the
Calais packet has sailed for Washington with 4000 bushels of potatoes for
the Maine troops. She was chartered by parties in Augusta, who have also
sent a similar cargo for the same destination.
Stampede--One hundred fugitive
slaves from Virginia, arrived at Harrisburg, Penn., in two days. Nobody
obstructs them in their flight. They were in bad plight but were
provided for, and sent on their way to Canada. They report the mountains
of Virginia to be full of them, progressing toward the North
Star. Slave holders in Virginia will soon be convinced that they
made an unfortunate move in seceding.
THE TEMPTATIONS AND DANGERS OF THE CAMP
Springfield (Mass.) Republican--These
words will not reach many who have volunteered to fight for their country;
but it will reach some, and more, perhaps, of those who will do so at some
early future time. It would be a sad result of this war, and a great
misfortune, if those who have so nobly stepped forward for their country's
defence should, after having fought their battles, return to their homes
polluted in morals, addicted to liquor, broken down in health by vicious
practices, and unfit to resume the peaceful avocations of life. Removed from
home and the restraints of the society of women, with many idle hours to be
passed away in some way, with monotony to be broken up by all practicable
measures, and with a constant desire for excitement, it will be very hard
for young men to resist temptations to vicious indulgences in the various
ways in which they present themselves to the soldier. Now it should be the
definite aim and determination of every man who enlists in this war to bring
his mind and body out of it unpolluted--to return to his home at last, if he
is permitted to do so, as good, as pure and as healthy as when he left it.
Of course, we refer simply to degradation and injury self-inflicted.
Profanity and obscenity are two of the besetting sins of soldiers, and all
heterogeneous collections of men.
Let every man determine that no profane or
unbecoming words pass his lips while he is away, and that he will
discountenance and condemn all attempts upon the part of those around him to
convert the camp into an institution for mutual pollution. Let whisky alone,
except when prescribed by a physician, keep his skin clean and healthy as
possible, and preserve self-respect, on all occasions. Do credit to your
Northern breeding, and the civilization to whose defence you hasten.
Wm. B. Hill, alias "Bill Banks," is in jail at
Manchester for passing counterfeit fives on Beverly and Lowell banks. He is
supposed to be an old offender.
The Laconia Democrat says that Stephen
Sweetser was arrested on Monday last, on suspicion of having killed his wife
by poison. She died four days ago last Saturday, and as her death was quite
sudden it was proposed to have a post mortem examination. Before it could be
had, Sweetser caused her to be buried on Sunday, the day following her
decease. The body has been exhumed and the stomach and some other parts
taken out, sealed up and sent to Dr. Hayes of Boston for chemical
The latest order promulgated in Virginia was
one commanding every male between the ages of 16 and 60 years to enter the
rebel service on or before Thursday.
In the Washington Navy Yard Minnie balls are
manufactured at the rate of 16,000 per diem. Percussion caps are
thrown out* by the bushel.
JUNE 14, 1861
LONDON DAILY CHRONICLE
THEIR OWN HISTORY AGAINST THEM
One of the claims put forward by the
advocates of the "right of secession" doctrine--and it is of leading
importance to them--is their oft repeated assertion that a sovereign
State cannot under any circumstances be held to be in rebellion against
the federal government. Their theory is that the central power is but an
agency, representing to a limited extent the paramount authority of the
several States and liable to be dispossessed of its right to represent
any of them whenever they shall see fit to discontinue their connection
with such agency and resume the powers previously delegated to it. Under
this convenient (though utterly fallacious) view of the matter, it is
easy for political metaphysicians to establish and defend the doctrine
that the crime of rebellion can never be alleged against a State or
against those acting under the sanction of State authority, even though
they be in arms against the federal government.
In antagonism to this new-fangled theory
of the Southern secessionists The National Intelligencer places a
scrap of history which is of some importance, because it shows that
formerly the Southern doctrine on this point involved a full and direct
recognition of the principle that a sovereign State may so act as to
subject itself to the charge of rebellion. We quote from The
It is known to every reader that the
Convention which first assembled in the State of North Carolina to
deliberate on the adoption of the Constitution framed at Philadelphia in
1787 adjourned without either ratifying or rejecting that instrument.
Instead of coming to any decision on this point, its members, by a vote
of 184 in the affirmative to 84 in the negative, determined to recommend
to all the States the adoption of a Declaration of Rights and of
twenty-six amendments to be inserted in the body of the Constitution.
Among the latter was one which very significantly implies a belief on
the part of the North Carolina Convention that States, as States, could
place themselves in an attitude of rebellion against the Federal
authority; for the twelfth amendment in the series was conceived in the
"Congress shall not declare any State
to be in rebellion without the consent of at least two-thirds of
all the members present in both Houses."
A member of the Syracuse (N.Y.) regiment,
being the New York 12th, which went South last week, and is now at
Fortress Monroe, describing the incidents on the way, remarks:
"From village to village, from hamlet to
hamlet, the people cheered us and gave us their blessing on our journey,
until we arrived at Baltimore. There the scene changed. The sinister
looks of the populace made us aware that we trod over a volcano, but
as we had our muskets loaded, we did not mind their gloomy visages, and
with a firm step and watchful eye, we defiled through the very street
where the 6th Massachusetts Regiment was attacked."
SINGULAR SUICIDE AT TAMMANY HALL
An unknown man applied to enlist in the
Tammany regiment at New York on Wednesday, but was rejected because he
was too short. He then went into the yard in the rear of the building,
where a crinoline belonging to one of the servant girls of the house was
hanging. Pulling out of that garment one or two strands of the cord he
made them into a stout halter with which he next proceeded to hang
himself to a convenient post. Half an hour later the chambermaid went
out to take in her under garment, and found the dead body of the poor
fellow dangling from the post and at the same time discovered that her
petti--skirt had been robbed to furnish the instrument of the
stranger's death. Her feelings may be imagined.
This morning a notorious character was
discovered in an attempt to poison some of the Second Michigan Regiment,
by offering them water to drink in which strychnine was deposited. The
fellow was immediately arrested, and will be severely dealt with, as he
is known to be a desperate man, having already served a term in the
At Alexandria the pickets of the Michigan
and Zouaves regiments continue to be attacked nightly by roving rebels.
No regular assault is now apprehended.
It is known that individuals have left
this country for Europe, to fit out privateers to wage hostilities
against American commerce. The government is on the track of these men.
Some of them are natives of the Northern States.
FAMILIES OF THE REBELS IN DISTRESS
Two hundred Irish families in Alexandria
are at the point of starvation; the men having been induced by the
promises of "Extra Billy" Smith to enlist in the rebel army. They were
paid until the force was marched to Manassas Junction, but have received
nothing since. Meanwhile their families are suffering.
ALARM IN WASHINGTON
Washington, June 13--Intense
excitement prevails here in consequence of a rumor that General
Beauregard is marching towards Washington at the head of a large force
of rebel troops.
Advices to that effect have been received
at the War Department, but they are not relied upon.
General Scott says he is not at all afraid
of any advance of the rebels.
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JUNE 15, 1861
THE SPRINGFIELD DAILY REPUBLICAN
HARPER'S FERRY EVACUATED BY THE REBELS
THE POTOMAC BRIDGE BLOWN UP!
A messenger who arrived on Friday morning
at Frederick, Md., having come from within a mile of Harper's Ferry,
says that the bridge across the Potomac at that point was blown up and
entirely destroyed by the rebels, between four and five o'clock Friday
morning. This is to check the advance of the federal troops. The
explosion was distinctly heard and the smoke of the burning structure
seen at Frederick.
The rebel troops have also been withdrawn
from the Maryland shore, and the town of Harper's Ferry evacuated by the
main body, leaving only a small force occupying it, probably the rear
Eight car-loads of provisions were
destroyed to prevent tem falling into the hands of the Union forces, who
were supposed to be concentrating upon the Ferry from the direction of
Greencastle and Cumberland.
The wife and family of Gen. Huger of the
rebel forces were at the Ferry, Thursday night, and had engaged a
private conveyance to take them further southward, but were compelled to
accompany the rebel column by its sudden flight.
The destruction of the bridge is regarded
as certain. A gentleman who was at Harper's Ferry, Thursday night, saw
the preparations making to blow it up. Confirmatory intelligence of the
act has also been received since the messenger arrived.
The bridge at Shepardstown was also blown
up, Thursday night.
After leaving Harper's Ferry, the rebels
are said to have moved on to Leesburg, of which place they are now in
possession, with several thousand men. Fairfax Court House is also in
Another rumor says they are at Winchester,
whence they will proceed to Strasburg, and thence concentrate at
The war department at Washington has
received dispatches announcing the evacuation of Harper's Ferry by the
Letters received at Baltimore confirm the
burning of Harper's Ferry bridge and the evacuation of the town. One
writer at Berlin heard the explosion and went up to see the
conflagration. All the rebel troops had gone from the Maryland side, and
were hurrying out of Harper's Ferry as fast as possible. The town would
probably be healthily evacuated of rebels by midnight Friday. They were
moving towards Winchester in great haste.
A messenger arrived at the secession post
opposite Williamsport at the top of his speed, Thursday at 7 p.m.;
called in all the pickets, and the whole crew left with equal speed.
The bridge at Harper's Ferry is entirely
destroyed excepting the piers; likewise the government buildings are
burnt, the armory being first fired at 7 a.m. Friday. All the machinery
had been carried away several days before.
One portion of the rebel army is said to
have retreated toward Winchester and the other into Loudon county, which
indicates a movement in the direction of Manassas Junction.
The confederate pickets have all been
withdrawn from places 20 miles above and 10 miles below Harper's Ferry,
on the Potomac.
The secession camp at Hainsville has
dispersed and the troops have gone to Martinsburg.
The rebels undertook to throw up
earthworks between dam No. 4 and Shepardstown, but the retreat of their
main body will terminate this operation.
UNION CONVENTION AT WHEELING
In the Wheeling convention, Thursday, Mr.
Carlisle, from the committee on business, reported an ordinance vacating
the seats of all the state officers now in rebellion against the United
States; providing for a provisional government, and for the election of
officers under the same; also providing that all state, county and
municipal officers shall take an oath of allegiance to the United
States. This ordinance was made the special order for Wednesday next. A
spirited debate occurred on the declaration reported Thursday. Mr.
Dorsey of Monongahela took strong grounds for an immediate division of
the state. Mr. Carlisle contended that Congress, at its coming session,
will be unlikely to recognize such a division--which recognition is
necessary--until the rebellion in the South is put down, the object of
Congress being to restore every rebellious state to its former position
in the Union. This being done, Congress may recognize the provisional
legislature of Virginia, and with the consent of that legislature and of
Congress, a separation can be effected at an early day.
Five hundred stand of arms from
Massachusetts alone were received Thursday at Wheeling, to arm the home
guard of that and adjoining counties; and 1500 more stand are on the
LOSS OF THE STEAMSHIP CANADIAN
The Montreal steamship company's screw
steamship Canadian, Capt. Graham, which sailed from Quebec on
Saturday morning, June 1st, for Londonderry and Liverpool, struck on a
field of sunken ice, eight miles south of Belle Isle, on the 4th
instant, and sunk in 35 minutes. One hundred and eighty one persons were
saved in boats, and landed on Cape Bauld, from whence they were brought
to St. John's, Newfoundland, Friday morning, by a French barque.
From twenty to thirty lives were lost,
including six cabin passengers; but, as the ship's papers went down, it
is as yet impossible to tell the exact number drowned. Among those
drowned were the mail officer and second officer of the steamer. A
portion of the mails were saved.
The Canadian struck the ice under
her foremast, and her three compartments were all broken in at once,
whereupon she filled rapidly, and soon went down. The ice field did not
attract much attention when first discovered, as it looked small and
scarcely above the water. The steamer was going at slow speed at the
time she struck. She had 49 cabin and 67 steerage passengers, which,
with her crew of about 80, made nearly 209 souls on board.
A REBEL EMISSARY FRIGHTENED
A letter from Bayard Taylor to the New
York Tribune says that Mr. Holland, who was recently a bearer of
dispatches to the government of the confederate states from England,
returned there on the steamer City of Baltimore. He rushed aboard
a few minutes before the steamer left New York. His dispatches were
confided to a lady, who concealed them in her dress. He appears to have
been greatly frightened.
Capt. F. D. Harrison of St. Louis, is the
most expert diver living in this country. He went down 50 times within
two hours, recently, and stopped a leak in sinking steamer.
The troubles in the Unite States have
reduced the price of sugar and raised that of provisions in Cuba, and
the Chinese coolies are therefore unprofitable laborers. Contractors
will not take tem even at much less than it cost to bring them from
Asia. One house has 2000 on hand and expected.
*"thrown out" here means "produced."