MARCH 9, 1862
THE DAILY PICAYUNE (LA)
are informed that certain individuals took upon themselves to circulate
an anonymous placard denouncing the dealers in gold and silver,
obnoxious to public indignation, and to call on them personally,
demanding that they should discontinue their business, which they were
conducting under license from the State and city authorities, for which
licenses they had paid large sums of money.
assumption of power is highly reprehensible. If the business is deemed
prejudicial, the Governor or Mayor should issue a proclamation
suspending the operation of the license, returning to the dealers a due
proportion of the money they had paid therefor.
the Board of Currency, the Governor, Mayor or a Committee from the
Chamber of Commerce, had called on the dealers in coin, suggesting to
them that their traffic was considered injurious to public credit, they
would with one accord have cheerfully discontinued that business. This
would have been far better than for anonymous individuals to have
attempted to overthrow it by mob law.
praiseworthy the motives of these individuals may be, they may not have
well considered the operation of the interdiction they wish to enforce.
question to be considered is, when the public find that they are not
allowed to exchange their bank money or currency notes for gold or
silver on any terms, will they be more willing to sell their merchandise
for currency notes than if no such obstacle existed?
the dealers are not allowed to purchase, they cannot supply those who
wish to convert their paper into gold and silver. They are not men who
hoard it up; the profit of their business consists in turning it over
salt, flour, pork and other necessaries of life, and supplying the army,
as well as the poor, at five or ten prices, is far more objectionable
than dealing in gold and silver.
and Savannah Defences.—We derive this gratifying intelligence from
the Charleston Courier, of the 28th ult.:
brave, wise-headed and wise-hearted General, Robert E. Lee, we are
authorized to say, feels every assurance of his ability to defend
Charleston against any force now at the disposal of the enemy, if our
people will but rally with proper spirit to the standard of their
invaded country. A confidence is also entertained that the enemy do not
meditate any immediate assault on our city. They must be largely
reinforced before they dare attack us.
are further gratified to be able to say, on authority, that our
cherished and generous sister city, Savannah, enjoys a prospect every
whit as favorable as our own, and that she is able to repel three times
the hostile force now arrayed against her, but too politic to strike
without a certainty of victory.
our people then be of good cheer, but still let them gird on and burnish
their armor for battle—above all let them trust in God and keep our
arms ready and our powder dry.
of Officers.—We have seen in the streets many an officer wearing
on his coat to show his rank, the badge adopted by the United States
Government. Some others, for fear people might mistake their rank, wear,
in friendly neighborhoods, the C.S. and U.S. badges. We think this is
wrong; officers ought to adopt exclusively our Southern badges.
and Numbers.—Nearly one year ago we called attention of our city
authorities to the confusion worse confounded into which are necessarily
thrown strangers, in this city, by our manner of numbering the houses
and naming the streets. Since that time, no improvement whatever has
been made in regard to this, though we are informed parties who
contracted to attend to this work have received their pay in full. We
could mention whole rows of houses in the lower districts so strangely
numbered that the bewildered passer-by in quest of information must
necessarily give up the task. What can he do, when he sees, for
instance, on one door the number 69, on the next 342, and on the third
one 88, on the fourth one 404, and so on to the end of the row? We would
say the same of the names of the streets; on some boards there is the
new name of the street, and at the next corner the old one. In the Third
District many streets have no board at all at any of their corners.
Could not the Council see that the work already paid for be performed
sooner or later?
18th Louisiana’s Skirmish.—We are permitted by the gentleman to
whom it is addressed, to transfer to our columns the following extracts
from a letter written by his brother, under date of “Headquarters, C.S.
Forces, Corinth, Miss., March 5.” The writer, it will be seen, was in
the lively little affair on the 1st, near Savannah, on the Tennessee
river, of which we have already had some account:
I have a moment of leisure to-night, I will fully enlighten you
concerning the result of the fight that took place on the 1st. I luckily
found myself present. I will tell you how. On the day previous to the
fight, I felt anxious to see A-----, (an officer in the 18th Louisiana,)
and got permission from the general to go and pay a visit to the 18th,
who had been sent to Pittsburg, about two days before. I left on Friday
last, and arrived the next day, not expecting in the least that we were
about to engage the enemy.
1 o’clock, the alarm was given. I saddled my horse and off we went.
The enemy began shelling us, and did so during one hour. I picked up two
or three shells that had not exploded. I stood by A----- during half the
fight. When we began to see muskets, I left him, got a musket, and ran
on to the right wing, where I had a chance to kill one of the enemy, who
was standing on the gunboat. The Miles artillery fired ten or twelve
times, but owing to the unmanageable condition of their horses, and the
heat of the discharged shells coming from a 64-pounder, they were soon
compelled to travel.
one hundred of the enemy landed. They thought we were about a mile from
them, but as soon as they landed we sprang from our ambush, and gave
them particular “jessie.” They ran to their boats, dragging
along their dead and wounded. It is reported that we killed their best
officer, and that is the reason they had to fly. If we had had cannon
that could have stood the fire of the enemy, we could have torn their
boats to pieces, being but wooden gunboats.
loss was seven killed ad thirteen wounded—seven or eight very
slightly. Their loss is twenty-five or thirty killed and ten or twelve
wounded. We took four prisoners and found three of the enemy dead on the
field. One of the prisoners will die. Our company sustained more loss
than any, and acted more valiantly than the rest. We lost three men, and
there is another expected to die at any moment. George Greni, Alexander
Testedre and Valmos Marks were killed. Honore David was shot through the
head, breast and thigh. He will not survive. It would be a miracle if he
were to escape.
MARCH 10, 1862
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Rebel Steamer Merrimac Making Mischief
CAPTURES AND DESTROYS U.S. VESSELS CUMBERLAND AND CONGRESS!
Merrimac Driven Back by the Monitor!!
8.—The dullness of Old Point was startled at 10 o’clock today by
the announcement that a mysterious vessel, supposed to be the Merrimac,
looking like a submerged house, with the roof only above water, was
moving down from Norfolk by the channel in front of Sewall’s Point
batteries. Signal guns were fired by the Cumberland and Congress
to notify the Minnesota, St. Lawrence, and Roanoke
of approaching danger, and all was excitement in and about Fortress
was nothing protruding above the water but a flag-staff flying the rebel
flag and a short smokestack. She moved along slowly, and turning into
the channel leading to Newport News, steamed direct for the frigates Cumberland
and Congress, which were lying at the mouth of the James river.
As soon as she came within range of the Cumberland the latter
opened on her with her heavy guns, but the balls struck and glanced off,
having no more effect on her than peas from a popgun. Her ports were all
closed, and she moved on in silence, but with a full head of steam.
the meantime, as the Merrimac was approaching our two frigates on
one side, the iron-clad steamers Yorktown and Jamestown
came down James river, and engaged our frigates on the other side. The
batteries at Newport News also opened on the Jamestown and Yorktown,
and did all in their power to assist the Cumberland and Congress,
which, being sailing vessels, were at the mercy of the approaching
Merrimac in the meantime kept steadily on her course, and slowly
approached the Cumberland, when she and the Congress, at a
distance of 100 yards, rained full broadsides on the iron-clad monster.
The shot took no effect, glancing upwards and flying off, having the
only effect to check her progress for the moment. After receiving the
first broadsides of the two frigates she ran into the Cumberland,
striking her about midships and literally laying open her sides. She
then drew off, fired a broadside into the disabled ship and again dashed
against her with her iron-clad prow, and knocking in her side, left her
to sink while she engaged the Congress, which lay about a quarter
of a mile distant.
Congress in the meantime kept up a sharp engagement with the Yorktown
and Jamestown, and having no regular crew on board of her, and,
seeing the hopelessness of resisting the iron-clad steamer, at once
struck her colors. Her crew had been discharged several days since, and
three companies of the Naval Brigade had been out on board temporarily
until she could be relieved by the St. Lawrence, which was
to have gone up on Monday to take her position as one of the blockading
vessels of James river. On the Congress striking her colors the Jamestown
approached and took from on board her all her officers as prisoners, but
allowed the crew to escape in boats. The vessel, being thus cleared, was
fired by the rebels.
Merrimac and her two icon-clad companions then opened with shot
and shell on Newport News batteries, which briskly returned the fire.
reports have been received principally from frightened sutlers and
clerks, some of whom represented that the garrison had been compelled to
retreat from the batteries to the woods. It was also reported that the
two smaller rebel steamers had been compelled to retreat from the guns
of the batteries.
the meantime, the frigate Minnesota, having partly got up steam,
was being towed up to the relief of the two frigates, but did not get up
until too late to assist them. She was also followed up by the frigate St.
Lawrence, which was taken in tow by several of the small harbor
steamers. It is, however, rumored that neither of these vessels had
pilots on board them, and after a short engagement both of them seemed
to be, in the opinion of the pilots, on Sewall Point, aground. The Minnesota,
either intentionally or from necessity, engaged the three steamers at
about a mile distance with only her two bow guns. The St. Lawrence
also poured in shot from all the guns she could bring to bear, and it
was the impression of the most experienced naval officers on the Point
that both had been considerably damaged.
statements, it must be borne in mind, are all based on what could be
seen with a glass at a distance of nearly 8 miles, and by a few
panic-stricken non-combatants, who fled at the firing of almost the
first gun from Newport News.
the meantime darkness approached, though the moon shone brightly, and
nothing but the occasional flashing of the guns could be seen. The Merrimac
was also believed to be aground, as she remained stationary at a
distance of a mile from the Minnesota, making no attempt to
attack or molest her.
to the departure of the steamer for Baltimore no guns had been fired for
half an hour, the last one being fired from the Minnesota. Some
persons declared that immediately after the last gun was fired a dense
column of vapor was seen to rise from the Merrimac, indicating an
explosion of her boiler. Whether this was so or not cannot be known, but
it was the universal opinion that the rebel monster was hard aground.
were of course entertained for the safety of the Minnesota and St.
Lawrence in such an unequal contest, but if the Merrimac
was really ashore she could do no harm to them.
was the intention of the Minnesota with her picked and gallant
crew, to have run into close quarters with the Merrimac, avert
her iron prow and board her. This the Merrimac seemed not
inclined to give her an opportunity to do, being afraid to have the Minnesota’s
crew approach her at close quarters when aground.
8 o’clock, when the Baltimore boat left, a fleet of steam tugs were
sent up to the relief of the Minnesota and St. Lawrence,
and an endeavor was to be made to draw them off from the bar upon which
they had been grounded.
the meantime the firing had been suspended, whether from mutual consent
or necessity, could not be ascertained.
rebel battery at Pig’s Point was also enabled to join in the combined
attack on the Minnesota, and several guns were fired at her from
Sewall’s Point as she went up. None of them, however, struck her, but
one or two of them passed over her.
9th.—The boat left Old Point at 8 o’clock last night. About half
an hour after she left the wharf the iron-clad Ericsson steamer Monitor
passed her going in, towed by a large steamer. The Monitor
undoubtedly reached Fortress Monroe by 9 o’clock, and immediately went
into service. If not, she would be ready to take a hand early on Sunday
foregoing are all the facts as far as can be ascertained, and are
probably the worst possible version of this affair.
MERRIMAC DRIVEN BACK!
March 9, 7P.M., by telegraph from Fortress Monroe.—The Ericsson
arrived at Fortress Monroe last night. Early this morning she was
attacked by the three vessels, the Merrimac, the Jamestown
and the Yorktown. After five hours’ contest they were driven
off, the Merrimack in a sinking condition. [The above is
MARCH 11, 1862
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
News from the South.—Capt. Davis, late flag officer of the South
Atlantic Squadron, has arrived at Baltimore with dispatches from
Commodore Dupont. He reports some important details of the operations of
the fleet since it left Port Royal on the 1st instant:
first point approached was Brunswick, Georgia. The enemy abandoned their
works, precipitately flying at the approach of the gunboats. The place
was taken possession of and
the gunboats left in charge.
gives the government control of the whole coast of Georgia from South
Carolina to Florida. The fleet moved twenty miles further to Cumberland
Sound, the entrance to the harbor of Fernandina, Florida. They entered
the Sound in the following order:
Mohican, flag-ship of Commodore Dupont, Ottawa, Seminole,
Pawnee, Flag, Bienville, Alabama, James
Adger, Florida, Seneca, Huron, and Pembina,
followed by the small armed steamers Isaac Smith, Patomska,
Penguin, and Ellen.
came the revenue cutter Henrietta, armed transport McClellan,
transports Empire City, Boston, Belvidere, Star
of the South, George’s Creek, and Brigadier-General
Wright, all loaded with troops, under command of General Wright.
the expedition came in sight of Fort Clinch, the rebels were discovered
making a hasty flight, and fired two or three random shots from the
barbette guns of the fort.
shells of the fleet, however, caused a hasty evacuation, and Fort Clinch
was immediately taken possession of, and the flag of the Union raised on
the old staff, which has been so long desecrated by the rebel colors.”
morning papers bring flag-officer Dupont’s official account of the
operations of the blockading fleet, substantially agreeing with the
above, but in more detail. On coming to anchor in Cumberland Sound, on
the 2d, the commodore says he learned from a “contraband” who had
been picked up at sea, and from the residents, that the rebels had
abandoned in haste the whole of their defences, retreating from Amelia
Island with such munitions as their precipitate flight would allow. He
object of carrying the whole fleet through Cumberland Sound was to turn
the heavy works on the south end of Cumberland and the north end of
Amelia Island; but on receiving this intelligence, I detached the
gunboats and armed steamers of light draught from the main line, and
placing them under the command of Commander Drayton of the steam sloop
Pawnee, I ordered him to push through the Sound at the utmost speed, to
save public and private property from the threatened destruction,
prevent the poisoning of wells, and to put a stop to all those outrages
by the perpetration of which the leaders of this nefarious war hope to
drive and exasperate the southern people.
our fleet approached Fort Clinch a train of cars was observed to leave
Fernandina, and as the track runs three miles along the shore of the
Sound, Flag-Officer Dupont sent one gunboat in pursuit. An exciting race
took place, the steamer throwing shells at the flying train, some
falling in such close proximity that some of the fleeing rebels jumped
from it and took to the bush. Among the later is said to be the late
Senator Yulee of Florida. The train of course outran the gunboat and
Clinch was taken possession of, and on the same evening the rebel
steamer Darlington, loaded with wagons, ammunition, and camp
equipage, was also captured while endeavoring to escape.
flag was also speedily raised from the eight rebel earthworks. Twelve
large guns fell into our possession, including one 80-pound rifled one.
Five were found in the fort, and others in the earthworks. The rebels
had hastily removed a portion of their guns, which are said to be at St.
Johns, further up the Sound. An expedition was preparing to go up to
capture them. Considerable ammunition was also captured.
troops of General Wright were landed and Flag-Officer Dupont turned over
to his possession the forts and earthworks, which were quickly
garrisoned. Most of the male inhabitants of the city fled. It was also
taken possession of. This has been one of the most useful forts to the
rebels, a large number of the vessels having run the blockade here.”
Dupont describes the captured works as very complete and expresses
surprise that they should have been voluntarily deserted. The commodore
closes his narrative saying: “We captured Port Royal;
Fernandina and Fort Clinch have been given to us.” We are especially
pleased to notice that honorable mention is made of the zealous and
active co-operation of William H. Dennis of Lowell, an assistant in the
coast survey, who possessed accurate knowledge of a part of the ground
passed over, and of which he had made the topographical map, under the
direction of the superintendent.
Affair at Hampton Roads.—Lieut. Wise arrived at Washington,
yesterday, from Fortress Monroe, with dispatches. Some additional
particulars of the naval engagement are furnished: Our loss in killed,
wounded and missing is stated at 100. Capt. Bradford was not on board
the Cumberland, being engaged in a court-martial when the
engagement took place. Lieut. J. B. Smith, son of Commodore Smith, was
on board the Congress, and is killed. Lieut. Worden, who handled
the Monitor so skillfully, is in the hands of the surgeons. He
was in the pilot-house of the Monitor when the Merrimac
directed a broadside at his vessel. His wounds are not supposed to be
dangerous, though he was stunned by the concussion, and was carried
away. He received injuries from minute fragments of shells and powder
which were driven through the lookout holes. On recovering, he asked,
“Have I saved the Minnesota?” The reply was, “Yes, and
whipped the Merrimac;” to which he answered, “Then I don’t
care what becomes of me.”
the action, the other rebel gunboats and all the batteries of the enemy,
within reach, directed their fire at the Minnesota, doing her
some damage and killing four or five of her men. The Minnesota
was eventually got off, and towed under the guns of Fortress Monroe. The
crew of the Congress are scattered, and there are no means of
ascertaining her loss at present.
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
Panic at Nashville.
Nashville (Tennessee) Banner of Feb. 28, thus describes the panic
in that city consequent upon the fall of Fort Donelson, and the scenes
hat attended the evacuation of the city by the rebels:
Sunday morning it was reported that Fort Donelson had surrendered, but
it was not until between 10 and 11 A.M. that the rumors became general.
In the meantime the General Assembly had been hastily convened, and
adjourned after a short session, to meet in the city of Memphis on the
20th. The citizens, generally unaware of any serious disaster to the
Southern cause, were quietly repairing to church, when, however, they
were me by the report that Fort Donelson had fallen, that
Federal army was already at Springfield, Robertson county, about
twenty-five miles from the city, connected by railroad, and that the
gunboats had passed to Clarkesville on their way to this city.
sudden flight of the Governor and all the State officers, including the
General Assembly, who took a special
train through to Memphis, gave color to these absurd rumors, and the
whole city was thrown into a panic. About this time General Johnston’s
army from Bowling Green entered the city, passing south, thus leaving
the impression that no stand was to be made for the defence of
Nashville. Such hurrying to and fro was never seen. Before nightfall,
hundreds of citizens, with their families, were making their way as best
they could to the South, many of them having no idea why they were thus
recklessly abandoning comfortable houses or where they were going. About
night it was announced that the military authorities would throw open
the public stores to all who would take them.
excitement continued throughout Sunday night, constantly gaining
strength, aided by the destruction of two gunboats at the wharf, which
were in process of construction—two fine New Orleans packets, the
James Woods and James Johnson, having been taken for that purpose. The
retreating army of Gen. Johnston continued its march, encamping at
convenient points outside of the city. Monday morning the drama opened
on the city intensely exciting. The public stores were distributed to
some extent among the people, while the army and hospitals were making
heavy requisitions, and pressing all vehicles and men that could to
convey supplies to their camp. At the same time considerable quantities
were removed to the depots for transportation south.
came, and no gunboats and no Federal army from Kentucky. Gen. Johnston
left for the South, placing Gen. Floyd in command, assisted by Generals
Pillow and Hardee. The apprehensions of the near approach of the enemy
having been found groundless, it was determined by Gen. Floyd that the
destruction of the stores was premature, and an order was sent to close
the warehouses, and a force detailed to collect what had been given out.
This was done as far as practicable, but on Tuesday the distribution
commenced again, and continued with more or less restrictions, under the
eye of the most judicious citizens, until Saturday morning. Tuesday
night the wire and railroad bridges cross the Cumberland were destroyed,
in spite of the most earnest and persistent remonstrances of our leading
citizens. The wire bridge cost about $150,000, and a large portion of
the stock was owned by the lamented Gen. Zollicoffer, and was the chief
reliance for the support of his orphan daughters. The railroad bridge
cost about $250,000, and was one of the finest drawbridges in the
scenes which were enacted during the following days, up to Monday
morning, 24th, beggar description. The untiring energy of the Mayor and
city authorities, who throughout this whole affair acted with a
prudence, zeal and devotion to the city which cannot be too highly
commended, was inadequate to keep down the selfish and unprincipled
spirit of Mammon which ran riot, grasping from the mouths and backs of
suffering widows and orphans the poor pittance of meat and clothing
which was left them as indemnity for months of toil with their needle,
and the sacrifice of husbands, sons and brothers in the defence of the
Southern Confederacy. Through the efforts of the mayor, however, a plan
was adopted on Saturday by which most, if not all, of these poor and
unprotected creditors of the government were fully secured by
Quartermaster and Commissary stores.
was an entire week of panic and confusion, during which millions of
dollars worth of property was lost to the Southern Confederacy and
wantonly destroyed, all of which might have been quietly and safely
removed, had the panic-stricken leaders been able to maintain their
equanimity in the face of a vague and unauthentic rumor that the enemy
were near at hand. Comment upon such management is unnecessary in these
columns—it can be heard loud and un sparing from every mouth in the
President’s Message upon Slavery.
the 6th inst. the President sent to Congress the following Message:
of the Senate and House of Representatives:
recommend the adoption of a joint resolution by your honorable bodies
which shall be substantially as follows:
That the United States ought to co-operate with any State which may
adopt a gradual abolishment of slavery, giving to such State pecuniary
aid, to be used by such State in its discretion to compensate for the
inconveniences, public and private, produced by such a change of
the proposition contained in the resolution does not meet the approval
of Congress and the country, there is the end of it; but, if it does
command such approval, I deem it of importance that the States and
people immediately interested should be at once distinctly notified of
the fact, so that they may begin to consider whether to accept or reject
it. The federal government would find its highest interest in such a
measure, as one of the most efficient means of self-preservation.
leaders of the existing
insurrection entertain the hope that the government will, ultimately, be
forced to acknowledge the independence of some part of the disaffected
region, and that all the slave States north of such parts will then say,
‘The Union, for which we have struggled, being already gone, we now
choose to go with the southern section.’ To deprive them of this hope
substantially ends the rebellion, and the initiation of emancipation
completely deprives them of it. As to all the States initiating it, the
point is not that all the States tolerating slavery would very soon, if
at all, initiate emancipation, but that, while the offer is made equally
to all, the more northern shall, by such initiation, make it certain to
the more southern that in no event will the former ever join the latter
in their proposed Confederacy. I say ‘initiation’ because, in my
judgment, gradual and not sudden emancipation is better for all.
the mere financial or pecuniary view, any member of Congress, with the
census tables and the Treasury reports before him, can readily see for
himself how very soon the current expenditures of the war would
purchase, at a fair valuation, all the slaves in any named State. Such a
proposition on the part of the General Government sets up no claim of a
right by federal authority to interfere with slavery within State
limits, referring, as it does, the absolute control of the subject in
each case to the State and its people immediately interested. It is
proposed as a matter of perfectly free choice with them. In the annual
message last December I thought fit to say: ‘The Union must be
preserved, and hence all indispensable means must be employed.’ I said
this not hastily, but deliberately. War has been and continues to be an
indispensable means to this end. A practical re-acknowledgement of the
national authority would render the war unnecessary, and it would at
once cease. If, however, resistance continues, the war must also
continue, and it is impossible to foresee all the incidents which may
attend and all the ruin which may follow it. Such as may seem
indispensable or may obviously promise great efficiency towards ending
the struggle must and will come.
proposition now made, though an offer only,
I hope it may be esteemed no offence to ask whether the pecuniary
consideration tendered would not be of more value to the States and
private persons concerned than are the institution and property in it,
in the present aspect of affairs? While t s true that the adoption of
the proposed resolution would be merely initiatory, and not within
itself a practical measure, it is recommended in the hope that it would
soon lead to important results.
full view of my great responsibility to my God and to my country, I
earnestly beg the attention of Congress and the people to the
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
INTERNAL TAX BILL.
Committee of Ways and Means in the House, reported on Monday of last
week, this bill for raising a revenue from internal taxes on Excise
duties for the support of Government and the payment of interest on the
public debt. We give the following abstract of the bill:
provides for the appointment by the president of a Commissioner of
Internal Revenue with a salary of five thousand dollars per annum, his
office to be in the Treasury Department, with a suitable number of
country is to be divided, as the President may direct, into convenient
districts, with an assessor and collector appointed by the President for
each district, who shall have power to appoint such deputies as may be
bill provides for a duty on spiritous liquors of fifteen cents per
gallon; ale and beer, one dollar per barrel; stem or leaf tobacco, three
cents per pound, to add, when manufactured, five cents; cigars, five,
ten, and twenty cents per pound, according to value.
lard and linseed oil, burning fluid and coal oil, five cents per gallon.
Refined coal oil, ten cents per gallon. Gas, per thousand feet,
paper, five cents per pound. Printing paper, three mills per pound.
five mills per pound. Salt, four cents per one hundred pounds.
ten cents per barrel.
other manufactures, three per centum ad valorem.
railroad passengers, two mils per mile of travel; commutation tickets,
three per cent.; steamboat travel, one mill per mile; omnibuses,
ferry-boats, and horse railroads, three per cent. on gross receipts from
five per cent. on amount received annually.
the use of carriages, annually, from one to ten dollars, according to
value; gold watches, one dollar; silver watches, fifty cents; gold
plate, fifteen cents per ounce; silver plate, fifteen cents per ounce;
billiard tables, twenty dollars.
slaughtered cattle, fifty cents each; hogs, ten cents each; sheep, five
bankers, one hundred dollars; auctioneers, twenty dollars; wholesale
dealers, fifty dollars; retail dealers in liquors, twenty dollars;
retail dealers in goods, ten dollars; pawnbrokers, fifty dollars;
hostels, inns, and taverns, graduated according to rental, from five to
two hundred dollars; eating-houses, ten dollars; commercial brokers,
fifty dollars; other brokers, twenty dollars; theatres, one hundred
dollars; circuses, fifty dollars; bowling alleys, five dollars each
alley; wholesale pedlars, fifty dollars; other pedlars, from five to
twenty dollars; coal oil distillers, twenty dollars.
per cent. on all over six hundred dollars, deducting the income derived
from dividends, etc., which are taxed separately. Interest on railroad
bonds and dividends of banks and savings institutions, three per cent.
Payments of all salaries of officers in the civil, military or naval
service of he United States, including Senators and Members of Congress,
three per cent.
and distributive shares of personal property of deceased persons, from
one to five per cent., according to degrees of relationship; and stamp
duties on all kinds of legal and commercial papers; all patent
medicines, telegraphic messages, and all goods by express.
from the President:
How the Message was Received.
message excited deep interest in the House. It was evident that a message of
such important character was not generally anticipated. The reading was
called for by Mr. Stevens of Pa., and on his motion it was referred to the
committee of the whole on the state of the Union, in which it will be
discussed. Some of the members, apparently not fully understanding it as
pronounced from the desk, perused the manuscript at their seats. The subject
therein discussed formed Thursday night a theme of earnest conversations. .
authorities agree that the president’s slavery message made a sensation in
Washington, but they differ somewhat as to the sort of sensation. The
special [correspondent] of the New York Times telegraphed:
president’s message to Congress to-day creates profound interest. The
friends of the Union’s reconstruction are delighted and strengthened,
while the radicals are proportionally distressed. But the latter have been
obviously downhearted for several days. Nothing remains for them but to give
up their principles and keep their share of the offices, or to assail the
administration and lose their comfortable places. It is a dilemma which will
be differently met by different moral
organizations. The friends of freedom her are much elated, and all of us
anticipate that the good cause will be quickened throughout the country. It
is well known that several of the largest slave owners in the border states
have given in their adhesion to this project in advance, and are now very
anxious for its adoption. The warning of the President to the rebels that if
the war goes on, ‘all the incidents of war are to be employed, even if
they cause ruin,’ will be understood at once to mean that slavery must
cease to exist when it stands in the way of humanity and of the republic.
The message is regarded among the foreign ministers as an epoch, and
calculated to produce a profound impression in Europe. It will be the
subject of dispatches from all the legations by Saturday’s steamer.”
Seward is reported to be preparing a dispatch on the subject of Mexican
affairs, in which the determination of the United States to resist the
designs of European powers to establish monarchical institutions on this
continent will be energetically set forth. It will be laid before the
committee on foreign affairs of both Houses, with other papers that are soon
to be submitted.
at Richmond.—Hon. John M. Botts, and some twenty other Union men, were
recently arrested at Richmond, on suspicion of entertaining too strong Union
sentiments. Writings on the walls were discovered, calling on the oppressed
Union men to bide their time, which was soon at hand, and this caused the
Restoration of Trade.—There was received at the Ninth street
warehouse, yesterday, twenty-five hogsheads of tobacco by railroad, from the
region of country south of the Barren river—the first receipt of tobacco
from that section since it was occupied by the rebels.—Louisville (Ky.)
BARRE GAZETTE (MA)
ACCOUNT OF THE NAVAL BATTLE.
12.—Lieut. Hayward says the Norfolk Daybook contains a
highly colored account of Saturday’s fight, and pays a great
compliment to the bravery of the crew of the Cumberland, and
admits that some of he shot entered the Merrimac. One shell
killed 17 men and wounded Captain Buchanan, who subsequently died.
The Monitor is admitted to be formidable. It says she appeared
like a big black Yankee cheese box on a raft. The Merrimac on
Sunday was under the command of Catesby Jones. She will require some
necessary repairs. The reason she did not first attack the Congress
was Buchanan had a brother aboard as paymaster.
During Battle.—One who has recently been in battle, and who
desires to satisfy the curiosity of those who desire to know how men
unaccustomed to stand fire, felt when first under it, says:
do not suppose that I have much physical or moral courage, but the
sensations under fire, judging from my experience, are different from
what is expected.
reasoning man at first feels alarmed, and his impulse is to run away;
and if he has no reason to stand, he probably does run; but at each
exposure he grows less timid, and after hearing canister and grape about
his ears a dozen times, begins to think he is not destined to be hurt.
still feels uneasy, perhaps; but the danger becomes fascinating, and,
though he don’t wish to be hit, he likes to have narrow escapes, and
so voluntarily places himself in a position where he can incur more
a little while he begins to reason about the matter; reflects upon the
Doctrine of Probabilities, and how much powder and lead is necessarily
wasted before any man is killed or wounded.
should he be, he thinks, so much more unlucky than many other people?
And he soon can hear the whizzing of bullets with a tolerable degree of
equanimity, though he involuntarily dodges or tries to dodge the cannon
balls or shells that go howling around his immediate neighborhood.
the afternoon he is quite a different creature from what he was in the
morning, and involuntarily smiles to
see a man betray the same trepidation which he himself exhibited
a few hours before.
more he is exposed to fire the better he can bear it; and the timid
being of to-day is the hero of to-morrow; and he who runs from danger on
the first battle field will run into it on the next, and court the
hazard he once so dreaded.
courage, as it is styled, is little more with most men than custom; and
they learn to despise what has often threatened without causing them
harm. If wounded, they learn wounds are less painful to bear than they
had supposed, and then the doctrine of probabilities teaches them once
more they are less liable to be wounded again. So the mental process
goes on until the nerves become by degrees the subject of will; and he
only fears who has not the will to be brave.
Monroe, March 9, 6:45P.M.—To Gideon Welles, Secretary of the
Navy: The Monitor arrived at 10 P.M. yesterday, and went
immediately to the protection of the Minnesota, lying aground
just opposite Newport News. At 7 A.M. to-day the Merrimac
accompanied by two wooden steamers and several tugs, stood out towards
the Minnesota, and opened fire. The Monitor met them at
once and opened her fire, when all the enemy’s vessels retired except
the Merrimac. These two iron clad vessels fought, part of the
time touching each other, from 8 A.M. to noon, when the Merrimac
retired. Whether she is injured or not is impossible to say.
J. S. Worden, who commanded the Monitor, handled her with great
skill, assisted by chief engineer Stimers. Lieut. Worden was injured by
the cement from the pilot house being driven into his eyes, but I trust
not seriously. The Minnesota kept up a continuous fire, and is
herself somewhat injured. She was removed considerably to day, and will
probably by off to-night. The Monitor is uninjured, and ready at
any moment to repel an attack.
Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy
The Rebels Retreating.
masterly strategy of Gen. McClellan has resulted in a great though
bloodless victory for or cause. The great rebel stronghold in Virginia
has been given up without a struggle, and the rebel army of the Potomac,
a mere demoralized rabble, is falling back upon Fredericksburg,
Richmond, and North Carolina. The movements on the part of the Union
army, which rendered imperative this action of the enemy, began about
the 26th of February, when the right wing of our forces, under Gen.
Banks, crossed the Potomac at Harper’s Ferry. Since that time the
corps has been advancing by gradual and cautious but steady and
irresistible marches, and Bolivar, Charlestown and Leesburg have
successively been occupied. The seizure of the latter position, which
took place March 7th, placed Gen. Banks’ army only twenty miles from
Manassas Junction, in a northerly direction. . .
of the President’s Message.
8.—The President’s message respecting slavery in the States
occasions much debate and anxiety among the pro slavery members of
Congress. It is believed that it will carry the Confiscation and
Emancipation bills now before Congress triumphantly through. Several
conservative Republicans were hesitating to vote for emancipation in
this District, but the message from the President shows them that Mr.
Lincoln is in favor of the measure before the Senate, and it will pass.
The significant part of the document is one of the last paragraphs, and
the Slave-State men here regard it as openly threatening to destroy the
institution of slavery unless the resistance to the government should
cease within a very short time. The President coincides with the
Secretary of War on the subject of slavery, and Mr. Stanton openly
declares his purpose to be to overthrow slavery, if thereby the cause of
the Union and a legitimate government can be aided.—Special to the
N. Y. Evening Post.
MARCH 15, 1862
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
the Sailors Once More.
alluding some days ago to the urgent need for seamen for the navy, and
the difficulty experienced in obtaining them, though our fishermen are
at home now from their summer and fall cruises, we quoted some reasons,
given by the journals of Cape Ann, Portland and other places on our
eastern coast, why the fishermen do not enlist. A well informed
correspondent sends us the following communication, which shows that the
reasons alleged by the journals who ought to be best informed in matters
appertaining to the fishing interest do not exist, and that all causes
for complaint were removed by the action of the Navy Department in
commend the facts stated below to the fishermen, and to those journals
which speak for them. So far as we can see, the Navy Department has
removed every reasonable cause of complaint or objection to entering the
navy made by that class, and the government has a right to expect that
they who have for years enjoyed a “bounty” from the nation, granted
for the express purpose of training seamen for the service of the
country in war times such as these will now come forward to its aid.
our correspondent states about prize money ought to be made generally
known among the fishing communities.
the Editors of the Evening Post:
an article in your paper of Monday last you give, on the authority of
the Gloucester Telegraph, Cape Ann Light and Portland Advertiser,
some reasons why the fishermen do not enlist in the navy, where they are
much needed. These papers seem to have entirely overlooked a “general
order” of our Navy Department, published extensively in different
papers on the seaboard in December last. This order meets several of the
points suggested, and is as follows,
Navy Department, December 28, 1861.
ordinary seamen and landsmen, who can pass the usual surgeon’s
examination, by presenting themselves at the rendezvous nearest their
residence, with an official certificate from the city or town clerk
signifying that they are residents and have expressed a desire to leave
to enter the navy, will be received on the following terms:
An allowance of three cents a mile travelling expenses.
An advance of three months to seamen and ordinary seamen, and of two
months to landsmen.
Permission to leave an allotment of half-pay to their families, to
commence the date of their enlistment.
To go on board ship in their ordinary, where an outfit will be furnished
and charged as per list, being the present prices, viz:
|One pea jacket
|One pair blue cloth trowsers
|One blue flannel overshirt
|Two under flannel shirts
|Two pairs woolen drawers
|One seamless cap
|One black silk handkerchief
pay of petty officers averages $23 to $25 per month.3
|Do. ordinary seaman
landsman will be allowed to take the benefit of this regulation who has
not been four months at sea or on the lakes or rivers.
Welles, Secretary of the Navy
points made are:
That there is no State aid to the families of the seamen, as there is in
several States to the families of soldiers. This is true, and
undoubtedly to some extent affects enlistments. But it is a matter which
can only be regulated by the States themselves.
That while a soldier has pay for travelling expenses, a seaman is
obliged to pay his own. You will see by the “General Order” that an
allowance of three cents per mile is made him, which is considered
That a soldier does not have to pay for his uniform, which is true,
while a seaman does, and that consequently the latter can send none of
his earnings “to his family for at least four months after he has
enlisted.” This is an entire mistake, as you will see by the order
above quoted. Upon enlisting, a seaman can have paid into his hands
three months’ advance, amounting to fifty-four dollars, the whole of
which he can immediately send to his family if he chooses, for he is
allowed to go on board ship in his ordinary clothes, where his outfit
will be furnished him at a price noted in the order. He is not required
to work out all this in advance before his family can receive half pay,
but is allowed to make an allotment to commence immediately upon
That soldiers are promised a bounty of one hundred dollars at the close
of the war, from which seamen are excluded. This, you remark, would be
of no consequence if they had a chance to make up in prize money what
the soldier gets in bounty; and add that, as the rebels have no navy, no
ships, no commerce, “our seamen cannot expect to gain prize-money,
however efficiently they may serve.” This is a great mistake. With
some vessels it has been a perfect harvest time for seamen in the way of
prize-money, as the records of prize courts will show. Seamen share in
the proceeds of every vessel taken and condemned, for attempting to
either run in or out of a blockaded port, or captured at sea with goods
contraband of war on board. Let me give you a single instance. The
storeship Supply, not long since, captured a vessel with, among
other things, ten thousand Enfield rifles on board, which have been sold
at the appraised twenty dollars apiece—making the aggregate two
hundred thousand dollars. Of this amount one-half goes to the United
States, leaving one hundred thousand dollars to be divided among the
officers and crew. The seamen, ordinary seamen, landsmen, &c., get
seven-twentieths, or thirty-five thousand dollars, and as they but
number seventy two, the share of each one is within a small fraction of
FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS. Add the vessel and the remainder of the cargo, and
each seaman must receive over five hundred dollars as his share of
prize-money. This is not a solitary case, and is not the most favorable
one that could be presented.
me add that the order quoted above is understood to have been issued
expressly to meet the objections urged by the fishermen for not
enlisting, but has not as yet induced the five thousand to enlist who,
in times of peace, have received the bounty of the government, and who,
it has been said, were ready to offer their services.--N.Y. Evening
mill is 0.001 of a U.S. dollar (one tenth of a cent).
Buchanan did not die, and, as an admiral in the Confederate States Navy,
would later face Admiral Farragut at the Battle of Mobile Bay.
"Do." is shorthand for "ditto."
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