JUNE 15, 1862
Status of the Negro.1
idea of the abolition fanatics and demagogues of the North, upon which
all their military and political strategy rests, that there exists a
mortal hate on the part of the slave population towards their owners,
which may be made available for the organization of Negro troops to
operate in the field, is one of the most absurd of all the crotchets
that fill the noodles of these pestilent factionists. In their canting
and diabolical appeals these demagogues assume that the only class of
people in the South, who are loyal, are the slaves, that they are all
discontented and hostile to the whites, and only need encouragement and
protection to induce their general rally around their professing
friends, for the purpose of murdering their masters and desolating the
country, in which they have been born and where all their ties and
affections repose. This is only another form of the radical error of the
abolition theory, that the slaves are discontented, unhappy and inimical
to their masters, that they are so deficient in common sagacity and in
domestic affections as not to appreciate the necessity and advantages of
a relation which secures them protection, kindness and comfort.
Negro has a long stride ye to make before he reaches the degree of
intelligence of even the most ignorant class of whites, and they are a
long way yet from any comprehension of, or belief in, the theories and
sentimentalities of the ismatics
and dreamers, who seek to delude the world with their “glittering
generalities” and their high-sounding phrases. The minds of the
Negroes have not yet embraced the most elementary ideas and truths of
our civilization, and despite the great progress and improvement they
have made in two or three generations, from a state of besotted
barbarism, under the admirably devised educational system of the mild
domestic servitude in which they have been held, it will require many
years and generations of progress and development before they have
attained an enlightenment and capacity that will qualify them to act and
think intelligently upon subjects which even now greatly perplex the
minds of a race that has enjoyed all the advantages of civilization for
two thousand years.
hundred years of Christianity and civilization, guided by the lights and
examples of the highly cultivated races who, even before the dawn of
Christianity, had reached a very high point of moral, intellectual and
scientific development, had passed over the white race, before the
simplest ideas of republican government flashed upon the minds of even
the leading intellectuals of that race. Nearly all those political ideas
which are now regarded fundamental and sacramental among the people of
this continent, began with our revolution of ’76 and the French
revolution of 1787. And this conclusion was reached after many centuries
of gradual progress, investigation, thought and discussion. No permanent
or wholesome change in social and political systems can be achieved in
any other way. A people must be educated politically, as well as in the
rudimental elements of science.
most highly gifted foreigners frequently experience the greatest
difficulty in comprehending the simplest truths of our political system.
How infinitely absurd, then, is the idea that the African slave, whose
parents, two centuries ago, were roaming savages, perhaps cannibals, in
the most benighted region of the earth, can be brought to comprehend the
duties of a citizen under our political system, and to assume a position
on a level with the white offspring of two thousand years of freedom and
civilization! The inevitable conclusion from this theory is, that the
black race is superior to the white; that, in two hundred years, that
race has reached a point which it has taken the other two thousand years
to gain. Either this, or the conclusion that slavery has proved a far
better tutelage and discipline to prepare men to exercise political
rights than the freedom so long enjoyed by the white race, is
inevitable. The first conclusion is too wild and absurd for serious
remark, and the last would, if true, be the highest vindication of the
institution of slavery.
is it entirely destitute of force and truth. Slavery has supplied the
very best probation through which the Negro may be gradually conducted
to a full knowledge and comprehension of all his social and political
duties. It ahs certainly advanced him, with no inconsiderable progress,
in the domestic arts and social ideas. If the Abolitionist could achieve
his purpose, he would suddenly arrest this progress and hurl the African
back to his original barbarism and cannibalism.
Thus he would prove,
as the slightest reflection will satisfy all sober
minded people is already the case, the most efficient foe to his own
scheme. He has already illustrated the truth, in San Domingo and
Jamaica. He seeks to add another illustration in this fair country.
Hence these attempts to bring out “the loyalty” of the Negro, on the
false and absurd assumption that he is hostile to his master, and has
views and ideas different from his.
efforts will be in vain and hurtful only to the parties who attempt
them, whilst they will add enormously to the bitterness that now
prevails between the belligerents of the North and South, and will
involve a few of the unfortunate creatures who may be deluded by the
arts and pretences of demagogues and hypocrites in wretchedness and
misery, and the general result of all such schemes will be to
demonstrate and attest the fidelity of the Negroes to their masters and
their identification and sympathy with them, in all their relations and
in all circumstances.
Direct from Boston to Utah.—Considerable interest having been
manifested concerning the telegraphic experiment on the night of
February 1st, 1862, in working from Boston to Salt Lake City, the Boston
Journal gives the following interesting facts regarding it:
distance by the route followed was three thousand two hundred and forty
miles. Repeaters were used respectively at New York, 234 miles;
Pittsburgh, Pa., 709, Cleveland, Ohio, 795, Chicago, Ill., 1159, and
Omaha, Nebraska Territory, 1984 miles—five repeaters in all. The total
amount of battery used was about 750 cups of Grove.
The longest uninterrupted circuit was from Omaha to Salt Lake, a
distance of a little more than 1200 miles. At Salt Lake, Omaha and
Chicago, the weather was clear and cold; at Cleveland, snowing; at
Pittsburgh, clear and cold; at all points east of Pittsburgh, it was
snowing violently, and had been all day. Some of the conversation was
quite interesting, and at times, amusing. Chicago sleighing had almost
worn out. Omaha inquired of Boston the price of wooden nutmegs, showing
an ignorance of (our) domestic manufactures. The conversation
with Salt Lake was not publicly interesting. The same evening
conversation was also made with St. Louis and Louisville. The general
anticipation of one and all in the conversation of the evening brought
the telegraphing fraternity of a very large geographical surface, as it
were, into one room, and each participant was struck with the vastness
of the undertaking.
Trout Streams.—The man who would net a trout stream would—well,
we can hardly imagine any mean thing he would not do. A Boston paper
learns from various quarters that this practice has become so general
this spring, that many streams in Connecticut and New Hampshire, which
used to furnish excellent sport for fishermen, are all but cleaned out.
This shameless and criminal process will account, no doubt, for some of
the immense hauls boasted of in the papers, and to reduce which the only
cure, suggested by a veteran piscator, is club-law. When nets become
accessories of trout fishers, the poetry of the gentle craft turns to
the meanest kind of prose.
against unmuzzled dogs and their negligent owners begins to work. So do
the poisoned sausages. We hope the experience of the last week will have
a marked effect during that on which we now enter. Remember, the dog
found in the streets without a muzzle incurs the death penalty, and his
proprietor, who does not care enough for him to muzzle him or keep him
at home, is militarily and summarily mulcted
in a fine.
lovers of good living will see with satisfaction that that favorite
resort for such indulgence, Victor’s, in Toulouse street, reopens
to-day. The luxuries of life, in their due season, are always obtainable
at Victor’s, and they are always well served up, which is a great
creameries and soda shops are beginning to drive a good business as the
season deepens and the ice cargoes arrive.
JUNE 16, 1862
DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)7
Details of the Evacuation of Corinth.
correspondent of the Edgefield Advertiser, writing from Okalona,
Miss., on the 2nd inst., says:
went to Corinth yesterday to get with my regiment, the 4th Mississippi,
but when I arrived there I found everything in confusion and
bustle—the streets filled to overflowing with sick and disabled
soldiers, as well as thousands well and hearty, all crowding, rushing
like a mighty avalanche towards the cars. It was some little time before
we could learn the meaning of the strange scene enacted before us, and
when we did, we were surprised to learn that orders had been given for
the evacuation of the place. We were forbid leaving the cars, and it is
well we were, for if we had got off we would have had the pleasure of
walking back down the road. The tents had all been struck, and the main
part of the army were reported to be sleeping on their arms in the
intrenchments, and it would have been as easy to “find a needle in a
hay stack” as to have found any particular regiment in this vast army,
while in line of battle. Large quantities of tents and ordnance stores,
that could not be removed from Corinth, were ordered to be burned, which
was put in execution on Friday. All the houses in the business part of
town, as well as the railroad depot and hotels, were fired, and at last
accounts, Corinth was a heap of smoldering ruins. Our army has fallen
back to Booneville, twenty-two miles this side of Corinth, on the Mobile
Road, where it will probably make a stand until Halleck advances.
is not for me to say whether the move from Corinth be a good one or not.
All I know is, that it has a terribly demoralizing effect upon our army,
and many declare they will quit the service and go home. Indeed the
Tennesseeans are now deserting every day. The move has taken some of
Beauregard’s laurels away from him, and not a few of those who
heretofore were foremost in his praise are now the most bitter in
has tried to fight the enemy, day after day, for the last six weeks
without success. As soon as he advanced the enemy would retreat to their
gunboats and entrenchments –consequently, the only way to get a fair
fight out of them was evidently to fall back. It is wrong to censure a
move until we know the effects of it. But while there are still some
abusing Beauregard, all the army are most lavish in their praise of
price—the Missouri hero and patriot. His division of the army has been
continually skirmishing with the enemy ever since he came here. The fact
is, Price is the Washington of the revolution.
position Beauregard intends to place our army in, so as [to] check the
advance of the Northern hordes, and protect the Mobile and Ohio, and the
Mississippi Central Rail Roads, can only be determined by time. That we
will succeed in whipping the Federals there is no doubt, and I think it
perfectly justifiable in falling back unless he is sure of a victory.
army has suffered immensely from sickness at Corinth, and the whole
country from there to Columbus, Miss., is one vast hospital. We have
some two thousand sick here alone. It is heart rending to witness the
suffering our poor soldiers undergo.
Jackson telegraphs the War Department that through the blessing of God
he has been victorious, and has completely routed the enemy, capturing
six pieces of his artillery. The telegrams from other sources, published
yesterday, announced that an attack had been made upon Jackson by the
combined forces under Shields and Fremont, near Port Republic, in
Rockingham county, the enemy appearing on the opposite bank of the North
and Shenandoah rivers. The battle was a furious one, and the loss on
both sides heavy; but our forces fought so desperately against the
superior force brought against them that the enemy were forced to
give way and beat a hasty retreat. They were closely pursued by
the cavalry, who were close upon their heels at the last accounts. The
battles occurred on Sunday and Monday, June 8th and 9th. Our losses in
the engagements are upwards of five hundred, but the Federal loss is
known to be more severe. Fremont, who is blockading the roads on his
retreat, is closely pressed by Ewell, and can hardly escape without the
loss of many of his men. If Jackson had an adequate force, or even one
equal to that of the enemy, the whole of these two invading armies would
be destroyed as effectually as Banks’s army was two weeks ago.
success of glorious “Stonewall” in the Valley cannot fail to raise a
high old panic among the functionaries of Washington, and divert, in a
measure, the plans of McClellan opposite Richmond. The result of these
splendid victories is too evident to need comment; and it is therefore
unnecessary to urge that immediate reinforcements be sent to Jackson,
that he may be able to follow up the advantages already gained. These
operations in the Valley are as surely aids to the defence of Richmond
as any along the line of the Chickahominy.—Richmond Dispatch.
Beauregard.—The only reference in the Herald, of Saturday,
to the command of Gen. Beauregard, is the following:
rebel armies of the Southwest, concentrated into the army of Beauregard,
appear to have become so disheartened and demoralized and broken up,
with his evacuation of Corinth, as to justify the conclusion that he
will never be able to ally together again for battle fifty thousand of
his late imposing force of one hundred and twenty thousand men.
Awful Calamity.—The Charlotte (N.C.) Bulletin, of June
11th, says: We learn by passengers who arrived in the train from
Raleigh, yesterday morning, that the Powder Mill in Raleigh, owned by
Messrs. Waterhouse & Bowes, was blown up on Monday last, and that
the Superintendent and three operatives were killed. The main building
was totally ruined and about 2,000 pounds of powder lost. This is a
great calamity and will be sensibly felt.
JUNE 17, 1862
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
for Charleston.”—The 7th Conn. Regiment have left Tybee Island,
turned over Fort Pulaski, all their teams, heavy baggage, &c., to
the 48th N.Y., and are now with a large force of infantry, cavalry and
artillery close upon Charleston, or within the city. The city is to be
taken before molesting Forts Sumter and Moultrie. The attack was to have
been made before this, and we may look daily for news of the taking of
Charleston. As our correspondent says, we should like to see that
hot-bed of secession laid level, the ground ploughed up and sown with
wild oats, and forever to remain a desert. We regret that the rules of
the War Department forbid our publishing in detail the means used to
deceive the rebels, and keep a strong force at Savannah to defend that
city from anticipated attack, while our forces were being removed to
Charleston. Yankee ingenuity was turned to good account.
Cavaliers vs. Northern Puritans.—The following article appeared in
the Louisville-Bowling Green-Nashville Courier during its
publication in the last-named place. It is worth republication just now.
We commend the extract to the Hartford Times.
has been called a fratricidal war by some, by others an irrepressible
conflict between freedom and slavery. We respectfully take issue with
the authors of both these ideas. We are not the brothers of the Yankees,
and the slavery question is merely the pretext, not the cause of the
war. The true irrepressible conflict lies fundamentally in the
hereditary hostility, the sacred animosity, the eternal antagonism
between the two races engaged.
Norman cavalier cannot brook the vulgar familiarity of the Saxon Yankee,
while the latter is continually devising some plan to bring down his
aristocratic neighbor to his own detested level. Thus was the contest
waged in the old United States. So long as Dickenson doughfaces were to
be bought, and Cochrane cowards to be frightened, so long was the Union
tolerable to Southern men; but when, owing to divisions in our ranks,
the Yankee hirelings placed one of their spawn over us, political
connection became unendurable, and separation necessary to preserve our
our Norman kinsmen in England, always a minority, have ruled their Saxon
countrymen in political vassalage up to the present day, so have we, the
‘slave oligarchs,’ governed the Yankees till within a twelvemonth.
We framed the Constitution, for seventy years moulded the policy of the
government, and placed our own men, or ‘northern men with southern
principles,’ in power.
the 6th of November, 1860, the Puritans emancipated themselves, and are
now in violent insurrection against their former owners. This insane
holiday will not last long, however, for, dastards in fight, and
incapable of self-government, they will inevitably again fall under the
control of the superior race. A few more Bull Run thrashings will bring
them once more under the yoke as docile as the most loyal of our
Ethiopian ‘chattels.’ ”
Uniform.—The police will in a few days make their appearance in
their summer uniform, which is composed of pants and vest of heavy drab
linen duck, with steel buttons on the vest, blue frock coat with brass
buttons, and panama hat with broad brim, having a wide ribbon with the
word “police” and the number in gold letters. It is the same style
as that of the New York police, where the present style originated.
on Sunday.—Several complaints having been made about the use of
bands of music on the Sabbath, causing considerable annoyance during
sermon time, perhaps the system used by the military in the large cities
would work well—at any rate there could be no harm in trying. It is to
stop playing a few rods8 from the church and commence again
when a few rods further on. It has been found to work well in other
places—why not here? Should the armory band have occasion to come out
on Sunday again, we hope they will try the plan and set an example.
is a singular fact that the sick soldiers in a hospital, as a general
rule, are not anxious to re-enter the service, while all those wounded
are impatient to be in the ranks again. The desire of revenge for the
pain inflicted by the enemy probably accounts in a great degree for the
feelings of the latter class.
increase of tolls on the New York canals, from the 1st of May to June 7,
over the amount collected last year during the same time, is $296,602.
surgeon writing from McClellan’s army, speaking of operations upon the
field at the battle of Fair Oaks, says he removed limbs and cut out
bullets without using chloroform, the patients being so excited by the
noise of artillery and musketry as not to mind the pain.
Bradford and Ex-Gov. Hicks, of Maryland, are both said to favor a
special session of the Legislature to take into consideration the
President’s Emancipation Message, and there are many evidences of an
inclination on the part of the slaveholders of the State to heed “the
signs of the times.”
John Owen, a notorious bushwhacker, was taken on his farm in Monroe
county, Missouri, on the 7th inst., and in accordance with the orders of
Gen. Schofield, he was fastened to a stump, and the contents of eight
muskets found their way into his body. He begged hard to be treated as a
prisoner of war.
the rebellion broke out, a nephew of the rebel General John B. Magruder,
was residing and earning an honest living for his family in Camden, New
Jersey. The nephew went South, to look after the rights of the seceded
States, and is now a soldier under the command of his uncle, while his
wife and children are supported by the Poor Commissions of Camden
dispatch boat having been fired into by guerilla bands, Com. Farragut,
in accordance with a previous threat, shelled Baton Rouge from the Hartford
and Richmond, killing and wounding several persons. The mayor
hastened to deny all complicity, and said the guerillas were from
Beauregard’s army. It is the intention of the fleet to run by
Vicksburg and attack the rebel fleet on the Azor river, one of which is
now appears from the English papers that it is the expectation and wish
of the British government that France should remain in the sole
occupancy of Mexico. This is a new feature of the Mexican business, and
must have no little interest for Americans. When the triple alliance was
formed, and the English, French and Spanish forces landed in Mexico, it
was given out that the object of the allies was to procure indemnity for
losses sustained and security to the property and lives of foreigners
resident there. It was expressly set forth that there would be no
interference in the internal affairs of Mexico. Their mission was
represented as the most pacific and inoffensive one imaginable, and the
people of this country were disarmed of all suspicion. We next learned
that after a useless display of their forces in the neighborhood of Vera
Cruz, the English and Spanish troops were suddenly withdrawn, and their
commissioners had left Mexico. France was left in sole possession. The
reason and design of these movements did not appear then, but is
beginning to appear now through the medium of the English newspapers.
whole subject has been discussed, as is affirmed, in Cabinet Council,
and it is decided that France shall take possession of Mexico, and
reduce it to the condition of a French colony. In order to get rid of
the obligation of that part of the treaty in which they disavowed all
design of interference with the internal affairs of Mexico, they
announce that the treaty has lapsed and does not now exist. The English
papers favor the designs of France and commend the course of their
government. The London Times seems particularly pleased with the
prospect, and sees no reason why England with her immense colonial
possessions should object to France enriching herself in the same way.
course of England in this whole matter is suspicious. It would appear as
if it was the design from the beginning to place France in military
possession of Mexico. Of course, such a design was not conceived out of
any good will towards this country, but just the reverse. It would place
the American republic between the territories of the two great powers of
Europe, and they could then not only prevent our further expansion, but
would be in a position to take advantage of any future opportunities
which might occur to interfere in their own behalf. The ill will of
England towards America appears in the whole of this Mexican business.
Evidently the British government would rather that France, its old
rival, should grow stronger provided thereby a prospect is opened that
the United States will grow weaker.
Bells which were taken from the churches of New Orleans by order of
Gen. Beauregard have been shipped to New York by order of Gen. Butler.
The New Orleans Delta wants them united in one casting, and
placed on the roof of Faneuil Hall.
colony of one hundred and fifty colored persons, mostly from Washington
and vicinity, have embarked on a vessel at Alexandria direct for Hayti.
This movement is quite encouraging to the agents of Hayti now in
will shortly be taken to urge the admission of Utah as a state into the
the “local” intelligence of the week we notice the total eclipse of
the moon, which came off according to appointment on Wednesday night.
Those who saw it say it happened precisely as the astronomers said it
would, which shows the great punctuality of our satellite. It is
reported also that there were several lunar eclipses that night, all but
one of which were caused by the clouds.
Corcoran.—The extraordinary treatment which Col. Corcoran has
received since he has been a prisoner in the hands of the rebels is
itself sufficient to disgrace their cause forever. Although a prisoner
of war and entitled to be treated as such, he has received the most
barbarous and inhuman usage. For months he was kept in a small cell used
for condemned criminals. He has been subjected to the most tyrannical
treatment, and compelled to undergo almost unheard of hardships. Our
government has long been anxious to procure the release of Col.
Corcoran, and has used all the means in its power to do so. It finally
condescended to the exchange of the men taken as pirates for Col.
Corcoran, and an arrangement to that effect was agreed to. But the
rebels refused to release the Colonel although the pirates were taken
down to Fortress Monroe to be exchanged. Instead of standing by their
bargain, they now demand that Gen. Buckner shall be exchanged for Gen.
Prentiss and refuse to release Corcoran unless this is done. We hope
that Buckner never will be given up. He is one of those deep-dyed
traitors, with whom the government should have a reckoning when the war
is over. Col. Corcoran himself would not wish for a release on such
Rebels.—The New York Times very properly says that the
female demonstrations in favor of secession in some of the southern
cities have been treated with too much regard by our northern soldiers.
Nothing was ever gained anywhere by contending with women. The game is
not worth the powder, and any man who enters the lists against them is
sure to belittle himself in his own estimation, and is apt to have his
motives misconstrued by others. There have been times during the war
when women have acted as spies, and have rendered aid to the enemy. In
such cases it has been necessary to place them under restraint. But the
cases to which we allude are of a different character. Their petty
exhibitions of spite against the Union cause, their feminine methods of
showing their dislike of our soldiers by making faces at them, turning
their backs on them and other ways they have of showing their
preferences can do no harm to anybody and are not worth minding. The
best way to crush out these female rebel demonstrations is not to notice
them, for a woman knows she is powerless the moment she ceases to
NEW HAMPSHIRE SENTINEL
OF THE BOMBARDMENT.
papers received at Washington contain extracts from the Vicksburg Press,
which testify to the brilliant operations of our fleet in that vicinity.
News from Vicksburg to the 30th ult., published in the Richmond Examiner
of the 9th inst., says: “Two of the enemy’s gunboats amused
themselves by throwing shot and shell into the heart of Vicksburg. About
125 missiles were thrown during that time, but comparatively
few of which appeared to be directed at our forts. We have heard
of no casualties beyond considerably damaging some private residences
and one or two churches.” The reports of Vicksburg papers state that
De Soto, Miss., has been destroyed by our fleet, and add that, “but
three little buildings now mark the spot which once gloried in the title
of a city.” The same report adds that the federal gunboats shelled the
town of Grand Gulf, Monday, and then transports landed a number of
troops, who pillaged and sacked the town of everything they could lay
their hands on.
LATER DISPATCH—ARRIVAL FROM ARKANSAS.
remains unusually quiet and orderly, and business is slowly reviving.
Thus far the amount of rebel property seized amounts to only $50,000.
Capt. Dill of the provost guard estimates the amount of cotton, sugar,
&c., concealed for shipping to be $150,000 worth. This is rapidly
its way to the levee. The number of absentees has been over-estimated.
Many have returned, while those who go on upward boats are mostly
members of sundered families. The mayor and city council are of Union
proclivities as a general thing, and exercise their functions in harmony
with the military rule; their continued good conduct is a renewed
assurance of this. There are only two or three places in the city where
either confederate scrip or post office stamps are worth anything. The
most prominent rebel citizens will not take the scrip. An arrival at
Memphis direct from Madison, Arkansas, brings information that Gen.
Curtis had not reached Little Rock, but was approaching it from Searcy.
He would meet with no opposition.
agent of the treasury department is on his way to reopen the federal
custom house in Memphis. There have been about 30 applications for the
office of postmaster by prominent citizens of Memphis. There is as yet
but one national flag flying from a private residence, and that is from
the house of Mr. Gage.
tax bill has passed the Senate, but with very material alterations in
the bill as it passed the House, only one Senator voting against
it—Powell of Kentucky. The bill has gone to the Committee of Way and
Means in the House. This committee has reported back the bill, Mr.
Stevens stating that the Senate made 314 amendments, a large number of
them unimportant in their character, and in order to facilitate a
definite action, he moved a general non-concurrence in all the
amendments, and then asked for a committee of conference. Some debate
followed, when the motion was adopted, 88 against 58. The Senate also
passed the House bills prohibiting slavery in the territories, and
prescribing an additional oath to grand and petit jurors. A bill
donating lands for agricultural colleges has also passed the Senate, by
a vote of 30 to 7. A motion has passed the House instructing the
Judiciary Committee to enquire into the alleged conduct of Ben Wood of
New York, as the government has information that Ben has been
communicating or attempting to communicate intelligence to the rebels.
Wood is a hard-shell of the Vallandigham and New Hampshire democracy
stripe, and we trust he may have a thorough ventilating.
of the French in Mexico.—The French have suffered a terrible defeat in
Mexico. The battle was fought near Puebla, May 8th. The French with their
famous Zouaves ad Chasseurs de Vincennes, made a fierce attack upon the
Mexicans, but were repulsed with great loss. The Mexicans were entrenched,
but they advanced from their fortifications and attacked the French in
flank. One report makes the contending forces about equal—some 5000
each—while others state the French at that number and the Mexicans at
14,000. The Mexican commander, in giving his official report, says: “The
haughty French soldier has been humbled on this anniversary of the death of
Napoleon the First, and for the first time, according to the prisoners, have
they found themselves compelled to fly before their enemy, bearing their
flag without the glory which they had conquered in a thousand battles.”
hundred of the French are reported killed, and 700 taken prisoners, who were
released, as there was not food enough to feed them.
Mexicans are actively fortifying the Capital, and the French will march
against it when reinforcements arrive.
statement is current in Havana that the French designs are not so much
against Mexico as against the United States. There is great disaffection
among the French officers, leading to appeals to Napoleon.
Butler and the Women.—The order of Gen. Butler in relation to the
women who insult our soldiers in New Orleans has been sharply criticized. A
gentleman just returned from that city, where he has resided ever since the
war broke out, says we can have no conception of the indignities our brave
fellows are compelled to suffer at the hands of these fiends in petticoats.
All sense of shame and decency appears to have departed out of them. They
rival the most degraded street-walkers, not only in ribaldry, but in
obscenity. Women who have been regarded as the pattern of refinement and
good breeding, indulge in language toward our officers and men which no
decent journalist would dare put in print. Presuming upon the privileges of
the sex, they not only assail them with the tongue, but with more material
weapons. Buckets of slops are emptied upon them as they pass; decayed
oranges and rotten eggs are hurled at them; and every insult a depraved
fancy can invent is offered to the hated Federals.
forbearance of our troops, this gentleman says, is wonderful. They endure
the jibes and persecutions of the unsexed wenches with a philosophy that
nothing can overthrow. But the nuisance was fast becoming intolerable. The
offenders were presuming upon the chivalry of troops to commit physical
assaults. Something like the order of Gen. Butler became imperative. If
women pretending to be decent, imitated the conduct of “women of the
town,” it was proper that something like the same punishment should be
meted out to them.—Albany Evening Journal.
Rebel Raid from Richmond.
hundred rebel cavalry and six pieces of artillery made an advance toward
Gen. McClellan’s lines, on Friday, frightened our folks considerably, and
caused a general stampede of non-combatants from White House. The object of
the rebels was to burn the railroad bridge at Tunstall’s station, but they
were foiled in this, and only succeeded in capturing a few teams and
teamsters, and in killing a few of our men by firing into a railroad train.
The rebels exhibit a good deal of “dash,” especially where they see a
weak point to dash upon. It is impossible to have every point in military
lines extending many miles, always guarded. Secesh inhabitants about our
lines before Richmond have been arrested on charge of giving the enemy
AND THE PRESS.
Friday afternoon, May 30, a meeting was held in Studio Building, Boston,
for conference in regard to a new periodical to be devoted to the
interests of Women. While none questioned the value and the need of such
an instrument in the Women’s Rights cause, the difficulties that would
endanger or even defeat the enterprise were fully discussed, but with
this result--that the experiment should be made. For the furtherance,
therefore, of so desirable an object, we insert and call attention to
OF THE WOMAN’S JOURNAL.
we consider that there is scarcely a party, sect, or business
organization which is not represented in the press, it appears strange
that women, constituting one half of humanity, should [not] have an
organ, in America, especially devoted to the promotion of their
interests, particularly as these interests have excited more wide-spread
attention in this country than in any other, while in no other country
can the double power of free speech and a free press be made so
effective in their behalf. This appears stranger from the fact that
conservative England has successfully supported a journal of this sort
for years with acknowledged utility.
needs such a journal to centralize and give impetus to the efforts which
are being made in various direction to advance the interests of woman.
It needs it most of all at this time, when the civil war is calling
forth the capabilities of woman in an unwonted degree, both as actors
and sufferers—when so many on both sides are seen to exert a most
potent influence over the destinies of this nation, while so many others
are forced by the loss of husbands, sons and brothers, to seek
employment for the support of themselves and families. Social problems,
too, are gradually becoming solved by the progress of events, which will
leave to that of woman the most prominent place henceforth.
meet this want of the times, we propose to establish a Woman’s
Journal, based on the motto, “Equal Rights for all Mankind,” and
designed especially to treat of all questions pertaining to the
interests of women, and to furnish an impartial platform for the free
discussion of those interests in their various phases. It will aim to
collect and compare the divers theories promulgated on the subject, to
chronicle and centralize the efforts made in the behalf of women, in
this country and elsewhere, and to render all possible aid to such
undertakings, while at the same time it will neglect no field of
intellectual effort or human progress of general interest to men of
culture. It will comprise reviews of current social and political
events, articles on literature, education, hygiene, etc., a feuilleton
composed chiefly of translations from foreign literature—in short,
whatever may contribute to make it a useful and entertaining family
paper. Its columns will be open, and respectful attention insured, to
all thinkers on the subjects of which it treats, under the usual
editorial discretion, only requiring that they shall accept, a priori,
the motto of the paper, and shall abstain from all personal discussion.
. . .
Journal will be issued semi-monthly, in octavo form, sixteen
pages, at Two Dollars per annum, the first number appearing on the 1st
of October next, and will be published in Boston.
Outrage on Humanity.
correspondent of the Chicago Journal, five miles north of the
crossing of the Little Red River, on the Des Arc Road, May 23, says:
must hasten to tell you of one of the most diabolical deeds, perpetrated
near our present camp lately, that has blackened the pages of the
history of this infernal rebellion. Gen. Osterhaus with his division was
in advance of the army, and had reached the crossing of the Little Red
River on the road from Batesville to Des Arc, and was encamped on the
north side of the river, while their engineers were constructing bridges
and other works, and on last Monday a forage party was sent out about
two or three miles to the southeast, under the protection of detachments
from company F, Lieut. Fischer; company G, Captain Wilhelm; and company
H, Lieut. Nein, in all about 60 men of the 17th Missouri Infantry, and
while companies F and G were guarding the wagons while loading, company
H was sent out as a picket about two miles, where they were attacked by
a band of between five and six hundred, and before they could be
reinforced by the others, the whole of them were either killed or
wounded, except one man.
or eight were killed at the first fire, and eight more of the wounded
were either shot, stabbed or their throats cut, after they were entirely
helpless from their wounds, and in many cases had asked for mercy, but
they were told that they neither asked nor gave any quarter. This was
done very speedily, the rebels carrying off their wounded with them. As
soon as this was known in camp, a surgeon and ambulances were sent out
to take care of the wounded men, and next morning the surgeon was found
hung to a tree, and literally hacked to pieces by sabers. This surgeon,
whose name I could not learn, was assistant to Dr. Lyon, brother of the
brave and lamented General Nathaniel Lyon, who fell at the battle of
Wilson’s Creek, in Missouri, August last. This Dr. Lyon is Surgeon to
the ‘Lyon Legion,’ (3rd Missouri.) But this chapter of barbarian
atrocities is not quite yet full. The Drum-Major of the 17th Missouri,
who had for some reason accompanied the expedition, was found murdered,
and his ears cut off close to his head, and his tongue cut by the roots.
have part of this account from the Surgeon of the 19th Missouri, who was
hindered from going to the scene of slaughter himself; but a splendid
case of surgical instruments and packages of assorted bandages, and
everything else necessary for immediate use, in case of battle,
belonging to him, were with the ambulances, and fell into the hands of
the fiends. The horses of the ambulances were taken and the ambulances
themselves broken up. A part of this story I have from one of the
wounded men, who was himself shot in the bowels, after asking for mercy.
Lieut. Nein, after having surrendered, was shot by his captor, with his
own pistol, which he had just given up, the ball lodging in his shoulder
instead of his head, for which it was intended. The whole number killed
and murdered is seventeen, and over thirty others wounded. A large force
was dispatched to try to take this band, but have not yet succeeded in
doing so. They were, part of them, Texas Rangers, and part of them
Butternuts, all under command of ‘Hicks’ and ‘McKeel.’ ”
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Rebel Fleet at Nassau.—An extract from a private letter from
Nassau, N.P., June 9th, published in the Evening Post, says:
are now here eleven fast iron steamers, and others are arriving daily at
the private rendezvous, Cochrane’s anchorage.
large steamer from England hove to off the bar yesterday and landed her
passengers, when she also proceeded to the anchorage. Among her
passengers are the notorious pirate Semmes and his officers, of the Sumter.
I presume he has come here to take charge of the Oreto, or else
he is on his way to Charleston, where, we hear, the rebels have two
formidable steel-plated rams nearly ready for launching. I wish the
government would keep a lookout for the Nassau fleet; it is a formidable
one, capable of repeating the mischief done by the Nashville and Sumter.”
Boston Traveller published the other day a statement, on
authority of a passenger from England, that two steamers were loading at
Queenstown with powder and arms for Nassau, intending to run the
blockade. One of the steamers was the Julia Usher, of four hundred and
sixty-seven tons burthen, Captain Jenkins, reported to be owned in
Liverpool. She filled up with one thousand barrels of powder in the
night time, and would sail immediately. This vessel is, in reality, the Annie
Childs, which ran out of a southern port some months since and took
a cargo of cotton, &c., to Liverpool. The name of the other was not
learned. Inhabitants of Queenstown state that two other vessels sailed
the previous week for the purpose of running the blockade.
Contrabands at Port Royal.—Rev. Dr. Peck, who has been laboring
among the freed Negroes at Port Royal, S. C., returned by the Arago,
worn down by the extraordinary labor he has performed. He states that
the planting of corn and cotton went on finely, the latter under the
special encouragement of the treasury department (recently transferred
to the war department,) the Negroes receiving one dollar per acre, equal
to fifty cents per day, being ample wages and double the usual amount
heretofore paid to them for similar services. The contrabands are
expected to hoe and gather the cotton crop, and receive the same liberal
pay in cash or clothing for their labor. The school at Port Royal
averages about fifty scholars per day, and many who did not know their
letters on the 1st of January, now read the New Testament fluently. The
regiment of South Carolina volunteers made a sweep among their most
useful and industrious men, taking from the schools and the plantations
and the public works, many whose services were considered almost
indispensable; but they volunteered to join the army, and Dr. Peck says
they make excellent soldiers, easily acquiring a knowledge of the
tactics needed for efficiency in the day of battle. On this point there
is a wide diversity of opinion, and the white soldiers and officers
generally distrust the fighting capacity of the blacks.
is known to all our readers that some months ago the British Government
instructed Lord Lyons to make representations against the obstruction of
Charleston harbor by the sinking of vessels filled with stones in one or
more of its channels. By the London Times, and by other organs of
British sentiments, this proceeding was denounced as an outrage against
the commerce of the world, chiefly for the reason that ports thus closed
would be, it was alleged,
closed against trade. We ventured at the time to intimate that this
protest, besides being one-sided, (no similar representations having
been made against the similar acts of the insurgents in excluding their
ports,) was in point of fact without foundation on the ground assumed by
the British Government, as the obstructions thus laid by our Government
were meant to be temporary in their operation, and, if not removed by
natural causes, would be speedily displaced at the proper time by
experiments have come to justify this prediction. On the coast of
Georgia channels have been cleared by submarine blasting. In North
Carolina the channel leading from Pamlico Sound to Beaufort has been
effectually cleared of about a dozen schooners sank by the rebels to
prevent the approach of the Federal fleet. Messrs. Maillefert and
Hayden, connected with the New York Submarine Engineering Company, who
were employed by the Government for this purpose, raised a number of
vessels entire. Others were blown into fragments, which floated off with
the tide. Vessels obstructing the Neuse river, below Newbern, have been
removed in a similar way. The work is still in progress, and is attended
with no difficulty.
fact is noticeable as showing the absurdity of the charges of the
foreign newspaper press when treating of this topic; and the
satisfactory assurance it affords that when the proper times arrives all
the ports on the Southern coast can be restored to their former
condition will, we presume, be received by the British Government as a
quietus to all the apprehensions that were at one time cherished on the
subject. And in this view we suppose that Lord Lyons will hardly be
instructed by his Government to make any representations to the
Confederate “belligerents” against the obstructions they have
recently laid down in the channel of the James river, more as it would
seem, to the annoyance of our gunboats than to the disgust of the
“guardians of civilization.”
London Star of May 27th thus appreciates the Confederate policy
of cotton burning:
it be true that thousands of bales of goods—incapable of being
converted into munitions of war, and absolutely secure, as private
property, from confiscation by the federals—are being burnt or rolled
into the river, the Confederates are committing social as well as
political suicide. It is an act that has no comparison in modern
history. It is not, like the destruction of Moscow, an act of desperate
patriotism, for it impoverishes the vanquished without in the least
injuring the victors. If all the cotton, tobacco, and sugar between
Richmond and Mobile were given to the flames, it would not retard by an
hour the fall of those cities, nor enhance by a dollar the cost of the
conquest. Neither can it be supposed, except by men whose offences and
disasters have phrenzied their intellects, that these huge incendiarisms
will attract the slightest favor to their cause across the Atlantic.
They must be mad, indeed, to reckon that England and France will come to
the help of men who are wantonly injuring themselves and the subjects of
those Powers. The only kindness that Europe can show them is to advise
that they abstain from such barbarian outrages, and make their peace as
quickly as they can with the Government that is as superior in right as
in strength, having both the right and the power to retaliate upon such
atrocities by a splendid act of mercy to mankind.”
the most astounding article I’ve transcribed to date. If slavery was
so great, why didn’t more whites sign up for it?
is another meaning of the word crotchet, having nothing to do with
stitchery; here it means “odd fancies or whimsical notions.”
means “addicted to fads.”
seemingly unintelligible reference is to Grove’s two-fluid galvanic
battery. “A porous cup has within it a ribband of platinum, which is
the negative plate; amalgamated zinc in the outer jar is the positive
plate. Dilute sulphuric acid (10% solution) is placed in the outer jar,
and strong nitric acid (40° B.) as a depolarizer in the porous cups.
Its E. M. F. is 1.96 volts.” (www.diclib.com) So “750 cups of
Grove” would mean 750 batteries along the line.
means “any order or proclamation by an absolute or arbitrary
means “to punish a person by fine.”
as how New Orleans has now been a Union-occupied city for over a month,
the weekly Confederate paper will henceforth be drawn from other states
(usually Georgia, Virginia or Texas). As only New Orleans and New York
seem to have published a Sunday edition, The Daily Delta and The
Times-Picayune will still be around on that day of the week—but
they can only publish what the Yankees allow them to.
rod is a unit of measure used in surveying, being 16½ feet in length or
one-quarter of a chain.
for “serial” or “series.”
Contrast this with the 1 February 1862 article in The Liberator,
which ended with, “The Navy, although a large proportion of its
highest officers are from the slave States, has not been in the habit of
examining a seaman’s complexion before shipping him. ‘Can you
fight?’ is the only question.”
Having trouble with a word or phrase?
Email the USNLP . . .