JUNE 8, 1862
of Wm. B. Mumford.—Yesterday morning a large crowd of people
assembled around the Mint, it being understood that Wm. B. Mumford, who
was condemned by the Military Commission to suffer death, for tearing
down the United States flag from that building, on the 26th of April
last, would be hung between 8 and 12 o’clock.
9 and 10 o’clock, the condemned man, seated on his coffin in a covered
army wagon, escorted by a body of troops—horse and foot—left the
Customhouse for the place of execution, in the enclosure on the north
front of the Mint. Mumford, who was seated on the back part of the
wagon, looked calmly on the crowd that thronged the streets along the
line of the procession, and appeared cool, collected, and resigned to
arriving at the Mint, the troops and the condemned man entered the
enclosure, and a strong guard was posted on the streets around, to keep
back the people. What passed inside, until the final act, we knew not,
being unable to get within hearing distance. We understood that Mumford
made a speech, but what it was we cannot say. At 10 minutes to 11
o’clock the drop fell, and the condemned man was launched into
to the last moment there was a very general impression that the
execution would not take place, although there were palpable evidences
that every preparation had been made to carry out the sentence of the
Provost Judge. The assembled thousands made no demonstration of any
kind, and when the drop fell, they, with an inward shudder, left the
scene of occurrence.
of a Steamer for New Orleans.—The steamer Suwanee leaves
this port, from the first wharf above Market street, during to-day, for
New Orleans. This is the first steam vessel bound for that port from
this city, on a peaceful errand, since the breaking out of hostilities.
The occupation of New Orleans by our troops has opened the way for the
resumption of trade with that city, and our merchants are prompt in
availing themselves of the opportunity to do so. The cargo of the
Suwanee will be of an assorted character—meats and provisions of
different kinds constituting the principal items. A quantity of soap,
brooms, salt, blacking, perfumery, liquors, groceries of various
descriptions, and other articles supposed to be most in demand in the
Crescent City, will be taken out by her. The vessel was formerly in the
employ of the Government, but is now in the hands of individual
enterprise. The owners have endeavored to make arrangements with the
Government to take out the United States mail this trip, but without
success. The transmission of the mail would be facilitated by being sent
in this steamer, and it is strange that arrangements to this effect
could not be completed. A supercargo will accompany the vessel. Owing to
her limited accommodations, but few passengers will go out in her.—Philadelphia
Inquirer, 22d ult.
Mystery of the French Minister’s Visit to Richmond Disclosed.
May 21.—Permission has been given to state the facts in regard to
the French Minister’s visit to Richmond, which has excited so much
attention both in this country and in Europe.
Mercier has no instructions from his Government, nor had it the least
knowledge of his intention to go to Richmond. Mr. Mercier, in conversing
with Mr. Seward, expressed his regret that he could not see Richmond,
and judge for himself about the views and expectations of the
insurgents. Mr. Seward said that he could go without any objection from
this Government; that he wished every foreign minister would go and see
for himself how hopeless the insurrection was. Mr. Mercier went
heard and saw for himself, of course in no way acting or speaking for
his Government, or compromising his relations towards the United States.
The President was previously consulted, and approved of his going. When
he returned he called immediately on the Secretary and afterwards upon
the President, and communicated to them frankly the impressions that he
received. He allowed no one in Richmond to say anything to him that he
should not be at liberty to communicate to the Secretary of State; and
he neither communicated to the rebel leaders anything from this
Government, nor anything from them to the Government. He held no
official communication with any one, nor did he permit himself to
receive official attentions. Mr. Mercier’s whole conduct in this
transaction was discreet, loyal and friendly.—Philadelphia
its Cost and Sacrifices.—Released from some long and inexplicable
detention on the way, a letter came yesterday to hand from Adelaide,
Australia, bearing date of June 28th, 1861, the writer of
which had in view to dissuade the parties of the war now raging from
prosecuting it further. His letter is now a good deal out of date, and
we do not see that any tangible result could be effected by its
it contained a printed circular which gives some curious and striking
statistics that may not be altogether uninteresting to our readers. They
are designed to show that, in addition to the sacrifice of human life,
war is a costly thing, and, by way of illustration, that by calculations
carefully made, the Russian war1 cost England alone, from
first to last, no less a sum than an hundred millions of pounds
sterling, or the coinage of eight hundred tons weight of solid gold.
asks the writer of the circular, “could England, as a nation, have
done with the money?” And the following is his showing.
might have provided:
|1,000 National Schoolrooms, at
|1,000 British ditto, at £1,000
Infant ditto, at £1,000 ea.
|400 Episcopal Churches, at
|200 Free Scotch Churches, at
|200 Independent Chapels, at
|200 Baptist ditto, at £5,000
|200 Wesleyan ditto, at £5,000
|200 Ragged Schools, at £5,000
|200 Mechanics’ Institutes, at
|100 Public Libraries, at
|20 Public Parks, at £500,000
|100 Gymnasiums, at £10,000 ea.
|A National Gallery for the Fine
|100 Schools of Design, at
|1,000 Temperance Halls, at
|100 Baths and Washhouses, at
|100 Houses for Governesses, at
|20 Reformatory Schools, at
|10 Public Hospitals, at
|10 Consumption Hospitals, at
|100 Hospitals for Sailors, at
|20 Fever Hospitals, at £50,000
|20 Ophthalmic Hospitals, at
|100 Hospitals for Drunkards, at
|100 Lying-in Hospitals, at
|10 Sea-Bathing Infirmaries, at
|20 Asylums for the Blind, at
|20 ditto for Deaf and Dumb, at
|20 Orphan Asylums, at £50,000
|20 Penitentiaries, at £50,000
|100 Refuges for Prisoners, at
|1,000 Soup Kitchens, at £1,000
|100 sets of Almshouses, at
|2,000 Lifeboats, at £500 ea.
|20 Lighthouses, at £50,000 ea.
|All the above costing just half
the sum, viz:
(continues the circular,) remembering the dirty, dark, dismal, dreary
tenements in which so vast a proportion of the people of England are
compelled to find homes, we might have further provided:
entire Towns, each containing 1,000
houses, of average value, each £1,000
Ministers’ incomes of
£500 a year each, for 10 years
at £250 a year, for 10 years
and Foreign School
£100,000,000 in the aggregate. And this, says the circular, is what
England lost, and lost forever, by a single war. Nor should it be
forgotten that, in consequence of the enhanced price of provisions,
caused by the Russian war, the people of England were compelled to pay
£75,000,000 more for food than they would have done, had peace been
JUNE 9, 1862
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
Naval Engagement Near the City!
Seven Rebel Rams Captured and Destroyed—One Escapes.
THE CITY SURRENDERED!
June 8.—The following has been received at the Navy Department:
Steamer Benton, off Memphis, June 6.—I arrived here last night at
9 o’clock, accompanied by the mortar fleet, ordnance steamers,
storeships, etc., and anchored 1½ miles above the city. This morning I
discovered the rebel fleet which had been reinforced, and now consisted
of 8 rams and gunboats, lying at the levee. The engagement, which
commenced at 5:30 A.M. and ended at 7
A.M., terminated in a running fight. I was ably supported by the
ram fleet under Col. Ellett, who was conspicuous for his gallantry, and
is seriously hurt, though not dangerously wounded.
result was the capture or destruction of seven vessels of the rebel
fleet as follows: The Gen. Beauregard, blown up and burned; the Gen.
Sterling Price, one wheel carried away; the Jeff. Thompson,
set on fire by a shell, burned, and magazine blown up; the Sumter,
badly cut up by shot, but will be repaired; the Little Rebel,
boiler exploded by shot and otherwise injured, but will be repaired.
Besides these one of the rebel boats was sunk in the beginning of the
action; name unknown. A boat supposed to be the Van Dorn
escaped from the flotilla by her superior speed. Two rams are in
pursuit. The officers and crews of the rebel boats endeavored to reach
the shore. Many of the wounded and prisoners are now in our hands.
Mayor surrendered to me after the engagement.
Fitch came down at 11 o’clock, and has taken military possession of
Flag Officer Commanding, pro tem.”
Men of the West.—The crews of the Western mortar boats are
described as the most reckless dare-devils in existence, perfectly
careless of life, whether their own or another’s, almost ungovernable
when drunk, but still brave and enduring./ A correspondent of the Tribune
thus relates a scene in which one of them figured:
of these notorious men was on the Point the other day, acting as picket,
and as he had manifested some symptoms of ebriety
before he went there, Lieut. Wheelock concluded to look after the scamp.
He walked to the spot where the picket was posted, and found the fellow
seated under a tree brushing away the musketoes very listlessly, and
cursing the Rebels, who were throwing shells from their mortars across
the river. Just as the Lieutenant was approaching, a bomb fell within
five feet of the picket, who saw the fuse still burning, and knew it
mortar man looked at it very coolly and never stirred, but appreciated
the shell thus: “D—n you! Who cares for you? Burst and be d—d;
nobody’s afraid, you d—d old Rebel!”
foolish scapegrace hardly finished his speech when the bomb burst,
tearing up the ground and covering him with dirt, but doing him no
injury. “Bah! I knew you couldn’t hurt nobody, you d—d old
Rebel,” remarked the mortar man, and continued to brush away the
musketoes with the most imperturbable sang froid.
present appearances, both Charleston and Richmond will be occupied by
the armies of the Republic in a few days, and then the work of conquest
will have been practically accomplished.
Gas.—Dr. Colton, of New York, will give one of his entertaining
and laughable exhibitions of the curious effect of “laughing gas” at
Arlyn Hall, to-morrow (Tuesday) evening. His entertainments in New York
lately have drawn crowded houses night after night. Several ladies and
gentlemen have signified their intention to take the “gas” on that
evening, and there will undoubtedly be a great deal of fun. In addition
to this, the Dr. will be assisted by the “Tremaine Brothers” of
Brooklyn, who will commence the evening performances by giving one of
their brilliant vocal and instrumental concerts, occupying about forty
minutes. Lovers of fun will bear this in mind. “Laugh and grow fat”
is an old saying, and applicable to this entertainment.
Counterfeits.—Hodges’ Bank Note Reporter notices altered 5’s
on the Phœnix Bank of Hartford, and counterfeit 5’s on Hatters’
Bank of Bethel in circulation; also a new issue of counterfeit 10’s on
the Merchants’ Bank of Hartford. Look out for them.
Burning.—The Nashville Union says:
business of burning cotton has commenced. Before the war is at an end it
will be seen that the Confederate authorities, civil and military, and
even a portion of the planters, are madly in earnest in their threats to
destroy the entire crop of last year rather than permit it to go North on any terms short of the
acknowledgement of their independence. Two millions of bales, then, we
think a high estimate of the amount of last year’s crop that will be
eventually saved from destruction.
to the growing crop, it may be safely said that the number of acres
planted this season is not more than half the usual amount, and that the
condition of the country will necessarily cause the tillage of that half
to be less complete than it ordinarily is. Two millions of bales must be
considered a very liberal estimate for the growing crop.”
New Orleans.—A lady who has been residing in New Orleans through
the war, writes to the Boston Post thus:
me tell you, though rotten, very rotten on the surface, still New
Orleans is soundly Union at, or near, the core; and could the heart
speak out, the very dome of Heaven would echo and reecho with a shout of
joy so loud and so prolonged, as never since the world began was heard
before. Mobocracy with us, is in the ascendant, and would be all
controlling were it now for the untiring vigilance of our foreign
population, into whose hands the city has been thrown.
Butler is hated by some, but respected by all. But he is the right man
in the right place. The poor worship him; he is gaining hearts by
thousands. He is at this moment more respected than Davis and his whole
cabinet, even by his worst enemies here. As soon as the north are ready
to hang the leading conspirators, the south are ready to see them
JUNE 10, 1862
NORWICH MORNING BULLETIN (CT)
June 7.—Since the formal surrender of the city yesterday, and the
posting of pickets throughout the city, the excitement of the people has
subsided. All was quiet during last night and the only event of this
morning was the capture of the rebel steamer Cheek, which eluded
the fleet yesterday above the city, by running up a slough out of sight.
She was brought down this morning. Nothing has yet been heard of the
boat Van Dorn, which is the only boat of the rebel fleet that escaped
morning the rebel tug Mark R. Cheek was discovered up a slough
above the city, where she had run for concealment, and surrendered to
our tug Sampson. About a thousand rebel cannon left on the cars
last night for Granada, Miss. The railroads have all stopped running to
the city. The Memphis & Charleston railroad is badly cut up, and all
its rolling stock has been sent South. All the stock of the Memphis
& Ohio road is here. Great efforts are being made to shield public
property by private claims. About 2000 bales of cotton were burned. Col.
Thomas H. Casson was the Military Commandant here, but ex-Senator and
acting Brig. Gen. Fitch of Indiana is in command of the city now.
new postmaster for Memphis is now in Cairo, and will be here soon.
following is a special to the St. Louis Republican, dated
Memphis, June 6th, 4 P.M.:
this hour, just as the dispatch boat is leaving, all is quiet. All the
rebel flags known to be flying in the city have been removed, and no
difficulties have occurred. Reports are current that Com. Hollins, when
he received news of the destruction of Montgomery’s fleet, burnt his
vessels, four in number, which were some distance below here. Over 500
people lined the bluffs here to witness the fight. This morning all the
stores were closed, but many will open tomorrow. The citizens seem
anxious to have trade renewed with them. Very little trouble is
apprehended in holding the city. Large quantities of cotton have been
burned, and it is said there is a great amount of sugar and molasses
that has been secreted by its owners.
rebel regiment was stationed a mile below the city, but has disbanded,
and the members are trying to get home.
fleet will start at once for Vicksburg. The loss of the rebels in the
engagement was upwards of 500 killed.
June 9.—A special dispatch from Memphis the 8th, says the
casualties in the late fight are estimated at 150 killed, and from 300
to 400 wounded. Jeff Thompson witnessed the fight, sitting on horseback
in front of the Gazous House.
The remnants of his army, with the stampeding citizens, were in the cars
and not far from the city. When one after another of the rebel boats
sunk, the flag-ship fled, Jeff left.
of our mortar men managed to elude the guard and got on shore on Friday
night, and were killed in a row of their own getting up. Citizens to the
number of 2,000 have reported themselves to the Provost Marshal’s
office for service to prevent the destruction of property by a mob,
which they seemed to fear more than the federals. It was expected the
city would be fired, but the prompt action of
peaceable citizens, with the colonel commanding and the provost guard,
prevented it. As it was, the depot of the Mobile and Tennessee railroad
was broken open by a mob of men and women, but before they could take
anything away, a detachment of military arrived and dispersed them. The
stoves in the depot were yesterday removed to a place of safety.5
Gould, Provost Marshal, has established his headquarters at the Planters
Fitch, commander of the Post, has issued a notice that the United States
has taken possession of the city for the purpose of asserting the
supremacy of the laws, and protecting private and public property.
Residents who have fled are exhorted to return. Merchants and others are
requested to re-open their stores and shops, excepting those dealing in
intoxicating liquors, who are forbidden to resume their traffic, under
penalty of having their stock destroyed. The Mayor and Council will
continue to exercise their functions, the military authorities
co-operating in enforcing all proper ordinances, unless an exigency
shall arise rendering martial law imperative. It is hoped and believed,
however, that nothing will occur to render the step necessary. Sales of
liquor have been prohibited here since December, except by Druggists and
Physicians in prescriptions.
of Beauregard’s Army.—Our forces now occupy Baldwin, Guntown,
Jackson and Bolivar. Railroad repairs are progressing rapidly. The enemy
passed Guntown last night, retreating southward from Baldwin. It is
estimated that 20,000 have deserted since they left Corinth, mostly from
Kentucky, Tennessee and Arkansas regiments. All the regiments from those
States passed down closely guarded on both sides by Mississippians and
Alabamians. It is believed by the country people that Beauregard cannot
enter Columbus with half the troops he brought away from Corinth. The
whole country north and east of Baldwin is full of armed soldiers
returning to Tennessee and Kentucky. Gen. Pope telegraphs from the
advance that the prisoners who first deserted to be exchanged, now want
to take the oath of allegiance. The enemy drove and carried off
everything from miles around. The wealthiest families are destitute and
starving. Women and children are crying for food, and all the males are
forced into the army. The enemy is represented as greatly suffering for
Right.—A day or two since, while a train of cars bearing a
regiment of volunteers was passing through Newark, N.J., a man was
injudicious enough to let fall the observation that he hoped none of
them would come back alive. A woman standing near, whose husband had
laid down his life gallantly fighting for the Union, overheard the
remark, and in her righteous indignation, seized the fellow by the long
beard he wore, and beat him until her strength was exhausted. He was
glad to escape from the jeers of the crowd, who loudly applauded the
merited chastisement by the plucky woman.
HAMPSHIRE PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
in Pennsylvania.—A terrible freshet occurred in the Delaware and
Lehigh rivers in Pennsylvania, doing immense damage and involving great
loss of life. A dispatch from Easton, June 5, says:
water reaches the second stories in the lower part of town. All the
bridges between here and Mauchchunk are swept away. Lehigh bridge is
partly gone; it will probably be totally demolished. All the canals are
under water. The iron works have stopped, and the railroads are
submerged. Many people have been drowned in their houses by the
suddenness of the flood.
dispatch from Delaware Water Gap, of the same date, says:
quantities of furniture, store goods, bridges, houses, cattle, &c.,
are going down the river. All the bridges on Broadhead’s Creeks,
except the railroad bridge, are gone. The damage to the Delaware,
Lackawanna and Western Railroads is great. It will take a week to repair
Pocomo Creek, at Strandsburg, overflowed last week, and ran through the
town, carrying away many houses and bridges. Damage very great.
dispatch from Easton, of the same date, says:
flood commenced to recede shortly after noon, and no further damage is
apprehended. It is impossible to arrive at anything like an accurate
estimate of the damage, but it is reported at ten millions. The canals
are still overflowed. The Lehigh Coal and Navigation Companies are
probably much less injured than by the freshet of 1841, but it will
require perhaps several months to place them in navigable condition. No
trains were run upon the Lehigh Valley Railroad to-day. It us feared
that the railroad bridge at Mauchchunk has been swept away, in which
case the iron furnaces in the valley of the Lehigh will be stopped.
There is no doubt that many lives have been lost. Boats with their crews
were swept from their moorings and dashed to pieces, and many tenements
with their occupants were carried away.
is reported that one house, containing a family of seven persons, was
carried away and broken to pieces against one of the bridges in the
river above. The Lehigh bridge here is still sanding, but a mere wreck.
The Delaware bridge is unscathed. The town of Glendon, a mile above
Easton, is wholly inundated, the water reaching nearly to the second
dispatch of the 6th, from Easton, says:
accounts have been received of damages near Mauchchunk. The dam there,
as well as two others, were swept away. Many houses were also washed
away. The railroad bridge is gone. Canal navigation is stopped for a
Lehigh Valley Railroad will not be in running order for several weeks.
The whole town of Weissport has been washed away, only three houses are
left out of three hundred. The loss of life is terrible.
Delaware and Lehigh rivers are falling rapidly. They have reached 12
feet. The Lehigh Valley Railroad is badly torn up. The Belvidere and
Delaware Railroad will be repaired in a few days. The Delaware,
Lackawanna and Western Railroad will be running in a bout a week. Part
of the basin of the Delaware canal has been washed out, and two breaks
are reported at the lower gates.
outlet lock is gone. The damage at Glendon is very great. The furnaces
are all chilled. The lumbermen are heavy loses. Millions of feet of
sawed lumber and thousands of logs are carried away. The number of
persons drowned is not known. The list will be fearful.
Philanthropic Plan.—Some gentlemen of wealth and influence are
discussing plans for the relief of the colored people who are thrown on
the community for support by the chances of war. They propose to
purchase some extensive tracts of land in the neighborhood of Worcester,
Mass., and in New Hampshire, where tenement houses can be erected at
small cost, where the industrious habits of the people will afford an
excellent example to the poor Negro. It is supposed that factories will
furnish ample work for the children,
while the farming knowledge of the fathers can be put to good account on
the lands. It is hoped that the prejudice against color will not be
found to prevail in those parts of the country as it does in other
portions, and that the children of the blacks will be allowed to mingle
freely with those of the white inhabitants in schools and out of them,
and that the privileges of equality in churches, hotels, railway cars,
theatres and public places in general will be readily extended to them
by the enlightened people of Massachusetts. It is estimated that the
expense of colonizing twenty thousand blacks in Massachusetts will be
only about one-tenth part of the expense of sending them to Liberia or
Central America.—N.Y. Journal of Commerce.
Marching.—A few weeks ago Gen. Halleck ordered Gen. Curtis to
detach a portion of his army of the Southwest, and send it, with all
possible dispatch, to the aid of the national forces before Corinth. The
order was received by the latter at Batesville, Ark., and promptly
obeyed. How many men were forwarded it is unnecessary to mention, but
the alacrity of their movements is worthy of note. The march from
Batesville to Cape Girardeau, Missouri, a distance of 240 miles, was
accomplished in ten days, some of the men being obliged to travel
barefoot for the last 60 miles. This gives an average of 24 miles per
day. The day before the battle of Pea Ridge, a detachment from Curtis’
army, under Col. Vandever, marched from Huntsville to Sugar Creek, 41
miles, with but two halts of fifteen minutes each.
Capture.—A letter from a correspondent with our fleet in James
on Friday morning a squadron of cavalry were taken from Jamestown
Island, on the James river, and landed at Sandy Point, on the opposite
shore, under cover of the guns of the gunboat Dragon. They proceeded to
the house of Mr. Baylor, and in his barns they found fifty-two thousand
bushels of wheat ready for destruction, together with a large quantity
of corn, oats, and corn fodder. The plantation of this wealthy rebel was
stocked with two hundred and fifty likely Negro men, horses, cattle,
swine and domestic fowls in profusion. The Negroes were declared
contraband, and the forage was seized for the benefit of the government.
It was shipped at once and conveyed to Jamestown.
OF THE WAR.
the past week the news from Richmond is meagre and comparatively
unimportant. It seems to be generally conceded that the rebel army there
has been considerably re-inforced of late, chiefly, we apprehend, by
conscripts and the calling in of the small detachments in the region
“round about.” We have no confidence in the report that a portion of
the army lately at Corinth have joined the rebels at Richmond, for the
distance is too great and their means of transportation too limited to
allow of such a movement. All our information leads us to believe that
the rebels will not evacuate Richmond until they are fairly driven out
after a determined resistance. It is the rebel capital, and whatever
prestige their government may have is chiefly derived from their
possession of that city as such. Unless they are prepared to abandon all
hopes for the future, they will defend it to the last extremity. It is
generally believed that Gen. McClellan finds himself too short of troops
to allow of as vigorous movements as he would desire to make, and that
government is taking all possible steps to re-inforce him.
the battle of Fair Oaks, near Richmond, on Saturday and Sunday week, our
loss, according to the official summary of Gen. McClellan, is 5,739, of
which 890 were killed, 3,627 wounded, and 1,222 missing. The rebel loss
is put down at 10,000. One general and several field officers were taken
prisoners, and one—Col. Davis—was killed. Deserters bring news that
their commander-in-chief—Gen. Jo. Johnston—was mortally wounded, and
that Gustavus W. Smith, ex-Street Commissioner of New York, is now in
news from Gen. Halleck’s army and the Mississippi River is important.
1st, Gen. Pope advanced, immediately after the evacuation of Corinth,
with 10,000 men, and drove one division of Beauregard’s army before
him, capturing 10,000 men and 15,000 stand of arms, besides locomotives
and other property. It is reported that the rebel army there is
demoralized and that large numbers have thrown down their arms and gone
home. 2nd, Fort Wright has been evacuated and the rebel works, armament
and munitions destroyed, and our fleet passed by Fort Randolph down the
river toward Memphis. 3d, Commodore Davis whipped a rebel fleet of eight
rams and gunboats near Memphis, Friday morning. The fate of the rebel
craft was remarkable. The Gen. Beauregard was blown up and
burned; the Sterling Price had a wheel carried away; the Jeff.
Thompson was set on fire; the Sumter was riddled with
shot; the Little Rebel exploded; and the Van Dorn
ran away. The same day the city of Memphis surrendered and was taken
possession of by our forces. All this was accomplished without any
killed and but one wounded on our side.
Fremont is pursuing Gen. Jackson with vigor and success. On the 6th he
attacked the enemy’s rear and precipitated his retreat, inflicting a
great loss. Among the were the celebrated Gen. Ashley, the rebel cavalry
commander. On the 8th Gen. Fremont came up with the enemy at port
Republic and forced him to fight. Jackson was in a well selected
position masked in the woods, but the skill-
handling of our troops and the splendid manner in which the artillery was
served, enabled Gen. Fremont to drive Jackson from the field with [much?]
loss. One rebel regiment lost two thirds of its number in attempting to
capture one of our batteries, which cut them to pieces with canister at
fifty yards. Our loss is estimated at 600 to 800; that of the enemy must be
forces are gathering about Charleston and involving that city in the meshes
of a net from which there will be no escaping. Acting upon information
derived from Robert Small, the Negro who took the steamer Planter out
of the harbor of Charleston one dark night, our vessels have arrived near
the city through Stono Inlet, and are making preparations for its
investment. In this way the terrors of Fort Sumter and the harbor defences
are completely avoided. Important news will soon come from that quarter.
Mitchell, penetrating to the north-west corner of Georgia, has defeated the
rebels at Chattanooga, and captured their baggage, ammunition and supplies.
Chattanooga is a very important railroad point, being on the great line from
New Orleans to Richmond; and also the western terminus of the railroad to
Banks’ official report of the retreat of his forces from Strasburg to
Williamsport, states his whole loss at 35 killed, 155 wounded, and 715
missing—total 905; but he thinks many of the missing safe, and estimates
the full loss at about 700. All the guns were saved, and out of 500 wagons,
but 55 were lost and these, with but few exceptions, were burned on the
another column we publish the official report of Col. Tompkins of the 1st
Vermont Cavalry, with the omission of the list of the missing, which
subsequent information shows to be incorrect. It is now thought that the
loss of the regiment will be less than forty.
Order No. 59, from the War Department, directs the formation of a camp of
instruction for 50,000 men at Annapolis, for a reserve corps, including
artillery, cavalry and infantry, to be under command of Gen. Wool.
Division of Prize Money.—The value of prize vessels and cargoes
actually condemned and sold, up to this time, exceeds five millions of
dollars. It is therefore supposed and stated in the press that naval
officers and seamen, &c., have really received their respective shares
of this prize money. But this is not so. No officer or sailor has yet
received a copper from this source. Only forty thousand dollars of the
proceeds of prize sales have ever reached the treasury. The money is in the
hands of the United States District Attorneys, where it is likely to remain
for an indefinite time, as there is no law requiring the Federal officers to
make prompt returns of these funds. So says the Washington correspondent of
the Baltimore Sun, who is good authority.
at Memphis.—Quiet prevails throughout the entire city. The ready
submission of the inhabitants to Federal rule is surprising and
gratifying. The civil authorities continue to discharge their functions
as heretofore. The Provost Marshal’s office is thronged with
applicants for permits to proceed North. All persons are requested to
take the oath of allegiance before permission is granted.
the arrival of the Unionists there was quite a stampede from Memphis.
The regular and three extra trains left for Grenada, taking away perhaps
a thousand of the citizens. There were many painful separations of man
and wife, friends and relatives, at the Mississippi depot. A large
number left the day previous. Many of them expect the separation to be
of only brief operation.
rebel cavalry, which has been hovering around the city since the Federal
occupation, is said to have gone to Holly Springs. As most of them are
largely interested in that city, it is improbable that they will make an
attempt to burn it.
City recorder was arrested on Monday by the Provost Marshal, for causing
the arrest of a citizen for conversing in the street with a Union
rebel cavalry are scouring the country around Grand Junction, destroying
all the cotton that can be found. Application to ship 6000 bales of
cotton is already made.
Memphis Argus is still outspoken in secession sympathy. The Avalanche
is more guarded and inclined to submit quietly . . . Both advise
peaceable submission to Federal rule.
stores have opened and resumed business. Some dealers refuse Confederate
money, but receive Tennessee bank-notes. The markets are rather sparsely
supplied with meats and vegetables. Two rebel steamers were captured on
Monday above the city.
special dispatch from Memphis to the New York Tribune says many
of the Memphis banks are at Columbus, Miss. Gen. Hindman took a forced
loan of a million dollars from them a week ago in the name of the
Pennock of Captain Davis’s fleet telegraphs to the Navy Department
that the buildings and machinery of the late Memphis navy yard were
found uninjured when our forces occupied the town.
dispatch to the New York Tribune says the members of Congress
from Virginia have been before the Territorial Committee of the House,
to which the memorial praying for the admission of West Virginia as a
State was referred. The Committee have talked over the question
presented, and authorized a bill to be reported admitting the proposed
State on condition that the boundaries be changed so as to run the line
along the Blue Ridge instead of the Alleghanies, thus making the State
larger and giving her five instead of three Representatives; and on the
further condition that slavery be abolished throughout the State
forthwith, loyal masters to be compensated by the United States and an
additional fund to be provided for the colonization of the Negroes thus
Goldsborough has on board his flag-ship, the Minnesota, a
complete printing press and apparatus, by means of which he strikes off
copies of all his orders, letters and dispatches for the seventy vessels
of his fleet, thereby economizing on time and labor, and avoiding
Louis papers announce that two steamers have begun to make regular trips
between that city and Memphis, leaving on Wednesdays and Saturdays.
of the Sanitary Commission.—The U.S. Sanitary Commission
gratefully acknowledges the receipt of the following contributions
promptly sent in response to the call issued day before yesterday. The
articles named have been shipped on board the Daniel Webster,
and, with the generous supplies of the Women’s Association, will reach
the army of the Potomac in a few days.
Webster will probably return her with more sick and wounded by
the first of July, and further contributions will be most acceptable.
Contributions.—June 9th, Kendrick & Co., Boston, $25;
Nathaniel C. Poor, 30; Daniel White, 100; A Friend, 40; A Friend, 2;
James Reed, 5; A Friend, by hands of C.F. Dunbar, 50; Atkinson, 5; 10th,
A Friend, 10; Wm. Dall, 20; Jos. S. Fay, 50; Edmund Wright, 50; S.H.T.,
5; Mrs. Forbush, 5; Bowdoin Street Sabbath School, 2; Mrs. Revere, 1; E.
Whitney, 25; E.S.B., 1; East Walpole, 3; B.S. Warren, 5; A Friend, 10;
M.S. Parker, 5; 11th, A Friend, 10; J.P. Preston, 10; P.S. Nichols, 20;
Ladies’ Benevolent Society, First Parish in Ipswich, Mass., 15; F.F.
Battles, Lowell, 10, Mrs. Jarvis Williams, 3; A Friend in Beverly, 5; S.
Whiton, 10. Total, $552.
the following, (with exception of clothing,) all new and in good
condition: Maynard & Noyes, 1 box ink; Mrs. Jacob Bigelow, 1 doz.
pails, 3 lanterns and 1 doz. tin cups; Thomas Austin, 5 lbs. of Boston
butter crackers; D.W. Saulsbury, 100 lbs. rice; A Friend, 1 bundle
clothing; Mr. Andrews, 2 cans concentrated milk, 1 can preserves and 1
package sponges; Pond & Donklee, chamber pails, saucepans, pint-cups
and messpans; George Brown, 12 dozen tin cups; J.M. Rodoeansch &
Co., 15 lbs. sponges; S.O. Dunbar, Taunton, 1 gross ink; Mrs. Dewy, 1
bundle second hand clothing; Mrs. Lunt, Quincy, 1 box lint; R.B. Forbes,
4 cases (10,000) crackers; A Friend, 1 package clothing; E.S.B., 4
combs; Henry P. Knowles, ink and penholders; Mr. Donahue, 1 keg and 1
barrel crackers; Capt. Chas. Robbins, 1 keg crackers; P. Edwards &
Co., 1 keg crackers; A Friend, 5 dozen brooms; A Friend, 5 dozen pails;
A Friend, 25 lanterns; Mr. Conant, 1 package stationery; Tow Little
Girls, 1 box sundries; A Friend, 1 box ink; A Friend, 1 package
stationery; Mrs. Buckley, 1 bag rice, 1 bag crackers and salt; Mrs.
Waterhouse, 1 bundle clothing; Dr. L.S. Abbot, 1 dozen brooms, 4 (6
quarts) kettles and 1 dozen pint dippers; Mrs. Ball, 2 packages of
clothing and stationery; Mrs. Ferguson, 3 bundles clothing; A Friend, 1
bundle clothing; Mrs. Cobb, 1 basket preserves; P. Stone, Beverley, 2
dozen brooms; P.D. Hermann, 2 bundles sundries; Hewes & Co., 1
barrel crackers; G. Serley, Brookline, 1 bundle clothing; Boston and
Sandwich Glass Co., 4 dozen lanterns; A Friend, 2 bundles clothing.
the Sanitary Commission,
No. 28 Bromfield street, June 11.
sufferer from long sermons suggests to the London Times that,
after half an hour’s preaching, the bottom of the pulpit should be
contrived to come out, and project the clerical transgressor into the
gulf below. Another proposes that a sounding board or cover, in the
shape of an extinguisher, made exactly to fit the pulpit, be suspended
above it, and that at the expiration of twenty-five minutes from the
delivery of the text, it should begin to descend, so as, exactly at the
half hour, to “shut up” the lengthy preacher.
from Europe keeps steadily improving. For the week ending Thursday, the
number of arrivals at New York was 3100, making a total of 23,788 since
the commencement of the war, against 37,960 for a corresponding period
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
Conquest of the Mississippi.—The conquest of the Mississippi river
has been so gradually accomplished that we do not attach to it the
importance which belongs to it. The conquest of this river and its
occupation by gunboats, leaving it impossible for the rebels to import
or build a navy, practically settles forever this question at issue
between the North and South. The idea of a grand southern confederacy is
exploded. The present so-called confederacy is cut in two by the
Mississippi river. The mouth of the river is controlled by our forts and
our fleet, and western produce will float to the sea on its old track,
confederacy or no confederacy. We have conquered the river, and the
South cannot live without it. We shall never give it up to them. If Jeff
Davis has not the power to regain possession of the river at its mouth,
he may as well cease fighting. A battle at Richmond and a rebel victory
would settle nothing. It would not restore New Orleans or Memphis, and
bring back the cannon captured in the western forts, and rebuild the
rebel gunboats. When the control of the Mississippi was lost to the
rebels, the cause was lost beyond all hope of recovery.
question of food is every day becoming more and more important to the
southern army. As soon as they are driven from the wheat-growing states
of the border, they will find themselves starving. They are already on
half rations, even in Virginia, or else repeated statements to that
effect are false. They cannot live without the Mississippi river, an
they cannot conquer that which they could not retain. The cause of the
southern confederacy was hopeless the moment Memphis was lost.
That Will Not Keep.—One of the Memphis papers complains that the
ladies of that city are “continually buying useless articles at the
stores, in order to get rid of confederate notes.” Doubtless this
disposition to over-trading is what has induced most of the Memphis
merchants to close their stores. They could not conscientiously permit
the people to squander all their money in the indulgence of this insane
passion for buying useless articles. Unless they had shut up shop, their
stock of goods would have been speedily exhausted, leaving them rich in
confederate paper, which goes at par in Jeff Davis’s dominions because
his congress enacted that it should be. At Richmond and elsewhere there
are the same complaints of a growing disposition to get rid of
confederate paper, and a corresponding reluctance to accept it. The New
Orleans banks managed to throw the risk of this dubious currency from
themselves upon the people, and the brokers and capitalists generally
have manifested the same prudent lack of confidence in its permanent
value. We presume there must be a brisk business doing in Secessia about
these times, or at least a very
earnest effort on the part of those who have money to spend it, without
much regard to the prices of goods they may purchase. The Memphis women
are prudent—if they were Yankees we would say sharp. They know almost
everything sold in the shops has a real value, and may come into use,
and they know that these promises of Jeff Davis to pay “after peace is
made with the United States” are worth the price of waste paper, and
nothing more. They do well to spend the money as fast as they get it.
Will They Do? What Shall We Do?—Corinth is evacuated, Memphis has
surrendered, New Orleans is ours, the Mississippi throughout its length
is the unrestricted ranging-passage of our gunboats, the coast is in our
hands, the confederate navy is destroyed, Charleston is invested, and
the only point of decided interest, in connection with the immediate
progress of the war, is Richmond. The rebel army there has tried its
power already, and been beaten back with awful and most discouraging
loss. We believe that the rebel generals at Richmond, no less than the
rebel troops, are convinced that they shall be whipped. We do not
believe that they can go into another fight with any stomach. When the
rebel army at Richmond shall be beaten, what will become of the troops?
What will they do? Where will they go? What will Beauregard’s army do,
now that its stronghold is forsaken, and its morale destroyed?
What will all the rebel armies do after the last great battle shall have
been fought, and the dream of establishing a southern confederacy
say they are going to fly to the mountains, break up into guerilla
bands, and harass not only our troops but all Union citizens—that they
“never will be subjugated”—that they will keep up a warfare of
thirty years, and much more of the same sort. Having tried the sword,
according to the usages of civilized nations, and failed, they will
decline to abide by the decisions of the sword, and resort to revenges
which peculiarly belong to barbarous tribes. The moment the South sees
itself whipped, it is bound to confess it, and make the best of it. It
is against the interests of humanity—it must be to the detriment of
all the interests of the South—to continue the contest for an hour
after it shall become hopeless. The moment that the great movements of
the field are abandoned, movements which aimed at the establishment of
an independent government, and the rebel forces receive liberty to
scatter over the country in small bands, and are permitted irresponsibly
to take care of themselves and kill whom they may see fit to kill, the
whole thing descends into a gigantic scheme of murder and highway
robbery, and must be treated as such.
is but one way to treat these men. They must be shot down at once
wherever found with arms in their hands, and, if they are arrested and
proved to be guerillas, by a military tribunal, shot at once. Civil law
will not do for this business. Jury trial will not do. There will always
be found sympathizers with the rebellion on any jury that could be
summoned, in any state where the trials are likely to take place. The
process should be military and summary. This thing we can all agree on,
for we can all see at once that there is no other way to do it. More
than this, we must be prepared to do it. Within the next six weeks,
there is every prospect that the war on the part of the rebels, unless
they absolutely surrender, will descend into the lowest form of
ruffianism. The thing has got to be met all over the South as it is
already encountered in some parts of it, and we must be prepared for
prompt and extreme measures.
in 1844, “Ragged Schools” provided free basic education for orphans
and very poor children.
drunkenness, the opposite of sobriety. The noun form of this word
is little used today, having been supplanted by the adjectival
Probably a misunderstanding / misprint of the Gayoso Hotel.
Yes, it says
“stoves,” but this may be a typo for “stores.”
Welcome to the nineteenth
century; there is a reason why child labor laws were enacted.
The writer probably meant, “. . . the moment New Orleans was lost,”
as the fall of Memphis did not keep the rebels from using the river
south of that point, but the loss of the Crescent City effectively cut
the entire Mississippi Valley off to world trade.
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