JULY 20, 1862
THE DAILY PICAYUNE
From Vicksburg, via
Memphis Appeal, (published at Grenada, Miss.,) of Tuesday, the
15th inst., contains the following telegraphic dispatches:
Great Achievement of the C. S. Gunboat Arkansas.
The Enemy’s Fleet at Vicksburg Routed.
July 15.—The most brilliant of all naval victories in the history
of the world has just transpired.
Confederate gunboat Arkansas, ten guns, Capt. J. N. Brown,
formerly of the U.S. frigate Niagara, left the mouth of the Yazoo
river this morning at 6 o’clock, encountering the enemy’s gunboats,
from the mouth to the main fleet, of thirty boats, lying just above the
city, where they were forced into line to meet her, running steadily
through, ramming an firing into everything as she passed, sinking
several and damaging others.
loss was not known. Many jumped overboard from one of their exploded
boats and were drowned. The destruction amongst the enemy was
Arkansas now lies in safety under our guns at the landing. The
staffs welcomed Capt. Brown and his gallant crew at the landing, where
the dead and wounded were well cared for. They were invited on board by
the captain, when the enemy opened a furious shelling upon the boat and
city from both fleets.
Arkansas is a triumphant success. She is but slightly damaged and
will soon be in pursuit of the enemy’s boats, preparing to clean out
the lower fleet.
her arrival within the last hour, the lower fleet has disappeared and
fled, transports and all, the enemy first blowing up one of their mortar
loss was 10 killed and 13 wounded. Capt. Brown was slightly wounded in
the head, but not seriously.
Van Dorn, Breckinridge and Smith are here, and there is great rejoicing
throughout the army at so wonderful an achievement.
City, the Weather, &c.—“Hotter than ever!” has been
the daily cry during the entire week just closed. For the last few days
the sun has had his own unclouded way, without any impertinent
interference of refreshing showers to moderate the intensity of his
reign. It has been as much as mortals could do to sit still and endure.
Active occupation has been a penance, evaded and avoided as much as
possible, and by every one who was able. Motion has been a burden, and
excitement a positive penance.
with all this continued heat we have been providentially blessed with
unimpaired and uninterrupted good health and the kindly fruits of the
earth: figs, melons, grapes, and other home grown luxuries, have been
abundant and fine.
to the city, we have not much of interest to record. Our way of life is
now somewhat unusually monotonous and uneventful, even for this season
of the year.
Between New York and New Orleans.—The New York
correspondent of the Philadelphia Ledger, writing on the 6th,
an evidence of the rate at which trade with New Orleans is reviving, it
may be stated that no less than four steamers are about to sail for that
port within as many days. They will all go out with large cargoes of
provisions, and expect to bring back as large a one of sugar, molasses
Escape.—A few nights ago a political prisoner managed to
get up to the top of the Parish Prison, but had no rope to let himself
down. Finally, he thought of his shirt—a new one from
Moody’s—which he tore into strips and converted into a rope. On this
rope he descended with safety and escaped, but previous to going he
stopped long enough to write on a slip of paper. “Get your shirts from
Moody’s, corner Canal and Royal streets.” This he pinned to the rope
and left. We were reminded of the circumstance by the Shirt King’s
advertisement in to-day’s paper.
Boston Post considers the status of Gen. Fremont to be simply
that of “waiting.” He has not resigned his commission, though that
would not be unadvisable. Twice in a single year he has appeared in the
role of a martyr, and that whatever may be the merits of his Missouri or
Virginia campaign, he has certainly failed to command continuously the
entire confidence of those who have in their especial keeping the
conduct of the war.
Providence Post remarks: “We presume the President suspected
this refusal on the part of Fremont to serve under Pope, and that no
effort will be made to conciliate him with another department. He is
New York Sunday Times gives him the following:
lies Frémont, a mighty sworder.
Who never would obey an order;
He killed his friends on every side,
And then committed suicide;
Let friends and foes both let him be,
For he’s resigned, and so are we.
Court.—Mrs. Negre is the wife de facto—as she was
pleased to term herself—of Mr. Negre, who was sent to the Penitentiary
a short time ago, for larceny. Mrs. N. was brought up yesterday for
getting tight and disturbing the peace, and was sent to the Workhouse
for two months. Her appearance is sadly changed since the involuntary
departure of her de facto husband. Even her protestations of
loyalty to the “Star Spangled Banner” could not save her.
L. usually wears a long beard. His wife likes long beards. He went out
the other day and got shaved close. His wife objected. A quarrel ensued
and he laid his hand, “not in the way of kindness,” on her. She had
him arrested. He repented, but was fined $5.
McCarty, for stabbing a man named Murphy a few days ago, was sent for
two years in the Penitentiary.
soldier named Shoemaker was sent to prison for three months for
Wm. H. Hamilton was brought up for assault and battery and using
seditious language. The judge recognized him as a person who had
previously given a $500 bond to keep the peace. He required him to pay
the amount of the bond and sent him besides for six months to the Parish
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
A Chapter on Grumblers at
the Army and the President.
Richmond correspondents of the Savannah Republican opens the
following broadside upon grumblers and fault-finders. We don’t believe
he has fired a shot amiss:
the brilliant successes of our armies before Richmond, what have those
moody, grumbling croakers to say? Mr. Editor, I may see things
differently from a different stand point; but I think you people down
South who sympathize with those who are fighting the war, ought to
establish courts for the trial of croakers, and every time a man is
convicted of abusing our noble chief, or charging him with incompetency
or imbecility, you ought to treat him as our early English fathers
treated witches—tie him to a sweep and duck him three times in a mill
pond or some other body of water deep enough to ensure a thorough
drenching! We of the army, who are the real sufferers, who have the
hardships of rain, cold and hunger, and fight the battles about which
croakers and fault finders blow and puff so much (saying when the battle
is won, “we did it!” perfectly satisfied with President
Jefferson Davis, and his noble circle of Generals, the most brilliant,
as well as solid assemblage of military genius the world ever saw. Let
our noble chief ride through our camps, and as soon as he is recognized,
a shout is raised throughout the vast encampment which makes the welkin
ring, and shows the high esteem and affection entertained for him by the
army. Croakers, (poor, pitiful, sneaking, cowardly, scarecrow wretches!)
say he has accomplished nothing. Nothing! He began the war
without a gun, without a cannon, without a ship, without an officer,
without a soldier, in short, without a thing! Has he done nothing? Let
history answer. In twelve months he organized and equipped the best army
of any age. He has fought scores of the greatest battles, held in check,
and repeatedly repulsed and routed the “grand armies” of the North.
He took the reins of government without means or form, and in a very
short time offered to his chivalrous Southern constituency as a heritage
for their latest posterity the best, emphatically the best government of
the world. Of course he has had assistance. Then he has been an
army, with rare exception, here and there, of some dissatisfied spirit,
is indignant at the uncalled for abuse of their greatest leader, in whom
they have unbounded confidence, and by whom they almost swear. Those
crack-brained grumblers are fertile in expedients, remedies and
amendments, and tell what they could do if only they had the power.
Poor, deluded fools! It is their shallowness which forbids them seeing
the terrible weight of responsibility resting upon those who are now
safely and proudly steering the ship of State through the breakers and
storm of an unexampled revolution—a tempestuous commotion of all the
raging passions of a blinded people, attempting to subjugate those who
have a right and are determined to be free. The South ought to be a
unit—a solid phalanx, like the noble army in the field; and the good
people of the South should stop the mouths of those fellows who imagine
evil without cause, and find fault with ablest administration—military
at least—of which history gives any account. Take them up and send
them to the army, and they will get a ducking, and a bumping, too!
of Prisoners.—It seems that the Federal Government has at
last so far condescended to recognize the Confederacy as to propose
negotiations for a general exchange of prisoners. On Monday afternoon
dispatches reached this city under seal, addressed to the
“Commander-in-Chief” of the Confederate forces, which was
immediately sent to General Lee. It has since transpired that these
dispatches relate to a general exchange of prisoners, and it is stated
that Major General D. H. Hill has been appointed to conduct the
negotiations upon our part, and that arrangements will at once be
entered into to effect the desired object. This will be gratifying to
those who have friends incarcerated in Northern bastilles.—Richmond
learn that a steamer has arrived at a Confederate port within the past
two days with 2,500 Enfield rifles, 3,600 sacks of coffee, and 9,000
ounces of Quinine, all for Confederate government service, save 1,000
sacks of coffee.
For Major General.
election is ordered on 2d August next for Major General of this division
to fill the vacancy of General Armstrong, resigned.
is an important crisis with our country, we do not know what a day or an
hour may bring forth. Our Militia may soon become an important branch of
the public service, and we want men of intrepidity and firmness of
command. In view of these things, and believing him the man for the
occasion, the friends of Col.
Wm. S. Holt recommend him as a suitable candidate for Major
General of this Division. Col. Holt has been reared among us, and is too
well and favorably known throughout the district, to require, we think,
any more than the announcement of his name.
For Major General.
right man in the right place is Col. John H. Jossey, of Bibb, for Major General, to fill the
vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Gen. Armstrong of the 8th
Division, Georgia Militia. Col. Jossey is known to be a high-toned and
chivalrous man, and in every respect competent to discharge the duties
of the responsible trust confided in his command. He served a campaign
in the Creek War, was a member of the Macon Volunteers for six years,
and was for several years acting Colonel of the county of Pike. He
combines with unquestioned ability those
qualities of head and heart which eminently qualify him for the
office of Major General.
men of the 8th Division, on the 2d day of August proximo, cast your
ballots for Col. Jossey, and put the right man in the right place.
JULY 22, 1862
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
From the West.
PARTICULARS OF THE ENGAGEMENT WITH
July 21.—The dispatch boat which arrived at Memphis on Saturday,
brings the following:
report of the escape of the rebel gunboat Arkansas is correct.
The affair took place on the morning of the 15th. That morning, in
consequence of the reports brought by refugees that the Arkansas
was about to attempt to run the Federal fleet, the gunboats Carondelet
and Tyler and the ram Lancaster started up the Yazoo to
reconnoitre. When eight miles from the mouth of the river they came
suddenly upon the Arkansas lying under the bank. As our boats
rounded the bend she opened upon them with 68-pounders. Our gunboats
returned fire, and, for a short time, a fierce engagement ensued.
Finding that the channel of the river prevented successful manœuvering,
they gradually dropped downwards towards the mouth. The Arkansas
followed closely. Just as the latter was passing over the bar, the Carondelet
closed with her, intending to board. She succeeded in throwing a grapple
on board and getting out a plank, when the Arkansas opened her
steam pipe, throwing hot water across the plank. The Carondelet
replied in the same manner. While thus engaged, both vessels got aground
and the shock separated them. The Arkansas succeeded in getting
off, and the Carondelet remained fast for nearly an hour. The Arkansas
immediately passed down the river, the Tyler preceding her and
maintaining a running fight with her greatly superior adversary. None of
our gunboats with the fleet had steam up, and the entire fleet was so
scattered that few could fire at the Arkansas as she passed
without danger of hitting our own boats. As she approached, such boats
as could safely do so opened upon her, but her plating resisted most of
the shots. A solid shot from the Farragut gun boat No. 6 struck
her larboard bow, passing through and under her plating, ripping it off
for a considerable distance. What further damage was done is not known.
injuries to our fleet [are] slight. The Benton received a shot
near the edge of the after part of the larboard side, killing one man.
The Tyler, which engaged the Arkansas nearly an hour and a
half, had seven killed and nine wounded.
the latter were the pilots, Messrs. Sebastian and Hiner, and engineer
Davis. The ram Lancaster received a shot under her boilers,
causing an escape of hot water, scalding six men, three of them fatally.
The entire Federal loss is 12 killed and wounded, five or six of the
latter will probably die. The rebel loss is not known, but believed to
be considerable, as the hot water streams of the Carondelet, at
the time the latter attempted to board, were thrown directly into her.
Ascensions.—Messrs. Seaver and Starkweather, æronauts,
U.S. Army, sent in a petition, asking the privilege of making “rope
ascensions” from 500 to 1000 feet high, every day, from Boston Common,
for the purpose of furnishing additional attractions while volunteers
are being recruited, and all they ask of the city is that it shall
furnish gas free for the same. Leave was subsequently granted for
ascensions to be made from the Agricultural Fair Grounds, the balloons
to go up 1000 feet, with a rope attached.
of Boston Harbor.—Alderman Spinney of Ward 12 offered the
following orders, which were laid over under the rules:
That the Joint Special Committee appointed to provide for the recruiting
of the Boston quota of troops, under the recent requisition of the
president of the United States be, and they are hereby authorized, under
the advice and direction of His Honor the Mayor, to contract immediately
for the construction of an iron-clad steamer, or “Monitor,” for the
protection of Boston Harbor.
steamer Louisiana arrived at Baltimore yesterday with 328
released Union prisoners. They were delivered to us about twelve miles
below Richmond. Their names have already been published. Ample provision
is made at Baltimore for their comfort.
has been received that General Carlton’s expedition from California,
consisting of ten companies of infantry, five of cavalry, and a battery,
had reached Santa Barbara in Arizona safely and in fine condition. They
formed a junction with Col. Canby, which secures the driving of the
rebels out of Mesilla Valley, Arizona, as well as out of the northern
tier of counties of Texas, and restoration to the authority of the
United States of Forts Fillmore, Arizona, and Bliss, Texas.
is coming out of West Tennessee very freely. Three trains comprising 37
cars loaded with it started for Columbus from points on the Mobile and
Ohio railroad on Friday. Immense piles are awaiting shipment. The people
fear it will be burnt by guerrillas, and are anxious to sell. Prices
range from 20 to 25 cents. Everything is quiet along the Memphis &
Charleston and Mobile & Ohio railroads.
was a severe boiler explosion in Callowhill street, Philadelphia,
yesterday morning. The boiler was located in a cellar. It passed upward
through three stories and the roof. Crossing the street, it went through
the Market House, into the Melodeon building, down into the cellar.
Nobody was hurt, but many had narrow escapes.
are 5300 sick and wounded soldiers in the hospitals in and about
Richmond Enquirer says that daily at meal times the Richmond provost
guard searches hotels and eating places in that city for men and
officers of their army, seizing and carrying off (to be sent to their
regiments) all who cannot show authority beyond question for their
band of the 54th New York Regiment, Blenker’s Division, was mustered
out of service on Saturday, under the law abolishing regimental bands.
It is believed to be the first band that has been mustered out.
is stated that Prof. Chamberlain of Bowdoin College has not been
tendered the Colonelcy of the 20th Regiment, and it is not probable that
a 20th Regiment will be raised, one-half of Maine’s quota being
required for old regiments.
BOSTON DAILY ADVERTISER
Revolution in Memphis.—The Memphis correspondent of the New
York World discourses as follows on the beauty of the national
we consider how the path of the national armies is marked by peace and
prosperity instead of devastation and ruin, how on the one hand all the
blessings of peace are showered upon the people from the restoration of
the authority of the Union, and on the other the misery, violence, and
horrors which characterize rebellious rule, we can only wonder how so
large a mass of people can be deluded into hostility to the common
country. Wherever the rebel armies have sway, there follow burnings and
destructions, want and rags, brawls and barbarity. Wherever we march
there follow instead, the newspapers, the mails, the loads of
commodities; the churches are filled, the schools reopened, and a
general feeling of order and security prevails. Everywhere have we
marked it, and nowhere more than in Memphis. Telegraphs, railroads, and
steamboats flock in upon them close at the heels of the army, and fairly
smother and load them down wit comforts. The emancipation is confessed
on all hands to be as complete as could be wished.
speaking, there is a great revolution working here, and whether it be
the effect of Gen. Butler’s New Orleans proclamation or an innate
superiority of breeding in the Memphis ladies, they behave infinitely
better. A few cases of factious disposition have come to light, which
have been admirably met by an order authorizing the use of the houses of
all such foolish occupants for military hospitals.
stores of tea and coffee, our silks, thread and notions have in great
measure won the hearts of the fair ladies of Memphis. The stores are
opening in numbers, the streets, on any pleasant day, are thronged as
they have never been these many months by all classes. The currency is
gradually improving, and when the weather shall have become colder, we
look forward to a season of unexampled prosperity.”
Soldiers’ Devotion to Gen. McClellan.—The army
correspondent of the New York Times has carefully observed the
effects of the late battles on the spirits of our soldiers, and, among
other things, says:
another point, also, it is delightful to find the soldiers, of every
grade, perfectly unanimous, and that is in love and devotion to their
gallant commander, and faith in his leadership.1
No matter how sick and helpless they may be, they all vowed that they
would cheerfully die for him, and go again through all the hardships
they have encountered. They are proud of the wonderful skill he
exhibited in changing his base of operations, against the tremendous
disadvantages that had been so stupidly and iniquitously forced upon
him, and their faith is as unshaken as on the day they proudly sallied
forth from Washington. ‘Two days sooner,’ said a captain to me,
‘and we should have reached James River without the loss of a man, and
the world would have been ringing with praise of such consummate
generalship; but because Stonewall Jackson got scent of our intention,
and forced us to carry out our plan while fighting, inch by inch, there
are fools who would forget our deeds in our losses.’ ”
Novel Regatta.—The Newbern, N.C., correspondent of the New
York Times gives the following account of a regatta between a crew of contrabands and a
crew of white seamen, in which the former came off victorious:
an exciting and interesting regatta came off the other day in front of
the naval headquarters. One
of the two boats entered was manned by six contraband seamen,
beautifully attired in man-of-war costume, and the other was manned by
eight white seamen, who were considered the crack crew of these waters.
Distance was offered the contraband crew, who had only been seamen some
three months, but their captain refused to accept of any advantage
whatever and insisted on giving the white seamen the advantage of two
men. Everything being in readiness, the word was given, and off went the
boats, throwing the crowd, white and black, into the most intense
excitement. Judge of the astonishment of all when the boat containing
the contrabands was seen to turn the mile post first, and great was the
excitement and deafening were the cheers as they came in some three rods
in advance of the white crew, who were dripping with perspiration and
thoroughly mortified at the unexpected result. They were inclined to
think the contest was an unfair one, until the Captain of the
contrabands offered to renew the race by having the crews exchange
boats, which proposition was not accepted by the white seamen for fear
of a like result.
Captain said his contrabands could not only pull a small boat faster and
with more steadiness than the same number of white seamen, but that
they, with others he had on board, could man his big guns with more
agility and skill in time of action than any white seamen he had ever
seen. Also, that they were more attentive to duty and performed more
work, and were more civil and orderly than the white seamen.”
Communication with Richmond.—A Washington dispatch to the
New York Tribune attributes the constant communication with
Richmond, to the carelessness, if not disloyalty, of the Provost-Marshal
of Fredericksburg. He says:
various channels and in more decided tones come complaints against the
Provost-Marshal of Fredericksburg, one Capt. Mansfield. We are assured
on excellent authority, that within the last two or three days, not less
than twenty loads of boots and shoes, salt and other articles of prime
necessity to the rebels have been taken from Fredericksburg to Richmond,
under the very nose of the provost-Marshal. The mail goes regularly, and
papers are received daily, and even the rebels are heard to remark among
themselves, that the Provost-Marshal is rather slack.
rebels of Fredericksburg were proposing to celebrate the victory of Bull
Run today. Some of the Brooklyn 14th boys, who were present at the
battle, and have some old scores to wipe out, were anxious to cross the
river and be present at the festivities.”
PITTSFIELD SUN (MA)
affords us great satisfaction to state, what the people of the country
generally rejoiced to learn, that Congress adjourned sine die on
the 17th; an event which would have been far better for the nation had
it occurred at an earlier period, for a more unworthy body of men—possessed
of so little wisdom, forbearance and patriotism—never composed that
body, and such a medley of incongruous, unconstitutional and oppressive
acts were never before passed. Appropriations to the amount of
$800,000,000 were made, including upwards of $500,000,000 for the Army,
and about $100,000,000 for the Navy.
the most important bills postponed by the House, or remaining unacted
upon, were those for the admission of the State of Western Virginia into
the Union; for the enlargement of the Illinois and Michigan Canal;
providing for a uniform system of bankruptcy; for the appointment of a
Commission to ascertain losses incurred by loyal citizens from the
appropriation of their property by the United States troops;
appropriating $200,000,000 for border slave state emancipation, and for
colonization purposes. . .
upon the adjournment of Congress, and the extraordinary action of the
majority of the members during the session, the N. Y. Journal of
Commerce has some well-timed observations, from which we give an
have neither courage nor spirit to review the labors of this session.
What has been done has been done in such a manner as to reflect no
credit on the statesmanship of the men, and to promise little good for
the country. The great necessities of the people have given place to the
partizan talk of demagogues, and the serious and solemn responsibilities
or war have been forgotten while months were wasted in trying to deal
with an old political question, or in plans to ‘dodge’ the
limitations of the Constitution, if not to disregard them. . .
nation breathes with freedom since the adjournment. A load is lifted
from the public mind. No one knew what novel idea of government, what
new proposition for anarchy, what ridiculous plunge into deeper
financial ruin, might be enacted any morning or evening so long as this
headstrong Congress remained in session. They started with wrong
theories, and in Washington it is nearly impossible to get clear light
on any error which political managers may make. Once started, they went
on through the whole session, blundering, declaiming, and running up a
history which they and their constituents will be ashamed to read
hereafter, and which will make the first session of the 37th Congress
forever famous above all deliberative bodies, who have failed in times
demanding great men and great minds."
Society of the Sons of New England in the city of Philadelphia, Penn.,
have raised funds and placed them in the hands of a Relief Committee,
who will visit the Army Hospitals within this Military District, and
seek out the sick and wounded soldieries belonging to the New England
States, and render them such aid or advice as they may require.
a soldier is furloughed or discharged, and is without sufficient funds
to reach his home, he will be assisted by the Society.
Society will keep a complete list of all the New England soldiers
admitted to the different Hospitals within this district, and will
gladly answer, as far as they are able, any inquiries from their
relatives or friends. They will also take charge of and deliver any
articles or parcels which may be sent to their care for specified
Committees are detailed to each Hospital, and the friends of the
invalided soldier may rest assured that his necessities will be
supplied; and as far as possible his general comfort will be increased.
is related that during the campaign on the Shenandoah one of General Fremont’s
batteries of eight Parrott guns, supported by a squadron of horse, was in a
sharp conflict with a battery of the enemy near at hand, and shells and shot
were flying thick and fast, when the commander of the battery, a German, one
of Fremont’s staff, rode suddenly up to the cavalry, exclaiming, in loud
and excited tones, "Pring up de shackasses, pring up de shackasses;
for Cot sake hurry up de shackasses, im-me-di-ate-ly!" The
necessity of this order will be obvious when it is known that the "shackasses"
are mules carrying mountain howitzers, which are fired from the backs of
that much abused but valuable animal, and the immediate occasion for the
"shackasses" was that two regiments were at that moment discovered
descending a hill immediately behind our batteries. The "shackasses,"
with the howitzers loaded with grape and canister, were soon on the ground.
The mules squared themselves, as they well know how, for the shock. A
terrific volley was poured into the advancing column, which immediately
broke and retreated. Two hundred and seventy-eight dead bodies were found in
the ravine next day, piled closely together as they fell, the effects of
that volley from the backs of the "shackasses."
Alger’s foundry, South Boston, a small copper mill, used for grinding or
pulverizing powder for fuses, suddenly exploded on Friday morning. The
fragments, and some solid balls by which the powder was pulverized, were
scattered in all directions, wounding four men. George W. Hall will lose an
arm and perhaps his life; I. J. Mahoney was struck in the back and hurt
internally; Michael Tanck and W. Sampson were injured but not seriously.
York Central Park.—We are
indebted to Andrew H. Green, Esq., Treasurer and Comptroller of the New York
Central Park, for a copy of the fifth annual report of the Board of
Commissioners, containing several reports relating to the progress that has
been made in the work and its condition at the close of the year. The Park,
when completed, will be the great ornament of the western continent;
magnificent in its dimensions, and its conveniences and decorations. Among
the reports is one on the Nomenclature of the gates of the Park, of which
there are to be twenty, with names expressive of ideas or aspirations with
the city represents, thus: the four great entrances on the southerly side—facing
the body of the city—to be denominated the Artizan’s Gate, the Artist,
the Merchant, the Scholar, as comprehending more of the masses of the
population than any other four terms; then on the other side the Cultivator,
the Warrior, the Mariner, the Engineer, the Hunter, the Fisherman, the
Woodman, the Miner, the Explorer, the Inventor, the Foreigner, the Boys, the
Girls, the Women, the Children, and the All-Saints. These designations are
poetic as wall as truthful, and their selection was fortunate, unless they
should chance to degenerate into the means of intensifying those arbitrary
divisions of society into classes that have but little real foundation, and
whose spirit, if not form, is that of clans. As New York is made up of
contributions from the populations of the several States, an interesting
feature of the Park would be its embellishment with little groves selected
from the principal forest trees of each of the States. The breezes murmuring
through them would be for all such like those Swiss airs that are an
inspiration of home to those who have wandered into other lands.—Worcester
BARRE GAZETTE (MA)
Negro Regiment.—The Negro
regiment organized by Gen. Hunter at Port Royal was recently reviewed in
presence of a large number of military offices, who had assembled for
the purpose of witnessing the novel spectacle. Of the appearance and
proficiency of the regiment a correspondent of the New York Times
been accustomed during the last fifteen months to witness the evolutions
of regiments in every state of drill and discipline, from the raw three
months’ men, who started for Annapolis in the end of April a year ago,
to the soldierly quickness and precision of the cohorts organized during
the long period of inactivity on the Potomac, I must say, for
myself—and in saying so I am only echoing the opinion of every naval
and military officer without exception who was present at the review in
question—that the First South Carolina Volunteers, contraband of war
though they be, and lately subject to the rigors of the Dred Scott
decision, presented an efficiency in the manual of arms and the
evolutions of parade such as I have never seen surpassed by any regiment
of an equal time under tuition. The imitative tendency of the Negro
makes him acquire with great natural rapidity the motions of the
drill-master, while the strong musical taste and perfect ear for time
enables him to march with the harmony and unanimity of veteran regulars.
the review was presented by the Adjutant to Capt. Fessenden, of Gen.
Hunter’s staff, commanding the regiment, a straighter line of bayonets
or steadier body of men has seldom been seen. To every order given the
response was quick and simultaneous—the regiment changing front,
wheeling by column of company, forming line, dressing ranks and going
through all portions of a thorough review with a
silent obedience and accuracy hardly to be surpassed by any white
regiment now at Hilton Head. Commodore Dupont expressed himself to the
effect, and almost in the words I have used.”
Frog Trade.—The Auburn (N. Y.) Advertiser
says that the catching of frogs at Montezuma has become quite a
considerable trade. It adds:
three of four seasons past two men have made the impaling of frogs their
business. Every other day they ship from Auburn a barrel of frogs for
the New York or Buffalo market. They make very handsome wages. The
method of securing these basso profundos2
of the marshes is very similar to spearing for fish. The men paddle off
through the marsh in the night with a dark lantern. They approach the
haunt of the frogs very quietly, and when near enough throw their dart
with a certainty acquired by practice, always hitting them back of the
head, killing them instantly. The hind quarters are then carefully
skinned and cut off, packed in barrels, and sent to their destination.
They generally secure two or three hundred in a night, and are paid $6 a
for the New Troops.—The N.Y. Commercial
is supposed there are arms enough in the country at the present time to
put an effective force of 200,000 men in the field, and as the
government agents are receiving heavy and frequent consignments of arms
from Europe, it is probable that by the time the 300,000 required under
the new call are enrolled, there will be guns enough to supply the
report that the smooth bore Prussian musket has been approved and
substituted for the rifle arm is not true. The Prussian gun is a very
indifferent arm, and as it is the intention of the ordnance department
to have the regiments formed under the new demand as well armed as those
which are already in the field, great care will be taken to supply the
soldiers with guns, rifle-bored, and of the best pattern.”
French in Mexico.—By way of
Havana we have accounts from Vera Cruz to the 2d instant:
Mexicans, on the 14th ultimo, occupied Summit Hill, commanding Orizaba,
where the French troops on the same night surprised and routed them. On
the 25th the Mexicans commenced an attack on the French but without any
decisive result. Gen. Lalave was slightly wounded.
army trains of the French were attacked by the Mexicans on the 30th
ultimo, and fifteen wagons loaded with ammunition, and five of flour,
were taken and destroyed. Twenty-five of the escort of the train were
killed, and the rest taken prisoner. Only six wagons of provisions
reached Orizaba, and for some time the French troops were actually
starving. Some seven hundred mules were also captured from the French.
Three French bearers of dispatches were taken prisoners, and some
dispatches intended for the French Generals were published in the city
of the French had visited the ports of several of the States to induce
or compel their Governors to declare for Gen. Almonte, but in every case
the inhabitants refused to do so, and drove the vessels off.
Sickness Insanity in the Army.—Dr. Hunt of Buffalo, now
stationed at Newport News, gives the following instance of that form of
homesickness, which becomes insanity. In a letter he narrates an
affecting ad painfully touching case, thus:
have learned, perhaps, of that form of camp home sickness which develops
itself into insanity, and is written down in the books as nostalgia. It
is a singular and painfully interesting phenomenon. One of them only has
been fully developed under my eye. The man came here almost entirely
recovered from fever, and claimed himself to be entirely well, refusing
medicine, and talking very rationally about everything but home. Day
after day, as the boat came to the dock, he would pack his knapsack
quietly, say good-bye to his wardmates, and march down to the wharf,
only to be disappointed to find out, as he more forcibly than elegantly
expressed it, that “it was not the right boat—it was another d—d
boat.” At night, in his sleep, he talked continuously of wife and
child; daytimes he said little, but finally made a confidant of me, and
said that all night and all day he dreamed and thought of home, and
sometimes, perhaps, it made him light headed. He had been a year in the
service, and always gay and happy up to the period of his illness. His
family live in New York, and one morning I had the happiness to see
Charley march down to the boat with his neatly slung haversack, and it
was the right boat that time. He has been home a fortnight now, and I
have no doubt will return to his regiment a good soldier. To have kept
him here would have ended, probably, in suicide.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
From the James River.
Monroe, July 24.—The Daniel
Webster arrived from New York last evening on her way to
Harrison’s Landing with vegetables for the army, for which it has been
Spaulding and Knickerbocker, with 600 wounded from
Richmond, leave this evening, the former for New York, the latter for
sailing vessels, schooners, etc., which have been lying up the James
river near James Island have, within a few days, dropped down the river
and anchored in the roads just above Fortress Monroe. I have not yet
learned the cause of this move. Large Union forces of artillery are
reinforcing those already at Yorktown. . .
health of our troops is rapidly improving. Col. Clark, commissary of the
army, has decided on furnishing the army with vegetables fresh from the
July 25.—The rebel authorities
have ordered the unconditional discharge of all Federal surgeons and
chaplains in accordance with the example of this Government.
Secretary of the Interior has received a telegram announcing the arrival
of Treasury notes, first sent to California.
state that Commodores Shubrick, Laralette, Gregory, McKean and Breeze
are selected by the Navy Department to examine the claims of those
entitled to promotion under the naval grade act conferring ranks of
rear-admiral, commodores, &c. The board consists of relieved
new tax stamps are under way. They will probably be used as currency
instead of postage stamps.
Pope has issued a general order, No. 13, forbidding guards, hereafter,
to be placed over private houses, property of any description whatever:
“Officers are responsible for the conduct of their troops. The
articles of war and regulations of the army provide the means of
restraining them to the full extent required for discipline and
efficiency. Soldiers were called into the field to do battle with the
enemy, and it is not expected that their force and energy shall be
wasted in protecting private property of those most hostile to the
Government. No soldier serving in this army shall be hereafter employed
in such service.”
committee from the Aldermen and Council of New York had an interview
with the President and Secretary of War, to-day, to urge upon them the
importance of filling up the regiments in the field, and in reference to
the bounty. The committee believe the enlistment bounty will be doubled
to $4 for joining the regiments now in the field. Among other items of
interest, the Secretary of War stated that a general exchange of
prisoners having been decided upon, Col. Corcoran would probably be in
New York, within ten days. An official list will be prepared of all
soldiers absent without leave which will be of great service to the
corporation of New York in the payment of its relief fund.
accounts received from the Army of the Potomac, the official report of
the battles before Richmond states the killed, wounded, missing and
prisoners to approximate 16,000.
July 25.—The Richmond Enquirer
of the 23d says: “The basis of the exchange of prisoners has been the
cartel of 1812. This cartel marks an important era in the war. It is an
acknowledgement of our quasi nationality. We are by it made
belligerents, and the Government of the United States treats with the
Government of the Confederate States through commissioners.”
publication of the heavy list of rebel losses in late battles is
continued in the Enquirer. The 7th Va., which was in no
engagement but on the 30th, went into action with 225, and lost 111.
Enquirer says that high prices are still raging, and the
hucksters are working a mint of shinplasters. It says one more
Confederate victory will end the war, and that commissioners for an
armistice and a truce will meet those necessary as a prelude to peace.
and disorder appear to have the upper hand in Richmond. The Enquirer
complains of bogus military guards, who do a great deal of mischief in
the way of robbing and bruising. It also speaks of straggling
desperadoes, runaways from camp, whose fixed occupation is stealing,
burning and rowdyism.
York, July 25.—A special to the Herald
from Nashville yesterday says: The latest accounts from Chattanooga
state the rebel infantry has crossed the river in force. Their number is
large and commanded by three generals. The rebel cavalry is 5,000 strong
in East Tenn. There are few provisions in Chattanooga, and the citizens
are much distressed by forced contributions to supply the rebels.
bridge is rebuilt on the Murfreesboro R.R. The rebel Forrest was at
July 25.—There were several
commitments to the military prison to-day; among them Hampson, who was
recently in the rebel army, who will be sent south of the Federal lines.
from Tuscumbia state that 6,000 bales of cotton were burnt by guerrillas
in that neighborhood within ten days. It is further stated that the
rebels in the cotton-burning districts are in favor of secessionists
letting them sell to Union men and their agents and then destroy the
property thus paid for.
Saybrook has voted to pay each volunteer from that town a bounty of $75.
And Messrs. Giles F. Ward and John Allen offer to pay $50 additional.
a meeting in Stamford, Com. Sands said he had 60 years over his head,
yet he was ready to enter the ranks as a private, and asked who was
willing to join him? “I, for one,” said a young man, and “I, for
another,” said a second, and in a few moments the Commodore had six or
eight by his side. This incident fairly electrified the meeting and
cheer after cheer was given for the Commodore and his volunteers.
Massachusetts clergymen have lately enlisted as soldiers, among them is
Rev. Israel Washburn, a Methodist clergyman, 65 years of age.
maybe not so much. Private Robert Snedan recorded in his illustrated
diary, Eye of the Storm (The Free Press, New York, 2000, pp96-97),
during the final battle of The Seven Days Battles—known now as Malvern
Hill, but at the time as Turkey Bend—utter disgust with his commanding
general, who was absent that battlefield: “He was off with
Commodore Rodgers selecting a new and safer position for the army for
the morrow! When the enemy attacked us yesterday he was safe aboard the
Galena! Today he is safe enough where there is no enemy, thus depriving
all his corps and division commanders of his abilities and counsel . . .
The army was saved in spite of General McClellan’s ignorance of the
situation in front of the battle.” Quite possibly, this scenario may
begin to explain The Young Napoleon’s defeat at the polls in 1864.
profundos “the deepest or lowest bass voice.”
disease caused by a deficiency in vitamin C, and usually associated with
the Navy—was, in fact, more of a problem for the Army during the Civil
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