AUGUST 31, 1862
THE NASHVILLE DAILY
and Burnside Join McClellan.
in Full Retreat from Manassas.
Rebel Loss 12,000 to 16,000!
Near Gainesville, Aug. 30.
Gen. Halleck: We fought a terrific battle here yesterday with the
combined forces of the enemy, which lasted with continuous fury from
daylight until after dark, by which time the enemy was driven from the
field, which we now occupy.
troops are too much exhausted to push matters, but I shall do so in the
course of the morning, as soon as Fitz-John Porter’s corps comes up
enemy is still in our front, but badly used up. We have lost not less
than eight thousand men killed and wounded, an from appearance of the
field the enemy has lost two to our one.1
acted strictly on the offensive, and every assault was made by
ourselves. Our troops behaved splendidly. The battle was fought on the
identical battle-field of Bull Run, which greatly increased the
enthusiasm of our men.
Government having ordered all newspaper correspondents to leave the
Virginia army, the reports sent us by telegraph are very unreliable,
being made up of rumors fifty miles from the scene of action. The New
York Tribune says:
recent expulsion of newspaper correspondents from the Army of Virginia,
and the order of the Government forbidding the transmission of
intelligence from that quarter over the telegraph, has rendered the
collection of trustworthy news extremely difficult and almost futile.
put but little faith in the first dispatches we received in reference to
the fighting and skirmishing in Virginia.
Paul, Min., Aug. 26.—Ten
white men were killed and 51 wounded at New Ulm during the fight on
Saturday. The Indians fought bravely and recklessly. Their loss was
considerable. On Sunday our small force under Major Flanders, feeling
they could not stand another attack, withdrew to Mankato, leaving the
town to the mercy of the Indians. It is reported that between 500 and
1000 Indians were in the fight. Colonel Sibley’s command probably
reached Fort Ridgely yesterday.
Adjutant General of Minnesota has issued orders to commanding officers
to seize all horses and means of transportation necessary, giving
receipts to the owners. The massacre does not seem confined to one
locality, but is spread over a vast amount of territory.
is reported that of forty-five families, all but two persons were killed
at Lake Shetika, sixty miles south of New Ulm, but these reports are
undoubtedly exaggerated. Many persons having fled or secreted themselves
are probably supposed to be killed.
August 28.—John Ross, Chief
of the Cherokee Nation, and a retinue of fifty persons, passed here last
night, en route for Washington, where he goes to lay his grievances
before the President, and to urge the sending of a body of troops to
clear the Territory of hostile tribes and rebels.
dispatch from Des Moines, Iowa, to-day, says an arrival from Fort Dodge
brings reports of the destruction of Springfield, on the Minnesota State
line, by the Indians.
and Dickinson’s companies are reported in danger. The settlers are
fleeing south, to Fort Dodge, and other places, for safety. Persons from
Fort Dodge are now here to procure arms and ammunition.
Infernal Rebel Bullet.—We
were shown, by Wm. T. Marks, a gentleman just from the army of the
Potomac, a bullet invented by the rebels. It is a conical ball, screwed
on to a chamber, at the bottom of which a percussion cap is fixed,
surrounded with powder. A slender bolt or needle runs through the solid
ball. This needle has a flat head on the outside of the bullet, and the
needle works loose, so that when it strikes any hard substance, like the
bone, it is driven against the cap and explodes it.—Philadelphia
First Bread Riot.—Mr. Bacon,
the manufacturer of ærated bread, recently celebrated his birthday in
Boston by throwing out the national flag at his factory, and giving away
bread to the company assembled. We have come so far towards the bread
riots promised us last year by the secession leaders.
Canrobert, one of Napoleon’s
heroic officers, a sturdy soldier who believed in fighting, and not
running, exclaimed, at Waterloo, "The Old Guard never
of our parlor officers, who draw their pay with astonishing promptness,
when they are sent out to protect our railroads, modify Canrobert’s
sentiment by saying, "The Bridge Guard ever
Merchants.—Boats that have
been engaged in coasting trips down the river give strange accounts of
the state of things between this place and Helena, especially about the
mouth of the Arkansas. Negroes, it is stated, are selling the mules on
the deserted plantations, in some instances as low as $5 a head. They
are all represented to be bringing in cotton that has been hid away in
the woods and selling it for fifteen cents a pound.
Iowa Women.—The Des Moines Register
says that enlistments have almost depopulated Taylor Township, in Polk
County. Nearly all the voters have gone to the war. It says:
few days since a number of the citizens of Taylor Township were anxious
to go to the war, but were troubled because no one would be left to take
care of their crops. The ladies held a meeting, and it was resolved that
the men should have full permission to go to the war, and that the crops
should be cared for by the patriotic women of the township. The men
enlisted straightaway, believing that these noble-hearted women, who
were making such sacrifices in behalf of the Government, should have
sons and husbands and brothers worthy of such women."
learn that several drinking-shops have been closed for selling liquor to
soldiers. If they have not, they ought to be. The drunkenness to be seen
every day upon our streets is highly detrimental to the public welfare,
and the good order of the army, and if tolerated will produce
intolerable evils. Stop it at once.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
Affairs on the Peninsula.
from the Peninsula is up to Saturday last. The Yankee advance pickets
were six miles from Williamsburg. During the retreat about 20,000 passed
over the route by Diaskon bridge, and stripped the whole country through
which they passed of everything like provisions for man and beats. Their
wagons were driven into the fields, the corn pulled and loaded up, and
then they would drive on. What they could not take they destroyed. At
Eltham they fired a barn containing 500 bushels of wheat, after first
sprinkling the floor with sulphur, to render it more combustible. They
burned Mrs. Caroline Christian’s house, at the Forge, in New Kent, and
Wm. A. Blayton’s house, near Diaskon bridge, was also destroyed.
Several houses in the vicinity were torn down, and the timber used to
rebuild the bridge which had been torn up by our troops in their retreat
from Yorktown. Among those who left with the Yankees were M. Q. Gilman,
of the 3d Virginia cavalry, and John Jennings, of the 53d Virginia
infantry. At every step of the march the Yankees were fearful of and
expected an attack from our troops. There are about 800 or 1,000 Yankee
troops in Williamsburg.
have informed our troops where many secreted arms were. About 125
Enfield rifles arrived at York River depot yesterday, which were
discovered at White House by their information. The same parties offered
to guide our men to where 1,500 pistols had been hidden. The county of
New Kent is literally laid waste. Its citizens have lost everything. One
of them, Mr. O. H. Taylor, a scout in our army, lost $450 worth of
provender by one squad of three Yankees, who loaded their wagons and
went on. The citizens of that county and the country through which the
enemy passed, except on the river banks, are really suffering for food,
and anxiously expect our government to take some steps for their relief.
One gentleman, Mr. Beverley Anderson, had offered to sell his corn,
which he saved, at $4 a barrel to those in need, and it is hoped that
those as fortunate as he may be as liberal.
of the Yankee troops visiting the farm houses on the retreat expressed
the wish that the “d----d war was over and they were at home.”--Richmond
Fla., 25th Aug. 1862.
Telegraph: Dear Sir—I have been engaged for several months
manufacturing salt on this coast, and believe a supply may be
obtained in this way, but from the process generally adopted, I fear the
country will be no better off with it than without it.
common process is to boil the sea-water, or from wells sunk in the sand
on the beach, which is usually much stronger, until it is ready to
grain, then take off and settle in barrels, or whatever will hold it,
and then draw off into other kettles and put to boiling, when the salt
is formed very rapidly; and just here, from experience, I find the
trouble commences. Brine produced from salt water is composed of,
besides salt, Glauber and Epsom salts, Lime, Soda, Magnesia, and perhaps
a half-dozen other impurities in a liquid state, a great portion of
which form with and stick to the salt, when the brine is boiled during
the process of granation.
thus made is very fine—utterly impossible to be dried
effectually—bitter, and will usually drip constantly in damp weather.
In proof of its impurity, let any one who has made or bought any of this
bitter salt wash a small quantity until even half of it has dissolved,
and it will be found to be so bitter as before.
scientific Chemists say that the impurities thus extracted with the salt
will not only prevent this salt from saving pork properly, but will
generate decomposition very rapidly in such articles as fresh butter,
fish, &c. Your correspondent tested some of it on a piece of fresh
beef, which turned green during the night.
close application to the subject, and what experience I have, I think
the proper mode to adopt by those whose arrangements are rude and
simple, is to boil the water until it is brine or granulation commences,
take off a settle, and then draw off into other kettles so as to keep
the brine hot, but not enough so to boil it, when the salt will form
beautifully on the surface and sink incessantly to the bottom of the
kettle, and when it ceases to thus form and settle, the manufacturer may
know he has obtained all the pure salt the brine contained, no matter if
half or more of it is left in his kettles. When the salt thus ceases to
form, the impurities commence forming, and as rapidly as the salt, but
in the midst of the brine and not on the surface as the salt, and
when dipped up, present a different appearance, being disposed to slip
out of the vessel dipping it if turned sideways, and the brine runs from
it very slowly, and not until then will you discover the intensely
bitter taste in the grains. This process, I admit, is much slower, as I
find a 100 gallon sugar kettle of the usual form will make about 2½ to
3 bushels in 24 hours, when the same kettle would make 5 or 6 bushels
mixed up with the impurities, if the brine is kept boiling.
remains of the brine after the salt is properly extracted, will not
evaporate, but if boiled will burn, and commences burning if
boiled when the salt commences forming. In proof of this the smoke
arising from the kettle has a strong bitter smell, and there is
constantly rising to the surface a thick yellow skim, whereas by the
process there is no smoke, bitter smell or skim.
advise those who have bought or may be compelled to purchase this fine,
bitter, clammy, dripping and frequently yellow salt, to remake it before
using, which may be done in pots or kettles, by the process I have
described, and when the grains cease forming on the surface, they may
know they have obtained all the pure salt they bought, notwithstanding
there may not be more than half as many bushels, and a great portion of
the brine left, which will contain the impurities in liquid form.
it were not for intruding too far on your columns I would be pleased to
give further practical knowledge I have of salt making, but for the
present will close by saying that I would be pleased if the above
practical information could be known to every individual in our young
and struggling Confederacy, and candidly think the press of the country
could not render a greater service to our suffering and bleeding South
than by publishing this article.
remain yours, &c.,
SEPTEMBER 2, 1862
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
The New York Tribune Office Closed.
Sept. 1.—The Tribune’s report accusing Gen. McClellan of
treachery produced great excitement in this city, on being posted on
bulletin boards, and in some cases altercations occurred between excited
friends and opponents of Gen. McClellan. About noon it was torn from the
boards, on information being received that the government had ordered
the Tribune office to be closed in consequence of the publication
of this horrible rumor.
From Fortress Monroe—Destruction of City
Monroe, Aug. 30.—City Point has been entirely demolished by the
some time past, the rebels have been firing into the transports passing
up and down James River. Comm. Wilkes sent the rebels word that if it
was not discontinued, he would destroy their rendezvous—City Point.
Thursday last, the rebels brought down to City Point 8 cannon and about
200 riflemen, and opened fire upon the federal flotilla which at that
time was abreast of the place, whereupon our gunboats opened fire upon
them and demolished every building in the place and dispersed the rebel
Last Refinement of Barbarity.—We have it—the last
refinement of barbarous warfare. It is thus described by that fantastic
rebel, Lieut. Maury, in his letter to the French Admiral Carbonne:
pass by Butler’s infamous proclamation at New Orleans, and the arming
[of] our slaves against our wives and children, to tell you of a Yankee
refinement upon savage barbarity which we have to contend with. To shoot
with poisoned arrows is universally admitted to be both savage and
barbarous, but our men have been shot with explosive bullets. Imagine a
Minié bullet to be cut in two transversely, and a wire to be inserted
axially through the front half or cone; the other part is then hollowed
out into a cup, filled with fulminate or some other explosive
preparation, and then securely fitted into the front part, in such a
manner that when the ball strikes, the wire is driven back, and so by
percussion explodes the ball inside the wounded man. Is it not, think
you, equal to the poisoned arrow? There can be no mistake about it, for
I have seen the missile itself, and would send you one if I could find a
safe conveyance for the dangerous thing. The true aim of savage warfare
is to kill and murder—of civilized to wound and disable. Which is it
that the Yankees are waging?"3
Guns Left by McClellan’s Army.—A letter from Gen.
McClellan’s army says:
our march we were afforded no little amusement in the way of seeing
dummies placed along the entire line of our breastworks, an officer of
the day mounted on a worn out Government horse, logs with charred ends
mounted and covering the walls of the works, resembling columbiads,
stove pipes resembling the rifled cannon, and around each stood the
gunners, with their implements in hand, ready to salute an approaching
army with the cannon’s wild roar, and so perfectly executed that it
was well calculated to deceive and cause an army to come to a stand
still with the anticipation of work ere a further advance might be
Pen & Scissors.
iron-clads have been commenced. The keels of two were laid near
Pittsburgh, Pa., on Saturday. These are intended for river service
chiefly. The government is also negotiating for the purchase of two
Mississippi steamboats with the view of making mailed ships of them. The
Choctaw and Ft. Henry, (iron-clads) now pretty well
advanced at St. Louis, were not originally intended for government duty,
but are expected to make very serviceable craft nevertheless.
his recent speech at Washington, Orestes A. Brownson advocated
emancipation, not as an abolitionist, but as a military measure. He
declared himself anti-slavery, indeed, but at the same time, anti-Negro;
that is, he went for the President’s scheme of colonization, of taking
the Negro out of the country.
Passaic, one of the nine Monitors ordered from Ericsson by the
government, was launched Saturday last. The iron-clad steam gunboat, Naugatuck,
will leave New York immediately under sealed orders.
rebels do not succeed very well in erecting batteries upon the James
river. Our gunboats disturb their operations.
a recent war meeting in St. Louis, Gov. Gamble expressed himself in
favor of less etiquette and more hanging.
are glad to hear that the new iron-clad frigate, New Ironsides,
thus far proves a success. The great desideratum now is to obtain heavy
iron-clad ships, manageable at sea and not drawing too much water. The New
Ironsides is said to have behaved well in a rough sea, and to
have made 6½ to 9 miles an hour. She draws only 15 feet of water, and
can go into Charleston, Savannah or New Orleans, and up James river as
far as Harrison’s Landing.
new sea-going Monitor is to be named the Puritan. One of the new
vessels building by the Navy Department will probably be named the Shamrock.
Irish soldiers in the United States army at Baton Rouge have been highly
complimented for their bravery by Gen. Butler in one of his late
proclamations; and it is said that of the fifteen or sixteen thousand
Union men in New Orleans—known to be such by their oath of
allegiance—nearly one-half drew their first breath in Green Erin.
New Orleans Delta records an immense Union meeting in the
Crescent City, at which resolutions pledging Louisiana to the Union were
passed. The working men turned out in great strength, and the gathering
was highly patriotic and enthusiastic.
Cassidy, of Albany, lately returned from imprisonment at Salisbury, says
the rude behavior of Southern women towards Northern soldiers was
abundantly exemplified in his observation. Anything like courtesy, or
even civility, was unknown. A sick soldier, borne on a litter, politely
solicited a cup of water from a woman wearing the outward appearance of
a lady. He was refused with the remark that she “would sooner give him
has not been any great arrival of cotton at this point, owing to the
interruption given to the business by the order forbidding its purchase
with specie. The reversal of that order will doubtless cause the trade
to revive. The Cairo Gazette of Wednesday states that they have
large arrivals there by way of Columbus, more than the daily packets can
carry forward. On Monday about two thousand bales were lying on the
wharf there, and more rapidly coming in. On Tuesday the steamer Pringle
brought in five hundred bales and returned for more. The efforts of the
guerrillas to destroy cotton leads to its being shipped to market at
every opportunity.—Memphis Bulletin, Aug. 23d.
HARTFORD DAILY COURANT (CT)
The Battles Friday and Saturday.
A Reverse, A Retreat, and a
Philadelphia Press has been furnished with many interesting facts
from its Washington correspondents of the late battles in Virginia. We
give some of them.
The Battle of Friday.
Friday, after a tedious night advance, McDowell, Sigel, and Reno came
upon Jackson, six miles west of Centreville, as he was retreating to
Gainesville, and a severe pitched battle took place, which lasted all
day, and the field was stoutly contested. This was a drawn battle, but
Jackson’s loss was very heavy, and, observing the trap that had been
set for him, he endeavored to retreat across Bull Run on Friday night,
but from some cause he did not get his army entirely over. Our forces
moved after him, that night, and by daybreak yesterday morning, had
driven the enemy over Carharpin Creek. Up to the date of General
Pope’s dispatch, headed “Groveton, near Gainesville,” we had
captured all of Jackson’s baggage wagons, and camp equipage, and a
large number of prisoners. The fields were said to have been full of
rebels overcome with exhaustion, hunger, and thirst, who readily gave
themselves up. Some of these men state that they started out from
Thoroughfare Gap in light marching order, with ten days’ rations of
very poor quality, and that this had been all consumed. If this is true,
future victories over him will be easy.
is said that our captures of prisoners and stores, camp equipage,
&c., are immense. The various trains returning from the battle
fields are loaded with tons of stores of every description, taken in the
How the President Received the News.
intelligence of Pope’s reverse, received early Sunday morning, had a
visible effect upon the President, and he continued uneasy until General
Halleck informed him of the concentration of our forces beyond
Centreville, and our success in driving the enemy back this afternoon.
was not a little remarkable to notice leading citizens of Secession
proclivities sending their wagons, horses, and, indeed, everything they
had, to the Government in this, one of its saddest extremities. The fact
is worthy of note, that one prominent citizen, at daylight this morning,
had his fifty omnibuses all geared up, and the horses gaily decorated
with American flags; and, having driven them to the War Office, he
tendered them to the Government for such service as it might deem
proper. Accordingly, this afternoon, about 4 o’clock, a grand
cavalcade of fifty omnibuses arrived in town, accompanied by about two
hundred and fifty wagons, from the vicinity of Centreville, loaded with
such of our wounded as were not seriously injured. It was astonishing to
observe what good spirits these poor fellows were in. They cried out, as
they passed the crowded corners, “We ain’t whipped!”
The report of the suppression of the Tribune proves to have been
a hoax, and was probably started in Philadelphia to pacify the crowd who
were wrangling over McClellan’s virtues and faults. It is a curious
commentary upon the changed state of affairs that such a rumor could
have gained credence, but the arbitrary arrests of the
Government—arrests which at one time were, no doubt, necessary, have
blunted popular sensitiveness to our personal rights. Some of these
imprisonments have been most ill-advised, premature, and hasty. That of
the “substitute” advertisers in New York, and several others which
have recently occurred, are instances. The release of Col. Stone, after
nine months imprisonment without trial, demands severe investigation.
Arrests are necessary; a great fault has been committed by the
Government in not making the right ones, but these imprisonments of
persons, only to free them the next day, are foolish and unjust. It does
not seem as though the golden mean of prudence and rigor might be
attained by our authorities.
A Call for Reform.
following petition to the President, is made by the women of the United
the undersigned, women of the United States, who have freely given our
brothers, sons, and husbands to fight for their country in this deadly
struggle, and who will seek every opportunity to aid, cheer, and uphold
them to the end—seeing our army, the flower and hope of the land,
exposed to needless danger and suffering—do hereby ask of you, Abraham
Lincoln, that you, as chief ruler of this nation, see to it that the
strength which is needed against the enemy be not wasted by a foe
within—and that you cause all negligent, incompetent, drunken or
knavish men, who in the first hurry of selection obtained for themselves
weighty charges and posts of responsibility, be at once sought out and
dismissed—and that you give our precious soldiers in keeping to the
most honest, the most capable, the most faithful, trusty, and zealous
officers, both civil and military, that can be found within our land.
that we, waiting at home that issue which the God of battles alone can
give, need fear for our soldiers no evils but those inseparable from
war—need fear no inefficient or untrusty quartermasters, no careless,
ignorant or drunken officers, no unskillful, unfeeling or drunken
surgeons. . .
have intrusted to you all that we most value; we believe that you will
care for it tenderly and conscientiously, remembering that of this host,
when one man suffers, many hearts bleed. We suffer willingly in the
cause of civilization and humanity, and to maintain our national
self-respect, but we look to you, our chosen ruler, that we do not
suffer in vain.
Aggressive is now the game of the rebels. Immediately after
the Bull Run panic of last year, there was a general cry throughout the
South that Washington must be laid in ashes, and even Philadelphia, New
York and Boston were not spared in the imaginations of the more
enthusiastic. But the good sense of Jefferson Davis fought stoutly
against any movements of the kind. Now, however, it seems that the
opposition of Davis has been withdrawn and overcome, and the rebels are
bent upon sacking and burning the northern cities. Cincinnati is
threatened, and Washington will be captured if a determined and
persistent effort of the rebels can bring it about. Prisoners captured
in the recent battles agree that Washington is the goal for which the
rebels are struggling. Colonels and generals, for weeks past, have
encouraged their faltering men by holding out the possibility of taking
Washington, and the certainty that it should be handed over to
indiscriminate plunder, whenever taken. As for provisions, the prisoners
now in Washington say that Jackson has captured enough provisions at
Warrenton, laid in for the federal armies, to supply the whole rebel
force for a month. Having possession of all the ground in the rear, and
being among friends, the rebels can get their supplies now direct from
Item.—The Richmond Dispatch, in a bitter and
sarcastic editorial, condemns the defensive policy of the Confederate
government, and calls for the raising of half a million men to invade
papers of the 26th ult. contain highly colored accounts of
the rebel success (?) on the Rappahannock . . . In the House of
Representatives, Mr. Foster offered a series of resolutions favoring an
aggressive war, also favoring “a proclamation to the inhabitants of
the Northwestern States, offering to guarantee free navigation of the
Mississippi and Ohio rivers to their mouths if they will desist from the
further prosecution of the war.”
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
can hardly wonder at the number of vessels taken by government for
transports, when we consider the size of the Army of the Potomac, which
is thus spoken of by a correspondent of the New York Evening Post:
persons have an adequate idea of the Herculean task of moving an army
like that of the Potomac, with all their baggage wagons and the thousand
and one things which necessarily go to make up even the meagre comforts
of officers and men and
animals in the field. In round numbers the animals alone of this army
were some 27,000; consider that schooners used mostly as animal
transports, carry but fifty to sixty horses or mules, without their
wagons, &c., while others must take wagons, ambulances and tents,
and of these from fifteen to twenty each; and then add to this the
hundred of vessels necessary to move forage for animals, subsistence for
troops, ammunition and ordnance stores, and transports carrying from
five hundred to fifteen hundred men each, and before all are under way
the aggregate is not far from one thousand vessels all sorts and sizes,
from the canal boat to the splendid first-class steamer.”
Indifference to Danger
soldier, who was in all of the late battles before Richmond, remarks,
that “it is astonishing how indifferent to danger a man becomes in
action after being in it a short time. While supporting the battery some
of our men laid down on the ground and slept soundly, utterly regardless
of the shells that were bursting around them. If I had not seen this I
certainly never would have believed it.”
and printers of newspapers are exempt from military service in the
South. The rebel conscription act expressly excuses tem. In the North
there is no exemption for this class, and should be none. It is
estimated that there are now 10,000 printers in the Union army, or
enough for three brigades.
Letter from the N. H. Third.
Head, S. C., Aug. 22, 1862.
I am called upon to write you a disaster to the Third N. H. regiment,
which will send sorrow to numerous households in and about the city of
Manchester. Company H, enlisted at Manchester by Capt. Robert C. Dow
over a year ago, and known as the Amoskeag Rifles, having been on picket
duty on Pinckney Island during the few weeks past, was completely
surprised and captured yesterday morning, the 21st, by three of four
companies of rebels. Lieut. J. C. Wiggin, formerly a trader in Sandwich,
N. H., and lately promoted from 1st Sergeant of Co. G, was in command of
the Co. and was killed, but evidently made a desperate effort to resist,
judging from his wounds. Dr. B. F. Eaton, of our regiment, informs me
that Capt. Emmons, Co. G, on going to the island, found the dead most
shockingly mangled. Lt. Wiggin received a bayonet wound, a sword cut
near the knee, a buck-shot wound, nine bullet wounds, and a blow on the
nose—13 n all. Rumor says the surprise was so skillfully made, the
rebels even entered a portion of the quarters before the whole of the
company was awakened.
rebel while leading Corporal Dow away was shot by his own party, and Dow
escaped by secreting himself in the bushes. Sergeant Kelsea and six men
also effected their escape.
is said that the rebels took the uniforms of the pickets to wear to the
quarters of the company and it is plain to be seen that the success of
the enemy was more on account of this shrewd management than from any
neglect of duty by our men.
number of the company was 57. Four were killed, 2 wounded, 35 taken
prisoners, and the remainder escaped.
shrewd individual in Philadelphia took advantage of the turbid state of the
public mind in reference to drafting, and advertised to let them into the
secret of escaping conscription, for a small consideration. As might be
supposed, he was flooded with applicants, with the required number of
postage stamps, for which he returned a slip of paper, on which was written
the word, “Enlist!”
Mirror says the chances of getting killed in the army are
comparatively small, if the experience of Manchester is a test. Out of 672
whose families have been aided by that city, only 7 have been killed
outright or died of wounds received in battle, and 11 died of
disease—being a loss of one out of every 89, or about one to a company.5
is an urgent call for lint
Surgeon General Hammond, in an appeal to the loyal women and children of the
Union says: The supply of lint in the market is nearly exhausted. The brave
men wounded in the defense of our country will soon be in want of it. I
appeal to you to come to our aid in supplying us with this necessary
article. There is scarcely a woman who cannot scrape lint, and there is no
way in which their assistance can be more usefully given than in furnishing
us the means to dress the wounds of those who fall in defense of their
rights and their homes. Contributions will be received in Boston by Surgeon
McLaren, U.S. Army, or by any other medical officer of the army.
quotas of the several towns in this County to meet the calls of the
President for three years and for nine months men, is as follows:
Another Fight on
gen. pope driven back to centreville.
enemy was heavily reinforced on Saturday, and attacked Gen. Pope’s
army before the arrival of Gens Franklin and Sumner. The attack was
boldly met and a severe
battle followed. The advantage on the whole was with the enemy, and Gen.
Pope fell back to Centreville, with his whole army in good order. He has
now been joined at Centreville by Franklin, and Sumner was on the march
to him Saturday night. He occupies the strongest position in the
vicinity of Washington, and is expected promptly to renew the contest
and repeat the success of Friday. Every effort should be used to hasten
the forwarding of the new troops.
some particulars of the
Washington Evening Star of Saturday, in speaking of the battle,
battle was continued in the army corps of Gens Heintzelman, McDowell and
Sigel on our side, against a rebel force believed to number from 50,000
to 60,000 strong. That is, against the army corps of Jackson and we
presume a portion of the rest of Lee’s army that had succeeded in
making its way down from White Plains through Thoroughfare Gap. The
location of the battle of the day was in the vicinity f Haymarket, and
from Haymarket off in the direction of Sudley Church, or in other words,
but a few miles Northward of the never-to-be-forgotten battle of Bull
Run. Heintzelman’s corps, if we are correctly informed, came up with
the enemy’s rear at about 10a.m.,
7 miles from Centreville, which point he left at daybreak. He found
Stonewall Jackson fighting with McDowell or Sigel, or both, on the
right, in the direction of Haymarket. This position they took by going
North from Gainesville to command the entrance to and exit from
Thoroughfare Gap. Our own informant, who left Centreville at 4 o’clock
in the afternoon, a cool and clear-headed man, says that up to that hour
the impression prevailed there that nothing had definitely resulted from
the day’s fighting, which though continuous had not been a very bloody
Congressmen and Soldiers.
mileage of Congressmen, compared with that of soldiers, presents a
contrast that places the former in its true light before the people. A
member of Congress is paid 40 cents a mile for going to Washington, and
40 cents for every mile which lies between himself and his home—80
cents in all. The table of mileage of Congressmen, published in the Statesman
of the 2nd of August, puts down G. K. Shiel, of Oregon, as travelling
6,662 miles, which amounts to $5,329.60. As Congressmen voted themselves
mileage for the extra session, in the summer of 1861, and as the law
allows two mileages for each term of a representative, Mr. Shiel will
receive for mileage during this Congress, exclusive of $3,000—the
compensation for service--$15,988.80, while his real outgoes for travel,
even if he returned to Oregon once for each mileage drawn, would not
exceed $2,000. It is the custom of the Pacific shore members to remain
on this side the United States through their two years’ service—thus
saving, if they be frugal men, very considerable estates out of their
us now look upon the other side. A discharged soldier is allowed four
and a half (4½) cents a mile for his travel—say from Washington to
Oregon--$299.79, computed upon the distance alleged in the mileage bill
to be travelled by Mr. Shiel—and 50 cents for subsistence for every
twenty miles travelled. The subsistence money of a soldier from
Washington to Oregon would therefore amount to $166.51, which, added to
his mileage, amounts to $466.30. A soldier, however, would not probably
be paid upon the distance alleged to be travelled by an Oregon
Congressman, but let that pass. The pay of a Congressman (one way, 40
cents a mile), from Washington to Oregon, is $2,664.80—leaving an
excess above the sum received by a discharged and perhaps crippled
soldier of $2,198.50.
The Extent of the Change.
yesterday the threshold of a palatial jewelry store in Chestnut street,
we observed at the counter a man accompanied by an overdressed female,
paying for a $1,000 set of diamonds he had then purchased. The buyer of
the glittering trinkets, less than a yea ago, had as little prospect of
owning a $1,000 set of diamonds as of inheriting the fee simple of
Golconda.6 The gems were duly disposed upon the person of his
companion, and, consigning the empty casket to his pocket, the parties
walked out. “How is trade?” we asked the proprietor, as he led us
back into the store, beaming with smiles. “Trade,” said he, “with
us was never better, rarely as good.” We marveled. He called our
attention to his long row of show cases, in which the stock was
manifestly meager, and from which very many costly gems that we had
known by sight had now disappeared. “A year ago,” said the dealer in
jewels, “our stock was so large that we trembled to look at it. We had
sets of diamonds, pearls, opals, rubies and emeralds costing us large
sums, whose sale we looked upon as hopeless until national order was
restored. Now they are nearly all gone. We have sold nearly six sets
to-day, and $1,000 was the lowest priced of them all.” “And the
buyers?” “he buyers are all or nearly all new faces. Our old
customers we scarcely ever see, except they come for some trifling
purchase, or bring their watches to be put in order. So far from buying
from us, they often come with requests for the purchase back of gems
bought from us years before.” “Who are your present best
customers?” we asked. “Just such persons as those you passed on
entering the door. Army speculators and contractors are now spending the
money. I comes easily; it departs upon wings equally rapid. In good
times we have many customers who spent at a time as little as $3, $5 or
$10. We rarely sell a customer now less than a $50 diamond or set of
jewelry.”—Philadelphia North American.
SPRINGFIELD REPUBLICAN (MA)
Progress of the War.
are again defending Washington behind its fortifications. The rebel
armies hold their old line in Virginia, and the difference in the
military situation between the present and the past is that larger
armies have been massed on both sides, and that the rebels have assumed
the offensive and put us on our defense. We think matters are now at
their worst; that the rebels cannot take Washington; that they cannot
cross the Potomac; and that our new levies hastening to the seat of war
will soon turn the tide and drive back the insolent foe. It must be
conceded that the rebels have fought with the utmost bravery and have
been handled with the highest military skill. They have been resisted in
a series of the hardest battles of the war by gallant troops, over the
whole distance between the banks of the Rapidan and Washington, but they
have daily outflanked us and captured and fed upon our supplies, and
have continued this up to the very fortifications in front of
Washington, behind which the weary and decimated army of Virginia has
now retreated for safety. The rebels are now pushing on to the Potomac,
full of courage and confidence. Barefoot and bleeding, having eaten up
the resources of Virginia, there is only starvation and death for them
behind, and they have already learned that success obtains bountiful
supplies, so that their weakness and want become their real strength,
and they fight with the desperation of men whose very existence depends
upon victory. The Potomac will be stoutly defended by our troops, but if
the rebels have determined to come into Maryland, they will leave half
their army dead on the river before they will relinquish their purpose.
And if they should succeed, it is much more likely they will keep up
their grand flanking process and push on to Baltimore and Philadelphia,
than that they will stop to attack Washington, unless they see that the
capital can be easily taken. Their position, it is true, involves great
perils, and if beaten now they will be utterly destroyed. But it also
offers the highest inducements to success, for if they can capture our
supplies and live upon their plunder they need care little about their
connection with Richmond, and if they can penetrate into Maryland and
invade the free states, the prestige and power they will thus obtain
will more than compensate for the obvious perils of the undertaking.
Where shall be the limit of these new and unexpected triumphs of the
rebellion we cannot foresee, but there is to be a limit, and there is to
be a turn in the tide, and the new legions we are now enrolling shall
avenge these insults and drive back the enemy before the snow falls. If
a million men cannot do it, two millions can and will. The policy of
advance and invasion has been adopted by the rebels all along the line.
Leaving their positions at the South and West unprotected, they are
finding their way in small bodies across our lines, outflanking our
armies and penetrating into Tennessee and Kentucky, and threatening the
central the central and western states with devastation. Cincinnati is
putting itself on the defensive, and is really in danger. Our armies in
the Southwest are reported as gaining recent successes, but none of them
decisive or of great importance. Gen. Buell’s army is moving into
eastern Tennessee, and will doubtless succeed in occupying whatever
position he chooses there, but by that time the rebel armies will be in
Kentucky, if not in Ohio. Thus we stand. The new rebel tactics, bold and
reckless as they are, give them decided advantages at the outset, and we
may expect that they will obtain still more important victories. They
will put the North on the defensive for a time, but they do not know
what that involves as a certain consequence. If we have got to defend
our own homes against the rebellion, the whole North will arm and march
to the conflict, and there will be no further pause in the great
struggle till the rebellion is utterly exterminated, even if the South
is depopulated in the process. It needed, perhaps, this defiant and
desperate policy of the rebels to bring the whole people into the war
and to make it quick and terrible.
Abolition Sentiment in “Egypt.”
correspondent of the St. Louis Republican, writing from Alton,
is another fact, even more potent than the consolidation of individuals
on the war question. I refer to the change or growth of public sentiment
on the question of slavery. This work was begun by the Gulf slave
states. These states are tolling the knell of American slavery. It is
almost too late, now, for them to pause in their mad career and save
their social system from destruction. Their stubborn resistance in
Virginia more firmly gathers and centers the northern determination. The
swarming of guerrillas in the border states only the more inculcates the
lesson of force applied to meet force, and of fighting the devil with
his own fire, even to extermination. Slavery is as well the weakness as
the strength of the rebellion. In sentiment, the civilized world is
against it, if not against the rebels. Wherever the northern army moves,
it is annihilated. As was truly remarked in a speech of a democrat of
late, who is in the service, the rebels now term every free state man an
abolitionist, and when the latter goes to the war, every tendency is to
make him so.”
General News Summary.
is a row among the English Quakers. The pretty young women will
wear crinoline of a modest periphery, and flowers and ribbons are
invading the precincts of their drab poke bonnets. The young men also
are joining rifle clubs. What is the world coming to?
Mr. French, who has just returned here from Port Royal, where he has had
the superintendence of the colored schools, reports that there are
nearly fifteen thousand colored persons within our lines in South
Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The schools are making rapid progress.
Most of the pupils learn readily, and take a
deep interest in the religious exercises. Some of the slaves have
come over a hundred and fifty miles to reach port Royal, travelling all
night, and hiding in the woods in the daytime. They all state that the
Negroes have the idea that the day of their deliverance has come. This
feeling prevails everywhere among the slaves.
official footing up of all the appropriations made by the last Congress
trust any eyewitness estimate of casualties in a Civil War battle.
Actual losses were 1,716 killed, 8,215 wounded and 3,893 missing from
Pope’s army, and 1,305 killed and 7,048 wounded for Lee’s forces in
what was a stunning Confederate victory.
2 September 1862. Both sides were experimenting with explosive bullets
and accusing the other of barbarism. They were both right.
31 August 1862. Both sides were experimenting with explosive bullets and
accusing the other of barbarism. They were both right.
is doubtful if the Confederates would have been fooled by this trick, as
it was one they had devised to stop McClellan in his advance up the
Peninsula—it which instance it worked quite well.
battles will get worse: By war’s end, the chances of being a
casualty in the Union Army would be 1 in 13, and 1 in 75 in the Union
Navy. Most of the former would be on account of disease.
“the fee simple of Golconda” means owning the land of Golconda,
which was the capital of a ancient kingdom in south-central India from
the 14th to the early 16th century. Golconda was famed for the diamonds
found nearby and cut in the city.
Having trouble with a word or phrase?
Email the USNLP . . .