THE DAILY PICAYUNE
late and important
From Nassau, N. P.
steamer Ida, Capt. Clapp, arrived in port this morning, from
Nassau, having left New York on the 21st ult., and Nassau on the 31st.
Loss of U.S. Steamer
United States war steamer Adirondack was wrecked by going on
shore at Elbow Key, Abaco, a dangerous reef in the Straits of Florida,
on the 20th ult.
Clapp reports her to be a total loss, and says that the crew were taken
off by the U.S gunboat R.R. Cuyler. . .
Adirondack was a navy-built gunboat, of 1020 tons, and carried 13
guns. She was built at New York.
Confederate Steamers, &c., at Nassau.
Clapp informs us that there were four steamers at Nassau, under British
colors, waiting to run the blockade.
that the steamer Kate arrived at Nassau from Charleston, S.C., on
the 29th ult., having made thirteen successful trips.
that the steamer Oreto was fitting out at Cardena as a privateer,
under the name of the Florida.
Guardian, of the 30th, say that the Kate, above alluded
to, having sickness on board, had been placed in quarantine at Nassau.
By her, the editor acknowledges having received a copy of the Charleston
Mercury, of the 21st ult., containing President Davis’s message
Richmond Printers Getting
the Richmond Examiner, 11th ult.
are compelled to present the reader with a short paper, and probably
will have to do so for some time to come. The journeymen printers of
this city, taking advantage of the fact that all persons of their trade
subject to military duty, and not exempted by employment in newspaper
offices, are enrolled in the army by the conscription act, have formed a
combination to extort terms which the price of this paper renders us
unable to afford. We had already raised the wages to the highest point
permitted by the rise of paper and printing material; and are unwilling
to be made the victims of further extortion. We ask the patience of our
readers until we can obtain other workmen; and we inform all competent
journeymen printers elsewhere that the proprietor of this paper will
guarantee them protection, a permanent situation and the highest price
per thousand ems.
Novel Scene.—A member of the Massachusetts 13th Regiment,
writing a day or two after the battle of Cedar Mountain, speaks as
follows of the proceedings subsequent to the battle:
before yesterday the battle field was under the white flag, and open to
all parties. It was a novel sight to see the Yankees and secesh lying on
the grass side by side, debating the war question. Then you would see a
group of four playing euchre—two of our soldiers against two of
theirs. The two armies, for the time being, were on the most friendly
terms. There was no danger of disturbance, as no arms were allowed on
the field by either party.”
the Richmond Whig, 12th ult.
Lynchburg Virginian says that William C. Hewitt, of Liberty,
proprietor of the Hewitt House, has been detected in passing counterfeit
money on the Bank of Bainbridge, Georgia, and the Central Bank of
Alabama. The notes were printed in this city, upon the order of Roger L.
Martin, purporting to be in the hospital at Liberty, though no such
person was ever there. Hewitt, or his son, were agents of the express
company, and of course received the packages of notes that were sent by
express. Information was sent to the Central Bank of the fact that these
notes were in circulation, and an officer of the bank was sent on to
investigate the case. He arrived incognito at the Hewitt house, and
received one of the spurious notes in change. Hewitt was thereupon
arrested and lodged in jail last Friday.
Saturday his case underwent investigation, and he was sent on for
further trial. There were printed $31,500 of the Central Bank notes, of
the denomination of 2, 3 and 4 dollars, signed B. Bon, President, and P.
Cam, Cashier. Of the notes of the Merchants’ Bank of Bainbridge,
$4,000 in all were printed. They are signed J. S. Long, Cashier. Many of
these notes are supposed to be circulating in Franklin, and the people
are cautioned against them. It is supposed that Hewitt circulated from
5,000 to 10,000 of the Liberty Saving Bank notes. These were scarcely
less fraudulent upon their faces than the others, as no such institution
is in existence. Hewitt is now in jail at Liberty.
to the White Mountains.—The Boston Transcript, which
may be considered as, in some sort, the historiographer of the White
rush of travel to the White Mountains has been greater the past few
weeks than for many years, and some of the most popular hotels of the
region have never been thronged by such crowds of visitors as they are
at the present time. Billiard room, ten-pin alleys, harness rooms, and
even coaches, have been used for lodgers, and as usual on such
occasions, those who fail to secure comfortable quarters meet with
rather hard fare for pleasure travellers. Some of the houses away from
the great lines of travel have had three times as many applications for
accommodations as they could furnish.
Emigration.—A Salt Lake letter dated the 1st ult., says:
has been very extensive from the East to California this year. Our
streets are daily crowded with “pilgrims.” Salmon river has had a
large accession from Denver and from Western States. The merchants have
done a stirring business, and the products of the country are very low,
flour averaging $3 per hundred pounds.
Mormon emigration is still far back on the plains, and will be late in
getting in. It is reported the largest emigration ever en route for
Marine.—The Boston Transcript says that twenty-three
Indiamen are now on their way to Boston, a larger number than for
several years. Four ships are also on their way from San Francisco, and
about twenty from Europe. The larger portion of our ships now proceed to
New York for outward freights, as Boston cannot furnish cargoes of
breadstuffs and provisions.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
The New Rebel Steamer
to the following statement, furnished by the London correspondent of the
Dublin Evening Mail, the new rebel steamer “No. 290,”
which has just given the Tuscarora the slip, is an iron clad and
very formidable vessel:
can steam from 16 to 18 knots an hour; is perfectly seaworthy; for all practical purposes invulnerable, and will
prove to any vessel she may encounter as formidable an antagonist as our
own Warrior, the boast of the British navy. This is the “No.
290,” as to whose whereabouts Union cruisers have with reasons
betrayed such anxiety. It had been known for some time that a large and
powerful iron vessel was constructing at the dockyard of Messrs. Laird
& Birkenhead; but monsters of the deep are so much the order of the
day at that establishment that no one troubled his head much about this
new production, or cared to remark the great thickness of the plates
which were being used.
the very last moment the Federal authorities seem to have had their
suspicions aroused, for the Tuscarora was dispatched to keep
watch in the neighborhood of the dock where she lay, and the southern
coast of Ireland was also strictly watched. “No. 290,”
meanwhile, apprised of all that was going on, dropped down the river
quietly one day, and steamed out into the bay, nominally for her trial
trip—with a party of ladies and musicians on board. Instead, however,
of returning to her moorings at Birkenhead, where she would have been
kept in durance vile by the Tuscarora, she quietly landed her
passengers, avoiding Cork, Waterford, &c., in the neighborhood of
which she might have heard something not at all to her advantage.
290” steamed round by Londonderry and Donegal, and was joined off
the west coast of Ireland by the steamer which had previously sailed,
having on board the armament intended for the “Ironsides.”
The Great Battles.
make up our paper to-day, to a great extent, from the Richmond Enquirer
of the 3d instant—the only Richmond paper of that date which came
through the mails of yesterday, and for that copy we were indebted to
reader will find in the editorial upon the battles, and the copious
extracts from Northern papers, probably of the 30th, as they report the
fight of the 28th, much to interest him.
leave no doubt that the enemy has been completely outgeneraled—his
positions turned, and the main body of our army interposed between him
and his cities of refuge—Alexandria and Washington. The only way of
escape left open to them was in the direction of Leesburg, whither they
are reported to be fleeing. But we think it doubtful whether even this
road may not be blocked, as the Northern accounts speak of Confederate
troops being seen in that region.
should the enemy take that route, closely pursued by the Confederates,
it may well be doubted whether he will not be driven to a stand at the
Potomac, or find the act of crossing a fatal experiment.
the whole, the news seems to inspire a reasonable and likely hope that
the Grand Army has been destroyed.
will also be seen from the Northern news that McClellan had joined Pope
with a new army, or his old one greatly reinforced with new troops, so
that the Grand Combined Army was much larger than we had previous
account or conception of. It was no doubt upwards of a hundred thousand
whole North was in an agony of suspense about its fate. The Herald’s
army correspondent, writing within the sound of the cannon of the
combating hosts, on Thursday, says that the war itself hinges upon the
result. The thunder of the guns was heard distinctly in the Federal
capital, but that there must still have been great confidence among the
Lincolnites, is clear from the fact mentioned in the press telegrams of
yesterday, that some fifty civilians of Washington were spectators of
the Grand Fight on Saturday, all of whom were captured.
on Saturday night, if we may credit the reports mentioned by the Examiner,
an awful panic followed the news of the defeat, in which all self
possession was lost, and both the bridges across the Potomac, leading
into Washington, were blown up, so as to impede the advance of the
Southern armies. If that be true, it shows a perfect madness of panic,
because it would cut off the retreat of their own army for all they knew
to the contrary, and would break their connection with their own
defences at Arlington Heights on this side of the river. These
considerations may well inspire a doubt of the story. But the whole
complexion of the news is most cheering and leads us to hope that our
highest aspirations as to the thorough demoralization of the Federal
grand army will all be realized when we get the full facts.
large amount of commissary and ordnance stores captured are vastly
important to the future operations of our forces, and the loss of the
Federal Generals, Siegel, McDowell and Pope will add to the
embarrassments of the enemy.
Rich Haul in the Chesapeake.—On Friday night last, a Yankee
steamer, having some twelve or fifteen loaded barges in tow, passed up
the bay from Fortress Monroe in a heavy gale, and upon reaching a point
opposite the counties of Matthews and Middlesex, seven of the barges
broke from their tow lines and were dashed ashore. The citizens next
morning took possession of them, and captured nine Yankees who were
thrown with them on the shore, each of whom was armed with a musket, and
after the contents of the boats were secured, they were marched into a
safer locality by Lieutenant Fitzhugh, of the Matthews cavalry.
of the barges contained one hundred and thirty 13 inch shells, 100
Enfield rifles, 5,000 knapsacks, and other articles. Two others were
loaded with wagons and harness. Another contained numerous boxes of axes
and engine tools, overcoats, baggage, &c. Others contained tents and
tent poles, eighteen boxes of haversacks, (about 2,800 in each) and all
sorts of army equipments. The prisoners, while in the custody of Lieut.
Fitzhugh, were under the belief that a large force of rebels were in the
vicinity, and submitted docilely.—Richmond Inquirer.
SEPTEMBER 9, 1862
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
from New Orleans.—From a letter of a soldier in General
Butler’s division, dated 22d ult., we are allowed to make some
returned last evening from a five-days chase after guerrillas, and after
fifteen hours sleep I feel smart enough to write a letter. Last Saturday
afternoon, Lieut. Perkins received an order from headquarters to go up
the coast about fifteen or twenty miles beyond our lines with his
company, where it was expected he would meet an armed force, the
strength of which he was to ascertain, and to whip them if he could. I
immediately procured an order to join the company as 1st lieutenant
(Perkins acting as captain). We started in the night and reached Kenner,
eighteen miles above the city of New Orleans, where we halted through
the day and started again in the night and marched ten miles to the
plantation of Judge Kass (Confederate States minister to Spain), where
we left some of our horses that had become lame or tired, and with his
plantation horses, which are always good saddle horses, we moved on to
McHuckin’s plantation, where we had been informed there was a band of
guerrillas, but we found only three men. These were armed with shot guns
and were intended to forma police,
to prevent Negroes from running away. We took away their guns, threw
them into the river, and let the men go. We then destroyed his boats,
took ten fine horses from the stable, and started on. After a few
moments we found there were several Negroes mixed in with our men
mounted on their master’s horses. These we had to turn out, as it was
against orders to take them. I was never more surprised than to see the
insubordination existing among the Negroes. They knew more about the
real cause and effects of this war than many white people do, and they
openly manifest their hatred of Southern men and their love for the
“Yanks;” nor did the threats of their masters, which we sometimes
overheard, make any difference. They seemed to care for nothing but to
get a chance to serve us, in some way or other. One boy, who was half
white, begged of me to take him along, and would not leave me. I asked
him if he knew the swamps; he said, “Yes,” and I gave him a cold
roast chicken and canteen of water, and told him where he could find me
in New Orleans. I have not seen him yet, but I hope he will get here
safe. There is no mistaking the feeling that exists among the Negroes.
If they are not helped, they will help themselves before long. We lived
on the wealthiest planters we could find, making them kill and cook
fresh veal and mutton for our men, furnish grain for our horses, and
seat us officers at their own table. It was hard for those old
secessionists to sit and eat with “Yankee mud-sills,” but we were
well armed and they thought it their duty to treat us kindly, and we
managed to eat the best they had. We reached a point fifty-six miles
above the city, and encamped on the very ground that a band of
guerrillas had left the day we started from here. On the road up we saw
very few young men, most of whom were so frightened that they ran away
to the swamps, and left their Negroes alone on the plantations. Many of
them had flags of truce hung on the gates before their houses, but they
ventured out to look at us at us as were coming back, and our
boys—seventy in number—sang “John Brown,” “Hang Jeff Davis,”
&c. Gen. Butler had issued an order to organize a brigade of free
Negroes in the city. Gen. Phelps has a full regiment of fugitive slaves
drilling at Carrolton—they are not armed. My health is good.
Labor Question.—The Cairo Gazette makes mention of
an immense influx of Negroes at this point, and remarks that what they
will find to do is more than it can tell. It says, “If hundreds and
hundreds were yet to be poured in upon us, the number here could soon be
distributed throughout the country and furnished employment by farmers
and gardeners. But, looking upon this as the entrepôt for the thousands
who may be freed in the South—as a sort of rendezvous for them until
they can see opportunities to do better elsewhere—we cannot dispel
from our mind the fear that not only this new population will suffer,
but that their presence will so affect the laboring class of white men
that the pinch of want will become general.”
enough, the Peoria Union, of the same week has an article on the
scarcity of laborers, which is beginning to be felt throughout Illinois,
consequent upon the immense enlistments in the army. Says the Union:
are unable to get assistance in securing their crops, though they offer
high prices for labor. A gentleman from the country was in our office
yesterday and informed us that hundreds of acres of grain yet stand in
the shock for want of laborers to stack it. He had offered two dollars a
day for a single day, or for a month, yet could get no one to accept a
place for either period. We are informed not only the smaller grains but
the corn will have to stand out over the winter, on account of the
scarcity of farm help.”
the stern logic of events is teaching the men of Illinois the folly of
proscribing people on account of their color. Necessity, it is likely,
will be found more powerful than prejudice. When it is found that white
laborers cannot be had, we imagine that even the Negro-haters of
“Egypt” will consent to have their corn gathered by the new comers
who are waiting for work.
Army and Navy Gazette describes McClellan’s campaign as the
most signal failure in this century.
Rebels Cross the Potomac.
Large Force on the Opposite Shore.
Farmers from the upper part of Montgomery county, Maryland, arriving
here early to-day, report that heavy firing was heard late yesterday
evening in the direction of Noland’s Ferry. They also confirm the
rumor that the rebels crossed the river yesterday this side of point of
did not venture any considerable distance from the Potomac. The force
consisted of a battalion of cavalry and four pieces of artillery. After
remaining a short time they recrossed. There is no doubt of the fact
that the rebels in strong force are posted at several points on the
bodies of rebel infantry were plainly visible from this side during the
day, and the camp fires at night indicated the presence of a larger
force of rebels than at first supposed.
was hoped that later accounts from the west would show the first
statements with regard to the massacres were exaggerated. But it is not
so. The first reports are fully confirmed. Gov. Ramsey of Minnesota
telegraphed to the President that they could not defend themselves
against the Indians and at the same time furnish the full quota to the
Government. The President telegraphed back to him to take care of the
Indians first, whether he could furnish the quota or not. The Third
Minnesota Regiment, which was captured at Murfreesboro, and subsequently
released on parole, has been ordered to the frontier. As they cannot
fight the rebels, they are put to good use against the Indians.
and Fighting.—When the democratic old town of Haddam votes,
she puts in 500 ballots. When this same old democratic town is asked for
her enrollment for military service, she furnishes only 132 names! In
other towns in the state the enrollment numbers about one half the
voters. But in the democratic old town of Haddam only one quarter of the
voters are fighting men. Just the difference between a voting democracy
and a fighting democracy.
Portland last week, when the citizens of that place were
enjoying a collation on the occasion of the visit home of their company
from New Haven, some secessionists expressed their opinions a little too
freely. After the collation, one made who had made himself conspicuous
by talking against the government was visited by a party of loyal men
who gave him the choice of retracting all he had said or taking a ride
free gratis on a contrivance commonly called a rail. It was a clear case
that he must either ride or retract. He concluded to retract, made an
apology, said he was sorry, and would do so no more. The rail was
secessionist who said he hoped the whole company would be shot, had his
windows broken in the night, an act of violence which, although
committed under great provocation, was decidedly wrong.
A Slap at the
From the London Daily News.
word “Honor” is for ever on the lips of the Southern Chivalry; but
the meaning of that word seems to have long degenerated into the
inferior sense of honors received, instead of honorable conduct
practiced. The Southern practice of honor is illustrated by the custom
of gentlemen debauching their female slaves, in order to increase their
chattel property; by Mr. Jefferson Davis’s early practice of
repudiation of State debts; by the recent transactions of his government
in regard to cotton; by the use his supporters made of their
opportunities of office under Mr. Buchanan to steal the national
property, and betray the majority of the nation into the hands of a
small minority. No Yankee ever had a keener eye for the main chance than
the citizens of Mississippi who got hold of foreign money for public
works, and then repudiated the debt—the present head of the
Confederation impudently counseling that course. No low adventurer ever
perpetrated a fouler swindle than Mr. Floyd and his colleagues when they
used their position at Washington for alienating the national property,
filching the states, and pillaging the treasury of the country. These
were the men to institute a Confederate Government which should use the
cotton crop—the property of a small number of planters—three times
over. What we already know is that the owners were first summoned to
yield up their cotton to the Government, receiving bonds for the value,
to be redeemed at the end of the war; that this same cotton was then
made the basis of paper currency, which is the only money now existing
in the Confederate States; that this same cotton is at once held out as
security to foreign powers who will lend aid to the Confederate cause,
and burned by Government order wherever any store of it can be
discovered. It is of a piece with the mode of conduct that the discovery
of such stores is made by trick. Brokers in plain clothes prowl among
the estates bargaining for cotton which they declare themselves able to
send down to port, they survey the stock in its hiding place, go away to
arrange the means of transport, and re-appear as soldiers—as the
Southern chivalry—to burn the cotton. It is consistent with this tone
of manners that the same men who borrowed Northern money while privately
plotting secession, now repudiate all debts to the North on the ground
of that secession. It is of a piece with such conduct that the
Confederate leaders should declare slavery to be their sheet-anchor at
home while whispering assurances in Europe that slavery should decline
and die out from the date of Southern independence. It is of a piece
with all this that Mr. Yancey should have denied the existence, actual
and prospective, of the African slave trade, while his coadjutor, Mr.
Slidell, was a champion of a renewed slave trade, and while Mr. Yancey
himself had not only advocated the traffic in public conventions, but
had been fully aware of the actual systematic importation of thousands
of Negroes straight from Africa. Mr. Yancey found this country too hot
to hold him after these disclosures were made; but Mr. Yancey is
considered at home a decidedly favorable specimen of the Southern
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
recent battles in Virginia have been terribly destructive of human life.
In this sacrifice of life New Hampshire has largely shared. Her gallant
2d and 6th Regiments have been through the terrible ordeal, and many a
brave son of the Granite State has laid down his life for his country.
Many in this vicinity are mourning the loss of loved ones fallen in the
strife. To them we would administer comfort—weeping with those that
weep. Tears must flow, and friends must fall; but they fall in a holy
cause, and a Union cemented in such blood will be a thousand times
[more] precious to those to whom it is bequeathed.
the names of the killed are those of Lieutenants Fuller and Ames, of
Peterborough, two very worthy and respectable young men who leave
families to mourn their heroic departure. Lieut. Charles Fuller, a
painter and grainer by trade, was doing a successful business, which he
left to serve his country in this her greatest need. He has lain down
his life in its defence. He leaves a wife and two children. Lieut. T. K.
Ames, eldest son of T. P. Ames, had just completed his profession as a
lawyer, was an able and ready speaker, and had a bright future before
him. He, too, has died for his country. Noble death. No man can do more.
He leaves a wife.
of the Rebel Army.—Some of the Rebel prisoners captured on
Friday give accounts of their condition. They say that all the food was
run out, and they had actually nothing to eat. This was absolutely true,
as on overhauling their haversacks, nothing in the way of food could be
found except two or three apples, an ear or two of green corn, and in a
few cases a little old corn. They say that over four hundred of our men
were captured at Manassas and neighborhood, but that Jackson, after
taking their names, allowed them to go, not having food to give them.
Others, who were captured on Saturday afternoon, say that they had
nothing to eat all day, and appeared almost famished. Some say the whole
Southern army was in the fight, and that if they were whipped here, the
South could yet send five hundred thousand more in a very few weeks, and
we could never whip Jackson unless we had twice his force. The prisoners
say they are heartily tired of fighting, and that if the people would
let the officers settle it between themselves it would soon be over, and
that if they ever got back to their homes they would never be caught
fighting again. A lieutenant who was captured said that 150,000
attempted to get through Thoroughfare Gap, but that only 100,000 were
able to do so. The forces, he continues, were commanded by Ewell, Hill
and Jackson. He further said that Jackson had been heard to say that in
the neighborhood of Manassas he had fought his first battle in the war,
and that if he was defeated he would fight there last.
Female Nurses Wanted.—We are requested to repeat what we
have previously said, that no female nurses are wanted at the hospitals
near Washington. Ladies will save themselves unnecessary trouble in
calling upon the Surgeon General or the Medical Director, if they will
Money to be Distributed.—The sum of $50,000 was, on Friday,
sent to Washington by the Prize Court of Philadelphia. This sum is the
proceeds of a single sale of a prize vessel condemned and sold in that port.
The whole sum will be divided among the officers and crew of a single
vessel. Over $300,000 more will be sent on for the same purpose during the
of Fredericksburg.—This place, as has been already stated, was
evacuated on Saturday afternoon. There was quite panic the previous evening among the Union people, and much
rejoicing among the secessionists, who became all at once extremely numerous
and bold, because of the approach of a confederate reconnoitering party to
the city—probably to find out whether or no it might be evacuated.
Matters, however, proceeded coolly, and among the preparations for removal
were those of a great many Negro families, whose affection for their owners
prompted them to keep on the Federal side of the fence. A very great number
of blacks, old and young, left. A Washington correspondent gives the
following account of the evacuation:
the order for the removal of the commissary and quartermaster’s stores to
Acquia Creek, the roads leading from Fredericksburg thither were filled with
wagons conveying the property to the creek. Preparations for the destruction
of certain property were made as follows: In Fredericksburgh a large machine
shop, where the railroad engines have been repaired, was undermined with
powder, and a the last moment was blown up. The destruction of the three
bridges across the Rappahannock was accomplished by covering the woodwork
with pitch and setting fire to them after the troops had left the city. At
Falmouth, on the other side of the Rappahannock, all the newly erected
government bakehouses, constructed for baking bread for the army in that
vicinity, were demolished. The railroad depot was burned in the same manner
as the bridges. A large amount of lumber at the depot was also destroyed.
The railroad engine and cars were left at Acquia Creek. Gen. Burnside
himself superintended the removal of the troops and stores, and the
destruction of the property which could not be carried off. Two hundred
barrels of flour were among the articles destroyed. Everything was conducted
in perfect order. Our troops at Acquia Creek are under the full protection
of the gunboats of the Potomac flotilla, and are prepared to meet the enemy
at any place we now occupy. The flames of the conflagration illuminated the
sky in the evening. There is a possibility that some of the houses in the
city may have caught fire and been devoured by the flames.”
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
War with the Indians.
from a letter written to Ezra Carter, Jr., Esq., of this city, by W.W.
Eastman, dated at Minneapolis, Minn., Sept 1st, 1862:
have war—war—and Indian war, here. The Indians were about 125 miles
from here, at Forts Ridgley on the Minnesota rover, and Ripley on the
Mississippi river, but as yet there has not been any trouble up the
Mississippi river. The Commissioner from Washington has gone up there
with a force to make a treaty. The agent, Walker, shot himself. He was
crazy for fear the Indians were going to kill him, as they gave out word
they were going to. They did not like him, and Hole-in-the-Day, the
Chief, went to Washington last spring to get him removed, but could not,
and was bound to clean him out.
the Indians on the Minnesota river have murdered a large number of
people, and it is reported that they have 200 women and children as
prisoners. They tried four days to take Fort Ridgely, but could not. Our
forces arrived there last Monday, and they have gone on beyond. We are
to follow them, but they move so slow (our men) that it is feared that
they will not overtake them. They found three children nailed up to the
side of a house with spikes driven through their wrists—two of them
were dead and one alive. The father and mother were murdered. They
burned a great many in their houses, and would cut off men’s arms and
legs when alive. It s the greatest outbreak ever known.
prospect for doing much is very poor this fall. As yet we have done
nothing, and ought to have made 8000 bbls. of flour since harvest, but
on account of the Indian trouble, a great many men went and left their
wheat to fight tem, and almost the whole of the back country came into
town with their families for fear of the Indians; and the wheat that was
cut one month ago is still standing in the shock, and it has rained
almost every third day all through harvest, and a
great deal of the wheat is spoiled on account of the wet weather
and no help to take care of it. You have no idea what a panic there was
when the country people came in here by [the] hundreds.”
From Fortress Monroe.
Monroe, Sept. 10.—Capt. T. F. Wells of Boston, Mass., with twenty
divers, three hundred men and four whale ships, arrived here yesterday
for the purpose of raising the sunken vessels at Hampton, Newport News,
Gosport and James River. Their contract compels them to raise the Cumberland
whole, but Capt. Wells intends to raise the Merrimac whole if
Sept. 11.—No mails are sent hence westward further than
Elliott’s Mills, nor are there any forwarded beyond that point on the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Other routes are selected to insure safety.
were received here from York, Pa., to-day, which show that there is no
interruption of facilities in that direction.
and after to-morrow, passes will be required from all vessels, boats,
&c., navigating the Potomac river. These will be issued by the
commanding officer of the flotilla, and may be obtained from the naval
vessels stationed at Alexandria, or at the mouth of the river.
The Indian Troubles.
Lake City, Sept. 10.—James Forbes has just arrived her from Snake
River, and reports that two trains were attacked by the Indians at
Tublett’s Cut-off, 300 miles north of this city. Fifteen of twenty
persons were killed, including women and children.
parties have arrived here during the past week, having been driven back
by the Indians. One party of twelve had had five wounded in a fight with
a small party of Snake Indians. The Snakes and Ballcocks and the
Shoshones are well armed with rifles and revolvers, and are determined
to prevent emigrants from going into Salmon county.
overland mails are arriving and departing regularly.
Sept. 11.—A gentleman who arrived here from Frederick this morning
confirms previous statements as to the wretched appearance of the
rebels. They appeared to be generally well armed but shockingly filthy.
In one sense, every man might be considered a host, judging from the
animated nature of their persons.2
The Telegraph operator at Elysville reports having heard heavy
cannonading in the distance all the morning.
Military Orders in Pennsylvania.
Sept. 11.—The following order has just been issued by authority of
thousand of the freemen of Pennsylvania are hereby called for immediate
service to repel the now imminent danger from invasion of the enemies of
the country. Officers in command of company organizations as authorized
by General Order No. 83 will at once report by telegraph the place of
their headquarters, so that orders may be issued from those headquarters
for transportation to Harrisburg for such companies as may be ordered to
move. Further calls will be made for additional forces as the exigencies
of the service may require. The formation of companies under the general
orders should continue to be made as rapidly as possible, until all able
bodied loyal men of Pennsylvania are enrolled and ready for service.
the order of Governor Curtin.
Threatened by the Rebels.
Sept. 11.—Mayor Henry issued the following address:
of Philadelphia—At a late hour tonight the Governor of Pennsylvania
has addressed the following dispatch: “We have reliable information
this evening that the rebel generals have moved their entire army from
Frederick to Cumberland Valley, and their destination is now Harrisburg
and Philadelphia. We need every available man immediately. Stir up your
population tonight, form them into companies, and send us twenty
thousand to-morrow. No time can be lost in massing a force on the
Susquehanna to the defend the State and your city. Arouse every man
possible and send them here.”
response to this urgent call be prompt and effective. I hereby request
that all able bodied citizens shall assemble at 10 o’clock on Friday
morning at the precinct houses of their respective election districts,
in readiness to obey the summons to immediate service.
NEWPORT MERCURY (RI)
colored citizens of this city being desirous of responding to the order
issued some weeks since, held a meeting on Monday evening and voted to
use their best efforts to raise a company to be attached to the Sixth
Regiment for the defence of the State.
have obtained the following facts in regard to the rebel steamer Ovieto
vs. Florida from Captain Boyle of the brig Redwood, at
this port from Cardenas 27th ult., and we would add that Capt. Boyle is
an intelligent young man in whose statement as well as judgment we have
B. states that his vessel lay within 250 yards of the rebel steamer
while loading, which afforded him good facilities for observation. He
describes her as from 800 to 1000 tons burthen, long and low in the
water and trimmed very much by the stern, very sharp, the propeller so
arranged that it can be hoisted out of the water when not in use; bark
rigged with three yards on each of the forward masts, the mizzen mast
with fore and aft sails only. Two smoke stacks 25 and 30 feet high,
which, together with the entire hull, are painted black. Has a figure
head in the shape of a warrior’s shield, the shield being white. Round
stern; the rail from the mizzen rigging aft, being cut down so as to
afford a range of 150 degrees to the after pivot gun. Had six side and
two swivel guns mounted and port-holes for four additional guns on each
side; has a lookout gangway forward of the mainmast.
Boyle is positive that this vessel is not iron clad, as she lay in a
direct line between his vessel and the shore, he frequently passed very
near her and saw the seams in her planking and he also noticed that the
iron-rust was very conspicuous below the chain bolts, while there was
little or none to be seen elsewhere. From the number of hammocks in the
nettings, Capt. B. judged that she had a crew of about forty men. The
officers he frequently saw on shore; they were Americans but very
uncommunicative and the crew were all foreigners.
Boyle knew nothing of the Captain’s being sick, but saw several men
taken on shore to the hospital. She did not receive any coal on board at
Cardenas, but it was said that a supply was taken off in launches while
she lay at the Keys, a few miles below.
pirate craft is reported by the steamer Columbia from Havana 6th,
to have arrived at that port from Cardenas with the loss of a number of
her crew by fever and Capt. Maffit very sick, notwithstanding which, the
Spanish authorities has ordered her to leave the port and she sailed on
the night of the 1st. We trust her career will be short.
to Young Men.—Truth and justice are immutable and
eternal—always sacred and always applicable. In no circumstance,
however urgent, no crisis, however awful, can there be an aberration
from the one, or a dereliction of the other, without sin. With respect
to everything else, be accommodating; but here, be unyielding and
invincible. Rather carry your integrity to the dungeon or the scaffold,
than receive in exchange for it liberty and life. Should you ever be
called upon to make your election between these extremes, do not
hesitate. It is better prematurely to be sent to heaven in honor, than,
having lingered on earth, at last to sink to ruin in infamy. In every
situation, a dishonest man is detestable, and a liar is much more so.
Boston Post of last Saturday says:
Housatonic.—The sloop-of-war Housatonic, built at
the Navy Yard, returned yesterday afternoon from a trial trip, winning
high commendation from seamen for the beauty of her build and her
sailing qualities. Her machinery worked admirably, though requiring
alterations and adjustments. Off Cape Ann, yesterday morning, her
command went through the usual evolutions—such as handling the guns,
firing, and repelling boarders—in a manner that elicited a cheering
word from the commander. Among the guns discharged were an 11-inch
Dahlgren and a hundred pound Parrott, the explosion of the shells from
which were splendid. She is said to be well manned throughout, though
but few of the crew have ever seen service on board men-of-war. Her
gunner, Mr. Mayo, was in battles at Hilton Head and Hampton Roads. Her
Lieutenant, Stuyvesant, was in the Cumberland when she went down.
Her Lieutenant Commander, W. K. Mayo, a Virginia, at the outbreak of the
rebellion, addressed a spirited and patriotic letter to Gov. Letcher,
rejecting the invitation of the Convention of that State “to become an
honorable deserter” of the flag to which he owed his all, and holding
that his primary and only allegiance was due to the United States. He
appeared to be as much at home in working ship as he is sound in his
politics. Capt. William Rogers Taylor, the commander, is an estimable
and accomplished officer, who sought active duty at the opening of the
war, but, in the ordnance department, rendered such service as to elicit
the warm approbation from his superiors. He has recently been promoted,
and his high character is a guaranty that, under his command, the Housatonic
will worthily sustain the honor of the flag.3
Oldest Woman in New Bedford.—The oldest lady living in this
city is Mrs. Alice Davenport, at 97 North Second street. She was born in
Tiverton, Rhode Island, in April, 1766, and is ninety-six years of age.
She retains to a remarkable degree her faculties, and is as smart as she
was twenty years ago, wit the exception of a little lameness, caused by
an injury received while getting from a hack. Rising at a very early
hour, which habit she has followed from her youth, she takes great
interest in the household affairs. She is very particular how her food
is cooked, though she eats the same as the rest do. She relates many
interesting incidents connected with the Revolution, and the war of
1812, which came under her notice, and recollects distinctly the time
when her father enlisted in the ranks, but laughs when talking of the
Indians that used to sleep on her kitchen floor.—N. B. Mercury.
policeman who was recently at Montreal says he saw there several men who
had enlisted in Boston, and after getting their bounty had deserted. One
man, who was stopping at a first class hotel, and was spending his money
freely, boasted that he had obtained bounty four times.
Confederate raider will be rechristened the CSS Alabama, of which
we will hear much more in subsequent newspaper articles.
they are crawling with lice.
article on the Housatonic is included because of the role she
will play two years down the road, when she becomes the first victim of
a submarine attack (CSS Hunley) off Charleston on 17 February
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