FEBRUARY 8, 1863
THROUGH SOUTHERN SOURCES
the Morning Whig, January 31.
was heard above Warrenton yesterday morning. We suppose some of our guns
opened on the ferry boat, as she shortly afterwards ran in through the
break in Brown & Johnson’s levee, and got into the lake which runs
along by the quarters, where she will be out of danger.
small steamer was lying at the mouth of the canal, above Dr. White’s
yesterday afternoon. A gentleman informed us that he saw a boat some
distance down in it during the forenoon. Several transports started up
the river yesterday, running light. We suppose they are going after
troops. A boat came down to the fleet in eh afternoon with coal barges
the Evening Citizen, January 31.
report circulated this morning that some of our guns had sunk the
ferryboat, it probably originated from the fact that a few shots were
fired at her yesterday, which compelled her to hide herself behind the
levee, out of sight.
the Grenada Appeal, January 30.
was marked by a certain degree of anxiety by the citizens here. For
several days past the scouts of the enemy have exhibited their audacity
by coming up close to the banks of the river opposite town, and day
before yesterday they were seen to be surveying the grounds, which
evidently indicated it was their intention to plant batteries in that
vicinity. The engineers could be seen at work with their instruments,
and the flag-bearers, carrying small white flags at the end of a pole,
were also noticed in carrying out the orders for the former.
was generally believed that by yesterday morning there might be
discoveries made of new batteries, planted on the levee during the
preceding night. Yesterday morning a number of Federals appeared again
on the river bank in De Soto. The party seemed to consist of about fifty
men, but they scattered in different directions, so that none but small
parties of a half dozen could be seen. The levee and underbrush
obstructing the view, it could not be ascertained what they were driving
at, but all persons on this side are apprehensive that a battery or two
will spring up in that quarter.
enemy yesterday burned three or four small wooden houses in De Soto.
These buildings were situated immediately opposite some of our
batteries, and why the enemy should be allowed to come up in the middle
of the day to put a torch to them, is a mystery that can only be
explained in the inner sanctum of the military authorities. A few shells
thrown over there by our batteries would keep them at a safe distance.
suspicion exits that the enemy has planted batteries in the rear of
these buildings, and when all was ready, they were fired for the purpose
of giving them a good range at our batteries, while they answered as a
good shield during the construction of their works. It is not yet by any
means certain that they have been doing this, and that this city may be
visited with a shower of iron hail at any moment. It is not expected
that any notice will be given of the time of attack.>
more has been observed of the steamer in the canal. The water will
probably not yet admit of navigation in that stream. Several large
gunboats were seen to arrive at the point above during the day. The
ferry boat lying below the city also made several efforts to go down the
river, but our batteries on this side always checked her progress and
forced her to get in close to the Federal shore, and abandon the attempt
of going down the river.
on Port Hudson.—A correspondent of the Cincinnati Commercial
writes from “the gunboat Essex,
off Port Hudson, Dec. 14,” as follows:
the gunboats 2, 3 and 7, we arrived at Port Hudson on the 12th December.1
We found no batteries as we came up. We are anchored about three
miles below Port Hudson. We cannot see their guns, but if their works
are mounted with guns, they undoubtedly have a large number of cannon.
We can see a great many tents.
contrabands say there are five thousand men there, and they are strongly
fortified for two miles back from the river. They say that the
Confederacy has offered $100,000 to those that capture the Essex,
and $50,000 if she is destroyed. The Negroes say they fear her. From
what I hear, Farragut will not trust his ships in range of any more
morning, at half-past 6 o’clock, the rebels opened a battery of
artillery on No. 2, and shot through her over twenty times,
killing one and wounding several. We then silenced the rebels, when the No.
2 got aground and we had to pull her off. She is taking water fast.
The rebels are following us. We have the No. 2 in tow, and she
will leave us in a few minutes. We received fifteen or twenty shot, but
none passed through. We are still firing, and the rebels following, the
levee protecting them. They brought the artillery from Port Hudson last
Fortifications on the South Carolina Coast.—The Boston Journal
prints this extract of a private letter received from an officer on
board the United States sloop Canandaigua, of the blockading squadron
ten miles along the beach on each side of Fort Sumter the rebels have a
continuous line of water batteries, and there is no doubt in our minds
that when the ball opens it will be no child’s play. But we rather
think there will be some tall fighting for a short time, if not longer.
With anxious hearts we await the signal for the fight to commence, that
we may go in and win. The English and French war steamers are hovering
around the blockade, waiting to see the fight. There were several
contrabands from Charleston who came to our ship last night in a small
boat, and they say the rebels at Charleston are building six iron-clad
steamers, but are hard up for iron.
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
success of the Magruder fleet has demonstrated its efficiency. To aid
our friends at other points in preparing to meet the enemy, we give them
some idea of Gen. Magruder’s plan. If not original, it is better, it
is successful. We believe the credit of the invention is due to him.
Whether this is or not, we trust our naval men in other quarters will
not hesitate to adopt it because it was not got up by a sailor. Quite a
fleet of boats is now being got ready on this plan here, and they will
teach the invaders what it is to attempt a breach of our defences. The
“wooden walls” of England have long been famous. It is left for
Texas to gain equal credit with the cotton walls now defending her. She
has made a good beginning.
rivers and harbors abound in high and low pressure steamers, adapted to
the river commerce. The hulls of these steamers are usually good, and
with the requisite strengthening, such as Captain Lubbock has put into
the State boat Bayou City, can be made sufficiently staunch for rams.
the boiler-deck, cotton bales, two or three deep, are piled up, and
securely fastened to frames built up from the hold of the boat. These
extend all around the boilers and machinery. A row of cotton bales is
also placed on the cabin, and another on the hurricane deck, to protect
and swivels from behind these upper breastworks are enabled, with
perfect safety, to sweep the decks of the enemy, and thus prepare the
way for borders.
boats are armed with rifled 32s or larger guns. Quite likely some of the
guns from the Westfield, of
which there are eight splendid Dahlgrens, may be put on some of the
boats. These large guns are a single one in the bow of each boat, and
there are small guns also in the stern. The boats [will also be fitted]
with wrought iron bowsprits, very sharp at one end, and furnished with
barbs, to enable them to hook on to the enemy’s vessel. A steel prow
under the water also does it work in scuttling the enemy.
wrought iron bowsprit with barbs are of much more importance than the
steel prows, inasmuch as they enable our boats to hang on to the
enemy’s ships until the crews can board. The crews are generally 150
to 200 men, armed with double-barrelled guns, pistols, cutlasses and
bowie knives, and able to slash their way through anything. Once on the
enemy’s decks, nothing can prevent them taking the ship.
capture of the Harriet Lane
was achieved with the loss of but five men to the vessel boarding her,
and so little injury was done to either vessel, that both are now ready
for service again.
such vessels fitted up on all our bays and rivers, we could soon have a
large portion of the enemy’s fleet. But for the white flag ruse of the
enemy, we should now have twelve instead of five of the fleet at
Magruder fleet has shown what can be done with genius to plan and pluck
to carry out the enterprise. Let the commanders elsewhere take the hint
and act upon it, and we will soon be as formidable to the enemy on water
as on land.—Houston Telegraph.
Banks’ Army in Winter Quarters.
Destruction of the Frigate Brooklyn.
Hudson, Feb. 6.—Deserters are constantly coming in from the enemy
at Baton Rouge—at an average rate of two per day for the past two
weeks. Al of them concur in reporting great dissatisfaction in Banks’
army. Numerous officers have resigned in consequence of the arrival of a
Negro regiment from New Orleans. The whole army is completely
demoralized, and in some cases the point of revolt and mutiny has been
reached. One regiment is now confined in the Penitentiary for laying
down their arms. Banks himself is stated to have declared, “My
army has gone to hell. It is useless to deny it.”
force is said to be 17,000. No indications of an advance movement have
been reported for several days.
report coming from Baton Rouge represents that the steam frigate
Brooklyn has been sunk by the confederate steamers Alabama,
Florida and Harriet Lane—the Brooklyn
having been sent in pursuit of these vessels. This will require
Essex made us her regular weekly visit on Sunday last and was fired
upon by our pickets—one Yankee reported killed. She shelled our
pickets an hour, but hurt nobody.
say that Banks cannot depend upon his army, and hence his delay in
Letter from Vicksburg.
Correspondence of the Grenada Appeal.
Jan.26, 1863.—From information obtained yesterday from the Federal
camp over the river, it appears that the suspicions entertained here in
regard to an attempt being made to open the canal were correct. During
the heavy fog on Saturday morning they had a force of five thousand men
engaged in widening the ditch and clearing away the logs and other
obstructions. The river being now nearly bank full, the water is running
through the canal with a rapid current, and in a short time they hope to
have it in a good navigable condition for their transports. The gunboats
are not intended to be taken through the canal, and no calculation is
made as to its depth for that purpose, but the transports being all of
light draught, it is expected that they will be able to pass through
without any difficulty.
the geographical location of the canal it is certain that the river can
never be coaxed to form a permanent cut-off; but for the time being,
during high water, it may answer their purpose of carrying their light
draught transports below the city. But even this will prove a dangerous
and costly experiment when they come to find out the real condition of
affairs in regard to certain arrangements below the city which commands
the debouche of the canal. Of
these it may not be proper to say much at this time, but at the right
season it will be very proper to let the Federals know all about it.
FEBRUARY 10, 1863
DAILY PALLADIUM (CT)
The Difficulties of Making Peace.
the Richmond Examiner of the 3d instant is a very striking article which shows
the folly of attempting to make a lasting peace between the North and
the South, even should the two sections consent to a separation. The Examiner
can be no settled, agreed peace between the two belligerents in this
fearful war without an amicable division of the magnificent domain which
has heretofore been held as the common property of the Union. Is
Maryland to go altogether to the North, or to be divided according to
the preponderance of popular sentiment in each of its divisions? The
integrity of Virginia can never be yielded either by the Commonwealth
herself or by the Confederacy which guaranteed it. Will the North insist
upon having the new State of Kanawha as a sine
qua non of peace? Are time-serving Kentucky and heroic Missouri to
be given up by the Confederacy, as they are impliedly given up by
President Davis in his message? Or will the South insist that the
territorial position of one and the popular will of the other render
their possession by herself a sine qua non of peace? The two great questions, whether States are
to be divided at all, and whether they are to be transferred entire or
in parts to the one or the other party, with or without reference to
their own election, will not be more difficult of settlement than the
important question, how shall the vast domain lying west of the
Mississippi be disposed of.”
this it may be seen that the rebels, in replying to our peace Democrats,
when negotiating for a separation of the Union in order to end the war,
will demand not only the States of Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky,
Missouri, and even Tennessee, (for the latter was juggled out of the
Union) but they will require that the territories of the Union shall be
parceled out and half of them given over to the cause of human bondage.
there any sensible man who can believe for one moment that a permanent
peace could be effected if to-day hostilities should cease? Could the
government honorably acquiesce in the demands of traitors that the
heritage of the nation should be divided with those who have trampled
all sacred obligations under their feet? Notice with what a dictatorial
spirit the Examiner claims
that “the magnificent domain which has heretofore been held as the
common property of the Union” must be divided.
the rebel government holds not an inch of this “common property,”
the claim upon it is as arrogantly put forward as if the confederate
armies were in full and undisputed possession.
such is the greedy and grasping spirit of a section struggling to attain
by fair or foul means the status of a recognized nationality, to what
lengths of audacious pretension would not that section venture if this
government should for a moment give them reason to believe that some
other than the stern and bloody arbitrament of war could be resorted to
after two years of a fierce and costly contest?
is no other honorable method of terminating the strife. We have no
reason to give up the contest. Though the prospect may seem dark and
though our progress may be slow, yet when we compare the situation of
to-day with the situation of a year ago, we shall find great cause for
congratulation, and strong reasons for believing that if the war shall
be continued, we shall, before many months, make such serious inroads
upon the area of the rebellious state as will preclude all hope of their
recognition as a nation by the great powers of the world.
the area of the territory actually under the control of the confederate
government is not two-thirds of what it was a year ago. And though they
may insolently demand that states, not now in their control, and
territories that never have been, shall be divided with them, the stern
logic of war may soon convince them of the futility of the demand and
the uselessness of continuing the contest.
of the Iron-clads.—A Port Royal letter of the 3d says he Montauk
has been engaged several days attacking the iron-clad battery on
Ogeechee river. The rebels have got much heavier guns than ever used
before, and they also have steel-pointed shot, but although the turret
has been struck sixteen times, they have all glanced off. Capt. Worden
had nearly demolished most of the rebel parapet, and expects soon to
capture the battery behind which lies the steamer Nashville.
The Passaic is said to be up
Wassaw sound, and heavy firing was heard there on the 2d. The rebel ram Fingal is in that vicinity. The Patapsco
and Weehawken were both hourly
expected. The harbor of Port Royal is full of vessels and troops, and
Gen. Foster has arrived.
The Expedition Against Charleston.
Newbern correspondent of the Traveller, who had just returned from Beaufort, writes, under date
of the 31st ult.:
sailing of the expedition for, I believe, Charleston Harbor, was one of
the grandest sights I ever witnessed.
fleet consisted of about 125 vessels, steamers, transports, tugs and
schooners. About 11 o’clock, on the 30th of January, the sails of the
various smaller craft were unloosed, and silently, one by one, in close
order, they glided from the harbor. Next followed in the same rapid
succession the steamers, storeships, transports, tugs, and all others.
was a magnificent sight, the long line of vessels crowded with troops
cheering and bands playing, with full colors streaming from the masts.
counted 78 schooners and storeships and steamers, containing a very
large body of troops. At dark the vessels were still passing the forts.
The gunboat Daylight had
reached Morehead City from the blockade fleet off Charleston. The
officers of this vessel report that the iron gunboats Passaic and Montauk, a
number of mortar vessels, and various other U. S. war vessels, were at
anchor in Bull’s Bay near Charleston, when they left.
Massachusetts 44th and some other regiments at Newbern had been ordered
on another expedition, which was to start upon the morning of Feb. 1.
FEBRUARY 11, 1863
PATRIOT & STATE GAZETTE
to Avoid a Draft.—The Independent Democrat argues that the
way to avoid a draft in this and other States to fill up our armies is
to enlist Negroes, and that by opposing the Negro Bill, Democrats are
laboring to make a draft necessary! It seems to believe, with Beecher,
that our sure and safe reliance is upon the Negro. This is almost too
ridiculous to require reply or argument. Yet the Providence Post has
answered it in advance. That paper well aid, in reply to Beecher, that,
first, we cannot get the Negroes; secondly, if we could get them, they
would not fight; and thirdly, if we could get them and they would fight,
the 150,000 called for would not supply the place of the 400,000 white
soldiers whose terms of service expire in the Summer. And it adds:
Sprague told the Negroes of Rhode Island to come forward, and he would
organize them into a regiment. Did they respond? No—they never raised
one company! The cry for help was carried into Massachusetts, but
Massachusetts couldn’t raise a company. At first, they were waiting
for an emancipation proclamation. They got that in September, but it
only gave the dumps. By and by they discovered that they were waiting
for the supplemental proclamation, to be issued, or not to be, on the
first of January. The first of January came, and brought with it the
final edict of Abraham; but from that day to this, not a Negro volunteer
has been heard of. We asked a Negro the other day what had become of his
regiment, and got for his reply, “It is too devilish cold to think
about such things.” The offer of the Governor, made in good faith, may
stand five years, but not a single Negro company will ever be organized.
Our Negro slaves fought in the war of the Revolution by the side of
their masters, but never against them.
we do better with Southern Negroes? In only a few districts can we get
at them. Hunter raised a regiment at Hilton Head, but the majority ran
away, taking their arms and uniforms with them, and the regiment was
broken up before it had anything to do. Another effort has been made,
but not one of the original regiment has re-enlisted, and it is stated
that those who do enlist, run way when they get a chance. Near New
Orleans some progress has been made in getting Negro companies
organized, but it is admitted that the work is about played out. No sane
man believes that ten regiments could be organized in the whole South in
as many years. Stevens’ bill authorizing the raising [of] one hundred
and fifty regiments is too ridiculous to even pass for a good joke. And
if we could raise this number—this
splendid army of one hundred and fifty thousand black men, “panting
for freedom and thirsting for revenge” —would any general trust himself at their head, with
Stonewall Jackson and fifteen thousand rebels in front? Of course not!
Way the Money Goes.—There are eight Major Generals in our
army who are without a command, viz: Burnside, McClellan, Fremont,
Sumner, Franklin, Buell, McDowell and C. M. Clay. The pay of these
commanders amounts to more than $100,000 per month. There are also
scores of Brigadiers who are receiving large salaries for doing nothing.—Manchester
this is the way the money goes; and all of these Generals are “laid
up” for political reasons—party reasons.
of Scientific Discovery.—The Moon’s influence on the
weather has long been asserted by popular opinion, and science seems to
be confirming it as a fact. Mr. Park Harrison, from a study of the
thermometric observations at Greenwich, finds that there is a tolerably
constant increase of temperature from the new moon to the full, and a
decrease from the full moon to the first quarter. He also finds that the
maximum of rainy or cloudy days corresponds with the first half of the
lunar period, and the maximum of fine clear days with the last half. He
explains the fact by the dispersing action of the full moon upon the
clouds. This dispersing action is in turn accounted for by Sir John
Herschel thus: The heat rays of the moon are almost inappreciable even
by the most delicate instruments. Melloni found that the index of an
extremely sensitive thermo-electric pile scarcely moved when a moonbeam
was concentrated on it by a lens so powerful that a sunbeam thus
converged would have burnt platinum into vapor.
heat rays sent from the moon, therefore, must be intercepted and
absorbed by our atmosphere. Being thus concentrated in the upper strata
of the atmosphere, the heat necessarily warms that region, and thus
dissipates the clouds and hinders their formation. The full moon will
therefore clear the sky, and by so doing will lower the temperature of
the earth, for clouds act as a blanket to the earth, keeping its heat
from radiating into space. The new moon, deprived for some time of the
sun’s heat, is incapable of exercising a similar influence, and the
rainy or cloudy days are, therefore, more frequent during the first half
of the lunar period. Leverrier accepts this hypothesis of Herschel, but
it has been combatted by other astronomers, and must still be considers sub judice.
Sick and Wounded.—The Government declines to allow the sick
and wounded soldiers of this State to be brought home to have the care
of their friends and the comforts essential to their speedy recovery. It
is supposed that it is feared their votes would help elect the
Democratic ticket, and that “that’s what the matter is.” But it is
useless cruelty to keep these suffering soldiers away from the care and
comforts which their friends are anxious to devote to them. The
Democrats will sweep the State without their aid. But we regret that
these gallant men are to be deprived both of the comforts of home and
the pleasure of aiding in overthrowing a corrupt and heartless political
party who seek to use them only to perpetuate their power and to carry
out schemes of plunder and national ruin.
Blundering.—A letter from New Orleans relates another
instance of official blundering in fitting out the Banks expedition:
“The Medical Department did not know where the expedition was bound,
but supposed up James river, and accordingly sent all the ambulances and
medical stores up there, and the troops are not in a condition to move
without them—nothing to take care of the wounded
DAILY CITIZEN & NEWS (MA)
Fighting in Florida.—The following is a fuller account than
the telegraph furnished of Col. Higginson’s late expedition into
Georgia and Florida:
expedition sailed on the 23d of January. At St. Simon and Jekyll islands
it captured a quantity of T railroad iron, valued at $5,000, live stock
and farming utensils of much utility to contrabands, who are exceedingly
anxious to make a crop this season. Arriving at Fernandina, Col.
Higginson proceeded up the St. Mary’s river about twenty-five miles,
to a point called Township, where he landed his command, and after
marching a few miles from the river, on the Florida side, he met and
thoroughly routed a company of mounted Floridian, emptying at the first
discharge thirteen saddles, and killing and wounding many more, while on
the Union side only one man was killed, Mr. Parsons, a private in Co. G,
and two others were seriously though not dangerously wounded.
days after, Col. Higginson ascended the John
Adams as high as Woodstock, Fla. His troops made sad havoc of the
rebels as often as they appeared in force on either bank. At Woodstock,
seven rebel prisoners were taken, and the expedition brought off forty
thousand brick, lumber, live stock, and all the jewels belonging to
Madame Aburtis’ slave barracoon, or in chivalry parlance, jail,
consisting of iron collars, bracelets for wrists and ankles, for both
sexes. The only further casualty to our side was the death of Capt. J.
C. Clifton, commanding the John Adams. While engaged in conversation
with Major Strong, standing near the pilot-house, a Minié ball, fired
from the shore, passed through his head, killing him instantly. Two
bullets, aimed at Major Strong, struck in fearful proximity to him, but
then, as on several other occasions of extreme danger in face of the
enemy, he behaved in the most gallant manner.
closing his report to Gen. Saxton, Col. Higginson says:
officer in this regiment now doubts that the key to the successful
prosecution of this war lies in the unlimited employment of black
troops. Their superiority lies simply in the fact that they know the
country, which white troops do not; and, moreover, that they have
peculiarities of temperament, position and motive which belong to them
alone. Instead of leaving their homes and families to fight, they are
fighting for their homes and families, and they show the resolution and
sagacity which a personal purpose gives. It would have been madness to
attempt with the bravest white troops what I have successfully
accomplished with black ones.”
February 12th, is the fifty-fourth anniversary of the birth of Abraham
Lincoln. Lanman, in his sketchbook, printed in 1859, records his rise
and progress in ten lines: “He was born in Hardin county, Ky.,
February 12, 1800; received a limited education; adopted the profession
of law; was a captain of volunteers in the Black Hawk War; at one time
postmaster of a small village; four times elected to the Illinois
legislature; and a representative in congress from 1847 to 1849.”
Should Mr. Lanman bring out another edition of his work, several little
matters may now be added to the record.
Democratic General upon Copperhead Politics and Politicians.—Gen.
J. A. Logan, who for years has been known throughout Illinois as a
democratic leader, and at one time, perhaps, opposed to some of the
principles of the administration, recently spoke of the copperhead
plotters as follows: >
the people of my State that we are in
favor of carrying the war into Egypt. We can
whip the rebels, and are going to do
it, and when we are done with that and return to our homes, we are going
to whip every secession sympathizer and preacher of peace who may have the
courage to remain there!”
editor of the Taunton Gazette suggests that there should be a statute of limitation
against the early marriages of army widows.
Washington letter says it is estimated that the average number of officers
about Washington is five thousand who are shirking duty, yet who march up to
the pay-table every month with the fidelity of a quartermaster’s mule to
his daily peck of oats. A senator hit them off cleverly the other day,
saying, “Some one threw a rock at a lame dog at Willard’s the other
night, and it knocked down two brigadier generals, yet it was not a god
night for generals.”
rather important step on the subject of slavery has been taken by the
Spanish government. An order has been published in the official Gazette,
dated Madrid, Dec. 11, 1862, by which it is decreed that slaves going with
their masters from Cuba to the United States North, or to any free country,
become thereby free, the same as if they had gone to Spain.
editor of an obscure democratic sheet out west has had a severe attack of
Massachusetts on the brain. Hear him: “Her wealth is the accumulated
interest of capital made in the rum and slave trade; her prosperity has
sprung from the manufacture of slave-grown products; and yet, to break down
this system which has made her all she is, she does not hesitate to deluge a
nation with blood. May her factories crumble to dust, her shipping rot at
her wharves, until she learns in the dear school of experience how much woe
she has brought upon the land whose wealth has flowed into her coffers.”
We would recommend a daily dose of Mrs. Winslow’s Soothing Syrup, and
soaking the feet in tepid water, till the inflammation goes down.—Springfield
Sumner’s bill to raise additional soldiers for the United States provides
that all able-bodied males between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years
set free by the act of August 6, 1861, or that of July 17, 1862, or by the
recent proclamation of the president, or by any other legal or competent
authority exercised in suppressing the rebellion, shall be enrolled, armed
and equipped as a military force of the United States to a number not
exceeding 300,000, to be paid $11 per month, one-half each month, and the
remainder at the end of service, to be officered ad commanded by persons
appointed and commissioned by the president, each private at the end of his
service to be entitled to ten acres of land to be used as a homestead, and
each officer to twenty-five acres. Section 3d authorizes voluntary
enrollment of persons of African descent in any part of the United States.
Granville Moody of the 74th Ohio is a famous Methodist preacher from
Cincinnati. He is something over fifty, I reckon; six feet two or three
inches, of imposing presence, with a fine, genial face, and prodigious
vocal range. The reverend colonel, who proved himself a fighting parson
of the first water, was hit four times at the battle of Murfreesboro,
and will carry the signature of battle when he goes back to the altar.
His benevolence justifies his military flock in the indulgence of sly
humor at his expense, but he never permits them to disturb his
equanimity. Several battle anecdotes of him are well authenticated. Not
long ago, Gen. Negley merrily accused him of using heterodox expletives
in the ardor of conflict. “Is it a fact, colonel,” inquired the
general, “that you told the boys to ‘give’em hell’?”
“Now,” replied the colonel, reproachfully, “there’s more of the
boys’ mischiefs. I told them to give the rebels ‘Hail Columbia,’
and they have perverted my language.” The parson, however, explained
with a sly twinkle in the corner of his eye, which left me in
probably know that our western circuit preachers are Stentors. Where
other parsons are emphatic, they roar in the fervor of exhortation,
especially when they bulge upon you with a big “amen.” You must
imagine this fact to appreciate the story. The colonel’s mind was
saturated with piety and fight. He had already had one bout with the
rebels, and did give them “Hail Columbia.” They were renewing the
attack. The colonel braced himself for the chock. Seeing his line in
fine order, he thought he would exhort them briefly. The rebels were
coming swiftly. Glancing first at the foe, then at the lads, he said
quietly, “Now, my boys, fight for your country and your God,” and
raising his voice to thunder tones, he bellowed in the same breath,”
AIM LOW!” Says one of his gallant fellows, I fancied for an instant
that it was the frenzied ejaculation from the profoundest depths of the
“amen corner.” Any day now you may hear the lads of the 74th
roaring, “Fight for your country and your God—aim low!”—Letter
from Rosecran’s Army.
Smith tells of a maid who used to boil the eggs very well by her
master’s watch, but one day he could not lend it to her because it was
under repairs; so she took the time from the kitchen clock, and the eggs
came up nearly raw. “Why did you not take three minutes from the clock
as you did the watch, Mary?” “Well, sir, I supposed that would be
too much, as the hands on the clock are so much longer.”
to Liquor Sellers.—There has been quite a scramble in some
localities for a U.S. tax law license to sell rot-gut, the applicant
thinking thereby he would be protected from prosecution under the state
prohibitory liquor law. Such is not the case, as numerous decisions have
already proved. An instance happened last week, of one Ellen Donovan,
who was arrested at Greenfield, Mass., as a seller of intoxicating
liquors. Some 30 or 40 different sales were proved, and she was
convicted. She endeavored to protect herself by a United States tax law
license, but the court rules that such a license was protection only
against a prosecution from the tax collector, and wholly invalid as far
as the state law is concerned.
has been a steady decline in gold in New York during the week. It sold
Monday morning at 156 but had fallen to 153 Wednesday morning.
Speculators do not seem desirous to operate extensively until some
financial policy is settled upon by government. In government securities
there is a much better feeling than there was last week. The supply of
money is increasing and the demand less active.
of the Rebel Force on the Rappahannock.—The Richmond Whig of last Saturday after noticing a rumor that the Federal army
before Fredericksburg was to be broken up and the bulk of it sent to the
West—only a fragment to be retained for the defense of
comes of our movements being known to the enemy. If
we only had our full forces now upon the Rappahannock, instead of being
scattered South and West, we could make short work of the Yankee
concern at Washington. But it is useless to cry over spilt milk.”
All Sorts of Items.
sidewalks are glazed with ice. The walking is very uneven and bad,
especially on those which are steeply descending. Some Christian
householders put sand or ashes on these walks, and the passers-by rise
up and call them blessed. Others don’t, and the passers-by fall down
and call them names.
Mr. Stokes of Trenton, N.J., lately sued Judge Nair, of the True
American, for damages for having put his marriage among the deaths.
Although the editor offered to make it all right by putting Stokes’
death among the marriages, the indignant Benedict would not accept the amende
honorable. Damages six cents.
earnest, eccentric and blunt-spoken religious exhorter, Elder Knapp, who
is now holding forth every evening at the Wabash Avenue Baptist Church,
Chicago, in a prayer the other evening used the following language:
“Oh, Lord, wilt thou bless Abraham Lincoln? Thou knowest that all the
Southern aristocracy and all the rotten portion of the Northern
democrats are down on him. Therefore wilt thou bless him?
can be more opposed than we are to violations of the Constitution, but
we have no manner of patience with those journals that are more shocked
at the illegal imprisonment of one rebel in the United States than at
the lawless hanging of a hundred Union men in the Rebel Confederacy.—Louisville
FEBRUARY 14, 1863
SATURDAY EVENING GAZETTE (MA)
who read the reports of Col. Higginson, of the South Carolina 1st
Regiment, regarding the conduct of his colored soldiers, after allowing
for the enthusiastic character of the Colonel and his tendency to
exaggeration on a subject wherein he is so much interested, must have
come to the conclusion that in unfavorably estimating the fitness of
these soldiers they had made a mistake. All the philosophical fine talk
about the native unfitness of the African and his want of capacity for
such service—his tenderness of nature and indisposition to
fight—fell down before this fact reported by Colonel Higginson, even
though people were disposed to discount half that he said. We believe
every word of it.
reasoning against colored soldiers has been based on wrong premises. The
Negroes have been called African so long that the mind is too apt to
forget that they are Americans, drawing their life and strength from the
same soil that eh white soldiers derives his. It is forgotten, too, what
circumstances have to do in developing manhood. Where the time is full
of influences and all are exhibited by the magnetism of events, the
susceptible Negro cannot remain passive. His obedient nature, that has
been counted timidity, answers the call of duty and self-respect, and he
becomes a man as soon as he feels like claiming the august title.
actual observation of the conduct of black soldiers in the field in a
tropical country, we always have felt assured that they would prove
better soldiers in this, because we thought they might, in a hot
country, possess in a degree the indolent habits and enervation of their
African origin, while in a temperate region the climate was supposed to
have braced their nerves to more energy and more activity. In all that
was incumbent upon them in the tropics, no complaint was ever made of
their want of efficiency in duty or proficiency in discipline or the
manual. With white officers they did as well as the white soldiers. They
had a proper sense of the importance of their station, and never by any
bad conduct did they allow themselves to fall into disrepute or disgrace
by comparison with the white soldiers. They were, by contrasting the
white pipe clay and scarlet uniforms with their black faces, brighter
soldiers externally than their Anglo-Saxon companions in arms, and held
their heads a deal higher.
the instances have been many of the valorous conduct of such people in
other lands, it may be for America to show their ability on a more
extended scale to act as fighting men, and hence we hail with no little
pleasure the report of Col. Higginson as evidence of the first
experiment in the African’s progress—Americanized by growth from the
soil and humanized by indoctrinated ideas of human rights that belong to
him, long withheld, for which he will fight.
is said, with a sneer, that colored regiments cannot be raised at the
North. Perhaps not. The race at the North, as much as we boast of our
equality, is not what it is at the South, under the “Patriarchal
system,” as it is pleasantly called. >
a colored man is the cooper, or the baker, or the carpenter, or the
blacksmith—an important member of society [even] if he is a
slave—and he feels his importance as such. The young men there are
compelled to work—become strongly developed in muscle, their minds
clear to conduct the pursuits required of them, and ripen early into
vigorous, if not free, manhood; here they grow up into barbers, waiters,
or fiddlers, and imitate the little vices of the whites—their
foppishness in custom, their smoking and their chewing. These have
little to fight for, they have no nationality, and sympathy with any
great idea has not been cultivated, and therefore the fruits of such
cultivation it is hardly reasonable to expect.
are glad the black soldier experiment is to be tried, and like the
promise of the first report. It will give encouragement to exertion
otherwheres, and though we don’t believe, with some, that the Negro is
to be the savior of our country, we believe he may be made an excellent
help to that desired end. We believe the whites are able to effect it,
but if the blacks desire, as is shown, to have a finger in the pie, let
them put it in if it be black. Pie crust doesn’t taste any worse for
being made by a black cook.
Newbern, N.C., Progress bids
its readers au revoir on
account of having exhausted its stock of paper.
Richmond Enquirer proprietors
have bought the Forest Manufacturing Co. paper mill in Wake county,
N.C., for $50,000. They have plenty of rags in rebeldom.
iron-clads are playful monsters. The Montauk,
the other day, for the purpose of testing her power of resistance, stood
the fire of a whole fort of guns for four hours. So much for trial; we
hope she will do something in earnest by and by.
young married coupe in Lincoln, N.H., having separated, the father
determined he would keep their child, whereupon the people took the
matter in hand and said he shouldn’t, threatening him with a coat of
tar and feathers if he persisted. It is strange the exultation we feel
when justice is secured, even at the sacrifice of a little legal right.
We heard a good clergyman, a day or two since, regretting that a too
rapid civilization had banished the pillory and ducking stool.
Memphis observer describing the immense rush after cotton along the
railroad between Jackson and Vicksburg says, “if there is one
spectacle more sublime than any other afforded by the present strife, it
is a steamboat load of well-dressed gentlemen rushing forward,
heroically to take the profits of the war when the risks are all over.
It makes one feel that we have not lost our character as a commercial
According to their numbers, these
should be, respectively, the tinclads Marmora, Romeo and New
In reality, the Brooklyn
survived the war and continued in service until 1889.
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