FEBRUARY 15, 1863
L A T E R
THROUGH SOUTHERN SOURCES.
Interesting from Vicksburg.
correspondent of the Appeal,
under date of the 7th inst., says:
apparent inaction of the enemy for the past few days in only indicative
of what is coming, and no one must deceive himself by hoping that the
crisis can be long postponed. The present quiet of the enemy is but a
short truce. At the uttermost the weather and state of the river can
only delay the collision but a few days. The aspect of the enemy was
never more menacing than at this moment. In a few hours perhaps the
tocsin of alarm may sound in our ears and call to arms the whole
strength of our army. There is now no longer any doubt but that the
whole force of the enemy is concentrated within seeing distance of the
city, and the mortar boats were being towed down yesterday to a point
near the grand rendezvous of the fleet. Every moment may announce the
commencement of the attack.
available force, naval and land, will be called into requisition to
assist in the great work before them. The stage of the river is
favorable to operations by water, and by delay will prove equally
unfavorable for the purpose of assault by land, and under these
circumstances it becomes an imperative necessity to commence operations
considerable degree of apprehension was manifested yesterday evening at
the supposition that an attack might be contemplated during the night.
This suspicion arose from certain movements of the ferry boat below,
which is in a lake behind the levee, and being noticed to be under a
full head of steam, as was also the ram, and imaginary reports
circulated freely that the enemy was throwing a force across the river
at Warrenton. It was, however, soon ascertained that these rumors were
groundless, and no attempt being made by the enemy, every thing remained
quiet during the night. This morning the same old status is observed
that has marked the past week. Some movements of the fleet at the mouth
of the Yazoo would seem to indicate that a movement up that river might
be on the tapis.”
his letter of the 8th, the same correspondent says:
Saturday a great degree of curiosity was created in this city on account
of certain movements among the enemy over the river, which indicate that
something was going on, but the precise nature of which could not be
made out. It was, however, discovered that the Federals were going
aboard the transports, and that a great portion of their tents had been
struck, looking very much as if a general evacuation was being effected.
The rising river of course received the credit of driving the thieving
vandals out of the swamp. Later in the day it was ascertained from
reliable sources that the enemy had thrown a large force across the
peninsula to a point below the canal, and that they were engaged in
erecting batteries on the Louisiana side opposite Warrenton. >
course there could be no use for batteries in that vicinity unless for
the protection of their boats in carrying the troops over the river, and
their plans are now beginning to develop, so that we can see what they
are driving at. The attempt to cross the Mississippi is to be made at
Warrenton, where they hope the low land on this side will prevent our
forces from interrupting the transit.
the manner of accomplishing this feat is not yet wholly understood, and
the means with which they intend to effect it are not apparent. It is
now conceded by the Federals themselves, and confirmed by all the
deserters and captives who have reached here, that the canal is a
failure, and that the transports will never be able to go from river to
river through this ditch. And on this account they are marching their
troops overland to a point opposite Warrenton. Now, the question arises,
how will they cross over without the transports? Pontoons won’t do,
and the little ferry boat won’t do either, nor can the gunboats do
much at that business.
ingenuity, however, will no doubt adopt some new plan by which this
dangerous transit is to be effected. Unless the transports go through
the canal, they will never be able to get below the city, and the
navigation of the canal not allowing such a voyage, they will be
compelled to remain above. An attempt will no doubt be made to run the
batteries by a few more of the gunboats, but these will be of very
little use in carrying troops, and as fast as they can be landed in
small parties the Confederate troops would gobble them all up, in spite
of the gunboats.
usual, the reveille could be distinctly heard this morning, and the
motion among the fleet was also indicative of activity. The most
unaccountable proceeding that could be noticed was the going away of the
gunboats—whither they are bound or what their object, no one can tell;
but it is certain that some of them have been seen going up the river
would not be surprising to hear that our cavalry had reached some point
on the river above and made sad havoc with the enemy, which requires the
gunboats to go up and see what is going on. This is the only way in
which this movement can be accounted for, especially as they did not
attempt an advance up the Yazoo, as had been expected. If the gunboats
should be withdrawn from here the assault may be delayed for some
the letter of the 9th we take the following:
Saturday evening the transports started up the river, and, having been
seen to embark the troops during the day, the affair looked like an
evacuation; but yesterday morning the boats were back again at their old
anchorage. It is supposed the troops were carried some
distance—perhaps to Milliken’s Bend—and landed on higher grand
than they are at present encamped. The going up of the gunboats the
following day may have been as a protection to the camp, though no
definite information has yet been received of this movement.”
MACON DAILY TELEGRAPH (GA)
progress of Northern disorganization is one of the most interesting
developments of the time. It is not for men to attempt to dive into
futurity or fathom the purposes and plans of omnipotence, but it does
appear to us exceedingly difficult to account for the action of the
Black Republican party, on any other hypothesis than “judicial
blindness”—that madness which the gods are said to inflict as the
initial step to destruction. What else could have prompted Lincoln to
his proclamation—his party to enact the 150,000 Negro soldier
bill—or Wilson in the Senate to bring forward his bill for quashing
the banks—annulling the habeas
corpus, and divesting the States of all control of their militia?
Each of these measures, considered in connection with existing Northern
sentiment, seems to be like the application of salt to sore
eyes—caustic to quick flesh, or fire to tow.
the first, the abolition question has been a fruitful theme of discord
in the Federal army. Congress, alive to the great danger of
demoralization from this source, was careful, at the outset, by a solemn
and almost unanimous resolution, to disavow and ignore all other objects
than the single one of “restoring the Union,” and every official
document emanating from the Government reiterated this position. The
whole northern army was organized upon this foundation—organized, as
we believe, more than one half strong abolitionists; but it was hardly
in the field before the movements of the black republican party in
Congress, and the talk of the black republican papers, began to stir up
strife and mutiny. Nothing prevented a still greater discontent but
pointing to the record and the frequent and solemn affirmations that,
however much the political abolitionists might plot and rave, the
administration stood firm on the platform of war for the Union and
nothing but the Union. And up to September last, it did indeed seem that
Lincoln meant to be true to the pledges under which his army was raised.
like a clap of thunder, comes his proclamation. But there was a ready
apology. It was a plan only to deprive the rebels of the help of their
slaves—not to stir up insurrection or enlist servile allies in active
war. Now, on the back of this, and to cap the climax of the systematic
deception by which anti-abolitionists have been betrayed into the
position of involuntary tools and strikers for the maddest incendiary
schemes of run mad abolitionists, comes Stevens’ bill to crown the
infamous treachery of the Lincoln administration. If the South had been
called upon to name the most suicidal step which Lincoln should be
forced to adopt, she could have indicated no other.
the opposition States are inflamed with extreme jealousy of the Lincoln
administration, and extreme jealousy of the political abolitionism of
New England. Threats of revolt on their part have been the subject of
daily telegrams for weeks past. Now, just at this critical conjuncture,
at a time when it would seem that little was needed to fan this
discontent and distrust into open hostility, comes this proposition to
draw their teeth—to take away from them the control of their militia,
to empower Lincoln to suspend habeas corpus, and put their banks in
limbo. And as if to make the matter as offensive as possible, these
propositions must be brought forward by the burly abolition Senator
Wilson, of Massachusetts. It is New England which undertakes to chain up
the opposition States of the Middle and West. Surely, whom the gods
would destroy, they first make mad!
the moment when all terror of Lincoln despotism is gone, these wise
tacticians are bent upon pushing it by law to the extremity of a
despotic domination alike over the sovereignty of the States and the
rights of the people. It was, we suppose, in a debate upon Wilson’s
bill, that the Indiana and Illinois Senators are represented to have
used the strange language set forth in the telegrams to-day.
Propositions like these will develop a corresponding opposition. The
more monstrous the stretch for power, the more violent will be the
resistance—and the greater the opposition, the stronger the necessity
for sweeping measures to put it down. The two will go on to provoke
antagonism, till the clash of arms will be the result. The controversy
is already passed reason or reconstruction, and yet the Abolitionists
seem as blind to their peril as they were when they undertook to crush
out the rebellion in the South. In fact, they seem just as anxious now
as then to sharpen the issue,
probably in the hope to overthrow their opponents between the two forces
of Federal power and patronage and a large popular minority in their own
Feb. 14.—Northern papers of the 12th were received here last
Europa has arrived at Halifax, and it is reported that she brings
propositions from Napoleon offering mediation between North and South,
on the basis that both appoint Commissioners to meet in Montreal or
Mexico to arrange the preliminaries of peace.
Washington telegram to the New York Express
says it is reported that Seward has rejected the proposition. The
Washington Chronicle denies
that there has been any such indication from Government. It adds, there
is no reason to doubt that portion of the news, which states that a
suspension of hostilities is included in the terms.
reported rejection of the mediation proposition caused gold to advance
in New York from 152½ to 156, but subsequently fell to 154½.
NEWS FROM THE WEST.
Feb. 13.—The Southern Crisis
of the 11th instant, published at Jackson, Miss., learns from
distinguished citizens of the Northwestern States, that the States of
Indiana, Illinois and Ohio, have determined to stop the war, and make
terms of peace with the Confederate States at all hazards. They are
resolved that the war against the Confederate States shall
cease—otherwise the Northwest will war against the aggressor.
of these States drafted or enrolled are leaving the Federal army by the
hundreds and by regiments, and there is no power to control this
movement. Of one hundred and fifty thousand men under Grant and
McClernand, only forty thousand effective soldiers remain, and that
number is daily diminishing by mortality from sickness and voluntary
Legislatures of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Kentucky will convene at
Frankfort in General Convention on the eighteenth day of February, to
agree upon the institution of a Northwestern Confederacy, and propose
terms of peace and commerce with the Confederate States bordering on the
Mississippi and tributaries. They will propose a treaty offensive and
defensive with the South, or an adoption of the Confederate States
Constitution to incorporate these new members with the Confederacy, if
agreeable to the people of the Confederate States. But, in any event,
relations of peace, amity and commerce with the South.
will bear the result of the deliberations of this Convention to
Richmond, empowered to treat with the Confederate Government for a final
and satisfactory adjustment of all interests.
action will be taken openly with a serious and dignified determination.
The terms of adjustment will be submitted for ratification to the people
of Ohio, Illinois and Indiana at the ballot box. When thus ratified,
separation from the United States will be irrevocably perfected. This
information says it is expected that no more general engagements will
take place. By the first of April there will be a practical cessation of
hostilities in the Southwest, and by the first of June a permanent
peace, unless the republicans wage war against the Northwest.
FEBRUARY 17, 1863
DAILY ADVERTISER (ME)
Exploit of the Queen of the West.—The Union Ram Queen
[of the West], which a few days ago ran the rebel blockade at
Vicksburg, has returned to Milliken’s Bend. Below Vicksburg she found
and destroyed three steamboats loaded with provisions for the rebel
army. She took fifty-six prisoners, one of whom was a Colonel. The Queen went near enough to Port Hudson to draw the fire from the
upper battery. Colonel Ellett,1
commanding the vessel, makes the following report to Admiral Porter of
his attempt to destroy a rebel steamer lying before Vicksburg:
Steam Ram Queen of the West,
Below Vicksburg, Feb. 2, 1863.
In compliance with your instructions, I started on the Queen
of the West at 3½ o’clock this morning to pass the batteries at
Vicksburg and sink the rebel steamer lying before the city. When we
finally rounded the point, the sun had risen, and any advantage which
would have resulted from the darkness was lost to us.
rebels opened a heavy fire upon us as we neared the city, but we were
only struck three times before reaching the steamer. She was lying in
nearly the same position that the Arkansas occupied when General Ellet
ran the Queen into her on a former occasion. The same causes which prevented
the destruction of the Arkansas then, saved the City of Vicksburg this morning. Her position was such that it we had
run obliquely into her as we came down, the bow of the Queen would inevitably have glanced. We were compelled to partially
round in order to strike. The consequence was that, at the very moment
of collision, the current, very rapid and strong at this point, caught
the stern of my boat and, acting on her bow as a pivot, swung her round
so rapidly that nearly all her momentum was lost.
had anticipated this, and therefore caused the starboard bow gun to be
shotted with three of the incendiary projectiles recommended in your
orders. As we swung around, Sergeant J. H. Campbell, detailed for that
purpose, fired this gun. A 64-pound shell crashed through the barricade
just before he reached the spot, but he did not hesitate. The discharge
took place at exactly the right moment, and set the rebel steamer in
flames, which they subsequently succeeded in extinguishing. At this
moment one of the enemy’s shells set the cotton near the starboard
wheel on fire, while the discharge of our own gun ignited that portion
which was on the bow. The flames spread rapidly, and the dense smoke
rolled into the engine room, suffocating the engineers.2
saw that if I attempted to run into the City
of Vicksburg again, my boat would certainly be burned. I ordered her
to be headed down stream, and ordered every man to extinguish the
flames. After much exertion we finally put the fire out by cutting the
burning bales loose. The enemy, of course, were not idle. We were struck
twelve times, and though the cabin door was knocked to pieces, no
material injury to the boat was inflicted. About two regiments of rebel
sharpshooters in rifle-pits kept up a continual fire, but did no damage.
The Queen was struck twice in
the hull, but above the water line. One of our guns was dismounted and
ruined. I can only speak in the highest terms of the conduct of every
man on board. All behaved with cool, determined courage.
remain very respectfully,
Commanding Ram Fleet.
Reign of Terror.
and Children Destroyed by Rebel Bloodhounds.
York, Feb. 16.—Memphis letters of the 11th state that there is a
perfect reign of terror in northern Alabama and Mississippi. Guerrillas
and bloodhounds are on the track of Union men, who flee to the woods to
avoid conscription. A young girl carrying food to her father was torn to
pieces by bloodhounds. Not less than 1,000 Union men have reached
Corinth. A regiment is forming there which already numbers six full
companies. A number of Unionists have been shot and hung and their
houses burned. Two women in Tuscumbia county were torn to pieces by
New Point of Attack.
Navigation Channel in Rear of Vicksburg.
York, Feb. 16.—The Helena correspondent of the Missouri Democrat,
under date of the 3d, says that on the 2d of February, by order of Gen.
Grant, Gen. Gorman with about 500 men moved down the Yazoo Pass, which
is about six miles below Helena and near Delta, on the Mississippi side.
After removing some drift and large trees, they succeeded in landing
their boats at the levee. The levee is built across the Bayou or Pass
leading from the Mississippi river into the Cold Water, about fifteen
miles above its mouth. The water south of the levee is about 10 feet
below [the] water level of the Mississippi at its present stage,
consequently the destruction of the levee at this point will at once
result in the overflow of the country for fifty miles in every
direction, and open a navigable channel for ordinary boats to the Cold
Water, thence to the Tallahatchie and the Yazoo. The troops were busily
employed in cutting the levee all day yesterday, and the water will be
let in to-morrow. A navigable channel will thus be opened to the rear of
Vicksburg, in a direction which is not fortified by the rebels, and I
can see nothing to prevent our Mosquito fleet from moving immediately
into [the] Yazoo and taking possession of the rebel steamers that run
the river. Moreover, a formidable army threatening the rebels at
Vicksburg from this direction must strike terror to their hearts, and
result in their final discomfiture and overthrow.
of Publishers and Their Actions.
Feb. 16.—There was a large attendance to-day of newspaper
proprietors and book publishers before the Legislative Committee on
Federal Relations, to urge the importance of memorializing Congress for
relief against the paper makers’ monopoly. It was shown that the cost
of school books, also of New York school books, was five millions
annually, and that this combination of paper manufacturers added thereto
full twenty per cent, which was a serious tax upon the majority of
parents; also that nearly all religious publications, weekly newspapers,
and books heretofore published for the people, would be compelled to
suspend entirely or be greatly restricted in their usefulness. The daily
papers would also be compelled to further advance their price. The
publishers closed their case by presenting the following resolutions:
That the welfare of the community, as well as the diffusion and general
intelligence, call for the adoption of some means which shall cheapen
the cost of paper, and prevent any combination of wealth or of interest
in keeping up the value of the article at so high a point as to inflict
so severe a tax upon education and dissemination of information
generally among the people.
That so far as regards the protection of capital and industry, the book
and newspaper publishing business, employing vastly more capital and
labor than the production of the material, is entitled to the highest
That our Senators and Representatives in Congress be requested to vote
for an amendment to the tariff which shall reduce the duty on imported
paper from thirty-five to five per cent, or as near thereto as may be
deemed practicable and expedient.
Rebel Force in Rebellion.
York, Feb. 16.—A refugee from Arkansas states that 300 Jayhawkers,
who defined the rebel conscript law, were in the mountains of Clark
county, while 1000 more are in Montgomery county, and openly defy the
rebels. They are supplied with powder and lead by one of their number,
formerly engaged in the rebel ordnance service.
FEBRUARY 18, 1863
Papers Banished from the Army.
correspondent of the New York Commercial
Advertiser states that Gen. Patrick, provost marshal of the army of
the Potomac, has received instructions which will effectually banish
certain seditious New York sheets from the army and substitute others
which advocate the policy of the president.
resolutions have been offered in the confederate congress promising the
free navigation of the Mississippi to the western people if they will
let the confederacy alone. The western people think they can take this
free navigation as their own right; at any rate they mean to try.
confederate House has passed the bill authorizing the impressment of
slaves and other property for war purposes, and adopted a resolution
instructing the committee on the judiciary to report a bill providing
for the sale of all Negroes taken in arms against the confederacy, the
proceeds to be divided among the captors. This will act as a life
insurance to the black soldiers, for it will be an object to the rebels
to take them alive.
Rider, the benevolent New York hackman, is dead. It will be recollected
that he gratuitously carried a sick and destitute Massachusetts soldier
from the Jersey City ferry to the 27th street depot. In consequence of
the publicity given to this kind act, he received not only a letter of
thanks from Gov. Andrew, but over $300 in money. The last letter
received read somewhat as follows: “My dear fellow, you have done a
noble deed. As I shall probably never have a chance to ride with you
myself, I enclose my dollar to pay for the ride of the next helpless
soldier you meet.”
destruction of the disloyal newspaper at Leavenworth, Kansas, called the
Enquirer, was brought about in this way. There had been threats
against it, and the proprietor armed his friends and stationed them
about the office, and they, without provocation, fired upon a citizen
who had exerted himself to allay the excitement. A large number of shots
were fired, and other innocent citizens as well as the one aimed at,
narrowly escaped being hit. The next day a crowd assembled, when Col.
Jennison arrived, and, mounting a box, he exclaimed: “Yesterday, this
establishment was a printing office, and I proposed to protect it; today
it is a rebel fort, and I propose to gut it.” With this the crowd
rushed in and utterly demolished everything the establishment contained,
and then burnt the fragments.
Foster of Alabama has proposed in the confederate congress a bill for
the conscribing and placing in the public service in the field every
white male citizen resident or sojourner within the confederate states,
without regard to age, physical disability, trade, profession or
pursuit, whenever it may be satisfactorily ascertained that such person
has refused to receive confederate money for any article sold or offered
for sale by him; also for selling, at an advance of more than [x] per
cent upon the prices charged two years ago on the same articles.
New Conscript.—The new bill of Senator Wilson, providing
for a future draft if it
should become necessary, which was passed by the Senate Monday night,
will obtain popular favor in one respect, and that is its impartiality.
It exempts only governors of states, and the only sons of widows who are
dependent on them for support. Attempts were made to exempt members of
congress, judges, ministers of the gospel, and Christians having
conscientious scruples against fighting, but the majority of the
senators could see no good reasons for these exceptions, and there are
none. The idea of Garret Davis of Kentucky to make every able-bodied man
“fight, pay or emigrate” is the true one. And no class can complain
of hardship, since a drafted man may either furnish a substitute, or pay
$300 to the government with which it can procure one. That is making the
release easy enough, and while the Quakers and other conscientious peace
men have the privilege of voting and are protected by the government,
their assumed scruples about paying an equivalent to the government for
military services should not be respected. The same consideration
applies to clergymen, who do not generally think it wrong for laymen to
fight, and who will be willing to pay for their own exemption. The
exemption of only sons of widows dependent on them is copied from the
French law, and has a humane look, but there are numerous other classes,
such as fathers with families dependent on them, where the humane
consideration is quite as strong; and it may be doubted whether it would
not be better to make a clean bill, with no special exempts at all.
bill makes all able-bodied citizens between the ages of 20 and 45
subject to draft, not between 18 and 45, as under existing laws. The
draft is put under the control of the president, and not of the state
governors, and will not therefore be liable to be shirked, put off or
evaded altogether, as the recent draft has been. There will be less
temptation to the evasion of the draft under this bill than there has
been hitherto. Men of common self-respect will not run to the doctors to
get a certificate of disability for some slight ailment when they can
purchase an honorable release from actual service for so small a sum as
$300, and there will be a pretty general disposition to stand eh draft
rather than dodge it. The bill is yet to be acted upon by the House,
where it is to be hoped it will not be doctored to death. If the people
will stand any draft at all, it will be an impartial and sweeping one,
such as this bill provides for.
from the Alabama.
from Port au Prince say it was reported that the Alabama
had made two or three new prizes within six days after her departure
from Kingston. The news was received by express from Jacmel, and it was
added [that] two captains of American vessels had been landed by Semmes.
FARMERS’ CABINET (NH)
Statements from Louisiana.—The New Orleans correspondent of
the Boston Journal gives the
following extraordinary account of the conduct of officers of Gen.
Banks’ army in Louisiana. We trust the President will at once look
after the men who act in this way. If we once gain the ill-will of the
Negroes in Louisiana, we shall not be able to maintain ourselves there,
and shall risk the loss even of New Orleans; and if any officer is
acting as this correspondent asserts, he is endangering the safety of
the whole army there.
scenes, adverse to the spirit of the Proclamation of Emancipation and
revolting to humanity, have recently been witnessed in the Lafourche
district, where not a little excitement has prevailed in consequence of
the attempts of numerous planters to recover their runaway slaves after
the good old southern fashion. A certain Provost-Judge, Lieutenant
Colonel Lull, of the Eighth New Hampshire regiment, has been notorious
for his eagerness to pander to the brutality of the “owners” of
human chattels. Being stationed at Thibodeaux, he was obliging enough to
issue proclamations to the effect that the planters might take their
fugitive slaves by force wherever they could find them within our lines.
In the prosecution of this enobling duty, instances have come to my
knowledge in which our soldiers have been employed. In and about
Thibodeaux, Negro men and women have been hunted, captured, thrown to
the ground, bound with cords, placed in carts, and conveyed under guard
of cavalrymen to the places of their involuntary servitude. One poor
fellow was chased into a bayou, and there drowned. The planters not
unfrequently bribe the soldiers to this work. On being taxed with this
by Captain Goodrich, the Provost Marshal, one caught in the act answered
as follows: “How do you suppose we are going to get our Negroes unless
you help us? What are you here for?”
goods are coming from China. The N. Y. Times thinks if prices of
domestics keep up, all N. Y. will wear nankin next summer.
to Teach Cattle Bad Habits.—Cows, sheep and pigs are very
apt pupils, and most farmers are quite proficient in teaching them to do
mischief. Thus we find many persons, when turning stock into or out of
pasture, instead of letting down all the bars, leaving two or three of
the lower rails in their place; and then, by shouting or beating
perhaps, force the animals to leap over. This is capital training; the
results of it are to be seen in the after disposition of the animals to
try their powers of jumping, where a top rail happens to be off, and,
this accomplished, to set all fences at defiance, and make a descent
upon a corn or grain field, as their inclination, ability or hunger may
prompt them. Another lesson is to open a gate part way, and then force
the cattle to pass through it. This teaches them to make a forcible
entry into the stable, yards, fields or in fact to almost every place
where a gate or door may by accident be left slightly open.
Rosecran’s says, “Assured that the rebels were they able would
invade and destroy us without mercy, I am amazed that any one could
think of peace upon any terms. He who entertains the sentiment is fit
only to be a slave; he who utters it at this time, is, moreover, a
traitor to his country, who deserves the contempt and scorn of all
by Telegraph.—The Albany Standard
of Wednesday publishes the following:
marriage by telegraph took place yesterday afternoon between a young
lady in one of the principal villages on eh Oswego railroad and an
artillery soldier on duty near Washington. The chaplain of the
bridegroom’s regiment telegraphed the material question of the
marriage ceremony to the lady, viz: “”Do you take ___ to be your
husband?” directing her to answer, “I do;” and to authorize him to
propose a like question to the gentleman. In two hours after the lady
received the chaplain’s first message, she received a second
announcing that the soldier and she were man and wife. This telegram is
her marriage certificate. It is understood that the parents of the lady
were opposed to the union, and that this method was taken to outwit
them. The time for the ceremony had been fixed by correspondence
beforehand, and the lady was in waiting when the first message was
received at the telegraph office.
from Rebel Sources.—A series of joint resolutions, touching
the conditions of negotiations for peace, were offered in the rebel
Congress by Mr. Foote on the 26th. They assert that there is no plan of
reconstruction of the Union to which the people of the Confederacy will
ever consent, that they had been too deeply wronged to allow even the
possibility of consenting to hold future political connection with the
North; that they will not consent to an armistice of even a day or hour
to listen to a proposition from President Lincoln (whom the resolutions
characterize as “an atrocious monster;”) that wherever the friends
of peace in the North shall grow strong enough to constrain Abraham
Lincoln to withdraw his emancipation proclamation, and to make overtures
to the Confederacy on the basis of an acknowledgement of its
independence, they are ready to treat, but not till then; that the
Confederacy will, on such basis as that stipulated, agree to enter
mutually advantageous with all States (but those of New England, “with
those people, and in whose ignoble love of gold, and brutifying
fanaticism, this disgraceful war has mainly originated,” and with
which States the Confederates “are firmly and deliberately resolved to
have no intercourse whatever hereafter, either direct or indirect,
political, commercial or social, under any circumstances which could be
possibly imagined to exist), or the people therein residents; that the
Confederacy will grant the Mississippi States full protection in the
navigation of the Mississippi river, provided they withdraw from the
prosecution of the war, open to them the Southern market to the total
exclusion of articles of New England growth or manufacture; that the
States west of the Rocky Mountains, provided they join the Confederacy,
shall have in reward for that attachment, 1st, Relief from grievous and
exhausting tariff regulations now being rigidly enforced; 2. Relief from
all discredit resulting inevitably from the prosecution of the present
unjust and unauthorized war; 3. Relief from the pressure of despotism,
the most heartless and atrocious ever yet established; 4. Relief from
the crushing weight of taxation unavoidably growing out of the war; 5.
The exclusive use of the enjoyment of all the rich mineral lands
stretching along the slopes of the Pacific; 6. Free trade with all the
nations of the earth and a future maritime growth and power that has no
parallel; and lastly, a monopoly of the trade of the Pacific Ocean.
have noticed the fact of the shooting of the Negroes found on the Union
transports lately burned by the rebels at Harpeth Shoals, on the
Cumberland. The New Albany (Ind.) Ledger
of the 20th gives the following account of the affair:
most atrocious and cold-blooded affair of the present war is the
shooting of some eighteen of the Negro cabin boys and cooks on the
steamers lately captured at Harpeth Shoals. These men and boys were tied
and taken to an open field near the Shoals, and deliberately shot down
in cold blood. Two of the Negro servants on the Slidell
got in between the wheel and stern of the boat, and let themselves down
into the water, holding on to the rudder. They were discovered by the
rebels, and several soldiers were ordered into a skiff, and rowing close
up to the unfortunate Negroes, discharged the contents of their muskets
at them, literally blowing their heads into atoms.
damnable villainy of such cold-blooded murder cannot but fill every
heart with the fiercest indignation, and will beget measures of the
life of the chambermaid of the Trio
was saved by Mr. Hurley, the clerk, claiming her as his slave whom he
was removing to Kentucky. And even with this pretext, he had the
greatest difficulty in saving her from death at the hands of the
bloody-minded commander of the rebels, Colonel Wade. We hope this
scoundrel may be captured, and if he is, quartering would be a slight
penalty for his villainous murder of these unoffending Negroes. His acts
of barbarity have scarcely an equal even in the history of this most
Good Joke.—The New York Times says that General McClellan has applied for active
service. Is it activity digging ditches, in beating retreats or in
pursuing that “masterly strategy” whereby, with the amplest means
for success, nothing is achieved?
Massachusetts Black Regiment.—The proposed colored
Massachusetts regiment will be numbered the 54th, and will go into camp
at Worcester. Captain N. P. Hallowell of the Mass. 20th and Captain
Robert G. Shaw of the Mass. 2d are to be field officers in it. Dr.
DeGrasse, a colored physician in Boston, it is reported, is to be
Virginia rebels have invented a diabolical instrument to cripple the
horses of our cavalry. It is constructed of four pieces of rod iron
sharpened, less than a quarter of an inch in thickness, and about two
inches long. Four of the ends are made to centre together, and they
project from the middle in the form of arms. To the extreme end of each
is welded out a very sharp spherical point. These are intended to be
sprinkled through the woods and over the roads, to prevent the advance
of cavalry. No matter how thrown, one of the points will stand
perpendicularly, and when the horse treads upon it, it will enter his
foot and disable him on the spot.3
CONFEDERATE BLACK FLAG.
wanton murder near Murfreesboro of twenty Negro teamsters who were in
the service of the Federals appears to be taken as a matter of course by
the advocates of the South in this country. We must presume that they
know their friends, and see no reason to be surprised. And yet there are
circumstances in this case which should make them anxious for a
reputation in which they have so far involved their own. These Negroes
were not killed in the pursuit of any military purpose. They were not on
the battle-field; they were not making armed resistance. They were on
the turnpike road driving their wagons when the Confederate party came
up. The train which they were conducting was captured, and it was after
that object had been gained that the Negroes were taken out and shot in
is important to notice that this butchery was not perpetrated in some
corner of Secessia, by agents out of the reach of authority or public
opinion. It was the work of officers of the great confederate army of
the West, under the orders of General Bragg. There was nothing in the
attitude of the Negroes to make a sudden resolution necessary; we must,
therefore, assume that their murder was the effect of a previous
forebear to anticipate the apologies that may be offered for the
atrocious slaughter of men who had committed no crime to deserve death.
Travellers who have visited the slave States say, that if ever England
should recognize the South, and come into close intimacy with its
people, we shall all be astounded at the character of those whom we have
chosen to patronize. It seems that we have not to wait for that
contingency. The inevitable hour when the true issues of this war were
to be disclosed has come, and the South unfurls the black flag—its own
Traveller wittily says: “When Gen. McClellan visited Sharp’s
factory in Hartford, they gave him a handsome rifle. It is safe to say
that the weapon will never hurt anybody.” It further adds: “A
Failure—General McClellan’s recent raid into New England. He always
fails.” Again, it says: “Some of our black volunteers, belonging to
the South Carolina regiment, have audaciously whipped a body of rebel
cavalry. This is a turning of the tables completely over. Black men
whipping white men! Where’s the Constitution, and what’s the use of
a free country in which such things are tolerated, and even approved?
The democrats can’t bear such doings much longer. We must have ‘the
Union as it was,’ in which the whipping was all done by the chivalry,
on black backs.”
Washington correspondent of the N. Y. Independent
says: “The colored people of this District are moving in reference to
the decision of the Government to employ colored troops in the
prosecution of the war. It is believed that a colored regiment will
easily be raised in this city, and already white offices to command it
are not lacking.”
FEBRUARY 21, 1863
ÆGIS AND TRANSCRIPT (MA)
Whole Regiment Court-Martialled.—The 109th Illinois
regiment, having refused to fight on account of the emancipation
proclamation, has been placed under arrest, and is held subject to trial
by court martial. —N. Y. Tribune.
Right Sentiments.—The Providence Journal says that in his recent visit to his fellow-townsmen,
General Burnside, with no ovation because he desired none, appearing
everywhere in citizen’s dress, made one incidental remark which is
worth preserving as covering the whole ground, and showing the patriot
and hero in one. When asked what he thought of this measure of the
government, he replied: “My creed is short. The
be sustained; the rebellion must
and will be put down.”
Sickles, of New York, (a war democrat,) in an order to his splendid
Excelsior Brigade, has this admonition to his men, which ought to be
inscribed on every banner of the Union army: “Whoever
seeks to sow discontent among you, by any means whatever, is as much
your enemy as the armed rebel you have so often and so successfully
thinks while rags are so scarce in the United States, it is a pity we
can’t capture a big rebel army.
nine months men in the Department of the Gulf—the bounty men— are
called “greenback soldiers” by those serving long-terms, who have no
good feelings for the newcomers.
Banks lately proposed to the Massachusetts 47th, a nine months regiment,
to enlist for the war and be converted into cavalry. This was rejected,
and General Banks then proposed to the regiment to re-enlist for the war
as infantry, with certain inducements in the way of bounty and outfits,
but the boys were unanimous in saying no.
Houston Telegraph tells the following incident of the fight on the Harriet Lane: “One of the Texans who boarded the Harriet Lane,
immediately on jumping aboard, grasped a Federal sailor by the collar,
exclaiming, ‘Surrender, or I’ll blow your brains out!’ The other
replied, ‘You’d better look at me first!’ Recognition was
instantaneous: they were brothers.”
Moore, who recently committed suicide in Warwick, Mass., had much
affliction. His wife had been insane for thirty seven years. His eldest
son was killed by the accidental discharge of a gun. His only daughter
was found dead in her bed. And finally his house was burnt down and he
was left without shelter.
Ice Crop.—To-day closes the ice houses of Worcester. Walker
& Sweetser filled up their buildings on Salisbury pond with ice
about twelve inches thick; to-day they will have that beside Lincoln
pond filled up. With the near approach of warm weather, it is a matter
of public gratulation than we can be supplied with this cooling luxury.
the prospect of continued troublous times in the Southern cities,
heretofore large consumers of this luxury, it follows that the harvest
will be sufficient for all purposes, although prices of this, as of
other commodities, will rule high.
York, Feb. 13.—The Port Royal correspondence of the Herald
dated the 9th says the steamer Ossian
from Vera Cruz had put in there to be towed to New York for repairs.
expedition is at a stand still worse than ever, for the troops are
disembarking from the transports and taking up their quarters on St.
Helena Island, and many days must elapse before anything can be achieved
are rife as to the disagreement between generals Hunter and Foster.
Hunter, however, does not seem disposed to leave his department, but as
it is clearly impossible for two heads of department to live amicably in
the same locality, one of them vacates and goes north for instructions.
Foster leaves to-morrow by the Arago
and you must not therefore expect to hear anything further from the
expedition for at least three weeks to come. Depend upon it however: the
fleet will not be idle in the interval.
learn by the Ossian that the
French expedition to Mexico has been a complete failure, and that the
remains of it will probably return to Europe within a short
period—that is all that is left of it by the Mexican disease.
Stringent Order.—Gen. Mitchell, in command at Nashville,
has issued an order directing forty-five sick and wounded rebels to be
quartered at the houses of three secession families whose members have
been prominent in their expressions of sympathy with the rebel cause.
The order also says:
it is desirable that the sick and wounded should not be agitated by the
presence of too many persons, no one will be admitted to the rooms in
which the wounded are, except their surgeons, without passes from
Surgeon Thurston. Each family above named will be held responsible for
the safe delivery of the Confederate soldiers thus assigned when called
for by the proper military authority, under penalty, in failure of such
delivery, of forfeiture to the United States of their property and
Fifty damsels, sent out from England to Vancouver’s Island, had, upon
arrival, to be housed in a Government building and a guard put over
them, in order to protect them from the rush of amorous swains. They
were all soon disposed of; but whether by lot or to the highest bidders
does not appear. The Vancouver paper clamors for more, but prefers dairy
maids to governesses.
French Negro Soldiers.—The Paris Moniteur
confirms the report that the Emperor of the French had obtained Negro
auxiliaries from Egypt. It says the Emperor asked from the Viceroy the
temporary loan of a black regiment of twelve hundred men, already
organized with all its officers. But the Viceroy was only able at the
moment to spare four hundred and fifty men, who are intended to garrison
Vera Cruz. The Moniteur adds
that the plan was “a measure of humanity which is not amenable to the
least criticism.” But the same paper, and all the government papers,
criticized the American Government when its Generals proposed to
garrison the Southern forts with men not subject to the same yellow
The ram fleet was the brainchild of
Charles Ellet, Jr., and was originally part of the U.S. Army. By this
point in time, the U.S. Navy has taken over responsibility for
operations along the Mississippi and its tributaries, and the rams
report to Admiral Porter—but the crews retain their Army ranks.
Charles Rives Ellet was the son of Charles Ellet, Jr.
Hence the drawback to cotton-clad
warships . . .
The rebels may have brought this
device back into use, but they certainly did not invent it. Known
usually as a caltrop, it is first evidenced as early as 331 B.C. at the
Battle of Arbella, and, now called a tetrahedron, is still in use today;
by either name, the simple device works as well on pneumatic tires as it
did on horses' hooves. Excellent article
on caltrops, and a picture
of a Roman one.
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